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Appendix

F
Charts for Solution
of Unsteady
Transport Problems

Table F.9 Symbols for unsteady-state charts


Parameter
symbol

Molecular
mass transfer

Heat
conduction

Unaccomplished change, a dimensionless ratio

cA1  cA
cA1  cA0

T1  T
T1  T0

Relative time

at
x21

Relative position

DAB t
x21
x
x1

Relative resistance

DAB
kc x1

k
hx1

T temperature
cA concentration of component A
x distance from center to any point
t time
k thermal conductivity
h; kc convective-transfer coefficients
a thermal diffusivity
DAB mass diffusivity

x
x1

Subscripts :
0 initial condition at time t 0
1 boundary
A component A
1 reference condition for temperature

659

660

Appendix F
1.0

m=
x1

x
m=6

x1
Slab

m=2

n = 1.0
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0.0

m=2
m=1
0.10

n = 1.0
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0.0

m=1
m = 0.5

m=0
m=0

m = 0.5

n = 1.0
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0.0

0.010

n = 0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0.0

m=0
n=1

0.0010
0

1.0

2.0

3.0
X

Figure F.1 Unsteady-state transport in a large at slab.

4.0

5.0

6.0

Appendix F
1.0
m=j
x

m=6

x1

m=2
Cylinder
m=2

n = 1.0
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0.0

0.10
m=1

Y
m=0

n = 1.0
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0.0

m=1

m=0

m = 0.5

m = 0.5

0.010

n = 1.0
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0.0

n = 0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0.0

m=0
n=1

0.0010
0

0.5

1.0

1.5

2.0
X

Figure F.2 Unsteady-state transport in a long cylinder.

2.5

3.0

3.5

661

662

Appendix F
1.0

m=
x
m=6

x1

Sphere
m=2

0.10

m=2
n = 1.0
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0.0

m = 0.5

n = 1.0
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0.0

m = 0.5

0.010
m=1
m=0

m=0
n=1

n = 1.0
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0.0

n = 0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0.0

0.0010
0

0.5

m=1

m=0

1.0

1.5

2.0
X

Figure F.3 Unsteady-state transport in a sphere.

2.5

3.0

3.5

663
Appendix F

Figure F.4 Center temperature history for an innite plate.


1.0
0.8
0.4
0.2

1.

0.04

0.1
0.08

0.

0.

k
m=
hx1
100
80
60

12 14

45

10

0.

35

0.

Plate

90
70
50

40

0.02
0.4

0.3

0.01
0.08

0.05

0.2

0.1

2 1.8
1.6 1.4
1.2

4
26

30

50

70

90

X = at/x12

30

20

4 6 8 10 1214 1618 2022

18
16

2.5

0.004
0.002
0.001
0

25

Yc = (Tc T)/(T0 T)

110 130 150


300 400 500 600 700
200

1.0
0.8
Cylinder
0.4
0.2
0.1
0.08

4
3.

5
3.5

2.

2.

18

14

0.04

m=
25

k
hx1

90

20

70

16

10

80

6
1.

60

1.
8

0.02

10

12

1.2

1.4

0.01
0.08

45

Yc = (Tc T)/(T0 T)

Figure F.5 Center temperature history for an innite cylinder.


50

0.2

0.4

0.6

0.8

1.0

35
30

40

0.004

0.1

0.3

0.5

0.002
0.001
0

4 6 8 12 14 16 18 20

Appendix F

22

26

30

50

70

90

110

130

150 200 300 350

X = at/x12

664

1.0
0.8
0.4
14

2.

0.04

2.

50

60

80

45

100

40

2.

2.8

10

3
6

0.1
0.08

12

90
70

4
7

35

2.

0.02

30

1.

1.

1.4

Yc = (Tc T)/(T0 T)

0.2

Sphere

k
hx1

m=

0.01
0.08

5
25

18

20

3.5

1.2

1.0

1.5

0.5

1.0

0.7

0.35
0.2

0.05
0.002

16

0.1

0.004

0.001
0

0.5

2.0

2.5

3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

20

30

40

50

90

130

170

210

250

X = at/x12

Figure F.6 Center temperature history for a sphere.


Appendix F

665

Appendix F
1.0

0.4

4.0
2.0
1.5
1.0
0.75
0.50

0.3

0.25

0.2

0.10

(T T)/(T0 T)

0.8
0.6

m = 0.00
0.1
0.0

n = 0.00
0.2

0.4

0.6

0.8
a t/x12

1.0

0.4

4.0
2.0
1.5
1.0
0.75
0.50

0.3

0.25

0.2

0.10

(T T)/(T0 T)

0.8
0.6

1.0

1.2

1.4

1.0

1.2

1.4

1.0

1.2

1.4

m = 0.00
0.1
0.0

n = 0.20
0.2

0.4

0.6

0.8
a t/x12

1.0
4.0
2.0
1.5
1.0
0.75
0.50

0.8
(T T)/(T0 T)

666

0.6
0.4
0.3

0.25

0.2

0.1
0.0

0.10
m = 0.00

n = 0.40
0.2

0.4

0.6

0.8
a t/x12

Figure F.7 Charts for solution of unsteady transport problems: at plate.

Appendix F
1.0

25
4.0
2.0
1.5
1.0
0.75

(T T)/(T0 T)

0.8
0.6
0.4

0.50

0.3

0.25

0.2

0.1
0.0

0.2

0.10

m = 0.00

n = 0.60
0.4

0.6

0.8
a t/x12

1.0

0.6

25
4.0
2.0
1.5

0.4

1.0
0.75

0.3

0.50

(T T)/(T0 T)

0.8

1.0

1.2

1.4

1.0

1.2

1.4

1.0

1.2

1.4

0.2
0.25
0.1
0.0

n = 0.80
0.2

m = 0.00
0.4

0.10
0.6

0.8
a t/x12

1.0

25
6.0
4.0

(T T)/(T0 T)

0.8
0.6

2.0
1.5

0.4

1.0
0.75

0.3
0.2

0.50
0.25

m = 0.10

n = 1.00
0.1
0.0
0.2

Figure F.7 Continued.

0.4

0.6

0.8
a t/x12

667

Appendix F
1.0

10.0
6.0
4.0
3.0
2.0
1.5

(T T)/(T0 T)

0.8
0.6
0.4

1.0

0.3

0.75

0.2

0.1
0.0

n = 0.0
0.2

0.4

0.50

0.25

m = 0.00

0.6

0.8
a t/x12

1.0

0.4

10.0
6.0
4.0
3.0
2.0
1.5

0.3

1.0

(T T)/(T0 T)

0.8
0.6

1.0

1.2

1.4

1.0

1.2

1.4

1.0

1.2

1.4

0.75

0.2

0.1
0.0

n = 0.2
0.2

0.4

0.50

0.25

m = 0.00

0.6

0.8
a t/x12

1.0

0.4

10.0
6.0
4.0
3.0
2.0
1.5

0.3

1.0

0.8
(T T)/(T0 T)

668

0.6

0.2

n = 0.4
0.1
0.0
0.2

0.75
m = 0.00

0.4

0.25

0.6

0.50

0.8
a t/x12

Figure F.8 Charts for solution of unsteady transport problems: cylinder.

Appendix F
1.0

0.6

10.0
6.0
4.0
3.0

0.4

2.0
1.5

(T T)/(T0 T)

0.8

0.3
0.2

1 .0
0.75

n = 0.6
m = 0.00

0.1
0.0

0.2

0.25

0.4

0.6

0.50
0.8
a t/x12

1.0

(T T)/(T0 T)

1.2

1.4

1.0

1.2

1.4

1.0

1.2

1.4

100
10.0
6.0
4.0
3.0

0.8
0.6

2.0

0.4

1.5

0.3
1.0
0.2
0.75

n = 0.8
0.1
0.0

m = 0.00
0.2

0.50

0.25
0.4

0.6

0.8
a t/x12

1.0

100
10.0
6.0
4.0
3.0

0.8
(T T)/(T0 T)

1.0

0.6
0.4

2.0

0.3

1.5

0.2

0.50

m = 0.25

n = 1.0
0.1
0.0
0.2

Figure F.8 Continued.

0.4

0.75

0.6

0.8
a t/x12

1.0

669

Appendix F
1.0
10.0
6.00
4.00
3.00

(T T)/(T0 T)

0.8
0.6
0.4

2.00

0.3
1.50
0.2

n = 0.0

0.10

m = 0.00
0.1
0.0

0.2

0.25
0.4

0.50
0.6

0.75

1.00

0.8
a t/x12

1.0

1.2

1.4

1.0

1.2

1.4

1.0

1.2

1.4

1.0
10.0
6.00
4.00
3.00

(T T)/(T0 T)

0.8
0.6
0.4

2.00

0.3
1.50
0.2

n = 0.2

0.10

m = 0.00
0.1
0.0

0.2

0.25
0.4

0.50
0.6

0.75

1.00

0.8
a t/x12

1.0
10.0
6.00
4.00
3.00

0.8
(T T)/(T0 T)

670

0.6
0.4

2.00

0.3

1.50
0.2
0.10

n = 0.4

m = 0.00
0.1
0.0

0.2

0.25
0.4

0.50
0.6

0.75
0.8
a t/x12

1.00

Figure F.9 Charts for solution of unsteady transport problems: sphere.

Appendix F
1.0
10.0
6.00
4.00
3.00

(T T)/(T0 T)

0.8
0.6
0.4

2.00

0.3

1.50
0.2

n = 0.6

0.10

m = 0.00
0.1
0.0

0.25

0.2

1.00
0.75

0.50

0.4

0.6

0.8
a t/x12

1.0

1.2

1.4

1.0

1.2

1.4

1.0

1.2

1.4

1.0

(T T)/(T0 T)

0.8

10.0
6.00
4.00
3.00

0.6
0.4
0.3

2.00

0.2
0.10
n=
0.8
0.1 m = 0.00

1.50

0.0

1.00
0.25

0.2

0.50
0.4

0.75
0.6

0.8
a t/x12

1.0

(T T)/(T0 T)

0.8

10.0
6.00

0.6

4.00
3.00

0.4
0.3

2.00

0.2
0.10
n=
1.0
0.25
0.1 m = 0.10
0.0

0.2

Figure F.9 Continued.

1.50
1.00
0.50
0.4

0.75
0.6

0.8
a t/x12

671