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The family into which people are born is known as their family of:

A) socialization.

B) origin.

C) substance.

D) procreation or creation.
Question 2

1 / 1 point

The text defines __________ as living with someone in an intimate, sexual relationship without being legally married.

A) cointimacy

B) roommating

C) collaborating

D) cohabitation
Question 3

1 / 1 point

Which of the following is proposed by Cherlin as possibilities regarding the future of marriage? (Bear in mind that we may not
agree with his assumptions.)

A) marriage will revert to what it was in the past

B) marriage will remain important but not dominant

C) marriage will just be one of many alternative ways of experiencing intimacy


D)
all of the above

Question 4

1 / 1 point

The family you will form when you marry is known as your family of:

A) procreation or creation.

B) socialization.

C) origin.

D) substance.
Question 5

1 / 1 point

According to the text, the American value that emphasizes personal achievement is called:

A) utilitarian familism.

B) utilitarian individualism.

C) expressive achievement.

D) expressive individualism.
Question 6

0 / 1 point

What percentage of respondents said they speak to a family member who doesnt live with them on an average day?

A) 53 percent

B) 73 percent
C)
93 percent

D) 13 percent
Question 7

1 / 1 point

The country with the Western world's highest divorce rate is: (By the way, the United States is the nation with the highest
marriage rate in the world.)

A) England.

B) Israel.

C) Australia.

D) the United States.


Question 8

1 / 1 point

By 2008, the average household contained __________ people.

A) 2.56

B) 3.57

C) 4.57

D) 1.57
Question 9

0 / 1 point

In a national survey of 14- to 29-year-olds, which of the following received more ratings of top importance?

A) getting married

B) having sexual intimacy

C) having a lifelong partner

D) both a and c
Question 10

0 / 1 point

American divorce rates have followed which of the following patterns?

A) They have been among the lowest in the world since the 1950s.

B)

They have been increasing consistently since no-fault divorce was introduced in
the 1970s.

C) They rose during the 1970s but leveled off and began declining during the 1980s.

D)

They declined during the 1970s but began rising again precipitously during the
1980s.

Question 11

1 / 1 point

In 2009, __________ million Americans were living alone.

A) 10.5

B) 31.7

C) 15.7

D) 20.1
Question 12
The age at which American women are marrying today is:

0 / 1 point

A) the highest it has ever been.

B) decreasing slightly.

C) increasing but still young by historic standards.

D) the lowest it has ever been.


Question 13

0 / 1 point

Which of the following has supported the expressive individualism of the past few decades?

A) increased volunteer work

B) humanistic psychology

C) community organizations

D) structural sociology
Question 14

0 / 1 point

In recent years, there has been approximately one divorce for every __________ marriages.

A) four

B) two

C) five

D) three
Question 15

1 / 1 point

Which of the following is defined as things that are preferred because people define them as worthy and desirable?

A) values

B) opportunities

C) positive impact

D) wealth
Question 16

0 / 1 point

By 2008, the birth rate in the United States was less than __________ of what it was in 1910.

A) one-half

B) one-tenth

C) one-fourth

D) one-third
Question 17

0 / 1 point

One consistent research finding when comparing married to unmarried persons is that the married sample is:

A) happier and healthier than unmarried.

B) not as happy.

C) less healthy but happier than unmarried.

D) not as happy or healthy as the unmarried group.


Question 18
In 2007, __________ percent of women who bore children were unmarried at the time of the birth.

1 / 1 point

A) 13.6

B) 3.5

C) 23.6

D) 39.7
Question 19

0 / 1 point

During the child-rearing years, marital satisfaction:

A) decreases for one or both spouses.

B) remains much as it was before the birth of the first child.

C)

increases for most families since the husband and the wife experience increased
bonding around the child.

D) increases dramatically due to parents' greater emphasis on family.


Question 20
Levinger characterized marriages that last but do not bring satisfaction with the term:

A) empty-shell.

B) no-shell.

C) full-shell.

D) half-shell.

1 / 1 point

The most dramatic increase in the percentage of American women in the work force has been among

A) mothers with young children.

B) single women.

C) divorced women.

D) older women whose children have left home.


Questio
n2

1/1
point

According to the text's discussion, myths:

A) are more than simple mistakes.

B) can detract from the quality of life if they are accepted.

C) can ruin a good relationship.

D) all of the above


Questio
n3

0/1
point

The image of the American family as being composed of happy and healthy children, a wife and mother who keeps the home,
and a husband and father who is the breadwinner reflects:

A) a minority of families in America.

B) the American family throughout our society's history.

C) the American family only in pre-industrial society.

D) American family life since the Industrial Revolution began.


Questio
n4

1/1
point

The text points out that __________ is a fundamental human need and the source of much of our well being, involving love,
affection, caring, and deep attachment to another person.

A) marriage

B) sexuality

C) intimacy

D) the desire for attention


Questio
n5

1/1
point

The term that means "placing value on family life" is:

A) famology.

B) familism.

C) self-fulfillment.

D) expressiveness.
Questio
n6

1/1
point

Families that are made up of grandparents, parents, and children are called:

A) extended families.

B) nuclear families.

C) families of origin.

D) single-generation families.
Questio
n7

1/1
point

By 2008, over __________ unmarried couples were living together.

A) 6 million

B) 2 million

C) 500,000

D) 10 million
Questio
n8

1/1
point

The term "nuclear family" refers to:

A) a three-generation household.

B) an adult child and an elderly parent living together.

C) an all-female household, such as grandmother, daughters, and daughters' children.

D) a husband, a wife, and their dependent children.


Questio
n9
Today, the birth rate is __________ what is necessary for the natural replacement of the population.

0/1
point

A) slightly higher than

B) approximately the same as

C) lower than

D) much higher than


Questio
n 10

1/1
point

American cohabitation rates since 1960 have:

A) gone down steadily.

B) remained stable.

C) increased in the early 1970s but decreased during the 1980s.

D) increased dramatically.
Questio
n 11

1/1
point

According to the texts discussion of the debate about what Americans need in the way of marriage and family life:

A) one side argues for the abolition of marriage while the other side argues for the abolition of divorce.

B)

one side claims that marriage and family life should be whatever individuals want, while the other side claim
family life should be standardized.

C)

one side argues that changes in marriage and the family over the past half-century are to be affirmed and cele
side believes that the changes pose a serious threat to individual and social well being.

D)
all of the above

Questio
n 12

0/1
point

According to the text's discussion, love:

A) is the true foundation or reason for a healthy marriage.

B) is the only reason that people marry.

C) is rarely the foundation of a good marriage.

D) can be the outgrowth or result of a good marriage.


Questio
n 13

1/1
point

Which of the following is proposed by Cherlin as possibilities regarding the future of marriage? (Bear in mind that we may not
agree with his assumptions.)

A) marriage will revert to what it was in the past

B) marriage will remain important but not dominant

C) marriage will just be one of many alternative ways of experiencing intimacy

D) all of the above


Questio
n 14

1/1
point

The age at which American women are marrying today is:

A) the highest it has ever been.


B)
decreasing slightly.

C) the lowest it has ever been.

D) increasing but still young by historic standards.


Questio
n 15

1/1
point

Which of the following is defined as things that are preferred because people define them as worthy and desirable?

A) values

B) wealth

C) positive impact

D) opportunities
Questio
n 16

1/1
point

Which of the following has supported the expressive individualism of the past few decades?

A) structural sociology

B) community organizations

C) humanistic psychology

D) increased volunteer work


Questio
n 17
American divorce rates have followed which of the following patterns?

1/1
point

A) They have been among the lowest in the world since the 1950s.

B) They have been increasing consistently since no-fault divorce was introduced in the 1970s.

C) They rose during the 1970s but leveled off and began declining during the 1980s.

D) They declined during the 1970s but began rising again precipitously during the 1980s.
Questio
n 18

1/1
point

By 2008, the average household contained __________ people.

A) 2.56

B) 3.57

C) 4.57

D) 1.57
Questio
n 19

1/1
point

During the child-rearing years, marital satisfaction:

A) remains much as it was before the birth of the first child.

B) increases for most families since the husband and the wife experience increased bonding around the child.

C) increases dramatically due to parents' greater emphasis on family.

D) decreases for one or both spouses.


Questio

1/1

n 20

point

The text defines __________ as living with someone in an intimate, sexual relationship without being legally married.

A) collaborating

B) cointimacy

C) roommating

D) cohabitation

Today, the birth rate is __________ what is necessary for the natural replacement of the population.

A) lower than

B) much higher than

C) slightly higher than

D) approximately the same as


Questio
n2

1/1
point

According to the text, the American value that emphasizes personal achievement is called:

A) utilitarian individualism.

B) expressive achievement.

C) utilitarian familism.

D) expressive individualism.
Questio
n3

1/1
point

The country with the Western world's highest divorce rate is: (By the way, the United States is the nation with the highest
marriage rate in the world.)

A) Israel.

B) the United States.

C) England.

D) Australia.
Questio
n4

1/1
point

American cohabitation rates since 1960 have:

A) increased in the early 1970s but decreased during the 1980s.

B) increased dramatically.

C) remained stable.

D) gone down steadily.


Questio
n5

1/1
point

One consistent research finding when comparing married to unmarried persons is that the married sample is:

A) happier and healthier than unmarried.

B) less healthy but happier than unmarried.

C) not as happy or healthy as the unmarried group.

D) not as happy.
Questio
n6

1/1
point

The family you will form when you marry is known as your family of:

A) socialization.

B) origin.

C) procreation or creation.

D) substance.
Questio
n7

1/1
point

The most dramatic increase in the percentage of American women in the work force has been among

A) older women whose children have left home.

B) mothers with young children.

C) divorced women.

D) single women.
Questio
n8
In 2009, __________ million Americans were living alone.

1/1
point

A) 10.5

B) 31.7

C) 20.1

D) 15.7
Questio
n9

1/1
point

The term "nuclear family" refers to:

A) a three-generation household.

B) a husband, a wife, and their dependent children.

C) an adult child and an elderly parent living together.

D) an all-female household, such as grandmother, daughters, and daughters' children.


Questio
n 10

1/1
point

Levinger characterized marriages that last but do not bring satisfaction with the term:

A) no-shell.

B) empty-shell.

C) full-shell.

D) half-shell.
Questio

1/1

n 11

point

According to the text's discussion, myths:

A) are more than simple mistakes.

B) can detract from the quality of life if they are accepted.

C) can ruin a good relationship.

D) all of the above


Questio
n 12

1/1
point

The image of the American family as being composed of happy and healthy children, a wife and mother who keeps the home,
and a husband and father who is the breadwinner reflects:

A) American family life since the Industrial Revolution began.

B) the American family only in pre-industrial society.

C) a minority of families in America.

D) the American family throughout our society's history.


Questio
n 13

1/1
point

The term that means "placing value on family life" is:

A) familism.

B) famology.
C)
self-fulfillment.

D) expressiveness.
Questio
n 14

1/1
point

The family into which people are born is known as their family of:

A) origin.

B) substance.

C) procreation or creation.

D) socialization.
Questio
n 15

1/1
point

Families that are made up of grandparents, parents, and children are called:

A) single-generation families.

B) extended families.

C) families of origin.

D) nuclear families.
Questio
n 16

1/1
point

In recent years, there has been approximately one divorce for every __________ marriages.

A)
three

B) two

C) four

D) five
Questio
n 17

1/1
point

By 2008, the birth rate in the United States was less than __________ of what it was in 1910.

A) one-tenth

B) one-third

C) one-fourth

D) one-half
Questio
n 18

1/1
point

According to the text's discussion, love:

A) is rarely the foundation of a good marriage.

B) is the only reason that people marry.

C) can be the outgrowth or result of a good marriage.

D) is the true foundation or reason for a healthy marriage.


Questio

1/1

n 19

point

In a national survey of 14- to 29-year-olds, which of the following received more ratings of top importance?

A) getting married

B) having sexual intimacy

C) having a lifelong partner

D) both a and c
Questio
n 20

1/1
point

By 2008, over __________ unmarried couples were living together.

A) 2 million

B) 500,000

C) 10 million

D) 6 million

1 / 1 point
Exchange theory posits or assumes that individuals are rational in weighing out the pros and cons of the exchanges they
might make in a family, rather than operating in a subconscious way.

A) True
B) False
Question
2
Systems theory assumes: (check all that apply)

0 / 1 point

A) Each system of 3 or more persons is also made up of subsystems.

B) The parts or members of the system influence one another and work together.

C) Family members are looking for ways to get more out of the system than they offer.

D) Families are organized by rules that dictate both acceptable and unacceptable behaviors.

E) The group must be analyzed as a whole, rather than as a collection of individuals.


Question
3

0/1
point

In its simplest form a theory is:

A) a form of myth.

B) an explanation of things that we can observe.

C) proof of what we can observe.

D) a description of exactly what is happening.


Questio
n4

0/1
point

Families only have a limited repertoire of behavioral responses to situations, so they use some of those possible responses
again and again. This is called the _________ principle.

A) inevitability

B) lack-of-imagination

C) Peter

D) redundancy
Questio
n5

1/1
point

Murray Bowen, a pioneer of family systems theory, suggested that family members respond primarily at the _____ level when
interacting.

A) conflictual, meaning that they are torn in how they should respond

B) emotional, meaning that they are often not aware of their reactions

C) subconscious, meaning that the symbolism of the behavior is the key

D) cognitive, meaning that it is a conscious process of exchange


Questio
n6

0/1
point

__________ views humans primarily as cognitive creatures who are influenced and shaped by their interaction experiences.

A) Systems theory

B) Symbolic interaction theory

C) Conflict theory

D) Exchange theory
Questio
n7

0/1
point

Basic assumptions of family systems theory include all except the following:

A) Rules result from repeated interactions and accompanying feedback.

B) The whole is greater than the sum of its parts.

C) Linear causality guides behavior.

D) The cause or focus of pathology is not with the person but is related to a system dysfunction.
Questio
n8

0/1
point

Circular causality refers to the notion that

A) one event directly causes another.

B) there are many forces influencing behavioral responses, and those forces can be reciprocal.

C) helps us to understand how people often feel stuck in the ways they interact with one another.

D) b and c
Questio
n9

1/1
point

Conflict theory focuses primarily on how people argue in relationships.

A) True
B) False
Question
10

0 / 1 point

"You owe me" is a popular expression consistent with:

A) symbolic interaction theory

B) systems theory
C)
conflict theory

D) exchange theory
Questio
n 11

1/1
point

Family cohesion refers to

A) the degree of closeness or emotional bonding between family members

B) conflict resulting from families interacting too much.

C) and exchange of ideas and resources between family members.

D) none of the above


Questio
n 12

1/1
point

Most family therapists use _________ as the primary model for understanding and influencing families.

A) systems theory

B) symbolic interaction theory

C) conflict theory

D) exchange theory
Questio
n 13

0/1
point

__________ asserts that all societies are characterized by inequality and power struggles, and that change comes about as
different groups (or family members) compete for scarce resources.

A)
Systems theory

B) Symbolic interaction theory

C) Exchange theory

D) Conflict theory
Questio
n 14

0/1
point

Family flexibility refers to

A) the family's degree of adaptability to different situations.

B) how strong the boundaries around the family are.

C) how easily they change when other factors change.

D) all of the above


Questio
n 15

0/1
point

Social scientists use theories to:

A) prove their positions or hypotheses.

B) guide their research.

C) try to make sense out of, or explain, things we can observe.

D) b and c
Questio

0/1

n 16

point

Family systems theory maintains that families are defined largely by the rigidity of family boundaries, which:

A) are the invisible fences that separate family or subsystem members from the surrounding environment.

B) can be rigid, permeable or unclear.

C) can be changed by changing how people interact with one another.

D) all of the above


Questio
n 17

0/1
point

One of the most prominent concepts in systems work is the double bind, which suggests that

A) verbal and nonverbal messages sometimes contradict one another.

B) when contradicting messages are both commands family members don't know how to react.

C) mixed messages can lead to behavioral or emotional problems among family members.

D) all of the above


Questio
n 18

0/1
point

The identified patient:

A) is the person whose behavior draws the attention of others.

B) bothers family members to the point that they are referred for counseling.

C) is often the family member with the greatest symptoms.

D) all of the above


Questio
n 19

0/1
point

Depending on how they define their situations, people may be satisfied in a relationship that outsiders view as undesirable or
dissatisfied in one that outsiders view as very good. This is an example of:

A) exchange theory.

B) symbolic interaction theory.

C) systems theory.

D) conflict theory.
Questio
n 20

0/1
point

According to the concept of "definition of the situation", we:

A) we often do not really know what is true in a situation.

B) define a situation as real or not real, and our definition determines its affect upon us.

C) can only guess at what others think or intend when they act, but those assumptions determine how we are affecte

D) all of the above

1 / 1 point
Exchange theory posits or assumes that individuals are rational in weighing out the pros and cons of the exchanges they
might make in a family, rather than operating in a subconscious way.

A) True

B) False
Question
2

1 / 1 point

"You owe me" is a popular expression consistent with:

A) systems theory

B) symbolic interaction theory

C) conflict theory

D) exchange theory
Questio
n3

1/1
point

Most family therapists use _________ as the primary model for understanding and influencing families.

A) conflict theory

B) exchange theory

C) symbolic interaction theory

D) systems theory
Questio
n4

1/1
point

Conflict theory focuses primarily on how people argue in relationships.

A) True
B) False
Question
5
Basic assumptions of family systems theory include all except the following:

0 / 1 point

A) Linear causality guides behavior.

B) The cause or focus of pathology is not with the person but is related to a system dysfunction.

C) The whole is greater than the sum of its parts.

D) Rules result from repeated interactions and accompanying feedback.


Questio
n6

1/1
point

Circular causality refers to the notion that

A) one event directly causes another.

B) there are many forces influencing behavioral responses, and those forces can be reciprocal.

C) helps us to understand how people often feel stuck in the ways they interact with one another.

D) b and c
Questio
n7

1/1
point

Social scientists use theories to:

A) prove their positions or hypotheses.

B) guide their research.

C) try to make sense out of, or explain, things we can observe.

D) b and c
Questio

1/1

n8

point

Family flexibility refers to

A) the family's degree of adaptability to different situations.

B) how strong the boundaries around the family are.

C) how easily they change when other factors change.

D) all of the above


Questio
n9

1/1
point

The identified patient:

A) is the person whose behavior draws the attention of others.

B) bothers family members to the point that they are referred for counseling.

C) is often the family member with the greatest symptoms.

D) all of the above


Questio
n 10

1/1
point

In its simplest form a theory is:

A) a form of myth.

B) a description of exactly what is happening.

C) an explanation of things that we can observe.

D) proof of what we can observe.


Questio
n 11

1/1
point

Murray Bowen, a pioneer of family systems theory, suggested that family members respond primarily at the _____ level when
interacting.

A) conflictual, meaning that they are torn in how they should respond

B) cognitive, meaning that it is a conscious process of exchange

C) emotional, meaning that they are often not aware of their reactions

D) subconscious, meaning that the symbolism of the behavior is the key


Questio
n 12

1/1
point

__________ views humans primarily as cognitive creatures who are influenced and shaped by their interaction experiences.

A) Systems theory

B) Symbolic interaction theory

C) Exchange theory

D) Conflict theory
Questio
n 13

1/1
point

According to the concept of "definition of the situation", we:

A) we often do not really know what is true in a situation.

B) define a situation as real or not real, and our definition determines its affect upon us.

C) can only guess at what others think or intend when they act, but those assumptions determine how we are affe

D) all of the above


Questio
n 14

1/1
point

Depending on how they define their situations, people may be satisfied in a relationship that outsiders view as undesirable or
dissatisfied in one that outsiders view as very good. This is an example of:

A) systems theory.

B) conflict theory.

C) symbolic interaction theory.

D) exchange theory.
Questio
n 15

1/1
point

Systems theory assumes: (check all that apply)

A) The group must be analyzed as a whole, rather than as a collection of individuals.

B) Each system of 3 or more persons is also made up of subsystems.

C) Family members are looking for ways to get more out of the system than they offer.

D) The parts or members of the system influence one another and work together.

E) Families are organized by rules that dictate both acceptable and unacceptable behaviors.

Question
16

1/1
point

Family cohesion refers to

A) the degree of closeness or emotional bonding between family members

B) conflict resulting from families interacting too much.

C) and exchange of ideas and resources between family members.

D) none of the above


Questio
n 17

1/1
point

Families only have a limited repertoire of behavioral responses to situations, so they use some of those possible responses
again and again. This is called the _________ principle.

A) inevitability

B) redundancy

C) lack-of-imagination

D) Peter
Questio
n 18

1/1
point

Family systems theory maintains that families are defined largely by the rigidity of family boundaries, which:

A) are the invisible fences that separate family or subsystem members from the surrounding environment.

B) can be rigid, permeable or unclear.

C) can be changed by changing how people interact with one another.

D) all of the above


Questio
n 19

1/1
point

__________ asserts that all societies are characterized by inequality and power struggles, and that change comes about as
different groups (or family members) compete for scarce resources.

A) Exchange theory

B) Conflict theory

C) Symbolic interaction theory

D) Systems theory
Questio
n 20

1/1
point

One of the most prominent concepts in systems work is the double bind, which suggests that

A) verbal and nonverbal messages sometimes contradict one another.

B) when contradicting messages are both commands family members don't know how to react.

C) mixed messages can lead to behavioral or emotional problems among family members.

D) all of the above

1 / 1 point
In the case of divorce, single parenthood means that:

A) the children have no contact with the other parent.

B) the children live primarily with one parent.

C) this status is a permanent arrangement.

D) none of the above


Questio
n2

0/1
point

One of the most consistent differences between single mothers and single fathers is that:

A) single fathers have more behavior problems with their sons.

B) children are more likely to express appreciation to single mothers.

C) single fathers have more income.

D) single mothers have more behavior problems with their daughters.


Questio
n3

0/1
point

Suppose that we trace a person's lineage through his/her mother, grandmother, and so on. This reflects a __________
pattern of descent tracing.

A) bilineal

B) bilateral

C) matrilineal

D) patrilineal

Questio
n4

0/1
point

Extended family relationships are very important to African Americans, who:

A) are likely to live near relatives.

B) report a strong sense of familial obligations.

C) interact frequently with relatives.

D) all of the above


Questio
n5

0/1
point

According to the text's discussion, most people become single parents:

A) by choice, opting not to marry the other parent.

B) because of separation, divorce, or death.

C) due to selfish inclinations to seek one's own interests.

D) none of the above


Questio
n6

0/1
point

In comparing the family roles of black and white women, it may be observed that black women:

A) provide more education but less income to their families than do white women.

B) are more likely to work outside the home.


C)
have a smaller likelihood of working full-time than white women.

D) provide a smaller proportion of income to their families than do white women.


Questio
n7

0/1
point

Based on in-depth interviews of 26 single parents identified as "successful," Olson and Haynes identified a number of factors
that contribute to successful single parenthood. Which of the following is NOT one of these factors?

A) Successful parents are supportive, but must avoid fostering individuality.

B) The parent must accept the responsibilities and challenges of single parenthood.

C) Open communication is essential, as is consistent but non-punitive discipline.

D) All of the above are factors cited by Olson and Haynes.


Questio
n8

1/1
point

In a longitudinal study of children reared by lesbian couples and single heterosexual mothers (Tasker and Golombok), it was
determined that:

A) there were significant differences between the two groups in their acceptance of their family identity during a

B) the children reared by lesbian parents had been traumatized as adolescents.

C)

problems did arise for those children who were stigmatized by their peers and those who felt that their mother
about their lesbian identity in front of their friends.

D) all of the above


Questio
n9
__________ overload arises from the fact that one parent must do the work of two parents.

0/1
point

A) Task

B) Responsibility

C) Spiritual

D) Emotional
Questio
n 10

0/1
point

Overall, __________ households have higher rates of poverty than any other group.

A) single-mother

B) remarried female-headed

C) single-father

D) remarried male-headed
Questio
n 11

1/1
point

Men in committed same-sex relationships are generally just as monogamous as their heterosexual counterparts.

A) True
B) False
Question
12

0 / 1 point

Most single-parent families are headed by:

A) a father.
B)
a stepparent.

C) a mother.

D) Single-parent families are equally likely to be headed by either a mother or a father.


Questio
n 13

1/1
point

The text points out that family life among Native Americans is circumscribed by a number of important factors. Which of the
following is NOT one of these?

A) a high poverty rate

B) a higher divorce rate than any other minority group

C) tribal tradition

D) all of the above are important factors


Questio
n 14

0/1
point

According to the text's discussion of the Hispanic family:

A) the stereotype of the Hispanic family is that of a dominant wife and mother.

B) Hispanic fathers become unquestioned authority figures, while wives and children are subservient and passiv

C) research has failed to uncover a pattern of male dominance in the Hispanic family.

D) none of the above


Questio
n 15

0/1
point

The text defines family as a group united by marriage or cohabitation, blood, and/or adoption in order to satisfy intimacy
needs and/or bear and socialize children (p. 26). Can you see any problems with that definition? (Choose all that apply.)

A)

While some people might consider their cohabiting partners as family, a large number of cohabiters do so out
not from a deep sense of long-term commitment.

B)

Unfortunately, some people bear children with others without having a deep sense of commitment to that pers
being born.

C)

It can sometimes very difficult to define family, but the obligations one has to family are qualitatively differe
obligations one has to friends, lovers or other associates.

D) All of the above.


Questio
n 16

0/1
point

The number of children living with a single parent has:

A) increased in recent decades.

B) stayed about the same since 1960.

C) decreased in recent decades.

D) increased for boys but not for girls.


Questio
n 17

0/1
point

In 2010, the U.S. Census Bureau estimated that Hispanics represented __________ percent of the total population.

A) 33

B) 1
C)
3

D) 16
Questio
n 18

0/1
point

Marriage between people who are similar in social and demographic characteristics reflects the principle of:

A) monogamy.

B) heterogamy.

C) polygamy.

D) homogamy.
Questio
n 19

0/1
point

Marriage between people who are dissimilar in social and demographic characteristics reflects a pattern of:

A) polyandry.

B) heterogamy.

C) bigamy.

D) homogamy.
Questio
n 20

0/1
point

In a study of single parents in Iceland the researchers found that:

A)
divorced adults tend not to be adversely affected, though the children miss their parents.

B) the income of married and single-parent households was about the same.

C) the non-custodial parents suffer the most severe health problems, likely a result of grieving the losses.

D) the non-custodial parents experienced a sense of relief and freedom at not having to care for the children.

Which of the following results were true from various studies conducted on same-sex relationships?

A) Children raised by same-sex parents are less psychologically healthy.

B)

A survey of 55 gay and bisexual men found more than 90 percent of their
sons were heterosexual.

C)

Children whose mothers came out as lesbians showed little loyalty to them
afterwards.

D)

The majority of children raised in lesbian families identified themselves as


homosexual.

Question 2

0 / 1 point

The authors suggest that which of the following depress marriage rates among African Americans?

A)

Disproportionate number of black men in jail and higher mortality rate for
young black males.

Because the black male is more likely than the white to be unemployed (or
B) underemployed), he is less likely than his white counterpart to be able to
offer secure and adequate financial support.
C)
Black women put more importance than white women on a potential

husband being able to offer good financial support.

D) all of the above


Question 3

0 / 1 point

According to the text's discussion of the Hispanic family:

A)

Hispanics are less likely than either African Americans or Whites to be


divorced.

B)

Hispanics tend to have more children than do either Whites or African


Americans.

C) the average Hispanic family size is larger in comparison to non-Hispanics.

D) all of the above


Question 4

0 / 1 point

In discussing the variability between societies in terms of family life, the text concludes that people everywhere:

A)

need intimate relations and form family units to fulfill some of their
intimacy needs.

B) are naturally promiscuous.

C) must be married in order to be happy.

D) are extremely different.


Question 5

0 / 1 point

"Much of the segregation and discrimination experienced by African Americans is rooted in the competition between racial
groups for economic and political advantage." This statement reflects which theoretical perspective?

A) Systems Theory

B) Symbolic Interaction Theory

C) Exchange Theory

D) Conflict Theory
Question 6

0 / 1 point

Among the children of the following groups, which is most likely to experience antisocial behavior?

A) Emotional problems are equally likely among all of the above.

B) intact families

C) single-parent families

D) stepparent families
Question 7

0 / 1 point

__________ is the marriage of a person to two or more persons of the opposite gender (Be careful to find the technically
correct term).

A) Polygyny

B) Polygamy

C) Polyandry

D) Endogamy
Question 8

0 / 1 point

__________ is the marriage of a woman to two or more husbands.

A) Polygyny

B) Polyandry

C) Endogamy

D) Polygamy
Question 9

1 / 1 point

All of the following are true of bachelors in early American colonial life except:

A) a tax was imposed on them.

B) they were stigmatized if they remained single for too long.

C) bachelor life was encouraged.

D) they were encouraged to marry.


Question 10

1 / 1 point

Among the following ethnic categories, which children are most likely to be living with a mother who has never been married?

A) Hispanic

B) African American

C) White

D) Asian
Question 11

0 / 1 point

__________ percent of all black family households are single-parent families.

A) About 25

B) Nearly 75

C) Over 50

D) Almost 90
Question 12

0 / 1 point

Children of single parents are more likely to be __________ than children of two-parent families.

A) affluent

B) creative

C) highly successful

D) depressed
Question 13

1 / 1 point

Suppose that we trace a person's lineage through his/her father, grandfather, etc. This reflects a __________ pattern of
descent tracing.

A) matrilineal

B) bilineal

C) bilateral

D) patrilineal

Question 14

0 / 1 point

Studies comparing same-sex couples to married heterosexual couples revealed all EXCEPT the following:

A)

The same-sex couples reported at least as much happiness as did the


heterosexual, married couples.

B) The same-sex couples reported higher levels of compatibility (similarity).

C)

The same-sex couples reported higher levels of intimacy (shared


experiences).

D)

Heterosexual couples argue more frequently over politics and social issues;
same-sex couples argue more about issues regarding fidelity.

Question 15

0 / 1 point

Nadine is a single parent who spends most of her waking hours either working, keeping house, or taking care of the children.
She seldom socializes with friends or engages in recreation. The text suggests this is likely to result in:

A) an intimacy deficit, as she still would benefit from connections with adults.

B) greater achievement by her children, due to her exclusive focus on them.

C) better mental health because she is not spreading herself too thin.

D) lowered conflict in the family, due to the reduced outside demands.


Question 16

1 / 1 point

According to the text, same-sex couples:

A) face entirely different adjustment issues than heterosexual couples.

B) were increasingly accepted from the 1970s to 1980s.

C) face many of the same adjustment issues as heterosexual couples.

D) are more readily accepted than interracial couples.


Question 17

0 / 1 point

A study involving a number of different countries of origin reported three factors that help account for the high level of
educational attainment among Asian Americans. Which of the following is NOT one of these factors?

A)

Asian-American children are subjected to extremely harsh physical


discipline.

B)

There is a strong interdependence among family members, both within and


beyond the nuclear unit.

C)

Asian-American children are expected to defer to parental authority


without question.

D)

Asian-American children are reared to believe that their success in school


will affect the honor of the family directly.

Question 18

0 / 1 point

The text points out that single parents are likely to face three kinds of overload. Which of the following is NOT one of these?

A) spiritual

B) emotional

C) task

D) responsibility
Question 19

0 / 1 point

Girls tend to adjust __________ to divorce than do boys.

A)
more emotionally and with more difficulty

B) worse

C) more easily and quickly

D) better
Question 20

1 / 1 point

According to the text's discussion of the Hispanic family:

A)

the stereotype of the Hispanic family is that of a dominant wife and


mother.

B)

Hispanic fathers become unquestioned authority figures, while wives and


children are subservient and passive.

C)

research has failed to uncover a pattern of male dominance in the Hispanic


family.

D) none of the above

Which of the following results were true from various studies conducted on same-sex relationships?

A) Children raised by same-sex parents are less psychologically healthy.

B)

A survey of 55 gay and bisexual men found more than 90 percent of their
sons were heterosexual.

C)

Children whose mothers came out as lesbians showed little loyalty to them
afterwards.

D)

The majority of children raised in lesbian families identified themselves as


homosexual.

Question 2

0 / 1 point

The authors suggest that which of the following depress marriage rates among African Americans?

A)

Disproportionate number of black men in jail and higher mortality rate for
young black males.

Because the black male is more likely than the white to be unemployed (or
B) underemployed), he is less likely than his white counterpart to be able to
offer secure and adequate financial support.

C)

Black women put more importance than white women on a potential


husband being able to offer good financial support.

D) all of the above


Question 3

0 / 1 point

According to the text's discussion of the Hispanic family:

A)

Hispanics are less likely than either African Americans or Whites to be


divorced.

B)

Hispanics tend to have more children than do either Whites or African


Americans.

C) the average Hispanic family size is larger in comparison to non-Hispanics.

D) all of the above


Question 4

0 / 1 point

In discussing the variability between societies in terms of family life, the text concludes that people everywhere:

A)
need intimate relations and form family units to fulfill some of their

intimacy needs.

B) are naturally promiscuous.

C) must be married in order to be happy.

D) are extremely different.


Question 5

0 / 1 point

"Much of the segregation and discrimination experienced by African Americans is rooted in the competition between racial
groups for economic and political advantage." This statement reflects which theoretical perspective?

A) Systems Theory

B) Symbolic Interaction Theory

C) Exchange Theory

D) Conflict Theory
Question 6

0 / 1 point

Among the children of the following groups, which is most likely to experience antisocial behavior?

A) Emotional problems are equally likely among all of the above.

B) intact families

C) single-parent families

D) stepparent families
Question 7

0 / 1 point

__________ is the marriage of a person to two or more persons of the opposite gender (Be careful to find the technically
correct term).

A) Polygyny

B) Polygamy

C) Polyandry

D) Endogamy
Question 8

0 / 1 point

__________ is the marriage of a woman to two or more husbands.

A) Polygyny

B) Polyandry

C) Endogamy

D) Polygamy
Question 9

1 / 1 point

All of the following are true of bachelors in early American colonial life except:

A) a tax was imposed on them.

B) they were stigmatized if they remained single for too long.

C) bachelor life was encouraged.

D) they were encouraged to marry.

Question 10

1 / 1 point

Among the following ethnic categories, which children are most likely to be living with a mother who has never been married?

A) Hispanic

B) African American

C) White

D) Asian
Question 11

0 / 1 point

__________ percent of all black family households are single-parent families.

A) About 25

B) Nearly 75

C) Over 50

D) Almost 90
Question 12

0 / 1 point

Children of single parents are more likely to be __________ than children of two-parent families.

A) affluent

B) creative

C) highly successful
D)
depressed

Question 13

1 / 1 point

Suppose that we trace a person's lineage through his/her father, grandfather, etc. This reflects a __________ pattern of
descent tracing.

A) matrilineal

B) bilineal

C) bilateral

D) patrilineal
Question 14

0 / 1 point

Studies comparing same-sex couples to married heterosexual couples revealed all EXCEPT the following:

A)

The same-sex couples reported at least as much happiness as did the


heterosexual, married couples.

B) The same-sex couples reported higher levels of compatibility (similarity).

C)

The same-sex couples reported higher levels of intimacy (shared


experiences).

D)

Heterosexual couples argue more frequently over politics and social issues;
same-sex couples argue more about issues regarding fidelity.

Question 15

0 / 1 point

Nadine is a single parent who spends most of her waking hours either working, keeping house, or taking care of the children.
She seldom socializes with friends or engages in recreation. The text suggests this is likely to result in:

A) an intimacy deficit, as she still would benefit from connections with adults.

B) greater achievement by her children, due to her exclusive focus on them.

C) better mental health because she is not spreading herself too thin.

D) lowered conflict in the family, due to the reduced outside demands.


Question 16

1 / 1 point

According to the text, same-sex couples:

A) face entirely different adjustment issues than heterosexual couples.

B) were increasingly accepted from the 1970s to 1980s.

C) face many of the same adjustment issues as heterosexual couples.

D) are more readily accepted than interracial couples.


Question 17

0 / 1 point

A study involving a number of different countries of origin reported three factors that help account for the high level of
educational attainment among Asian Americans. Which of the following is NOT one of these factors?

Question 18

A)

Asian-American children are subjected to extremely harsh physical


discipline.

B)

There is a strong interdependence among family members, both within and


beyond the nuclear unit.

C)

Asian-American children are expected to defer to parental authority


without question.

D)

Asian-American children are reared to believe that their success in school


will affect the honor of the family directly.
0 / 1 point

The text points out that single parents are likely to face three kinds of overload. Which of the following is NOT one of these?

A) spiritual

B) emotional

C) task

D) responsibility
Question 19

0 / 1 point

Girls tend to adjust __________ to divorce than do boys.

A) more emotionally and with more difficulty

B) worse

C) more easily and quickly

D) better
Question 20

1 / 1 point

According to the text's discussion of the Hispanic family:

A)

the stereotype of the Hispanic family is that of a dominant wife and


mother.

B)

Hispanic fathers become unquestioned authority figures, while wives and


children are subservient and passive.

C)

research has failed to uncover a pattern of male dominance in the Hispanic


family.

D) none of the above

__________ is the marriage of a woman to two or more husbands.

A) Polyandry

B) Polygyny

C) Endogamy

D) Polygamy
Question 2

1 / 1 point

__________ percent of all black family households are single-parent families.

A) Nearly 75

B) Almost 90

C) Over 50

D) About 25
Question 3

0 / 1 point

"Much of the segregation and discrimination experienced by African Americans is rooted in the competition between racial
groups for economic and political advantage." This statement reflects which theoretical perspective?

A) Systems Theory

B) Exchange Theory

C) Symbolic Interaction Theory

D) Conflict Theory
Question 4

1 / 1 point

In a study of single parents in Iceland the researchers found that:

A) the income of married and single-parent households was about the same.

B)

divorced adults tend not to be adversely affected, though the children miss
their parents.

C)

the non-custodial parents experienced a sense of relief and freedom at not


having to care for the children.

D)

the non-custodial parents suffer the most severe health problems, likely a
result of grieving the losses.

Question 5

1 / 1 point

Extended family relationships are very important to African Americans, who:

A) are likely to live near relatives.

B) report a strong sense of familial obligations.

C) interact frequently with relatives.

D) all of the above


Question 6

1 / 1 point

Marriage between people who are dissimilar in social and demographic characteristics reflects a pattern of:

A) polyandry.
B)
bigamy.

C) heterogamy.

D) homogamy.
Question 7

1 / 1 point

Studies comparing same-sex couples to married heterosexual couples revealed all EXCEPT the following:

A) The same-sex couples reported higher levels of compatibility (similarity).

B)

Heterosexual couples argue more frequently over politics and social issues;
same-sex couples argue more about issues regarding fidelity.

C)

The same-sex couples reported at least as much happiness as did the


heterosexual, married couples.

D)

The same-sex couples reported higher levels of intimacy (shared


experiences).

Question 8

1 / 1 point

According to the text's discussion, most people become single parents:

A) by choice, opting not to marry the other parent.

B) because of separation, divorce, or death.

C) due to selfish inclinations to seek one's own interests.

D) none of the above


Question 9

1 / 1 point

Suppose that we trace a person's lineage through his/her father, grandfather, etc. This reflects a __________ pattern of
descent tracing.

A) patrilineal

B) bilateral

C) matrilineal

D) bilineal
Question 10

1 / 1 point

One of the most consistent differences between single mothers and single fathers is that:

A) single fathers have more behavior problems with their sons.

B) children are more likely to express appreciation to single mothers.

C) single mothers have more behavior problems with their daughters.

D) single fathers have more income.


Question 11

0 / 1 point

Suppose that we trace a person's lineage through his/her mother, grandmother, and so on. This reflects a __________
pattern of descent tracing.

A) bilineal

B) matrilineal

C) bilateral

D) patrilineal
Question 12

1 / 1 point

A study involving a number of different countries of origin reported three factors that help account for the high level of
educational attainment among Asian Americans. Which of the following is NOT one of these factors?

A)

Asian-American children are reared to believe that their success in school


will affect the honor of the family directly.

B)

Asian-American children are expected to defer to parental authority


without question.

C)

Asian-American children are subjected to extremely harsh physical


discipline.

D)

There is a strong interdependence among family members, both within and


beyond the nuclear unit.

Question 13

1 / 1 point

In the case of divorce, single parenthood means that:

A) the children have no contact with the other parent.

B) the children live primarily with one parent.

C) this status is a permanent arrangement.

D) none of the above


Question 14

1 / 1 point

In comparing the family roles of black and white women, it may be observed that black women:

A) have a smaller likelihood of working full-time than white women.

B) are more likely to work outside the home.


C)
provide a smaller proportion of income to their families than do white

women.

D)

provide more education but less income to their families than do white
women.

Question 15

1 / 1 point

Among the following ethnic categories, which children are most likely to be living with a mother who has never been married?

A) Hispanic

B) Asian

C) African American

D) White
Question 16

0 / 1 point

The text points out that family life among Native Americans is circumscribed by a number of important factors. Which of the
following is NOT one of these?

A) tribal tradition

B) all of the above are important factors

C) a high poverty rate

D) a higher divorce rate than any other minority group


Question 17

1 / 1 point

__________ is the marriage of a person to two or more persons of the opposite gender (Be careful to find the technically
correct term).

A) Polyandry

B) Polygamy

C) Polygyny

D) Endogamy
Question 18

1 / 1 point

Most single-parent families are headed by:

A) a father.

B) a stepparent.

C) a mother.

D)

Single-parent families are equally likely to be headed by either a mother or


a father.

Question 19

1 / 1 point

Overall, __________ households have higher rates of poverty than any other group.

A) single-father

B) remarried male-headed

C) remarried female-headed

D) single-mother
Question 20
Which of the following results were true from various studies conducted on same-sex relationships?

1 / 1 point

A)

A survey of 55 gay and bisexual men found more than 90 percent of their
sons were heterosexual.

B)

Children whose mothers came out as lesbians showed little loyalty to them
afterwards.

C)

The majority of children raised in lesbian families identified themselves as


homosexual.

D) Children raised by same-sex parents are less psychologically healthy.

Nadine is a single parent who spends most of her waking hours either working, keeping house, or taking care of the children.
She seldom socializes with friends or engages in recreation. The text suggests this is likely to result in:

A) better mental health because she is not spreading herself too thin.

B) greater achievement by her children, due to her exclusive focus on them.

C) lowered conflict in the family, due to the reduced outside demands.

D) an intimacy deficit, as she still would benefit from connections with adults.
Question 2

1 / 1 point

Children of single parents are more likely to be __________ than children of two-parent families.

A) depressed

B) affluent

C) creative
D)
highly successful

Question 3

0 / 1 point

In discussing the variability between societies in terms of family life, the text concludes that people everywhere:

A) must be married in order to be happy.

B) are naturally promiscuous.

C) are extremely different.

D)

need intimate relations and form family units to fulfill some of their
intimacy needs.

Question 4

0 / 1 point

In a longitudinal study of children reared by lesbian couples and single heterosexual mothers (Tasker and Golombok), it was
determined that:

A)

there were significant differences between the two groups in their


acceptance of their family identity during adolescence.

B) the children reared by lesbian parents had been traumatized as adolescents.

problems did arise for those children who were stigmatized by their peers
C) and those who felt that their mothers were too open about their lesbian
identity in front of their friends.

D) all of the above


Question 5

1 / 1 point

Based on in-depth interviews of 26 single parents identified as "successful," Olson and Haynes identified a number of factors
that contribute to successful single parenthood. Which of the following is NOT one of these factors?

A) Successful parents are supportive, but must avoid fostering individuality.

B)

The parent must accept the responsibilities and challenges of single


parenthood.

C)

Open communication is essential, as is consistent but non-punitive


discipline.

D) All of the above are factors cited by Olson and Haynes.


Question 6

0 / 1 point

The text defines family as a group united by marriage or cohabitation, blood, and/or adoption in order to satisfy intimacy
needs and/or bear and socialize children (p. 26). Can you see any problems with that definition? (Choose all that apply.)

While some people might consider their cohabiting partners as family, a


A) large number of cohabiters do so out of convenience and not from a deep
sense of long-term commitment.

B)

Unfortunately, some people bear children with others without having a


deep sense of commitment to that person nor to the children being born.

It can sometimes very difficult to define family, but the obligations one
C) has to family are qualitatively different from the obligations one has to
friends, lovers or other associates.

D) All of the above.


Question 7

1 / 1 point

__________ overload arises from the fact that one parent must do the work of two parents.

A) Emotional

B) Task

C) Responsibility

D) Spiritual
Question 8

1 / 1 point

Marriage between people who are similar in social and demographic characteristics reflects the principle of:

A) monogamy.

B) polygamy.

C) homogamy.

D) heterogamy.
Question 9

0 / 1 point

Among the children of the following groups, which is most likely to experience antisocial behavior?

A) intact families

B) single-parent families

C) stepparent families

D) Emotional problems are equally likely among all of the above.


Question 10

0 / 1 point

According to the text's discussion of the Hispanic family:

A)

Hispanics are less likely than either African Americans or Whites to be


divorced.

B)

Hispanics tend to have more children than do either Whites or African


Americans.

C) the average Hispanic family size is larger in comparison to non-Hispanics.

D) all of the above


Question 11

0 / 1 point

The authors suggest that which of the following depress marriage rates among African Americans?

A)

Disproportionate number of black men in jail and higher mortality rate for
young black males.

Because the black male is more likely than the white to be unemployed (or
B) underemployed), he is less likely than his white counterpart to be able to
offer secure and adequate financial support.

C)

Black women put more importance than white women on a potential


husband being able to offer good financial support.

D) all of the above


Question 12

0 / 1 point

The text points out that single parents are likely to face three kinds of overload. Which of the following is NOT one of these?

A) emotional

B) spiritual

C) task

D) responsibility
Question 13
According to the text, same-sex couples:

1 / 1 point

A) face entirely different adjustment issues than heterosexual couples.

B) face many of the same adjustment issues as heterosexual couples.

C) are more readily accepted than interracial couples.

D) were increasingly accepted from the 1970s to 1980s.


Question 14

0 / 1 point

All of the following are true of bachelors in early American colonial life except:

A) bachelor life was encouraged.

B) a tax was imposed on them.

C) they were stigmatized if they remained single for too long.

D) they were encouraged to marry.


Question 15

1 / 1 point

Men in committed same-sex relationships are generally just as monogamous as their heterosexual counterparts.

A) True
B) False
Question 16

0 / 1 point

In 2010, the U.S. Census Bureau estimated that Hispanics represented __________ percent of the total population.

A) 3

B) 1
C)
16

D) 33
Question 17

0 / 1 point

The number of children living with a single parent has:

A) decreased in recent decades.

B) increased in recent decades.

C) stayed about the same since 1960.

D) increased for boys but not for girls.


Question 18

1 / 1 point

Girls tend to adjust __________ to divorce than do boys.

A) more easily and quickly

B) better

C) more emotionally and with more difficulty

D) worse
Question 19

0 / 1 point

A study involving a number of different countries of origin reported three factors that help account for the high level of
educational attainment among Asian Americans. Which of the following is NOT one of these factors?

A)

There is a strong interdependence among family members, both within and


beyond the nuclear unit.

B)

Asian-American children are reared to believe that their success in school


will affect the honor of the family directly.

C)

Asian-American children are subjected to extremely harsh physical


discipline.

D)

Asian-American children are expected to defer to parental authority


without question.

Question 20

1 / 1 point

In the case of divorce, single parenthood means that:

A) the children have no contact with the other parent.

B) the children live primarily with one parent.

C) this status is a permanent arrangement.

D) none of the above

Marriage between people who are dissimilar in social and demographic characteristics reflects a pattern of:

A) homogamy.

B) polyandry.

C) bigamy.

D) heterogamy.
Question 2

1 / 1 point

__________ is the marriage of a person to two or more persons of the opposite gender (Be careful to find the technically
correct term).

A) Polyandry

B) Endogamy

C) Polygyny

D) Polygamy
Question 3

1 / 1 point

According to the text's discussion of the Hispanic family:

A)

Hispanics are less likely than either African Americans or Whites to be


divorced.

B)

Hispanics tend to have more children than do either Whites or African


Americans.

C) the average Hispanic family size is larger in comparison to non-Hispanics.

D) all of the above


Question 4

1 / 1 point

Studies comparing same-sex couples to married heterosexual couples revealed all EXCEPT the following:

A)

The same-sex couples reported higher levels of intimacy (shared


experiences).

B)

Heterosexual couples argue more frequently over politics and social issues;
same-sex couples argue more about issues regarding fidelity.

C) The same-sex couples reported higher levels of compatibility (similarity).

D)

The same-sex couples reported at least as much happiness as did the


heterosexual, married couples.

Question 5

1 / 1 point

In discussing the variability between societies in terms of family life, the text concludes that people everywhere:

A) must be married in order to be happy.

B)

need intimate relations and form family units to fulfill some of their
intimacy needs.

C) are extremely different.

D) are naturally promiscuous.


Question 6

1 / 1 point

According to the text's discussion of the Hispanic family:

A)

the stereotype of the Hispanic family is that of a dominant wife and


mother.

B)

Hispanic fathers become unquestioned authority figures, while wives and


children are subservient and passive.

C)

research has failed to uncover a pattern of male dominance in the Hispanic


family.

D) none of the above


Question 7

1 / 1 point

The text points out that single parents are likely to face three kinds of overload. Which of the following is NOT one of these?

A) task

B) responsibility

C) spiritual

D) emotional
Question 8

1 / 1 point

In 2010, the U.S. Census Bureau estimated that Hispanics represented __________ percent of the total population.

A) 3

B) 33

C) 1

D) 16
Question 9

1 / 1 point

All of the following are true of bachelors in early American colonial life except:

A) bachelor life was encouraged.

B) a tax was imposed on them.

C) they were encouraged to marry.

D) they were stigmatized if they remained single for too long.


Question 10

1 / 1 point

Children of single parents are more likely to be __________ than children of two-parent families.

A)
highly successful

B) depressed

C) creative

D) affluent
Question 11

1 / 1 point

__________ is the marriage of a woman to two or more husbands.

A) Polygamy

B) Endogamy

C) Polygyny

D) Polyandry
Question 12

1 / 1 point

According to the text's discussion, most people become single parents:

A) by choice, opting not to marry the other parent.

B) because of separation, divorce, or death.

C) due to selfish inclinations to seek one's own interests.

D) none of the above


Question 13
Which of the following results were true from various studies conducted on same-sex relationships?

1 / 1 point

A)

The majority of children raised in lesbian families identified themselves as


homosexual.

B) Children raised by same-sex parents are less psychologically healthy.

C)

Children whose mothers came out as lesbians showed little loyalty to them
afterwards.

D)

A survey of 55 gay and bisexual men found more than 90 percent of their
sons were heterosexual.

Question 14

1 / 1 point

The number of children living with a single parent has:

A) decreased in recent decades.

B) stayed about the same since 1960.

C) increased for boys but not for girls.

D) increased in recent decades.


Question 15

1 / 1 point

In comparing the family roles of black and white women, it may be observed that black women:

A)

provide a smaller proportion of income to their families than do white


women.

B) have a smaller likelihood of working full-time than white women.

C)

provide more education but less income to their families than do white
women.

D) are more likely to work outside the home.


Question 16

1 / 1 point

Among the children of the following groups, which is most likely to experience antisocial behavior?

A) Emotional problems are equally likely among all of the above.

B) stepparent families

C) single-parent families

D) intact families
Question 17

1 / 1 point

__________ overload arises from the fact that one parent must do the work of two parents.

A) Emotional

B) Spiritual

C) Responsibility

D) Task
Question 18

1 / 1 point

The text defines family as a group united by marriage or cohabitation, blood, and/or adoption in order to satisfy intimacy
needs and/or bear and socialize children (p. 26). Can you see any problems with that definition? (Choose all that apply.)

While some people might consider their cohabiting partners as family, a


A) large number of cohabiters do so out of convenience and not from a deep
sense of long-term commitment.
B)
Unfortunately, some people bear children with others without having a

deep sense of commitment to that person nor to the children being born.

It can sometimes very difficult to define family, but the obligations one
C) has to family are qualitatively different from the obligations one has to
friends, lovers or other associates.

D) All of the above.


Question 19

1 / 1 point

The authors suggest that which of the following depress marriage rates among African Americans?

A)

Disproportionate number of black men in jail and higher mortality rate for
young black males.

Because the black male is more likely than the white to be unemployed (or
B) underemployed), he is less likely than his white counterpart to be able to
offer secure and adequate financial support.

C)

Black women put more importance than white women on a potential


husband being able to offer good financial support.

D) all of the above


Question 20

1 / 1 point

In a longitudinal study of children reared by lesbian couples and single heterosexual mothers (Tasker and Golombok), it was
determined that:

A)

there were significant differences between the two groups in their


acceptance of their family identity during adolescence.

B) the children reared by lesbian parents had been traumatized as adolescents.

problems did arise for those children who were stigmatized by their peers
C) and those who felt that their mothers were too open about their lesbian
identity in front of their friends.

D) all of the above

With regard to influence in the communication process, __________ refers to such things as dropping hints, flattering
someone, and behaving seductively.

A) "manipulation"

B) "disengagement"

C) "supplication"

D) "bullying"
Question 2

0 / 1 point

The text points out that with regard to emotions, there is evidence that:

A) female infants are far more emotional than their male counterparts.

B) girls appear to be naturally more nurturing than boys.

C)

parents tend to teach their sons to suppress their emotions from about one
year on.

D) all of the above


Question 3

0 / 1 point

Research on gender commonalities and differences suggests that:

A) women express their feelings verbally more than men do.


B)
women and men show only a few differences in sexual attitudes and

behavior.

C)

there is very little difference in the way that men and women provide
support.

D) all of the above


Question 4

0 / 1 point

A person's sex refers to:

A) their extent of instrumentality or expressiveness.

B) ones biological identification as a male or female

C) behavior associated with being male or female.

D) possessing a combination of masculine and feminine traits.


Question 5

0 / 1 point

Social scientists call those traits associated with the traditional male gender role:

A) expressive.

B) instrumental.

C) exchange-based.

D) androgynous.
Question 6
Sigmund Freud argued that there is a biological basis of roles and summed up this thesis with the statement:

1 / 1 point

A) You are what you eat.

B) Anatomy is destiny.

C) Sometimes a cigar is just a cigar.

D) A man is a man and a woman is a woman; nothing more--nothing less.


Question 7

0 / 1 point

Social scientists call those traits associated with the traditional female gender role:

A) androgynous.

B) instrumental.

C) exchange-based.

D) expressive.
Question 8

1 / 1 point

__________ refers to the behavior associated with being either male or female.

A) "Gender-typed interaction"

B) "Sex-typed interaction"

C) "Gender role"

D) "Sex role"
Question 9
As long ago as the 1970s, Alice Eagly carefully reviewed the literature and concluded that:

0 / 1 point

A) women are more easily influenced than men.

B) women are usually more conforming in group settings than men.

C) men and women differ in almost every way.

D) none of the above


Question 10

0 / 1 point

In reference to gender differences, which of the following statements is true?

A) By almost any measure, men are likely to be more aggressive than women.

B) Men are more aggressive than women only when provoked.

C)

In about half of the world's societies, women are more likely to be


aggressive than men.

D)

In contrast to their behavior, men tend to have dreams about nurturing and
children.

Question 11

0 / 1 point

Which of the following combinations of siblings make contact and exchange advice more than others?

A) sister to sister

B) step-siblings

C) brother to sister

D) brother to brother
Question 12

1 / 1 point

Mary loves to cuddle babies. This exemplifies which aspect of the traditional female gender role?

A) all of the above

B) nurturing

C) protective

D) emotional
Question 13

0 / 1 point

When we say that, "James should play with trucks and Jennifer should play dress-up," we are describing their:

A) sexual orientations.

B) genders.

C) sex-role orientations.

D) gender roles.
Question 14

0 / 1 point

Jennifer loves to teach young children. This exemplifies which aspect of the traditional female gender role?

A) nurturing

B) protective

C) emotional

D) all of the above


Question 15

0 / 1 point

In a series of experiments, researchers concluded that the notion that men and women are totally different creatures in
dealing with troubles talk is:

A) partially true.

B) false.

C) absolutely true.

D) uncertain.
Question 16

1 / 1 point

Chafetz drew a number of conclusions about the relative influence of biological and social factors in gender role development.
Which of the following is NOT one of these factors?

A)

A few tendencies are linked to gender, such as the male tendency to greater
aggression.

B)

Whatever innate differences exist, they are quantitative rather than


qualitative.

C)

Social factors can virtually eliminate the effects of the few tendencies that
are linked to gender.

D)

Most of the traits and behaviors identified as masculine or feminine in a


society are innate.

Question 17

1 / 1 point

The text points out that the way we behave is due more to social expectations involved in the roles we assume than to any
genetic or biological imperatives. This observation reflects which theoretical perspective?

A) Conflict

B) Symbolic Interactionist

C) Systems

D) both b and c
Question 18

0 / 1 point

The gender-role orientation held by the smallest number of people is:

A) undifferentiated, meaning not at all feminine nor masculine.

B) masculine.

C) androgynous.

D) feminine.
Question 19

0 / 1 point

It has been observed that women and minorities have a greater need to know what the more powerful people with whom they
interact are really thinking and planning. This is a reflection of which theoretical perspective?

A) Symbolic Interactionist

B) Systems

C) Conflict

D) Exchange
Question 20

1 / 1 point

Sandra Bem coined the term __________ to describe those people who possess both masculine (or instrumental), and
feminine (or expressive), traits.

A) "androgyny"

B) "Berdache"

C) "eunuch"

D) "gender-non-specific"

The authors of your text prefer to use the term __________ role because they believe the evidence shows that male-female
differences are due more to nurture than nature.

A) sex

B) androgynous

C) gender

D) expressive
Question 2

0 / 1 point

The __________ is the totality of the beliefs and attitudes people have about themselves.

A) "I"

B) "personality"

C) "gender role"

D) "self-concept"
Question 3
The most skilled interpreters of nonverbal communication and behavior are:

1 / 1 point

A) military surveillance officers.

B) women.

C) lawyers.

D) businessmen.
Question 4

0 / 1 point

Sulking, leaving the scene, and other forms of withdrawal reflect the communication influence tactic known as:

A) "manipulation."

B) "bullying."

C) "autocracy."

D) "disengagement."
Question 5

0 / 1 point

According to the text's discussion of questioning style, women:

A) use more tag questions, like "This is a tag question, isn't it?"

B)

are more likely to begin conversations with a definitive answer than with a
question.

C) use fewer qualifiers and intensifiers than men.

D) none of the above


Question 6

0 / 1 point

Which of the following is a characteristic of the traditional male gender role?

A) stoic

B) strong

C) successful in pursuing objectives

D) all of the above


Question 7

0 / 1 point

Studies in various societies show that:

A)

boys exhibit a much higher preference for sports as a leisure activity than
do girls.

B) boys prefer more aggressive kinds of activity.

C) men commit more violent crimes than women.

D) all of the above


Question 8

1 / 1 point

The text points out that we use the term __________ to refer to males and females as social creatures.

A) "sex role"

B) "sex-typed interaction"

C) "gender"

D) "sex role orientation"

Question 9

0 / 1 point

According to the text's discussion of gender and interaction quantity/quality:

A) females are more relationship-oriented than males.

B) males tend to value independence more than females.

C) females are more likely to reach out for support.

D) all of the above


Question 10

1 / 1 point

According to the texts discussion of traditional roles:

A) the woman was the homemaker and the man was the breadwinner.

B) despite the traditional role, the majority of women now work.

C)

most women who work still retain major responsibility for doing the
housework.

D) all of the above


Question 11

0 / 1 point

__________ refer(s) to the degree to which one conforms with behaviors that are considered typically male versus typically
female.

A) "Sex-role orientation"

B) The "I" and the "me"

C) "Gender-role orientation"

D) "The looking-glass self"


Question 12

0 / 1 point

Margaret Mead concluded from her studies in New Guinea that male and female gender roles are:

A) genetically linked.

B) the same the world over.

C) rapidly changing.

D) the result of cultural influences.


Question 13

0 / 1 point

Aggressiveness, competitiveness, self-confidence, and goal achievement are:

A) instrumental traits.

B) androgynous traits.

C) traits traditionally associated with the female gender role.

D) expressive traits.
Question 14

0 / 1 point

Among the Copper Inuit Eskimos:

A) males and females are completely androgynous in their role structures.

B)

distinctly defined gender roles are not linked to the survival of the sexes
among the Inuit.

C)

the gender roles that the Inuit youth learn make the transition to adulthood
somewhat easier for females.

D) none of the above


Question 15

1 / 1 point

The traits of warmth, caring, sensitivity, and nurturing:

A) are no longer of any value in our postindustrial society.

B) have traditionally been associated with the female gender role.

C) are androgynous traits.

D) are instrumental traits.


Question 16

0 / 1 point

In comparing women's conversational styles to those of men, which of the following statements is FALSE?

A) Women are more likely to qualify their statements.

B) Women are more likely to begin conversations with a question.

C) Women show less ability in using eye contact and nonverbal messages.

D) Women ask more questions.


Question 17

1 / 1 point

John boasts to his friends that he makes enough money so that his wife need not work. This exemplifies which aspect of the
male gender role?

A) risk-taking

B) aggressiveness

C) independence

D) success
Question 18

1 / 1 point

According to the texts discussion of gender and family experiences:

A)

parents help their children to differentiate gender roles by treating their


male and female children differently.

B)

both fathers and mothers use different discipline strategies for boys and
girls.

C)

both fathers and mothers use a greater range and number of emotional
terms with their daughters than with their sons.

D) all of the above


Question 19

0 / 1 point

Males were most likely to talk about personal matters:

A) in everyday conversation.

B) in groups.

C) while engaged in shared activity.

D) with strangers.
Question 20
Social scientists call those traits associated with the traditional female gender role:

0 / 1 point

A) expressive.

B) androgynous.

C) instrumental.

D) exchange-based.

The authors of your text prefer to use the term __________ role because they believe the evidence shows that male-female
differences are due more to nurture than nature.

A) sex

B) androgynous

C) gender

D) expressive
Question 2

0 / 1 point

The __________ is the totality of the beliefs and attitudes people have about themselves.

A) "I"

B) "personality"

C) "gender role"

D) "self-concept"

Question 3

1 / 1 point

The most skilled interpreters of nonverbal communication and behavior are:

A) military surveillance officers.

B) women.

C) lawyers.

D) businessmen.
Question 4

0 / 1 point

Sulking, leaving the scene, and other forms of withdrawal reflect the communication influence tactic known as:

A) "manipulation."

B) "bullying."

C) "autocracy."

D) "disengagement."
Question 5

0 / 1 point

According to the text's discussion of questioning style, women:

A) use more tag questions, like "This is a tag question, isn't it?"

B)

are more likely to begin conversations with a definitive answer than with a
question.

C) use fewer qualifiers and intensifiers than men.

D) none of the above


Question 6

0 / 1 point

Which of the following is a characteristic of the traditional male gender role?

A) stoic

B) strong

C) successful in pursuing objectives

D) all of the above


Question 7

0 / 1 point

Studies in various societies show that:

A)

boys exhibit a much higher preference for sports as a leisure activity than
do girls.

B) boys prefer more aggressive kinds of activity.

C) men commit more violent crimes than women.

D) all of the above


Question 8

1 / 1 point

The text points out that we use the term __________ to refer to males and females as social creatures.

A) "sex role"

B) "sex-typed interaction"

C) "gender"

D) "sex role orientation"


Question 9

0 / 1 point

According to the text's discussion of gender and interaction quantity/quality:

A) females are more relationship-oriented than males.

B) males tend to value independence more than females.

C) females are more likely to reach out for support.

D) all of the above


Question 10

1 / 1 point

According to the texts discussion of traditional roles:

A) the woman was the homemaker and the man was the breadwinner.

B) despite the traditional role, the majority of women now work.

C)

most women who work still retain major responsibility for doing the
housework.

D) all of the above


Question 11

0 / 1 point

__________ refer(s) to the degree to which one conforms with behaviors that are considered typically male versus typically
female.

A) "Sex-role orientation"

B) The "I" and the "me"

C) "Gender-role orientation"

D) "The looking-glass self"


Question 12

0 / 1 point

Margaret Mead concluded from her studies in New Guinea that male and female gender roles are:

A) genetically linked.

B) the same the world over.

C) rapidly changing.

D) the result of cultural influences.


Question 13

0 / 1 point

Aggressiveness, competitiveness, self-confidence, and goal achievement are:

A) instrumental traits.

B) androgynous traits.

C) traits traditionally associated with the female gender role.

D) expressive traits.
Question 14

0 / 1 point

Among the Copper Inuit Eskimos:

A)
males and females are completely androgynous in their role structures.

B)

distinctly defined gender roles are not linked to the survival of the sexes
among the Inuit.

C)

the gender roles that the Inuit youth learn make the transition to adulthood
somewhat easier for females.

D) none of the above


Question 15

1 / 1 point

The traits of warmth, caring, sensitivity, and nurturing:

A) are no longer of any value in our postindustrial society.

B) have traditionally been associated with the female gender role.

C) are androgynous traits.

D) are instrumental traits.


Question 16

0 / 1 point

In comparing women's conversational styles to those of men, which of the following statements is FALSE?

A) Women are more likely to qualify their statements.

B) Women are more likely to begin conversations with a question.

C) Women show less ability in using eye contact and nonverbal messages.

D) Women ask more questions.


Question 17

1 / 1 point

John boasts to his friends that he makes enough money so that his wife need not work. This exemplifies which aspect of the
male gender role?

A) risk-taking

B) aggressiveness

C) independence

D) success
Question 18

1 / 1 point

According to the texts discussion of gender and family experiences:

A)

parents help their children to differentiate gender roles by treating their


male and female children differently.

B)

both fathers and mothers use different discipline strategies for boys and
girls.

C)

both fathers and mothers use a greater range and number of emotional
terms with their daughters than with their sons.

D) all of the above


Question 19

0 / 1 point

Males were most likely to talk about personal matters:

A) in everyday conversation.

B) in groups.

C) while engaged in shared activity.

D) with strangers.
Question 20

0 / 1 point

Social scientists call those traits associated with the traditional female gender role:

A) expressive.

B) androgynous.

C) instrumental.

D) exchange-based.

A person's sex refers to:

A) behavior associated with being male or female.

B) their extent of instrumentality or expressiveness.

C) ones biological identification as a male or female

D) possessing a combination of masculine and feminine traits.


Question 2

0 / 1 point

According to the texts discussion of gender and family experiences:

A)

parents help their children to differentiate gender roles by treating their


male and female children differently.

B)
both fathers and mothers use different discipline strategies for boys and

girls.

C)

both fathers and mothers use a greater range and number of emotional
terms with their daughters than with their sons.

D) all of the above


Question 3

0 / 1 point

Sandra Bem coined the term __________ to describe those people who possess both masculine (or instrumental), and
feminine (or expressive), traits.

A) "gender-non-specific"

B) "androgyny"

C) "Berdache"

D) "eunuch"
Question 4

1 / 1 point

According to the text's discussion of questioning style, women:

A) use more tag questions, like "This is a tag question, isn't it?"

B)

are more likely to begin conversations with a definitive answer than with a
question.

C) use fewer qualifiers and intensifiers than men.

D) none of the above


Question 5

0 / 1 point

With regard to influence in the communication process, __________ refers to such things as dropping hints, flattering
someone, and behaving seductively.

A) "disengagement"

B) "manipulation"

C) "bullying"

D) "supplication"
Question 6

0 / 1 point

The traits of warmth, caring, sensitivity, and nurturing:

A) are androgynous traits.

B) are no longer of any value in our postindustrial society.

C) have traditionally been associated with the female gender role.

D) are instrumental traits.


Question 7

0 / 1 point

Sigmund Freud argued that there is a biological basis of roles and summed up this thesis with the statement:

A) Anatomy is destiny.

B) Sometimes a cigar is just a cigar.

C) A man is a man and a woman is a woman; nothing more--nothing less.

D) You are what you eat.


Question 8

0 / 1 point

The text points out that the way we behave is due more to social expectations involved in the roles we assume than to any
genetic or biological imperatives. This observation reflects which theoretical perspective?

A) Conflict

B) Symbolic Interactionist

C) Systems

D) both b and c
Question 9

0 / 1 point

The most skilled interpreters of nonverbal communication and behavior are:

A) women.

B) military surveillance officers.

C) lawyers.

D) businessmen.
Question 10

0 / 1 point

In reference to gender differences, which of the following statements is true?

A) By almost any measure, men are likely to be more aggressive than women.

B) Men are more aggressive than women only when provoked.

C)

In contrast to their behavior, men tend to have dreams about nurturing and
children.

D)
In about half of the world's societies, women are more likely to be

aggressive than men.


Question 11

0 / 1 point

Males were most likely to talk about personal matters:

A) with strangers.

B) in everyday conversation.

C) while engaged in shared activity.

D) in groups.
Question 12

0 / 1 point

When we say that, "James should play with trucks and Jennifer should play dress-up," we are describing their:

A) sexual orientations.

B) sex-role orientations.

C) gender roles.

D) genders.
Question 13

0 / 1 point

According to the texts discussion of traditional roles:

A) the woman was the homemaker and the man was the breadwinner.

B) despite the traditional role, the majority of women now work.


C)
most women who work still retain major responsibility for doing the

housework.

D) all of the above


Question 14

0 / 1 point

The gender-role orientation held by the smallest number of people is:

A) androgynous.

B) feminine.

C) undifferentiated, meaning not at all feminine nor masculine.

D) masculine.
Question 15

1 / 1 point

__________ refer(s) to the degree to which one conforms with behaviors that are considered typically male versus typically
female.

A) "Gender-role orientation"

B) The "I" and the "me"

C) "The looking-glass self"

D) "Sex-role orientation"
Question 16

0 / 1 point

Aggressiveness, competitiveness, self-confidence, and goal achievement are:

A) expressive traits.

B) androgynous traits.

C) instrumental traits.

D) traits traditionally associated with the female gender role.


Question 17

0 / 1 point

According to the text's discussion of gender and interaction quantity/quality:

A) females are more relationship-oriented than males.

B) males tend to value independence more than females.

C) females are more likely to reach out for support.

D) all of the above


Question 18

0 / 1 point

The text points out that we use the term __________ to refer to males and females as social creatures.

A) "sex role orientation"

B) "gender"

C) "sex role"

D) "sex-typed interaction"
Question 19

0 / 1 point

Among the Copper Inuit Eskimos:

A)
males and females are completely androgynous in their role structures.

B)

distinctly defined gender roles are not linked to the survival of the sexes
among the Inuit.

C)

the gender roles that the Inuit youth learn make the transition to adulthood
somewhat easier for females.

D) none of the above


Question 20

0 / 1 point

Jennifer loves to teach young children. This exemplifies which aspect of the traditional female gender role?

A) nurturing

B) protective

C) emotional

D) all of the above

A person's sex refers to:

A) behavior associated with being male or female.

B) their extent of instrumentality or expressiveness.

C) ones biological identification as a male or female

D) possessing a combination of masculine and feminine traits.


Question 2

0 / 1 point

According to the texts discussion of gender and family experiences:

A)

parents help their children to differentiate gender roles by treating their


male and female children differently.

B)

both fathers and mothers use different discipline strategies for boys and
girls.

C)

both fathers and mothers use a greater range and number of emotional
terms with their daughters than with their sons.

D) all of the above


Question 3

0 / 1 point

Sandra Bem coined the term __________ to describe those people who possess both masculine (or instrumental), and
feminine (or expressive), traits.

A) "gender-non-specific"

B) "androgyny"

C) "Berdache"

D) "eunuch"
Question 4

1 / 1 point

According to the text's discussion of questioning style, women:

A) use more tag questions, like "This is a tag question, isn't it?"

B)

are more likely to begin conversations with a definitive answer than with a
question.

C) use fewer qualifiers and intensifiers than men.

D) none of the above


Question 5

0 / 1 point

With regard to influence in the communication process, __________ refers to such things as dropping hints, flattering
someone, and behaving seductively.

A) "disengagement"

B) "manipulation"

C) "bullying"

D) "supplication"
Question 6

0 / 1 point

The traits of warmth, caring, sensitivity, and nurturing:

A) are androgynous traits.

B) are no longer of any value in our postindustrial society.

C) have traditionally been associated with the female gender role.

D) are instrumental traits.


Question 7

0 / 1 point

Sigmund Freud argued that there is a biological basis of roles and summed up this thesis with the statement:

A) Anatomy is destiny.

B) Sometimes a cigar is just a cigar.

C) A man is a man and a woman is a woman; nothing more--nothing less.

D) You are what you eat.


Question 8

0 / 1 point

The text points out that the way we behave is due more to social expectations involved in the roles we assume than to any
genetic or biological imperatives. This observation reflects which theoretical perspective?

A) Conflict

B) Symbolic Interactionist

C) Systems

D) both b and c
Question 9

0 / 1 point

The most skilled interpreters of nonverbal communication and behavior are:

A) women.

B) military surveillance officers.

C) lawyers.

D) businessmen.
Question 10

0 / 1 point

In reference to gender differences, which of the following statements is true?

A) By almost any measure, men are likely to be more aggressive than women.

B) Men are more aggressive than women only when provoked.

C)

In contrast to their behavior, men tend to have dreams about nurturing and
children.

D)

In about half of the world's societies, women are more likely to be


aggressive than men.

Question 11

0 / 1 point

Males were most likely to talk about personal matters:

A) with strangers.

B) in everyday conversation.

C) while engaged in shared activity.

D) in groups.
Question 12

0 / 1 point

When we say that, "James should play with trucks and Jennifer should play dress-up," we are describing their:

A) sexual orientations.

B) sex-role orientations.

C) gender roles.

D) genders.
Question 13
According to the texts discussion of traditional roles:

0 / 1 point

A) the woman was the homemaker and the man was the breadwinner.

B) despite the traditional role, the majority of women now work.

C)

most women who work still retain major responsibility for doing the
housework.

D) all of the above


Question 14

0 / 1 point

The gender-role orientation held by the smallest number of people is:

A) androgynous.

B) feminine.

C) undifferentiated, meaning not at all feminine nor masculine.

D) masculine.
Question 15

1 / 1 point

__________ refer(s) to the degree to which one conforms with behaviors that are considered typically male versus typically
female.

A) "Gender-role orientation"

B) The "I" and the "me"

C) "The looking-glass self"

D) "Sex-role orientation"
Question 16

0 / 1 point

Aggressiveness, competitiveness, self-confidence, and goal achievement are:

A) expressive traits.

B) androgynous traits.

C) instrumental traits.

D) traits traditionally associated with the female gender role.


Question 17

0 / 1 point

According to the text's discussion of gender and interaction quantity/quality:

A) females are more relationship-oriented than males.

B) males tend to value independence more than females.

C) females are more likely to reach out for support.

D) all of the above


Question 18

0 / 1 point

The text points out that we use the term __________ to refer to males and females as social creatures.

A) "sex role orientation"

B) "gender"

C) "sex role"

D) "sex-typed interaction"
Question 19

0 / 1 point

Among the Copper Inuit Eskimos:

A) males and females are completely androgynous in their role structures.

B)

distinctly defined gender roles are not linked to the survival of the sexes
among the Inuit.

C)

the gender roles that the Inuit youth learn make the transition to adulthood
somewhat easier for females.

D) none of the above


Question 20

0 / 1 point

Jennifer loves to teach young children. This exemplifies which aspect of the traditional female gender role?

A) nurturing

B) protective

C) emotional

D) all of the above

The authors of your text prefer to use the term __________ role because they believe the evidence shows that male-female
differences are due more to nurture than nature.

A) androgynous

B) sex

C) expressive

D) gender
Question 2

0 / 1 point

John boasts to his friends that he makes enough money so that his wife need not work. This exemplifies which aspect of the
male gender role?

A) independence

B) risk-taking

C) success

D) aggressiveness
Question 3

0 / 1 point

In comparing women's conversational styles to those of men, which of the following statements is FALSE?

A) Women are more likely to begin conversations with a question.

B) Women are more likely to qualify their statements.

C) Women show less ability in using eye contact and nonverbal messages.

D) Women ask more questions.


Question 4

0 / 1 point

The text points out that with regard to emotions, there is evidence that:

A) female infants are far more emotional than their male counterparts.

B) girls appear to be naturally more nurturing than boys.

C)

parents tend to teach their sons to suppress their emotions from about one
year on.

D) all of the above


Question 5

1 / 1 point

Mary loves to cuddle babies. This exemplifies which aspect of the traditional female gender role?

A) emotional

B) nurturing

C) all of the above

D) protective
Question 6

0 / 1 point

Which of the following combinations of siblings make contact and exchange advice more than others?

A) sister to sister

B) brother to sister

C) brother to brother

D) step-siblings
Question 7

0 / 1 point

In a series of experiments, researchers concluded that the notion that men and women are totally different creatures in
dealing with troubles talk is:

A) false.

B) partially true.

C) absolutely true.

D) uncertain.
Question 8

0 / 1 point

Research on gender commonalities and differences suggests that:

A) women express their feelings verbally more than men do.

B)

women and men show only a few differences in sexual attitudes and
behavior.

C)

there is very little difference in the way that men and women provide
support.

D) all of the above


Question 9

0 / 1 point

Studies in various societies show that:

A)

boys exhibit a much higher preference for sports as a leisure activity than
do girls.

B) boys prefer more aggressive kinds of activity.

C) men commit more violent crimes than women.

D) all of the above


Question 10
__________ refers to the behavior associated with being either male or female.

0 / 1 point

A) "Sex role"

B) "Gender-typed interaction"

C) "Gender role"

D) "Sex-typed interaction"
Question 11

0 / 1 point

Margaret Mead concluded from her studies in New Guinea that male and female gender roles are:

A) genetically linked.

B) the same the world over.

C) rapidly changing.

D) the result of cultural influences.


Question 12

0 / 1 point

Which of the following is a characteristic of the traditional male gender role?

A) stoic

B) strong

C) successful in pursuing objectives

D) all of the above


Question 13
As long ago as the 1970s, Alice Eagly carefully reviewed the literature and concluded that:

0 / 1 point

A) women are more easily influenced than men.

B) women are usually more conforming in group settings than men.

C) men and women differ in almost every way.

D) none of the above


Question 14

0 / 1 point

Sulking, leaving the scene, and other forms of withdrawal reflect the communication influence tactic known as:

A) "bullying."

B) "manipulation."

C) "disengagement."

D) "autocracy."
Question 15

0 / 1 point

The __________ is the totality of the beliefs and attitudes people have about themselves.

A) "self-concept"

B) "I"

C) "gender role"

D) "personality"
Question 16

0 / 1 point

It has been observed that women and minorities have a greater need to know what the more powerful people with whom they
interact are really thinking and planning. This is a reflection of which theoretical perspective?

A) Conflict

B) Exchange

C) Symbolic Interactionist

D) Systems
Question 17

0 / 1 point

Chafetz drew a number of conclusions about the relative influence of biological and social factors in gender role development.
Which of the following is NOT one of these factors?

A)

Whatever innate differences exist, they are quantitative rather than


qualitative.

B)

A few tendencies are linked to gender, such as the male tendency to greater
aggression.

C)

Social factors can virtually eliminate the effects of the few tendencies that
are linked to gender.

D)

Most of the traits and behaviors identified as masculine or feminine in a


society are innate.

Question 18

0 / 1 point

Social scientists call those traits associated with the traditional male gender role:

A) androgynous.

B) instrumental.
C)
expressive.

D) exchange-based.
Question 19

0 / 1 point

The gender-role orientation held by the smallest number of people is:

A) androgynous.

B) masculine.

C) feminine.

D) undifferentiated, meaning not at all feminine nor masculine.


Question 20

0 / 1 point

The most skilled interpreters of nonverbal communication and behavior are:

A) military surveillance officers.

B) women.

C) businessmen.

D) lawyers.

The text points out that the way we behave is due more to social expectations involved in the roles we assume than to any
genetic or biological imperatives. This observation reflects which theoretical perspective?

A) Conflict

B) Symbolic Interactionist

C) Systems

D) both b and c
Question 2

0 / 1 point

A person's sex refers to:

A) ones biological identification as a male or female

B) possessing a combination of masculine and feminine traits.

C) behavior associated with being male or female.

D) their extent of instrumentality or expressiveness.


Question 3

0 / 1 point

According to the text's discussion of gender and interaction quantity/quality:

A) females are more relationship-oriented than males.

B) males tend to value independence more than females.

C) females are more likely to reach out for support.

D) all of the above


Question 4

0 / 1 point

The text points out that with regard to emotions, there is evidence that:

A)
female infants are far more emotional than their male counterparts.

B) girls appear to be naturally more nurturing than boys.

C)

parents tend to teach their sons to suppress their emotions from about one
year on.

D) all of the above


Question 5

0 / 1 point

Which of the following combinations of siblings make contact and exchange advice more than others?

A) brother to brother

B) step-siblings

C) sister to sister

D) brother to sister
Question 6

0 / 1 point

When we say that, "James should play with trucks and Jennifer should play dress-up," we are describing their:

A) sexual orientations.

B) genders.

C) gender roles.

D) sex-role orientations.
Question 7

0 / 1 point

The authors of your text prefer to use the term __________ role because they believe the evidence shows that male-female
differences are due more to nurture than nature.

A) gender

B) sex

C) androgynous

D) expressive
Question 8

1 / 1 point

Social scientists call those traits associated with the traditional male gender role:

A) expressive.

B) instrumental.

C) exchange-based.

D) androgynous.
Question 9

0 / 1 point

Chafetz drew a number of conclusions about the relative influence of biological and social factors in gender role development.
Which of the following is NOT one of these factors?

A)

Social factors can virtually eliminate the effects of the few tendencies that
are linked to gender.

B)

Most of the traits and behaviors identified as masculine or feminine in a


society are innate.

C)

A few tendencies are linked to gender, such as the male tendency to greater
aggression.

D)

Whatever innate differences exist, they are quantitative rather than


qualitative.

Question 10

0 / 1 point

In reference to gender differences, which of the following statements is true?

A) Men are more aggressive than women only when provoked.

B)

In contrast to their behavior, men tend to have dreams about nurturing and
children.

C) By almost any measure, men are likely to be more aggressive than women.

D)

In about half of the world's societies, women are more likely to be


aggressive than men.

Question 11

0 / 1 point

__________ refers to the behavior associated with being either male or female.

A) "Sex-typed interaction"

B) "Sex role"

C) "Gender role"

D) "Gender-typed interaction"
Question 12

0 / 1 point

Males were most likely to talk about personal matters:

A) while engaged in shared activity.


B)
in everyday conversation.

C) with strangers.

D) in groups.
Question 13

0 / 1 point

Jennifer loves to teach young children. This exemplifies which aspect of the traditional female gender role?

A) nurturing

B) protective

C) emotional

D) all of the above


Question 14

0 / 1 point

Among the Copper Inuit Eskimos:

A) males and females are completely androgynous in their role structures.

B)

distinctly defined gender roles are not linked to the survival of the sexes
among the Inuit.

C)

the gender roles that the Inuit youth learn make the transition to adulthood
somewhat easier for females.

D) none of the above


Question 15
Sulking, leaving the scene, and other forms of withdrawal reflect the communication influence tactic known as:

0 / 1 point

A) "manipulation."

B) "bullying."

C) "disengagement."

D) "autocracy."
Question 16

1 / 1 point

In a series of experiments, researchers concluded that the notion that men and women are totally different creatures in
dealing with troubles talk is:

A) absolutely true.

B) uncertain.

C) false.

D) partially true.
Question 17

1 / 1 point

According to the text's discussion of questioning style, women:

A) use more tag questions, like "This is a tag question, isn't it?"

B)

are more likely to begin conversations with a definitive answer than with a
question.

C) use fewer qualifiers and intensifiers than men.

D) none of the above


Question 18

0 / 1 point

Research on gender commonalities and differences suggests that:

A) women express their feelings verbally more than men do.

B)

women and men show only a few differences in sexual attitudes and
behavior.

C)

there is very little difference in the way that men and women provide
support.

D) all of the above


Question 19

0 / 1 point

Which of the following is a characteristic of the traditional male gender role?

A) stoic

B) strong

C) successful in pursuing objectives

D) all of the above


Question 20

1 / 1 point

The traits of warmth, caring, sensitivity, and nurturing:

A) have traditionally been associated with the female gender role.

B) are instrumental traits.

C) are androgynous traits.


D)
are no longer of any value in our postindustrial society.

Question 1

0 / 1 point

Chafetz drew a number of conclusions about the relative influence of biological and social factors in gender role development.
Which of the following is NOT one of these factors?

A)

Social factors can virtually eliminate the effects of the few tendencies that
are linked to gender.

B)

A few tendencies are linked to gender, such as the male tendency to greater
aggression.

C)

Most of the traits and behaviors identified as masculine or feminine in a


society are innate.

D)

Whatever innate differences exist, they are quantitative rather than


qualitative.

Question 2

1 / 1 point

John boasts to his friends that he makes enough money so that his wife need not work. This exemplifies which aspect of the
male gender role?

A) aggressiveness

B) success

C) risk-taking

D) independence
Question 3
A person's sex refers to:

1 / 1 point

A) ones biological identification as a male or female

B) possessing a combination of masculine and feminine traits.

C) their extent of instrumentality or expressiveness.

D) behavior associated with being male or female.


Question 4

1 / 1 point

The gender-role orientation held by the smallest number of people is:

A) androgynous.

B) masculine.

C) feminine.

D) undifferentiated, meaning not at all feminine nor masculine.


Question 5

0 / 1 point

The text points out that the way we behave is due more to social expectations involved in the roles we assume than to any
genetic or biological imperatives. This observation reflects which theoretical perspective?

A) Conflict

B) Symbolic Interactionist

C) Systems

D) both b and c
Question 6

1 / 1 point

Sandra Bem coined the term __________ to describe those people who possess both masculine (or instrumental), and
feminine (or expressive), traits.

A) "gender-non-specific"

B) "Berdache"

C) "androgyny"

D) "eunuch"
Question 7

1 / 1 point

Males were most likely to talk about personal matters:

A) while engaged in shared activity.

B) with strangers.

C) in everyday conversation.

D) in groups.
Question 8

1 / 1 point

Jennifer loves to teach young children. This exemplifies which aspect of the traditional female gender role?

A) nurturing

B) protective

C) emotional

D) all of the above

Question 9

1 / 1 point

According to the texts discussion of traditional roles:

A) the woman was the homemaker and the man was the breadwinner.

B) despite the traditional role, the majority of women now work.

C)

most women who work still retain major responsibility for doing the
housework.

D) all of the above


Question 10

1 / 1 point

Studies in various societies show that:

A)

boys exhibit a much higher preference for sports as a leisure activity than
do girls.

B) boys prefer more aggressive kinds of activity.

C) men commit more violent crimes than women.

D) all of the above


Question 11

1 / 1 point

The __________ is the totality of the beliefs and attitudes people have about themselves.

A) "I"

B) "self-concept"

C) "gender role"

D) "personality"
Question 12

1 / 1 point

Margaret Mead concluded from her studies in New Guinea that male and female gender roles are:

A) rapidly changing.

B) the result of cultural influences.

C) genetically linked.

D) the same the world over.


Question 13

1 / 1 point

The text points out that we use the term __________ to refer to males and females as social creatures.

A) "sex role"

B) "sex-typed interaction"

C) "sex role orientation"

D) "gender"
Question 14

1 / 1 point

Sigmund Freud argued that there is a biological basis of roles and summed up this thesis with the statement:

A) A man is a man and a woman is a woman; nothing more--nothing less.

B) Sometimes a cigar is just a cigar.


C)
You are what you eat.

D) Anatomy is destiny.
Question 15

1 / 1 point

When we say that, "James should play with trucks and Jennifer should play dress-up," we are describing their:

A) gender roles.

B) sexual orientations.

C) genders.

D) sex-role orientations.
Question 16

1 / 1 point

In a series of experiments, researchers concluded that the notion that men and women are totally different creatures in
dealing with troubles talk is:

A) partially true.

B) absolutely true.

C) false.

D) uncertain.
Question 17

1 / 1 point

In comparing women's conversational styles to those of men, which of the following statements is FALSE?

A) Women are more likely to begin conversations with a question.

B) Women ask more questions.

C) Women are more likely to qualify their statements.

D) Women show less ability in using eye contact and nonverbal messages.
Question 18

1 / 1 point

With regard to influence in the communication process, __________ refers to such things as dropping hints, flattering
someone, and behaving seductively.

A) "manipulation"

B) "bullying"

C) "disengagement"

D) "supplication"
Question 19

1 / 1 point

It has been observed that women and minorities have a greater need to know what the more powerful people with whom they
interact are really thinking and planning. This is a reflection of which theoretical perspective?

A) Conflict

B) Exchange

C) Systems

D) Symbolic Interactionist
Question 20

1 / 1 point

__________ refer(s) to the degree to which one conforms with behaviors that are considered typically male versus typically
female.

A) "Sex-role orientation"

B) "Gender-role orientation"

C) The "I" and the "me"

D) "The looking-glass self"

What percentage of men surveyed stated they believed marriage would mean losing their personal freedom?

A) 12

B) 62

C) 22

D) 42
Question 2

0 / 1 point

The number of males per 100 females is referred to as the:

A) sex ratio

B) marriage rate

C) rate of singles

D) birth rate
Question 3

0 / 1 point

From the __________ perspective, the crucial factor explaining why women remain in abusive relationships is how the victims
define their violent situation.

A) Systems

B) Conflict

C) Symbolic Interactionist

D) Social Exchange
Question 4

0 / 1 point

According to the text, which of the following is an integral part of building an intimate relationship?

A) maturity

B) experience

C) all of the above

D) self-disclosure
Question 5

0 / 1 point

Which of the following is identified in the text as an advantage in meeting someone on the Internet?

A)

One gets to know another before becoming distracted by physical


appearance, at least in theory.

B)

One is able to avoid the danger associated with face-to-face meetings, at


least until they consider meeting one another.

C)

Geographic location is unimportant, at least in the beginning of the


exchanges.

D) all of the above


Question 6

0 / 1 point

Friendships have important functions for singles, including:

A) help with difficult decisions.

B) enhancing singles health.

C) enhance singles emotional well-being.

D) all of the above


Question 7

0 / 1 point

Casual and sometimes spontaneous getting together of groups at parties, parking lots, bars, and other locales is referred to
as:

A) hanging out.

B) finding someone.

C) dating.

D) hooking up.
Question 8

1 / 1 point

__________ refers to the process of learning to function effectively in a group.

A) "Socialization"

B) "Dating"

C) "Status attainment"

D) "Interaction"
Question 9

0 / 1 point

Once out of school, single adults report that finding new people to date is:

A) more difficult.

B) somewhat easier now with all the personal ads and singles' bars.

C) usually easy.

D) much easier for men than women.


Question 10

0 / 1 point

A study of older dating couples determined that dating enhances the __________ of the female.

A) economic position

B) political influence

C) status, or prestige

D) none of the above


Random Section Chapter 6
Question 11
__________ is love between men and women.

A) Philia

0 / 1 point

B) Eros

C) Agape

D) Storge
Question 12

1 / 1 point

Companionate love is most similar to:

A) Philia.

B) Eros.

C) charity.

D) mania.
Question 13

0 / 1 point

The text points out that jealousy can be conceptualized as a reaction to a potential loss in the competition for an intimate
relationship. This observation reflects which theoretical perspective?

A) Symbolic Interactionist

B) Social Exchange

C) Systems

D) Conflict
Question 14

1 / 1 point

Don and Betty have recently started dating. They enjoy talking to each other. They feel an attraction to each other and feel
very comfortable together. They are experiencing which process described by Ira Reiss?

A) self-revelation

B) rapport

C) mutual dependency

D) Eros
Question 15

0 / 1 point

Which of the following statements is(are) true regarding gender and love?

A) All of these responses are true

B) Women are less likely to believe in love at first sight

C) Men tend to say I love you earlier in a relationship

D) Women report being in love fewer times than men


Question 16

0 / 1 point

Rubenstein reported that people he called "the love-prone:"

A) could be called love addicted.

B) tend to fall in love for the first time at a younger age.

C) are sometimes in love with several individuals at the same time.

D) all of the above


Question 17
__________ lovers have a kind of quiet affection for the other.

0 / 1 point

A) Agapic

B) Pragmatic

C) Storgic

D) Manic
Question 18

0 / 1 point

When another person whom we love fulfills our need for someone to love, confide in, and share our experiences with, as well
as to appreciate us, we have reached the process or stage of:

A) self-revelation.

B) intimacy-need fulfillment.

C) rapport.

D) Storge.
Question 19

0 / 1 point

Conan anxiously goes to the clinic to give a pint of blood. He becomes very interested in one of the nurses and asks her out.
Before their date, he tells a friend, "I think I'm in love!" This is an example of:

A) love chemistry.

B) misattribution of attraction.

C) misattribution of arousal.

D) the four processes of love.


Question 20

0 / 1 point

According to the text's discussion of self-revelation/self-disclosure:

A) increasing self-disclosure is a characteristic of a developing intimacy.

B) self-disclosure leads to mutual dependency.

C) mutual dependency leads to the fulfillment of intimacy needs.

D) all of the above

Which of the following is true regarding sexual and racial differences in self-disclosure?

A) Boys establish friendships at an earlier age than do girls

B) Girls seek intimate disclosures at an earlier age than boys

C)

African American girls had higher levels of disclosure than African


American boys

D) White girls disclose more in intimate relationships than in friendships


Question 2

0 / 1 point

From the __________ perspective, we would expect dating relationships to involve some efforts to enhance one's position in
society.

A) Symbolic Interactionist

B) Conflict

C) Systems
D)
Social exchange

Question 3

0 / 1 point

The development of personal ads is related to:

A) the difficulty of finding a suitable dating partner.

B)

the number of people unable or unwilling to carry on a committed


relationship.

C) the number of people employed in small offices.

D) the declining interest in dating.


Question 4

0 / 1 point

A "shared-cost" date tends to:

A) cause the man to expect something from the woman.

B) promote equality between dating partners.

C) cause the woman to expect something from the man.

D) uncover hidden agendas.


Question 5

0 / 1 point

Which of the following is a reason why people are single?

A) preferable to being in an unhappy relationship

B) to pursue a career

C) personal freedom

D) all of these
Question 6

1 / 1 point

Studies of personal ads in newspapers indicate that:

A) men are more concerned with psychological factors and personality.

B) men are generally more concerned with physical characteristics.

C) men most often emphasize such factors as emotion and commitment.

D) women are more concerned with physical characteristics.


Question 7

0 / 1 point

Susan Sprechers research found the sense of being underbenefitted in a relationship to be associated with which of the
following?

A) lower satisfaction

B) lesser commitment

C) higher likelihood of breaking up

D) all of these
Question 8

0 / 1 point

A single persons various relationships can be used to create a:

A) surrogate family.

B) family of origin.

C) network family.

D) virtual family.
Question 9

0 / 1 point

Which of the following results were found concerning gender differences in life satisfaction in singles?

A) Men need to establish close emotional bonds.

B) Men need a network to share their interests and values.

C) Women need a network to share their interests and values.

D) Men and women both needed similar items satisfied.


Question 10

0 / 1 point

Which of the following characterizations does the text employ in describing the process of breaking up?

A) painful

B) growth experience

C) character building

D) a and b only
Random Section Chapter 6
Question 11

1 / 1 point

Which of the following is NOT a component in the triangular theory of love?

A) decision/commitment

B) understanding

C) passion

D) intimacy
Question 12

1 / 1 point

Anxious/ambivalent lovers:

A) feel comfortable depending on others.

B) don't trust other people.

C) want to merge totally with a partner.

D) are likely to leave a relationship before the partner.


Question 13

0 / 1 point

Theresa is a firm believer in the principle of "Love thy neighbor." One of Theresa's neighbors has been a friend for many
years, but this person has a very negative outlook on life. Nonetheless, Theresa invites her over for holiday dinners because
the neighbor lives alone. What type of love is Theresa practicing?

A) Eros

B) Storge

C) Philia

D) Agape
Question 14

0 / 1 point

Keith Davis has outlined eight qualities in friendship. Which of the following is NOT one of these qualities?

A) helping and supporting each other

B) trusting each other to act out of concern for the other's best interest

C) accepting each other as they are

D) acknowledgement of the relationship as being nonsexual


Question 15

0 / 1 point

__________ is the type of love that is independent of one's feelings.

A) Erotica

B) Agape

C) Storge

D) Philia
Question 16

0 / 1 point

Exclusively __________ love has intimacy and commitment but not passion.

A) fatuous

B) consummate

C) companionate

D) passionate
Question 17

1 / 1 point

The original concept of courtly love was characterized by:

A) loyalty to the loved one but several sexual liaisons on the side.

B) an intense longing for the loved one, along with unwavering loyalty.

C) what two people contemplating marriage felt for each other.

D) the need for distance and personal growth apart from the loved one.
Question 18

0 / 1 point

__________ is the kind of love found in the affection between parents and their children.

A) Agape

B) Storge

C) Erotica

D) Eros
Question 19

0 / 1 point

Brian finds it easy to get close to others. He feels comfortable depending on others occasionally and having them depend on
him. He can be described as a/an __________ lover.

A) avoidant

B) attached

C) secure

D) nonreceptive

Question 20

0 / 1 point

Which of the following attachment styles is most common?

A) secure and avoidant are equally common.

B) anxious/ambivalent

C) secure

D) avoidant

In 2006, the U.S. Census reported how many unmarried and single Americans?

A) 72 million

B) 92 million

C) 52 million

D) 132 million
Question 2

1 / 1 point

Which of the following is not a function of dating?

A) role-playing

B) status attainment

C) recreation
D)
mate selection

Question 3

0 / 1 point

In a survey of 475 college students in three Russian universities, what percentage of females reported some kind of sexual
assault?

A) 16%

B) 66%

C) 36%

D) 6%.
Question 4

0 / 1 point

According to the text's discussion of violence in dating:

A)

those who use violence are more likely to have experienced violence from
parents as a child or observed their parents being violent with each other.

B)

a good deal of dating violence occurs in the context of the use or abuse of
alcohol.

those who have problems with interpersonal relationships generally, or


C) who are prone to jealousy, are more likely to be aggressive in a dating
situation.

D) all of the above


Question 5

0 / 1 point

Single women who have children are more likely to be:

A) in lower socioeconomic levels.

B) in middle class socioeconomic levels.

C) in upper class socioeconomic levels.

D) none of the above; they come equally from all socioeconomic levels.
Question 6

1 / 1 point

An honest revealing of oneself to another person is referred to as:

A) cohabitation

B) contract

C) self-disclosure

D) equity
Question 7

1 / 1 point

Which of the following is one of the kinds of self-disclosure?

A) Sharing emotions

B) Sharing needs

C) Sharing fantasies

D) All of these
Question 8

0 / 1 point

According to a small-sample study of university students, which of the following is true regarding dating protocol?

A)
both Whites and African American were similar in protocol beliefs

B) African Americans are more traditional than Whites

C) Whites are more traditional than African Americans

D) neither group were very traditional in their protocol beliefs


Question 9

0 / 1 point

Hooking up refers to:

A) casual and spontaneous getting together.

B) getting involved with someone.

C) dating someone exclusively.

D)

anything from kissing to sexual intercourse between two people who are
not committed to each other.

Question 10

0 / 1 point

Which of the following is identified in the text as a disadvantage to meeting someone on the Internet?

A) Nonverbal cues may be missed.

B)

One may find that a relationship has been begun with a person who is
disturbed or even dangerous.

C)

One may want to pursue a relationship with a person who lives a great
distance away.

D) all of the above

Random Section Chapter 6


Question 11

0 / 1 point

When one forms habits of behaving that require the loved one's presence, that is called:

A) mutual dependency.

B) mutual attraction.

C) self-disclosure.

D) reciprocal norms.
Question 12

0 / 1 point

Bernice had a picture in her mind of the ideal partner. When Bernard came along and fit her image, she felt immediate sexual
attraction and fell in love with him. Bernice is a/an __________ lover.

A) ludic

B) erotic

C) manic

D) agapic
Question 13

0 / 1 point

The __________ lover combines something of eros and ludus.

A) pragmatic

B) manic

C) agapic

D) storgic
Question 14

0 / 1 point

A person with a/an __________ attachment style is likely to have problems with close relationships with others.

A) secure

B) avoidant

C) anxious/ambivalent

D) both avoidant and anxious/ambivalent


Question 15

0 / 1 point

The text mentions three kinds of attachment styles with one's mother. Which of the following is NOT one of these styles?

A) anxious/ambivalent

B) avoidant

C) secure

D) nonreceptive
Question 16

0 / 1 point

Shelley desires intimacy from her boyfriend, but on the other hand she feels suffocated if the relationship becomes too close.
She can be described as a/an __________ lover.

A) avoidant

B) nonreceptive

C) secure

D) anxious/ambivalent
Question 17

0 / 1 point

Clyde likes to have romantic relationships, but he is not committed to any of his partners. He finds love appealing but does
not want to get involved. Clyde is a/an __________ lover.

A) pragmatic

B) storgic

C) erotic

D) ludic
Question 18

0 / 1 point

Companionate love is characterized by:

A) a relationship based on passion.

B) a lack of passion.

C) long-term boredom.

D) intermittent passion.
Question 19

1 / 1 point

Which of the following is NOT one of the four processes of falling in love described by Ira Reiss?

A) sexuality

B) mutual dependency

C) self-revelation

D) rapport
Question 20

0 / 1 point

Social psychologists Ellen Berscheid and Elaine Walster set forth a two-component theory of love, which is based on the fact
that:

A) all of the above

B) love and hate can quickly displace one another.

C) differing emotions can produce similar kinds of physical arousal.

D) love is complex rather than simple.

According to the text, dating violence includes:

A) shoving

B) kicking

C) biting

D) all of the above


Question 2
The most common function of dating for those over 60 years of age is:

1 / 1 point

A) mate selection.

B) socialization.

C) recreation.

D) intimacy and companionship.


Question 3

1 / 1 point

Building intimacy involves which of the following parts?

A) self-disclosure

B) intimacy as an exchange relationship

C) interdependence

D) all of these
Question 4

0 / 1 point

Which of the following characterizations does the text employ in describing the process of breaking up?

A) a and b only

B) growth experience

C) character building

D) painful
Question 5
Which of the following is not a function of dating?

0 / 1 point

A) role-playing

B) recreation

C) mate selection

D) status attainment
Question 6

0 / 1 point

Which of the following results were found concerning gender differences in life satisfaction in singles?

A) Men need a network to share their interests and values.

B) Men need to establish close emotional bonds.

C) Men and women both needed similar items satisfied.

D) Women need a network to share their interests and values.


Question 7

0 / 1 point

Susan Sprechers research found the sense of being underbenefitted in a relationship to be associated with which of the
following?

A) lower satisfaction

B) lesser commitment

C) higher likelihood of breaking up

D) all of these
Question 8

0 / 1 point

Which of the following is true regarding sexual and racial differences in self-disclosure?

A)

African American girls had higher levels of disclosure than African


American boys

B) White girls disclose more in intimate relationships than in friendships

C) Boys establish friendships at an earlier age than do girls

D) Girls seek intimate disclosures at an earlier age than boys


Question 9

0 / 1 point

Hooking up refers to:

A) dating someone exclusively.

B) getting involved with someone.

C) casual and spontaneous getting together.

D)

anything from kissing to sexual intercourse between two people who are
not committed to each other.

Question 10

0 / 1 point

__________ refers to the process of learning to function effectively in a group.

A) "Socialization"

B) "Interaction"

C) "Status attainment"
D)
"Dating"

Random Section Chapter 6


Question 11

0 / 1 point

The text defines "__________ love" as a preoccupation and intense longing for union with a particular other.

A) Agapic

B) passionate

C) Philiac

D) companionate
Question 12

0 / 1 point

__________ lovers are a combination to some extent of ludus and storge.

A) Pragmatic

B) Manic

C) Storgic

D) Agapic
Question 13

1 / 1 point

In reference to the relationship between attachment styles and feelings of jealousy, the text observes that:

A) anxious lovers are more likely than others to express anger.

B)

avoidant lovers tend to express anger against and blame the person they
feel has intruded into the relationship.

C) secure lovers are less likely to be angry with their partners.

D) none of the above


Question 14

0 / 1 point

Johnny and Becky share passion but not intimacy or decision/commitment. According to the text their relationship can be
described as:

A) empty.

B) romantic.

C) infatuation.

D) nonlove.
Question 15

0 / 1 point

James and Brooke share intimacy but not passion or decision/commitment. Their relationship can be described as:

A) fatuous.

B) compassionate

C) empty.

D) liking.
Question 16

0 / 1 point

__________ is the kind of love that exists between friends.

A) Agape

B) Erotica

C) Philia

D) Storge
Question 17

1 / 1 point

The __________ lover tends to focus on the physical, and particularly the sexual, aspects of the relationship.

A) manic

B) erotic

C) storgic

D) ludic
Question 18

0 / 1 point

__________ is a negative emotional reaction to a real or imagined threat to a love relationship.

A) Alienation

B) Hostility

C) Hatred

D) Jealousy
Question 19

0 / 1 point

The text points out that love can mean different things to different people. This observation is a reflection of __________
Theory.

A) Systems

B) Social Exchange

C) Conflict

D) Symbolic Interactionist
Question 20

0 / 1 point

__________ is the kind of love found in the affection between parents and their children.

A) Agape

B) Storge

C) Eros

D) Erotica

An honest revealing of oneself to another person is referred to as:

A) cohabitation

B) equity

C) contract

D) self-disclosure
Question 2
Once out of school, single adults report that finding new people to date is:

1 / 1 point

A) somewhat easier now with all the personal ads and singles' bars.

B) usually easy.

C) much easier for men than women.

D) more difficult.
Question 3

1 / 1 point

In 2006, the U.S. Census reported how many unmarried and single Americans?

A) 52 million

B) 92 million

C) 132 million

D) 72 million
Question 4

1 / 1 point

A single persons various relationships can be used to create a:

A) family of origin.

B) network family.

C) virtual family.

D) surrogate family.
Question 5

1 / 1 point

According to a small-sample study of university students, which of the following is true regarding dating protocol?

A) Whites are more traditional than African Americans

B) African Americans are more traditional than Whites

C) both Whites and African American were similar in protocol beliefs

D) neither group were very traditional in their protocol beliefs


Question 6

1 / 1 point

Friendships have important functions for singles, including:

A) help with difficult decisions.

B) enhancing singles health.

C) enhance singles emotional well-being.

D) all of the above


Question 7

1 / 1 point

According to the text, dating violence includes:

A) shoving

B) kicking

C) biting

D) all of the above


Question 8
Which of the following is one of the kinds of self-disclosure?

1 / 1 point

A) Sharing emotions

B) Sharing needs

C) Sharing fantasies

D) All of these
Question 9

1 / 1 point

What percentage of men surveyed stated they believed marriage would mean losing their personal freedom?

A) 42

B) 62

C) 22

D) 12
Question 10

1 / 1 point

The most common function of dating for those over 60 years of age is:

A) intimacy and companionship.

B) mate selection.

C) socialization.

D) recreation.
Random Section Chapter 6
Question 11

1 / 1 point

Which of the following attachment styles is most common?

A) secure

B) avoidant

C) secure and avoidant are equally common.

D) anxious/ambivalent
Question 12

1 / 1 point

Brian finds it easy to get close to others. He feels comfortable depending on others occasionally and having them depend on
him. He can be described as a/an __________ lover.

A) attached

B) avoidant

C) nonreceptive

D) secure
Question 13

1 / 1 point

Anxious/ambivalent lovers:

A) are likely to leave a relationship before the partner.

B) don't trust other people.

C) want to merge totally with a partner.

D) feel comfortable depending on others.

Question 14

1 / 1 point

Which of the following is NOT a component in the triangular theory of love?

A) understanding

B) intimacy

C) decision/commitment

D) passion
Question 15

1 / 1 point

When another person whom we love fulfills our need for someone to love, confide in, and share our experiences with, as well
as to appreciate us, we have reached the process or stage of:

A) rapport.

B) self-revelation.

C) intimacy-need fulfillment.

D) Storge.
Question 16

1 / 1 point

The text points out that jealousy can be conceptualized as a reaction to a potential loss in the competition for an intimate
relationship. This observation reflects which theoretical perspective?

A) Systems

B) Symbolic Interactionist

C) Social Exchange

D) Conflict
Question 17

1 / 1 point

__________ is the type of love that is independent of one's feelings.

A) Erotica

B) Agape

C) Philia

D) Storge
Question 18

1 / 1 point

Shelley desires intimacy from her boyfriend, but on the other hand she feels suffocated if the relationship becomes too close.
She can be described as a/an __________ lover.

A) secure

B) nonreceptive

C) avoidant

D) anxious/ambivalent
Question 19

1 / 1 point

Clyde likes to have romantic relationships, but he is not committed to any of his partners. He finds love appealing but does
not want to get involved. Clyde is a/an __________ lover.

A) storgic

B) pragmatic

C) erotic

D) ludic
Question 20

1 / 1 point

When one forms habits of behaving that require the loved one's presence, that is called:

A) reciprocal norms.

B) mutual dependency.

C) mutual attraction.

D) self-disclosure.

Question 1

1 / 1 point

Compared to those who do not cohabit, cohabitors tend to be:

A) less religious.

B) more religious.

C) less likely to have grown up in a single home.

D) none of these
Question 2

0 / 1 point

The fact that people's needs and interests change over time makes:

A) it easy to predict long-term marital satisfaction.

B) communication skills less effective over time.

C) it difficult to predict long-term marital satisfaction.

D) assortative mating unimportant to marital success.


Question 3

0 / 1 point

You are more likely to have a satisfying marriage if you:

A) come from an intact, nurturing family.

B) have good interpersonal skills.

C) are similar to each other rather than opposites.

D) all of the above.


Question 4

0 / 1 point

Which of the following character traits did people value highly in a British Internet survey?

A) general good looks

B) face attractiveness

C) kindness

D) all of these
Question 5

0 / 1 point

Since the beginning of the twentieth century, age homogamy has been:

A)
increasing.

B) stable.

C) decreasing.

D) fluctuating wildly.
Question 6

0 / 1 point

Ted, a 30-year-old accountant from an upper-middle class family, marries Jean, a 20-year-old waitress from a low-income
family. This is an example of:

A) propinquity.

B) hypergamy.

C) aversive socialization.

D) homogamy.
Question 7

0 / 1 point

Which of the following is one of the more important qualities that women look for in a mate?

A) good looks

B) maturity

C) intelligence

D) good provider
Question 8

0 / 1 point

Which of the following religious groups has the highest rate of marrying within their religion?

A) They all have about the same rate.

B) Protestants

C) Catholics

D) Jews
Question 9

1 / 1 point

As __________ theorists point out, a good deal of the competition for valued resources takes place along racial lines in the
United States.

A) Systems

B) Conflict

C) Exchange

D) Symbolic Interactionist
Question 10

1 / 1 point

The tendency of persons to marry people who are similar in social and demographic characteristics is called:

A) heterogamy.

B) homogamy.

C) hypergamy.

D) propinquity.

Question 11

0 / 1 point

The tendency for persons to marry people located physically near them (same neighborhood, school, workplace, or city) is
called:

A) heterogamy.

B) propinquity.

C) aversive assortative mating.

D) hypergamy.
Question 12

1 / 1 point

Which of the following is true regarding older cohabitors?

A) Most have not been married before

B) They do not view cohabitation as an alternative to marriage

C) Most have been previously married

D) none of these
Question 13

0 / 1 point

Over the past few decades, the rate of interracial and interethnic marriage has:

A) risen considerably.

B) remained stable.

C) fluctuated a great deal.

D) declined considerably.
Question 14

0 / 1 point

You are more likely to have high marital satisfaction if you:

A) practice forgiveness in the marriage.

B) share in such things as decision-making and household chores.

C) both of the above.

D)

neither of the above; there are no adequate predictors because each couple is
unique.

Question 15

0 / 1 point

According to the text's discussion, cohabitation:

A) involves less tension for the participants in comparison with marriage.

B) all of the above

C) avoids most of the problems that are characteristic in marriage.

D) is often a testing ground for marriage.


Question 16

1 / 1 point

The text points out that the third aspect of timing, __________, means that getting married is not merely a matter of finding the
right partner but of being at a point in your life where you feel equipped for the challenges and adventure of marriage.

A) age at marriage

B) general readiness

C) sexual readiness

D) how long a couple has known and dated each other


Question 17

0 / 1 point

__________ stresses the fact that mate selection is nonrandom.

A) Assortative mating

B) Systems theory

C) Heterogamy

D) Symbolic interactionism
Question 18

0 / 1 point

Which of the following is true regarding education and seeking a marriage partner?

A) Men tend to marry women who are more educated.

B) Most people are willing to marry someone with more education.

C) none of the above

D) Partners educational levels are usually very different.


Question 19

0 / 1 point

As __________ theorists point out, one personal task that confronts everyone is to develop their individuality while remaining
a part of their families of origin.

A) Exchange

B) Symbolic Interactionist

C) Systems

D) Conflict
Question 20

0 / 1 point

Persons who delay marriage until their thirties or forties:

A) experience a "marriage squeeze."

B) find fewer people like themselves to marry.

C) are more likely to marry heterogamously.

D) all of the above

Question 1

0 / 1 point

Worldwide, men tend to look for women as potential spouses who:

A) are intelligent and self-confident.

B) share their attitudes, beliefs, and values.

C) are physically attractive.

D) have pleasing personalities.


Question 2
In terms of the importance of equity in relationships, analysis of a national survey showed that:

1 / 1 point

A)

middle-class wives who perceived inequity in the division of household tasks


reported higher levels of marital conflict.

B) all of the above

C)

working-class wives reported less marital conflict when they did most of the
traditionally female tasks.

D)

working-class wives may not have the same notions as middle-class wives as
to what constitutes fairness in a marriage.

Question 3

1 / 1 point

The quality of the premarital relationship:

A) has no necessary bearing on the quality of the marriage.

B) is an important predictor of the quality of the marriage.

C) is unrelated to the stability of the marriage.

D) a and c only.
Question 4

1 / 1 point

Which is the most common type of cohabitation as outlined by Casper and Sayer (2002)?

A) co-residential dating

B) precursor to marriage

C) trial cohabiting

D) none of these

Question 5

1 / 1 point

According to the text, men tend to marry women who:

A) have more education than they do.

B) have little or no education.

C) are either at or somewhat below their own educational level.

D) none of the above


Question 6

0 / 1 point

Husbands and wives have about the same amount of education in __________ of all marriages.

A) over one-half

B)

Husbands and wives have about the same amount of education in __________
of all marriages.

C) one-third

D) one-fourth
Question 7

0 / 1 point

People who date longer before marriage tend to:

A) have a rewarding marriage.

B) grow bored with each other.

C) have more extramarital affairs.

D) divorce sooner.
Question 8

0 / 1 point

Among __________, heterogamy is not related to marital happiness.

A) Episcopalians

B) Baptists

C) Catholics

D) Jews
Question 9

1 / 1 point

In a/an __________ relationship, people seek to maximize their rewards and minimize their costs.

A) systems

B) exchange

C) symbolic

D) passive-congenial
Question 10

1 / 1 point

The communication patterns practiced before marriage:

A) are poor predictors of marital success.

B) are good predictors of marital success.


C)
are unrelated to relationship satisfaction.

D) influence satisfaction in dating but not in marriage.


Question 11

0 / 1 point

The text points out that good communication includes self-disclosure, sharing daily events, conveying respect to the partner,
and:

A) not discussing problematic issues.

B) discussing problems.

C) being quiet unless there is something important to say.

D) telling the partner how she or he can improve.


Question 12

0 / 1 point

Compared with married couples, cohabitors tend to be:

A) younger.

B) less educated.

C) more likely to be unemployed.

D) all of these
Question 13

1 / 1 point

In American marriages, on average, we generally find the age of men to be:

A) about two years younger than their wives' age.

B) within six months of their wives' age.

C) about two years older than their wives.

D) about four years older than their wives.


Question 14

0 / 1 point

Comparing cohabitation with marriage, we can say that:

A) married couples have more and more satisfying sex.

B) there are higher rates of violence among cohabitors.

C) marriages are more likely to last than are cohabiting relationships.

D) all of the above


Question 15

0 / 1 point

__________ is a broad concept that refers to marriage between two people who are similar on one or more characteristics.

A) Hypergamy

B) Homogamy

C) Assortative mating

D) Heterogamy
Question 16

0 / 1 point

PREPARE, an instrument developed by Dr. David Olson and his colleagues, measures factors important in predicting marital
satisfaction, including:

A) realistic expectations.

B) the sexual relationship.

C) family and friends.

D) all of the above.


Question 17

0 / 1 point

The nineteenth-century philosopher John Stuart Mill was so impressed with the problems of finding a suitable mate that he
called marriage a/an:

A) perilous journey.

B) lottery.

C) game of Chinese checkers.

D) crap-shoot.
Question 18

0 / 1 point

According to the 2010 U.S. Census, after age 45-54, there is/are __________ male(s) for each female.

A) one

B) two

C) three

D) less than one


Question 19

0 / 1 point

Which of the following character traits did people value highly in a British Internet survey?

A) general good looks

B) face attractiveness

C) kindness

D) all of these
Question 20

0 / 1 point

Persons who delay marriage until their thirties or forties:

A) experience a "marriage squeeze."

B) find fewer people like themselves to marry.

C) are more likely to marry heterogamously.

D) all of the above

Question 1

1 / 1 point

Ted, a 30-year-old accountant from an upper-middle class family, marries Jean, a 20-year-old waitress from a low-income
family. This is an example of:

A) homogamy.

B) propinquity.

C) aversive socialization.

D) hypergamy.
Question 2

1 / 1 point

Which of the following is true regarding older cohabitors?

A) Most have not been married before

B) They do not view cohabitation as an alternative to marriage

C) Most have been previously married

D) none of these
Question 3

1 / 1 point

The quality of the premarital relationship:

A) has no necessary bearing on the quality of the marriage.

B) is an important predictor of the quality of the marriage.

C) is unrelated to the stability of the marriage.

D) a and c only.
Question 4

1 / 1 point

__________ stresses the fact that mate selection is nonrandom.

A) Symbolic interactionism

B) Systems theory
C)
Assortative mating

D) Heterogamy
Question 5

1 / 1 point

The fact that people's needs and interests change over time makes:

A) it easy to predict long-term marital satisfaction.

B) assortative mating unimportant to marital success.

C) communication skills less effective over time.

D) it difficult to predict long-term marital satisfaction.


Question 6

1 / 1 point

Since the beginning of the twentieth century, age homogamy has been:

A) increasing.

B) fluctuating wildly.

C) decreasing.

D) stable.
Question 7

1 / 1 point

In a/an __________ relationship, people seek to maximize their rewards and minimize their costs.

A) exchange
B)
passive-congenial

C) symbolic

D) systems
Question 8

1 / 1 point

You are more likely to have a satisfying marriage if you:

A) come from an intact, nurturing family.

B) have good interpersonal skills.

C) are similar to each other rather than opposites.

D) all of the above.


Question 9

1 / 1 point

Which of the following is true regarding education and seeking a marriage partner?

A) Most people are willing to marry someone with more education.

B) Partners educational levels are usually very different.

C) Men tend to marry women who are more educated.

D) none of the above


Question 10

1 / 1 point

According to the text, men tend to marry women who:

A)
have more education than they do.

B) have little or no education.

C) are either at or somewhat below their own educational level.

D) none of the above


Question 11

1 / 1 point

In American marriages, on average, we generally find the age of men to be:

A) about two years younger than their wives' age.

B) about two years older than their wives.

C) about four years older than their wives.

D) within six months of their wives' age.


Question 12

1 / 1 point

Which of the following is one of the more important qualities that women look for in a mate?

A) good provider

B) good looks

C) intelligence

D) maturity
Question 13

1 / 1 point

PREPARE, an instrument developed by Dr. David Olson and his colleagues, measures factors important in predicting marital
satisfaction, including:

A) realistic expectations.

B) the sexual relationship.

C) family and friends.

D) all of the above.


Question 14

1 / 1 point

The communication patterns practiced before marriage:

A) influence satisfaction in dating but not in marriage.

B) are good predictors of marital success.

C) are poor predictors of marital success.

D) are unrelated to relationship satisfaction.


Question 15

1 / 1 point

Which is the most common type of cohabitation as outlined by Casper and Sayer (2002)?

A) co-residential dating

B) precursor to marriage

C) trial cohabiting

D) none of these

Question 16

1 / 1 point

__________ is a broad concept that refers to marriage between two people who are similar on one or more characteristics.

A) Assortative mating

B) Hypergamy

C) Heterogamy

D) Homogamy
Question 17

1 / 1 point

According to the text's discussion, cohabitation:

A) all of the above

B) is often a testing ground for marriage.

C) avoids most of the problems that are characteristic in marriage.

D) involves less tension for the participants in comparison with marriage.


Question 18

1 / 1 point

Which of the following religious groups has the highest rate of marrying within their religion?

A) They all have about the same rate.

B) Jews

C) Protestants
D)
Catholics

Question 19

1 / 1 point

Over the past few decades, the rate of interracial and interethnic marriage has:

A) remained stable.

B) declined considerably.

C) risen considerably.

D) fluctuated a great deal.


Question 20
Compared to those who do not cohabit, cohabitors tend to be:

A) less religious.

B) more religious.

C) less likely to have grown up in a single home.

D) none of these

1 / 1 point

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