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Aspen Plus

Plus

Aspen Plus

, 2006
2006

Aspen Plus ................................................................3


1.1
.......................................3
1.2
Aspen Plus.......................................................................4
1.3
................................................................................................6
1.4
.............................15
Aspen Plus. ............18
1.5
1.6
.......................................20
1.7

........................................................................................22
Aspen Plus................................................................................24
2.1
....................................................................................24
2.2
(RadFrac)........................................................................................32
. ...............38
2.3
2.4
. RadFrac .........................................................39
2.5
.
RadFrac ...........................................................................................................42
2.6
...................................................................................................43
2.7
.
............................................................................................................................46
2.8
........48
2.9
......................................................................................................50
2.10 HeatX.........................55
2.11 , .......................................................................56
2.12 ,
.............................................................................................................................58
Aspen Plus ......................................................................60
3.1
...............................................60
3.2
.......67
. . ............................................69
3.3
3.4
.
. ...........................................................................................................72
3.5
. ......................................................................72
.
3.6
..................................................................................................................74
3.7
. . .....................................76
3.8
.
.....................................................................................................79
...........................................................................................................................84
...................................................................................84
4.1
4.2
........................................................................................85
4.3
87
4.4
.................................................................................................88
4.5
.................90
4.6
.............................................................................................................90
4.7

.......................................................................................................................94
...............................96
5.1
....................................................96
5.2

................................................................................................98
5.3
, .................................................99
1................................................................................................................ 107
6.1
....................................................................................... 107
6.2
................................................................................ 107

1 Aspen Plus
1.1

:
;
;
.

:
, ;

:
.

:
, ;
;

(SM):
;
.

(EO):
;
.

:
SM , ,
EO ;

SM ,
EO .

:
.

Aspen Plus .

, .
Aspen Plus

, , ,
.

Aspen Plus

1.2


Aspen Plus.

, :

1. Options Tools;
2. Flowsheet;
3. .


, Hide.

1. .
2. .
.

3. , , .
.

4. ,
.

5.

1. (STREAMS) .
2. (, ),
.

3. ( ) .
4. 3 .
5. ,

, .

6. .

:
, , ;

:
, ;

:
,
;

1. ) (
) ) ,
Input

2. :
3. Ctrl+K
4.
;

5. Exchange Icon.

, Reconnect Destination / Reconnect


Source / .
BENZENE.BKP.

1.3

Aspen Plus


,

,

(Data Browser)

, , ,


: ,
,
(Data Browser)

(Data Browser)
, .
, , ,


() ,

,
.
.

Tab

Aspen Plus

Help Topics Help :


: ,

: -
: , -

Whats This? ( ?)
Whats This?

,

F1

- <F1>
()

:
(Setup)
(Components)
(Properties)
(Streams)
(Blocks)

Data



.


,
,
,

Setup>Specifications>Global
,


(.. - --)

Setup> Report
Options>Stream

( Setup>Specifications>Global

Run type)

Flowsheet

,
() .
, ,
.

Assay Data
Analysis

Assay Data Analysis



Aspen Plus.
Data Regression ,
Aspen Plus , , . Data
regression .
Properties Plus
Aspen Custom Modeler Aspen Pinch,

.

Data
Regression

Properties
Plus

Property
Analysis

Property Analysis ,
,
. Property Analysis
.

Property
Estimation

Property Estimation ,
.

Assay Data
Analysis

Assay Data Analysis



Aspen Plus.

Aspen Plus :

1.

(
Setup>Specifications> Global)

Input

Data

Output

Results

2. ( Units ( )
( ))

3.
4.

,
Setup>Units-Sets.
.
( )

, ,
Components>Specifications

, ,
..
Databanks

Find

- Electrolyte
Wizard

Component ID

:
Formula: (, C6H6).
: C2H6O-2
Component Name:
(, BENZENE - )

Find

, ,
, CAS-
, :

10

, ,

PURE13

(DIPPR) AspenTech
2004


Aspen Plus

AQUEOUS

SOLIDS

INORGANIC

,
,
,

PURE12

, Aspen Plus 12.1

PURE11

, Aspen Plus 11.1

PURE10

, Aspen Plus 10.1-2

PURE93

, Aspen Plus 9.3

PURE856

, Aspen Plus 8.5-6

AQU92

, Aspen Plus
9.2

ETHYLENE


,


SRK

ASPENPCD

, Aspen Plus 8.5-6

COMBUST

,
,

POLYMER

SEGMENT

FACTPCD

FACT species (

Aspen/FACT/Chemapp
Aspen Plus)

PPDS


PPDS

, , Properties>
Specifications

11

(Process Type)


, Stream>Input:


( ) (
)

12

(Block>Input Block>Setup)

(,
Block>Options)

13

Control Panel View


, .
, , ,
.

(Control Panel)

(Control Panel) :
, ,

, ,

,

(Control Panel)
( History Control
Panel View
)


(
Results Summary>Streams;
Streams Results)


(
Blocks Results)

:
(Data Browser) (Results) .

14

1.4

OLE


PFD
View

View
PFD
( , Global Data)

OLE

Draw

1.

Toolbar View Draw,

2.

, Stream Table Results


Summary>Streams>Material

15

,
Tools>Options>Results View

Global Data View

, ,
, Tools>Options>Styles


. ,
Library>Save Defaults.

16

,
. :

1.
2. Color & Style
3.


Styles Tools>Options (, ,
)

4. Use Default

PFD

View>PFD Mode (F12)

PFD

PFD .
,

PFD -

PFD

,

,
RStoic Flash2.
,

17

, ;

A:
(CYCLOHEX.BKP, 2.8), (T, P, F)

B:

C:

D: PFD BZIN ( )

1.5
Aspen Plus.

, Aspen Plus

*.apw

,
,

*.bkp

ASCII

*.apt

ASCII

, ,

*.inp

*.cpm

*.his

*.sum

ASCII

*.appdf

,
,

Excel

*.apmbd

Excel

Aspen Plus
Microsoft Excel

.dxf

ASCII

AutoCAD

.dynf
.dyn.appdf

Aspen Dynamics
Aspen Plus

*.rep

XML

*.xml

XML/
ASCII

Aspen Plus
XML

ASCII

18

(*.apw)

(*.bkp)

(*.inp)

XML (*.xml)

435

48,2

0,98

59,3

:







()
,


( , )

Personal
New, Aspen Plus GUI\Templates\Personal

New, Preview
Setup>Specifications>Description

Aspen Plus 2004.1


Windows XP Windows 2000
Service Pack 3

:
200
250
150 Windows

19

SLM

Pentium III, 500

Pentium III, 750

256

512

(
)

500

768

10

, .
,
Aspen Plus

, :
Aspen
Windows

:
.appdf, .his ..
Aspen (*.apw)
Aspen (, _4404ydj.appdf)

, Windows ,
.

1.6
Aspen Plus
.

(.., Microsoft Excel)


Aspen Plus. :




( ,
) :



Process Flowsheet Window ( )

Windows Process Flowsheet Window


OLE

1.


,
, <CTRL>

20

2.

:
Copy Edit
Copy
Copy
CTRL-C

3.

,
:
Paste Edit
Paste
Paste

CTRL-V
(OLE)

:
Aspen Plus OLE. Aspen Plus
Windows. , ,
Aspen Plus
Microsoft Excel.
Aspen Plus OLE. Aspen Plus
, CAD. ,
, ,
Aspen Plus .

Windows
Aspen Plus

, :

Insert, Edit/Insert

, ,
Aspen Plus,

, ,


Aspen Plus Windows (, Word Excel),

1.
2. ( ),
3. Copy Edit
4. , , Paste Special Edit
5. Paste Special Paste Link
,

, :

,
:

1.
2.
3.
21

1. Links Edit Aspen Plus


2. Links Open Source
1.7


.

C BENZENE.BKP.

FEED

38 bar

538C
, kmol/hr

Hydrogen (H2 )

184

Methane (CH4 )

43

Benzene (C6H6 )

43

Toluene (C7H8 )

2.3

PENG-ROB

COOLER

93C

FL1

38C

34.5 bar

FL2

1 atm

22

COOLER? _________

FL2? _________

23

2 Aspen Plus
2.1
Aspen Plus,
.

Aspen

Plus

Mixer

FSplit

SSplit

Flash2


, ,
,
,

Flash3

Decanter

Sep

,
,

Sep2

,
,

24

Heater

, , ,
. ,
,
,

HeatX

.
,

MHeatX


.
.

Hetran*


B-JAC Hetran

Aerotran*


B-JAC Aerotran

HXFlux

HTRIIST*


HTRI
IST

DSTWU


,


--

Distl


,
D:F

SCFrac


,
,

,
,

25

RadFrac

, , ,
,

MultiFrac

,
,
/,

,

PetroFrac


, ,

,
,

Extract

RStoic

,
,

RYield

,

, ,

REquil

RGibbs


.
.

RCSTR

-, -
,

RPlug

-, -


.
.

RBatch

26

Pump

,

,

Compr

,

,

,

,
,

MCompr


,
,
,

Valve



(CV)

Pipe

Pipeline

Mult

Dupl

Analyzer



EO

FeedBl


Feedbl,
EO
RT-OPT 10.0

ClChng

Selector

QtVec

27

Measurement

Crystallizer

,
(MSMPR),

Crusher

Screen

FabFl

Cyclone

VScrub

ESP

HyCyc

CFuge

Filter

SWash

CCD

Dryer

User

User2



Aspen Plus

Aspen Plus Excel,


, Aspen Custom
Modeler CAPE-OPEN

28

User3



(EO)

,

Aspen Plus,
RTOpt, Aspen EO
PML

Hierarchy


(

),

,

(Hierarchy)

Aspen Plus
. :
: ,

, : ,

10

(, , ..)

29

HEAT


Process Flowsheet . ,
Aspen Plus 12, Flowsheet Section,

Flowsheet Section :
, ,

, ,

,
Flowsheet Section:
Aspen
Plus
, (
), ,

: , ,
(Block ID)

30


:
F =
HS =
WS =
:
P = ()
L =
V =
WD =
HS =
WS =

,
:

1. (-) () (-)
2. ,

,
Edit/Copy Copy

, - ,
, ,
, ..,
Edit/Selected

(Cut)
. Edit/Paste
,
Resolve ID Conflicts. ,
,

, ,
Ctrl-C , Ctrl-X Ctrl-V

31

2.2 (RadFrac)
:

,
RadFrac;

.
RadFrac

,
:

,
,


RadFrac

( )

( )

( )

( )

( )

( )
( )

N-

()
( )

RadFrac

none
RadFrac>Setup>
Configuration

RadFrac>Efficiencies

32

Vapor-liquid-liquid,

RadFrac

FEED
(State variables)

21.72 bar

87.8C

453.6 kmol/hr

(Composition>Mole-Frac)
C1

0.26

C2

0.09

C3

0.25

nC4 (C4H10-1)

0.17

nC5

0.11

nC6

0.12
RKS-BM

COLUMN

Number of stages ( )

15

Condenser ()

Partial ()

Reboiler ()

Kettle ()

Reflux Ratio ( )

1.5

Distillate to feed ratio (


)

0.6

(Streams>Feed streams)

Column pressure ( )

21.72 bar

RADFRAC.BKP.
RadFrac
Configuration :


: 1) 2)

33

Streams :

34


( )

n-1

n-1

(Plot Wizard Plot)


.
:



, RadFrac, MultiFrac PetroFrac

.
Plot , Data Browser.

Plot Wizard

2 , , Next>

Finish

35



, .

, , plot type comp.


( ) .
. ,
, Add to plot .

RadFrac DesignSpecs Vary



RadFrac

36

RadFrac .
,
.

A
C3 OVHD
_______
Setup>Report Options>Stream Flow basis Fraction
basis>Mole. .
,
0.41?
_______
Blocks>COLUMN>Design Specs

Blocks>COLUMN>Vary

,
(C1 + C2 + C3) OVHD 0.99.
? ___________________________________
RadFrac
RadFrac ,
:

1.

( ,
..)

2. ,
3. err/tol (
,
RadFrac>Convergence>Basic

37

4. RadFrac Estimates
Temperature ( )

5. RadFrac Estimates
Liquid Composition Vapor Composition ( )

6.

RadFrac Setup
Configuration
: ,

2.3 .

FEED

1.24 bar

Vapor fraction

0 ( )

54431 kg/hr
, %

Water (, H2O)

63.2

Methanol (, CH4O)

36.8

NRTL-RK

COLUMN

Number of stages ( )

40

Condenser ()

Total ( )

Reboiler ()

Kettle ()

Distillate flowrate ( )

564.7 kmol/hr

Molar reflux ratio ( )

1.3

(Streams>Feed streams)

24

Top stage pressure ( )

1.11 bar

Pressure drop per stage (


)

0.69 kPa

38

:
: _____________________: __________________

:
: __________
: __________

,
B

(Design Specs) , :
99.95 %
99.90 %

(373-771 kmol/hr) (0.8-2)

:
: _________
: _________
: _________
: _________
C

, ( Efficiencies)
65%. ,
90%. , :
: _________
: _________
D

, ,
( Tray Sizing)
: _________

2.4 . RadFrac
RadFrac
RadFrac
. .
:

RadFrac>Setup>Configuration>
Convergence
Standard
( )
Petroleum/Wide-boiling
/ ,


Strongly non-ideal liquid

Azeotropic

Cryogenic

RadFrac>Convergence>
Algorithm
Standard

RadFrac>Convergence>
Initialization method
Standard

Sum-Rates

Standard

Nonideal

Standard

Newton

Azeotropic

Standard

Cryogenic

39


RadFrac>Setup>Configuration>
Convergence
Custom

RadFrac>Convergence>
Algorithm

RadFrac>Convergence>
Initialization method

Standard Algorithm ( )

1. Standard Convergence>Advanced>Absorber=No

2. Convergence>Advanced>Absorber=Yes

,
(Sum-Rates)


Sum-Rates Algorithm

,
(Sum-Rates)


Nonideal Algorithm


Newton Algorithm

RadFrac
Standard, Newton, Nonideal

Valid Phases RadFrac>Setup>Configuration Vapor-Liquid-Liquid

:
( ) Newton

40

Standard. ,
:

Petroleum/Wide-boiling

( TB )
Standard, Convergence>Advanced>Absorber No Yes,

Strongly non-ideal liquid ,

Azeotropic
.

Vapor-LiquidLiquid Valid Phases RadFrac>Setup>Configuration


Standard

Standard ,
Non-ideal Newton
RadFrac (Initialization methods)

RadFrac (Standard):


,

(Estimates)

, RadFrac ,

RadFrac :



,
(, ),

41

,
:

, Aspen Plus Generate Estimates


,

2.5 .
RadFrac

VCMHCL.BKP

FEED

18 bar

50 C

130000 kg/hr

42

, %
HCl

19.5

VCM (vinyl-chloride)

33.5

EDC (1,2-dichloroethane)

47.0

PENG-ROB

COL

35

Condenser ()

Partial - Vapor

Reboiler ()

Kettle ()

Distillate flowrate ( )

HCl
FEED = 25350 kg/hr

Mass reflux ratio ( )

0.7

(Streams>Feed streams)

17

17.88 bar

18.24 bar

, VCM HCl
.
-6
, 5 ppm HCl (5*10 ), 10 ppm
-5
(10 ) VCM

: .
,

Properties>Parameters>Pure Component>Review 1
(TB) ( )

2.6
Aspen Plus
.

RYield
RStoic

REquil
RGibbs

43

RCSTR
RPlug
RBatch

RYield
,
,
, (, )

1000 lb/hr Coal ()

RYield

70 lb/hr H2O
20 lb/hr CO2
60 lb/hr CO
250 lb/hr tar ()
600 lb/hr char ()

IN

OUT

RStoic
,
,

RStoic

C, O2
IN

2 CO + O2 2 CO2
C + O2 CO2
2 C + O2 2 CO
C, O2, CO, CO2
OUT

REquil
,

,
.

RGibbs
,


.

Aspen Plus, ,

RCSTR, RPlug RBatch


:


---
Watson, LHHW)

(Langmuir-Hinshelwood-Hougen-

44

(Reaction
ID)

RCSTR
, ,
,
,
vapor (), liquid 1(1), liquid 2
( 2) vapor (), liquid (), free water ()

RPlug


RBatch
,

: ,

Aspen Plus

Reactions>Input
,


(RCSTR, RPlug RBatch)

Reactions>Reactions Object
Manager

rate = k [concentrationi ]

exponent i

Activation Energy 1 1
T
k = (Pre - exponential Factor ) exp

T
R
0
T T0

, T0, , k :

Activation Energy
k = (Pre - exponential Factor ) T n exp

RT

45

Pre-exponential Factor
Activation Energy

C + 2 D
2 A + 3B

k1

k2

: (,
A
: A:

B:

C:

D:

B:

C:

D:

A:

: (,
C D)
:
:

C:
C:

D:
D:

A:
A:

B:
B:

,
, Aspen Plus,
(DHFORM)

,
RStoic

2.7 .

46

FEED

1 atm

70C
, kmol/hr

Water () H2O

8.892

Ethanol () C2H6O-2

186.59

Acetic Acid ( ) C2H4O2-1

192.6

NRTL-HOC

0

70

1 atm

Ethanol + Acetic Acid Ethyl Acetate + Water



( )
8

k=1.9*10 , E=5.95*10 J/kmol


7

k=5.0*10 , E=5.95*10 J/kmol


(Reacting phase liquid)
([Ci] basis Molarity)

47

RSTOIC

70%

RPLUG

0.3
RCSTR
3

0.14

: ,
(Valid phases Vapor-Liquid). RGIBBS Include Vapor phase.

RSoic

RGibbs

RPlug

RCSTR


(/)


(/)

2.8


: C6H6 + 3 H2  C6H12


. ,
99,8%

48

,
.
.

RK-SOAVE
CYCLOHEX.BKP

H2IN

Total flow ()

330 kmol/hr

50C

25 bar
,

H2

0.975

N2

0.005

CH4

0.02

BZIN

Total flow ()

100 kmol/hr

40C

1 bar

49

,
Benzene ()

FEED-MIX

150C

23 bar

REACT

200C

1 bar

0.998

-SEP

50C

0.5 bar

COLUMN

12

1.2

99 /

15

2.9

(Heater)
.

:



( , , )
( , , )


.
Heater

:
( ) :




50

:



( )
:


, 1, , 0

Heater

( ), Heater

.

, Heater

HeatX

,
(
)

HeatX :

E, F, G, H, J X ( TEMA)
E F ( TEMA)

HeatX :


, , ,

,

HeatX :


B-JAC Aspen Tasc
HeatX :
 Hetran
 Aerotran
 TASC

51

Aspen

HeatX

:


UA

:






HeatX Heater

HeatX

(, ),
Heater

Heater ( ,
), ,
HeatX

MHeatX
, ,

MHeatX
Heater

MHeatX ,

HXFlux

:Q = UA * LMTD

52

( EO
, )


Aspen HeatX ,

Hetran AspenTech, ,

Aerotran AspenTech, ,

TASC AspenTech, ,

HTFI-IST HTRI

, ,

(Hcurves)

(, )
, Aspen Plus

, , X, Plot>XAxis Variable. , Y. :
Plot>Display Plot (Add New Curve).

53

(Utility) ,
, ()
(.. ,
)

, Aspen Plus
, ,
, ,
,

,
( MHeatX)

:
(Refrigerant)
(Coal)
(Stream)
(Electricity)
(Water)
(Gas)

( ) (General)
(Oil)

, , ,


. :

1.
2.
3.

Utilities


(Purchase price), (Energy price)

4.

(Calculation) Specify heating/cooling value (


) Specify inlet/outlet conditions ( State
Variables)

5.

,
Utility

6.

Utility ID .

54

2.10
HeatX
: ,
: ,
(Heat), HeatX HeatX

HEATX.BKP

Total flow ()

10000 /

200C

4 bar
,

(benzene)

50

(styrene)

20

(ethylbenzene)

20

(water)

10

--

Total flow ()

60000 /

20C

10 bar
,

(water)

100

. (NRTL-RK)
c :

Heater HeatX

(..
) Valid phases Vapor-Liquid-Liqiud.
, ,
, STREAM-TA. Block
Options.

55

Detailed HeatX

(Shell diameter)

- (1 tube pass)

- (bare tube)

300

(length)

(pitch)

31

21

25

(nozzles)

100

- (baffles)

(cut)

15%

1.

(Rating),

______ 2 ______ 2
/ ______ %
______ C

2.

Simulation
______ C

3.

2.11 ,
,
(, )
(, ).

Pump :

Heater





:
:


:

Compr :

56

Heater

Compr ,


:
:


:

Compr

MCompr

MCompr :



MCompr ,

,

, ,


()

Valve :

Valve

:
(pressure
changer)
(design)
(rating)

57

Pipe

Pipe ,

:
,
,

(, , )

Pipeline ,

Pipeline ,

:
,
,

2.12
,
:
.

FEEDPUMP

0.6

0.9

, 3/

40

20

250

10

300

400

PUMP

26

58

PIPE

27

25

VALVE

20

COMP

PRESCHNG.BKP

(Brake power) FEEDPUMP _________


, COMP (Net
work)
_________
PIPE _________

( ) FEEDPUMP (
):

, 3/

0.60

20

0.62

10

0.61

0.60

FEEDPUMP>Performance Curves>Efficiencies
_________
_________

59

3 Aspen Plus
3.1

OVHD

FEED

COLUMN

BTMS
99.5%

11

42

650,000

490,000

1,110,000

,
,

, ,

60

(Prop-Set)
,

Aspen Plus ,

(EOS)

?
, ,
,

?
(, TXY XY)

EOS

61

:
PENG-ROB
RK-SOAVE

:
NRTL
UNIFAC
UNIQUAC
WILSON

(CO2, N2 ..)
Components>Henry Comps Selection

Henry
Components Properties Specifications

, ,

RK-SOAVE, PENG-ROB

NRTL-RK, UNIQUAC

NRTL-RK, WILSON

,
:

,
,
, ,
,
,

62

PURE12, AQUEOUS, SOLIDS ..,


Components / Specifications / Databanks

Properties Parameters / Pure Components

:
: MW
: PLXANT

Aspen Plus

, ,
, Retrieve Parameter Results Tools
.

Properties Parameters Results

,
Report View. (Simulation) OK

, VLE-IG, LLE-ASPEN

Properties Parameters Binary Interaction



.

:
: RKTKIJ-1

: NRTL-1 NRTL
Properties Parameters Binary Interaction NRTL-1

F1

63

(PPDS)
, Aspen Plus
( NEL)

DETHERM, Aspen Plus-Internet

Data Regression

Property Estimation
DETHERM

DETHERM, DECHEMA,




PVT
, Aspen Plus:
Property Parameters
Properties
Data

Data Regression, Aspen Plus,




, Aspen Plus ,
, , :


,
Aspen Plus , .
:

,
,
, NRTL UNIQUAC
UNIFAC

Property Estimation

:
, ..
, .., TXY, PXY

Analysis Tools

64

(PRES = 14.7 PSI)

0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1

y-x /

(PRES = 14.7 PSI)

y-x /


0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1


0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1

y-x /

XY
:

XY
:

0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1

XY:

0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1

(PRES = 14.7 PSI)

0
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1

,
(Valid phases) Vapor-Liquid-Liquid

1.

:
,
,

2.


Aspen Plus

3.


Property Analysis

(Prop-Set) - ( )
.

:
, ,

(Property Analysis)
(RadFrac, MultiFrac ..)

(Flash2, HeatX ..)


, Prop-Sets

:




,

:
VFRAC

BETA

L1

CPMX

65

MUMX

(General) :

HXDESIGN

THERMAL

(HMX, CPMX, KMX)

TXPORT

VLE

(PHIMX, GAMMA, PL)

VLLE

Properties>Prop-Sets
Search
Units ( ) .
,
.

, Prop-Set
:
Property Sets Setup>Report Options>Stream
Prop-Set

66

3.2

:

,
.
0
. (20 ,
1), :

, /

(Water)

515

(Oil)

4322

CO2

751

N2

43

n-. ,
.

1.

, . ,
.

2.

,
( Components> Review):
TC(CO2) = _______
TC(H2O) = _______

3.

,
(
Vapor-Liquid-Liquid ).

4.

5.

,
(CPMX) (, 1- 2- ),
(BETA)

6.

(1- 2- )
.
( ).

67

7.

Analysis Tools
, .
Analysis, .

1.
2.

(Generic) Properties>Analysis

3.
4.

(water) (oil) 1 /.

5.

(Variable)
. Range/List
0
50 200 C.

6.
7.

Vapor Fraction, .

Points along a flash curve (


)

(Valid phases) - Vapor-liquid-liquid

, :
1- 2- (MOLEFRAC)
1- 2- (MOLEFLOW)
1- (BETA)
(PL)

68

8.

3.3 . .

(Property Estimation)
,
, , .
:

Component)

(Properties>Estimation>Pure

, (Properties>Estimation>T-Dependent)

(Properties>Estimation>Binary)

Wilson,

NRTL

UNIQUAC

UNIFAC (Properties>Estimation>UNIFAC Group)

Aspen Plus :
Properties>Estimation Run type = Property
Estimation
: Property Analysis, Data Regression, PROPERTIES
PLUS Assay Data Analysis

,
, , 30,
(User Guide, Chapter 30, Estimating Property Parameters).

1.
2.

Properties>Molecular Structure
Parameters Data
,
(TB). , .

69

3.

Properties>Estimation>Input
.

, ,
. :
Aspen Plus

: , Component ID,
(Component name Formula)

1.
2.

( 1) ,
:

C1
C2

C4

O5

C3
3.

Properties>Molecular Structure>Object Manager

4.

:
(C, O, )
(, , )

70

Atom Type
C
O
N
S
B
Si
F
Cl
Br
I
Al

Description

Atom Type

Carbon
Oxygen
Nitrogen
Sulfur
Boron
Silicon
Fluorine
Chlorine
Bromine
Iodine
Aluminum

P
Zn
Ga
Ge
As
Cd
Sn
Sb
Hg
Pb
Bi

Description
Phosphorous
Zinc
Gallium
Germanium
Arsenic
Cadmium
Tin
Antimony
Mercury
Lead
Bismuth

Aspen Plus :




5-
6-
7-

: ,
5-, 6- 7- .


(COMP1):
(TB) = 107.6C
(TC) = 274.6C
(PC) = 43

1.

Properties>Parameters>Pure Component
PURE-1

2.

, COMP1, :

1.

Properties>Estimation>
Input>Setup () (Run type = Property Estimation)
Setup>Specifications>Global

2.

71

Estimate all missing parameters:


, Pure Component,
T-Dependent, Binary UNIFAC-Group
Estimate only the selected parameters:
(
)

,
(Run Type - Flowsheet, Data Regression,
Property Analysis). Edit/ Selected, Copy

(Run
type) Setup>Specifications>Global

- (Property Estimation),
,
Property Estimation

3.4 .
.
: (
)

(Ethylcellosolve) Aspen Plus

Run Type = Property Estimation


Properties>Estimation> Input>Setup Estimate all missing parameters.

, ,

: CH3 CH2 - O CH2 - CH2 - O - CH2 - CH2 - OH
TB = 195C

PCES.BKP

3.5 . .

:
,

72

:
H3O

OH

Na
-

Cl

3-

Fe(CN)6

:
NaCl
CaCO3
CaSO42H2O ( gypsum)

Na2CO3NaHCO3 2H2O ( trona)


,
, , ,

,
,

, ,
,

: NaCl

NaCl Na+ + ClNa+ + Cl- NaCl ()

H2O, NaCl

H2O, Na+, Cl-, NaCl ()

( )


ASPENPCD

ELECNRTL

:


ELECNRTL

.
,

:


:

73

() ,


Selection

Elec Wizard
. :

Components>Specifications>

1.
2.
3.
4.

, :

:
:
RGibbs REquil
:
RPlug, RCSTR RBatch
:
Distl, DSTWU SCFrac
:
MultiFrac PetroFrac

, :


3.6 .
.
: . ,
.

74

SOURWAT

Total flow ()

4536 /

88C

1.034 bar
,

H2O

99.7

NH3

0.1

H2S

0.1

CO2

0.1

STEAM ()

Total flow ()

907.2 /

1.034 bar

COLUMN

Number of stages ( )

Condenser ()

Partial-Vapor ()

Reboiler ()

None ()

Molar reflux ratio ( )

25

SOURWAT

3 (above stage)

STEAM

10

1.034 bar

?
? (. Properties>Specifications>Global)

( 4.4)

75

a. 450 1300 / ,
BOTTOMS.
0.0004

Sensitivity S-1 Results Summary

0.0001

0.0002

0.0003

NH3BOT

450

500

550

600

650

700

750
800
850
900
950
1000
VARY 1 STEAM MIXED TOTAL MA SSFLOW KG/HR

1050

1100

1150

1200

1250

1300

b. 10 50
.
97.5

Sensitivity S-2 Results Summary

80

82.5

85

C
87.5

90

92.5

95

TCOND

10

12

14

16

18

20

22

24

26
28
30
32
34
VARY 1 COLUMN COL-SPEC MOLE-RR

36

38

40

42

44

46

48

50

:
a.
: BOTTOMS
50 ppm, 88
b. , B

3.7 . .

(CI Solids)
, .

(NC Solids)
,

76

, , ,



, , , , ,
, , ;
MIXED

Components>Specifications Type
Conventional.
(CI Solids)

, ,
/


, ,
CISOLID

Components>Specifications Type
Solid.
(NC Solids)

, ,
/

, ,
NC Solid

Components>Specifications Type
Non-conventional.

PROXANAL

1.
2.
3.
4.


.%

ULTANAL

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.


.%

SULFANAL

1.
2.
3.

, ,

77

GENANAL

1. 1
2. 2
:

20. 20

:
, ,
,
Properties>Specification>Global

Properties>Advanced>NC-Props

1.

, , :

INORGANIC, SOLIDS



Aspen Plus DIPPR
SOLIDS, INORGANIC

2.

C p = C1 + C 2T + C3T 2 +

C 4 C5 C 6
+
+
T T2 T3

: CPSP01

3.

V s = C1 + C 2T + C3T 2 + C 4T 3 + C5T 4

: VSPOLY

: ENTHGEN

78

GENANAL
: HCGEN

: DNSTYGEN

GENANAL

: DENGEN

: HCOALGEN
ULTANAL, PROXANAL SULFANAL

: DCOALIGT

ULTANAL SULFANAL

CONVEN

( )

MIXNC

MIXCISLD

MIXNCPSD

MIXCIPSD

MIXINC

MIXINCPSD

( - Mixer
ClChng)


( - Sep, RStoic)

,
MIXED

3.8 .
.
1. SiO2 .
0.5 0.1 %.

79

AIR

Total flow ()

0.45 /

88C

1.034 bar
,

N2

0.79

O2

0.21

WET

21C

1.034 bar
, /

SiO2

451.32

H2O

2.27

DRYER

Adiabatic ()

SOLIDS

SOLIDTASK1

Components>Specifications>Global SiO2 Solid

Setup>Stream class> Stream class MIXCISLD

Streams>WET>Input>Specifications Substream name SiO2


CISOLID

(Substream)

:
SiO2 DRY 99.9 %.
, ,
SiO2/(SiO2+ MIXED) = 99.9 . %
0.45 4.5 /

80

2.
.
,
-
(, , ). ,
.
(, , , ),
.
, .

FEED

650C

1 bar

1000 /

200 /

,
CO

0.19

CO2

0.20

H2

0.05

H2S

0.02

O2

0.03

CH4

0.01

H2O

0.05

N2

0.35

SO2 (SULFUR-DIOXID)

0.10

(PSD)
(mu)

0-44

30

44-63

10

63-90

20

90-130

15

130-200

10

200-280

15

LIQ

40C

1 bar

700 /

CYC

Design Mode ( )
High Efficiency ( )
Separation Efficiency ( )

81

0.98

V-SCRUB

Design Mode ( )
Separation Efficiency ( )

0.98

ESP

Design Mode ( )
Dielectric constant ( )

1.5

Separation Efficiency ( )

0.98

FAB-FILT

Design Mode ( )
P

0.048

SOLIDWK.BKP

(Coal ash) .
Components>Specification>Nonconvertional

IDEAL

Properties>Advanced>NC-Props HCOALGEN DCOALIGT


ULTANAL, PROXANAL, SULFANAL

82

Stream>Input. ASH PROXANAL


ASH ULTANAL 100, , ,

Setup>Substreams>PSD

83

4
4.1
.
, , (
) 3 . , ,
:

1.
2.

OVHD

3 OVHD

FEED

COLUMN

BTMS


, ,

, .

( )

,
, ..

Variable Definition Define


( )

, Aspen Plus ,

84


, COOL
:

COOL
REAC-OUT

COOL-OUT
T = 54
Pdrop = 0.69 kPa


T
P

1.

Mass-Frac, Mole-Frac StdVol-Frac ,


. ,
Mass-Flow, Mole-Flow StdVol-Flow

2.

,
DUTY . ,
QCALC

3.

PRES , PDROP -
,

4.

4.2

.
:

,
(Sensitivity), .
.

/Data/Model Analysis Tools/Sensitivity

Results

()

85

, ,


RECYCLE
REACTOR
COOL
FEED
REAC-OUT

COOL-OUT

SEP

PRODUCT

COOL :

( ) COOL

( ) PRODUCT

1.

()
,
4 ( Define)

2.

(),
,
( Vary)

3.

() ()

( Vary sheet)

4.

, (
, Define)

,
, 1 ( Tabulate)

1.

, , X-Axis Variable
Plot

2.
3.

, , Y-Axis Variable Plot


() , ,
Parametric Variable Plot

4.

Display Plot Plot


: ,

86

1.
2.
3.

4.3

:

A:
(CYCLOHEX.BKP, 2.8), (REACT)
(LFLOW) 0,1 0,4

B: ( A),
0,9 1,0.
,

87

SENS.BKP

: ( A B)
.

-4.3

Sensitivity S-1 Results Summary

-4.4

REACT CONV = 0.9


REACT CONV = 0.95

GCAL/HR
-4.6
-4.5

REACT CONV = 1.0

-4.8

-4.7

REACT CONV = 0.998

0.1

0.15

0.2

0.25
VARY 1 LFLOW CHRCY FRAC FRAC

0.3

0.35

0.4

4.4
:

/Data/Flowsheeting Options/Design Specs



RECYCLE
REACTOR
COOL
FEED
REAC-OUT

SEP

COOL-OUT

PRODUCT

COOL,
98%
( )?
_
?
_
?
_

88

1.
2.

( Define)

3.

( Spec)
;

4.

,
( Vary) ,
.

5.

( Vary) -
, Aspen Plus

(Spec) (Target) Spec ( ,


).

( 2)
, (Units Set),
. ,
. ,
. , MetCBar
Specs, Vary .

1.
2.

, .

3.


Results
Summary/Convergence Convergence/Convergence, Results
.
()

, , .

.
.

1.

, ()

2.

,
.

3.

, ()
.

4.
5.

() .

()

, , ()
.

6.

,
( ).

7.

, (
, , ..)

89

4.5

1:
(. 2.4)
.
(CYCLOHEX.BKP)
. ,
, 4,7 GKAL/HR.
, :
____________________ /
: Aspen Plus : , ,
, , , - .
2: PRODUCT 0.999
97 101 /. (
MOLE-B COLUMN)

4.6

Microsoft Excel.
:

Microsoft Excel
Aspen Plus

/Data/Flowsheeting Options/Calculator

Results Calculator

, ,
.

(
)

-
, ,

()

, ..

90


COOL
RECYCLE
REACTOR
COOL
FEED
REAC-OUT

COOL-OUT

SEP

DELTA-P

PRODUCT

Calculator Block
DELTA-P = -10-9 * V2

.
?

REAC-OUT
:
1. REAC-OUT
2. ,

COOL

COOL

, ?

1.

,
, Define

2.

Excel
( Calculate),
(COMMON, EQUIVALENCE ..) ( Fortran
Declarations),
Microsoft Excel
Excel ( Open Excel Spreadsheet)

3.


( Sequence)

Aspen Plus

91

, Aspen Plus,

F
F

VFLOW=FLOW/DENS
DP=-1E-9*VFLOW**2

Aspen Plus ,

:

IF
GOTO GOTO
WRITE,
FORMAT
CONTINUE
DO

REAL INTEGER*
DOUBLE PRECISION*

DIMENSION*
* Declaration

:
DABS
DERF
DMIN1
IDINT
DACOS
DEXP
DMOD
MAX0
DASIN
DFLOAT
DSIN
MIN0
DATAN
DGAMMA
DSINH
MOD
DATAN2
DLGAMA
DSQRT
DCOS
DLOG
DTAN
DCOSH
DLOG10
DTANH
DCOTAN
DMAX1 IABS
,
CALL
LOGICAL
CHARACTER
PARAMETER
COMMON
PRINT
COMPLEX
RETURN
DATA
READ
ENTRY
TOP
EQUIVALENCE
SUBROUTINE
IMPLICIT

1.

:
a. 7-
b. C ;
c.

2.

lZ ZZ

92

3.

WRITE
NTERM . :
write(NTERM,*) flow
write(NTERM,10) flow
10 format(Feed flowrate =,G12.5)

Microsoft Excel

Microsoft Excel
( .bkp) .apmbd.

Excel, VBA

, :



Connect Cell

Microsoft Excel

Define

Unlink

() ,

Delete

Refresh

Connect Cell

Changed

, , Aspen Plus Microsoft


Excel:

= FLOW/DENS

= (-1e-9)*C4^2

1.

2.

, ,
Calculator
Input Sequence

93

3.

(Calculator Results)

Diagnostics Sequence.
.

4.7

:

CH4 + H2O  3 H2 + CO

Methane

Water

Hydrogen


Carbon Monoxide

Peng-Robinson
: CALC.BKP

CH4

62.1 bar

66C

H2O

1.03 bar

21C

MIX

58 bar

593.3C

REFORMER

1.38 bar

787.8C

CH4

0.995

.
.
99,5%,
1:4

94

(Sensitivity) ,

45 220 kmol/hr.

:
.

4e6

Sensitivity S-1 Results Summary

1e6

1.5e6

CAL/SEC
2e6
2.5e6

3e6

3.5e6

REACTOR DUTY

45

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95 100 105 110 115 120 125 130 135 140 145 150 155 160 165 170 175 180 185 190 195 200 205 210 215 220
CH4 TOTAL MOLEFLOW KMOL/HR

95

5

5.1
,
.

, :


,
err/tol


Control Panel ( F7)

,
;

, Aspen Plus, $

/Data/Convergence/Convergence...
:

, ,
$


Aspen Plus, Control Panel Calculation Sequence

Convergence Sequence ,

, Aspen Plus
,
;

, ;

, Aspen Plus,
Flowsheet Analysis ;

Convergence Tear

96

? (6, 7)

? (6 7; 2 4; 3)

?
3.
, .


( ,
)

, , Aspen Plus

, Aspen Plus
( ) ,

,
Reconcile

Aspen Plus :
:
WEGSTEIN
DIRECT
BROYDEN
NEWTON
:
BROYDEN
NEWTON
:
SECANT
BROYDEN
NEWTON
:
SQP
COMPLEX

Convergence>Conv Options
>Defaults

97

5.2

: .

FEED

74C

1.03 bar

45 /
,

H20

0.4

0.3

0.3

NRTL-RK

PREHEATR

6.04m

PREFLASH

GLYCOL

21C

2.4 bar

22.7 /
,

98

COLUMN

10

0.2

1000 /

200 /

1 atm

CONV-R.BKP

: .
, , .

:
?
?
,
Aspen Plus?
Aspen Plus ?
?

:

.
, ,
? (: ,
, Aspen Plus
).

:
Convergence>Convergence (
NEWTON). Tear Streams FEED-HT.
FEED-HT .
.

5.3 ,
, Aspen Plus
.
,

, (Equation Oriented),
Aspen Plus

, ,
,
, ,

Aspen Plus
(Sequential Modular, SM)
,


, ,

99

, (Equation Oriented,

EO)

, , EO

, ?

, , :
a. ,

b. , ..
, SM
c. , ,

EO , SM
(SM)

10-7

300 .

10-6

201

7:40

10-5

150

5:15

10-4

129

4:35

-3

59

2:10

10

()

, (EO)

()

10-8

3 SM + 3 EO

0:55

EO

, ,
, :


,
, (
, )
()

, SM

100

EO

SM

SM EO

Offline

Offline

Online

EO ( )

EO ,
, :
, ,

;
offline-
..
online- ( )

APC ( )
EO

SM EO,
, , ,
. , EO,
, :
,

(Data Browser)
EO Configuration
EO

EO ,

EO ,

SM,
EO. SM .

, SM
EO,

101

SM

SM, Aspen Plus, :

1.

: .
.
, .

, :

, SM ,
()

EO

EO :

1.

: .
.

2.

:
, ,
. , ,

3.

: . .
,
.

4.

: . ,

.
.

, EO
,
SM .


EO ,
, . ,
EO ,
SM

: EO
, SM .
, EO
Aspen Plus 2004
(SM EO):

Analyzer

FSplit

PetroFrac

Selector

Compr

Heater

Pump

Sep

Decanter

HeatX

RadFrac

Sep2

Dupl

HXFlux

RCSTR

Stream

Extract

Measurement

RStoic

User3

Flash2

Mixer

RPlug

Valve

Flash3

Mult

RYield

102

, EO,
(perturbation layer, PL)

. ,
EO ,


,
EO,
:

Aerotran

MCompr

REquil

BatchFrac

MHeatX

RGibbs

Distl

MultiFrac

RateFrac

DSTWU

Pipe

SCFrac

Hetran

Pipeline

User

HTRI-IST

RBatch

User2


EO :

, (, )

EO Objective Rec Opt

EO Sensitivity
EO
,
EO. :

EO:

SM EO, Aspen Plus


. :
: Input,
: SM EO

103

EO, :

EO Input:

Spec Groups:

Connections:

Objective:

EO

(Q)

(Q)

DC Backup

(Q)

104

EO

( Spec
Groups)


( Objective)


( EO
Input)

EO

EO
O-1



EO
15

105

EO



26%


-2.5 MM Btu/hr


5.8 MM MM Btu/hr

106

6 1
6.1
:

(495)504-04-77

:
:

support@aspentech.ru

http://support.aspentech.ru

( )

6.2

,
AspenTech,
http://support.aspentech.ru

:

;
, ;
, ;
,
, ;
.

107