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1.

Each atom is made up from:


a. Protons and Electrons,
b. Neutrons and Electrons,
c. and Electrons Protons, Neutrons.
2. Which components are in the nucleus?
a. Protons and Neutrons,
b. Protons and Electrons,
c. Neutrons and Electrons.
3. Which particles are positively charged inside the nucleus?
a. Neutrons,
b. Protons,
c. Electrons.
4. Which particles are electrically neutral inside the nucleus?
a. Neutrons,
b. Protons,
c. Electrons.
5. Which particles are negatively charged around the nucleus?
a. Neutrons,
b. Protons,
c. Electron.
6. The number of protons in an atom is:
a. Equal the number of electrons,
b. Less than the number of electrons,
c. More than the number of electrons.
7. Which particles make up the mass of an atom?
a. Protons and electrons,
b. Neutrons and electron,
c. Protons and Neutrons.
8. If an electron is add to the previously neutral atom:
a. The atom will become negatively charged,
b. The atom will become positively charged,
c. The atom still electrically neutral.
9. What is the reason for good conductivity of metal?
a. The electrons are tightly connected to the atoms/molecules,
b. The high mobility of its electrons,
c. The electrons on the outer layer are shared.
10.
The DC (Direct current) is:
a. A constant flow of charge carriers in one direction,
b. A various flows of charge carriers in one direction,
c. The flow of carriers changes its direction and magnitude
repeatedly in a certain period of time.
11.
What is the electromotive force (EMF) mean?

a.
b.
c.
12.
a.

The force needs to make electrons stable,


The force needs to make electrons move,
The force needs to make electrons do not move.
What does the electron flow mean?
Electrons flow from the negative pole of a power source to the
positive pole,
b. Electrons flow from the positive pole of a power source to the
negative pole,
c. Direction of flow of positive charges.
13.
What is correct state for primary cells?
a. The primary cells can be recharged so that it can be reused,
b. The Primary cells cannot be recharged and therefore cannot be
reused,
c. The primary cells cannot immediately supply voltage, need
charging them beforehand.
14.
If resistors are connected in series the total current:
a. Is the same in each resistor,
b. Is the sum of current in each resistor,
c. Lower than lowest current on individual resistor.
15.
If resistors are connected in parallel:
a. The total current is the same in each resistor,
b. The total resistance is lower than the lowest individual
resistance,
c. The total individual is the sum of individual resistance.
16.
For mixed circuit. If there are resistors in series, but some
resistors are in parallel:
a. The total resistance of the resistors in parallel is calculated
first,
b. The total resistance of the resistors in series is calculated first,
c. The total resistance of the resistors in parallel and series are
calculated at the same,
17.
For the kirchhoffs voltage law:
a. The sum of the voltage drops around a single closed path less
than the sum of the voltage source,
b. The sum of the voltage drops around a single closed path more
than the sum of the voltage source,
c. The sum of the voltage drops around a single closed path
equals the sum of the voltage source,
18.
For the power sources in parallel:
a. The total current is the same the individual currents,

b. The total resistance is higher than the highest individual


resistance,
c. The voltage across parallel branches is constant.
19.
When capacitors are connected in parallel, the total
capacitance is:
a. Less than the capacitance of the lowest rated capacitor,
b. Equal to the capacitance of the highest rated capacitor,
c. Equal to the sum of all capacitances.
20.
For the kirchoffs current law:
a. At any point in an electrical circuit, the sum of currents flowing
towards that point is equal to the sum of currents flowing away
from that point,
b. At any point in an electrical circuit, the sum of currents flowing
towards that point is lower than to the sum of currents flowing
away from that point,
c. At any point in an electrical circuit, the sum of currents flowing
towards that point is higher than to the sum of currents
flowing away from that point,
21.
For the construction of Wheatstone Bridge:
a. A Wheatstone Bridge consists of two parallels connection in
series,
b. A Wheatstone Bridge consists of two series connection in
parallel,
c. A Wheatstone Bridge consists of two series connection in
series,
22.
For the operation in Wheatstone Bridges ratios of resistors
are compared:
a. They are used to measure large deviations with an insensitive
voltmeter,
b. They are used to measure very small deviations with a very
sensitive voltmeter,
c. They are used to measure no deviations with a very sensitive
voltmeter,
23.
What does the source voltage mean?
a. The voltage generated by a power source,
b. The voltage at the terminals,
c. The voltage drop across the generators internal resistance.
24.
For the open circuit operation (operating off-load):
a. The terminal voltage (U) is lower than the source voltage (U 0),
b. The terminal voltage (U) is higher than the source voltage (U 0),

c. The terminal voltage (U) is the same as the source voltage


(U0).
25.
The characteristic of power sources in parallel is:
a. The total current is the sum of the individual currents,
b. The total resistance is the sum of individual resistance,
c. The voltage across parallel branches is difference.
26.
The characteristic of power sources in parallel is:
a. The total current is the same as the individual currents,
b. The total resistance is lower than the lowest individual
resistance,
c. The total voltage is the sum of the voltage across parallel
branches.
27.
What is the advantage of power source in series?
a. The series connection of power sources decreases the voltage,
b. The series connection of power sources get the same voltage,
c. The series connection of power sources increases the voltage,
28.
For the power sources in series:
a. The total voltage is the sum of the voltages of all individual
(circuit) components,
b. The total voltage is the same as the voltages of all individual
(circuit) components,
c. The total voltage is lower the lowest voltage of individual
voltage.
29.
The electrical power is measure in:
a. Volt (V),
b. Watts (W),
c. Ampere (A).
30.
For the power distribution in series arrangements:
a. The resistor with the higher resistance will have the higher
power dissipation,
b. The resistor with the higher resistance will have the lower
power dissipation,
c. The resistors with difference resistances will have the same
power dissipation.
31.
What are the Valence Electrons?
a. The number of electrons on the innermost shell determine the
way an element reacts. These electrons are also called valence
electrons,

b. The number of electrons on the outermost shell determine the


way an element reacts. These electrons are also called valence
electrons,
c. The number of electrons in an atom. These electrons are also
called valence electrons.
32.
What is the reason for the good conductivity of metal?
a. The high mobility of its electrons,
b. The low mobility of its electrons,
c. The immobility of its electrons.
33.
In the molecular structure of insulators:
a. The electrons are weakly connected to the atoms/molecules
which allow them breaking away,
b. The electrons are tightly connected to the atoms/molecules
which prevent them breaking away,
c. Several atoms share the electrons on the outer layer in such a
way that each atom is provided with eight electrons.
34.
In the molecular structure of semiconductors:
a. Several atoms share the electrons on the outer layer in such a
way that each atom is provided with eight electrons,
b. The high density of atoms allows the electrons on the outer
layer to separate from their atoms and to move freely within
the atomic structure,
c. The electrons are tightly connected to the atoms/molecules
which prevent them breaking away,
35.
For the electrostatic laws:
a. Like charges attract and unlike charges repel,
b. Like charges repel and unlike charges attract,
c. Electric charges cant be compared to magnets.
36.
The character of electrical current conduction for
conductors is:
a. The valence band and the conduction band partially overlap,
b. The distance between valence band and conduction band is so
large,
c. The small distance between valence band and conduction
band.
37.
The character of electrical current conduction for NonConductors/Insulators is:
a. No energy supply is required to move the electron from
valence band to conduction band,

b. The electrons can transport from valence band to conduction


band if a thermal energy (intrinsic conduction) or an external
energy supply,
c. To change electrons from the valence band to the conduction
band is impossible (or hardly possible). The thermal energy kT
which is provided by heat is not sufficient in any case.
38.
For the current density in a wire:
a. Electrical current is defined as number of electrons per hour
through a wire, regard its cross-section,
b. Electrical current is defined as number of electrons per second
through a wire, regardless its cross-section,
c. Electrical current is defined as number of electrons per minute
through a wire, regard its cross-section,
39.
What is the current density J?
a. The electric current per mm2 wire cross-section,
b. The electric current per mm wire long,
c. The electric current pass to a wire per second.
40.
How you can measure voltage using voltmeter?
a. A voltmeter is connected in series with the terminals of a
source or load,
b. A voltmeter is connected in parallel with the terminals of a
source or load,
c. A voltmeter is connected between the source voltage and
load.
41.
The voltage is generated by the separation of charges so
that:
a. The smaller separation of charges, the higher the voltage,
b. The greater separation of charges, the higher the voltage,
c. The voltage is independent with separation of charges,
42.
The potential difference mean:
a. The difference in energy between electrical charges,
b. The difference in current between electrical charges,
c. The difference in voltage between electrical charges.
43.
What is the electron flow?
a. Electrons flow from the positive pole of a power source to
negative pole,
b. Electrons flow from the negative pole of a power source to
positive pole,
c. Electrons flow is the same as direction of flow of positive
charges.

44.
A circuit has an applied voltage of 30 volts and a load
consisting of a 10-ohm resistor in series with a 20 ohm resistor.
What is the voltage drop across the 10-ohm resistor?
a. 10 volts,
b. 20 volts,
c. 30 volts.
45.
In an AC circuit, the effective voltage is:
a. Equal to the maximum instantaneous voltage,
b. Greater than the maximum instantaneous voltage,
c. Less than the maximum instantaneous voltage.
46.
What statement is correct for secondary cells?
a. The secondary cells can be recharged when empty,
b. The secondary cells cant be recharged so that it cant be
reused,
c. The secondary cells can immediately supply voltage, without
charging them beforehand.
47.
What statement is correct for the conductance?
a. Low resistance low conductance,
b. High resistance high conductance,
c. The conductance is the reciprocal of the resistance.
48.
What is the ohms law for resistance:
a. The opposition to the current flow is given by ratio of voltage
and current,
b. The opposition to the current flow is given by ratio of charge
and current,
c. The opposition to the current flow is given by ratio of current
and time,
49.
If the cross sectional area of a lead is double:
a. The resistance is also double the former value,
b. The resistance is only half the former value,
c. The resistance is remain the same due to it not depend on
cross section.
50.
The potentiometer:
a. Is a fix resistor,
b. Has two connection,
c. Is a variable resistor.
51.
What is the correct statement for the voltage-dependent
resistors (VDR)?
a. The resistance of a VDR decreases as the voltage decreases,
not depending on the polarity of the voltage,

b. The resistance of a VDR decreases as the voltage increases,


not depending on the polarity of the voltage,
c. The resistance of a VDR decreases as the voltage increases,
depending on the polarity of the voltage,
52.
For the NTC resistors (Negative temperature coefficient):
a. Their resistance decreases as the temperature increases,
b. Their resistance decreases as the temperature decreases,
c. The resistance is not change when temperature is change.
53.
For the PTC resistors (positive temperature coefficient):
a. Their resistance decreases as the temperature increases,
b. Their resistance increases as the temperature increases,
c. The resistance is not change when temperature is change.
54.
If the resistors are connected in series, the total voltage is:
a. The same voltage drops on each resistor,
b. Sum of all individual voltages,
c. Less than the lowest voltage.
55.
What is correct typical item to a parallel connection?
a. Voltage is the same to every individual resistor,
b. The total current is the same in each resistor,
c. The total resistance is the sum of all individual resistors.
56.
What is the advantage of power sources in parallel?
a. By connecting like power sources in parallel the current
remains constant, but the voltage of the power sources
increases, i.e. the total current carrying capacity increases,
b. By connecting like power sources in parallel the voltage
remains constant, but the current in the power sources
increases, i.e. the total current carrying capacity increases,
c. By connecting like power sources in parallel the voltage
remains constant, but the current in the power sources
decreases, i.e. the total current carrying capacity decreases,
57.
What is the advantage of power source in series?
a. The series connection of power sources decreases the voltage,
b. The series connection of power sources increases the current,
c. The series connection of power sources increases the voltage,
58.
For the electrical power, if you reduce the voltage by half:
a. You obtain a quarter of the power,
b. You obtain a half of the power,
c. You obtain double the power.
59.
What does the kinetic energy mean?
a. Kinetic energy is the energy depending on position,
b. Kinetic energy is the energy of movement,

c. Kinetic energy is the energy calculated by multiply the mass,


the acceleration from gravity and the height.
60.
The capacity depends on the:
a. Area of the plates, Distance between the plates and Dielectric,
b. Area of the plates, Distance between the plates and Charge,
c. Area of the plates, Distance between the plates and Voltage,
61.
How is the distance between the plates affecting to
capacitance?
a. The larger the distance between the plates the lower the
voltage that can be applied will be,
b. The larger the distance between the plates the higher the
voltage that can be applied will be,
c. The voltage not depending on the distance between the
plates.
62.
When capacitors are connected in series, the total
capacitance is:
a. Smaller than that of the smallest individual capacitance,
b. Equal the sum of all individual capacitances,
c. Higher than that the highest individual capacitance.
63.
The definition for the direction of the magnetic field lines is:
a. Outside the magnet, they run from south pole to the north
pole,
b. Outside the magnet, they run from north pole to the south
pole,
c. No certain direction for magnetic field lines.
64.
What is correct statement for frequency?
a. The frequency states the number of cycles completed in one
second,
b. The lower the frequency the shorter the cycle time,
c. Frequency is also defined as the rate of the cycle time T.
65.
The potential difference between two conductors which are
in insulated from each other is measured in:
a. Amperes,
b. Volts,
c. Coulombs.
66.
A cabin entry light of 10 watts and a dome light of 20 watts
are connected in parallel to a 30 volt source. If the voltage across
the 10 watt light is measured, it will be:
a. Equal to the voltage across the 20 watt light,
b. Half the voltage across the 20 watt light,

c. One-third of the input voltage.

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