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32.973.2-018.

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004.451
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76

.
Windows 7 . , . .:
, 2011. 576 .: .
ISBN 978-5-459-00840-1
Microsoft Windows 7,
. Windows 7
, ,
. ,
100 Microsoft.
, , Windows 7.
32.973.2-018.2
004.451

. .
, , ,
. , ,

, .

ISBN 978-0596800970 (.)

ISBN 978-5-459-00840-1

Authorized Russian translation of the English edition of Windows 7:


The Definitive Guide O'Reilly Media, Inc. This translation is
published and sold by permission of O'Reilly Media, Inc., the owner of
all rights to publish and sell the same.
, 2011
, , 2011

.......................................................................................................13

I. Windows 7.............................19
1. Windows 7 ............................................................20
2. Windows 7 ..............................................41
3.
Windows 7 ...................................................78
4. ,
..........................................................104
5. ..............................................................134

II. .......183
6. ............................................184
7. , .....................................217
8. Windows 7 .................245

III. ..............................................263
9. .............................................................................264
10. Windows
Windows .............................................................300
11. ,
..................................................................343

IV. Windows 7 ....................375


12.
.......................................376
13. .........................................409

14. ...................444
15.
............................................................484

V. ....535
16. Windows 7 ....................................................536
17. Windows .............................................................545
18. Windows 7 .......................560

................................................................................................. 13
........................................................................................................... 13
................................................................................................ 16
, ....................................................................... 17
......................................................................................................................... 17

I. Windows 7.............................19
1. Windows 7 ................................................... 20
Windows 7........................................................................................................ 20
Windows 7 ......................................................................................... 25
Windows 7 ................................................................................................................. 35
, , , ,
............................................................................................................... 38
2. Windows 7 .................................... 41
.................................................................................................... 41
........................................................................ 63
........................................................................... 70
3.
Windows 7 ................................................................................ 78
.................. 78
.... 84
Windows 7 .......................................................................... 89
................................................................................... 93
4. ,
................................................. 104
: ..........................................104
: .........................................106
.........................................................111
............................................122

5. ...................................................... 134
: ....................................................................134
: ...................................................................138
, ..............................................144
, . ........................................................156
............................................................................169

II. .......183
6. .................................. 184
.............................................................................................................185
.......................................................................................188
................................................................................200
7. , .......................... 217
, ......................................................................217
, ........................................................229
, .......................................................................233
, ............................................239
8. Windows 7 .... 245
..............................................................245
.......249

III. ..............................................263
9. ...................................................................... 264
........................................................264
....................................................................................264
...........................................................................................267
, Ethernet .........268
..........................269
..........................................................................270
..........................270
.........................................................................................................277
...............................................278
TCP/IP.......................................................................................................279
IPv4 ..........................................................................................................................280
IPv4 .............................282
IPv6 ..........................................................................................................................283
IPv4, IPv6 .............................................285
................................................................................289
VPN .........................................................................................................................289
IPSec ........................................................................................................................290
OSI............................................................................................................291
..............................292
............................................................293

...........................................................294
.........................295
..........................................................................................298
10. Windows
Windows ..................................................... 300
.........................................................................300
..................................................................................................................301
....................................................................................................303
......................................................................................................304
..............................................................................................306
....................................................................................................................308
...........................................................................................................309
...................................................................................................................311
Windows .............................................................................312
Windows......................................................................................312
Windows ....................................................................................313
..............................................................................................322
Windows.......................................................324
Windows .............................................................325
Windows.....................................................................................327
Windows .................................................327
Windows ..................................329

Windows ....................................................................................................332
Windows .......334
Windows
............................................................................................341
11. ,
.......................................................... 343
, ,
VPN- ..........................................................................................................343
...................................................................346
................................................................357
VPN- ..........................................................................................359
- ..................................................................361
Windows ...................................................363
...................................................................................366
................................................................................................................367
..............................................................................367
................................................................................................369
.......................................................370
.....................372
..........................373

10

IV. Windows 7 ..................375


12.
............................. 376
..............................................................................377
.................................................................378
.........................................385
............................395
.......................................................400
13. ............................... 409
...................................................................409
..........................................................................................................410
................................................................414
.......................................415
.................................................416
.............................................................................417
, ....................................420
....................................................421
............................................................................................422
...................................424
.....................................................................................................425
.....................................................................................................426
....................................................................................................427
NTFS ...................................................428
....................................................................................................................428
........................................................................429
............................................................................................429
.................................................................430
.........................................431
.....................432
..........................................................................433
......................................................................................................................433
.....................................................................................................435
.........................................................................................438
14. ...... 444
...................................................................................445
......................................................445
......................................................449
.................................................................................451
, ,
............................................................................................452
......................................................................................459
........................................................................................462
..................................................................................................463

11

....................................................................................................................468
...........................................................................472
...........................................................................473
................................................................................475
............................................................................................476
....................................................................................................477
.........................................................................................481
..................................................................482
15.
................................................... 484
.....................................................484
(
).............................................................................................................................485
......................................489
...............................................................491
...................494
............................................................................................495
.....................................................................................498
........................498
........................................505
..............................................506
...........................................................509
................................................................................511
.................................................513
..................................514
...................................515
Windows .518
Windows .............519
..............................................................................520
Windows 7 ................................................................................................520
.........................................................................................520
...........................................................................521
..................................................................................522
..................................................................................523
Windows 7....................................................................................524
....................................524
Windows 7...................................................532
...........................................................................532
.......................................................533

V. ....535
16. Windows 7 ........................................... 536
Windows 7 .......................................................................................536
Windows 7 ............................................................................................................539

12

.................................................................................................................540
................................................................................542
Windows 7........................................................................................................544
17. Windows ..................................................... 545
...........................................................................................................545
..................................................................547
..........................................547
.................................................................................548
BCD.......................................................................................................................549
BCD ..........................................................................554
.................................................554
.....................................................................................555
..........................................................555
.....................................556
.................................557
..................................................557
...........................................557
Windows Windows 7 ..............558
18. Windows 7 ........... 560
Windows 7 .........................................................................560
...................................................................561
.............561
....................................................................562
.........................................................562
.........................................................................564
.......................565

........................................................................................................566
........................567
..............................................570
Active Directory
Windows 7.......................................................................................................................571

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Windows 7

1 Windows 7 .....................................20
2 Windows 7........................41
3
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: Windows 7 , .
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21

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1. Windows 7

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23

Windows 7
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Windows 7 . . Windows Anytime
Upgrade ( 16). .
. 1.2 Windows 7. http://www.williamstanek.com/windows7.
1.2. Windows 7

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24

1. Windows 7

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25

Windows 7
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Professional Ultimate), . , ,
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1. .
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26

1. Windows 7

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27

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2.
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3. (View your active networks) ,
,
( (Home Network), (Work
Network) (Public Network)).
4. (Set Network Location)
( , ),
.

28

1. Windows 7

. 1.1.



. ,
.
,
(Set up a new connection or network option)
.  (Connect
to the InternetNext). (Connect to the Internet)

(. 1.2).
, ()
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Windows 7

29

, (Remember
this password) (Connect). ,
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, .

. 1.2.

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, ,
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, , .

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.

30

1. Windows 7


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.
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.
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OK. :

Windows 7

31

. 1.3.

. 1.4.

 (Always Notify), ,
, , Windows.
 (Default), ,

32

1. Windows 7

, ,
.
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33

( ). ,  
Windows (StartAll ProgramsAccessoriesWindows Easy Transfer).
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SafetyAdd or remove user accounts).
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34

1. Windows 7

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Windows 7 16.

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Windows online now) Windows (Windows Activation).
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Windows 7

35

(Change product key) Windows (Windows


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. 1.6.

Windows 7
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36

1. Windows 7

.
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37

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 Windows 7 .
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  (Start Control
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38

1. Windows 7

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39

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40

1. Windows 7

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42

2. Windows 7

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. 2.1. Windows 7 Aero

43

.
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44

2. Windows 7

. 2.2.

2.1.

(Computer)


(Control Panel)
(Network)

(Recycle Bin)


(Users Files)

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,
.
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,
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,
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, ,
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45


(Start) .
, .
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, , , . . Windows 7 ,
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. 2.3. Windows 7

:
 . , , ,
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.
 . , , , .
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, (Documents), (Pictures) . .)

.

46

2. Windows 7

 . (Shut Down) . , ( (Switch User),


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.

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.
(Use Large Icons).
4. OK .

, . Windows XP,

47

Windows 7 ,
.
Windows XP
%SystemDrive%\Documents Settings\%UserName%. (My Documents), , ,
(, (My Pictures) (My Music)). Windows XP (, Cookies, Local Settings,
NetHood Printhood).
Windows 7 ,
. %VariableName%. , %SystemDrive% %UserName%
SystemDrive UserName .
- , ,
 (StartAll programsAcces
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Windows 7 . ,
. , , Windows XP , , . ,
, dir /al. ,
Enter ,
. /a dir
, l , .
.
Windows 7 %HomeDrive%\
%HomePath%. (. 2.4):
 AppData. , .
 (Contacts). ,
.
 Desktop. .
 ( Downloads ). ,
.
 (Favorites). -.
 (Links). -.
 (My Documents). .
 (My Music). .
 (My Pictures). .

48

2. Windows 7

 (My Videos). .
 (Saved Games). .
 (Searches). .

. 2.4.

, , My. , My documents
: %HomeDrive%\%HomePath%\Documents.

Windows 7 %Public%.
(. 2.5):
 Desktop. .
.
 (Downloads). ,
.
 Favorites. -.
 Libraries. .

49

 (Public Documents). .
 (Public music). .
 (Public Pictures). .
 - (Public Recorded TV). -.
 (Public Videos). .

. 2.5.

Windows 7 .
(. 2.6) , . :
 (Documents). (My Documents)
(Public Documents).
 (Music). (My Music)
(Public Music).
 (Pictures). (My Pictures)
(Public Pictures).
 (Videos). (My Videos)
(Public Videos).

50

2. Windows 7


, ,
. Windows 7 ,
. , ,
, .
. (Libraries) (Windows Explorer), 
(NewLibrary).
, , %HomeDrive%\%HomePath%\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Windows\Libraries.
LDF- .
LDF- .library-ms XML,
Microsoft. LDF-, ,
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.
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, . ,
.
(Libraries)
(Restore Default Libraries).
%Public%\Libraries LDF-. ,
Windows Media Player, Windows Media Center (Recorded-TV).
, RecordedTV.library-ms
%Public%\Libraries.

. 2.6.

51

,
( ):
 . .
.
 (Documents). (Documents),
(My Documents)
(Public Documents).
 (Pictures). (Pictures),
(My Pictures)
(Public Pictures).
 (Music). (Music), (My Music) (Public
Music).
 (Games). (Microsoft Games) .
 (Computer). (Computer) ,
.
 (Control Panel). (Control Panel),
.
 (Devices and Printers).
(Devices and Printers) , , , .
 (Default Programs).
(Default Programs) , , Windows 7 ,
. .
 (Help and Support).
(Help and Support), .
,
(Customize Start Menu).
(Start) (Properties).
(Taskbar and Start Menu Properties)
(Customize) (Start Menu). (Customize Start Menu) OK .
:
 (Administrative Tools ). (Administrative Tools). .
 (Connect To).
(Network and Sharing Center).
, .

52

2. Windows 7

 (Downloads). (Downloads) .
 (Favorites). ,
.
 (Homegroup). (Homegroup)
, , .
 (Network). Network Explorer, .
 (Run). (Run),
.
, , ,
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(Shut
Down). , :
 (Switch User). .
 (Log off). .
 (Lock). ( ).
 (Restart). .
 (Sleep). , ( ).
 (Hibernation). , ( ).
1, ,
. Windows 7 ,
, . . :
 (Balanced).
.
 (High Performance). , ,
.

53

 (Power Saver).
, .
. ,
. ,
.
.
(Power Options) . (Start),  (Control
PanelSystem and SecurityPower Options), .
(Change plan settings),
. (Change advanced power settings), .
, , . (
,
, ).
( Deep Sleep,
). (Password protection on wakeup),
.
(Password protection on wakeup) :
1. (Start), (Control Panel).
2. (System and SecurityPower Options).
3. (Choose what
the power button does).
(Dene power buttons and turn on password protection)
(. 2.7).
4. (When I press the power button)
, : (Shut Down), (Sleep) (Hibernation).
.
5. (When I press the sleep button) ,
: (Shut Down), (Sleep)
(Hibernation).
.

54

2. Windows 7

6. (When I close the lid) , ,


. .
7. (Password protection
on wakeup), ,
.
8. (Save changes).

. 2.7.


, , (Search box).
. :
 , (Start) ,
(. 2.8).
. - ,
.
 ,

Esc.

55

. 2.8. Windows 7

, .
, .

Windows Search. , . Windows Search , ,


, . ,
, Windows Search
.
(Indexing Options) (Control
Panel), , (Folder Options)
(Control Panel).


Windows 7 :
 (Start). , .
 . , .
 . .
.
(Quick Launch Toolbar),
.

56

2. Windows 7


. .
Windows 7, ,
. , ,
:
1. (Start).
2. , .
3. .
4. (Pin to Taskbar).
,
(Unpin this program
from the taskbar). .
Windows 7
. .
Windows XP .
, . ,
, . ,
,
. , . , .
, , . , Windows Aero
Glass, Windows Aero.
 Aero,

.
.
, . ,
.
 Aero,
.
.
, , ,
.

(Taskbar appearance) (Taskbar)
(Taskbar and Start Menu Properties).

57

(. 2.9), (Properties). OK.

. 2.9.

. 2.2 .
, (Auto-Hide the Taskbar) (Use Small Icons).
2.2.

(Lock
the taskbar)



,
, ,


- (Auto-hide the
, - ( taskbar)
. )


- - ,
(Use small icons)
,

Aero Peek



(Show desktop)
(Show desktop)
(Use Aero Peek

to preview the desktop)

58

2. Windows 7

2.2 ()


(Taskbar location on
screen)
(Taskbar
buttons)

, , ,

, ;
;

Windows 7 , ,
, Aero:
 (Live thumbnails).
 (Windows Flip).
 (Windows Flip 3D).
 (Full-screen preview).
 Aero Peek Aero Shake.
, ,
(. 2.10). (, ),
, .
, , . ,
.

. 2.10.

59

Alt+Tab ,
(. 2.11). ,
, ,
. :
 Alt+Tab Alt,
.
 Tab, Alt, .
 Alt, .
 Alt,
.

. 2.11. ( )

(. 2.12) Windows Tab.


, ,
. ,
, ,
.

. 2.12.

60

2. Windows 7

:
 Windows+Tab Windows,
.
 Tab, Windows, .
 Windows,
.
 Windows,
.
Windows 7 (. 2.13). , Aero. , , .
, . , , ,
.

. 2.13.

10 .
.
(Start) (Properties).
(Taskbar and Start Menu Properties) (Customize) (Start Menu).
(Customize Start Menu) , . OK .
Windows 7 . Aero Snap, :
 ,
. , ;
 ,
.

61

, (
).
,
.
Aero Peek .
( Aero)
. ,
, .
,
. , , . ,
.

(. 2.14).
:
 (, ),
(, , ).
, ,
.
.
 (, , ,
, , ).
-:
 ( ).
 .

, .
 ,
.

. 2.14.

62

2. Windows 7

. 2.3.
2.3.

(Action
Center)

(Network)



, , ,

, , ,

(Internet Access)
(Local Only)

(Volume)

(Clock)


, ,


.
,
(Connect to a Network),
,
(Network
and Sharing Center),

.
(Mixer),


,
. ,
.

(Change Date and Time
Settings),

:
1. , ( Properties ), ( Customize )
(Notication area).
(Notications options)
(Customize).
2. (Notication Area Icons) (. 2.15). : (Show icon
and notications), (Hide icon and notications),
(Only show notications).
,
. , ,
.
, , , , .

63

. 2.15.

3. (Turn system icons on or off)


.
.
(Customize notication icons), .
4. , ,
(Always show
all icons and notications on the taskbar).
5. OK.


, (, ). Windows Vista Windows 7
, .


Windows , .

64

2. Windows 7

(Gadget Gallery). (. 2.16), (Control PanelProgramsDesktop Gadgets).


(Start), (All Programs)
(Desktop Gadget Gallery).

. 2.16.

, . , ( ), . ,
. ,
, .
/
(Show/Hide details),
, , . .
.
Microsoft ,
. ,
(
Windows). , .
. , . (Always on Top),
.
,
(Always on Top), .

65

(, ). 100 %, .
, , (Opacity) .
, ,
, .
.
- (Feed Headlines)
RSS-, Internet Explorer. RSS-
, .


, , , (Calendar). ,
.
. . 2.17
. .
.
, .

. 2.17.

- , . ,
. ,
.


, (Clock).
(. 2.18). , .

66

2. Windows 7

. 2.18.

, , .
 , .
 .
 . ,
, .
 , , ,
.
,
(Options).
, . 2.18.

, , ,
(CPU Meter). ( ).
,
(. 2.19).
,
.

67

, ,
.

, . 2.19.
-
.
98 %, .
Windows 7 , (. 3).

- ,
(Weather). , .
- MSN, . ,
, , ,
(. 2.20).

. 2.20.

. ,
(, -,

68

2. Windows 7

, ).
, ( ).
, (Options). ,
. 2.20.
Stock
, , , Stock.
(. 2.21). Dow Jones Industrial Average
($INDU), NASDAQ Composite Index ($COMPX) S&P 500 Index ($INX).
20 . IDC Comstock.

. 2.21. Stock

Stock . .
, . . , .
,
. .
(Delete). , .
, . ,
, :
1. Stock.
2. Add a Stock Symbol ( ).
, . 2.21 .

69

3. ,
Enter. , ,
.
, , +.
, .
,
MSN.

, ,
(Currency). , .
-
MSN Money. ,
, , , .
(. 2.22).
, . . , 10 (EUR) (RUR), .

. 2.22.


, (Slide Show). , , (. 2.23).
, .
, . (View)
Windows (Windows Live Photo Gallery).
, (Pictures).
(Options), (Folder) .
1. (My Pictures),
(Folder).

70

2. Windows 7

, (Browse).
(Browse for Folder) ,
OK.

. 2.23.

2. ,
(Include subfolders).
3. OK.
.
1. (Slide Show Options),
(Options).
2. (Show each
picture), . ( ).
3. (Transition between
pictures), .
, (None). (, (Fade)).
4. . , ,
(Shufe pictures).
5. OK.


, . ,
.

71


, , (All Programs),
Windows. (Start), ,
, .
:
 (Default Programs).
(Default Programs),
(. 4).
 Internet Explorer.
Internet Explorer, -.
 (Desktop Gadget Gallery).
(Gadget Gallery), (
).
 DVD- Windows (Windows DVD Maker).
DVD- Windows (Windows DVD Maker), DVD.
 Windows Media Center.
Windows Media Center, , , ,
, .
 Windows Media (Windows Media Player).
Windows Media (Windows Media Player), , .
 Windows (Windows Update).
Windows (Windows Update),
(. 14).
(All Programs) . , ,
. (All Programs)
:
  (All ProgramsAccessories).
,
(Calculator), (Command Prompt), (Connect to a Network Projector),
(Connect to a Projector), (Getting Started),

72

2. Windows 7

(Math Input Panel), (Notepad), Paint, (Remote Desktop Connection), (Run), (Snipping Tool),
(Sound Recorder), (Sticky Notes), (Sync
Center), (Windows Explorer), WordPad.

Windows 7 . ,
(Calculator) :
(Standard), (Scientific), (Programmer), (Statistics).
. , , .
Windows 7 (Snipping
Tool). , ,
. ,
.
  (All ProgramsAccessories
Ease of Access).
, (Ease of Access Center), (Magnifier),
(Narrator), (On-Screen Keyboard),
Windows (Windows Speech Recognition). (Ease of
Access Center) , . Windows (Windows Speech Recognition)
.
, .
   (All Programs Accessories System
Tools).
,
(Character Map), (Disk Cleanup), (Disk Defragmenter), (System Information), (System Restore), (Task Scheduler), Windows (Windows Easy Transfer).
Windows (Windows Easy Transfer)
(Files and Settings Transfer Wizard) Windows XP.
Internet Explorer ( ) (No Add-ons) Internet Explorer . - .
 Windows Power Shell (All ProgramsAccessories
Windows Power Shell).

Windows Power Shell. Windows Power Shell .

73

  (All ProgramsGames).
Microsoft,
. Windows 7.
  (All ProgramsMaintenance).
, (Backup and Restore), (Create
a System Repair Disc), (Help and Support),
Windows (Windows Remote Assistance).
Windows 7 Windows (Windows
Recovery Environment). ,
, (. 15). .
Windows 7 (Action center). Windows 7
, .
  (All ProgramsStartup).
,
. ,
.
(. 4).
 Windows Live (All ProgramsWindows Live).
, Windows Live
Essentials. (http://www.microsoft.com/rus/windows/windowslive/products http://www.windowslive.com/desktop) (Mail), (Photo Gallery), Writer, (Family Safety) .
(Mail) , ,
Windows Vista.
Windows 7 , Windows XP
. , ,
. Windows 7
, - .
Windows 7
.

(Customize Start Menu). :
1. (Start),
(Properties).
(Taskbar and Start Menu properties).
2. (Start Menu) (Customize).
(Customize Start Menu).

74

2. Windows 7

3. (Use Default Settings), , ,


:
(Enable context menus
and dragging and dropping).

. , .
(Highlight newly installed programs).
,
. , .
(Open submenus
when I pause on them with the mouse pointer).
,
. , ,
.
(Sort all programs menu by
name).

,
. ,
.
4. OK, .


(Start) (Control Panel), (Control Panel). : (Control Panel).
Windows 7 :
 (Category view) , , (. 2.24). ,
(Category) (View By).
 (All Control Panel Items) ,
(. 2.25).
, (Large Icons)
(Small Icons) (View By).

, , .
.
, .

. 2.24.

. 2.25.

75

76

2. Windows 7

, . , , . . 2.4
;
.
2.4.

(Appearance
and Personalization)


(Desktop Gadgets),
(Display), (Ease of Access Center),
(Folder Options), (Fonts),
(Personalization),
(Taskbar and Start Menu)
, (Clock, Language and
(Date and Time), Region)
(Region and Language)
(Ease of Access)
(Ease of Access
Center), (Speech Recognition)
(Hardware and Sound)
(AutoPlay), (Devices and Printers), (Display),
(Power Options), (Sound)
(Network and Internet)
(Homegroup), (Internet Options),
(Network and Sharing
Center)
(Programs)
(Default Programs),
(Desktop Gadgets),
(Programs and Features)
(System and Security) (Action Center),
(Administrative Tools),
(Backup and Restore),
BitLocker (BitLocker Drive
Encryption), (Power Options),
(System), Windows (Windows
Firewall), Windows (Windows
Update)
(Credential Manager),

(User Accounts and Family
(Parental Control),
Safety)
(User Accounts), Windows
CardSpace

.
(Control
Panel home page), ,
. , .

, , , , . ,
.

77

:
1. (Start) (Control Panel).
2. (Appearance and Personalization).
3. (Specify
Single- or Double-click to Open).
4. (Folder Options) ,
(Single-Click to Open an Item (Point to Select)),
OK.
, .



Windows 7

Windows 7 .
,
. , , , .

:
 (Windows Experience Index);
 ;
 ;
 .
, .



Windows 7
, . , Microsoft, ,

.
- Windows, (Re-run the
assessment). ,
(
), (Refresh
now). .
, Windows 7
.

79


Windows
Windows 7
. :
 ;
 (RAM);
 ;
 ;
 .
.
.
Windows, ,
.

, Windows 7 :
 ;
 ,
;
 ;
 , ;
 ;
 ;
 .
.
, .
1. (Start), (Control Panel).
2. (System and Security).
3. (System) Windows (Check the Windows Experience Index).
4. (Performance Information and
Tools)
(. 3.1).

80

3. Windows 7

. 3.1.



. . 3.1 5.4. ,
. , .
,
( ). (, Aero Glass )
.
, Aero . Aero
:
 ;
 ;
 ;
 .

81

Aero ,
DirectX 9.0 ( ) Windows Display Driver Model (WDDM).
WDDM 1.0 DirectX 9.0
Windows Vista, Windows 7.
Windows 7 WDDM 1.1 ( )
, , , 50 %. WDDM 1.1 DirectX 11, ,
, , .

. . ,
8,
10 .
3.1 , .
, , ( ). ,
, ,
. , ,
,
.
3.1.

1.01.9


()

2.02.9

()

3.03.9

()

4.04.9

()


, , . (, ) .

,
-;
.
(, ,
) .

,
-; .
(,
),
( )
,
-; .
Windows 7 .
( Aero Glass)
;

82

3. Windows 7

3.1 ()

5.05.9
()

6.06.9

7.07.9

, , .
Windows 7 .
( Aero Glass) ;

( , ,
) .

12801024

(
, ,

)
.


(Performance Information and Tools)
.
(View and print detailed performance and
system information).
(. 3.2). ,
, (Print this page).
, , . ,
, .
(. . 3.2) 2301 , 1789 ,
512 . ,

1789 ,
. , 1 ( )
. , ,
, , , . ,
, ,
.

83

. 3.2.

, 512 ( )

84

3. Windows 7

. Windows 7
(
(Re-run the assessment)),
. . ,
(Performance Information and Tools).
. , ,

Windows 7. , -
, , (,
Aero Glass, , , ).
.
(More details about my computer) , WDDM DirectX. (Graphics)
WDDM. (Graphics) , DirectX.



(User Account Control, UAC) , ,
.
Windows 7.
Windows Vista, Windows 7 : . , , .


Windows 7 :
 ;
 .
(, , ), ,
.
, ,
.

85

Windows XP , Windows 7 ,
, .
, Windows 7 (. 3.3). , , .

. 3.3. , ,



, , ( , ).
,
,
Windows. ,
: .
,
(. 3.4).

, .
, , OK.
 , ,
.
, OK.

. 3.4.

86

3. Windows 7

, ,
(. 3.5), , .

. 3.5.


, ,
. , . , (,
),
.
Windows 7 .
, . ,
.
( ).
, , . , Windows 7.
,
Windows 7.
 , Windows XP.
 , Windows XP.
 , Windows XP.
,
Windows 7, .
, .

87


Windows 7 , Windows.
, . ,
,
, ,
. Windows 7 .
. 12,
UAC ( (Security Settings) (Local Policies)
(Security Options)).

, .
1. (Control Panel)
(System and Security)
(Change User Account Control Settings)
(Action Center).
2. (User Account
Control Settings) (. 3.6).
, ,
Microsoft.
(Always notify).
, ,
Windows. ,
, .

(Default notify me only when programs try to make changes to my computer).
, Windows
. , ,
, UAC .
(
) (Notify me only when programs try to make changes to my
computer (do not dim my desktop)).

, ,
.
, -.
,
.

88

3. Windows 7

(Never notify).
UAC. ,
.
3. OK.

. 3.6.



(. ). ,
. , , , (,
).

, , , .
UAC , .

Windows 7

89

Windows 7
, ,
. ; .


Windows 7 , (Control Panel) (Appearance and Personalization)
(Personalization)
(Personalization).
(. 3.7).
 (desktop icons).
, .
 (mouse pointers).
, .
 (account picture).
, .
 (display).
( .) , , .
.
:
 (Theme). Windows 7. ,
, .

.
 (Desktop Background). , .
 (Window Color). , .
Aero, .
 (Sounds). ,
.
 (Screen Saver). .

90

3. Windows 7

. 3.7.


,
. . 3.2
.
3.2.

Windows Classic

Windows 7,

Windows Basic

Windows 7,

Windows 2000, Windows 7.


,
.
Windows Classic,
(Windows Classic)
(Personalization)
Windows Classic
,
.
Windows Basic,
(Windows 7 Basic)
(Personalization)

Windows 7

91

Windows 7
Standard

Windows 7,

Windows Aero

Windows 7 Home Premium


,

.
WDDM,
,

.

Windows 7 Basic :
Aero Glass, ,

. , , (
) , Windows
Classic (. 3.8) Windows Basic, . Windows Classic Windows Standard ,
, Windows Classic.

. 3.8.

92

3. Windows 7

, , (
) , Windows 7 Standard Windows Aero, . Windows 7 Standard (. 3.9) Windows Aero
.

. 3.9.

.
(Window Color and Appearance).
 Windows Classic Windows Basic ,
. (Window Color)
(Window Color and Appearance)
, .
 Windows 7 Standard Windows Aero ,
, ( ,
), .
(Window Color)
(Window Color and Appearance) ,
(Advanced Appearance Settings),
.

93


Windows 7 :
 ;
 ;
 ;
 ;
 ReadyBoost.
.


Windows 7 , , .
, Windows 7 . , .
Windows 7 :
 (Animations in the taskbar and the Start
Menu);
 (Animate windows when minimizing
and maximizing);
 (Animate controls and
elements inside windows);
 (Enable desktop composition);
 Aero Peek (Enable Aero Peek);
 (Enable transparent glass);
 (Smooth-scroll listboxes);
 (Fade out menu items after clicking);
 (Use visual styles on windows
and buttons);
 (Use drop shadows for icon labels on
the desktop);
 (Show window content while
dragging);
 , (Show shadows under windows);
 (Show thumbnails instead of icons);
 (Show translucent selection
rectangle);
 (Show shadows under mouse pointer);
 (Smooth edges of screen fonts);
 (Slide open combo boxes);

94

3. Windows 7

 (Save taskbar thumbnail previews);


 (Fade or slide menus into
view);
 (Fade or slide ToolTips
into view).
Windows, .
1. (Control Panel)
(System and Security).
2. (System).
(Performance Information and Tools).
3. (Adjust
visual effects).
(Performance Options), . 3.10.

. 3.10.

4. (Visual Effects) .
(Let Windows choose whats best for my computer).

95

.
(Adjust for best appearance).
(Adjust for best appearance). .
(Adjust for best performance).
.
(Custom). .
5. OK.


, , , .
Windows, Windows 7 , , , . ,
, , .
, (, ).

. 3.11.

96

3. Windows 7

, .
1. (System and Security)
(Control Panel).
2. (System).
(Performance Information and Tools).
3. (Adjust visual effects).
(Performance Options).
4. (Advanced), . 3.11,
, (Background services) , ,
(Programs), (,
Microsoft Word).
5. OK.


,
, (, 1834 ) , . .
Windows 7 pagele.
sys. ,
.
, .
,
.
Windows 7
, . , Windows 7 , . , .
. ,
. , .

. ,
1024 , (Total paging le size for all drives) 2048 .
4 ,
, , . , 6144
, (Total paging le
size for all drives) 9216 .

97


,
, 1,5 2. ,

.

, .
1. (System and Security)
(Control Panel).
2. (System).
(Performance Information and Tools).
3. (Adjust visual effects ).
(Performance
Options).
4. (Advanced) (Change),
(Virtual Memory)
(. 3.12), .
[ ] (Drive [Volume Label]) () (Paging File Size
(MB)). . ( ). .
(Paging le size for each drive). ( ,
) .
(Total paging le size of each drive).
, .
5. Windows .
,
(Automatically manage paging le size for all drives).
6. (Drive) .
7. (Custom size),
.
8. (Set), .
9. 68, .
10. .
pagele.sys, (Yes).
11. ,
, , ,
. .

98

3. Windows 7

12. , .
Windows.
(Restart).
, .
1. (System and Security)
(Control Panel).
2. (System).
(Performance Information and Tools).
3. (Adjust visual effects ).
(Performance
Options).
4. (Advanced) (Change),
(Virtual Memory)
(. 3.12).
5. (Automatically
manage paging le size for all drives).
6. , .

. 3.12.


(Data Execution Prevention, DEP)
. DEP , , ,

99

.
, , . , (, ) . , DEP
.
.
DEP ,
, . DEP, ,
Windows.
32- Windows DEP,
AMD, no-execute page protection (NX). PAE. 64- Windows NX, PAE . , 64- .
, DEP,
.
1. (System and Security)
(Control Panel).
2. (System).
(Performance Information and Tools).
3. (Adjust visual effects). (Performance Options).
4. (Data Execution Prevention).
DEP (. 3.13).

. 3.13. DEP

100

3. Windows 7

(Data Execution Prevention)


DEP .
 DEP Windows (Turn on DEP for
essential Windows programs and services only). DEP ,
. .
,
.
 DEP , (Turn on DEP for
all programs except those I select). DEP ,
, .

DEP, .
(Add) , .

ReadyBoost
Windows 7 . -
( , ), , .
, Windows 7
ReadyBoost.
Windows ReadyBoost ,
USB- -.
, -,
. Windows 7 - 1000 % , , .
Windows ReadyBoost USB-
-:
 - USB 2.0;
 SD-;
 CompactFlash.
, 256 -. -
, -,
. ReadyBoost 230 4094 -. , - 3:1 1:1.
4
.

101

Windows ReadyBoost USB- -


, .
- .
- , Windows 7
, -. USB- , Windows 7
, -.
, Windows 7 , , .
Windows ReadyBoost
ReadyBoost, .
1. USB- - 2.0
. SD,
CompactFlash ,
(, ReadyBoost ).
2. (AutoPlay) .
(AutoPlay) .
, , .
, (Start), (Default Programs). (Change AutoPlay
settings). (AutoPlay)
(Reset all defaults), (Save). USB- .

3. -,
(AutoPlay) , ReadyBoost (Speed up my system using Windows Ready Boost).
(Properties) ,
ReadyBoost (. 3.14). OK.
USB- ,
ReadyBoost (Dedicate this device to ReadyBoost). .
, ReadyBoost , , (Use this device),
(Space to reserve for system speed) . USB- ,
.

102

3. Windows 7

4. OK,
USB-.

. 3.14. Windows ReadyBoost

,
, ReadyBoost
.
1. (Start), (Computer).
2. USB-
(Devices with removable storage ),
(Properties).
3. ReadyBoost (. ). ReadyBoost,
(Stop retesting this device when I plug it in)
. , , .
4. OK.
Windows ReadyBoost
Windows ReadyBoost
USB- -.
. :

103

1. (Start), (Computer).
2. USB-
(Devices with removable storage ),
(Properties).
3. ReadyBoost (. . 3.14).
4. (Space
to reserve for system speed) .
5. OK.
ReadyBoost
USB- ,
ReadyBoost. , Windows 7
, USB, ,
.
. USB- .
1. (Start), (Computer).
2. USB-
(Devices with removable storage), (Eject or
Safely remove).

, 32-, 64- .
, ,
, .

:

Windows 7 , ,
Windows XP . , :
 ;
 (UAC);
 (Uninstall
or Change a Program) (Add/Remove
Programs);
 ;
 .
Windows XP , Windows 7
. Windows 7 ; , (Power Users),
. Windows 7 ,
.

(Power Users) .
( (Start),
lusrmgr.msc Enter), .
(Computer Management),
(Local users and groups) (
Windows 7 Starter).

105

Windows 7 , , . (. 3) UAC. Windows 7



, , .
Windows 7 (Add/Remove Programs)
( (Remove programs)
(Control Panel)). ,

(, ).
Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows Me, Windows 2000
Windows XP setup.exe. Windows Vista autorun.exe
(, StartCD.exe),
Windows.
.

Windows 7, Windows Vista, ,


. , , , . , ,
Windows 7:
 , UAC;
 .
, ,
, Windows. , Windows 7, ,
. ,
UAC, .
 .
.
 .
.
, Windows XP Windows, . ,

106

4. ,

. , Windows 7
. ,
. , Windows 7 .

:

, , . , , , , .
, Windows 7.

, Windows 7 -, DVD- .
.
-
(AutoPlay) (. 4.1).
 (Install or run a program).
, .
 , (Open folder to view les
using Windows Explorer).
(Windows Explorer) DVD-.

. 4.1.

107

, .
1. (Start), (Default
Programs).
2. (Default Programs)
(Control Panel) (Change
AutoPlay settings).
3. , (. 4.2). , Windows
.
(Ask me every time),
, -
.
4. ,
(Use AutoPlay for all media and devices).
,
, .
5. (Save), .

. 4.2.

,
, (Take no action)
.
.

108

4. ,

, Windows 7 , ,
Autorun.inf (, StartCD.ini).
,
.
, Autorun.inf, StartCD.inf . (,
WordPad). , :
[autorun]
OPEN=SETUP.EXE
ICON=SETUP.EXE,1
SHELL=OPEN
DisplayName=Microsoft Encarta 2007

, Autorun.inf . Setup.exe. Autorun.inf .


,
. ,
(Windows Explorer),
.
- (
(Ask me every time)).
Autorun.inf ,
. , Windows 7 Internet Explorer Default.htm:
[autorun]
OPEN=Autorun\ShelExec default.htm
StartCD.ini . ,
StartCD.ini , , ,

. , , , , , [Option].
[Option1]
Caption=&TS Setup
DataText1=InstallWindows TS.
DataText2=Install the Windows TS. The Windows TS contains a set of tools to help
you manage terminal services.
DataText3=Once the installation is complete, click Start, click All Programs,
click Windows TS, click Documentation and open the Windows TS User's Guide.
Cmd=msiexec.exe
CmdParameters=/i "%RootDir%\wts.msi"
ErrorSoln=Check to make sure that this file is accessible. If it is not
accessible, try opening the file from its original location.
Action=OPEN

109


Windows 7 . ,
,
. , .

Windows (Windows Installer), InstallShield Wise Install. - . , , , .
,
, , ,
( ) . .
,
, (System Restore) (. 15).
, .
. (. 15), .
.
 , Windows 7. . , Microsoft Windows 7.
.
 , . ,
. (, Adobe Creative
Suite Microsoft Oce) ,
.
.
, , Windows 7 (Program
Compatibility Wizard). , .
. ,
.
(. Windows 7).

110

4. ,

(Program
Compatibility Assistant) (Program
Compatibility Wizard) ,
, , .
, Windows 7 .

, , . . , , ,
. .
 - Windows XP, . ,
,
. :
BIOS
.
BIOS .
 ,
.
, .
: ,
, , , .
, , , , .

. . ( ), ,
, .

Windows 64-
, 64- , . 64- ,
64- Windows.
, 64 , 64- Windows
,
. , 32- 4 . 3 ,
.

111

64-
(, , ,
).
, 4 ,
64-
Windows.

64- .
 16- .
 64-
Program Files.
 32-
Program Files (x86).
 32- HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE \
SOFTWARE\Wow6432Node ( HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE).
32- 64- .
, 64- 64 . ,
32- x86 .
, 32- 64-,
Ctrl+Alt+Delete, (Task Manager). (Processes) 32- 32.


, , . Windows 7 , .


Windows XP , Windows 7
, . , , , .
, , .
- DVD-, .
1. .
2. (AutoPlay), Setup.
exe (Run Setup.exe)
(Install or Run Program). . (37) .

112

4. ,

3. (AutoPlay) ,
(Start) (Computer).
.
4. Windows 7
( Autorun.inf ),
.
5. , (Windows Explorer).
.
6. .
7.
Windows (Windows Installer), InstallShield Wise Install. ,
.
, .
(Program Compatibility Assistant)
, .
. , .

,
. ,
, MS-DOS 16- Windows 7
Windows 7 .
- DVD-. , , ZIP- .
.
1. (Windows Explorer).
2. .
.zip, (Extract All).
ZIP- (Extract Compressed (Zipped) Folders).
... (Browse), OK.
(Extract).
.exe, , .
.
, (Run).
, , ... (Browse), OK.
(Extract) OK.

113

3. (Windows Explorer)
. ,
.
4. .
,
, .
,
.



Windows 2000 . , ,
. : . ( ,
Windows 98 )
.
, .
1. ,
.
2. , .
3. .
, .
1. ,
.
2. (Start), (All Programs). (Open).
3. (Programs)
. (Copy)
(Cut).
4. (Start), (All Programs).
(Open All Users).
5. (Programs) (Paste).
.
6. 25, , .

114

4. ,

Windows XP, , (Start) Windows 7,


, .
, , ,
- .

(
), .
1. , .
2. (Start), (All Programs).
(Open All Users).
3. (Programs) , (Cut).
4. (Start), (All Programs). (Open).
5. (Programs) (Paste).
.
6. 25, ,
.
, . (Windows
Explorer).

MS-DOS 16-
Windows 7
32- Windows 7 MSDOS 16- . , :
,
16- .
16- DOS 64- Windows
DOSBox. DOSBox DOS, x86 . ,
DOS- ,
. DOSBox http://www.dosbox.com.
, 16- Windows. 16 Windows XP.

MS-DOS 16- Windows 7 , . 16-

115

,
(, Chapter3.txt); .
8.3 MS-DOS.
, Windows 7 ( 255 ).
( , MS-DOS 16- ), Windows 7
.
MS-DOS 16- Windows 7 , 386 .
,
: Windows 3.0 Windows 3.1. Windows XP
, Windows 7 MS-DOS 16 . , .
16- MS-DOS ,
.
, Windows 7 16- MS-DOS . , , .
,
.
16- MS-DOS
, ,
.
1.
(Start), (Properties).
(Properties).
2.
(Open File Location). (Windows
Explorer) , .
3.
(Properties).
4. (Compatibility) .
5. OK, .

Windows XP
Windows XP Windows XP
Windows 7. ; Windows 7 Professional, Enterprise Ultimate.
(, Windows Virtual PC). Windows Virtual PC Windows XP Mode
Microsoft (http://www.microsoft.com/windows/virtual-pc/default.aspx).

116

4. ,

Windows, .
1. Virtual PC Windows 7, (32- 64-),
Windows XP (, Russian).
2. Windows Virtual PC. , , .
3. Windows XP Mode.
, , .
Windows Virtual PC
Windows XP Windows 7. Windows XP Mode,
.

Windows 7
,
, Windows 7
(Program Compatibility Assistant).
. .
:
 (Program Compatibility Wizard), ;
 .
,
(Program Compatibility Wizard)
, , CD DVD- .
(Program Compatibility Wizard) , .

(Program Compatibility Wizard)
(Program Compatibility Assistant).
.
 Windows 7 (Program
Compatibility Assistant), , .
 (Program Compatibility Wizard) , , -
.

117


(Program Compatibility Wizard), .
1. (Start), (Windows Explorer)
,
(Troubleshoot Compatibility).
(Program Compatibility Wizard).
2. , . , . (Try
Recommended Settings), (. 4.3)
(Start the program).
3. (Next)
.

, ,
(Yes, save these settings for this program).

, , (No, try again
using different settings) 3 .
, ,
Microsoft

(No, report the problem to Microsoft and check online for a solution).
,
(Cancel).

. 4.3.

118

4. ,

(Program Compatibility Wizard) .


1. (Start), (Windows Explorer)
,
(Troubleshoot Compatibility).
(Program Compatibility Wizard).
2. , . ,
(Troubleshoot Program) .
3. ? (What problems do you notice?)
, (. 4.4).
( (Next)) .
,
(The program worked on earlier versions of Windows but wont install or run
now). ,
Windows . , ,
. Windows 7 .
, (The program opens but
doesnt display correctly). ,
, (, Windows 98).
, . (256)
640480 ( ) ,
.
,
.
(The program requires
additional permissions).
, . , Windows XP
, .
, .
(I dont see my problem listed). ,
.
4. , .
.

119

. 4.4. ,

, ,
256 (Error message saying the program needs to run in 256 colors).
, 8- (256 ).
, ,
Windows 95 Windows 98.
(640480 ), (Program starts up in a small window (640480 pixels)
and wont switch to full screen). , 640480.
, ,
Windows 95 Windows 98.
(Windows transparency isnt displayed
properly). ,
. ,
, . , , , , .
(Program
does not display properly when large-scale font settings are selected). ,
. ,
.
(Window controls appear cut off, or the
program changes visual themes when started). ,
,
.
,

120

4. ,

,
Windows 7 Basic.
5. ,
(Cancel) , . , (Start the
program). , .
6. (Next)
.

, ,
(Yes, save these settings for this program).

, , (No, try again using
different settings) , 3.

, ,

(No, report the problem to Microsoft and check online for a solution).
,
(Cancel).
, .
, ,
.


(Program Compatibility Wizard), . , ,
. .
1.
(Properties). (Compatibility) (. 4.5).
, Windows.
.
2. .
,
(Change settings for all users).
(Properties) exe- -

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

121

,
.
(Run this
program in compatibility mode for), , .
(Settings),
. 256
640480 ( ).
, ,

.
(Run as
administrator),
. .
OK . ,
,
. ,
, Windows XP (
Windows XP).

. 4.5.

122

4. ,

, .
. , , ,
(Windows Explorer). , . , , , , .
.

,
(, Microsoft Word Adobe
Photoshop) ,

(Windows Explorer).
, , , ,
, .

.
. -, DVD-
, .
, ,
, . ,
Apple iTunes,
Windows Media Player.

, .
1. (Start), (Default
Programs).
2. (Set your default programs).
3. (. 4.6).
4.
, (Set this program
as default), OK. .
5.
, (Choose
defaults for this program).

123

6. (. 4.7).
7. (Save).

. 4.6. ,

. 4.7. ,

124

4. ,


( ), .
1. , .
2. (Default Programs) (Start) (Set Program Access and
Computer Defaults).
3. .
(Computer Manufacturer).
, Windows
. ,
, , Java-.
Windows.
Microsoft Windows. , , ,
Java- Microsoft Windows.
.
,
. , Microsoft Oce,
Microsoft
Outlook. ,
(E-mail program) Windows Mail .
Microsoft (Non-Microsoft).
, , , Java- Microsoft Windows.
Microsoft Windows. ,
Mozilla ,
Internet Explorer.
(Custom).
, , , Java- (. 4.8).
,
, (Enable access to
this program). , (
).

125

4. OK, .

. 4.8.

,

, (Programs and Features) (Control Panel).
Windows 7 , Windows, . ,
. ,
,
. Windows 7
, .
, ,
.
1. (Start)  (Control PanelProgramsUninstall a Program).

126

4. ,

2. (Name) :
(Change), ;
(Repair), ;
(Uninstall), ;
/ (Uninstall/Change),
.
, . ,
, Windows
. Windows
Installer Cleanup. Microsoft (http://support.microsoft.com/kb/290301).
Windows 7 ,
, Windows. Windows 2000 .
,
.
Program Files
, , , . , ,
,
.


(Task Manager) .
, Ctrl+Alt+Delete
(Start Task Manager).


, . , . , , .
(Task Manager) , (. 4.9).
 (Applications).
, ,
(, (Running) (Not Responding)). , (Task)
(End Task).
 (Processes).
, ( ), ,

127

. ,
(End Process).

. 4.9.

(Processes) , . ,
(Show processes from all users);
.
, . , .
 (Open File Location).
, , .
 (End Process).
.
 (End Process Tree).
.
 UAC (UAC Vizualization).
(
).
 (Create Dump File).
.
 (Properties).
(Properties) .

128

4. ,


(, ) .
, , , . ,
(System Conguration).
.

(System Conguration)
, .
1. (Control Panel) (System
and Security) (Administrative Tools). (System Conguration).
2. ( System Configuration )
(Startup) (. 4.10). . 4.1 .
4.1.

(Command)
(Date Disabled)
(Location)

(Manufacturer)
(Startup Item)


(
)
, , ,

,
Windows 7

. 4.10.

129


(System Conguration) .
.
 .
, ,
.
.
 .
, , . .
 .
, , (Enable All).
 .
, , (Disable All).
,
,
, , .
, ,
.

Windows
Windows XP / Windows (Add/Remove
Windows Components) (Add or Remove
Programs). Windows 7 Windows , .
. 4.2 Windows . , ( , ).
4.2. Windows

Windows

(Games)

, .
(Games), . ,
. :
Chess Titans, (FreeCell), (Hearts), InkBall,
Mahjong Titans, (Minesweeper), Purble Place,
(Solitaire) (Spider Solitaire)

130

4. ,

4.2 ()

Windows

(Indexing Service)

Internet
Explorer 8
IIS
(Internet
Information
Services)

-
IIS (Internet
Information
Services Hostable
Web Core)

(Media
Feature)
Microsoft .NET
Framework 3.5.1

MSMQ) (Microsoft
Message Queue
(MSMQ) Server)
(Print
and Document
Services)

(Remote
Differential
Compression)

Windows 7 Windows Search .


-,
(Indexing Services)

-
Windows 7 Internet Explorer 8.
,
Windows 7 Internet Information Services 7.
,
FTP,

- IIS

Windows 7
( , ).
DVD- (Windows DVD Maker), Windows Media Center
Windows Media (Windows Media Player)
.NET Framework 3.5.1
.
,
Windows Communication Foundation,

, -

.
- (Internet Printing Client) HTTP .
LPD (LPD Print Service)
Line Printer Daemon Remote Line Printer.
LPR- (LPR Port Monitor) TCP/ IP, UNIX.
(Scan Management)
.
Windows (Windows Fax and Scan)
, ,

.
,


-
(Internet Printing
Client)
Windows
(Windows Fax
and Scan)

Windows

RIP (RIP Listener)

NFS
(Services for NFS)

,
NFS (Network File Sharing). NFS (Client
for NFS), ,
NFS,

SNMP-
(Simple Network
Management
Protocol (SNMP))

SNMP- (Simple
Network Management Protocol agents),

. WMI- SNMP (WMI SNMP
Provider) ,


TCPIP (Simple
TCPIP Services)

UNIX
(Subsystem for
UNIX-based
Applications)

(Tablet
PC Optional
Components)
Telnet
(Telnet Client)
Telnet-
(Telnet Server)

TCP/IP, echo daytime.


,
Windows 7
UNIX

TFTP
(TFTP Client)
Windows
(Windows Gadget
Platform)
Windows
(Windows Process
Activation Service)
Windows Search
Windows
TIFF IFilter
(Windows TIFF
IFilter)

,
,
RIPv1 (Routing Information Protocol version 1)

131


, ,

(Input Panel), (Snipping Tool), (Sticky
Notes) Windows (Windows Journal)

Telnet

Telnet.
, Windows 7

TFTP

.NET Environment, API Windows


(Windows Process Activation Service)

,


TIFF, (OCR)

132

4. ,

4.2 ()

Windows
Windows Virtual
PC

Windows Virtual PC,


Windows XP (.
Windows XP)

XPS (XPS XPS-


Services)
XPS-
XPS (XPS
Viewer)

Windows Virtual
PC

. 4.11. Windows

Windows, .
1.   (StartControl PanelPrograms).

133

2. Windows (Turn
Windows features on or off).
Windows (Windows Features) (. 4.11).
3. , .
, .
4. OK, Windows 7
, .

, .
, , .
Windows 7, , , Plug and Play.
,
,
. , .

:

Windows 7 .
.
,
, .
.
 , .
,
( ), .
.
 , .
,
, , .
, , .
 ?
 ?
.

135

?
, ,
. , .
 PATA. PATA (Parallel ATA) . PATA Enhanced
Integrated Drive Electronics (EIDE), AT Attachment/AT
Attachment Packet Interface (ATA/ATAPI).
PATA ,
- PATA. PATA, PCI Express PATA.
, SATA (. ),
, , ,
.
 SATA. SATA (Serial ATA)
. ,
SATA. SATA , PATA,
, .
- SATA,
PCI Express SATA,
SATA.
 SCSI. SCSI (Small Computer
System Interface): (, ) , . SATA
PATA SCSI
. SCSI ,
, : 15 000 , 7200 (, ,
SCSI SATA
PATA ).
, . , ,
.

Windows 7 SATA PATA,


, . SATA, PATA .
, SATA PATA, , . PATA
SATA (. 5.1).

136

5.

. 5.1. PATA SATA

PATA SATA. PATA 100 ; .


PATA 810 ; ,
()/
() (Master/Slave).
: , (Cable Select).
SATA
150 300 ; . SATA 48 ;
()/ () (Master/Slave) .

?
: . , , ,
. - .
.
 USB (Universal Serial Bus). USB 2.0
Windows.
480 (
10 30 ).
, ,
. USB,
, ,
, .
USB 2.0 USB-
(USB 1.0 1.1), .
USB 2.0, PCI PCI Express USB 2.0.

137

 FireWire. FireWire, IEEE 1394,


Windows. ,
, ,
. FireWire , FireWire 400 FireWire 800.
FireWire 400 (IEEE 1394a) 400 ;
, ,
, .
FireWire 800 (IEEE 1394b)
800 ;
, ,
. FireWire,
PCI PCI Express FireWire.
 eSATA. eSATA (External Serial ATA)

. eSATA , USB 2.0 FireWire 400,
, FireWire 800. eSATA,
eSATA.
Windows 7 USB, FireWire eSATA, .
USB / FireWire ,
USB, FireWire
eSATA. , USB / FireWire,
. , USB FireWire, . 5.2.

. 5.2. USB FireWire

USB . -,
USB 1.0, 1.1 2.0 . , USB-
, . USB- .
USB 1.0.
USB 1.1 USB 2.0. ,
/
USB 2.0, USB- USB 1.1.

138

5.

, , USB 2.0.
, LCD- USB 2.0, . USB. USB
USB-,
.
, USB- , .
USB-, (
).

FireWire . , FireWire 400 FireWire 800 ( , ).


FireWire 400, . FireWire 800 .
FireWire 400 .
, .
, , ,
. Windows USB (1.0 ), FireWire eSATA. ,
, , , USB. , ( USB 2.0 FireWire 400) (
USB 2.0, FireWire 400 eSATA). .
,
, ( 5400 4200
) USB-
USB- ( ). ( 7200 ,
5400 ) ,
.
,
, Y-, .
FireWire : FireWire 400 FireWire 800,
.

:
, , .
. ,

139

32- Windows, 64-


. ,
32- , 64- , .
, (HAL) .
, , . ,
.

:
 ;
 ;
 .
.

?
Windows 7 ,
. 32- 32-
%SystemRoot% \System32\DriverStore. 64- 64- %SystemRoot% \System32\DriverStore,
32- %SystemRoot%\SysWOW64\DriverStore.
,
, . , U.S. English
en-US.
, 10 000 . DriverStore\FileRepository
. ,
, , .
Microsoft , Windows 7. , .
Plug and Play, Windows 7
. , .
. .inf .sys . .pnf .dll.

140

5.

( .inf). ,
. ,
msmouse.inf Microsoft
PS/2
(. 5.3).

. 5.3.

INF- HAL
,
. .sys. .dll. ( .amx).
XML Manifeststore. - ,
, Plug and Play,
.
, , Drivers ( .sys). Drivers
, . ,
U.S. English ,
en-US.

141

,
U.S. English , , :
 DriverStore
 DriverStore\en-US
 DriverStore\FileRepository
 Drivers
 Drivers\en-US
 Manifeststore
, Drivers, .
.inf . , inf-
.
DriverStore\FileRepository .

?
Microsoft .
, ,
Windows Hardware Quality Lab.
Microsoft,
.
, ,
Microsoft . ,
Microsoft
.
. , Windows 7. ( ,
Microsoft) ,
, , ,
.
,
, , ( ) .

.


?
14, Windows 7 Windows (Windows Update),

142

5.

, , Microsoft.
Windows , .
.
Windows
, , ( ) .

. ,

. ,
Windows 7 Windows.
,
. ,
,
. .
1. ( Start ), 
 (Control PanelSystem and SecuritySystem).
2. (System) (Change
Settings ) , (Computer Name, Domain, and Workgroup Settings).
(Advanced System Settings) .
3. (System Properties )
(Hardware)
(Device Installation Settings).
4. (. 5.4).
, () (Yes, do this automatically (recommended)).
, (No, let me choose what to do).
5. OK, .
, Windows , .
, Windows , .
, .
,
.
1. (Control Panel)
(System and Security) Windows (Windows
Update).

143

. 5.4.

, (System Restore) (. 15).


,
.

2. Windows (Windows Update) ,


- .
(. 5.5), .

. 5.5.

144

5.

3. (Select updates to install) ,


. OK. . 5.6
Games for Windows LIVE
.

. 5.6.

,

, , . ,
(Device Manager). , .


(Device Manager) , . .
1. (Control Panel)
(System and Security).
2. (System) (Device
Manager).
,
, (. 5.7). - (, DVD CD-ROM ), .

145

. 5.7.

- .

- .
 , - .
(View) , .
 (Devices by type).
(, ).
.
 (Devices by connection).
. ,
ACPI Multiprocessor PC ACPI x86 (ACPI x86-based
PC). ACPI
. ,
, .
, ACPI ,
(, PCI (PCI Bus)).
PCI (PCI Bus), , PCI.

146

5.

 (Resources by type). ,
, .
-, (IPQ), (DMA).
 (Resources by connection). , , .
 . ,
,
.

,

,
, , . ,
, , . ,
, , .

(Disk Drives)
(Device Manager), ,
, (, USB ATA).

. 5.8. ,

147

, (Properties)
(Policies), ,
. (, USB) : (Quick removal)
(Better Performance) (. 5.8). USB , . (, ATA-)
, , ,
.

(Display adapters)
(Device Manager), (), , (, NVIDIA
GeForce 7950 GT). WDDM (Windows
Display Driver Model), Windows 7
Premium Ready, .
DVD- CD-ROM-
DVD CD-ROM (DVD/CD-ROM Drives) (Device Manager), DVD- CD-ROM-,
, , .
DVD- , /. DVD- DVD+RW, DVD+R; DVD-RW, DVD-R; DVD+-RW,
DVD+R, DVD-R.
DVD-
. , , ,
DVD-R, DVD+R.
100 - , ,
, . ,
DVD- DVD-R.

, DVD-,
. DVD- , . DVD- ,
, , 1. ,
DVD-ROM- . ,
DVD-ROM- (Device
Manager), (Properties) DVD (DVD
Region) (. 5.9). ,
OK.

148

5.

, (Changes remaining) (. 5.9).


, ,
DVD- .

. 5.9. DVD

HID
HID (Human Interface Devices) (Device Manager), ,
( , ). .
- IEEE 1394
- IEEE 1394 (IEEE 1394 host
controllers) (Device Manager), - IEEE 1394, (
IEEE 1394).

(Imaging Devices)
(Device Manager), , -
, .

149

(Keyboards) (Device
Manager), , . , .
, ,
(Properties) (Power Management).
,
,
(Allow this device to wake the computer).

(Mice and other
pointing devices) (Device Manager), , ( , . .).
, ,
.
, , (Properties)
(Power Management). ,
,
(Allow this device to wake the
computer). , , .

.
( ).

(Monitor) (Device
Manager), , . ,
.

(Network Adapters)
(Device Manager), ,
( Ethernet ).
,
.

150

5.

,
. ,
,
. - ,
, .
,
.
1. (Device Manager)
, (Properties)
(Power Management) (. 5.10).

. 5.10.

2. , , (Allow the computer to turn off this device to save power).


, .
Wake-on-LAN,
, http://www.depicus.com/wake-on-lan/.

3. ,
, -

151

(Allow this device to wake the computer).

, ,
.
, ,
(FFFFFFFFFFFF );
.
4. OK.
, , ,
Microsoft , -
. , (Advanced) (Properties) .

,
, (Sound, video,
and game controllers) (Device Manager),
, , , , , , , , . , , - .
, , .

(System devices)
(Device Manager), , . , ACPI PCI Express.
,
( ),
.
CMOS 7 10 .
, .
1. (Device Manager)
(System devices). CMOS
(System CMOS/real time clock) (Properties).
2. (Details) (. 5.11) (Current power state), (Power data)
, .
3. , , ,
.

152

5.

4. , , , .

. 5.11.

USB-
USB (Universal Serial Bus controllers) (Device Manager), USB-, , ,
. -
, . USB,
. , USB - (USB Universal Host Controller)
USB2 - (USB2 Enhanced Host Controller),
USB 1.0/1.1 USB 2.0.
USB 5 , . USB , .
USB,
. ,
USB-, USB,
. (Properties)
USB , .
(General) (Location)
(. 5.12).

153

USB (, Bluetooth), , ,
. ( ,
USB.)
, .


(Power Management). (Properties)
, . (Hub
Information) (. 5.12). (Attached Devices)
, . ,
.

. 5.12. USB

(Power), , . USB
, 500 .
USB-, USB-
USB. , ,
, - USB.
,
. ,
- ,
(General). (Hub information)
(Advanced) , . ,
(Reset Hub).

154

5.

.
, . , , . ( )
USB,
( , ,
BIOS
PCI-to-USB). , ,
.

USB
,
. (Power Management).
USB , .
(Properties) USB. (Advanced) (. 5.13).
USB, .
, USB
,
,
.

. 5.13.

, USB 2.0 USB1.0


USB1.0, Windows , .
USB 1.0/1.1, USB 2.0,
USB 2.0 .
, .
, (Tell me if my device can

155

perform faster) (Advanced)


, ,
. , (Device Manager).
, .
 (Properties). (Properties)
.
 (Uninstall). .
 (Disable). , .
 (Enable). , .
 (Update Driver Software). (Hardware Update Wizard),
.
 (Scan for Hardware Changes).
.
. (Properties).
(Driver)
(Driver Details).
(Driver File Details).
(. 5.14).
 (Driver les). ,
.

. 5.14.

156

5.

 (Provider). .
 (File version). .
 (Digital signer). , . Microsoft
.

,
, , . .
, ,
. , .


,
, . , ,
.

,
.
1. (Control Panel)
(Large Icons) (Small Icons)
(Keyboard). : (Keyboard
Properties) (. 5.15). (
, (Category) (View by).)
2. (Repeat delay),
( , ). .
(Long),
.
(Short), .
, ( (Long)).
.
, ,
( (Short)).
3. (Repeat rate), . ( (Fast)).

, ,
.

157

4. .
.
5. (Cursor blink rate), . ,
(None).
, ,
.

. 5.15.


, .
, .
1. (Control Panel)
(Large Icons) (Small Icons)
(Keyboard).
2. (Hardware) (Properties).
3. : (Keyboard Properties)
(Driver).
4. , ,
.

(, IntelliType
Microsoft), : (Keyboard Properties)

158

5.

, Key Settings ( ) Zooming ( ).


,
. , ,
.

IntelliType, .
1. (Control Panel) (Keyboard).
2. Key Settings ,
. Update... ()
, Update.
3. Update, Update Keyboard
( ).
4. (, Microsoft
Natural Ergonomic Keyboard 800).
5. Keyboard Model ( )
OK .

IntelliType, .
1. (Control Panel) (Keyboard).
2. Key Settings
(, Starts America Online ( America
Online) Not Assigned ( )). ,
, Edit ().
3. Reassign A Key ( ).
,
. (,
Mail ()) .
Start a program ( ). , , , . , Mail
America Online, Outlook, Windows Mail Hotmail.
Choose from a list of commands ( ). Next (). , (, Copy (Ctrl+C) (
)), Finish ().
Start a program, Web page, or le ( , -
). Next (). Browse () ,
. OK. ,
-. Finish ().

159

Disable the using of this key ( ).


Finish (),
.
4. OK.

IntelliType
.
1. (Control Panel)
(Large Icons) (Small Icons)
(Keyboard).
2. Zooming () ,
.
3. , Enable Zooming (
). , , , .
4. , Enable Accelerated Zooming ( ). , , ,
.
5. OK.


, , ,
, ? , , , , .
,
.

, .
1. (Control Panel)
(Hardware and Sound) (Mouse).
: (Mouse Properties) (. 5.16).
2. (Buttons) .
, , ,
. (Switch primary and secondary buttons). ,
. , , .
(Double-click speed),
, .
, ,

160

5.

( , ). , . .
, , .
(Turn on ClickLock), .

, , , .
3. (Pointer Options).
(Motion), . .
,
. ,
(Enhance pointer precision).
, .

. 5.16.

, (Automatically
move pointer to the default button...),
, .

161

(Display pointer trails),


. , . . ,
CTRL (Show location of pointer
when I press the Ctrl key).
(Hide
pointer while typing), ( ).
4. (Wheel).

. ,
(Vertical scrolling). (One screen at
a time), .
,
. .
(Horizontal
Scroll), .
5. OK, .

, , ,
. , .
1. (Control Panel)
(Hardware and Sound) (Mouse).
2. (Hardware) (Properties).
3. : (Mouse Properties)
(Driver).
4. , ,
.


, , . (, ). Windows 7 , . Windows 7
.
. ,
, .

162

5.


.
1. , .
2. , ; .
3. ,
(Mixer), (Applications),

.
, . , .



(Sound). .
, .
1. (Control Panel)
(Hardware and Sound) (Sound).
2. (Playback) , .
(Properties).
3. (Levels)
.
, .
, . , .
, (Balance).
(L) (R),
. OK.
4. OK, .

, .
1. (Control Panel)
(Hardware and Sound) (Sound).

163

2. (Playback) (Congure).
Speaker Setup Wizard ( ).
3. (Choose Your Conguration)
(Audio channels).
.
(Stereo). , .
(Quadraphoni). , : , ,
.
5.1 (5.1 Surround). ,
, ,
, .
7.1 (7.1 Surround). ,
, ,
, , , ,
.
4. ,
(Test). , ,
. (Next).
5. 5.1 (5.1 Surround) 7.1
(7.1 Surround), Customize Your Conguration (
). : , , ( ), . , ,
. (Next), .
6. Select Full-Range Speakers ( )
. ,
Front Left and Right ( ).
, Front Left and Right,
Surround Speakers ( 3D-) .
.
7. (Next), (Finish).

, .
1. (Control Panel)
(Hardware and Sound) (Sound).
2. (Playback) , .
(Properties).

164

5.

3. (Advanced) (Default Format).


, 16 , 44100 (-) (16bit, 44,100 Hz CD Quality) 24 , 48000 ( ) (24-bit 48,000
Hz Studio Quality).

, .
1. (Control Panel)
(Hardware and Sound) (Sound).
2. (Recording) ,
.
(Properties).
3. (Levels) , . (Balance) ( )
(L) (R) . OK.
4. (MIC Boost), .
(MIC Boost) Custom ().
5. OK, .

, .
1. (Control Panel)
(Hardware and Sound) (Sound).
2. (Recording) ,
.
(Properties).
3. (Advanced)
(Default Format). ,
2 , 16 , 44100 (-) (2-channel,
16-bit, 44,100 Hz CD Quality) 24 , 48000 ( ) (24-bit 48,000
Hz Studio Quality).
4. OK, .


,
, , .
,
.
, , . ,

165

. ,
.
1. (Control Panel) ,
(Clock, Language, and Region)
(Region and Language).
2. (Formats)
(Format) (. 5.17). (Examples) .
3. (Date and time formats) . , (Additional Settings).
OK, (Customize Format).

. 5.17.

4. (, ). (Location) ,
.
5. (Keyboards and Languages)
(Change keyboards).

166

5.

(Text services and input languages) (Default input language)


, .
6. ,
, . (Language
Bar) .
7. , Left+Alt+Shift.
(Advanced Key Settings)
,
. (Hot keys for input languages)
(, () (To
English (United States) US))
(Change Key Sequence). (Change Key
Sequence) (Enable Key Sequence),
(, Ctrl+0) OK.
8. OK, .
Windows 7 . Windows 7. . , .
1. (Control Panel) ,
(Clock, Language, and Region)
(Region and Language).
2. (Keyboards and Languages)
(Install/uninstall languages).
3. (Install display languages).
4. Windows
(Windows Update), Launch Windows Update (
Windows). ... (Browse),
.


.
. , - .
,
.

, .

167

1. .
(Change date and
time settings). (Date and Time
Settings).
2. , (Change
date and time). (. 5.18), . OK.
3. ,
(Change Time Zone). (. 5.19), .
. ,
(Automatically adjust clock for Daylight Saving
Time). , .
4. ,
, (Date and Time)
, . (Notify
me when the clock changes).
5. OK, .

. 5.18.

. 5.19.

168

5.


,
( ). .
1. .
(Change date and
time settings). (Date and Time
Settings).
2. (Additional Clocks) (. 5.20).
3. , (Show this
clock). .
(, ).
4. , (Show this
clock). .
(, ).
5. OK, .

. 5.20.

,
.
(Local Time).

, .

169

, , , , .
, ,
.
1. .
(Change date and
time settings). (Date and Time
Settings).
2. (Internet Time)
(Change settings).
(Internet Time Settings) (. 5.21).

. 5.21.

3. ,
(Synchronize with an Internet time server) . ,
time.windows.com time.nist.gov.
.
4. , .
5. , (Update now).
,
. ,
, .
6. OK, .


Windows 7
, Windows XP . , ,

170

5.

, Windows 7. Windows 7, ,
.


Windows 7
, , .
Windows 7 , , , ,

. , ,
Windows (Windows Update) , .
.
Windows (Windows Update) ,
. .
1. (Control Panel)
(System and Security) Windows (Windows
Update).
2. (Change settings).
3. (Important Updates)
(Install updates automatically) (. 5.22).
4. (Install new updates) . ,
.
5. , ,
... (Give me recommended
updates...).
6. , , ... (Allow all
users to install updates...).
7. OK.
, .
Windows . , .
1. (Control Panel)
(System and Security) Windows (Windows
Update).
2. (Check for Updates)
Windows, ,
.

171

. 5.22. Windows

3. , .
4. (Select updates to install)
,
. OK.
5. OK, Windows 7 (
(System Restore)). (. 15).
Windows 7 . , , (Action Center).
, , .
.
. 5.23 ,
.
(Action Center) (Maintenance),
.
,
(View Message Details). .

172

5.

,
- (. 5.24).
, .

. 5.23. ,

. 5.24. ,

173


Plug and Play , ,
, .
Plug and Play, . , Windows, .
1. .
2. .
3. .
4. .
5. , Windows 7 .
USB, FireWire eSATA, Windows, .
1. .
2. .
3. , Windows 7 .

. , USB,
.
Windows 7 (. 5.25),
. (Driver Software Installation) (. 5.26).
- .

. 5.25. Windows

. 5.26.

174

5.

,
Plug and Play . Windows 7 ,
, .
Windows ,
, . ,
,
(Device Installation Settings) (Hardware) (System Properties) (.
?).
Windows 7
(Driver Software Installation)
. (, ,
. 5.27).
(Action Center). , , .

. 5.27.

Windows 7 ,
. . .
Windows ,
.
, , .


. (HAL).
, ,
, .

175

,
(, /), , , - .
,

. Windows (Windows Update),
. ,
, , , , . , -
.
, . - , , , . ,
. ,
(. ).

(Device Manager). (Control Panel) (System and Security)
(Device Manager) (System). ... (Update
Driver). (Update Driver Software Wizard)
(. 5.28).

. 5.28.

176

5.

.
 Windows Update .
1) (Search automatically
for updated driver software) .
2) Windows 7 ( ,
), .
, .
3) (Close).
 , .
1) (Browse my computer
for driver software). (Browse), ,
,
.
2) (Browse for Folder) OK.
.
3) Windows 7
, ,
. , .
4) (Close).
 .
1) (Browse my computer
for driver software),
(Let me pick from a list of device drivers on my computer),
.
2) (, Imaging devices (
) Printers ())
(Next).
3) , ,
.
4) ,
CD-ROM-,
(Have Disk).
. .
5) . (Next).
6) , -
.
7) (Close).

177


, . , .
, (Last Known Good Conguration)
(Safe Mode) (. 15).
.
, Repair Your Computer (
) Advanced Boot ( ), .
(System Recovery) 15.
(,
). ,
.
1. (Control Panel)
(System and Security) (Device Manager)
(System).
2.
(Properties).
(Properties) .
3. (Driver) (Roll back
driver). ,
(Yes).
4. (Close),
(Properties) .
, , . (Roll back driver) ,
.

, ,

USB, FireWire
eSATA ( USB -,
) . , ,
, (,
). USB, FireWire eSATA, , .
,
.

178

5.

1. , PowerShell Windows Explorer,


.
2. , , .
3. (Start) (Computer).
(Computer) ( (Windows Explorer)).
4. (Devices with Removable Storage)
(Portable Devices) , (. 5.29). .
,
(Eject). ,
( ,
),
(Continue), .

. 5.29. ,

(, ),

. ,
.
(,
, USB ), , ,
.
5. .

179

,
.
, .
, ,
, , .

, . , Windows 7
.
Windows 7,
. Windows 7 . ,
.
, , ( ),
. Windows 7
. ,
.
, .
1. (Device Manager)
(Uninstall).
2. (Conrm Device Uninstall)
(. 5.30)
(Delete the driver software for this device), , Windows 7
.
.
3. OK.

. 5.30.

180

5.

,
.
1. (Device Manager)
(Disable).
2. (. 5.31),
(Yes).
3. ,
(Device Manager), (Enable).

. 5.31.


Windows 7 .
Windows , (Problem Reports and Solutions). , (Action Center), .
.
1. (Control Panel)
(System and Security) (Action Center).
2. (Action Center) (Maintenance), .
,
(Troubleshooting).
3. (Hardware and Sound), .
4. , Windows
.
, . , ,
, (Device Manager). (General) (Properties) .

181

(Device Manager)
(Properties), .
, . , .
1. (Control Panel)
(System and Security) (Device Manager)
(System).
2.
(Properties).
3. (Driver) (Update Driver).
4. , .
. (Device Manager)
(Uninstall).
(Conrm Device Uninstall)
OK, (Delete the driver software for this device). , , .
, .
, - . , .

II

6 .....................184
7 , ..............217
8
Windows 7 ..............................................................245

, (User Account Control, UAC) Windows 7


, .
(,
Windows Defender Windows Firewall), .
( ),
, , ,
, .
, ,
, , . , , ,
, , , , ! , ,
.
,
. , ,
.
. ,
, . , , , ,
. ( , ,
, ,
), , .

185


. .
, , . FAT (File
Allocation Table) NTFS (NT File System). , FAT NTFS .

FAT NTFS
FAT, NTFS ; . FAT ,
, .
USB MP3- 4
16- FAT. FAT16, FAT, 16 . ,
4 .
4 (, ) 32- FAT (FAT32). 32 ,
32 . FAT ,
: , .
, NTFS . ,
, .
,
, ,
. NTFS ,
, NTFS, , .
,
, .


( , ) , .
 (Read-only).
.

186

6.

 (Hidden).
, ,
(Show hidden les, folders, and drives).
 (System). ,
(Hide protected
operating system les).
(Read-Only)
(Hidden) , .
1. (Windows Explorer)
(Properties), .
2. (General) (. 6.1)
(Read-only), .
, .
3. (,
, (Show hidden
les, folders, and drives)), (Hidden).
, .
4. OK, .

. 6.1.

Windows 7 (System).
, .
, . .

187

1. (Windows Explorer) (Organize)


(Folder and Search
Options).
2. (View) (. 6.2) ,
(Show hidden les and folders), , .
3. , (Hide protected operating system les).
4. OK, .

. 6.2.

, .
.

NTFS
FAT ; NTFS . NTFS ,
. (, ), NTFS.
 . , .

188

6.

 . , .
 , . ,
.
 . , , .
 . ,
,
.
.
, , , .
ComputerName\AccountName. DadsComputer, Dad,
DadsComputer\Dad.
DomainName\AccountName. TheOfce, WilliamS,
TheOfce\WilliamS.
,
.
(, (Administrators) (Users)).
(Administrators) . (Users) . ,
,
.


NTFS, NTFS.
, NTFS : , , , ,
. .


NTFS (ACL) . . 6.1, .

189

,
.
, .
, , Windows
( ). .
6.1.

(Full
Control)



. , ,
. , , .
,

, ,
(Modify)
. ,
. , , ,

. ,
(Read &
.
Execute)
,
. , (List Folder
Contents) (Read)
- , .
(List Folder
,
Contents)

(Read)
.
, .
,
.

(Write)
.
, .


,
.
1. (Windows Explorer)
(Properties).

190

6.

2. (Properties) (Security).
(Group or user names) , ,
(. 6.3). ,

(Permissions for Users) (Permissions for
Groups).
(), ,
. ( .)

3. ,
(Edit). (Security)
.

. 6.3.

4. ,
.
5. ,
(Allow) (Deny)
(Permissions for Users). (Allow), , , .

191

6. , (Deny).
.
7. OK, .

, .
1. (Windows Explorer)
(Properties).
2. (Properties) (Security).
(Group or user names) , ,
.
3. , ,
, ... (Edit).
(Security) .
4. (Add), :
(Select Users or Groups) (. 6.4).

. 6.4. :

5. .
(Check Names)
.
, .
, , .
OK.
, , , . (Name Not Found) (Check Names).

192

6.

6. .
,
.
7. OK, .

, .
1. (Windows Explorer)
(Properties).
2. (Properties) (Security).
(Group or user names) , ,
.
3. (Edit),
(Security) .
4. ,
, (Remove).
5. OK, .


. , Windows 7 .
. 6.2
.
6.2.

(Read)

/ (List Folder/Read Data)


(Read Attributes)
(Read Extended Attributes)
(Read Permissions)

(Synchronize)
(Read & (Read),
Execute) -
(List Folder Contents)
/ (Traverse Folder/Execute File)
(Write)
/ (Create Files/Write Data)
/ (Create Folders/Append Data)
(Write Attributes)
(Write Extended Attributes)
(Read Permissions)
(Synchronize)


(Modify)

193


(Read),

(Write),

(Full Control)

(Delete)
,
(Delete Subfolders and Files)
(Change Permissions)
(Take Ownership)


,
.
1. (Windows Explorer)
(Properties).
2. (Properties) (Security) (Advanced).
(Advanced Security Settings for) , (Security).

.
3. (Permissions)
(Change Permissions). (Permissions)
(. 6.5).

. 6.5.

194

6.

4. , , (Edit).
(Permission Entry for)
(. 6.6). (), ,
. ( ), ( (Deny)
(Allow) ).
5. ,
(Allow) (Deny) (Permissions for).
(Allow), , , .
6. , (Deny).
.
7. OK, .

. 6.6.


, .
1. (Windows Explorer)
(Properties).

195

2. (Properties) (Security)
(Advanced).
(Advanced Security Settings for).
3. (Permissions)
(Change Permissions). (Permissions)
.
4. , ,
, (Add),
: (Select User or Group).
5. .
(Check Names)
.
, , .
, , . OK.
, , , . (Name Not Found) (Check Names).
6. (Permissions Entry for) ,
.
7. OK, .

,
.
1. (Windows Explorer)
(Properties).
2. (Properties) (Security)
(Advanced).
(Advanced Security Settings for).
3. (Permissions)
(Change Permissions). (Permissions)
.
4. ,
, (Remove).
5. OK, .

,
,
.

196

6.

, (Properties) .
.
, .
.
,
.
.
1. (Windows Explorer)
(Properties).
2. (Properties) (Security)
(Advanced).
(Advanced Security Settings for).
3. (Owner) (Edit).
(Owner) (. 6.7).
4. (Other users or groups),
: (Select
User or Group).
5. .
(Check Names)
.
, .
, , . OK.
, , , . (Name Not Found) (Check Names).
6. (Change owner to) . ,
, (Replace owner on subcontainers and objects).
7. OK , .
, , .
1. (Windows Explorer)
(Properties).
2. (Properties) (Security)
(Advanced).
(Advanced Security Settings for).

197

. 6.7.

3. (Owner) (Edit).
(Owner) .
4. (Change owner to) . ,
, (Replace owner on subcontainers and objects).
5. OK , .
,
takeown. .   (StartAll ProgramsAccessories),
(Command
Prompt) (Run as Administrator).
cd ,
, takeown /f lename, lename ,
.

. takeown . ,
takeown /?.

198

6.


, ,
, ,
.
.
C: C:\. , ,
C.
. ,
C:\Data.
, , .
, . (), , , .
,
. :
 ,
;
 , ( , (Deny) (Allow));
 ,
.
, , .
1. (Windows Explorer)
(Properties).
2. (Properties) (Security)
(Advanced). (Advanced Security
Settings for).
3. (Permissions)
(Change Permissions). (Permissions)
.
4. ,
(Include inheritable permissions from this objects parent).
5. Windows (Windows Security)
(. 6.8). (Add),
, ;
(Remove), .
6. , OK, .

199

. 6.8.


,
,
, - . , Windows 7
.
.
1. (Windows Explorer)
(Properties).
2. (Properties) (Security)
(Advanced). (Advanced Security
Settings for).
3. (Effective Permissions)
(Select). :
(Select User or Group).
4. .
(Check Names)
.
, .
, , . OK.
, , , . (Name Not Found) (Check Names).
(. 6.9).

200

6.

. 6.9.


, , ,
- . .
. (,
- USB). Windows 7 , .


, ,
Windows 7 : . .
, .
,
NTFS. ,
, :

201

NTFS . , , . .
, , (Public).
, ,
( ).
(Public) .
. (Public) ,
.
Windows 7
. , Windows 7 . ,
.
.
, Windows 7
, , .
,
. :

. (Home).
, .
1.   
(StartControl PanelNetwork and InternetNetwork And Sharing
Center).
2. (Network and Sharing
Center) , (. 6.10).
3. (Work network) (Public),
,
(Work network) (Work network).
4. ,
(Home network).
5. Windows (Create a Homegroup)
(Join a Homegroup). (
, Windows .)
6. , ,
(. 6.11).
(Next). Windows
. .
(Finish).

202

6.

7. ,
. (Next)
, , .
(Finish).

. 6.10.

. 6.11. ,

, . -

203

,
(Include In Library), (,
(Documents)). - , .
.
Windows 7 Starter Home Basic
, .

Windows 7 , . ,
Windows Media (Windows Media Player). ,
Xbox 360 ,
,
, .
, .
, , , ,
. , , .
, .
1.    (Start
Control PanelNetwork and InternetHomegroup).
2. (Change homegroup settings)
, ,
(Save changes) (. 6.12).
, .
, , . .
, .
,
.
1.   
(StartControl PanelNetwork and InternetNetwork And Sharing
Center).

204

6.

. 6.12.

2. (Network and Sharing


Center)
(Change advanced sharing settings) .
3. Windows 7 .
, (. 6.13).
4. , , ,
.
, (Turn on network discovery).
, (Turn off
network discovery).
5. , ,
. ,
(Turn on le and printer sharing). ,
(Turn off le and printer sharing).

205

. 6.13.

6. ,
. ,
(Turn on sharing). ,
(Turn on sharing).
7. Windows Media (Windows Media Player). .
,
(Choose
Media Streaming Options)
(Turn On Media Streaming) (. 6.14). OK.
Windows (Music), (Pictures), - (Recorded TV) (Video)
, .
, ,
(Choose Media Streaming

206

6.

Options), ... (Choose Default


Settings). (Choose Parental Ratings)
(Only),
. (Star Ratings)
(Only), / (Include unrated les).

,
(Choose Media Streaming
Options), (Block All).
8. Windows . 128- . ,
128- , , ,
, .
, ,
. , Windows 7
128- .

9. ,
, (Public).
, (Turn
on password protected sharing). ,
(Turn off password protected sharing).
10. Windows . , .
, ,
(Use user accounts and passwords
to connect to other computers).
11. (Save changes).
.

. ,
.

(Public), .
.
.

207

. 6.14.


:
NTFS.
, , .
NTFS, , . . 6.3 , .
6.3.

(Owner)

/
(Read/Write)
(Read)


. ,
, ,
,
,
,
,

, NTFS, . ,
, , .

208

6.

,
.
, , A,
(Reader), B,
(Owner). (Owner).
, - .
, . , , , - . , ,
(Owner), .
, Windows (File and Printer Sharing)
Windows (Windows Firewall), . Server Message Block (SMB).
Windows (Windows Explorer) .
. , .
.
 ,
UNC-. , EngPC26
C:\My Data Data, UNC- \\EngPC26\Data.
 ,
(Users) . , Windows (Users). ,
WilliamS
Documents EngPC18, UNC-
: \\EngPC18\Users\WilliamS \Documents.
,
Windows (Windows Explorer),
(Share With) .
 (Nobody),
.
 () (Homegroup (Read)),
, , .
 ( ) (Homegroup (Read/Write)),
, ,
.

209

 (Specic People),
, .
(Specic People),
(File Sharing) (. 6.15).

. 6.15.

,
. .
1. (Add)
, .
(Homegroup),
.
. ,
, .
2. (Add),
(Name). . , : (Read), (Read/Write),
(Remove).
.
3. , .
Windows , (copy) (. 6.16).
(Done).

210

6.

. 6.16.

, .
1. (Windows Explorer)
(Properties).
(Properties) .
2. (Sharing )
(Advanced Sharing).
(Advanced Sharing) (. 6.17)
(Share this folder).
3. Windows ,
.
4. (Permissions).
... (Permissions For...) . : (Full Control)
( (Owner)), (Change) (
/ (Read/Write)), (Read). OK.
5. (Caching). (Ofine Settings) ,
. OK.
6. (Sharing) .
. (Close).
,
Windows (Windows Explorer), (Share With) (Nobody).

211

. 6.17.


,
, .
,
.
1. (Start) (Computer).
Windows (Windows Explorer) (Map Network Drive)
. (. 6.18).
2. (Drive) .
3. (Browse) (Folder). (Browse for Folder) (Network)
, .
4. , .
OK.
5. (Reconnect at logon),
, Windows 7
.
6. , , ,
(Connect using different credentials).
7. (Finish). ,
, .
(Remember my credentials),
. OK.

212

6.

. 6.18.

, .
1. (Start) (Computer).
2. Windows (Windows Explorer) (Network
Location)
(Disconnect).


, .
, ,
, .
() .
1. ,
.
2. , , .
3. , , , .
, .

213

1. (Windows Explorer)
(Properties).
2. (Properties) (Sharing).
, .
, .
3. (Advanced Sharing).
4. (Advanced Sharing)
(Caching).
5. (Ofine Settings)
(. 6.19).
(Only the
les and programs that users specify are available ofine).

.
(All les and programs that users open from the shared folder are automatically
available ofine).

. , (Optimize for Performance) Windows XP
.
6. OK .
, ,
, ,
. ,
, .

.

,
(Always
Available Ofine). , , , .
, , ,
.
1. (Start) (Computer). (Computer).
2. (Network Location)
(Include In Library),
(, (Documents)).

214

6.

. 6.19. , ()


(LAN),
, .
,
. ,
Windows 7 , , .
Windows 7 , .
,
.
.
, Windows 7 .
, , Windows 7
, .
, .
,
, , . ,
(Sync Center) (. 6.20).

, . .

215

1.   (StartAll
ProgramsAccessoriesSync Center).
2. , , , .
3. , ,
(Ofine Files).
.
, (Sync All). ,
, , Ctrl, .
,
(Sync)
.
, (View sync results).
, ,
, ,
.

. 6.20.

216

6.

, , - . ,
.
1. (Sync Center)
(View sync conicts).
2. . ,
.
3. .
, .
, On This Computer
( ). , , , .
Keep Both Versions ( ),
.
, ,
.
, Windows Media (Windows
Media Player), .

Windows 7 , , .
80 , Windows 7 , .
, . (Ofine Files) (Schedule).
, , (Next). , . ,
3:00 PM .

, : , , . , ( )
Windows 7 , . (,
Windows 7).
- , ,
Windows 7 . , , . ,
Windows 7, ,
.
, .

,
Windows 7 , .
- .
.
, .
USB-.
Ethernet, Bluetooth WiFi, , .
, , ,
. , , ( , Windows).
.
. , , , .

218

7. ,

-,
Windows (Windows Fax and Scan) (.
).
. IP- ,
Internet Explorer, http://SCANNER, SCANNER
IP- . -,
Scan Webscan. , .

- , .
.
, , .
, .

, ,

, USB-. Windows 7 , Plug and Play, ,
. ?
Windows 7 , . , Windows 7 , Plug and Play. , ,
Windows 7 .

. Windows 7 , .
- . ,
:
, , , . , Windows 7
. ,  (StartDevices and
Printers) .
, : Windows Vista
, . Windows 7,
, .
,
Windows
(Windows Update), .

219

, .
1. , .
2. USB.
3. , Windows 7 . , , ,
Windows Update.
Windows 7 , (. 7.1),
. (Driver Software Installation).
- .

. 7.1. Windows 7 ,

, , ,  (StartDevices and Printers). , (. 7.2).


, . (Ready)
(. 7.3).

. 7.2. ,

220

7. ,

. 7.3. ,

, , ,
100 % . ,
Windows 7 (Driver Software Installation) .
(, , . 7.4). ,
: 32- Windows 7 , 64- . ?
64- .

. 7.4. Windows 7


, .

221

1. , , , 
(StartDevices and Printers).
2. (Add a printer).
3. (Add Printer) (. 7.5)
(Add a local printer).
4. (Choose a printer port) ,
(Use an existing port),
(Next). USB-,
USB001 ( ). , , COM;
, ,
LPT (. 7.6).
5. (. 7.7). .
, 69.
6. , , , Windows
(Windows Update). ,
. ,
.
7.
. ,
.
8. (Have Disk ).
(Install from Disk) (Browse).
9. (Locate File) .inf (Open).
10. (Next). (Type
a printer name) .
(Devices and Printers)
(Control Panel). (Next),
.
11. .
, (Do
not share this printer). , , ;
.
12. (Next), (Add Printer) . ,
,
(Set as the default printer) (
, ,
).

222

7. ,

13. , (Print a Test Page). (Close).


14. (Finish). 
(Start Devices And Printers). (Devices and
Printers) (Control Panel) ,
.
.

. 7.5.

. 7.6.

223

. 7.7.


, .
1. (Windows Explorer) C:\Program Files\Windows Photo
Viewer, , ImagingDevices.
exe.
2. (Scanners and Cameras)
(Add Device).
(Scanner and Camera Installation Wizard).
3. (Next).
4. .
.
,
57.
5. , .
6. (Have Disk ).
(Install from Disk) (Browse).
7. (Locate File) .inf (Open).
8. (Next). (What is the name
of your device?) .
(Scanners and Cameras).

224

7. ,

9. (Next), (Finish).
10. (Scanners and Cameras) , .
.

Bluetooth-
Windows 7 Bluetooth-.
Bluetooth- ,
. , , ,
Windows 7. , .
Bluetooth- , . Bluetooth , .
1. , Bluetooth- , USB
.
2. , .
3. , .
4.  (StartDevices and Printers). (Add printer).
5. (Add Printer) (. . 7.5)
, Bluetooth- (Add a network, wireless or Bluetooth
Printer).
6. (. 7.8). , (Next).
7. (Type a printer name)
.
(Devices and Printers) (Control Panel).
(Next).
8. .
, (Do not share
this printer). , , ;
.
9. (Next), (Add Printer) . ,
,
(Set as the default printer) (
, ,
).

225

10. ,
(Print a Test Page). (Close)
11. (Finish). 
(Start Devices and Printers). (Devices and
Printers) (Control Panel) ,
.
.
, ,
, /Bluetooth .
, ,
. , , . .
(Search Again), .
, (Next). , (The printer that I want
isnt listed), (Next).
TCP/IP- (Find a printer by
name or TCP/IP address) TCP/IP-
(Add a printer using a TCP/IP address or hostname)
(Next). IP- (Type
a printer hostname or IP address) (Device type). ,
, (Autodetect).
IP- (Hostname or IP address) IP-
. IP- ,
, .
IP-.
, .
(Next), . , ,
. ,
IP- .
, IP-
. ,
(. 711).

,
.
1. . ,
. , ,
TCP/IP , DHCP (Dynamic Host
Conguration Protocol);
IP-.
2. 3060 , .
. ,  (Start Devices and Printers).
, ,

226

7. ,

(Add printer). ,
511 .

. 7.8.

3. , , . ,
. TCP/IP
. , , .
4. , (Network Discovery) ,
, . ( ,
,
). (Network Discovery),   
(StartControl PanelNetwork and InternetNetwork And Sharing
Center). (Change advanced sharing settings) .
(, (Home or Work)).
(Network Discovery)
(Turn on network discovery), (Save
Changes).

227

,
, , . , , .
, ,
,
.
:
, .
, ,
(Do not share this printer) (. 5
).

, .
1.  (StartDevices and Printers). (Add printer).
(Add Printer).
2. (Add Printer) , Bluetooth- (Add a network, wireless or Bluetooth printer).
.
3. , ,
. (Next).
, , , . ,
,
. , , .
, .
, . , , IP-
. DHCP
IP- .
, (Search Again),
. ,
(Next). ,
, .

4. (Type a printer name)


.
(Devices and Printers) (Control Panel).
(Next).
5. .
, (Do not share

228

7. ,

this printer). , , ;

.
6. (Next), (Add Printer) . ,
,
(Set as the default printer) (
, ,
).
7. ,
(Print a Test Page). (Close)
8. (Finish). 
(Start Devices and Printers). (Devices and
Printers) (Control Panel) ,
.
.
(Add Printer) ,
, , .
1. ... (Searching for available printers)
(The printer that I want isnt listed),
(Next).
2. TCP/IP- (Find a printer by name or
TCP/IP address) TCP/IP-
(Add a printer using a TCP/IP address or hostname)
(Next).
3. IP- (Type a printer hostname or IP
address) (. 7.9) (Device type). , ,
(Autodetect).
4. IP- (Hostname or IP address)
IP- . IP- ,
, .
5. , IP-.
, .
6. (Next), ,
. , , . ,
IP- .
,
IP- .
7. , (.
).

229

. 7.9.

Xerox Xerox WorkCentre


Pro Scanner. ,
, .
.
, IP- . .
1. (Windows Explorer) C:\Program Files\Windows Photo
Viewer, , ImagingDevices.
exe.
2. (Scanners and Cameras)
(Properties).
3. (Device Settings) IP-
, OK.

,
, .
, , . ,
, , .

230

7. ,



,
. .
,
.
1. , .
  
(StartControl PanelNetwork and InternetNetwork And
Sharing Center).
(Change Advanced Sharing Settings) .
(, (Home or Work)). (File and Printer)
(Turn on le and printer sharing).
, (Save Changes).
2.  (StartDevices and Printers).
(Printer Properties) ( (Properties)).

. 7.10.

231

3. (Sharing) .
, (. 7.10).
.
(Sharing).
4. ,
(Share this printer), Windows 7 , .
5. ,
. . ,
, ,
(Render
print jobs on client computers).
6. (Additional Drivers). ,
,
.
x86, , , x64.
, x64, , ,
x86 (. 7.11).
7. OK.

. 7.11.


, , Windows 7.

232

7. ,

: Windows 2000
. , Windows, Windows 2000, , . ,
,
. . . .
1.  (StartDevices and Printers).
(Printer Properties) ( (Properties)).
2. (Sharing)
(Additional Drivers).
3. , ,
.
4. OK.
, , , Windows 2000
Windows XP, .
1. (Windows Explorer) (Folders)
, .
2. (My Computer), (Control Panel),
(Printers and Faxes).
3. (Folders) (My Network Places) , .
4. (Printers and Faxes) ,
.
5.   (My ComputerControl PanelPrinters
and Faxes).
Windows Vista ,
.
1.  (StartDevices and Printers).
2. , (Start) (Network).
3. (Network) , .
4. (Network)
(Devices and Printers).

233


, . , ,
,
.
, ,
. ,
, .

,
, , , . .

,
, , , , .
, , ,
. , , USB, USB-. , , ,
LPT- COM-. TCP/IP (Transmission
Control Protocol/Internet Protocol). :
FILE.
FILE , .
, .
1.  (StartDevices and Printers).
(Printer Properties) ( (Properties)).
2. ( Properties ) ( Ports )
(. 7.12).
3. (Port)
.
4. OK.
TCP/IP, IP-. IP- . IP-
, IP- ,
.

234

7. ,

. 7.12.

1. (Ports) (Add Port).


2. (Printer Ports) Standard TCP/IP Port
(New Port).
3. TCP/IP (Add Standard TCP/
IP Printer Port Wizard) (Next).
4. IP- (. 7.13)
(Next).
5. (Next), ,
. , , . ,
IP- .
, IP- .
6. (Finish), . ,
. (Finish),
(Close).
7. ,
(Properties)
(Congure Port). -

235

TCP/IP (Congure Standard TCP/IP Port Monitor),


(. 7.14), OK .

. 7.13. IP-

. 7.14.

236

7. ,

.
1. (Windows Explorer) C:\Program Files\Windows Photo
Viewer, , ImagingDevices.
exe.
2. (Scanners and Cameras)
(Properties).
3. Device Settings ( )
IP-. ,
IP- , OK.

,
, ,
. , .
1.  (StartDevices and Printers).
(Printer Properties) ( (Properties)).
2. (Advanced ) (New
Driver).
3. (Add Printer Driver Wizard) .
, .
1. (Windows Explorer) C:\Program Files\Windows Photo
Viewer, , ImagingDevices.
exe.
2. (Scanners and Cameras)
(Properties).
3. Device Settings ( )
(New Driver).


(Advanced) (Printer
properties) . , .
1.  (StartDevices and Printers).
(Printer Properties) ( (Properties)).
2. ( Properties )
(Advanced) (. 7.15).
3. ,
.

237

(Always available) (Available from).


.
(Always available), , (Available from), ,
. , , .

. 7.15.

(Priority). .
. (Priority).
(Driver). , . (Driver), , .
. , .
. , . . ,
( ) (Spool

238

7. ,

print documents so program nishes printing faster). , (Print directly to the


printer). , (Start printing after last page
is spooled), , . , ,
(Start printing immediately),
, .
(Hold mismatched documents). , , . ,
,
. ,
, , .
(Print spooled documents rst).
, ,
,
. ,
.
(Keep printed documents).
, .
, ,
. , .
(Enable advanced printing features).
,
, (, (Page
order) (Pages per sheet)). ,
, .
(Printing Defaults). , (Printing Defaults). , , , . .,
.
(Print Processor). ,
(Print Processor). .
, ,
. , ,
UNIX.
- (Separator Page). , - .

239

-, , - (Separator Page). (Browse),


Sysprint.sep, PostScript-,
Pcl.sep PCL-. (Open),
OK.

,

, , ,
. ,
, ,
, .
, ,
.
, ,
, .


,
. ,
.
1.  (StartDevices and Printers).
2.
(See whats printing).
, .
1. (Start) (Network).
2. , .
3. .

. ,
.
 (Document Name). , , .
 (Status). (Printing ( ),
ErrorPrinting ( ) .).
 (Owner). , .
 (Pages). .

240

7. ,

 (Size). ( ).
 (Submitted).
.
 (Port). , .
,
(Document) . , .
1. .
2. (Document) , .
(Cancel). .
(Pause). ,
.
(Resume). ,
( , ).
(Restart). .
, ,
.
, ,
.



. , (. 7.16).

. 7.16.

,
, .
(Pause Printing)

241

(Printer). , .
, ,
. , .
, (Pause Printing).
.
, , ,
. .
(Cancel all documents) (Printer).
, , , . (Use printer
ofine) (Printer). , . ,
, ( ).
, (Use printer ofine). .
, ,
.


. Windows (Windows Fax and Scan).

, ,
. ,
.
1. .
2. Scan . Scan
(). (New Scan) Windows (Windows Fax and Scan).
3. Scan () (, Scan to PC ( )), OK Start ().
Windows (Windows Fax and
Scan), (Preview),

242

7. ,

;
(Scan), .

,
.
1.  (StartDevices and Printers). .
Windows (Windows Fax and Scan).
2. , (Scan)
. ,
, (. 7.17).
3. , Documents.
4.
.
(Delete).
.
(Forward as Fax).
.
(Forward as E-mail).
, .
(Save as).
.
(Print).
.

. 7.17.

243


, .
1.  (StartDevices and Printers). .
Windows (Windows Fax and Scan).
2. , ,
(Fax) (. 7.18).
3. .
(Incoming).
, .
(Inbox).
, .

. 7.18.

(Drafts).
, .
(Outbox).
, .
(Sent Items).
, .
4. , , .
(Delete) ( ).
.

244

7. ,

(Forward as Fax) ( ).
.
(Forward as E-mail).
, .
(Print) ( ).
, ,
.
, ,
TIFF, .
1. Windows (Windows Fax and Scan) , .
2. (File) (Save as).
3. (Save as) ,
(Save).

, , . -
, (Inbox) Windows (Windows
Fax and Scan). , ,
(Receive a Fax Now)
Windows (Windows Fax and Scan).


Windows 7

, , Windows 7
, .
, (Snipping Tool) ( , ), (Sticky Notes) (
), Windows (Windows Speech Recognition) (,
).
, Windows
(Mobility Center), , (Input Panel)
Windows (Windows Journal). , Windows 7
, , (Ease of Access
Center), (Magnier), (Narrator)
(On-Screen Keyboard).


(Snipping
Tool), Windows 7 Starter.
(Snipping Tool) ,
.
(snip), .


(Snipping Tool), (Start)  (All ProgramsAccessoriesSnipping
Tool). (Snipping Tool) (New
Snip), . .

246

8. Windows 7

 (Free-form Snip).
, . , .
 (Rectangular Snip). ,
.
, .
 (Window Snip). . .
 (Full-screen Snip). .
.
. 8.1 (Snipping Tool)
(New Snip). .
 (New). ,
, , .
 . , ,
(New), .
 (Cancel). .
 (Options). .

. 8.1.

, .
1. (Start) 
(All ProgramsAccessoriesSnipping Tool)
(Snipping Tool), ,
, (Snipping Tool)
, .
2. , , (New),
.
3. . . 8.2, ,
.
4. ,
(. ).

247

. 8.2.


(Snipping Tool)
.
, . PNG (Portable Network Graphics),
, -, MHT.
,
URL- -. JPEG GIF,
.
. 8.3 (Snipping Tool) .
( ).
 (New Snip). ,
. , .
 (Save As). HTML- JPEG, PNG GIF.

248

8. Windows 7

 (Copy ).
Windows.
Ctrl+V.
 (Send Snip).
. , , ,
(, .
( ) (Send to e-mail recipient (as attachment))).
 (Pen). , . , , . , ,
(Pen), . .
.
, ... (Customize).
 (Highlighter). .
 (Eraser). ,
.

. 8.3.

, (Copy), Ctrl+V.
, (Save As). (Save As) , (, JPEG
PNG) (Save as type). (Save).

249



Windows, (Snipping Tool). , , Ctrl+V. , , ,
URL- -, .
, ,
. ,
, . , .
1. (Snipping Tool)
(Options) (Tools).
(Snipping Tool Options) (. 8.4).
2. ,
(Ink color).
3. ,
(Show selection ink after snips are captured).
4. OK.

. 8.4.



(Mobility Center), . -

250

8. Windows 7

, , , ,
. , , , (Input Panel) Windows (Windows Journal)
.
Windows
, . 
 Windows
(StartControl PanelProgramsTurn on or o Windows features).
Windows (Windows Features). (Tablet
PC Optional Components) OK.

Windows
Windows (Windows Mobility Center) , -


. Windows
(Windows Mobility Center), .
, .
,    Windows (StartControl PanelHardware and SoundMobility Center).

(. 8.5).
(, -,
, ,
).

. 8.5.

251

. , .
, , .
 (Brightness). . ,
. ,
.
 (Volume). . ,
. ,
(Sound).
 (Battery Status). .
. , ,
. ,
(Power Options) (Control Panel).
 (Wireless Network). . (Turn wireless
on), .
(Turn wireless off),
. ,
(Network Connections).
 (External Display). . ,
(Connect display).
, (Screen Resolution)
(Control Panel).
 (Sync Center). . ,
(Sync Center).
(Sync settings) .
 (Presentation Settings). , .
.
(Turn on), . , (Presentation
Settings).
 (Tablet Display). .
(Change orientation ),
. ( .)

252

8. Windows 7

,
, , . , , .



, , , , (. 8.6). .
1. Windows (Windows Mobility Center) .
2. (Presentation Settings)
(Turn off the screen saver), .
3. , (Set the volume to),
.
4. ,
(Show this background) .

(Pictures) . (None),
. (Browse),
.
5. OK, .

. 8.6.

253

. , .
, .
1. ,
Windows (Windows Mobility Center)
(Turn On) (Presentation Settings).
2.   (StartAll
ProgramsAccessoriesConnect to a Projector).
Windows+P.
3. .
(Duplicate),
, .
(Extend),
.
(Projector only), .
4. . Windows
, ,
.
5. ,  
(StartAll ProgramsAccessoriesConnect to a Projector)
Windows+P.
(Disconnect Projector).
, , , .
,
. , , .
Ethernet
.

, .
1.  
(StartAll ProgramsAccessoriesConnect to a Network Projector).
2. ,
, Windows (Windows Firewall)
. , Windows.
(Allow the network
projector to communicate with my computer).

254

8. Windows 7

3. , .
4. , ,
(Search for a projector). ,
. ,
(Connect).
5. , (Enter the projector network address).
(, http://intranet.theofce.local/projectors/projector4).
, , (Connect).


. , , .
,
.

,
, :
 ( );
 (
);
 ( ).
, .
1.  (StartControl Panel).
2. (Control Panel)
(Hardware and Sound),
(Pen and Input Devices). (Pen and Input Devices),
(Pen Options).
3. , (Doubletap ) (Pen action)
(Settings). ,
.
. ,
OK.
4. , (Press and hold) (Pen action)
(Settings). , . .
, OK.

255

5. (Input Panel) ,
, (Start Tablet PC Input
Panel) (Pen action)
(Settings). (Enable start
input panel gesture). ,
,
OK.
6. ,
,
(Use the pen button as a right-click equivalent).
7. ( ), (Use the top
of the pen to erase ink).
8. OK, .
, , - .
, .
1. (Control Panel)
(Hardware and Sound),
(Pen and Input Devices).
2. (Pen and Input Devices)
(Pointer Options).
3. , , .
- , .
4. ,
,
(Show pen cursors instead of mouse cursors when I use my pen).
5. OK, .

, , .
.
.
 , , (Back)
(Windows Explorer) Internet Explorer.
 , ,
(Forward) (Windows Explorer) Internet Explorer.
 , ,
.

256

8. Windows 7

 , , .
.
 , .
 ,
.
 , .
 , .
, .
1. (Control Panel)
(Hardware and Sound),
(Pen and Input Devices).
2. (Pen and Input Devices)
(Flicks).
3. ,
(Use icks to perform common actions quickly and
easily). , .
4. , ,
.
5. ,
(Customize),
. .
6. (Sensitivity) ,
.
(Relaxed)
(Precise). , .
7. OK, .

,
, (Input Panel).
, ,
, (AutoComplete) .

, . Microsoft Oce Word, Windows Mail Windows
, .
,
(Insert). (Insert)

257

.   (StartAll ProgramsAccessoriesTablet
PC) (Tablet PC Input Panel).
, Microsoft Windows XP Tablet PC, . . ,
,
. ,
.
. .
, , ,
. (Input Panel) , , ,
.
.
 (Writing Pad). (. 8.7) , .
. ,
: , ,
.
. Num,
, 0 9 . Sym,
, .
Web, , ,
URL-.

. 8.7.

 (On-Screen Keyboard). (. 8.8)


, , (, Home, Page Up
Insert). ,
Fn. , Ctrl, Windows Alt,
(, Ctrl+Alt+Delete), .
Alt Ctrl ,
(Properties).

258

8. Windows 7

. 8.8.

(AutoComplete) ,
Microsoft. , , .
, , , .
, .
1. (Input Panel) (Tools)
(Options). (Options)
(. 8.9).
2. (Text Completion)
(Suggest matches in Input Panel
when possible).
3. (Show text prediction alternates).
4. OK.
(Back-of-Pen Erase) , ,
. . Windows 7, Windows XP, Z. Z-
, .
, Windows 7 , .
 . , . , .
 . , .
, .
 . ,
M W . M W
, .

259

 . , . ,
.

. 8.9.

Windows
Windows (Windows Journal). ,
, . Windows (Windows Journal) ,
(Sticky Notes),
.
Windows, (Start)
  Windows (All ProgramsAccessoriesTablet PC
Windows Journal). Windows
(Journal Note Writer).
(Install), Windows 7
.
(Close). , , .
Windows (. 8.10)
. .
Windows , (Sticky Notes).
, .
.

260

8. Windows 7

 (Previous). .
Page Up. , .
 (Next). .
Page Down.
, : (New Page).
 (New Page). . ,
,
.

. 8.10.

,
. .
, .
1. (Selection Tool) (Edit).
2. .
3. , .
4. , , (Copy as Text). Windows
,
(Copy as Text) (. 8.11).

261

5. ,
(Alternative).
6. (Copy), .

. 8.11.

Windows . (Insert) (New Page). (Insert)


, .
. . , .
1. Windows (Insert)
(Picture).
2. (Insert Picture) (Insert).
3. JPEG, GIF, PNG, WMF, EMF BMP.
4. ,
.
5. , ,
.
6. , (Selection Tool) (Edit) .
.
. ,
. .

262

8. Windows 7

1. Windows (Tools)
(Options).
2. (Stationery) , (Stationery),
(Default Page Setup).
3. (Default Page Setup) (Style) (. 8.12).
4. (Line style).
: (Standard ruled), (Narrow ruled),
(College ruled), (Wide ruled), (Large
grid), (Small grid) (Blank).
5. (Horizontal)
(Color).
6. (Vertical)
(Color).
7. , ,
(Margin rule) (Color).
8. (Paper color).
9. OK .
, , (New Note) (File).
, (File),
(Page Setup)
.

. 8.12.

III

...................................................264

10


Windows Windows .......................300

11

,
..........................................343

. , ,
, . Xbox,
TiVo , .
Windows 7 ,
.
,
. ,
, .



, ,
, .
, Active Directory,
,
.
.
,
.
,
.


, ,
, .

265

, , , ( ).
.
Ethernet, .
, , , Ethernet, WiFi. , Windows 7, Ethernet WiFi .
WiFi Ethernet
. ,
(, ) WiFi Ethernet .
WiFi
,
. WiFi, ,
.

.
, ,
( , ) Ethernet.
, , WiFi.

. . 9.1.
9.1.


WiFi


DSL-

Ethernet WiFi

X
X

X
X

X
X

X
X

X
X

,
( ), .
,

266

9.

, . ,
Ethernet Broadband D-Link 4 Ethernet
, . G Broadband LinkSys
.
, , DSL-. .
, , ,
.
,
DSL-.
.
.
Windows 7 Windows (Windows Firewall),
.
. , .
,
Windows , .
, Windows.

, Ethernet .
, .
, -.
, ,
, . , - , ,
. .
100 / 10 , 10 /.
, .

.

267


, .
, ,
, . . 100 /, .
.
(MAC-)
, , ,
.


. , .
, , , , ,
, . ,
. ,
.
,
, BIOS. Delete. Delete ,
BIOS. , Integrated
Devices. .
, . . .
. (Start),
(Computer) (Manage).
(Computer Management).
(Computer Management) (Device Manager).
(Network Adapters). ,
, (Properties). (Driver)
.
, , 5.

268

9.

, , (Other Devices)
. , .
, 5.

,
Ethernet
, Ethernet
, .
.
.
, ,
.
Ethernet-
.
DSL-
- Ethernet. IP- . DSL-,
, .
. .

. , , , . , . , , ,
.
, ,
.
. ,
, .

, , . IP- DHCP.
, , DHCP. ,
,
http://192.168.0.1 http://192.168.1.1.

269

. , admin, ,
admin password. ,
.
IP- .
,
192.168.0.1 . . ,
DNS- MAC-
. .
IPv4, IPv6 .



Ethernet.
,
.
,
2009 , Windows 7 Windows Connect Now (WCN). WCN, .
1. , .
2. (Network) , .
3.
Ethernet - ,
, .
.
,
.
4. .
(Network) .
WCN (Wireless Provisioning Services, WPS)
, , ,

. ,
; OK.

270

9.

WCN, .
1.
.
2. ,
http://192.168.0.1 http://192.168.1.1.
3.
. , admin,
, admin password. , .
4. . ,
,
. ,
.
5. ,
(Network) ,
.
, OK.


Windows 7 .
(Network and Sharing
Center), (Network Map) (Network Connections). .




. , .
1.  (StartControl Panel).
2. 
(Network and InternetNetwork and Sharing Center).

(Network and Sharing Center), . 9.1. ,
.
.
 (Network overview).
,

271

.
,
. (See full map)
(Network Map).
.
 (Network details).
( ), ,
. (Local only) (No Internet access).
, ,
(Internet) (Local). : (Connections:),
.

.

. 9.1.

(Network and Sharing


Center) . (Set up a new connection or network), .
, ,
, .

272

9.

, , ( ) (Personal area
network, PAN) Bluetooth.
 (Set up a new network). ,
(Next). , ,
.
,
(Next) (. 9.2).

. 9.2.

 (Connect to a network). ,
, . 9.3 .
, , Windows .
, (Connect),
Windows 7 . ,
,
(Disconnect).
 (Choose homegroup and sharing
options). ,
. . 9.4, , , ,

273

. .

6.

. 9.3.

. 9.4.

274

9.

,
.

 (Troubleshoot problems). , .

. . 9.5,
,
(Internet Connections) (Homegroups). , .
,
, . , ,
,
(Event Viewer) ping
tracert. ,
DHCP IP-, . , ,
.

. 9.5.

275

. ,
. , , ,
(Network adapter) .
(Network and Sharing
Center) .
(Network Map).
, Windows,

.

(Network and
Sharing Center) , .
 (Manage wireless networks).
, . ,
.
, (Add). , ,
. ,
. ,

.
, , ,
.
. . ,
. ,
- , .
,
(Adapter properties). ,
, , TCP/IP, Microsoft.
(Networking); (Sharing)
- (Internet Connection Sharing, ICS) .
(Congure) (Networking),
.
,
(Prole types).

276

9.

(Use all-user proles only). , .


(Use all-user and per-user proles),
, ,
,
. Microsoft
.
 (Change adapter settings). , .
. 9.6, , , VPN-
, .

. 9.6.

. 9.7.

277

 (Change advanced sharing


settings). , . . 9.7,
, , Windows
. .
,
. .

. ,
, .
, ,
.
, (Turn on Network
Discovery), (Save Changes).



. . 9.8, ,
, . ,
.
1.  (StartControl Panel).
2. 
(Network and InternetNetwork and Sharing Center).

. 9.8.

3. (See full
map).
4. , , .
(Network Map) . , ,
.

278

9.

, . , Windows, .



, . Windows 7
. , , Windows 7
.
Windows, , ,
, , Ethernet-.

, .
1.  (StartControl Panel).
2. 
(Network and InternetNetwork and Sharing Center).
3. (Network and Sharing Center)
(Change Adapter Settings)
. (Network
Connections), . 9.9.
.
, (View),
. (Details).
, .
 (Name). , , (LAN)
(High-Speed Internet).
 (Status). , ,
, , (Unavailabledevice
missing), (Not connected), (Disconnected)
(Network cable unplugged).
 (Device Name). .
 (Connectivity). , (No Internet access) (Internet
Access).

279

 (Network Category). : (Private ),


(Public) (Domain).
 (Owner). , (System).
 (Type). , (Dial-up).
 (Phone # or Host Address).
.

. 9.9.

, . .
 (Diagnose This Connection). .
 (View Status of This Connection). (Status),
TCP/IP.
 (Change Settings of This Connection). (Properties),
TCP/IP.
 (Disable This Network Device).
.
 (Rename This Connection).
: ,
.
 / (Start/Connect To).
.

TCP/IP
Windows 7 ,
TCP IP. TCP/IP , , , .

280

9.

Windows 7 TCP/IP, , IP: (IPv4) (IPv6).


IPv4 32- , , . IPv6 128- , IP.

IPv4
IP-, IPv4, :
. , , .
IPv4: 192.168.1.1. , . ,
.
, IPv4, . , IP- ,
.
, .
, , ,
. 255.0.0.0,
11111111.00000000.00000000.00000000. 8 IP- , 24 .
, . : A, B
C. . 9.2 , . 9.3
, . 9.4 , ,
, , ,
.
9.2. IPv4

A
B
C

255.0.0.0
255.255.0.0
255.255.255.0


16 777 214
65 534
254

: .

TCP/IP

281

.
. 0 ,
255 .
9.3. IPv4

10.0.0.0
169.254.0.0


255.0.0.0
255.255.0.0

192.168.1.0

255.255.255.0

IP-

10.0.0.110.255.255.254
169.254.0.1
169.254.255.254
192.168.1.1192.168.1.254

10.255.255.255
169.254.255.255
192.168.1.255

9.4. IPv4

255.0.0.0
255.255.0.0
255.255.255.0


11111111.00000000.00000000.00000000
11111111.11111111.00000000.00000000
11111111.11111111.11111111.00000000

A 1 126.
. A
16 777 214 .
128 191. . 65 534
.
C 192 223. .
C 254 . , IP .
127 . , 127.0.0.1 .
224 238 IPv4.

IPv4 ,
. IPv4
20 60 4 .
, . : 03, 47, 815, 1618 1931. 0, 32, 64, 96, 128, 160 160/192+. . 9.5
. 8
65 515 ( ) . ,
.

282

9.

9.5. IPv4
+
0

03

32

64


(Time To Live, TTL)



96
128
160
160/192+

47

815

1618

1931

IPv4

IP-, A, B C,
. IP-
. , , IP- .
DSL-, IP-,
. ,
, IP-. IP-
, IPv4 .
IP-.
, IP-.
.
 IP- A 10.0.0.0 10.255.255.255.
 IP- B 172.16.0.0 172.31.255.255.
 IP- C 192.168.0.0 192 168 255 255.
IP- ,
IP-,
. , , , , IP-.
, ,
. , IP- ,
.

TCP/IP

283

IP-.
 IP-. IP-, .
 IP-. IP-, DHCP
.
 IP-. IP-,
, DHCP. link-local.

Ethetnet- IP-.
DHCP IP . DHCP
DHCP, , , IP-.

IPv6
IPv4
, IPv4 .
, . IPv6. IPv4, 32- , IPv6 128- , ,
. , 340 282 367 000 000 000 000 000
000 000 000 000 000 IPv6 (- ).
IP- IPv6 . , 0 9 IP- 0 9, A
F, A 10, B 11 . . 0 15
0 F.
128- IPv6 16- , . 64 , 64 . 0,
:: , ,
. . 9.6 IPv6 .
9.6. IPv6
IPv6
FE80:0:0:033C:FB:B335:FE4F:752B


FE80::033C:FB:B335:FE4F:752B

284

9.

IPv6. . 9.7,
IPv6 . 0:0:0:0:0:0:0:1
. , FF00,
. , FE80,
link-local. IPv6
link-local IPv4.
IPv6, FEC0,
site-local. IPv6
IPv4. IPv6 IPv4,
, IP-.
9.7. IPv6

link-local


000000
000001
11111111
1111111010

IPv6
::/128
::/128
FF00::/8
FE80::/10

IPv6 , IP- , .
IPv6 , , .
. , 48 ,
/48. . 9.8 .
9.8. IPv6
IPv6
2001:1234:5678::/48


2001:1234:5678:: 2001:1234:5678::FFFF:FFFF:FFFF:FFFF

IPv6 , 64 ,
jumbogram. . IPv4 64 .
IPv6 : .
40 IPv6 , ( , IPv4), ,
, , ( IPv6 Time To Live
Hop Limit). , . 64 , jumbogram
. 9.9 IPv6.

TCP/IP

285

9.9. IPv6
+
0

03

32

64

192

47
811 1215

1619

2023 2427

28

IPv6
IP (IP Security, IPSec). IP .
IPSec
.

IPv4, IPv6

, , IP-, .
(Local Area Connection),
2 (Local Area Connection 2) . . ,
, , .
, . TCP/IPv4 TCP/IPv6 Windows 7
.
 Microsoft (Client for Microsoft Networks).
Microsoft. Windows.
 QoS (QoS Packet Scheduler).
, ,

. . -

.

286

9.

 Microsoft (File and Printer Sharing for


Microsoft Networks).
, Microsoft.
,
.
 / (Link-Layer Topology Discovery
Mapper I/O Driver). .
.
 (Link-Layer Topology Discovery Responder).
.
, ,
IPv4, IPv6, . IPv4
IPv6 , IP-, , IP-. IPv4 IPv6 , .
 IPv4 , IPv6 .
 IPv4 DNS, WINS, IPv6 DNS.
 DHCP- , IPv4 IP, IPv6 IP-
link-local (), MAC- .
, :
1.  (StartControl Panel).
2. 
(Network and InternetNetwork and Sharing Center).
3. (Network and Sharing Center)
(Change Adapter Settings)
.
4. ,
, (Properties).
(Properties), . 9.10.
5. (Networking), . ,
.
, Microsoft (Client for Microsoft Networks) Microsoft (File and Printer Sharing for Microsoft
Networks).
QoS
, .

TCP/IP

287

. 9.10.

IPv6, QoS (QoS Packet Scheduler),


. , .
IPv4, 4 (TCP/IPv4) (Internet Protocol version 4 (TCP/IPv4)).
IPv6, 6 (TCP/IPv6) (Internet Protocol version 6 (TCP/IPv6)).

, / (Link-Layer Topology Discovery Mapper I/O Driver).
,
,
(Link Link-Layer Topology Discovery Responder).
,
Windows 7.
,
. ,
, Windows
Ethernet.
, .

288

9.

6. IPv4 IPv6, .
. 9.11, .
7. (General) IP-
(Obtain an IP address automatically),
IP- (Use the following IP address). -
, , DHCP,
. DHCP IP .
DNS- (Obtain DNS server addresses
automatically), DNS-.
,
, IP-.
8. IP- ,
:
1) IP- (Use the following IP address). IPv4 IP- (IP address) ,
, (Subnet mask)
. IPv6 IP- (IP address) ,
,
(Subnet prefix length) .
2) DNS- (Use the following DNS server addresses). DNS- (Preferred DNS
server) DNS-, DNS-
. ,
DNS- (Alternate DNS server).
9. OK, .

. 9.11. IPv4 IPv6

289

IP- , , , IP- DNS-.


, , ,
DSL-, IP-
. , , Windows .
, .
,
.

, ,
, . , 6,
. , .
. , ,
.
, 14.


Windows 7 , IP (IP Security, IPSec) (Virtual
Private Network, VPN). , Windows 7
, Windows.

(Open Systems Interconnection, OSI).

VPN
, , ,
VPN- , , . . VPN
.
VPN
. VPN (TCP/IP,
SSL), VPN . VPN: . .
VPN
. IPSec , VPN-. SSL
-, VPN-.

290

9.

VPN: - (Point-to-Point Tunneling


Protocol, PPTP) , (Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol, L2TP). , Windows 7 3 (L2TPv3).
VPN .
. VPN- (Multi-Protocol Label Switching, MPLS), VPN
(Layer 2
Forwarding, L2F).
, VPN, VPN, .
(Routing and Remote Access Service,
RRAS), (Connect to
a Workplace) (Set up a new connection or
network). ,
. . , , .
IP-. ,
( -,
), (Next). , (Create).
VPN-, (Connect Now).

IPSec
IPSec . IPSec (Secure
Sockets Layer, SSL) OSI, . SSL, , (7 OSI), IPSec (47 OSI). SSL ,
,
( , HTTPS- , - SSL). IPSec , , .
IPSec : .
,
. , . (Network Address Translation, NAT),

291


IP-, .

. , ,
. NAT, . : ; ,
, - .
: ? . , . , ,
VPN- Active Directory,
,
, , MAC- .
, , , .

OSI
(Open Systems Interconnection, OSI)
, . OSI , .
. . 9.10 OSI.
9.10. OSI

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

1 .
, , , . 1
, , 2,
, .
1 . 1 .

292

9.

2
. 2
. 2 . 3, 2 .
3
. . , 3 ( ,
).
4
. . , ,
. TCP .
, 4 (User Datagram Protocol, UDP) (Stream Control Transmission Protocol, SCTP).
5 . . 5 :
. TCP 5
.
6
. 6
, , , , MIME. XML .
7 , , . , 7, SMTP, HTTP, FTP, Telnet, IPSec, IM .
OSI , , . OSI, , , .



,
, . , .

OSI. . 9.10 OSI . OSI

293

, . -,
OSI , .


Windows 7
Windows. TCP/IP.
,
. , .
, , .
, .
1.  (StartControl Panel).
2. 
(Network and InternetNetwork and Sharing Center).
3. (Network and Sharing Center)
(Change Adapter Settings)
.
4. , , (Diagnose).
5. Windows , ,
. 9.12. , ,
, , .

. 9.12.

294

9.


OSI , . , 1.
. , .
.
, ,
, . ,
.
, ,
.
,
, .
, , , (Device
Manager). , , .
- . , , .
, TCP/IP, , IPv4, IPv6 . ,
. , .
. , . , , .
,
. BIOS, .
,
. Windows -
, ,
, ,
. , ,
.

295



Microsoft . , .
, .
1.   (StartAll ProgramsAccessories).
2. (Command Prompt),
(Run As Administrator).
3.
.
, IP . IPconfig /all.
TCP/IP,
, 9.1. , , , DNS, MAC-,
IP-, IP- DHCP-, , IP- .
9.1. IPConfig /all
C:\>IPconfig /all
Windows IP Configuration
Host Name . . . . . . . . . . . . : RC1-5600
Primary Dns Suffix . . . . . . . :
Node Type . . . . . . . . . . . . : Hybrid
IP Routing Enabled. . . . . . . . : No
WINS Proxy Enabled. . . . . . . . : No
DNS Suffix Search List. . . . . . : globalsuite.net
Wireless LAN adapter Wireless Network Connection:
Media State . . . . . . . . . . . : Media disconnected
Connection-specific DNS Suffix . : ok.cox.net
Description . . . . . . . . . . . : Broadcom 802.11g Network Adapter
Physical Address. . . . . . . . . : 00-14-A5-A0-15-F1
DHCP Enabled. . . . . . . . . . . : Yes
Autoconfiguration Enabled . . . . : Yes
Ethernet adapter Local Area Connection:
Connection-specific DNS Suffix . : globalsuite.net
Description . . . . . . . . . . . : Realtek RTL8139/810x Fast Ethernet NIC
Physical Address. . . . . . . . . : 00-16-36-46-FF-15
DHCP Enabled. . . . . . . . . . . : Yes
Autoconfiguration Enabled . . . . : Yes
Link-local IPv6 Address . . . . . : fe80::2da2:3d:9f2e:297c%10(Preferred)
IPv4 Address. . . . . . . . . . . : 158.18.184.133(Preferred)
Subnet Mask . . . . . . . . . . . : 255.255.0.0
Lease Obtained. . . . . . . . . . : Tuesday, October 12, 2009 2:02:32 PM
Lease Expires . . . . . . . . . . : Wednesday, October 13, 2009 2:35:32 PM


296

9.

9.1 ()
Default Gateway . .
DHCP Server . . . .
DHCPv6 IAID . . . .
DNS Servers . . . .
NetBIOS over Tcpip.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.

:
:
:
:
:

158.18.0.1
158.18.0.1
234886710
4.2.2.1
Enabled

IP- . DHCP, , DHCP Enabled. . . . .


: Yes. , , IP-.
IP- , DHCP-.
IP- 0.0.0.0, 169.265..,
DHCP-. IP-, IPconfig /renew. , IP- DHCP-, ,
( ,
IPv4, IPv6 ). , , DHCP-.
,
.
Windows ,
ping. .
.
, , 127.0.0.1. Windows.
, , . , -. , TCP/IP ,
, TCP/IP. 9.2
, ,
IP-.
9.2. ping
C:\>ping 127.0.0.1
Pinging 127.0.0.1 with 32 bytes of data:
Reply from 127.0.0.1: bytes=32 time<1ms TTL=128
Reply from 127.0.0.1: bytes=32 time<1ms TTL=128
Reply from 127.0.0.1: bytes=32 time<1ms TTL=128
Reply from 127.0.0.1: bytes=32 time<1ms TTL=128
Ping statistics for 127.0.0.1:
Packets: Sent = 4, Received = 4, Lost = 0 (0% loss),
Approximate round trip times in milliseconds:
Minimum = 0ms, Maximum = 0ms, Average = 0ms
C:\>ping google.com

297

Pinging google.com [72.14.207.99] with 32 bytes of data:


Reply from 72.14.207.99: bytes=32 time=52ms TTL=235
Reply from 72.14.207.99: bytes=32 time=75ms TTL=235
Reply from 72.14.207.99: bytes=32 time=51ms TTL=235
Reply from 72.14.207.99: bytes=32 time=52ms TTL=235
Ping statistics for 72.14.207.99:
Packets: Sent = 4, Received = 4, Lost = 0 (0% loss),
Approximate round trip times in milliseconds:
Minimum = 51ms, Maximum = 75ms, Average = 57ms

, IP- .
IPconfig /all.
,
, . , , . , ,
- . , , , ,
. , .
, . DSL, .
,
, , .
. IP- ,
. IP-,
, Google.com, , TCP/IP IP- DNS-. DHCP DNS-,
.
, NSLookup DNS.
9.3 .
9.3. NSLookup
C:\>nslookup
Default Server: ns1.securestream.net
Address: 69.150.220.8
> securestream.net
Server: ns1.securestream.net
Address: 69.150.220.8
Name: securestream.net
Address: 69.150.220.9

298

9.

DNS
Active Directory, NSLookup.
, , .
, IP- , . , , DNS-
.
, tracert,
. :
tracert <IP- >

30,
IP- , , . , .
, , .


TCP/IP ,
. , .
. 9.11 .
9.11.

IP-

DHCP

IP-

< >
< >


127.0.0.1

,
TCP/IP
,
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312

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316

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328

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335

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338

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344

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352

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353

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354

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358

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connection or network).
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connection) (Next).
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359

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360

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362

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2. (Network and Internet),
(Internet Options).
3. (Connections).
4. (LAN Settings).
5. -,
- (
VPN-) (Use a proxy server for your LAN (These settings will not apply to
dial-up or VPN connections)), . 11.16.

6. (Address) IP- -.
7. (Port) -.
8. - IP-,
.
9. OK, .
- VPN-, .
1.  (StartControl Panel).
 (Network and InternetInternet Options) (Connections).
2. (Dial-up and Virtual Private Network Settings) ,
, (Settings).

, , VPN-

363

3. -
( ) (Use a proxy server for
this connection (These settings will not apply to other connections)),
-.

. 11.16. -

4. (Address) IP- -.
5. (Port) -.
6. OK, .
,
.
, , - .

Windows
Windows (Windows Firewall)
.
-. , , ,
,
. ,
, .
Windows, ,
,
. Ethernet

364

11. ,

WiFi, ,
.
,
, , .
Windows 7 , . Windows 10.
, .
, :
1.    Windows
(StartControl PanelSystem and SecurityWindows Firewall).
2. . 11.17, . ,
(Change notication settings).

. 11.17. Windows

3. . 11.18, (Customize Settings) ,

, , VPN-

365

. Windows (Turn on Windows Firewall)


Windows (Turn off Windows Firewall)
. ,
-.
4. .
(Block all incoming connections).

.
5. . ,
, Windows
(Notify me when Windows Firewall blocks a new program).
6. , OK,
Windows 7 . ,
, , .
,
. ,
.

. 11.18.

366

11. ,


. . -, . -, ,
, . .
. , , (Network Connections).
. Windows 7 (Network
Connections). Ethernet, Windows 7 (Local Area Connection). Windows 7 (Wireless Network
Connection).
(Network Connections), 
 
(StartControl PanelNetwork and InternetNetwork and Sharing Center),
(Change adapter settings) .
. , , , . , , ,
,
VPN-.

(Connect). , (Dial) (Connect),
. ,
. , .
, , , ,
,
.

,
(Enable).

367


, , , . , , WiFi,
802.11.
WiFi.
, .
Windows 7 .
Windows 7 , .
, , . ,
, .
,
, .
, ,
. .


802.11
(Electrical and Electronics
Engineers, IEEE). , 802.11 (WiFi). WiFi
.
WiFi 2,4 5 .
WiFi (. 11.4).
11.4.

802.11a
802.11b
802.11g
802.11n

,
5
2,4
2,4
2,4, 5

, /
54
11
54
540

802.11b WiFi , . 11 / 2,4 .


(Complimentary Code Keying, CKK).
802.11b , ,
.
802.11a 54 /
5 . (Orthogonal Frequency-Division

368

11. ,

Multiplexing, OFDM), , CCK.


, 802.11a , 802.11b.
, 5 , 2,4 ,
802.11a.
802.11g 54 /
2,4 .
ODFM .
802.11n 2,4 ,
5 , .
540 / , (Multiple-Input-Multiple-Output, MIMO). , .
WiFi, , 802.11, ,
WiFi Alliance.
Windows 7 .
. , ,
, . ,
, , .
, .
.
802.11 . , 802.11i . 802.11h .
802.11e .
802.1x 802.11.


.

WiMax (Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access, WiMax). , ,


802.16 . WiMax 2,5 ,
3,5 , 2,3 5 . WiMax 700 .

369


, . , .
,
. .

. , PC Card PCMCIA,
.
PCI. USB-,
USB- ( USB 2.0
).
. , , , .
, 802.11g,
802.11g, 802.11b. 802.11n,
, , 802.11n, 802.11a, 802.11b 802.11g.
, , .
, . ,
. / . ,
Wireless N Broadband Linksys,
, .



. , , (Device Manager). . ,
, .
, .
1. (Start),
(Computer) (Manage).
2. (Computer Management)
(Device Manager).
3.
(Network Adapters). , .

370

11. ,

PCI, , 5. PCI, ExpressCard USB,


. Windows 7 .

5.
,
,
BIOS. Delete ( F2 Esc) . ,
Integrated Devices. .
.

, , .

(Properties). (Driver), , (Driver Provider) .
Microsoft, -
. . Microsoft
.
, , (Other Devices) . -
.
,
9.



Windows 7
. (Network)
, ,
(Connect). ,
, OK.
. Windows
. , OK.
, , .

371

, , . ,
, .
.
, .
1.   
(StartControl PanelNetwork and InternetNetwork and Sharing
Center).
2. (Network and Sharing Center)
(Manage Wireless Networks)
.
3. (Manage Wireless Networks)
.
4. (Add ).
(Manually connect to a wireless network).
5. .
(Manually create a network prole).
. (Network name), (Security type),
(Encryption type) (Security Key/
Passphrase). (Start this connection
automatically), .
, (Connect even if the
network is not broadcasting), ,
SSID ( , ). (Next),
.
(Create an ad hoc network). -,
.
.
30 90 .
WiFi, ( Ethernet-

372

11. ,

). (Next).
, ,
.
, .
(Next), ,
.



.
,
.
.

.
1.   
(StartControl PanelNetwork and InternetNetwork and Sharing
Center).
2. (Network and Sharing Center)
(Manage Wireless Networks)
.
,
.
. . 11.5 , .
11.5.

(Add)
(Remove)




. ,

. ,
.

(Move Down)

(Move Up)

(Adapter Properties)

(Prole Types)


(Network and Sharing Center)

373


.
, .
,
.



,
2009 , Windows 7 Windows Connect Now (WCN). WCN,
.
1. .
2. (Network) , .
3.
Ethernet - , ,
. .
,
.
4. .
(Network) .
WCN (Wireless Provisioning Services, WPS)
, , ,

. ,
; OK.
WCN,
.

374

11. ,

1.
.
2. , .
, Internet, WAN LAN.
3. ,
http://192.168.0.1 http://192.168.1.1. , .
4.
. , admin,
, admin password. , .
5. . ,
,
. ,
.
6. ,
(Network) ,
.
, OK.

IV


Windows 7

12


................376

13

..................409

14


........................................444

15


....................................484

12

Windows 7 , , .
,
.

.
,

.
, .
,
Active Directory .
, ,
.
, ,
.


, , . .

, .

377


Windows 7 . .
, ,
, .
, . .
, , , , 1.
, .
( , ) .
,
. ,
. ,
.
Windows 7 ,
. , Windows 7
(SID).
, .
Windows 7
, . . ,
, - ,
.
.
,
, .
.
Windows 7, . , , : ,
. .

378

12.

 . .
.
 . .
,
.
 LocalSystem ( ). .
.
 LocalService ( ). .
, LocalSystem.
.
 NetworkService ( ). ,
. .
, . , ,
.
, .
. - ,
. ,
.


, : , ,
. ,
, .
. , .
, ,
, .
, ,
.


,
, ,
. ,
.

379

1.  
 (StartControl PanelUser Accounts
and Family SafetyUser Accounts ).
2. (Change your account name).
3. (Change Your Name), . 12.1,
, (Change
Name).

. 12.1.


(Start). , .
1.  
 (StartControl PanelUser Accounts
and Family SafetyUser Accounts).
2. (Change your picture).
3. (Change your picture), . 12.2,
, ,
(Browse for more pictures), BMP, GIF, JPEG, PNG, DIB RLE.
4. (Change Picture).
, Microsoft, ,
Windows 7 Windows.
,
. 50 .

380

12.

. 12.2.



.
,
.
, .
. ,
.

, .
1.  
 (StartControl PanelUser Accounts
and Family SafetyUser Accounts).
2. (Change your account type).

381

3. (Select your new account type),


. 12.3, (Standard user)
(Administrator).
4. (Change Account Type).

. 12.3.


.
, .
1.  
 (StartControl PanelUser Accounts
and Family SafetyUser Accounts).
2. (Create a password for your
account).
3. (Create a password for your account),
. 12.4, , .

382

12.

. 12.4.

4. .
, ,
. , ,
.
5. (Create password).


.
, .
1.  
 (StartControl PanelUser Accounts
and Family SafetyUser Accounts).
2. (Change your password).
3. (Change your password), . 12.5,
.
4. .
5. , .

383

. 12.5.

6. .
, ,
. , ,
.
7. (Change password).



USB, ,
, .
, .
1. Ctrl+Alt+Delete (Change a Password).
2. (Create a password reset
disk), (Forgotten Password Wizard).
3. (Forgotten Password Wizard),
(Next).

384

12.

4. , USB- -
. ,
. USB, , . (Next).
USB- , (Next),
.
(Back), (Next), .
(Next).
, (Next)
(Finish).

5. , USB- - . , ,
.


Windows 7 :
 ;
 .
,
.
1. , .
2. , .
3. OK, .
4. .
, . , OK .
1) ,
(Reset Password).
2) (Reset Password Wizard),
(Next).
3) USB-,
, (Next).
5. .
6. , .
7. .
(Next), .

385



,
. ,
, . ,
, .
,
, , .
,
, ,
. ,
, .


( )
. ,
, . , .
, ,
.
, , . , ,
, .
,
, .
1.  
 (StartControl
PanelUser Accounts and Family SafetyAdd or Remove Users Accounts).
2. (Choose the account you would like to
change) .
, . , .
3. (Create a new account). (Create New Account),
. 12.6.

386

12.

4. . (Start).
5. : (Standart user)
(Administrator).
6. (Create Account).

. 12.6.

Windows 7
, .



Windows 7 ,
,
. , .
1.  
 (StartControl
PanelUser Accounts and Family SafetyAdd or Remove Users Accounts).
2. (Choose the account you would like
to change) .
, .

387

3. (Make changes to)


(Change the account name).
4. (Type a new account name for
account), . 12.7,
(Change Name).

. 12.7.



.
(Start).
, .
1.  
 (StartControl
PanelUser Accounts and Family SafetyAdd or Remove Users Accounts).
2. (Choose the account you would like
to change) .
, .
3. (Make changes to)
(Change the picture).
4. (Choose a new picture for account), . 12.8,
, ,
(Browse for more pictures), BMP, GIF, JPEG, PNG, DIB RLE.
5. (Change Picture).

388

12.

, ,
, .
, Windows 7 .
50 ,
.

. 12.8.


,
. , .
1.  
 (StartControl
PanelUser Accounts and Family SafetyAdd or Remove Users Accounts).
2. (Choose the account you would like
to change) .
, .
3. (Make changes to)
(Change the account type).

389

4. (Choose a new account type for),


. 12.9,
(Standard user) (Administrator).
5. (Change Account Type).

. 12.9.



.
,
.
1.  
 (StartControl
PanelUser Accounts and Family SafetyAdd or Remove Users Accounts).
2. (Choose the account you would like
to change) .
, .
3. (Make changes to)
(Create a password).

390

12.

4. (Create a password for account), . 12.10, , .


5. .
,
, . , , .
6. (Create the account password).
,
,
-.
, . ,
.
.

. 12.10.



, , ,
. , .

391

, -.
.
,
.
1.  
 (StartControl
PanelUser Accounts and Family SafetyAdd or Remove Users Accounts).
2. (Choose the account you would like
to change) .
, .
3. (Make changes to)
(Change the password).

. 12.11.

4. (Change password), . 12.11, .


5. , .
6.
(Change password).

392

12.

,
,
-. , .
, .



, , ,
USB-,
. , , .
, . 5 , .


, .
1. , .
2. , .
3. OK, .
4. , ,
. , . , OK
.
5. ,
(Reset Password).
6. (Reset Password Wizard),
(Next).
7. USB-,
, (Next).
8. .
9. , .
10. .
11. (Next), .

393

.
,
. , .
, .
1.   
(StartControl PanelSystem and SecurityAdministrative Tools).
2. (Computer Management).
3. (Computer Management)
(Local Users and Groups) (System Tools)
(Users).
4.
(Properties). (Properties),
. 12.12.

. 12.12.

394

12.

5. (Account is disabled), .
6. (Account is locked out), .
7. OK.



, . , :
 , ;
 ;
 .
, .
1.   
(StartControl PanelSystem and SecurityAdministrative Tools).
2. (Computer Management).
3. (Local Users and Groups)
(System Tools) (Users).
4.
(Properties). (Properties),
. 12.12.
5. , ,
,
(User must change password at next logon).
6. , ,
(User cannot change password).
7. , ,
(Password never expires).
8. OK.


. ,
. , ,
, .
, .

395

1.  
 (StartControl
PanelUser Accounts and Family SafetyAdd or Remove Users Accounts).
2. (Choose the account you would like to
change) . ,
.
3. (Make changes to)
(Delete the account).
4. ? (Do you want to keeples?), . 12.13,
. :
1) (Keep Files), ,
;
2) (Delete Files),
, .
, , , .

. 12.13.



, (
),
, ,
(Public) . ,
, Windows 7

396

12.

. 6, , , ,
.
, , (Public), . 6
, , .
Windows 7
, .
, . , . Windows 7
, .
Windows 7
, . ,
,
, , .
, .



, . , .
1.   
(StartControl PanelSystem and SecurityAdministrative Tools).
2. (Computer Management).
3. (Local Users and Groups)
(System Tools).
4. (Groups), , , . 12.14.
5. (Groups)
(New Group). (New
Group), . 12.15.
6. .
7. (Add).
8. : "" ( Select Users ),
. 12.16, , .
, .

. 12.14. ,

. 12.15.

. 12.16.

397

398

12.

9. (Check Names).
:
, , .
, , .
, , , . (Name Not Found) (Check Names).
, .
,
, , ,
. , ,
(Computer Management).
(Local Users and Groups)
(System Tools).
(Users) .

10. 9. , OK, : "" (Select


Users).
11. (New Group)
. ,
, (Remove).
12. ,
(Create).


. :
1.   
(StartControl PanelSystem and SecurityAdministrative Tools).
2. (Computer Management).
3. (Computer Management)
(Local Users and Groups)
(System Tools).
4. (Groups), , .
5. , .
6. (Add),
: "" (Select Users),
.

399

7. , (Remove).
, ,
(Remove).
8. , OK.



, , ,
. , , , , .
, , , ,
.
, , ,
.
, .
1. (Computer Management).
2. (Local Users and Groups)
(Users) (Groups).
3. (Rename).
4. .


. , , ,
,
. ,
.
, .
1. (Computer Management).
2. (Local Users and Groups)
(Users) (Groups).
3.
(Delete).
4. (Yes).

400

12.


, , ,
, . Windows:
 . , .
 .
.
 . , .
, .


. ,
( ). , , .
, .
1.   
(StartControl PanelUser Accounts and Family SafetyParental Controls).
2.
(Choose a user and set up Parental Controls), . 12.17,

. -
, .
3.
,

. ,

(Choose a user and set up Parental Controls).
4. , , (Ensure Administrator
Passwords), . 12.18.
(Force all administrator
accounts to set a password at logon) .

401


, OK.
5. , .

. 12.17.

. 12.18.

6. , (Set up how will use the


computer), . 12.19,
(Parental Controls) ,
(On, enforce current settings), .

402

12.

. 12.19.

7. OK, ,
Windows , .
, .


,
(ESRB), ,
.
.
1.   
(StartControl PanelUser Accounts and Family SafetyParental Controls).
2. (Game Rating Systems)
(Parental Controls).
3. , . 12.20,
, .
.
4. , ,
.

403

- .
.
5. OK,
Parental Controls).

. 12.20.


, .
,
. ,
.
1.   
(StartControl PanelUser Accounts and Family SafetyParental Controls).
2. , .
3. , (Set up how will use the
computer) (Time Limits) Windows (Windows Settings).

404

12.

4. , (Control when
will use the computer), . 12.21, , .
5. ,
.
6. ,
.
7. OK, .

. 12.21.



.
, ,
. , .
1.   
(StartControl PanelUser Accounts and Family SafetyParental Controls).
2. , .

405

3. , ( Set up howwill use the


computer) (Games) Windows
(Windows Settings).
4. , (Control which types of games
can play), . 12.22, ? (Canplay
games?) (Yes) ,
. , (No),
OK .
5. , (Set game ratings), , ,
OK.
6. , , (Block or Allow specic games), OK.
7. OK, .

. 12.22.


, .

406

12.

,
. , .
1.   
(StartControl PanelUser Accounts and Family SafetyParental Controls).
2. , .
3. , (Set up howwill use the
computer)
(Allow and Block specic programs) Windows (Windows
Settings).
4. , (Which programs can
use?) (Use all
programs). ,
(can only use the programs I allow).
, . 12.23.

. 12.23.

5. . , .
, .

407

(Check All), ,
.
6. OK, . , ,
,
.


, , -, , , ,
.
. Windows Live
(Windows Live Essentials, http://download.live.com),
Windows Live (Windows Live Family Safety).

:  Windows Live
Windows Live (StartAll ProgramsWindows LiveWindows Live Family Safety).
Windows Live ID , . - Windows Live, . 12.24, ,
.

. 12.24.

408

12.

, , , Windows Live.
-, ,
. ,
, .
, . .
1. Windows Live
- Windows Live (Windows Live Family Safety area).
2. (Remove computers from
this list) (Your Computers).
3. (Remove Computers), . 12.25, ,
, (Save).
4. (Remove).

. 12.25.

13

,
, ,
.
-. .
.
.
, , , , .
:
 ;
 ;
 .
. . ,
.
NT (NTFS)
, .


, , ,
. Windows 7
, . , Windows , .
, Windows 2000.

410

13.

,
. .
 Windows 7 ,
. .
. .
.
. .
 Windows 7 . .
,
.
Windows 7 Windows ,
Windows 7 ,
, . . , .

,
.

, .
, . .
, ,
Windows, , , Linux Windows, 2000 ,
. ,
. , FireWire
USB, ,
.



(Disk Management). : ,
.
. :
, . -

411

,
(Disk Management) .

1. (Computer)
(Start).
2. (Management),
(Computer Management).
3. (Computer Management) (Disk Management)
(Storage).
. 13.1, (Disk Management)
, . (Disk Management)
, . , ,
.

. 13.1.

,
(View). , (Top) , .
, (Bottom)
.

412

13.


. , CD-ROM DVD-ROM,
, - DVD.
:
 (Volume). , C:
(C:).
 (Layout). , .
 (Type). , .
 (File System). , FAT
NTFS.
 (Status). , , (, ) (Healthy (Active, Primary
Partition)).
 (Capacity). .
 (Free Space). .
 % (% Free).
.
 (Fault Tolerance). , .
 (Overhead).
, (
).
,
. , , .


. . ,
. . 13.2,
, , .
, , , .

. 13.2.

413

(Disk Management)
, . . 13.3, , :
 (Disk). , 0 CD-ROM 1.
 (Type). , , , ,
- DVD. , .
 (Capacity). ,
.
 (Unallocated Space). (
).
 (Status). , (Online),
() (Online (Errors)), (No Media), (Ofine).
 (Device Type). , (Integrated Drive Electronics, IDE),
(Small Computer System Interface, SCSI), USB
FireWire (1394).
 (Partition Style). . Windows 7
(Master Boot Record,
MBR), GUID (GUID Partition Table, GPT).
.

. 13.3.


, .
 (Active). .

, , ReadyBoost.
 (System). ,
.
 (Boot).
.
 (Page File). , .
 (Crash Dump).

414

13.

,
.
: , ,
.
.
:
 (At Risk).
, , ,
() (Online (Errors)).
,
.
 (Primary Partition).
, . ,
, .



, , , .
5 FireWire USB, ( )
.
, 5. , (Disk Management).
,
(Rescan Disks) (Action).
, (Disk Management)
(Initialize Disk) , . , .
1.
(Select Disks). ,
. (Next).
2. , 2 ,
MBR.
GPT, .

415

3. OK. . , ,
.



Windows 7 .
. , .
.
 1 . (Disk Management) ,
.

. .
 ,
,
.

.
 .
, .
1. (Disk Management) ,
,
, (Convert to Dynamic
Disk).
2. (Convert to Dynamic Disk),
. 13.4, , .
3. ,
, , OK,
. .
4. , OK. ,
.
5. . 13.5, (Disks to
Convert) , ,
. (Will Convert) (Yes),
.

416

13.

6. , (Details),
. OK,
(Convert Details).

. 13.4.

. 13.5.

7. (Convert)
,
. (Yes), .
8. , (Disk Management)
, ,
. (Yes), .
9. , , , (Disk Management)
, .



. , .

417

,
.
, .
1. (Windows Explorer),
. , ,
.
2. (Disk Management) , (Delete
Volume). ,
(Disk Management) (. 13.6).
, , (Yes).
3. , Windows ,
.

. 13.6.


(Disk Management)

, .
. , ,
.
.
(Disk Management) ,
, .
1. (Disk Management),
(New Simple Volume).

418

13.

2. (New Simple Volume Wizard), (Next).


3. (Specify Volume Size), . 13.7,
,
. , ,
. (Next).

. 13.7.

4. (Assign Drive Letter or Path),


. 13.8, (AZ) (Assign the following drive
letter), , (Next).
B E Z , A , C ,
D -/DVD. , -/DVD
, E F .

5. (Format Partition), . 13.9, .


FAT, FAT32 NTFS. NTFS.
FAT FAT32, NTFS. NTFS FAT FAT32 .
6. (Allocation unit size)
. .
(Default). Windows 7 .

419

. 13.8.

. 13.9.

Windows 512 ,
. , 4096 ,
512- .
, 512 1024 .
.
, .
Microsoft: http://support.microsoft.com/kb/923332/en-us.

420

13.

7. (Volume label)
. .
8. (Perform a quick format),
Windows 7 .
,
(Disk Management) , .
9. (Enable le and folder compression)
. NTFS. , .
. .
10. (Next), (Finish). (Disk Management) .

,

(Disk
Management), , .
,
, , ,
, .

, . , ,
. ,
, , , .
750 , 750 . ,
750 1500 .
, .
, . ,
. ,
, .

. , . , 1, 2, 3
64 . , ,

421

.
, , .
, , ,
.
, Windows 7
. :
,

(New Mirror Volume).
(Finish), ,
.
, .
(Yes), (Disk Management) ,
. (No),
, .

, (Disk Management), .

1. (Disk Management),
(New Mirrored Volume),
(New Spanned Volume) (New
Striped Volume). , (Next).
2. (Select Disks) . (Add),
(Selected). ,
, (Remove).
3. (Maximum available space)
,
; (Total volume size)
, .
4. , ,
, (Select the amount of space in MB).
,
. (Next).
5. 4 10
.


, . ,
,

422

13.

,
, .
(Disk
Management), .
1. ,
, (Add Mirror).
(Add Mirror).
2. (Disks) ,
(Add Mirror). ,
, ,
.
3. ,
. , .
4. Windows 7 . (Disk
Management) (Resynching) .
, , . ,
(Healthy), , .


(Disk Management) , .
. .
, , .
, .
, NTFS.
.
, .
1. (Disk Management),
, , (Shrink Volume). ,
, (Disk Management)
(Shrink), . 13.10.
2. :
() (Total size before shrink in MB). . .

423

() (Size of available shrink space in MB). , ,


. . ,
.

. 13.10.

() (Enter the amount of space to shrink in MB).


, .
, , .
() (Total size after shrink in MB). ,
.
.
3. , ,
(Shrink), .
, .
1. (Disk Management),
, , (Extend Volume).
2. (Extend Volume Wizard), (Next).
3. (Select Disks), . 13.11,
(Selected),
.
4. (Available) .
,
. , .

424

13.

5. (Next), (Finish). (Disk Management) .

. 13.11.



Windows 7
(VHD). , .
1. (Disk Management) (Action)
(Create VHD).
2. (Create and
Attach Virtual Hard Disk) (Browse). , .vhd,
(Save).
3. (Virtual hard disk size)
, .
4. ,
,
, .
5. OK, .
6.
(Disk Management) .

425

,

(Initialize Disk).
7. (Initialize Disk)
. ,
2 , MBR.
GPT, . OK.
8.
. .
, . .
. , (Ofine) (Online) . ,
, ,
(Detach Virtual Hard Disk), OK
(Detach Virtual Hard Disk).
, .
, ,
.
1. (Disk Management) (Action)
(Attach VHD).
2. (Attach Virtual Hard
Disk) (Browse). ,
.vhd,
(Save).
3. ,
(Read-only).
4. OK, .


, . ,
, . , .
1. (Disk Management),
, , (Format).
(Format), . 13.12.

426

13.

. 13.12.

2. (Volume label)
.
3. .
FAT, FAT32 NTFS.
4. (Allocation unit size) . (Allocation unit size) (Default).
Windows 7 .
5. (Perform a quick format),
Windows 7 .
,
(Disk Management)
, .
6. (Enable le and folder compression) . NTFS.
, .
. .
7. OK, . , (Disk Management) .
OK, , (Cancel) .



. ,
, ,
. , , , . , .
1. (Disk Management),
, , (Change Drive Letter and Path).

427

(Change
Drive Letter and Paths for), . 13.13.

. 13.13.

2. ,
(Change). (Change Drive Letter
or Path) , .
, .

, .
, ,
.

3. OK, , (Yes), ,
.


,
, (Windows Explorer) Windows.
, ,
. , .
, .
1. (Disk Management),
, , (Properties).
2. (General) (Properties)
.
3. OK.

428

13.

NTFS
Windows 7 Convert, FAT FAT32 NTFS. Convert
. ,
.
, NTFS FAT FAT32, . ,
, FAT FAT32.
NTFS , , .
, Windows 7
, . (Yes)
, .
. ,
.
, 25 % . ,
5 , Convert 500 . , ,
.
, .
1.   (StartAll ProgramsAccessories).
2. (Command Prompt),
(Run As Administrator).
3. , :
convert volume /FS:NTFS

volume , (: ). ,
H NTFS, :
convert H: /FS:NTFS
4. . , .


, .
, . , ,
.

429

. , .
, - .

, .
1. (Disk Management),
, , (Delete Volume).
2. , , (Yes).



, . Windows 7 ; 14.


, (Disk Management), .
, , . , . , ,
, , (Failed), ()
(Online (Errors)) (Unreadable). Windows . , , ,
(Reactivate Disk). ,
(Action) (Rescan Disks).
(Failed) (Unreadable)
(Healthy), . () (Online (Errors)) (Online),
, 14.
, , ,
.
, . () (Online (Errors)) , ,
, ,
.
, , , (Failed), () (Online (Errors))

430

13.

(Unreadable).

, . (Reactivate Disk).
, (Action)
(Rescan Disks). , (Missing) (Ofine), .
, , , . , ,
. , . , .

, ,
(, , . .) , .

, , . , .


. . ,
, . , , .
, .
, , . - ,
.
(Disk Management), .
1. ,
.
.
2. (Break Mirror Volume).
3. , (Yes).
, . (Yes), .
4. Windows , .

431

(Disk Management) , . , , , (Unallocated). , .


1.
(Remove Mirror).
(Remove Mirror).
2. , .
3. . , , .



Windows . . , , , .
. , (Failed
Redundancy).
.
.
 (Missing) (Ofine), ,
. (Disk Management),
(Reactivate Volume).
(Regenerating),
(Healthy). (Healthy),
(Resynchronize Mirror).
 () (Online (Errors)),
(Reactivate
Volume). (Regenerating),
(Healthy). (Healthy),
(Resynchronize Mirror).
 (Unreadable),
, (Rescan Disks)
(Action). , .

,

432

13.

(Remove Mirror).
(Add Mirror).

. , , . , ,
MBR, GPT.




, .
Windows 7 , .
, .
, ,
, BCD (BCD Editor, Bcdedit.exe). BCD . 17.
, , (Boot Mirror Secondary Plex). . ,
.
1. , , , 0. ,
,
(Add Mirror).
(Add Mirror). (Add Mirror).
2. (Disks) , (Add Mirror). Windows 7 .
(Disk Management)
(Resynching) . ,
, .
3. , , , (Disk Management),
. ,
,
. , .
4.
(Add Mirror), .

433

5. , . ,
.


NTFS , , . ,
, .
, . Windows 7 Windows 7 NTFS.
(Windows Explorer) . ,
.


NTFS, Windows 7 . , ,
, . , Windows 7 .
NTFS
,
. , :
.
. ,
Windows 7 .
, , Windows 7 .


, .
1. (Windows Explorer) (Disk Management)
, ,
(Properties).
2. (General)
(Compress drive to save disk space) OK.

434

13.

3. (Conrm Attribute Changes),


. 13.14, ,
:
, X:\ (Apply changes to drive X:\ only).
, , X:\ (Apply changes to drive
X:\, subfolders and les).
4. OK.
.

. 13.14.


, ,
. , .
, . 40 , ,
, 20 , .
, .
1. (Windows Explorer) (Disk Management)
, ,
(Properties).
2. (General)
(Compress drive to save disk space) OK.
3. (Conrm Attribute Changes),
. 13.15, ,
:

435

,
X:\ (Apply changes to drive X:\ only).
, ,
X:\ (Apply changes to
drive X:\, subfolders and les).
4. OK.

. 13.15.


Windows 7 , . , , .


.
, .

NTFS,
.
, .
1. (Windows Explorer)
, , (Properties).
2. (General) (Properties)
(Advanced).
3. (Advanced Attributes),
. 13.16,
(Compress contents to save disk space) OK.

436

13.

4. , Windows 7
. , Windows 7 .
, Windows 7
(Conrm Attribute Changes),
. 13.17:
,
(Apply changes to this folder only) OK. , , .
, ,
(Apply changes to this folder,
subfolders and les) OK.
, , .

. 13.16.

. 13.17.

437


, ,
. , .
50 %,
.
2 , , ,
1 , .
, .
1. (Windows Explorer)
, , (Properties).
2. (General) (Properties)
(Advanced).
3. (General)
(Compress contents to save disk space) OK.
4. , Windows 7 . ,
Windows 7 . , Windows 7
(Conrm Attribute Changes), . 13.18:
, (Apply changes to this folder only) OK. ,
, .
, , (Apply changes to
this folder, subfolders and les) OK.
, , .

. 13.18.

438

13.


, NTFS, .
, Windows 7 , . ,
, .
. ,
.
NTFS, .
, ,
. , , ,
.
Windows 7, , (Encrypting File System, EFS). ,
.
, ,
.
, . .
,
. , , . ,
. ,
.


, .
1. (Windows Explorer ) , ,
(Properties).
2. (General) (Properties)
(Advanced).
3. (General)
(Encrypt contents to secure data) OK.
4. , Windows 7
. ,
Windows 7 (Conrm
Attribute Changes).

439

, (Encrypt the le and its parent folder) OK.


,
(Encrypt the le only) OK.
5. , Windows 7 .
, Windows 7 (Conrm Attribute Changes).
, (Apply changes to this folder only) OK. ,
, .
, , (Apply changes to
this folder, subfolders and les) OK. ,
, .

, , .
, . , .
, NTFS, .


, ,
, .
1. (Windows Explorer)
, ,
(Properties).
2. (General) (Properties)
(Advanced).
3. (General)
(Encrypt contents to secure data) OK.
4. , Windows 7
. , Windows 7 .
, Windows 7 (Conrm Attribute Changes).
,
(Apply changes to this folder only) OK. ,
, .
, , (Apply changes to
this folder, subfolders and les) OK.
, , .

440

13.


,
, .
, ,
.
- . Windows 7 ,
, .
, .
1. (Windows Explorer) , , (Properties).
2. (General) (Properties)
(Advanced).
(Advanced Attributes).
3. (Details).
(User Access), . 13.19, ,
.
4. ,
(Add).

. 13.19. ,

441

5. (Encrypting File System), . 13.20, ,


.
6. OK.

. 13.20.


, , ,
Windows 7 . :
, . , . .
,
.
,
, . ,
NTFS. , . ( ,
)
USB- .
Windows 7 , .

(Back up now), (Certicate Export Wizard).
,
.

442

13.

1. (Certicate Export Wizard),


. 13.21, (Next).
2.
.
. (Password) , .
(Next).
3. USB- .
4. (File to Export) (Browse).
5. (Save As) USB-
.
6. (Save).
7. (Next), (Finish). ,
. OK.

. 13.21.

, ,
.
1. USB- ,
.
2. (Start). (Start) MMC
.
3. (Add/Remove Snapin) (File). (Add/Remove Snap-

443

ins) (Available Snap-ins)


(Certicates), (Add).
(OK) (My user account).

4. (Certicates Current User),


(Personal), (All
Tasks) (Import).
(Certicate Import Wizard). (Next).
5. (File to Import), . 13.22, (Browse). (Open)
.

. 13.22.

6.
(Personal Information Exchange). ,
(File type) (File name)
(Personal Information Exchange).
7. (Open).
8. (Next). ,
.
9. (Next), (Finish).
, .

14

, , , .

, , , ,
. , , ,
, .
,
.
,
, . , : ,
, , ,
, . ,
,
; , ,
- ,
.
, , , , , . , ,
, 10 000 , 20 000 , 60 000 , 120 000 . .
, , , . ,
,
.
,
.

445


. (System Properties). , , .
(System Properties) 5 :
 (Computer Name);
 (Hardware);
 (Advanced);
 (System Protection);
 (Remote).
, ( ,
), , . 15
.


,
. ,
, . , , , .
(Fully Qualied Domain Name, FQDN), , .
.
. 14.1,
(Computer Name) (System Properties). ,
,
.
(Computer Name)
(System Properties), .
1.    (StartControl
PanelSystem and SecuritySystem).
2. (System) (Change settings)
, (Computer
name, domain, and workgroup settings).
(Advanced System Settings) .

446

14.

3. (Computer Name), .

. 14.1.

, . ,
.
1. ( Network ID ),
(Join a Domain or Workgroup Wizard).
2. (Next), .
3. ,
, . 14.2. .
4. (Next),
.
, , (Next).
5. , , OK.
6. ,
, DNS- , OK :

447

   (StartControl PanelNetwork and InternetNetwork and


Sharing Center).

. 14.2.

(Network and Sharing Center)


(Change Adapter Settings)
. (Properties).
(Properties) 4 (TCP/IPv4) (Internet Protocol version 4 (TCP/IPv4))
(Properties).
, IP-.
IP-, ,
.
, DNS- . , , IP- DNS-, ,
.
OK, (Close).
IP- DHCP, TCP/IPv4

448

14.

DNS-.
(Domain User Name
and Password) OK, .
, .
7.
? (Do You Want to Enable a Domain User Account on This Computer?)
,
. ,
(Next). .
, (Administrator) ,
, (Backup Operator).
(Next).
8. (Finish). OK (System Properties).
.
(Restart Now),
.
, .
1. (Computer Name)
(System Properties) (Change).
(Computer Name/Domain
Changes), . 14.3.

. 14.3.

449

2. ,
(Computer Name).
3. (Workgroup) , .
4. OK. OK.
5. , , OK.
6. . OK.
7. (Restart Now),
.
, .
1. (Computer Name) (System Properties) (Change).
(Computer Name/Domain
Changes).
2. (Computer Name) .
3. .
OK.
4. (Restart Now),
.



, . .
1.   
(StartControl PanelNetwork and InternetNetwork and Sharing
Center).
2. (View your active network)
, , ,
(Work network).
3. (Set Network Location)
(Home Network).
4. , Windows
. . 14.4, , ,
(Next).
(Finish) (. 14.5).

450

14.

5. , . (Next).

. 14.4.

. 14.5.

451

,

(HomeGroup) (Control Panel) (. 14.6).
,   
(StartControl PanelNetwork and InternetHomeGroup).

. 14.6.


(Device Manager) Windows (Windows Update), .
1.    (Start
Control PanelSystem and SecuritySystem).
2. (System) (Change settings)
, (Computer
name, domain, and workgroup settings).
(Advanced System Settings) .
3. (Hardware) (. 14.7).

452

14.

. 14.7.

(Device Manager)
(Device Installation Settings) 5. ,
.

,
,
, , , , , (Advanced) (System Properties).
3.
, , .



, .
,

453

.
, ,
. .
, , ,
.
, .
 , ,
. ,

. Windows,
.
 ( , ) .
, . (Start),
,
, .
, .
, , .
1.    (Start
Control PanelSystem and SecuritySystem).
2. (System) (Change settings)
, (Computer
name, domain, and workgroup settings).
(Advanced System Settings) .
3. (Advanced),
(Settings) (User Proles).
4. (User Proles), . 14.8,

, , ,
.
. ,
, 783 .
5,2 .
- . (. . 14.8)
(Account unknown), ,
, . , ,
,
.

454

14.

. 14.8.

(User Proles) :
 . ,
(Change Type),
.
, .
 . (Copy To),
.
,
.
 . (Delete), . ,
. , ,
,
.
, .
, .
1. (Windows Explorer)
.
2. (User Proles) ,
, (Copy To).
3. (Copy To), . 14.9,
, , OK.

455

. 14.9.

4. (Change)
(Permitted to use). : (Select
User or Group) ,
,
OK. .
5. (Copy To) OK.
6. (Conrm Copy) (Yes),
, , .
7. .
, , . ,
,
.
(System Restore),
15, .
, , . ,
, ,
15.
.
1. , .
2.
(Windows Explorer).
3. . , , , .
4. .

456

14.

5. , . Windows 7
.
.


,
.
: ,
, , ,
, .
set, , .

(System Properties), .
1.    (Start
Control PanelSystem and SecuritySystem).
2. (System) (Change settings)
, (Computer
name, domain, and workgroup settings).
(Advanced System Settings) .
3. (Advanced), (Environment Variables).
(Environment Variables), . 14.10.

. 14.10.

457

4. ,
:
, (New)
: (User variables)
(System variables).
(New Variable)
OK.
,
(User variables) (System variables). (Edit) .
(Edit Variable) (Variable Value) OK.
, (Delete).
, .
, .
, (Start)
(Run),
. , .


Windows 7
.
, .
1.   
(StartControl PanelSystem and SecuritySystem).
2. (System) (Change settings)
, (Computer
name, domain, and workgroup settings).
(Advanced System Settings) .
3. (Advanced),
(Settings) (Startup and Recovery).
(Startup and
Recovery), . 14.11.
4. ,
, ,
(Default operation system). ,
Windows.

458

14.

5. Windows 7
30
. , (Time to display list of
operation systems). , (Time to
display list of operation systems) .
6. ,
.
,
(Time to display recovery options when needed). ,
(Time to display recovery options when
needed) .

. 14.11.

7. (System Failure) ,
(
). :
(Write an event to the system log). , ,
(Event Viewer).
(Automatically restart).
, .

459

(Write debugging information). .


.
(Dump le). . %System-Root%\Minidump %SystemRoot%\MEMORY.DMP .
(Overwrite any existing le).

.
8. OK, .


(Remote) (System Properties) (Remote Assistance) (Remote Desktop).
(Remote Assistance)
, . (Remote Desktop)
.


, , (Remote Assistance), . ,
. ,
,
. .
, .
(Remote Assistance) .
, .
1.    (Start
Control PanelSystem and SecuritySystem).
2. (System),
(Remote Settings) .
(System Properties),
(Remote), . 14.12.
3. ,
(Allow Remote Assistance connections to this computer),
OK. .

460

14.

. 14.12.

4. , (Allow Remote Assistance connections to this


computer).
5. (Advanced).
(Remote Assistance Settings),
. 14.13.
6. ,
(Allow this
computer to be controlled remotely). ,
.
7. 6 ,
.
(Remote Assistance) .
,
.
8. Windows 7
,
, Windows Vista .
.
9. OK, . 15.

461

. 14.13.


(Remote Desktop) , ,
, .
, -
, . - ,
, , . ,
, , Windows
,
, .
(Remote Desktop) .
, .
1.    (Start
Control PanelSystem and SecuritySystem).
2. (System), (Remote Settings) .
(System Properties), (Remote).
3. ,
(Dont allow connections to this computer),
OK. .
4. (Remote Desktop),
(Allow connections from computers running any version of Remote Desktop),

Windows.

462

14.

, (Allow connections
only from computers running Remote Desktop with network level authentication),
Windows Vista
( ).
5.
. ,
.
(Select users).
(Remote Desktop Users), . 14.14, (Add). : (Select User or Group) , , OK.
, (Select users).
(Remote Desktop Users) (Remove).
6. OK, .

. 14.14.


Windows 7 , :
 .
.

463

 . .
 .
.
 (Dfrg.msc). , .

.


,
. ,
, , , .
Windows 7
Windows (Windows Update). , Windows.
Windows (Windows Update), , .
Windows Live, .
,
Microsoft, Microsoft Oce,
Microsoft (Microsoft Update), Windows (Windows Update)
Microsoft.

Microsoft
- Microsoft,
Microsoft (Microsoft Update) . , Windows
Live, Microsoft (Microsoft Update)
.
Microsoft (Microsoft Update),
.
1.   Windows (StartAll Programs
Windows Update). Windows (Windows
Update), (Control Panel).
2. , :

464

14.

: Windows Microsoft Update


(You receive updates: For Windows and other products from Microsoft Update).
Microsoft (Microsoft Update), .
1.   Windows (StartAll Programs
Windows Update). Windows (Windows
Update), (Control Panel).
2.
(Get updates for more products). Windows
(Windows Update) - Microsoft.
3. Microsoft (Microsoft Update),
, Microsoft Update (I accept the Terms of Use), (Next),
(Install).
Microsoft Oce Visual
Studio Microsoft Microsoft
(Microsoft Update) .
, .


, .
1.   Windows (StartAll Programs
Windows Update). Windows (Windows
Update), (Control Panel).
2. (Change settings) .
(Change Settings),
. 14.15.
3. , ,
, . , (Install updates
automatically), . ,
.
, . ,
, ,
.
4. ,
, (Give me

465

recommended updates the same way I receive important updates). -

.
, .
5. Microsoft Microsoft,
Windows

(Give me updates for Microsoft products and check for new optional Microsoft
software when I update Windows).

6. Microsoft,
(Show me detailed notications).
7. OK, .

. 14.15.


,
.

466

14.

1.   Windows (StartAll Programs


Windows Update). Windows (Windows
Update), (Control Panel).
2. . 14.16,
, .
, (Check
for updates).
3. , . ,
(Install updates).

. 14.16.



, .
1.   Windows (StartAll Programs
Windows Update). Windows (Windows
Update), (Control Panel).

467

. 14.17.

2. (View update history)


.
(History), . 14.17.
3. , (Successful), .
, (Unsuccessful), ,
.
4. ,
(Installed Updates).
, , (Uninstall).


.
, . , .
1.   Windows (StartAll Programs
Windows Update). Windows (Windows
Update), (Control Panel).

468

14.

2. (View update history)


, (Installed
Updates).
3. , ,
(Change) (Uninstall).
,
, McAfee
. ,
Norton Security. , , - , . , , ,
,
, , McAfee
Norton
.
, , , .
, , McAfee
Norton. , , 15, ,
15.


, , , .
1.   Windows (StartAll Programs
Windows Update). Windows (Windows
Update), (Control Panel).
2. (Restore Hidden Updates)
.
3. (Restore Hidden Updates) , , (Restore).
4. Windows 7 . (Back),
Windows (Windows Update),
(Install updates)
.


,
-, ,
.

469

85 % , , ,
.
,
. - , ,
(Disk Cleanup). . 14.1
,
(Disk Cleanup).
14.1.

Downloaded program les

,
, ActiveX Java.
,
-,
, .
,

.
,

Microsoft Ofce

, Temp.
,

, Ofce, , Ofce. ,
-, . ,

, Windows . ,
, ,
.

,
.
- ,
, Windows
.
, Microsoft ,

470

14.

14.1 ()


Windows

Windows old.
Windows, ,

, , Windows 7. -
, Windows 7 , . ,
.
,

, .
1.   (Start
All ProgramsAccessoriesSystem ToolsDisk Cleanup).
2. : (Disk Cleanup: Drive Selection), , , OK.
.
. ,
.

3. (Disk Cleanup)
, , ,
. ,
.
4. , ,
. ,
(Clean up system les),
OK. Windows.
5. ,
, . 14.18.
.
, .
6. OK.
(Yes).

:
 . , ;
 . ,
, .

471

. 14.18.


, , , . ,
(Disk Cleanup), .
1. (Start) cleanmgr .
2. (Disk Cleanup) , , OK.
3. (Clean up system les),
OK.
4. (Disk Cleanup)
(More Options), . 14.19.
5. ,
, (Clean up)
(System Restore and Shadow Copies).
, , (Delete).
6. , , (Clean up) (Programs and
Features). (Programs and Features) ( Control Panel ) , ,
(Uninstall).

472

14.

. 14.19.


. . , .

,
, . Windows 7 , .
,
.
.
1.  (Start Computer).
(Hard Disk Drives) ,
, (Properties).
2. (Tools), (Check Now).
(Check Disk),
. 14.20.

473

. 14.20.

3. ,
(Start).
. Windows 7
. Windows 7 .
4. ,
. (Yes),
.
5. , OK.


, - , . , ,
. , , , . ( ), Windows 7
(Disk Defragmenter), .
Windows 7 1:00 . , .
, .
1.  (StartComputer).
(Hard Disk Drives)
(Properties).

474

14.

2. (Tools),
(Defragment Now).
(Disk Defragmenter), . 14.21.
3. (Congure schedule),
: (Modify Schedule),
. 14.22.
4. ,
(Run on a schedule), OK.
5. ,
(Run on a schedule), . ,

9:00, ,
. OK, (Close).
6. OK.

. 14.21. (Disk Defragmenter)

(Disk Defragmenter),
.
,
, .

475

1.  (Start Computer).
(Hard Disk Drives)
(Properties).
2. (Tools),
(Defragment Now).
3. (Disk Defragmenter)
(Defragment disk).
4. . ,
, (Stop operation), .

. 14.22.

Windows 7 ,
. , , ,
. Windows 7
, ,
. ? , Windows 7 , ,
, Windows
XP .


.
(Task Scheduler). , ,
- .

476

14.


(Task Scheduler)
. ,  
 (StartControl
PanelSystem and SecurityAdministrative ToolsSchedule Tasks).
. 14.23, (Task Scheduler Library).
(Task Scheduler Library) ,
(Task Scheduler) ,
.
Windows, Windows 7 . Microsoft\Windows
Microsoft\Windows Defender. Microsoft\Windows , . Microsoft\Windows Defender , .

. 14.23.

, :
 , ;
 , ;

477

 , , ;
 , .
,
, . ,
(View) (Show Hidden
Tasks).

: .
, . , ,
, , , .


, .
1.   
(Start Control Panel System and Security Administrative
ToolsSchedule Tasks).
2. (Action) (Create Basic
Task). (Create Basic Task
Wizard).
3. (Create a Basic Task)
. (Next).
4. (Task Trigger)
. (,
, ) , .
(Next). .
5. ,
(Daily), . 14.24. ,
, (Next).
(Start). .
(Recur every). , , .
, , (Recur every) 2.
6. ,
(Weekly), . 14.25. ,
, (Next).

478

14.

(Start). .
(Recur every). ,
.
. ( ) , ,
.

. 14.24.

7. ,
(Monthly), . 14.26. ,
, (Next).
(Start). .
(Months). , . - .
(Days). ( ) . ,
2 8, 2 8 .
(On).
, .
8. (One Time),
(One Time). (Start) .
(Next).
9. (When a specic event is
logged),
(When a specic event is logged). , , .
(Next).

. 14.25.

. 14.26.

479

480

14.

10. (When the computer starts),


.
11. Windows (When I log on),
.
12. (Action) ,
. : ,
. (Next). .
13. (Start a Program),
(Start a Program), . 14.27.
(Browse),
. , (Disk
Cleanup, cleanmgr.exe), %SystemDrive%\Windows\
System32. (Next).

. 14.27.

14. . (Send an E-mail),


(Send an E-mail).
,
(From), (To), (Subject) (Text). SMTP (SMTP Server)
(FQDN) ,
. (Next).
15. (Display a Message),
(Display a Message).

481

, .
.
(Next).
16. (Summary) ,
(Finish).
, .


, .
1.   
(Start Control Panel System and Security Administrative
ToolsSchedule Tasks).
2. (Action) (Create Task).
(Create Task).
3. (General), . 14.28, . ,
. , ,
(Run whether user
is logged on or not). Windows.

. 14.28.

482

14.

4. (Triggers), .
(,
, ) ,
.
, (New),
OK.
5. (Actions), , : ,
. ,
(New), OK.
6. (Conditions), .
7. (Settings), .
8. OK, .


(Task Scheduler) , . , ,
.
1.   
(Start Control Panel System and Security Administrative
ToolsSchedule Tasks).
2. (Task
Schedule Library), .
3. , , (. 14.29).
, .
(Queued), . (Ready),
. ,
(Last Run Time) (Never),
, , . (Last Run Result) ,
,
.
4. :
(Delete), .
(Disable), .
(Properties), .
(Run), .
(End), .

483

, (Display All Running Tasks) (Action). , , (Running)


. (Last Run Time).
24 , , . ,
(End).
(Yes).

. 14.29.

15

, , .
, . : ,
, . , Windows 7
.
, Windows XP , , ,
.
, , .
Windows 7 ,
.
,
, .



Windows 7
. Windows XP, Windows
,
, . Windows 7 , ,
. ,

485

.
, .
. ,
, ,
(Remote Assistance), ( , )
. .


( )
Windows 7
. .
 .

.
 .
 .
 ,
.

, .

, .
 , .
 , .
,
.
. ,
. ,
, , (Close programs to prevent
information loss).
.

486

15.


, , .
, , : , ,
, . ,
.
, . , , , , .
. , ,
(Microsoft Online Crash Analysis). -
. , Windows (Windows Memory Diagnostics) ,
.
1.   (StartAll ProgramsAccessories).
2. (Command Prompt),
(Run As Administrator).
3. mdsched.exe.
4. ,
.
5. Windows (Windows Memory Diagnostics)
. , F1, , ,
(Test Mix): (Basic), (Standart)
(Extended), F10, .
6. , .
.
, , Windows 7
(Startup Repair Tool). , . ,
, . (Startup
Repair Tool) ,

.

487

Windows 7 Windows XP
.

.
-
, .

.
Windows 7 , ,
, .

. Windows 7
. Windows 7
.
 . Windows 7 ,
.

(Restart Manager).
. ,
.
Windows 7
(Action
Center).
,
(Action Center).
, (Action
Center) . ,
Windows 7 (Action Center)
, . , .
1. (Action Center)
, (Open Action Center).
,  
 (StartControl PanelSystem and SecurityAction
Center).
2. (Action Center) (Security)
(Maintenance),
, .

488

15.

3. , , , .
, .
(Action Center), (Troubleshooting),
(Troubleshhoting). . 15.1, Windows 7 . ,
. .
 ,
Windows.
 , .

.

. 15.1.

489


. Aero
Aero (Display Aero Desktop Effects).
 Windows (Windows Update),
.
(Run Maintenance Tasks), ,
.
(Troubleshooting) .
 (View All ).
, , , , .
(Local), . (Online),
, .
 (View History).
, , . , ,
,
(Include troubleshooters that were run as an administrator).
 (Change Settings). . Windows
,
. Windows

. Windows
,
.



Windows 7 , , , .
.
 Windows. ,
, , ,
.
 . ,
.

490

15.

, (Event Viewer)
(Computer Management). (Computer Management), (Start),
(Computer),
(Management).
, .
1. (Computer Management).
. ,
(Computer Management) (Connect to Another Computer).
(Select Computer)
OK.
2. (Event Viewer), Windows (Windows Logs),
(Applications and Services Logs),
.
3. , .
. 15.2, Windows 7 ,
. .
 (Information). ,
.
 (Audit Success). ,
.
 (Audit Failure). ,
.
 (Warning). ,
,
.
 (Error). , .
 (Critical ). , .
, , (Summary)
(Details) .
 (Source). , ,
.
 (Event ID). .
 (Task Category). ,
.
 (User). ,
, , .

491

 (Computer). , .
 (Details). ,
.
, . . ,

(Microsoft Knowledge Base).

. 15.2.


. , , , . ,
, .
(Services)
(Computer Management). (Computer
Management) .

492

15.

1. ( Start ),
(Computer), (Management).
2. (Services
and Applications), (Services).
3. , . 15.3.
.
(Name). .
(Description). .
(Status). . , ,
.
(Startup Type). .
(Log On As). , .
(Local System).

. 15.3.

.
1. , . ,
(. . 15.4).
2. (Startup Type) (Automatic),
(Status) (Started), (Start)
.

493

3. (Start) ,
(Stop), (Start).
4. ,
, .
5. OK.

. 15.4.

Windows 7 . , .
1. , .
, .
2. (Recovery) ,
, (. 15.5).
:
(Take No Action), (Restart the Service), (Restart the Computer) .
3. : (First failure),
(Second failure), (Subsequent failures).
4. (Reset fail count after)
, .
1 .

494

15.

5. (Restart service after) , .


6. OK, .

. 15.5.



Windows 7 , .
 (System Protection).
.
 (Previous Versions).
.
 (Automated Backup).
() .
 (System Image Backup).
() .

495

, , .
.
.


(System Protection) Windows. ,
. .
,
. ,
, - , , .

,
. , ,
.
, (System Restore),
, , .
(System Protection) . , (System
Checkpoint), . ,
(Installation Restore Point), , ,
. , (Manual Restore Points),
. , .
. . , , ,
.
.
(System Protection)
(System Properties).

300
. (System Protection)

496

15.

100 %
,
. , ,
.
(System Protection), .
1.   
(StartControl PanelSystem and SecuritySystemSystem Protection).
2. (System Protection) (. 15.6). ,
, .
3. (System Protection) - , (Protection Settings)
(Congure).
(System Protection for), . 15.7.
4. ,
,
(Restore system settings and previous versions of les).
, , .

. 15.6. (System Protection)

497

. 15.7. (System Protection)

5. , , (Only restore previous versions


of les).
, ,
.
6. ,
(Turn off system protection). ,
,
, .
7. (System Protection) ,
, ,
(Disk Space Usage). , ,
.
8. , OK, (System Properties). 48,
.
, . .

498

15.

1.   
(Start Control Panel System and Security System System Protection),
(Create).
2. (Create).
3. OK.


(System Restore) , . , ,
. . Windows 7 , .
(System Protection) , ,
. , .
.



Windows 7 , (). , , ,
, .
, , .
, - DVD, .

.
 ,
.
19:00 .
 ,
USB-, - DVD,
, FireWire USB,
, NTFS.
 - DVD , - DVD .
, ,

499

. - 700
, DVD
4,7 . ,
.

. ,
. ,
,
.
.
1. (Back up your computer)
(System and Security) (Control Panel). (Backup
and Restore), (Control Panel).
2. (Set
up backup).
3. , (Select where you want to
save your backup), . 15.8, :
, - DVD, USB-.
(Next).
, (Save
On a Network). (Select a network location) (Browse), . OK.
.
,
OK. , (Next).
4. ? (What do you want to back up?)
Windows (Let Windows Choose), , ,
(Let Me Choose),
. (Next).
5. Windows (Let Windows Choose) , Windows
. , , ,
, NTFS.
: AppData, Contacts, Desktop,
Downloads, Favorites, Links, Saved Games Searches. , ,
.

500

15.

. 15.8.

6. (Let Me Choose), ,
(. 15.9).
(Data Files) (Computer)
. ,
(Next). .
,
, , .
(Include a system image of drives)
, . , , .
7. (Review your backup settings),
. 15.10, ,
. (Back),
.
8. (Change Schedule).
? (How often do you want to create a backup?),
. 15.11, . (How

501

often) (Daily), (Weekly)


(Monthly).
.
(What time) . ,

, , ,
.

. 15.9.

9. , (Save settings and run backup),


Windows .
, (Save settings and exit).
10. (Backup and Restore)
, . 15.12. , . ,
- ,
, :
.

502

15.

. 15.10.

. 15.11.

503

. 15.12.

,
.
1. (Back up your computer)
(System and Security)
(Control Panel).
2. (Backup and Restore)
(Change settings) 39
.
. ,
,
. , ,
.

,
, .
.

504

15.

1. (Back up your computer)


(System and Security)
(Control Panel).
2. (Back up now).
, .
1. (Back up your computer)
(System and Security)
(Control Panel).
2. (Create a
system image).
3. ? (Where do you want to save the backup?) . (Next).
4. ? (Which drives do you want to
include in the backup?) .
, , . (Next).
5. (Start Backup), .
, .
1. (Back up your computer)
(System and Security)
(Control Panel).
2. , ,
(Turn off schedule) .

, .
3. , ,
(Turn on schedule)
(Schedule).
, .
, (Manage space).
(Manage Windows Backup disk space),
. 15.13. .
 , , , .
 , (Browse).
 , (View Backups), , , .
 ,
.

505

. 15.13.



Windows 7 ,
.
 (Restore points). , .
 (Previous Versions). .
 (File recovery from backup).
, .
 (Force restart or shutdown).
.
 (Failed resume recovery).
.
 (Startup repair). , .

506

15.

 (System image recovery). Windows , .


 (System Repair Disk). ,
Windows (Windows Recovery Environment)
.
 . ,
.
. 15.1 , ,
, .
15.1.

, , ,



,


1.
2.
1.
1.

2.

3.
1.
2.

3.
, - 1.



, .
, ,
, , .
,
( ) .
(Recovery Environment),
.

507

, Windows (Windows Recovery


Environment, Windows RE).

.
,
. ,
.

, ,
.
1.   (StartControl Panel
System and Security).
2. (Restore
your computer to an earlier time) (Action Center).
3. (Open System Restore).
(System Restore Wizard). (Next).
4. (System Restore)
, . 15.14. , , .
.
(Show More Restore Points).
, ,
(Scan For Affected Programs).
. .
,
. ,
.

5. , . , , (Manual). , Windows 7,
(System).
6. (Next), (Finish).
(Yes), ,
, . .

508

15.

7. (System Restore) . .
, .

. 15.14.

8. ,
(System Restore).
(Close).
Windows 7 ,
:
1.   (StartControl Panel
System and Security).
2. (Restore
your computer to an earlier time) (Action Center).
3. (Open System Restore ). (Restore system les and settings), . 15.15, .
(Undo System Restore), (Next), , .
(Choose a different restore point),
(Next), ,
.

509

. 15.15.


Windows 7 (Previous Versions).
(System Protection),
. ,
, .
, .
, , ,
.
, , , . ,
, .

,
. (System Protection)
,
. , (System Protection) .

510

15.

.
, / (Restore previous versions). (Properties), (Previous Versions), . 15.16.
.
, ( ) ( ).
.
 (Open), . , , .
 (Copy), .
, .
 (Restore),
. .
.

. 15.16.

,
. , , (Restore). ,
Windows, .

511

,
. , (System Protection).
, , .
,
. , , , .
, , ,
(Properties) ,
. (Previous Versions) ,
.


. , Windows.
.
1. (Back up your computer)
(System and Security)
(Control Panel).
2. (Backup and Restore)
(Restore My Files), ,
(Restore All Users Files),
.
3. (Select the les and
folders to restore), . 15.17, , .

(Browse for les).
.
(Add Files). ,
.
(Browse for folders).
.
(Add). ,
.

(Search).

512

15.

( ), (Search).
OK.
,
.
,
(Restore Files), .
, (Choose a dierent date).

. (Show Backups From), . ,
, OK,
.

. 15.17.

4. (Where do you want


to save the restored les?) (In the
original location). , (In the following location),
(Browse), OK.

513

5. (Restore),
.
, .
, (Copy and
Replace).
, (Dont copy).
, , (Copy, but keep).
, , .
,
(Do this for all conicts).

6. .
(Finish).



Windows 7
(Start), , (Restart) (Shut Down).
Windows 7 ,
, .
.
1. Ctrl+Alt+Delete,
(Start Task Manager).
,
, .
2. (Task Manager) (Application),
. 15.18. , .
, 5.
3. (End
Task).
4. ,
: , .
(End Now).
5. . Ctrl+Alt+Delete,
, (Restart).

514

15.

6. , ,
.
,
. : , .
, ,
(Check Disk), ,
.

. 15.18.



( ), Windows 7 .
,
. ,
.
Windows (Windows Resume Loader).
, , ,
.
:

515

Windows
. ?

.
Enter=

(Continue with system restart), . (Delete restoration data and


proceed to system boot) .
,
.



Windows 7 ,
. ,
,
. , ,
.
Windows
Windows 7. .
 , .
: ,
.
 ,
. :
,
.
,
. ,
,

Windows.

516

15.

, .
1. , ,
(Start).
(Restart).
2. , F8.
,
Windows.
F8.
3.
(Repair Your Computer) .
4. .
(System Recovery Options)
, (Next).
5. ,
, .
6. (System Recovery Options)
(Startup Repair).

, . ,
, . . (Cancel)
, .
,
? (Do you want to restore your computer using System Restore?).
(Restore) . (Cancel) , , .
(Cancel).
, .
,
Microsoft ,
. , Microsoft.
(Startup Repair).
, Windows.

517

, (Finish). ,
. - .
,
. - - .
,
. , .
, .
, .
1. , ,
(Start).
(Shut Down).
2. . F8,
. , Windows. F8.
3.
.
, .
.
(Safe Mode). ,
. ,
, , . .
(Safe Mode with Networking).
, . , , ,
. .
(Safe Mode with Command
Prompt). Windows 7 , , . .
(Last Known Good Conguration). Windows 7
, ,
Windows . HKEY_CURRENT_CONFIG (HKCC).
,
.
4. ,
, -

518

15.

.
,
.
5. , , ,
,
,
.


Windows
Windows
Windows 7. , .
1. F8, .
, Windows.
F8.
2.
(Repair Your Computer) .
3. . ,
Windows.
4. (System Recovery Options)
, (Next).
5. ,
, .
6. (System Recovery Options)
.
(Startup repair).
, , Windows.
(System Restore).
, Windows
.
(System image recovery). Windows .
Windows (Windows Memory Diagnostics).
Windows .
(Command Prompt). ,
, .

519

Windows, Windows 7. ,
.
,
.


Windows
, . , . ,

Windows (Windows Preinstallation Environment, Windows PE), (Boot Manager)
(Boot Conguration Data, BCD).

.
, .
1. (Back up your computer)
(System and Security)
(Control Panel).
2.
(Create a system repair disk) .
3. - DVD
(Create Disk).
- DVD, ,
.
4.
, (Cancel), OK. Windows 7, 32
Windows 7, 64 .
, , , . 32- 32- Windows 64-
64- Windows.
,
.
, - DVD, .
,

520

15.

Windows. , - , .


, Windows. ,
, .
, .
, .
1. , ,
(Start). (Restart).
2. , F8. , Windows.
F8.
3.
(Repair Your Computer) .
4. Windows. (System Recovery Options) , (Next).
5. , , .
6. (System Recovery Options)
(System Image Recovery)
(Next). , .

Windows 7
, Windows 7.
, , .
. .


Windows 7 : (Remote Assistance)

521

(Remote Desktop). , (Remote Assistance), -

. . (Remote Desktop)
.


,
,
, . ,
. , , Windows Live Mail
Microsoft Oce Outlook.
, .
1. (Find and x problems) (System and Security)
(Control Panel). (Get help
from a friend) (Troubleshooting).
  Windows
(StartAll ProgramsMaintenanceWindows Remote Assistance).
2. , (Repair). Windows
, (Try these
repairs as an administrator),
(Close the troubleshooter).
1.
3. (Use Remote Assistance)
- (Invite someone to help you),
(Use e-mail to send an invitation).
4. (Choose a password) 6 . , ,
.
5. (Next), Windows 7
, .
6. (To) , (Send).

522

15.

Windows (Windows Remote Assistance). ,


.
 (Stop sharing).
.
 (Pauses).
.
 (Chat). .
 (Settings). .
 (Troubleshoot).
(Remote Assistance).
 (Help). (Windows Help and Support).
, ,
(Start). ,
.
Windows Vista Windows 7
. -,
. -,
, .


(Remote Assistance) , .
.
, , .
Windows
(Windows Remote Assistance), , . ,
(Start), .
, - , (
), .
1. (Start), msra,
.

523

2. Windows (Windows Remote Assistance)


, (Help someone who has invited you).
3.
(Advanced connection option for help desk).
4. IP- ,
, (Next).


. , , ,
. , , -,
, .
(Remote Desktop),
3389 , , (Remote Desktop).
, (Remote
Desktop), .
1.   (StartAll ProgramsAccessoriesRemote Desktop Connection).

(Remote Desktop Connection), . 15.19.

. 15.19.

2. (Computer) IP- .
, , IP- ( IP-,
ASP).

524

15.

3. (Connect). ,
.
4. ,
,
(Remote Desktop Users), OK.
5. - , ,
, ,
.
6. , 5, ,
. (Yes), .
, .
(Yes), . ,
.
.
, .
, , , .
. , (Network Address Translation, NAT) .
(Transmission Control Protocol, TCP) 3389
, .

Windows 7
Windows 7 , , . ,
.



. 15.2 , Windows 7. , .
(Microsoft Knowledge Base),
.

Windows 7

525

15.2. Windows 7

16- DOS-

16- 64-
Windows. 32- Windows 7 16- DOS-
.
Windows 7
WDDM.
Windows XP
Windows 7 IP-
DHCP, Microsoft. , DHCP.
http://support.microsoft.com/kb/928233/ru-ru

5 (Extensible Authentication ProtocolMessage Digest 5, EAP-MD5). Windows 7
EAP-MD5 .
EAP-MD5.
http://support.
microsoft.com/kb/922574/en-us
GINA
Windows 7.
, Windows 7
GINA, Windows, . http://
support.microsoft.com/kb/925520/en-us
USB- Windows
Connect Now. , USB NTFS .
, , FAT32. ,

6

USB Windows Media
(Windows Media Player).

,
.
- ,

802.11. , ,

(.
5)

DHCP

EAP-MD5

GINA/

USB-

USB

526

15.

15.2 ()

DVD


DVD+RW DVD-RW, Windows 7,
DVD-,
DVD+RW DVD-RW.
, Windows 7
DVD- UDF

DVD

Windows Media (Windows Media Player)


Tablet PC DVD-
. ,
DVD .

,
- USB,
. ,
Windows Media (Windows Media Player)
,
. ,

- Tablet
PC ,
.
-
, - .
Escape,

Windows 7
.
, 512 .
,
.
,
. http://support.microsoft.
com/kb/923332/en-us

Windows

Windows XP ,
Windows 7.
, Windows 7 Windows XP
. Windows XP,
(Repair).
http://support.microsoft.com/
kb/922809/ru-ru

Windows 7

Windows 7
Windows .


Windows 7

Windows 7


DVD

USB

Internet Explorer

527


DVD , .
, Windows 7 .
. , Windows 7
,

Windows
Media (Windows Media Player) DVD-RAM.
- ,
DVD-RAM.
(Windows Explorer)
USB ,
(Safely
Remove Hardware) .
,
USB USB-.
(Computer),
,
(Sound Recorder), . ,

0 . , 5
Internet Explorer
227 .

- ,
. ,
DNS.
  (StartAll
ProgramsAccessories),
(Command Prompt)
(Run As
Administrator). ipcong /
ushdns, DNS
,
, , ,
Windows 7.
Windows 7
Windows 7,
.
,
, Windows 7 ,
. Windows 7,

528

15.

15.2 ()

Windows Media


Windows 7 Windows XP. (Link-Layer Topology
Discovery, LLTD)
Windows XP. Windows XP -
Microsoft (http://www.microsoft.com/ru/ru/default.aspx).
http://
support.microsoft.com/kb/922120/ru-ru
(Speech
Recognition)
Microsoft Ofce. .
,
Windows 7 .
-
,
.
.
(Use the Automated Phone System)
Windows (Windows Activation Wizard),
Windows 7
(Windows Complete PC Restore)
.
64- Windows 7,
32- ,
:

Windows, .
, Windows (This version of System Recovery
Options is not compatible with the version of Windows
you are trying to repair. Try using a recovery disc that is
compatible with this version of Windows).
,
64-
Windows Media (Windows Media Player)

(Invalid le format). ,
,
, .
, Windows Media (Windows Media
Player), 8. ,
,
DirectX . http://
support.microsoft.com/kb/924073/ru-ru

Windows 7

529


(Speech Recognition)
.
, , , , Windows 7.
,

ATM


Windows 7 ATM.
, Windows 7 ATM

, NDIS, Windows 7
. ,
.
NDIS


Windows XP Windows 7
.
Ethernet

(Windows
Explorer). Alt, .
Alt ,


-
Windows 7.
Windows 7

, .
- UAC. UAC, 3

Windows 7
. ,
. , - DVD
-


. - ,
.

Windows 7
: (Error: uncaught
exception). .
(. )

530

15.

15.2 ()


Windows 7
.
FAT32
, .
, NTFS, .

, , ,


, (This computers
hardware may not support booting to this disk).
, , , BIOS
.
,


(Windows Explorer)
FireWire (IEEE 1394a). http://support.microsoft.
com/kb/927827/ru-ru

FireWire

Mf.sys

Windows 7 ,
Mf.sys.
Windows 7 .
http://support.
microsoft.com/kb/926171/en-us

Windows 7
. Windows 7 (Administrator)
,
. ,

, Windows 7

Live

Live
(Live File System, LFS) , .
- , Live
.
(Universal Disc Format, UDF)
10 % . http://support.microsoft.com/
kb/928353/en-us

Windows 7

531


Hosts Lmhosts


Hosts Lmhosts
Windows 7. ,

.
Hosts Lmhosts

(Run as administrator)

.RAW


.RAW . ,
.RAW
.
RAW-, Windows 7
, -

.HLP

Windows 7 .HLP.
(WinHlp32.exe) Windows 7 , Windows Help .
http://support.microsoft.com/kb/917607/ru-ru

Windows Live Movie Maker



.
(Camera), (Off),
(VCR) (Memory). ,

.
Windows 7 Windows Image Acquisition (WIA)
Windows Portable Devices (WPD). (Picture Transfer
Protocol, PTP) WIA.

BitLocker


BitLocker (BitLocker Drive Encryption key
needed). ,
USB
, . USB
Esc .
, USB

.
Windows 7, , , , ,
. ,

532

15.

15.2 ()



.
, Windows 7
.
,
.
, Windows 7 ,
, .

Windows 7
Windows 7 Windows
. ,
Windows 7 Windows XP ( Windows) .
Windows 7 , .
1.  (Start Accessories),
(Command Prompt),
(Run As Administrator).
2. Windows 7, : :\boot\Bootsect.exe -NT60 All,
, , Windows 7.
3. ,
( , Windows 7):
:\Windows\system32\Bcdedit -create {ntldr} -d " Windows."

:\Windows\system32\Bcdedit -set {ntldr} device partition=:


:\Windows\system32\Bcdedit -set {ntldr} path \ntldr
:\Windows\system32\Bcdedit -displayorder {ntldr} -addlast
4. .


. , Windows 7 ,
.
1.  (StartComputer).

Windows 7

533

2. DVD-
(Properties).
3. (Properties) (Recording),
(Global Settings).
4. UDF- (Automatically
close the current UDF session when), OK.


. , .
( ), , . ,
Windows (Where do you want to install Windows?),
.
1. Shift+F10, .
2. diskpart.
3. , list disk.
4. , select disk , .
5. , clean.
6. , exit.
7. exit , .
8. , Windows 7.

16

Windows 7.............................536

17

Windows .....................................545

18


Windows 7 ........................................................560

16

Windows 7

Windows 7
. , - .
Windows 7 32, 64- .
.
Windows 7 Windows 7 .
, .

Windows 7
Windows 7 .
 Windows 7 (Starter).
Windows 7
, .
 Windows 7 (Home Basic).
Windows 7, .
 Windows 7 (Home Premium).
Windows 7 .
 Windows 7 (Professional).
Windows 7 , Windows.
 Windows 7 (Enterprise).
Windows 7 Windows
.

Windows 7

537

 Windows 7 (Ultimate).
Windows 7, .
(Professional), (Enterprise) (Ultimate)
Windows. 16.1 . . , Windows 7, .
16.1. Windows 7

Windows 7

Internet Information
Server
Windows Aero
Windows Anytime
Upgrade
Windows DVD Maker

Windows Fax and


Scan
Windows Media
Center
Windows Mobility

Center
Windows Shadow
Copy






538

16. Windows 7

16.1 ()

Windows 7

10

20

20

20

16

192

192

192




10


4
32

8
64

,

Tablet PC

Xbox 360

X
X

Windows 7

539

Windows 7


Windows Virtual PC
Windows XP
Windows

UNIX
-

PCto-PC
EFS






BitLocker

Windows 7
Windows 7 , Windows. Windows
Vista Windows 7 , . Windows 7,
Windows XP,
. Windows XP

540

16. Windows 7

Windows Easy Transfer,


Windows. .

, .

, ,
.
Windows 7 , ,
. Microsoft ,
. , Windows 7 .
, ,
.
Windows 7 32- (x86) 64- (x64) 1 , 1 ( 32-
) 2 ( 64-) , , DirectX 9 WDDM 1.0 .
, ,
, .
.
Windows 7 .
,
, .

Microsoft 16 ( 32- ) 20 ( 64-) . , , ,


. , ,
15 % .
Windows 7 , . ,
Windows (Where do you want to install Windows?), Shift+F10,
.


Windows 7 .
1. .

Windows 7

2.

3.
4.

5.
6.

7.

8.
9.
10.
11.
12.

541

Windows 7 CD-ROM DVD-ROM.


, .
, , , . (Next).

, . Windows 7 CD-ROM DVD-ROM.
. , (Windows Explorer), , Setup.exe.
, (Install Now).

, , ,
.
. (I accept the license terms), (Next).
,
, ( ) (Custom (advanced)).
, ,
(Next).
Windows, ,
Windows.old
, . OK.
.
, . ,
.
.
, .
,
. .
. (Next).
, . . (Next).

, (Next).
Windows. , Windows 7 , .

542

16. Windows 7

(Ask me later) ,
Windows (Windows Update).
13. . (Next).
14. ,
. .

,
.
,
. (Home) , (Work) (Public Location) . Windows 7
.
, .
,
.
, .
, -
.
15. Windows 7 .


Windows 7 , . Windows 7 ,
, , Windows.
Windows.old. . , Windows 7
, Windows.
1 Windows 7.
, ,
Windows.old.
,
( 14).

Windows 7

543

Windows 7 .
1. ,
. Windows 7 CDROM DVD-ROM. .
, (Windows Explorer),
, Setup.exe.
2. , (Install Now).
3. , .
4. . (I accept the license terms), (Next).
5. ,
(Upgrade).
6. . , .
,
. , .
7.
, (Next).
8. Windows. , Windows 7
, .
(Ask me later), Windows (Windows
Update) .
9. . (Next).
10. , . .

, .
, .

(Home) , (Work)
(Public Location) .
Windows 7 .
, .
,
.

544

16. Windows 7

, . ,
.
11. Windows 7 .

Windows 7
Windows 7. . 16.2
Windows 7.
16.2. Windows 7
Windows 7

Windows 7, 
  (StartControl PanelSystem and SecuritySystem). (System) Windows 7 (Get more features with a new edition of Windows 7).
,
, .
Windows Anytime Upgrade. (Start),
(Control Panel).
(System and Maintenance), Windows Anytime Upgrade.
- Microsoft,
. Windows 7. ,
Windows 7, , , .
, .

17

Windows

Windows 7, Windows,
, . (Boot
Conguration Data, BCD),
. Windows 7.
, Windows 7 . ,
Windows 7 Windows.


, Windows, , -
. , 32-
x86 BIOS
(Master Boot Record, MBR).
IA64 Itanium GUID (GUID
Partition Table, GPT) (Extensible
Firmware Interface, EFI). 64-
x64 MBR
(UEFI), BIOS,
EFI.
, . . , Windows, ,
, . .

546

17. Windows

Windows . 32- x86 BIOS. IA64 Itanium EFI.


64- x64 UEFI.
, UEFI BIOS,
BIOS, , UEFI
EFI EFI.
Windows XP
Windows, , Boot.ini
Ntldr . Windows
Vista Windows 7 .
BCD.
 BCD
.
 Windows ( Windows Boot Manager )
, .

. , Windows
Windows 7.
BCD ,
BIOS EFI
, , . BCD , BCD. BIOS \Boot\Bcd ,
, Windows.
(Disk Management),
.
EFI EFI.
BCD . BIOS, . , . Windows
Windows Vista, Windows 7 Windows, .
, ,
Windows XP Windows, . . Ntldr Boot.
ini, . ,
.

547


(BCD)
:
 ;
 ;
 BCD (BCD Editor).

.



,
. .
,
.
1.  (StartControl Panel).
(System and Security), (System).

. 17.1.

548

17. Windows

2. (System), (Advanced system settings) .


3. (Settings) (Startup and Recovery).
(Startup and Recovery), . 17.1.
4. , (Default operating system) ,
.
5. ,
(Time to display list of
operating systems) .
6. , (Time to display recovery
options when needed) .
7. OK.


(Mscong.exe)
. ,
VGA- .
, :
1. (Start) msconfig.exe
.
2. (Boot), . 17.2.

. 17.2. (Boot)

549

3. ,
(Set as default).
4. ,
(Safe boot), .
5. OK, .
, . , (Normal Startup)
(General), OK.

BCD
BCD (BCD Editor, BCDEdit.exe) ,
BCD
. , :
1.   (StartAll ProgramsAccessories).
2. (Command Prompt),
(Run As Administrator).
3. bcdedit.
17.1 BCDEdit. :
Windows, Windows.
17.1. BCD
-------------------Windows Boot Manager
-------------------identifier {9dea862c-5cdd-4e70-acc1-f32b344d4795}
device partition=C:
description Windows Boot Manager
locale en-US
inherit {7ea2e1ac-2e61-4728-aaa3-896d9d0a9f0e}
default {1cafd2e9-e035-11dd-bbf6-bdebeb67615f}
resumeobject {1cafd2e8-e035-11dd-bbf6-bdebeb67615f}
displayorder {1cafd2ed-e035-11dd-bbf6-bdebeb67615f}
{1cafd2e9-e035-11dd-bbf6-bdebeb67615f}
{360a7720-e6ef-11dc-89b8-84b5c301f2c8}
toolsdisplayorder {b2721d73-1db4-4c62-bf78-c548a880142d}
timeout 30
Windows Legacy OS Loader
------------------------

550

17. Windows

17.1 ()
Identifier: {ntldr}
Type: 10300006
Device: partition=C:
Path: \ntldr
Description: Earlier Version of Windows
Boot debugger: No
Windows Boot Loader
------------------identifier {1cafd2e9-e035-11dd-bbf6-bdebeb67615f}
device partition=C:
path \Windows\system32\winload.exe
description Windows 7
locale en-US
inherit {6efb52bf-1766-41db-a6b3-0ee5eff72bd7}
recoverysequence {1cafd2f0-e035-11dd-bbf6-bdebeb67615f}
recoveryenabled Yes
osdevice partition=C:
systemroot \Windows
resumeobject {1cafd2e8-e035-11dd-bbf6-bdebeb67615f}
nx OptIn

Windows , (NX) , ,
(Emergency Management Services, EMS).

,
, . BCD,
, :
bcdedit /enum all /v

,
, . 17.2 . , GUID, BCD.
17.2. BCD
Windows Boot Manager
-------------------identifier {9dea862c-5cdd-4e70-acc1-f32b344d4795}
device partition=C:
description Windows Boot Manager
locale en-US
inherit {7ea2e1ac-2e61-4728-aaa3-896d9d0a9f0e}
default {1cafd2e9-e035-11dd-bbf6-bdebeb67615f}
resumeobject {1cafd2e8-e035-11dd-bbf6-bdebeb67615f}
displayorder {1cafd2ed-e035-11dd-bbf6-bdebeb67615f}
{1cafd2e9-e035-11dd-bbf6-bdebeb67615f}

{360a7720-e6ef-11dc-89b8-84b5c301f2c8}
toolsdisplayorder {b2721d73-1db4-4c62-bf78-c548a880142d}
timeout 30
Windows Boot Loader
------------------identifier {1cafd2e9-e035-11dd-bbf6-bdebeb67615f}
device partition=C:
path \Windows\system32\winload.exe
description Windows 7
locale en-US
inherit {6efb52bf-1766-41db-a6b3-0ee5eff72bd7}
recoverysequence {1cafd2f0-e035-11dd-bbf6-bdebeb67615f}
recoveryenabled Yes
osdevice partition=C:
systemroot \Windows
resumeobject {1cafd2e8-e035-11dd-bbf6-bdebeb67615f}
nx OptIn
Windows Boot Loader
------------------identifier {1cafd2e0-e035-11dd-bbf6-bdebeb67615f}
device ramdisk=[C:]\Recovery\1cafd2e0-e035-11dd-bbf6-bdebeb6761
5f\Winre.wim,{1cafd2e1-e035-11dd-bbf6-bdebeb67615f}
path \windows\system32\winload.exe
description Windows Recovery Environment
inherit {6efb52bf-1766-41db-a6b3-0ee5eff72bd7}
osdevice ramdisk=[C:]\Recovery\1cafd2e0-e035-11dd-bbf6-bdebeb6761
5f\Winre.wim,{1cafd2e1-e035-11dd-bbf6-bdebeb67615f}
systemroot \windows
nx OptIn
winpe Yes
Resume from Hibernate
--------------------identifier {1cafd2e8-e035-11dd-bbf6-bdebeb67615f}
device partition=C:
path \Windows\system32\winresume.exe
description Windows Resume Application
locale en-US
inherit {1afa9c49-16ab-4a5c-901b-212802da9460}
filedevice partition=C:
filepath \hiberfil.sys
debugoptionenabled No
Windows Memory Tester
--------------------identifier {b2721d73-1db4-4c62-bf78-c548a880142d}
device partition=C:
path \boot\memtest.exe
description Windows Memory Diagnostic
locale en-US
inherit {7ea2e1ac-2e61-4728-aaa3-896d9d0a9f0e}
badmemoryaccess Yes

551

552

17. Windows

17.2 ()
Windows Legacy OS Loader
-----------------------identifier {466f5a88-0af2-4f76-9038-095b170dc21c}
device unknown
path \ntldr
description Earlier Version of Windows
custom:45000001 1
custom:47000005 301989892
EMS Settings
-----------identifier {0ce4991b-e6b3-4b16-b23c-5e0d9250e5d9}
bootems Yes
Debugger Settings
----------------identifier {4636856e-540f-4170-a130-a84776f4c654}
debugtype Serial
debugport 1
baudrate 115200
RAM Defects
----------identifier {5189b25c-5558-4bf2-bca4-289b11bd29e2}
Global Settings
--------------identifier {7ea2e1ac-2e61-4728-aaa3-896d9d0a9f0e}
inherit {4636856e-540f-4170-a130-a84776f4c654}
{0ce4991b-e6b3-4b16-b23c-5e0d9250e5d9}
{5189b25c-5558-4bf2-bca4-289b11bd29e2}
Boot Loader Settings
-------------------identifier {6efb52bf-1766-41db-a6b3-0ee5eff72bd7}
inherit {7ea2e1ac-2e61-4728-aaa3-896d9d0a9f0e}
{7ff607e0-4395-11db-b0de-0800200c9a66}
Hypervisor Settings
------------------identifier {7ff607e0-4395-11db-b0de-0800200c9a66}
hypervisordebugtype Serial
hypervisordebugport 1
hypervisorbaudrate 115200
Resume Loader Settings
---------------------identifier {1afa9c49-16ab-4a5c-901b-212802da9460}
inherit {7ea2e1ac-2e61-4728-aaa3-896d9d0a9f0e}
Device options
-------------identifier {1cafd2dd-e035-11dd-bbf6-bdebeb67615f}
description Ramdisk Options
ramdisksdidevice partition=C:
ramdisksdipath \Recovery\1cafd2dc-e035-11dd-bbf6-bdebeb67615f\boot.sdi
Device options
--------------

553

identifier {1cafd2e1-e035-11dd-bbf6-bdebeb67615f}
description Ramdisk Options
ramdisksdidevice partition=C:
ramdisksdipath \Recovery\1cafd2e0-e035-11dd-bbf6-bdebeb67615f\boot.sdi

, . .
 (Recovery Environment).
Windows , Windows
Recovery Environment. Windows (Windows Recovery
Environment, Windows RE) , .
Windows 7 . ,
, , Windows. .
 (Resume from Hibernate).
Windows 7. , , Winresume.exe
C:\Windows\system32.
Hiberfil.sys ( C:),
filepath.
, (Physical Address Extension, PAE) ,
pae debugoptionenabled.
 Windows (Windows Memory Diagnostics).

Windows. , , Memtest.exe
\boot , .

, badmemoryaccess
Yes.
 EMS (EMS Settings).
,
(EMS).
Windows , EMS .
 (Debugger Settings).
,
. Windows , . , Debugtype , Serial, 1394 USB.

554

17. Windows

Serial, Debugport , , Baudrate ( ), . 1394, Channel,


. USB, Targetname USB, .

BCD
, BCD
BCD (BCD Editor). ,
. , .



, , /Default. :
Bcdedit /default bootldrid
bootldrid GUID . , Windows 7, ,
. ,
.
Windows Boot Loader
------------------identifier {1cafd2e9-e035-11dd-bbf6-bdebeb67615f}
device partition=C:
path \Windows\system32\winload.exe
description Windows 7
locale en-US
inherit {6efb52bf-1766-41db-a6b3-0ee5eff72bd7}
recoverysequence {1cafd2f0-e035-11dd-bbf6-bdebeb67615f}
recoveryenabled Yes
osdevice partition=C:
systemroot \Windows
resumeobject {1cafd2e8-e035-11dd-bbf6-bdebeb67615f}
nx OptIn
quietboot No
debug No
ems No

BCD

555

(Windows Boot Manager)


displayorder.
Windows Boot Manager
-------------------identifier {9dea862c-5cdd-4e70-acc1-f32b344d4795}
device partition=L:
description Windows Boot Manager
locale en-US
inherit {7ea2e1ac-2e61-4728-aaa3-896d9d0a9f0e}
default {1cafd2e9-e035-11dd-bbf6-bdebeb67615f}
resumeobject {1cafd2e8-e035-11dd-bbf6-bdebeb67615f}
displayorder {1cafd2ed-e035-11dd-bbf6-bdebeb67615f}
{1cafd2e9-e035-11dd-bbf6-bdebeb67615f}
{360a7720-e6ef-11dc-89b8-84b5c301f2c8}
toolsdisplayorder {b2721d73-1db4-4c62-bf78-c548a880142d}
timeout 30

:
bcdedit /default {1cafd2e9-e035-11dd-bbf6-bdebeb67615f}

,
Windows 7, , (Windows Legacy OS Loader).
:
Windows Legacy OS Loader
-----------------------identifier {466f5a88-0af2-4f76-9038-095b170dc21c}
device partition=C:
path \ntldr
description Earlier Version of Windows

Ntldr , :
bcdedit /default {466f5a88-0af2-4f76-9038-095b170dc21c}


/timeout ( ) :
bcdedit /timeout 30

, .


(Physical Address Extension, PAE) , x86

556

17. Windows

, 4 , 32 36. 32
,
4 .
, 64- Windows, , 64-
, 4 , .

PAE, :
bcdedit /set bootldrid pae paeState

bootldrid ,
PAE, paeState
PAE.
Default. PAE
.
ForceEnable. PAE.
ForceDisable. PAE.
, :
Windows Boot Loader
------------------identifier {0c728e1b-d009-11da-b18b-9dc1d02cdda0}

PAE :
bcdedit /set {0c728e1b-d009-11da-b18b-9dc1d02cdda0} pae forceenable




/Displayorder. .

:
Windows Boot Loader
------------------identifier {0c728e1b-d009-11da-b18b-9dc1d02cdda0}
Windows Boot Loader
------------------identifier {263bf496-4ab4-11db-b478-c0671802252f}

557

bcdedit /displayorder {263bf496-4ab4-11db-b478-c0671802252f}


{0c728e1b-d009-11da-b18b-9dc1d02cdda0}

,
/addfirst, :
bcdedit /displayorder {263bf496-4ab4-11db-b478-c0671802252f} /addfirst

,
/addlast, :
bcdedit /displayorder {263bf496-4ab4-11db-b478-c0671802252f} /addlast



, ,
/bootsequence. ,
, :
bcdedit /bootsequence {0c728e1b-d009-11da-b18b-9dc1d02cdda0}

, ,
, .

.



(Boot Sector Congurator, Bootsect.
exe) ,
, Windows 7.
Windows XP Wndows
Windows 7 .
Windows Automated Installation Kit (Windows AIK), , - Microsoft. http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/
Search.aspx?displaylang=ru Windows AIK.



Bootsect.exe, ,

558

17. Windows

, Ntldr. , .
Bootsect.exe FixNTFS.
Windows 7 .
, , Windows,
Bootsect.
15.

, ,
.
 :, , , (, C:).
.
 SYS , ,
Windows 7.
 ALL , ,
Windows,
, .
Ntldr , Windows 7, /nt52, , , :
bootsect /nt52 SYS


Windows 7 , /nt60,
, , :
bootsect /nt60 D:
Bootsect
. ,
.
,
/force. ,
.

Windows
Windows 7
, , Windows 7
Windows.

559

.
Bootsect BCDEdit.

.
1. CD-ROM DVD-ROM , .
2. Windows. ,
, , Windows 7.
3.
Windows 7. ,
Windows 7. , C:,
:
bootsect /nt60 c:

4.
BCDEdit. \Windows\System32 ,
Windows 7. ,
Windows_Version Windows,
:
Bcdedit /create {legacy} /d "Windows_Version"
Bcdedit /set {legacy} device boot
Bcdedit /set {legacy} path \ntldr
Bcdedit /displayorder {legacy} /addlast

5. , .

18


Windows 7

:
. , , . : Active Directory
. Active Directory
, Windows,
, .
, , .
, .
. , , ,
, , , , .
(Administrative Templates)
.
, .
Windows 7 .
,
.

Windows 7
Windows 7 .
 .
 (Network Location Awareness).

Windows 7

561

 (Local Group
Policy Objects, LGPO).
 .



. .

.
 ,
.

.
 .
, Svchost
userenv.dll. Microsoft Windows
, Userenv.
, . userenv.log, Windows XP
.



Windows XP Windows, Windows Vista
Windows 7 .
.
. .

, , , ,

562

18. Windows 7

.
,
.

.
.


Windows Vista Windows 7
ICMP () .
, ,
, ,
.
, ,
, .
, , ,
.

ICMP, .

.
,

VPN-.


Windows 7 :
(Group Policy Management Console,
GPMC) (Group Policy Object Editor,
GPOE). ,

Windows 7. Windows 7.
Active Directory .
, :

Windows 7

563

1. , .
2. (Start) mmc .
3. (Add/Remove Snapin) (File).
4. (Group
Policy Management Console), (Add), OK.
5. .
6. -, , ,
(Edit).
.
, . 18.1,
.
, .
1. , .
2. (Start) mmc .

. 18.1.

3. (Add/Remove Snapin) (File).


4. (Group Policy
Object Editor) (Add).

564

18. Windows 7

5. (Select Group Policy Object)


(Local
Computer). , (Finish).
, (Browse), OK.
6. OK.
7. .
Windows Vista Windows 7

XML ADMX. , ADM.
ADMX :
.
.
. , , ,
,
. , , , .
ADMX , (Sysvol).
. , ADMX . .
, Windows Vista Windows 7, ADM, ADMX.


.
.
 (Computer Conguration).
,
, .
 (User Conguration).
,
.
.
 (Software Settings).
.

565

 Windows (Windows Settings).


, , ,
.
 (Administrative Templates).
, .
, , (Administrative Templates). ,
, :
1. , . (. ).
2.  ( Computer Configuration  Administrative Templates )
 (User Configuration  Administrative
Templates) , .
3.
(Edit) (Properties).
4. (Help) ,
.
5. .
(Not Congured ).
.
(Enabled ).
.
(Disabled ).
.
6. , (Options), (Apply).
7. OK, .
, .
.

, .



, , Windows 7,
. .

566

18. Windows 7


, , Windows.
,
. Windows 7
.
1. .
2. .
3. .
.
, , .
, , .
, . , Windows XP.

, . ,
. ,
.


,
. , - .
. - . Windows 7
, . : ,
.

567

.
(Not Congured), ,
.

, , .
 .
, , , .
, ,
, , .

.
, , , .
, , ,
, .
,
. ,
, .

, . - . ,

(Turn off Local Group Policy
objects processing). \ \\ (Computer Conguration\
Administrative Templates\System\Group Policy).



.
, ,

568

18. Windows 7

. .




. ,
.
1. , .
2. (Start) mmc .
3. (Add/Remove Snapin) (File).
4. (Group Policy
Object Editor) (Add).
5. (Finish).
6. OK.

.
(Add/Remove Snap-in)
(Group Policy Object Editor), (Add)
.



.
1. , .
2. (Start) mmc .
3. (Add/Remove Snapin) (File).
4. (Group Policy
Object Editor) (Add).
5. (Select Group Policy Object)
(Browse).
6. (Users),
. 18.2. , (Group Policy Object Exists) ,
.
7. (Administrators) (
),

569

(Administrators). , (Non- Administrators)


(Non-Administrators).
8. OK.

. 18.2.

. 18.3.

570

18. Windows 7

\ (Local Computer\Administrators Policy) \


(Local Computer\Non-Administrators Policy) (. . 18.3). , , .
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.

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3. (Add/Remove Snapin) (File).
4. (Group Policy
Object Editor) (Add).

Active Directory Windows 7

571

5. (Select Group Policy Object)


(Browse).
6. (Users),
. 18.2.
7. ,
, (Remove Group Policy
Object).
8. (Yes).
9. (Cancel), .
10. (Exit) (File).
(No).
11. , .


Active Directory Windows 7
Windows 7
Windows 7, . Windows 7 .
Windows 7 Active
Directory .
Windows. , , , . ,
Windows 7 .
Active Directory, Windows 7, .
, .
1. , .
2. .
3. (Forest). , .
4. (Domains) (Sites). ,
,
.
5. ,
(Edit), .
6. (Computer
Conguration) (User Conguration).

572

18. Windows 7


. , ,
, . , , .

(William Stanek) (http://www.williamstanek.com) 20-


. , ,
, .
, . 100 ,
Active Directory Administrators Pocket Consultant, Windows Group
Policy Administrators Pocket Consultant, Windows PowerShell 2.0 Administrators Pocket
Consultant Windows Server 2008 Inside Out.
1991 .
11- . , . . .
. , .

,
. -
.

Windows 7 .
,


.
.
.
.
.
.
.

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,

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./: (812) 7037373, 7037372; email: sales@piter.com
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./: (495) 23438-15, 97434-50; e-mail: sales@msk.piter.com

., . 169; ./: (4732) 396170


email: piterctr@omch.ru
. , . 11; ./: (343) 3789841, 3789842
mail: office@ekat.piter.com

. , . 13; .: (8312) 412731


email: office@nnov.piter.com
. , . 36; .: (383) 363-01-14
: (383) 3501979; email: sib@nsk.piter.com
//

. , . 26; .: (863) 2699122, 2699130


mail: piterug@rostov.piter.com

. , . 33; 223; .: (846) 2778979


e-mail: pitvolga@samtel.ru

. , . 12, 10; .: (1038057) 751-10-02


758-41-45; : (1038057) 712-27-05; -mail: piter@kharkov.piter.com

., . 6, . 1, 33; .: (1038044) 4903569


: (1038044) 4903568; mail: office@kiev.piter.com

. , . 34, 2; ./: (1037517) 201-48-79, 201-48-81


mail: gv@minsk.piter.com

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: (812) 703/73/73. E/mail: fuganov@piter.com
.
: / (812) 703/73/72, (495) 974/34/50
.: (812) 7037373.
mail: kozin@piter.com
: www.piter.com; .: (812) 703-73-74
ICQ 413763617

!



.


./: (4232) 238212
email: bookbase@mail.primorye.ru

,
.: (3952) 200917, 241777
email: prodalit@irk.ru
http://www.prodalit.irk.ru

, , . , . 1
.: (4212) 360665, 339531
email: dkniga@mail.kht.ru

,
./: (3952) 252590
email: kkcbooks@bk.ru
http://www.kkcbooks.ru

,
.: (4212) 328551, : (4212) 328250
email: postmaster@worldbooks.kht.ru
,
.: (4212) 394960
email: zakaz@booksmirs.ru

, , . , . 3
.: (8182) 654134, 653879
email: marketing@avfkniga.ru

, , . , . 4
.: (4732) 267777
http://www.amital.ru
, ,

./: (4012) 215628, 6 56568
email: nshibkova@vester.ru
http://www.vester.ru
, ,
, .15
.: (846) 3312233
email: chaconne@chaccone.ru
,
. , . 58
.: (4732) 512893, 470081
email: manager@kmsvrn.ru

, , . , 424
./: (87934) 69309
email: rossy@kmw.ru

,
. , . 86
./: (3912) 273971
email: bookworld@public.krasnet.ru
, 
.: (383) 3361026
: (383) 3361027
email: office@topkniga.ru
http://www.topkniga.ru

, ,

.: (843) 2723455
email: tais@bancorp.ru

,
. , . 12
./: (343) 3581898, 3581484
email: domknigi@k66.ru

,
. , . 1
./: (343) 228-10-70
e-mail: igm@lumna.ru
http://www.lumna.ru
,
. , . 124
.: (351) 2477403, 2477409,
2477416
email: zakup@intser.ru
http://www.fkniga.ru, www.intser.ru

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