Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 240

-

-
2011

681.3.06
32.973.202
-37

. .
-37

Windows 7 . .: -,
2011. 240 .: . ( )
ISBN 978-5-9775-0633-5

Windows 7 Windows,

(ADSL-, , 3G-).
,

. (Wi-Fi,
Bluetooth, IrDA). ,
( ), ,
- FTP-.

681.3.06
32.973.202

:

.
.

02429 24.07.00. 30.11.10.


70 1001/16. . . . . 19,35.
2000 .
"-", 190005, -, ., 29.
-
77.99.60.953..005770.05.09 26.05.2009 .
.

" ""
199034, -, 9 , 12

ISBN 978-5-9775-0633-5

. ., 2010
, "-", 2010


..................................................................................................................... 7
. Windows 7 .......................................................... 9
..................................................................... 9
................................................................ 11
............................................................................................................... 12
............................................................ 13

1. .................................................................................. 15
( ) ....................................................................................... 15
.................................................................... 17
............................................................................................ 19
.............................................. 20
.......................................................................... 22
...................................................... 23
..................................................................... 25
.............................................................................................................................. 27
................................................................................................ 29
............................................... 30
..................................................................... 33
............................................................................... 35
................................................................................................................... 36
............................................................................... 37
.......................................................................... 37
............................................................................................ 38
...................................................... 39
............................................................................................ 41
.................................................................................................................... 42
................................................................................................................. 44

2. ......................... 47
....................................................................................................................... 47
................................................................................................. 50
................................................................................................................ 50
TCP/IP, ................................................. 53
............................................................................................................. 54

() ............................................................................ 55
............................................................................................ 56
......................................................................................................... 57
............................................................. 60
Internet Explorer ..................... 63
........................................................ 64
(VPN) ............................................................................................... 66
............................................................................................................... 68
- (ICS) ........................................................ 70
ADSL- .................................................................................. 73
...................................... 76
.................................................. 79
........................................................................... 80
............................................................................................. 83

3. ................................................................ 85
Wi-Fi .......................................................... 85
. .......................................................... 85
(SSID)..................................................................................................................... 86
Wi-Fi ......................................................................................................... 87
Wi-Fi.................................................................................................. 88
Wi-Fi ............................ 90
........................................................... 92
Wi-Fi- ............................................................... 93
(ad hoc ) ........................... 96
Wi-Fi ......................................................................................... 100
..................................... 104
....................................... 104
................................................. 105
() Wi-Fi .................................................................................. 106
.............................................................................................. 107
....................................................................................... 107
.............................................................. 108
Bluetooth .......................................................................................................... 110
Bluetooth ................................................. 112
........................................................................................................... 116
(PAN)................................................................................ 116
- (IrDA) ................................................................................. 117
.
................................................................................................. 120
3G-..................................................................................................... 121

4. .......................................................... 125
............................................................................................... 125
(Windows Firewall) .. 126
.............................................. 129
........................... 132
IP- .................................................................................................. 133
............................................................................................ 133

.......................................................................... 135
Windows ............................................................................................................. 136
Microsoft Security Essentials ................................................................................................ 140
........................... 143

5. ............................................................. 145
. .................................................................... 145
..................................................................................................... 146
.................................................................................. 147
(Public) .............................................................................. 150
................................................................................ 152
...................................................... 153
NTFS ............................................... 154
...................................................................................... 156
...................................................................................................... 159
"" ............................................................................. 160
....................................................................................................... 160
............................................................. 162
.................................................................................. 163
............................................................................................ 164
..................................................................... 165
........................................................................ 166

6. ............................................ 169
.................................................................................... 169
Windows Media Player 12.0 .............................................................................. 172
................................................................................................ 172
......................................................................... 174
........................................................................ 175
........................................................................................................... 177
...................................................................................... 179
.......................................................................... 179
.................................................................................................... 181
.................................................................................... 181
................................................................................. 185
............................................................................................. 189
CD- .................................................................................................... 190
......................................................................................... 191
DVD-........................................................................................................................... 192
" " (Play To) ................................................................................ 193
Windows Media ................................................................ 193
................................................................................................ 195

7. ............................... 197
........................................................................................ 197
......................................................................... 198
............................................................................................ 199
................................................................................................................ 200
.................................................................. 202
............................................ 204

................................................................. 205
Easy Connect ............................................................................................................ 206
Windows Live Messenger ...................................................... 210

8. FTP- - ............................................................... 213


(IIS 7.5) ............................................................ 213
IIS 7.5 .............................................................................. 214
............................................................................................................... 216
IIS ....... 217
FTP- .............................................................................................................. 220
...................................................................................... 222
- FTP- ....................................................................................................... 225

1. Windows 7 ...................................................... 229


2. - ....................................................................... 233
....................................................................................... 235
.............................................................................................. 236


Windows 7 ,
. : ,
, "" ( ) Windows. , , Windows 7
, ,
. Windows 7 Windows XP, . , ,
, ( ), . , ,
.
( ) , . , , ,
. ,
, . Windows 7 ,
!
Windows 7 ( ) , , . , , Windows 7.
,
.
: ATchekmarev@hotmail.com.


Windows 7
() Windows 7, ,
.
, , . , , ,
, , .
,
Windows - Windows 7:
- ( 2);
( 3);
Windows (Windows Defender) Windows

( 4);
( 5);
(Remote Desktop)

(Remote Assistance) ( 7) .
Windows 7,
.



Windows 7,
. , Windows 7 (Starter Edition) Windows 7
(Home Basic Edition).

10


Windows 7
(HomeGroup), (, , , ) . (
), ( 1).
Windows Media Player 12.0
( AAC, AVCHD, MPEG-2 TS, DVR-MS, WTV
H.264), ( WMA, WMA lossless,
MP3 WAV) CD- ( -) (, ). ,
MPEG- ( )
DivX/XviD. , CD- DVD- ( 6).

Windows 7, (Home Premium), , . , Windows Media
,
,
( 6).
" " (Play To)
Windows 7
Windows 7 Windows Media ( , Digital Media Renderer), DLNA 1.5 ( 6).
Internet Explorer 8.0
-
(tabs), - (InPrivate Filter
SmartScreen), - -, (accelerators) -, , ,
(add-ons) ( 2 ).
(Remote Desktop)
Windows 7 :
(Remote Desktop)

Windows 7

11

( ); (Remote Assistance)
( Microsoft,
) ,
, ( ) . ,
""
Windows 7 (Windows 7 (Professional) ),
, "" (Home)
( 7).



, , .
,
Windows Server 2008 Windows Server 2008 R21.
(NAP)
Network Access Protection (NAP),
Windows Server 2008 ,
,
(
).
, ,
,
. .
BranchCache
BranchCache Windows 7 Windows Server 2008 R2
, .
( (offline
files).) ,
, .
,
Windows Server 2008 R2, .
.
1

, IIS 7.5.

12

DirectAccess
Windows 7 Windows Server 2008 R2

VPN-. IPv6 IPsec; , , Windows Server 2008 R2
DirectAccess, Windows Server 2008 PKI (Public Key Infrastructure),
(authentication). IPv6-over-IPsec.
(IIS 7.5)
Windows 7 Internet Information Services (IIS)
7.5. - (
!), Windows 7 (Home Premium), FTP-, ( ). IIS ,
- ;
FTP . IIS ,

Windows ( 8).


,
Windows, Windows 7. ,
. (, ), :
Windows Vista (People Near Me) Windows (Windows Meeting Space). Windows 7 ,
Microsoft: Office Communications Server 2007 R2,
Live Meeting Microsoft SharedView;
" Window"s (Windows Calendar);
" Windows" (Windows Mail);
Net print ,

;
Net send, -

, Msg.exe .

Windows 7

13

Windows Messenger
( Windows Vista).
1, Windows Live - Microsoft.
Windows Vista;
:
Netware (Client Service for Netware);
NWLink IPX/SPX/NetBIOS Compatible Transport Protocol;
Serial Line Interface Protocol (SLIP).

IIS 7.5, Windows 7, ,


POP3.


Windows 7 ( !) , :
SNMP- (Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP));
Telnet (Telnet Client);
Telnet- (Telnet Server);
TFTP (TFTP Client);
RIP (RIP Listener);
TCPIP (echo, daytime . . Simple TCPIP services);
NFS (Services for NFS).


Windows (Turn Windows features on or off) (Programs and Features), .

-
(, " Windows Live" (Windows Live Mail) " Windows Live" (Windows
Live Photo Gallery)), - " Windows Live" (Windows Live Movie Maker), , Windows
Movie Maker, .

14


Windows 7 :
, , , , ,
. Wi-Fi-, .

2, 3. , "" ,

.


( )
1 (network
category), (network location),
Windows Vista; ,
, , . ,
, .

, , . ( 1

Windows 7 (network location).

16

!) , ( Windows) "" (,
Microsoft (File and Printer Sharing for Microsoft
Networks)) .
Windows Vista, Windows 7 ()
:
(Home network) , -

.
, (
).
(HomeGroup) (. );
(Public network) , -

(- . .). ,
, ;
(Work network),

. , .
Windows (Windows
Firewall)
(exceptions) (. 4), , ,
TCP/UDP, .
(
(Guest) ).
, , , ( . 5). ,
, .
, ( ) ()
.

:
,
Windows .
(. ).

17




1
(. 1.1, ). ( ).
Ethernet2, Windows 7
(Local Area Connection).
(Wireless Connection).

. 1.1.

, , , 3 ( ).
(. 1.1, ) ; . ,
1

Windows 7 .
Ethernet . LAN- (LAN Local Area
Network, ).
3
, (Start)
(Connect To) "".
2

18

. 1.1, , ,
,
USB- ( ), Wi-Fi, .
,
(Connect). .


(. . 1.1) , :
DNS-
Microsoft HTTP- .
- , ,
, .
, " "

- ,
. (. 1.2) , 1. , .

. 1.2.


, : ( )
""
( . 1.1).
,

. , ,
, -,
""
.

(Device Manager).

19

!
(,
). , (
, ). .
1
.

(Open Network and Sharing


Center) (. . 1.1)
Windows 7 (. ). (

(Connect to a network) (. . 1.7).)
, (Troubleshoot problems), -,
. , IP-, , . .
- . , (, , . .). , .


2
( ) Windows
3 (Network), (Windows Explorer) (. . 1.4). , ,
Windows 7,
(HomeGroup)
Windows 7 , ,
.

, 5.

, .
5.
3
(Network) (Homegroup) (Start). ,
"".
2

20



(Network)
" . . ".
,
. , (. 1.3). ,
;

(. 5).

. 1.3.

,
(workgroup) (
). (. 1.4), , ( 6). , Windows 7,
(. XPRUS) Windows Media (Windows Media Player) 11.0.
, , . -

21

(
5). , (.
. 1.4), (. 7).

. 1.4. ,

(Network) "" (Details), (



) (. 1.5). , (
), MAC- IP-
( 127.0.0.1).

. 1.5.

22

(. . 1.5) , . Web Services on Devices


(WSD) Microsoft Windows , - (
(PDA), , . .). Windows Vista Windows
7. (, Windows XP . . 1.5) NetBIOS.
Simple Search and Discovery Protocol (SSDP)
UPnP1-, Microsoft SSDP media stack,
.
.


(HomeGroup)
(. . " "),
(Windows Explorer)
(HomeGroup) (. 1.6).
, . (Pictures), User, (ALEKSEYPC), , (WIN7-WS2)
Aleksey Mike ( ,
).
. 1.6 , ,
, .

( , 5). ,
, ,
. 6.
!
.
(. . " (Public)" 5).
, ,
,
Windows 7 , .
1

Universal Plug and Play.

23

. 1.6. ,

(HomeGroup) , ,
.
, , / .



Windows Vista, Windows 7 1 (Network and Sharing Center) (. 1.7)
, ,
,
2.

Windows 7 .
(Manage wireless networks)
, .
2

24

. 1.7.


(. . 1.1). Windows 7 Windows
Vista,
1 ( ).

(. 1.8). (Network Location): (Home network),
MegaFon Internet (Public network).
, . (Joined) . 1.8. , (Homegroup) (. . 1.22),
, , (
1

Windows; .

25

Windows Media (Windows Media Player)


12.0 . . 6.2).

. 1.8.

, (Network Detection)
(File and Printer Sharing), (, (Guest)),
, (Change advanced sharing settings)
(. . 1.8). . " ".


(. . 1.8), (. 1.9) ()
. ( ,

, .)
, Active
Directory, Windows ( ) , .

26

. 1.9.


. , .

, , , , " " (Unknown network) 1
(Public network), .
,
, (. . " "
" " 2) , (. . "
"). ,
(. 4).

(.
. 1.8),
/ ( ). ,
.

27


(See full map) (. . 1.7)
(network map) (. 1.10).
, , , 1 ( ) . , ( , ,
2).

. 1.10.

!
, .
. (Public network)
.

,
.
. 1.11 (
,
"-").

, .
2
(),
.

28

WDTVLIVE Wi-Fi- (
), , .

. 1.11. ,

. 1.12.

,
Windows , Windows Vista,
Windows 7 (. 1.12) -

29

, "
" (Link Layer Topology Discovery
(LLTD) responder) ( . 1.17, ).
Windows XP Service Pack 2
- Microsoft; Microsoft. ,
- Microsoft KB9221201,
. ,
.


(Change adapter settings)
(. . 1.7) , , . (
ncpa.cpl.
, , .)
(. 1.13) 2;

. 1.13. ""

.
, | (Advanced | Advanced Settings).
, <Alt>.
2

30

( (View), (Sort by)


(Group by) ). ( (Connect)) ( !).
, . "" (Tiles),
, .



, ( . 1.7 (Local Area Connection)),
Windows 1 (. 1.14).
: ;
, (Sent) (Received) . , IPv4 IPv6. VPN-

. 1.14.
( )


(. . 1.13).
.

31

(. 1.14, ) (Compression)
(Errors), (Details) , , .
(. 1.15) (SSID) . (Wireless Properties) ,
(. . 3.14).

. 1.15.

. 1.16.

(Details),
(. 1.16): TCP/IP (IPv4 IPv6);
(, DHCP, 1); ; , (
).
.
(. . 1.14) (Diagnose),
( -),
(Properties)
(. 1.17), , . (
, TCP/IPv6.)
1

2.

32

. 1.17. ()
()

. 1.18. TCP/IP ()
()

TCP/IP,
( DHCP-) (. 1.18,
), (. 1.18, ). -

33

: IP- ,
DNS- ,
.
2.
VPN-
1 (. 1.19), , ,
. ,
(Security) VPN- (
), .

. 1.19.



,
(. . 1.20).
sysdm.cpl (Start), (Run).
1

2.

34

Windows 7, <Win>+<Pause/Break>,
(Advanced System
Settings).
(Computer Name) (. 1.20)
, ,
Windows Vista ( Windows Vista,
(Network) 1!). (Change)
(. 1.20), .
; .
WORKGROUP, . Windows 7 ( ). ,
.


( ). .

. 1.20.

, . , (browsing) .

35



, Windows 7,
, . , , (HomeGroup).
:
IPv6;
-

" " (Home network) (. . 1.7).


() (
!), :
, IPv6.
!
(HomeGroup),
Windows 7 ( )
, (workgroup),

Windows.
,
, . " ADSL-" 2 (
!). ( ) (. . 3.2), .

(
1 net share)
, .

( ) 2
, .

( net share),
.
2

: ,
,
( ).

36

!
,
Windows 7 (Home Basic),
.
Windows 7.


Windows 7
.
1, (. 1.21).
, -

. 1.21. ,
,

, , IP-

37

( (Homegroup) . (View or print the homegroup password)


. 1.22). , (Skip),
(. ).
,
, Windows 7.
(. . 1.7) (Choose homegroup and sharing options)
(Ready to create) (HomeGroup)
(Create a homegroup). (. . 1.21) (
) ,
. .
!
Active Directory (Public network) , (Home network)
, .


,
(Network and Sharing Center) (. . 1.7) (Choose homegroup and sharing
options) (Available to join)
(Join now) . ,

(. . 1.21),
.
(Windows Explorer) (Homegroup)
(. 1.6).


,
, (HomeGroup)
(. 1.22). , ,
. ( 6.)
,

38

. 1.22.

1, ( , . 1.23)
.


(,
,
. .) , (HomeGroup) (. . 1.6)
(HomeGroup) (. ).
( ) .
, :
1. .
, . 1

39

( ,
).
2. ,
.
. , ( ).
!
, " " , .
, . ,
" ".




( ) , , Windows TCP/IP.
,
(Network and Sharing Center) (. . 1.7). (Change advanced sharing settings) , (. 1.23) (
!). ,
, ( ).
.
(Network discovery) ,
(Network) . , (. . 1.3), ( ping ). ,
.
(File and printer
sharing) "" .
, (
). (Public network)
, .

40

(Home network) (. ).

. 1.23.

(Public network) , (1, (Work


network)) ( ) (. 1.24).
, .
(Public folder sharing) (Public) (. . 5.5).
, (. 5).
1

, (Home network).

41

. 1.24.

6.

4.
(Password protected
sharing) : (
(Guest)
(Computer Management),
(Local Users and Groups)).
( ),
HomeGroupUser$ HomeUsers.

.
!

: , . , (
).



: , , , , . . -

42

Windows 7,
1.


Windows "" (Task
Manager; taskmgr.exe). .
(Task Manager).
<Ctrl>+<Shift>+<Esc>.
<Ctrl>+<Alt>+<Del>
(Start Task Manager).
(Run) taskmgr; (Start).
,
.
, .
, .
(Networking) (. . 1.25)

,
, .
,
, .
, .
| (View | Select Columns) , , (Bytes Received) / (Bytes Sent)
(. . 1.25).
(. 1.25) .
Bluetooth ,
, .
,
2. ( 1


(Performance Monitor, perfmon.msc).
2
, Bluetooth , ( ),
(
. ), " " (Disconnected)
(. . 1.11).

43

USB- 3G) ( ).

. 1.25.

| (View | Network Adapter History) ( (Bytes


Received)) / ( (Bytes Sent)).
( ), -

44

. ,
, |
(Options | Show Cumulative Data), , ,
. , , , (Networking)
.
| (Options | Show
Cumulative Data) , | (Options | Reset)
0 ,
.

(Networking) ,
. (Options) (Tab Always Active), ,
(Networking) .
.


Windows 7 1 (Resource Monitor,
resmon.exe) , ,
, . ,
(Performance) | | | (Start | All programs | Accessories | System
Tools). ( (Start) perfmon /res .)
!
.

. 1.26 (Network), ,
(
,
).
, "" ,
. (
),
: , , 1

Windows Vista, .

45

, . ,
, " ",
.

. 1.26.
(Internet Explorer, iexplorer.exe)

TCP- (TCP Connections)


( . 1.26), (
). , TCP-.

46



,
( ), , .
, , ,
.
, 3.

-, , . ,
, ADSL- .



(Network and Sharing Center) (. . 1.7) (Set up a connection or network). ,
1 (. 2.1) ( ,
3).
(. ), Bluetooth- - (IrDA).
Windows 7
. 2.1. (Bluetooth-
1

"" , . Bluetooth-
.

48

- , ,
. 3.)

. 2.1.

2.1. Windows 7

(Local Area Connection)

Ethernet,
ADSL-, ,
E1/T1 . .

(
)

()
(Dial-up connection)

, ISDN-
ADSL-, USB-

GSM/GPRS/EDGE, CDMA,
WiMAX .1


; ADSL-

(
PPPoE)

, , "3G-"
( , ).

49
2.1 ()

VPN-
(Virtual Private Network)


(VPN) PPTP, L2TP/IPSec,
SSTP IKEv2



(public
network)

(Wireless Connection)

Wi-Fi (
IEEE 802.11,
a, b, g, n)



(-). (,
. .)

Bluetooth-,

(IrDA)

,
Bluetooth; 1


, , ,


(Incoming connection)*

,
VPN-


()
VPN-

* (. . 1.13) ( ): / VPN- .


(Direct Connection)
, USB2
, (DirectParallel) . .
,
"-", Bluetooth - (IrDA) (. 3).
, LAN (Ethernet) - (,
"" ) ,
, (-),

( Infrared Data Association, IrDA).


; - USB ! , , " Windows" (Windows Easy Transfer)
.
2

50
1

. ;
" " (. . 1.3).



Ethernet,
(Local Area Connection) (
). ( ,
) (. . 1.13).
,
/ () ;
, . ( ,
.) ,

.
(-), ADSL- . . ( , , ), "
" (. . " ADSL-").
ADSL- ,

(. . 2.4).

2
. "" 3
, :
1. (
).


.
2
, , , , . ,
, , !
3
, ! , , .

51

2. (workgroup)
(HomeGroup). WORKGROUP
.
3. TCP/IP1.
.
,
IP- .
.

TCP/IP. , IP,
APIPA- (. ), , ,
.
(
). ( ) ( DHCP-).

4. "" ( ), IP- (gateway). DNS- ( IP-),


IP- DNS- (preferred DNS
server). ( - ,
,
. . 2.11.)
, , ,
. , . , .
!
,
. , ? .

IP- 0 255,
. ,
IP-, , .
1

IPv4, IPv6 . IPv4, .

52

IP-
, (public) (private).
( ) ,
- . ,
.
IP- :

255.0.0.0

255.255.0.0

255.255.255.0

16 777 214
65 534
254

255.255.255.0

11111111.11111111.11111111.00000000. ()
, ; ( )
(ID) . , C
256 2 = 254 ( : 0
, 255 1).
(
, , C):

(ID)

IP-

10.0.0.0

255.0.0.0

10.0.0.110.255.255.254

10.255.255.255

172.16.0.0

255.255.0.0

172.16.0.1172.31.255.254

172.16.255.255

192.168.1.0

255.255.255.0

192.168.1.1192.168.255.254

192.168.255.255

B , Automatic Private IP Address (APIPA):

(ID)

IP-

169.254.0.0

255.255.0.0

169.254.0.1169.254.255.254

169.254.255.255

, DHCP-2,
1

, .
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) .
, IP- TCP/IP - (, . .).
2

53

- (, - ). , IP-, , APIPA- ( ), , () . ,
, , ,
( . "
"1).
. 192.168.0.0
192.168.1.0 ( 255.255.255.0):
192.168.0.0 192.168.0.2 192.168.0.254
192.168.1.0 192.168.1.2 192.168.1.254
192.168.0.1 192.168.1.1 (192.168.0.254 192.168.1.254) , (), ( ).
DHCP- (,
), ,
.
() DNS-,
.
TCP/IP . 1.18. (. 1.18, ), DHCP-. (. 1.18,
) .

ipconfig /all, . IP- ( DHCP , ). ,
(. . 1.1).

TCP/IP,
,
IP- ( ).
, , " " (Unknown network) (Public

, ,
.

54

network), .
, , ( ) .
Windows 7,
: , (. ). (Home network),
.
;
(. ): . ,
(public) (. . 1.23). "" ( ),
( )
.
, , . " ADSL".


, ipconfig /all .
APIPA- 169.254.. , , DHCP- ( ).
(); .
( )
ping ( - . 4):
C:\>ping 192.168.1.1

192.168.1.1 32 :
192.168.1.1: =32 =5 TTL=64
192.168.1.1: =32 =5 TTL=64
192.168.1.1: =32 =4 TTL=64
192.168.1.1: =32 =5 TTL=64

Ping 192.168.1.1:
: = 4, = 4, = 0
(0% )

55

- :
= 4, = 5 , = 4

, -

, ping Win7-WS1 .
nslookup DNS- -

, :
C:\>nslookup microsoft.com
Server: UnKnown
Address: 192.168.1.1
Non-authoritative answer:
Name:
microsoft.com
Addresses: 207.46.197.32
207.46.232.182

IP- ,
DNS- ,
( ) DNS- ( -).
(. . 1.1),
.
,

. . " " 1.
, , 1.

()
, , (dial-up connection) -,
,
.
() ,
USB- (GSM, CDMA, WiMAX .).

(. 3), , Bluetooth-1 ( ,
. .). -

3.

56


ADSL- 3G- (. . " ").


, .
(Phone and Modem).
1 (Modems) (. 2.2) , , .
, ,
Bluetooth- (, ,
. 3).
(
).

. 2.2. ,

, . , (Modem)
1

, 3G-, , , Bluetooth. .

57

(. 2.3, ) 1, (Diagnostics) (. 2.3, ) (Query


Modem), (, ) .
, ;
,
() .

. 2.3. ( 3G- )

(Advanced) , (, . .).
, ,
(. ).


( ), (. . 2.1) , 1

( )
,
, ,
("").

58

,
( Internet
Explorer: , ). -
(Set up a dial-up connection).
(RAS),
(Connect to a workplace) (
,
,
). (Connect to the Internet) , .

. 2.4. -

, , (. 2.4).
(. . 1.1,
). ADSL- ,
, PPPoE
, , 1 ( ,
, ). 1


( ).

59

, Bluetooth- , - (. 3).
(. . 2.4) (. ). , (Set up a dial-up connection),
(. 2.5) , , .
, .

. 2.5.

(. 2.6) , - : , .
, , (, ).
, .
(Connect)
.
,
, (
;
). (. . 1.13) (. . 1.1).
,
(Properties), , .

60

. 2.6.


1 (General) (. 2.7,
) ( (Alternates) ). (Configure)
,
( , )
(. 2.7, ).

(tone)
(pulse) , "p", . 2.7.

(Options) (. 2.8, ) , .
(Redial if line is dropped) , .
(Security) (. 2.8, ) -

,

, 3G- Bluetooth-, VPN-.

. 2.7.

. 2.8. ()
()

61

62

, . - (RAS).
, , (Networking) (. 2.9). IPv4, (. . 1.18, ). , ,
(Properties) .

. 2.9. ,

. 2.10. ,

(Sharing) (. . ICS . " ").


, , (. 2.10), ,
.

.

63

Internet Explorer

"", . Internet Explorer
(Connections) (. 2.11) (
| (Tools | Internet
Options)). (Setup)
(. (Connect to the Internet) . 2.1),
.
(Add)
VPN (Add VPN).

. 2.11.

(Settings) ( ,
(LAN settings)) . 2.11. -, (, -

64

). , , (Automatically detect settings) .


.
. ,
, (Never dial a connection). (Dial whenever a network
connection is not present)
, .
(Always dial my default
connection) ,
, (
(Set default)).
!
. 2.11 ,
, , VPN.
,
, .


1 (. . 1.1)
(. . 1.13). , , ? , , ?
rasdial, ( , 3G
.) VPN-.

( . . 1.13), :
C:\>rasdial "MegaFon Internet"
MegaFon Internet...
...
...
MegaFon Internet.
.

:
C:\>rasdial "MegaFon Internet" /DISCONNECT
.

(Wi-Fi) 3.

65

rasdial .
VPN-
, :
rasdial "VPN connection" userName PassWord

,
, .cmd .
.
(Start) gpedit.msc,

.
,
| Windows | (/) (Computer Configuration | Windows Settings | Scripts
(Startup/Shutdown)).
(Startup) ,
(Add), CMD-.
,
(Logon) | Windows | (/
) (User Configuration | Windows Settings | Scripts (Logon/Logoff)).

(Startup). CMD- .
,
| | (Start | All Programs | Startup),
(Open all users). :
C:\ProgramData\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\Startup.
.
,
| | (Start | All
Programs | Startup). C:\Users\
%UserName%\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\Startup.
!
, .
.

.
VPN-
, rasdial
.

66

(VPN)
(private)
(public) ,
(Virtual Private Network, VPN).
Windows 7 PPTP, L2TP/IPSec,
SSTP IKEv2
(Remote Access Server, RAS)
. RAS-
, , Windows XP/Vista/7.
!
VPN- , ,
(. . 2.32) (
) TCP- 1723. ,
, , http://2ip.ru
http://canyouseeme.org.

VPN- :
(. ) VPN ( VPN-),
(. . 2.1)
(Connect to a workplace),
(. 2.12) VPN- (Use my Internet connection
(VPN)).

. 2.12.

67

DNS- IP- VPN- VPN- (. 2.13). (


. .) ,
(). ( ), .

. 2.13. VPN-

VPN- . ( , .) VPN-,
, (. .
" " (Internet Connection Sharing, ICS)).
VPN- ,
. (General),
VPN-, ,
() (. 2.14). (Dial
another connection first) .
, VPN-
.
, ,
.

68

. 2.14. VPN-


. . .
(, ISDN), (VPN) ( , ).
( ).
Windows Vista/Windows
7 ( -,
. 2.1). (. . 1.13) <Alt>
, | (File | New Incoming Connection).
, (. 2.15). ( ).
,
: /

69

, (. 2.16). VPN-, RAS- (Remote Access


Server; ).

. 2.15. ,

. 2.16.

70

(. 2.17)
, , (
IP-).
, (Allow access). .

. 2.17. ,

(. . 1.13)
(Incoming Connections).
,
, . "" (Details), ,
.


- (ICS)
(Internet Connection Sharing,
ICS) 1, ,
( ) .

1

71

(Network Address Translation, NAT), (DHCP)


(DNS).
( ),
(ICS), :
,

( ) VPN- .
(Internet Connection Sharing, ICS)
. , . (. ), .
!
ICS DHCP-, TCP/IP, , DHCP (, ).
.
ICS , .

,
. 2.18. ADSL-, USB-.
Ethernet. ADSL-, , ICS
( , , ).

. 2.18. -

72

- ( !),
: ,
, .

, , , ,
1
ADSL- Ethernet- WAN .
.
, , .
. 3.2.


(. 2.19). 3G ( ) . Wi-Fi, , Bluetooth-.
Wi-Fi,
( ad-hoc , 3).
(WAP), - Ethernet-.

(
).

. 2.19. ,

Wide-Area Network ; .

73


ICS DHCP- ,
IP-
IP (
). , DNS-,
"" (
DNS- -). TCP/IP
, IP- ICS , DHCP- DNS- (. . 2.18).
!
,
IP . , , 1
, IP- 192.168.137.1 .
(
).
, . .

ADSL-
ADSL- . .
2.
, - . , ( ,
).
,
- (. 2.20). , ( );

Windows 192.168.0.1.
255.255.255.0.
2
, , . .

74

, ,
.

. 2.20. ,

( USB ). Windows
,
(
, , ). ,
. , .
(. . 1.13) " 2" "ADSL" (. 2.21, ).
, , -

. 2.21. ADSL- ()
, ()

75

. (Devices and Printers) (. . 3.24),


(Start),
(. 2.21, ), ,
.
ADSL- (
Training1) .
, ,
, TCP/IP. (. . 2.21, ) (. 2.22, ).
IPv4, .

. 2.22. IP
2
ADSL-

(. . 2.22, ) , . IP- (, C 192.168..)


( ),
. IP-, , DNS- (
1

( ) .
2
, "" ( IP-
!).

76

, ). , -, -
.
TCP/IP ,
, - -.
(. . 1.7)
, ADSL-1.
, ( LAN) (. . 1.13).
2 (. 2.23). ,
Wi-Fi 3G .

. 2.23.

, , . Windows 7,
.



LAN- , ,
ipconfig , " " ( ). TCP/IP
DHCP-,
. ,
1
2

, .
LAN- .

77

APIPA- (. . "
") 169.254.0.0 255.255.0.0.
(public network) (. 2.24). ADSL.

. 2.24. ADSL- LAN-


,
" ": ,
( !) , ,
1
.
ADSL-, !

IP-,
,
( !)
ADSL-, Windows 7 . LAN- : , (192.168.0.1 192.168.1.1), (work network).

( ADSL), "" (
ADSL-!). LAN- 1

Network Location Awareness ( ).

78

ADSL- ( 1 ,
). , .
(Network). (.
. 1.3) .
(. . 1.24) , . (Work network) (. 2.25),
: .

. 2.25. ,
ICS

:
ADSL- ( ""

, ),
;
, . 2.24 ( ADSL- ),
.
!

, .

,
(HomeGroup) ,
(Home network). ,
, .

. . " " 1.

79



, , , . (Network List Manager
Policies). , ,
( ).
secpol.msc (Start). (Network
List Manager Policies), . 2.26. ,
, 1 ( ),
.

. 2.26.

,
, .
. ( ,
), ,
ADSL .
ADSL- . 2.27.
"" : , 1

, " ".

80

() (. . (Public network)).

. 2.27. ADSL-

(Unidentified Networks). ( . 2.27,


) (Private) ( (Work
network)) (User cannot change
location) ( ,
). , .
, . 2.25 (
. 2.27
). , .
!
(HomeGroup), , ,
(Home network), .


, ADSL- , .

81

1 (Internet
Connection Sharing, ICS),
(. . 1.13), (Sharing) (. 2.28) (Allow other network users to connect
through this computer's Internet connection). ADSL ,
(Home
networking connection), , (. . 2.18 2.19)
.
.

. 2.28.


(. 2.29). , . , ,
.
ICS
ipconfig /all. , ,
IP- (. 2.30) ( ICS!):
1

VPN-.

82
IPv4-. . . . . . . . . . . . : 192.168.137.1()
. . . . . . . . . . : 255.255.255.0

. 2.29.

. 2.30. , ICS

:
Ethernet adapter :
DHCP . . . . . . . . . . . :
. . . . . . :
IPv4-. . . . . . . . . . . . : 192.168.137.140()
. . . . . . . . . . : 255.255.255.0
. . . . . . . . . : 192.168.137.1
DHCP-. . . . . . . . . . . : 192.168.137.1
DNS-. . . . . . . . . . . : 192.168.137.1

83

, , DHCP- DNS IP- .


,
(. . 2.30).
ADSL- (. . 1.13) ,
"" (Shared) (. 2.31).

. 2.31. ADSL-

!
, ICS (LAN) , . .
, .
, .


, ,

( , , VPN-),
(Sharing) (. . 2.28)

(Establish a dial-up connection...).
, ( VPN).
,
( ). ,
FTP- -, ,
, . (Sharing)
(. . 2.28) (Settings)
(. 2.32) , . ( .)

(. . 2.32), , . - (,

84

VPN- TCP- 1723), ,


, TCP/UDP1.

, .

. 2.32. ,

. . " (VPN)".


,
, . , ,
,
, . (Bluetooth, - . .) , .

, , "" .

Wi-Fi

Wi-Fi , , . , 1 ( LAN- (), , ),
, .

.
, wireless fidelity
(Wi-Fi), (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, IEEE)

, ,
, .

86

802.11. ,
:
;
.

,
.
WEP (Wired Equivalent
Privacy). .
Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA WPA2),
(WPA2), .
802.1x (RADIUS) ,
, WPA-Enterprise
WPA2-Enterprise. WPA-Personal
WPA2-Personal, (security key).
:
Advanced Encryption Standard (AES), Data

Encryption Standard (DES);


Temporal Key Integrity Protocol (TKIP),

802.11.
"-" (. )
,
. ,
(, WPA2-Personal ,
, ).
netsh wlan show drivers
( , (ad-hoc) !), netsh wlan show all . .

(SSID)
802.11 ,
Service Set Identifier (SSID), 32 . "-", , , .

87

(hotspot , , , . .) . (security key), .


, SSID (SSID Broadcast) , .
,
, . ( ).

Wi-Fi
: 802.11a, 802.11b,
802.11g 802.11n. .
Wi-Fi , . 802.11a 802.11b, 802.11b 802.11g
802.11n.
( ); ,
, .
802.11b
802.11, IEEE 1997 , 2 /. 1999
802.11a 802.11b, . 11 / 35 . 2,4 .
802.11a
54 / 5,0 . 22 , , . -
, ,
802.11b.
802.11g
2003 802.11b
802.11a. 54 / 35 ( ). 2,4 , ,
, . ,
Wi-Fi .

88

802.11n
2009 . 2481 / , .
,
. .
, 2 ,
2, , 802.11n
5 802.11g. 70 . / .
.

Wi-Fi

Wi-Fi -. , ,
,
.
Wi-Fi
3 Wi-Fi (. 3.1). (
, Wi-Fi,
, Windows 7
. . " Wi-Fi".) ,
/, /. ( , . .)
, , () , ,
Ethernet (LAN). (, .) ,
LAN-, , -

600 /.
, ,
" /", "/
" .
3
, "".
-;
, .
.
2

89

(
).
MDI/MDI-X,
"" (-),
- "" .
(. ),
.

PCI- Wi-Fi

USB- Wi-Fi
. 3.1. , Wi-Fi

, Wi-Fi (
). ,
LAN- ADSL- (. . 3.2)
WAN- (Ethernet) . ,
(3G) .
.
Wi-Fi, PCI Wi-Fi (. . 3.1).

90

USB- Wi-Fi (. . 3.1),


USB- ,
Wi-Fi1. . USB-
(. 6).

Wi-Fi

() : ( ),
( ) .
, Wi-Fi.

. 3.2.


, , Wi-Fi
ADSL- . . 3.2
"", 2.
ADSL- WAN- Ethernet-
1

, .
, , .
2

91

. ,
( ), , Wi-Fi.
. 3.2 , ( ),
.
. ,
("" ),
,
(HomeGroup). .

, , . 2.19. ,
, , . .

. 3.3. "" ,

"" ( ) (. 3.3). , (. . 3.2) ,

92

,
: .
" " , . , ,
, ADSL-
. , , .

"-"1 (. 3.4).
Wi-Fi ad hoc2 "".

. ,
. , , "" , . , - .

. 3.4.



.
, .
-, , 1
2

.
Ad hoc ", ".

93

LAN- .
IP- (, 192.168.0.1)
, . , -
.
(. . 3.2):
IP- ( -

), IP-
;
:

(, SSID) / SSID
(SSID Broadcast);
(WPA-PSK, WPA2-PSK . .1;
! : );
();
DHCP- ( ):

IP- ;
;
DNS-.
,
,
. , ()
, ,
-. .

Wi-Fi-

Wi-Fi, "
". ( LAN-)

( ), ; . PSK PreShared Key , . .

94

. ,
. 3.5. ,
.
, (
). , .

. 3.5. ,

.

, (. ). , .
(),
() Wi-Fi (ad hoc "-")
, : , .
(. . 1.1)
(SSID) ,
. "", , . , . . ,
.
, .
(. 3.6) (Connect), -

95

(security key)
( !). , ("").

. 3.6.

, . . ,
(. . 3.13)
.
" " ( )
SSID,
" " (. . 1.1, ).

96


(. . 3.6) (SSID) (. ). !

(Connect automatically)
(. . 3.6) ,
(. . )
, ; . (
netsh wlan show networks . .) (
), (. . 3.13).
.
,
: (Connect), ad hoc (
;
).
, ,
, 2. ,
, , , , / . "-" APIPA-,
,
(. 2). , ( ).



(ad hoc )
, () :
-

( );

97

, .
"-"
ad hoc ,
(. .).
, . . , .
- (Set up a wireless ad hoc (computer-to-computer)
network) (. . 2.1)
(Add) (. . 3.13), "-" (Create an ad hoc network)
(. . 3.11).
"-" (. 3.7)
( !),
(WEP, WPA2-Personal " (Open)")
(security key).
.
,
; ,
,
.

. 3.7. "-"

98

(. 3.8).
( ),
(
) .

. 3.8. "-"

(. 3.9) ( "" ), . ( ).
"" (Connected). (Disconnect)
( ),
. (Connect)
,
.
"-" ( ) ,
.
() .
. ,
. . (
).

99

. 3.9. "-", ,

, -, APIPA- (. 2),
. , . " " 2. - , ""
192.168.137.0 (. . 2.18 . 2.19),
( ). , ,
.
"-"
:
"" . -, . . 3.10 ,
, .
, . 3.10, "-": ,
.
( ). , ,
.

100

. 3.10. MyPC,

Wi-Fi
,
. "" :
, .
,
.
(. . 3.9): "-"
(
) ,
, ( , ).
:
(Connect automatically)
,
.

(Manage wireless networks),
(Network and Sharing Center) (. . 1.7)
( ,

101

). ,
(. . 3.13).
(Add) .
(. 3.11):
"" "-" ( ,
).

. 3.11.

, (security key) (. 3.12).


, "-" (. . 3.7),
. "" WPA2-Personal/AES (
). .
(Next) ,
(. ) .
"" "-" (Manage Wireless Networks) (. 3.13).
:
, () . , ,

102

. , . , .

. 3.12. ,

. 3.13.

103

(. . 3.13) ,
,
( ). . . 3.14 "-" () "" (
" ") (). , ,
; (Security)
, ( ,
, , ).

. 3.14.

-,
.

(. . 3.14). SMRTNTKY
setupSNK.exe.
. ,
.

104

(. . 3.14) (. . 1.15),
(Wireless Properties).
""
(. . 3.9): , (Connect). "-",
.



. " " 2 , .
. , , ( )
( ).




Netsh.exe, .
MyPC " " ( ,
; ):
C:\>netsh wlan connect name=MyPC interface=" "
.

,
.
:
C:\>netsh wlan disconnect interface=" "
" "
.

"-" "" , .

105



netsh wlan show settings
, ( , ).
, (SSID) :
C:\>netsh wlan show networks
:
5 .
SSID 1: MyPC
:

:
WPA2-Personal
:
CCMP
SSID 2: MyWAP
:

:
WPA2-Personal
:
CCMP
SSID 3: td1534
:

:
WEP
SSID 4: HOME
:

SSID 5: private
:

:
WPA-Personal
:
TKIP

( ), .
, , WEP, (HOME) ( . ).
netsh wlan show all
. , .
,
, . , " " (Show Drivers) ( netsh

106

) , .
,
Wi-Fi (802.11), (. ),
,
(infrastructure) (ad-hoc) ( ,
).
wlan show drivers

" " (Show Interfaces) ( netsh


wlan show interfaces) ,
, ( , 802.11) , / . . .
" " (Show Hosted Network) ( netsh wlan show hostednetwork) : , ( ) .
(netsh wlan
show profiles) ,
(. ), , ,
, ,
( , , ).

() Wi-Fi
"-" . "
(ad hoc )". () ( )
"-".
Windows 7
1. ,
(hosted), Wi-Fi. " " Windows 7 ,
" ", , .

Windows 7
, - . , . Connectify Virtual Router Manager.

, ( ) , "-".

107



Microsoft Virtual WiFi Miniport Adapter, .
( ,
):
netsh wlan set hostednetwork mode=allow ssid="MyViAP" key="Pass$$$Word123"
keyUsage=persistent


(Device Manager), . (. . 3.5) , "Virtual Wi-Fi". , .
(SSID) / (security key) :
netsh wlan set hostednetwork ssid=MyViAP key=NewPSW
keyUsage=[persistent|temporary]

, .


, ; . :
netsh wlan start hostednetwork
netsh wlan stop hostednetwork


192.168.173.1. . , 192.168.137.1
(. 3.15);
192.168.137.0 , . .
( ) :
C:\>netsh wlan show hostednetwork

-----------------------
:

108
SSID : "MyViAP"
: 100
: WPA2-Personal
:
CCMP

-----------------------
:
BSSID
: 00:1e:58:9a:e4:b6

: 802.11b

: 13

: 1
1c:af:f7:05:8f:1b

, ,
.

. 3.15. ,



Wi-Fi ( 802.11),
,
( -),
(, 3G-).
.
,
(. 3.16)
USB-:

109

Bluetooth-;
IrDA- () ;
3G-1.

Bluetooth-
IrDA-

3G-
. 3.16. ,

Bluetooth- , ,
IrDA- (
).
Bluetooth 13 /
10 100 . , ( Class 1 Class 2).
1 / 10 .
Bluetooth-
Bluetooth (Personal Area Network, PAN), ,
Ethernet.
() (Infrared Data Association, IrDA)
: 0,2 1 .
: /c 1 /c; /c.
-
.
USB- :
1

, . .

110

(3 / ), , ( 1)
( ,
, -).
Windows :
,
() .

. , (, ) ,
.

Bluetooth
Windows 7 Bluetooth. , , , USB- . (. . 3.16) , (. 3.17), Bluetooth
(Device Manager) ( ).

. 3.17. Bluetooth-
Bluetooth

(. . 3.5) (. 3.18, ),

, !

111

(Devices and Printers) (. . 3.24).


Bluetooth- /
(Personal Area Network, PAN).

. 3.18. Bluetooth ()
()

,
.
Generic Bluetooth Radio (. . 3.17), Bluetooth-
, . , .
Bluetooth


(. 3.19). ,
(Open Settings). (. 3.20), , Bluetooth- ( ).
Bluetooth (Show Bluetooth Devices) , , .

. 3.19. Bluetooth

112

. 3.20. Bluetooth

Bluetooth
Bluetooth- (, ,
. .) ,
(Add a Device) Bluetooth (.
. 3.19) (Add a device) Bluetooth. , Bluetooth, (
, , ).
(. . 3.21),
( ). (Next) , . Bluetooth-
(. 3.21): ,
. , ( )
, , .
(
Bluetooth) (. 3.22) . (Devices and Printers) (.

113

. 3.24) , Bluetooth (Show Bluetooth Devices) Bluetooth (. . 3.19).


(. . 3.24) :
(. . 2.2), " Bluetooth",
(. ), (Properties).

Bluetooth (. . 3.20) ,
, . .

. 3.21.

. 3.22.
Bluetooth

114

,
(PAN) (. . 3.21), , . . .
(. 3.23),
( ).

. 3.23. (PAN)

Bluetooth ,
, (,
) .
, - ,
(Devices and Printers) (. 3.24).
.
( )
. , ,
, .

.
( ).
Bluetooth , ( ), ,
(. 3.25). ,
Bluetooth (COM4; . . 2.2).

115

. 3.24. ,
Bluetooth-

. 3.25. ,

Bluetooth

116


Bluetooth
. .
,

Bluetooth. , (Receive a File) "" . ,


(
(Documents)).
.
, -

(Send a File), Bluetooth


. ,
.
!
(), (PAN). (Receive a
File) , .

(PAN)
Bluetooth (Personal Area Network, PAN) Ethernet
, . ,
Bluetooth- , , ,
.
( . 3.21), (. . 2.1)

Bluetooth (PAN) (Connect to a Bluetooth personal area network (PAN)) ( ). (. . 3.23)
;
(Add a device) ( ).
:
.
, .

(Network) (. . 1.4), ,

117

. (. . 3.5)
Bluetooth ,
(. 3.26). TCP/IP ,
,
APIPA- (. 2). , , ,
(. . " " 2).

. 3.26. Bluetooth

- (IrDA)
- ( ,
!1) ( 30100 ).
- , (. 3.27).
" " (. 3.28), , " ".

. 3.27.
, -

- :
(File Transfer) (Properties).
(. 3.29)
1

- , ( ) .

118

. ,
, ( ).
(, )
. , ,
.

. 3.28. , -

. 3.29. - ,


-. ,
, .
(. 3.30);
.

119

. 3.30. -

,
, . (. 3.31,
) ,
(. 3.31, ).

. 3.31.

120

, - .


.

, Bluetooth, -
1, , , GPRS, EDGE2
. . 3,
( ).
()
( 2), . , "
Bluetooth" (. . 2.2 . 2.5), " " . . ,
, (
). ,
:

""

*99#

beeline

beeline

""

*99#

gdata

gdata

*99#

mts

mts


( 4) ( ).

(. . 3.6), , (Connect).
(. . 2.11).

(data-) .
; ( Bluetooth -).
3
,
.
4
3G- , , .
2

121


(. 2).

3G-
USB- , " ": , "" "".
4- , ( ) "" 3G (3- ).
Windows 7. ,
1.
3G- , USB- ; 2 ( ). ,
.
. USB-
(. 3.32), AutoRun.exe.
,
, (. . 3.34).

. 3.32.

1
2

, ( !).
.

122

, AutoRun.exe
CD-, 1.
,
(. 3.33).
(3G Modem) (3G PC UI Interface).
(Device Manager),
.

. 3.33. 3G-

,
.
(
, "": (. . 1.1, ) ). Windows ( ,
, -), (. 3.34).
ID- , (
,
).
( ).
1

( microSD),
.

123

(. . 3.34) ( ) .

. 3.34.

("") ( , , ).
( !) . ,
, !
3G- (. 2),

.
, , 3G-
,
, (. 2).
, ( ) .

, , , ( ) ( )
.

124


, . ,
, Windows 7, .


, Windows 7,
, .
.
, , (account),
. Windows 7, ,
. , .
() ,
.
, Windows .

,
, control userpasswords2 .


:
. , ,
, ;

126

.
(. . 5.16) .

COMPNAME\userName ( COMPNAME ), .

, , (Credential Manager),
(Manage
your credentials). , (Start).


; .



(Windows Firewall)
Windows 7 Windows1 (Windows
Firewall; MpsSvc), , ( ) ,
TCP/UDP- ( , ). ,
; ,
(. ).
Windows Firewall (
(System and Security)) (Network and Sharing Center). (
firewall.cpl.) . 4.1 , , () . , 2.
.

, Windows Vista,
, .
2

, Windows Vista, ,
, "" .

127

. 4.1. Windows

(. . 4.1)
(. ), , (. ). .
Windows (Turn Windows Firewall on or off).
(. 4.2) . ,
.
!
(. . 4.2),
MpsSvc! .

128

. 4.2. Windows

( )
(Advanced settings) (. . 4.1),
(. ).

Windows (Allow a program of feature through Windows Firewall)
(. 4.3), Windows . ; (Details)
.
(Allow another program), , ,
, .

(. . 4.3) , ,
Windows
(Windows Firewall with Advanced Security) (. . 4.4).
,
. .

, -

129

(. 7), IIS (. 8) . .
, .
(, Windows Live Messenger,
Virtual PC, Skype . .) (
).

. 4.3. Windows


Windows Vista, -
(rules) Windows 7
Windows
(Windows Firewall with Advanced Security) (. 4.4).
(. . 4.1)

130

(Advanced settings) (Administrative Tools).

. 4.4. Windows



(. . 4.4). ,
, , . .
, .
1
| (View | Add/Remove Columns),
. (Restore Defaults), .
.
(Firewall), (Monitoring),
, . . ,
(
).
. , (. ).

Windows (Windows
Firewall with Advanced Security) , ,
" " (TCP
1

,
.

131

UDP).
; ,
.
Windows :
(Domain Profile);
(Private Profile);
(Public Profile).

, (. 1),
,
(
),
.
(rules) ,
(Actions) (. . 4.4). ,
( ), (/ (Enabled/Disabled))
. ,
(
(Clear All Filters)). , , , , , , ().
1, , ,
.
,
, .
,
.
(. 4.5) ,
(, , ,
, . .).
( ) ,
( , , , , ):
;
(. . ,

IPsec);
.

, !
.

132

. 4.5.

. ,
, , ? . "" (IP-,
, . .), .
, : , , (,
VPN-) .
.



Netsh.exe Windows 7 (
Windows). .
( ,
) . -

133

, ( ).
, help .
netsh.

Windows,
TCP/IP (
. . 1.18)
IP-.
(netsh ipconfig) ,
, (,
).

IP-
TCP/IP netsh
interface ipv4 show config netsh interface ipv6 show addresses.
,
1: , " " ( "Local Area Connection").
netsh interface ipv4
show interfaces.
. , IP-
(192.168.0.2 255.255.255.0) (192.168.0.1 1):
netsh interface ipv4 set address " " static
192.168.0.2 255.255.255.0 192.168.0.1 1

DHCP, netsh
interface ipv4 set address name=" " source=dhcp.
(preferred)
DNS- (192.168.0.1) :
netsh interface ipv4 set dnsserver " " static
192.168.0.1 primary

DNS- add dnsserver.


netsh Windows.
, ().
1

, . 2.

134

1 netsh firewall show state


Windows ( );
netsh firewall show opmode. ,
, netsh firewall show config.
, :
netsh firewall show allowedprogram -

;
netsh firewall show portopening ,

;
netsh firewall show icmpsetting ICMP-.

netsh firewall set opmode mode = DISABLE ( MpsSvc !); ENABLE .


Windows netsh advfirewall. show currentprofile show allprofiles.
(
. netsh firewall set opmode mode = DISABLE) set
allprofiles state off.
!
, , MpsSvc.

state on :
,
set privateprofile state on.
(
!) (in) (out) ( dir
, ):
netsh advfirewall firewall show rule name=all dir=in

2, ( ):
netsh advfirewall firewall show rule name="
(- ICMPv4)" dir=in

Windows 7, netsh
advfirewall firewall. , .
2
, .

135

Windows (Windows Firewall with Advanced Security) (. . 4.4). . (


.)
( name),
( group). ,
- (File and Printer Sharing (Echo Request ICMPv4-In))
( profile
):
C:\>netsh advfirewall firewall set rule name="
(- ICMPv4)" new enable=no
: 3.
.

, " Windows" (Windows Remote Management), :


C:>netsh advfirewall firewall set rule group=" Windows" new
enable=yes
: 4.
.


( , , ),
, "", 1. . 4.1,
http://blogs.technet.com,
, Microsoft
Windows (spyware) ,
.
Windows Update.
Windows Windows Vista
Windows 7,
Windows, Microsoft Security Essentials2.
1

, ,
. ,
, Microsoft Security Essentials .
2
(Action Center) "" .

136

Forefront Client Security Microsoft


Forefront,
(http://www.microsoft.com/forefront/ru/ru/default.aspx).
4.1. Windows
Microsoft

(Malicious
Software
Removal Tool)

Windows
(Windows
Defender)

Microsoft
Security
Essentials

Forefront
Client
Security

rootkit


(

. .)

Network Access
Protection (NAP)

(
)

Windows
Windows 7 Windows (Windows Defender,
WinDefend). , .

, . , ,
.

137

. 4.6 .
, , , ( , Microsoft). (Scan)
, . (History) , .

. 4.6. Windows

Windows ,
:
, ( );
( )
.
(Tools) (. 4.7). (Quarantined items)
, , .
,
. Windows -

138

,
(Allowed items).

. 4.7.


Windows Vista Windows
(Software Exporer), , . Windows 7 ,
(Resource Monitor) (. 1).

(Options) Windows (. 4.8). ( ),


, (real-time)
. . "" ,
Windows (
WinDefend, ), , .

139

. 4.8. Windows


Microsoft Security Essentials (. ),
Windows . (. 4.9), ( ).

. 4.9. Windows

140

Microsoft Security Essentials


Microsoft Security Essentials 1
Windows XP SP2 SP3, Windows Vista SP1 SP2 Windows 7.
8,16 - http://www.microsoft.com/
security_essentials/. , .

. , ; | (Start | All
Programs).
. 4.10 . .
, Windows
(. . 4.8), ,
, , . .

. 4.10. Microsoft Security Essentials

Microsoft Security Essentials2 (Scan with ...)


1
2

!
.

141

(. . 5.15) .
, .

(. 4.11).

. 4.11.

. 4.12. ,

142

, (. 4.12) , ,
. ( ).
, ( , ).
,
.

(. 4.13). , , (
) . ,

.

. 4.13. ,

143


Microsoft Security Essentials
.
, , .



, ()
Windows Vista Windows 7,
,
.
( ),
(, ),
, , (). ,
, .
Windows ( ) ,
. .
. Windows , Windows 7 . , ( !)
Windows 7.
( ), . (Local Security
Policy, secpol.msc) (Group
Policy Object Editor, gpedit.msc).

| | (Security Settings |
Local Policies | Security Options). . , , Active Directory, .
(Regedit.exe) .
.
Microsoft " ,
,
" (KB823659), .

144

Windows ( ,
) SMB (Server Message Block ). Microsoft:
... (Microsoft network client: Digitally sign communications
(always/if server agrees)),
Microsoft:
(/ ) (Microsoft network server: Digitally sign
communications (always/fi client agrees)),
(Disabled).
: LAN Manager (Network security: LAN
Manager authentication level). Windows Vista Windows 7
NTLMv2 (Windows XP LM NTLM).
, Windows 7
128- (. . 1.23). , 40- 56 . (
: ... ( / ) (Network security: Minimum session security...(for clients/for servers)).)


,
.
, ,
,
.

.

: ,
Windows 7
, ?
.
Windows 71, . ,
( (HomeGroup)), ( ) , ( .
" " 1).
: ,
. ,
.
, .

""
, 6.

Windows XP, "" Windows Vista


Windows 7.

146


(,
, , ), , , ,
. .
(user profile) ; , , :
%SystemDrive%\Users\%USERNAME% (%SystemDrive% ,
; Windows 7 C:\).
,
.
!
Documents and Settings Windows Vista Windows 7
, .
Windows 7 Users , (. ) .
(. . ,
), .
(%USERNAME%)
(%USERPROFILE%) !


.
,
. ( ) , .
. 5.1 (Users) ( , ). ,
1 , ,
(User), (Public),
, , (
2). .

, (Administrator) !
2

net share.

147

. 5.1. ,

, "" .
, dir C:\users dir C:\
( ). ""
(Windows Explorer), , ,
. 5.4. Users
desktop.ini.
:
[.ShellClassInfo]
LocalizedResourceName=@%SystemRoot%\system32\shell32.dll,-21813
"".
, . . ,
.


, .
Default All Users,
. Default User

"" .

148

. , ,
(Users) .
. 5.2 ( ). ( ,
, AppData).
, (junction point)
( , Local
Settings) (
).

. 5.2.

, (junction points),
, dir
/A dir /AL. (, ,
):
C:\>dir /AL
C:\
14.07.2010 08:53
<JUNCTION>

Documents and Settings [C:\Users]


C:\>cd users
C:\Users>dir /AL
C:\Users
14.07.2010 08:53
<SYMLINKD>
14.07.2010 08:53
<JUNCTION>
29.08.2010 13:28
<SYMLINKD>

149

All Users [C:\ProgramData]


Default User [C:\Users\Default]
[C:\ProgramData]

,
,
, .
!
.
fsutil reparsepoint delete.

, Windows XP, Windows Vista Windows 7 C:\Users\%USERNAME%\AppData\Roaming


\Microsoft\Windows. . 5.1
.
5.1. ,
Application Data

,
C:\Users\%USERNAME%\AppData\Roaming

Cookies

, -
C:\Users\%USERNAME%\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\
Windows\Cookies

Local Settings


C:\Users\%USERNAME%\AppData\Local

Recent

,

C:\Users\%USERNAME%\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Windows\Recent

SendTo

,
C:\Users\%USERNAME%\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Windows\SendTo
,
(Send To)


(Start Menu)

C:\Users\%USERNAME%\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu

C:\Users\%USERNAME%\Documents

C:\Users\%USERNAME%\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Windows\Templates

150

(Public)

(. 5.3).
. .
, ,
(. ).

. 5.3.


(), (. . 1.22), . ,
( (Public) . . 5.5).

, "" . ,

( ).
. 5.4: ,
.

Windows Media , . , (. 6).

, (Users)
(Public), , -

151

( , ). . 5.5 ( " : " (Shared with: Everyone)). (. . 1.23)


(Public).
,
, , .

. 5.4.

. 5.5.


, "" C:
(. . 5.3) (. . 5.5) : , . , (Location) (. 5.6), (Move) .

152

. (Restore Default), .

. 5.6.

!
,
.
(Administrators).
.


,
. (
) (), .

( ). -

153

(. . 1.22),

HomeUsers. , . ,
. .


:
(. . , );
, , ;
NTFS ( FAT, ); ,
; ,
(. . , ).
:
""
( );
NTFS ""
.
. "" , , ( - (Deny)).
, (Read)
(Everyone). -
, - ,
,
"" (Read).
, ,
(, ). , , "":
,
.
!
, ( , ). , . -

154

, , ,
. , , . ,
, .

, "" (. .
), , . .
,
( , , ). , , , , , ,
, .
!
, , Windows 7,
: (Accounts: Limit local
account use of blank passwords to console logon only) . . ,
. , .


NTFS
(
) (permissions) . ( , , , ).
(Windows Explorer). ,
Windows 7, ,
Windows (
). ,
.

.
. . "
".

( ,
)

155

(Security) (. 5.7).
. ,
, , (Edit) .

. 5.7.

(Advanced) (. . 5.7) , . (. 5.8) , , (). , ,


(Include inheritable permissions from this object's parent)
( )
. (
.)
!
,
. ,

156
1

(. (Owner)
. 5.8) .
, , , .

. 5.8.


, , . ( )
(Windows Explorer). Windows 7

(Share
with) (. 5.9, ) ( . 5.9, ): , ,
. (
1

( ).

157

.)
, (Security) (. . 5.7).

. 5.9.


(. . 1.3 . 1.23). , ,
.
!
(Nobody).
, , ,
NTFS: , (Administrators). , "" ,
. ,
, - .
.


, Windows 7 , ,
.
" "
(. . 5.5).

, (Share with),
, (Sharing Wizard).
, (
(Folder Options) ) (View)

158

(Use Sharing Wizard).


, , (Share) (Sharing) (. . 5.10) .
, (. . 5.9) (Share with) (Advanced sharing) (. .
" ").

(Sharing) (. 5.10). / (Share) (
) (Advanced Sharing) ( ). .

. 5.10. ,

!
(Sharing Wizard) (. ) ,
(Read) (Everyone).
, ,
.

159


, net share, net use net view,
.
.


(Sharing) (Share) (. . 5.10), (Sharing Wizard)
(. . 5.11). (Share with) (. . 5.14),
(Specific people).
,
(. 5.11), (owner) . , , , (Add), , (Everyone)
(Homegroup) . .

. 5.11.


(Read), . (Read/Write)
, (Owner) -

160

(Full) .
, (Share), . ,
.
.
!
, ,
(
(Security)). ,
, NTFS. " ",
: , ,
NTFS. ,
.

""
(
) (Sharing)
(Advanced Sharing) (. . 5.10).
,
(Share this folder) (. 5.12).
(Share name) ( ,
(Add),
; ). ,
(Permissions) (. . 5.12)
( ,
). (Caching)
1.
, .


(Shared Folders, fsmgmt.msc), 1

(
). , .

161

. 5.12.

(Computer
Management) (. 5.13). . ,
, .
, .
(Shares) (Shared Folders)
,
, .
,
(New Share). , , .
, , , , , .

162

. 5.13.



, (Devices and
Printers) (. . 3.2) (Start).

. (Printer properties).
(Sharing) (. 5.14) , ,
( ,
Windows XP/Vista/7 , ).
,
.
, , : (. . 1.22).
, ( ) ,

(. . 1.23).

(Additional Drivers) (. . 5.14) : , 32--

163

Windows , 64- Windows 7, . . Windows , .

. 5.14.


, ,
(Windows Explorer) (Network) (. . 1.4).
,
(. 5.15). ( ,
). ,
,
(
!). , , (Network).

164

. 5.15.


(HomeGroup) (. . 1.6); . " " 1.
, .

!
, Windows 7 , ( ).


,
.
, . .

, (Network)
, (Map network drive) (. . 5.15). (
(Computer),
(Start)1.)
1

(. . 5.16) , ,
.

165

(. 5.16) ,
. ,
, (,
).
(Finish) .

. 5.16. ,

(Disconnect)
(Computer).


, ( ),
(Network) (. . 5.15), (Connect) .
,
.

, ,
. . , (. . " ").
- (. . ,
) , -

166

. ,
, .


(Devices and Printers) (. . 3.24). , . ,
, .
(Devices and Printers), (Add a printer)
, Bluetooth (Add s network, wireless or Bluetooth printer). ,
(Next). . / , (Finish). ( ).


( ). . ,
/?.
net share ,
, :
C:\>net share

--------------------------------------------------------------------ADMIN$
C:\Windows
Admin
C$
C:\

D$
D:\

print$
C:\Windows\system32\spool\drivers

IPC$
IPC
DOCs
C:\Documents
Downloads
D:\Downloads
Users
C:\Users
HP Deskjet 5900 Series
USB001
HP Deskjet 5900 Series
.

, ,
, , , . .

167

net share
, .
net view
( Windows ).
, ,
:
C:\net view

------------------------------------------------------------------\\ALEKSEY-PC
\\WIN7-WS2
\\XPRUS
.

,
:
C:\net view \\WIN7-WS2
\\WIN7-WS2


-------------------------------------------------------------------Sys

New

Archive

net use 1,
: ,
Z:,
Archive, WIN7-WS2:
C:\>net use Z: \\WIN7-WS2\Archive
The command completed successfully.

, .
!
net use ,
, (
). , net use X:
\\WIN7-WS2\Archive\Docs Docs,
Archive, X:. ,
() , .

, -
(, ) (Network)
, .

168

Windows Media Player 11.0, Windows Vista Windows XP1, 12.0,


Windows 7,
- , . , 12.0 " " (Play
To)
.
,
, . , - (
) . , , , Wi-Fi
( 19201088 ),
.
Windows
Media 12.0 , .
Windows 7, .


1, Windows (Network), (Windows
1

Windows XP Windows Media 11.0


, . . .
Windows Vista ,
, .

170

Explorer).
, , () (. 6.1).
,
(, , -). , , , .

. 6.1.


(Network) , . 6.1 ;
. (Install),
, (.
. 6.1) ,
, Microsoft Digital Media Render Module1.
(Devices and Printers), 1

171

.
,
( . 3.24),
( ,
, . 6.10). , , .
!
1 , Simple Search and Discovery Protocol (SSDP).
()

, .

Windows 7
(
):
,

( Windows Media) .

. - ,
, .
, ,
, , , . . . .
, ;
, -

. ,
;
, " " (Play

To) , ,
, (.
). "" Windows
Media Player (. . 6.1). ,
Windows 7 Windows Media 12.0.
, ,
. " ".

172

Windows Media Player 12.0


Windows Media (Windows Media Player) Windows -, . Windows 7 12.01.

Windows Media,
. ,
, ,
.
2, . Windows 7
. "" Windows Media 12.0 .
.
!
Windows 7 (Starter) Windows 7 (Home
Basic) Windows Media ,
MPEG-2 (Remote Media Streaming).


Windows Media 12.0 -
, 3. , ,
( ), ,
Apple iTunes.
.
1

, 11- ,
Windows.
2
, "", , , "" . .
3

Windows Media, ,
.

173

AU (UNIX)

.au .snd

AAC ( iPhone, iPod, iTunes, Sony


PlayStation 3 . .)

.m4a, .m4b, .m4p, .m4v, .m4r,


.3gp, .mp4, .aac

Audio Interchange File Format (AIFF)

.aif, .aifc .aiff

MPEG1 Audio Layer II (MP3)

.mp2, .mpa

MPEG1 Audio Layer III (MP3)

.mp3 .m3u

Musical Instrument Digital Interface (MIDI)

.mid, .rmi .midi

CD-

.cda

Windows

.wav

Windows Media

.wma

Windows Media Player

.wmz .wms

Windows Media Player

.wpl

Indeo video technology

.ivf

AVCHD

.m2t, .mts .m2ts

MPEG-2 TS

.ts .tts

- ,

.3gp

QuickTime

.mov .qt

MPEG-1

mpeg, mpg, m1v

MPEG-2*

mpeg, mpg, mpe, mp2v


mpv2

(AVI, H.264/MPEG-4
AVC, DivX XviD)

avi

Windows Media

asf, asx, wax, wm, wmd, wmv,


wvx, wmp wmx

DVD

vob

Microsoft (Microsoft Digital Video


Recording) Windows TV (WTV; ,
Windows)

dvr-ms wtv

* Windows 7 Starter Windows 7 Home Basic.

174


Windows Media (Start)
- ,
:
(Recommended settings)

, ;
(Custom settings) -

.
.
- ,
.
, -, , ,
,
. .
.

. ,
. ( (Default Programs)).
!
Windows Media
:

(Add local media files to library when played) (Player);
- (Rip CD automatically) - (Rip Music);
(Add volume
leveling information values for new files) (Delete files from computer when deleted from library)
(Library);
(Apply volume leveling
across tracks) (Burn).
, (,
).
, -CD,
, .

175


Windows Media
, . , ,
,
, .
Windows Media 12.0
,
.
,
.
!
12.0
(Advanced Tag Editor).
,
.
.

Windows Media, , , . 6.2.


.

. 6.2. Windows Media 12.0


,

176

(. . 6.2)
(address bar), (,
, - . .) (play lists).
( ),
: (Play), (Burn),
(Sync). (. . 6.2)
.
, , ( (Organize)), .
,
, , CD/DVD-, .
, 1 ( . 6.2). - (Online Stores) ,
(. . 6.2). | (Organize | Customize navigation pane).

. ( . ),
-CD.
.
, (, -CD, ).
( (File), (View)...) ( Windows 7).
, <Ctrl>+<M>,
( )
(Show menu bar).
<Alt>
(. 6.3).
.
.

, (HomeGroup), ( ).

177

. 6.3.


Windows Media (Media Library),
- ,
. (, , , -),
. (
) (Artist), (Album), (Genre) (. . 6.2) ,
.
, (playlist),
,
.
, . .

Windows Media 12.0,
Windows Media Center. , -CD
.

,
,

178

.
, , .
, , (.
(Open file location) . . 6.5).
Windows Media 12.0
, (, . .)
. ,
(. . 6.2) (
(View
options), ). . (Songs) ,
.
,
, ,
,
(. 6.4).

. 6.4.


,
(. 6.5), .
( ).

( ) . ,
(Play to),
.

179

. 6.5. ,


Windows Media 12.0
:
. -

, ,
(Add local media files to library when
played) (Player) (
(Options) (Organize)). ;

Windows Media , ,
.

, .
,
(Organize), (Manage libraries) (
... (Manage ...
library)). (. 6.6) ( ),
.
, ,
.


:
;
/ .

180

. 6.6. ,

, . (Options)
(Organize) (Library)
(Delete files from
computer when deleted from library). ,
.
, (. 6.7).

.

. 6.7.

181


,
, (playlist). , (. ).
(. . 6.5)

( ). ( ),
(Playlists) (. . 6.4).
( .wpl) Playlists, (My Music).


( , , ,
, , ).
(
).
, ( ).

Windows Media
(Windows Media Player Network Sharing Service, WMPNetworkSvc), , (, net
share). Windows , ( ) .


( , ). (Stream), (. 6.8). ( ) , , .
,
(Play To)
Windows Media.
(. . 6.1). (. 6.9) .

182

. 6.8.

. 6.9.

(. . 6.8)
,
;
(. . 1.22)
, (Stream my
pictures, music, and videos to all devices on my home network). -
, ,
.
, ,
, . 6.9, .
() (Stream) (. . 6.8)
(More streaming options). (. 6.10) ,

183

( ).
.

. 6.10.

(Choose homegroup and sharing


options) (. . 6.10) , ( , (Stream my pictures,
music, and videos to all devices on my home network)), , (. . 1.22).
. (Block All),
.
(Stream)
(. . 6.8).
, ,
Windows 7 , .

184

,
(Network) (Windows Explorer) (. . 6.1) (. 6.11) ,
(. . 6.10).

. 6.11. ,

, Windows Media, . ,
, , . . , (
. . 6.10).
, , (. 6.12)
( . . 6.10). Windows Media,
"Windows
Media Player", ,
1 ( Play To . ).

. 6.12. ,

185


Windows Media 12.0 , . , , ,
Windows Media.
, :
, , (. . );

Windows 7 ( (Home
Premium) );
,
"" Windows Live ID ( 10 ).

.
W INDOWS L IVE ID
- ( ) Microsoft
Windows Live (, Messenger)
Windows Live ID. Windows Live ID
http://home.live.com
Hotmail.com Live.com,
.

Windows
Media, (Stream)
(Allow Internet access to home media).

(. 6.13). ,
( , (Start))
(Link online IDs).
- (Link Online IDs) (.
. 6.14)
,
() - Windows.
Windows Live ID.
- Microsoft,
" Windows Live ID 6.5"
(32- 64- ). ( 56 )
, .

186

. 6.13.

, (. 6.14)
, .
(Link online ID)
Windows Live.
, , - (. 6.15).
.
(. . 6.13),
, . ,
(. 6.16), ,
. , , ( Windows Live ID)
( ).
Windows Media (Allow

. 6.14. -

. 6.15. Windows Live ID

. 6.16.

187

188

. 6.17.

Internet access to home media) (Stream) (. . 6.8),


(. 6.17)
, , .
(Diagnose connections)
, TCP, .
(. 6.18),
(Port
forwarding information). ,
,
.

. 6.18.
TCP

189

TCP. , .
. 10245 .
443 10245.

, , ,
. , , Windows Media " " (Other
Libraries) (. . 6.1). , ,
, .


Windows
Media 12.0, .
, DVD- , .
.
Windows 7 CD- DVD-
Windows Media. (. ).
( ) ,
,
. -
. (Play), ( ).
Windows Media Player 12.0 ,
:
,

(. . 6.1);
, -

, (. . 6.20).
(. . 6.21).
Windows Media 12.0 " " (hotkeys), . 1.4 1.

190

CD-
(List
pane) , : , , ( DVD- ),
. . (. 6.1). ( ).
-,
. Windows Media 12.0
, (preview). .


(Automatically preview
songs on track title hover) (Library) . , ( ), .
, (
).


- ,
(. 6.19, ). , (. 6.19, ).
, "" 15 . ,
, .

. 6.19.

, ,
,

191

.
(. 6.20, ), (. 6.20, ).

. 6.20.

, ( ), (
). ,
( ) .


(Visualization) ( (Album Art)). / / (Show
list/Hide list).


Windows Media Player 12.0, , (skin),
(. 6.21). Windows 7
, ,
- Microsoft.
| (View |
Skin Chooser).
( . 6.20, ).
:
<Ctrl>+<1> ;
<Ctrl>+<2> ;
<Ctrl>+<3> .

192

. 6.21.
Windows Media

Windows Media Player 12.0


.
(. 6.22),
(
DVD-).
/ /.
- / .

. 6.22. Windows Media


DVD-
DVD- ,
. , ,

193

DVD.
, , .
Windows Media 12.0 DVD-, .
VIDEO_TS
DVD- . , , | (File | Open)
VIDEO_TS.IFO. DVD-.

DVD- *.VOB
( ), .
*.VOB , . VOB- , . ,
" " .VOB .mpg
, DVD- .

" " (Play To)


Windows 7 ,
Windows Media 12.0.
, Windows 7 ( ), (, ,
. .), Digital Living Network Alliance
(DLNA) 1.5 ( http://www.dlna.org , ).
, (, , -,
), , . . -, , , Windows Media
, , .
( , . .) "" , . -,

, , .
, , !

Windows Media
" " (Play To) , ( )

194

( , , -). (Play to) (. 6.23), , .

. 6.23.

, Windows 7
,
Windows Media. ( , (Network) , "Windows Media Player" . . 6.12).
Windows Media
( ), , , . . 6.24 ()
Windows 7 (). , "" . ,
, .
. 6.24 ,

Windows Media (Windows Media Player Digital Media Controller Application,
WMPDMC.exe).
.
, Windows Media,

: . ., , -

195

( ),
, .

. 6.24.


CD- :
.
.


, (Windows
Explorer) ,
,
(Play To) (. 6.25).
Windows Media, .
.
,
:
Windows Media;
, (
), . ,

196

Windows Media
, - ( ),
, , .
,
.

. 6.25.

, ( ) . ( ) . ,
.



Windows (Terminal Services),
"" ,
, 1 (Remote Desktop).
(Remote Assistance),
,
.
(Remote Desktop) , , , Windows 7 Professional, Windows 7 Enterprise, Windows 7 Ultimate.
, . .
. 2,
(Remote Assistance), Windows 7.


(Remote settings) (System Properties) (. 7.1). ( sysdm.cpl
<Win>+<Pause/Break>,
(Remote settings).) ,
.
,

1

, .
2
, , . . .

198

(Allow connections from computers running any version


of Remote Desktop). (Allow connections only from computers
running Remote Desktop with Network Level Authentication)
, NLA, .
Windows Vista Windows 7;
Windows.
(Select Users), ,
:
(Remote Desktop Users). . (
)
.

. 7.1.


(Remote Desktop Connection; mstsc.exe) (
| | (Start | All Programs | Accessories)).
,
IP- (Connect) (. 7.2).

199

. 7.2.

, .

(
).
!
Windows 7 "" , .
,
, ,
" " (
).
(Remote Assistance) .
, ,
,
, . ( ), .


(. . , ), :

(public) , (. . 7.2);
TCP- 3389, 1 (. . 4.3)
, ,
1

, Windows , .

200

,
.
(, ADSL), .
(. . 2.32). 3389 - (.
. " (VPN)" 2 . " "
8).

, .

(. . 7.2),
, .
- 3389 ,
, ,
.
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Terminal
Server\WinStations\RDP-Tcp\PortNumber.

(Remote Desktop Connection) (. . 7.2). ,
: 194.130.55.133:3399.


(Remote Assistance) Windows XP (
- Windows).
Windows 7.

(Remote Assistance)
, , (. . 2.32) TCP- 3389.
, , , ,
(. . 4.3), .

/ (Remote Assistance)
(Remote settings) (. . 7.1) ( -

201

). (Advanced),
(. 7.3).

. 7.3.

,
. , , .
( 6 ),
, . .
. .
(. . 7.3) ,
,
(. . .).
Windows 7,

, Windows.
( )
, . ,
, .
!
:

( ) (
). , .

202


-, (Start) ,
( ),
. , . 7.4,
. ( . .) ( )

(. . 7.5).

. 7.4.

(. 7.5) ( .msrcIncident1),
, .
(. . 7.9),
, .
. , .
,
2. ,
1

Windows.
, .
2

203

.
. (. . 7.9) .

. 7.5.

Easy Connect Windows 7,


.
.
-, (Troubleshooting),
(Get help from a friend).
:
( ),
( ) (. 7.6). , Easy Connect ,
.
, , . 7.8,
.

.

204

. 7.6.



(Troubleshooting), ,

(. . 7.6).
(. 7.7) , . , , , - , . , , , . .

. 7.7. ,

.
-
. ,

205

. , , ,
.zip.
Problem_yyyymmdd_hhmm.mht,
yyyy , mm , dd , hh , mm .
HTML- (- ), ,
1.
( ),
. , ,

.


, . . 7.4
. 7.6. (. 7.8). Easy
Connect 2, , , . Easy Connect,
( ). , .
(. . 7.8) -
, , ,
, (
. 7.11). , .
Easy Connect Windows 7 .
.
,
( Invitation.msrcincident3) .
.
, , ,
(. . 7.9).
1

.
!
3
.
2

206

. 7.8. ,


Easy Connect.

Easy Connect
Easy Connect (. . 7.5) , , (. 7.9), , - .
(Settings) (. 7.10),
"" .
, , . ,
, (. . 7.6).

. 7.9.

207

. 7.10. ,

(Troubleshoot) (. . 7.9) , (,
TCP).
(. . 7.4 . 7.6),
, (. 7.11)
, , .

. 7.11. ,

, , , , -

208

, (. 7.12).
.
, .

. 7.12.

. 7.13. , ,
,

, ""
(. 7.13). : , , , .
(. . Aero ).

209

(Chat).

. , ( ).
, (
, !) (. 7.14).
,
. (
(Computer Management) ). .

. 7.14.

( ) ,
"--", ( -
).
/ (Fit to screen/Actual size).

, (
), ,
. .

210

Easy Connect ( ) , .

Windows Live Messenger


, Windows Live Messenger (
Windows XP SP3 Windows
Messenger). , ,
, .
- , ,
-. Windows Live
Messenger (. 7.15) <Alt>, , | . , .

. 7.15. Windows Live Messenger

211

, ,
.
() (. 7.16),
. ,
(. . 7.9).
,
(. . 7.11). , , (copy-paste)
, , , .
,
, (. . 7.12). , .
Windows Live
Messenger , ,
, .

. 7.16.

212

FTP- -
Windows 7 -
, . FTP-
FTP. , ,
(, public) IP-, "" .
-,
( ).
, - FTP- .


(IIS 7.5)
Windows 7 ( (Home
Premium)) - Internet Information Services (IIS) 7.51 (Version 7.5.7600.16385). :
- - (World Wide Web Publishing Service; W3SVC);
FTP- FTP () (Microsoft FTP Service;
ftpsvc);
, IIS IIS
Admin (IIS Admin Service; IISADMIN);
(ASP ASP.NET, CGI, ISAPI
. .);
1

Windows, . .

214

;
.

IIS 7.5
.
, IIS
- FTP-.
,
(
IP-).
, IIS 7.5,
:
1. IIS 7.5.
2. Windows (
- FTP-), .
3. FTP-, .
4. 1. , , ,

.

IIS 7.5
IIS (Programs and Features), .
Windows (Turn
Windows features on or off)
(. 8.1). , .
IIS (, ) . , ,
- (. . 8.1)
( , , ). ( ) -, OK
. - (World Wide Web Publishing Service), .

-, . . ,
-
.

FTP- -

215

. 8.1. IIS

,
, . FTP-

FTP (FTP Service) (. . 8.1). FTP ()1 (Microsoft FTP Service).
, ,
( ).
: 1) -; 2) , "
", -
( !);
3) FTP- ( . 8.1).
- , (, ASP.NET ).
IIS Windows 7 IIS_IUSRS.
1

, FTP , FTP-
( -, ).

216


IIS , (%SystemDrive%), \inetpub,
- FTP- \wwwroot ( ) \ftproot
( ) .
- ( - . . 8.3)
IIS 7.5 .
-
http://<IIS> ( IP-;
http://localhost1), -, \inetpub\wwwroot (. 8.22).
.
-.

. 8.2. -,

!
, IIS
Windows
1

,
Windows; .
2
.

FTP- -

217

(Windows Firewall). ( ) . (. . 4.3)


FTP- (FTP Server) (HTTP) (World Wide Web
Services (HTTP)) .
( ),
, IIS, TCP- (80 - 21 FTP-). ( .) , ,
- (. . 2.32).
. (, D-Link

Virtual Servers ( )
NAT.)

http://<PublicIP> ftp://<PublicIP>, PublicIP , . DNS- 1
, .

-, -, . , URL- http://<IIS>/<>.
HTML- Default.htm () (. . 8.12). -
"" http://<IIS>, HTML-.
FTP-
: \ftproot.

FTP-. FTP- (. ).

IIS

IIS 7.5 (ASP.NET) IIS,
(areas) (. . 8.3). "-" .
1

( , ). "DNS hosting" " DNS ".

218

IIS IIS (Internet Information


Services (IIS) Manager; InetMgr.exe) (Computer Management) (Administrative Tools). IIS
1, , ,
(Actions) (. 8.3). ,
-, . (
ASP.NET , -.)

. 8.3. IIS 7.5


IIS FTP-
IIS 6.0 (Internet Information Services (IIS) 6.0 Manager). , .

- Default Web Site. FTP !

FTP- -

219

. 8.3, IIS , , , , ( ( (Area))


( (Category)). , , .
(Views) ( . 8.4)
( (Icons)
(. . 8.3), (Details)). (Actions).

. 8.4. IIS 7.5

(Features View) (Content View)



(WWW FTP).

- FTP- , C:\inetpub\logs\LogFiles.

220

FTP-
FTP-1 (. . ).
FTP- (Add FTP Site)
IIS. (Sites) (Actions).
, (. 8.5). , IIS, . ( .)

. 8.5. FTP-

(. 8.6) IP- (
, ), (
21 ), SSL.
( SSL (No SSL)).

"" , - FTP- , . "" - .

FTP- -

. 8.6. FTP-

. 8.7. FTP-

221

222

-
, . .
(Anonymous) (. 8.7).
. (
, .
, FTP- , .)

(. . , ).
(Finish) FTP- ( !),
IIS (. 8.8).
(Actions) : , , , . (Edit Permissions),

(Security) NTFS.

. 8.8.


,
, (. . 8.8)
: (FTP Authorization Rules)
(FTP Authentication). ,
, . NTFS

FTP- -

223

.
.

. FTP- , ,
(. 8.9).
( ):
1. 1 ( (Actions)).
2. ,
(. 8.10): " " (All Users), , .
,
.

. 8.9. FTP-

. 8.9, !

224

, (. 8.11), .
, (Lon on anonymously) (Log on).

. 8.10. , FTP-,

. 8.11. FTP-


, , , FTP-. , (. . 8.10), , NTFS
.

FTP- -

225

- FTP-
(. . 8.3), , . ( IIS
.)
- , .
, -
( ),
. IIS
IIS (Default
Document) (. . 8.3), , ,
(. 8.12). ,
, , . .
. \wwwroot iisstart.htm ,
. ,
.

. 8.12. , -

FTP- \ftproot IIS 7.5


ftp://<IIS> ftp://
localhost
FTP-.

226

FTP- FTP (. . 8.3


. 8.8). (Actions). (Basic Settings) ,
() (. 8.13), .
(Bindings) , -

. 8.13. FTP-

. 8.14.

FTP- -

227

, , .
,
IIS (. . 8.8) .
-
FTP-;
.
- FTP- (. 8.14). ,
, NTFS, () . .

228

Windows 7
Windows (keyboard shortcuts,
hot keys), ,
, . .
Windows 7, ,
( ).
,
.
. 1.1 1.2 ,
Windows 7. . 1.3 ,
Windows 7 Windows ( ), . 1.4
Windows Media Player 12.01.
!
,
2
. , (Shortcut). (Shortcut key)
<Ctrl> <Crtl>+<Alt>+
+<>. (, ,
...). (
, <Ctrl>+<F7>). ,
-.

, .
2

,
ncpa.cpl, .
.

230

1.1.

<Win>+<Space>


( Aero Peek)

<Win>+<Home>

, ( Aero Shake)

<Win>+< >

(Maximize)

<Win>+< >

(Restore/Minimize)

<Win>+<Shift>+
+< >

<Win>+<Shift>+
+< >

<Win>+< >

( )

<Win>+< >

( )

<Win>+<P>

(presentation
settings),
(/, )

1.2.

<Win>+<G>

( )

<Win>+<+>
<Win>+<->

( "+" "-" )

<Ctrl>+< >

( , , Internet
Explorer, , )

<Win>+< (19)>

,
( )

< >
<Shift>+< >

<Ctrl>+<Shift>+
+< >

,
,

<Alt>+<Tab>
<Alt>+<Shift>+<Tab>

2D

<Win>+<Tab>
<Win>+<Shift>+<Tab>

3D

<Win>+<M>
<Win>+<D>

Windows 7

231
1.3. Windows

<Alt>+<P>

()
(preview pane) 1 (Windows Explorer)

<Win>+<Pause/Break>

Windows

<Win>+<E>

(Windows Explorer); (Computer)

<F10>


( )

<Alt>+<Enter>

2
(, . .)

<Ctrl>+<Shift>+<N>

( ,
)

<Alt>+< >

/
(Open/Save) (
)

<Ctrl>+<Shift>+<Esc>

<Win>+<F>

<Win>+<L>

( )

<Win>+<R>

(Run)

1.4. Windows Media 12.0

1
2

<Ctrl>+<1>

<Ctrl>+<2>

<Ctrl>+<3>

<Ctrl>+<7>

: (Play)

<Ctrl>+<8>

: (Burn)

<Ctrl>+<9>

: (Sync)

<Ctrl>+<P>

<Ctrl>+<S>

<Ctrl>+<W>

, .

, .
, . . .

232

1.4 ()

<Ctrl>+<B>

(chapter)

<Ctrl>+<F>

(chapter)

<Ctrl>+<Shift>+<C>

/ ,
( DVD)

<Ctrl>+<Shift>+<B>

DVD

<Ctrl>+<Shift>+<F>

<Ctrl>+<Shift>+<G>

<Ctrl>+<Shift>+<N>

<Ctrl>+<Shift>+<S>

<F7>

(mute)

<F8>

<F9>

<F10>

-
- Microsoft,
,
. ( .)
Windows 7 ( Win-

dows 7):
http://windows.microsoft.com/ru-RU/Windows7/products/home ()
http://www.microsoft.com/windows/windows-7/
Microsoft TechNet ( - "Microsoft TechNet", -

IT-
Microsoft. Windows 7
):
http://technet.microsoft.com/ru-ru/ ()
http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/
Microsoft (Microsoft Download Center) ( -

, , ):
http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/ru-ru/ ()
http://www.microsoft.com/downloads
Windows 7 (Windows 7 Solution Center) ( -

, , Windows 7,
, ;
, ):
http://support.microsoft.com/ph/14019#tab0

234

Windows Quality Online Services: Windows Logo'd Products List ( -

, Windows 7; , ,
Digital Media
Renderer):
http://winqual.microsoft.com/hcl/
Windows Client (,

Windows 7 ; ,
):
http://technet.microsoft.com/ru-ru/windows/dd361745.aspx ()
Windows 7 ( TechNet, Windows 7):

http://social.technet.microsoft.com/Forums/ru-RU/windows7ru ()
Microsoft Malware Protection Center (

; Microsoft
,
(definitions) Windows Defender, Microsoft Security Essentials . .):
http://www.microsoft.com/security/portal/
Microsoft Security Essentials (Windows XP, Windows Vista Windows 7) :
http://www.microsoft.com/security_essentials/
Microsoft Windows Media (
Windows; Windows
Media Encoder 9 Series ):
http://www.microsoft.com/windows/windowsmedia/ru/default.aspx ()
The Green Button Your Media Center Community (

Windows Media Center) (


Windows Media
Center ( Windows 7), , ,
. .):
http://thegreenbutton.com/


Windows 7 :
. . Microsoft Windows 7. . .:
-, 2010. 896 .: . (
, )
. . Microsoft Windows 7 . .: -, 2010. 560 .: . + ( CD-ROM) (, )
. . Windows 7 . .: , 2010. 352 .: . ( Windows XP Windows Vista,
Windows 7 )

1:
. . . .: , 2009. 480 .: .
- . . . . .: , 2009. 592 .: .
- . . . . .: -, 2009. 832 .: .
- . . . 3- . . .
.: -, 2008. 640 .: .
- . Windows Vista. .:
, 2009. 528 .: .

, .
, , , , Windows ; Windows Vista,
Windows 7 , .

3
3G- 121

8
802.1x 86

A
account 125
ad hoc 92, 94, 96
ADSL- 73
Advanced Encryption Standard . AES
Advanced Tag Editor 175
Aero Peek 230
Aero Shake 230
AES (Advanced Encryption Standard) 86
APIPA (Automatic Private IP Address) 52, 96,
99, 117
ASP.NET 217
Automatic Private IP Address . APIPA

B
Bluetooth 109, 110
BranchCache 11

desktop.ini 147
DHCP 71
dial-up connection 55
Digital Living Network Alliance . DLNA
Digital Media Render Module 170
Direct Connection 49
DivX 173
DLNA (Digital Living Network Alliance) 196
DNS 71
Domain Profile 131

E
Easy Connect 203, 205, 206
exceptions 16

F
firewall.cpl 126
Forefront Client Security 136
fsmgmt.msc 160
Fsutil, 149
FTP 216
FTP-, 220

G
gateway 51
gpedit.msc 143
Guest 41

Credential Manager 126

D
Data Encryption Standard . DES
Defender 136
DES (Data Encryption Standard) 86

H
H.264 173
Home network 35
HomeGroup 22, 35, 51, 78, 80, 91, 176
HomeGroupUser$ 41

HomeUsers 41, 153


hosted network 106
hot keys 229
Windows Media Player 189
hotspot 87

I
ICS . Internet Connection Sharing
IIS_IUSRS 215
InetMgr.exe 218
Internet Connection Sharing (ICS) 62, 67,
70, 81
Internet Explorer 63
Internet Information Services (IIS) 7.5 213
IPX/SPX 13
IP- 51
IrDA 49, 109, 117

237

Net send 12
net share 159, 166
net use 159, 167
net view 159, 167
NetBIOS 22
Netsh.exe 104, 132
Network Access Protection (NAP) 11
Network Address Translation (NAT) 71
Network category 15, 24
Network Detection 25
Network Level Authentication (NLA) 198
Network List Manager Policies 79
Network Location 15, 24
network map 27
NLA . Network Level Authentication
nslookup 55
NWLink 13

P
J
junction points 148

L
Library . Media Library
Link Layer Topology Discovery (LLTD)
responder 28
List pane 190
LLTD . Link Layer Topology Discovery
responder
Local Area Connection 17, 50

M
MAC- 21
MDI/MDI-X 89
Media Library 177
Microsoft Digital Media Render Module 170
Microsoft Download Center 233
Microsoft Security Essentials 135, 139, 140
Microsoft Virtual WiFi Miniport Adapter 107
MpsSvc 126, 127, 134
Msg.exe 12
mstsc.exe 198

N
NAP . Network Access Protection
ncpa.cpl 29, 229
Net print 12

PAN . Personal Area Network


People Near Me 12
perfmon.msc 42
permissions 154
Personal Area Network (PAN) 111, 114, 116
ping 39, 54
Play To 171, 181, 184, 193
playlist 181
POP3 13
PPPoE 58
preferred DNS server 51
Pre-Shared Key . PSK
preview (WMP) 190
preview pane 231
private IP 52
Private Profile 131
profile 146
PSK (Pre-Shared Key) 93
public IP 52
Public Profile 131
Public, 150

R
rasdial 64
RAS- 69
Remote Assistance 200
Remote Desktop 197
Remote Desktop Connection 198
Resource Monitor 44
RIP Listener 13
rules (firewall) 129

238

S
secpol.msc 79, 143
security key 87
Serial Line Interface Protocol (SLIP) 13
Service Set Identifier . SSID
Services for NFS 13
Sharing Wizard 157, 159
shortcuts 229
Simple TCPIP services 13
skin 191
SLIP 13
SNMP- 13
Software Exporer 138
SSDP 22, 171
SSID (Service Set Identifier) 86, 93, 94, 95,
105, 107
SSID Broadcast 93
sysdm.cpl 33, 197

T
Task Manager 42
taskmgr.exe 42
Telnet Client 13
Telnet Server 13
Temporal Key Integrity Protocol . TKIP
Terminal Services 197
TFTP Client 13
TKIP (Temporal Key Integrity Protocol) 86

U
Unidentified Networks 80
Unknown network 26, 53
UPnP 22
USB- Wi-Fi 90
USB- 55, 121
user profile 146
Users, 146

125

64
89
Wi-Fi 89

V
Virtual Private Network . VPN
Virtual WiFi Miniport Adapter 107
VPN (Virtual Private Network) 66
VPN- 64, 66
VPN- 66

W
WAN (Wide-Area Network) 72
WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy) 86
Wi-Fi 86
Wi-Fi Protected Access . WPA
WinDefend 136, 138
Windows Defender 136
Windows Firewall 16, 126, 133, 217
16
Windows Live ID 185
Windows Live Messenger 210
Windows Media Player (WMP) 172
Windows Media Player Network Sharing
Service 181
Windows Meeting Space 12
Windows Messenger 13, 210
Wireless Connection 17
wireless fidelity . Wi-Fi
WMPDMC.exe 194
WMPNetworkSvc 181
workgroup 20, 35, 51
WORKGROUP, 34
WPA 86
WPA2 86
wpl 181
WSD 22

X
XviD 173

17
177
Windows 16, 126, 133, 216
131
63

229
Windows Media Player 189

(VPN) 66
Wi-Fi 106
() 227
(Play To) 193
68
TCP/IP 50

, 41


(Remote Desktop Users) 198

42
(Credential
Manager) 126
(HomeGroup) 22, 26, 35,
39, 51, 78, 80, 162
38
35
225
25

202
Windows 136

33
(SSID) 86
() 109, 117

27
15, 24
Netware (Client Service
for Netware) 13
(security key) 87
55, 64, 120
- Windows 12
- 89

239

(PAN) 111, 114, 116

92
Wi-Fi 88
51
157, 159, 160
184
22
44
42

26, 52, 53, 80, 96, 99, 117

231
(Public), 150
35
163

(Internet Connection Sharing, ICS) 70, 81
33

Windows
(Windows
Firewall with Advanced Security) 129, 135
IIS (Internet Information
Services (IIS) Manager) 218
IIS 6.0 (Internet
Information Services (IIS) 6.0 Manager) 218
(Shared Folders) 160
(Computer
Management) 161

(LLTD) 28

190
(Public) 150
(Users) 146
, 153
94
165

, 198

240

17, 50
- (IrDA) 117
78, 79
Windows Live ID 185
129

205
DNS- 51

Windows Media 194, 195
138
106
Windows Media 172
- 76
RIP 13
TCPIP 13
145, 146
94, 100
52

20, 35, 51
25
146
Wi-Fi 106

153, 154
175
106

15, 24, 131


79
Windows Live ID
185
164
, 165

VPN- 66
68
50
49
()
55
FTP () 215
- 214
(File
and Printer Sharing) 25

Windows Media 181

NTS 13
(IIS 7.5) 213
"-" 96
100
, 12
181

204

135
( )
149

55
Wi-Fi 86, 88, 92

(junction points) 148

200
197
125

131

(hotspot) 87, 94

Microsoft 233

(Network and Sharing Center) 19,
23, 39

52

SSID (SSID Broadcast) 87,


93
86
51, 53