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2-

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2011

681.3.06
32.973.202
54

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54

. . 2- ., . . .:
-, 2011. 576 .: .
ISBN 978-5-9775-0636-6

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, Windows Linux.
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681.3.06
32.973.202

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02429 24.07.00. 30.11.10.


70 1001/16. . . . . 46,44.
1500 .
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77.99.60.953..005770.05.09 26.05.2009 .
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199034, -, 9 , 12

ISBN 978-5-9775-0636-6

- . ., 2010
, "-", 2010

............................................................................................................................ 9
............................................................................................................................... 10
........................................................................................................................ 11
............................................................................................................................. 11
..................................................................................................................... 11
........................................................................................................................ 12

I. ...................................................... 13
1. , , ......................... 15
.......................................................................... 15
- LPT- ........................................................................................... 16
- ........................................................................................ 18
IP- ................................................................................................................................ 18
.................................................................................................. 21
.............................................................................................. 26
Windows XP ................................ 27
Windows Vista ............................ 36
Linux ........................................... 42
Windows Vista..................................... 48
Windows Vista............................................ 49
Linux .................................................... 53
Linux Windows Vista................................. 57
............................................................................................. 58
........................................................................................................................ 58
.................................................................................................................. 62
Bluetooth ........................................................................ 70
Bluetooth .............................................................................................................. 71
Windows 7 ........................................................................................................................... 74
.................................................................................... 75

2. ........................................................................ 77
............................................................................................. 77
....................................................................... 78

Samba Linux ............................................................................................... 82


....................................................................................................... 86
Windows Vista ......................................................................................... 86
Linux ........................................................................................................ 90
..................................................................................................... 93
Windows ................................................................................ 94
....................................................... 94
............................................................................ 95
Windows Vista Linux ..................................................................................... 98

3. ............................................................................................ 130
.................................................................................................................................. 130
Windows .......................................................................................................... 131
Mandriva Linux ................................................................................................ 135
Windows Comodo ..................................................................................... 137
Firestarter........................................................................................................................ 140
.................................................................................................................................... 142
Avast! .................................................................................................................................... 143
AnVir Task Manager ............................................................................................................ 145

II. .................................................. 147


4. ....................................................... 149
.................................................................... 149
Windows Vista .............................................. 149
Windows XP ..................................................... 154
Windows 98 .......................................................... 157
...................................................................................... 158
............................................................................................................................... 161
.............................................................................................. 161
........................................................................................... 161
DNS ...................................................................................................................................... 162
IP- .............................................................................................................................. 162
.......................................................................... 163
OpenVPN...................................................................................................................................... 164
Hamachi ........................................................................................................................................ 167
NeoRouter ..................................................................................................................................... 169
NeoRouter Configuration Explorer ....................................................................................... 170

5. .......................................................................................... 175
............................................................................................................................... 175
Windows XP ........................................................................... 180
......................................................................................................... 180
Windows XP ............................................................................ 182
Linux Mint .............................................................................. 185
............................................................... 187
......................................................................... 187
................................................................................. 193
......................................................................................................................................... 197

6. ................................................... 198
DOS ............................................................................................ 198
MS-DOS 7.1 .............................................................. 199
Microsoft Network Client version 3.0 for MS-DOS .......................................... 203
DHSP WINS Windows 2000 Server............................................ 208
Linux ............................................................................................................................................. 210
................................................................................................................ 210
Windows........................................................................................................ 211
......................................................................................................... 214

III.
........................................................................ 217
7. , ......................................... 219
................................................................................ 219
Acronis True Image ................................................. 220
Windows....................................................................................................................... 225
........................................................................................ 226
......................................................................... 226
.......................................................................... 227
........................................................................................................ 230
............................................................................ 230

8. .................................................... 236
............................................................................... 236
............................................................................................................ 237

IV. .......................................................................... 245


9. ........................................................... 247
........................................................................................... 247
........................................................................... 250
, ...................................................................................................... 253
........................................................................................... 260
............................................................. 262
............................................... 266
.............................................. 269
Windows Server 2003 ................................................................................................................... 270
.................................................................................... 273
? .................................................................................... 273
.................................................................................. 274
............................................................................................ 277
................................................................... 284
.............................................................................................. 285

10. ................................................................. 287


NTFS FAT32 ....................................................................... 288
NTFS..................................................................................................................................... 288
FAT32 ................................................................................................................................... 288
.............................................................................................................. 289

Linux ..................................................................... 289


Parted Magic ......................................................................................................................... 290

11. ........................................... 293


? .............................................................................................................. 294
Microsoft Virtual Server 2005 R2 .............................................................................. 295
VMware Player ........................................................................................................ 300
VMware Server ............................................................................................................................. 302
VMware Server VMware Player Linux ............................. 302
.................................................................................................................. 307
Virtual Appliances ................................................................................................................ 308
.................................................................................... 309
.................................................................................................... 310
................................................................................ 318
.............................................................................................. 323
Oracle VirtualBox ...................................................................................................... 325

12. .............................................................. 335


? ..................................................................................... 335
...................................................................................................................... 337
Linux ................................................................................. 342

13. FTP-......................................................................... 346


FTP .................................................................................................................................. 349
TFTP- ................................................................................................................................ 351

14. Web- ........................................................................ 353


Web- ....................................................................................................... 353
Web- ............................................................................... 357

15. DHCP- ..................................................................... 359


DHCP- Windows Server 2003 ........................................................................................... 359
............................................................................................................................. 360
IP- DHCP- .................................................................... 364
............................................................................................... 366
DHCP- Linux Ubuntu............................................................................ 368

16. WINS-...................................................................... 370


WINS- Windows Server 2003 ........................................................................................... 370
WINS- ............................................................................... 372

17. DNS- ........................................................................ 375


DNS- ............................................................................................................ 375
DNS- Windows Server 2003 ............................................................................................. 377

18. media- ...................................................................... 382


Windows Media 9 Series ........................................................................................ 382
VLC Media Player .................................................................................. 386
.............................................................................................................................. 387
................................................................................................................................... 391
......................................................................................................................................... 393

19. .............................................................. 394


Windows Server 2003.................................................................................. 394
........................................................................................ 397
Web-.................................................................................................................... 398
Courier Mail Server .............................................................................................................. 402
......................................................................................................................................... 423

V.
.............................................................................................. 425
20. ................................................................... 427
Active Directory............................................................................................................................ 427
AD? ................................................................................................................ 427
AD ...................................................................................................................... 428
..................................................................................................................................... 435
......................................................................................................... 437
................................................................................................................. 443
.................................................................................................. 443
............................................................................................ 444
..................................................................................................... 445
............................................................................................................................ 447

VI. .......................... 449


21. ......................................................................... 451
.................................................................................................................. 451
.................................................................................................................. 451
PrimalScript .................................................................................................................. 453
HTA ....................................................................................................... 456
......................................................................................................................................... 461
Linux ........................................................................................................................ 461

22. ................ 465


................................................................................................................... 465
........................................................................ 469
e-mail .......................................................................... 470
................................ 477
IP-............................................. 477
............................................................... 479
1 ............................................................................................................................. 479
2 ............................................................................................................................. 480
...................................................................................................................... 480
IP- ................................................. 482
Linux ............................................................................ 483
LogMeIn .......................................................... 487

23. ............................................................................. 491


BWMeter .......................................................................................... 491
............................................................................................................. 492
......................................................................................................................................... 496

.......................................................................................................... 497
1. ............................. 499
............................................................................................................................. 499
Windows ................................................................................................................... 500
Linux......................................................................................................................... 504
Windows ........................................................................................... 505
Linux ................................................................................................. 508
, Windows ............ 510
,
Linux .................................................................................................................................. 514
........................................................................................................ 517
Windows ......................................................... 517
....................................................................................................... 519
VLC- ................................................................................................................. 524
................................................................ 524

2. ....... 529
? ................................................................. 529
? ..................................................................... 530
................................................................................................ 530

3. ................................ 532
4. .................................................................... 542
Web- ............................................................................................................... 542
Web- ........................................................................................................ 542
Web- ....................................................................................... 543
........................................................................................................ 543
................................................................................................................................. 544
Web- .................................................................................................. 544
............................................................................................................. 545
............................................................................................................................... 545
? ..................................................................................................... 546
? ........................................................................................ 547
Active Directory.................................................................................................................... 547
............................................................................................................... 548
Ethernet ......................................... 552

5. Linux .................................... 553


.............................................................................................. 571


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x.x.x.63

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x.x.x.128

x.x.x.159

x.x.x.32

x.x.x.63

x.x.x.160

x.x.x.191

x.x.x.64

x.x.x.95

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x.x.x.223

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x.x.x.128

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x.x.x.144

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x.x.x.47

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x.x.x.175

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x.x.x.63

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x.x.x.191

x.x.x.64

x.x.x.79

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x.x.x.207

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x.x.x.23

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x.x.x.176

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11111111.11111111.11000000.00000000

255.255.192.0

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11111111.11111111.11100000.00000000

255.255.224.0

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11111111.11111111.11110000.00000000

255.255.240.0

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255.255.248.0

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11111111.11111111.11111100.00000000

255.255.252.0

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11111111.11111111.11111110.00000000

255.255.254.0

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11111111.11111111.11111111.00000000

255.255.255.0

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11111111.11111111.11111111.10000000

255.255.255.128

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11111111.11111111.11111111.11000000

255.255.255.192

/27

11111111.11111111.11111111.11100000

255.255.255.224

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11111111.11111111.11111111.11110000

255.255.255.240

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11111111.11111111.11111111.11111000

255.255.255.248

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11111111.11111111.11111111.11111100

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11111111.11111111.11111111.11111111

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11000000 (192).
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200 . , ,
.
,
,
Windows XP Windows, Linux.
.


Windows XP
Windows Vista Windows 7. Windows XP ,
. Windows 7
Windows XP ,
. ,

28

I.

Windows 2003 Windows XP. .


, Windows XP
2012 .
1. , ,
. , . .
,
. , .
, , , ,
IP-.
2. |
(. 1.2).

. 1.2.
,

3. . (. 1.3).

1. , ,

29

. 1.3.

4. , , ,
, . WORGROUP MSHOME.
, , , .
, , , , ,
. . , .
, , ,
ap15, ,
Windows XP, ,
VMware Workstation.

VMware Workstation ,
.
(http://www.vmware.com/vmwarestore/newstore/wkst_eval_login.jsp), ( 50 ).


. .
-.
5. | (. 1.4).
Windows - -. Local Area

I.

30
Connection,

Windows XP .
. , ,
.
,
.

. 1.4.

6. . , , . ,
LocalConn15.
7. , (. 1.5).
8. Client for
Microsoft Networks ( Microsoft) File and Printer Sharing for
Microsoft Networks (
Microsoft). .
9. Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) (
TCP/IP). , (. 1.6).

- ,
.

, .
IP-.
IP- LocalConn15.

, .

1. , ,

31

. 1.5. LocalConn15

. 1.6. :
Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)

10. IP-, , LocalConn15 (. 1.7),


.

I.

32

IP-, , ,
, . ,
( , ) .
, , IP. .
, ,
192.168.1.2192.168.1.254.
, ,
,
.

. 1.7.
LocalConn15,

11. IP-, (. . 1.6) IP- IP- . 192.168.1.101.


255.255.255.0, .
.

(. . 1.7) . , , .

1. , ,

33

- ,
.
. Windows
XP . , .
12. (. 1.8).
.
.
, , .

. 1.8. :

13. . , , IP- . IP-


192.168.1.102, , . , , (. 1.9).
14. , .
(. 1.10).
, , . , .

I.

34

. 1.9. Ap15 Ap15

. 1.10. \\Ap15xpvmware


, . ?
(. 1.11).

. 1.11.

.
.

1. , ,

35

, ,
Windows XP . ,
, , .
|
Windows (. 1.12).

. 1.12. Windows

, ,
.
,
.
.
, .
ping 192.168.1.101,
2, ping 192.168.1.102 , 1.
,
. 1.13.
ping , , .
ping 127.0.0.1.
, , TCP/IP, , .

I.

36

. 1.13. , ping

ping ,
.
.
, .
, .
, ping
127.0.0.1 , .
, , .

, RJ-45, .

,
. , . . , , . , ,
.
, .


Windows Vista

. ,

1. , ,

37

.
,
Windows Vista ?

Windows.
,
, .

1. .
2. .
3. | .
4. (. 1.14)
( ).

. 1.14.

5. ( )
(. 1.15).

38

I.

. 1.15.

6. ,
.
.
7. (. 1.16)
.
Local Area Connection ( ).
8. .
Local Area Connection
(. 1.17) .
, , .
9. Microsoft . : Microsoft (. 1.18)

Windows.
, , , .

1. , ,

39

. 1.16.

. 1.17. Local Area


Connection

10.
Microsoft (. . 1.17), , , . .
11. 4 (TCP/IPv4) (.
. 1.17). (. 1.19).
,
. .

40

I.

. 1.18. : Microsoft

. 1.19. : 4 (TCP/IPv4)

1. , ,

41

, , , .
-, DNS- .
. DNS- IP- . ( ) IP-.
"C" ( 192.168.0.0 192.168.255.0)
"A", 127.0.0.0
127.255.255.255.
. ,
.
. , - , IP-. , 15 .
(. 1.5), 255.255.255.240/28, 16 16- . "C",
:
192.168.0.0192.168.0.15, 192.168.0.16192.168.0.31, 192.168.0.32
192.168.0.47 . .
"A" 10.1.0.010.1.0.15, 10.1.0.1610.1.0.31,
10.1.0.3210.1.0.47 . .
, , 10.123.123..
, 192.168.0.0192.168.0.255
255.255.255.0. 254 . ,
Windows
. , 192.168.0.0192.168.0.15
255.255.255.240.
. ADSL1 D-Link 500T 192.168.1.1, 192.168.1.0192.168.1.255 255.255.255.0
192.168.1.0192.168.1.15 255.255.255.240.
192.168.1.0/24 192.168.1.0/28.
. ,
.
,
. .

. ,
. ADSL-, .
1

ADSL Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line .

42

I.


Linux
Linux.
, . . , Linux . ,
, .
, ,
, , ,
. . Linux, ,
, , ,
.
, Windows. . , Linux,
. Linux,
.
.
Mandriva Linux 2008.
, Ethernet
.
1. (. 1.20),
, ethernet.
2. (. 1.21) Ethernet, ,
(. 1.22) ,
(. 1.23).
.
1. | |
| .
2. Mandriva Linux
(
). ,
(. 1.24).
3. Mandriva Linux , (. 1.25) ,
, , .

1. , ,

. 1.20. Linux,

. 1.21. Linux, ( )

43

44

I.

. 1.22. Linux, (Ethernet)

. 1.23. Linux, (Ethernet IP)

1. , ,

. 1.24. Mandriva Linux

. 1.25. Mandriva Linux

45

I.

46

Linux ASP Linux


.
Linux, , .
Linux ASP Linux.
1. .
2. (. 1.26).

. 1.26. ASPLinux 11.2 ()

3. | .
4. (. 1.27) . (. 1.28).

. 1.27.

1. , ,

47

. 1.28.

5. ,
.
6.
( Windows),
. Ethernet .
7. DNS
IP-.
8. ( ) IP- , , . IP dhcp.
9. .
. . Ethernet-, . ,
, ,
/dev/ttyS0, S0 COM1.
Windows, IP-
. .
.
, . , ,
. -

48

I.

, . .


Windows Vista
:
1.
, . (. 1.29).

. 1.29.

, . , , .
2. , , ,
.
. ,
, ,
.
3. , . ,
.

1. , ,

49

, , , , , .
, .
, , .
, ,
. , , . ,
. ,
, , .
. ,
.
, Linux . Windows
"Share" "share" , , Linux .
. Windows share, Share, Linux
Share.


Windows Vista
Windows Vista
. . , Windows Vista ,
, . ,
"1", "Beard".
, , .
Beard . :
1. | | Beard (. 1.30).
2. Share,
(. 1.31).
.

50

I.

. 1.30. 1 ( )

. 1.31. :
Share,

1. , ,

51

3. . , .
.
(. 1.32).

. 1.32.

4. (. . 1.31).
, (. 1.33) .
,
. .
5. Share (. 1.34)
, Share .
Share, Beard-NB (. 1.35). IP-. , Linux (. 1.36).
, , .
, .
, . Windows Vista
Ultimate ( | -

I.

52

. 1.33.

. 1.34. Share

. 1.35. BEARD-NB ( , )

1. , ,

53

. 1.36. Windows: 192.168.1.125 (


IP- 192.168.1.125 Linux)

| | ).
, . , .


Linux
Linux
Samba. . Windows Linux , .
Linux Samba . , ASP Linux
: | | |
Samba, Mandriva Linux | | | | Samba. Samba , . Linux ,
. Linux , . Samba Linux,
. Samba Mandriva
Linux.
1. ,
Mandriva Linux 2008.0 (. 1.37). , , .
2. Mandriva Linux 2008.0 .
Samba (. 1.38).
3. . Mandriva Linux 2008.0

54

I.

Samba (. 1.39)
, .

. 1.37. Mandriva Linux 2008.0

. 1.38. Samba

4. Mandriva Linux 2008.0


, .
(. 1.40), . . Share, .
Mandriva Linux 2008.0
(. 1.41) . Share Windows

1. , ,

55

Linux. (. 1.42) Linux,


Windows Vista.

. 1.39. Mandriva Linux 2008.0, Samba

. 1.40.

56

I.

. 1.41. Mandriva Linux 2008.0,

. 1.42. BeardM ( )

1. , ,

57

Linux
Windows Vista
, . Linux
Windows Windows Vista, . Windows Vista . Linux, . ,
. . Linux Windows Terminal.
ASP Linux | | .

<Ctrl>+<Alt>+<Fn>, n 1 6, .
.
<Ctrl>+<Alt>+<F7>.
, ,
SU root. , , SU
root. Windows Vista :
mount -t cifs //10.15.0.5/share /mnt/shr

shr ,
Windows Vista. mnt
Linux.
. , .
.
, , mc shr. ,
Share Windows Vista.
, .
, , unmount -t cifs //10.15.0.5/share /mnt/shr.
, Mandriva Linux 2008 Windows Vista.

, Linux,
Windows Windows. NTFS Linux
. Linux
.

I.

58



, ,
, , ,
.

.

Wi-Fi (Wireless Fidelity).
, .
, .
, .
,
, , . Wi-Fi.
,
. ,
.
,
.
. , . 2, .

,
.

. , , , ,
, . ,
, .
.
D-Link DFM-562E (. 1.43). V.92/V.90, 56 K/,
. .
,
.
. ,

1. , ,

59

-, DFM-562E 14,4 /. V.42bis MNP 2-4


/.

. 1.43. D-Link DFM-562E

. 1.44.
D-Link DWL-G122 USB

, ,
. , , , . , .
COM- . COM-. USB-.
D-Link DWL-G122 USB 802.11g, -


(. 1.44). USB 2.0
54 /. DWL-G122 802.11g, 802.11b,
plug-and-play. DWL-G122
54 /
802.11g. 802.11b, 11 /. 802.11b,
DWL-G122 2,4 , , . 802.11g ,
. DWLG122 802.11g , . Wi-FI Protected Access DWL-G122 ,
, -

60

I.

. WPA
(Wi-Fi Protected Access, )
,
.
RADIUS WPA TKIP (Temporal Key Integrity Protocol,
) 10 000 .
, WEP (Wireless Encryption
Protocol, ),
. DWL-G122 USB 2.0 USB
,
480 / . 40
, USB 1.1,
54 / . "" plug-and-play, DWLG122 , 802.11b
802.11g.
802.11g VPN DI-824VUP+,

VPN-
(Virtual Private Network, ) , - 4-
(. 1.45).
, VPN-,
,
.
. ,
4- 10/100 / -,
. , , , Ethernet -.
D-Link AirPlusG+, DI-824VUP+ 10 , 802.11b. 802.11g DI-824VUP+
54 /.
802.11b/b+, VPN, IPSec
. IPSec DES (Data Encryption
Standard, ), 3DES, AES (Advanced Encryption
Standard, ) Automated
Key Management IKE/ISAKMP. VPN

triple DES.

1. , ,

61

. VPN

(Internet Key Exchange IKE). VPN, VPN pass-through , VPN.
Intrusion Detection System (IDS ) Stateful Packet Inspection (SPI).
. URL (Uniform
Resource Locator, )
, .
. ,
, .
.
, FTP-, Web- , IP-, . DMZ (Demilitarized Zone,
) (, Web-), ,
. Web- , . USB-
, USB- Web-.

. 1.45. DI-824VUP+


http://dlink.ru.

, .
.

I.

62


. . 1.46
DI-824VUP+.
" ", http://
www.dlink.ru/products/home/dhome.php,
. ,
. , .

. 1.46. DI-824VUP+

:
,

;
ADSL- .
, ,

1. , ,

63

.
.
, ,
. , , -,
, -,
,
. , . ,
-. , .

.
,
"" .

, .
Ethernet-
, .

, , .
, D-Link DWL-G122 USB
802.11g.

. 1.47.
192.168.0.1 ( )

, ,
, , , . Internet Explorer 192.168.0.1. .
(. 1.47). -

64

I.

admin, (). ,
,
.
,
(. 1.48).

. 1.48. DI-824VUP+

,
.
Run Wizard.
, . . ,
.
.
, (. 1.49). LAN,
, .
.
WAN-. WAN,
(. 1.50).
. IP- -

1. , ,

65

. 1.49. DI-824VUP+ . LAN Settings

.
, () . , , .
255.255.255.248. , . DNS- . (), , -
. 10.109.0.1 .
, , (, ) , (FTP- Web-), .
() , ( ), , , ,
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, , , ,
. , . , ,
, ,
, .
, , , ,

66

I.

. . , ,
.
. , , ,
.

. 1.50. DI-824VUP+ .
WAN Settings

(. . 1.46) .
DI-824VUP+ LPT USB .
, . -. IP- , .
,
. ,
, , -

1. , ,

67

. , , , .
. (Wireless)
DWL-G122 USB, .
.
, .
. . 1.51
.

. 1.51. DI-824VUP+ .
Wireless Settings

(. 1.52)
, .
!
-! , !

, . (. 1.53) . , . ,
Reset, .
- ,
.

68

I.

. 1.52. DI-824VUP+. Wireless Settings


,

.
, .
, .
, ,
. -
( ) , . .
.
, , . ,
wireless-.
. , . , ,
wireless-,

1. , ,

69

, , .

, .

. 1.53.
wireless-
.

,
, :
http://www.rozetka.de/publication/cat_4
http://www.cir-sanych.ru
http://www.citforum.netis.ru/nets/wireless/seti_efir

Windows.
, ,
:
http://www.murava.ru/articles/wlan_home.php

:
http://www.dlink.ru/products/home/dhome.php
. ,
, , .
, .

I.

70


Bluetooth
, , .
. , Bluetooth
, . Bluetooth , . Bluetooth - .
Windows Bluetooth ,
. , . Linux
Bluetooth , USB. - .
Linux Mint ,
Ubuntu, Debian.
http://www.linuxmint.com.
, . Blueman. ( ,
). , Synaptic, .
(. 1.54).
, , ( , ).
: sudo apt-get install
blueman. , , .
Blueman
Bluetooth (. 1.55) ( ), Bluetooth .

Bluetooth.
Bluetooth.
.

1. , ,

71

. 1.54. Synaptic.

. 1.55. Bluetooth

Bluetooth
( ) 1 2.
1
Bluetooth .
Bluetooth (. 1.56)
.
2.

. 1.56. Bluetooth

,
.
Bluetooth . -

I.

72

bluetooth, bluetooth, . . bluetooth


Bluetooth , . , Bluetooth (. 1.57).

. 1.57.
bluetooth

. 1.58.
bluetooth Pairing
( )

2.
1 .
(. 1.58).
.
. , pin-, 1.
.
, 2. .
bluetooth .
Bluetooth , .
. Bluetooth ,
(. 1.59).
, ,
| .

1. , ,

73

. 1.59. Bluetooth

. . .
Blueman.
Bluetooth,
. (. 1.60 1.61).

. 1.60.

.
, , Bluetooth-.
,
.

I.

74

. 1.61.

Windows 7
, Windows . Microsoft Windows 7.
,
Windows 7 . .
, ,
. | | |
(. 1.62).
, .
Windows Vista , . .
, . ,
.
, .
Windows 7, , Windows Vista , .

1. , ,

75

. 1.62.


, 4. , , Wi-Fi,
Bluetooth .
60- Centrex, ( ) , .
, .
,
.
- ,
.
, ,
. ,
,

76

I.

,
. ,
, .
, . ,
80 . , , , , , . , , Wi-Fi,
,
Mobile WiMax Yota ().
?
.


1 . , , , ... . - . ? ?
? , , ? ,
. ! , .
, , ,
. , .


, . .
,
. , , ,
. . , IP- . -, , , , IP-
. , !
.

I.

78

.
:
;

;
,

( ADSL-);
,
;
Windows 98
;
, !


, .
, .
Windows 95, , OSR2, ,
Windows 98. ,
, . Windows 98 .
. . , , , .
Windows 98.
.
1. .
2. | .
3.
.
4. Microsoft, TCP/IP>
< >,
Microsoft, .
5. ,
. , , ,
.
. ,
.

2.

79

6. ,
. TCP/IP,
. ,
, .
. ,
, , .
7. , Microsoft.
8. ,
Windows 9x, NetBEUI.
9. Windows 2000
, Windows 98,
. ,
,
, , ,
,
, .
Windows XP .

Windows XP .
"".

, Windows XP NetBEUI.
.
< >:\VALUEADD\MSFT\NET\NETBEUI
. .
1. nbf.sys %SYSTEMROOT%\SYSTEM32\DRIVERS\.
2. netnbf.inf %SYSTEMROOT%\INF\.
3.
, NetBEUI.
,
Windows 9x, ,
NetBEUI.
, .
, Windows XP/2000 Windows 9x.
, Windows 9x .
NetBEUI .

80

I.

. Windows 9x
.
.
, ,
( ), . , Windows 2000/XP
.
, , . . , .
"" , .
, ( ), . , ,
, , .
Windows XP/2000 . ,
, ,
,
.
Windows XP , .
, Windows 9x
. ,
.
TCP/IP.
Windows 9x TCP/IP,
. . . .
Windows XP/2000 , TCP/IP, .
.
, , . , .
.
, . Windows, Windows 98, IP-, .

2.

81


"" . ,
.
Windows Vista Linux
1. Windows,
.
Windows Vista .
| (. 2.1). , .
, ,
.
Linux.
,
Windows. Windows Samba. Windows Samba.

. 2.1.

82

I.

Samba Linux
Mandriva Linux 2008. ,
Linux,
. ,
Linux.
| | |
| Samba.
Samba (. 2.2), .
. , , , , .
, , , , . Standalone .
,
.

. 2.2. Samba Samba


( )

OK, Samba
(. 2.3). . Linux ,
Windows Vista
. Windows
. "" , .

OK, Samba -

2.

83

(. 2.4). .
, user. ,
.
, .
, . .
Samba, .

. 2.3. Samba

. 2.4. Samba

84

I.

. 2.5. Samba Samba

(. 2.5) Samba
Samba . , Linux, . ,
, , , .
(. 2.6) Samba
.
. , .
Windows- .

. 2.6. Samba

2.

85

(. 2.7) ,
. - , , , .
OK .

. 2.7. Samba.

. 2.8. Mandriva Linux 2008 Samba

86

I.

Mandriva Linux 2008


Samba (. 2.8), , , , , .


, .
, . ( ) , . .
, .
Windows .

Windows Vista, .

Windows Vista
, , ,
.
, .
, ,
. , , .
.
,
. ,
. . ,
. .
, Windows Vista . Windows XP . Windows Vista.
. HewlettPackard HP LaserJet Universal Print Driver,
HP.
, .

2.

87

http://h20000.www2.hp.com/bizsupport/TechSupport/SoftwareDescription.jsp?lang=
=en&cc=us&prodTypeId=18972&prodSeriesId=74341&prodNameId=
=74343&swEnvOID=228&swLang=8&mode=2&taskId=135&swItem=ja-35999-21
Windows Vista,
. ,
.
(, ) :
1. . | | . . (. 2.9).

. 2.9.

2. .
3. OK.
4. , .
, .
5. ( | |
| ).

88

I.

. 2.10. BEARD-PC

. 2.11.

2.

89

6. . .
(. 2.10).
7. (
) .
Windows Vista, .
(. 2.11) , ( ) ,
, ,
BEARD-NB.

Linux
Windows Vista,
Linux. , Windows Vista. , .
Linux ,
, , .
ASP Linux :
1. (. 2.12), |
| .
2. .
3. Windows (SMB). PCL 6.
4. , //10.15.0.6/HP_PCL6.
, .
5. ,
, . .

. 2.12. ASPlinuxBeard

, Linux, , Windows Vista.

I.

90

Linux
,
c Linux.
Mandriva Linux.
.
1. .
2. Mandriva Linux, |
| (. 2.13).
3. ,
. Printerdrake (. 2.14),
. .


http://www.linuxcookbook.ru/books/mandriva/printerdrake.html.

4. (. 2.15)
, OK. Mandriva Linux ,
.

. 2.13. Mandriva Linux

2.

91

. 2.14. Printerdrake

. 2.15.

, . ,
Mandriva Linux (. 2.16).
. -
.
Windows Vista, (. 2.17).
.

92

I.

. 2.16. Mandriva Linux

. 2.17.

(. 2.18).
.
Linux . ,
.
.

2.

93

. 2.18.



. , . , , ,
ADSL-, Blutooth-... . .
,
. ,
DNS (Domain Name System ).
,
. DNS IP- .
. , Google http://google.ru. DNS-. DNS- IP- , . IP-
DNS-, . DNS- .
.

94

I.

Windows
, , ,
Windows 98 SE. ,
Windows 95/981. Windows 98 SE
, .
:
1. , ,

Windows.
2. .
3. K.
Windows -, - .
4. .
, .




:
1. .
2. ,
, ,
.
3. , . IP-
192.168.0.1. IP- 192.168.0.2192.168.0.254.
4. Internet Connection Sharing ( ) (. 2.1).

- . . . : -, 2002. 320 .

2.

95

2.1.


.

,


:
1. . ,
,
.
2. TCP/IP() >... Ethernet .

, "" , "TCP/IP" () .

3. .
IP-, IP- . DHCP,
IP-. DHCP.
DHCP .
IP-
IP- , IP-.
IP- DHCP.
, IP- IP- LINKLOCAL 169.254.X.X. 192.168.0.xxx.

96

I.

, Microsoft IP- ,
, .
Windows 98 Microsoft TCP/IP IP-,
IP-. , DHCP,
IP- IP-
LINKLOCAL. LINKLOCAL 169.254
:
169.254.X.X

LINKLOCAL , .
, . IP- LINKLOCAL
TCP/IP , .
Windows 98, IP-, IP-, .
,
DHCP DHCP.
DHCP,
DHCP.
IP- IP-. IP-.
, DHCP. IP- IP . Microsoft
. DHCP,
IP- IP, DHCP. IP- DHCP IP-. . DHCP DHCP,
DHCP IP WINIPCFG.
.
1. .
2. : winipcfg.
3. .
4. DNS, , (...) DNS.
, DNS .

2.

97

5.
Ethernet: .
IP IP- . IP-. IP- . IP-,
.
IP- DHCP, IP-.
, .
.
, :
, ;
Microsoft(R) Internet Explorer

3.x Netscape Navigator 3.x ;


, , ,

.
:
1. , , , .
2. .
3. : a:\icsclset.exe.
4. OK.
, ,
, , .
Windows 2000/XP.
, ,
, ,
. , .
, .
:
http://www.xnets.ru/plugins/content/content.php?content.118;
http://www.diwaxx.ru/win/dual-internet-xp.php.

I.

98

Windows Vista Linux


. ,
. ,
.
IP-. , .
, , , . ,
, .
. , ,
ADSL- , ,

, ...
. , .
, ,
. .
?


, , .
, . . ,
, ,
.
. ,
(. 2.19).
,
. 2, . 1 , ADSL-.
2 ADSL-,
1, .
IP-, , ,
.
1.
, .

2.

99

. 2.19.

, ,
IP-. , TCP/IP, . "" IP-.
,
.
. , .
. , , ""
IP- . . , IP . , SMS- MTS
.
. .
,
, . .
, .

I.

100

Windows
.
, .
, , ,
( ).
. :
| | | (
) | .

, .

, , . LocalNet.
, , .
, .
LocalNet (. 2.20).

. 2.20.
LocalNet

4 (TCP/IPv4).
, , .

2.

101


, , " TCP/IP".

. ,
.
: 4 (TCP/IPv4) (. 2.21).
IP- .
,
. IP-
.
. IP-,

, ,
.

. 2.21. :
4
(TCP/IPv4)

,
, .
.
. . . ""

102

I.

, ""
.
DNS-.
, DNS-.
,
. , DNS-, . , , - DNS-
IP-.
, DNS-. , .
DNS-
.
, DNS- , IP-.
Linux
Linux Windows. . .
ASP Linux , (. 2.22) , , .
Ethernet (. 2.23).

. 2.22.

2.

. 2.23. Ethernet

. 2.24. Mandriva Linux

103

I.

104

,
.
Mandriva Linux .
| | |
Mandriva Linux 2008.0 | | .
(. 2.24) . Network settings (. 2.25)
.
, . , . .

. 2.25. Network settings

ADSL-
ADSL- .
, . ADSL-
D-Link 500T, Stream
(http://stream.ru) . , .
Web-, ,
, Web-
. , Web , IP-,
(login) (password).

2.

105

. :
IP- 192.168.1.1, login admin, password admin.
login password, , .
Setup Advanced.
,
.
.
Setup DHCP Configuration (. 2.26).

. 2.26. ADSL Router, Setup DHCP Configuration

Enable DHCP Server


( DHCP-). 1. . DHCP-, . DHCP-:
Start IP IP- . ,
.
End IP IP- . , IP-. . ,
IP- DNS-.
, DNS-.

106

I.

Primary DNS IP- DNS-, -

. .
, DNS .
, .
, .
Lease Time IP-. DHCP-
. ,
IP-
3600 ( ).
.
DNS, DNS- (. 2.27). , DNS-.

. 2.27. ADSL Router, Setup DNS Configuration

Management IP
(. 2.28). , IP- .
. IP-
Default Gateway. . -

2.

107

. IP Address (IP-) NetMask ( ) .


( ) IP-
.
, .

. 2.28. ADSL Router, Setup Management IP

DSL Setup (. 2.29) .


, MMODE.
, New
Connection, Connection 1 (. 2.30). . , PPPoE, , VPI VCI.
NAT Firewall.
.
, Port Forwarding
Advanced,
(. 2.31).
Adwanced Adwanced Security Settings (. 2.32) Web- Telnet-,
, , -

108

I.

. 2.29. ADSL Router, Setup DSL Setup

. 2.30. ADSL Router, Setup PPPoE Connection Setup

2.

. 2.31. ADSL Router, Advanced Port Forwarding

. 2.32. ADSL Router, Advanced Advanced Security Settings

109

I.

110

, ( Enable DMZ).

(DMZ demilitarized zone), .
, Adwanced LAN Clients , IP- , (. 2.33).

. 2.33. ADSL Router, Advanced LAN Clients

- , , ,
.
.


,
ADSL.
. ,
.
, ,
, , .

Windows Linux.

2.

111

Windows
. , ,
, .
Windows .
(. 2.34)
. , (. 2.35).
.

. 2.34.

(. 2.36). (. 2.37)

112

I.

, . , , Internet Explorer, |
| | .

. 2.35.

. 2.36. ( )

2.

113

. 2.37. ( )


,
.
, .
(. 2.38), , |
.
, , . , , Windows Vista . . ( . applet) .
(. 2.39). , , .
, .
(. 2.40).
, .
, .
, , ,
OK.
(. . 2.39) .

114

I.

. 2.38.

. 2.39.
,

,
.
.
, ,

2.

115

. . , .
.
,
. (. 2.41).

. 2.40.

.
(. 2.42) .
, .
, 2.1.
2.1.
proc main
waitfor "login:"
transmit "__"
transmit "^M"
waitfor "password:"
transmit "___"
transmit "^M"
endproc

116

I.

. 2.41. Comstar

. 2.42.
,

2.

117

, scp.

.
, . ,
, (. 2.43).

. 2.43.

, . ,
.
, .
(. 2.44)
IP- . , (. 2.45).
. , (. 2.46).
, 192.168.0.1...
, . IP-
, "" ,
. , IP- -

118

I.

192.168.1.150. .
DNS- , , IP- .

. 2.44.

. 2.45.
,

2.

119

. 2.46. ()

(. 2.47)
.

,
. . , ,
.
Rasdial
Windows ( | | |
).

. 2.47. ( )

120

I.

Rasdial
Rasdial
Microsoft.
. , ,
, rasdial comstar,
comstar ( ).
, , :
C:\Users\1>rasdial comstar
comstar...
...
...
comstar.
.

rasdial /d.
.
, /callback:< >.
Mandriva Linux
Mandriva Linux.
. Mandriva Linux.
(. 2.48), .
(. 2.49) , . (POTS).
.
. , , (. 2.50).
, . COM1 (. 2.51). Linux ttyS0.
, - ,
(. 2.52).
(. 2.53) . , , . (. 2.54) ,
.
IP- (. 2.55).
.

2.

. 2.48. Mandriva Linux

. 2.49. Mandriva Linux

121

122

I.

. 2.50. Mandriva Linux


( )

. 2.51. Mandriva Linux


( )

2.

. 2.52. Mandriva Linux


( )

. 2.53. Mandriva Linux


( )

123

124

I.

. 2.54. Mandriva Linux


( )

. 2.55. Mandriva Linux


( IP-)

2.

125

. 2.56. Mandriva Linux


( )

. (. 2.56)
, .
!
, , , .

. , . Linux
Gnome PPP (. 2.57). , .

. 2.57. GNOME PPP

126

I.


, .
, . . Mandriva Linux (. . 2.48). , - (. 2.58) .

. 2.58. Mandriva Linux


-

(. 2.59) ,
. , , , . Linux,
Windows, .
(
).
, ,
. , /etc/sysctl.conf
net.ipv4.ip_forward = 1.
net.ipv4.ip_forward = 0, ,
.

2.

127

. 2.59. Mandriva Linux


- ( )


sysctl.conf .
. SU, . MC. , .
.

/sbin/sysctl -p /etc/sysctl.conf
. ,
.
Linux Mint
Linux
Linux Mint.
. , .
Linux Debian, Linux Mint,
, (
), .

128

I.

,
, Ethernet-. , , . " ADSL-"
.
.
( ), ( ). , eth0,
eth1. IP-,
. IP.

,
, :
echo 1 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_forward
iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -o eth0 -j MASQUERADE

root, . Debian, Ubuntu Linux Mint


sudo . .
Linux Mint . su -.
. , , .
Linux . <Alt>+<Ctrl>+<Fn>,
n .
<Alt>+<Ctrl>+<F7>.
, .
, .
, . Linux Mint .
Firestarter.
(. 2.60) .
,
Run Wizard Firewall.
. , .
, -

2.

129

, local, .

. 2.60. Firestarter

.
, , ,
. , . .
.


- , .
. , , , .
, .
, . ,
. , , - , ,
.
, , , .
.

,
, , -
.
. ,
. - ,
. "" (firewall) .

3.

131

Windows
,
Windows XP SP2 ,
, .
, .
.
Windows ,
Windows Windows (. 3.1),
.

. 3.1. Windows

, ,
Windows (. 3.2),
, .
, Windows,
,
.
(. 3.3) ,
. ,
. , , .

132

I.

. 3.2.
Windows,

. 3.3.
Windows,

3.

133

. 3.4.
Windows,

(. 3.4)
,
. , , . ,
.
, , , , (. 3.5). ,

. 3.5.

134

I.

,
, IP-,
. , ,
(. 3.6).

. 3.6.

. 3.7. Windows

3.

135

,
Windows (. 3.7). .

Mandriva Linux
Linux , Windows.
Mandriva Linux
(. 3.8).

. 3.8. Mandriva Linux

. (. 3.9) , . , , , .
OK, (. 3.10) , .
(. 3.11) , .

136

I.

. 3.9. Mandriva Linux ( )

. 3.10. Mandriva Linux


( )

3.

137

. 3.11. Mandriva Linux


( )

,
, .

Windows Comodo
http://www.personalfirewall.comodo.com Comodo Firewall Pro.
5.0. 3.0
(. 3.12), , , Windows Vista.
2.4 (. 3.13) ,
Windows 2000/XP/2003, http://www.comss.ru/
page.php?id=14.
. . 2.4.
, Windows,
Comodo Firewall Pro. ,
. .
- , ,

138

I.

. 3.12. COMODO Firewall Pro ( 3.0)

. 3.13. COMODO Firewall Pro ( 2.4)

3.

139

. - ,
,
, , . ,
.
(Clean PC Mode)

. ,
, ,
.
. Comodo Firewall Pro
( ).

(rootkit) , . (Trusting Computer Base).

Defense+

Defense+ , .
(Advanced Network Firewall Engine)

:
(Stealth Mode), ; ; Comodo
Firewall Pro ;
...
(Training Mode)

Comodo Firewall Pro 3.0


, . "Train with
Safe Mode"
.

Comodo Firewall Pro


.
, .
, ,
Windows.

140

I.

Firestarter
Linux Firewall,
. Firestarter,
,
Firewall Linux.
Policy () Firestarter (. 3.14) . Policy
Add Rule .
.
Inbound traffic policy ( ) Editing :
Allow connections from host .
, . ;
Allow service . -

, IP-, .
, , (torrent)
( 68816889) DNS- ( 53);
Forward service ( ).

IP- . ,
, IP- .
Outbound traffic policy ( ) Editing (. 3.15)
Permissive by default, blacklist traffic :
Deny connection to host . IP-
;
Deny connection from LAN host -

. IP-
;
Deny service . , -

.
Outbound traffic policy ( ) Editing (. 3.16) Restrictive
by default, whitelist traffic
(. 3.16), IP- ,

3.

141

. 3.14. Firestarter, Policy

. 3.15. Firestarter beard-desktop,


Policy, Outbound traffic policy,
Permissive by default, blacklist traffic

. 3.16. Firestarter beard-desktop,


Policy, Outbound traffic policy,
Restrictive by default, whitelist traffic

. 3.17. Firestarter beard-desktop,


Events

142

I.

,
, .
Events () (. 3.17)
.
, Firestarter,
Firewall.

Linux .
Linux, ,
.
"Linux ,
, .
, .
, root-1
. ,
, , . , , ,
. , , .
!"
http://knoppix.ru/130306.shtml.
Windows, Windows
. , ,
Windows ( Windows Vista , ),
Windows .
, . .
. , " ". ,
, , .
Linux, .
" " Linux. Linux
.
Windows Linux.
. . . 1

Root account .

3.

143

? Windows . . ,
. ,
, , , .
. , Clam AntiVirus,
, http://ru.clamwin.com/content/view/18/46/. , , http://portableapps.com/apps/utilities/
clamwin_portable.

. 3.18. ClamWin Free Antivirus

, (. 3.18).
( ) , , .
Linux.
http://www.clamav.org/
download/.

Avast!
Avast!
(. 3.19).
. http://www.avast.ru,
.

144

I.

. 3.19. avast! 4.8

avast! . , , ,
, , , ,
, " ".

. 3.20. avast!

, avast!
(. 3.20).

3.

145

AnVir Task Manager


AnVir Task Manager . ,
. . ,
, .
AnVir Task Manager , antispyware , :
,
, , , , dll, , ,
, ;
Windows, ,

"". .
17 000 .
;
,

;
Windows

. ;
,

(system tray) (status bar) , . (log)


, ;
-

;
.

AnVir Task Manager ,


, . AnVir Task Manager

, .
AnVir Task Manager ,
Windows, Process Explorer WinPatrol (http://www.winpatrol.com/).
http://www.anvir.com/
index_ru.htm.
(. 3.21) , ,
. , , 2008 .

146

I.

. 3.21. AnVir Task Manager

,
. , , ,
, ,
.

II


.
, , , .
.


, . , . , ,
,
. , , ,
. , .
. , !



!
, .


Windows Vista

. Windows Vista, ,
. , ,
, , .
, . .

II.

150

. 4.1.

:
1. | (. 4.1).

, : | | .

2. .

, <Alt>.

.
3. (. 4.2)
, .
4. ( ) (. 4.3) .
5. ... (. 4.4) .

4.

. 4.2. ( )

. 4.3. ( )

151

152

II.

. 4.4. ( )

. 4.5. ( )

4.

. 4.6. ()

. 4.7. ( )

153

II.

154

6.
... (. 4.5) . .
7. ... (. 4.6) , .
, .
(. 4.7).
, .

Windows XP
, . , . , .

1. , .
2. .
3. .

, .
1. .
2. .
3. .
, (
!) , .


, , , ,
, , . .
, -, " " . ,
. , - .


-, , "" ,
. ? !

4.

1.

2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

155

.
Windows XP, :
| | | .
, | |
| | .
, .
.
.
.

.
, .

. , - . , , ,
.
(.
" "). , -
- .
. .

.
, .

( ).
7. ,
.


1. (TCP/IP) IP .
IP- , . .
.
TCP/IP , .

156

II.

2. , : -
125.125.125.125, : 125.125.125.126. IP-.
IP- 125.125.125.125, IP-
125.125.125.126.
IP- .
3. .
- . ! .
.

( 1)
-
, .
1. , , ,
.
2. .
3. . .
4. .
5. .
6. ( ) .
7. , -. .
8. , , .
! !

( 2)
, .
, .
1. .
2.
.
3. .
4. , . .
5. , . .
!

4.

157


, . .


. () , .
,
.
| |
( ).
.
, , . .
, ,
,
.
, ( ).


- ,

.
, , " " ,
, ,
" ".
, .
.
, -.
: http://www.oszone.net/3329/.


Windows 98
, , Windows 98. , , . . ? -

II.

158

, , ,
.
http://www.okobox.narod.ru/st1.htm
" ". ,
, Windows 98
.


.
, , , . ,
Windows 98 -
, .
Windows 98, , .


, , ,
Windows ,
.


.

_ _
- ,
. ,
:
__windows___,

MSN/<_>
____

.
, " ",
, .


,
.
?
-, , . . , , .
- .

4.

159

-,
, .
-, , .
, -,
(, , ).
? ,
,
- .
Windows
HyperTerminal.
, .
, Windows
HyperTerminal.
Windows, HyperTerminal
.
HyperTerminal ,
,
HyperTerminal , - , , , .
, .
,
. ,
HyperTerminal, .


.

, , . , ,
, . ,
,
, .

Windows .
,
,
Windows 98. Windows.
HyperTerminal NetMeeting, .

160

II.

. , Microsoft,
NetBEUI, TCP/IP, . ,
Microsoft, , .
Microsoft .
.
, .
. .
, , .
( , ).
,
. , . ! ( ), , . .
, .
,
, . , . . .
, NetBEUI, TCP/IP,
.
. ,
,
, ,
. ,
. , " ".
, . , . , , .
, . ,
, .
,
, ServerOK
http://serverok.newmail.ru Windows
. ServerOK .

4.

161


,
,
.
.
, ,
, .
, .
, .

, .
,
, .


, , ADSL-.
.
, . , ...
. . ?
ADSL- , (splitter) .
ADSL- ( ), , , , . , , .

, ADSL- ,
.


.
, , ,
?

II.

162


,
, , , .

,
. IP- .

DNS
, . ,
, DNS-, ,
.

IP- . DNS, .

, , , DNS . , . DHCP-, DNS-


. DNS- DHCP. , , DHCP-.

IP-
IP- , . ,
- , . , ,
192.168.X.Y 255.255.255.0, X ,
Y . , , 192.168.X1.Y,
192.168.X2.Y. , .

, , IP-, . ,
. , .

.
, , . , , http://infocity.kiev.ua/os/content/os376.phtml

4.

163

, Windows 2000.
Windows XP. . , , .


: ? , ,
.
. ,
. ,
, . , , .
, , . ICQ E-mail , ,
, , .

, ,
.

,
. , , . .
.
, , . IP-,
. .
. , IP- .
http://dyndns.org.
22.
, .
, OpenVPN (http://openvpn.net/index.php/downloads.html).
, Windows. , , Linux. , Windows-.
, "" .

164

II.

OpenVPN , .
Windows 2000. , , Windows XP Windows Server 2003.

OpenVPN
, .
. ,
, . . OpenVPN
.
, .
4.1 4.2.
4.1. Local.ovpn OpenVPN
# ,
# , DynDNS
remote myserver.homeip.net
# , ( )
port 35000
# VPN
proto tcp-client
dev tap
ifconfig 192.168.116.2 255.255.255.0
#
dev-node vpn
secret key.txt
ping-restart 60
ping-timer-rem
persist-key
resolv-retry 86400
ping 10
comp-lzo
verb 4
mute 10

4.2. Server.ovpn OpenVPN


port 35000
proto tcp-server
dev tap

4.

165

ifconfig 192.168.116.1 255.255.255.0


dev-node vpn
secret key.txt
ping 10
comp-lzo
verb 4
mute 10

vpn (dev-node). , . :
ifconfig 192.168.116.2 255.255.255.0

IP- vpn 192.168.116.2,


255.255.255.0. ovpn. Start OpenVPN on this config file
( OpenVPN ).
, , , ping , .
( remote). C IP .
OpenVPN-, ,
. VPN- (Virtual Private Network
) .
OpenVPN- . ,
.
. "" ,
(key.txt),
Generate a static OpenVPN key ( )
. , .
, , ( port).
, .
,
.
, Initialization Sequence Completed ( ).
mute triggered , , .
( ). , .

166

II.

,
,
ping.
ICMP (Internet Control Message Protocol)
ping .
Windows XP Windows Server 2003.
, OpenVPN-.
. OpenVPN .
, .
, , , OpenVPN, .
35000, ,
. ,
- , .
.
OpenVPN, .

OpenVPN ()
. , , , . Initialization Sequence Completed.
.
VPN-
. , .
Initialization Sequence Completed Initialization Sequence Completed with Errors, .
.
OpenVPN , OpenVPN,
.

.
, OpenVPN,
.
, .
.

4.

167

Hamachi
Hamachi https://secure.logmein.com/
products/hamachi/vpn.asp. OpenVPN ,
.
, , . .
,
. . ,
, .
LogMeIn Hamachi VPN,
10 ,
.
. Hamachi ,
, .

, . , IP-
, .
, , (. 4.8) ,
. , .

. 4.8. Hamachi

, .
. .
.
.
.
<IP-> (. 4.9), . , .

168

II.

. 4.9. 5.203.38.168

,
. (. 4.10),
ping .

. 4.10. 5.203.38.168

. ping . ,

4.

169

, .
Hamachi Windows 2000, XP, 2003 Vista.
Hamachi Linux OS X.
https://secure.logmein.com/products/hamachi/vpn.asp
Linux (hamachi-0.9.9.9-linux). , , . Linux . :
1. su.
2. < root> .
3. make install .
4. /sbin/funcfg .
5. Exit .
6. hamachi-init ( ) .
7. hamachi start .
8. hamachi login ( Hamachi).
9. hamachi go-online <network>
<network>.
10. hamachi list .
.
hamachi stop. .
hamachi , .
Readmy,
( ).

NeoRouter
NeoRouter . 20 2008
0.92. http://www.
neorouter.com/ 1.1.1. (VPN) ,
, 253 .
,
.
,
, . Tomato, OpenWrt,
Fonera .

170

II.

, IP-. , DynDNS
.
. , NAT (Network Address Translation
) .
,
, NeoRouter.
, , , . ,
IP- DynDNS NeoRouter,
.
32- 64-
, Windows, Linux (Debian, Ubuntu, Suse, Fedora, CentOS), Mac OS.
, , SSL.
NeoRouter, . , .
NeoRouter ,
IP- 10.0.0.*.
NeoRouter ,
( IP-), .
NeoRouter (NeoRouter Network
Explorer) . ,
NeoRouter, .
, , .
,
. .

NeoRouter Configuration Explorer


NeoRouter Configuration Explorer
.
. NeoRouter Configuration Explorer
(. 4.11) .
"" . General (.
. 4.11) , ,
IP- ,
, .
. .
User Accounts (. 4.12) , .

4.

. 4.11. NeoRouter Configuration Explorer, General

. 4.12. NeoRouter Configuration Explorer, User Accounts

171

172

II.


. ,
. NeoRouter Configuration Explorer,
.

. 4.13. NeoRouter Configuration Explorer, Computers

Computers (. 4.13)
.
Settings (. 4.14) ( Current domain).
http://www.neorouter.com/, .
, DHCP , .
.
NeoRouter Network Explorer (. 4.15)
. ,
Computers .
NeoRouter Network Explorer ( IP-), .

4.

173

, User, .

. 4.14. NeoRouter Configuration Explorer, Settings

. 4.16 Linux NeoRouter Network Explorer Linux.


,
. addcomputer ( ) deletecomputer ( )
.
,
, , .

. 4.15.
NeoRouter Network Explorer

174

II.

. 4.16. NeoRouter Network Explorer Linux

, .
, ,

. . , , , .

.

. , .
.



. ,
. Windows
, .
. ,
.
, , ,
,
. . , Windows XP, Windows Server 2003,
Windows Vista Windows 7. Windows Server
2003. , . , . ,
, Wireless-,
USB-, . ,
. , VMware. , -

176

II.

, . OpenVPN
.
. 5.1 , , .

. 5.1. ( )

. 5.2 , .
,
, .
, ,
. , ,
(. 5.3). ( 3),
,
. (2),

5.

177

. 5.2. ( )

(1), . ADSL- (1). , ,


VPN ( ).
WorkGr15.dom ( ) VPN, ( Myhome.dom) VPN.

(1) Myhome.dom .
,

.
WorkGr15.
".dom". WorkGr15.dom,

- .
-.
1

178

II.

, WorkGr15 . WorkGr15
WorkGr15.dom. WorkGr15 192.168.100.
255.255.255.0,
(1) 192.168.100.3. VPN
192.168.116.3.
255.255.255.248,
IP-.

. 5.3. ( )

WorkGr15 , .
, ,
.
. 5.4
Myhome.dom. Local Area Connection 2 vpndom
<Ctrl>,
. , .

5.

179

, .
DHCP-, ,
IP-,
. ,
IP-, .
VPN-. 192.168.116.4.

. 5.4. Myhome.dom


. , ,
. .
, , , ,
WorkGr15. , VPN
IP-. VPN, , . ,
WorkGr15.
,
, 192.168.116.3. 192.168.100.0

180

II.

192.168.116.0. ,
WorkGr15.dom, WorkGr15.

Myhome. , Local Area Connection.
.

, , :
http://www.ixbt.com/comm/prac-small-lan5.shtml;
http://www.isranet.info/main/content/view/141/7/;
http://www.nbuv.gov.ua/inet/lan/page/page_4.html.


Windows XP
. , Windows XP . . , , .
. ,
.


, , . ,
. . 5.2
WorkGr15.dom. (1) (4) (5).
Windows XP .
, route.
, ,
, .
,
, , , .
- . : | , cmd <Enter>.

5.

181

.
route print.
(. 5.5).

. 5.5.

, , , , ,
( ). ,
. () ,
.
. 5.6. ,
route add -p 10.0.0.0 mask 255.0.0.0 10.15.0.254 metric 2

10.0.0.0 255.0.0.0
10.15.0.254. -p , , metrik 2 ,
10.0.0.0 , .
, . , , . .
. ,
, , . 169.254.14.88.

182

II.

. 5.6.

- ,
. , , DNS- DNS- ,
.
,

.
pause. , , , , .
, . 5.6,
. . 5.3 , 2.

Windows XP
, Windows XP , . .
. , , .
.
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\
Tcpip\Parameters, IPEnableRouter. ,
REG_DWORD , 1.

5.

183

TCP/IP ,
.

, .
!
- .
, , (
). . route add
.

tracert netstat.
. , /? -?
. . . 5.7 netstat
-an -p tcp. IP- , TCP.

. 5.7. netstat -an -p tcp

. ESTABLISHED.
, 81.133.133.133 ( ) -

II.

184

IP- .
. ,
192.168.1.0 192.168.116.0, , , 192.168.1.1.
, . , , 192.168.1.0, 192.168.100.0 192.168.116.0.
192.168.100.0 , 192.168.100.7
(LISTENING) , .
.
192.168.100.0 10.15.0.0!
, . , . 5.2.
, ,
.
, . .

, , , Firewall / . !
. "".

route IP- -

IP. .
netstat TCP, , -

, Ethernet, IP-, IPv4 ( IP, ICMP, TCP UDP) IPv6 ( IPv6,


ICMPv6, TCP IPv6 UDP IPv6).
ipconfig TCP/IP,

, DHCP, , DNS.
ping - ICMP,

TCP/IP TCP/IP.
hostname .
nbtstat NetBIOS -

TCP/IP, NetBIOS
.

5.

185

pathping TCP/IP -

.
tracert TCP/IP.


:
http://www.computerbooks.ru/books/OS/Book-Windows-XP/Glava20/Index0.htm;
http://www.netdocs.ru/articles/Making-Sense-Windows-Routing-Tables.html;
http://home.mark-itt.ru/manual/iprouter_nt.htm.

Linux Mint
Linux . . ,
Linux Mint
Linux, NetworkManager. Menu |
| | (. 5.8).
, :

. 5.8. ( NetworkManager)

1. ,
( Auto eth0),
. Auto eth0 (. 5.9).
2. Auto eth0 .
IPv4 Auto eth0 (. 5.10).
3. IPv4 Auto eth0
,
.
, .
, .
.

186

II.

4. K, , ,
, .

. 5.9.
Auto eth0

. 5.10. IPv4 Auto eth0

, . ,
Auto eth0.
, ,
, , . , , , .

.
Linux .
:
route add -net 192.168.20.0 netmask 255.255.255.248 gw 192.168.1.1

5.

187

192.168.20.0/29
IP- 192.168.1.1.

.
, ipcalc
sudo apt-get install ipcalc. .
ipcalc 192.168.20.0 255.255.255.248, :
beard@beard-laptop ~ $ ipcalc 192.168.20.0 255.255.255.248
Address: 192.168.20.0
11000000.10101000.00010100.00000 000
Netmask: 255.255.255.248 = 29 11111111.11111111.11111111.11111 000
Wildcard: 0.0.0.7
00000000.00000000.00000000.00000 111
=>
Network: 192.168.20.0/29
11000000.10101000.00010100.00000 000
HostMin: 192.168.20.1
11000000.10101000.00010100.00000 001
HostMax: 192.168.20.6
11000000.10101000.00010100.00000 110
Broadcast: 192.168.20.7
11000000.10101000.00010100.00000 111
Hosts/Net: 6
Class C, Private Internet

Netmask .



, , .
. , , , .


, , , ,

. ,
.
, .
" ", . .
. 5.3 , 4.
WorkGr15.dom .
, 4 .

, . , .

188

II.

, Windows, ,
, .

. ,
. WorkGr15.dom Allied Telesyn AR410
4. , , , Zixel U-336E Plus
. , ,
" " ( ). , . AR410
AT-AR024-00 ( ), , .
. IP-, . , , ,
, Web-.
, .
Web- , .
Web-,
Telnet.
, .
Web- (. 5.11).

. 5.11.
< >

(. 5.12), -
.
. 5.13 IP configuration, .

5.

189

. 5.12. -

. 5.13. Edit File

190

II.

-. , , Web- Telnet
(. 5.14).

. 5.14. Telnet

. 5.14 ,
, .
.
. .
. 5.15 .
, , , ,
. , .
IP ,
, .
. 5.13 IP- , , . , . # ,
.
.
5.1.

5.

. 5.15. 192.168.0.0

5.1.
# 192.168.15.0 192.168.0.0
add ip fil=21 so=192.168.15.0 ent=1 sm=255.255.255.0
des=192.168.0.0 dm=255.255.255.0 ac=include
# 192.168.115.0 192.168.0.0
add ip fil=21 so=192.168.115.0 ent=2 sm=255.255.255.0 ac=include
# 192.168.0.0 192.168.15.0
add ip fil=22 so=192.168.0.0 ent=1 sm=255.255.255.0
des=192.168.15.0 dm=255.255.255.0 ac=include
# 192.168.0.0 ,
# 192.168.115.99
add ip fil=22 so=192.168.0.0 ent=3 sm=255.255.255.0
des=192.168.115.99 dm=255.255.255.255 ac=include

191

192

II.

# 192.168.0.0 ,
# 192.168.115.98 (,
# 192.168.115.98 192.168.0.0)
add ip fil=22 so=192.168.0.0 ent=4 sm=255.255.255.0
des=192.168.115.98 dm=255.255.255.255 ac=include
# , ,
# 192.168.115.50
add ip int=vlan3 ip=192.168.115.50 fil=21
# , ,
# 192.168.200.1 ( )
add ip int=ppp0 ip=192.168.200.1 fil=22
# 192.168.0.0 192.168.0.20
# ( )
add ip rou=192.168.0.0 mask=255.255.255.0 int=ppp0 next=192.168.0.20
# 192.168.15.0
add ip rou=192.168.15.0 mask=255.255.255.0 int=vlan3 next=0.0.0.0
# DBS-
add ip dns prim=192.168.115.15

, , 192.168.0.0, IP-, 192.168.15.0. , , : 192.168.15.0, 192.168.115.0.



"" (
IP-). 192.168.115.0 ( , ).
,
.
. ,
, .
.
, .
, telnet- Web-.
, ,
, Windows XP.
. ,
, .

5.

193

Zixel U-336E
Plus . .
, Win-, , , . , .


- : 1
(192.168.1.1/24) 2 (192.168.0.1/24) . , :
1 2. , 1 10.255.0.6 , 2 10.255.0.2
.

. AT AR415S. Web- ,
. 5.2 5.3 ,
"#".
.
5.2. 1
# System configuration
set system name="NET1"
# User configuration
#
set user securedelay=600
add user=admin pass=< >
priv=securityOfficer lo=yes
set user=admin telnet=yes netmask=255.255.255.255
set user=manager pass=< > priv=manager lo=yes
set user=manager telnet=yes desc="Manager Account"
enable user rso
# ,
add user rso ip=10.255.0.4 mask=255.255.255.252
add user rso ip=10.255.0.0 mask=255.255.255.252
add user rso ip=192.168.150.0 mask=255.255.255.0
add user rso ip=192.168.0.0 mask=255.255.255.0
add user rso ip=192.168.1.0 mask=255.255.255.0

194

II.

# ,
add user rso ip=XXX.XXX.XXX.XXX mask=YYY.YYY.YYY.YYY
###################################################################### #
# . Eth0
# VLAN general configuration
create vlan="lan" vid=2
# VLAN port configuration
add vlan="2" port=1-4
###################################################################### #
# VPN L2TP PPP
# L2tp configuration
enable l2tp
enable l2tp server=both
add l2tp call="tunnel" rem="tunnel" ip=10.255.0.2 ty=virtual prec=in
# PPP-tunnel configuration
create ppp=1 over=tnl-tunnel
set ppp=1 bap=off username="chap" password="chap"
###################################################################### #
# IP configuration
enable ip
enable ip remote
enable ip dnsrelay
# DNS- (192.168.0.15 2)
add ip dns prim=192.168.0.15 seco=195.34.32.116
# ,
add ip int=vlan2 ip=192.168.1.50
# ,
add ip int=eth0 ip=10.255.0.6 mask=255.255.255.252
#
add ip int=ppp1 ip=192.168.150.2
set ip loc ip=192.168.1.50
###################################################################### #
#
add ip rou=0.0.0.0 mask=0.0.0.0 int=eth0 next=10.255.0.5 pref=8
#
add ip rou=10.255.0.2 mask=255.255.255.255 int=eth0 next=10.255.0.5 pref=1
# VPN
add ip rou=0.0.0.0 mask=0.0.0.0 int=ppp1 next=192.168.150.1
pref=4
###################################################################### #
# Firewall
enable firewall
create firewall policy="net1"
enable firewall policy="net1"
icmp_f=unre,ping,sour,timee
add
firewall policy="net1"
int=vlan2 type=private
add
firewall policy="net1"
int=eth0 type=public
add
firewall policy="net1"
int=ppp1 type=private

5.

195

# Telnet
add
firewall policy="net1"
ru=11 ac=allo int=eth0 prot=tcp
ip=192.168.1.50
gblip=10.255.0.6
gblp=23
#
add
firewall policy="net1"
ru=12 ac=allo int=vlan2 prot=ALL
add
firewall policy="net1"
ru=14 ac=allo int=vlan2 prot=TCP
ip=192.168.1.11
add
firewall policy="net1"
ru=15 ac=allo int=vlan2 prot=TCP
ip=192.168.1.22
#
add
firewall policy="net1"
ru=16 ac=allo int=vlan2 prot=TCP
ip=192.168.1.1-192.168.1.254
# VPN
add
firewall policy="net1"

ru=17 ac=non

int=eth0

po=23

ip=0.0.0.0
port=80
port=80

port=80

prot=ALL

add
firewall policy="net1"
ru=18 ac=non int=vlan2 prot=ALL
ip=192.168.1.1-192.168.1.254
set
firewall policy="net1"
ru=18 rem=192.168.0.0-192.168.0.254
add
firewall policy="net1"
ru=19 ac=allo int=ppp1 prot=ALL ip=0.0.0.0
###################################################################### #
###################################################################### #
# NTP configuration
#VNIIFTRI, Moscow region, Russia (ntp1.imvp.ru)
enable ntp
set ntp utc=+04:00:00
add ntp peer=62.117.76.142
###################################################################### #
# GUI configuration
disable gui
# DHCP- 2
# BOOTP configuration
enable bootp relay
add bootp relay=192.168.0.15

5.3. 2
# 2
set system name="NET2"
# User configuration
set user securedelay=3600
add user=admin pass=< > priv=securityOfficer lo=yes
set user=admin telnet=yes netmask=255.255.255.255
set user=manager pass=< > priv=manager lo=yes
set user=manager telnet=yes desc="Manager Account"
enable user rso
add user rso ip=10.255.0.4
mask=255.255.255.252
add user rso ip=10.255.0.0
mask=255.255.255.252

II.

196
add user rso ip=192.168.150
add user rso ip=192.168.0.0
add user rso ip=192.168.1.0

mask=255.255.255.0
mask=255.255.255.0
mask=255.255.255.0

#
add user rso ip=XXX.XXX.XXX.XXX mask=YYY.YYY.YYY.YYY
###################################################################### #
# 2-4 (vlan2), port1 (vlan3)
create vlan="lan"
vid=2
create vlan="Internet" vid=3
# VLAN port configuration
add vlan="2" port=2-4
add vlan="3" port=1
###################################################################### #
#
create ppp=0 over=vlan3-any
set ppp=0 over=vlan3-any lqr=off echo=on iprequest=on username=
password=""
###################################################################### #
# VPN L2TP
enable l2tp
enable l2tp server=both
add l2tp call="tunnel" rem="tunnel" ip=10.255.0.6 ty=virtual prec=in
# PPP-tunnel configuration
create ppp=1 over=tnl-tunnel
set ppp=1 bap=off username="chap" password="chap"
###################################################################### #
# IP configuration IP-
enable ip
enable ip remote
enable ip dnsrelay
add ip dns prim=192.168.0.15 seco=195.34.32.116
add ip fil=101 so=192.168.0.0 sm=255.255.255.0 ent=1 des=192.168.1.0
dm=255.255.255.0 policy=3
add ip int=vlan2 ip=192.168.0.50
add ip int=eth0 ip=10.255.0.2
mask=255.255.255.252
add ip int=ppp0 ip=0.0.0.0
add ip int=ppp1 ip=192.168.150.1
set ip loc ip=192.168.0.50
###################################################################### #
# VPN
add ip rou=0.0.0.0 mask=0.0.0.0 int=ppp0 next=0.0.0.0 pref=8
add ip rou=10.255.0.6 mask=255.255.255.255 int=eth0 next=10.255.0.1 pref=4
add ip rou=192.168.1.0 mask=255.255.255.0 int=ppp1 next=192.168.150.2 pref=7
###################################################################### #
# Firewall
enable firewall
create firewall policy="net2"
enable firewall policy="net2" icmp_f=unre,ping,sour,timee
disable firewall policy="net2" tcpsetupproxy

5.
add
firewall policy="net2" int=vlan2 type=private
add
firewall policy="net2" int=eth0 type=private
add
firewall policy="net2" int=ppp0 type=public
add
firewall policy="net2" int=ppp1 type=private
######################################################################
# NAT
add firewall policy="net2" nat=enhanced int=vlan2-0 gblin=ppp0
add firewall policy="net2" nat=enhanced int=ppp1
gblin=ppp0
######################################################################
add
firewall policy="net2" ru=21 ac=allo int=eth0 prot=tcp po=23
ip=192.168.0.50 gblip=10.255.0.2 gblp=23
add
firewall policy="net2" ru=22 ac=allo int=ppp0 prot=tcp po=23
ip=192.168.0.50 gblip=0.0.0.0 gblp=23
add
firewall policy="net2" ru=22 ac=allo int=ppp1 prot=tcp po=23
ip=192.168.0.50 gblip=192.168.150.1
gblp=23
add
firewall policy="net2" ru=23 ac=allo int=ppp0 prot=tcp po=23
ip=192.168.150.2 gblip=0.0.0.0 gblp=20023
#Office-to-office VPN
add
firewall policy="net2" ru=54 ac=non int=vlan2 prot=ALL
ip=192.168.0.1-192.168.0.254
set
firewall policy="net2" ru=54 rem=192.168.1.0-192.168.1.254
add
firewall policy="net2" ru=55 ac=allo int=ppp1 prot=ALL
#Internet Access
add
firewall policy="net2" ru=60 ac=allo int=vlan2 prot=ALL
ip=192.168.0.1-192.168.0.70
add
firewall policy="net2" ru=61 ac=deny int=vlan2 prot=ALL
ip=192.168.0.1-192.168.0.254
######################################################################
# NTP configuration
#VNIIFTRI, Moscow region, Russia (ntp1.imvp.ru)
enable ntp
set ntp utc=+03:00:00
add ntp peer=62.117.76.142
######################################################################
# GUI configuration
disable gui

197

:
http://www.opennet.ru/base/net/nt_leased.txt.html;
http://forums.gameguru.ru/board-hardware/action-display/num-1156266077/;
http://www.ixbt.com/comm/ras_w95.html;
http://gizmodo.ru/2005/09/18/svjaz_po_modemu/;
http://v90.kiev.ua/faq/ats.html.



, .
, ... . -
DOS ( ),
Windows 95.
, , ,
Windows. , .
, , (
HP Vectra, ), ( ),
.

DOS
. -,
,
-,
.
, ?
, , , Windows 98,
MS-DOS 7.1, Windows 98. ,
Sys C:, Windows 98.
DOS,
, free DOS (http://www.freedos.org/) PTS DOS (http://
www.phystechsoft.ru/ptsdos/). DOS .
, MS-DOS 7.1. DOS, MS-DOS 7.1,
FAT32 ?

6.

199

MS-DOS 7.1

Windows 98
. , DOS. Windows 9x
Edit.com.
, , MS-DOS, DOS7.
, . C: , 6.16.4.
6.1. Msdos.sys
[Paths]
WinDir=c:\dos7\
WinBootDir=c:\
HostWinBootDrv=c:\
[Options]
BootMulti=0
BootGUI=0
Network=1
logo=1

;
;
;
;




( Logo.sys)

, .
, Logo.sys 320 400 .
6.2. Config.sys
[menu]
menuitem=D, Use Net ;
menuitem=C, No net ;
menudefault=D,10
menucolor=14,1
[D]
device=c:\dos7\himem.sys
dos=high,umb noauto
devicehigh=emm386.exe noems
devicehigh c:\net\ifshlp.sys
[C]
device=c:\dos7\himem.sys
dos=high,umb noauto
devicehigh=emm386.exe noems

200

II.

[COMMON]
fileshigh=80
buffershigh=20
stackshigh=9,256
lastdrivehigh=z
INSTALLHIGH=C:\DOS7\RKM.COM

; ,
; :
; http://win95.nm.ru/switch.htm
shell=c:\command.com /E:512 /P
FCBSHIGH=1

. ,
, , .
emm386.exe, ifshlp.sys, choice.exe himem.sys
Windows.
6.3. Autoexec.bat ( )
@echo off
set temp=c:\temp
path c:\;C:\NC;c:\dos7
lh c:\dos7\mouse
@echo " !"

TEMP, Norton
Commander , DOS7
( Windows).
6.4. Autoexec.bat ( )
@echo off
set temp=c:\temp
path c:\;C:\NET;C:\NC;c:\dos7
lh c:\dos7\mouse
choice /c:SNLA /t:L,20 "Share-S - N - L - A
; choice choice.exe Windows.
if errorlevel 4 goto p
if errorlevel 3 goto l
if errorlevel 2 goto n
C:\NET\net initialize
C:\NET\netbind.com
C:\NET\umb.com
C:\NET\tcptsr.exe
C:\NET\tinyrfc.exe
C:\NET\nmtsr.exe
C:\NET\emsbfr.exe

"

6.

201

C:\NET\net start
C:\NET\net start server
C:\NET\net share
cls
@echo " c Ctrl+Alt+N ."
@echo "netshare "
net
c:\net\netshare.exe
goto l
:n
C:\NET\net initialize
C:\NET\netbind.com
C:\NET\umb.com
C:\NET\tcptsr.exe
C:\NET\tinyrfc.exe
C:\NET\nmtsr.exe
C:\NET\emsbfr.exe
C:\NET\net start
cls
@echo " "
net
goto l
:p
; ,
c:\drv\pktdrv\hppclanp 0x60 ;
;
cd\
cd arachne
arachne
:l
@echo " !"

,
DOS-.
, , 6.4. . . 6.16.3 ,
\Windows\Command , DIR.
.
, , . dsk3-1.exe, dsk3-2.exe, nnet.exe
netshar.exe, :

II.

202

ftp://ftp.microsoft.com/Softlib/MSLFILES/netshar.exe;
ftp://ftp.microsoft.com/softlib/mslfiles/nnet.exe;
ftp://ftp.microsoft.com/bussys/Clients/MSCLIENT/dsk3-1.exe;
ftp://ftp.microsoft.com/bussys/Clients/MSCLIENT/dsk3-2.exe.

dsk3-1.exe, dsk3-2.exe MS Client DOS, nnet.exe


netshar.exe . C: \DISTRIB
.
DOS .

6.1. C:\

COMMAND.COM

95 202

NC <>

Norton Commander

NET <>

DISTRIB <>

EMM386.EXE

125 975

EMM386

ARACHNE <>

ARACHNE

TEMP <>

DRV <>

DOS7 <>

MSDOS.SYS

116

MS-DOS

CONFIG.SYS

432

MS-DOS

LOGO.SYS

129 078

AUTOEXEC.BAT

869

MS-DOS

6.2. C:\DISTRIB

ARCHN170.EXE

1 012 717

CYRILLIC.APM

279 421

ARACHNE
ARACHNE

DSK-1 <>

DSK-2 <>

DSK3-1.EXE

864 723

DSK3-2.EXE

288 142

6.

203

6.3. C:\DOS7

COMMAND.COM

95 192

COUNTRY.SYS

30 742

MS-DOS

DEBUG.EXE

20 874

MS-DOS

DISPLAY.SYS

17 239

MS-DOS

EDIT. COM

70 318

EGA3.CPI

58 753

MS-DOS

EMM386.EXE

125 975

MS-DOS

FDISK.EXE

64 588

MS-DOS

FORMAT.COM

50 071

MS-DOS

HIMEM. SYS

33 191

MS-DOS

IFSHLP.SYS

3708

MS-DOS

KEYB.COM

20 135

MS-DOS

KEYBRD3.SYS

31 633

MS-DOS

MEM. EXE

32 338

MS-DOS

MODE.COM

29 911

MS-DOS

MOUSE.COM

34 747

RKM.COM

41 000

SCANDISK.BAT

152

MS-DOS

SCANDISK.EXE

150 977

MS-DOS

XCOPY.EXE

3910

MS-DOS

MSDOS.SYS

108

MS-DOS

TEMP <>

CHOICE.COM

1610

MS-DOS

DISPLAY.CPI

88 045

MS-DOS

UTIL <>

Microsoft Network Client version 3.0


for MS-DOS

DOS, PTS DOS, .

:
1. : \DISTRIB\DISK1 \DISTRIB \DISK2.
2. dsk3-1.exe dsk3-2.exe.

204

II.

3. , .
4. DISTRIB\DISK1 setup.exe.
5. .
<Enter>.
6. , , <Enter>.
C:\NET.
7. . .
, .
8. , . , *Network adapter not shown on list below ( ). , . ,
, .
9. Set Network Buffers ( ).
,
<Enter>.
10. .
20 .
Serdos Admin.
, .
11. . Change Network Configuration <Enter>.
12. (. 6.1)
<Tab>, .
, <Tab>
.
13. , , ,
, ,
. ,
<Tab> Add
protocol. : Microsoft TCP/IP Microsoft NetBEUI. , ,
( Remove).
14. Microsoft TCP/IP.
, Change Settings (
).
DHCP-,
TCP/IP, IP-
, . . , DHCP-.
, . WINS

6.

205

. , .
192.168.0.126.
255.255.255.0. .

. 6.1. Setup for Microsoft Network Client v3.0 for MS-DOS

!
,
.

15. , The listed options are correct


( ).
, , .
. , ,
. The listed options are correct
,
. ,
<Enter>.
. ,
"Type your user name, or press ENTER if
it is USER:" (" ENTER, , , Admin"). , <Enter>.
<Enter>.
"Type your password:" (" :").
. , <Enter>.
, .

206

II.

"There is no password-list file for USER. Do you want to create one? (Y/N) [N]:"
(" Admin. ?")
<Y> , <Enter> .
"Please confirm your password so that a password list may be created:"
(", ").
.
"The command completed successful" (" ").
. , ,
. ( ),
.
. .
No net ( ).
. nnet.exe netshar.exe C:\NET
, . Autoexec.bat
. .
C:\NET Protocol.ini System.ini.
6.5 6.6, . , , .
6.5. Protocol.ini
[network.setup]
version=0x3110
netcard=hwp$27247b,1,HWP$27247B,1
transport=tcpip,TCPIP
transport=ms$ndishlp,MS$NDISHLP
transport=ms$netbeui,MS$NETBEUI
lana0=hwp$27247b,1,tcpip
lana1=hwp$27247b,1,ms$netbeui
lana2=hwp$27247b,1,ms$ndishlp
;
; .
[TCPIP]
NBSessions=6
;
WINS_SERVER0=192 168 0 15
DefaultGateway0=192 168 0 15
SubNetMask0=255 255 255 0
IPAddress0=192 168 0 126
DisableDHCP=0
DriverName=TCPIP$
BINDINGS=HWP$27247B
LANABASE=0


;
;
;
;

6.
[protman]
DriverName=PROTMAN$
PRIORITY=MS$NDISHLP

[HWP$27247B]
DriverName=HPLANP$
[MS$NDISHLP]
DriverName=ndishlp$
BINDINGS=HWP$27247B

[MS$NETBEUI]
DriverName=netbeui$
SESSIONS=10
NCBS=12
BINDINGS=HWP$27247B
LANABASE=1

6.6. Sistem.ini
[network]
filesharing=yes
printsharing=yes
; "NO"
; Setup,
; "YES",
; .
autologon=no
;autologon=yes
computername=SERDOS ;
lanroot=C:\NET
username=ADMIN ;
workgroup=AP15 ; ( )
reconnect=yes
dospophotkey=N
lmlogon=1
logondomain=AP15 ; ( )
preferredredir=full
autostart=full,popup
maxconnections=8
[network drivers]
netcard=hplanp.dos
transport=tcpdrv.dos,nemm.dos,ndishlp.sys,*netbeui

207

208

II.

devdir=C:\NET
LoadRMDrivers=yes
[386enh]
TimerCriticalSection=5000
UniqueDosPSP=TRUE
PSPIncrement=2
[Password Lists]
*Shares=C:\NET\Share000.PWL
ADMIN=C:\NET\ADMIN.PWL ;
;
NET=C:\NET\NET.PWL

.
, Setup.exe,
.
, (
Use Net), , .
.
.

DHSP WINS
Windows 2000 Server
TCP/IP, DOS-, , Windows 2000. Microsoft Network Client version 3.0 for MS-DOS
. IP-, ,
.
, , ,
:
1. ,
, Admin , DOS-.
2. .
3. | | DHCP. DHCP
(. 6.2).
4. , ,
DOS ( 192.168.0.126),

6.

209

(serdos). , , DOS- .
5. ,
.

. 6.2. DHCP

6. , IP- .
7. .
8. DHCP.
9. .
10. | | WINS. WINS
(. 6.3).
11. .

. 6.3. WINS

210

II.

12. .
13. , MAC- IP-. MAC-
DOS-, ,
Microsoft Network Client v3.0
for MS-DOS.
14. OK.
IP- DOS-
, , , .
, , , DOS- .
, MS-DOS.
,
. MS-DOS , . , :
http://www.okobox.narod.ru/nowin.htm;
http://www.okobox.narod.ru/diskwww.html;
http://www.webcenter.ru/~zwb/arachne.htm.

Linux
, . ,
OC , .
, Windows- . , -
, , Linux.

. (
) Fedora ,
Linux-. , Linux Windows.
, .
Linux. Fedora, , Windows XP
.


Linux Windows .
Linux ext3. NTFS FAT32,

6.

211


. Linux. , , , . Linux
. Linux
.

Windows log-,
. Linux . ,
, ,
. Linux " ".

. .
Linux .
Linux ,
Windows.

Windows
Linux
TCP/IP.
. , Linux, , .
Microsoft Windows TCP/IP. ,
Linux Microsoft Windows.

. , , , Web- XML-1
(Extensible Markup Language, ), . , Windows , Linux Fedora
XML. Linux!
, , . , Linux
Windows-. Linux Active Directory
Microsoft.
1

http://www.codenet.ru/webmast/xml/.

II.

212


, , Linux
Active Directory. Linux XP ( , 01.10.2006) Active Directory.

, Microsoft
Windows Active Directory. . . 6.4 ,
Windows Linux.

. 6.4. Linux


Windows, Web- (. 6.5).
.
, .
, .
, Linux UNIX.
, ( ).

6.

213

, . Linux , , -
Windows, .

. 6.5. Linux Web-

, ,
, Linux Windows, , .
, , Linux . Linux
.
Windows
Linux XP, http://www.linux-online.ru.
Linux, Fedora.
,
, , , .
Windows XP,
Windows. . 6.6,

II.

214

, Windows-.
Linux XP, Windows.

. 6.6. Linux XP


-Windows
.
, DOS Linux.
, , .
,
.

. . 6.6,
Windows Vista ( 192.168.1.7 Terminal Server Client),

6.

215

Linux XP ( ). .
,
Radmin, , :
http://www.delphisources.ru/;
http://berkutsoft.jino-net.ru/.

DOS . NetOp Remote for DOS,



www.netop.com/media(75,1033)/NetOp_for_DOS_brochure.pdf.
NetOp Remote for DOS
PCanywhere v5.0 for DOS, .
, ,
:
http://www.okobox.narod.ru/kompdist2.htm;
http://www.okobox.narod.ru/kompdist1.htm.


http://www.osp.ru/text/302/132197/.

216

II.

III




,
, . ,
. , , , .
. , , , .

,

- , . , , , , .
, .


.
. , " ",
,
, , - .
: " ,
? ,
?"
, , , , ,
. , .
. .
, ,
. , , , . ,
?
, . , ,
-. CD-R , . ,
, CD-RW,
.

220

III.

CD , , .
. , , -.
? , . ,
, , . - .
,
. .
,
.
1. .
2. .
3. .

,
. .
, , .
.

, ,
. .
,
. Acronis , Xcopy .

Acronis True Image



Acronis True Image , , ,
. ,
.
http://www.acronis.ru/enterprise/products/ATISWin/
.

7. ,

221

, (. 7.1).

. 7.1.
Acronis True Image Server

, , . , .
-, (). .
, , .
, (. 7.2).
/ , (. 7.3). , . , .
. (
) ,
. , .
, ,
.
.

222

III.

. 7.2. Acronis True Image Server


( )

. 7.3. Acronis True Image Server


( )

7. ,

223

,
, .
(. 7.4). ,
.
, . .
CD-R,
.

. 7.4. Acronis True Image Server


( )

,
(. 7.5).
, .
( ).
, ,

.
, .
? , ,

224

III.

. , . Windows Update, , . , .
,
. , , , ,
. , , .
, (, .), .

. 7.5. ,


, , ,
. .
.


,
.
Acronis :
http://www.thg.ru/software/20050127/index.html.

7. ,

225

,
. .
:
http://www.thg.ru/software/20050518/index.html.
, ,

, .
.

Windows
Windows .
:
System Restore ( ) %SystemRoot%\System32\restore\
rstrui.exe;
Backup ( ) %SystemRoot%\system32\ntbackup.exe;
Remote Storage ( )
Windows Server 2003 ( Windows
Server 2003).
. .
, , . , , .
Backup .
, . . ( ).
, :
1. Backup ( ).
2. ,
.
3. Advansed () .
4. .
5. , .

226

III.


1,44
.

Remote Storage , . ,
.
.
, . ,
, .
, ,
,
, .


, Windows XP,
.
, ,
.
, () ,
, , . , , .
, boot.ini,
, , , Windows XP .

.


, - Windows XP, , .
, .
Windows XP -, ,
:
D:\i386\winnt32.exe /cmdcons

7. ,

227

D: -.
, \cmdcons
8 .
,
Windows. , , : | ,
:
secpol.msc /s

( )
Recovery console: Allow floppy copy and access to all drivers and all
folders ( :
). Recovery console:
Allow automatic administrative logon ( : ).
. . , , .
, .
, , Set. C :
set allowallpaths = true
set allowremovablemedia = true
set allowwildcards = true

, . . ,
, , , . .
"false".
, Windows. , , Windows.
. , Windows
, . Flash Drive ,
.



; ,
. 7.1.

228

III.
7.1.

attrib

:
" ", "" ""

batch

,
. , .

chdir (cd)

DOS cd, ,

chkdsk

DOS chkdsk. :
/ "";
/r chkdsk

cls

DOS cls

. , .
.

delete (del)

, DOS delete.

dir

DOS dir.
. . ,

disable

. SERVICE_DISABLED,

diskpart

.
.

enable

.
( )
: SERVICE_AUTO_START, SERVICE_DIS-ABLED,
SERVICE_DEMAND_START, SERVICE_BOOT_START
SERVICE_SYSTEM_START

exit

expand

DOS expand. ,
CAB. :
/d CAB;
/y

fixboot

()

fixmbr

()

format

DOS format. , FAT, FAT32 NTFS. /q


. ,

7. ,

229
7.1 ()

help

listsvc

Logon

. Windows NT, Windows 2000 Windows XP

Map

mkdir (md)

DOS md (mkdir).
, ,

more

DOS type. .

rename (ren)

rmdir (rd)

DOS rd (rmdir).
, , ,

set

systemroot

%systemroot% . cd %systemroot% DOS

type

DOS type. .

, , , .
batch.
:
batch c:\<___> c:\ <___>

,
.
, . . , ,
"" . ,
, ... ,
, ,
, ,
.

230

III.

, :
http://www.computerra.ru/softerra/35993/;
http://winall.ru/xp/consol.shtml;
http://www.windowsfaq.ru/content/category/3/14/37/;
http://www.windowsfaq.ru/content/category/3/19/57/.


- 2
6. . ,
. , , , , . , , . ,
.
, ,
. , ""
, .
, Xcopy
, , Windows " ".



Xcopy. ,
. , ,
.
. ,

Windows.

Xcopy
Xcopy Windows .
DOS. Xcopy ,
.
, ,
.

7. ,

231

Xcopy,

, , . - - .
, ,
.
XCopy , 7.1, , . , . ,
.
7.1. CopyData.bat
@ echo off
xcopy /c /y /z /i /e /d C:\AutoPark
\\Server2\Archive\Autopark\AutoPark\
>C:\ASU15\ArchAutoPark.txt
if errorlevel 4 goto lowmemory
if errorlevel 2 goto abort
xcopy /c /y /z /i /e /d /exclude:C:\ASU15\exclude.txt C:\AutoParkSrv
\\Server2\AutoParkSrv\ >C:\ASU15\ArchAutoParkSrv.txt
if errorlevel 4 goto lowmemory
if errorlevel 2 goto abort
goto exit
:lowmemory
echo
echo .
goto exit
:abort
echo Ctrl + C .
goto exit
:exit

? .
, , . , XCopy errorlevel , , , goto ().
,
.

232

III.

XCopy , ("/") .
, CopyData.bat
( 7.1).
/c .
, .
/y

. ( ,
.)
/z .

,
.
/i , -

, , Xcopy , , . Xcopy . Xcopy , - .


/e , .
/d[:--] , .

--, Xcopy , -.
, , ,
.
/exclude:1[+[2]][+[3]] ,

, .
Xcopy . ,
, .
Windows,
(, ).
. , ( 7.2).
7.2. ArchAutoPark.txt
C:\AutoPark\EXPORT\KADR.TXT
C:\AutoPark\EXPORT\OutMat.TXT
C:\AutoPark\EXPORT\PARK.TXT
C:\AutoPark\EXPORT\PROBEG.TXT
C:\AutoPark\EXPORT\README.TXT

7. ,

233

C:\AutoPark\EXPORT\SKLAD.TXT
C:\AutoPark\REP\$$\FsMv1_02.rep
C:\AutoPark\REP\$$\FUELC_02.REP
C:\AutoPark\REP\$$\Ms071_02.rep
C:\AutoPark\TJR\15.ecn
C:\AutoPark\TJR\rmtagent.erh
: 11.

,
. .
,

.
,
- Windows . Xcopy
Windows,
. , .
.
, ,
.


, , . , , , .
, - ,
. ! , , . , , 7.3.
, .
7.3. CopySett.bat
@ECHO OFF
REM === ===
REM Internet Explorer
REGEDIT /EA D:\BACKUP\Registry\hkcu\
InternetExplorer.reg "HKEY_CURRENT_USER\
Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer"

234

III.

REM , ,
REM Word
XCOPY "C:\Program Files\Text\Editors\MS Word7\
normal.dot" D:\BACKUP\
REM Word ACL
XCOPY C:\WINNT\User000.acl D:\BACKUP\
REM Word
XCOPY "C:\Program Files\Text\Editors\MS Word7\
custom.dic" D:\BACKUP\
...
REM === ===
REM
XCOPY "C:\Documents and Settings\Administrator\
Application Data\Microsoft\Address Book\
Administrator.wab" D:\BACKUP\
REM Internet Explorer
XCOPY "C:\Documents and Settings\Administrator\Favorites\*.*"
D:\BACKUP\Favorites\ /E
...
REM === ===
XCOPY D:\LANGUAGES\ENGLISH\Vocabulary\*.xls D:\BACKUP\
...
XCOPY "D:\LANGUAGES\ENGLISH\English Grammar.rtf" D:\BACKUP\

, XCOPY /C
/D /H /R /Y, /E , . /EA REGEDIT
REG- ANSI,
UNICODE ( ,
UNICODE).
,
, ,
.

Outlook Express
.
Windows REGEDIT ( | | regedit |
<Enter>). HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Identities\{ }\
Software\Microsoft\Outlook Express ( :
{7173EFE5-2BF8-4886-BD21-75FB4B7D3562}).

7. ,

235

Registry | Export registry file ( | ). ,


(
<F2>, <Ctrl>+<C>), (
), <Enter>. REG-.
Windows. , " "
REG- . , . OK. ,
( Outlook Express) !

,
.
,
:
http://www.security.nnov.ru/articles/xs/backup_implementation.asp;
http://www.windowsfaq.ru/content/view/299/60/;
http://offline.computerra.ru/1998/247/1317/;
http://www.igorkalinin.com/articles/backup.ru.html.

, Xcopy nnBackup.
,
. . http://www.nncron.ru/index_
ru.shtml .
. , .

Mozilla Thunderbird
Linux. Mozilla
Thunderbird Linux (
Windows). Linux .
.
, Linux .
Midnight Commander, MC, .mozilla-thunderbird .thunderbird .
.
,
.
Linux.



,
, .
, . ,
, ... , , ,
, - .
, (), , , , .


:
1.
.
, .
2. .
3.
, .
4. , -

8.

237

, .
.
, .



. PowerChute Pluss
, .
PowerChute Pluss . ,
, , , , .
.

. 8.1. , . .
, Windows .
. , .
. ,
, , , Windows. , , .
. , - .
.

, . .
.
, , ,
-. .

238

III.

20 . , 20 .
, 15 .
, . 20 .
. . , , 80%. .

. 8.1.


- ,
.

8.

239

. ,
(. 8.2).

. 8.2. : ,

. (. 8.3) . (. 8.4).
.
, . .

, ,
. . ,
. ,
.
, . ,
.
. . -

240

III.

. 8.3. : ,

. 8.4.

8.

241

(.)
.
1020% 5070% . 30 . , 30
. . ,
. ( )
.
, , .
? , . . ,
, ,
SMS-. , ,
-, ,
. . , ,
, . ,
.
? .
SHUT.BAT. 8.1.
8.1. SHUT.BAT
Net send ap15.dom /users SHUTDOWN SERVER!!!!!!
msg * "SHUTDOWN SERVER!!!!!!"
call SDS1.cmd
cd\
cd zerat
ups.bat
pause


(Net send) , (msg),
.
.
(call)
(SDS1.cmd) .
SDS1.cmd ( 8.2).

242

III.

8.2. SDS1.cmd
lanshutdownc -a 10.15.0.199 -u <_> -p
<_> -d ap15 -m "Otkluchenie cherez 30 s" -t

30

-f

LanShutDownC.exe
(http://www.lantricks.com/lanshutdown/index.php), , . , .
Windows XP Windows Server 2003 shutdown,
.
LanShutDownC.exe.
SHUT.BAT. , . ZeRAT (http://adom.nm.ru/zeratrus.htm).
UPS.BAT,
: zerat.exe UPS.txt.
UPS.TXT ( 8.3).
8.3. UPS.TXT
Host:81.195.117.138
SMTPAuth:login
; smtp authorization NONE or LOGIN
SMTPUSER:<___> ; username. Leave it blank if
SMTPAUTH=NONE
SMTPPASS:<>
; password. Leave it blank if SMTPAUTH=NONE
From:Server2 <_>
X-Priority: 1
X-MSMail-Priority: High
Importance: High
To:user@smsmail.ru
CC<2-_ >
Type:multipart/mixed
Subject: server shutdown !!!!!!
charset:Windows-1251
$boun
Content-type: text/plain
!!!

. , SMSMAIL (http://
www.smsmail.ru/). , 4 .

8.

243

, ,
, .
,
, . ,
, , ,
.
, -
, . APC SmartUPS 2200, . , USB- COM- . , .

, , . ,
PowerChute Pluss
.
, PowerChute Pluss , ... .

, ,
:
http://forum.ippon.ru/viewforum.php?f=2;
http://www.bytemag.ru/?ID=604273;
http://forums.overclockers.ru/viewforum.php?f=26.

244

III.

IV


. . -
, ,
- - . , , . ,
, .
. ,
, . , . ,
. , . .
, , .
- ,
. , , .
.


- . . Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003
Windows 2000 Server.
, ("")
. , FTP-. Windows-, Linux,
, DOS. ,
.
FTP-. , , ,
. ,
. ,
, , ,
, ,
. .


, . , ,
. , .
Windows Server 2008, Microsoft,
, .

. , . ,
, (

248

IV.

, ),
.
http://www.opennet.ru/base/sys/weekend_onet.txt.html
WintiX " FreeBSD
(freebsd install rus)". , ,
FreeBSD.

.
, . DOS Windows 95/98
, . . C:. UNIX (FreeBSD, NetBSD, QNX RTP). ,
.
: Windows NT,
Windows 2000, Windows XP, Windows Server 2003, BeOS, Linux.
,
, () , ,
, Windows, Windows NT
Linux. Linux Fedora Core 3, Fedora Core 5,
Linux XP Mandriva Linux 2008, .
,
Windows 2000 Server Windows Server 2003
,
. Windows Server 2003 ,
Linux. , Linux . - , - , Windows,
Linux-.
, .
Linux , , Windows.
, , Windows.
Linux- ,
, Windows-. , , ,
Windows. Linux .
, Windows ,
. ,
, Windows . -

9.

249

Windows 2000 Server Windows Server 2003.


,
, .
, Windows Server 2003 , , .
, ,
, Linux.
.
( ) Linux. .
Windows 2000 Server Windows Server 2003 . , Windows 2000 Server Windows Server 2003 . , .
,
, .
, . ,
,
.
.
. , . 6 . ,
. ,
,
, , , , . .

4 . "" 512 . 1 .
80 ,
100 .

. ,
, , ,
, . ,

250

IV.

.
Hewlett-Packard "" , , , , . ,
, . ,
1015 20 , . , , . , , ...
" ". .
, , , ,
, "". ,
,
. Windows 2000 Server
500 ,
256 , 20 . , , . ,
-
CD-ROM, , .
() .
, , .
, .
, , .

. .
.
Windows 2000 Server.


, . , , . , ,
, .
Windows 2000 Server
, .
, ,
, ,

9.

251

. .
Windows 2000 Server . " " .
. , , , , . , .
Windows 2000 Server "Active Directory", , , ,
.
Active Directory , Windows 2000 Server. ,
, , , . , . 15 (
), , , .
.
(), myserver.
, myserver.firma.dom.
. -

, , "firma.dom". "firma"
, . "dom" , ru, com, org . ,
. . , ,
, (firma).
. , - ,
Windows 2000 Server Active Directory.
, ,
.
.
14 .
.

,
, , . , .
,

252

IV.

, .
.
, .

.
. -.


.
, Windows 2000, . , .
, , . Office 2000, , . ,
.
.
CD-ROM .
, . Windows ,
DOS.
. Winnt32, Windows NT
Windows 2000, /tempdrive:_
/syspart:_. , , . , .
/makelokalsource.

,
. , .
, Windows 2000 Server
. Windows 2000 Server.
. , Windows 2000 Server NTFS5, ,
.
FAT32, Windows 98,
. , , NTFS5.
,
.

9.

253

W INDOWS 9 X
. , , Partition Magic.

.
NTFS , .

,
CD-ROM. :
1. BIOS SETUP -
( )
Setup.exe, Windows 9x.
, . 9.1.

. 9.1.

, .
. ,
, . "",
(. 9.2), .
2. Windows 2000, . Windows 2000 (. 9.3). .
(. 9.4),
, (. 9.5).
(. 9.6) .
3. ,
(. 9.7).
4. CD-ROM
. OK.
5. : Microsoft Windows 2000 Server
Setup (. 9.8), OK, Microsoft Windows 2000

IV.

254

Server Setup (. 9.9),


.
.
, -

Windows 2000 Server, ,


. ,
.

. 9.2.

. 9.3. Windows

9.

255

.
, :
1. , .
2. .
3. .

. 9.4.

. 9.5.

256

IV.

. 9.6.

. 9.7.

, .
Windows 2000 Server.
(. 9.10).
( )
Windows 2000 Server. ,
, | | .

9.

257

. , , , , .

. 9.8. Microsoft Windows 2000 Server Setup


. 9.9. Microsoft Windows 2000 Server Setup


258

IV.

. 9.10. Windows 2000

:
1. .
. , | | | .
2. , . .
Ping IP
.
3. , .
(. 9.11) , .
. .
, . , . , , , . ,
- ,
.
, .

9.

259

. 9.11.

Windows 2000 Server.


, , . ,
, , . (. . 9.10)
, . - .
Active Directory. ,
.
, , " ". Active Directory,
. , (. . 9.11), .
, , ,
. , , .
Active Directory, ,
.

260

IV.


.
, , , ,
(). ,
- .
, . , ,
, ,
. , 710 . ,
, . APC,
Back-UPS CS NNN, NNN . www.apc.com .
,
, ,
. , . NTFS5 .
. Back-UPS CS 500, ,
. ,
. , , ,
, .
. <Ctrl>+<Alt>+<Delete>, , .
Windows 9x, , ( : ).
. : (. 9.12).
(. 9.13)

.
. , .
- , - . , . ,
.
.

9.

. 9.12. :

. 9.13. : ,

261

IV.

262

,
.
. .



, Windows 2000 Server ,
, ,
, .
, , ,
( ), ,

. , , Windows 2000 Server
. .
, Active Directory.

Active Directory 20.

, ,
Novell NetWare ( ). . NetWare.
. , , , ,
.
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(Firma). .
. .
,
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9.

263

Active Directory
Active Directory .
(. 9.14).

. 9.14. Active Directory

, , . Active Directory . , . ,
, , Users (). , . . .
, (
), (. 9.15),
.
, . , , . ,
, , , , . Active Directory
. . 9.16 -.
Users, . ,

264

IV.

. , -,
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, ,
, , . , ,
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. , , .

. 9.15. Active Directory ,

. 9.16. Active Directory , CUP

9.

265

. 9.17. :

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(. 9.18).

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266

IV.

, NTFS5
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, ,
.
. , , . , ,
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.



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2. .
3. .
4. | .
5. OK.
6. -
.
7. | .
8.
. . ,

9.

267

( ) . . , .
,
Windows 9x. .
9. ( )

. . , , . .
10. .
11. -
.
12. | .
13. .

OK.
.
14.
.
15. .
16. : , ,
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(YYY@firma.dom).
. . OK,
OK. Active Directory
, , (. 9.19).
17. NewResourse.
18.
, , .
19. , .
20. , .
21.
.

IV.

268

. 9.19. Active Directory : ,


,

22. , , .
.
23. OK.
,
. , .
FTFS,
FAT32, ,
.
24. .
, , .
, ,
, , .
.
, . , ,
. , , . .

9.

269

. , ,
.
. ,
, . , . . 9.20.

. 9.20.
NewResourse

.
. .
, .
.



NetWare, , , . Windows 2000 Server . :
.
,
(. 9.21).

IV.

270

. 9.21.

.
, Windows 2000 Server
.
Windows Server 2003 .
,
.

, ( , - ),
.
, ,
.

.

Windows Server 2003


, Windows 2000 Server.
, .
Windows,
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Windows 2000 Server. ,
, , , . , , .
, Active Directory, , .
.

9.

271

, ,
, .
. ,
, Manage Your
Server ( ) (. 9.22).
Add or remove a role (
). (. 9.23).

. 9.22. Manage Your Server

. 9.23. Configure Your Server Wizard Server Role

272

IV.

, ,
NO.
, Windows Components Wizard (
Windows) (. 9.24),
Add or Remove Programs ( ).

. 9.24. Windows Components Wizard

, Windows.
Next ().
,
.

Windows 2000 Server. , , ,
. .
, . , Windows XP.
,
!
.
. Windows 2000 Server,
" "
, ,
.

9.

273


, . Windows 2000 Server ,
, , , .
Windows 2000 (. 9.25), , .
. .

. 9.25. Windows 2000

?
, - Windows,

274

IV.

. , , . , , . , ,
. Windows 2000 Server , ,

. 3 800 600 256,
640 480 256 1024 768 256. , , , . .
.
, ,
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.
Windows 2000 . , ,
.
500600 M ( 2 300) 198 M .


, , . .
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, .
. ,
,
.
Windows 2000
, (. 9.26).
.
OK. .
, . :
1. .
2. .

9.

275

3. | |
.
,
.

. 9.26


| , (. 9.27)
(. 9.28).
,
. : , , .
, .
Windows (. 9.29).
, .
. ,

IV.

276

. , . ,
! "" . . 9.1.

. 9.27.

. 9.28.

. 9.29. AP15NT01 Windows

9.

277

9.1. "" , Windows


Windows

<Alt>+<Tab>

<Alt>+<PageUp>

<Alt>+<Shift>+<Tab>

<Alt>+<PageDown>

<Alt>+<Esc>

<Alt>+<Ins>

<Ctrl>+<Esc>

<Alt>+<Home>

<Alt>+<Spacebar>

<Alt>+<Del>

Security Windows NT

<Ctrl>+<Alt>+<Del>

<Ctrl>+<Alt>+<End>

<PrintScreen>

<Ctrl>+<Alt>+<+>
(<+>
)

<Alt>+<PrintScreen>

<Ctrl>+<Alt>+<>
(<>
)

<Ctrl>+<Enter>

<Ctrl>+<Alt>+<Break>

, .


Windows 2000 Server . | |
.
(. 9.30).

. 9.30. ()

278

IV.

, .
.
.
.

. 9.31. : RDP-Tcp,

(. 9.31) .
,
( ), , .
,
(56 ). 128 ( ,
).
(. 9.32)
,
.
,
.

9.

279

. 9.32. : RDP-Tcp,

(. 9.33) , ,
.
(. 9.34) , ,
.
(. 9.35). ( ,
, ).
(. 9.36).
,
LPT- .
(. 9.37) ( ).
(. 9.38)
RDP-Tcp.

280

IV.

. 9.33. : RDP-Tcp,

. 9.34. : RDP-Tcp,

9.

. 9.35. : RDP-Tcp,

. 9.36. : RDP-Tcp,

281

282

IV.

. 9.37. : RDP-Tcp,

. 9.38. : RDP-Tcp,

9.

283


. 9.39 , .

. 9.39 ( )

.
-

,
.

.
Active Desktop .
Windows NT 4.0 Windows 2000

( ,
Windows 2000, ).


.
,
.
,
.

, .

, .

284

IV.

- .
- , ,
.
,
. , . , , . .
, . , .
,
<Ctrl>+<*> ( <*> ).
, , , . 10.


. . Windows
Windows Server 2003 , Windows 98.
. , , . ,
? ,
, .
. .

Windows XP.
http://www.hardwareportal.ru/Handmade/Windows.work/index.html.

, .
,
. Windows XP
. , Microsoft
.
Windows 7
MS Office 2007. ,
, .
.
, , OpenOffice, Windows,

9.

285

Linux. . ,
- .
Linux XP (http://www.linuxonline.ru/desktop). , Linux XP , Windows.
Windows . ,
, .
, Linux
,
. Windows, ,
Windows Server 2003, ,
. ,
Fedora Linux XP. Linux OpenOffice, Microsoft
Office , .
http://ru.openoffice.org/about-product.html. OpenOffice (
http://www.i-rs.ru/download), http://www.videolan.org/ VCL, , ,
MP10 (Media Player 10 ) Microsoft.
http://chelcom.ru/modules/smartsection/item.php?itemid=95 (
). Windows-
Windows XP.


, . Windows Server 2003 Linux Fedora Core
. , , , http://www.ccc.ru/magazine/depot/97_05/
read.html?0804.htm, " ".
.
,
.
, DOS
Web-. ,
.

286

IV.

, ,
, UNIX:
DOS;
Windows 98;
Windows 2000, Windows 2000 Server;
Windows XP (Professional Home Edition);
Windows Server 2003;
Windows Server 2008
Windows Vista;
Windows 7;
Linux Fedora Core (3, 4, 5);
Linux XP (Pro);
Mandriva Linux 2008.

, , . , , .
, . Linux,
, ,
. Linux
http://www.linuxcenter.ru/, Linux.

. 10
, ,
. , -
, .

10


,
.
, , .
. ,
. ,
,
.
. Linux,
.

.
NTFS NTFS5
. NTFS5 ,
:
;
;
;
;
;

.
NTFS5
sdteam.com/?tid=1169.

http://www.

Windows XP, Windows 2000


Windows Server 2003 .

288

IV.

FAT32 NTFS .

Windows 95
Windows 98. , NTFS, ,

( ). FAT FAT16, FAT12 ,
. ( DOS) FAT32,
NTFS. Windows XP, , FAT32, . , Windows 98, , FAT32 FAT.

NTFS FAT32
http://www.abc-it.lv/index.php/id/1125 NTFS FAT32. .

NTFS
:
;
;
;
-

;
.

:
FAT32;
- ;
FAT32.

FAT32
:
;
;
;
, -

/.

10.

289

:
;
;
;
;
, -

.
,
FAT32
, NTFS. , , FAT32
, NTFS- .


NTFS NTFS5,
. , FAT32.
,
Windows XP, , FAT32,
. ,
FAT32 20 .


Linux
Linux , FAT(32), HPFS,
UFS , ext2, ext3, ext4, ReiserFS, XFS, : devfs, tmpfs, proc, devpts, romfs.
Linux NTFS. NFS, Linux- , .
,

ext2, ext3 ext4.
ext3 , ,
. ext3 , . Linux
,
. Linux Mint, Windows XP

290

IV.

Windows 7 , NTFS
( ), FAT32 .
Windows ext2, ext3 ext4 .
: Linux,
, .
Windows ,
Linux , Linux ,
.
Linux ,
, , . ,
swap- . swap- .
. (boot) VFAT
ext2, (root) ext3 ext4.

Linux 10 , . , , ,

.
, ,
.
,
. .
, ,
. , Linux
GParted, .
. , ,
.
.

Parted Magic
http://partedmagic.com/download.html
, Linux .
CD-, UnetBootin
( Linux Mint ),
. . 10.1.
,
, USB-. .
200 ,
"" . -

10.

291

GParted,
. . 10.2.

. 10.1. UnetBootin

. 10.2. GParted

,
, .
(. 10.3) . Windows ,
. Windows-,
Linux.
.
GParted Partition Editor.
- . ,
Clonezilla. ,
,
.

IV.

292

. 10.3. Parted Magic

Parted Magic . , , (viewer), , . ,


. Mount Devices ( ).

11


- ? . , , , ?
, . , , .

, ,
.
, .
. Web- , . , ,
.
. -.
, .
. ,
- . . , !
(-),

. . .
.

. , -

294

IV.

, Windows.
-

, Windows Linux .

, .
,
, .
, .
. - , ,
, . . , .
, .
. , ? .
Microsoft VMware.

?
- , Microsoft
Microsoft Virtual Server ! . : http://
www.microsoft.com/windowsserversystem/virtualserver/software/default.mspx.
:
http://zeus.sai.msu.ru:7000/operating_systems/virtserver/.
VMware Server, Microsoft
Web-.
VMware VMware Player, "" , (VMware GSX Server, VMware ESX Server, Microsoft Virtual PC
Symantec LiveState Recovery). , , ,
VMware Player.
VMware, MS Virtual PC, ,
. Adobe Acrobat Reader,
PDF-, VMware Player ""
- .
VMware Workstation Microsoft
VMware, . -

11.

295

.
.
, , HPCompaq.
VMware
http://www.vmware.com.
, . VMware Player
, Linux Ubuntu Firefox. -. , Browser Appliance . .
http://www.vmware.com/vmtn/
appliances/directory/browserapp.html.

Microsoft Virtual Server 2005 R2


. , Windows XP Windows, Linux. ,
, Web-
... ! Microsoft Virtual Server Migration Toolkit (VSMT) Virtual Server.
http://www.microsoft.com/widowsserversystem/virtualserver/evaluation/vsmt.mspx.
VSMT VM,
VMware VM Virtual Server ( VMware VMware P2V Assistant, .) Windows
.
,
Internet Information Servises Manager Internet
Information Servises (IIS) (. 11.1). ,
. Windows 2003 Server
. , Virtual Machine
Remote Control ( ), .

Windows. Setup.exe,
.
, , . Virtual
Machine Remote Control ( ) ,
.

296

IV.

. 11.1.
Windows


(. 11.2).

. 11.2. Installation Summary ( )

11.

297

, ,
Web- . ,
. Virtual Machines | Create ( | ),
(. 11.3).

. 11.3. Create Virtual Machine ( )

, ,
, , , ,
OK. CD-ROM.
.
Master Status ( ) (. 11.4).
, , , - Windows XP Windows Server 2003,
.
, Virtual Machine
Status , , Virtual Machine Remote Control
(. 11.5).

298

IV.

. 11.4. Virtual Machine Status ( )

. 11.5. Virtual Machine Remote Control ( ),


11.

299

, , ,
(. 11.6).

. 11.6. Virtual Machine Remote Control ( ),


,
, , . Virtual
Machine Remote Control .
, .
, ,
.

http://soft.mail.ru/article_page.php?id=91 http://www.osp.ru/text/302/177505/.
,
. ,
.

IV.

300

. . , , ,
VMware Player.

VMware Player
, .
, ,
VMware Workstation 5.0, . VMware Workstation 5.,
VMware
. , , VMware Workstation.
, ,
.
,
(. 11.7).

. 11.7. VMware Player ( )

11.

301

Microsoft, Files of type . VMware (. 11.8).

. 11.8. VMware Player ( )


, . . , ,
. , , .

. , . ,
, , , ,
Web-. ,
!

302

IV.

VMware Server

Windows, Linux, VMware Player.
VMware Server VMware Player Linux :
http://www.vmware.com/download/server/.
. ,
.
Mandriva Linux VMware Player
.

VMware Server
VMware Player Linux
Linux, , , Windows.

Linux. , .
.
VMware Server VMware Player
, , , , . .
. .
. Mandriva Linux
Linux .
(. 11.9).
.
. ,
kernel-desktop-devel-<_
__>mdv. ,
. , Libgcc1,
gcc, gcc-cpp.

VMware Server VMware Player .
11.1 VMware Player , .

11.

303

. 11.9. ()

11.1. VMware Player


[beard@BeardM ~]$ su (
root), SU
:
[root@BeardM beard]# vmplayer VMware player
vmware is installed, but it has not been (correctly) configured
for this system. To (re-)configure it, invoke the following command:
/usr/bin/vmware-config.pl.

[root@BeardM beard]# vmware-config.pl


Making sure services for VMware Player are stopped.
Stopping VMware services:
Virtual machine monitor
Configuring fallback GTK+ 2.4 libraries.

OK

304

IV.

In which directory do you want to install the theme icons?


[/usr/share/icons] Enter
What directory contains your desktop menu entry files? These files have a
.desktop file extension. [/usr/share/applications] Enter
In which directory do you want to install the application's icon?
[/usr/share/pixmaps] Enter
/usr/share/applications/vmware-player.desktop: error: value "vmware-player.png"
for key "Icon" in group "Desktop Entry" is an icon name with an extension, but
there should be no extension as described in the Icon Theme Specification if
the value is not an absolute path
Error on file "/root/tmp/vmware-config0/vmware-player.desktop": Failed to
validate the created desktop file
Unable to install the .desktop menu entry file. You must add it to your menus
by hand. ,

Trying to find a suitable vmmon module for your running kernel.
None of the pre-built vmmon modules for VMware Player is suitable for your
running kernel. Do you want this program to try to build the vmmon module for
your system (you need to have a C compiler installed on your system)? [yes] y
YES Y Enter
Using compiler "/usr/bin/gcc". Use environment variable CC to override.
What is the location of the directory of C header files that match your running
kernel?
[/lib/modules/2.6.22.18-desktop-1mdv/build/include] Enter
Extracting the sources of the vmmon module.
Building the vmmon module.
Using 2.6.x kernel build system.
make: Entering directory `/root/tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only'
make -C /lib/modules/2.6.22.18-desktop-1mdv/build/include/.. SUBDIRS=$PWD
SRCROOT=$PWD/. modules
make[1]: Entering directory `/usr/src/linux-2.6.22.18-desktop-1mdv'
CC [M] /root/tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/linux/driver.o
CC [M] /root/tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/linux/hostif.o
CC [M] /root/tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/common/comport.o
CC [M] /root/tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/common/cpuid.o
CC [M] /root/tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/common/hash.o
CC [M] /root/tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/common/memtrack.o
CC [M] /root/tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/common/phystrack.o
CC [M] /root/tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/common/task.o

11.
CC [M] /root/tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/common/vmciContext.o
CC [M] /root/tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/common/vmciDatagram.o
CC [M] /root/tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/common/vmciDriver.o
CC [M] /root/tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/common/vmciDs.o
CC [M] /root/tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/common/vmciGroup.o
CC [M] /root/tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/common/vmciHashtable.o
CC [M] /root/tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/common/vmciProcess.o
CC [M] /root/tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/common/vmciResource.o
CC [M] /root/tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/common/vmciSharedMem.o
CC [M] /root/tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/common/vmx86.o
CC [M] /root/tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/vmcore/moduleloop.o
LD [M] /root/tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/vmmon.o
Building modules, stage 2.
MODPOST 1 modules
CC
/root/tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/vmmon.mod.o
LD [M] /root/tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/vmmon.ko
make[1]: Leaving directory `/usr/src/linux-2.6.22.18-desktop-1mdv'
cp -f vmmon.ko ./../vmmon.o
make: Leaving directory `/root/tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only'
The module loads perfectly in the running kernel.
Extracting the sources of the vmblock module.
Building the vmblock module.
Using 2.6.x kernel build system.
make: Entering directory `/root/tmp/vmware-config0/vmblock-only'
make -C /lib/modules/2.6.22.18-desktop-1mdv/build/include/.. SUBDIRS=$PWD
SRCROOT=$PWD/. modules
make[1]: Entering directory `/usr/src/linux-2.6.22.18-desktop-1mdv'
CC [M] /root/tmp/vmware-config0/vmblock-only/linux/block.o
CC [M] /root/tmp/vmware-config0/vmblock-only/linux/control.o
CC [M] /root/tmp/vmware-config0/vmblock-only/linux/dbllnklst.o
CC [M] /root/tmp/vmware-config0/vmblock-only/linux/dentry.o
CC [M] /root/tmp/vmware-config0/vmblock-only/linux/file.o
CC [M] /root/tmp/vmware-config0/vmblock-only/linux/filesystem.o
CC [M] /root/tmp/vmware-config0/vmblock-only/linux/inode.o
CC [M] /root/tmp/vmware-config0/vmblock-only/linux/module.o
CC [M] /root/tmp/vmware-config0/vmblock-only/linux/stubs.o
CC [M] /root/tmp/vmware-config0/vmblock-only/linux/super.o
LD [M] /root/tmp/vmware-config0/vmblock-only/vmblock.o
Building modules, stage 2.
MODPOST 1 modules
CC
/root/tmp/vmware-config0/vmblock-only/vmblock.mod.o
LD [M] /root/tmp/vmware-config0/vmblock-only/vmblock.ko
make[1]: Leaving directory `/usr/src/linux-2.6.22.18-desktop-1mdv'
cp -f vmblock.ko ./../vmblock.o

305

IV.

306

make: Leaving directory `/root/tmp/vmware-config0/vmblock-only'


The module loads perfectly in the running kernel.
Do you want networking for your virtual machines? (yes/no/help) [yes] no
NO Enter
Starting VMware services:
Virtual machine monitor
Blocking file system:

[
[

OK
OK

]
]

The configuration of VMware Player 2.0.0 build-45731 for Linux for this running
kernel completed successfully.
You can now run VMware Player by invoking the following command:
"/usr/bin/vmplayer".
Enjoy,
--the VMware team
[root@BeardM beard]#

, .

. 11.10. VMware Player

11.

307

,
. , . vmplayer. , vmware-player.png ,
/usr/share/pixmaps/.
, VMware Player (. 11.10).
Download a Virtual Appliance , , Open an existing Virtual
Machine , . VMware Server Linux
.


? :
" . ,
".
http://www.toms-hardware.ru/business/200512091/index.html
, Windows XP Professional
.
Windows Server 2003 R2 Enterprise
. ,
Windows Server 2003 R2
. . .
:
http://download.microsoft.com/download/4/7/4/47415510-647d-4847-a554b5bb33bd44af/Licensing_with_Microsoft_Virtual_Server_R2.doc
, .

.
. Linux.
, ?
. VMware !

IV.

308

Virtual Appliances
http://www.vmware.com/vmtn/appliances/.
. Virtual Appliances (
) .
Browser Appliance ( ) . VMware Player. (. 11.11)!
.
Macromedia Flash Pleer. , ,
,
. .
.

. 11.11. VMware Player Browser Appliance

Virtual Appliances , MySQL-, Apache-, , Appliance -

11.

309

, -, Linux ... . !
, , .
, ,
.
"" . ,
Windows.


, . .
VMware Player "" . , , - .
, - , ,
.
.

( ), VMware
Server.
VMware Server . , , . , VMware Server. .
. , : .
VMware Server
.
- .
, , .
, , , .
. , Windows Vista VMware Player VMware Server
2 . VMware Server 1.04
, Windows Vista,
VMware Player.

310

IV.


?
.
Linux . ,
.
. VMware Player
VMware Server, .


Browser Appliance ,
. Ubuntu Linux,
, . ,
, . , Browser Appliance,
http://www.vmware.com/appliances/directory/browserapp.html.
,
. .
, .
VMware Player VMware Server.
. Browser Appliance ,
- Firefox. . Browser Appliance (NAT). . .
,
. . 11.12 VMware Server. . , , http://auto.gismeteo.ru .
,
.
.
VMware Player, . VMware
Server, ,
, .
, ...
,
,
.

11.

311

. 11.12. Ubuntu Linux, VMware Server,


Windows Vista Home Premium


Ubuntu Linux . , . , VMware Server Browser Appliance ...
, .
VMware Server . (. 11.13), , , ,
,
. VMware Network
Adapter VMnet1 VMware Network Adapter VMnet8.
, . VMware
Server DHCP- DNS-. VMware
, .
Virtual Network Editor ( ) | | VMware | VMware Server | Manager Virtual Networks. Virtual

312

IV.

Network Editor Summary (. 11.14) ,


.

. 11.13.

VMnet0 (Bridget) , . ,
, , , IP- .
VMnet1 (Host-only) , , . DHCP. , , .
VMnet8 (NAT) , . , IP .
, . IP-
DHCP- - .
, VMnet1 VMnet8 . ,

11.

313

.
Virtual Network Editor . ,
, VMware Server.

. 11.14. Virtual Network Editor, Summary

:
1. NAT. Stop .
. 11.15.
2. DHCP (. 11.16).
Stop , , ,
Remove . .
3. Host Virtual Adapters (. 11.17). , Disable, . .
, . Remove Disable.
4. Host Virtual Network Mapping VMnet0
(. 11.18) ,
.
5. , , Automatic Bridging (. 11.19) .
Automatically choose an available physical network adapter to bridge to
VMnet0 (

314

IV.

. 11.15. Virtual Network Editor, NAT

. 11.16. Virtual Network Editor, DHCP

11.

. 11.17. Virtual Network Editor, Host Virtual Adapters

. 11.18. Virtual Network Editor, Host Virtual Network Mapping

315

316

IV.

. 11.19. Virtual Network Editor, Automatic Bridging

VMnet0)
.
, . VMware Server Console,
VMware Server (Local host),
.
6. Virtual Machine Settings,
Edit virtual machine settings
(. 11.20).
7. (. 11.21) Bridged: Connected
directly to the physical network :
.
. , .
8. Start this virtual machine
(. . 11.20) DHCP , ,
IP- , DHCP-.
, , , ping <__> (. 11.22).
ping , , .

,

11.

. 11.20. VMware Server Console, Browser-Appliance

. 11.21. Virtual Machine Settings

317

318

IV.

. 11.22. cmd.exe ping

. 11.23. Network File Browser

(. 11.23). , ,
Ubuntu 5, ,
. , Linux.


,
,
, .
Windows Vista, ASPLinux,
Windows XP. ,

11.

319

, . ,
, , .
, ,
.
.
Windows Vista,
ASPLinux.
(Remote host) IP-,
(. 11.24).

. 11.24. VMware Server Console Connect to Host

(. 11.25). ,
, (Open
Existing Virtual Machine), .
Open Virtual Machine (. 11.26) . Windows XP Professional OK.
(. 11.27) VMware Server Console Windows
XP Professional. Start this virtual machine, Windows XP (. 11.28).

. , , .
.

IV.

320

. 11.25. VMware Server Console, Home

. 11.26. Open Virtual Machine

11.

. 11.27. VMware Server Console, Windows XP Professional

. 11.28. VMware Server Console, Windows XP Professional


( )

321

322

IV.

. 11.29. VMware Server Console, Windows XP Professional


( )

. 11.30. VMware Server Console, Windows XP Professional (


)

11.

323


(. 11.29). .
,
(. 11.30).
.
, , . , , , (. 11.31). , .
, .

. 11.31. VMware Server Console, Windows XP Professional


( )


, .
, . Webmoney, ,
. .
Windows.

324

IV.

. Linux . . ,
Windows,
Microsoft, , , ,
. VMware Server
, .
VMware .
.
.
.
Linux, , Windows, .
, . ,
.
.

. . ,
, .
. , .
, .
( ) . ,
, ,
. ( ),
.
. - , VMware Server.
, ,
Windows XP,
ASPLinux. .
Windows Vista. , Windows XP .

(. 11.32). ,
(Keep).
,
, . , .

11.

325

. 11.32. Windows XP Professional Virtual Machine


( )

Oracle VirtualBox
SUN VirtualBox. , , .
Windows Linux.
http://www.virtualbox.org/wiki/Downloads. Oracle VirtualBox . Linux . Windows Linux .
Oracle VirtualBox . .
Oracle VirtualBox .
. 11.33. .
.
.
, .
Oracle VirtualBox CD/DVD
, CD/DVD . . CD/DVD
, (. 11.34).
, ,
, . -

IV.

326

, . .
USB-, -,

. 11.33. Oracle VM VirtualBox

. 11.34.

11.

327

. .
Oracle VirtualBox (. 11.35)
.

. 11.35. Lxde

VRDP (VirtualBox Remote Desktop


Protocol), RDP5. ,
, .
.
Linux DOS-. ,
.
, ( ),
<Alt>+<Ctrl>
<Ctrl>. <Alt>+<Ctrl>+<Del>,
<Ctrl>+<Del>.
(. 11.36) :
NAT ( ), ;
,

. , .
;

IV.

328

. 11.36. Lxde

;
.

.
, "" .
BIOS.
(. 11.37).
. .
1.
(. . 11.33).
(. 11.38).
2.
.
3. (. 11.39) . Oracle VirtualBox
. Linux Mint,
Ubuntu, Linux Mint.
4. (. 11.40) ,
.
50% . ,
.

11.

329

. 11.37. Lxde

. 11.38.

5. (. 11.41).
.
, , .

330

IV.

6. (. 11.42) .
.

. 11.39.

. 11.40.

11.

331

. 11.41.

. 11.42.

7. (. 11.43).
. .

332

IV.

, , . (. 11.44).

. 11.43.

. 11.44.

11.

333

8. .
.
, .
.
.
.
9. . (. 11.45) . .

. 11.45.

Oracle VM VirtualBox
(. 11.46).
, , . .

, . , ,
.
, , . , , . ,
, .

334

IV.

. 11.46. Oracle VM VirtualBox

, , ,
, ...

12


, , . . , .
. .

?
. , , , c , , , .
. Windows 98,
. , , . ,
,
. ,
. , ,
, .
.

,
. ,
, . , ...
, . ,
, ,
. , .

336

IV.

,
, , , .
. , , , ,
.
. AD (Active Directory),
.
. RAID (Redundant Array of Inexpensive Disks,
) (Mirrored Arrays). RAID-
,
. , . ,
, "" .
.
.
, .
, .
IP- . ,
,
DHCP-. , AD, Linux-.
. , , .
. Windows 2000 Server. ,
Windows XP Professional.
.
,
.
,
Linux. , . ,
Windows, Linux , .
,

http://www.linuxrsp.ru/artic/sambal.html http://www.opennet.ru/base/net/
slackware_samba_ad.txt.html.

12.

337

Linux, ,
.
Windows .
.


, AD .
- , Active
Directory, AD , . Windows 2000
Server.
, , .
. , .

. .
, (. 12.1).

. 12.1.
( )

IV.

338

, .
, . , .
(. 12.2). .

. 12.2.

.
(. 12.3).
, .
(. 12.4) , . ,
. .
(. 12.5) ,
Windows.
, (. 12.6).
(. 12.7) ,
.
.
, .
, .
AD. . , . -

12.

339

Windows XP, Windows 98


Linux.

. 12.3.

. 12.4.

.
. .
,

340

IV.

- . ,
, , . , .

. 12.5.

. 12.6.

12.

341

. 12.7.

. 12.8.
,

342

IV.

(. 12.8) . ,
, .
.
. .
.

Linux
Linux,
, Samba, SWAT Web .
Samba sambashare ,
. Linux Mint , Menu | |
| | .
(. 12.9) sambashare
.

. 12.9.

12.1.
12.1. smb.conf
[global]
workgroup = BOARD
server string = %h server (Samba, LinuxMint)
encrypt passwords = No
map to guest = Bad User
obey pam restrictions = Yes
pam password change = Yes

12.

343

passwd program = /usr/bin/passwd %u


passwd chat = *Enter\snew\s*\spassword:* %n\n
*Retype\snew\s*\spassword:* %n\n *password\supdated\ssuccessfully*
unix password sync = Yes
syslog = 0
log file = /var/log/samba/log.%m
max log size = 1000
dns proxy = No
usershare allow guests = Yes
panic action = /usr/share/samba/panic-action %d
admin users = root, beard
[beard_lt]
comment = my share
path = /home/beard/share
valid users = beard
force user = beard
read only = No
guest ok = Yes

beard , beard_lt , .
smb.conf /etc/samba/.
share .
Web- http://localhost:901.
root . STATUS (. 12.10), smbd.
.
(. 12.11) (. 12.12) ,
.
, :
1. .
2.
.
:
http://www.compress.ru/Archive/CP/2005/1/36/;
http://liski.vsi.ru/ubuntu/index.php?page=95;
http://www.a-byte.ru/node/248.

344

IV.

. 12.10. Samba Web Administration Tool

. 12.11. Samba Web Administration Tool

12.

. 12.12. Samba Web Administration Tool

345

13

FTP-
FTP- , ,
. - . .
FTP-. FTP-, FAR, , (browser) Internet Explorer. FTP ,
, Web-
( Web- 14).
FTP- , ,
. . Windows ,
FTP-. Windows XP, Windows 2000,
Windows 2003 . , , File Transfer Protocol
(FTP) Service. Internet Information Services (IIS)
(. 13.1).
File Transfer Protocol (FTP) Service FTP-, .
FTP- C:\Inetpub\ftproot
(. 13.2).

, | | | ISS.
FTP, Default FTP Site (FTP-
) (. 13.3), FTP- (. 13.4).
, ,
FTP-,
.

13. FTP-

. 13.1. Internet Information Services (IIS)


File Transfer Protocol (FTP) Service

. 13.2. C:\Inetpub

. 13.3. Internet Information Services (IIS) Manager FTP

347

348

IV.

. 13.4. : Default FTP Site,

. 13.5. : Default FTP Site, FTP-

13. FTP-

349

FTP- (. 13.5) IP- FTP-. .


, IP- FTP-,
.
, , , ,
.
, .

FTP
FTP-, . FTP-,
? Internet
Explorer.

. 13.6. Microsoft Internet Explorer

FTP-,
, , .
.
FTP-.
FAR.
, FTP- ,
,
(. 13.7).
FTP-, FAR (. 13.8).

IV.

350

. 13.7. FAR FTP-

. 13.8. FAR FTP

FTP- , . . ,
, FTP-
.
FTP- , FTP-, Linux. , ,
:
http://www.computerra.ru/gid/rtfm/internet/37948/;
http://linux4u.jinr.ru/docs/master.doc/admin-html/ch09s03.html;
http://www.citforum.ru/internet/ftp/serv-u/.

13. FTP-

351

TFTP-
, . TFTP- Windows Linux.
Windows tftpd32,
http://tftpd32.jounin.net.
. TFTP
, . ,
Allied Telesis TFTP-.
TFTP- Windows http://
www.winagents.ru/products/tftp-client.
Linux
TFTP- .
atftpd atftp.
Linux.
.
. atftp, help.
:
beard@beard-laptop ~ $ atftp
tftp> help
Available command are:
connect
connect to tftp server
mode
set file transfer mode (netascii/octet)
option
set RFC1350 options
put
upload a file to the host
get
download a file from the host
mtftp
set mtftp variables
mget
download file from mtftp server
quit
exit tftp
verbose
toggle verbose mode
trace
toggle trace mode
status
print status information
timeout
set the timeout before a retry
help
print help message
?
print help message
tftp>

tftpd, .
beard@beard-laptop ~ $ atftpd
Usage: tftpd [options] [directory]
[options] may be:
-t, --tftpd-timeout <value>: number of second of inactivity before exiting
-r, --retry-timeout <value>: time to wait a reply before retransmition
-m, --maxthread <value>
: number of concurrent thread allowed
-v, --verbose [value]
: increase or set the level of output messages

IV.

352
--trace
:
--no-timeout
:
--no-tsize
:
--no-blksize
:
--no-multicast
:
--logfile <file>
:
--pidfile <file>
:
--listen-local
:
--daemon
:
--no-fork
:
--user <user[.group]>
:
--group <group>
:
--port <port>
:
--bind-address <IP>
:
--mcast-ttl
:
--mcast-addr <address list>:
--mcast-port <port range> :
--pcre <file>
:
--pcre-test <file>
:
server
--mtftp <file>
:
--mtftp-port <port>
:
--no-source-port-checking :
--mcast-switch-client
:
page
-V, --version
:
-h, --help
:

log all sent and received packets


disable 'timeout' from RFC2349
disable 'tsize' from RFC2349
disable 'blksize' from RFC2348
disable 'multicast' from RFC2090
logfile to log logs to ;-)
write PID to this file
force listen on local network address
run atftpd standalone (no inetd)
run as a daemon, don't fork
default is nobody
default is nogroup
port on which atftp listen
local address atftpd listen to
ttl to used for multicast
list/range of IP address to use
ports to use for multicast transfer
use this file for pattern replacement
just test pattern file, not starting
mtftp configuration file
port mtftp will listen
violate RFC, see man page
switch client on first timeout, see man
print version information
print this help


, TFTP- ,
. Linux Mint 9 atftp
/srv/tftp/.
test.txt.
, :
beard@beard-laptop ~ $ atftp 127.0.0.1
tftp> get test.txt
tftp>

tftp .
tftp put.
http://
feyhoa.org.ua/archives/1045, .
, .
, TFTP- .

14

Web-
Web-, , . , Web- .
, , . . .
Web- .
. Windows 2000 Server
Windows Server 2003 Web-.

Web-
Windows 2000 Server Windows Server 2003 ,
Web- . Web-
Windows 2000 Server.
, Internet Information Services (IIS, Web-
Microsoft). ,
, .
, ( ). ,
.
, :
1. | | .
2.
.
3.
Windows.
4. (. 14.1) Windows
Internet Information Services (IIS). ,
, , ,
.

IV.

354

. 14.1. Windows

5. Internet
Information Services.
IIS, , . IIS:
1. Internet Information Services (. 14.2).
| | |
.

. 14.2. Internet Information Services

14. Web-

355

2. , . (. 14.3).

. 14.3. : < >

3. WWW .
.
4. WWW < > ,
(. 14.4).
5. , .
6. .
7. Default.htm
OK. .
8.
\InetPub\wwwroot. Default.htm.
HTML-, Default.htm.
9. , ,
.
:

356

IV.

<html>
<head>
</head>
<body>
<h1>

.
.
</h1>
</body>
</html>

. 14.4. WWW- < >,


10. Default.htm \InetPub\wwwroot.


11. WWW-,
IP- .
, . 14.5.
, http://127.0.0.1/.
. Web-
.

14. Web-

357

. 14.5. Microsoft Internet Explorer

Web-
Web- . , Web-
, , Web Windows 98.
Analogx Simple Server,
www.analogx.com . Web- , Windows. WWW , Index.htm.
. , . , . .
:
1. | | Analogx | SimpleServer | WWW |
SimpleServer.WWW. (. 14.6), .
2. ,
OK.
3. Start, Stop.
4. IP- .
( ).
5. -
IP- WWW-.
.
, Web- .
, , -

358

IV.

,
Web-. . Web-,
,
, ,
.

. 14.6. AnalogX SimpleServer

Web- Linux ( ) :
http://www.acme.com/software/thttpd/.
,
: http://www.sysoev.ru/nginx/.
, : http://
www.sysadmin.mail.ru/pforum/viewtopic.php?p=77255.
Web- Apache Windows
http://www.xakep.ru/magazine/xs/022/038/1.asp.

15

DHCP-
DHCP1- ,

. , DHCP-, , .
DHCP- .
DHCP- Windows 2000 Server Windows Server 2003
. Windows. DHCP- , , , .
, DHCP- Linux .
,
"DHCP Windows XP: " http://www.citforum.ru/
operating_systems/windows/dhcp_winxp/.
() Windows-, DHCP
ADSL Router D-Link DSL-500T, IP- DNS- . ,
Windows, , Linux.
, DHCP- .

DHCP- Windows Server 2003


, DHCP-
. ,
1

Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol ().

360

IV.

IP-.
, , , . , , , .
,
IP- . IP-
. ,
, , .
DHCP-,
Windows Server 2003. , ,
192.168.1.0 255.255.255.0. 192.168.1.50192.168.1.70
192.168.1.130192.168.1.200.
DHCP-.
ADSL- IP- 192.168.1.1. DNS 195.34.32.116.

DHCP- (. 15.1) ( | ). . DHCP-.

. 15.1.

15. DHCP-

361

, . ,
IP-, .
(. 15.2).

. 15.2. ,

(. 15.3) , . , ,
192.168.1.50, 192.168.1.200.
(. 15.4) 192.168.1.71
192.168.1.129.
. , (),
. 192.168.1.1.
DNS-.
, DNS-
, . DNS-
195.34.32.116 (. 15.5) .
WINS-, , ,
, .
. DHCP-, .
DHCP-
. 15.6.

362

IV.

. 15.3. ,

. 15.4. ,

DHCP-, IP- DNS- TCP/IP-


. IP- , DNS- . , (. 15.7).

15. DHCP-

. 15.5. ,
DNS-

. 15.6. ,

363

364

IV.

. 15.7.

DHCP- .
TCP/IP- , .
, DHCP- .

IP- DHCP-
, IP- . IP-

. 15.8. DHCP,

15. DHCP-

365

DHCP-. ,
DHCP ( | DHCP). . 15.8
DHCP. .
(. 15.9).
, . , IP- , DHCP-, MAC- ipconfig /all, (. 15.10).
, , .

(. 15.11).

IP-, (. 15.12) , .

. 15.9.

. 15.10. (MAC)

IV.

366

. 15.11. DHCP

. 15.12. DHCP,


DHCP-, .
, DHCP- .
DHCP- .
DNS- WINS , IP-.
DHCP- . ,
. ,
IP-. , ,
, .

15. DHCP-

367

DHCP (. 15.13).

. 15.13. : Internet Protocol TCP/IP


( )

, .
IP- .
.
DHCP-. , DHCP- .
IP- . , .
DHCP- . DHCP-, ADSL Router D-Link DSL-500T, . . 15.14 Web- DHCP, ADSL Router.
DHCP- IP-
, DNS- IP- . ,
.

IV.

368

. 15.14. Setup DHCP Configuration DHSP-, DSL-500T

,
DHCP-:
DHCP
http://www.wtware.ru/netman/netman1.html;
DHCP-

http://www.thg.ru/howto/20040731/windows_server-04.html;
DHCP

http://xpoint.ru/forums/searching/thread/32063.xhtml;
DHCP

http://oszone.net/3973_2#0.1_01000011.

DHCP- Linux Ubuntu



, DHCP-
Firestarter (. 2). Firestarter,
Linux , DHCP-

15. DHCP-

369

, IP-
, "" .
eth0.
, 192.168.0.1
192.168.0.0/24.
DHCP-:
apt-get install dhcp3-server

/etc/default/dhcp3-server ,
:
INTERFACES="eth1"

DHCP-. /etc/dhcp3/dhcpd.conf
domain-name domain-name-server :
option domain-name "uardomayn.dom";
option domain-name-servers 192.168.0.1;

, :
subnet 192.168.0.0 netmask 255.255.255.0 {
range 192.168.0.2 192.168.0.254;
option domain-name-servers < DNS- >;
option routers 192.168.0.1;
}

MAC- , IP-:
host first {
hardware ethernet 00:E0:4C:B7:C2:59;
fixed-address 192.168.0.200;
}

DHCP-:
/etc/init.d/dhcp3-server restart

IP-
.

,
Ubuntu, . Ubuntu.

16

WINS-
,
WINS-.

WINS- Windows Server 2003


WINS- Windows. , ,
, IP-,
WINS- . WINS- NetBIOS-,
.
.
, , . , , WINS, .
, , .
, , . WINS-
. , . WINS- (. 16.1)
.
DHCP-, WINS-,
IP- . ,
Windows XP , . Windows, DOS Linux ( Samba), , WINS-. . ,
, , .

16. WINS-

371

. 16.1. WINS,

, , ,
WINS- 10 000 , 12 WINS-. , , , WINS. , TCP/IP- NetBIOS TCP/IP (. 16.2).

. 16.2. TCP/IP

372

IV.

WINS-
, .
DHCP, ,
(. 16.3).

. 16.3.

, ,
, . ""
,
.
. 16.4.
IP- 192.168.116.3.
. ,
, ,
, , . OpenVPN DHCP-.
, , . . , ,
IP-, ,
IP- .

16. WINS-

373

. 16.2 ,
LMHOSTS. , IP- , , LMHOSTS.
WINS-
. ,
.

. 16.4.

, WINS
. (. 16.5), IP-. NetBIOS .

LMHOSTS . NetBIOS, , WINS- .

IV.

374

. 16.5.

, WINS- . .
, ,
WINS-. , . .
, WINS-:
http://ptk.vrn.ru/lib/win/nt_5.2/book/Glava13/Index43.html;
http://info.mitht.rssi.ru/wins/;
http://forum.ixbt.com/post.cgi?id=print:86:17;
http://www.icomf.ru/index.php?name=PNphpBB2&file=viewtopic&p=7609;
http://forums.avalon.ru/forum/topic.asp?TOPIC_ID=5507;
http://bugtraq.ru/cgi-bin/forum.mcgi?type=sb&b=4&m=112534;
http://www.opennet.ru/openforum/vsluhforumID1/38526.html.

17

DNS-
DNS-
. ,
. DNS- Active Directory. DNS- IP- , Active
Directory .
IP- . IP-, .
- NetBIOS.
, Windows
TCP/IP.
, NetBIOS ,
. NetBIOS- ( ),
, ,
.
LMHOSTS IP- NetBIOS- .
.
, NetBIOS-. , . , .
, , .
, , IP-. DNS-. DHCP,
, ,
.
DNS-, IP- Web-, ,
. DNS-,
Web-.

376

IV.

DNS- .
IP- .
IP- , .
IP-, ,
, . , .
DNS- , DHCP-.
, DNS-, , . , ,
IP- . DNS-
IP-. DHCP-,
.
DNS-
, -
, , ?
DNS-,
. ,
. ,
Active Directory. 18. , . ,
DNS-. , .
, , ,
. , ,
,
. , .
, , . , , RU. AUTOPARK. AUTOPARK.RU. ,
15AP.AUTOPARK.RU.
. 15AP AUTOPARK.
, .
AUTOPARK.RU 15AP.AUTOPARK.RU.
DNS-, Web-
http:\\15ap.autopark.ru, ,
DNS-. -

17. DNS-

377

, . ,
, - .
, , . , , ping www.ru.
, RU. , DOM, . , , . ,
MYHOME.DOM.
. ? ,
. , , IP- . 15AP.AUTOPARK.RU
COMP1.15AP.AUTOPARK.RU.
. IP-
. , , "" .
,
, Web-
. IP, .
,
. DNS- ,
IP- ,
DNS-.
, , ,
Active Directory. , ,
DNS-. ,
DNS-, ,
. , DNS-. ,
, DNS-. DNS- ,
DHCP, . DNS- , , Active Directory,
DHCP . , DNS-,
, .

DNS- Windows Server 2003


, DNS ( | -

378

IV.

). DNS-
DNS- (. 17.1).

. 17.1. DNS-

, . , . DNS-
, .
, IP-. , .
, . , , .
DNS- ( | DNS)
(. 17.2).
, ,
. , dnsmgmt (
DNS-).
(. 17.3), . , .
"" , .

17. DNS-

379

. 17.2. dnsmgmt

. 17.3. MH2003S ,

, , .
, DNS-
. DNS-
(. 17.4).
, , DNS- . , .

380

IV.

. 17.4. MH2003S ,

DNS-, Windows Server 2003, .


DNS-, DHCP-
(. 17.5).

. 17.5. DHCP,

DNS- DHCP-
, DHCP-.

17. DNS-

381

,
DHCP-, DNS-. , .
DHCP-. DNS- DNS-.
, , ,
.

DNS-, DNS- . - ,
. , , Web . ,
IP- , .
http://xnets.ru/plugins/content/content.php?content.128.
http://networkdoc.ru/files/insop/win2003/read.html?dns.html.
http://forum.smart-soft.ru/forum_posts.asp?TID=9166&PN=1.
http://weec.ovl.ru/xmbforum/viewthread.php?tid=436.

DNS- Linux
http://sudouser.com/ustanovka-i-nastrojka-dns-servera-bind9-ubuntu-debianhowto.html.

18

media-
. ,
. ,
.
. -, . ,
. ,
. , . . media-
. Microsoft, ,
, , media-
. ,
- - .

Windows Media 9 Series



http://www.microsoft.com/windows/windowsmedia/ru/9series/encoder/default.aspx.
, , , . Web ( ) , .
on-line, ,
Web- .
.
. ,
, .

18. media-

383

,
, Web-.
Windows. , , Web .
, Web- , . Windows Media 9 Series
. .
Web- ,
Windows Media Player. Media Player 9 10.
Windows Media 9 Series Web-, wmv. Web-.
Web-
, .
Web- Microsoft FrontPage 2003. ,
Microsoft FrontPage 2003 , .
, Web :
1. Microsoft FrontPage 2003.
2.
.
3. , .
4. | | .
5. ,
.
6. , .
2 2. .
7. .
8. | -,
|
ActiveX.
9. .
10. Windows Media Player
. Windows Media Player,
.
11. (
) ActiveX.

IV.

384

12. , , , ( 3333).
, . http://Localhost:3333,
.

, ,
Windows Media 9 Series, ,
.
, . , .
ActiveX-. :
http://192.168.1.50:9080/proba_video.htm,
ActiveX http://192.168.1.50:3333.

.
13. Proba_video.htm Web-.
14. , Windows Media Player . .
Windows Media 9 Series (,
, ). , Web- , ,
.
:
1. .
2.
.
3. , .
Web- ,
( ). , , ,
.
4. .
5.
. , .
6. (3333). , ,
.
ActiveX Web-
.
7. .
,

18. media-

385

, . ,
.
, .
8. , ,
, . ,
.
9. ,
. .
10. , . ,
.
. . , . , . , .
Web-, , (. 18.1).

. 18.1.

IV.

386

, , , , ,
Windows Media 9 Series.
!
"". .
, . .
Windows Media 9 Series Windows. Linux.
, Microsoft, , , . Linux, Windows.
VLC Media Player.

VLC Media Player


http://chelcom.ru/modules/smartsection/item.php?itemid=95.
,
. . ,
, . , .

VLC Media Player , - . VLC Media Player media-, VLC Media Player.


VLC Media Player , play-,
. . play-
.

Windows . Linux , .
, Linux. ,

Windows. , , , ,
, .

18. media-

387

VLC Media Player .


:
;
( );
, ;
VLC Media Player.

Alla_Pugacheva_Starinnye_chasy.avi,
C:\PlayVLC. play-.
, , , .
, ,
(. 18.2), , .

. 18.2. VLC media player

,
, . |
(. 18.3).
,
OK, . ... .
, , , , VLC
Media Player . ,
.
1. | . ,
(. 18.4).
2. Next.
3. .
4. , , . Next.
5. (. 18.5).
( ) , RTP Unicast IP-, RTP
Multicast IP- , HTTP ,

IV.

388

. 18.3.

. 18.4. /

18. media-

389

. 18.5. /, ()

IP-, , . .
6. (. 18.6) .
:
, - media-... MPEG 1.
7. (. 18.7) , .
. ! Finish.
! ? ,
, (. 18.8).
| . , , List1, . , ,
.
.

390

IV.

. 18.6.
/,

. 18.7.
/,

18. media-

391

. 18.8.

.

, ,
!

1. | .
(. 18.9)
OK. .
.
2. .
| .
, - .
, .
. .
, " ".
, .
, . , , -
(. 18.10).
, , . , .

392

IV.

. 18.9. ...,

. 18.10. VLC media player:

18. media-

393

, Windows Server 2003 media. .


(
)
HTML-, . , Web-. , . Windows .

Windows Server 2003,
, ,
, , .
, : | | gpedit.msc |
Computer configuration | Administrative templates | Windows components | Terminal
services | Client/server data redirection | Allow audio redirection Enabled.

, media-. , ,
. , : "
?".
http://www.citforum.ru/hardware/articles/dig_home/;
http://www.computerra.ru/think/ogorod/39258/;
http://www.csu.ac.ru/osp/os/1996/04/source/71.html.

19


? , , . , . .
, ,
.
, , , . , ,
.
? - ( !)? .

Windows Server 2003


,
, .
. , .
IP-,
, DinDNS
(http://www.dyndns.org) . ,
,
. .
, ,
, ,
.
,
, .
. -

19.

395

Windows. ,
. ,
, , ,
. DinDNS okobox.homeip.net. , ,
, SMTP. ,
,
- . ,
okobox.homeip.net.
, .
. SMTP- POP3-. SMTP | IIS (. 19.1), POP3 | POP3 (. 19.2).

. 19.1. Internet Information Services (IIS) Manager ( SMTP-)

SMTP- Internet Information


Services (IIS) Manager (. . 19.1) SMTP- (
), .
. , (. 19.3).
. 25 6525.
SMTP-
, (. 19.4), ,
.

396

IV.

. 19.2. POP3 Service, POP3 Service \ AP152003S

. 19.3.

. 19.4.

19.

397

SMTP-, POP3-.
SMTP- , POP3-
Windows. ,
. , ,
.
POP3 Service ( POP3 Service \ AP152003S) (. . 19.2)
, Add
Mailbox ( ). (. 19.5). .

. 19.5.

. braginsky . . 110 .
,
, .
, . , "" (ADSL )
. IP-
Windows Server 2003.


SMTP- .
SMTP- . POP3-. , ,
. , . Windows Server 2003 Web-
. E-mail Services
(. 19.6), .
POP3 Service Web Administration, .

IV.

398

. 19.6. E-mail Services

Web-.
, .
, .
, .

Web-
, Web- . Windows Server 2003
. ,
.
Web- Web- . ,
. ,
Web-, 80.
8098, HTTP HTTPS. : https://www.myserver.ru:8098. , , ,
IP-.

, - . , ,
. , E-Mail (. 19.7).

19.

399

. 19.7. Server Administration Microsoft Internet Explorer, E-Mail

: Server Properties ( ) Domains and Mailboxes ( ).


. Server Properties (. 19.8).
, ,
, POP3. , , . ,
. ?
. , ,
. ,
, . .

, ,
, , .

, , , POP3- . , .
SMTP- ,
.

400

IV.

. 19.8. Internet Explorer, Server Properties

Domains and Mailboxes (. 19.9)


/ , .
, .

. 19.9. Internet Explorer, Domains and Mailboxes

19.

401

Web-
, Users () . 19.10.

. 19.10. Internet Explorer, Users

, .
, . .
, , .
. , . ,
. , . -

402

IV.

HTTP-,
, Web-
.

Courier Mail Server


Courier Mail Server (CMS) , Windows Server 2003. ,
. .
Courier Mail Server (CMS) , Windows 9x/ME/NT/2000/XP.

, .
CMS:
SMTP-;
POP3-;
POP3-;
;
IP-;
;
SMTP-;
.
CMS .
, . , .
, .
:
Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) ;
Post Office Protocol v.3 (POP3) .
: SMTP 25, POP3 110.
CMS IP-.
, SMTP-, .
( ) ( ).
,
( @) .
SMTP-
,
.
. , (
).

19.

403

POP3- , , .

, .


: Windows 9x/ME/NT/2000/XP.
: 1

.
TCP/IP.
,


, .

Windows .

CMS TCP/IP ,
SMTP POP3 (Outlook Express, The Bat! ).


CMS zip-, . ,
, , CourierMS.exe.
.
.
Windows .
, ,
(system tray) .
Windows,
.
, ,
, , , . , .


CMS () Windows NT/2000/XP, Windows 9x/ME.

IV.

404

CMS .
Courier Mail Server .
Windows CMS . .
. Windows NT/2000/XP (Service Control Manager), Windows 9x/ME
CourierMS.exe /service .
.


(. 19.11) Courier Mail Server 4 :
( ) ;
( ) -

, SMTP-
POP3-;
( )
SMTP/POP3-. / ;
( ) .

. 19.11. Courier Mail Server

19.

405

:
,

CMS;
;
, -

CMS ,
;
,

. , ;
-

;
,


. ,
.
.
<F1>.

(. 19.12) .
, , mycompany.ru.
, SMTP- CMS , , ,
user@mycompany.ru, user, . . .
user@yourcompany.ru, , . .
yourcompany.ru .
, , , . . SMTP user, user, user@mycompany.ru.
.


postmaster, , . , postmaster@
mycompany.ru postmaster, .

,
, . CMS

IV.

406

, ,
.

. 19.12. : ,

;

;
;

.
, , .


(. 19.13) .
. .
postmaster
( 1).

19.

407

. 19.13.

(. 19.14) :
;
.

. , . .
. user,
mydomain.ru, user@
mydomain.ru;
;
POP3 ,

;
, ;
e-mail ,

.
, . , , , .
, mycompany.ru . user@mycompany.ru . :
SMTP-, ,
, . . mycompany.ru ;
, , . . user@mycompany.ru. , , ,
.

IV.

408

. 19.14. :

, .
(,
, ), , , , . ;
;
;
;
.

IP-
IP- . 19.15.
:
;
-

. IP-, , , . ,
. , , -

19.

409

. , ;
,

, .

. 19.15. : IP IP

.
(127.0.0.1) (192.168.10.xxx). 192.168.10.12
SMTP-. C
.

:
1. 127.0.0.1, SMTP POP3, .
2. 192.168.10.12, SMTP, .
3. 192.168.10.1192.168.10.255, SMTP POP3, .

SMTP/POP3-
SMTP- POP3- . 19.16 19.17.
, . :

SMTP 25, POP3 110.


( ).

410

IV.

. 19.16. : SMTP

. 19.17. : POP3

19.

411

, NN -

(NN ) ,
. 10 , , . . .
, . , , . SMTP-
.

SMTP-

SMTP- SMTP- (. 19.18).


SMTP IP- SMTP-, . .
. 25.
- ()
, .
5 .
EHLO
, EHLO , .

. 19.18. : SMTP

IV.

412

SMTP -

SMTP-.

POP3-
POP3- POP3- (. 19.19). POP3 ( ),
.

. 19.19. : POP3


. 19.20 .
,
.
POP3 ( IP-) POP3-,
.
. 110.
. ( @ ).
.
, . , <> <>.

19.

413


, ( ), .
. <> Received, To
Cc.

APOP/MD5 ,

USER/PASS
APOP/MD5. POP3-
.

. 19.20.

(. 19.21) .
, . .

(. 19.22)
.
.
.
, .
:
,
( :);
, ( :). , 00:00 23:59, ;

IV.

414

. 19.21. :

. 19.22. : N

19.

415

, .

, . , .
, -

.
. , ,
.
, :
, ;
,

;
,

;
,

. "?" "*" (,
Mail\Mailbox\scheduler\*.msg);
,

.
.


: (. 19.23) Windows.
Windows
(. 19.24).
:
;
;
;
, .
.
, -

416

IV.

. 19.23. :

. 19.24. : 1055555

19.

417

,
. , .
. . .
,
. , Windows.

.
, .

(. 19.25)
, .
, .
, , , . ,
.

. 19.25. :

IV.

418

, , SMTP-.

(. 19.26).
. , .
.
,

, . , .
-

, .
,
, . ,
, .
.

. 19.26.

:
(

);

.log;

19.

419

(Monday.log, Tuesday.log . .);


,
. , .
;
NN , ,
old. old , . log.
:

;
/ , / , ;
.


,
CMS.
,
,
. , :
SMTP , POP3 , ( ), .
SMTP POP3 , CMS. IP-, , . .
IP-
(, , ). IP-
, ipconfig.exe winipcfg.exe.
, ,
IP- 127.0.0.1 (
localhost). ( )
, .
,
( , , ).
.

. , SMTP-
POP3- .

420

IV.

:
, ;
;
, ;
IP- /, ;
SMTP-

, POP3- (
);
.
.
CMS .
, , . . ,
.
:
: " " () , ! , * ,
+ , "- , x
IP-, > , < , @
;
;
, ;
;
.
. , .
.
, , scheduler. / ,
.
Mail\Mailbox\scheduler\*.msg.
.
(scheduler@_).
scheduler, .
/ , , , (, scheduler_send scheduler_recv) .
SMTP-
(5xx), EHLO

19.

421

bad, . ,
.
( *.msg).

msg. , .
, , , .

:
;
.

IP- IP-, , , . .
, CMS, ,
IP- ,
.
.
,
. , , .
( ). , .
SMTP- POP3-
: .
( SMTP PLAIN
LOGIN, POP3 USER/PASS) .
( SMTP CRAMMD5, POP3 APOP/MD5) , , -.
, , , . .
, , .
, , ,
( ).

422

IV.

, mydomain.ru,
SMTP/POP3- (25 110 )
: user1 user2.
user1 . (To)
user2@mydomain.ru. . . .
user2 .
user1. ( , , , .)
.
user1.
,
.


:
1. , CMS SMTP/POP3- (
). , , - .
, CMS .
2. SMTP/POP3- ,
telnet.
: telnet <> <>, IP- , CMS; SMTP POP3- CMS ( 25 110).
telnet ,
"220" SMTP-, "+OK" POP3-.
,
CMS. ,
.
, ,
, . , , .
telnet, ( ), . , / . , , .
CMS Log Viewer (. 19.27), .

19.

423

. 1.57,
http://courierms.narod.ru/,
, .

. 19.27.

, , .
:
Linux
http://www.sitysoft.com/modules/articles/item.php?itemid=11,
http://www.mailinfo.ru/stories.php?story=02/01/09/3747367;
Office Mail Server

http://classcom.by/oms/,
http://darkdragon.dynalias.org/wiki/OMSHelp;
Kerio MailServer

http://www.izcity.com/data/soft/article999.htm;
MDaemon

http://www.redcom.ru/isp/netFiles/iServers/MDaemon,
http://www.ru-board.com/new/article.php?sid=142.

424

IV.



Windows

. ,
. , ,
, DHCP-,
, .
, . ,
. , , Windows 2000 Server,
.

20


, IT . Active Directory (AD) ,
, AD .
, Windows XP Home
Windows 98. ,
, ,
, Active Directory .

Active Directory
Active Directory.
, Active
Directory , , AD. . , AD, .

AD?
AD Windows Server 2003. ,
, ,
.
, , ,
AD. , AD , , (, ).

, ,
, , .
,
, , , -

428

V.

AD,
. , , , .
, AD, ,
, .
AD .

AD
( ,
). , , , , . AD
AD, , .
AD
, AD. , ,
19, , .
. , AD
. . AD ,
. , , ,
, . , ,
, .
, ,
. , .
.
AD ,
.

| .
, ,
(Active Directory). , AD. , . AD ,
Windows, Samba Apple Mac OS X
AD

20.

429

, Windows Server 2003.


( Windows XP
Windows 2000), .
.
AD ,
AD. ,
(. 20.1).

. 20.1. Active Directory ( )

(. 20.2).
, .

.

(. 20.3). 8
DNS-.
, myhome.dom.
AD. , , , .
, NetBIOS-
(. 20.4).
AD (. 20.5). ,
.
(. 20.6),
, NTFS.
FAT32,

430

V.

. 20.2. Active Directory ( )

. 20.3. Active Directory ( )

DOS . .
AD DNS . , , , DNS
AD.

20.

431

" DNS-
DNS- DNS-".
(. 20.7),
. . , , , , , , Windows 2000.

. 20.4. Active Directory NetBIOS-

. 20.5. Active Directory


( AD )

432

V.

. 20.6. Active Directory


( )

. 20.7. Active Directory ( )

. , , . .
(. 20.8).

20.

433


AD. .
.

. 20.8. Active Directory


( )


, . , ,
. .
, . .
.
| Active Directory (. 20.9).
, , , .
, , ... ,
.
.
, , POP3
AD. - , -

434

V.

. 20.9. Active Directory Users and Computers Active Directory


. 20.10. Outlook Express

20.

435

SMTP-. POP3
.
. SMTP-.
(. 20.10).

, . ,
, .
.

AD . ,
, , , .
,
,
.
, .
: |
.
(. 20.11).
. , .

. 20.11. Default Domain Security Settings ( )

436

V.

. 20.12. Default Domain Security Settings (


)

. 20.13. :

20.

437

.
. , .
(. 20.12).
. , , .
, , , . (
) (. 20.13).
,
.
Users () (. . 20.9).
, , .


AD.
,
, . .
. .
, . , ,
. Builtin (), Computers
(), Domain Controllers ( ), ForeignSecurityPrincipal ( ), Users ().
AD , ,
(. 20.14). AD . .
.
, "a", User.
. , AD, . .
, .
. . -

438

V.

,
. , . .

. 20.14. Active Directory Users and Computers Active Directory


( )

, DHCP-,
, .
| Active Directory (. 20.15).
OU (Organizational Unit).
, . OU Family ()
OU Groups () Users ().
AD. ,
, OU.

. 20.15. Active Directory Users and Computers ( )

20.

439

OU Users, OU Family,
(User). , . 20.16.

. 20.16. User

. ,
. ,
(. 20.17).

. 20.17. User ( )

440

V.

.
. , . ,
, , .
.
.
(. 20.18) ,
. , , , , ,
.

. 20.18. : < >

DHCP. , , ,
,
. , , ,
. .
(. 20.19). .
: "" . : "" (. 20.20).

20.

441

. 20.19. : < > ( )


DHCP. OK.
(. 20.21)
. OK,
. , , , , .
.
,
, .
, , - (. . 20.19). Active Directory ,
, .
. ,
( ).
,

442

V.

, : , ,
, , .

. 20.20. : ""

. 20.21. : "" ( )

20.

443


, .
,
.
. HTML , , . , "" .
, ,
. , .
.
.
( ),
.
.

, ,
. , .
, .
.


Computers Active Directory Users and Computers (. 20.22)
. ,
Windows 2000.
. ,
,
" ".
(. . 20.19). , , .
. ,
, ,
, .

444

V.

. 20.22. Active Directory Users and Computers ( Computers)

, ,
,
.
, ,
. Windows XP
Home Edition, , .

. , . , .
, . , . ,
, .


, , .
, , ,
. , , .
,
, ,
. Active Directory
(. 20.23).
Active Directory, .
() (. 20.24).

20.

445

. 20.23. Active Directory Users and Computers (Printers)

. 20.24. : < >,


,
, Active Directory.
. . 20.25 , City () .
( )
. , .

446

V.

. 20.25. Active Directory Users and Computers Active Directory


( )

, <Shift>, .
,
(. 20.26). , , , (. 20.27).
, ,
, . .

. 20.26.

20.

447

. 20.27.


, , : " ".
.
, Windows .
, , .
. , . (). , . ,
, .
, . : , ? .
.
runas.
Run as. . , FAR,
.
. , , ,
.

V.

448

FAR MYHOME ( ) SimpleUser ( 20.1).


20.1
C:\Documents and Settings\SimpleUser>runas /user:myhome\administrator
c:\far\far
myhome\administrator:

,
FAR. .

.
, Active Directory ,

, .

Active Directory (AD).
Windows 2000:
http://www.osp.ru/text/302/175285/;
http://rtfm.rechitsa.by/modules.php?name=News&file=view&news_id=237.
Windows 2003:

http://www.osp.ru/text/302/177399/.
Windows 2003:
http://www.networkdoc.ru/insop/win2003.html.
AD:

http://www.networkdoc.ru/insop/activ-dir.html.
:

http://www.jroshin.pp.ru/cgi-bin/sqcgi/area/RU.WINDOWS.XP/codewin/
msg/141
, Linux AD. , http://mds.mandriva.org/wiki/Download
Mandriva Directory Service Mandriva Linux 2008. ,
. , MDS
.
Windows.

VI

, .
, , . , - ,
. ,
.

21


, , ,
. , , ,
.
, ,
.



, , , , ,
.
. , . , , .
"" ,
, -.
, , . ,
, ,
, .
. , ,
, .
. , , , Microsoft,
. Windows
. ,

452

VI.

,
...
( 21.1).
21.1. XcopyBook.bat
@ echo off
xcopy /c /y /z /i /e /d < >
\\<_>\< > >C:\Arch.txt
if errorlevel 4 goto lowmemory
if errorlevel 2 goto abort
Edit c:\arch.txt
goto exit
:lowmemory
echo
echo .
goto exit
:abort
echo <Ctrl>+<C>.
goto exit
:exit

xcopy. , .
. , xcopy, Arch.txt, Windows Edit. , , .
, ,
.
.
, ,
, Windows. .
.
del
.
, , Windows.

21.

453

PrimalScript
, .
, VBScript, JScript. Windows.
, ,
, ,

.
PrimalScript,
http://www.primalscript.com/. , ,
, .
, PrimalScript
,
, .
, Windows 2000 Server Windows Server 2003.
http://www.microsoft.com/downloads.
, Script Debugger for Windows NT 4.0,
2000, and XP.
. 21.1 PrimalScript .
Windows (. 21.2).

http://www.sapien.com/tutorials/ps20minutes.pdf. ,
,
. , .
, , . , Windows , ,
. , 21.2, .
21.2. Groups.vbs.
'********** **************
' Groups.vbs
'DomainName
'
' groups.txt
'********* **************************************
Dim Container
Dim DomainName

454

VI.

Dim Group
Dim StrTxt
DomainName = "ap15.dom"
Set Container = GetObject("WinNT://" & DomainName)
Container.Filter = Array("Group")
For Each Group In Container
StrTxt = StrTxt & VbCrLf & Group.Name
Next
'MsgBox StrTxt
set FSO = CreateObject("Scripting.FileSystemObject")
txtlog = "Groups.txt"
set LogFile = FSO.CreateTextFile(txtlog, True)
LogFile.WriteLine Date & " " & Time & vbCrLf & strtxt
LogFile.Close
'**********************************************************


. , ( 21.3 21.4).

. 21.1. PrimalScript

21.

455

. 21.2. Microsoft Script Debugger ,

21.3.
'*********************************************************
'
Const FILE_SHARE = 0
Const MAXIMUM_CONNECTIONS = 9
strComputer = "."
Set objWMIService = GetObject("winmgmts:" _
& "{impersonationLevel=impersonate}!\\" & strComputer & "\root\cimv2")
Set objNewShare = objWMIService.Get("Win32_Share")
errReturn = objNewShare.Create _
("C:\SHRf", "NameShare", FILE_SHARE, _
MAXIMUM_CONNECTIONS, " .")
Wscript.Echo errReturn
'**********************************************************

21.4.
'*********************************************************
'
'
strComputer = "."
Set objWMIService = GetObject("winmgmts:" _
& "{impersonationLevel=impersonate}!\\" & strComputer & "\root\cimv2")

VI.

456

Set colShares = objWMIService.ExecQuery _


("Select * from Win32_Share Where Name = 'NameShare1'")
For Each objShare in colShares
objShare.Delete
Next
'**********************************************************


,
, .

, , , .
-
, , ,
. , ,
. , .
.
.
.

HTA
HTA (HTML Application)
.
, script-. .
.
HTA
HTML- script-.
, ,
(. 21.3 21.5).
21.5. HTA-
<HTML>
<META HTTP-EQUIV="Page-Enter"
CONTENT="revealTrans(Duration=3.0,Transition=14)">
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type"
content="text/html; charset=windows-1251">
<font color="yellow" size="2" face="Arial">
<HEAD>

21.
<TITLE> </TITLE>
<!-- '-->
<p align="center"><b>
</b>
<!-- '-->
<HTA:APPLICATION ID="oHTA" CAPTION="yes" MAXIMIZEBUTTON=NO
MINIMIZEBUTTON=NO>
<!- ,
users.txt ( )
*********************************'-->
<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="VBScript">
<!-DomainName = InputBox ("
"," :","XXXXX")
Set Container = GetObject("WinNT://" & DomainName)
Container.Filter = Array("User")
i = 0
StrTxt = ""
Messg = ""
For Each User In Container
i = i + 1
On Error Resume Next
Messg = i
Messg = Messg & ";" & User.Name
Err.Clear
Messg = Messg & ";" & User.FullName
Err.Clear
Messg = Messg & ";" & User.LastLogin
If Err.Description <> "" Then Messg = Messg & ";" & _
"01.01.1930 00:00:00"
Err.Clear
Messg = Messg & VbCrLf
StrTxt = StrTxt & Messg
Err.Clear
Next
set FSO = CreateObject("Scripting.FileSystemObject")
txtlog = "Users.txt"
set LogFile = FSO.CreateTextFile(txtlog, True)
LogFile.WriteLine Date & " " & Time & vbCrLf & strtxt
LogFile.Close
-->
</SCRIPT>
<!--*********************************'-->
</HEAD>

457

458

VI.

<!-- '-->
<BODY BGCOLOR="navy" SCROLL=no onLoad="clock_form()">
<!-- '-->
<table border="1" width="100%" bordercolorlight="navy"
bordercolordark="navy" bordercolor="navy"
bgcolor="aqua" cellspacing="1%">
<tr>
<td width="15%"><p align="center">
<!-- '-->
<button onclick="clickme()">==?==</button>
</td>
<td width="15%">
<!-- '-->
<p align="center"><INPUT ID=btnSaveFile TYPE=button
VALUE=" <>user.txt" ONCLICK="fileSave()">
</td>
<td width="15%">&nbsp;</td>
<td width="15%">&nbsp;</td>
<td width="15%"><p align="center">
<!-- "!"'-->
<input type="button" value="!" onclick="closeIt()">
</td>
</tr>
</table>
<!-- '-->
<!-- '-->
<TEXTAREA id=txtArea rows=12 wrap=off cols=36
style="WIDTH: 735px; HEIGHT: 390px">
</TEXTAREA>
<BR>
<!-- '-->
<script language="VBScript">
<!-Sub clickme()
Alert " !"
End Sub
'-->
</script>
<!-- '-->
<script language="VBScript">
<!-Sub mousmove()
Alert "... !"
End Sub
'-->
</script>

21.
<!-- '-->
<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScript"><!-var fs = new ActiveXObject("Scripting.FileSystemObject");
{
var txtStream = fs.OpenTextFile("Users.txt",1,false);
txtArea.value = txtStream.ReadAll();
txtStream.Close();
}
function fileSave(){
temp_date = new Date();
day = temp_date.getDate();
month = temp_date.getMonth() + 1;
year = temp_date.getYear();
if (day < 10){
day = "0" + day;
}
if (month <10){
month = "0" + month;
}
DT=""
DT +=day;
DT +=month;
DT +=year;
var txtStream = fs.OpenTextFile(DT+"Users.txt",2,true);
txtStream.Write(txtArea.value);
txtStream.Close();
}
//'-->
</SCRIPT>
<!-- '-->
<script language="JavaScript"><!-function closeIt() {
close();
}
// -->
</script>
<p align="center">
<!-- '-->
<script language="JavaScript"><!-function clock_form(){
day=new Date()
clock_f=day.getHours()+":"+day.getMinutes()+":"+
day.getSeconds()
document.form.f_clock.value=clock_f
id=setTimeout("clock_form()",100)
}

459

VI.

460
// -->
</script>

<form name=form metod="get">


Time is money
<input name=f_clock maxlength=8 size=3 onmousemove="mousmove()">
</form>
</BODY>
</HTML>

. 21.3.

,
, hta. users.txt , . .
<>user.txt , ,
. HTA- ,
, , HTML- <HEAD> </HEAD>,
. , PrimalScript, .
HTA- ,

21.

461

. . ,
, , . .
,
.


, , ,
.
http://www.okobox.narod.ru/scripts.htm , , .
,
:
http://www.citforum.ru/internet/html/hta/index.shtml;
http://forum.script-coding.info/;
http://www.script-coding.info/HTA.html;
http://www.board74.ru/gui_for_script/articles/basis4.html;
http://www.citforum.ru/internet/vbscript/vbscript.shtml;
http://www.rsdn.ru/article/files/dotnet/jsr.xml;
http://forum.ru-board.com/topic.cgi?forum=24&topic=1539.

Linux
Linux , Linux .
, Linux, . ,
.

. Linux ,
. . ,
.
, , .
, -

462

VI.

, . Linux , ,
. #!/bin/bash,
.
,
, Linux.
.
1
IP-.
myscr.txt, :
:
cat > myscr.txt

:
#!/bin/bash

<Ctrl>+<D>.
:
chmod ugo+rwx myscr.txt

:
beard@beard-laptop ~ $ cat > myscr.txt
#!/bin/bash
beard@beard-laptop ~ $ chmod ugo+rwx myscr.txt
beard@beard-laptop ~ $

. :
beard@beard-laptop ~ $ cat >> myscr.txt
sudo ifconfig eth0:1 214.79.100.52 netmask 255.255.255.192
<Ctrl> + <D>
beard@beard-laptop ~ $

:
beard@beard-laptop ~ $ cat myscr.txt
#!/bin/bash
sudo ifconfig eth0:1 214.79.100.52 netmask 255.255.255.192
beard@beard-laptop ~ $

. eth0 :
beard@beard-laptop ~ $ /home/beard/myscr.txt
[sudo] password for beard:
beard@beard-laptop ~ $ ifconfig
eth0
Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr 00:16:d3:f9:30:6e
inet6 addr: fe80::216:d3ff:fef9:306e/64 Scope:Link
UP BROADCAST MULTICAST MTU:1500 Metric:1
RX packets:34919 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0

21.

463

TX packets:36738 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0


collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000
RX bytes:27236428 (27.2 MB) TX bytes:4991537 (4.9 MB)
Interrupt:17
eth0:1

Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr 00:16:d3:f9:30:6e


inet addr:214.79.100.52 Bcast:214.79.100.63 Mask:255.255.255.192
UP BROADCAST MULTICAST MTU:1500 Metric:1
Interrupt:17

lo

Link encap: (Loopback)


inet addr:127.0.0.1 Mask:255.0.0.0
inet6 addr: ::1/128 Scope:Host
UP LOOPBACK RUNNING MTU:16436 Metric:1
RX packets:2896 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
TX packets:2896 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
collisions:0 txqueuelen:0
RX bytes:266901 (266.9 KB) TX bytes:266901 (266.9 KB)

beard@beard-laptop ~ $

. eth0-1 .
,
IP-, .
. :
#!/bin/bash
sudo netstat -anp |grep 'tcp\|udp' | awk '{print $5}' | cut -d: -f1 |
sort | uniq > data.txt
for ip in
whois $ip
whois $ip
whois $ip
done

$(cat data.txt); do
| echo "$ip $(grep 'netname')";
| echo "$ip $(grep 'NetName')";
| echo "$ip $(grep 'OrgName')";

data.txt IP-, , whois , "netname", "NetName" "OrgName".


. :
beard@beard-laptop ~ $ '/home/beard/scr.txt'
0.0.0.0
0.0.0.0
0.0.0.0

VI.

464
192.168.10.1
192.168.10.1 NetName:
192.168.10.1 OrgName:
213.180.204.110 netname:
213.180.204.110
213.180.204.110
213.208.165.26 netname:
213.208.165.26
213.208.165.26
69.46.36.6
69.46.36.6 NetName:
69.46.36.6 OrgName:
74.125.79.100
74.125.79.100 NetName:
74.125.79.100 OrgName:
74.125.87.103
74.125.87.103 NetName:
74.125.87.103 OrgName:
74.125.87.155
74.125.87.155 NetName:
74.125.87.155 OrgName:
77.239.239.74 netname:
77.239.239.74
77.239.239.74
87.248.207.254 netname:
87.248.207.254
87.248.207.254
90.156.178.18 netname:
90.156.178.18
90.156.178.18
beard@beard-laptop ~ $

PRIVATE-ADDRESS-CBLK-RFC1918-IANA-RESERVED
Internet Assigned Numbers Authority
YANDEX-213-180-204

NaukaNet

NETRIVER02
NetRiver INT LLC
GOOGLE
Google Inc.
GOOGLE
Google Inc.
GOOGLE
Google Inc.
RU-SATEL-20070312

LLNW-EU-2

vega-net

. Linux
. txt , .

22



, . , Web-.
.
,
, , , .


"" ,

.

. ,
, Windows XP Windows Vista.
,
, , .
, ,
.
. 22.1 Computer Management ( ).
. , . .
. , , , . ,
, (. 22.2).
, OK, ,
(. 22.3). ,
- .

466

VI.

. 22.1. Computer Management

. 22.2. Computer Management

. 22.3. Computer Management

22.

467

. ?
. , ,
! ? .
. , .
, . (. 22.4) ,
.
, ,
(. 22.5).
Web- (tsweb) ,
(. 22.6).

. 22.4. Computer Management

. 22.5. Computer Management

468

VI.

. 22.6. Computer Management tsweb

,
, Windows
(. 22.7). ,
.

. 22.7. Computer Management tsweb

22.

469

, ,
, .
, ,
!


" ". . .
, , .
, .
(, ), , . ,
. . . Terminal Service ,
, , , , .

.
. ,
. ,
,
, .
, - .
,
, , .
.

. CourierMS , , , Windows Server 2003.
. http://ironfist.at.tut.by/
( 50 ) , , ZeRAT.
, Windows, ,
. .

470

VI.

,
.
, , .
, .
Windows
.
, , .
bat.

? (
) , - , , .
. ,
. , .


e-mail
ZeRAT e-mail . , ,
, IP- . ping, ,
, Telnet, ...
.
, , . , ,
.
,
, ,
admins@popdomayn.
, . , , . , zip , admins.zip.
, .
, ,
- pkzip.exe. , , .

22.

471

ZeRAT . . , ZeRAT C:\zerat\. 22.1


Zerat.ini
22.1. Zerat.ini
;SMTP parameters
HELO:smtpdomayn
SMTPHOST: smtpdomayn
SMTPAuth:login
SMTPUSER:admins
SMTPPASS:password
ATTACHEN:BASE64
CHARSET:Windows-1251

;
;
;
;
;
;
;


[:25]




22.2 admins.txt, .

ZeRAT SMTP. Zerat.ini , SMTP,
, , DNS-
DNS:<IP- dns->. , , POP3-.
22.2. admins.txt
Host: smtpdomayn
From: admins@popdomayn ; ()
To: < >
Type:multipart/mixed
Subject:
;
charset:Windows-1251
$boun
;
Content-type: text/plain; charset=Windows-1251
%Time, %Date
.
$incl admins.zip
;

,
bat-. 22.3 IN.bat,
Windows.

ZeRAT.

472

VI.

22.3. IN.bat
if not exist C:\< admins>\*.eml
zerat.exe pop.ini
unzip.bat
:d

goto d

, , pop.ini ( 22.4).
22.4. pop.ini
EXTRACT:YES
;
POP3HOST: pop3_server_name:NNNNN
; pop-[:port]
POP3USER:admins@popdomayn
; pop3-
POP3PASS:password
; pop3-
LOCALDIR:C:\zerat\inbox
;
MESSAGES:delete
;
POP3Auth:regular
;

IN.bat unzip.bat ( 22.5). .


22.5. unzip.bat
if not exist C:\zerat\inbox\admins.zip goto d
pkzip -extr=up c:\zerat\inbox\admins.zip
copy/y admins.bat C:\zerat\txt\
del c:\zerat\inbox\ admins.zip
admins.bat

, , ,
admins.bat, ( 22.6).
22.6. admins.bat
ping <IP-> > mess.txt
out.bat

ping mess.txt,
.
out.bat, 22.7.
22.7. out.bat
if not exist mess.txt goto d ; mess.txt,
pkzip -add c:\zerat\admins.zip mess.txt ;

22.
zerat.exe admins.txt
del c:\zerat\mess.txt
del c:\zerat\admins.zip
:d

473

;
;

,
bat- . , , C:\zerat\inbox\.
,
.
,
Windows XP, .
. ,
netsh diag. , netsh diag connect iphost.
:
netsh diag connect iphost mail.company.com 25

, mail.company.com 25
. ,
:
IPHost (mail.company.com)
IPHost = mail.company.com
Port = 25
[25]

, ,
SMTP- mail.company.com.
bat-, . ,
- . ipscan.bat ( 22.8) ( ).
22.8. ipscan.bat
netsh
netsh
netsh
netsh
netsh
netsh
netsh
netsh
netsh

diag
diag
diag
diag
diag
diag
diag
diag
diag

connect
connect
connect
connect
connect
connect
connect
connect
connect

iphost
iphost
iphost
iphost
iphost
iphost
iphost
iphost
iphost

%1%
%1%
%1%
%2%
%2%
%2%
%3%
%3%
%3%

25
110
53
25
110
53
25
110
53

474

VI.

netsh diag connect iphost %4% 25


netsh diag connect iphost %4% 110
netsh diag connect iphost %4% 53

,
. C:\zerat\,
admins.bat
( 22.9).
22.9. admins.bat
ipscan 195.34.32.10 212.188.4.10 194.67.18.127 212.48.140.154 >mess.txt
out.bat

, .
mess.txt
( 22.10).
22.10. mess.txt
C:\zerat>netsh diag connect iphost 195.34.32.10
IPHost (195.34.32.10)
IPHost = 195.34.32.10
Port = 25
[]
C:\zerat>netsh diag connect iphost 195.34.32.10
IPHost (195.34.32.10)
IPHost = 195.34.32.10
Port = 110
[110]
C:\zerat>netsh diag connect iphost 195.34.32.10
IPHost (195.34.32.10)
IPHost = 195.34.32.10
Port = 53
[53]
C:\zerat>netsh diag connect iphost 212.188.4.10
IPHost (212.188.4.10)
IPHost = 212.188.4.10
Port = 25
[]
C:\zerat>netsh diag connect iphost 212.188.4.10
IPHost (212.188.4.10)
IPHost = 212.188.4.10
Port = 110
[110]
C:\zerat>netsh diag connect iphost 212.188.4.10
IPHost (212.188.4.10)

25

110

53

25

110

53

22.

475

IPHost = 212.188.4.10
Port = 53
[]
C:\zerat>netsh diag connect iphost 194.67.18.127 25
IPHost (194.67.18.127)
IPHost = 194.67.18.127
Port = 25
[25]
C:\zerat>netsh diag connect iphost 194.67.18.127 110
IPHost (194.67.18.127)
IPHost = 194.67.18.127
Port = 110
[110]
C:\zerat>netsh diag connect iphost 194.67.18.127 53
IPHost (194.67.18.127)
IPHost = 194.67.18.127
Port = 53
[]
C:\zerat>netsh diag connect iphost 212.48.140.154 25
IPHost (212.48.140.154)
IPHost = 212.48.140.154
Port = 25
[25]
C:\zerat>netsh diag connect iphost 212.48.140.154 110
IPHost (212.48.140.154)
IPHost = 212.48.140.154
Port = 110
[110]
C:\zerat>netsh diag connect iphost 212.48.140.154 53
IPHost (212.48.140.154)
IPHost = 212.48.140.154
Port = 53
[]

,
, . 22.1.
22.1.
IP-

POP3 (110)

SMTP

DNS

195.34.32.10

212.188.4.10

194.67.18.127

212.48.140.154

VI.

476

, , :
shutdown -r -f -m \\MyServer -t 60 -d up:125:1

60
. , , , . , ,
admins.zip admins.bat. , . inbox
. . ,
, , . C:\zerat .
. admins.bat
admins.zip.
C:\zerat\. , admins.bat 22.9.
, admins.bat ,
22.11.
22.11. admins.bat
dir c:\zerat\txt /on c:\zerat\*.bat >mess.txt
out.bat

( 22.12), ,
.
22.12. mess.txt bat-
C .
: 0936-D08A
c:\zerat\txt
09.06.2004
09.06.2004
09.06.2004

21:58
<DIR>
21:58
<DIR>
22:06
1

..
.
60 admins.bat
60

c:\zerat
09.06.2004
01.06.2004
09.06.2004
01.06.2004

22:06
60 admins.bat
09:33
32 IN.bat
20:18
410 ipscan.bat
09:05
64 OUT.bat
4
566
0 21 226 254 336

22.

477

dir
, C:\zerat\txt\ C:\zerat\. ,
, , . , ... !
,
.
Smsmail (http://www.smsmail.ru/) SMS.
,
, , ,
.



, .
:
Windows XP Professional,
;
Windows 95,

;
;
IP-.

, ,
, ,
IP- .


IP-
, , .

(, , ),
.
1. .
2. Windows.
3. Internet Information Services (IIS) .

VI.

478

4. Internet Information Services World


Wide Web Service ( WWW) .
5. WWW Remote Desktop Web
Connection (- )
OK.
6. Windows .
7. .
Internet Information
Services ( ).
8. __\\- \tsweb.
9. tsweb .
10. .
11. .
12. OK.
13. .
14. OK.
15. .
16. .

,
.

17. : ,
.
18. , (
, ).
19. , ,
.
20. () .
21. .
22. , OK.
.
23.
OK.

22.

479

, .
.
Windows 98 ,
. Windows
, .
1. , Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows NT 4.0 Windows 2000,
- Windows XP Professional.
2.
,
.
3. .


1
:
1. , .
2. , .
ping <IP- >


Windows XP , , .
IP- .

3. , , Microsoft
Internet Explorer.
4. IP- tsweb ( http://<ip- >/tsweb)
<Enter>. "-
".

, IP- .
.

5. IP- .
.
6. .

VI.

480


-
Internet Explorer 4.0 . -
, , , " ".

2

, "
" Windows 2000 Server .
1. ,
, | |
. ( , ) . ,
.
, . ( ) IP-.
2. .
3. Windows.
Windows ,
( ), OK.

( rdp).
rdp , , .
rdp-,
. ,

800 600. rdp
. rdp- .

, , Windows 9x ,
Windows XP
. .

22.

481

, ( ), . , ( ),
, . , ,
.
.
, .
.
, ().
,
.
, , .
Windows XP
. :
1. , ,
.
2.
.
3.
.
4. ,
.
, Windows XP Professional, , Windows XP Home Edition. , ,
. :
1. | |
| | .
2.

.
3. .
Windows XP .
.

482

VI.

BAT- sc start RasAuto sc stop RasAuto.


, , , Fax, sc start Fax sc stop Fax. ,
Windows XP .
.
rasdial , . rasdial,
, .


IP-
.
1. http://www.dyndns.com/.
1998 DynDNS (Dynamic Network Services, Inc., ). ( ). ! (Account)
Dinamic DNS , <_
>.homeip.net.
, .
2. https://www.dyndns.com/support/clients/ http://
www.kanasolution.com/ DynDNS Apdater -, IP- . Linux.
3. ( ).
4. , .
- .
, .

. , . WebHop,
, .
Web-, ,
.
, ,
,
. !

22.

483

Linux
, , Windows. Linux Windows, Linux Windows.

Windows Linux. . , VNC (Virtual
Network Computing
).
, -, Windows, Linux, ,
. , UltraVNC (http://sourceforge.net/projects/ultravnc) Windows Vista Windows 7,
().
Linux X11VNC. VNC, UltraVNC, Windows.
Windows Vista Linux, .
. , .

Linux , DynDNS Linux
Inadyn, http://cdn.dyndns.com/
inadyn.zip. ,
Windows, Windows-, IP .
, UltraVNC
X11VNC IP- , .
,
Hamachi, VPN-
(. 4).
, Windows Vista UltraVNC Viewer, , Mandriva Linux X11VNC DynDNS, Firewall
5900. ,
, 5900 IP- .
X11VNC x11vnc -usepw -scale 2/2 -forever
-ultrafilexfer permitfiletransfer , , Inadin /bin/linux/inadyn --input_file /etc/

VI.

484
inadyn.conf,

. .
UltraVNC Viewer (. 22.8).

. 22.8. UltraVNC Viewer

VNC Server ,
DynDNS, Connect.

X11VNC . UltraVNC-
(. 22.9).
, , , Connection Options, Display Viewer Scale: by (. 22.10).
, X11VNC
Inadyn. , ,
(Linux ). ,
(. 22.11).

, ,
! ,
.

, .
UltraVNC . -

22.

. 22.9. UltraVNC Server

. 22.10. Connection Options UltraVNC-

485

486

VI.

. 22.11. UltraVNC Server


( 2)

, , .
File Transfer ( ),
. Linux .
,
, .
, 1. (
), .
, Windows- LogMeIn (https://secure.logmein.com/).
, , .
, Linux,
Windows Linux-.

22.

487

LogMeIn
DynDNS
/ OpenVPN, Hamachi, ,
, . ,

, . , , . -,
Java. , , Windows.
Linux.

https://logmein.com/home.asp?lang=ru.
:
https://logmein.com .
, (. 22.12).

. 22.12. Mandriva Linux LogMeIn

VI.

488

(. 22.13) LogMeIn

. 22.13. Mandriva Linux LogMeIn


(. 22.14).
,
,
(. 22.15), (. 22.16).
LogMeIn
Windows.
, .
,
. OpenVPN UltraVNC,
Linux, . Linux
. .

22.

. 22.14. Mandriva Linux ,

. 22.15. Mandriva Linux

489

490

VI.

. 22.16. Mandriva Linux

, .
http://networkforpeople.blogspot.com/2007/10/40.html . , Teamviever (http://www.teamviewer.com/). , , 25 .

- . .
DynDNS / OpenVPN,
, .

23



. 1 (traffic),
, .
, , ,
, ... , , .
.
.
. ,
. BWMeter (http://
www.desksoft.com/BWMeter.htm).
,
, . ,
, .
- D-Link 500T
, , . , . , .

BWMeter
, :
;
IP- MAC-;

, .

492

VI.

/ ;
, ,

;

. ,
;

, , ;
;
MAC- IP- .
. , .
,
, .
.
. , , Excel.
, Excel,
.
.
.
, . , IP-, .
,
.
, .


, . . ,
, .
. 23.1 ,
,
. , , , , . ,
( Show BWMeter
tray icon), IP- (IP addresses of local network).

23.

493

. 23.1. BWMeter, Options

Filters (. 23.2).
, , .
( Stop traffic), . , MAC- , ,
(exclude) .
, .
Graphs
(. 23.3). , , , , .
, , .
Statistics (. 23.4) ,
.
Details (. 23.5) ,
. "" .
.
.

494

VI.

. 23.2. BWMeter, Filters

. 23.3. BWMeter, Graphs

23.

. 23.4. BWMeter, Statistics

. 23.5. BWMeter, Details

495

496

VI.

, , . .
, , . ,
. , ,
, .

BWMeter
http://www.grani.ru/Techno/m.77220.html.
,
.

. , Linux
FreeBSD, Windows-.
, .
. StarGazer,
http://stargazer.dp.ua/doc.php.
, , . , , , ,
. , ,
Windows Linux. .
,
.



,
.
, , Windows, Linux,
.
, ,
. ,
.
. , , ,
. ,
.



. , . , ,
, ,
. .
, . . .
, , . , .
,
.
, Windows Vista.

500

Windows
, , , ,
. ,
, ,
.
,
? , , .
.
. ,
, . ,

. ,
, , , .
, ,
.
, , ,
.
, ,
. Courier Robotics,
, Windows Vista
, .
Windows.
.
,
. , .
.
. 1.1.
( | | Windows) .
,
, | .
(. 1.2)
.
,
.
, (. 1.3),
| .

501

. 1.1. Windows

. 1.2.

. 1.3.

502

,
, .
, .
(. . 1.1). , (. 1.4).

. 1.4.

, ,
.
, . Windows, ,
.
, ,
. , ,
(. 1.5).
|
Windows ,
. , (. 1.6).
, , .

. 1.5. Windows

. 1.6.

503

504

Linux
Linux , ,
. , Linux . Linux,
, .
(. 1.7) ( Mandriva Linux, ) .

. 1.7.

efax , . efax-gtk.
,
efax-gtk. , (. 1.8).
Linux
PDF. .
,
, .
efax-gtk - , . , <F1>.
Mandriva Linux
( ).

505

. 1.8. efax-gtk

Windows
,
. ,
, .
, Windows Vista Windows
(. 1.9).
, , , .
, .
, .
,
. ,
, , . , " ".
, . ,
POP3. , .

506

. 1.9. Windows

, . ,

. , ,
.
, .
, .
,
(. 1.10). ,
,
.
(. 1.11).
. , Windows, , , ,
Windows Live Mail (. 1.12).

. 1.10. <_ _>

. 1.11. Windows

507

508

. 1.12. Windows Live Mail

, ,
.

Linux
Linux .
Linux Evolution .
Evolution
(. 1.13). , ,
Evolution, . . Evolution
, (. 1.14), .
. :
<Ctrl>+<1>
<Ctrl>+<2>
<Ctrl>+<3>
<Ctrl>+<4>
<Ctrl>+<5>

. 1.13. Evolution

. 1.14. Evolution

509

510

. 1.15. Evolution

| ,
Evolution.
(. 1.15).
. , , Mozilla Thunderbird,
http://www.mozilla-russia.org/products/
thunderbird.

,
Windows
Windows Vista, , Windows Live Mail. , , .
, Windows, Microsoft.

511

Windows Live Messenger


Windows Live Messenger (. 1.16)
Windows Live, Windows Live Mail.

. 1.16. Windows Live Messenger

. 1.17. Windows Live Messenger ( )

512

Windows Live Messenger


(. 1.17), , - ( ).
Windows Live . , Windows Live
http://ideas.live.com/.

Rambler-ICQ
Rambler-ICQ (. 1.18)
, Windows Live Messenger.
, Web , .
Windows Live Messenger, ICQ -.
http://www.rambler.ru/.
rambler.ru.
Windows Live
Messenger, ,
.

. 1.18. Rambler-ICQ

Skype
Skype (. 1.19) , . Skype , . SMS (Short-Message Service ),
. , , .
http://www.skype.com/intl/ru/helloagain.html.
, .
Web- .
..

. 1.19. Skype

513

. 1.20. QIP Infium

QIP Infium
, QIP Infium (. 1.20)
(http://qip.ru/ru/pages/qipinfium_beta_ru).
. ICQ, mail.ru, Jaber, VoIP- SIPNET (http://
www.sipnet.ru), ...
. . Skype, usb- . QIP Infium
-, .

Comilfon
, . Comilfon

514

(. 1.21) (http://www.comilfon.ru). . Skype,


.
www.comilfon.ru/ .

. 1.21. COMILFON

. 1.22. Telphin

Telphin
(. 1.22)
Telphin. Telphin COMILFON, http://www.telphin.ru/.
"" , ( ) , SIPNET.
, , -,
.

,
Linux
Windows,
, -

515

. , Linux .

Skype Linux
, Skype. . 1.23 , Linux.
,
Windows . Linux
,
Windows. Linux,

. Skype , .
Mandriva
Linux.

. 1.23. Skype Linux

Ekiga
Ekiga Linux , (. 1.24).
http://www.gnomemeeting.org.
Linux
, :
SIP (Session Initiation Protocol);
;
c-;
;
H.323v4;
: iLBC, GSM-06.10, MS-GSM, G.711-Alaw, G.711uLaw, G.726, G.721, Speex Audio Codecs;
;

516

;
- ;
;
;
;
;
KDE Gnome ;
;
.

. 1.24. Ekiga

. 1.25. Gaim

Gaim Pidgin
Gaim (. 1.25). Gaim
, AIM,
ICQ, Yahoo!, MSN, Jabber, IRC, Napster, Gadu-Gadu Zephyr. Gaim
,
.
AOL/Time Warner,
Gaim "Gaim".
Gaim Pidgin,
libgaim libpurple, gaim-text Finch.
http://www.pidgin.im/about.

517

Q_Chat
Q_Chat . Linux Windows.
http://www.kde-apps.org/content/show.php/QChat?
content=65066. , , , . ,
.
, (. 1.26).

. 1.26. Q_Chat

.
. , , .
Windows, Linux ,
. . , Windows, Linux
,
.


Windows
, .
, ,
, ,

518

. , . Web- .

, , . Web-
?
, ,
:
(, );
- , ;
;

(, ).
, .
Web- , , . Web . , .
ConquerCam ConquerWare .
http://www.theill.com/conquercam/ . 2004 , , , . ConquerCam
:
Web-;
;
FTP- -

( Web-);
-

.

.
Windows Media 9 Series,
Microsoft, .
http://www.microsoft.com/windows/windowsmedia/ru/9series/encoder/default.aspx.
,
, , .
Web- ( ) , .
on-line,
, Web- .

519

.
. ,
, .


-, , , .
, .
, , ,

. . , , , , .
. ,
.
. ,
.
, ,
, , Web.
, Web- (, ).
, , , . Web, - .
Web-,
.
Web. , .
, ,
.
, , .
,
, , .
Web- .
, ,

.

520

ConquerCam Windows Media 9 Series , .


,
.
, ( , , ) , , ( , ).
, , , , , .


Web- .
Windows.
, Web- ,
. ConquerCam . . ,
Internet Explorer.
Windows Media 9 Series. . . Web- ,
Windows Media Player. Media
Player 9 10.
Windows Media 9 Series Web-, wmv. Web-.
Web-
, .
Web- Microsoft FrontPage 2003. ,
Microsoft FrontPage 2003 , .
, Web :
1. Microsoft FrontPage 2003.
2.
.
3. , .

521

4. | | .
5. ,
.
6. , .
2 2.
.
7. .
8. | -, | ActiveX.
9. .
10. Windows Media Player . Windows Media Player,
.
11. (
)
ActiveX.
12. , , , ( 3333).
, . http://Localhost:3333,
.

, ,
Windows Media 9 Series, , . , ,
. , . ActiveX-. : http://192.168.1.50:9080/proba_video.htm, ActiveX http://192.168.1.50:3333.

.
13. , Proba_video.htm Web-.
14. , Windows Media Player
.
.
Windows Media 9 Series (,
, ). , Web- , ,
.

522

:
1. .
2. .
3. , .
Web- ,
. , , , .
4. .
5.
. , .
6. (3333).
, ,
.
ActiveX Web-
.
7. .
, .
,
.
,
.
8.
, ,
,
. , .
9. ,
.
.
10. , , . ,
.
. . , . , . , .
Web-, , , (. 1.27).

523

. 1.27.

, , , , ,
Windows Media 9 Series.
.
!
"". .
, . , .
, Windows.
. ,
, , -
. , , ,
,
, - . ...

524

VLC-
VideoLAN- (http://www.videolan.org) Windows,
Linux. , Linux
. VideoLAN
UDP Unicast, UDP Multicast
(MPEG-TS), HTTP, RTP/RTSP, MMS. , . VideoLAN- -
Windows Vista Mandriva Linux. . , . ,
, .


VLC .
. , . ,
.
VLC media player (. 1.28).

. 1.28. VLC media player

| , (. 1.29), | Shoutcast TV.


, .
.
/
(. 1.30).
Next.
/ (. 1.31).
, ,
Next.
/ (. 1.32), . RTP Unicast
. IP-

525

. RTP Multicast . , ,
. HTTP .
- IP- .

. 1.29.

, Next.
. - VLC media
player URL, UDP HTTP
IP- , 8080.
(. 1.33), VLC
(. 1.34).
,
Web-, , ,
(. 1.35). ,
. , , VLC.

526

. 1.30.
/

. 1.31.
/

527

. 1.32. /

. 1.33. ( Linux)

VLC . . 1.35.

528

. 1.34. VLC media player ( Linux)

. 1.35. VLC media player ( Linux)




?
.
? , . , , .
? . , .
Windows, ,
Microsoft, . http://www.avalon.ru/
ITCourses/Microsoft/.
, . ,
, http://www.ecolan.ru/standards.htm.
( ). :
EIA/TIA-568A Commercial Building Telecommunications Wiring Standard ();
ISO/IEC IS 11801 Information Technology Generic cabling for customer premises

cabling ();
CENELEC EN50173 Performance Requirements of Generic Cabling Schemes (-

).

http://www.daascom.com/computer/consultation/HardwareLAN.htm.

530

( ).
http://www.vashdom.ru/snip/30506-85/.

:
http://www.osp.ru/lan/2006/01/050.htm;
http://www.daascom.com/computer/consultation/lan_shielded.html.


?
.
. ,
,
, :
http://www.softportal.com/;
http://www.softforfree.com/;
http://www.freesoft.ru/;
http://soft.mail.ru/;
http://www.tucows.com/;
http://www.oszone.net/.

.
, .
, .
, ,
:
http://forum.ru-board.com/;
http://forum.oszone.net/;
http://www.bestfilez.net/.


, . , ,
:
http://www.teenclub.ru/index.php?e=193;
http://websearch.report.ru/;
http://www.kursy.ru/int_srch/index.htm;
http://second.kubok.yandex.ru/howfind.xhtml.

531

, .
, , , , . , 3 4
, , . , .
.



10BASE2
( )
IEEE 802.3 Ethernet .
10BASE5
( )
IEEE 802.3 Ethernet .
10BASE-FL
( 10 /)
IEEE 10BASE-F, Ethernet . FOIRL (Fiber Optic Inter Repeater
Link).
100BASE-FX
( 100 /)
Ethernet ,
100 /.
100BASE-T
(Fast Ethernet)
100 /, Ethernet/CD " ".
10BASE-T
( 10 /)
IEEE 802.3 Ethernet " " (UTP).
Active Directory
"Active Directory" , , -

533

, . Active Directory DNS,


NetBIOS . Windows XP NetBIOS (
). Active Directory , Active Directory. .
Active Directory 4.
Auto-sensing 10/100 Mbps
10/100 /.
, ( ).
.
AUI
AUI (Access Unit Interface) ; . N- , .
BNS

.
Bridge
()
, .
() OSI.
Bridge/Router
(/)
, , .
Broadcast
( )
.
Broadcast Domain
( )

534

, .
, , .
Broadcast Storm
("" )
,
-.
DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol)
. , .
DNS (Domain Name System)
, , SERV.FIRMA.RU.

, ,
, , . ,
DNS-, , , FTP
telnet.
,
. DNS IP- . DNS RFC 1034 1035. DNS , IP.
DOS ODI DOS NDIS
, , Novell NetWare, Microsoft 95/98, Microsoft Windows for Workgroups, Microsoft LAN Manager,
Banyan VINES, Artisoft LANtasic, IBM LAN Server, HP LAN Manager .
Ethernet
. , . 802.10T , 802.11b ,
.
Fast Ethernet
, 10 100 /.
FTP (File Transfer Ptotocol)
. .

535

Hub
. .
HTML (Hypertext Markup Language)
.
. HTML- ,
HTML-.
Interface
, .
( RS-232C), .

ISDN (Integrated Service Digital Network)


, .
LAN (Local Area Network)
() .
.
LINKLOCAL
,
.
MAC-
. ,
.
NetBEUI (NETBIOS Enhanced User Interface)
NetBIOS (Network Basic Input/Output System)
NetBEUI , NetBIOS,
. NetBEUI , NetBIOS, . - .
Proxy Server
Proxy Server ,
( Internet Explorer) . , ,

. Proxy Server -

536

(). , - (), - Proxy Server


, , .
Proxy- , IP IP-.
Telnet
Telnet . 1969
ARPANET. Telecommunications
Network Protocol .
RFC 854. , , , , . . .
, .
Windows , | .
TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol)
. 3.
Throughput
(, )
( ) . .
UTP (Unshielded Twisted Pair)
( )
,
.
Virtual LAN
(VLAN) ,
.
() . ,
,
. , .
WAN (Wide Area Network)
(- )
, , .

537

WINS (Windows Internet Name Service)


,
(NetBIOS) IP. NetBIOS TCP/IP,
WINS IP-.
Wi-Fi WiFi (Wireless Fidelity)
. .

, . Intel. Intel PRO/Wireless 2011 LAN Access Point , ()
. Intel PRO/Wireless
2011 LAN PC Card .
Wi-Fi.
, . , ,

.
http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/wi-fi
.


. 0,51
0,64 . , , , .
1 100 , . - .
: , , , , .
. ,
, .
, , , . ( ). :
- (4 2 0,52 ), (1002
2002) ( ). , , . .

538

(Driver)

, , , .

. Interface.
(switch)
, ,
. (hub), , . . , ,
( 3040 ) . ,
, .

,
. co axis .
. .
"" . 180
.

,
. , . , ,
, .
, , .
, , , . , , , .
. . 100 .
,
.

539

, 2000 . .
4
24 .
Windows,

, .
,
. , , . , . . .
, , .

, .
" "
RJ-45.
(, hub)
, "" . ,
, . . 4 32.
()
, , , . ,
.
. .

"/". () , , , . (
) , ().

, , ,
, .

540

, . IP IP-, IPX- Ethernet-.

, , ""
. (COM , LPT , .), , , . , 80 (HTML), 21 (FTP) .
,
,
.

.
: NetBEUI ( NetBIOS), IPX/SPX, TCP/IP. NetBEUI , ,
.
IPX/SPX Netware, Netware.
Ethernet ( ). IPX- ,
.
TCP/IP / , . , UNIX, / , , .
" "
, .
share . " "
, .

, "" .
, , . ,
, : , , .

,
.
,

541

. , , : Novell Netware 3.x, 4.x, 5.x, Windows NT/2000 Server, UNIX (Linux,
FreeBSD) .
,

- .

, , .

( ),
. , . , : 3com,
Intel, DEC, AMD, Cabletron .,
NE2000. ISA-16 PCI-,
BNC / UTP (TP), AUI.
1E:34:00:00:FF:12,
Ethernet- MAC-.
,
.

50 "
".
, .

. .


Web-
Web- ,
MS Word. HTML-
, , . Web-
, . Web-,
. MS Word,
htm html.
Front Page Express. Web- , .
, , .

Web-
HTML- (,
HTML):
<html> , HTML-;
<head> , ;
<title> , ;
<body> , .

:
<html>
<head>
<title>

</title>
</head>

543

<body>
,
</body>
</html>

Web-
HTML-
:
Headings HTML 6 , <h1> <h6>.
<h1> ,
. ;
Paragraph <p> .

:
<html>
<head><title>

</title></head>
<body>
<h1> </hl>
<p> .
<p> .
</body>
</html>


, <p> </p>.

, ,
.
<h1 align=center> </h1>
<p align=center> <b></b> .
<p> <i></i> .


HTML- ,
.
:
&lt; <;
&gt; >;

544

&amp; &;
&copy; ;
&nbsp; .

, .
, . , , Windows,
| .
ASCII- &#169 ( ).

, .
<a href=" ">, </a>
<a href="http://www.firma.domen">, </a>
<a href="# ">, </a>

, :
<a name=" ">
" "

, .

Web-
. GIF, PNG JPEG.
<img>.
JPEG
:
<img scr=" .jpg">

. , .
, .
,
:
<img scr=" .jpg" align=top>
<img scr=" .jpg" align=center>

:
<img scr=" .jpg" height=90 width=160>

545


HTML- .
, Web-, :
aqua ;

lime -;

gray ;

olive ;

navy (-);

teal -;

silver ;

purple ;

blue ;

red ;

green ;

yellow ;

maroon ;

fuchsia .

:
<font color=blue> </font>

:
<body bgcolor=black text=aqua>

.
<tr></tr>, ,
<table></table>. :
height= "" ;
bgcolor="" ;
background=" " .

.
<td></td>. , ,
width.
:
<table border="1">
<tr>
<td>1</td>
</tr>
</table>

. :
<table width="75%" border="1" bgcolor="#FFFF00">
<tr>
<td width="33%"> 1</td>
<td bgcolor="#0000FF" width="33%">
<table width="100%" border="1" bgcolor="#FFFFFF">
<tr>

546

<td height="14"> </td>


</tr>
<tr>
<td> </td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td> </td>
</tr>
</table>
</td>
<td width="33%" bgcolor="#FF0000"> 3</td>
</tr>
</table>

. Web- .
. , .
,
, width <table>, , . .
, (, ).
(<tr height="30">, )
"" .
, ( cellspacing <table>). ,
, ,
,
.
<th></th>. . <table>,
. . .
,
.
,
Web-. HTML
http://www.citforum.ru/internet/html/index.shtml.

?
(directory) ,
- . , ( -

547

) . .

, , , ,
, -, , .
,
.
"" (directory) " " (directory service)
, .
,
, ,
.

?
.
, .

, ,
. , :
" 26".
.
:
,
;
;
() ,
;
,
.
, . . ,
,
.

Active Directory
Active Directory , Windows 2000 Server.
Windows-,
. Active Directory
, , . ,
,

548

. Active Directory ,
;
.


, Active Directory,
, . ,
. Active Directory,
.


Active Directory .
(, , ),
.
.
, , Active Directory
, .


Active Directory, , , ,
. , .
,
. , , . Windows
,
.
Active Directory ,
.

, ,
, , .
, .
, .

,
. , , -

549

"" . , . ( ) .
.
.
. , .

Active Directory. Active


Directory .


Active Directory (Distinguished Name,
DN). , ,
, . (DN)
/O=Internet/DC=COM/DC=Microsoft/CN=Users/CN=James Smith

"" "James Smith", Microsoft.com.


(Relative Distinguished Name, RDN)
, .
RDN- "James Smith" (CN)
CN=James Smith. RDN- CN=Users.


Active Directory
. .
.
Active Directory
:
;
( );
(, -

).

550

,
Windows NT Windows 2000.
( Windows.) Active Directory
. . .
.
, , .
.


() ,

. . Active
Directory , .
: ,
.


, , .
Windows 2000 Kerberos. , , :
, .


. , , . , . , ,
, .

, .

551

, . , ,
Kerberos. ,
- .
Kerberos, .
Kerberos , :
, ,
.

, Active
Directory. , TCP/IP . "" (, 10 / ).
Active Directory . ,
Active Directory Active Directory, . , , ,
, .
, . . , TCP/IP ,
Active Directory.
Windows 2000 Server, Active Directory. , Windows,
Active Directory. , - Active Directory. .

. , , Active
Directory,
(, ), Active Directory
. , ,
, ,
, .
, ( ).

552


Ethernet
10BASE-T ( )

300 100 . 100- RJ-45 Telco RJ-21.


100BASE TX ( )

300 100 . RJ-45.


100- .
100BASE-FX ( )

100BASE-FX 1320 400 ( 62,5/125 ). SC.


10BASE-5 ( , -

)
1650 500 . 100 . 7,7 2,5 . (DTE)
9900 3000 . 50- N-.
10BASE-2 ( )

613,5 185 . 30
. 1,55 0,5 .

(DTE) 4620 1400 . 50- BNC.
10BASE-FL ( )

10BASE-FL 6600
2000 62,5 125 .
(DTE) 13 200 4000 .


Linux
Linux . 5.1
, . ,
h.
5.1. Linux

Arch

(1)

uname m

(2)

uname r

dmidecode q


(SMBIOS/DMI)

hdparm -i /dev/hda

hdparm -tT /dev/sda

cat /proc/cpuinfo

cat /proc/interrupts

cat /proc/meminfo

10

cat /proc/swaps

swap-()

11

cat /proc/version

12

cat /proc/net/dev

13

cat /proc/mounts

14

lspci -tv

PCI

15

lsusb -tv

USB

16

date

17

Cal 2008

2008

554

5.1 ()

18

date 081219302008.15

19

clock w

<.>

BIOS

, ,

20

shutdown -h now

(1)

21

shutdown -h hours:minutes &


( )

22

shutdown -c

23

shutdown -r now

(1)

23

reboot

(2)

25

logout

26

cd /home

/home

27

cd ..

28

cd ../..

29

cd

30

cd ~user1

31

cd -

32

pwd

33

ls

34

ls -F

35

ls -l


( , , , )

36

ls -a

37

ls *[0-9]*

38

mkdir dir1

"dir1"

39

mkdir dir1 dir2

40

mkdir -p /tmp/dir1/dir2

41

rm -f file1

"file1"

42

rmdir dir1

"dir1"

43

rm -rf dir1

"dir1"

Linux

555
5.1 ()

44

rm -rf dir1 dir2

"dir1" "dir2"

45

mv dir1 new_dir

46

cp file1 file2

47

cp dir/* .

48

cp -a /tmp/dir1 .

49

cp -a dir1 dir2

50

ln -s file1 lnk1

51

ln file1 lnk1

52

touch -t 0712250000 file1

53

file file1

54

iconv -l

55

iconv -f fromEncoding -t toEncoding


inputFile > outputFile

"inputFile"
fromEncoding toEncoding,
"outputFile"

56

find . -maxdepth 1 -name *.jpg -print


-exec convert "{}" -resize 80x60
"thumbs/{}" \;


() thumbs ( Imagemagick)

<YYMMDDhhmm>

57

find / -name file1

58

find / -user user1

,
"user1"

59

find /home/user1 -name \*.bin

bin
/home/user1

60

find /usr/bin -type f -atime +100

,
100

61

find /usr/bin -type f -mtime -10

,
10

62

find / -name \*.rpm -exec chmod 755 '{}'


\;

rpm

63

find / -xdev -name \*.rpm

rpm
.

556

5.1 ()

64

locate \*.ps

ps (
updatedb)

65

whereis halt

, , "halt"

66

which halt

"halt"

67

mount /dev/hda2 /mnt/hda2

hda2
/mnt/hda2

68

umount /dev/hda2

hda2.
mnt/hda2

69

fuser -km /mnt/hda2

70

umount -n /mnt/hda2

umount
/etc/mtab. ,

71

mount /dev/fd0 /mnt/floppy

72

mount /dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom

CD DVD

73

mount /dev/hdc /mnt/cdrecorder

CD-R/CD-RW
DVD-R/DVD-RW( )

74

mount -o loop file.iso /mnt/cdrom

ISO-

75

mount -t vfat /dev/hda5 /mnt/hda5

FAT32

76

mount /dev/sda1 /mnt/usbdisk

USB -

77

mount -t smbfs -o
username=user,password=pass
//WinClient/share /mnt/share

Windows

78

mount -o bind /home/user/prg


/var/ftp/user

(binding).
2.4.0. , ,
FTP.

/home/user/prg /var/ftp/user

79

df -h

80

ls -lSr | more

81

du -sh dir1

, "dir1"

82

du -sk * | sort -rn

Linux

557
5.1 ()

83

rpm -q -a --qf '%10{SIZE}t%{NAME}n' |


sort -k1,1n

,
RPM-,
( Fedora, RedHat
)

84

dpkg-query -W -f='${InstalledSize;10}t${Package}n' | sort -k1,1n

, DEB-,

( Ubuntu, Debian )

85

groupadd group_name

86

groupdel group_name

87

groupmod -n new_group_name old_group_name

88

useradd -c "Name Surname " -g admin -d


/home/user1 -s /bin/bash user1

, admin

89

useradd user1

90

userdel -r user1

(-r
)

91

usermod -c "User FTP" -g system -d


/ftp/user1 -s /bin/nologin user1

92

gpasswd a (-d)userid group-name

() .
.

93

passwd

94

passwd user1

(
)

95

chage -E 2005-12-31 user1


"user1"

96

pwck


/etc/passwd,

97

grpck


/etc/group,

98

newgrp group_name

99

ls -lh

100

ls /tmp | pr -T5 -W$COLUMNS

101

chmod ugo+rwx directory1

chmod 777 directory1

(r),
(w), (x)
(u), (g) (o)

558

5.1 ()

102

chmod go-rwx directory1

(r),
(w), (x) (g) (o)

103

chown user1 file1


"user1"

104

chown -R user1 directory1


, , "user1"

105

chgrp group1 file1

106

chown user1:group1 file1

107

find / -perm -u+s

SUID

108

chmod u+s /bin/file1

SUID ,

109

chmod u-s /bin/file1

SUID

110

chmod g+s /home/public

SGID ( )

111

chmod g-s /home/public

SGID

112

chmod o+t /home/public

STIKY

113

chmod o-t /home/public

STIKY

114

chattr +a file1

115

chattr +c file1

116

chattr +d file1

dump
backup

117

chattr +i file1

,
,
( )

118

chattr +S file1

,
, sync

119

chattr +s file1

, ,
,
,

Linux

559
5.1 ()

120

chattr +u file1

121

lsattr

122

bunzip2 file1.bz2

"file1.bz2"

123

bzip2 file1

"file1"

124

gunzip file1.gz

"file1.gz"

125

gzip file1

"file1"

126

gzip -9 file1

127

rar a file1.rar test_file

rar- "file1.rar"

128

rar a file1.rar file1 file2 dir1

"file1", "file2" "dir1"

129

rar x file1.rar

rar

130

unrar x file1.rar

rar

131

tar -cvf archive.tar file1

tarball

132

tar -cvf archive.tar file1 file2 dir1

, "file1", "file2" "dir1"

133

tar -tf archive.tar

134

tar -xvf archive.tar

tarball

135

tar -xvf archive.tar -C /tmp

tarball /tmp

136

tar -cvfj archive.tar.bz2 dir1

tarball, bzip2

137

tar -xvfj archive.tar.bz2

tar, bzip2

138

tar -cvfz archive.tar.gz dir1

tarball, gzip

139

tar -xvfz archive.tar.gz

tar gzip

140

zip file1.zip file1

, zip

141

zip -r file1.zip file1 file2 dir1

zip

142

unzip file1.zip

zip

RPM- ( )

143

rpm -ivh package.rpm

rpm

144

rpm -ivh --nodeeps package.rpm

rpm,

145

rpm -U package.rpm

rpm,

146

rpm -F package.rpm

rpm,

147

rpm -e package_name.rpm

rpm

560

5.1 ()
RPM- ( )

148

rpm -qa

rpm,

149

rpm -qa | grep httpd

rpm httpd

150

rpm -qi package_name

151

rpm -qg "System Environment/Daemons"

rpm

152

rpm -ql package_name

, rpm

153

rpm -qc package_name

, rpm

154

rpm -q package_name --whatrequires

,
rpm

155

rpm -q package_name --whatprovides

rpm

156

rpm -q package_name --scripts

, /

157

rpm -q package_name --changelog

158

rpm -qf /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf

, rpm

159

rpm -qp package.rpm

,
rpm,

160

rpm --import /media/cdrom/RPM-GPG-KEY

161

rpm --checksig package.rpm

rpm

162

rpm -qa gpg-pubkey


rpm

163

rpm -V package_name

, , ,
, , MD5

164

rpm -Va

rpm,
.

165

rpm -Vp package.rpm

rpm,

166

rpm2cpio package.rpm | cpio --extract


--make-directories *bin*

rpm

167

rpm -ivh
/usr/src/redhat/RPMS/`arch`/package.rpm

,
rpm

168

Rpmbuild --rebuild package_name.src.rpm

rpm rpm

-l

YUM- ( )

169

yum install package_name

Linux

561
5.1 ()

YUM- ( )

170

yum localinstall package_name.rpm

171

yum update package_name.rpm

172

yum update package_name

173

yum remove package_name

174

yum list

175

yum search package_name

rpm

176

yum clean packages


rpm

177

yum clean headers

178

yum clean all

DEB- ( )

179

dpkg -i package.deb

/ deb-

180

dpkg -r package_name

deb-

181

dpkg -l

deb-,

182

dpkg -l | grep httpd

deb- "httpd"

183

dpkg -s package_name

184

dpkg -L package_name

, ,

185

dpkg --contents package.deb

, ; ,

186

dpkg -S /bin/ping

187

apt-get install package_name

188

apt-cdrom install package_name

/ CD-ROM

189

apt-get update

190

apt-get upgrade

191

apt-get remove package_name

192

apt-get check

193

apt-get clean

562

5.1 ()
DEB- ( )

194

apt-cache search searched-package

,
"searched-packages"

195

cat file1


( )

196

tac file1


(
)

197

cat file1 | command( sed, grep, awk,


grep, etc...) > result.txt

198

cat file1 | command( sed, grep, awk,


grep, etc...) >> result.txt

199

more file1

"file1"

200

less file1

"file1"
,
(-), . .

201

head -2 file1

"file1"
.

202

tail -2 file1

"file1"
.

203

tail -f /var/log/messages

"/var/log/messages"

204

grep Aug /var/log/messages

"Aug" "/var/log/messages"

205

grep ^Aug /var/log/messages

, "Aug" "/var/log/messages"

206

grep [0-9] /var/log/messages

"/var/log/messages" ,

207

grep Aug -R /var/log/*

"Aug" "/var/log"

208

sed 's/stringa1/stringa2/g' example.txt

"string1" "string2"
"example.txt"

209

sed '/^$/d' example.txt


"example.txt"

210

sed '/ *#/d; /^$/d' example.txt


"example.txt"

211

echo 'esempio' | tr '[:lower:]'


'[:upper:]'

Linux

563
5.1 ()

212

sed -e '1d' example.txt

"example.txt"

213

sed -n '/string1/p'

,
"string1"

214

sed -e 's/ *$//' example.txt

215

sed -e 's/stringa1//g' example.txt

"string1",

216

sed -n '1,5p;5q' example.txt

1- 5-

217

sed -n '5p;5q' example.txt

218

sed -e 's/00*/0/g' example.txt

219

cat -n file1

220

cat example.txt | awk 'NR%2==1'

221

echo a b c | awk '{print $1}'

. , / /

222

echo a b c | awk '{print $1,$3}'

.
, / /

223

paste file1 file2

"file1" "file2"
: 1 file1 = 1
(1 n), 1 file2 = 1
(n + 1 m)

224

paste

"file1" "file2"
"+"

225

sort file1 file2

226

sort file1 file2 | uniq

227

sort file1 file2 | uniq -u

,
(,
,
)

228

sort file1 file2 | uniq -d

229

comm -1 file1 file2

, , "file1"

230

comm -2 file1 file2

, , "file2"

231

comm -3 file1 file2

,
,

-d

'+' file1 file2

564

5.1 ()

232

dos2unix filedos.txt fileunix.txt


MS-DOS UNIX (
)

233

unix2dos fileunix.txt filedos.txt


UNIX MS-DOS (
)

234

recode ..HTML < page.txt > page.html


"page.txt" HTML- "page.html"

235

recode -l | more iconv -l | more

(LAN WiFi)

236

ifconfig eth0


"eth0"

237

ifup eth0

() "eth0"

238

ifdown eth0

() "eth0"

239

ifconfig eth0 192.168.1.1 netmask


255.255.255.0

"eth0" IP-

240

ifconfig eth0 promisc

"eth0" promiscuous "" (sniffing)

241

ifconfig eth0 -promisc

promiscuous-
"eth0"

242

dhclient eth0

"eth0" DHCP-

243

route -n

244

netstat -rn

245

route add -net 0/0 gw IP_Gateway

IP- (default
gateway)

246

route add -net 192.168.0.0 netmask


255.255.0.0 gw 192.168.1.1


192.168.0.0/16 IP-
192.168.1.1

247

route del 0/0 gw IP_gateway

IP- (default
gateway)

248

echo "1" > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_forward

(forwarding)

249

hostname

250

host www.example.com

IP- (1)

251

nslookup www.example.com

IP- (2)

252

ip link show

253

mii-tool eth0

"eth0"

254

ethtool eth0

eth0 ,

Linux

565
5.1 ()

(LAN WiFi)

255

netstat -tup

TCP UDP IP- PID' ,


256

netstat -tupl

TCP UDP
IP- PID' ,

257

tcpdump tcp port 80

TCP- 80 ( HTTP)

258

iwlist scan

259

iwconfig eth1


"eth1"

260

whois www.example.com

Whois

Microsoft (SAMBA)

261

nbtscan ip_addr

IP- NETBIOS-

262

nmblookup -A ip_addr

IP- NETBIOS-

263

smbclient -L ip_addr/hostname

Windows-

264

smbget -Rr smb://ip_addr/share

Windows-
smb

265

mount -t smbfs (cifs) -o


username=user,password=pass
//WinClient/share /mnt/share

Windows

IPTABLES (firewall)

266

iptables -t filter -L

filter-

267

iptables -t nat -L

NAT-

268

iptables -t filter -F

filter-

269

iptables -t nat -F

NAT-

270

iptables -t filter -X

271

iptables -t filter -A INPUT -p tcp


--dport telnet -j ACCEPT

Telnet

272

iptables -t filter -A OUTPUT -p tcp


--dport http -j DROP

HTTP-

273

iptables -t filter -A FORWARD -p tcp


--dport pop3 -j ACCEPT

"" (forward) POP3

274

iptables -t filter -A INPUT -j LOG


--log-prefix "DROP INPUT"

, INPUT,
"DROP INPUT"

566

5.1 ()
IPTABLES (firewall)

275

iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -o eth0 -j


MASQUERADE

NAT (Network Address Translate) eth0.



IP-

276

iptables -t nat -A PREROUTING -d


192.168.0.1 -p tcp -m tcp --dport 22 -j
DNAT --to-destination 10.0.0.2:22

277

# modprobe iptable_nat # iptables -t nat


-A POSTROUTING -o eth2 -j MASQUARADE #
/proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_forward

NAT (Network Address Translate) "eth2"


(CentOS)

Novell Netware

278

# ipx_configure --auto_interface=on
auto_primary=on
# ipx_interface add
-p eth0 802.2I 777

IPX (
etc/init.d/rc (SUSE11))

279

badblocks

280

fsck

281

fsck.ext2

282

e2fsck

283

e2fsck -j /dev/hda1

/
ext3 hda1 ,

284

fsck.ext3

/dev/hda1

/
ext3 hda1

285

fsck.vfat

/dev/hda1

/
FAT hda1

286

fsck.msdos

287

dosfsck

-v

/dev/hda1

/dev/hda1
/dev/hda1

/dev/hda1

/dev/hda1

/dev/hda1

hda1 bad-
/ Linux hda1
/
ext2 hda1
/
ext3 hda1

/
FAT hda1
/
FAT hda1

288

mkfs /dev/hda1

Linux-
hda1

289

mke2fs /dev/hda1

ext2 hda1

290

mke2fs -j /dev/hda1


ext3 hda1

Linux

567
5.1 ()

291

mkfs -t vfat 32 -F /dev/hda1

FAT32
hda1

292

fdformat

293

mkswap /dev/hda3

swap- hda3

294

swapon /dev/hda3

swap-, hda3

295

swapon /dev/hda2 /dev/hdb3

swap-, hda2 hdb3

-n /dev/fd0

296

dump -0aj -f /tmp/home0.bak /home


/home /tmp/home0.bak

297

dump -1aj -f /tmp/home0.bak /home


/home /tmp/home0.bak

298

restore -if /tmp/home0.bak


/tmp/home0.bak

299

rsync -rogpav --delete /home /tmp

/home /tmp

300

rsync -rogpav -e ssh --delete /home


ip_address:/tmp

SSH-

301

rsync -az -e ssh --delete


ip_addr:/home/public /home/local

ssh

302

rsync -az -e ssh --delete /home/local


ip_addr:/home/public


ssh

303

dd bs=1M if=/dev/hda | gzip | ssh


user@ip_addr 'dd of=hda.gz'


ssh

304

dd if=/dev/sda of=/tmp/file1

305

tar -Puf backup.tar /home/user


/home/user backup.tar

306

( cd /tmp/local/ && tar c . ) | ssh -C


user@ip_addr 'cd /home/share/ && tar x
-p'

/tmp/local ssh- /home/share/

307

( tar c /home ) | ssh -C user@ip_addr 'cd


/home/backup-home && tar x -p'

/home
ssh- /home/backuphome

308

tar cf - . | (cd /tmp/backup ; tar xf - )

309

find /home/user1 -name '*.txt' | xargs cp


-av --target-directory=/home/backup/
--parents

/home/user1 txt

310

find /var/log -name '*.log' | tar cv


--files-from=- | bzip2 > log.tar.bz2

/var/log log
bzip-

568

5.1 ()

311

dd if=/dev/hda of=/dev/fd0 bs=512 count=1

MBR
(Master Boot Record) /dev/hda

312

dd if=/dev/fd0 of=/dev/hda bs=512 count=1

MBR
,

CD-ROM, DVD-ROM

313

cdrecord -v gracetime=2 dev=/dev/cdrom


-eject blank=fast -force

CD-ROM

314

mkisofs /dev/cdrom > cd.iso

ISO- "cd.iso"

315

mkisofs /dev/cdrom | gzip > cd_iso.gz

ISO-
"cd_iso.gz"

316

mkisofs -J -allow-leading-dots -R -V
"Label CD" -iso-level 4 -o ./cd.iso
data_cd

ISO-

317

cdrecord -v dev=/dev/cdrom cd.iso

ISO-

318

gzip -dc cd_iso.gz | cdrecord


dev=/dev/cdrom -

ISO-

319

mount -o loop cd.iso /mnt/iso

ISO-

320

cd-paranoia -B

WAV-

321

cd-paranoia -- "-3"


WAV-

322

cdrecord --scanbus

CD-
SCSI

323

dd if=/dev/hdc | md5sum

md5sum

324

top

, ( )

325

ps -eafw

, ()

326

ps -e -o pid,args --forest

PID'

327

Pstree

328

kill -9 98989

PID 98989

329

kill -KILL 98989

PID 98989

330

kill -TERM 98989

PID 98989

331

kill -1 98989

PID 98989

Linux

569
5.1 ()

332

kill -HUP 98989

PID 98989

333

pstree

334

lsof -p $$

335

lsof /home/user1


/home/user1

336

strace -c ls >/dev/null

,
ls

337

strace -f -e open ls >/dev/null

338

watch -n1 'cat /proc/interrupts'

339

last reboot

340

last user1


"user1"

341

lsmod

342

free -m

343

smartctl -A /dev/hda

/dev/hda
SMART

344

smartctl -i /dev/hda

SMART /dev/hda

345

tail /var/log/dmesg

346

tail /var/log/messages

347

apropos ...keyword

,
. ,
, ,

348

man ping

,
ping

349

whatis ...keyword

350

mkbootdisk --device /dev/fd0 'uname r'

351

gpg -c file1

"file1" GNU Privacy


Guard

352

gpg file1.gpg

"file1" GNU Privacy


Guard

353

wget -r www.example.com


www.example.com

570

5.1 ()

354

wget -c www.example.com/file.iso

355

echo 'wget -c www.example.com/files.iso'


| at 09:00

356

ldd /usr/bin/ssh

,
ssh

357

alias hh='history'

() hh-
history

358

chsh

( shell)

359

chsh --list-shells

360

who -a

,
.

361

startx

(xserver)

362

Pidof <_>

(PID)

#
100BASE TX 552
100BASE-FX 532, 552
100BASE-T 532
10BASE2 532
10BASE-2 552
10BASE5 532
10BASE-5 552
10BASE-FL 532, 552
10BASE-T 532, 552
802.11b 59, 60
802.11g 59, 60, 63

Broadcast Storm 534


Browser Appliance 308, 310, 311
BWMeter 491

C
Comilfon 513
ConquerCam 518, 520
Courier Mail Server 402, 404
CourierMS 469
CSMA/CD 19

D
A
Acronis True Image 220
Active Directory 211, 428434, 438, 441,
443446, 448, 532
Active Directory (AD) 212, 336, 376, 427, 547
444
428
ADSL 41, 397
ADSL- 41, 62, 98, 104, 360
AES 60
Analogx Simple Server 357
AUI 533
Auto-sensing 10/100 Mbps 533

B
Backup 225
Bluetooth 70
BNS 533
Bridge 533
Bridge/Router 533
Broadcast 533
Broadcast Domain 533

DES 60
DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol)
96, 359, 534
DHCP- 359, 360, 362, 364367, 370,
376, 380, 381
Directory 546
Directory service 547
DMZ 110
DNS 41, 47, 93, 534
dnsmgmt 378, 379
DNS- 102, 105, 106, 118, 360, 361, 363,
375377, 379381, 431
DOS 16, 18
DOS NDIS 534
DOS ODI 534
Driver 538
DynDNS Apdater 482

E
Ekiga 515
Ethernet 18, 19, 42, 44, 47, 534
Ethernet- 541

572

Evolution 508510
ext3 210

F
Fast Ethernet 534
FAT12 288
FAT16 288
FAT32 210, 288, 429
File Transfer Protocol (FTP) Service 346, 534
Firestarter 128, 140
Firewall 130
FOIRL 532

G
Gaim 516

H
Hamachi 167
HTA 456
HTML 535
HTML- 542
Hub 535, 539

I
ICMP 166
ICQ 512, 513, 516
IDS 61
IKE 61
Interface 535
Internet Information Services (IIS) 346, 353
IPv4 19
IPv6 19
IPX/SPX 540
IP- 19, 3033, 47, 77, 99, 101, 102, 104
106, 117
477
482
IP- 402, 408, 409, 421
ISDN 535

L
LAN 535
LINKLOCAL 95, 96, 535
Linux 4244, 49, 51, 5357, 8992,
210214, 487490
289

Linux Mint 70
LMHOSTS 373, 375
LogMeIn 486, 487
LogMeIn Hamachi 167
LPT- 16

M
MAC 535
MAC- 535, 541
Media- 382
Mirrored Arrays 336

N
NAT 170
NDIS 535
NeoRouter 169
NeoRouter Configuration Explorer 170
NetBEUI 535, 540
NetBIOS 375, 535
NetBIOS- 370, 375
NetBIOS- 429
NTFS 210, 287290
429
NTFS5 252, 287

O
OpenVPN 164166
165
165
Oracle VirtualBox 325
Organizational Unit (OU) 438

P
Partition Magic 253
PCMCI- 15
Pidgin 516
POP3 402, 403
POP3- 402, 403, 412
POP3- 397, 402, 404, 409, 412, 419, 421
PowerChute Pluss 237
PrimalScript 453
Proxy Server 535

Q
Q_Chat 517
QIP Infium 513

R
RAID 336
Rambler-ICQ 512
Rasdial 119, 120
RDN 549
Remote Storage 225
Rootkit 139

S
SIP 515
SIPNET 513, 514
Skype 512
Linux 515
Windows 512
SMS 512
SMTP 402, 403, 409, 410, 421, 422
SMTP- 402, 411
SMTP- 420
SMTP- 397, 402, 404, 405, 407, 409, 411,
412, 418422
SPI 61
Splitter 161
StarGazer 496
SUN VirtualBox 325
Switch 27, 538
System Restore 225

T
TCP/IP 19, 95, 96, 532, 536, 540
79
Teamviever 490
Telnet 188, 536
Telphin 514
Throughput 536
TKIP 60

U
URL 61
USB 59, 61, 63, 66, 67
UTP 536

573

V
VideoLAN 524
Virtual Appliances 308
Virtual Server Migration Toolkit (VSMT) 295
VLC Media Player 386, 524
VMware Player 294, 302, 303, 306, 307, 309, 310
VMware Server 302, 307, 309311, 313
VMware Server Console 316, 319323
VMware Workstation 29
VPN 60, 164166
VRDP 327

W
WAN 536
WebHop 482
Web- 398
Web- 384, 518, 521
Web- 353, 376, 377
353
Web- 358, 542
383
WEP (Wireless Encryption Protocol) 60
Wi-Fi 58, 59, 537
Windows 27
Windows 2000 Server 353
Windows 7 27
Windows Live Mail 506
Windows Live Messenger 511, 512
Windows Media 9 Series 382, 383, 518
Windows Vista 27, 36, 37, 48, 49, 51, 55, 57
Windows XP 27, 29, 30, 33, 35, 210
WINIPCFG 96
WINS 537
WINS- 370
Wireless 6769

X
XML 211

Z
ZeRAT 469, 470

574


IP- 96
541
541
59
220

236
537
59
D-Link DWL-G122 USB 59, 63
35, 130
Windows 131
Windows Comodo 137

536
:
Oracle VirtualBox 325
SUN VirtualBox 325
29, 309, 310, 312,
316, 323, 324, 333
149, 537
446, 447
187
187

110
549
550
80, 550
376
533
89
86, 538

211

336

81
Linux 81
21
538
() 236,
239241, 260

19
15
546
Microsoft 38, 40
538
Windows Media 9 Series 520
:
hostname 184
ipconfig 184
nbtstat 184
netstat 183, 184
netsh diag connect iphost 473
pathping 185
ping 35, 36, 184
put 352
Rasdial 119
route 180, 184
runas 447
shutdown 476
tracert 183, 185
xcopy 452
27, 36, 538
110
78
539
RJ-45 26
263
548
:
82, 427, 428
79
538, 539

550
() 18
435
Windows 38

60, 63, 64, 66, 99, 104, 106,


110, 539
DI-824VUP+ 60, 61
175
180
20, 21
21
:
377
77
361363
58, 98, 104, 106, 110114, 120, 126,
128, 539
D-Link DFM-562E 58, 59
58
125
211
533
/ 533

549
536
- 16

:
48, 49, 51, 52, 91, 92
86
548
539
78
():
Windows 98 17
284
247
541
250
438
549

540
19
435
435, 436

575

36
27
119
479
263
435
435
540
540
540
:
ZeRAT 469, 470
402
394, 402
CourierMS 469, 470
Windows Server 2003 469
86
- 66
:
Acronis True Image 220
AnVir Task Manager 145
Avast! 143
Backup 225
Clam AntiVirus 143
Comodo Firewall Pro 137
Firestarter 128
Hamachi 167
HiperTerminal 159
Lap2Desk 16, 17
NeoRouter 169
NeoRouter Configuration Explorer 170
OpenVPN 163, 164
Remote Storage 225
ServerOK 160
System Restore 225
VMware Workstation 29
536
536
548
540
NetBEUI 79
39
4 40
441, 443

80, 82
80
284
26

576

21
364, 365
220
429
139

540
96, 247, 539, 540
DHCP 359
DNS 375
media 382
Web 353
WINS 370
465
337
394
541
335
402
541
541
30, 38
:
541
541
175
89
443
:
537
536
538
539
451
547
:
Linux 210
MS-DOS 198
437
161
499

:
374
373
451, 453, 456, 460

58
491

149, 551
549
Firestarter 140
433, 437, 440, 443
446
443
AD 437

130
Mandriva Linux 135
287
NTFS5 252
500
- 15
HTA 456

539

533
98, 99, 106, 107, 118
98

500
505