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Molecules Around

Me
Chem1010

By: Aj Irigoyen

Food and nutritionalsupplements (A)


http://www.gummyvites.com/vitafusion (image)

Name: vitaFUSION MultiVites


Description: MultiVites provides essential vitamins, minerals
and natural fruit flavors in a vitamin gummy.
Ingredients: glucose syrup, sucrose, water, gelatin;less than
2% of citric acid,colors(annatto extract,blueberry and carrot
concentrates) lactic acid, natural flavors, fractionated
coconut oil(contains beeswax/carnauba wax).

Compound Information
Compound 1: Glucose Syrup
Molecular Formula: C6H14O7
Summary: Glucose syrup is made from potatoes and wheat. It began to be used
in foods to give a sweeter taste, soft textures and add volume.
Health Hazards: Can lead to obesity
Sources:(image) http://www.nutrientsreview.com/carbs/monosaccharides-glucose.html
http://www.starch.eu/updated-factsheet-on-glucose-fructose-syrups-isoglucose-and-high-fructose-corn-syrup-2016/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glucose_syrup

Compound Information
Compound 2: Sucrose
Molecular Formula: C12H22O11
Summary: Sucrose (sugar) is made up of white crystalline, glucose and
fructose. It also acts as a food additive in sweets and deserts.
Health Hazards: Can cause tooth decay, obesity or diabetes
Sources: http://blogs.rediff.com/chemistryhomeworkhelp/2013/02/06/sucrose-formula/
(image) http://www.chemtube3d.com/ClaydenSucrose.html

Compound Information
Compound 3: Citric Acid
Molecular Formula: C6H8O7
Summary: Citric Acid is used in the gummies because it acts as the
intermediate in the metabolism.
Health Hazards: Can cause abdominal pain, sore throat or shortness of
breath.
Sources: (image) http://www.chemicalbook.com/chemicalproductproperty_en_cb9854361.htm
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Citric_acid

Compound Information
Compound 4: Gelatin
Molecular Formula: C6 H12O6
Summary: Gelatin in Latin means stiff frozen which is why it is used in this
gummy to hold its shape due to its physical properties. It also makes it easier to
chew since it gives off a jelly texture. It is colorless and translucent.
Health Hazards: Can cause excessive burping, bloating or upset stomach.
Sources: (image) https://draxe.com/gelatin/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gelatin
http://www.webmd.com/vitamins-and-supplements/gelatin-uses-and-risks

Compound Information
Compound 5: Fractionated Coconut Oil
Molecular Formula: Lauric acid, a 12 carbon chain fatty acid, caprylic
(8 carbons) and capric (10 carbons) acids
Summary: Fractionated coconut oil is used in food supplements to give it a longer
shelf life.
Health Hazards: Can cause Cholesterol increase or Intestinal distress
Sources: (image)
http://www.annmariegianni.com/whats-the-difference-extra-virgin-and-fractionated-coconut-oil/
https://www.chemistrystore.com/Natural_Oils-Fractionated_Coconut_Oil.html
http://www.livestrong.com/article/483102-what-are-the-effects-of-coconut-oil-on-ldl-cholesterol-levels
/

HealthCare Product (B)


http://crest.com/en-us (image)

Name: Crest ProHealth


Description: Crest Pro-Health is a deep clean toothpaste that kills bad breath
germs, helps prevent cavities, strengthens enamel, cleans teeth and gums, and
freshens breath.
Active Ingredient: Stannous Fluoride
Inactive Ingredients: Glycerin, Hydrated Silica, Sodium Hexametaphosphate,
Propylene Glycol, PEG 6, Water, Zinc Lactate, Trisodium Phosphate, Flavor, Sodium
Lauryl Sulfate, Sodium Gluconate, Carrageenan, Sodium Saccharin, Polyethylene, Xanthan
Gum, Titanium Dioxide

Compound Information
Compound 1: Glycerin
Molecular Formula: C3H8O3
Summary: Glycerin (sugar alcohol) is a very absorbent sustain
that is absorbable in the small intestine and triggers the
metabolism.
Health Hazards: Can cause dry mouth, nausea or headaches
Sources: (image) and (resource) http://www.nutrientsreview.com/carbs/edible-glycerin.html

Compound Information
Compound 2: Sodium Hexametaphosphate
Molecular Formula: (NaPO3)6
Summary: It is used on clay-based ceramic particles which helps
break down the clay, also used as an anti-staining and tartar prevention.

Health Hazards: May cause vomiting, dizziness or gastrointestinal


irritation
Sources: (image) http://www.chemspider.com/Chemical-Structure.23340.html
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sodium_hexametaphosphate
https://www.isitbadforyou.com/questions/is-sodium-hexametaphosphate-bad-for-you#effects

Compound Information
Compound 3: Stannous Fluoride
Molecular Formula: SnF2
Summary: Stannous Fluoride is used on teeth to help
prevent cavities by making the teeth stronger and more
resistant to tooth decay.
Health Hazards: May cause a rash, itching/swelling around
the face or trouble breathing
Sources: (image)https://www.webelements.com/compounds/tin/tin_difluoride.html
http://www.webmd.com/drugs/2/drug-75277-7156/stannous-fluoride-dental/stannous-flu
oride-gel---dental/details#side-effects

Compound Information
Compound 4: Sodium Saccharin
Molecular Formula: C7H5NO3S
Summary: Sodium Saccharin has a sweetening power of sugar which
is why it is used in this product to give it a sweet bitter taste when
dissolved in water.
Health Hazards: Can cause Cancer risk, diabetes or weight gain
Sources: (image)http://www.chemspider.com/Chemical-Structure.4959.html
http://www.livestrong.com/article/470503-side-effects-of-saccharin-sodium/

Compound Information
Compound 5: Titanium Dioxide
Molecular Formula: TiO2
Summary: Titanium Dioxide is used as a white pigment
creating the white color in the toothpaste.
Health Hazards: Can cause nose/throat irritation, lung
cancer or excessive tearing/blinking
Sources: (image) http://www.guidechem.com/reference/dic-8485.html
https://www.ccohs.ca/oshanswers/chemicals/chem_profiles/titanium_dioxide.html

Cleaning Product (c)


http://www.windex.com/en-us/products/pages/original-glass-cleaner.aspx (image)

Name: Windex Glass Cleaner


Description: Windex is a glass surface solution that
cleans and leaves a streak free shine on surface
Ingredients: Water, 2-Hexoxyethanol,
Isopropanolamine, Sodium Dodecylbenzene Sulfonate,
Lauramine Oxide, Ammonium Hydroxide, Fragrance,
Liquitint Sky Blue Dye

Compound Information
Compound 1: Isopropanolamine
Molecular Formula: C3H9NO
Summary: Isopropanolamine is a colorless liquid that works
as a solubilizes acid base surfactants.
Health Hazards: May cause shortness of breath, blisters or
skin burn.
Sources:
(image)http://www.sigmaaldrich.com/catalog/product/aldrich/110248?lang=en&region=US
http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/ipcsneng/neng0905.html
http://www.dow.com/amines/prod/isopropan.htm

Compound Information
Compound 2: Ammonium Hydroxide
Molecular Formula: NH4OH
Summary: Ammonium Hydroxide is often found in many
cleaning products since it is an ammonium liquid and a
cleaning agent itself.
Health Hazards: Can burn skin/eyes, irritate the nose or
throat or cause shortness of breath if inhaled.
Sources: (image)https://www.pinterest.com/pin/565412928197900373/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ammonium_hydroxide
http://nj.gov/health/eoh/rtkweb/documents/fs/0103.pdf

Compound Information
Compound 3: 2-Hexoxyethanol
Molecular Formula: C8H18O2
Summary: This product is used by removing and loosening dirt particles to
make it easier to wipe off.
Health Hazards: May be absorbed through the skin causing effects on the
blood, can cause severe skin, eye, and breathing irritation.
Sources: (image)http://www.chemsrc.com/en/cas/90155-57-0_1067094.htm
http://www.whatsinsidescjohnson.com/us/en/ingredients/2_hexoxyethanol l
https://hazmap.nlm.nih.gov/category-details?id=3112&table=copytblagents

Compound Information
Compound 4: Sodium Dodecylbenzene Sulfonate
Molecular Formula: C18H29NaO3S
Summary: Sodium Dodecylbenzene Sulfonate is a
colorless salt with properties of Surfactants.
Health Hazards: Can cause wheezing, coughing, shortness
of breath or irritation of nose, throat and lungs.
Sources: (image)
https://www.researchgate.net/figure/236853958_fig2_Fig-2-Chemical-structure-of
-sodium-dodecylbenzene-sulfonate-SDBS
http://nj.gov/health/eoh/rtkweb/documents/fs/1698.pdf
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sodium_dodecylbenzenesulfonate

Compound Information
Compound 5: Lauramine Oxide
Molecular Formula: C14H31NO
Summary: Lauramine Oxide is a foam builder in beauty
products which creates the little bubbles in the windex
leaving the windows/mirrors shiney.
Health Hazards: Can cause skin irritation if exposed
Sources: (image)
https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/Lauramine_oxide#section=Top
https://www.truthinaging.com/ingredients/lauramine-oxide