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THE NAKED OF PIPING DESIGN (FOR NON - PIPING ENGINEERS)

This paper attempts to explain some of the salient piping activities


(along with their sequence) and interaction with other disciplines
during detail engineering. Piping Engineers and Designers may find some
of it too rudimentary. This is deliberate. The constraints have not been
touched upon. Moreover, any single write-up based on a typical job
cannot do justice to vast number of activities that a piping team performs.
1. Development of Equipment Layout:
This is arguably the most challenging single activity because almost all
input except Process P&IDs and Engineering Design Basis is fluid. The
challenge involves creativity, ability to draw upon experience of
similar jobs, provisioning for unexpected changes and resolving often
conflicting requirements. The major inputs and points considered are:
a. Plot Plan with clear demarcation of Units
b. Process P&IDs and PFDs (Utility Distribution P&IDs are received later
because these are based on equipment layout).
c. Indicative Layout, if available (normally for Licensor Units)
d. Engineering Design Basis
e. Statutory Requirements
f. Tentative Dimensions of Equipments/ Packages
g. Connectivity and Access for Maintenance and Erection
h. Critical Piping Circuits e.g. Transfer Lines and Reboiler Lines
i. Aesthetics
The equipment layout thus prepared is sent to almost all major
disciplines and Client for their comments. These comments are then
consolidated and the conflicting ones are discussed across the table.
The layout is now ready for dissection by core group of senior piping
people, and this experience of being grilled and cross-examined is a
ritual that signifies coming of age of a piping engineer. Changes which
affect others are once again taken up with respective disciplines. This
layout is then put up for Apex Review. The approved version is the basis
for further engineering by Piping and many other disciplines e.g.:
Structures: for Foundations and Super-structures
Instrumentation: for Cable Routing
Electrical: for Area Classification and Trench Routing
General Civil: for Pavement Drawing
Process: for Development of Utility P&IDs
Construction: for Erection Planning, Hard Stand Arrangement, etc.
Cross-reference purpose by many e.g. an SED Engineer while preparing his
input for Mechanical Tender would need to refer to this Layout for Levels.
2.Zone/Area Division:
The approved Layout is divided into areas (Area Division). While the old

concept of an area was what an A0 size drawing could cover in a


particular scale (and this concept has its merits), the trend in this
era of 3-D Modelling has shifted to zones. A particular zone covers
synergic specific areas e.g. a particular Tech Structure would be
covered in a single zone instead of three or four areas. Similarly, one
may find the whole pipe-rack of a medium sized unit carved in two zones
instead of eight to ten areas. Once this division is over, specific
area/zone wise responsibilities are assigned for Studies, Modelling, MTO
and Flexibilty Analysis. This is also the time when team formation takes
place.
3.Piping Studies:
The adage that piping study is half science and half art is true. The
art part is visualization and creativity while science refers to
following the established norms; however, what is forgotten is that a
piping study involves lot of dedication, risk-taking ability and
discipline. A piping designer is at work 24 hours. A good scheme,
solution or an alternate striking at midnight is not uncommon, something
akin to Archemides and Eureka! Many a times the designer would also have
to release fronts for downstream users even when the input is still
coming and then he must constantly be on the vigil for changes in input.
A good designer knows not only how he is affected by others but also how
his work affects others. By-products of a piping study are:
a. Confirmation/comments on Structural Foundations and Super-structures
(this also involves additional associated information e.g. openings,
brackets, loads, bracings, approach, etc).
b. Confirmation/Comments on Locating Dimensions (including Centre-line
and Bottom Tangent Line Elevations) of Equipments.
c. Miscellaneous platforms connecting ones (including walkways),
independent ones and the ones required on equipments (the latter enables
Istructures to release platform cleats).
d. Comments on Setting Plans of Exchangers identification of fixed
support, saddle-to-saddle distance, orientation of davits, pipe clips,
piping loads on nozzles, etc.
e. Comments on Air-cooler Setting Plans
f. Comments on Mechanical Datasheets identification of fixed support,
davit arm length and height, pipe clips.
g. Nozzle Orientation of Columns and Vessels
h. Comments on Compressor and Pump Drawings
i. Firming-up of interface for packages e.g. for Dosing Skids, Heaters
(Burner Piping), Chillers, Ejector Systems, etc.
j. Firming-up of route of Instruments Cable Trays, Electrical Trenches, Fire-water
system
k. Battery-limit interface
l. Front for 3-D Modelling (recently, some of the simpler layouts are directly being
attempted on 3-D)
m. Preliminary and part of Intermediate MTO

n. Front for Flexibility Analysis

4.Piping MTO:
Material Take-off is usually done in three stages (Preliminary,
Intermediate and Final), followed by Top-up, if required. The time-line
typically is beginning of the project (just after issue of Equipment
Layout), middle of the project (around 50-60% piping progress) and
towards final stages of engineering (over 90% piping progress). The
first one is a total manual affair and the emphasis is on long delivery
items. For intermediate MTO, material dump is taken from Model and the
balance is made up manually, while the final MTO is almost totally taken
from Model. Material substitution is also used to the extent possible in
order to control surplus generation. Relative merits and constraints of
roll-on MTO vis--vis the conventional mode have been discussed within
and outside the department, and are still a matter of debate.
An integrated state-of-art software called IPMS has been developed
in-house (by ITS with active help from user departments) and this caters
to MTO Processing and almost all related downstream activities e.g.
Material Requisitions, Preparation of TBAs, Purchase Requisitions and
Material Control Functions right up to issue of material and maintaining
records at site. (In fact, IPMS also caters to some of the upstream
activities e.g. preparation of PMS and VMS).
MTO is followed by preparation of Material Requisitions, evaluation of
offers and issue of Purchase Requisitions. Hardcopies days are over, and
the new interface is through PDF files in a CD. Some Piping MRs involve
input from other departments (e.g. from Electrical for MOVs); in this
case, Piping acts as a coordinator too. For some items e.g. special
valves, expansion joints, etc., vendor drawings are received, commented
upon and approved.
5.Mechanical Tender:
The intermediate MTO (some times even the preliminary one) forms the
basis for piping part of Schedule of Quantities. While most of it has
been automated through the IPMS Package, some special requirements have
to be fed in manually. The other departments that piping receives input
from are Static Equipment (including Heat Exchangers), Rotating
Equipment, Package Equipment, Civil/Structures, Instrumentation, etc.
Again, all exchange within EIL and with potential contractors is through
soft files only. The related activities involve answering to vendors
queries, attending pre-bid conference and evaluation of offers
(preparation of TBA).
6.3-D Model:

The two popular platforms are PDS and PDMS and lot of customization and
efforts have gone into reaching the stage that we are at. While for most
of the jobs, Piping and Structures have been the only ones involved,
Instrumentation and Electrical have also been attached in few jobs.
Apart from modeling Lines, Piping also models equipments. At present,
Structure is being modeled to facilitate clash detection and review of
model (this means that structural deliverables are not being taken from
3-D) and the P&IDs are not yet available on these systems in EIL.
Modelling does initially take more time but the rewards are generous:
a. Excellent Visualization
b. Detection of Clash
c. Isometric and GAD generation from Model
d. Correct MTO
e. Client Review from Operability and Maintenance point of view
f. Preservation of Model and Records for future
7.Flexibilty Analysis and Supporting:
The circuits are taken up for analysis in order of criticality i.e. the
critical the circuit, the earlier it is taken up. Criticality is a
function, among other things, of size/ temperature of line and
sensitivity of connected equipment. Other considerations like two phase
flow, wind and seismic requirements too play a part.
The tools most often used for formal analysis are Caesar, AutoPipe and
oodles of supporting sense. In fact, a good designer anticipates the
needs of stress and support engineer and saves lot of hours and
rerouting by interacting with the latter at right time. It is important
too for continuous dialogue between Piping team members and their
structural counterpart for supporting arrangement and loads.
8.Other activities:
There are many other activities that a piping engineer undertakes but
which could not be touched upon (due to paucity of time and space):
a. Interaction with Process Licensor including review of P&IDs
b. Preparation of Piping Design Basis
c. Manhour Estimates, Scheduling and Progress Reporting
d. Piping Material and Valve Material Specifications
e. Ensuring compliance with Procedures, Work-instructions and Check-lists
f. Under-ground Piping
g. IBR Package
h. Painting and Insulation Tender
i. Input to other Tenders e.g. Civil/Structural Tender
j. Arranging 3-D Model Review by Client/PMC
k. Issue of Design Change Requests/Notes and Manhour Change Orders
l. Input for Package Units and Review of Documents/Drawings of Package

Vendors
m. Record keeping and importance of Document Control e.g. maintaining indices
n. Site interface and support/co-ordination
o. Trouble shooting
p. Revamp Jobs
q. Standardization (e.g. Updation of Specifications, Technical Notes,
databank for Deviations granted, ensuring latest supply of Codes and
Standards, Technical Evaluation of New Vendors, etc.)
r. Managing a team of twenty to thirty people, keeping them motivated and
making them feel important
s. Interacting with almost all major disciplines and resolving input
conflicts
Summing Up
Piping in a plant has often been compared to arteries in human body. The
connectivity, and hence the coordination, done by a piping engineer is
enormous. In fact, there would hardly be a department not having
interface with piping. This can also be gauged from the fact piping
consumes almost half the engineering manhours of setting up of a typical
refinery, petrochemical or gas unit. Appreciation of piping sequence of
work by others and knowing how & where do their inputs fit in shall
result in better quality deliverables.
BASIC PIPING MATERIAL SPECIFICATION

SCOPE OF WORK OF PIPING DESIGN ENGINEERING IN FEED


DESIGN

IPIPING SCOPE OF WORK


During we have to design a new project that collabration with others disciplines (mechanical,
civil, process, control system, electrical), we should prepare scope of work. each descipline
have to prepare the scope of work.
Here I got a sample about scope of work piping when do the new project, that the name of
project is "Installation a new gas pipeline"
3.2.1. SCOPE OF FACILITIES (SOF)
3.2.1.1. Design Basis
The following is the description of the Piping Engineering design basis for the installation of
a 6 underground gas pipeline from ....... to.......The project is ensure sufficient and suitable
gas supply to Area at least the
next 15 years. This is to be done by tapping in to the 28 pipeline and running a new line to
the new area
This facility is located in ....
The decline in the gas supply from gas field means that an additional gas supply is required
to maintain optimum power output from ...
To handle the above condition, the Owner intends to install the new gas lines. The 6
diameter pipeline stretching from tie-in point at 28 diameter gas pipeline will be installed
from
The new gas lines will be installed underground with minimum depth of cover of 1 meter.
Coating protection for new gas pipeline in above ground as per Client specification
Layout of equipment and piping design will be in accordance with engineering and design
standards.
Connections to existing lines/facilities will be per Client Piping Tie-in Specification.
The FEED drawings and any Client supplied addendum form the basis of the design and
will be used as a start point for the detailed engineering stage.
2. Equipment and Systems
The new gas pipeline Project involves the following Equipment. :
Sump Tanks(Waste Tank)
Filters
Pig Launchers
Pig Receivers
Metering Skid
Piping Material and method of Construction will be accordance with Client Specification
Prevailing ASME B31.8 codes will govern design of piping.
3. Assumptions and Clarifications

The following Piping engineering assumptions, clarifications and exclusions are associated
with the facilities physical and functional description.
The new 6 diameter pipeline from ....to ...shall be on the opposite side of the road and
parallel to the
existing diameter pipeline.
Cathodic protection is required to minimize pipe corrosion
The FEED drawings have been approved by the client and will be developed up to AFC
status.
Shutdown of the Plant should be avoided if possible.
2.2. SCOPE OF SERVICES (SOS)
2.2.1. Design Approach
The following design approach outlines the engineering design services, and engineering
support services by piping team
Generate detailed manhour estimate, deliverable list & project schedule.
Review and evaluate the feed drawings. And Provide engineering recommendation if
necessary.
Develop 2D Preliminary drawings/ sketches for the proposed new piping.
Client review and approval is required prior to start of detailed design.
Develop 2D AFC drawings/ sketches for the new location of gas pipelines.
Develop piping layout and perform piping stress analysis using Caesar II Software
Generate AFC piping layout drawings also any piping plans, section and details that may be
required.
Provide an Initial Material Take off (MTO) for all piping items the gas pipeline project, at
the completion of 30% engineering. Final MTO
Conduct and participate in client study/ reviews regarding constructability, safety, cost
savings, inter discipline interface and design integration with existing systems.
3.2.2.2. References and Standards
Standard and reference documents to be used include but are not limited to:
Safety-In-Design Manual
Client Engineering Specification
ASME (American Society of Mechanical Engineers) Codes
NACE (National Association of Corrosion Engineers)
ASTM (American Society for Testing and Materials) Codes
AWS (American Welding Society Standard)
ANSI (American National Standards Institute)
API (American Petroleum Institute)
All applicable Indonesian local codes
3.2.2.3. Special Resources
Coordinate and elevations will reflect the new Client plant grid system and elevation datum.
All as built drawings reflecting existing conditions of plant viz overall plot plan, unit plot

plan, above and below ground piping, will be provided by client


3.2.2.4. Engineering Deliverables
The following Piping Engineering documents and other deliverables will be provided to the
client during or at the end of the project deliverables to Client
- Stress Analysis Report
- Induction Bend List
- L/R Elbow List and Plan
- Final Drawings
- Tie in List
- Plot Plan Drawings
- Piping Plan & Section
- On Plot Piping Plan and Section drawings
- Isometric Drawings for On Plot & Off Plot
- Bill of Materials / Bill of Quantities (MTO)
3.2.2.5. Inter Discipline Coordination
Piping group will communicate with the required disciplines for the preparation and
coordination of the following items :
Civil : Location of new 6diameter Plan, Elevation, Pipe Foundation + Supports & Stress
Calculation(Loads).
Process : P&IDs, Line list, Equipment list.
Mechanical : Equipment (data sheet and specification) .
Control System : P&ID development and HAZOP review, instrument standard Instrument
vendor data sheet and drawings,
Construction : Support function for design clarifications.
Engineering Management: Schedules and progress reports.
3.2.2.6. Assumptions and Clarifications
The following Piping Engineering, assumptions and clarifications are associated with
the Scope of Services design approach, activities and deliverables.:
Basis for scope and engineering man hour estimation are :
--- Work Authorization no (from clent)
--- Scope of work for detail engineering (from client)
Site surveys will be conducted to collect inputs and verify accuracy of information received
from Client and to identify the requirement of additional inputs from client.
All work permits required to conduct field survey shall be coordinated & approved by
Client
Deliverables are limited to those outlined in the list of deliverables.

Site modifications in drawings which include As-built & Site instructions from Client are all
included to the scope of works.
Any of the following shall be treated as change order :
o Additional activities due to scope change.
o Incorporating additional Client comments/preferences after approval of Document or
Drawings.
o Delay in design inputs (ex. Process data, Client Standard drawings, Specs, Sketches,
Reliability of Client provided information) which will cause a delay in the development
of contractor deliverable and will impact schedule.
Preliminary drawings will be to FEED quality, phase 4 deliverables will be suitable to issue
for construction.
Client will be responsible for the issues regarding with the Local Authorities.
That the Piping Design Engineering scope of work when design a new project from Client.
Hopefully it can help you to get the meaning what piping engineering do when design a new
project.
The piping engineer must work as a team with other engineers.

THE NAKED OF PIPING DESIGN (FOR NON - PIPING ENGINEERS)


This paper attempts to explain some of the salient piping activities
(along with their sequence) and interaction with other disciplines
during detail engineering. Piping Engineers and Designers may find some
of it too rudimentary. This is deliberate. The constraints have not been
touched upon. Moreover, any single write-up based on a typical job
cannot do justice to vast number of activities that a piping team performs.
1. Development of Equipment Layout:
This is arguably the most challenging single activity because almost all
input except Process P&IDs and Engineering Design Basis is fluid. The
challenge involves creativity, ability to draw upon experience of
similar jobs, provisioning for unexpected changes and resolving often
conflicting requirements. The major inputs and points considered are:
a. Plot Plan with clear demarcation of Units
b. Process P&IDs and PFDs (Utility Distribution P&IDs are received later
because these are based on equipment layout).
c. Indicative Layout, if available (normally for Licensor Units)
d. Engineering Design Basis
e. Statutory Requirements
f. Tentative Dimensions of Equipments/ Packages
g. Connectivity and Access for Maintenance and Erection
h. Critical Piping Circuits e.g. Transfer Lines and Reboiler Lines
i. Aesthetics
The equipment layout thus prepared is sent to almost all major
disciplines and Client for their comments. These comments are then
consolidated and the conflicting ones are discussed across the table.
The layout is now ready for dissection by core group of senior piping
people, and this experience of being grilled and cross-examined is a

ritual that signifies coming of age of a piping engineer. Changes which


affect others are once again taken up with respective disciplines. This
layout is then put up for Apex Review. The approved version is the basis
for further engineering by Piping and many other disciplines e.g.:
Structures: for Foundations and Super-structures
Instrumentation: for Cable Routing
Electrical: for Area Classification and Trench Routing
General Civil: for Pavement Drawing
Process: for Development of Utility P&IDs
Construction: for Erection Planning, Hard Stand Arrangement, etc.
Cross-reference purpose by many e.g. an SED Engineer while preparing his
input for Mechanical Tender would need to refer to this Layout for Levels.
2.Zone/Area Division:
The approved Layout is divided into areas (Area Division). While the old
concept of an area was what an A0 size drawing could cover in a
particular scale (and this concept has its merits), the trend in this
era of 3-D Modelling has shifted to zones. A particular zone covers
synergic specific areas e.g. a particular Tech Structure would be
covered in a single zone instead of three or four areas. Similarly, one
may find the whole pipe-rack of a medium sized unit carved in two zones
instead of eight to ten areas. Once this division is over, specific
area/zone wise responsibilities are assigned for Studies, Modelling, MTO
and Flexibilty Analysis. This is also the time when team formation takes
place.
3.Piping Studies:
The adage that piping study is half science and half art is true. The
art part is visualization and creativity while science refers to
following the established norms; however, what is forgotten is that a
piping study involves lot of dedication, risk-taking ability and
discipline. A piping designer is at work 24 hours. A good scheme,
solution or an alternate striking at midnight is not uncommon, something
akin to Archemides and Eureka! Many a times the designer would also have
to release fronts for downstream users even when the input is still
coming and then he must constantly be on the vigil for changes in input.
A good designer knows not only how he is affected by others but also how
his work affects others. By-products of a piping study are:
a. Confirmation/comments on Structural Foundations and Super-structures
(this also involves additional associated information e.g. openings,
brackets, loads, bracings, approach, etc).
b. Confirmation/Comments on Locating Dimensions (including Centre-line
and Bottom Tangent Line Elevations) of Equipments.
c. Miscellaneous platforms connecting ones (including walkways),
independent ones and the ones required on equipments (the latter enables
Istructures to release platform cleats).
d. Comments on Setting Plans of Exchangers identification of fixed

support, saddle-to-saddle distance, orientation of davits, pipe clips,


piping loads on nozzles, etc.
e. Comments on Air-cooler Setting Plans
f. Comments on Mechanical Datasheets identification of fixed support,
davit arm length and height, pipe clips.
g. Nozzle Orientation of Columns and Vessels
h. Comments on Compressor and Pump Drawings
i. Firming-up of interface for packages e.g. for Dosing Skids, Heaters
(Burner Piping), Chillers, Ejector Systems, etc.
j. Firming-up of route of Instruments Cable Trays, Electrical Trenches, Fire-water system
k. Battery-limit interface
l. Front for 3-D Modelling (recently, some of the simpler layouts are directly being attempted
on 3-D)
m. Preliminary and part of Intermediate MTO
n. Front for Flexibility Analysis
4.Piping MTO:
Material Take-off is usually done in three stages (Preliminary,
Intermediate and Final), followed by Top-up, if required. The time-line
typically is beginning of the project (just after issue of Equipment
Layout), middle of the project (around 50-60% piping progress) and
towards final stages of engineering (over 90% piping progress). The
first one is a total manual affair and the emphasis is on long delivery
items. For intermediate MTO, material dump is taken from Model and the
balance is made up manually, while the final MTO is almost totally taken
from Model. Material substitution is also used to the extent possible in
order to control surplus generation. Relative merits and constraints of
roll-on MTO vis--vis the conventional mode have been discussed within
and outside the department, and are still a matter of debate.
An integrated state-of-art software called IPMS has been developed
in-house (by ITS with active help from user departments) and this caters
to MTO Processing and almost all related downstream activities e.g.
Material Requisitions, Preparation of TBAs, Purchase Requisitions and
Material Control Functions right up to issue of material and maintaining
records at site. (In fact, IPMS also caters to some of the upstream
activities e.g. preparation of PMS and VMS).
MTO is followed by preparation of Material Requisitions, evaluation of
offers and issue of Purchase Requisitions. Hardcopies days are over, and
the new interface is through PDF files in a CD. Some Piping MRs involve
input from other departments (e.g. from Electrical for MOVs); in this
case, Piping acts as a coordinator too. For some items e.g. special
valves, expansion joints, etc., vendor drawings are received, commented
upon and approved.
5.Mechanical Tender:
The intermediate MTO (some times even the preliminary one) forms the

basis for piping part of Schedule of Quantities. While most of it has


been automated through the IPMS Package, some special requirements have
to be fed in manually. The other departments that piping receives input
from are Static Equipment (including Heat Exchangers), Rotating
Equipment, Package Equipment, Civil/Structures, Instrumentation, etc.
Again, all exchange within EIL and with potential contractors is through
soft files only. The related activities involve answering to vendors
queries, attending pre-bid conference and evaluation of offers
(preparation of TBA).
6.3-D Model:
The two popular platforms are PDS and PDMS and lot of customization and
efforts have gone into reaching the stage that we are at. While for most
of the jobs, Piping and Structures have been the only ones involved,
Instrumentation and Electrical have also been attached in few jobs.
Apart from modeling Lines, Piping also models equipments. At present,
Structure is being modeled to facilitate clash detection and review of
model (this means that structural deliverables are not being taken from
3-D) and the P&IDs are not yet available on these systems in EIL.
Modelling does initially take more time but the rewards are generous:
a. Excellent Visualization
b. Detection of Clash
c. Isometric and GAD generation from Model
d. Correct MTO
e. Client Review from Operability and Maintenance point of view
f. Preservation of Model and Records for future
7.Flexibilty Analysis and Supporting:
The circuits are taken up for analysis in order of criticality i.e. the
critical the circuit, the earlier it is taken up. Criticality is a
function, among other things, of size/ temperature of line and
sensitivity of connected equipment. Other considerations like two phase
flow, wind and seismic requirements too play a part.
The tools most often used for formal analysis are Caesar, AutoPipe and
oodles of supporting sense. In fact, a good designer anticipates the
needs of stress and support engineer and saves lot of hours and
rerouting by interacting with the latter at right time. It is important
too for continuous dialogue between Piping team members and their
structural counterpart for supporting arrangement and loads.
8.Other activities:
There are many other activities that a piping engineer undertakes but
which could not be touched upon (due to paucity of time and space):
a. Interaction with Process Licensor including review of P&IDs
b. Preparation of Piping Design Basis
c. Manhour Estimates, Scheduling and Progress Reporting

d. Piping Material and Valve Material Specifications


e. Ensuring compliance with Procedures, Work-instructions and Check-lists
f. Under-ground Piping
g. IBR Package
h. Painting and Insulation Tender
i. Input to other Tenders e.g. Civil/Structural Tender
j. Arranging 3-D Model Review by Client/PMC
k. Issue of Design Change Requests/Notes and Manhour Change Orders
l. Input for Package Units and Review of Documents/Drawings of Package
Vendors
m. Record keeping and importance of Document Control e.g. maintaining indices
n. Site interface and support/co-ordination
o. Trouble shooting
p. Revamp Jobs
q. Standardization (e.g. Updation of Specifications, Technical Notes,
databank for Deviations granted, ensuring latest supply of Codes and
Standards, Technical Evaluation of New Vendors, etc.)
r. Managing a team of twenty to thirty people, keeping them motivated and
making them feel important
s. Interacting with almost all major disciplines and resolving input
conflicts
Summing Up
Piping in a plant has often been compared to arteries in human body. The
connectivity, and hence the coordination, done by a piping engineer is
enormous. In fact, there would hardly be a department not having
interface with piping. This can also be gauged from the fact piping
consumes almost half the engineering manhours of setting up of a typical
refinery, petrochemical or gas unit. Appreciation of piping sequence of
work by others and knowing how & where do their inputs fit in shall
result in better quality deliverables.

PDMS COMANDO AWANG-AWANG

Menyambut hari ulang tahun Pujangga Piping Blog yang ke 2 tahun.


(14 February 2010 - 14 February 2012)
PDMS QUERY COMMANDS
Q ADEG (DRAFT)

= GIVES THE C/VIEW ANGLE (IE 90 DEG)

Q ANGLE (HVAC)

= GIVES THE CE ANGLE

Q ATEX (DRAFT)

= GIVES THE SLAB TEXT ATTIBUTES

Q ATT

= GIVES THE ATTRIBUTES

Q BANG

= GIVES THE CE BETA ANGLE

Q BORE (PIPING)

= GIVES THE PIPPE INSIDE DIA.

Q BSRF (DRAFT)

= GIVES THE TEXT / GLAB ATTRIBUTES

Q BTEX (DRAFT)

= GIVES THE TEXT /GLAB ATTRIBUTES

Q CHEI (DRAFT)

= GIVES THE TEXT CHARACTER HEIGHT

Q CLL (PIPING)

= GIVES THE PIPE BRANCH LENGTH

Q COL ACT

= GIVES THE CURRENT ACTIVE COLOUR

Q COL AIDS

= GIVES THE CURRENT AID LINE COLOUR

Q COL CE

= GIVES THE CURRENT ATTRIBUTED COLOUR

Q COL VIS

= GIVES THE CURRENT VISIBLE COLOUR

Q COL 4 (ECT)

= GIVES THE ATTRIBUTED COLOUR (YELLOW)

Q CREF

= GIVES THE CONNECTION REFERENCE

Q CUT

= GIVES THE CE CUT LENGTH

Q DDNAME (DRAFT)

= GIVES THE OWNERS NAMES

Q DER LEN

= GIVES THE OWNERS NAME

Q DESC

= GIVES THE CE DESCRIPTION

Q DESP

= GIVES THE CE DESPERAMETERS

Q DIR (DRAFT)

= GIVES THE C/VIEW DIRECTION (IE N)

Q DIR PIN1

= GIVES THE DIRECTION OF PIN1

Q DISPLAY

= GIVES THE TOLERANCE & REPRES LEVELS

Q DMTXT (DRAFT)

= GIVES THE DIM TEXT ATRIBUTES

Q DNST

= GIVES THE CE DENSITY

Q DPOS (DRAFT)

= GIVES THE LDIM POSITION ON SHEET

Q DRNE

= GIVES THE END CUT-PLANE DIRECTION

Q DRNS

= GIVES THE START CUT-PLANE DIRECTION

Q DTER (DRAFT)

= GIVES THE LAYER/LDIM TERMTR DEFAULT

Q :DTYPE

= GIVES THE FRMW STILE TYPE (is STLS)

QE

= GIVES THE CE EAST CO-ORDINATE

Q ELEM

= GIVES THE CE ELEMENT NAME

Q FRAD
THE

= GIVES THE FLOO/PAVE RADIUS ie 100mm OR


NXTR /VERT RADIUS ie 100 mm.

Q FPT (DRAFT)

= GIVES THE STRA FROM POINT CO-ORDS

Q FUNC

= GIVES THE CE FUNCTION

Q GCOF

= GIVES THE CE GROSS C OF G

Q GRADE

= GIVES THE CE MATERIAL GRADE

Q GTYP

= GIVES THE GENERIC TYPE ie OD , HP, TG

Q GWEI

= GIVES THE CE GROSS WEIGHT

Q HEI

= GIVES THE CE (PLOO LVL) PLT THK

Q HSTU (ONLY FOR BRANCH)

= GIVES THE HEAD SPE FN TUBE

Q HH (PIPE SUPPT)

= GIVES THE CE HANGER HEAD CO-ORDINATES

Q HPOS (PIPING)

= GIVES THE CE PIPE HEAD CO-ORDINATES

Q HT (PIPING)

= GIVES THE CE HANGER TAIL CO-ORDS

Q IDP @ WRT/*

= GIVES THE CE P POINT CO-ORDINATES

Q IDPL@

= GIVES THE PLINE NAME USING CURSOR

Q ISPEC (PIPING)

= GIVES THE CE (PIPE) INSULATION

Q ITLE

= GIVES LENGTH OF IMPLIED TUBE

Q ITLE OF IA TUB

= GIVES PIPE SPOOL LENGTH ON ARRIVAL SIDE

Q ITLE OF IL TUB

= GIVES PIPE SPOOL LENGTH ON LEAVE SIDE

Q JLIN

= GIVES THE CE JOINT LINE

Q JUSL

= GIVES THECE JUSTIFICATION LINE

Q LASTMOD

= GIVES THE DATE STRU WAS LAST MODIFIED

Q LEN (DRAFT)

= GIVES THE STRA LENGTH

Q LEY

= GIVES THE CE LEVEL (OBSTRUCTION ETC)

Q LHEI (DRAFT)

= GIVES THE TEXT LETTER HEIGHT

Q LSTU (ONLY FOR MEMBER)

= GIVES LEAVE SPEFN TUBE

Q LIST

= GIVES POSSIBLE TYPES IN MEMBERS LIST

Q LOCK

= GIVES THE LOCK STATUS

Q LSHAPE

= GIVES THE LABEL LEADER LINE STATUS

Q MATREF

= GIVES THE CE MATERIAL REF

Q MCOUNT

= GIVES THE Nos OF SUB MEMBERS IN CE

Q MCOUNT SCTN

= GIVES THE Nos OF SCTN MEMBERS IN CE

Q MDB

= GIVES THE PROJECT DATABASE

Q MEM

= GIVES THE CE MEMBERS

Q MEML

= GIVES THE CE MEMBERS LINE

Q MIDP

= GIVES THE CE MIDPOINT CO-ORDINATES

Q MPT (DRAFT)

= GIVES THE STRA MID POINT CO-ORDS

Q MTLL

= GIVES THE C.L. LENGTH OF MATERIAL TUBE

Q MTO

= GIVES THE CE MTO STATUS

Q NAM

= GIVES THE CE NAME

Q NCOF

= GIVES THE CE NET C OF G

Q NSRF

= GIVES THE CE NET SURFACE

Q NVOL

= GIVES THE CE NET VOLUME

Q NWEI

= GIVES THE CE NET WEIGHT

Q OBS

= GIVES THE CE OBSTRUCTION LEVEL

Q OLIST

= GIVES POSSIBLE TYPES OF OWNERS FOR CE

Q ORI

= GIVES THE CE ORIENTATION (SLOPE)

Q OSRF

= GIVES THE SHEET OVERLAY (VIEW ONLY)

Q OWN

= GIVES THE CE OWNER

Q PA (PIPING)

= GIVES THE ARRIVE CO-ORDINATES

Q PA TOP WRT/* (PIPING)

= GIVES THE CE ARRIVE CO-ORDS AT T.O.PIPE

Q PA BOP WRT/* (PIPING)

= GIVES THE CE ARRIVE CO-ORDS AT B.O.PIPE

Q PARA

= GIVES THE CE PARAMETERS ie SERIAL SIZES

Q PH (PIPING)

= GIVES THE CE PIPE HEAD ATTRIBUTES

Q PH BORE (PIPING)

= GIVES THE CE (PIPE HEAD) BORE

Q PH OD (PIPING)

= GIVES THE CE (PIPE HEAD) DIAMETER

Q PI WRT/* (PIPING)

= GIVES THE CE (PIPE SUPPORT) LOCATION

Q PKEY (DRAFT)

= GIVES THE DIM PLINE NAMES

Q PL WRT/* (PIPING)

= GIVES THE CE LEAVE CO-ORDINATES

Q PLNA

= GIVES THE CE PLINE NAMES

Q PLTXT (DRAFT)

= GIVES THE PROJ TEXT ATTRIBUTES

Q POS

= GIVES THE CE CO-ORDINATES (START)

Q POS WRT TO ID@

= GIVES THE DIST FROM CE TO START OF


IDENTIFIED MEMBER.

Q PSPR (FOR BRAN/PIPE)

= GIVES PIPE SPEC. FOR CE BRANCH/PIPE

Q POS IN $V1

= GIVES THE CE DISTANCE TO VAR $V1

Q POS PIN1 WRT/*

= GIVES THE CE CO-ORDINATION OF PIN1

Q POSE

= GIIIVES THE CE END COORDINATES

Q POS FITT

= GIVES THE C/FITT COODINATES (START)

Q POS PLRF (DRAFT)

= GIVES THE CURRENT VSEC COORDINATES.

Q POS IDPL@
START

= GIVES THE PLINE CO-ORDINATES AT CE

Q POS PPLI BOS WRT/*


LEN)

= GIVES THE BOS PLINE (PPL1) AT (0,5 X DER


ON THE N/A

Q POSS

= GIVES THE CE START COORDINATES

Q POSS POSE

= GIVES THE CE BOTH END COORDINATES

Q PRLS

= GIVES THE DESP NAME TYPES

Q PRESS (FOR BRANCH/PIPE)

= GIVES THE CE PRESSURE

Q PT OD (PIPING)

= GIVES THE CE (PIPE TAIL) DIAMETER

Q PT (PIPING)

= GIVES THE CE PIPE TAIL ATTRIBUTES

Q PURP

= GIVES THE STRU PURPOSE ATTRIBUTE

Q RAD (HVAC)

= GIVES THE CE RADIUS

Q RCOD (DRAFT)

= GIVES THE VIEW ORIENTATION

Q REF

= GIVES THE CE PDMS REFERENCE NO.

Q REPRES

= GIVES THE CE REPRESENTATION STATUS

Q FUNC

= GIVES THE FUNCTION

Q RRSF (DRAFT)

= GIVES THE CURRENT VIEW RULE SETTINGS

Q SIZE (DRAFT)

= GIVES THE VIEW O/ALLDIMENSIONS

Q SJUS

= GIVES THE PLOO JUSTIFICATION ie UTOP,


DCEN, DBOT

Q SNAP (DRAFT)

= GIVES THE SNAP SETTING (ON/OFF)

Q SPRE

= GIVES THE CE SPECIFICATION REFERENCE

Q STEXT

= GIVES THE ATTA PENETRATION IDENT\

Q :STATUS

= GIVES THE CE STRU STATUS ie AFC

Q :SWCODE

= GIVES THE CE WEIGHT CODE

Q TCTL OR (Q CUTL)

= GIVES THE CE CUT LENGTH?

Q THPOS (DRAFT)
COORDINATES

= GIVES THE C/VIEW MATCHLINE

Q TMRF (DRAFT)

= GIVES THE CE (SYMBOL) NAME

Q TEMP (FOR BRANCH/PIPE )

= GIVES THE TEMPERATURE

Q TPOS (PIPING)

= GIVES THE CE PIPE TAIL COORDINATES

Q TPT (DRAFT)

= GIVES THE STRA TAIL POINT COORDINATES.

Q TULE

= GIVES THE BRANCH TUBE LENGTH

Q TYPE

= GIVES THE CE TYPE ie SCTN, PANE

Q UNIT

= GIVES THE UNITS SETTING

Q USER

= GIVES THE CE USER DATABASE

Q USERMOD

= GIVES THE LAST USER LOGIN ID (STRU)

Q VOL CE

= GIVES THE CE VOLUME

Q VLIMITS (DRAFT)

= GIVES THE VIEW LIMITS

Q VSCALE (DRAFT)

= GIVES THE C/VIEW SCALE (ie 0.5)


0.5 = 1:2

0.2 = 1:5

0.1 = 1:10

0.01 =

1:100
0.05 = 1:20

0.04 = 1:25

0.02 =

1:50
Q VTYP (DRAFT)

= GIVES THE VIEW ATT (ie.GLOBAL HIDDEN)

Q XYPOS (DRAFT)

= GIVES THE VIEW POSITION ON SHEET

Q ZDIS

= GIVES THE CE FITTING DIST FROM START

$R6
CURRENT

= GIVES THE MACRO LISTING FOR THE


COMMAND

$R

= EXIST THE CURRENT LISTED MACRO

beberapa command diatas ini adalah beberapa command yang ada dalam buku pdms
command yang saya akan saya susun berdasarkan pengalaman, info dari internet, info dari
kawan-kawan dan lain-lain.

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