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# Kompressor-01

## Fungsi : Menaikan tekanan Udara dan mengaliran udara ke reaktor1

Tipe : Single Stage Centrifugal Compressor
Data
T

= 30,000C =546,000 R

P1

P2

## Laju alir massa,W = 16.152,719 Kg/jam = 593,511 lb/min

= 0,08206 m3Atm/kmol K

## 1. Menentukan Densitas udara

=

P BM
RT

Kompone
n
BM
Kmol
N2
28,000
442,4635
O2
32,000
117,6169
Total
28,840
560,0804
3
udara = 1,1595Kg/m = 0,072 lb/ft3
2. Menentukan Cp Campuran dan K

Xi
0,7900
0,2100
1,0000

(kg/m3)
1,1256
1,2864

cam (kg/m3)
0,8892
0,2701
1,1593

## Koefisien kapasitas panas gas yang digunakan adalah berdasarkan Appendix

Table C.1. Introduction to Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics, yaitu :
Cp/R = A + BT + CT2 + DT-2
dimana : A, B, C, D

= konstanta

Cp

Komponen

B.103

C.106

D.10-5

NH3 (g)

3,578

3,020

-0,186

O2 (g)

3,639

0,506

-0,227

N2 (g)

3,280

0,593

0,040

NO

(g)

3,387

0,629

0,014

NO2 (g)

4,982

1,195

-0,792

N2O4 (g)

11,660

2,257

-2,787

3,470

1,450

0,121

H2O

(g)

## (Appendix Table C.1. Introduction to Chemical Engineering

Thermodynamics)

kompone
n

n (kmol) Y
Cp
y*Cp
117,616 0,210 29,476
O2 (g)
9
0
3 6,1900
442,463 0,790 29,126 23,009
N2 (g)
5
0
4
8
560,080 1,000
29,199
Jumlah
4
0
9
CpCampuran = 29,1999 Kj/kmolK
R =8,314 KJ/KmolK
Cv Campuran

= CpCampuran R
= 29,1999 Kj/kmolK - 8,314 KJ/KmolK
= 20,886 Kj/Kmol K

Cp
K = Cv

29,1999
= 20,886

= 1,398

## 3.Menentukan Laju Alir Volumetrik dan kapasitas kompresor

Q=

593,511 lb/min
Laju Alir Massa
3
=
= 8.200,558 Ft3/min
Densitas
0,072lb/ Ft

## faktor keamanan = 10%

qfm = (1+0,1) Q= 1,1(8.200,558 Ft3/min) = 9.020,614 Ft3/min
3. Menentukan Rasio kompresi (Rc)
p2
Rc= p1

1 atm

5 atm

=5

P=

[( )

5
p2
3,03 x 10 K
P1 q fm
K1
P1

(k1)/k

## P= Power pompa (HP)

K=konstanta
P1= Tekanan awal (lb/in2)
P2= Tekanan akhir (lb/in2)
qfm = Kapasitas Kompresor

P=

[( )

p2
3,03 x 105 K
P1 q fm
K1
P1

(k1)/k

[(

## 3,03 x 105 (1,398)

2.116,217 lb/in29.020,614Ft3/min
1,3981
lb
2
lb
2.116,217
2

10.581,083

1,3981
1,398

= 1.180,903 Hp=1.181 HP
Kompressor-01 (K-01)
Menaikan tekanan Udara dan
mengaliran udara ke reaktor1
Tipe
Single Stage Centrifugal Compressor
P1(Atm)
1
P2(Atm)
5
Pw(HP)
1.181
Bahan
Carbon Steel
3
Densitas Fluida (lb/ft )
0,072
Tin (0C)
30
0
Tout ( C)
206,22
Laju Alir Volumetrik(Ft3/min)
8.200,558
3
qfm(Ft /min)
9.020,614
Jumlah
Fungsi

Kompressor-02

## Tipe : Single Stage Centrifugal Compressor

Data
T

= 60,000C =576,000 R

P1

P2

## Laju alir massa,W = 12.698,022 Kg/jam = 466,573 lb/min

= 0,08206 m3Atm/kmol K

P BM
RT

Komponen

BM
17,000
32,000
28,000
18,000
30,000

NH3
O2
N2
H2 O
NO

kmol
0,797
32,858
353,971
14,011
48,988
450,624

Total

Xi
0,002
0,073
0,786
0,031
0,109
1,000

(kg/m3)
2,674
5,033
4,404
2,831
4,719

cam
(kg/m3)
0,005
0,367
3,459
0,088
0,513
4,432

## 2. Menentukan Cp Campuran dan K

Koefisien kapasitas panas gas yang digunakan adalah berdasarkan Appendix
Table C.1. Introduction to Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics, yaitu :
Cp/R = A + BT + CT2 + DT-2
dimana : A, B, C, D

= konstanta

Cp

Komponen

B.103

C.106

D.10-5

NH3 (g)

3,578

3,020

-0,186

O2 (g)

3,639

0,506

-0,227

N2 (g)

3,280

0,593

0,040

NO

(g)

3,387

0,629

0,014

NO2 (g)

4,982

1,195

-0,792

N2O4 (g)

11,660

2,257

-2,787

3,470

1,450

0,121

H2O

(g)

## (Appendix Table C.1. Introduction to Chemical Engineering

Thermodynamics)

komponen
NH3
O2
N2
H2O
NO
Jumlah

n (kmol)
y
Cp
y*Cp
0,797 0,002 36,719
0,065
32,858 0,073 29,956
2,184
353,971 0,786 29,212
22,946
14,011 0,031 33,772
1,050
48,988 0,109 30,007
3,262
450,624 1,000
29,508

## CpCampuran = 29,508 Kj/kmolK

R =8,314 KJ/KmolK
Cv Campuran

= CpCampuran R
= 29,508 Kj/kmolK - 8,314 KJ/KmolK
= 21,194 Kj/Kmol K

Cp
K = Cv

29,508

= 21,194

= 1,392

## 3.Menentukan Laju Alir Volumetrik dan kapasitas kompresor

Q=

466,573 lb/min
Laju Alir Massa
3
=
Densitas
0,277 lb/ Ft 3 = 1.686,248 Ft /min

## faktor keamanan = 10%

qfm = (1+0,1) Q= 1,1(1.686,248 Ft3/min) = 1.854,873 Ft3/min
3. Menentukan Rasio kompresi (Rc)
p2
Rc= p1

4,3 atm

8 atm

= 1,8605

P=

[( )

p2
3,03 x 105 K
P1 q fm
K1
P1

(k1)/k

## P= Power pompa (HP)

K=konstanta
P1= Tekanan awal (lb/in2)
P2= Tekanan akhir (lb/in2)
qfm = Kapasitas Kompresor

P=

[( )

p2
3,03 x 105 K
P1 q fm
K1
P1

(k1)/k

[(

3,03 x 10 (1,392)
1,3921

lb
16.929,733
2
lb
9.099,731
2

1,32 81
1,392

## = 346,971 Hp= 347 HP

Kompressor-02 (K-02)

Fungsi
Tipe
P1(Atm)
P2(Atm)
Pw(HP)
Bahan
Densitas Fluida (lb/ft3)
Tin (0C)
Tout (0C)
Laju Alir Volumetrik(Ft3/min)
qfm(Ft3/min)
Jumlah

Kompressor-03

## Menaikan tekanan dan mengaliran

umpan ke reaktor 2
Single Stage Centrifugal Compressor
4,3
8
347
Carbon Steel
0,277
60
123,6828
1.686,248
1.854,873

## Fungsi : Menaikan tekanan Udara dan mengaliran udara ke reaktor1

Tipe : Single Stage Centrifugal Compressor
Data
T

= 206,220C =863,196 R

P1

P2

## Laju alir massa,W = 3.230,544 Kg/jam = 118,702 lb/min

= 0,08206 m3Atm/kmol K

## 1. Menentukan Densitas udara

=

P BM
RT

Kompone
n
BM
Kmol
N2
28,000
442,4635
O2
32,000
117,6169
Total
28,840
560,0804
udara = 3,6688Kg/m3 = 0,229 lb/ft3
2. Menentukan Cp Campuran dan K

Xi
0,7900
0,2100
1,0000

(kg/m3)
3,5590
4,0674

cam (kg/m3)
2,8116
0,8542
3,6658

## Koefisien kapasitas panas gas yang digunakan adalah berdasarkan Appendix

Table C.1. Introduction to Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics, yaitu :
Cp/R = A + BT + CT2 + DT-2
dimana : A, B, C, D

= konstanta

Cp

Komponen

B.103

C.106

D.10-5

NH3 (g)

3,578

3,020

-0,186

O2 (g)

3,639

0,506

-0,227

N2 (g)

3,280

0,593

0,040

NO

(g)

3,387

0,629

0,014

NO2 (g)

4,982

1,195

-0,792

N2O4 (g)

11,660

2,257

-2,787

3,470

1,450

0,121

H2O

(g)

## (Appendix Table C.1. Introduction to Chemical Engineering

Thermodynamics)

kompone
n
O2 (g)
N2 (g)
Jumlah

n (kmol) Y
Cp
y*Cp
117,616 0,210 31,450
9
0
0 6,6045
442,463 0,790 29,778 23,524
5
0
0
7
560,080 1,000
30,129
4
0
2

## CpCampuran = 30,1292 Kj/kmolK

R =8,314 KJ/KmolK
Cv Campuran

= CpCampuran R

## = 30,1292 Kj/kmolK - 8,314 KJ/KmolK

= 21.8152 Kj/Kmol K
Cp
K = Cv

30,1292
= 21,8152

= 1,381

## 3.Menentukan Laju Alir Volumetrik dan kapasitas kompresor

Q=

118,702 lb/min
Laju Alir Massa
3
=
Densitas
0,229lb/ Ft 3 = 518,701 Ft /min

## faktor keamanan = 10%

qfm = (1+0,1) Q= 1,1(518,701 Ft3/min) = 570,571 Ft3/min
3. Menentukan Rasio kompresi (Rc)
p2
Rc= p1

5 atm

8 atm

= 1,6

P=

[( )

5
p2
3,03 x 10 K
P1 q fm
K1
P1

(k1)/k

## P= Power pompa (HP)

K=konstanta
P1= Tekanan awal (lb/in2)
P2= Tekanan akhir (lb/in2)
qfm = Kapasitas Kompresor

P=

[( )

p2
3,03 x 105 K
P1 q fm
K1
P1

(k1)/k

[(

## 3,03 x 105 (1,3 81)

10.581,083 lb/in2570,571Ft3/min
1,3 8 11
lb
2
lb
10.581,083
2

16.929,733

1,3811
1,3 8 1

= 94,556 Hp=95 HP

Kompressor-03 (K-01)
Fungsi
Menaikan tekanan Udara dan
mengaliran udara ke absorber 1
Tipe
Single Stage Centrifugal Compressor
P1(Atm)
5
P2(Atm)
8
Pw(HP)
95
Bahan
Carbon Steel
Densitas Fluida (lb/ft3)
0,197
0
Tin ( C)
206,22
0
Tout ( C)
272,607
Laju Alir Volumetrik(Ft3/min)
518,701
3
qfm(Ft /min)
570,571
Jumlah