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LTE Radio Access, Rel. FDDLTE 15A, Operating


Documentation, Issue 01
Flexi Multiradio 10 Base
Station Product Description
DN0971928
Issue 02
Approval Date 2015-06-19

FlexiMultiradio10BaseStationProductDescription

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DN0971928

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FlexiMultiradio10BaseStationProductDescription

Table of Contents
Thisdocumenthas44pages

Summaryofchanges..................................................................... 8

2
2.1

IntroductiontoFlexiMultiradio10BaseStation.............................9
FlexiMultiradio10BaseStation-architectureandsupported
RATs............................................................................................... 9
FlexiMultiradio10BaseStation-dedicatedandconcurrentmode.
10
FlexiMultiradio10BaseStationmodules-reference
documentation..............................................................................10

2.2
2.3

3
3.1
3.2

FlexiMultiradio10BaseStation-construction............................ 12
FlexiMultiradio10BaseStationconstruction-outdoor/indoor
variant.......................................................................................... 12
FlexiMultiradio10BaseStationconstruction-indoorvariant..... 12

FlexiMultiradio10BaseStation-mechanics.............................. 13

5
5.1

FlexiMultiradio10BaseStation-benefits...................................14
FlexiMultiradio10BaseStation-cost-effectivenetworkbuilding...
14
FlexiMultiradio10BaseStation-siterentalcost........................ 14
FlexiMultiradio10BaseStation-sitepowerconsumption..........14
FlexiMultiradio10BaseStationeasyinstallation........................ 14
FlexiMultiradio10BaseStation-SWconfigurationoverview.....15
FlexiMultiradio10BaseStation-acousticnoise.........................15
FlexiMultiradio10BaseStation-commissioningoverview........ 15
FlexiMultiradio10BaseStation-operationandmaintenance
advantages...................................................................................16
Intelligentshut-downconcept.......................................................16
Intelligentshut-downinFlexiMultiradio10BaseStation.............16
FlexiMultiradio10BaseStationforhigh-capacityandwidecoverageapplications.................................................................. 18
OptimizedAntennaLineinFlexiMultiradio10BaseStation....... 18
FlexiMultiradio10BaseStation-dataandvoicecapacity..........19
FlexiMultiradio10BaseStation-feederlesssitevsdistributed
site................................................................................................19

5.2
5.3
5.4
5.5
5.6
5.7
5.8
5.9
5.10
5.11
5.12
5.13
5.14

Issue:02

6
6.1
6.1.1
6.1.2
6.2
6.2.1
6.2.2

FlexiMultiradio10BaseStation-SingleRANaspects............... 20
RFSharing................................................................................... 20
RFsharingoverview.................................................................... 20
RFsharingdocumentation-references.......................................22
SingeRAN-transportbackhaulsharing......................................22
QoSAwareEthernetSwitchingoverview.....................................23
FlexiMultiradio10BaseStationSystemModuleasa
synchronizationhub..................................................................... 23

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FlexiMultiradio10BaseStationProductDescription

6.2.2.1

FlexiMultiradio10BaseStationSystemModulesynchronization
methods-list................................................................................24

7
7.1

FlexiMultiradio10BaseStation-basebandcapacity................. 25
FlexiMultiradio10BaseStationbasebandcapacity-overview......
25
FlexiMultiradio10BaseStationbasebandcapacityoptimizationoverview....................................................................................... 25
FlexiMultiradio10BaseStationfuturecapacityevolution...........25
FlexiMultiradio10BaseStation-RAT-specificmaximumcapacity.
26

7.2
7.3
7.4

8
8.1
8.1.1
8.1.2
8.1.3
8.2
8.2.1

FlexiMultiradio10BaseStation-managementandsoftware.....27
FlexiMultiradio10BaseStation-localmanagement.................. 27
BTSSiteManager-function........................................................ 27
BTSSiteManagersoftwarepackage...........................................27
BTSSiteManageroperatingenvironments................................. 28
FlexiMultiradio10BaseStation-remotemanagement.............. 28

8.2.2

8.6

ManagingFlexiMultiradio10BaseStationwithNetActTMbenefits.........................................................................................28
RemoteUserEventLogManagement-overview....................... 29
RemoteUserEventLogManagementloggedoperations........... 29
RemoteUserEventLogManagement-howdoesitwork?.........30
RemoteUserEventLogManagement-loggedoperationsstoring.
30
RemoteUserEventLogManagementuploadmechanism..........30
FlexiMultiradio10BaseStationconfigurationmanagement....... 31
FlexiMultiradio10BaseStationsoftwareupdating..................... 31
FlexiMultiradio10BaseStation-configuringexternalalarmsand
controls.........................................................................................32
FlexiMultiradio10BaseStation-changingRAT......................... 32

9
9.1
9.2
9.3
9.4
9.5
9.5.1

FlexiMultiradio10BaseStation-modules..................................33
FlexiMultiradioSystemModuleRelease3-overview.................33
FlexiMultiradioRadioFrequencyModule-overview.................. 33
FlexiMultiradioRemoteRadioHead-overview.......................... 34
FlexiMultiradioActiveAntenna-overview.................................. 34
FlexiMultiradio10BaseStation-optionalitems......................... 35
FlexiMultiradio10BTSOutdoorCapacityExtensionSub-Module
(FBBA)-overview........................................................................ 35
FlexiMultiradio10BTSOutdoorCapacityExtensionSub-Module
(FBBC)-overview........................................................................ 35
FlexiMultiradio10BTSIndoorCapacityExtensionSub-Module
(FBIH)-overview........................................................................ 35
FlexiMultiradio10BTSTransmissionSub-Module(FTIF)overview....................................................................................... 35
FlexiPacketFirstMile200i(FPFM200i)-overview.......................35

8.2.3
8.2.4
8.2.5
8.2.6
8.2.7
8.3
8.4
8.5

9.5.2
9.5.3
9.5.4
9.5.5

NetActTM-benefits.......................................................................28

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FlexiMultiradio10BaseStationProductDescription

9.5.6
9.5.7
9.5.8
9.5.9
9.5.10
9.5.11
9.5.12
9.5.13
9.5.14
9.5.15
9.5.16
9.5.17
9.5.18
9.5.19
9.5.20
9.5.21
9.6

Issue:02

FlexiMultiradio10BTSPowerDistributionSub-Module(FPFD).....
36
FlexiPowerDistributionModule(FPFC)-overview.................... 36
FlexiPowerModule(FPMA)-overview.......................................36
FlexiPowerAC/DCSub-Module(FPAA)-overview.................... 37
FlexiPowerBatterySub-Module(FPBB)-overview................... 37
FlexiPowerDC/DCModule24V(FPDA)-overview................... 37
FlexiPowerRectifier(FPRx)-overview...................................... 37
FlexiCabinetforOutdoor(FCOA)-overview.............................. 37
FlexiCabinetforOutdoor(FCOA)-optionalelements................ 38
FlexiCabinetforIndoor(FCIA)-overview...................................38
FlexiCabinetforIndoor(FCIA)-optionalelements.....................38
FlexiCabinetOutdoor(FCOS)-overview................................... 38
FlexiCabinetOutdoorSmall(FCOS)-installationoptions.......... 38
FlexiMountingKitforFloor,WallandPole(FMFA)-overview.... 39
FlexiSystemExternalAlarm(FSEB)-overview.......................... 39
FlexiSystemExternalOVP(FSEC/FSES)-overview................. 39
FlexiMultiradio10BaseStationexternalinterfaces-references....
39

10

FlexiBaseStationnamingconvention......................................... 40

11
11.1
11.2
11.3
11.4

Environmentrelatedmarkings..................................................... 43
RSS-310compliance................................................................... 43
EURoHSstatement.....................................................................43
CEmarking.................................................................................. 43
FCCPart15compliance.............................................................. 44

DN0971928

FlexiMultiradio10BaseStationProductDescription

List of Figures

Figure1

GeneralarchitectureofFlexiMultiradio10BaseStation.................. 10

Figure2

PrincipleofIntelligentShut-Downinthecaseoftransmissionnode
site...................................................................................................... 17

Figure3

GSM-LTERFsharingarchitectureoverview...................................... 20

Figure4

WCDMA-GSMRFsharingarchitectureoverview...............................21

Figure5

WCDMA-LTERFsharingarchitectureoverview................................ 22

Figure6

TransportsharinginmultiradioBTSsite.............................................23

Figure7

BTSSiteManagermainwindow........................................................ 27

Figure8

Audittrail.............................................................................................29

Figure9

TheRUEMconcept............................................................................ 30

Figure10

ListofcountriesrespectingEUDirective1999/5/EC..........................43

DN0971928

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FlexiMultiradio10BaseStationProductDescription

List of Tables

Issue:02

Table1

Releasescoveredbythedocument..................................................... 8

Table2

MaximumcapacityofFlexiMultiradio10BaseStation...................... 26

Table3

FlexiBTSnamingconvention.............................................................40

DN0971928

Summaryofchanges

FlexiMultiradio10BaseStationProductDescription

1 Summary of changes
Changesbetweendocumentissuesarecumulative.Therefore,thelatestdocument
issuecontainsallchangesmadetopreviousissues.
ThisdocumentiscommonforallRadioAccessTechnologies(RAT).Youmayfindhere
informationaboutsolutionsthatarenotavailableorsupportedinaspecificSWrelease
orRAT.TableRATreleasescoveredbythedocumentlistsallSWreleasescoveredby
thecontentofthisdocument.ForfeaturessupportedinyourSWrelease,seerespective
featuredocumentationchapterinthesystemlibrary.
Table1

Releasescoveredbythedocument

Product

Release

GSM/EDGE(BSS)

RG30(BSS),RG40(BSS)

WCDMARAN

RU40,RU50,RU50EP1

LongTermEvolution

RL50,RL60,RL70,FDD-LTE15A

TDLTE

RL35TD,RL45TD,RL55TD,TD-LTE15A

Changes between issues 01J (2015-04-09) and 02 (2015-06-19)


BTS Site Manager operating environments

MicrosoftWindowsXPhasbeenremoved.
LinuxRHEL7.1hasbeenadded.

Flexi Multiradio 10 Base Station - changing RAT

Thetopichasbeenadded.

FlexiMultiradioBaseStationhardwarereleasessectionhasbeenremoved.

Changes between issues 01I (2014-12-02) and 01J (2015-04-09)


RF sharing overview

Figure:3-RATarchitectureoverviewhasbeenremoved.

Changes between issues 01H (2014-11-20) and 01I (2014-12-02)

InformationonFXCEhasbeenremoved.

InformationonFHGBhasbeenremoved.

DN0971928

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FlexiMultiradio10BaseStationProductDescription

IntroductiontoFlexiMultiradio10BaseStation

2 Introduction to Flexi Multiradio 10 Base


Station
2.1 Flexi Multiradio 10 Base Station - architecture and
supported RATs
AbouttechnologiesandstandardsthatFlexiMultiradio10BaseStationsupports.
FlexiMultiradio10BaseStationisbasedonFlexiMultiradioSystemModuleand
multiradio-capableRFModule/RemoteRadioHeadvariants.FlexiMultiradio10Base
Stationisahigh-capacity,SingleRAN,andLTE-AdvancedreadymultiradioBTS.It
supportsthefollowingradioaccesstechnologiesinallneededfrequencyvariants:

GSM/EDGE
WCDMA
HSPAandHSPAevolution
LTETDD/FDD

Thearchitecturesupports3GPPfunctionsandfeaturesin3GPPrelease9andbeyond,
providingafuture-proofplatformforadvancedradiosystems.Furthermore,the
architecturesupportsthemostcommoninterfacesbetweenthemodulesandfunctions
asdefinedbyOpenBaseStationArchitectureInitiative(OBSAI)andCommonPublic
RadioInterface(CPRI).

SeeroadmapsforCPRIavailability.
FlexiMultiradio10BaseStationsupportslegacynetworkinterface.Italsofullyutilizes
Ethernet-basedtransportwithsecuritysolutions,synchronizationandtimingmethods
basedonsynchronousEthernet,timingoverpacket,andGPSmethods.

Issue:02

DN0971928

IntroductiontoFlexiMultiradio10BaseStation

Figure1

FlexiMultiradio10BaseStationProductDescription

GeneralarchitectureofFlexiMultiradio10BaseStation

Antenna
Line
RFModuleorRRH
Antenna
Line
RFModuleorRRH
Antenna
Line
RFModuleorRRH
FlexiMultiradio
AntennaSystem
Ext.SystemModule

SystemModule

2.2 Flexi Multiradio 10 Base Station - dedicated and


concurrent mode
AboutFlexiMultiradio10BaseStation'smultiradioandmulticarrierattributes.
FlexiMultiradio10BaseStationisatruesoftware-definedmultiradioandmulticarrier
basestationthatcanuseGSM/EDGE,WCDMA,HSPAandLTE(TDDandFDD)
technologies.Theconcurrentmodefunctionalitycanincludeseveralradioaccess
technologiesandtheircombinations,forexampleGSM-LTE,GSM-WCDMA,WCDMALTE,GSM-WCDMA-LTE.TheFlexiBTSalsosupportsmulti-operatorcases(MOCN),
whereseveraloperatorscanshareresourcesofoneBTS.

2.3 Flexi Multiradio 10 Base Station modules reference documentation


ListofdocumentsdescribingFlexiMultiradio10BaseStationmodules.
SeethefollowingdocumentsformoreinformationonFlexiMultiradio10BaseStation
modulesandsub-modules:

10

FlexiMultiradio10BaseStationSystemModuleDescription
FlexiMultiradioBTSRadioModuleandRemoteRadioHeadDescription
FlexiMultiradio10BaseStationTransmissionDescription

DN0971928

Issue:02

FlexiMultiradio10BaseStationProductDescription

Issue:02

IntroductiontoFlexiMultiradio10BaseStation

FlexiMultiradioBaseStationandFlexiMultiradio10BaseStationOptionalItems
Description

DN0971928

11

FlexiMultiradio10BaseStation-construction

FlexiMultiradio10BaseStationProductDescription

3 Flexi Multiradio 10 Base Station construction


3.1 Flexi Multiradio 10 Base Station construction outdoor/indoor variant
AboutconstructionoftheFlexiMultiradio10BaseStationoutdoor/indoorvariant.
Outdoor/indoorvariantofFlexiMultiradio10BaseStationisratedatIP65.AtypicalBTS
consistsofthefollowingitems:

oneFlexiMultiradio10BTSSystemModulewithanintegratedGigabitEthernet(GE)
transportinterface(FSMF)
oneoptionalFlexiMultiradio10BTSTransmissionSub-Module(FTIForFPFM200i)
oneortwooptionalFlexiMultiradio10BTSCapacityExtensionSub-Modules(FBBA
orFBBC)
oneoptionalFlexiMultiradio10BTSPowerDistributionSub-Module(FPFD)
oneoptionaloutdoor-capableFlexiPowerModule(FPMA)thatcanhouseAC/DC
convertersub-modules(FPAA)andbatterysub-modules(FPBA/B)

Whenthemodulesareinstalledwithoutacabinet,thefollowingitemsareavailable:

Flexi3UMountingCoversfront/backforeachmodule(FMCA/H).Theyare
mandatoryinoutdoorinstallations.
FlexiMountingKitFloor/Wall/Poleforstackedinstallations(FMFA).Theminimum
requirementisoneplinthforastackinstallationandoneplinthpertwomodulesin
poleandwallinstallations.

3.2 Flexi Multiradio 10 Base Station construction indoor variant


AboutconstructionoftheFlexiMultiradio10BaseStationindoorvariant.
IndoorvariantofFlexiMultiradio10BaseStationisratedatIP20.
AtypicalBTSconsistsofthefollowingbasebanditems:

oneFlexiMultiradio10BTSSystemModulewithintegratedGigabitEthernet(GE)
transportinterfaces(FSIH)
oneortwooptionalFlexiMultiradio10BTSCapacityExtensionSub-Modules(FBIH)
oneoptionaloutdoor-capableFlexiPowerModule(FPMA)thatcanhouseAC/DC
convertersub-modules(FPAA)andbatterysub-modules(FPBA/B)

Whenthemodulesareinstalledwithoutacabinet,FlexiMountingKitFloor/Wall/Polefor
stackedinstallations(FMFA)isavailable.Theminimumrequirementisoneplinthfora
stackinstallationandoneplinthpertwomodulesinpoleandwallinstallations.

12

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FlexiMultiradio10BaseStationProductDescription

FlexiMultiradio10BaseStation-mechanics

4 Flexi Multiradio 10 Base Station - mechanics


ListofmainpartsofFlexiMultiradio10BaseStationmodules.
FlexiMultiradio10BaseStationmodulesconsistofthefollowingmainparts:

Issue:02

Modulecore.Thecoremechanics,withinstalledgasketsinalloftheconnectors,
shieldthemodulecoreagainstsolidforeignobjects,andmakethemodulecoreIP65
weatherproof(outdoorvariant)orIP20(indoorvariant).Thecoremechanicsalso
provideEMCshielding.
Modulecasing.Thisprovidesfixingpointsformodulestotheplinthandsupportsthe
stackofmodules.Themodulecorecanbechangedevenifthemoduleisatthe
bottomofthemodulestack.
Fanassembly.Thisprovidesfreshairtocoolthemodule.Eachmodulecontrolsits
ownfansaccordingtotemperatureinformation,andtworedundantfansenable
moduleoperationatnormaltemperatures,evenwithonefan.Thefansub-module
canbechangedinanoperationalmoduleatasitewherebackaccessisprovided.
Modulecables.AllcablesareIP65protected.
OptionalFrontandBackcovers(FMCA/H)forBTSsiteinstallationswithoutacabinet
or
OptionalFlexiCabinetforOutdoor(FCOA)orFlexiCabinetforIndoor(FCIA)
or
OptionalFlexiCabinetOutdoorSmall(FCOS)

DN0971928

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FlexiMultiradio10BaseStation-benefits

FlexiMultiradio10BaseStationProductDescription

5 Flexi Multiradio 10 Base Station - benefits


5.1 Flexi Multiradio 10 Base Station - cost-effective
network building
AboutbenefitsofusingFlexiMultiradio10BaseStationtobuildanetwork.
WithFlexiMultiradio10BaseStation,thesameequipmentcanbeusedtobuild
coverageandcapacity.Ahighcellcapacityandwidecoveragepersitemeansfewer
siteswhichmakesbuildinganetworkmorecost-effective.FlexiMultiradio10Base
StationcanbeinstalledatanyexistinglegacyGSM/EDGE/CDMA/WCDMAsitefora
broadbanddatacapabilityupgrade.FlexiMultiradio10BaseStationisdesignedtoutilize
theexistingsiteequipment.

5.2 Flexi Multiradio 10 Base Station - site rental cost


AboutlowFlexiMultiradio10BaseStationsiterentalcost.
FlexiMultiradio10BaseStationreducesBTSsiterentalcostsbecauseaBTS-specific
cabinetorextrafloorspaceisnolongerneededonthesite.However,existingsite
supportandauxiliarycabinetscanbeusedtohouseFlexiMultiradio10BTSmodules.
Themodulescanbealsoinstalledonawall.

5.3 Flexi Multiradio 10 Base Station - site power


consumption
PowerconsumptionadvantagesofFlexiMultiradio10BaseStation.
BecauseofthehighintegrationofFlexiMultiradio10BTSandtheadvancedpower
amplifierstheoverallpowerconsumptionisdecreased.Intypicalconfigurations,the
powersavingisupto60%comparedtothefirstgenerationofWCDMABTS.Additional
benefitsare:

smallerbatterycapacityforthesamebackuptime
fewerAC-DCrectifiers
smallerfusesandthinnerpowerfeedingcables
air-conditioningforindoorsitesneededonlyinspecialcases
noair-conditioningneededforoutdoorsites
noneedforadedicatedcabinetforthepowersystemandauxiliaryequipment

5.4 Flexi Multiradio 10 Base Station easy installation


AboutsimpleinstallationofFlexiMultiradio10BaseStation.

14

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FlexiMultiradio10BaseStationProductDescription

FlexiMultiradio10BaseStation-benefits

AFlexiMultiradio10BaseStationmodulecanbelifted,carried,andputinplacebyone
person.Theaveragemoduleinstallationtimeisreduced,comparedtotraditionalcabinet
BTSs.
FlexiMultiradio10BaseStationcanbeinstalledonawall,poll,orfloor.Itfitsinthe
existinglegacyGSM/EDGE/CDMA/WCDMABTSfootprintsaswell.FlexiMultiradio10
BTSoutdoorisprotectedtoatleastIP65levelandcanbeinstalledassuchatan
outdoorsite.Inaddition,bothindoorandoutdoorcabinetinstallationoptionsare
available.InstallationlocationsforaFlexiMultiradio10BaseStationcanbesmallerthan
orthesameasthosereservedforpreviousBTSs.

5.5 Flexi Multiradio 10 Base Station - SW configuration


overview
OverviewofFlexiMultiradio10BaseStationSWconfiguration.
FlexiMultiradio10BaseStationcanbeSW-configuredaccordingtorequirementsofa
givenradiotechnology-GSM/EDGE,WCDMA/HSPA+,orLTE(TD/FDD).Additionally,
manySW-definablefeaturescanbeactivatedbythesoftware.Forexample:

sectoractivation(one,two,orthreesectorsactiveofa3-sectorRFModule)
RFpowermodeforactivesector(8,20,40,60,or80W)
LTEcellbandwidth(1.4,3,5,10,15,or20MHz)
MHAsupportandcontrol
AntennaTiltsupportandcontrol
dualbandandmultibandsupport
four-wayuplinkdiversitymode
4TXMIMOdownlinkmode
transportinterface
synchronizationmethod(forexample,GPS,timingoverpacket)
ThefullfeaturelistforeachRATcanbefoundinFeatureListdocument.

5.6 Flexi Multiradio 10 Base Station - acoustic noise


AboutlowacousticnoiseofFlexiMultiradio10BaseStation.
TheacousticnoiseproducedbyaFlexiMultiradio10BaseStationsiteislowbecauseof
reducedpowerconsumptionandanincreasedunitintegrationlevel.Siteacceptanceis
easier,especiallyaturbanoutdoorsites.Fanspeedsandacousticnoiseareadaptedto
theBTSloadandambienttemperature.

5.7 Flexi Multiradio 10 Base Station - commissioning


overview
AboutsimplicityofFlexiMultiradio10BaseStationcommissioning.

Issue:02

DN0971928

15

FlexiMultiradio10BaseStation-benefits

FlexiMultiradio10BaseStationProductDescription

TheautodetectionfeatureofFlexiMultiradio10BaseStationmakescommissioningand
integratingfastandeasy.Thecommissioningwizardguidestheuserstep-by-step
throughthewholecommissioningprocess.Attheendoftheprocess,thecommissioning
wizardproducesaBTSCommissioningReport.

5.8 Flexi Multiradio 10 Base Station - operation and


maintenance advantages
AboutfastandsimplemaintenanceofFlexiMultiradio10BaseStation.
Simplicityandspeedofmaintenanceimprovesoperationalreliability.Maintenanceis
improvedbymoduleintegrationandautomaticfaultdetectionprocedures.Special
attentionhasbeenpaidtoFlexiMultiradio10BaseStationsoftwarestarttime,reducing,
forinstance,downtimewhenanewsoftwarepackageisputintouse.

5.9 Intelligent shut-down concept


Definitionoftheintelligentshut-downfeature.
Intelligentshut-downfeatureoptimizestheinvestmenttoonebatterybackupsystemon
ahigh-capacityBTS,especiallyonsitesthatoperateasimportanttransmissionhub
nodes.Withintelligentshut-down,separatebackupsystemsforBTSandtransmission
areunnecessary.

5.10 Intelligent shut-down in Flexi Multiradio 10 Base


Station
Abouttheintelligentshut-downfeatureactivatedinFlexiMultiradio10BaseStation.
FlexiMultiradio10BTSwithbatterybackupsystemsupportsanintelligentBTSsite
powershutdownprocedureintheeventofanACpowerfailure.Duringthe
commissioningofeachsite,theoperatorcandefinedifferentshutdowntimersand
prioritiesfortheBTSsectorsandcarriers.
IntelligentshutdownisactivatedfromPowersystemsbyactivatingoneexternalalarm
(EAC)linestoFlexiBTS.
WhenFlexiBTSdetectsaproblemwiththepowerprovisioning-soswitchingtobattery
powersupply-analarmisraised,andtheBTSautomaticallyreducestherequiredpower
consumption.Asaresult,FlexiBTSisoperatingwithreducedornoserviceofferedas
longasthereisenoughpower.OncetheACpowerisrestored,theFlexiBTSoffersfull
serviceagain.
Thereductionofpowerisdoneviathestepwiseshutdownofserviceswhichare
triggeredbyoperatorconfigurabletimersperBTS.Differentshutdownscenarioscanbe
configuredfortheBTSbysettingthesetimers.
TwotimerswithtwodifferentactionssteertheBTSbehaviorwhileworkingonbatteries:

16

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FlexiMultiradio10BaseStationProductDescription

FlexiMultiradio10BaseStation-benefits

Whenthefirsttimerisexceeded,selectednumberofcellswillbeswitchedoff(for
example222to111)
Whenthesecondtimerisexceeded,allcellsofthatBTSwillbeswitchedoff
gracefully,meanstheUEsinthatcellwillbeforcedtochangetoadifferentcell.

ThetimervaluescanbeconfiguredviaNetActTMorwithBTSSiteManager.
Thesettingespeciallyofthefirsttimervalueshallconsiderthespecificsituationinthe
network.
Forexample,athree-sectortwo-carrierFlexiMultiradio10BTSWCDMA(2+2+2)site
equippedwithbatterybackupoperatesasatransmissionhubnodetowardsotherBTSs
inachain.ThefirsttimercanbesettoshutdownthesecondcarriersoftheBTS,to
operateas1+1+1(forexample)30minutesafteranACpowerfailure.Thesecondtimer
canbesettoshutdowntheremaining1+1+1BTS(forexample)onehouraftertheAC
powerfailure,inordertosupportthetransmissionnodeforaslongaspossiblewiththe
existingbatterycapacity.
Timerscanbesetaccordingtotheconfigurationandprioritiesofeachsite.
Figure2

PrincipleofIntelligentShut-Downinthecaseoftransmissionnodesite

RFModuleorRRH
1sttimerexpires:
shutdownsectorsor
carriersinBTS
RFModuleorRRH

2ndtimerexpires:
shutdownBTS,keep
transmissionoperational

RFModuleorRRH

backhaulBTS1
SystemModule
externalalarmline
ACpowerfailuretriggersshut
downstarttimersviaalarmline

ACpower

DC
RectifierAC-DC
Batteryback-up
DC
Transmission
HUBnode
tootherBTSs

Issue:02

backhaulBTS2

NOTICE:Seeroadmapsforintelligentshut-downavailability.

DN0971928

17

FlexiMultiradio10BaseStation-benefits

FlexiMultiradio10BaseStationProductDescription

5.11 Flexi Multiradio 10 Base Station for high-capacity


and wide-coverage applications
AboutFlexiMultiradio10BaseStation'scapacityandcoverageadvantages.
FlexiMultiradio10BaseStationisoptimizedforhigh-capacityandwide-coverage
applications.Itensurescellrangesthatmeetrequirementsofthecoverageapplications.
Therefore,thenumberofsitesrequiredforbuildingagoodcoverageisminimized.A
seamlessvoiceanddatacoverageareacanbebuilteasily.
FlexiMultiradio10BaseStationhasbeendevelopedforcoverageapplications.Itoffers:

WidevarietyofRFmodulesfordifferentapplicationsandusecases,forexample
highdownlinkpowerwithFlexi3-sector240WRFModule.
Supportof2TXMIMO40+40Wpersectorwithsingle6TXRFModuleand4TX
MIMO40+40+40+40Wpersectorwithtwo6TXRFModules.
Optimumuplinkperformanceandreceiversensitivity.
Outdoormodulesthatcanbelocatedclosetoantennas,reducingantennafeeder
losses.
Optimizedantennasystemperformance,including3GPPantennatiltingand
mastheadamplifier(MHA)support.
HighdownlinkpowerinsmallsizewithFlexiRemoteRadioHead.
NOTICE:Mastheadamplifier(MHA)isnotsupportedinTD-LTE.

5.12 Optimized Antenna Line in Flexi Multiradio 10 Base


Station
OverviewoftheOptimizedAntennaLinesolutioninFlexiMultiradio10BaseStation.
OptimizedAntennalineisaseparate,optionalsitesolutiontoadditionallyimprovetotal
BTSandantennasystemsiteRFperformanceandtominimizecosts.
FlexiMultiradio10BaseStationOptimizedAntennalineincludesthefollowingoptional
features,enabledbySWlicenses:

IntegratedMHApowerfeedingandO&McontroltotheRFModuleoftheFlexiBTS.
IntegratedAntennalinesupervisionbyReturnLossmeasurement(VSWR
measurement).
Integrated3GPPstandardAntennaTiltpowerfeedingand3GPPAntennaTiltO&M
controltotheRFModuleoftheFlexiBTS.

FlexiRFModulehasanintegratedlightningprotectioncircuitinallantennaconnectors.
TheantennaconnectorofFlexiMultiradio10BaseStationisontheRFModulefront
panel.Noadditionalunits,connectors,orjumpercablesarenecessarybetweentheFlexi
Multiradio10BaseStationantennaconnectorandtheantenna.Thatminimizesthe
antennalinelengthandlosses,aswellasoptimizesRFperformanceinboththeuplink
anddownlinkdirection.

18

DN0971928

Issue:02

FlexiMultiradio10BaseStationProductDescription

FlexiMultiradio10BaseStation-benefits

5.13 Flexi Multiradio 10 Base Station - data and voice


capacity
AboutFlexiMultiradio10BaseStation'sflexibletrafficcapacity.
FlexiMultiradio10BaseStationisacompactmulti-purposeBTSdesignedtosupportall
futurehighspeedbroadbanddataandvoiceservicesoveranairinterface.Smoothdata
andvoicecapacityevolutionisprovidedthroughsoftware.
TheprocessingcapacityofFlexiMultiradio10BaseStationcanbeconfiguredtosupport
themaximumcapacitythattheairinterfaceallows.
Inadditiontotheflexibletrafficcapacity,FlexiMultiradio10BaseStationalsoallowsa
freemixoftrafficpatternstoaccommodatewhateverproportionofvoiceanddatais
required.Dependingonnetworkcapacityrequirements,thecapacityinstalledcanbe
matchedwiththecapacityoftheairinterface.

5.14 Flexi Multiradio 10 Base Station - feederless site vs


distributed site
OverviewofthefeederlessBTSsitesolution'sadvantagesoverthedistributedsite
solution.
StandardFlexiMultiradio10BaseStationmodulessupporttheFeederlessBTSsite
applicationwhereoneRFModule,RemoteRadioHead,ortheentireFlexiBTSis
installedclosetotheantennas.Forafeederlesssite,traditionallongantennafeedersor
mastheadamplifiersarenotneededthankstowhichtheBTSsiteRFperformanceis
optimizedinbothuplinkanddownlink.
Thebenefitsoffeederlesssitesare:

BetterRFperformancebecausetherearenodownlinkanduplinkfeederlosses.
Easierinstallationbecauseofreducedcablingtothetower.
Nolongantennafeeders(typicallysixforathree-sectorsite).
Nomastheadamplifiers/tower-mountedamplifiers.
Reducedtotalwindloadandweight.
Reducedtotalpowerconsumption.

RFModuleandRemoteRadioHeadcanbesoftware-activatedandconfiguredto
supportone,two,orthreesectors,oronesectorwith2TXMIMOwithoptionalfour-way
uplinkdiversity.
IntheDistributedSitesolution,RFModule(s)orRemoteRadioHead(s)arelocatedupto
20kmawayfromthemainFlexiSystemModulesite.

Issue:02

DN0971928

19

FlexiMultiradio10BaseStation-SingleRANaspects

FlexiMultiradio10BaseStationProductDescription

6 Flexi Multiradio 10 Base Station - Single RAN


aspects
6.1 RF Sharing
6.1.1 RF sharing overview
OverviewoftheRFsharingconcept.
TheRFsharingfeatureallowsFlexiMultiradioBTSRFModuletooperateina
concurrentmodewithtwoRadioAccessTechnologies(RATs).BTSresourcesbetween
RATsareallocatedandsharedbyallowingtwoFlexiEDGE/WCDMA/LTESystem
ModulestosharethesameFlexiBTSMultiradioRFModuleorRemoteRadioHead
(RRH).RFModuleorRRHtransmitsRFcarriersignalsfortwoRATsatthesame
frequencyband.TheRFSharingconceptsimplifiestheantennasystemcomplexity,and
providestheoperatorswithfuture-proofBTSsiteevolution.
Figure3

GSM-LTERFsharingarchitectureoverview

GSMmanagement

LTEmanagement

NetAct
Q3/XML

NWI3
iOMS

FlexiBSC
BTSO&M
S1/IP

OMU
Abis
TDM/IP
BCF

eNB

FlexiMultiradio
BTSGSM

FlexiMultiradio
BTSLTE

RP3-01

RP3-01

RFM

20

RP3-01

RFM

DN0971928

RFM

Issue:02

FlexiMultiradio10BaseStationProductDescription

Figure4

FlexiMultiradio10BaseStation-SingleRANaspects

WCDMA-GSMRFsharingarchitectureoverview

GSMmanagement

WCDMAmanagement

NetAct
Q3/XML

NWI3
OMS
BTSO&M

FlexiBSC
RNC

OMU
Abis
TDM/IP

lub/BTSO&M
BCF

FlexiMultiradio
BTSGSM

RP3-01

FlexiMultiradio
BTSWCDMA

RP3-01

RFM

Issue:02

RP3-01

RFM

DN0971928

RFM

21

FlexiMultiradio10BaseStation-SingleRANaspects

Figure5

FlexiMultiradio10BaseStationProductDescription

WCDMA-LTERFsharingarchitectureoverview

LTEmanagement

WCDMAmanagement

NetAct
NWI3

NWI3

iOMS

OMS
BTSO&M

BTSO&M
S1/IP

RNC
lub/BTSO&M

eNB
FlexiMultiradio
BTSLTE

RP3-01

FlexiMultiradio
BTSWCDMA

RP3-01

RP3-01

RFM

RFM

6.1.2 RF sharing documentation - references


ListofdocumentsdiscussingtheRFsharingconcept.
FormoreinformationontheRFsharingconcept,see:

RFSharingOperability
ConfiguringRFSharing
FlexiMultiradioBTSRFSharingReleasedConfigurations(Excel)

6.2 Singe RAN - transport backhaul sharing


AbouttransportsharinginamultiradioBTSsite.
TransportbackhaulsharingprovidesthepossibilityforaSingleRANsitetobeconnected
tothebackhaulnetworkwithjustonephysicalEthernetconnection.
NotethatmultipleFlexiMultiradio10BTSSystemModulesarerequired.

22

DN0971928

Issue:02

FlexiMultiradio10BaseStationProductDescription

Figure6

FlexiMultiradio10BaseStation-SingleRANaspects

TransportsharinginmultiradioBTSsite

RNC

BSC

SAE-GW MME

S1/X2

lub

Packet
Abis

IP

S1/X2

IP

System
Module
WCDMA

lub

IP

System
Module
GSM

Packet
Abis

IP / Ethernet

IP

System
Module
LTE

Ethernet

Ethernet

MultiradioBTSsite

TheBTSsitebackhaultrafficcanbeaggregatedononeintegratedIP/Ethernetinterface
byutilizingintegratedQoSawareEthernetswitching.SynchronizationHubfeaturecan
beusedforreferenceclockdistributionontheBTSsite.

6.2.1 QoS Aware Ethernet Switching overview


OverviewoftheQoSAwareEthernetSwitchingfeature.
QoSAwareEthernetSwitchingallowsmultipleEthernetinterfacesintheBTStobe
connectedthroughtheintegratedEthernetswitch.Oneoftheinterfacesisusedforthe
backhaulconnection,whileothersmightbeusedtoconnectotherBTSs(atthesameor
anothersite).Itisalsopossibletodaisychainseveralnetworkdevices.
TheEthernetswitchisVLAN-andQoS-aware.Theegresstrafficoftheswitchcanbe
shapedtomeetthebandwidthlimitationsofthebackhaulnetwork.Additionally,apolicy
canbeappliedtotheingresstraffictoprotecttheBTSfromtheinterfaceoverload.

EthernetswitchingisrequiredattheBTSwherethelayer2trafficaggregation/daisy
chainistobeimplemented.

6.2.2 Flexi Multiradio 10 Base Station System Module as a


synchronization hub
OverviewofsynchronizationinFlexiMultiradio10BaseStationSystemModule.

Issue:02

DN0971928

23

FlexiMultiradio10BaseStation-SingleRANaspects

FlexiMultiradio10BaseStationProductDescription

EachSystemModulecanactasasynchronizationhubforothernear-locatedSystem
Modules.Forexample,itcanoutput2.048MHzSynchOutbasedonanyavailable
synchronizationsource.IfPDHinterfacesareavailableintheSystemModule,theycan
alsobeusedforsynchronizationdistributiontootherdevices.
IftheBTSlosesallsyncsources,itswitchestohold-overmode.Then,theBTSOven
ControlledCrystalOscillator(OCXO)keepsrunningwiththelastknowncontrolvalue,
andstillprovidesthesyncoutput.

6.2.2.1

Flexi Multiradio 10 Base Station System Module synchronization


methods - list
ListofsynchronizationmethodsusedbyFlexiMultiradio10BaseStationSystem
Module.
FlexiMultiradio10BaseStationSystemModulecanusethefollowingsynchronization
methods:

theTDM-basednetworkinterface
thepacketnetworkvia:

TimingoverPacket
SynchronousEthernet

the2.048MHzsignal
anotherFlexiBTSoralegacyBTS
theGlobalPositioningSystem(GPS)
theGlobalNavigationSatelliteSystem(GLONASS)

FormoredetailedinformationontheSystemModule,seeFlexiMultiradio10Base
StationSystemModuleDescription.

24

DN0971928

Issue:02

FlexiMultiradio10BaseStationProductDescription

FlexiMultiradio10BaseStation-basebandcapacity

7 Flexi Multiradio 10 Base Station - baseband


capacity
7.1 Flexi Multiradio 10 Base Station baseband capacity
- overview
OverviewofFlexiMultiradio10BaseStationbasebandcapacity.
Future-proofFlexiMultiradioSystemModulecapacityisdesignedtosupportflexibleand
cost-optimizedsitecapacityevolution.ThehighestcapacityFlexiSystemModuleis
dimensionedtoprovideahardwarebasebandcapacity,forexample,foruptothree20
MHzLTEcellswith2x2MIMO(FSMF).

7.2 Flexi Multiradio 10 Base Station baseband capacity


optimization - overview
OverviewofFlexiMultiradio10BaseStationbasebandcapacity.
BasebandcapacityofFlexiMultiradio10BaseStationcanbeoptimizeddependingon
theBTSconfigurationandrequiredtrafficcapacityoftheBTSsite.Morebaseband
capacitycanbeallocatedremotelyfromNetActTMbysendingaBasebandSWLicense
toFlexiMultiradio10BaseStation.FlexiMultiradio10BaseStationbasebandcapacity
canbeoptimizedinstepsofMbit/swithoutasitevisit.
Forinformationonlicensing,seeCommissioningFlexiMultiradioBTS[technology].

7.3 Flexi Multiradio 10 Base Station future capacity


evolution
AboutFlexiMultiradio10BaseStationfuture-proofdesign.
FlexiMultiradio10BaseStationisfuture-proofdesignedtosupportfuturecapacity
demand.TheFlexiBTSarchitecturesupportsbasebandpoolingoftwoSystemModules,
makingitpossibletobuildhighcapacitysites.FlexiMultiradioSystemModuleprovides
spaceforuptotwobasebandextensionsub-modulesthattriplesthecapacityoftheFlexi
MultiradioSystemModule.
SRIOandOBSAIRP3-01interfacesprovideconnectivityforbasebandcapacityand/or
technologyextension.Basebandextensionandrelatedinterfaceutilizationdependson
theradioaccesstechnologyandtheusecase(apurenewFlexiMultiradioSystem
ModulecaseoranexistingFlexiSystemModulecase).

Issue:02

DN0971928

25

FlexiMultiradio10BaseStation-basebandcapacity

FlexiMultiradio10BaseStationProductDescription

7.4 Flexi Multiradio 10 Base Station - RAT-specific


maximum capacity
FlexiMultiradio10BaseStationmaximumcapacityineveryRadioAccessTechnology.
Table2

26

MaximumcapacityofFlexiMultiradio10BaseStation

RAT

FSMF

FSIH

GSM/EDGE

36transceivers(FSMF)

N/A

WCDMA

2.27Gbpsdownlinkand417Mbpsuplink(two
FSMFseachwithtwoFBBAs)

N/A

LTE

900Mbpsdownlinkand300Mbpsuplink(FSMF
withoneFBBA/FBBC)

TD-LTEonly:

DN0971928

3cells@20
MHz8TXand
8RXor
3cells@20
MHz4TXand4
RXor
4cells@20
MHzwith2TX
and2RX

Issue:02

FlexiMultiradio10BaseStationProductDescription

FlexiMultiradio10BaseStation-managementand
software

8 Flexi Multiradio 10 Base Station management and software


8.1 Flexi Multiradio 10 Base Station - local
management
8.1.1 BTS Site Manager - function
BriefoverviewofBTSSiteManager'sfunction.
TheBTSSiteManagersoftwareisusedtomanageFlexiMultiradio10BaseStation
commissioning,supervision,maintenance,andtesting,aswellastransmission
configuration.
Figure7

BTSSiteManagermainwindow

8.1.2 BTS Site Manager software package


AboutthecontentsoftheBTSSiteManagerSWpackage.

Issue:02

DN0971928

27

FlexiMultiradio10BaseStation-managementand
software

FlexiMultiradio10BaseStationProductDescription

Thesitemanagersoftwarepackageincludesthefollowing:

FlexiMultiradioBTSManager,includingantennalineandantennaequipmentcontrol
andmanagement;
FlexiTransportManager,fortransmissionmanagement;
SiteSupportManager,forpowerandbatterybackupsystem.

Thesemanagersareintegratedsothatthephysicalinterface(cableandconnectors)is
thesameinallthreecases,however,threedifferentapplicationsrunonthePC.ThePC
isconnectedtotheBTSthroughanEthernetconnection.

8.1.3 BTS Site Manager operating environments


ListofoperatingsystemssupportingBTSSiteManager.

MicrosoftWindowsVista,7,8(32/64bits)
MicrosoftWindowsServer2003and2008
RedHatEnterpriseLinux4ESGNOMEdesktop
LinuxRHEL7.1

8.2 Flexi Multiradio 10 Base Station - remote


management
8.2.1 NetActTM - benefits
AboutthebenefitsofusingNetActTM.
NetActTMNetworkManagementSystem(NMS)platformfullyintegrateswithGSM,
WCDMA,LTE,andtransmissionnetworks.Onegraphicaluserinterfacecoversthe
entirenetwork-radio,core,andmobilebackhaul.PersonneltrainedtooperateNetActTM
canmanagethenetworkwithsmalleffort.OperatorswhoalreadyhaveNetActTMcan
includeLTEinthesameNMSandthusfullycapitalizeontheirinvestmentinthestate-ofthe-artNMS.

8.2.2 Managing Flexi Multiradio 10 Base Station with NetActTM benefits


AbouttheadvantagesofmanagingFlexiMultiradio10BaseStationwithNetAct.
FlexiMultiradio10BTS,liketheentireRAN,canbemanagedthroughNetActTM.The
advancedmonitoringfunctionsofNetActTMmakeitpossibletominimizemanagement
tasksthatneedtobecarriedoutonthesite.NetActTMincorporatesafullrangeof
functions,fromfault,performance,andconfigurationmanagementtotransmission,
trouble,andsecuritymanagement.TheBTSsitepowerandbackupsystemcanalsobe
monitored.
Otherhigherlevelservicemanagementproductsare,forexample,ServiceQuality
Manager,ServeatOnceActivationManager,iSONManagerandOperationsonDemand.

28

DN0971928

Issue:02

FlexiMultiradio10BaseStationProductDescription

FlexiMultiradio10BaseStation-managementand
software

Formoreinformation,seeNetActTMdocumentationavailableinProductInformation
Center(PIC).

8.2.3 Remote User Event Log Management - overview


DefinitionoftheRemoteUserEventLogManagementconcept.
RemoteUserEventLogManagement(RUEM)isafeaturethatallowsanetwork
managementsystem(NMS)totraceoperationsdoneinnetworkelements(NEs)by
differentusers.ThisfunctionalityissometimescalledAuditTrail.Useraccessand
operationsmightbesuccessfulorfail.Inbothcasesthisislogged.
Figure8

Audittrail

NetAct
AuditTrail
Database
FTP/HTTP/HTTPs
Logfile
FCT

FCT

FCT

FCT

WithRUEM,operationsareloggedonFlexiBasebandController(FCT)andsentto
NetActTMwithinonesingleRUEMlogfile.

8.2.4 Remote User Event Log Management logged operations


ListofoperationsloggedwiththeRemoteUserEventLogManagementfeature.
NWI3loggedoperations:

Loginattempts(successfulandunsuccessful)
Logout
Configurationchanges(onfragmentlevel)
Localaccountupdates

HTTPloggedoperations:

Rebootoperations
Resettofactorydefaultoperation

XoHloggedoperations:

Issue:02

SWManagement(SWupdateRequestandSWinterrupt)
ObjectConfigurationManagement(forexampleResetRequest)
LicenceUpdate/DeletionRequest
AlarmManagementandDiagnostics(forexampleChangeDirectAccessStatus)
TestManagement(forexampleTestDedicatedStateRequest)
UserManagement(forexampleLoginandModifyUserRequest)
Commissioning(forexampleParseCommissioningDataRequest)

DN0971928

29

FlexiMultiradio10BaseStation-managementand
software

FlexiMultiradio10BaseStationProductDescription

ClockOperationRequest

8.2.5 Remote User Event Log Management - how does it work?


SchematicoverviewoftheRemoteUserEventLogManagementconcept.
RUEMcorrelateseverymanagementoperationwitheachuser:

NWI3andXoHmanagementoperationsimplementsessionconcept
(username/password)
HTTPoperationswhichareloggedareoperationsthatrequireusername/password

Figure9

TheRUEMconcept

XOH request/ response

XOH request/ response


XOHGateway

BTSElementManager

BTS/FCM

RUEM process

FCT
NetActFTM/FCT
ElementManager

NWI3orHTTP
request/response

RUEM database

RUEMlogfile

8.2.6 Remote User Event Log Management - logged operations


storing
AboutstoringoftheRemoteUserEventLogManagementloggedoperations.
OperationsthatareloggedbyRUEMarestoredinFCTinaringbuffer(internally).This
bufferisfilledupforeachloggedoperation.
Assoonasacriticalvalue(thatiswatermark,~70%oftotalbuffersize)isreached,FCT
willsendanotificationtoNetActTM(mediatedbyOMSinFlexi).

8.2.7 Remote User Event Log Management upload mechanism


HowtheRemoteUserEventLogManagementlogfilesareuploadedtoNetActTM.
1. TriggeredbyNetActTM

30

DN0971928

Issue:02

FlexiMultiradio10BaseStationProductDescription

NetAct

FlexiMultiradio10BaseStation-managementand
software

NWI3UploadRequestEvent

ASN.1FileLoadNotification

NWI3UploadRequest

ASN.1FileLoadRequest

NWI3LogFileReady

ASN.1FileLoadPrepare

FTP/HTTP/HTTPsGET

FTP/HTTP/HTTPsGET

NWI3UploadReply

OMS/Mediator
(FLEXIonly)

ASN.1FileLoadCompleted

FCT
Logfile
buffer

2. TriggeredbyNetworkelement(FCT)-iftheWatermarklevelisreached

NetAct

NWI3UploadRequestEvent

ASN.1FileLoadNotification

NWI3UploadRequest

ASN.1FileLoadRequest

NWI3LogFileReady

ASN.1FileLoadPrepare

FTP/HTTP/HTTPsGET
NWI3UploadReply

OMS/Mediator
(FLEXIonly)

FTP/HTTP/HTTPsGET
ASN.1FileLoadCompleted

FCT
Logfile
buffer

AfterasuccessfulreadingofthelogfilebytheNMS,thereadlogfileisdeletedfromthe
BTStofreememoryspacefornextlogentries.LogfilesintheBTSarekeptinnonvolatilememory,andthusdataisnotlostuponpowerbreaks.
Exception:IncaseNetActTMstilldoesnotuploadtheRUEMlogfile,thebuffermightfill
uptoitsmaximumsizeandevenexceedthis.Inthelattersituationthebufferhasan
overflowandsomeoldinformationgetslostpermanently.Itisnotrecoverable.This
specialeventiscalledawrapped-overevent.ThisshouldbeloggedinRUEMlogfile.

8.3 Flexi Multiradio 10 Base Station configuration


management
AbouttrackingFlexiMultiradio10BaseStationconfigurationchanges.
OncetheBTSisinnormaloperation,apollingprocessisusedtocheckpossible
changesintheBTSconfiguration.Whenmodulesareaddedtoorremovedfromthe
BTS,theinformationinthehardwaredatabasechanges.

8.4 Flexi Multiradio 10 Base Station software updating


AboutupdatingFlexiMultiradio10BaseStationsoftware.
FlexiMultiradio10BaseStationcanstoretwosoftwarepackagesinitsmemory.The
softwarecanbeloadedeitherlocally,withtheBTSSiteManagersoftware,orremotely
fromNetActTM.Sitevisitsareunnecessaryforroutineoperationandmaintenance(O&M)
tasks.
Typically,localsoftwaredownloadisdoneonlywhentheNetActTMconnectionismissing,
forexample,duringthecommissioningprocess.FlexiMultiradio10BaseStation
softwarecanbedownloadedasabackgroundoperationwithoutinterruptingtheBTS
operation.Thenewsoftwarecanbeactivatedatanytime.Rebootisrequiredinorderto
putthesoftwareintouse.

Issue:02

DN0971928

31

FlexiMultiradio10BaseStation-managementand
software

FlexiMultiradio10BaseStationProductDescription

FlexiMultiradio10BaseStationonlyusesdownloadablesoftware.Allsoftwarecanbe
downloadedandupdatedfromNetActTM.Thisprocedureiscentralized,meaningthat
severalBTSscanbeupgradedwiththenewsoftwareeithersimultaneouslyoroneby
one.
FlexiMultiradio10BaseStationkeepsthecurrentandprevioussoftwarepackagesinits
flashmemory.Eitherofthesesoftwareversionscanbeactivatedatanytime.Arebootis
requiredinordertoputthesoftwareintouse.Updatedsoftware(currentandprevious)in
theBTScanbeseenthroughBTSSiteManager/NetActTM.
TheRFModuleandRRHSWisupdatedautomaticallyduringFlexiMultiradio10Base
StationSWupdate.

8.5 Flexi Multiradio 10 Base Station - configuring


external alarms and controls
HowtoconfigureandtestFlexiMultiradio10BaseStationexternalalarmsandcontrols.
BTSinputsandoutputscanbeconfiguredandtestedlocallyattheBTSsitewithFlexi
MultiradioBTSSiteManagersoftware.Sixuser-definedexternalinputsandsixusercontrolledinputs/outputsareavailableandcanbefreelyconfiguredtosupportvarious
observationorcontrolneedsattheBTSsite.
Innormaloperation,theexternalalarmsandcontroloutputsoftheBTSaremanaged
fromNetActTMaftertheyhavebeenconfigured.

8.6 Flexi Multiradio 10 Base Station - changing RAT


FlexiMultiradio10BaseStationisasoftware-definedmultiradioandmulticarrierbase
stationthatcanuseGSM/EDGE,WCDMA,HSPAandLTE(TDDandFDD)
technologies.TheinformationonhowtochangethecurrentRATisdescribedinthe
followingTechnicalSupportNotes:

32

TS-3GBTS-SW-188FSME/DtoFSMFreplacementprocedure
TS-SRAN-HW-0004FlexiMultiradioSystemModuleFSMF472181A.103
TS-SRAN-SW-0046Instructionsforfirst2GBTSSWinstallationtoFSMFunit
NOTE:RATchangeappliesonlytoFSMF.

DN0971928

Issue:02

FlexiMultiradio10BaseStationProductDescription

FlexiMultiradio10BaseStation-modules

9 Flexi Multiradio 10 Base Station - modules


9.1 Flexi Multiradio System Module Release 3 overview
OverviewofFlexiMultiradioSystemModuleRelease3.
FlexiMultiradioSystemModuleRelease3isfullyOBSAI-compatibleandhasallthe
controlandbasebandfunctionsforthesupportedradioaccesstechnologies.
TheSystemModulecanbeusedinstack,pole,andwallinstallations,indoorsor
outdoors.
ThearchitectureofFlexiMultiradioSystemModuleRelease3enablesutilizationof
severalSystemModuleandsub-modulevariants.TheSystemModuleconsistsofa
casingwiththefollowingbasebandmodules:acoremoduleanduptotwooptional
capacityextensionsub-modules.Additionally,somevariantscanbeenhancedwith
optionalpowerdistributionandtransmissionsub-modules.
ThefollowingFlexiMultiradioSystemModulesRelease3areavailable:

FSMF-highcapacityGSM/WCDMA/LTESystemModule(indoor/outdoor)
FSIH-highcapacityTD-LTESystemModule(indoor)

FormoredetailedinformationontheRel.3SystemModule,seeFlexiMultiradio10Base
StationSystemModuleDescription.

9.2 Flexi Multiradio Radio Frequency Module overview


AboutFlexiMultiradioRFRadioModules.
TherearedifferenttypesofRFModulesavailable.RFModulescanbeusedinstack,
pole,andwallinstallations,indoorsoroutdoors.Theycanbeeasilyinstalledoutdoors
closetoantennas.
RFModulecansupportuptothreesectorswiththefollowingfeatures:

highoutputpoweratantennaconnectors:3TX3x60W,3TX3x80W,6TX6x40W,
6TX6x60W
sixlinearpoweramplifiers
sixRFfiltersforTX/RX
two-wayRXdiversity
widebandwidthsupport:

Issue:02

uptosixGSMcarrierswith400kHzminimumcarrierseparation
uptofourWCDMAcarrierswith3.8MHzminimumcarrierseparation
LTEsignalwith1.4MHz,3MHz,5MHz,10MHz,15MHz,and20MHzcarrier
bandwidth
MultiRAToperationwithcombinationofGSM,WCDMA,andLTE

DN0971928

33

FlexiMultiradio10BaseStation-modules

FlexiMultiradio10BaseStationProductDescription

48VDCpowerinput
efficientfans
severalOBSAIlinks,eachsupportingeither32"slots"(3Gbps)or64"slots"(6Gbps)
lowtotalwindloadandweight

Notethatsomevariantsmightnotbeavailableinallreleases.Formoredetailed
informationontheRFModules,seeFlexiMultiradioBTSRadioModuleandRemote
RadioHeadDescription.

9.3 Flexi Multiradio Remote Radio Head - overview


OverviewofFlexiMultiradioRemoteRadioHeads.
TherearedifferenttypesofRemoteRadioHeadsavailable(1TX/2RX,2TX/2RX,
4TX/4RX).RemoteRadioHeadsaremainlyusedinoutdoorpoleinstallationswhere
supportforonesectorisneeded.
TheRemoteRadioHead(RRH)cansupportonesectorwiththefollowingintegrated
features:

highoutputpoweratantennaconnectors
linearpoweramplifiers
RFfiltersforTX/RX
RXdiversity
widebandwidthsupport(upto35MHzdependingon3GPPbandRFvariant)
a48VDCinputpowersupply
nofans
OBSAI/CPRIopticalinterfaces

FormoredetailedinformationonaparticularRemoteRadioHead,seeFlexiMultiradio
BTSRadioModuleandRemoteRadioHeadDescription.

9.4 Flexi Multiradio Active Antenna - overview


OverviewoftheFlexiMultiradioActiveAntennaconcept.
FlexiMultiradioActiveAntennaisanalternativetoRFModules/RemoteRadioHeads.It
canalsobeusedincombinationwiththetraditionalFlexiRFunits.Theradiofrequency
elementsoftheBTSareintegratedintotheantenna.
FlexiMultiradioActiveAntennaincreasessitecapacityandcoveragewithfeaturessuch
asverticalbeamforming,2x2MultipleInputMultipleOutput(MIMO)andindependentTX
andRXelectricaltiltingperfrequencyorRAT.
FormoreinformationonActiveAntenna,seeFlexiMultiradioAntennaSystemProduct
Description.

34

NOTICE:SeeroadmapsforActiveAntennaavailability.

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FlexiMultiradio10BaseStation-modules

9.5 Flexi Multiradio 10 Base Station - optional items


9.5.1 Flexi Multiradio 10 BTS Outdoor Capacity Extension SubModule (FBBA) - overview
OverviewoftheFBBAsub-module.
FlexiMultiradio10BTSOutdoorCapacityExtensionSub-Module(FBBA)provides
additionalcapacitytotheBTS.OneFBBAbringsadditional576CEsforWCDMA.HSPA
performanceis756Mbpsfordownlinkand157Mbpsforuplink.WhendedicatedforLTE
(FDDorTDD),itsupportscapacityof3x20MHz(or6x10MHz)withMIMOenabling450
Mbpsdownlinkand150Mbpsuplinkdataspeeds.
UptotwoFBBAsaresupportedperoneFlexiMultiradioSystemModule.

9.5.2 Flexi Multiradio 10 BTS Outdoor Capacity Extension SubModule (FBBC) - overview
OverviewoftheFBBCsub-module.
FBBCisahighcapacityextensionsub-moduleforFlexiMultiradio10BTS(FSMF).It
increasesbothbasebandcapacityandRFconnectivityofFlexiMultiradio10BTS
SystemModule.BTSequippedwithtwoFBBCsub-modulesprovidesuptotwelve
opticalRP3-016Gbit/sconnectionstowardsRFunits.
FBBCprovidesthesamebasebandcapacityasFBBA.UptotwoFBBCsaresupported
peroneFlexiMultiradioSystemModule.

9.5.3 Flexi Multiradio 10 BTS Indoor Capacity Extension SubModule (FBIH) - overview
OverviewoftheFBIHsub-module.
FBIHisahighcapacityextensionsub-moduleforFlexiMultiradio10BTS(indoor).It
increasesbothbasebandcapacityandRFconnectivityofFlexiMultiradio10BTS
SystemModule.Itsupportscapacityof3x20MHz8T8Rwithbeamforming.

9.5.4 Flexi Multiradio 10 BTS Transmission Sub-Module (FTIF) overview


OverviewoftheFTIFsub-module.
FlexiMultiradio10BTSTransmissionSub-Module(FTIF)haseightE1/T1/JT1interfaces
andtwoGigabitEthernetComboports.Internalconnectionsbetweenthecoremodule
andFTIFgothroughaninternalconnector.

9.5.5 FlexiPacket FirstMile 200i (FPFM200i) - overview


OverviewoftheFlexiPacketFirstMile200iunit.

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FPFM200iisaNokiaFlexiPacketMicrowaveRadioindoorunitthatisdesignedtofitthe
transportslotofFlexiMultiradio10BaseStationSystemModule.Themechanical
integrationincludespoweringoftheFPFM200i.TheFPFM200iprovidessupportinthe
Ethernetuplinkanddownlinktraffic.ItprovidesadvancedEthernetprocessingfeatures,
aswellasmaximumflexibilitytosupportTDMtrafficviacircuitemulation.
TheFPFM200icanbeconnectedtoMicrowaveRadioOutdoorunitsviaasingle
Ethernetcable,usingacopperEthernetportwithpowerfeedingsupport.Alternatively,
twocablescanbeused,inwhichcaseoneofthemisaseparatepowersupplycable.
TheFPFM200icanbeconfigured,monitored,andadministeredbyaweb-basedLocal
CraftTerminal(WebLCT)orNetViewermanagementtool.Thatcanbedonelocallyor
remotely,viaDataCommunicationNetwork(DCN).
Formoreinformation,seeFlexiPacketFirstMile200idocumentation.

9.5.6 Flexi Multiradio 10 BTS Power Distribution Sub-Module


(FPFD)
OverviewoftheFPFDsub-module.
TheoptionalintegratedoutdoorFlexiPowerDistributionSub-Module(FPFD)isasizeoptimizedpowerdistributionunitthathasbasicovervoltageprotection(typeapproval
levelwith2kV/1kV).Itisdesignedtobeusedforstackedconfigurations,butitcanalso
beusedfordistributedBTSconfigurationsinthesamewayastheexistingFlexiBTS
integratedpowerdistributionsub-modulewithanoptionalFSECorFSES.
Itisinstalledinsideanoutdoor3Ucasing,andinternalconnectionsbetweenthecore
moduleandFPFDgothroughaninternalconnector.TheFPFDprovidesfourexternal48
VDCoutputsforFlexiModules(RFModule,RRH,andextensionSystemModule)or
anystandard48VDCdeviceatthesite.FPFDalsopowersthecoremodule.

9.5.7 Flexi Power Distribution Module (FPFC) - overview


OverviewoftheFPFCmodule.
TheoptionalFlexiPowerDistributionModule(FPFC)isastand-alone,general-purpose
outdoorPDUmodulewithClassIIovervoltageprotectionwitha15kAprotectionlevel.It
feeds48VDCpowertodistributedFlexiRFModulesorRemoteRadioHeadswithout
anexternalprotectionunit(FSECorFSES).Itisastand-aloneexternal19-inchwide2U
highoutdoormodule.
TheFPFCprovidessixoutputsforFlexiModules(RFModules,RRHs,andextension
SystemModule)oranystandard-48VDCdeviceatthesite.Itcanalsobeused,for
example,upinthetowertodivideonemainDClinetoseveralRFM/RRHs.Ithasone
externalalarmtoindicateOVPcondition.

9.5.8 Flexi Power Module (FPMA) - overview


OverviewoftheFPMAmodule.
FlexiPowerModule(FPMA)includesanACconnectionbox,DCcableset,anda
supportframefortheactualpowersub-modules(FPAAandFPBB).

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TwoFPMAmodulescanbestackedtocreatelargerconfigurationsconsistingofupto
fourFPAAsandfourFPBBs.

9.5.9 Flexi Power AC/DC Sub-Module (FPAA) - overview


OverviewoftheFPAAmodule.
ThemainfunctionofFlexiPowerAC/DCSub-Module(FPAA)istoprovidetheBTS
moduleswith48VDCpowerfromanACsupply.TheFPMAcanhouseuptofour
AC/DCrectifiers,eachofthemhavinganoutputpowerof1kW55VDC.

9.5.10 Flexi Power Battery Sub-Module (FPBB) - overview


OverviewoftheFPBA/Bsubmodule.
FlexiPowerBatterySub-Module(FPBB)isaseparateoptionalsub-moduleused
togetherwiththeAC/DCModule(FPAA).TheFPMAcanhouseuptothreebatterysubmodules.
Eachbatteryhasaninitial3Ahcapacity.WhentheACpowermainsisdownonaFlexi
BTSsite,batterybackuptimeisupto30minutesforatypical1+1+1configurationwhen
threenewFPBBsareinuse.

9.5.11 Flexi Power DC/DC Module 24V (FPDA) - overview


OverviewoftheFPDAmodule.
ThefunctionofFlexiPowerDC/DCModule24V(FPDA)istogenerateBTSinternal48
VDCpowerfromanexternal24VDCsupply.TheFPDAisastand-alone2kWDC/DC
converterwith2Uheight.

9.5.12 Flexi Power Rectifier (FPRx) - overview


OverviewoftheFPRxunit.
FlexiPowerRectifier(FPRx)isamodular9kWoutputpowerACrectifierpackagemade
upofthreeindividual2or3kWAC/DCpowermodulesoperatinginaparallelmode
configuration.TheFPRxoutputsapositiveearthed-54VDC(V48N)asarespective
BTSoperationalsupplyvoltagerailandforsitebatterycharging.ItsupportsFlexiBTS
Multiradioconfigurations(indoorandoutdoorcabinets,andstack,poleandwall
configurations).

9.5.13 Flexi Cabinet for Outdoor (FCOA) - overview


OverviewoftheFCOAunit.
FlexiCabinetforOutdoor(FCOA)isanoptionalsalesitemfornewsiteswhereacabinet
isneeded.Themultipurposecabinetincludesalockandadooralarmswitchthatis
connectedtotheSystemModuleEACconnector.Theoutdoorcabinetcanalsobeused
inindoorlocationswherealockedcabinetfortheBTSandothersiteequipmentis
needed.TheFCOAprovidesIP65weatherprotection.

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9.5.14 Flexi Cabinet for Outdoor (FCOA) - optional elements


ListofFCOA'soptionalelements.
Theoptionaloutdoorcabinetcanincludethefollowingoptionalitems:

OutdoorSiteSupportModule(FCSA)
FlexiPowerRectifier(FPRx)
Airfilter(FCFA)
Firedetector(FCDA)
EACIP55connectionbox(FSEB)
OVPIP55connectionbox(FSEC)
OVPIP65connectionbox(FSES)
NOTICE:FSECisnotsupportedinTD-LTE.

9.5.15 Flexi Cabinet for Indoor (FCIA) - overview


OverviewoftheFCIAunit.
FlexiCabinetforIndoor(FCIA)isanoptionalsalesitemfornewindoorsiteswherea
cabinetisneeded.

9.5.16 Flexi Cabinet for Indoor (FCIA) - optional elements


ListofFCIA'soptionalelements.
Theoptionalindoorcabinetcanincludethefollowingoptionalitems:

FlexiPowerRectifier(FPRx)
Firedetector(FCDA)
EACIP55connectionbox(FSEB)
OVPIP55connectionbox(FSEC)
OVPIP65connectionbox(FSES)
NOTICE:FSECisnotsupportedinTD-LTE.

9.5.17 Flexi Cabinet Outdoor (FCOS) - overview


OverviewoftheFCOSunit.
FlexiCabinetOutdoorSmall(FCOS)isanIP55-ratedoutdoorcabinetthatprovides
spaceof8UforinstallingIP20-ratedunits.

9.5.18 Flexi Cabinet Outdoor Small (FCOS) - installation options


ListofFCOSinstallationoptions.
ThefollowingareinstallationoptionsforFlexiCabinetOutdoorSmall(FCOS):

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Stand-alonefloorinstallation
OntopofaFlexiBTSmodulestack
Wallinstallation
Poleinstallation
InsideFlexiCabinetforOutdoor(FCOA)
19-inchrackinstallation

9.5.19 Flexi Mounting Kit for Floor, Wall and Pole (FMFA) overview
OverviewoftheFMFAunit.
FlexiMountingKitforFloor,WallandPole(FMFA)isanoptionalitemthatisusedfor
installingFleximodulesonthefloor,wall,orpole.

9.5.20 Flexi System External Alarm (FSEB) - overview


OverviewoftheFSEBunit.
FlexiSystemExternalAlarm(FSEB)isusedasanexternalalarmcontrol(EAC).In
indoororstackedapplicationswithoutacabinet,theenclosureisattachedinthe
proximityofthemodules,forexample,onawall.Inoutdoorapplications,itisinstalledon
theoutdoorcabinetroof.
TheFSEBenclosureprovidesanIP55weather-protectedspaceforexternalalarmsand
controls.Furthermore,itprovidespowerforthefiredetector(FCDA).

9.5.21 Flexi System External OVP (FSEC/FSES) - overview


OverviewoftheFSEC/FSESunit.
FlexiSystemExternalOVP(FSEC/FSES)protectsFlexiMultiradiomodulesagainst
surgepulse(s)inpowerfeedinglines.ItisalsousedforalteringtheDCcablediameter.

9.6 Flexi Multiradio 10 Base Station external interfaces


- references
ListofdocumentsdiscussinginterfacesofvariousFlexiMultiradioBTSmodules.

Issue:02

ForfulldescriptionoftheSystemModuleinterfaces,seeSystemModuleinterfaces
inFlexiMultiradio10BaseStationSystemModuleDescription.
ForfulldescriptionoftheRFModule/RRHinterfaces,seeRFModuleinterfacesand
RemoteRadioHeadinterfacesinFlexiMultiradioBTSRadioModuleandRemote
RadioHeadDescription.
Forfulldescriptionofthetransmissioninterfaces,seeFlexiMultiradio10Base
StationTransmissionDescription.

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FlexiBaseStationnamingconvention

FlexiMultiradio10BaseStationProductDescription

10 Flexi Base Station naming convention


AboutnamingofFlexiBaseStationmodules.
ThenamingoftheFlexiBTSfamilyhasthefollowingformat-Fxxx.Table3:FlexiBTS
namingconventionshowstheexplanationoftheformat.

g
Table3

Table3:FlexiBTSnamingconventionmightnotlistallthepossiblevariants/items.
Additionally,someitemsmightnotbeavailableincertainreleases.

FlexiBTSnamingconvention

Letter

Description

Firstletter

Flexifamily

F___

Secondletter

AntennaEquipmentandSameBandCombiner

_A__

ThegeneralnamingisFAxy,wherexindicates:

A-400MHz

B-700MHzupper

C-850MHz

D-900MHz

E-1800MHzand1700MHz

F-1900MHz

G-2100MHz

H-2600MHz

J-2000MHz

_B__

BasebandExtensionModules

_C__

CabinetandCabinetAccessories
ThegeneralnamingisFCxy,wherexindicates:

I-indoorversion

O-outdoorversion

_C__

RepeaterInterfaceModules

_D__

Diplexers

_L__

Low-noiseMastHeadAmplifiers

_M__

MountingKits

_O__

Opticaldistributionunit

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Table3

FlexiBaseStationnamingconvention

FlexiBTSnamingconvention(Cont.)

Letter

Description

_P__

Powersupplymodulesandsub-modulesorinstallationkits

_H__

RadioModules/RemoteRadioHeads

_R__

Thegeneralnamingis:

_X__

FHx_-FlexiRemoteRadioHead

_Z__

FRx_-FlexiRFModule

FXx_-FlexiRFMultiradio

FZx_-FlexiTD-LTERFModule

Wherexindicates:

_S__

A-400MHz

B-700MHzupper

C-850MHz

D-900MHz

E-1800MHzand1700MHz

F-1900MHz

G-2100MHz

H-2600MHz

I-1700Mhzand2100MHz

J-2000MHz

K-1500MHz

L-700MHzlower

M-800MHzEU

N-2300MHz

SystemModules
ThegeneralnamingoftheSystemModulesisFSxy,wherexindicates:

I-indoorversion

M-outdoorversion

yindicates:

B,C,D,E-FlexiMultiradioBTS

F,H-FlexiMultiradio10BTS

FlexiSystemExternalAlarm,FlexiSystemExternalOVP
ThegeneralnamingofthemodulesisFSEx,wherexindicates:

B-FlexiSystemExternalAlarm

C,S-FlexiSystemExternalOVP

_T__

Transportmodules,sub-modulesandcables.

_I__

ThegeneralnamingofthetransportmodulesisFxyz,where:

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FlexiBaseStationnamingconvention

Table3

Letter

FlexiBTSnamingconvention(Cont.)

Description

xindicateseitheroutdoor(T)orindoor(I)versionoftheFlexiMultiradioSystemModule.

yindicatesthemoduleandinterfacetype,forexample:

_Y__

FlexiMultiradio10BaseStationProductDescription

P-PDHmodulewith8E1/T1/J1interfaces.

I-HybridmodulewithPDHsymmetricalandEthernetinterfaces.

J-HybridmodulewithPDHasymmetricalandEthernetinterfaces.

O-OpticalinterfacemodulewithSTM1/OC3interface.

F-MWRIDUmodulewithFlexBusinterfaces.

zindicatesthemoduleversion:

A,B,C-FlexiMultiradioBTStransportsub-modules.

F,G-FlexiMultiradio10BTStransportsub-modules.

GlobalNavigationSatelliteSystem(GNSS)receiver
FlexiGPSSurgeProtectionKit

Thirdletter

Application,usage,orfrequencyband(forexample,RFModule,RRH,AAS,MastHeadAmplifiers).

__x_

Fourthletter

Indicatestheversion-Aisthefirstone,B,C...-thenextones.

___x

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Environmentrelatedmarkings

11 Environment related markings


11.1 RSS-310 compliance
ThisequipmentcomplieswithRSS-310ofIndustryCanada.Operationissubjecttothe
conditionthatthisdevicedoesnotcauseharmfulinterference.

11.2 EU RoHS statement


ThisequipmentcomplieswiththeEuropeanUnionRoHSDirective2011/65/EUonthe
restrictionoftheuseofcertainhazardoussubstancesinelectricalandelectronic
equipment.Thedirectiveappliestotheuseoflead,mercury,cadmium,hexavalent
chromium,polybrominatedbiphenyls(PBB),andpolybrominateddiphenylethers(PBDE)
inelectricalandelectronicequipment.

11.3 CE marking
Declaration of Conformity with Regard to the EU Directive 1999/5/EC (R&TTE
Directive)
Hereby,Nokiadeclaresthatthisequipmentisincompliancewiththeessential
requirementsandotherrelevantprovisionsofDirective:1999/5/EC.
Figure10

ListofcountriesrespectingEUDirective1999/5/EC

R&TTEDirective1995/5/EC
AT

FR

LV

LI

BE

DE

LT

RO

BG

GB

LU

SK

CY

GR

MT

SI

CZ

HU

NL

ES

DK

IS

NO

SE

EE

IE

PL

CH

FI

IT

PT

TR

Thisdeclarationisonlyvalidforconfigurations(combinationsofsoftware,firmware,and
hardware)providedand/orsupportedbyNokia.

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Environmentrelatedmarkings

FlexiMultiradio10BaseStationProductDescription

11.4 FCC Part 15 compliance


ThisequipmenthasbeentestedandfoundtocomplywiththelimitsforaClassBdigital
device,pursuanttoPart15oftheFCCRules.Theselimitsaredesignedtoprovide
reasonableprotectionagainstharmfulinterferenceinacommercialenvironment.This
equipmentgenerates,uses,andcanradiateradiofrequencyenergyand,ifnotinstalled
andusedinaccordancewiththeinstructionmanuals,maycauseharmfulinterferenceto
radiocommunications.Operationofthisequipmentinaresidentialareaislikelytocause
harmfulinterferenceinwhichcasetheuserwillberequiredtocorrecttheinterferenceat
hisownexpense.Changesormodificationsnotexpresslyapprovedbytheparty
responsibleforcompliancecouldvoidtheusersauthoritytooperatetheequipment.

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