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(, )

-9332/


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(, )

2008 .

1.
.
, .
1 .. .
:
In0, Int .. ..
, ..,
t=0; 0.2 c;
i .., In0;
iat, It, Skt , ..
.., t=0.2 c;
()
() .
.. 1, 2 ;
, ..
..
.
-2
K1

10(6)

10(6)
T3

230

AT5

B6

11

12
3

B1

-1

B2

T1

H1

C
110
AT4

CP

CB-1

9
2

T2

10

B5

B3

5
B4
10(6)

. 1. .

1 3
4, 5
-12-2
-63000/230
S=15
S=63
U=10.5
U=230 U=121
d 0.131 ..
U=10.5
I=0.825
U.-=11 % U.-=35 %
cos=0.8
U.-=22 %
1, 2
3
-32000/115
-6300/115
S=32
S=6.3
U=115
U=115
U=11
U=11
2

H2

U=10.5 %
U=10.5 %

-10-2500-0.2
U=228
U=10 =0.2
S.=2400
-1
-2
-16-84-6
02-630 L-4
S=4.61
S=2.22
U=10
U=10
I=5.8 ..
I=6 ..
I=0.266
I=0.128
cos=0.87
cos=0.9
1

S1=10
l1=25 , l2=50 ,
2
l3=30 , l4=60 ,
S2=15
l5=20
110 -240 (=0.4 /).
: 1, 2, 3 ;
4 ;
5 .
C-1.

.

,
() , ,
- .
,
.
.. ,
.
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.
(U2),

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120 , , ,
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.. 1
27514-87 .
1 .
1.
.
2. .
,
.
3. .
3

4. 220
;
, 35 .

( 5 %) , ,
.

(..)
.
,
, .. ,
. ,
.

,
. ,
S1, I1, U1, x*1 S2, I2, U2, x*2, *1 *2 ,
.
()
, .. ,
.
: S, I, U, x.
. ..
S U. .
.

, Ui=Ui=1.05Ui, : 3.15, 6.3, 10.5 ..
:
S=100 ;
U1=10.5 U=10 ;
U2=115 U=110 ;
U3=230 U=230 .
:
S
S
100
100
I 1

5.4986 ; I 2

0.502 ;
3 U 1
3 10.5
3 U 2
3 115
E*-2
K1

x*-2

x*AT5
E*C

x*C

x*AT5

x*3
x* 4

x*3

x*T1

e
x*AT4

E*-1

x*1

E*1

x*2

E* 2

a
x*AT4

x*-1

x*2

x* 1

x*T2
x* 5

. 2. .
4

x*CP

x*H1

E*H1

x*3

E*3

x*2

E*H2

I 3

100

0.251 ;
3 U 3
3 230
(.2) .
1. 1 3.
S
0.131 100

d
0.873 ..;
* 1
* 2
* 3
S
15
U*(1)= U*(2)= U*(3)=U /U1=10.5/10.5=1 ..;
I*(1)= I*(2)= I*(3)=I /I1=0.825/5.4986=0.15 ..;

U*

* 1
* 2
* 3

cos

U*
2

1 0.8 2 1 0.6 0.15 0.873 2

sin I

1.084 ..

2. 4, 5.

U . U . U .
100
U
U . U .
.
100

S
35 11 22 100

0.19 ..;
S
2 100
63
S
35 22 11 100

0.365 ..
S
2 100
63

* 4
* 5

* 4
* 5

3. 1, 2.

U S
10.5 100

0.328 ..
* 1
* 2 100 S
100 32

4. 3.

U S
10.5 100

1.667 ..
* 3 100 S
100 6.3

5. .
S
100
* 2 0.2
0.181 ..
U
10.5 2
1

6. .
* =Uc /U3 =228/230=0.991 ..
U2 S
228 2 100
C 2
0.041 ..
* S U
2400 230 3
.
3
7. -1.
d 1 I
1 5.8 0.172 .. ;
*
S
0.172 100

d
3.731 ..;
* 1
S
4.61
U*-1=U /U1=10/10.5=0.952 .;
I*-1=I /I1=0.266/5.4986=0.048 ..
( )
.
, .

.

* 1

U *

cos

0.952 0.87 2

U *
2

sin I

* 1

0.952 0.493 0.048 3.731

* 1

1.052 ..

8. -2.

.
,
:
d 1 I
1 6 0.167 .. ;
*

S
0.167 100

d
7.523 ..;
* 2
S
2.22
U*-2=U /U1=10/10.5=0.952 .;
I*-2=I /I1=0.128/5.4986=0.023 .;

* 2

U *

cos

0.952 0.9 2

U *
2

sin I

* 2

0.952 0.436 0.023 7.523

* 2

0.89 ..

*-2 ,
, .. ,
.
9. 1, 2.

, -
, .

, ,
.
,
,
. ,
,

...,
, ,
*1=*2=0.35 ..,
*1=*2=0.85 ..
10. .
l S
0.4 25 100

1 2
0.0756 ..;
* 1
U 2
1 115 2
l S
0.4 50 100
* 2 2 2
0.151 ..;
U 2
1 115 2
l S
0.4 30 100

3 2
0.091 ..;
* 3
U 2
1 115 2
l S
0.4 60 100
* 4 4 2
0.091 ..;
U 2
2 115 2
l S
0.4 20 100

5 2
0.06 ..
* 5
U 2
1 115 2
.

, ,
.
..
(*) (*).
, , ,
,
; .
:
*ab=x*ac=*4+*4=0.19+0.365=0.555 ..
x*ab x*ac
*, :

0.555
*ab *ac *ab
0.2775
*

2
2
*ab
*ac

..;

*= *+*=0.2775+0.041=0.3185 ..
6

.
*d= *-2+*3=7.523+1.667=9.19 ..;
*= *2+*1=0.151+0.0756=0.2266 .;
*dg= *4+*1=0.091+0.328=0.419 ..;
*f= *+*1=0.181+0.35=0.531 ..
. 3, ,
1 2 .4.

K1

E*-2
x*d

x*3
E*C

x*dg

x*a

x*-1

E*-1

x*1

E*1

x*2

E*2

x*f

E*H1

x*3

E*3

x*2

E*H2

e
x*ae

x*T2
x* 5

.3. . 1.

K1

E*-2
x*d

x*3
E*C

x*a

x*dg

x*-1

E*-1

x*1

E*1

x*2

E*2

x*3

E*3

e
x*ae

x*T 2
x* 5

. 4. . 1.
.

1, 2,..., , 1, 2,..., ,
, :
n

i yi
1 1 2 2 ...
i 1

n
;
1 2 ...
yi
i 1

1 2 ...

1
n

i 1

,
i

1
1
1
y1
, y2
,..., y
.
x1
x2
x

,
f .
:
E

*f

* 2 * 3
* 3 * 2 2 * 2 * 2
1.084
* 2

2
* 2
* 3
* 2

..

0.873

* 2 * 3 * 2
0.4365
*f

2
2
* 2
* 3

2
*ef=x*T2+x*f=0.328+0.4365=0.7645 ..

- , . 5.


..

, ,

.
:
:

E*ef

x*ef
x*5

x*ae

E*C x*a

0.7645 0.06
*ef
* 5

0.2266 0.282
*1
*

0.7645 0.06
*ef
* 5

x*3
d


0.282 0.3185
*1 *

0.091 0.181
*2
* 3

0.282 0.3185
*1
*

..;

x
x
*ef
*a
*C
*1

x x
*1
*
1.084 0.3185 0.991 0.282

1.04 ..;
0.282 0.3185

K1


*2

g
x*1

..;

*ef=1.084 ..;
*=0.3185 ..; *=0.991 ..;
d:

x*d E*-2

x*dg

..

x*-1

*d=9.19 ..; *-2=0.89 ..;


g (.6, ):


0.181 9.19
*2 *d

0.419 0.5965
*3
*dg

0.181 9.19
*2
*d

E*1 E*-1

..;

.5. .
2.

*3

x
1.04 9.19 0.89 0.181
*2
*d
* 2
*2

1.037 ..;
x x
0.181 9.19
*2
*d

*1=0.873 ..; *1=1.084 ..;


*-1=3.731 ..; *-1=1.052 ..
(.6, ).
:
1
1
*3

1.676
*3
0.5965

1
1
* 1

1.1455
* 1
0.873

..;
8

..;

1
1

0.268
* 1

3.731
* 1

..

1
1
1

0.324
*
1.676 1.1455 0.268 3.0895
*3 * 1 * 1

..

*3 *3
* 1 * 1
* 1 * 1

*3
* 1
* 1
1.037 1.676 1.084 1.1455 1.052 0.268
3.262

1.056 ..
1.676 1.1455 0.268
3.0895

K1

x*-1

E*-1

x*1

E*1

x*3

E*3

K1

x*

E*

)
)
.6. . 3 ().
,
..
..,
, ..
..:

E 1.056
I *
3.26 ..
*n0 x 0.324
*
.
i ,
Ii , , ..
0=I=1. ,
.
, ,
.
i .
,
. Ci
0=I=1, *
i.

( 1, . 8). ,
. 7.
E1

C1

x1
C 12

E2

C2

x 12

x2

12 2 1 2 I
x1 x 2

*n 0 ;

12 1 2 1 I
x1 x 2

*n 0 .

. 7. .
,
1

*3
, -1.
:

0.873 0.5965
0.521
* 1 *3

0.354 .;
*4

0.873 0.5965 1.4695


* 1
*3


*3 * 1 1.084 0.5965 1.037 0.873 1.056
* 1 *3
..
*4

0.873 0.5965
* 1
*3

, -1
:
0 x E
E
I
1.0 0.354 1.052 1.056 3.26
*4
* 1
*4
*n 0
1

0.086 ;
x
x
3.731 0.354

* 1
*4
0 x* 1 E*4 E* 1
4
x
x
* 1
*4

I *n 0

1.0 3.731 1.056 1.052 3.26


0.914 .
3.731 0.354

, 1,
*3 :

dg

4 x E
E
I
*3
* 1
*3
*n 0 0.914 0.5965 1.084 1.037 3.26 0.381
;
x
x
0.873 0.5965
* 1
*3
4 x
E E
I
* 1
*3
* 1
*n 0 0.914 0.873 1.037 1.084 3.26 0.533
3
;
x
x
0.873 0.5965
* 1
*3

(: -1+1+dg=0.086+0.381+0.533=1=0).
*-1

0.086

x*1
0.873

C 1
0.381

x*3
0.5965

C3
0.533

C0
1.0

K1

-1

3.731

E *-1
1.052
E *1
1.084
E *3
1.037

. 8. . 1.
:
d:

dg x E E
I
0.533 9.19 1.04 0.89 3.26
*d
*2
* 2
*n 0

0.528 ;
x x
0.181 9.19
*2
*d
dg x*2 E* 2 E*2 I *n 0
0.533 0.181 0.89 1.04 3.26
d

0.005 ;
x x
0.181 9.19
*2
*d

3 2

(: 3+d=0.528+0.005=0.533=dg).
:

3 x E
E
I
0.528 0.3185 1.084 0.991 3.26
*
*ef
*C
*n 0

0.328 ;
x x
0.282 0.3185
*1
*a
3 x E E
I
0.528 0.282 0.991 1.084 3.26
*1
*
*ef
*n 0

0.2 ;
x x
0.282 0.3185
*1
*a

(: +=0.328+0.2=0.528=3).
:
10

5 , ..
2, 3 , , 5 =0, ef =Cae =0.328.
E *A- 2
0.89
x*d
9.19

x*
0.3185

x*3
0.091

C
0.2

C 3
0.528

Cd
0.005

K1

C dg
0.533

x*dg
0.419

d
a

x*
0.2266

E *
0.991
C
0.328

x*-1
3.731

x*1
0.873

e
x*ef
C 5
0

x* 5

C ef
0.328

x*ef
0.7645

C -1
0.086

C 1
0.381

E *-1
1.052
E *1
1.084

E *ef
1.084

x*5
0.06

. 9. . 2.
(. 10).
==0.2;
4=5= /2=0.2/2=0.1;
1,2==0.328;
2=ef=0.328,
3=d=0.005,
1=dg=0.533,
2=3=ef /2=0.328/2=0.164.
. 10
.
t=0.
.. .

,
, , ,
. ..
.
.. :
In0=I*n0I1=3.265.4986=17.925 .

11

E *A- 2
0.89

10kB

x*-2
7.523
x*3
1.667
K1

C 3
0.005
C 5
230kB 0.1
C
0.2

x*
0.041

x*5
0.19

x*5
0.365

C 3
0.528

10kB
C 1
0.533

x*3
0.091

x*4
0.091

110kB

E *
0.991

e
C 4
0.1

x*4
0.19

x*4
0.365

C 1,2
0.328

x*2
0.151

x*1
0.0756

x*T 2
0.328

C -1
0.086

E *-1
1.052
E *1

x*1
0.328

x*-1
3.731

x*1
0.873
x*2
0.873

C 1
0.381
C 2
0.164

1.084

E *2
1.084

C 2
0.328

C 5
0

x*3
0.873

C 3
0.164

E *3
1.084

x*5
0.06

. 10. . 3.

I1 , ,
.
iy
.
, ,
. ,
,
i 2 I n 0 k ,
0.01
k 1
,
.
, . 1.5,
k=1.94, =0.16 ( 12 60 )
.., (
, ).
(2, . 18)
, -2, k(-2).
k(-2) ,
(
), . k(-2)
.
=Scos=2.220.9=2
k(-2)=1.77.
(2, . 19, . 1.6)

2 I n 0 C 3 C 1 C 1 k 3 k ( 2 )

2 17.925 0.528 0.086 0.381 1.94 0.005 1.77 49.157 .

..
, t=0.01 c, ..

I I n 0 1 2 k 1

I I n 0 1 2 C 3 C 1 C 1 k 3 k ( 2 ) 1

17.925 1 2 0.528 0.086 0.381 1.94 0.005 1.77 1 29.801 .


2

.., 1.
, ,
, , ..
-1, .. ,
-1.
..,

I B n 0 I n 0 CT 1 C 1 17.925 0.533 0.381 16.383 .


, :
i( )

2 I ( ) n 0 C 3 C 1 C 1 k 3 k ( 2 )

2 16.383 0.528 0.086 0.381 1.94 0.005 1.77 44.928 .

,
.
, Ui ,

I i n0 I
C i I i .
*n 0
t=0 ( U ):
I 1 n 0 3.26 0.086 5.4986 1.542 ;
-1

I 1 n 0 3.26 0.381 5.4986 6.829 ;


1
I 2 n 0 I 3 n 0 3.26 0.164 5.4986 2.94 ;
2 3
I 2 n 0 3.26 0.005 5.4986 0.09 ;
-2
I n 0 3.26 0.2 0.251 0.164 .

I 1, 2 n 0 3.26 0.328 0.502 0.536 .


1 2
I 3 n 0 3.26 0.528 0.502 0.864 .
3
I 4 n 0 3.26 0.533 0.502 0.872 .
4
I 5 n 0 3.26 0 0.502 0 .
5
4 5
U 3
230
I AT n 0 I C n 0
0.164
0.164 .
2 U 2
2 115
3
U
10.5
I T 3 n 0 I 2 n 0 1 0.09
0.008 .
U 2
115
1
U
115
I T 1 n 0 I 4 n 0 2 0.872
9.55 .
U 1
10.5
2
I 2 n 0 3.26 0.328 5.4986 5.88 .
2
U
10.5
I T 2 n 0 I 2 n 0 1 5.88
0.536 .
U 2
115
,
, .. (10.5 ),
( )
..
1 ..
, * *
.
:

I 1 n 0

I 1 n 0

1.052
* 1
I 1
5.4986 1.55
* 1
3.731

* 1 I 1.084 5.4986 6.827


1

0.873
* 1

;
.


.
, , -1 ..
,
1.542
100 8.6 %
17.925

.. (In0).
(t=0 c).
-1
U-1=*-1U1=1.05210.5=11.046 .
1 3
U=* U1=1.08410.5=11.382 .

14

9.345
-2
0.09
8.057
T3

K1
U ,.=0

0.008

221.782
0.082

AT5

101.739
0.864
0.164
3

1.542
11.046

83.726 0.872

9.55

65.542

6.829

11.382
1

T1

C
227.93

110
AT4

0.164

2.94

H1
11.382

2
0.082

CP

CB-1

-1

0.164

129.6

1
0.536

0.536
5

T2

2.94
5.88

2
11.382
3

0
H2
11.833

. 11. ,

1
U1=(U*.+I*n0 CT1 x*T1) U2=(0+3.26 0.533 0.328) 115=65.542 .
-2
U-2=*-2U1=0.8910.5=9.345 .
3 ( )
U3=U-2I*n0 CT3 x*-2 U1=9.3453.26 0.005 7.52 10.5=8.057 .
3 ( d)
Ud=UT1+ I*n0 CT1 x*4 U2=65.542+3.26 0.533 0.091 115=83.726 .

U=*U3=0.991230=227.93 .
( )
U=UI*n0 C x* U3=227.93 3.26 0.2 0.041 230=221.782 .
( bc)
U=Ud+I*n0 C3 x*3 U2=83.726+3.26 0.528 0.091 115=101.739 .
2 ( )
Ue=UAT+I*n0C1,2(1+2) U2=101.739+3.260.328(0.0756+0.151) 115=129.6 .
2 ( f)
U
10.5
U f U e 1 129.6
11.833 .
U 2
115
,

. 11.
t=0.2 c.
.. .
,
.. ..
t ,
, .
: , (
.. )
..
:
I

* 0

I 0
;
I

* 0

I 0
I

* 0

I 0
I

..
, ..
,
, .
:

2, 3

-2

2.94
3.564 ;
0.825
0.09
I

0.703 ;
* 2 , 20
0.128
6.829
I

8.278 .
* 10
0.825
I

* 2, 30

.. , I*C-2()
.
I*0()2, ..
.
.
t=0.2
I t
I
0.6 I*10()=8.278 1 t 2,3 t 0.81
t 1
I 0
I 0
I*2,30()=3.564 2, 3.
(2, . 25, . 1.8)

-1 t=0.2
1t

I 1t
I 10

0.63 .

(2, . 25, .

1.9)
-2
2t

I 2t
I 20

0.5 I*-20()=0.703.

(2, . 26, . 1.11)

t=1, .. .. .
t=0.2
I nt I n 0 C i it I n 0 2 2 t 2,3 3 tA 2 C 1 t 1 C 1 1t

17.925 2 0.164 0.81 0.2 0.005 0.5 0.381 0.6 0.086 0.63 17.925 0.75 13.444 .

.., ,
t=0.2
I nt I n 0 2 2 t 2,3 3 tA 2 C 1 t 1
17.925 2 0.164 0.81 0.2 0.005 0.5 0.381 0.6 17.925 0.696 12.473 .

.., ,
t=0.2

i B at 2 I B n 0 e t / a 2 16.383 e 0.2 0.16 6.638 .


,
, t=0.2
I B t i2B nt i2B at 12.473 2 6.638 2 14.129 .
.., , t=0.2
S B Kt 3 U I B t 3 10.5 14.129 256.958 .
.
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.
E <U
E =U
E >U
,


. 12.

.

.
, ,

18

.
, ..,
0<U0, (.12).
, 0>U0,
.
0=U0, , ..
6.
..?
.
.

2.
.
, . 13,
(1,1) .
t=0 :
I nn0 ..;
I ..;
() , .. ,
;
-2
10(6)

10(6)
T3
B6

AT5
3

B1

-1

B2

T1

H1

C
110
2

CP

CB-1

AT4

T2

B5

B3

2
3

5
K (1,1)

B4
10(6)

H2

.13. .
() .. ;
( .. ) ( ..
).
1.
1, 2 .


, ,
.
19

,

, .
, .

,
, .

.

.

. .
,
:
;
;
.

,
.

,
..
.
.
,
, ,
.
*1
*1 .. ( ). , ,
. (. 5)
. :
d:

0.873 3.731
* 1 * 1

0.419 1.126 ..;


*1
*dg

0.873 3.731
* 1
* 1

x
1.084 3.731 1.052 0.873
* 1
* 1
* 1
* 1

1.078 ..;
*1
x
x
0.873 3.731
* 1
* 1

*d=9.19 ..; *-2=0.84 ..;


:


1.126 9.19
*1 *d

0.091 1.094 ..;


*2
* 3 1.126 9.19

*1
*d
x

x
1.078 9.19 0.84 1.126
*1 *d
* 2
*1

1.052 ..;
*2
x x
1.126 9.19
*1
*d

*a=0.3185 ..; *C=0.991 ..;


e (.14, ):


1.094 0.3185
*2 *

0.2266 0.473 ..;


*3
*


1.094 0.3185
*2
*
x x
*
*
*2 1.052 0.3185 0.991 1.094 1.005 ..;
*2
*3
x x
1.094 0.3185
*2
*

*ef=0.7645 ..; *ef=1.084 ..;


*5=0.06 ..
(.14, ).
20

0.7645 0.473
*ef
*3

0.06 0.352 ..
*1
* 5

0.7645 0.473
*ef
*3

*1

x x
1.084 0.473 1.005 0.7645
*ef
*3
*3
*ef

1.035 ..;
x
x3
0.7645 0.473
*ef
x*ef

K ( 1,1)

E*ef

K ( 1,1)

x*5
x*3

x*

E*

E*3

)
)
.14. .
..:

E 1.035
I *1
2.94 ..
*n0 x 0.352
*1
.
:
:
0 x*3 E*ef E*3 I *n 0
1.0 0.473 1.084 1.005
ef T 2
3

0 x*ef

2.94

0.44 ;
x*ef x*3
0.7645 0.473
E*3 E*ef I *n 0
1.0 0.7645 1.005 1.084 2.94

0.56 ;
x
x
0.7645 0.473
*ef
*3

2=3=ef /2=0.44/2=0.22.
(: 3+2+3=0.56+0.22+0.22=1.0=0).
:

3 x E E
I
*2
*
*2
*n 0 0.56 1.094 0.991 1.052 2.94 0.419
;
x x
0.3185 1.094
*
*2
3 x E E
I
*
*2
*
*n 0 0.56 0.3185 1.052 0.991 2.94 0.141
2 3
;
x x
0.3185 1.094
*
*2

4=5= /2=0.419/2=0.2095.
(: 2+4+5=0.141+0.2095+0.2095=0.56=3).
d:
d T 3

2 x E
E
*1
* 2
*1
x x
*1
*d

*n 0

21

0.141 1.126 0.84 1.078 2.94


0.0075 ;
1.126 9.19

E *A-2
0.89

10kB

x*-2
7.523
x*3
1.667
C 3
0.0075
C 5
230kB 0.2095
C
0.419

x*
0.041

x*5
0.19

x*5
0.365

C 3
0.141

10kB
C 1
0.1335

x*3
0.091

x*4
0.091

110kB

E *
0.991

e
C 4
0.2095

x*4
0.19

x*4
0.365

C 1,2
0.56

x*2
0.151

x*1
0.0756

x*T 2

E *-1

x*1
0.873
x*2
0.873

C 1
0.1105
C 2
0.22

1.084

E *2
1.084

C 2
0.44

x*3
0.873

x*5
0.06
C 5
1.0

C -1
0.023

1.052
E *1

x*1
0.328

x*-1
3.731

C 3
0.22

E *3
1.084

10kB
K1

. 15.

2 x E E
*d
*1
* 2
x x
*1
*d

1 1

*n 0

0.141 9.19 1.078 0.84 2.94


0.1335 ;
1.126 9.19

(: d+1=0.0075+0.1335=0.141=2).
g:
1 x
E
E
I
0.1335 0.873 1.052 1.084
* 1
* 1
* 1
*n 0
1

x* 1 x* 1
x
E
E
* 1
* 1
* 1
x
x
* 1
* 1

*n 0

2.94

0.873 3.731

0.023 ;

0.1335 0.3.731 1.084 1.052 2.94


0.1105 ;
0.873 3.731

(: -1+1=0.023+0.1105=0.1335=1).

. 15.


. ,
,
(U2). ,
2 1.22 d ;
.
2 d .
*2=*1=0.352 ..
, ,
(1) (2) .
(2) :
:
ef( 2 ) T( 22)

0 x
0 x
1.0 0.473
1.0 0.7645
*ef
*3
0.382 ; 3( 2 )

0.618 ;
x
x
0.7645 0.473
x
x
0.7645 0.473
*ef
*3
*ef
*3
( 2)
( 2)
( 2)

2 0.382 2 0.191 .
2 3 ef

( 2)
( 2)
( 2)
(: C 3 C 2 3 0.618 0.191 0.191 1.0 0 ).
:

( 2)

3( 2 ) x
3( 2 ) x
0.618 1.094
( 2)
( 2)
* 0.618 0.3185 0.139
*
2

0.479 ; 2 3
;
x x
0.3185 1.094
x x
0.3185 1.094
*
*2
*
*2
( 2)
( 2)
( 2)

2 0.479 2 0.2395 .
4 5

( 2)
( 2)
( 2)
(2)
(: C 2 C 4 5 0.139 0.2395 0.2395 0.618 3 ).
d:

d( 2 ) ( 23)

( 2) x
2( 2 ) x
*d 0.139 9.19 0.124
*1 0.139 1.126 0.015 ( 2 ) ( 2 ) 2
; 1
;
T1
x x
1.126 9.19
x x
1.126 9.19
*1
*d
*1
*d

( 2)
( 2)
( 2)
(: C d C1 0.015 0.124 0.139 2 ).
g:
( 2)

1

( 21) x
( 21) x
0.124 0.3.731
* 1
* 1 0.124 0.873 0.024 ( 2 )

0.1 ;
; 1 x
x
x
0.873 3.731

x
0.873 3.731
* 1
* 1
* 1
* 1

(: C 1 C 1 0.024 0.1 0.124 1 ).




.
,
, .., U0.

. 16. ,
Y0 /, ,
( 2)

( 2)

( 2)

, , ,
, ,
-110 , 4, 5
, 1, 2, 3 .
,
.

.
(0)
k=x0 /x1,
.
. 2.1 (2,
. 32) :

3.0 0.0756 0.227 ..;


*0 1

3.0 0.151 0.453 ..;


*0 2

3.0 0.091 0.273 ..


*0 3
( k=3.0);

3.0 0.091 0.273 ..


*0 4
( k=3.0);

3.5 0.06 0.21 ..


*0 5
( k=3.5).
*0
..
(*0).
:
*0ab=x*0ac=*4+*4=0.19+0.365=0.555 ..
x*0ab x*0ac
:

0.555

*0 ab *0 ac
*0 ab

0.041 0.3185
*0
*0 c
*0 c

2
2
*0 ab
*0 ac

..;

.
*0= *02+*01=0.453+0.227=0.68 .;
*0dg= *04+*1=0.273+0.328=0.601 ..
(.17):

0.601 1.667
*0 dg
*T 3

0.273 0.715
*02
* 3

0.601 1.667
*0 dg
*T 3

..;

*0a=0.3185 ..;
e :

0.715 0.3185

*02 *0

0.68 0.9
*03
*0

0.715 0.3185
*02
*0

*2=0.328 ..;
*05=0.21 ..
.
:

24

..;

x*3
1.667
C 3
0.022
C 5
C 3
x*5 x*5 b
x*03
0.0925 0.19 0.365
0.082 0.273
C
0.185

x*
0.041

C 1
0.06

x*04
0.273

x*1
0.328

d
a
e
C 4
0.0925

x*4 x*4
0.19 0.365 c

x
C 1,2 *02
0.453
0.267

x*01
0.227

x*T2
0.328

C 2
0.733

x*05
0.21
C 5
1.0
K1

U 0

. 16. .
x*3
1.667

C 3
0.022
C 3
x*03
0.082 0.273
C
0.185

x*
0.041

C 1
0.06

x*04
0.273

x*1
0.328

d
a

. 17.


.

e
x
C 1,2 *02
0.453
0.267

x*01
0.227

x*T2
0.328

C 2
0.733

x*05
0.21
C 5
1.0

K1

U 0

25


(.16, 17):
:
T( 02)

0 x
0 x
*03 1.0 0.9 0.733 ( 0 )
* 2 1.0 0.328 0.267
;
;
3
x
x
0.328 0.9
x
x
0.328 0.9
* 2
*03
* 2
*03

(0)
( 0)
(: C 3 C 2 0.267 0.733 1.0 0 ).
:

( 0 )

3( 0 ) x
(0) x
*02 0.267 0.715 0.185 ( 0 ) ( 0 ) 3
*0 0.267 0.3185 0.082
; 2
;
3
x
x
0.3185 0.715
x
x
0.3185 0.715
*0
*02
*0
*02
(0)
( 0)
(0)

2 0.185 2 0.0925 .
4 5

(0)
(0)
( 0)
( 0)
(: C 2 C 4 5 0.082 0.0925 0.0925 0.267 3 ).
d:

( 0)
d

(0)
3

2( 0 ) x
2( 0 ) x
0.082 0.601
(0)
*0 dg
*0T 3 0.082 1.667 0.06

0.022 ; T 1
;
x
x
0.601 1.667
x
x
0.601 1.667
*0 dg
*T 3
*0 dg
*T 3

(0)
( 0)
(0)
(: CT 3 CT 1 0.022 0.06 0.082 2 ).
t=0
, ..
,
..
.. ,
:

I1(Kn )

E 1
,
j x1 x ( n )

(n )

x ,

x
x
0.352 0.45
x (1,1) x
// x
*2 *0
0.1975
*
*2
*0
x
x
0.352 0.45
*2
*0

..

E *1 j 1.035 .

:
E 1
j 1.035
I

1.884 ..
(
1
,
1
)
*KA1
j 0.352 0.1975
j x x
*1
*

I* KA 2 I* KA0
:

x
0.1975
I
I
* 1.884
1.057
* KA 2
* KA1 x
0.352
*2
x
0.1975
I
I
* 1.884
0.827
* KA 0
* KA1 x
0.45
*0

..

..;
..

(, )

I ( n ) m ( n ) I I ,
*K
() , ..
:
m (1,1)

3 1

x
x
*2 *0
x
x
*2
*0

3 1

0.352 0.45

0.352 0.45 2

1.504 .

(, ):
I m (1,1) I
I 1.504 1.884 0.502 1.422 .
*K1 2
:
26

2 I K k

2 1.422 1.608 3.234

,
110
=0.2 k=1.608.
(2, . 18)
, 5
5 ,
(1)
( 2)
(0)
, .. 5 5 5 1.0 .
5:
I
(15) I
1.0 1.884 1.884 ..;
*A1( 5)
*1
I
( 25) I
1.0 1.057 1.057
*A 2 ( 5 )
* 2
I
( 05) I
1.0 0.827 0.827
*A 0 ( 5 )
* 0

..;

..
5 :

I ( 5)

I A( 5) I* A1( 5) I* A 2 ( 5 ) I* A0 ( 5 ) I 2 1.884 1.057 0.827 0.502 0 ;


2 I* A1( 5) I* A 2( 5) I* A0( 5) I 2 j120 1.884 e j120 1.057 0.827 0.502

I ( 5 )

2.833 e j116 0.502 1.422 e j116 ;

I* A1( 5 ) 2 I* A 2 ( 5 ) I* A0 ( 5 ) I 2 j120 1.884 e j120 1.057 0.827 0.502

0.942 j1.632 0.5285 j 0.915 0.827 0.502 1.2405 j 2.547 0.502

0.942 j1.632 0.5285 j 0.915 0.827 0.502 1.2405 j 2.547 0.502

2.833 e j116 0.502 1.422 e j116 .

5
. 18, .
.. (. 18, )
():
I KA1 I
I 2 1.884 0.502 0.946 ;
*KA1

I KA 2 I
I 2 1.057 0.502 0.531 ;
*KA 2

I KA 0 I
I 2 0.827 0.502 0.415 .
*KA 0

..
:
U
I
jx
1.884 j 0.1975 j 0.372 ..;
*KA1
*KA1
*
U

*KA 2

*K 0

I
jx
I

*KA 2
*2
*KA1

I
jx
I

*KA 0
*0
*KA1

x
*
x
*2
x*

jx
I
jx
U
j 0.372
*2
*KA1
*
*KA1

jx
I
jx U
j 0.372
*0
*KA1
*
*KA1

x
*0

27

..;
..

IKC

IKC

+1

IK0
IKC2
IKC1
IKC2
IKA2

IKA1

IK0
IKB2
IKB1
I KA =0 kA;
I KB =1.422 -116 kA;
I KB =1.422 116 kA.

IKB

IKB

I KA1 =0.946 kA;


I KA2 =-0.531 kA;
I KA0 =-0.415 kA.

IKB2
IK0

).
).
. 18. : ). 5; ). (1,1).
..
:
U KA1 U KA 2 U K 0 U

*KA1

U 2
3

j 0.372

115
3

j 24.699 .

:
U KA 3U KA1 3 j 24.699 j 74.097 .
.. :
U KB U KC 0 .
() .
:

U
115
115
U A1( ) U *KA1 I*KA1 C (1)5 jx*(1) 5 2 j 0.372 1.884 1.0 j 0.06
j 0.485
j 32.2
3
3
3

U A 2( ) U

*KA 2

U3

I
C ( 25) jx*( 2)5
*KA 2

;
j 0.372 1.057 1.0 j 0.06

115
3

j 0.309

115
3

j 20.516

U
115
115
U 0 ( ) U *K 0 I*K 0 C ( 05) jx*( 0)5 2 j 0.372 0.827 1.0 j 0.21
j 0.198
j13.146 ;
3
3
3
(), :

U A( ) U A1( ) U A 2 ( ) U 0 ( ) j 32.2 20.516 13.146 j 65.862 65.862 e j 90 ;

U
a 2 U
a U
U
e j120 j 32.2 e j120 j 20.516 j13.146

B ()

A1( )

A2 ( )

0( )

27.886 j16.1 17.767 j10.258 j13.146 10.119 j13.212 16.642 e j 52.55 ;

28

U ( ) a U A1( ) a 2 U A 2 ( ) U 0 ( ) e j120 j 32.2 e j120 j 20.516 j13.146

27.886 j16.1 17.767 j10.258 j13.146 10.119 j13.212 16.642 e j127.45 .

(), :

U AB ( ) U A( ) U B ( ) 65.862 e j 90 16.642e j 52.55 j 65.862 10.119 j13.212

U ( )

10.119 j 79.074 79.719 e j 97.3 ;

U ( ) U ( ) 16.642 e j127.45 65.862e j 90 10.119 j13.212 j 65.862

U B ( )

10.119 j 79.074 79.719 e j 97.3 ;

U ( ) U ( ) 16.642 e j 52.55 16.642e j127.45 10.119 j13.212 10.119 j13.212

20.238 20.238 e j 0 ;

(1,1) () . 19.

+j

UKA

+1
UKA1 =j24.699 kB
UKA2 =j24.699 kB
UK0 =j24.699 kB
U AB

UCA

U KA1

UKA2
UA
UK0
UB

UC
UKC1
UK0
UKC2

UBC

U KB1
UK0

UA =65.862 90 kB
UB =16.642 -52.55 kB
UKB2

UC=16.642 -127.45 kB

).

).
. 19. : ). (1,1); ). .


29

1.
?
.


(, , ).

. , ,
.
.
,
. ,
,
.
, .
.
, ,

. ,
, ,
( )
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,
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.
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, . ,
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.
Y0 /Y0
, .
,
,
.
, , , ,
, . ,
,
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, , .
30

2.
;
?


()
.
, , .
.
,
.

.
(0)
k=x0 /x1,
( 1
).
,

.
, .
.
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, . ,
, 90 i0 . ,
, 90. ,
180, ..
.
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.
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,
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3.
?

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.


,
j x1 x ( n )

()
I
1

31

x (n ) ,
2 0.
,
, :
I K( n ) m ( n ) I K( n1) ,
() , .
.

, ,
x (n ) ,


.
,
, ,
.
I K 1
U K 1 x (n ) , ,
:
U K( n1) j x ( n ) I K( n1) .


,
, ..
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.
4.
, .., , ..?
:
,
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.., ,
,
,
.
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.. ,

. U 2 U 0
, U 1 .

32


..
,
, ,
, .

, :
;
;
..
t=0.2 c.
.


, ,
:
;
;
.

;
.

1.
2.

.., ..
: . : . , 1969. 387 .
.. :
. / . . -. , 2003. 43 .

33