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Protection & Control Terminals

REF 54_, REM 54_, RET 54_, REC 523


Configuration Guideline

1MRS750745-MUM
Issued:
Version:

20.10.1998
L/08.07.2005

Protection & Control Terminals

REF 54_, REM 54_,


RET 54_, REC 523

Configuration Guideline

Contents
1. About this manual .....................................................................7
1.1.
1.2.
1.3.
1.4.
1.5.
1.6.
1.7.
1.8.
1.9.

Copyrights .....................................................................................7
Trademarks ...................................................................................7
General .........................................................................................7
Use of symbols ..............................................................................8
Document conventions ..................................................................9
Abbreviations ................................................................................9
Terminology ..................................................................................9
Related documents .....................................................................10
Document revisions .....................................................................11

2. Safety information ...................................................................13


3. Relay Configuration Tool .......................................................15
4. Specification for relay configuration .....................................17
5. Editing the relay configurations ............................................19
5.1. Getting started .............................................................................19
5.1.1. Libraries ...........................................................................19
5.1.2. Program organisation unit ................................................21
5.1.3. Logical POUs ...................................................................23
5.1.4. Physical hardware ............................................................25
5.1.4.1. Configuration ......................................................26
5.1.4.2. Resource for REF 54_, REM 54_
and REC 523 ......................................................27
5.1.4.3. Resource for REF 54_ Release 2.5 or later,
REC 523 revision F and RET 54_
37
5.1.4.4. Tasks ..................................................................47
5.2. Declaring variables ......................................................................49
5.2.1. Global variables ...............................................................52
5.2.2. Local variables .................................................................52
5.3. Compiling project ........................................................................57
5.4. Add-on protocol ...........................................................................57
5.5. Downloading the configuration ....................................................57
5.5.1. REF 54_ Release 2.5, RET 54_ and
REC 523 revision F additions ..........................................59

6. Main configuration rules ........................................................63


6.1.
6.2.
6.3.
6.4.
6.5.

General .......................................................................................63
Digital inputs and outputs ............................................................63
Explicit feedback path .................................................................64
Analog inputs ..............................................................................65
Error outputs of application function blocks ................................66

Copyright 2005 ABB Oy, Distribution Automation, Vaasa, FINLAND

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Configuration Guideline

6.6. Warnings ..................................................................................... 67


6.7. Execution order ........................................................................... 67
6.8. F-key ........................................................................................... 68

7. Engineering tips ..................................................................... 71


7.1. Horizontal communication .......................................................... 71
7.1.1. Guideline for using LON NV-variables in PLC logic ......... 71
7.1.1.1. COMM_IN .......................................................... 71
7.1.1.2. COMM_OUT ...................................................... 72
7.1.1.3. Cyclic sending generation .................................. 73
7.1.1.4. Cyclic communication check .............................. 74
7.1.1.5. Blocking ............................................................. 74
7.1.1.6. Control of objects ............................................... 75
7.1.1.7. Bypass mode ..................................................... 76
7.2. Events from the measurement function blocks ........................... 76

8. APPENDIX A: Relay configuration procedure ..................... 77


9. APPENDIX B: Specification for REF 54_ feeder
terminal configuration

79

9.1. General data ............................................................................... 79


9.2. Electrotechnical data .................................................................. 80
9.2.1. Analog inputs ................................................................... 80
9.2.2. System frequency ............................................................ 82
9.2.3. Digital inputs .................................................................... 82
9.2.4. Digital outputs .................................................................. 84
9.2.5. RTD module .................................................................... 88
9.2.5.1. RTD/analog inputs ............................................. 88
9.2.5.2. RTD outputs ....................................................... 89
9.3. Functionality ................................................................................ 89
9.3.1. Order number .................................................................. 89
9.3.2. Application function blocks used ..................................... 90
9.3.3. Communication ................................................................ 91
9.4. Relay MIMIC configuration ......................................................... 93
9.4.1. Illustration of the system, MIMIC diagram ....................... 93
9.4.2. Alarm LEDs ..................................................................... 94
9.5. Functionality logic ....................................................................... 95
9.6. Feeder terminal settings ............................................................. 96

10.APPENDIX C: Specification for REM 54_ machine


terminal configuration

97

10.1.General data .............................................................................. 97


10.2.Electrotechnical data .................................................................. 97
10.2.1.Analog inputs ................................................................... 97

1MRS750745-MUM

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10.2.1.1.Hardware versions with 5 current


and 4 voltage transformers
97
10.2.1.2.Hardware versions with 6 current
and 3 voltage transformers
98
10.2.1.3.Hardware versions with 7 current
and 2 voltage transformers
99
10.2.1.4.Hardware versions with 8 current
and 1 voltage transformer
101
10.2.1.5.Sensor inputs ...................................................102
10.2.2.System frequency ..........................................................102
10.2.3.Digital inputs ..................................................................103
10.2.4.Digital outputs ................................................................105
10.2.5.RTD module ...................................................................108
10.2.5.1.RTD/analog inputs ...........................................108
10.2.5.2.RTD outputs .....................................................109
10.3.Functionality .............................................................................109
10.3.1.Order number .................................................................109
10.3.2.Application function blocks used ................................110
10.3.3.Communication ..............................................................111
10.4.Relay MIMIC configuration .......................................................112
10.4.1.Illustration of the system, MIMIC diagram ......................112
10.4.2.Alarm LEDs ....................................................................113
10.5.Functionality logic .....................................................................114
10.6.Machine terminal settings .........................................................115

11.APPENDIX D: Specification for RET 54_


transformer terminal configuration .....................................117
11.1.General data .............................................................................117
11.2.Electrotechnical data ................................................................118
11.2.1.Analog inputs .................................................................118
11.2.1.1.Hardware versions with 6 current
and 3 voltage transformers
118
11.2.1.2.Hardware versions with 7 current
and 2 voltage transformers
119
11.2.1.3.Hardware versions with 8 current
and 1 voltage transformer
120
11.2.2.System frequency ..........................................................120
11.2.3.Digital inputs ..................................................................121
11.2.4.Digital outputs ................................................................123
11.2.5.RTD module ...................................................................126
11.2.5.1.RTD/analog inputs ...........................................126
11.2.5.2.RTD outputs .....................................................127
11.3.Functionality .............................................................................127
11.3.1.Order number .................................................................127
5

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11.3.2.Application function blocks used ................................... 128


11.3.3.Communication .............................................................. 129
11.4.Relay MIMIC configuration ....................................................... 130
11.4.1.Illustration of the system, MIMIC diagram ..................... 130
11.4.2.Alarm LEDs ................................................................... 131
11.5.Functionality logic ..................................................................... 132
11.6.Transformer terminal settings .................................................. 133

12.APPENDIX E: Specification for REC 523 Remote


Monitoring and Control Unit configuration

135

12.1.General data ............................................................................ 135


12.2.Electrotechnical data ................................................................ 136
12.2.1.Analog inputs ................................................................. 136
12.2.2.System frequency .......................................................... 140
12.2.3.Digital inputs .................................................................. 141
12.2.4.Digital outputs ................................................................ 142
12.3.Functionality ............................................................................. 143
12.3.1.Order number ................................................................ 143
12.3.2.Application function blocks used ................................... 143
12.3.3.Communication .............................................................. 144
12.4.Virtual channels ........................................................................ 144
12.4.1.LED configuration .......................................................... 144
12.5.Remote monitoring and control unit settings ............................ 146

13.APPENDIX F: Power quality application


guide for harmonics

147

13.1.Power quality and harmonics ................................................... 147


13.2.Background for harmonics ....................................................... 147
13.3.Harmonic sources .................................................................... 149
13.3.1.Single-phase power supplies ......................................... 149
13.3.2.Three-phase power converters ...................................... 150
13.3.3.Other harmonic sources ................................................ 151
13.4.System response characteristics ............................................. 152
13.5.Effects of harmonics ................................................................. 154
13.6.Applications for harmonic measurements ................................ 155
13.6.1.Power quality and harmonics ......................................... 155
13.6.2.Harmonic monitoring with individual loads and devices 156
13.6.3.Locating sources of harmonics ...................................... 157
13.6.4.Harmonic filter performance monitoring ......................... 157

14.Index ..................................................................................... 159

1MRS750745-MUM

Protection & Control Terminals

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Configuration Guideline

1.

About this manual

1.1.

Copyrights
The information in this document is subject to change without notice and should not
be construed as a commitment by ABB Oy. ABB Oy assumes no responsibility for
any errors that may appear in this document.
In no event shall ABB Oy be liable for direct, indirect, special, incidental or
consequential damages of any nature or kind arising from the use of this document,
nor shall ABB Oy be liable for incidental or consequential damages arising from use
of any software or hardware described in this document.
This document and parts thereof must not be reproduced or copied without written
permission from ABB Oy, and the contents thereof must not be imparted to a third
party nor used for any unauthorized purpose.
The software or hardware described in this document is furnished under a license and
may be used, copied, or disclosed only in accordance with the terms of such license.
Copyright 2005 ABB Oy
All rights reserved.

1.2.

Trademarks
Brand and product names mentioned in this document are trademarks or registered
trademarks of their respective companies.

1.3.

General
This guideline describes in general the procedures for configuring REF 54_ feeder
terminals, REM 54_ machine terminals, RET 54_ transformer terminals and
REC 523 remote monitoring and control units correctly with the Relay
Configuration Tool. In this document, the term device is used when referring to
all the above mentioned products.
Chapter 5. Editing the relay configurations describes step-by-step the engineering
actions required to create a relay configuration for a single device.
Chapter 6. Main configuration rules defines a set of programming rules that should
be followed while creating the configuration. These rules should be carefully
checked when finalizing the configuration.
Chapter 7. Engineering tips provides some engineering tips for doing the
configuration.
For instructions on operating the tool itself, refer to the operators manual for
CAP 505 (see Section 1.8. Related documents). This version of the Configuration
Guideline complies with products of Release 3.01. For information about the
changes and additions compared to earlier revisions, refer to the technical reference
manual of the appropriate product (see Section 1.8. Related documents).

1. Except REC 523 with revision D or later, and REM 54_ with Release 2.5
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Configuration Guideline

For information on what RE_ 5__ products support which add-on protocols, refer to
the product manuals (Section 1.8. Related documents).
Note that in this manual, the examples and dialog box pictures of the Relay
Configuration Tool refer to REF 54_ feeder terminals (except Fig. 5.5.-1). The
corresponding cases and dialog boxes can be slightly different for REM 54_, RET
54_ and REC 523.

1.4.

Use of symbols
This publication includes warning, caution, and information icons that point out
safety-related conditions or other important information. It also includes tip icons to
point out useful information to the reader. The corresponding icons should be
interpreted as follows:
The electrical warning icon indicates the presence of a hazard which
could result in electrical shock.

The warning icon indicates the presence of a hazard which could


result in personal injury.

The caution icon indicates important information or warning related


to the concept discussed in the text. It might indicate the presence of
a hazard which could result in corruption of software or damage to
equipment or property.
The information icon alerts the reader to relevant facts and
conditions.

The tip icon indicates advice on, for example, how to design your
project or how to use a certain function.
Although warning hazards are related to personal injury, and caution hazards are
associated with equipment or property damage, it should be understood that
operation of damaged equipment could, under certain operational conditions, result
in degraded process performance leading to personal injury or death. Therefore,
comply fully with all warning and caution notices.

1MRS750745-MUM

Protection & Control Terminals

REF 54_, REM 54_,


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Configuration Guideline

1.5.

Document conventions
The following conventions are used for the presentation of material:
The words in names of screen elements (for example, the title in the title bar of a
dialog box, the label for a field of a dialog box) are initially capitalized.
The names of push and toggle buttons are boldfaced. For example, click OK.
The names of menus and menu items are boldfaced. For example, the File menu.
The following convention is used for menu operations: Menu Name > Menu
Item > Cascaded Menu Item. For example: select File > Open > New
Project.

1.6.

Abbreviations
ASD
CPU
CSI
FBD
HMI
I/O
LCD
LED
LON
NV
PLC
POU
PWM
RCT
RMS
RS
RTD
VD

1.7.

Adjustable speed drive


Central processing unit
Current source inverter
Function block diagram
Human-machine interface
Input/output
Liquid chrystal display
Light-emitting diode
Locally operating network
Network variable
Programmable logic controller
Program organisation unit
Pulse width modulation
Relay Configuration Tool
Root mean square
Rogowski sensor
Resistance temperature device
Voltage Divider

Terminology
device

DNP 3.0
IEC 60870-5-101
IEC 60870-5-103
MIMIC
Modbus
RCT project file
SPA

In this document refers to REF 54_ feeder terminal, REM 54_


machine terminal, RET 54_ transformer terminal and REC 523
remote monitoring and control unit
Distributed Network Protocol, a communication protocol controlled
by the DNP Users Group
Communication protocol standardized by International
Electrotechnical Commission
Communication protocol standardized by International
Electrotechnical Commission
Graphic configuration picture on the relays LCD
Communication protocol introduced by Modicon Inc.
Relay Configuration Tool project, a zipped project file
Communication protocol developed by ABB

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Configuration Guideline

1.8.

Related documents
Document

ID

Manuals for REF 54_, REM 54_, RET 54_ and REC 523
Installation Manual RE_ 5_ _a

1MRS750526-MUM

Operators Manual RE_ 54_a


Feeder Terminal REF 54_
Technical Reference Manual, Generala

1MRS750500-MUM

Technical Reference Manual REM 54_a


Transformer Terminal RET 54_
Technical Reference Manual, General
Remote Monitoring and Control Unit REC 523
Technical Reference Manuala
REM 54_ Machine Terminal Technical Reference Manual, General
Technical Descriptions of Functions (CD-ROM)
REF 54_ and RET 54_ Modbus Communication Protocol
Technical Description
Modbus Remote Communication Protocol for REM 54_
Technical Description
REM 543 Modbus Configurations (CD-ROM)
Modbus Remote Communication Protocol for REC 523
Technical Description
REF 54_, RET 54_ and REX 521 DNP 3.0 Communication Protocol
Technical Description
DNP 3.0 Remote Communication Protocol for REC 523
Technical Description
IEC 60870-5-101 Remote Communication Protocol for REC 523,
Technical Description

1MRS750915-MUM

1MRS750527-MUM

1MRS755225
1MRS750881-MUM
1MRS750915-MUM
1MRS750889-MCD
1MRS755238
1MRS750781-MUM
1MRS151023-MUM
1MRS752015-MUM
1MRS755260
1MRS750958-MUM
1MRS750956-MUM

Tool-specific manuals
CAP 505 Installation and Commissioning Manualb

1MRS751273-MEN

CAP 505 Operators Manualb

1MRS751709-MUM

CAP 505 Protocol Mapping Tool Operators Manualb


CAP 501 Installation and Commissioning
CAP 501 Operators

Manualc

1MRS751270-MEN
1MRS751271-MUM

Manualc

Relay Configuration Tool, Quick Start

1MRS755277

Referenceb

1MRS751275-MEN

Relay Configuration Tool, Tutorialb

1MRS751272-MEN

Relay Mimic Editor, Configuration Manualb


LIB, CAP and SMS, Tools for Relays and Terminals, Users Guide

1MRS751274-MEN
1MRS752008-MUM

a. Included on the CD-ROM Technical Descriptions of Functions, 1MRS750889-MCD


b. Included on the CD-ROM Relay Product Engineering Tools
c. Included on the CD-ROM Relay Setting Tools

10

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1.9.

Document revisions
Version

Date

G
H
K
L

02.04.2004
20.01.2005
01.03.2005
08.07.2005

History
Manual updated
RET 54_ added to manual
Updates according to REC 523 revision F
Updates according to REF 54_, Release 3.5

11

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2.

Safety information

Dangerous voltages can occur on the connectors, even though the


auxiliary voltage has been disconnected.
National and local electrical safety regulations must always be
followed.
The device contains components which are sensitive to electrostatic
discharge. Unnecessary touching of electronic components must
therefore be avoided.
The frame of the device has to be carefully earthed.
Only a competent electrician is allowed to carry out the electrical
installation.
Non-observance can result in death, personal injury or substantial
property damage.
Breaking the sealing tape on the rear panel of the device will result in
loss of warranty and proper operation will no longer be guaranteed.
When a plug-in unit has been detached from the case, do not touch the
inside of the case. The relay case internals may contain high voltage
potential and touching these may cause personal injury.

13

14

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3.

Relay Configuration Tool


The Relay Configuration Tool is a standard programming system for RED 500
devices. It is used for configuring the protection, control, condition monitoring,
measurement and logic functions of the feeder terminal. The tool is based on the
IEC 61131-3 standard, which defines the programming language for relay terminals,
and includes a wide range of IEC features. The programmable logic controller (PLC)
logics are programmed with Boolean functions, timers, counters, comparators and
flip-flops. The programming language described in this manual is a function block
diagram (FBD) language.

15

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4.

Specification for relay configuration


Prior to starting the configuration of a product, the specification for relay
configuration is to be filled out. Separate specifications for REF 54_, REM 54_,
RET 54_ and REC 523 can be found in appendices B, C, D and E in the end of this
manual.
The purpose of the specification is to provide the technical information required for
the proper configuration of the products.

17

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5.

Editing the relay configurations

5.1.

Getting started
1. Start up the CAP 505 tool by double clicking the tool icon.
2. Add a new object as an empty configuration to the CAP 505 environment. For
instructions, refer to the operators manual for CAP 505 (see Section 1.8.
Related documents). The program opens an empty project template (see
Fig. 5.1.-1) with a toolbar at the top.
3. Build the project tree structure by inserting libraries, program organisation units
(POUs) and target-specific items to the project tree.
The project tree editor is a window in which the whole project is represented as a
tree. The project tree is illustrated with several icons. Most of the icons represent a
file of the project, and different looking icons represent different types of files. The
tree always contains 4 subtrees: Libraries, Data Types, Logical POUs and Physical
Hardware.

ProjectTree

Fig. 5.1.-1 Project tree and the four subtrees


The project tree is the main tool for editing the project structure. Editing the project
structure means inserting POUs or worksheets to the project structure, or deleting
existing ones. The editors for editing the code-body data and the variable declaration
can be opened by double-clicking the corresponding object icons.
If you edit an old project, note that saving the changes made with the
Save as command does not work as in other Windows programs. If
you want to keep the old project unchanged, save the project with a
new name before making any changes.

5.1.1.

Libraries
Before editing any worksheets of POUs, the whole project tree structure must be
build. The function block library (protection, control, measurement, condition
monitoring and standard functions) needed in the relay configuration needs to be
inserted to the Libraries subtree. For instructions on announcing libraries, refer to
the tutorial manual for the Relay Configuration Tool, see Section 1.8. Related
documents.
Before inserting a library to the project, close all open worksheets in
order to avoid confusing the I/O description of the function blocks.

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Configuration Guideline

The programs, function blocks (for example NOC3Low, the low-set stage of nondirectional three-phase overcurrent protection) and functions of the library can be
reused in the new project, which is edited.
The library, for example REFLIB01 for REF 54_ (see Fig. 5.1.1.-1), includes the full
set of function blocks, but only those ordered by the customer can be used in the
configuration.
If a configuration is transferred to a newer version of the product, the
library in the project must also be updated.

ref/rem/ret/reclib01

Fig. 5.1.1.-1

Libraries for REF 54_, REM 54_, RET 54_ and REC 523

The library version to be selected depends on the software revision of the product as
listed in the table below. The directory path to the libraries is
<installation drive>\CAP505\Common\IECLibs\Fi.
Table 5.1.1-1
Product

Software
revision

REF 541

REF 541 (RTD1)

REF 543

REF 543 (RTD1)

20

Product software revisions and libraries

B
C
D and E
K
A
B and C
K
C and D
E
F
G and H
K
A
B and C
K

Library file name


COMMU_01, CONDM_01, CONTR_01,
MEASU_01, PROTE_01, STAND_01
REFLIB01
REFLIB02
REFLIB03
REFLIB04
REFLIB02
REFLIB03
REFLIB04
COMMU_01, CONDM_01, CONTR_01,
MEASU_01, PROTE_01, STAND_01
REFLIB01
REFLIB02
REFLIB03
REFLIB04
REFLIB02
REFLIB03
REFLIB04

1MRS750745-MUM

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Table 5.1.1-1

Product software revisions and libraries (Continued)

Product

Software
revision

REF 545

REM 543

REM 543 (RTD1)


REM 545
REM 545 (RTD1)
RET 541
RET 541 (RTD1)
RET 543
RET 543(RTD1)
RET 545
REC 523

5.1.2.

B
C
D and E
K
A
B
C
A
B
A
B
A
B
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
C
D
E
F

Library file name


COMMU_01, CONDM_01, CONTR_01,
MEASU_01, PROTE_01, STAND_01
REFLIB01
REFLIB02
REFLIB03
REFLIB04
REMLIB01
REMLIB02
REMLIB03
REMLIB02
REMLIB03
REMLIB02
REMLIB03
REMLIB02
REMLIB03
RETLIB01
RETLIB01
RETLIB01
RETLIB01
RETLIB01
RECLIB01
RECLIB01
RECLIB02
RECLIB03
RECLIB03
RECLIB04

Program organisation unit


Each Program Organisation Unit (POU) consists of several worksheets:
Description worksheet for comments
Variable worksheet for variable declarations
Code body worksheet for the configuration.
The name of each worksheet is indicated beside the corresponding icon. The
* symbol after the name of a worksheet indicates that the worksheet has not been
compiled yet.

POU_unit

Fig. 5.1.2.-1

Program organisation unit with three worksheets

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Configuration Guideline

The description worksheet (for example ProtectT) illustrated below is for describing
the POU or the configuration element. The worksheet is automatically named by
adding a T to the name of the POU.

text

Fig. 5.1.2.-2

Description worksheet

The variable worksheet (for example ProtectV) is for the variable declaration. The
worksheet is automatically named by adding a V to the name of the POU. The
variable worksheet is not edited manually but is created by the tool.

variables

Fig. 5.1.2.-3

Variable declaration worksheet

A code body worksheet (for example Protect) is for a code body declaration in the
form of an function block diagram (FBD). All configurations for the devices of the
RED 500 platform are made in the graphical FBD language.
A code body programmed in the FBD language is composed of functions and
function blocks that are connected to each other using variables, connection lines or
connectors. An output of a function block can be combined with the output of
another function block for example via an OR gate (refer to Section 6.1. General).
Connectors are objects that can be used instead of connection lines, for example
where the distance between two objects on the worksheet is long. The connectors
can only be used within one worksheet, and they are resolved by textual names.

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Connectors should be used with care since the tool may not warn if a
match to a connector cannot be found (for example, the comparison
of connectors is case sensitive).
Note that visually the connectors are distinguished from variables by embedding
them with larger than signs, > >.

Connectors

Fig. 5.1.2.-4

Code body declaration in FBD language

Even though the tool permits adding several code body worksheets under one POU,
only one worksheet is recommended to be used per POU. If more space is needed
for a configuration, the worksheet size can be increased or the functionality can be
divided into several POUs.
Avoid creating very large configurations per POU since the RED 500 PLC
environment has an inherent limit for the number of input/output points per POU.
The limit is 511 I/O points and is consumed by called function block instances only.
Note that the limit is checked during the configuration downloading. If the
downloading fails for this reason, the user has to divide the POU into smaller units.
For example, the function block NOC3Low in Fig. 5.1.2.-4 includes 14 I/O points.
The I/O points are consumed regardless of whether they are connected or not.

5.1.3.

Logical POUs
In the project tree editor and in the library editor, the Logical POUs subtree
represents a directory for all the POUs related to the project. The maximum of 20
POUs can be inserted to the subtree. Fig. 5.1.3.-1 shows a Logical POUs subtree

23

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Configuration Guideline

with 4 POUs; CondMon represents a function block, Confirm represents a


function, and Measure and Control are programs. The associated icon
represents the POU type.

LogicalPOUs

Fig. 5.1.3.-1

Logical POUs subtree with 4 POUs

Each POU type has specific characteristics from the programming point of view.
A function yields exactly one data element which is evaluated from its input
parameters. In other words, a function cannot contain any internal state
information. Furthermore, a function can call other functions but not function
blocks.
A function block (FB) can return 0,1,2.. output values and can have internal
variables. Function blocks can call any other function or function block except
itself. Multiple copies of function blocks are called instances and each instance is
given an identifier.
Programs are specialized function blocks that can only be called by tasks.
Note that recursion is not allowed for any POU type.
The POU category is selected when a POU is inserted to the project tree. Fig. 5.1.3.2 below shows the dialog box for inserting POUs. The programming language
(FBD) for the POU and the return data type for functions are also selected here. The
PLC type and Processor type selections should be left to their default values.

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InsertNewPOU

Fig. 5.1.3.-2

Inserting a new program POU called Demo which is


programmed by using the function block diagram language

At first, a POU framework is created, that is, empty POUs are inserted to the project
according to the Specification for Relay Configuration filled out prior to starting the
configuration procedure. The physical hardware must be defined before creating the
actual contents for the POUs, otherwise the predefined target-specific POUs are not
available for the programmer.
The task execution intervals recommended for function blocks must be considered
already when defining the POU framework. In general, each POU forms a functional
unit for example for protection function blocks. Some function blocks, however,
require a different task than most of the same category, and must therefore be
assigned a separate POU. For example, the task execution interval of most
protection function blocks is 10 ms but Freq1St_ requires the task of 5 ms, which is
why it usually needs a separate POU. However, if all the protection function blocks
used are associated with the task of 5 ms, no separate POU is required for Freq1St_.

5.1.4.

Physical hardware
In the project tree editor, the physical hardware is represented as a subtree (see
Fig. 5.1.4.-1) after the hardware of the device, that is, Configuration, Resource and
Tasks, has been defined.

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PhysicalHardware

Fig. 5.1.4.-1

Example of a subtree for the physical hardware

The configuration elements available in the Physical Hardware subtree may differ
from configuration to configuration. Each terminal of the RED 500 platform can be
configured separately.

5.1.4.1.

Configuration
In the Relay Configuration Tool, the name of the configuration and the appropriate
product family, programmable logic controller (PLC) type, are first defined:
1. Select a Physical Hardware tree element and select Edit > Insert.
2. Define Name and PLC type, and click OK.

configuration_b

Fig. 5.1.4.1.-1 Defining the configuration type

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5.1.4.2.

Resource for REF 54_, REM 54_ and REC 523


For REF 54_ Release 2.5 and later, RET 54_, and REC 523
revision F, refer to Section 5.1.4.3. Resource for REF 54_ Release
2.5 or later, REC 523 revision F and RET 54_.
The PLC type selected in the Configuration dialog box above determines which
processor types are available. To select the processor type and name the resource:
1. Select an object under the Physical Hardware tree and select Edit>Insert.
2. In the opening dialog box, click the option button Resource, select the correct
processor type and name the resource.
For example, the processor type REF543R refers to a REF 543 feeder terminal
equipped with an resistance temperature device (RTD) module.

resource

Fig. 5.1.4.2.-1 Defining the processor type

Hardware version
After selecting the processor type, click the Settings button in the dialog box (see
Fig. 5.1.4.2.-1 above) to define the correct hardware version (see Fig. 5.1.4.2.-2).
Do not click OK after selecting the correct hardware version (see
Fig. 5.1.4.2.-2), but wait until the next dialog box opens and click
the option button Analog Channels (see Fig. 5.1.4.2.-3).
The hardware version number is included in the order number of the product. The
order number is labelled on the marking strip on the front panel of the product.
Example:
Order No: REF543FC127AAAA
Note that for REC 523, the selectable relay variants are given as
order numbers, for example REC523C 033AAA. Refer to the
technical reference manual of REC 523, see Section 1.8. Related
documents)

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hw_variant

Fig. 5.1.4.2.-2 Defining hardware version

select_analog_channels

Fig. 5.1.4.2.-3 Selecting the dialog box for analog settings

Analog channels
In the dialog box for defining analog channels (Fig. 5.1.4.2.-4), click the option
button for each channel in turn, and select the measuring device and signal type for
the channels in use from the drop-down list. Select the option Not in use for other
channels.

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analog_channels

Fig. 5.1.4.2.-4 Defining the analog channel settings


Furthermore, define the technical data and measurements for the selected channels
before the configuration is used in a real application.

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Technical data

rated_values

Fig. 5.1.4.2.-5 Defining the rated values for the selected measuring device
Measurements
For information about the special measurements required for each
function block, refer to the Technical Descriptions of Functions (see
Section 1.8. Related documents).
True RMS measurement and 2nd harmonic restraint measurements
If the signal type selected for an analog channel is going to be measured by any
measurement function block (MECU3A etc.), select the option True RMS mode in
the Special Measurements dialog box.
If the Inrush3 function block (3-phase transformer inrush and motor start-up current
detector) is to be used, select the option 2nd Harmonic Restraint for the analog
channels (IL1, IL2, IL3) used.

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SpecMeasIL1

Fig. 5.1.4.2.-6 Selecting the required special measurement modes for phase
current measurement
Neutral current
When the DEF2_ function block (directional earth-fault protection) is going to be
used, select the option Intermittent earth-fault protection in the Special
Measurements dialog box for the channel via which the current I0 is measured.
The intermittent earth-fault protection can be enabled for the maximum of two
physical channels at a time. Note that the intermittent earth-fault protection requires
the residual voltage for directional operation. Therefore, the channel for the residual
voltage U0 must be defined before the selection can be made. Unless intermittent
earth-fault protection has been chosen, the following configuration error indication
appears on the display of REF 54_, REM 54_ or RET 54_ ( # denotes the number
of the analog channel in question):
System: SUPERV
Ch # error

SpecMeasIo

Fig. 5.1.4.2.-7 Selecting the required special measurement modes for neutral
current measurement

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Frequency
When, for example, the function block MEFR1 (system frequency measurement) is
in use, frequency measurement must be selected for the channel via which the
voltage is measured for frequency measurement. For example Channel 10 (Voltage
Transformer 4, Signal type U3), click the Measurements button in the
Configuration of REF543 dialog box.
The power quality function blocks PQCU3H and PQVO3H require frequency
measurement for the channel that is connected to the FREQ_REF input, that is, the
channel for frequency reference (for more information, refer to the manuals of
PQCU3H and PQVO3H on the CD-ROM Technical Descriptions of Functions, see
Section 1.8. Related documents). Furthermore, frequency protection must be
selected if any of the function blocks SCVCSt_ or Freq1St_ is in use.

SpecMeasUL1

Fig. 5.1.4.2.-8 Selecting the required special measurement modes for frequency
measurement
Virtual channels
In case no measuring devices are applied for measuring residual voltage (U0) and
neutral current (I0), the virtual channels 11 and 12 can be used. If only one virtual
channel is used, the channel is numbered as channel 11 regardless of whether
residual voltage or neutral current is calculated. If both I0 and U0 are calculated,
channel 11 is used for I0S and channel 12 for U0S.

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virtual_channels

Fig. 5.1.4.2.-9 Using virtual channels 11 and 12 in case no measuring devices are
applied for measuring I0 and U0
In case of the virtual channels for calculating I0 and U0, phase currents and voltages
must be associated with current and voltage measuring devices (see Fig. 5.1.4.2.-10
and Fig. 5.1.4.2.-11).

Summed_Ios

Fig. 5.1.4.2.-10 Associating phase currents with current measuring devices

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Summed_Uos

Fig. 5.1.4.2.-11 Associating phase voltages with voltage measuring devices


After a compiled configuration is downloaded to a device, it checks
internally whether the analog channels are correctly configured
regarding the analog inputs of function blocks.
If the connected channels have been configured incorretly, the ERR
output signal of the specific function block activates and the analog
channel configuration error event (E48) is sent. Some function
blocks have special error events that are explained in the
corresponding function block manuals on the CD-ROM Technical
Descriptions of Functions (see Section 1.8. Related documents).

Digital inputs
The filter time is set for each digital input of the device via the resource settings
dialog box Binary Inputs. Inversion of the inputs can also be set. Note, however, that
the inversion of an input cannot be seen from the configuration. For further
information refer to the technical reference manual of REF 54_, REM 54_, RET 54_
or REC 523 (see Section 1.8. Related documents).

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BIN_INPUT

Fig. 5.1.4.2.-12 Defining the digital inputs

Measurements
When the MEPE7 function block (power and energy measurement) is used, the
measuring mode must be selected via the resource settings dialog box
Measurements. True RMS measurement must also be selected for the channels used
by MEPE7.
Note that the measuring modes can only be selected after the analog channels have
been defined (see Fig. 5.1.4.2.-4).

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MEPE7

Fig. 5.1.4.2.-13 Selecting the measuring mode for power and energy measurement

Condition monitoring
Values for the circuit-breaker wear function blocks CMBWEAR 1 and 2 can be set
via the resource settings dialog box Condition Monitoring.

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cbwear

Fig. 5.1.4.2.-14 Setting the values for circuit-breaker wear

5.1.4.3.

Resource for REF 54_ Release 2.5 or later, REC 523 revision F
and RET 54_
The PLC type selected in the Configuration dialog box determines which processor
types are available. To select the processor type and name the resource:
1. Select an object under the Physical Hardware tree and select Edit > Insert.
2. In the opening dialog box, click the option button Resource, select the correct
processor type and name the resource.
For example, the processor type REF543R refers to a REF 543 feeder terminal
equipped with an RTD module.

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processtype2.5

Fig. 5.1.4.3.-1 Defining the processor type

Hardware version
After selecting the processor type, click the Settings button in the dialog box (see
Fig. 5.1.4.3.-1 above) to define the correct hardware version (see Fig. 5.1.4.3.-2).
Do not click OK after selecting the correct hardware version
(Fig. 5.1.4.3.-2), but wait until the next dialog box opens and select
the option Analog Channels (see Fig. 5.1.4.3.-3).
The hardware version number is included in the order number of the product. The
order number is labelled on the marking strip on the front panel of the product.
Example:
Order No: REF543GC127AAAA

hardware2.5

Fig. 5.1.4.3.-2 Defining the hardware version

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analog_settings2.5

Fig. 5.1.4.3.-3 Selecting the dialog box for analog settings

Analog channels
In the dialog box for defining analog channels (see Fig. 5.1.4.3.-4), click the option
button for each channel in turn, and select the measuring device and signal type for
the channels in use from the drop-down list. Select the option Not in use for other
channels.
Furthermore, the technical data and measurements for the selected channels are to
be completed correctly before the configuration is used in a real application.

analog_channels2.5

Fig. 5.1.4.3.-4 Defining the analog channels


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Technical data

rated_values2.5

Fig. 5.1.4.3.-5 Defining the rated values for the selected measuring device
Measurements
For information about the special measurements required for each
function block, refer to the Technical Descriptions of Functions (see
Section 1.8. Related documents).
True RMS and 2nd harmonic restraint measurements
If the signal type selected for an analog channel is going to be measured by any
measurement function block (MECU3A etc.), the true RMS mode must be selected
in the Special Measurements dialog box. Moreover, in case the Inrush3 function
block (3-phase transformer inrush and motor start-up current detector) is to be used,
the 2nd harmonic restraint must be selected for the analog channels (IL1, IL2, IL3)
used.

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phase_measu2.5

Fig. 5.1.4.3.-6 Selecting the required special measurement modes for phase
current measurement
Neutral current
When the DEF2_ function block (directional earth-fault protection) is going to be
used, intermittent earth-fault protection must be selected for the channel via which
the current I0 is measured. The intermittent earth-fault protection can be enabled for
the physical channels I0 and I0b as well as for the virtual channels I0s and I0bs at the
same time.
The intermittent earth-fault protection requires the residual voltage for directional
operation. Therefore, the channel for the residual voltage U0 must be defined before
the selection for I0 measurement channels can be made. The amount of the U0
channels used for the intermittent earth-fault protection is limited to one. The first
available U0 channel should be selected from the list: U0, U0b, U0s and U0bs. Unless
intermittent earth-fault protection has been chosen correctly, a configuration error
indication will appear on the error list of the Relay Download Tool.

neutral_measu2.5

Fig. 5.1.4.3.-7 Selecting the required special measurement modes for neutral
current measurement

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Frequency
When, for example, the function block MEFR1 (system frequency measurement) is
in use, frequency measurement must be selected for the channel via which the
voltage is measured for frequency measurement. For example Channel 10 (Voltage
Transformer 4, Signal type U3), click the Measurements button in the
Configuration of REF543 dialog box.
The power quality function blocks PQCU3H and PQVO3H require frequency
measurement for the channel that is connected to the FREQ_REF input, that is, the
channel for frequency reference (for more information refer to the manuals of
PQCU3H and PQVO3H on the CD-ROM Technical Descriptions of Functions, see
Section 1.8. Related documents). Furthermore, frequency protection must be
selected if any of the function blocks SCVCSt_ or Freq1St_ is in use.

freq_measu2.5

Fig. 5.1.4.3.-8 Selecting the required special measurement modes for frequency
measurement
Virtual channels
The virtual channels can be used if no measuring devices are applied for measuring
phase-to-phase voltages, residual voltage (U0) and neutral current (I0). The virtual
channels selected for use are numbered from the channel number 11. For further
information about the channel numbers of the calculated virtual channels, refer to
the technical reference manual of the terminal in question (see Section 1.8. Related
documents).
An example of when the virtual channels can be used is shown in Fig. 5.1.4.3.-9.

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virtual_channels2.5

Fig. 5.1.4.3.-9 Using virtual channels if phase-to-phase voltages, residual voltage


and neutral current measurement are not available
The virtual channels are selectable according to the selections in the Analog
Channels view. The selection of the virtual channels can be done in Virtual Channels
view (see Fig. 5.1.4.3.-10).

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select_virtual_channels2.5

Fig. 5.1.4.3.-10 The selectable virtual channels when the configuration of the
analog channel is as in Fig. 5.1.4.3.-9
The special measurements are selectable for each used virtual channel (see
Fig. 5.1.4.3.-11 and Fig. 5.1.4.3.-12).
The special measurement view for the virtual channel Ios is shown in Fig. 5.1.4.3.11. The analog channels used for derivation and derivation equation are also shown.
The analog channels are as in Fig. 5.1.4.3.-9.

Ios_measu2.5

Fig. 5.1.4.3.-11 Special measurement view for the virtual channel Ios
Special measurement view for the virtual channel U12s is shown in the Fig. 5.1.4.3.12. The analog channels used for derivation and derivation equation are also shown.
The analog channels are as in Fig. 5.1.4.3.-9.
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Ios_measu_2.5_2

Fig. 5.1.4.3.-12 Special measurement view for the virtual channel U12s.
After a compiled configuration is downloaded to a device, the device
checks internally whether the analog channels are correctly
configured regarding the analog inputs of function blocks.
If the connected channels have been configured incorrectly, the ERR
output signal of the specific function block activates and the analog
channel configuration error indication appears on the error list of the
Relay Download Tool. For more information, refer to Section 5.5.
Downloading the configuration.

Digital inputs
The filter time is set for each digital input of the device via the resource settings
dialog box Binary Inputs field. Inversion of the inputs can be set as well. Note,
however, that the inversion of an input cannot be seen from the configuration. For
further information, refer to the technical reference manual of the terminal in
question (see Section 1.8. Related documents).

digital_inputs2.5

Fig. 5.1.4.3.-13 Defining the digital inputs

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Measurements
When the MEPE7 function block (power and energy measurement) is used, the
measuring mode must be selected by clicking the option button Measurements in the
resource settings dialog box. True RMS measurement must also be selected for the
channels used by MEPE7.
The measuring modes can only be selected after the analog channels
have been defined (see Fig. 5.1.4.3.-4).

power&energy_measu2.5

Fig. 5.1.4.3.-14 Selecting the measuring mode for power and energy measurement

Condition monitoring
Values for the circuit-breaker wear function blocks CMBWEAR 1 and 2 can be set
via the resource settings dialog box by clicking the option button Condition
Monitoring.

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wear2rle

Fig. 5.1.4.3.-15 Setting the values for circuit-breaker wear

5.1.4.4.

Tasks
Programs and tasks
Programs are associated with tasks via the dialog boxes Properties/Task and
Properties/Program. To define task properties in the Relay Configuration Tool:
1. Select an object in the project tree.
2. Select Edit > Insert and define task name and type.
One task may include several programs. Cyclic tasks are activated within a specific
time interval and the program is executed periodically. As many as 10 POUs can be
associated to a task.
To define program properties in the Relay Configuration Tool:
1. Select a task in the project tree.
2. Select Edit > Insert and define program instance and type.
The two dialog boxes below illustrate the association of a program type (Prot_Me)
with a task (Task1) (see also Fig. 5.1.4.-1).

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TASK1

Fig. 5.1.4.4.-1 Naming a cyclic task

PROT_ME

Fig. 5.1.4.4.-2 Associating the selected task with the desired program type

Task interval
Generally, operation accuracy is increased when task speed is increased, but at the
same time, the load of the microprocessors is increased as well. Although the task
speed can be freely chosen with the tool, it is necessary to define a maximum task
execution interval for each function block. If not defined, the operation accuracy and
operate times for protection functions cannot be guaranteed.
The maximum task execution interval is based on test results and it has been used in
the type testing of the function blocks. The recommended task execution interval
quaranteed by the manufacturer can be found in technical data section in the
technical description of each function block. Furthermore, certain function blocks,
for example MEDREC16, must be tied to the task given by the manufacturer in order
to enable the operation of these function blocks. For more information about the task
execution intervals of function blocks, refer to the introduction chapter in the
Technical Descriptions of Functions CD-ROM, see Section 1.8. Related documents.
For microprocessor loads, refer to Section 5.5. Downloading the configuration.
According to the standard, the Relay Configuration Tool offers a possibility to
define the tasks on two different levels:
1. Each program organisation unit (POU) can be tied to a separate task.
2. Separate function block inside a POU can be tied to any task.
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However, the second alternative is not supported in the RED 500 environment; if a
separate function block inside a POU is given a separate task definition, it is ignored
when transferred to the device. This means that when the function blocks are being
placed in different POUs, not only the category of the function (protection, control,
and so on) but also the maximum task execution interval should be considered, since
all function blocks inside a POU run at the same speed.
Define the task execution interval for each task by selecting a task and by selecting
Edit > Insert; click the Settings button in the opening dialog. For example, the task
execution interval for Task1 in the figure below is defined as 10 ms, which means
that the program Prot_Me is run 100 times per one second. The maximum number
of tasks with different intervals is 4.
The tool automatically modifies the task setting if the set network
frequency is other than 50 Hz (see the Network Frequency text box
in Fig. 5.1.4.2.-4). For example at 60 Hz, 10 ms becomes 8.333 ms.

interval

Fig. 5.1.4.4.-3 Setting the task execution interval for a program


If there is a need for several different tasks that control the same output relay, it is
recommended that the output relay is controlled directly in the fastest task and other
control commands are brought to that task via global variables.
Example:
Some protection function blocks can be run in the 5 ms task, some in the
10 ms task and some even using the 100 ms task. Still, all these function
blocks use the same output relay.
Another way to avoid also the software delays when communicating between the
different tasks is to use a separate output relay for each protection task.
Example:
The trip signal from the 5 ms task is connected to High-Speed Power Output
1 and the trip signal from the 10 ms task to High-Speed-Power-Output 2. The
outputs can then control the same opening coil of the circuit breaker.

5.2.

Declaring variables
The validity range of the declarations that are included in the declaration part should
be local to the POU in which the declaration part is contained. However, variables
that are declared to be global are only accessible to a POU via a
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VAR_EXTERNAL declaration. The type of a variable declared in a


VAR_EXTERNAL block should agree with the type declared in the
VAR_GLOBAL block of the associated program, configuration or resource.
Program B
FB2
FB_Y

FB1
FB_X
a

Program A
FB2
FB_Y

FB1
FB_X

VAR
y:BOOL;
FB1:FB_X;
FB2:FB_Y;
END_VAR

VAR
FB1:FB_X;
FB2:FB_Y;
END_VAR

Configuration C
Program A
VAR_EXTERNAL
x:BOOL;
END_VAR
VAR
FB1:FB_X;
END_VAR

Program B

FB1
FB_X

FB2
FB_Y
a

VAR_GLOBAL
x:BOOL;
END_VAR

VAR_EXTERNAL
x:BOOL;
END_VAR
VAR
FB2:FB_Y;
END_VAR

Fig. 5.2.-1 Local and global variables


The figure above illustrates the how variable values can be communicated among
software elements either directly or via global variables.
Variable values within a program can be communicated directly by connecting the
output of one program element to the input of another, or via local variables, such as
the variable y illustrated in the upper-left corner of the figure above.
In the same configuration, variable values can be communicated between programs
via global variables, such as the variable x illustrated in Configuration C in the
figure above. In such a case, make sure that the global variable is only written from
one location in the project. The global variable can still be read from several
locations.
According to the IEC 61131-3, all the variables that have no explicit initializer are
initialized with a data-type dependent default value. Despite of this, it is always
recommended that the initial value is given explicitly. Naturally, the value to which
each variable should be initialised depends on the logical function of the program .
Table 5.2.-1 Default values according to data types

50

Data type

Default initial value

ANY_REAL
ANY_INT
ANY_BIT
TIME

0.0
0
0 (=FALSE)
T#0s

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Especially the initial values of global variables are logically significant for the
program. The user cannot choose the order in which tasks are initialised. This means
that if a task reading a global variable is initialized before another task gives the
variable its first value, it is important that an appropriate initial value has been
selected for the global variable.
CASE 1. Variables declaration
VARIABLE WORKSHEET of logical POU

******************************************************************
VAR
TRIPPING :BOOL
:= FALSE;
BLOCK
:BOOL
:= TRUE;
TMP1
:BOOL
:= FALSE;
END_VAR
VAR_EXTERNAL
PS1_4_HSPO1 :BOOL;
(* Double pole high speed power output *)
(* X4.1/10,11,12,13 *)
PS1_4_HSPO2 :BOOL;
(* Double pole high speed power output *)
(* X4.1/15,16,17,18 *)
PS1_4_HSPO3 :BOOL;
(* Double pole high speed power output *)
(* X4.1/6,7,8,9 *)
END_VAR
VAR_EXTERNAL
TCS1_ALARM :BOOL;
END_VAR

******************************************************************

GLOBAL VARIABLE WORKSHEET

******************************************************************
VAR_GLOBAL
PS1_4_HSPO1
PS1_4_HSPO2
PS1_4_HSPO3
END_VAR
VAR_GLOBAL
TCS1_ALARM
END_VAR

AT %QX 1.1.2
:BOOL
:= FALSE;
(* Double pole high speed power output X4.1/10,11,12,13 *)
AT %QX 1.2.2
:BOOL
:= FALSE;
(* Double pole high speed power output X4.1/15,16,17,18 *)
AT %QX 1.3.2
:BOOL
:= FALSE;
(* Double pole high speed power output X4.1/6,7,8,9 *)

:BOOL

:= FALSE;

******************************************************************

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Configuration Guideline

5.2.1.

Global variables
The physical contacts are defined in the Global Variables worksheet (Fig. 5.2.1.-1).
Declarations for the physical contacts are automatically defined when the correct
hardware version of RE_ 54_ is selected. Declarations for the analog channels are
created after the analog channel settings defined in the resource settings dialog box
have been approved.
The textual names of the inputs and outputs, for example BIO2-7_BI10IV (see the
figure below), can be modified. Note, however, that the address (for example
AT %IX 1.29.1 :BOOL := TRUE) following the name may not be changed.

global

Fig. 5.2.1.-1

5.2.2.

Global Variables worksheet

Local variables
At the beginning of each programmable controller POU type declaration there
should be at least one declaration part that specifies the types of the variables used
in the organisation unit. The declaration part should have the textual form of one of
the keywords VAR_INPUT, VAR_OUTPUT, VAR and VAR_EXTERNAL
followed by one or more declarations separated by semicolons and terminated by the
keyword END_VAR. All the comments you write must be edited in parentheses and
asterisks:.
(*******************************)
Variable declaration
(*
*)
of REF 541
(*
*)
(*******************************)

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Caution is required regarding comments and variable declarations. The following


code example would be compiled successfully but because of the non-closed
comment, the END_VAR - VAR_EXTERNAL couple is excluded and thus the
channel numbers become local variables of the POU and they get the initial value
zero:

VAR (*AUTOINSERT*)
NOC3Low_1 :
NOC3Low; (* Erroneous nonclosed comment *
END_VAR
VAR_EXTERNAL (*AUTOINSERT*)
U12
:
SINT;
(* Measuring channel 8 *)
U23
:
SINT;
(* Measuring channel 9 *)
U31
:
SINT;
(* Measuring channel 10 *)
END_VAR

Three examples of creating the textual declaration for different kinds of graphical
programs are given below.
Example 1:
POU type: FBD program
Function block type declaration:
VAR
SIGNAL1
SIGNAL2
SIGNAL3
SIGNAL4
END_VAR

:BOOL :=FALSE;
:BOOL :=FALSE;
:BOOL :=FALSE;
:BOOL :=FALSE;

and_or_gates

Fig. 5.2.2.-1

Function block image

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Example 2:
POU type: NOC3Low, manufacturer-dependent function block
Function block type declaration:
VAR_INPUT
IL1
IL2
IL3
BS1
BS2
TRIGG
GROUP
DOUBLE
BSREG
RESET
END_VAR
VAR_OUTPUT
START
TRIP
CBFP
ERR
END_VAR

:SINT
:SINT
:SINT
:BOOL
:BOOL
:BOOL
:BOOL
:BOOL
:BOOL
:BOOL

:=0;
:=0;
:=0;
:=FALSE;
:=FALSE;
:=FALSE;
:=FALSE;
:=FALSE;
:=FALSE;
:=FALSE;

(* Analog channel *)
(* Analog channel *)
(* Analog channel *)
(* Blocking signal *)
(* Blocking signal *)
(* Triggering *)
(* Grp1/Grp2 select *)
(* Doubling signal *)
(* Blocking registering *)
(* Reset signal *)

:BOOL
:BOOL
:BOOL
:BOOL

:=FALSE;
:=FALSE;
:=FALSE;
:=FALSE;

(* Start signal *)
(* Trip signal *)
(* CBFP signal *)
(* Error signal *)

NOC3Low_b

Fig. 5.2.2.-2

54

Function block image of NOC3Low

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Example 3:
POU type: Programmer-dependent FBD function block CONDIS
Function block type declaration:

condisv

Fig. 5.2.2.-3

Type declaration of the programmer made function block CONDIS

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condis

Fig. 5.2.2.-4

FBD worksheet contents of the CONDIS function block

condis_control

Fig. 5.2.2.-5

Use of the programmer made function block CONDIS

In the Example 3 above, part of the configuration has been separated to a


programmer-made function block called CONDIS. Such function blocks may not be
given names already belonging to library functions blocks or IEC standard function
blocks. The function block CONDIS has been used like any other function block in
the graphical program. It must also be remembered that a function block with an
instance named by the programmer can only be inserted to the project once.
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5.3.

Compiling project
In the Relay Configuration Tools Make menu, select the command Build Project
to compile the whole project for the first time after editing. This means compiling
all POUs, global variables, resources and so on.
In the Make menu, use the Make command to compile the worksheets that have
been edited. The changed worksheets are marked with an asterisk, *, in the project
tree editor. The Make command is the standard mode for compiling and should
normally be used when you have finished editing.
It is recommended that the Build Project command is given once more
just before downloading the configuration to the product.
In the Relay Configuration Tool you can view the execution order of the different
functions or function blocks in your worksheet. The execution order corresponds to
the intermediate PLC code created while compiling. Note that the execution order
can only be seen if you have already compiled the worksheet by using the menu
command Make > Compile Worksheet.

5.4.

Add-on protocol
If an add-on protocol is used, the protocol mapping must be created by using the
Protocol Mapping Tool (PMT). For more information, refer to the documents in
Section 1.8. Related documents.
Table 5.4.-1

Available add-on protocols

Relay version
REF 54_ Release 2.5
REF 54_ Release 3.0
REF 54_ Release 3.5
REM 54_ Release 2.5
RET 54_ Release 3.0

Modbus

DNP 3.0

IEC 60870-5-103

X
X
X
X

X
X

X
X
X

REC 523 does not have any add-on protocols, but the device
includes fixed protocols according to the devices software
configuration. In REC 523 revision F, the protocol interface can be
modified by using the Protocol Mapping Tool. In earlier releases, the
protocol interface can be modified by using the Protocol Editing
Tool. These tools are included in CAP 505. For more information on
the REC 523 protocols, refer to the technical reference manual of
REC 523 (see Section 1.8. Related documents).

5.5.

Downloading the configuration


After the configuration has been built and succesfully compiled in the Relay
Configuration Tool and the MIMIC configuration has been designed, the project can
be downloaded to the device.

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The parts of the project to be downloaded are selected via a dialog box. The MIMIC
configuration and the Relay Configuration Tool project can be downloaded
separately.
The project can also be downloaded separately as a compressed file.
This enables later uploading of the project from the device. The
compressed file is automatically created if the check box RCT
project has been selected (see Fig. 5.5.-1).
The target device has an inherent limitation over the size of a stored project file. If
this is exceeded, the tool interrupts the downloading and issues a warning.
It is useful to include some information of the project in the file by
giving, for example, the name of the designer, the date and the version
or other description of the configuration. To add project information,
select File > Project Info in the Relay Configuration Tool.
Add-on protocols (for example Modbus and IEC 60870-5-103) of the relay terminal
are activated in the relay according to Add-On protocol selection in object
properties.

Fig. 5.5.-1 Selecting RCT project (for REC 523, the mimic configuration is not
available)
When the configuration is downloaded, the total CPU load in percent can be checked
via the parameter Config. capacity. In the Relay Setting Tools Main menu
view, select the Configuration tab and the General subtab to view Config.
capacity parameter (on the device, select MAIN MENU/Configuration/
General/Config. capacity). If the load exceeds 100%, the downloading
fails, an indication Failed is displayed in the assisting window of the REF 54_,

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REM 54_ or RET 54_ display, and a message appears in the CAP 505. The exceeded
CPU load can also be read via the parameter after a failed downloading, that is, the
load value can be for example 115%.
Whenever downloading fails, a storing sequence cannot be started but the device
must be reset before next downloading. Moreover, the device is automatically reset
after a failed downloading when the download dialog box in the Relay Download
Tool is closed.
Note that the exceeded CPU load must be checked before resetting; after the device
is restarted, the parameter Config. capacity only shows the load of the
previous configuration that was downloaded succesfully and has become valid
again.

5.5.1.

REF 54_ Release 2.5, RET 54_ and REC 523 revision F additions
The REF 54_ Release 2.5 and later, REC 523 revision F and RET 54_ includes the
following functions supported by the Configuration Download Tool:
Relay and configuration tool compatibility checking
Improved configuration error reporting
Easier identification of the relay configuration

Compatibility checking
The download tool verifies that the connected relay matches the type and revision
set in the relay configuration. If a mismatch occurs, downloading is not allowed.

comp

Fig. 5.5.-2 Relay type mismatch when downloading the configuration


The download tool also prevents downloading, if the configuration has been
modified after the last compilation.

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Improved configuration error reporting


After downloading the configuration, the relay checks, that all the function block
specific requirements regarding analog channel configuration and task cycle time
are fulfilled. If errors are detected, a list containing all errors is shown. The list
contains the name of the function block that reported the error and a plain text error
description.
The error list can be copied to the clipboard and printed by using any text
editor for easy reference when correcting the configuration.

err

Fig. 5.5.-3 Example of an error list when downloading an incorrect configuration

Configuration identification
The relay contains parameters for configuration identification:

Title
Author
Last modification date
Last download date of the configuration program

A parameter is also included to identify the bay in which the configuration is used.
The title and author are set from the File > Project info menu of the Relay
Configuration Tool.
The bay name is taken from the bay object in the project structure navigator or from
the protection and control object, if no bay object is used.
The last download/modification date parameters are set automatically. The
Download Tool shows the identification data of the present configuration and the
new configuration, and asks the user to verify, that the present configuration can be
overwritten before proceeding with the download.

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The configuration identification data can also be viewed from the relay (menu path
Information/Configuration) and the Relay Setting Tool (open the
Information tab and select the Configuration subtab). Note that the relay stores a
maximum of 15 characters for each configuration identification parameter, although
more characters are allowed in the Relay Configuration Tool.

trace

Fig. 5.5.-4 Relay configuration identification

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6.

Main configuration rules

6.1.

General
Make sure that all analog signals are connected and all necessary inputs and outputs
are wired. Note that the outputs of function blocks may not be connected together.
There are also many other FBD programming rules to follow. One of the most
typical rules is not to use the wired-OR connection. All signals that are connected to
the same output signal (both output relays and horizontal communication outputs)
must be connected via an OR gate (see Fig. 6.1.-1).

TRIP

PS1_4_HSPO1

I>

I>

OR

PS1_4_HSPO1

TRIP

PS1_4_HSPO1

I>>

I>>

"wired-OR" structure is not allowed

an explicit Boolean "OR" block is required instead


ORgate

Fig. 6.1.-1 Use of an explicit Boolean OR gate (on the right)

6.2.

Digital inputs and outputs


Digital inputs and outputs of RED 500 devices are implemented as directly
represented global variables. As such, they are special cases and their use in the
configuration is limited. Directly represented variables are declared in the Global
Variables sheet of the project tree. They can be recognized by the AT keyword as in
the examples below.
BIO1_5_BI1

AT %IX 1.8.2

:BOOL := FALSE;

( *Binary input X5.1/1,2 *)

BIO2_7_PO1

AT %QX 1.13.2

:BOOL := FALSE;

( *Single pole output X7.1/17,18 *)

Note that the parts of the line following the AT keyword may not be changed. Only
the name of the signal, that is, the part before the AT keyword, may be changed if
required.
If the names are adapted to the logical meanings of the signals, the user is
encouraged to create and to follow a naming convention. The name should indicate,
apart from the logical meaning, whether the signal is an input or output signal.
Examples of such names following a naming convention could be:
Q9_close_sta_IN

AT %IX 1.8.2

:BOOL := FALSE;

(* Binary input X5.1/1,2 *)

Q9_close_cmd_OUT

AT %QX 1.13.2

:BOOL := FALSE;

(* Single pole output X7.1/17,18 *)

Access direction for the directly represented variables is restricted by their purpose.
This means that a digital input can be read but not written, see Fig. 6.2.-1 below.
Accordingly, an output can be written but not read. Note that an input can be read
from several locations within a worksheet and even from any program organisation
unit within the configuration, whereas an output can only be written from one
location at a time.
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Digital3

Fig. 6.2.-1 Neither writing a digital input nor reading a digital output is allowed

6.3.

Explicit feedback path


A feedback path exists on the FBD worksheet when an output of a function block is
used as an input to a function block that precedes it in the execution order. There are
two types of feedback paths, an explicit and an implicit feedback loop (see Fig. 6.3.1 and Fig. 6.3.-2 below). It is strongly recommended that explicit feedback loops are
changed to implicit loops by using a feedback variable.
The Relay Configuration Tool can detect explicit loops during compilation. If you
click the checked command Display warnings in the Make menu, the compiler
gives warnings about the detected explicit feedback loops. To view the feedback
loops, select the checked command Highlight feedback in the Layout menu. The
execution order of functions compared to the expected behaviour may in some cases
dictate where the feedback variable should be added (for instructions on how to view
the execution order, refer to Section 6.7. Execution order). The initial value of the
feedback variable should also be selected with care.

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ExplFeedbck

Fig. 6.3.-1 Explicit feedback loop is detected and highlighted

ImplFeedbck

Fig. 6.3.-2 Implicit feedback via the local variable FEEDBACK

6.4.

Analog inputs
Analog channels defined in the resource can be connected to the analog inputs of
application function blocks on a code body worksheet. Most of the function blocks
with several analog inputs support unconnected inputs. For example, in Fig. 6.4.-1
below, the function block NOC3Low operates on only two inputs. The third and
unused input constantly measures a zero current amplitude. This function block only
requires that at least one of the three inputs is connected.
On the other hand, certain function blocks require that all analog inputs are
connected. An example of such a function block is OV3Low (see Fig. 6.4.-1 below).
If the analog channel requirements of a function block are violated, a configuration
error is generated. For more information on how analog inputs are expected to be
connected, refer to the function block manuals on the CD-ROM Technical
Descriptions of Functions, see Section 1.8. Related documents.

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Analog channels connected to application function blocks may not be changed


runtime. Therefore, do not use any selectors between analog channels and function
blocks.

analog_inputs3

Fig. 6.4.-1 Connecting analog inputs of application function blocks. Do not use a
selector to switch between channels.

6.5.

Error outputs of application function blocks


If a configuration for a function block is not correct, its ERR output is activated
immediately after configuration downloading and the function block is forced to the
Not in use mode. In this case, application function blocks that have the Operation
mode parameter in their actual setting menu display the Not in use operation mode,
regardless of which mode has been selected for the parameter in the setting group
menu. Currently, with most function blocks, this will result in an automatic
resetting, without storing, of the relay. The automatic reset does not occur in
REM 54_.
The error signals of all application function blocks should be collected together via
an OR gate and connected to, for example, an HMI alarm indication of REF 54_ or
REM 54_, that is, an MMIALAR_ function block.
Detecting any untreated configuration errors is fast and easy when
the error signals of all application function blocks are collected
together via an OR gate and connected to MMIALAR_ function
block.
Configuration errors typically originate from missing special measurements, the
type, order or number of analog channels connected to function blocks, or task
interval requirements.

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6.6.

Warnings
In case of the indication
Warning: Instance xx is never used
in connection with compilation, remove the corresponding instances
of the function block from the variables worksheet of the POU. The
tool does not give a warning for unused variables, which is why they
are recommended to be removed manually.
When a global variable is added to a sheet as a copy-paste -function,
the Global option button has to be chosen (see figure below properties can be accessed by double-clicking the right mouse
button); otherwise the variable becomes a local variable of the POU,
which is due to the auto-insert feature of the tool (global variable =
VAR_EXTERNAL, local variable = VAR).

radio

Fig. 6.6.-1 Copying a global variable to a worksheet of a POU

6.7.

Execution order
After compilation, check the execution order in relation to the calling sequence of
POUs by using the Layout Execution Order function. Note, however, that although
the connection of simple variables to each other generates code, the execution order
cannot be seen by means of the Layout Execution Order function. If the MOVE
function is used instead of direct connection, the execution order can be utilised in
concluding whether the result is desirable, for example, the reading and writing
order of the variables.

MoveExpl

Fig. 6.7.-1 Direct connection of variables and a connection via the MOVE
function

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EXECUTIObw

Fig. 6.7.-2 The INTERLOCKING variable is updated (TMP1) during the task
execution cycle (see the execution order 1,2,3)
In addition, the execution order may be illogical or even incorrect considering the
functionality.

EXECUTE2bw

Fig. 6.7.-3 The implicit feedback (TMP1) delays the updating of the
INTERLOCKING variable by one task execution cycle

6.8.

F-key
The freely programmable F-key of REF 54_, REM 54_ and RET 54_ is declared as
VAR_GLOBAL in the global variable worksheet as follows:
F001V021:BOOL:=0;

(*

(R, W) Free configuration point (F-key)

The F-key parameter can be added to the configuration logic as an external


variable (VAR_EXTERNAL).

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medrec6

Fig. 6.8.-1 Example of using F-key with the disturbance recorder function block
MEDREC16
The variables below are internal variables of the system and are thus not
recommended to be used like the F-key parameter.
F001V011:BOOL:=0;

(*

(W) Resetting of operation indications

*)

F001V012:BOOL:=0;

(*

(W) Resetting of operation indications & latched output signals

*)

F001V013:BOOL:=0;

(*

(W) Resetting of operation indications, latched output signals &


waveform memory

*)

F001V020:BOOL:=0;

(*

(W) Resetting of accumulated energy measurement

*)

F002V004:BOOL:=0;

(*

(R, W) Control: Interlocking bypass mode for all control objects


(Enables all)

*)

F002V005:USINT:=0;

(*

(W) Control: Recent control position

*)

F002V006:BOOL:=0;

(*

(W) Control: Virtual LON input poll status

*)

F900V251:BOOL:=0;

(*

(W) Control: Execute all command for selected objects (inside


module)

*)

F900V252:BOOL:=0;

(*

(W) Control: Cancel all command for selected objects (inside


module)

*)

F000V251:BOOL:=0;

(*

(W) Control: Execute all command for selected objects (inside


module)

*)

F000V252:BOOL:=0;

(*

(W) Control: Cancel all command for selected objects (inside


module)

*)

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7.

Engineering tips

7.1.

Horizontal communication
This example includes four (4) bays. The logic is basically the same in every bay.
The intention of this guideline is to point out how to ensure the horizontal inter-bay
communication, including correct state indication of control objects via LON
communication. The logic also includes an alarm function in case of a broken fibre
optic. Incorrect updating of interlocking information blocks the control of objects,
but the blocking can be bypassed by setting the device to the bypass mode.

7.1.1.

Guideline for using LON NV-variables in PLC logic


Communication between terminals is executed by using the communication input
and output signals (global variables COMM_IN_ and COMM_OUT_). The logic
must be designed in a Relay Configuration Tool project. The LON network variable
bindings can be created with the LON Network Tool.
Communication inputs and outputs are bound to each other on a one-to-one basis by
means of unacknowledged repeated unicast service. The signals are named so that
the number at the end of COMM_OUT_ (for example COMM_OUT2) denotes the
bay to which the signal is sent. Accordingly, the number at the end of COMM_IN_
denotes the bay from which the signal is received. This way, COMM_OUT2 of bay
1 is bound to COMM_IN1 of bay 2.

7.1.1.1.

COMM_IN
COMM_IN_ signals are converted into Boolean logic mode by INT2BOOL
function blocks. The B0 output signal (BLOCK1) in an INT2BOOL function block
is used for blocking the control of objects except for the one that is sending the
signal. In other words, only one object can be controlled at a time. Furthermore,
Comm-Check_ signals are used for checking the condition of fibre optics. Signals
for bay interlocking are also received. See Fig. 7.1.1.1.-1.

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comm_in

Fig. 7.1.1.1.-1 Example of the COMM_IN logic

7.1.1.2.

COMM_OUT
Communication signals sent from one bay to other bays include the reservation of
control objects, updating of communication output signals and some indications
needed in other bays. Overall, digital signals are sent via LON and converted from
Boolean logic to unsigned integer (UINT, 16 bits) values.

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comm_out

Fig. 7.1.1.2.-1 Example of the COMM_OUT logic

7.1.1.3.

Cyclic sending generation


The logic below shows an example of how the cyclic sending of communication
output signals can be generated. The idea is to generate a boolean signal with a
5-second pulse duration and a 50-percent duty cycle.

update all

Fig. 7.1.1.3.-1 Example of generating the cyclic sending of communication output


signals

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7.1.1.4.

Cyclic communication check


Timers check the horizontal communication The timers activate an alarm signal as
a result of failed communication (Bay__Comm_Failed) 15 seconds after the new
value of a Comm-Check_ signal has been received. Comm_Check_ signals are
updated every 5 seconds, which affects the TON timer functions thus preventing the
activation of Q output signals. If the communication fails, all four bays are blocked.

check

Fig. 7.1.1.4.-1 Cyclic communication check

7.1.1.5.

Blocking
If horizontal communication has failed, the BLOCK2 signal is sent to every
controllable function block to prevent the control of local objects. Furthermore, the
HMI alarm indication 8 (in REF 54_ , REM 54_ or RET 54_) is activated.
The BLOCK1 signal is used to create a mutual exclusion effect between bays. The
signal is activated by horizontal communication when a control object is selected in
one of the other bays.

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BLOCK

Fig. 7.1.1.5.-1 Blocking the control of objects

7.1.1.6.

Control of objects
The control of an object, for example a breaker, can be executed if the BLOCK input
is not active (TRUE). Accordingly, an object cannot be controlled during the
reservation of other objects (in the same bay or in other bays) or the failing of
horizontal communication.
However, the blocking can be bypassed by setting the terminal to the bypass mode
(MAIN MENU/Control/General/Interlocking Bypass). The bypass
mode overrides interlockings provided the bypass signal is included in the logic (see
also Section 7.1.1.7. Bypass mode).

Q1

Fig. 7.1.1.6.-1 Defining the bypass mode for the control object

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7.1.1.7.

Bypass mode
The bypass mode signal can be generated in the logic via the COLOCAT function
block. After activation of the bypass mode, the BYPASS signal is active and
therefore prevents activation of the BLOCK input.

bypass

Fig. 7.1.1.7.-1 Generation of the bypass mode signal

7.2.

Events from the measurement function blocks


SPA protocol used
Measurement values have to be polled because they are not sent with events.
Thereby the delta supervision events of the measurement function blocks can be
masked off.
If limit supervision is set to be done by RTU, the limit event sending must be
allowed in event masks. In this case, the client is informed of the activation and
resetting of each limit with the corresponding event code numbers.

LON protocol used


Each measured variable is individualized by an IEC address. Measurement values
and the corresponding IEC addresses are sent to a client, for example to
MicroSCADA, with both delta supervision events and limit supervision events.
The limit supervision events are not recommended to be masked off if
limit supervision is used.
When the warning and alarm limit supervision is active, the priority for limit event
sending is higher than that for delta event sending if both type of events are sent
concurrently. Concurrent event sending appears, for example, when a measured
value changes considerably during a short period, for example when a circuit
breaker is closed or opened. This causes problems if limit supervision events have
been masked off since the client does not receive all measurement values even if
major changes have taken place.

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8.

APPENDIX A: Relay configuration procedure

1. Create a new project


2. Create a tree structure
a) Libraries
b) Logical POU framework (programs and function blocks)
c) Physical Hardware
i) configuration
ii) resource
- hardware version
- used analog channels and measurement signal types
- digital inputs
- power and energy measurement
- condition monitoring (circuit breaker breaker wear)
iii) tasks
- connection between program and task
- task interval
d) Logical POU contents
3. Design logics
4. Check variable declarations
a) Data types and initialisers
b) Instances of functions and function blocks
c) Variable categories
i) VAR - END_VAR
ii) VAR_EXTERNAL - END_VAR
iii) VAR_INPUT - END_VAR
iv) VAR_OUTPUT - END_VAR
v) VAR_GLOBAL - END_VAR
5. Compile a project
6. If an add-on protocol (DNP 3.0 or Modbus) is used, create protocol mapping.
7. Download it to the device

77

78

1MRS750745-MUM

REF 54_, REM 54_,


RET 54_, REC 523

Protection & Control Terminals


Configuration Guideline

9.

APPENDIX B: Specification for REF 54_ feeder


terminal configuration

9.1.

General data

Project name:

Date:

This specification suitable for bays:

Substation name:

Feeder terminal type:

Software revision

Order number:
REF54 __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __(for

example REF543HC127AAAA)

Handled by:

Company:

Telephone number:

Fax number:

This document serves as a technical specification of substation protection and is


used for the configuration of REF 54_ feeder terminals.
Special requirements can be specified under Further information at the bottom of
each page.

79

REF 54_, REM 54_, Protection & Control Terminals


RET 54_, REC 523

1MRS750745-MUM

Configuration Guideline

9.2.

Electrotechnical data

9.2.1.

Analog inputs
Table 9.2.1-1

Analog input channel connections

Channel

Measuring devices that can be connected to the corresponding analog


measuring channels

1
2...5
6
7...10

Rogowski sensor, voltage divider or general measurement


Current transformer, Rogowski sensor, voltage divider or general measurement
Current transformer
Voltage transfomer, Rogowski sensor, voltage divider or general measurement

Further information:

80

REF 54_, REM 54_,


RET 54_, REC 523

Protection & Control Terminals


Configuration Guideline

Module type

Board

MIM

X1.1
27
25
24
22
21

MIMX1.1.fh8

19
18
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1

Terminal number

Connected
object

100V

Ch 10

X1.1:25, X1.1:27

VT4

100V

Ch 9

X1.1:22, X1.1:24

VT3

100V

Ch 8

X1.1:19, X1.1:21

VT2

100V

Ch 7

X1.1:16, X1.1:18

VT1

Ch 6

X1.1:13, X1.1:14, X1.1:15

CT5

Ch 5

X1.1:10, X1.1:11, X1.1:12

CT4

Ch 4

X1.1:7, X1.1:8, X1.1:9

CT3

Ch 3

X1.1:4, X1.1:5, X1.1:6

CT2

Ch 2

X1.1:1, X1.1:2, X1.1:3

CT1

0,2A
1A

1A
5A

1A
5A

1A
5A

1A
5A

Signal type

MIMX1.1
Module type

Board

SIM

X2.1

Terminal
number

DIFF

X2.2
DIFF

X2.3
DIFF

X2.4
DIFF

X2.5
DIFF

X2.6
DIFF

X2.7
DIFF

X2.8
SIMX2.fh8

1MRS750745-MUM

DIFF

X2.9
DIFF

Ch 10, sensor

X2.1

Ch 9, sensor

X2.2

Ch 8, sensor

X2.3

Ch 7, sensor

X2.4

Ch 5, sensor

X2.5

Ch 4, sensor

X2.6

Ch 3, sensor

X2.7

Ch 2, sensor

X2.8

Ch 1, sensor

X2.9

Connected
object

Signal type

The measuring device can be connected exclusively to the analog


channels of either MIM or SIM type modules. Ten channels are
available.
Simx2

Further information:

81

REF 54_, REM 54_, Protection & Control Terminals


RET 54_, REC 523

1MRS750745-MUM

Configuration Guideline

9.2.2.

System frequency
50 Hz

9.2.3.

60 Hz

Digital inputs
Module type

Board

PS1X4.2.fh8

PS1
(REF541,
REF543)

Terminal
number

Connected
object

X4.2
1
2

PS1_4_BI1

X4.2:1, X4.2:2

1)

4
5

PS1_4_BI2

X4.2:4, X4.2:5

1)

6
7

PS1_4_BI3

X4.2:6, X4.2:7

1)

1) Digital input / counter input


PS1X4.2

Module type

Board

BIO1

Connected
object

X5.1
1
2
3

BIO1_5_BI1

X5.1:1, X5.1:2

BIO1_5_BI2

X5.1:2, X5.1:3

4
5
6

BIO1_5_BI3

X5.1:4, X5.1:5

BIO1_5_BI4

X5.1:5, X5.1:6

7
8
9

BIO1_5_BI5

X5.1:7, X5.1:8

BIO1_5_BI6

X5.1:8, X5.1:9

BIO1_5_BI7

X5.1:10, X5.1:11

BIO1_5_BI8

X5.1:11, X5.1:12

BIO1_5_BI9

X5.1:13, X5.1:14

1)

BIO1_5_BI10

X5.1:15, X5.1:16

1)

BIO1_5_BI11

X5.1:17, X5.1:18

1)

10
11
12

BIO1X5.1.fh8

Terminal
number

13
14
15
16
17
18

1) Digital input / counter input


BIO1X5.1

Further information:

82

REF 54_, REM 54_,


RET 54_, REC 523

Protection & Control Terminals


Configuration Guideline

Module type

Board

BIO1

Terminal
number

Connected
object

X5.2:1, X5.2:2

1)

X5.2
BIO1X5.2.fh8

1
2

BIO1_5_BI12

1) Digital input/ counter input/ time sync


BIO1X5.2

Module type

Board

BIO2
(REF543,
REF545)

X7.1

Terminal
number

Connected
object

1
2
3

BIO2_7_BI1

X7.1:1, X7.1:2

BIO2_7_BI2

X7.1:2, X7.1:3

4
5
6

BIO2_7_BI3

X7.1:4, X7.1:5

BIO2_7_BI4

X7.1:5, X7.1:6

7
8
9

BIO2_7_BI5

X7.1:7, X7.1:8

BIO2_7_BI6

X7.1:8, X7.1:9

BIO2_7_BI7

X7.1:10, X7.1:11

BIO2_7_BI8

X7.1:11, X7.1:12

13
14

BIO2_7_BI9

X7.1:13, X7.1:14

1)

15
16

BIO2_7_BI10

X7.1:15, X7.1:16

1)

10
11
12

BIO2X7.1.fh8

1MRS750745-MUM

1) Digital input / counter input


BIO2X7.1

Further information:

83

REF 54_, REM 54_, Protection & Control Terminals


RET 54_, REC 523

1MRS750745-MUM

Configuration Guideline

9.2.4.

Digital outputs
Module type Connected
object
PS1
(REF541,
REF543)

Terminal
number
1)

Board

PS1_4_ACFail

Mains

X4.1:1, X4.1:2
1)

PS1_4_TempAlarm

X4.1:3, X4.1:4, X4.1:5

X4.1
1
2
X4.1
3
4

IRF

5
6
X4.1:6, X4.1:7,
X4.1:8, X4.1:9

7
9
8

PS1_4_HSPO3

10
X4.1:10, X4.1:11,
X4.1:12, X4.1:13
1)

PS1_4_HSPO1
PS1_4_TCS1

11
13
12

TCS1

1)

16
18
17

PS1_4_HSPO2
PS1_4_TCS2

TCS2

1) Please indicate whether the trip circuit supervision inputs will be configured to use or not

Module type Connected


object
PS2
(REF545)

PS1X4.1

Terminal
number
1)

Board

PS2_4_ACFail

Mains

X4.1:1, X4.1:2
1)

PS2_4_TempAlarm

X4.1:3, X4.1:4, X4.1:5

PS1X4.1.fh8

15
X4.1:15, X4.1:16,
X4.1:17, X4.1:18

X4.1
1
2
X4.1
3
4

IRF

5
6
X4.1:6, X4.1:7,
X4.1:8, X4.1:9

7
9
8

PS2_4_HSPO3

10
X4.1:10, X4.1:11,
X4.1:12, X4.1:13
1)

PS2_4_HSPO1
PS2_4_TCS1

TCS1

11
13
12

1)

PS2_4_HSPO2
PS2_4_TCS2

TCS2

16
18
17

PS2X4.1.fh8

15
X4.1:15, X4.1:16,
X4.1:17, X4.1:18

1) Please indicate whether the trip circuit supervision inputs will be configured to use or not

PS2X4.1

Further information:

84

Protection & Control Terminals

REF 54_, REM 54_,


RET 54_, REC 523

Configuration Guideline

Module type Connected


object

Terminal
number

Board

PS1
(REF541,
REF543)

X4.2
8
X4.2:8, X4.2:9,
X4.2:10, X4.2:11

PS1_4_HSPO4

X4.2:12, X4.2:13,
X4.2:14, X4.2:15

PS1_4_HSPO5

9
11
10
12
13
15
14

X4.2:16, X4.2:17,
X4.2:18

PS1_4_SO1

PS1X4.2o.fh8

16
17

18

PS1X4.2o
Module type Connected
object

Terminal
number

Board

PS2
(REF545)

X4.2
1
X4.2:1, X4.2:2,
X4.2:3, X4.2:4

PS2_4_HSPO4

X4.2:5, X4.2:6,
X4.2:7, X4.2:8

PS2_4_HSPO5

X4.2:9, X4.2:10,
X4.2:11, X4.2:12

PS2_4_HSPO6

X4.2:13, X4.2:14,
X4.2:15, X4.2:16

PS2_4_HSPO7

X4.2:17, X4.2:18

PS2_4_HSPO8

2
4
3
5
6
8
7
9
10
12
11
13
14
16
15
17
18

PS2X4.2o.fh8

1MRS750745-MUM

PS2X4.2o

Further information:

85

REF 54_, REM 54_, Protection & Control Terminals


RET 54_, REC 523

1MRS750745-MUM

Configuration Guideline

Module type Connected


object

Terminal
number

Board

BIO1

X5.2
3
X5.2:3, X5.2:4

BIO1_5_SO1

X5.2:5, X5.2:6

BIO1_5_SO2

X5.2:7, X5.2:8, X5.2:9

BIO1_5_SO3

4
5
6

7
9
8
10
12

X5.2:10, X5.2:11, X5.2:12

BIO1_5_SO4

11
13
15

BIO1_5_SO5

X5.2:16, X5.2:17, X5.2:18

BIO1_5_SO6

14
16
18
17

BIO1X5.2o.fh8

X5.2:13, X5.2:14, X5.2:15

BIO1X5.2o
Module type Connected
object

Terminal
number

Board

BIO1
(REF545)

X6.2
3
X6.2:3, X6.2:4

BIO1_6_SO1

X6.2:5, X6.2:6

BIO1_6_SO2

X6.2:7, X6.2:8, X6.2:9

BIO1_6_SO3

X6.2:10, X6.2:11, X6.2:12

BIO1_6_SO4

4
5
6
7
9
8
10
12
11

X6.2:13, X6.2:14, X6.2:15

BIO1_6_SO5

X6.2:16, X6.2:17, X6.2:18

BIO1_6_SO6

14
16
18
17

BIO1X6.2.fh8

13
15

BIO1X6.2

Further information:

86

Protection & Control Terminals

REF 54_, REM 54_,


RET 54_, REC 523

Configuration Guideline

Terminal
number

Board

BIO2
(REF543,
REF545)

X7.1

X7.1:17, X7.1:18

BIO2_7_PO1

BIO2X7.1o.fh8

Module type Connected


object

17
18

BIO2X7.1o

Module type Connected


object
BIO2
(REF543,
REF545)

Terminal
number

Board
X7.2

X7.2:1, X7.2:2

BIO2_7_PO2

1
2
3

X7.2:3, X7.2:4,
X7.2:5, X7.2:6

BIO2_7_PO3

4
6
5
7

X7.2:7, X7.2:8,
X7.2:9, X7.2:10

BIO2_7_PO4

X7.2:11, X7.2:12,
X7.2:13, X7.2:14

BIO2_7_PO5

8
10
9
11
12
14
13
15

X7.2:15, X7.2:16,
X7.2:17, X7.2:18

BIO2_7_PO6

16
18
17

BIO2X7.2.fh8

1MRS750745-MUM

BIO2X7.2

Further information:

87

REF 54_, REM 54_, Protection & Control Terminals


RET 54_, REC 523

1MRS750745-MUM

Configuration Guideline

9.2.5.

RTD module

9.2.5.1.

RTD/analog inputs
Module type
RTD1
(REF541,
REF543)

Board
X6.1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

Terminal
number

15
16
17
18

1)

SHUNT

+
-

SHUNT

RTD1_6_AI1

X6.1:1, X6.1:2, X6.1:3

RTD1_6_AI2

X6.1:5, X6.1:6, X6.1:7

RTD1_6_AI3

X6.1:8, X6.1:9, X6.1:10

RTD1_6_AI4

X6.1:12, X6.1:13, X6.1:14

RTD1_6_AI5

X6.1:15, X6.1:16, X6.1:17

DIFF

DIFF

+
-

DIFF

SHUNT

10
11
12
13
14

Connected object

SHUNT

DIFF

+
-

DIFF

SHUNT

X6.2
1
2
3

RTD1X6._.fh8

4
5
6
7

SHUNT

DIFF

+
-

DIFF

RTD1_6_AI6 X6.2:1, X6.2:2, X6.2:3

SHUNT

RTD1_6_AI7 X6.2:4, X6.2:5, X6.2:6

8
9
10

SHUNT

RTD1_6_AI8 X6.2:7, X6.2:8, X6.2:9


DIFF

1) Current transducer / voltage transducer / resistance sensor

Further information:

88

RTD1X6._

1MRS750745-MUM

REF 54_, REM 54_,


RET 54_, REC 523

Protection & Control Terminals


Configuration Guideline

RTD outputs
Module type

Connected object

Terminal number

Board

RTD1
(REF541,
REF543)

X6.2

X6.2:11, X6.2:12

RTD1_6_AO1

+
mA-

11
12

X6.2:13, X6.2:14

RTD1_6_AO2

+
mA-

13
14

X6.2:15, X6.2:16

RTD1_6_AO3

+
mA-

15
16

X6.2:17, X6.2:18

RTD1_6_AO4

+
mA-

17
18

RTD1X6.2.fh8

9.2.5.2.

RTD1X6.2

Further information:

9.3.

Functionality

9.3.1.

Order number
REF54 __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __
(for example REF543HD127AAAA)

89

REF 54_, REM 54_, Protection & Control Terminals


RET 54_, REC 523

1MRS750745-MUM

Configuration Guideline

9.3.2.

Application function blocks used


The lists below represent the full set of function blocks, but the selected
functionality level (indicated by a letter in the order number, for example
REF543HC127AAAA) determines the function blocks available for the
configuration.
Note that optional functions, that is, those selectable in addition to
the functions included in a functionality level, are listed separately.

Protection
AR5Func
CUB3Low
DEF2Low
DEF2High
DEF2Inst
DOC6Low
DOC6High
DOC6Inst
Freq1St1

Freq1St2
Freq1St3
Freq1St4
Freq1St5
Fusefail
Inrush3
MotStart
NEF1Low
NEF1High

NEF1Inst
NOC3Low
NOC3High
NOC3Inst
OV3Low
OV3High
PSV3St1
PSV3St2
ROV1Low

ROV1High
ROV1Inst
SCVCSt1
SCVCSt2
TOL3Cab
TOL3Dev
UV3Low
UV3High

MEAI7
MEAI8
MEAO1
MEAO2
MEAO3
MEAO4

MECU1A
MECU1B
MECU3A
MECU3B
MEDREC16
MEFR1

MEPE7
MEVO1A
MEVO1B
MEVO3A
MEVO3B

COIND1
COIND2
COIND3
COIND4
COIND5
COIND6
COIND7
COIND8
COLOCAT

COSW1
COSW2
COSW3
COSW4
MMIALAR1
MMIALAR2
MMIALAR3
MMIALAR4
MMIALAR5

MMIALAR6
MMIALAR7
MMIALAR8
MMIDATA1
MMIDATA2
MMIDATA3
MMIDATA4
MMIDATA5

Measurement
MEAI1
MEAI2
MEAI3
MEAI4
MEAI5
MEAI6

Control
COCB1
COCB2
COCBDIR
CO3DC1
CO3DC2
CODC1
CODC2
CODC3
CODC4
CODC5

90

1MRS750745-MUM

Protection & Control Terminals

REF 54_, REM 54_,


RET 54_, REC 523

Configuration Guideline

Condition monitoring
CMBWEAR1
CMBWEAR2
CMCU3
CMGAS1
CMGAS3
CMSCHED
CMSPRC1

CMTCS1
CMTCS2
CMTIME1
CMTIME2
CMTRAV1
CMVO3

Communication
EVENT230

General
INDRESET
MMIWAKE
SWGRP1
SWGRP2
SWGRP3
SWGRP4

SWGRP5
SWGRP6
SWGRP7
SWGRP8
SWGRP9
SWGRP10

SWGRP11
SWGRP12
SWGRP13
SWGRP14
SWGRP15
SWGRP16

SWGRP17
SWGRP18
SWGRP19
SWGRP20

Optional functions
COPFC
CUB1Cap
CUB3Cap
FLOC

9.3.3.

OL3Cap
PQCU3H
PQVO3H
PQVO3Sd

Communication
Protocol used:

Port X3.2
Modbus
DNP 3.0

Port X3.3
LON
SPA

IEC 60870-5-103

SPA

91

REF 54_, REM 54_, Protection & Control Terminals


RET 54_, REC 523

1MRS750745-MUM

Configuration Guideline

9.3.4.

Virtual channels
Virtual
meas.

Channel
number

Channel
number

Analog
meas. 2

Channel
number

Analog
meas. 3

I0s

IL1

IL2

IL3

I0bs

IL1b

IL2b

IL3b

U0s

U1

U2

U3

U0bs

U1b

U2b

U3b

U12s

U1

U2

U23s

U2

U3

U31s

U1

U3

U12bs

U1b

U2b

U23bs

U2b

U3b

U31bs

Further information:

92

Analog
meas. 1

U1b

U3b

Channel
number

1MRS750745-MUM

REF 54_, REM 54_,


RET 54_, REC 523

Protection & Control Terminals


Configuration Guideline

9.4.

Relay MIMIC configuration

9.4.1.

Illustration of the system, MIMIC diagram

Symbol used

closed

open

undef. 0 0

undef. 1 1

Disconnector:
(truck symbols)

Circuit breaker:

Earth switch:

Further information:

93

REF 54_, REM 54_, Protection & Control Terminals


RET 54_, REC 523

1MRS750745-MUM

Configuration Guideline

9.4.2.

Alarm LEDs
Fill in the table below to describe the legend text used as well as the flashing
sequence and colour of the LEDs.
Descriptions for legend texts and LEDs

LED OFF state

ON state
Colour

Flashing Text
seq.
(max. 16 characters)

off
green
yellow
red
latched, blinking
latched, steady
non-latched, blinking

Text
(max. 16 characters)

Colour

Flashing
seq.

off
green
yellow
red
latched, blinking
latched, steady
non-latched, blinking

Table 9.4.2-1

1
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

2
3
4
5
6
7
8
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Interlocking
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

Control test mode


_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

Further information:

94

X X

1MRS750745-MUM

Protection & Control Terminals

REF 54_, REM 54_,


RET 54_, REC 523

Configuration Guideline

9.5.

Functionality logic
Please specify the required special PLC logic functionality (see the examples
below), by drawing or otherwise, on separate sheets and enclose all additional
information with this document (Specification for Feeder Terminal Configuration).
Example 1: Earthing sequence
Earthing of the outgoing feeder can be done by a circuit breaker when an earthing
sequence is activated, an earthing switch is earthed and no voltage is measured. If
all conditions are fulfilled, the circuit breaker can be closed after 1 second. The
figure below shows the implementation of the desired logic.

Earthing

Example 2: Usage of the F-key and a software switch

F key

95

REF 54_, REM 54_, Protection & Control Terminals


RET 54_, REC 523

1MRS750745-MUM

Configuration Guideline

Example 3: Voltage measurement in the MIMIC view


Phase-to-phase voltage must be shown in voltages [V] in the MIMIC view.

Voltage

9.6.

Feeder terminal settings


Responsibility:
The end user defines the feeder terminal settings
Feeder terminal settings according to the turn-key principle
The setting of the parameters is not part of the configuration. The
end user will normally be responsible for the setting parameters.

Further information:

96

1MRS750745-MUM

REF 54_, REM 54_,


RET 54_, REC 523

Protection & Control Terminals


Configuration Guideline

10.

APPENDIX C: Specification for REM 54_


machine terminal configuration

10.1.

General data
Project name:

Date:

This specification suitable for bays:

Substation name:

Machine terminal type:

Software revision

Order number:
REM54 __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ (for

example REM543BM212AAAA)

Handled by:

Company:

Telephone number:

Fax number:

This document serves as a technical specification of substation protection and is


used for the configuration of REM 54_ machine terminals.
Special requirements can be specified under Further information at the bottom of
each page.

10.2.

Electrotechnical data

10.2.1.

Analog inputs

10.2.1.1.

Hardware versions with 5 current and 4 voltage transformers


Table 10.2.1.1-1 Analog input channel connections
Channel

Measuring devices that can be connected to the corresponding analog


measuring channels

1
2...5
6
7...10

Rogowski sensor, voltage divider or general measurement


Current transformer, Rogowski sensor, voltage divider or general measurement
Current transformer
Voltage transfomer, Rogowski sensor, voltage divider or general measurement

The sensor inputs are shown in Section 10.2.1.5. Sensor inputs.


97

REF 54_, REM 54_, Protection & Control Terminals


RET 54_, REC 523

1MRS750745-MUM

Configuration Guideline

Module type

Board

MIM
X1.1
1MRS09021227
AA_/CA_
25
24
22
21
19

RemMim1

18
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1

Terminal number

Connected
object

100V

Ch 10

X1.1:25, X1.1:27

VT4

100V

Ch 9

X1.1:22, X1.1:24

VT3

100V

Ch 8

X1.1:19, X1.1:21

VT2

100V

Ch 7

X1.1:16, X1.1:18

VT1

0.2A
1A

Ch 6

X1.1:13, X1.1:14, X1.1:15

CT5

Ch 5

X1.1:10, X1.1:11, X1.1:12

CT4

1A
5A

Ch 4

X1.1:7, X1.1:8, X1.1:9

CT3

1A
5A

Ch 3

X1.1:4, X1.1:5, X1.1:6

CT2

1A
5A

Ch 2

X1.1:1, X1.1:2, X1.1:3

CT1

1A
5A

Signal type

Further information:

10.2.1.2.

Hardware versions with 6 current and 3 voltage transformers


Channel

Measuring devices that can be connected to the corresponding analog


measuring channels

1
2...4
5
6
7...9
10

Rogowski sensor, voltage divider or general measurement


Current transformer, Rogowski sensor, voltage divider or general measurement
Voltage transformer, Rogowski sensor, voltage divider or general measurement
Voltage transformer
Current transformer, Rogowski sensor, voltage divider or general measurement
Voltage transformer, Rogowski sensor, voltage divider or general measurement

The sensor inputs are shown in Section 10.2.1.5. Sensor inputs.

98

1MRS750745-MUM

Protection & Control Terminals

REF 54_, REM 54_,


RET 54_, REC 523

Configuration Guideline

Module type

Board

MIM
X1.1
1MRS09021427
AA_/CA_
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
17
16
15
13

RemMim2

12
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1

Terminal number

Connected
object

Ch 10

X1.1:25, X1.1:27

VT3

1A
5A

Ch 9

X1.1:22, X1.1:23, X1.1:24

CT6

1A
5A

Ch 8

X1.1:19, X1.1:20, X1.1:21

CT5

1A
5A

Ch 7

X1.1:16, X1.1:17, X1.1:18

CT4

100V

Ch 6

X1.1:13, X1.1:15

VT2

100V

100V

Ch 5

X1.1:10, X1.1:12

VT1

1A
5A

Ch 4

X1.1:7, X1.1:8, X1.1:9

CT3

1A
5A

Ch 3

X1.1:4, X1.1:5, X1.1:6

CT2

1A
5A

Ch 2

X1.1:1, X1.1:2, X1.1:3

CT1

Signal type

RemMim2

Further information:

10.2.1.3.

Hardware versions with 7 current and 2 voltage transformers


Channel

Measuring devices that can be connected to the corresponding analog


measuring channels

1
2...5
6
7...9
10

Rogowski sensor, voltage divider or general measurement


Current transformer, Rogowski sensor, voltage divider or general measurement
Voltage transformer
Current transformer, Rogowski sensor, voltage divider or general measurement
Voltage transformer, Rogowski sensor, voltage divider or general measurement

The sensor inputs are shown in Section 10.2.1.5. Sensor inputs.

99

REF 54_, REM 54_, Protection & Control Terminals


RET 54_, REC 523

1MRS750745-MUM

Configuration Guideline

Module type

Board

MIM
X1.1
1MRS09021627
AA_/CA_
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
17
16
15

RemMim3

13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1

Terminal number

Connected
object

Ch 10

X1.1:25, X1.1:27

VT2

1A
5A

Ch 9

X1.1:22, X1.1:23, X1.1:24

CT7

1A
5A

Ch 8

X1.1:19, X1.1:20, X1.1:21

CT6

1A
5A

Ch 7

X1.1:16, X1.1:17, X1.1:18

CT5

100V

Ch 6

X1.1:13, X1.1:15

VT1

100V

1A
5A

Ch 5

X1.1:10, X1.1:11, X1.1:12

CT4

1A
5A

Ch 4

X1.1:7, X1.1:8, X1.1:9

CT3

1A
5A

Ch 3

X1.1:4, X1.1:5, X1.1:6

CT2

1A
5A

Ch 2

X1.1:1, X1.1:2, X1.1:3

CT1

Signal type

RemMim3

Further information:

100

1MRS750745-MUM

Protection & Control Terminals

REF 54_, REM 54_,


RET 54_, REC 523

Configuration Guideline

Hardware versions with 8 current and 1 voltage transformer


Channel

Measuring devices that can be connected to the corresponding analog


measuring channels

1
2...5
6
7...9
10

Rogowski sensor, voltage divider or general measurement


Current transformer, Rogowski sensor, voltage divider or general measurement
Current transformer
Current transformer, Rogowski sensor, voltage divider or general measurement
Voltage transformer, Rogowski sensor, voltage divider or general measurement

The sensor inputs are shown in Section 10.2.1.5. Sensor inputs.


Module type

Board

MIM
X1.1
1MRS09021827
AA_/CA_
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
17
16

RemMim4

10.2.1.4.

15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1

Terminal number

Connected
object

Ch 10

X1.1:25, X1.1:27

VT1

1A
5A

Ch 9

X1.1:22, X1.1:23, X1.1:24

CT8

1A
5A

Ch 8

X1.1:19, X1.1:20, X1.1:21

CT7

1A
5A

Ch 7

X1.1:16, X1.1:17, X1.1:18

CT6

1A
5A

Ch 6

X1.1:13, X1.1:14, X1.1:15

CT5

100V

1A
5A

Ch 5

X1.1:10, X1.1:11, X1.1:12

CT4

1A
5A

Ch 4

X1.1:7, X1.1:8, X1.1:9

CT3

1A
5A

Ch 3

X1.1:4, X1.1:5, X1.1:6

CT2

1A
5A

Ch 2

X1.1:1, X1.1:2, X1.1:3

CT1

Signal type

RemMim4

Further information:

101

REF 54_, REM 54_, Protection & Control Terminals


RET 54_, REC 523

1MRS750745-MUM

Configuration Guideline

10.2.1.5.

Sensor inputs
Module type

Board

SIM

X2.1

Terminal
number

DIFF

X2.2
DIFF

X2.3
DIFF

X2.4
DIFF

X2.5
DIFF

X2.6
DIFF

X2.7
DIFF

SIMX2.fh8

X2.8
DIFF

X2.9
DIFF

Ch 10, sensor

X2.1

Ch 9, sensor

X2.2

Ch 8, sensor

X2.3

Ch 7, sensor

X2.4

Ch 5, sensor

X2.5

Ch 4, sensor

X2.6

Ch 3, sensor

X2.7

Ch 2, sensor

X2.8

Ch 1, sensor

X2.9

Connected
object

Signal type

The measuring device can be connected exclusively to the analog


channels of either MIM or SIM type modules. Ten channels are
available.
Simx2

Further information:

10.2.2.

System frequency

50 Hz

102

60 Hz

1MRS750745-MUM

REF 54_, REM 54_,


RET 54_, REC 523

Protection & Control Terminals


Configuration Guideline

Digital inputs
Module type

Board

PS1X4.2b.fh8

PS1

Terminal
number

Connected
object

X4.2
1
2

PS1_4_BI1

X4.2:1, X4.2:2

1)

4
5

PS1_4_BI2

X4.2:4, X4.2:5

1)

6
7

PS1_4_BI3

X4.2:6, X4.2:7

1)

1) Digital input / counter input

PS1X4.2b
Module type

Board

BIO1

Terminal
number

Connected
object

X5.1
1
2
3

BIO1_5_BI1

X5.1:1, X5.1:2

BIO1_5_BI2

X5.1:2, X5.1:3

4
5
6

BIO1_5_BI3

X5.1:4, X5.1:5

BIO1_5_BI4

X5.1:5, X5.1:6

7
8
9

BIO1_5_BI5

X5.1:7, X5.1:8

BIO1_5_BI6

X5.1:8, X5.1:9

BIO1_5_BI7

X5.1:10, X5.1:11

BIO1_5_BI8

X5.1:11, X5.1:12

BIO1_5_BI9

X5.1:13, X5.1:14

1)

BIO1_5_BI10

X5.1:15, X5.1:16

1)

BIO1_5_BI11

X5.1:17, X5.1:18

1)

10
11
12

BIO1X5.1.fh8

10.2.3.

13
14
15
16
17
18

1) Digital input / counter input

BIO1X5.1

Further information:

103

REF 54_, REM 54_, Protection & Control Terminals


RET 54_, REC 523

1MRS750745-MUM

Configuration Guideline

Module type

Board

BIO1

Terminal
number

Connected
object

X5.2:1, X5.2:2

1)

X5.2
BIO1X5.2.fh8

1
2

BIO1_5_BI12

1) Digital input/ counter input/ time sync

BIO1X5.2
Module type

Board

BIO2
(RET 543)
(RET 545)

X7.1

Connected
object

1
2
3

BIO2_7_BI1

X7.1:1, X7.1:2

BIO2_7_BI2

X7.1:2, X7.1:3

4
5
6

BIO2_7_BI3

X7.1:4, X7.1:5

BIO2_7_BI4

X7.1:5, X7.1:6

7
8
9

BIO2_7_BI5

X7.1:7, X7.1:8

BIO2_7_BI6

X7.1:8, X7.1:9

BIO2_7_BI7

X7.1:10, X7.1:11

BIO2_7_BI8

X7.1:11, X7.1:12

13
14

BIO2_7_BI9

X7.1:13, X7.1:14

1)

15
16

BIO2_7_BI10

X7.1:15, X7.1:16

1)

10
11
12

BIO2X7.1b.fh8

Terminal
number

1) Digital input / counter input

BIO2X7.1b

Further information:

104

1MRS750745-MUM

Protection & Control Terminals

REF 54_, REM 54_,


RET 54_, REC 523

Configuration Guideline

Digital outputs
Module type Connected
object

Terminal
number

Board

PS1
1)

PS1_4_ACFail

Mains

X4.1:1, X4.1:2
1)

PS1_4_TempAlarm

X4.1:3, X4.1:4, X4.1:5

X4.1
1
2
X4.1
3
4

IRF

5
6
X4.1:6, X4.1:7,
X4.1:8, X4.1:9

7
9
8

PS1_4_HSPO3

10
X4.1:10, X4.1:11,
X4.1:12, X4.1:13
1)

PS1_4_HSPO1
PS1_4_TCS1

TCS1

11
13
12

1)

PS1_4_HSPO2
PS1_4_TCS2

TCS2

16
18
17

PS1X4.1b.fh8

15
X4.1:15, X4.1:16,
X4.1:17, X4.1:18

1) Please indicate whether the trip circuit supervision inputs will be configured to use or not

PS1X4.1b
Module type Connected
object

Terminal
number

Board

PS1

X4.2
8
X4.2:8, X4.2:9,
X4.2:10, X4.2:11

PS1_4_HSPO4

X4.2:12, X4.2:13,
X4.2:14, X4.2:15

PS1_4_HSPO5

9
11
10
12
13
15
14
16
17

X4.2:16, X4.2:17,
X4.2:18

PS1_4_SO1

18

PS1X4.2o_b.fh8

10.2.4.

PS1X4.2o_b

Further information:

105

REF 54_, REM 54_, Protection & Control Terminals


RET 54_, REC 523

1MRS750745-MUM

Configuration Guideline

Module type Connected


object

Terminal
number

Board

BIO1

X5.2
3
X5.2:3, X5.2:4

BIO1_5_SO1

X5.2:5, X5.2:6

BIO1_5_SO2

X5.2:7, X5.2:8, X5.2:9

BIO1_5_SO3

4
5
6

7
9
8
10
12

X5.2:10, X5.2:11, X5.2:12

BIO1_5_SO4

11
13
15

BIO1_5_SO5

X5.2:16, X5.2:17, X5.2:18

BIO1_5_SO6

14
16
18
17

BIO1X5.2o.fh8

X5.2:13, X5.2:14, X5.2:15

BIO1X5.2o
Module type Connected
object

Terminal
number

Board

BIO2
(RET 543)
(RET 545)

X7.1

X7.1:17, X7.1:18

BIO2_7_PO1

17
18

BIO2X7.1o_b

Further information:

106

1MRS750745-MUM

Protection & Control Terminals

REF 54_, REM 54_,


RET 54_, REC 523

Configuration Guideline

Module type Connected


object
BIO2
(RET 543)
(RET 545)

Terminal
number

Board
X7.2

X7.2:1, X7.2:2

BIO2_7_PO2

1
2
3

X7.2:3, X7.2:4,
X7.2:5, X7.2:6

BIO2_7_PO3

4
6
5
7

X7.2:7, X7.2:8,
X7.2:9, X7.2:10

BIO2_7_PO4

X7.2:11, X7.2:12,
X7.2:13, X7.2:14

BIO2_7_PO5

8
10
9
11
12
14
13
15

X7.2:15, X7.2:16,
X7.2:17, X7.2:18

BIO2_7_PO6

16
18
17

BIO2X7.2b

Further information:

107

REF 54_, REM 54_, Protection & Control Terminals


RET 54_, REC 523

1MRS750745-MUM

Configuration Guideline

10.2.5.

RTD module

10.2.5.1.

RTD/analog inputs
Module type
RTD1

Board
X6.1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

Terminal
number

15
16
17
18

1)

SHUNT

+
-

SHUNT

RTD1_6_AI1

X6.1:1, X6.1:2, X6.1:3

RTD1_6_AI2

X6.1:5, X6.1:6, X6.1:7

RTD1_6_AI3

X6.1:8, X6.1:9, X6.1:10

RTD1_6_AI4

X6.1:12, X6.1:13, X6.1:14

RTD1_6_AI5

X6.1:15, X6.1:16, X6.1:17

DIFF

DIFF

+
-

DIFF

SHUNT

10
11
12
13
14

Connected object

SHUNT

DIFF

+
-

DIFF

SHUNT

X6.2
1
2
3

RTD1X6._b.fh8

4
5
6
7

SHUNT

DIFF

+
-

DIFF

RTD1_6_AI6 X6.2:1, X6.2:2, X6.2:3

SHUNT

RTD1_6_AI7 X6.2:4, X6.2:5, X6.2:6

8
9
10

SHUNT

RTD1_6_AI8 X6.2:7, X6.2:8, X6.2:9


DIFF

1) Current transducer / voltage transducer / resistance sensor

Further information:

108

RTD1X6._b

1MRS750745-MUM

REF 54_, REM 54_,


RET 54_, REC 523

Protection & Control Terminals


Configuration Guideline

RTD outputs
Module type

Connected object

Terminal number

Board

RTD1

X6.2

X6.2:11, X6.2:12

RTD1_6_AO1

+
mA-

11
12

X6.2:13, X6.2:14

RTD1_6_AO2

+
mA-

13
14

X6.2:15, X6.2:16

RTD1_6_AO3

+
mA-

15
16

X6.2:17, X6.2:18

RTD1_6_AO4

+
mA-

17
18

RTD1X6.2b.fh8

10.2.5.2.

RTD1X6.2b

Further information:

10.3.

Functionality

10.3.1.

Order number
REM54 __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __
(for example REM543CM212AAAA)

109

REF 54_, REM 54_, Protection & Control Terminals


RET 54_, REC 523

1MRS750745-MUM

Configuration Guideline

10.3.2.

Application function blocks used


The lists below represent the full set of function blocks, but the
selected functionality level (indicated by a letter in the order number,
for example REM543CM212AAAA) determines the function
blocks available for the configuration.
Protection
DEF2Low
DEF2High
DEF2Inst
Diff3
Diff6G
DOC6Low
DOC6High
DOC6Inst
Freq1St1
Freq1St2
Freq1St3
Freq1St4
Freq1St5
FuseFail

Inrush3
MotStart
NEF1Low
NEF1High
NEF1Inst
NOC3Low
NOC3High
NOC3Inst
NPS3Low
NPS3High
NUC3St1
NUC3St2
OE1Low
OE1High

OPOW6St1
OPOW6St2
OPOW6St3
OV3Low
OV3High
PREV3
PSV3St1
PSV3St2
REF1A
ROV1Low
ROV1High
ROV1Inst
SCVCSt1
SCVCSt2

TOL3Dev
UE6Low
UE6High
UI6Low
UI6High
UPOW6St1
UPOW6St2
UPOW6St3
UV3Low
UV3High
VOC6Low
VOC6High

MEAI6
MEAI7
MEAI8
MEAO1
MEAO2

MEAO3
MEAO4
MECU1A
MECU1B
MECU3A

MEDREC16
MEFR1
MEPE7
MEVO1A
MEVO3A

CODC5
COIND1
COIND2
COIND3
COIND4
COIND5
COIND6
COIND7
COIND8

COLOCAT
COSW1
COSW2
COSW3
COSW4
MMIALAR1
MMIALAR2
MMIALAR3
MMIALAR4

MMIALAR5
MMIALAR6
MMIALAR7
MMIALAR8
MMIDATA1
MMIDATA2
MMIDATA3
MMIDATA4
MMIDATA5

Measurement
MEAI1
MEAI2
MEAI3
MEAI4
MEAI5

Control
COCB1
COCB2
COCBDIR
CO3DC1
CO3DC2
CODC1
CODC2
CODC3
CODC4

Condition monitoring
CMBWEAR1
CMBWEAR2
110

CMTCS1
CMTCS2

1MRS750745-MUM

REF 54_, REM 54_,


RET 54_, REC 523

Protection & Control Terminals


Configuration Guideline
Condition monitoring (Continued)
CMCU3
CMGAS1
CMGAS3
CMSCHED
CMSPRC1

CMTIME1
CMTIME2
CMTRAV1
CMVO3

Communication
EVENT230

General
INDRESET
MMIWAKE
SWGRP1
SWGRP2
SWGRP3
SWGRP4

10.3.3.

SWGRP5
SWGRP6
SWGRP7
SWGRP8
SWGRP9
SWGRP10

SWGRP11
SWGRP12
SWGRP13
SWGRP14
SWGRP15
SWGRP16

SWGRP17
SWGRP18
SWGRP19
SWGRP20

Communication

Protocol used:

LON

SPA

Modbus

111

REF 54_, REM 54_, Protection & Control Terminals


RET 54_, REC 523

1MRS750745-MUM

Configuration Guideline

10.4.

Relay MIMIC configuration

10.4.1.

Illustration of the system, MIMIC diagram

Symbol used

closed

Disconnector:
(truck symbols)

Circuit breaker:

Earth switch:

Further information:

112

open

undef. 0 0

undef. 1 1

1MRS750745-MUM

Protection & Control Terminals

REF 54_, REM 54_,


RET 54_, REC 523

Configuration Guideline

10.4.2.

Alarm LEDs
Please fill in the table below to describe the legend text used as well as the flashing
sequence and colour of the LEDs.

Table 10.4.2-1 Descriptions for legend texts and LEDs


LED OFF state

ON state
Flashing Text
seq.
(max. 16 characters)

Colour

Flashing
seq.

off
green
yellow
red
latched, blinking
latched, steady
non-latched, blinking

Colour

off
green
yellow
red
latched, blinking
latched, steady
non-latched, blinking

Text
(max. 16 characters)

1
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

2
3
4
5
6
7
8
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Interlocking
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

Control test mode


_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

X X

Further information:

113

REF 54_, REM 54_, Protection & Control Terminals


RET 54_, REC 523

1MRS750745-MUM

Configuration Guideline

10.5.

Functionality logic
Please specify the required special PLC logic functionality (see the examples
below), by drawing or otherwise, on separate sheets and enclose all additional
information with this document (Specification for Machine Terminal
Configuration).
Example 1: Earthing sequence
Earthing of the outgoing feeder can be done by a circuit breaker when an earthing
sequence is activated, an earthing switch is earthed and no voltage is measured. If
all conditions are fulfilled, the circuit breaker can be closed after 1 second. The
figure below shows the implementation of the desired logic.

Earthing

Example 2: Usage of the F-key and a software switch

F key

114

1MRS750745-MUM

Protection & Control Terminals

REF 54_, REM 54_,


RET 54_, REC 523

Configuration Guideline

Example 3: Voltage measurement in the MIMIC view


Phase-to-phase voltage must be shown in voltages [V] in the MIMIC view.

Voltage

10.6.

Machine terminal settings


Responsibility:
The end user defines the machine terminal settings
Machine terminal settings according to the turn-key principle
The setting of the parameters is not part of the configuration. The
end user will normally be responsible for the setting parameters.

Further information:

115

116

1MRS750745-MUM

REF 54_, REM 54_,


RET 54_, REC 523

Protection & Control Terminals


Configuration Guideline

11.

APPENDIX D: Specification for RET 54_


transformer terminal configuration

11.1.

General data
Project name:

Date:

This specification suitable for bays:

Substation name:

Machine terminal type:

Software revision

Order number:
RET54 __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ (for

example RET543A_240AAAA)

Handled by:

Company:

Telephone number:

Fax number:

This document serves as a technical specification of substation protection and is


used for the configuration of RET 54_ transformer terminals.
Special requirements can be specified under Further information at the bottom of
each page.

117

REF 54_, REM 54_, Protection & Control Terminals


RET 54_, REC 523

1MRS750745-MUM

Configuration Guideline

11.2.

Electrotechnical data

11.2.1.

Analog inputs

11.2.1.1.

Hardware versions with 6 current and 3 voltage transformers


Channel

Measuring devices that can be connected to the corresponding analog


measuring channels

2...4
5..6
7...9
10

Current transformer
Voltage transformer
Current transformer
Voltage transformer

Module type

Board

MIM
X1.1
1MRS09021427
AA_/CA_
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
17
16
15
13

RemMim2

12
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1

Terminal number

Connected
object

Ch 10

X1.1:25, X1.1:27

VT3

1A
5A

Ch 9

X1.1:22, X1.1:23, X1.1:24

CT6

1A
5A

Ch 8

X1.1:19, X1.1:20, X1.1:21

CT5

1A
5A

Ch 7

X1.1:16, X1.1:17, X1.1:18

CT4

100V

Ch 6

X1.1:13, X1.1:15

VT2

100V

Ch 5

X1.1:10, X1.1:12

VT1

1A
5A

Ch 4

X1.1:7, X1.1:8, X1.1:9

CT3

1A
5A

Ch 3

X1.1:4, X1.1:5, X1.1:6

CT2

1A
5A

Ch 2

X1.1:1, X1.1:2, X1.1:3

CT1

100V

Signal type

RemMim2

Further information:

118

1MRS750745-MUM

Protection & Control Terminals

REF 54_, REM 54_,


RET 54_, REC 523

Configuration Guideline

Hardware versions with 7 current and 2 voltage transformers


Channel

Measuring devices that can be connected to the corresponding analog


measuring channels

2...5
6
7...9
10

Current transformer
Voltage transformer
Current transformer
Voltage transformer

Module type

Board

MIM
X1.1
1MRS09021627
AA_/CA_
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
17
16
15
13

RemMim3

11.2.1.2.

12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1

Terminal number

Connected
object

Ch 10

X1.1:25, X1.1:27

VT2

1A
5A

Ch 9

X1.1:22, X1.1:23, X1.1:24

CT7

1A
5A

Ch 8

X1.1:19, X1.1:20, X1.1:21

CT6

1A
5A

Ch 7

X1.1:16, X1.1:17, X1.1:18

CT5

100V

Ch 6

X1.1:13, X1.1:15

VT1

100V

1A
5A

Ch 5

X1.1:10, X1.1:11, X1.1:12

CT4

1A
5A

Ch 4

X1.1:7, X1.1:8, X1.1:9

CT3

1A
5A

Ch 3

X1.1:4, X1.1:5, X1.1:6

CT2

1A
5A

Ch 2

X1.1:1, X1.1:2, X1.1:3

CT1

Signal type

RemMim3

Further information:

119

REF 54_, REM 54_, Protection & Control Terminals


RET 54_, REC 523

1MRS750745-MUM

Configuration Guideline

11.2.1.3.

Hardware versions with 8 current and 1 voltage transformer


Channel

Measuring devices that can be connected to the corresponding analog


measuring channels

2...9
10

Current transformer
Voltage transformer

Module type

Board

MIM
X1.1
1MRS09021827
AA_/CA_
25

RemMim4

24
23
22
21
20
19
18
17
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1

Terminal number

Connected
object

Ch 10

X1.1:25, X1.1:27

VT1

1A
5A

Ch 9

X1.1:22, X1.1:23, X1.1:24

CT8

1A
5A

Ch 8

X1.1:19, X1.1:20, X1.1:21

CT7

1A
5A

Ch 7

X1.1:16, X1.1:17, X1.1:18

CT6

1A
5A

Ch 6

X1.1:13, X1.1:14, X1.1:15

CT5

100V

1A
5A

Ch 5

X1.1:10, X1.1:11, X1.1:12

CT4

1A
5A

Ch 4

X1.1:7, X1.1:8, X1.1:9

CT3

1A
5A

Ch 3

X1.1:4, X1.1:5, X1.1:6

CT2

1A
5A

Ch 2

X1.1:1, X1.1:2, X1.1:3

CT1

Signal type

RemMim4

Further information:

11.2.2.

System frequency

50 Hz
120

60 Hz

1MRS750745-MUM

REF 54_, REM 54_,


RET 54_, REC 523

Protection & Control Terminals


Configuration Guideline

Digital inputs
Module type

Board

PS1X4.2b.fh8

PS1

Terminal
number

Connected
object

X4.2
1
2

PS1_4_BI1

X4.2:1, X4.2:2

1)

4
5

PS1_4_BI2

X4.2:4, X4.2:5

1)

6
7

PS1_4_BI3

X4.2:6, X4.2:7

1)

1) Digital input / counter input

PS1X4.2b
Module type

Board

BIO1

Terminal
number

Connected
object

X5.1
1
2
3

BIO1_5_BI1

X5.1:1, X5.1:2

BIO1_5_BI2

X5.1:2, X5.1:3

4
5
6

BIO1_5_BI3

X5.1:4, X5.1:5

BIO1_5_BI4

X5.1:5, X5.1:6

7
8
9

BIO1_5_BI5

X5.1:7, X5.1:8

BIO1_5_BI6

X5.1:8, X5.1:9

BIO1_5_BI7

X5.1:10, X5.1:11

BIO1_5_BI8

X5.1:11, X5.1:12

BIO1_5_BI9

X5.1:13, X5.1:14

1)

BIO1_5_BI10

X5.1:15, X5.1:16

1)

BIO1_5_BI11

X5.1:17, X5.1:18

1)

10
11
12

BIO1X5.1.fh8

11.2.3.

13
14
15
16
17
18

1) Digital input / counter input

BIO1X5.1

Further information:

121

REF 54_, REM 54_, Protection & Control Terminals


RET 54_, REC 523

1MRS750745-MUM

Configuration Guideline

Module type

Board

BIO1

Terminal
number

Connected
object

X5.2:1, X5.2:2

1)

X5.2
BIO1X5.2.fh8

1
2

BIO1_5_BI12

1) Digital input/ counter input/ time sync

BIO1X5.2

Module type

Board

BIO2
(RET 543)
(RET 545)

X7.1

Connected
object

1
2
3

BIO2_7_BI1

X7.1:1, X7.1:2

BIO2_7_BI2

X7.1:2, X7.1:3

4
5
6

BIO2_7_BI3

X7.1:4, X7.1:5

BIO2_7_BI4

X7.1:5, X7.1:6

7
8
9

BIO2_7_BI5

X7.1:7, X7.1:8

BIO2_7_BI6

X7.1:8, X7.1:9

BIO2_7_BI7

X7.1:10, X7.1:11

BIO2_7_BI8

X7.1:11, X7.1:12

13
14

BIO2_7_BI9

X7.1:13, X7.1:14

1)

15
16

BIO2_7_BI10

X7.1:15, X7.1:16

1)

10
11
12

BIO2X7.1b.fh8

Terminal
number

1) Digital input / counter input


A050028

Further information:

122

1MRS750745-MUM

Protection & Control Terminals

REF 54_, REM 54_,


RET 54_, REC 523

Configuration Guideline

Digital outputs
Module type Connected
object

Terminal
number

Board

PS1
1)

PS1_4_ACFail

Mains

X4.1:1, X4.1:2
1)

PS1_4_TempAlarm

X4.1:3, X4.1:4, X4.1:5

X4.1
1
2
X4.1
3
4

IRF

5
6
X4.1:6, X4.1:7,
X4.1:8, X4.1:9

7
9
8

PS1_4_HSPO3

10
X4.1:10, X4.1:11,
X4.1:12, X4.1:13
1)

PS1_4_HSPO1
PS1_4_TCS1

TCS1

11
13
12

1)

PS1_4_HSPO2
PS1_4_TCS2

TCS2

16
18
17

PS1X4.1b.fh8

15
X4.1:15, X4.1:16,
X4.1:17, X4.1:18

1) Please indicate whether the trip circuit supervision inputs will be configured to use or not

PS1X4.1b
Module type Connected
object

Terminal
number

Board

PS1

X4.2
8
X4.2:8, X4.2:9,
X4.2:10, X4.2:11

PS1_4_HSPO4

X4.2:12, X4.2:13,
X4.2:14, X4.2:15

PS1_4_HSPO5

9
11
10
12
13
15
14
16
17

X4.2:16, X4.2:17,
X4.2:18

PS1_4_SO1

18

PS1X4.2o_b.fh8

11.2.4.

PS1X4.2o_b

Further information:

123

REF 54_, REM 54_, Protection & Control Terminals


RET 54_, REC 523

1MRS750745-MUM

Configuration Guideline

Module type Connected


object

Terminal
number

Board

BIO1

X5.2
3
X5.2:3, X5.2:4

BIO1_5_SO1

X5.2:5, X5.2:6

BIO1_5_SO2

X5.2:7, X5.2:8, X5.2:9

BIO1_5_SO3

4
5
6

7
9
8
10
12

X5.2:10, X5.2:11, X5.2:12

BIO1_5_SO4

11
13
15

BIO1_5_SO5

X5.2:16, X5.2:17, X5.2:18

BIO1_5_SO6

14
16
18
17

BIO1X5.2o.fh8

X5.2:13, X5.2:14, X5.2:15

BIO1X5.2o

Module type Connected


object

Terminal
number

Board

BIO2
(RET 543)
(RET 545)

X7.1

X7.1:17, X7.1:18

BIO2_7_PO1

17
18
A050225

Further information:

124

1MRS750745-MUM

Protection & Control Terminals

REF 54_, REM 54_,


RET 54_, REC 523

Configuration Guideline

Module type Connected


object
BIO2
(RET 543)
(RET 545)

Terminal
number

Board
X7.2

X7.2:1, X7.2:2

BIO2_7_PO2

1
2
3

X7.2:3, X7.2:4,
X7.2:5, X7.2:6

BIO2_7_PO3

4
6
5
7

X7.2:7, X7.2:8,
X7.2:9, X7.2:10

BIO2_7_PO4

X7.2:11, X7.2:12,
X7.2:13, X7.2:14

BIO2_7_PO5

8
10
9
11
12
14
13
15

X7.2:15, X7.2:16,
X7.2:17, X7.2:18

BIO2_7_PO6

16
18
17
A050226

Further information:

125

REF 54_, REM 54_, Protection & Control Terminals


RET 54_, REC 523

1MRS750745-MUM

Configuration Guideline

11.2.5.

RTD module

11.2.5.1.

RTD/analog inputs
Module type
RTD1

Board
X6.1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

Terminal
number

15
16
17
18

1)

SHUNT

+
-

SHUNT

RTD1_6_AI1

X6.1:1, X6.1:2, X6.1:3

RTD1_6_AI2

X6.1:5, X6.1:6, X6.1:7

RTD1_6_AI3

X6.1:8, X6.1:9, X6.1:10

RTD1_6_AI4

X6.1:12, X6.1:13, X6.1:14

RTD1_6_AI5

X6.1:15, X6.1:16, X6.1:17

DIFF

DIFF

+
-

DIFF

SHUNT

10
11
12
13
14

Connected object

SHUNT

DIFF

+
-

DIFF

SHUNT

X6.2
1
2
3

RTD1X6._b.fh8

4
5
6
7

SHUNT

DIFF

+
-

DIFF

RTD1_6_AI6 X6.2:1, X6.2:2, X6.2:3

SHUNT

RTD1_6_AI7 X6.2:4, X6.2:5, X6.2:6

8
9
10

SHUNT

RTD1_6_AI8 X6.2:7, X6.2:8, X6.2:9


DIFF

1) Current transducer / voltage transducer / resistance sensor

Further information:

126

RTD1X6._b

1MRS750745-MUM

REF 54_, REM 54_,


RET 54_, REC 523

Protection & Control Terminals


Configuration Guideline

RTD outputs
Module type

Connected object

Terminal number

Board

RTD1

X6.2

X6.2:11, X6.2:12

RTD1_6_AO1

+
mA-

11
12

X6.2:13, X6.2:14

RTD1_6_AO2

+
mA-

13
14

X6.2:15, X6.2:16

RTD1_6_AO3

+
mA-

15
16

X6.2:17, X6.2:18

RTD1_6_AO4

+
mA-

17
18

RTD1X6.2b.fh8

11.2.5.2.

RTD1X6.2b

Further information:

11.3.

Functionality

11.3.1.

Order number
RET54 __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __
(for example RET543AC240AAAA)

127

REF 54_, REM 54_, Protection & Control Terminals


RET 54_, REC 523

1MRS750745-MUM

Configuration Guideline

11.3.2.

Application function blocks used


The lists below represent the full set of function blocks, but the selected
functionality level (indicated by a letter in the order number, for example
RET543AC240AAAA) determines the function blocks available for the
configuration.
Protection
DEF2Low
DEF2High
DEF2Inst
Diff6T
DOC6Low
DOC6High
DOC6Inst
Freq1St1
Freq1St2
Freq1St3

Freq1St4
Freq1St5
FuseFail
Inrush3
NEF1Low
NEF1High
NEF1Inst
NOC3Low
NOC3LowB
NOC3High

NOC3Inst
NPS3Low
NPS3High
OE1Low
OE1High
OV3Low
OV3High
PSV3St1
PSV3St2
REF1A

REF4A
REF4B
ROV1Low
ROV1High
ROV1Inst
TOL3Dev
UI6Low
UI6High
UV3Low
UV3High

MEAI7
MEAI8
MEAO1
MEAO2
MEAO3
MEAO4

MECU1A
MECU1B
MECU3A
MECU3B
MEDREC16
MEFR1

MEPE7
MEVO1A
MEVO1B
MEVO3A
MEVO3B

COIND1
COIND2
COIND3
COIND4
COIND5
COIND6
COIND7
COIND8
COLOCAT
COLTC

COSW1
COSW2
COSW3
COSW4
MMIALAR1
MMIALAR2
MMIALAR3
MMIALAR4
MMIALAR5
MMIALAR6

MMIALAR7
MMIALAR8
MMIDATA1
MMIDATA2
MMIDATA3
MMIDATA4
MMIDATA5

Measurement
MEAI1
MEAI2
MEAI3
MEAI4
MEAI5
MEAI6

Control
COCB1
COCB2
COCBDIR
CO3DC1
CO3DC2
CODC1
CODC2
CODC3
CODC4
CODC5

Condition monitoring
CMBWEAR1
CMBWEAR2
CMCU3
CMGAS1

128

CMTCS1
CMTCS2
CMTIME1
CMTIME2

1MRS750745-MUM

Protection & Control Terminals

REF 54_, REM 54_,


RET 54_, REC 523

Configuration Guideline
Condition monitoring
CMGAS3
CMSCHED
CMSPRC1

CMTRAV1
CMVO3

Communication
EVENT230

General
INDRESET
MMIWAKE
SWGRP1
SWGRP2
SWGRP3
SWGRP4

11.3.3.

SWGRP5
SWGRP6
SWGRP7
SWGRP8
SWGRP9
SWGRP10

SWGRP11
SWGRP12
SWGRP13
SWGRP14
SWGRP15
SWGRP16

SWGRP17
SWGRP18
SWGRP19
SWGRP20

Communication

Protocol used:

Port X3.2
Modbus
DNP 3.0

Port X3.3
LON
SPA

IEC 60870-5-103

SPA

129

REF 54_, REM 54_, Protection & Control Terminals


RET 54_, REC 523

1MRS750745-MUM

Configuration Guideline

11.4.

Relay MIMIC configuration

11.4.1.

Illustration of the system, MIMIC diagram

Q1
Q0
0.0A
0POS

Q4
AVR
AUT
Q9

Symbol used

0.0A
0 . 0 kW
0 . 0 A Io

closed

Disconnector:
(truck symbols)

Circuit breaker:

Earth switch:

Further information:

130

PAR
ON

open

undef. 0 0

undef. 1 1

1MRS750745-MUM

Protection & Control Terminals

REF 54_, REM 54_,


RET 54_, REC 523

Configuration Guideline

11.4.2.

Alarm LEDs
Please fill in the table below to describe the legend text used as well as the flashing
sequence and colour of the LEDs.

Table 11.4.2-1 Descriptions for legend texts and LEDs


LED OFF state

ON state
Flashing Text
seq.
(max. 16 characters)

Colour

Flashing
seq.

off
green
yellow
red
latched, blinking
latched, steady
non-latched, blinking

Colour

off
green
yellow
red
latched, blinking
latched, steady
non-latched, blinking

Text
(max. 16 characters)

1
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

2
3
4
5
6
7
8
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Interlocking
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

Control test mode


_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

X X

Further information:

131

REF 54_, REM 54_, Protection & Control Terminals


RET 54_, REC 523

1MRS750745-MUM

Configuration Guideline

11.5.

Functionality logic
Please specify the required special PLC logic functionality (see the examples
below), by drawing or otherwise, on separate sheets and enclose all additional
information with this document (Specification for Transformer Terminal
Configuration).
Example 1: Earthing sequence
Earthing of the outgoing feeder can be done by a circuit breaker when an earthing
sequence is activated, an earthing switch is earthed and no voltage is measured. If
all conditions are fulfilled, the circuit breaker can be closed after 1 second. The
figure below shows the implementation of the desired logic.

Earthing

Example 2: Usage of the F-key and a software switch

F key

132

1MRS750745-MUM

Protection & Control Terminals

REF 54_, REM 54_,


RET 54_, REC 523

Configuration Guideline

Example 3: Voltage measurement in the MIMIC view


Phase-to-phase voltage must be shown in voltages [V] in the MIMIC view.

Voltage

11.6.

Transformer terminal settings


Responsibility:
The end user defines the machine terminal settings
Machine terminal settings according to the turn-key principle
The setting of the parameters is not part of the configuration. The end
user will normally be responsible for the setting parameters.

Further information:

133

134

1MRS750745-MUM

REF 54_, REM 54_,


RET 54_, REC 523

Protection & Control Terminals


Configuration Guideline

12.

APPENDIX E: Specification for REC 523 Remote


Monitoring and Control Unit configuration

12.1.

General data
Project name:

Date:

This specification suitable for bays:

Substation name:

Monitoring and control unit type:

Software revision

Order number:
REC523 __ __ __ __ __ __ __ (for

example REC523F 033AAA)

Handled by:

Company:

Telephone number:

Fax number:

This document serves as a technical specification of remote monitoring and control


of secondary substations in medium-voltage networks and is used for the
configuration of REC 523 remote monitoring and control units.
Special requirements can be specified under Further information at the bottom of
each page.

135

REF 54_, REM 54_, Protection & Control Terminals


RET 54_, REC 523

1MRS750745-MUM

Configuration Guideline

12.2.

Electrotechnical data

12.2.1.

Analog inputs
Table 12.2.-1 Analog input channel connections
Channel
1
2...4
5, 7...9
6
10

Measuring devices that can be connected to the corresponding analog


measuring channels
Rogowski sensor, voltage divider or general measurement
Current transformer, Rogowski sensor, voltage divider, or general
measurement
Voltage transfomer,current transformer, Rogowski sensor, voltage divider or
general measurement
Voltage transformer or general measururement
Voltage transformer, Rogowski sensor, voltage divider or
general measurement

Further information:

136

Protection & Control Terminals

REF 54_, REM 54_,


RET 54_, REC 523

Configuration Guideline

Board

MIM
(032 _AA,
037 _AA)

X1.1

RecMim1

Module type

9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1

Terminal number

Connected
object

1A
5A

Ch 4

X1.1:7, X1.1:8, X1.1:9

CT3

1A
5A

Ch 3

X1.1:4, X1.1:5, X1.1:6

CT2

1A
5A

Ch 2

X1.1:1, X1.1:2, X1.1:3

CT1

Signal type

RecMim1
Module type

Board

MIM
(033 _AA,
038 _AA)

X1.1
27
25
24
22
21
19

Terminal number

Connected
object

100V

Ch 10

X1.1:25, X1.1:27

VT3

100V

Ch 9

X1.1:22, X1.1:24

VT2

100V

Ch 8

X1.1:19, X1.1:21

VT1

1A
5A

Ch 4

X1.1:7, X1.1:8, X1.1:9

CT3

1A
5A

Ch 3

X1.1:4, X1.1:5, X1.1:6

CT2

1A
5A

Ch 2

X1.1:1, X1.1:2, X1.1:3

CT1

Signal type

18
16
15

RecMim2

1MRS750745-MUM

13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1

RecMim2

Further information:

137

REF 54_, REM 54_, Protection & Control Terminals


RET 54_, REC 523

1MRS750745-MUM

Configuration Guideline

Module type

Board

MIM
(034 _AA,
039 _AA)

X1.1
27
25
24
22
21
19

Terminal number

Connected
object

230V

Ch 10

X1.1:25, X1.1:27

VT3

230V

Ch 9

X1.1:22, X1.1:24

VT2

230V

Ch 8

X1.1:19, X1.1:21

VT1

Ch 5

X1.1:10, X1.1:11, X1.1:12

CT4

1A
5A

Ch 4

X1.1:7, X1.1:8, X1.1:9

CT3

1A
5A

Ch 3

X1.1:4, X1.1:5, X1.1:6

CT2

1A
5A

Ch 2

X1.1:1, X1.1:2, X1.1:3

CT1

Signal type

18

RecMim3

16
15
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1

1A
5A

RecMim3
Module type

Board

MIM
(061 _AA,
066 _AA)

X1.1
27
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
17
16
15
13

RecMim4

12
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1

Terminal number

Connected
object

Ch 10

X1.1:25, X1.1:27

VT3

1A
5A

Ch 9

X1.1:22, X1.1:23, X1.1:24

CT6

1A
5A

Ch 8

X1.1:19, X1.1:20, X1.1:21

CT5

1A
5A

Ch 7

X1.1:16, X1.1:17, X1.1:18

CT4

100V

Ch 6

X1.1:13, X1.1:15

VT2

100V

100V

Ch 5

X1.1:10, X1.1:12

VT1

1A
5A

Ch 4

X1.1:7, X1.1:8, X1.1:9

CT3

1A
5A

Ch 3

X1.1:4, X1.1:5, X1.1:6

CT2

1A
5A

Ch 2

X1.1:1, X1.1:2, X1.1:3

CT1

Signal type

RecMim4

Further information:

138

Protection & Control Terminals

REF 54_, REM 54_,


RET 54_, REC 523

Configuration Guideline

Module type

Board

MIM
(062 _AA,
067 _AA)

X1.1
27
25
24
22
21
19
18
16
15
13
12

RecMim5

1MRS750745-MUM

Terminal number

Connected
object

100V

Ch 10

X1.1:25, X1.1:27

VT6

100V

Ch 9

X1.1:22, X1.1:24

VT5

100V

Ch 8

X1.1:19, X1.1:21

VT4

100V

Ch 7

X1.1:16, X1.1:18

VT3

100V

Ch 6

X1.1:13, X1.1:15

VT2

100V

Ch 5

X1.1:10, X1.1:12

VT1

1A
5A

Ch 4

X1.1:7, X1.1:8, X1.1:9

CT3

1A
5A

Ch 3

X1.1:4, X1.1:5, X1.1:6

CT2

1A
5A

Ch 2

X1.1:1, X1.1:2, X1.1:3

CT1

10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1

Signal type

RecMim5

Module
type

Board

MIM
(054_AA,
059_AA

X1.1
27

25
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
17
16
15
13
12

Connected
object

100V

Ch 10

X1.1:25 X1.1:27

VT4

100V

Ch 9

X1.1:22 X1.1:24

VT3

100V

Ch 8

X1.1:19 X1.1:21

VT2

Ch 7

X1.1:16 X1.1:18

VT1

Ch 6

X1.1:13 X1.1:14 X1.1:15

CT5

Ch 5

X1.1:10 X1.1:12

CT4

Ch 4

X1.1:7 X1.1:8 X1.1:9

CT3

Ch 3

X1.1:4 X1.1:5 X1.1:6

CT2

Ch 2

X1.1:1 X1.1:2 X1.1:3

CT1

100V
0,2A
1A

1A
5A

10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1

Terminal number

1A
5A

1A
5A

1A
5A

Signal type

A050027

Further information:

139

REF 54_, REM 54_, Protection & Control Terminals


RET 54_, REC 523

1MRS750745-MUM

Configuration Guideline

Module type

Board

SIM

X2.1

Terminal
number

DIFF

X2.2
DIFF

X2.3
DIFF

X2.4
DIFF

X2.5
DIFF

X2.6
DIFF

X2.7
DIFF

SIMX2.fh8

X2.8
DIFF

X2.9
DIFF

Ch 10, sensor

X2.1

Ch 9, sensor

X2.2

Ch 8, sensor

X2.3

Ch 7, sensor

X2.4

Ch 5, sensor

X2.5

Ch 4, sensor

X2.6

Ch 3, sensor

X2.7

Ch 2, sensor

X2.8

Ch 1, sensor

X2.9

Connected
object

Signal type

Simx2

The measuring device can be connected exclusively to the analog


channels of either MIM or SIM type modules.

Further information:

12.2.1.

System frequency

50 Hz

140

60 Hz

1MRS750745-MUM

REF 54_, REM 54_,


RET 54_, REC 523

Protection & Control Terminals


Configuration Guideline

Digital inputs
Module type

Board

PSC

Terminal
number

Connected
object

PSCX7.3.fh8

X7.3
1
2

PSC_7_BI1

X4.2:1, X4.2:2

1)

3
4

PSC_7_BI2

X4.2:4, X4.2:5

1)

5
6

PSC_7_BI3

X4.2:6, X4.2:7

1)

1) Digital input / counter input

PSCX7.3
Module type

Board

BIO1

X3.1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

10
11
12
13
14
15
BIO1X3.1.fh8

16

Terminal
number

BIO1_3_BI1

X3.1:1, X3.1:2

BIO1_3_BI2

X3.1:2, X3.1:3

BIO1_3_BI3

X3.1:4, X3.1:5

BIO1_3_BI4

X3.1:5, X3.1:6

BIO1_3_BI5

X3.1:7, X3.1:8

BIO1_3_BI6

X3.1:8, X3.1:9

BIO1_3_BI7

X3.1:10, X3.1:11

BIO1_3_BI8

X3.1:11, X3.1:12

BIO1_3_BI9

X3.1:13, X3.1:14

BIO1_3_BI10

X3.1:15, X3.1:16

BIO1_3_BI11

X3.1:17, X3.1:18

Connected
object

17
18

BIO1X3.1
Module type

Board

BIO1

X3.2
BIO1X3.2.fh8

12.2.2.

1
2

Terminal
number

BIO1_3_BI12

Connected
object

X3.2:1, X3.2:2

BIO1X3.2

Further information:

141

REF 54_, REM 54_, Protection & Control Terminals


RET 54_, REC 523

1MRS750745-MUM

Configuration Guideline

12.2.3.

Digital outputs
Module type Connected
object

Terminal
number

Board

PSC

X7.3
8
PSC_7_SO1
or
Heater Output
X7.3:11, X7.3:12,
X7.3:13, X7.3:14 P S C _ 7 _ H S P O 1

9
11
12
14
13

X7.3:15, X7.3:16,
X7.3:17, X7.3:18 P S C _ 7 _ H S P O 2

PSCX7.3o.fh8

15
16
18
17

PSCX7.3o
Module type Connected
object

Terminal
number

Board

BIO1

X3.2
3
X3.2:3, X3.2:4

BIO1_3_SO1

4
5

X3.2:5, X3.2:6

BIO1_3_SO2

6
7
9

X3.2:7, X3.2:8, X3.2:9

BIO1_3_SO3

X3.2:10, X3.2:11,
X3.2:12

BIO1_3_SO4

X3.2:13, X3.2:14,
X3.2:15

BIO1_3_SO5

X3.2:16, X3.2:17,
X3.2:18

BIO1_3_SO6

8
10
12
11
13
15

16
18
17

BIO1X3.2o.fh8

14

BIO1X3.2o

Further information:

142

1MRS750745-MUM

Protection & Control Terminals

REF 54_, REM 54_,


RET 54_, REC 523

Configuration Guideline

12.3.

Functionality

12.3.1.

Order number
REC523 __ __ __ __ __ __ __
(for example REC523F033AAA)

12.3.2.

Application function blocks used


Measurement
MEAI1
MEAI2
MEAI3
MEAI4
MEAI5

MEAI6
MEAI7
MEAI8
MECU1A
MECU1B

MECU3A
MECU3B
MEDREC16
MEFR1
MEPE7

MEVO1A
MEVO1B
MEVO3A
MEVO3B

DEF2High
DOC6Low
DOC6High

Inrush3
NEF1Low
NEF1High

NOC3Low
NOC3High
UV3Low
UV3High

CODC2
CODC3
CODC4
CODC5
COIND1

COIND2
COIND3
COIND4
COIND5
COIND6

COIND7
COIND8
COLOCAT
COPFC

CMGAS1
CMSCHED
CMSPRC1

CMTCS1
CMTCS2
CMTIME1

CMTIME2
CMTRAV1
CMVO3

SWGRP6
SWGRP7
SWGRP8
SWGRP9

SWGRP12
SWGRP13
SWGRP14
SWGRP15

SWGRP18
SWGRP19
SWGRP20

Fault indication
AR5Func
CUB3Low
DEF2Low

Control
COCB1
COCB2
CO3DC1
CO3DC2
CODC1

Condition monitoring
CMBWEAR1
CMBWEAR2
CMCU3

Communication
EVENT230

General
INDRESET
SWGRP1
SWGRP2
SWGRP3

143

REF 54_, REM 54_, Protection & Control Terminals


RET 54_, REC 523

1MRS750745-MUM

Configuration Guideline
General (Continued)
SWGRP4
SWGRP5

12.3.3.

LON
IEC 60870-5-101
Modbus

SPA
DNP 3.0

Virtual channels
Virtual
meas.

12.5.

SWGRP16
SWGRP17

Communication
Protocol used:

12.4.

SWGRP10
SWGRP11

Channel
number

Analog
meas. 1

Channel
number

Analog
meas. 2

Channel
number

Analog
meas. 3

I0s

IL1

IL2

IL3

I0bs

IL1b

IL2b

IL3b

U0s

U1

U2

U3

U12s

U1

U2

U23s

U2

U3

U31s

U1

U3

Channel
number

LED configuration
The optional LED panel of REC 523 includes 21 LEDs that can be freely configured
with the Relay Configuration Tool (for an example configuration, see Fig. 12.5.-1
below). Each LED has four states: on (steady), off, fast blinking (2 Hz) and slow
blinking (0.5Hz). Please specify the desired LED configuration in Table 12.5.-1
below.

144

REF 54_, REM 54_,


RET 54_, REC 523

Protection & Control Terminals


Configuration Guideline

Leds 1-8 in REC 523 Led panel


BOOL2INT_1
PSC_7_LED1_8
BOOL2INT
PSC_7_ACFail

B0

FALSE

B1

PSC_7_BattTest

Fast blink =
AC Fail occurred

Led 2:

On =
Battery Test running

Led 3:

On = Battery Poor
Off = Battery Good

Led 4:

OFF = BI1&BI2 OFF


Slow blink = BI1 OFF&BI2 ON
Fast blink = BI1 ON&BI2 OFF
ON = BI1&BI2 ON

B9

Led 5:

On = Heater on

B10

Led 6:

On =
Temp. limit exceeded

Led 7:

On = BI3 OFF
Fast blink = BI3 ON

Led 8:

Slow blink = BI1 OFF


Fast blink = BI1 ON

B2

PSC_7_BattStatus

B4
B5

BIO1_3_BI1

B6

BIO1_3_BI2

B7

PSC_7_HeatStat

Led 1:

B3

B8

PSC_7_TempAlarm

B11
BIO1_3_BI3

B12

FALSE

B13

PSC_7_Bl1

B14
B15
NOT

A050012

Fig. 12.5.-1 Example of the LED configuration for REC 523

Slow blink

Fast blink

LED
no

Off

Table 12.5.-1 Specification for the LED configuration


On (steady)

1MRS750745-MUM

Purpose

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

145

REF 54_, REM 54_, Protection & Control Terminals


RET 54_, REC 523

1MRS750745-MUM

Configuration Guideline

Slow blink

Fast blink

Off

LED
no

On (steady)

Table 12.5.-1 Specification for the LED configuration

Purpose

8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21

12.6.

Remote monitoring and control unit settings


Responsibility:
The end user defines the remote monitoring and control unit settings
Remote monitoring and control unit settings according to the turn-key principle
The setting of the parameters is not part of the configuration. The
end user will normally be responsible for the setting parameters.

Further information:

146

1MRS750745-MUM

Protection & Control Terminals

REF 54_, REM 54_,


RET 54_, REC 523

Configuration Guideline

13.

APPENDIX F: Power quality application guide


for harmonics

13.1.

Power quality and harmonics


Power quality is a topic that defines the limits for delivered electricity in power
network. The key issue is to define acceptable variation limits to ensure that endcustomers are able to utilise the delivered power. Power quality is ultimately a
customer-driven issue.
Excellent power without interruptions is the ultimate target. Today this target has not
been reached. There are many kind of disturbances in the network affecting power
quality. Interruptions and other disturbances weaken the utilisation of delivered
power in end-customer facilities. If these disturbances have noticeable effects on the
utilisation of power, disturbances should be blocked out or the system should be
made immune to these disturbances. Before taking action to reduce the effects of
disturbances, the reason and source of the disturbance should be found. Only after
that can reasonable solutions be weighted against costs and benefits.
Harmonics, that is, distortion in the voltage and current waveforms, are one of the
factors affecting power quality. Harmonic distortion is caused by non-linear loads
that are, for example, electronic power supplies, converters, arc furnaces and arc
welders. Harmonics may cause maloperation of devices, additional heating in
devices and telecommunication interference. The importance of harmonics is
emphasized by the fact that the amount of equipment generating harmonics
constantly increases. Still, it should be noticed that the existence of harmonics is not
automatically a problem.

13.2.

Background for harmonics


A periodic distorted waveform can be expressed as a sum of sinusoids. The
waveform can be represented as a sum of pure sine waves in which the frequency of
each sinusoid is an integer multiple of the fundamental frequency. This multiple h is
called a harmonic of the fundamental. Harmonics added to the fundamental
frequency can be odd harmonics (the integer multiple h is 3,5,7...) or even harmonics
(where h is 2,4,6...). In Fig. 13.2.-1 odd harmonics with the amplitude 0.1 p.u. of the
fundamental are added to the fundamental frequency.

147

REF 54_, REM 54_, Protection & Control Terminals


RET 54_, REC 523

1MRS750745-MUM

Configuration Guideline

2)

3)

4)

Oddharm.CNV

1)

Fig. 13.2.-1 Odd harmonics added to the 1.0 p.u. fundamental frequency (50Hz)
waveform are illustrated in the first picture. The second picture shows
the fundamental frequency with 0.1 p.u. third harmonic. The third
picture represents the fundamental frequency with the 0.1 p.u. third
and 0.1 p.u. fifth harmonics. In the last picture, the 0.1 p.u. seventh
harmonic is added to the fundamental frequency with the third and
fifth harmonics.
The relationship for current and voltage harmonics is shown in Fig. 13.2.-2.
Pure Sinusoid

Distorted voltage
Voltage drop

Voltdist.CNV

Distorted load current

Fig. 13.2.-2 Voltage distortion in power system

148

1MRS750745-MUM

Protection & Control Terminals

REF 54_, REM 54_,


RET 54_, REC 523

Configuration Guideline

Voltage sources, that is, generation plants do not generally generate harmonics.
Harmonics are created because of power system non-linearity. Non-linear
components and loads cause distorted currents because of their operational
principles. Distorted currents flow through system impedance causing a voltage
drop for each harmonic. This results in voltage harmonics appearing at the load bus.
The created voltage distortion can be calculated if current harmonics as well as
system frequency response are known. In most cases the system frequency response
is very difficult to determine. Power system is a very large system that contains
many non-linear components. This makes it difficult to precisely predict the effects
of harmonics in different parts of the power system.

13.3.

Harmonic sources
The most important harmonic sources are basically converters and power supplies
for numerous electrical equipment. This equipment is a source for harmonics, and at
the same time, its operation principles may be very sensitive to harmonics,
especially to voltage harmonics. Still, some devices can be designed to decrease
their characteristic harmonics.

Single-phase power supplies


A major harmonic concern in commercial buildings is that power supplies for
single-phase electronic equipment will produce too much distortion for the wiring.
Direct current power for modern electronic and microprocessor-based office
equipment is commonly derived from single-phase full-wave diode bridge rectifiers.
Modern technology for single-phase power supplies is based on switch-mode. A
distinctive characteristic of switch-mode power supplies is the very high thirdharmonic content in the current. Other characteristic harmonics are the 5th and 7th
harmonics. Switch-mode power supplies are beginning to find applications in
fluorescent lighting systems. Typical current harmonics and the waveform for a
switch-mode power supply are shown in Fig. 13.3.1.-1.
1.2
1
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0
1

10

11

12

13

Harmonic

Currharm.CNV

Magnitude p.u. of fundamental

13.3.1.

Fig. 13.3.1.-1 Typical current harmonics and the waveform for a switch-mode
power supply

149

REF 54_, REM 54_, Protection & Control Terminals


RET 54_, REC 523

1MRS750745-MUM

Configuration Guideline

13.3.2.

Three-phase power converters


Three-phase electronic power converters differ from single-phase converters mainly
because they do not generate the third harmonic or the third harmonic is quite small.
There are many designs and types of converters for AC or DC drives with different
power ratings. Harmonics may vary significantly between designs and operation
conditions. Still, some examples are given below.

Six-pulse and twelve-pulse converters


Harmonic components of the AC current waveform with q-pulse rectifier are:

h = kq 1
and the magnitudes of the harmonic currents are:

I1
I h = --h
where
h
k
q
Ih
I1

the harmonic order


any positive integer
the pulse number of the rectifier circuit
the amplitude of the harmonic current of order h
the amplitude of the fundamental current

The most significant harmonics for six-pulse converters are the 5th, 7th, 11th and
13th. For twelve-pulse converters, the 11th, 13th, 23rd and 25th harmonics are the
most significant.

PWM-type ASD
Typical current harmonics and the waveform for a Pulse Width Modulation-type
Adjustable Speed Drive with rated speed are shown in Fig. 13.3.2.-1 .
1.2

0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0
1

10

11

12

13

Harmonic

Fig. 13.3.2.-1 Current harmonics and the waveform for a PWM-type ASD

CSI-type ASD
Typical current harmonics and the waveform for a Current Source Inverter-type
Adjustable Speed Drive are shown in Fig. 13.3.2.-2.

150

HarmPWM.CNV

Magnitude p.u. of fundamental

1MRS750745-MUM

Protection & Control Terminals

REF 54_, REM 54_,


RET 54_, REC 523

Configuration Guideline

1.2

0.6
0.4
0.2
0
1

10

11

12

HarmCSI.CNV

Magnitude p.u. of fundamental

1
0.8

13

Harmonic

Fig. 13.3.2.-2 Current harmonics and the waveform for a CSI-type ASD

Cycloconverter harmonics
The expressions of cycloconverter current harmonics are complex. They vary as a
function of the frequency ratio of the cycloconverter:

fh

= f i ( kq

1 ) 6nf o

where
fh
fi
k, n
q
fo

the harmonic frequency imposed on the AC system


the input frequency of the cycloconverter
integers
the pulse number of the converter
the output frequency of the cycloconverter

This means that harmonics may vary significantly and interharmonics (non-integer
multiple of fundamental frequency) may also appear. Characteristic harmonics for a
six-pulse cycloconverter are harmonics from fundamental to 2nd, 5th to 7th, and
11th to 13th.

13.3.3.

Other harmonic sources


There are many other harmonic sources in addition to converters and power
supplies. These sources are mainly arching devices like arc furnaces and welding
equipment.

Arc furnaces
The harmonics produced by electric arc furnaces used for the production of steel are
unpredictable. The steel scrap to be molten is a very non-linear load and thus the
melting arc changes constantly. The arc current may be non-periodic and may
include both harmonics and interharmonics. Still, in most applications, the loworder harmonics starting with the second and ending with the seventh predominate
the non-integer harmonics. Fig. 13.3.3.-1 presents typical harmonics for an arc
furnace during the initial melting period and the refining period. These harmonics
have quite a low percentage magnitude compared to the fundamental component.
Arc furnaces form a large load with fundamental currents of several kA, which
makes arc furnaces a significant harmonic source for the power system.

151

REF 54_, REM 54_, Protection & Control Terminals


RET 54_, REC 523

1MRS750745-MUM

0.1

0.1

0.09

0.09

0.08
0.07
0.06
0.05
0.04
0.03
0.02
0.01
0
2

Harmonic

0.08
0.07
0.06
0.05
0.04
0.03
0.02
0.01
0
2

Harmonic

Harmfurn.CNV

Magnitude p.u. of fundamental

Magnitude p.u. of fundamental

Configuration Guideline

Fig. 13.3.3.-1 Typical harmonics for arc furnaces. The first picture is for the
melting phase and the second for the refining phase.
Other arching devices similar to arc furnaces are arc welding equipment.

Saturable devices
Equipment in this class includes transformers and other electromagnetic devices
with a steel core, including motors. Harmonics are generated due to the non-linear
magnetising characteristics of the steel. Harmonics are due to exciting current,
which is very rich in harmonics like the 3rd, 5th, 7th and 9th. Transformers are not
as much a concern as electronic power converters because exciting current is small
compared to the rated full load current. However, their effect will be noticeable
particularly on utility distribution systems that have hundreds of transformers. A
significant increase in triplen harmonic currents is often noticed during the early
morning hours when the load is low and thus the percentage of harmonics compared
to the fundamental is high.
Motors and synchronous generators also exhibit some distortion, although it is
generally of little consequence.

13.4.

System response characteristics


The effect of one or more harmonic sources on a power system will depend primarily
on the frequency response characteristics. The non-linear components described in
Section 13.3. Harmonic sources can be represented generally as current sources for
harmonics. Harmonic currents flow through impedance causing harmonic voltages.
Some basic rules for the harmonic current flow are given in this section.

Flow of harmonic currents


Harmonic currents tend to flow from the non-linear loads (harmonic sources)
towards the lowest impedance, usually the utility source. This was shown in
Fig. 13.2.-2. However, other connected loads provide an alternative path for
harmonic currents. The flow path to be chosen will depend on impedance ratios.
This may result in a situation where a neighbouring load includes harmonics
although there are no harmonic sources in this load branch. Harmonics generated by
other load branches will flow to this branch. This is shown in Fig. 13.4.-1.

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iharmonic
Xtrafo

RL

RL

RL

Harmpow.CNV

Xsystem

XC

Fig. 13.4.-1 Spreading of harmonic currents in the power system

Transformers
Transformers essentially isolate the load at higher harmonic frequencies. High-order
harmonics are not passed through transformers. Another effect of the transformers
is the isolation of triplen harmonics due to the transformer winding design. Triplen
harmonics tend to stay trapped into the delta connection and do not show up in the
line currents in the delta side. Some examples for the third harmonic current flow in
transformers are shown in Fig. 13.4.-2.

Harmtran.CNV

1MRS750745-MUM

Fig. 13.4.-2 Third harmonic flow in a wye-delta-connected transformer and in a


wye-wye-connected transformer
These rules about triplen harmonic current in transformers only apply to balanced
loading conditions. When the phases are not balanced, the triplen harmonics may as
well show up where they are not expected.
Fig. 13.4.-2 also shows the nature of the third harmonic and neutral line. Third
harmonics in line conductors tend to be in phase with each other. This means that as
currents summarise in neutral connection, the third harmonic in neutral line is three
times the third harmonic in the line conductor. This may result in a too high current
flowing in the neutral conductor.

Capacitors
Capacitor banks used for voltage control and power factor correction are the major
components that affect the system frequency response characteristics. Capacitors
can chance the system response to harmonics by creating high impedance or, on the
other hand, low impedance for harmonic currents at some frequencies. This means
that although capacitors are not harmonic sources, they may cause severe harmonic
distortion. On the other hand, capacitors can be used for creating paths with the
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lowest impedance for harmonics and applied to filtering of harmonics. The


connection of capacitors may cause resonance conditions that may magnify
harmonic levels.

13.5.

Effects of harmonics
The main effects of voltage and current harmonics within the power system are:
Amplification of harmonic levels resulting from series and parallel resonance
Reduction of efficiency in power generation, transmission and utilisation
Ageing of the insulation of electrical plant components and thus shortening of
their useful life
Equipment maloperation

Resonances and capacitors


The presence of capacitors may result in local resonances. Resonance conditions
may lead to excessive harmonic currents and voltages which increase heating and
voltage stress in capacitors. Another area where resonance effects may lead to
component failure is associated with the power line signalling (ripple control) for
load management. In such systems, tuned stoppers (filters) are often used to prevent
the signalling frequency from being absorbed in low impedance elements, such as
power factor correction capacitors. Where local resonance exists, excessive
harmonic currents can flow, resulting in damage to the tuning capacitors.

Rotating machines
A major effect of harmonic voltages and currents in rotating machinery (induction
and synchronous) is increased heating due to iron and copper losses. Harmonic
pairs, such as the fifth and seventh harmonics, have the potential for creating
mechanical oscillations in a turbine-generator or in a motor-load system. Then highstress mechanical forces may be developed. A pulsating output torque may affect the
product quality where motor loads are sensitive to torque variations.

Transformers
With the exception that harmonics applied to transformers may result in increased
audible noise, the effects of harmonics on these components usually arise from
additional heating. Current harmonics cause an increase in copper losses and stray
flux losses. Voltage harmonics cause an increase in iron losses and stress the
insulation. Additional heating may result in overheating with less than rated load.
Accelerated ageing of transformers is also possible.

Electronic equipment
Power electronic equipment is susceptible to misoperation caused by harmonic
distortion. This equipment is often dependent upon accurate determination of
voltage zero crossing or other aspects of voltage wave shape. Other types of
electronic equipment may be affected by the transmission of ac supply harmonics
through the equipment power supply or by the magnetic coupling of harmonics into
equipment components. Computers and allied equipment, such as programmable
controllers, may suffer from erratic data or malfunctions. Malfunctions may in some

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cases have serious consequences, for example in medical equipment. Less dramatic
interference may occasionally be observed in radio and television equipment, as
well as in video recorders and audio reproduction systems.

Metering
Metering instruments initially calibrated on pure sinusoidal alternating current and
subsequently used on a distorted electricity supply may be prone to error. Both
positive and negative metering errors are possible because error is connected to the
direction of the harmonic flow. In general, the distortion must be severe (>20%)
before significant errors are detected.

Telephone interference
The presence of harmonic currents or voltages in circuitry associated with power
conversion apparatus may produce magnetic and electric fields that will impair the
satisfactory performance of the communication system that, by virtue of its
proximity and susceptibility, may be disturbed.

13.6.

Applications for harmonic measurements


Harmonics measurement function blocks can be utilised in applications like
monitoring power quality affected by harmonics, monitoring harmonics in selected
points of the network and locating sources of harmonics.

13.6.1.

Power quality and harmonics


There are several standards and recommendations for acceptable levels of
harmonics in power system. Recommendations for both voltage and current
harmonics can be found for distributed electricity. European Standard EN 50160 and
IEEE Std 1159-1995 are well known references for power quality.
Harmonic measurements can be utilised in several ways in the network. Here a
utility 110/20 kV substation is taken as an example. The substation is shown in
Fig. 13.6.1.-1 with measurement points for currents and voltages on 20 kV side.
There are three feeders connected to busbar. Feeders have different types of loads
connected. Load A is generating harmonic currents and load B is a simple motor or
resistive load. In addition, there is a capacitor unit connected to the busbar for
reactive power compensation. This unit could also include load.

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110 kV

Trafo 110/20 kV

Voltage measurement

Current measurement

20 kV

Current meas.

Current meas.

Current meas.

Load A
Harmonic
source

Load B

Compensation

Loads.CNV

M
3~

Fig. 13.6.1.-1 110/20 kV substation with different types of loads connected to the
feeders
Power quality affected by harmonics at the substation can be measured in the
incoming feeder for both voltage harmonics and current harmonics. If individual
feeders are monitored, it should be noticed that measuring the current harmonics
from each feeder is enough. The 20 kV bus voltage is common for all of the feeders.
Measuring the voltage harmonics from all the feeders results in unnecessary
information. Most of the time only the most important feeders (for example
harmonic sources) are monitored.

13.6.2.

Harmonic monitoring with individual loads and devices


Harmonic measurement function blocks can be applied to monitor harmonic levels
on different types of loads and devices. There are several standards for acceptable
harmonic levels with different devices. Recommendations are also given by
equipment manufacturers. Still, it should be noticed that harmonic protection with
PQVO3H and PQCU3H is not applicable. These function blocks have a long
measurement delay to update values (minimum 600 ms). Another feature is that all
kinds of spikes and other rapid changes in measured signals are filtered off from
output values. Measurement of interharmonics is not possible.
Some general recommendations for acceptable harmonic levels are the following:
1. Transformers
Current distortion should not exceed 5 percent
2. Motors
Heat problems begin when voltage distortion reaches approximately 8 percent
(motor unit without drive, harmonics in drive input may be considerably higher
as shown in Section 13.3. Harmonic sources)

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3. Capacitors
Voltage limit to 120 percent of peak voltage (with harmonics) -> sum of
individual voltage harmonics <20% with rated fundamental
In case of feeders containing many individual loads and devices, it is difficult to
recommend levels according to specific devices. In such a case, the
recommendations given in standards for power quality can be followed. Then the
harmonics are monitored for the feeder itself, not for the load devices.

13.6.3.

Locating sources of harmonics


On radial utility distribution feeders and industrial plant power systems, the main
tendency is for harmonic currents to flow from the harmonic producing load (Load
A in Fig. 13.6.1.-1) to the power system source (towards 110 kV incoming). The
impedance of the power system is normally the lowest impedance seen by the
harmonic currents.
There are factors that may alter the path for at least one harmonic. These factors were
discussed in Section 13.3. Harmonic sources. Transformers may block some
harmonics, power factor correction capacitors may provide paths for higher-order
harmonics, and there may be harmonic filters.
To locate the harmonic source (Load A), harmonic currents in all feeders, including
the incoming feeder, should be measured. These results should be checked against
each other. The harmonic source is the one containing the largest amount of
harmonics. It may also be useful to check the harmonic flow while the power factor
capasitances are not connected. In this situation, paths for harmonics should be
decreased and locating the sources of harmonics should be easier.

13.6.4.

Harmonic filter performance monitoring


Harmonic filters are designed to catch harmonic currents produced by harmonic
sources. There can be filters for a single harmonic component or filter banks for
several harmonic components, like the 5th, 7th, 11th and 13th harmonics. The
current harmonic measurement function block can be utilised to evaluate how well
the harmonic components are caught into the filters. In case of a filter bank designed
to catch several harmonic components, the connection of the filter bank to the
system may lead to a situation where uncharacteristic (mostly even) harmonic
components are created. These uncharacteristic harmonics may have unwanted
effects on the system performance and the filter bank. Even though the level of
uncharacteristic harmonics is low and negligible after installation, the harmonic
levels may be considerably magnified due to the ageing of capacitors in the filter
bank.

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14.

Index
A
Analog channels ................................................................................. 28, 39
B
Blocking ................................................................................................... 74
Bypass mode ............................................................................................. 76
C
Code body worksheet ......................................................................... 21, 22
Communication ........................................................................................ 71
Communication signals ................................................................ 71, 72, 73
Compiling the project ............................................................................... 57
Condition monitoring ......................................................................... 36, 46
Configuration ............................................................ 17, 26, 77, 79, 97, 117
Configuration error ............................................................................. 31, 41
Configuration specification for REC 523 ............................................... 135
Control of switchgears .............................................................................. 75
Cyclic communication check ................................................................... 74
Cyclic sending generation ........................................................................ 73
D
Data types ................................................................................................. 19
Description worksheet ........................................................................ 21, 22
Digital inputs ................................................................................ 34, 45, 63
Digital outputs .......................................................................................... 63
Downloading the configuration ................................................................ 57
E
Error outputs ............................................................................................. 66
Events ....................................................................................................... 76
Execution order ........................................................................................ 67
Explicit feedback ...................................................................................... 64
F
F-key ......................................................................................................... 68
Frequency ................................................................................................. 32
G
Global variables .................................................................................. 49, 52
H
Hardware version ................................................................................ 27, 38
Harmonic restraint measurement ........................................................ 30, 40
Harmonics ............................................................................................... 147
HMI .................................................................................................... 66, 74
Horizontal communication ....................................................................... 71
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L
Libraries ................................................................................................... 19
Logic ........................................................................................................ 71
Logical POUs ..................................................................................... 19, 23
M
Manuals .................................................................................................... 10
Measurement function blocks ...................................................... 30, 40, 76
Measurements ......................................................................... 30, 35, 40, 46
MIMIC ......................................................... 57, 93, 96, 112, 115, 130, 133
N
Neutral current .......................................................................................... 31
P
Physical hardware .............................................................................. 19, 25
Polling ...................................................................................................... 71
Power quality ......................................................................................... 147
Program Organisation Unit (POU) ........................................................... 21
Project tree ................................................................................................ 19
R
References .............................................................................................. 157
Relay configuration procedure ................................................................. 77
Relay Configuration Tool ........................................................................ 15
S
Specification for REF 54_ Feeder Terminal Configuration ..................... 79
Specification for REM 54_ Machine Terminal Configuration ................ 97
Specification for RET 54_ Transformer Terminal Configuration ......... 117
T
Task interval ............................................................................................. 48
Tasks ........................................................................................................ 47
Technical data .......................................................................................... 30
True RMS measurement ..................................................................... 30, 40
V
Variable worksheet ....................................................................... 21, 22, 51
Virtual channels .................................................................................. 32, 42
W
Warnings .................................................................................................. 67

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1MRS750745-MUM EN 07.2005

ABB Oy
Distribution Automation
P.O. Box 699
FI-65101 Vaasa
FINLAND
Tel. +358 10 22 11
Fax. +358 10 224 1094
www.abb.com/substationautomation