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.

( )

. .

2011

621.431.75 (075)
39.55
47
:

, . .
[ ] : , . / . . ;
, . . , - . . . (. . -). - ,
. . (3,82 ). - , 2011. - 1 . . (CD-ROM). - ,
: Pentium; Windows 98 .

,
, .
2 4
160301.65 ,

,
, , ,

( - -2),
160700 ,

,
, ,
,
(
- -3).

.

, 2011


1.

1.1. .

1.2.

10

1.3.

11

1.4.

12

1.5.

15

1.6.

16

2.

19

3.

29

3.1.

29

3.2.

30

3.3.

31

3.4.

33

4.

39

4.1.

39

4.2.

40

4.3.

43

4.4.

46

4.5.

49

5.

51

1.
1.1. .
:
- ;
- ;
- ;
-
( - ).
OXYZ,
, X Y
( J J ^), Z .

,

dz (. 1.1).
7

1
. 1.1.
,

dQl =

dt^

=- F d z p ^ ^

- X F.

, .
X j
~
Q.

~
^
-Q^- Fdzp-f= ,
dt

dt

dz

'

(1.1)

dt^

7j
= Fdzp
' 8t^

dz

(1.2)

X j :

~ dz
M^ H
-dz
+ Q,,dz H dzdz + dQ" = 0 .
"
dz
'
dz
' 2
,

&

(1.3)

7j :

~ dz
-dzdz - dQ" = .
^
^
dz
2
,

>

^
dz-M-

^
Q^dz

= Q.

(1.4)

. OXZ (. 1.2)
2

. 1.2. OXZ
1 - ; 2 - ;
3 - .
. 2.2 ,
tgY =

dz

. 1.3. OYZ
1 - ; 2 - ;
3 - .
. 3.3
(1.6)

dz

X F. . 1.4 , (
) A(X^,Y^)
Z X

/
. 1.4. OXZ OYZ
Y

'

Z ,

, Oi . A(X^,Y^)
Z
^

+ ^1 + ^2


, =

dW

dq^

dz

dz

X,

dz

dp
dz


=Es^ =E^-EY,^
+ EX,^^.
>-4
1
>-4
1
>-4
oz
dz
dz
(. 1.5)
Z

. 1.5.
dF
= -dFaJ,

dMy^ =dFa,X,


.. =-\[E^Y^dFJ dz ^

J\EY^^^^F+
1 dz

dp.
[EY.X.'^^F
J 1 1 dz
^

-E^ {Y,dF + E^
\Y,^dF-E^
\Y,X,dF
dz i '
dz i '
dz ^
'
Sx
-^xy
^. ^ -
, .
^, - . .

=E-^J^
dz
:

-
'

dp
dz

dpy

=-E^^J

dz
, ,
.
.. ^;

My , .

.
EJ.
-EJ.

EJ,.

dz
/

dz
[] ,
dz

= [AV
\ . .

dz
[] '
.
dz


,.

(1.7)

(1.8)
= ^^ ^
dz
(2.1).. .(2.8) ,
:
dz

"

dp^
dz

= ^xy^x + ClyM^

dM
~Yz
SQx = Fp-S'qx
&
dt
Sqy
dz

Px

.,

dz

d^
dz
d^

= Fp

dz

dt
, : qx ; ; My ; Qx
OXZ,
OXZ, - OYZ.
^

My. ,

7j

, ^ =
OXZ OYZ .
1
'

EJ^

/ /

OXZ, . . .
( - ):
'.=. cospt
P^=P^cospt
My = cospt
=Q. cospt
:
^dq
OZ

<

cospt = - cospt

. cospt
cospt = 1
dz
EJ

dz

cospt =

dO
^-cospt
dz

cos pt

= -Fpp^q^ cospt

^ .
dz

d^q
d^q


,
= -EJ
= -EJ .
My = -EJ . .

,

dz
dz

~EJ ^ - - ^ ^ dz'

Fpp 2
dz'

=0 .

EJy

' =

.
EJy

2 EJy

dz'
-
.
= Cjq^j +

sinoz,

cosorz,

cnaz =
az _

-az

shaz =
ch(0) = 1
sh( 0) = 0
, .
S(az) =

(chaz + cosaz) ,

(az) = Y2 {^haz + sin z) ,


(az) = Y2 {chaz - cosaz) ,
V(az) = Y^i^haz-s'maz)

,
: dS/dz = V; dT/dz = S; dU/dz = ; dV/dz = U
^S'(19j=7; (0) = U(0) = V(0) = 0.
q^(az) = C^S(az) + C2T(az) + CjU(az) + CJ^(az)
.
Py(az) = -a(C^V(az) + C2S(az) + C^T(az) + CJJ(az)) ,
My (az) = -a^EJy (C^(az) + CjK(oz) + C^S(az) + C^T(az)) ,
(az) = -a^EJy (CyT(az) + C.^(az) + C^V(az) + C^S(az)) .
Ci, 2, , 4 .
1.2.
( )
, , 2 .
z=0 qx=0; =0 .
q^=0 = C,S(0) + ,(0) + C,U(0) + C,V(0);
0 = 1*1 + 2*0 + *0 + 4*0;

Q =0.

J3y=0 = -a(C,V(0) + C^S(0) + () + C^U(0)


= ,* + ^*\ + ,* + ^*,

, =0.

z=l ^(/) = ; Q^(l) = 0. ,

My (/) = -a^EJy (C,S(od) + CJipd)) =


(/) = -a'EJy (QV(cd) + C^Sicd)) = 0 .

C^S(al) + CJ(al) = 0
C,V(al) + C^S(al) = 0 .
, .
T(al)V(al) - S\al) =
al = -,
Ki=l,875 ,

2=4,69 ,
=7,8

..
ai=Ki/l,
EJ
=

pF

,
( -
). ,
. 1.6.
/
/
/
/

/
/

N /

/
/
/

. 1.6. ,
1.3.

, ,
Cm .
z=0 qx=0, Ci=0.

= -C^jSy

^(0)+ = ,
-a^EJy{C^V{0)+C^S{0)+CJ'(0))+

C^a{C^S{0) + C^T{0) + CJJ{0)) = ,

EJ,.

2 - ccCj = .

z=l (1)=0; Qx(l)=0 . ,

- a^EJ^ (C^Sipd) + CJ'ipd)) =


-a^EJ^(C^Vipd) + C^Sipd)) = 0 .
,
2;;4.
=0 ( ),
, .
(, ,
). ,
(. 1.7).

/
/:

<
1

. 1.7.

1.4.
. ,
,
.
z
, =G/,
dz

dz

GJ^

(1.9)

G - ,

- , / j () , /2 () -
(. 1.8). , J ~ ~ .

/ i w

. 1.8.

dM[ = -dJ. 2 '
dt

dJ = J*r^dm = J*pdFdz

dMl = -pJ

= /x/zj*r^dF = pdzJ^ .

dz

(. 1.9):

. 1.9.

,
~
: dz -^ - pJ
dz

5'/? ,
^dz = 0

(1.10)
dz
'

(1.9) (1.10) ,
.
=/3, cos pt ,
= ^ cos pt .

(1.9) (1.10), cospt,

dfi.
dz

1
-,
GJ ^

dM.
X 2^
= -pjpp
.
dz
^ ,

dz^

GJ^

2 pJpP^
a = - , p = a ,
GJ.
V /p
d'P.
+ A - 0
dz^
.
= Q cos(az) + Cj sin(z) .
.
,
.
z=0
= ,
Q =0 .
z=l ^ (/) = .
^ = GJf.

dz

= GJf^Cjacosal = .
71

coscc/ = 0, al = + , =1,2,3...

,
2/

'

, =
2/]IPJ^

71

= Cj sin(z) (. 1.10, ). -

. .

/i -

'

. 1.10.

"

=
21

\GJt
=
21 V pj

(5^ =C2sin(z) (. 1.10, ). .


.
.
1.5.
.

^. ,

, (.

1.11 ).
. 2

. 1.11. ,
2=2 , .
(. 1.11 ). ^=3
, (. 1.11 ).
(. 1.12). :
/\' / ^ 1 < , f\y\ < 1\2 ^ f\/3 <
,
.

/\

/
/

^ :
/

/
/

'

/
/

1
1
I
I

1
1
1
1

I
1
1
1

1
1

1
1

'

1
1
1

/
/

. 1.12.
1.6.
1.

.
V P

I ^ const

( -

), .
,
, , ^.
2. ,
,
, (. 1.13).

, .
, .

J/-.

. 1.13.

, .

- .
5 ~0 . 8 1 - ^ - c o s ' - 0 . 3 7 ,

- ,

- .

.
,
.
3.
.

- , ^ -

.
,
.
,
. ,
,
.
4. (. 1.14)
,

( b - , 5^^^ - ,
, . . 1.14).
-

b
. 1.14.

0-41^>^.ax(^ix+Cx)

, ,
, 5^^^

5.
,
( ), , (
). , ,
(. 1.15,
).
, (. 1.15, ).

. 1.15.
(. 1.16) ,
.

. 1.16.

2.

. :
(2.1)
(2.2)

(2.3)

(2.4)

(2.5)

D - , .

- ,

. Z . ^ ,
(.

< - Qg, -
Z .
,
d(p, (.2.1).

dr

H.f u r
dr

n dQ'
dr
dr
,

n dQtp ,
M , -^

.2.1.

, ,
(2.1) - (2.5) .
(2.1) ( )
- ^
or

=SP

/?,+
^ ( ^ \) .

Dr

/(2.6)

(2.3)

D {\- iS)

(2.7)

(3.2)
| ^ = + ^ ^ ( ' - )

(2.4), ^ (2.6):

(2.8)


1
^<P=D(-^--Pr-l^^

+ Pr--^(M^r))

Dr

=
(2.9)

Dr


d^q
dQ'r = -rdrd(fhp ^ ^
dt
. Z:
(Qr + ^^dr){r
dr

+ dr)dq) - Q^rdq) + {Q +-^dg))dr


^d(p

(2.10)

- Q dr - rdrdghp^^
dt

=0

(2.11)

(6r +-^^dr){r + dr) = Q^r + Q^dr + ^^^rdr +


dr
dcp
dr

(dr)^ ~
(2.12)

~ dr dO
~
did r)
^Qrr + {Qr- +
^ r ) = Qj +^ ^ d r
dr
dr
dr
(3.12), (3.11)
rd(p +

drd(p Q^rdq) + Q^dr +


^ d ( p

dr

drdq) +
dr

d(p

dgdr - rdrdghp^-^
dt

dcfdr-Q^dr-rdrdqkp^

dt

=0 .

drdcp,

dr

dcp

+ rhp^
=0
dt^

(2.13)

(3.5) no q) \
_ k^Eh
d(p

d'q^ ^ dp

2(1 + iS) rd(p'^

d(p

(3.13),
(,)_
dr

e E h ^,

k-Eh , ^

2{\ + /) rd(p^

2(1 + //) dcp

dt^

:
dM
i^rg, +^^dr)(r
dr
~

-M

(pdr

~
+ dr)d(p-M

~
dM
dm
rd(p + {M +^d(p)drcos
d(p
2

- 7M qr drs'm^^^ - Q,rdrd(p
^Cp
T' = 0

^
_
_
dm ^
. dm
, c o s ^ - = l

d(Mr)

dM^
drd(p + ^

d(pdr M^drdcp Q^rdrd(p = .

dm

drd(p

{^^)

or

k^Eh dq^
2(1 + //) (

, :

^ ~

(2.9) (2.5),

= - 1' (

'/;, ^ 1 - / / ' ^ (^)


(^

( (

) +
(2.15)

k^Ehr ~

2(1 + 1)' ''

:
dr){r + dr)d(p-^rdcp + {

d(p)drcos^^
2

-M^drcos ^ - 22
^dr
A -sin
s i n ^ + Q^rdrd(p =
2

(2.12):

drdcp

dcpdr + , drdcp + (Q^r)drd(p = .


(
^

drdcp, , :
(^) _1(^^)

-^< -(Qrf)
^

^ (2.9),

(2,6)

(2.8), (2.6), (2.7), (2.14), (2.16), (2.15) (2.17) 6

{). {/),

{^/).

f = + ^ ( . )


, / ~
1

-^ = [-- , + (Mr)
5
(
Dr
^
^
5
/ )

1~
2 (M r)
+ - +

Z) (1 - //)
k'Eh

2{\ + /) )^

k'Eh

, ^

2(1 + //) )

dt^

{^) _ 1
dr
r

dtp

dtp
+

dtp

dtp
r

+E(M^r)-{Qj)
r

r
dtp

dtp

k^Eh dq^ k^Ehr ~


+
Pc.
2(1 + jj) dtp 2(1 + jj)
(2.17) .

qXr,tp,t) = qXr,(p + ^7t,t) .


:
qXr,<P,t) = q^ (r)cosm^cos(pt-/)
(3Xr,(p,t) = /?)8^8(?-)
P^(r,(p,t) = p^(r)smm(pcos(pt-

(2.18)

{Qr)ir,(P,ty = {Qr{r)r)co?,m(pco?,{pt- )
{M^){r,(p,t)r = (MXf')r)cosmg)cos(pt - y)
(Mrp )(r^ (P, t)r =

(r)r) smmcpcosipt - y)

p - , t - , - .
(2.18) (2.17), ^ cos(pt ),
.

Ehr

dp^

[ [
1
+(^)

Dr

dPcp _
~~~

d(0,r)
^
dr

2 {^/)

D {\- /)

, k'Eh =( -
2(1 + ju)

, ,,
k-Eh

prhp')q,--m/3^
2(1 + ju)

d(Mj)
,,,
.

=
(Mr) - D
+ D
dr

d{M )
1-//^ 2 k^Ehr
, =(^^'
+)/?
dtp

2(1 + //)
+

(29)

^
\
+ - (^) - (0,)

k^Eh
{M r) -
q^

2(1 + //)

1/^

- (2.19).

= {1,0,0,0,0,0}"

= {0,1,0,0,0,0}"

{P^)} = {0,0,0,0,0,1}" .
Cj...Cg .

,

/?) = 0, /?^() = 0 .

) = = C j X 1 +C j X +... + C g X , Q = .
, ==0 .
:
Qrir)r = , ^{^)^ = ,

= . :

c , Q l ' \ r , y , +Q O f ' c . K +
''-., +
M
l '

(' >; + CMi'J

+ C,Mf'(r^y^ =
(')' +

(' >;

(2 20)

, .
:
1. =0.
2.

3. (2.19)
{(^)} = {0,0,0,1,0,0}"
{(')} = {0,0,0,0,1,0}"
{^)} = {0,0,0,0,0,1}" .
4. (2.20)
. , .6. - .5.
5. /. ..
6. = -/2 . .5.
7. , < s (
).
8. ^.
9. Pq = ^ + 2s . ..
10. (
), = +1. . 1.

.

= q^(r)cosm(pcos(pt -/)

.
=0 .

m=l , .
(. 2.2).
q t

q:

q(r)
(p
m=0

2ir

m=1

q(r)

n=1
.2.2.
=2 , .
. ..

. =0

() .
. .
=1

(. . 2.2). =2 ^^()
. . ..
=0
.
, :
f\{) foo
(.2.3).

. 2.3.


. (.
2.4).
f '
/1

/41

/21

/
/1=

/
-^00 '

/
^20

111

. 2.4.
,
.
, ,
z/2, z , (z-l)/2,
.

(. 2.5).

. 2.5.
(>1) . (2.18)

qXr,(p,t) = q, (r)smm<pcos{pt-y)
/3^{r,(p,t) =

(r)sinra^cos(p?-x)

P^(r,(p,t) = p^(r)cosm(pcos(pt-Y)
{Qr)ir,(P,ty = {Qr{r)r)?.'mm(pco?,{pt-y)
{M^){r,(p,t)r = {M^{r)r)s,mm(pcos,{pt - y)
&^^){r,(pj)r

= (M^^(r)r)cosm(pcos(pt-y)

(2.21)

(2.17) , (2.19).
, 1/4
,

. .
2

q* = D*q^(r)cosm(pcos(j>t -/*) ,
q** = D**q^(r)sinm(pcos(j>t - /**) ,
J^ ^

-JV

D , D , X , /

- , ,

() - ( q^


. .

= 1).

1 * = ** = ^
q^ = {D*q^{r)cosm(p + D**q^{r)s'mm(p)cos{pt - ) =
= q^ {r)D cosQfKp - ) cos(pt - ) .

, .
= cos(m(p-y/) = 0.
- = + ,


( = + + .
2
. -
.
D* D**,
- ,
.
2. D* = D** =D, 1
(. 2.6). =1
. '** 1, q1*
( ,
). g *.
3 ( 90**),

, q1*. 2,

g * g **, , 2.

1
.2.6.
,
.
3. . D* = D** = D,
= ^, ** = 0.
= q* +q** = Dq^{r)(cosm(ps'mpt + s'mm(pcos{pt) = Dq^{r)s'm{m(p + pt) .
smijncp + pt) = ,
.

+ pt = , ( =
.

, . -
.
dt

, - .
-11 -W--4*
** - *
7
4.
Z) =/) -F--.
=D,
= 0 , 7 ^ = ,

q^ = Dq^ {r\cos cos pt + s'mm(ps'm{pt)= Dq^ () cos(m(p- pt) .


cosipicp pt) = ,

dm
m(p-pt = , (p = t
1
, (0 = = .
2

2
dt
- .
.
- 90% .

3.
3.1.
-
.
,
.

, :

Gr

(3.1)
w=0

, ( -

, (.3.1).

. 3.1.
(p = (p^-(ot

=(p + CL)t

(4.1)
Qrm = Qrm cos(m(p + meat -ii/J = Q^ cos(m(p - /^)cosmcut -

To

1/4 . .
(3.1) ,
.

mo)
=mn^ek,
ZTT

. ,
.

. ( , ..)
, .

3.2.

,

, ,
(.3.2). :
- ,
( -
,
.. , 3% );
- ( );

, .. ( -
3% ).

6DD
^

5DD

I
.'

4DD

COJ

S
1
]

2DD
1DD

5D

15D

2DD

max

. 3.2.

, ,
. ,
.
, .

3.3.

- ,
.

.
.
.
.
W /.

.
q = gsin pt.

pt

q2= q j sinpt.
~
dq,
~ dq.
Kj =
= q^p?,pt 2 =
dt
dt

= q^pcospt

^
. ,

/ (. 3.3),

Fj > / <0.

2
4V,

W,

. 3.3.

tgAi ^ -

q^p cos pt
W-q^p cos, pt

W-V^

, tglsi /, W - q^p cos pt

, / -

q^pcospt
W

Ha Qa = ~pbW . -
, b - , - .
(. 3.4).

^0

. 3.4.


dC^

d^C^ Af

=C+'-Ai-

di

'

di'

,
= , + ^

, dC^,
/ = , - ^ ^
cos pt

:
1

Qa=-pbW {

<7i

1
Z0%pt) = -pbW

1
^--pbWq,p-cospt

dC
= Q^^-B-cospt

.
dA = Q^dq = Q^qpcosptxdt.

= ^Q^qp cos ptxdt = ^Q^Qqcosptxd{pt)0

|gi?cos^ pt^{pt)

dC
dC
= 0 - Bq f cos^ ptd{pt) = -TiBqdi I
dt

dC^
dt

> 0 ( , . . 4.4), <0,

.
.

dC^
dt

< ( ), > ,

, .
.
,
.

3.4.

- ,
. , ,
, , - .
.

1. , .

, .

^ ( - ),


(. 3.5) .
.

. 3.5.

(. 3.6)
, ,
, ,
.
.

. 3.6.

, ,
, .. (, . 3.7

).

,
.

. 3.7.

,
. ,
,
.
, ,
, .

, .
,
.

2. .

.

. ,
.
,
, ,
10% .


( ,
,
). 20%,
,
.
(, 11-300), ,
.

, .
, , ,
. .

( ,
).
.

3. .
11, ,
.
,
(. 4. 8, ).
(. 4. 8, ),
.
(. 4. 8, ) . ,
,
.

. 3.8. ,

(.
3.9, ). (. 3.9, ), (. 3,9,
), (. 3.9, ).

5 .

. 3.9.


( , ).
.

. (
).
, 11 .

4.

.

4.1.

- :
)

;
) :
- ,
- ,
(
:
(4.1)

Qi /- ; ,, ^, zu /-

-

);

- ;

- ( ^. s^. -
);
) (, .. - ,
, , .) ;
) , :
-

[^]

(
,
, ;
, ,
);

/. = (

- );
)
(, . .) ;
) .

4.2.

, ,
. , , ,
.
,
,

- -^,

.
, /7 ,
(. 4.1).

. 4.1.

/ =


/ =

2:

= Q i^k + Yk^ignS^ ]^-^ ) .

(4.2)

C^. - - ; signS,^ - .

,

6%.

s,^

+

+ Tk^ignS,. j A l -d l ) =

(4.3)

- , t - .

+

{5^ + Yk^ignSk .jAl - d l ) = -s,col sin a J

(4.4)

(4.5)

(4.6)


(4.7)
(3)
+

(4.8)
\1

Tt


/.,

(4.9)

In

:-

=1

-1^ - /- .
,

(4.10)

=
1

J
< 1) > co^q42

,
,

/2

.
(.. ) ,
,
.

. mg =

= mcol^q^^, q^^. = g/col^. . ,

, 10 ,
,
2,5 . 5
10 , 1
250 , ,
.
(4.6)
,

, .

,
.
,
,>0,05

(4.11)

,
, .
-

(. 4.1),

fcmax

kmin

12)

S,max 5,kram

4.3.

, ,
.
- /-
:
= |oJ +

+ koz>'o,t

^ = | + koz-0,| +

(4-13)

(4- 14)

Z, =W \ + ko.>'oJ +

(4.1 5)

xoi, zoi /- , Yo, Zo


, , , ctoz -
,

, <^,

. , ,
, ,
,
.

. ,
.
, ,
Z aoz, /-
Czi aoz, X, yviCzi aoz, yvi
- /- (. 4.2).

Z<

Zi

. 4.2.

, X ,

= , ,
=1

aoz,
. V . A = 0 .

( 4 16)

i=l

Y
^.=0-

(4 17)

Z = 1

X,

(4 18)
Y,

ZVI =0.

(4.19)

(16) - (19) . ,
,
.
,
, .

(. 4.3).

///////

~/

'//

itl^

I'

. 4.3.

() ,
. () ,
,
. () -
. ()
, . () ()
,
.
, , ,
,

4.4.

,
.
1.

, , .
-
100 ,
.
2. . ,
(, )
, ( 10
), , .
(
, , , , , , ..),
.
3. .
( , , ,
).

. (
3). ,
,
(, ..), .
( )

( ),

.
4.

(,

/ MP).
.
(

1,5), .
,
. ,
.
, ,
,
, ,
.
.
. 4.4
- () (). ,
, MP , . . 4.5
(, ). .
4.6 - (,
). (. 4.7).

. 4.4. : - , -
3

. 4.5. : () ():
1 - , 2 - , 3 - , 4 -

. 4.6.

. 4.7.


, (.
4.8).

. 4.8.

. 4.9, 4.10, 4.11


( , , ).

'

. 4.9.

. 4.10.
X.
!

. Y

'.V*'.';

. 4.11.
4.5.

, . - (
). -
,
.
,
(. 4.12).

/,

V/

. 12.

,
, (.
13).

{/

..

. 13.

, ,

^\|

WR

-,- \

R ~

1-

W
3

0,95

, .

,
.
.

5.


.
w,
, t.

S = mj w(t)dt

(5.1)


, , -, .. (.5.1).

, w{t) >

,
X, , R{x,x), .
F(t)

X,

.
W

Wn

.5.1. . 1 - , 2 - , 3 , 4 -

X + (', ') = w{t) ,

(5.2)

w{t) = F{t)lm , (\') = R(x\x')/ , ' - .


u(t),
,
, R(x,x)^ = ' -
.
x + r(x,x) = w(t) ,

(5.3)

w{t) = u{t) . (5.2) (5.3) ,


.

(.2). ,
, ,
.
x + a>lx = w{t) ,

(5.4)

>1 = klm - .

.5.2. .


X = {) cos @0 (^ - ^) +
0

sin @0 (^ - ^) .

{9) = ,
g
X = s i n cOq (t -)
^

{) = ,

mw{ff)de,
=

1 ^
\w(e)smcoQ(t )1

<t <

(5.5)

1 ^
\w{e)smcoQ(t )1
(5.5)

<t (
).
(5.4)
=

a{t) = a>lx{t)

(5.6)


,
(5.5) (5.6) :
x{t) = Q{t)s,'m{co,,t-^4t))
a{t) = a>QQ{t)'s,'mia>Qt,

(5.7)
(58)

Q(t) =

, 4^(0 = arctg^
A{t)

A(t) = jw(0)coscoQM0

, B(t) = jw(0)smcoQM0.

T <t
A(0

= A(T)

, B(t)

= B(T)

, Q(t)

= Q(T), ^(0

= ^(r).

(5.7) (5.8), (^) a(t)


, Q ( 0

(^oQ{t) .
.

. 3.

. < Iq ^

, - .
a(t)

.5.3.

) :
2w

= j - s m
O

COQT

8(?

) .

(5.9)


2w^
(5.10)
^ = 2
2

/?)

max = 2 W o S i n ^ .

(5.11)

,
1
^ ( , - ).

, =

(5.12)

71

(77 < 1) ^ < .


:
:

_
CD^T . ^
, .
/
\
max = 2Wo
f
<?;
(5.13)
"
^
2

=
1-

Wn ^
^(Sin
71

7 .
^
^0'

.
t^KT

, 2 _ 2

(5.13)
:
sin 2 ^0^
^

^max =

(5.14)

4
max = 2W,(1-^

tr,

smcoJr,

2
^ )

m a x = 2 W o ( ^ - ^ ^ ' ' ) < ? < ^ .

(5.14)

<) . , (5.13)

COQT <
/77 ~ 1.73 .
1+v

^ = ^

(5.11).
S,
/ .
, 77 < 1.25 , 77 < 1.78 .
^
:
^'-^(1--^) ,

/ - .

(5.15)


(,
, ).
. 5.4
. (5.13) (5.15).

.5.4.

() ( - , - ) ,
( , MP),
. ,
, , ,
, (.5.5).

hay

.5.5. (1) (2)


, , , ,

V = ^wit^dt .
(516)

,
ynV^
2

^
= ^P{x}dx.


-^imax

-^imax ^ ^ , ,

.5.5),

iC.


.5. (5.16) (5.17) .

.
,

max

-^-

(, ,
MP , , , ) (. .4.5, 4.6).
, .
,

-^^

.5.6.
, , ,
. ,
, +

, -

(.5.7).
\

/\

.5.7.


.

fit

tn = < , ,
4
4
.
, ,
, . w(t)
,

J* w{t)dt
=

, :

mw^ =P(xJ

(. 5.8, , ).
= J* {mw^ -P(x))dx
, ,

^

= f(P(x) - mw^ )dx


^^^

.5.8. :
- (t; ), - (; )


1. .., .., .., .., ..,
.. . .
, 2008.-620.
2. .., A.M. . 4.1. .
, , 2006. - 92 .
3. .., .., ..
: - . .2008. . 1-5.
4. -
ANSYS: , / , . -. . ..,
... , 2006.- 44 .
5. . ., ..
. . , , 2006. - 24 .
6. : , /
, . -. . .., .., ...
, 2007.- 80 .
7. .., ..
- ANSYS . , ,2006, - 33.
8. .., A.M.
ANSYS. . , .
1 - 2006, - 132. 2 - 2007, - 80 .

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