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SMHB Sdn. Bhd.

Job number

Jurutera Perunding

Cal sheet no

Job name

Project Mass Rapid Transit Lembah Kelang Jajaran Sg. Buloh

Calculations by

Structure

R.C Platform

Checked

Section

R.C Column Design

Reviewed by

938
/

938
/

Rev

WTF

Date

WCK
PG

by

11/4/2016

Date
Date

Interaction Chart For Column ( Major Axis )

Ref.

Design to BS8110
100As/bh = 0.51
%
b=
1000 mm
h=
200 mm
d=
154.000 mm
d' =
46.000 mm
d/h =
0.77
Ac=
200000 mm2

fy=
fcu =
Clear Cover to Link=

460 N/mm2
35 N/mm2
30 mm

Link =
0.1 fcu =
min Axial force =

10 mm
3.5 N/mm2
700 kN

m =

1.05

Reinforcement at one side


No.
5
T
0
T
0
T

1st layer
2nd layer
3rd layer

dia.(mm)

12
40
32

Reinforcement at Compression side


No.
dia.(mm)
1st layer
4
T
12
2nd layer
0
T
40
3rd layer
0
T
40

Clear
spacing d' (mm) As' (mm2)
215.00
46
565.486678
196
0
346
0
Asc/2 =
565.486678
Clear
spacing d' (mm) As' (mm2)
290.67
6
452.389342
51
0
111
0
Asc/2 =
452.389342

Column Interaction Chart


Asc/2

50.00
45.00

Asc/2

40.00

100As
/bh
=0.51
Pier
Loads
0.1fcu
0.4%

35.00
30.00

N/bh N/mm2

100As/b
h

25.00
20.00

15.31

15.00
10.00
5.00

In this region design as a beam


fcu =
fy =
d/h =
Ac =

0.00
0

10

12

14

16

M/bh2 N/mm2

686.51804

35
N/mm2
460
N/mm2
0.77
200000 mm2

Short Term Design Stress-Strain Curve for Reinforcement

500
400
Compression

300
N/mm2

Compression

200

Tension

100
0
0

0.001

0.002

0.003

0.004

0.005

0.006

0.007

Strain

ULS
Max N

Mxx

Madd

Mxx+Madd

(kN)

(kNm)
38

(kNm)

(kNm)

Max Qy
Max Qz

0
0

Max My
Max Mz

0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0

38
0
0
0
0

N/bh

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

Mxx/bh2

0.9500
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

Strain

0
0.00219
0.002
0.002
0.006

Stress

0
438.095
438.095
438.095
438.095

Tension
Strain

0
0.00219
0.00200
0.00200
0.006

Stress

0
438.095238
438.095238
438.095238
438.095238

2
2
Cover(mm) fy (N/mm ) fcu (N/mm )
40
460
35

Slab

175

200

225

m
1.15

min
0.13

250

275

300

350

400

450

500

600

750

Reinforcement
T
T
T
T
T

Dia.
c/c
10 10 10 10 10 -

100
125
150
175
200

As(mm2) Mult (kNm) Mult (kNm) Mult (kNm) Mult (kNm) Mult (kNm) Mult (kNm) Mult (kNm) Mult (kNm) Mult (kNm) Mult (kNm) Mult (kNm) Mult (kNm)
785
37
45
53
61
68
76
90
105
120
135
165
628
30
36
42
48
54
60
72
84
96
523
25
30
35
40
45
50
60
70
448
22
26
30
34
39
43
392
19
23
26
30
34
37

Slab

175

200

225

250

275

300

350

400

450

500

600

750

Reinforcement
T
T
T
T
T

Dia.
c/c
12 12 12 12 12 -

100
125
150
175
200

As(mm2) Mult (kNm) Mult (kNm) Mult (kNm) Mult (kNm) Mult (kNm) Mult (kNm) Mult (kNm) Mult (kNm) Mult (kNm) Mult (kNm) Mult (kNm) Mult (kNm)
1130
51
63
74
85
97
108
130
152
173
194
237
302
904
42
51
60
69
78
87
104
121
138
155
190
753
35
43
51
58
65
72
86
101
115
129
646
31
37
43
50
56
62
74
86
99
565
27
33
38
43
49
54
65
76

Slab

175

200

225

250

275

300

350

400

450

500

600

750

Reinforcement
T
T
T
T
T
T
T
T

Dia.
c/c
16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 -

100
125
150
175
200
225
250
275

As(mm2) Mult (kNm) Mult (kNm) Mult (kNm) Mult (kNm) Mult (kNm) Mult (kNm) Mult (kNm) Mult (kNm) Mult (kNm) Mult (kNm) Mult (kNm) Mult (kNm)
2010
81
101
121
141
161
182
222
262
302
342
421
536
1608
68
84
100
116
132
148
181
213
245
276
337
428
1340
58
72
85
99
112
125
152
179
204
230
281
357
1148
51
63
74
86
97
109
131
153
175
197
240
306
1005
45
55
66
76
86
96
115
134
153
172
210
268
893
41
50
59
68
77
85
102
119
136
153
187
804
37
45
53
61
69
76
92
107
122
138
168
731
34
41
49
56
63
70
83
97
111
125

Slab

175

200

225

250

275

300

350

400

450

500

600

750

Reinforcement
T
T
T
T
T
T
T
T

Dia.
c/c
20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 -

100
125
150
175
200
225
250
275

As(mm2) Mult (kNm) Mult (kNm) Mult (kNm) Mult (kNm) Mult (kNm) Mult (kNm) Mult (kNm) Mult (kNm) Mult (kNm) Mult (kNm) Mult (kNm) Mult (kNm)
3141
82
118
143
201
232
263
326
389
452
515
640
829
2513
82
118
143
168
194
219
269
319
370
420
520
668
2094
82
103
124
145
166
187
229
270
312
354
437
557
1795
73
91
109
127
145
163
199
234
270
306
375
477
1570
65
81
97
113
128
144
175
207
238
268
328
417
1396
59
73
87
101
115
129
157
185
212
238
291
371
1256
54
67
79
92
105
117
142
167
190
214
262
334
1142
50
61
73
84
96
107
130
151
173
195
238
303

Slab

175

200

225

250

275

300

350

400

450

500

600

750

Reinforcement
T
T
T
T
T
T
T
T
T

Dia.
c/c
25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 -

100
125
150
175
200
225
250
275
300

As(mm2) Mult (kNm) Mult (kNm) Mult (kNm) Mult (kNm) Mult (kNm) Mult (kNm) Mult (kNm) Mult (kNm) Mult (kNm) Mult (kNm) Mult (kNm) Mult (kNm)
4908
76
114
153
204
236
310
461
559
658
756
952
1246
3926
76
114
153
204
236
310
388
467
545
624
781
1017
3272
76
114
153
204
236
269
334
400
465
531
662
858
2804
76
114
153
181
209
237
293
349
405
461
574
742
2454
76
114
138
163
187
212
261
310
359
408
506
650
2181
76
104
126
148
169
191
235
278
322
366
453
578
1963
76
96
115
135
155
174
214
253
292
331
408
520
1784
71
89
106
124
142
160
196
231
267
303
371
472
1636
66
82
99
115
132
148
181
213
246
278
340
433

Slab

175

200

225

250

275

300

350

400

450

500

600

750

Reinforcement
T
T
T
T
T
T
T
T
T
T
T
T

Dia.
c/c
32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 -

100
125
150
175
200
225
250
275
300
325
350
375

As(mm2) Mult (kNm) Mult (kNm) Mult (kNm) Mult (kNm) Mult (kNm) Mult (kNm) Mult (kNm) Mult (kNm) Mult (kNm) Mult (kNm) Mult (kNm) Mult (kNm)
8042
154
197
248
310
433
591
803
932
1421
1903
6433
0
111
154
197
248
310
433
591
803
932
1189
1575
5361
0
111
154
197
248
310
433
591
698
806
1020
1342
4595
0
111
154
197
248
310
433
525
616
708
892
1168
4021
0
111
154
197
248
310
390
471
551
632
792
1034
3574
0
111
154
197
248
283
355
426
498
569
712
927
3216
0
111
154
197
229
261
325
389
454
518
647
840
2924
0
111
154
183
212
241
300
358
417
475
592
768
2680
0
111
144
171
198
225
278
332
385
439
546
706
2474
0
111
136
160
185
210
259
309
358
408
507
652
2297
0
105
128
151
174
197
243
289
335
381
473
605
2144
0
100
121
143
164
185
228
271
314
357
443
565

SMHB Sdn. Bhd.


Job No:
Calc.Sht no:
Calcs by: WTF
Checked by:
Revwed by:
CRACK WIDTH CHECKING FOR FLEXURE LOADING

Jurutera Perunding

Job name:
Structure:
Section:
REF

Rev. 1
19/11/09

Date:
Date:
Date:

INPUT DATA :
Concrete strength, fcu

35

N/mm2

Service moment, Ms

Reinf. Strength, fy

460

N/mm

Crack width, wlimit

0.3

mm

Breadth, b

1000

mm

Steel modulus, Es

200

KN/mm2

Overall depth, h
Soffit cover, Cmin

200

mm
mm

Concrete modulus, Ec
Modular ratio, ae

13.5

KN/mm2

Reinf. area, As

565

Effective depth, d

158

mm2
mm

N.A.

30

Bar size, E
No. of rebar
Rebar Clear spacing
Side cover
Link

12
5
232.000
0
6

mm
nos.
mm
mm
mm

( to rebar )

KN-m

25.33

14.8

( to rebar )

Steel ratio,
Depth of neutral axis, x
Lever arm, z
Tensile steel stress, fs

0.0036
43.75
143.42
312.3

Allowable steel tensile stress, 0.8fy


Conc. compression stress, fcb

8.07

Allowable conc. compressive stress, 0.45fcu

15.75

< 0.8 fy

OK !

< 0.45 fcu

OK !

368

Crack Width at A :
Surface strain, 1
Strain (stiffening effect of concrete), 2
Average surface strain, m
Distance to point considered, acr

0.00214
0.00063
0.00151
41.47

Design crack width, w

0.163

mm
mm
mm
mm
mm

y"

C
OK !
B

Crack Width at B :
Surface strain, 1
Strain (stiffening effect of concrete), 2
Average surface strain, m
Distance to point considered, acr

0.00214
0.00063
0.00151
123.027

Design crack width, w

0.254

mm
mm
mm
mm
mm

OK !

Crack Width at C :
Determination of " Dist from N.A. to Point C = (d - x) /2 " :
When y
[ y + (Side cover +1/2 rebar) ]
2

2 1/2

960.02

Distance from N.A. to point C, y''


Surface strain, 1
Strain (stiffening effect of concrete), 2
Average surface strain, m
Distance to point considered, acr
Design crack width, w

960.00

d-x-y

-845.75
-846
-0.01156
-0.00341
-0.00815
954.02
-1.819

mm
Ensure this eqn is equal

mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm

d
y

OK !

bar size

d'
12
40
0
0
0

5 565.48668

42 23750.440461139

24

24

0
565.48668

88
0
42 23750.440461139

244

203.771075410

36.496575
30
4.9705627 4.9705627
6
41.467138 40.970563

88

Design to

BS5400

b=
b1 =
b2 =

4000 mm
1325 mm
1325 mm

h=
h1 =
h2 =

5000 mm
1500 mm
1500 mm

d=
d' =
d/h =

4854 mm
146 mm
0.9708

fy=
fcu =
Clear Cover =
m =
Link =
0.1 fcu =

Ac= 14700000 mm2

500 N/mm2
40 N/mm2
50 mm

100Asc/Ac =
Reinforcement
No.

1.15
16 mm
4 N/mm2

1st layer
2nd layer
3rd layer

29
29
29

1.49 %
dia.(mm)

T
T
T

Column Interaction Chart

40
40
40

spacing(mm)

d1'

As' (mm2)

136.71429
136.71429
136.71429

86
146
206

36442.475
36442.475
36442.475

b
Asc/2

40.00

h1
b1

b2
h

35.00
h2

Asc/2

30.00

100Asc/Ac
=1.49

25.00
N/Ac N/mm2

Column I

20.00
15.00
10.00
5.00

fcu =
40
N/mm2
fy =
500
N/mm2
d/h = 0.9708
Ac = 20000000 mm2

In this region design as a beam

0.00

10

12

14

16

18

20

M/Ach N/mm2

Short Term Design Stress-Strain Curve for Reinforcement


400
300
N/mm2

Compression

200

Tension

100
0
0

0.001

0.002

0.003

0.004

0.005

0.006

0.007

Strain

ULS
Maximum N
Minumum N
Maximum My
Minumum My
Maximum Mz
Minumum Mz
Maximum Py
Minumum Py
Maximum Pz
Minumum Pz

Compression
Strain

500

My

Mz

Py

Pz

(kN)

(kNm)

(kNm)

(kN)

(kN)

67161
0
62400
0
64276
0
62684
0
62400
0

179255
0
287760
0
220166
0
213713
0
287760
0

46518
0
47889
0
53847
0
49259
0
47889
0

3316
0
3261
0
3460
0
4381
0
3261
0

9487
0
14130
0
10932
0
10402
0
14130
0

Mz
(kNm)
31019
19632
9013
9949
9013
9320
5778
9949
5778
31019

N/Ac

4.569
0.000
4.245
0.000
4.373
0.000
4.264
0.000
4.245
0.000

Mz/Ach

2.4388
0.0000
3.9151
0.0000
2.9955
0.0000
2.9077
0.0000
3.9151
0.0000

0
0.00174
0.002
0.004
0.006

Stress

0
347.82609
357.14286
357.14286
357.14286

Tension
Strain

0
0.00174
0.00200
0.00400
0.006

Stress

0
347.82609
357.14286
434.78261
434.78261

Tables

Table 3.22

Table 3.22

End condition at top

End condition at bottom

1
0.75
0.8
0.9

1
2
3

0
0

0.8

0.9

0.85

0.95

0.95

3
4

#N/A

M2
102142.00
159316.00

Y-Y Axis:
X-X Axis:

End condition at top


2

Mi+madd
102142.00
441613.18

M1+Madd/2
53847.00
330889.59

eminN
1281.18
1281.18

Main Reinforcement
As Required =
19217.7
Bars Required: As provided
16
20106.19
Index
No. of Bars
36
45238.93
12
16
20106.19
34
42725.66
32
40212.39
Main Reinforcement arranged in Even Layers? Y/N
30
37699.11
28
35185.84
26
32672.56
24
30159.29
22
27646.02
20
25132.74
18
22619.47
16
20106.19
14
17592.92
Shear Check Py
12
15079.64
100As/bd
0.051
10
12566.37
400/d
1.00
8
10053.10
Vh/m
0.0396
6
7539.82
.6h
2.4
4
5026.55

Secondary Reinforcement
Bars Required: As provided

As Required =

19217.7
Index

32
30
28
26
24
22
20
18
16
14

40212.39
37699.11
35185.84
32672.56
30159.29
27646.02
25132.74
22619.47
20106.19
17592.92

No. of Bars
9

Page 8

16

20106.19

16

Px
0.051
1.00
0.5255
3

Tables

12
10
8
6
4
0

15079.64
12566.37
10053.10
7539.82
5026.55
0.00

Page 9

Tables

End condition at bottom


1

1.2

1.3

1.6

1.3

1.5

1.8

1.6
2.2

1.8

#N/A

Page 10

Tables

Page 11

SMHB SDN. BHD.

Job No.
938
Calc. Sheet no.
Drawings nos.

Jurutera Perunding

Job Name : Projek Mass Rapid Transit Lembah Kelang Jajaran Sungai Buloh- Kajang
Structure : 11 m Standard Pier
Section : Pier Bottom for Load case :Maximum Mz
Column Mark: P850

Calculations by WTF

Date :

Check by
Reviewed by

Date :
Date :

CALCULATIONS

Ref

RECTANGULAR COLUMN DESIGN


Design to BS5400

BS5400

11/4/2016

fcu (N/mm2)
fy (N/mm2)
fyv (N/mm2)
hx (width mm) =b
hy (height mm) = h
CONDITIONS:

cover (mm)
effective length,l0x (mm)
effective length,l0y (mm)

40
500
500
5000
4000

50
11000
11000
40
16
1.15

bar diameter (mm)


link diameter
m,steel

Part 4

lex=

5.5.1
Table 11

2.30

Braced

25.3 m
25.3 m

ley=

Unbraced

1
2
3

lex/h =
ley/b =

5.5.1.1
5.5.1.2

LOADINGS: (

5.5.3.1

6.33
5.06

< 12
< 12

< 40 or 30 with one end no restrained, OK


Column is Short
b' = 4914

Self Weight
included in N

Calculate
Self Weight

h' = 3914

Load case :
5
Maximum Mz
Applied Axial =
N=
64059.0
Self Weight =
0.00
x 1.4 =
0.00 kN
N=
64059.00 kN < 0.2fcuAc ,crack control to be checked
Initial Bending Moments:
X
Bottom
Top
M1
M2
Mi
Mi,xx (My)
159316.0 220166.00
M1 + M2 =
220166.00
Mi,yy (Mz)
102142.0 53847.00
M1 + M2 =
102142.00
Minimum Eccentricity
X-X Axis:
Y-Y Axis:
Max Eccentricity (mm)
20
20
Additional Moment (kNm)
1281.18 1281.18

hx

hy

Px
X
h'

Py
Mxx

b'

Myy
Y

Deflection induced Moments for Slender Columns:


hx > hy, check the dime

hy/hx =

0.8

<3

5.5.5.3

Madd,xx = Nhy / 1750 (le/hx,min)^2 ( 1-0.0035 le/hx,min) =

5.5.5.2

Madd,yy = Nhx / 1750 (le/hx,min)^2 ( 1-0.0035 le/hx,min) =

Designed as single axis bent

11046.25
10133.33

kNm
kNm

hx,min =
hy,min =

2220 mm
2420 mm

5.5.5.4

Mt,yy = Mi,yy + Madd,yy =

221447.18
103423.18

Mxx/h'

56.578

Mt,xx = Mi,xx + Madd,xx

kNm
kNm

>

Myy/b'

Design moment about single x-x axis =


Design moment about single y-y axis =

Mt,xx =
Mt,yy =

Major Axis
Mxx / (hxhy^2)
N / (hy x hx)

h'/hy =

2.77
3.20

21.047

221447.180 kNm
103423.180 kNm

0.98
As (min) =

5.3.3.1
5.3.3.2
5.5.6

5.3.3.2

100Asc/bh
As(min)
Minor Axis
Myy / (hyhx^2)
N / (hy x hx)
100Asc/bh
As req
CHECK SHEAR
SHEAR FORCE Py =
Mxx/N =
vy =
vcy=
v'cy =vcy(1+0.05N/Ac)
Asv/sv =
Asv req=
As,prov =
vuy=v'cy +fyAs,prov =

5.5.6

335802346.xlsx / Column BS5400

0.10
19217.70
1.03
3.20
0.10
19217.70

b'/hx

0.98

mm2

bar diameter (mm)

40

Use 16 T40 bars ( 20106 mm^2 )

2191.00 KN
3.46 > 0.6h
0.11 N/mm2
0.192 N/mm2
0.22 N/mm2
4.60
689.66 mm2
2680.83 mm2

< 4.7 N/mm2


> Vy ,O.K.

sv =

150

mm

ok

10 mm
480 mm

Px = 10870.00 KN
Myy/N =
1.61 < 0.6b
vx =
0.55 N/mm2
vcx=
0.192 N/mm2
v'cx=
0.22
Asv/Sv =
Asv req =
As,prov =
vux=v'cx +fyAs,prov =

1340413 mm3
0.0000 <=1

ok

< 4.7 N/mm2


Shear reinforcement required

8.75
sv =
150
1312.19 mm2
2680.83 mm2
ok

Check: (vy/vuy)+(Vx/vux) =

Check: (vy/vuy)+(Vx/vux) =

0.0000 <=1
Minimum dia. of links =
Maximum spacing of links =

0.10

Use 16 T40 bars ( 20106 mm^2 )

mm2

1340413 N/mm

19217.7 mm2

mm

SMHB SDN. BHD.

Job No.
Calc. Sheet no.
Drawings nos.

Jurutera Perunding

Job Name :
Structure :
Section :
Column Mark:
Ref
2220 mm

h = hy =

2420 mm

d = h' =

2344 mm
200 kN/mm2

Ec=

15.5 kN/mm2

76 mm2

13828.1 kN
7247.4 kNm

M result =

7247.4

Assume
x=

Date :
Date :

11/4/2016

12.90323

Mxx=

Cmin=

Check by
Reviewed by

d' = h - h' =

Es=

N=

Date :

CALCULATIONS

b = hx =

m=Es/Ec

Calculations by WTF

Myy=

66 mm

819.5 mm

q1=bx

1819290 mm2

g=

467.173

e=M/N

524.1067 mm

k1=

1.024289

( try and error )

hx

As =

0.154436

k3=

10.79933

h'

Mxx
As'=

fc=

16.48043 N/mm2

fs=

395.7832 N/mm2

x=

819.2397 mm

( Try until the value is closely equal to assumed x )

As
Nominal Cover =
link
1st layer rebar size=
2nd layer rebar size=
3rd layer rebar size=
4th layer rebar size=

50 mm
16
20 mm
0
0
0

As'
Nominal Cover =
link
1st layer rebar size=
2nd layer rebar size=
3rd layer rebar size=
4th layer rebar size=

50 mm
16
20
0
0
0

0.001979

h =

0.002078

mh =
ac1 =
ac2 =

0.000913
97.48023 mm
89.76167 mm

Wcr =

0.238893 mm

5340.708 mm2

b'

Myy

s =

5340.708 mm2

hy
X

k2=

bar spacing =
number of rebars=

bar spacing =
number of rebars=

129.25 mm c/c
17 nos.
0 nos.
0 nos.
0 nos.

Total rebar on one side


17 nos.

129.25 mm c/c
17 nos.
0 nos.
0 nos.
0 nos.

Total rebar on one side


17 nos.