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Diwali, a religious festival of lots of rangoli decorations using variety of colored powder, a

festival of lights and happiness, a festival of removing darkness, a festival of sweets, a


festival of puja, and etc which is celebrated all over the India as well as outside the country
at many places. It is also known as the row of lights or the festival of lights. It is mostly
celebrated by the Hindus and Jains all across the world. At this day there is a national
holiday in many countries such as the India, Tobago, Singapore, Surinam, Nepal, Mauritius,
Guyana, Trinidad and Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Malaysia and Fiji.

It is a five days (Dhanteras, Naraka Chaturdasi, Amavasya, Kartika Shudda Padyami, Yama
Dvitiya or Bhai Dooj) Hindu festival begins at the Dhanteras (first day of festival in the month
of Ashwin) and ends at the Bhau-beej (last day of festival in the month of Kartik). The date
of the Diwali festival is determined by the Hindu Lunisolar calendar. It is celebrated very
happily by decorating homes with lots of lights, diyas, candles, fireworks, reading arti,
distributing gifts, sweets, greeting card, sending sms messages, making rangolis, playing
games, eating delicious foods, hugging each other and many other activities.
Celebrating festivals and offering puja to Gods bring us from darkness to light, give power to
us to do good endeavor and work and bring us much closer to the divinity. Lighting diyas
and candle all around the houses enlighten the every corner. It is considered as the festival
never completes without puja and exchanging gift to near and dear ones. People do puja at
the evening of festival in order to get the divine blessings from God. Diwali festival brings
the most beautiful and peaceful time of the year which offers the real joy of moment in the
life of human beings.
A national holiday is declared at the festival of Diwali so that everyone can enjoy the festival
together with their friends and family. People wait for this festival from a long time and when
it come closer they clean their houses, offices, rooms, garage, whitewashing, issue new
checkbooks, diaries and calendars in offices. They believe that they will get peace and
prosperity in their life by thorough cleaning and celebrating this festival. The real meaning of
the cleaning is the cleaning of the every corner of the heart from all the bad thoughts,
selfishness and sights about others.
Businessmen check their balance sheet to known their expenditure and profit of the year.
Teachers check the performance and progress of their students for any subjects. People
make friendship to everybody and remove enmity by sharing gifts. College students offer

Diwali greeting cards, messages and sms to their family members, friends and relatives.
Recently, sending Diwali eCards or Diwali SMS through internet is the most popular trends.
At some places in India Diwali Mela helds where people go and enjoy by buying new
clothes, handicrafts, artworks, wall hangings, posters of Ganesha and Lakshmi, rangoli,
jewelry and other needed things of their home.
Children of the home are used of watching funny animation movie, visiting the zoo with their
friends, sing Diwali poems, songs and aarti with their parents, blast fireworks at night, lit
diyas and candles, give handmade Diwali greeting cards, play board games. Mothers at
home make rangoli in the center of rooms, new and attractive sweets, prepare new recipes
and dishes like Gujia, laddo, Gulab Jamun, Jalebi, Peda and many things.

When Diwali is Celebrated


Diwali is celebrated at 13th lunar day of the Krishna paksha (also known as the dark
fortnight) according to the Hindu calendar in the month of Ashwin. It is traditionally
celebrated every year between the mid October and mid November, 18 days after the
Dussehra festival. It is the most important festival of the year for the Hindu.
Diwali celebrations comes every year with a lot of happiness and completes over five days
from Dhanteras to Bhaiduj. At some places such as Maharashtra it completes over six days
(starts with Vasu Baras or Govatsa Dwadashi and ends with Bhai Duj).

Why Diwali is Celebrated


Diwali is celebrated every year by the Hindu and many other religions as a main festival of
the year. According to the Hindu mythology, Diwali festival has many reasons to celebrate it
and it plays a great role in the human life to freshly start their new year. People beliefs that
what they do at the festival of Diwali they will do that for whole year. Thats why people do
good work, do more shopping at Dhanteras, lighten the every corner of their home with
lamps, distribute sweets, make friendship, offer puja to Lord Ganesha and Goddess
Lakshmi to get peace and prosperity, take well and healthy diet, eat luxurious food,
decorate their home and other activities so that they can do all that for whole year. Teacher
take regular classes, students practice their study for more hours at Diwali, businessmen

take care of their accounts very well ad etc to maintain for the whole year. According to the
Hindu Mythology, these are the following mythological, legendary and historical reasons of
why do we celebrate Diwali:

Return and Victory of Lord Rama: According to the great Hindu epic, Ramayana, Lord
Rama had returned to his kingdom, Ayodhya after a long period of time (14 years) on the
new moon day in the month of Kartik with wife Sita and brother Lakshman after vanquishing
the demon king Ravana as well as conquering his kingdom Lanka. The people of the
Ayodhya were very happy with the coming of their dearest and mankind King Rama with his
wife and brother. So they had celebrated the returning day of the Rama by decorating their
home and entire kingdom with the earthen lamps and firing crackers.
Birthday of Goddess Lakshmi: Goddess Lakshmi is Owner of wealth and prosperity. It is
considered that Goddess Lakshmi had came into the universe on the new moon day
(known as Amavasya) in the month of Kartik month after the long churning of the ocean of
milk (ksheer Sagar) by the group of Demon and God. Thats why, that day was started being
celebrated as the festival of Diwali to commemorate the birthday of Mata Lakshmi.
Lord Vishnu Saved Lakshmi: According to the Hindu Mythology, once there was a great
demon king Bali who wanted to become the owner of all three Bali Loka (Earth, Sky and
Patal) as he was booned by the Lord Vishnu to have unlimited power. There was only
poverty all over the world on the earth as all the wealth was detained by the king Bali. Lord
Vishnu had to save all the three Loka (in his Vamana avatar, 5th incarnation) and Lakshmi
from his prison to continue the rule of the universe made by God. From then, that day was
started being celebrating as a victory of God over the evil power and rescuing the goddess
of wealth.
Lord Krishna Killed Narakaasur: A day before the main Diwali is known as the Naraka
Chaturdashi. A long ago there was demon king Narakaasur (ruled the kingdom of
Pradyoshapuram) who had tortured the people and arrested around 16000 women in his
prison. Lord Krishna (8th incarnation of Lord Vishnu) had saved the life of all those women
from the custody of Narakaasur by killing him. From that day, it is celebrated to
commemorate the victory of truth over the evil power.

Return of the Pandavas to Kingdom: According to the great Hindu epic, Mahabharata,
Pandavas had returned to their Virata kingdom at the Amavashya in the month of Kartik
after the long period (12 years) of banishment. They got exile for 12 years after got defeated
by the Kauravas in the game of dice (gambling). The people of the kingdom of Pandavas
were very happy for coming kingdom of the Pandavas and started celebrating the returning
day of the Pandavas by lighting the earthen lamps and firing crackers.
Coronation of Vikramaditya: Raja Vikramaditya was a great Hindu king was coroneted at
the special day which was then celebrated historically as the Diwali.
Special Day for the Arya Samaj: Maharshi Dayananda was the great Hindu reformer as
well as the founder of Arya Samaj and achieved his nirvana at the new moon day in the
month of Kartik. From that day it was being celebrated as Diwali to commemorate this
special day.
Special Day for the Jains: Mahavir Tirthankar who had founded the modern Jainism,
attained his nirvana on the special day which is commemorated as Diwali in the Jainism.
Marwari New Year: According to the Hindu calendar, Marwari celebrate their new year at
the great Hindu festival Diwali at the last day of Krishna Paksha of Ashvin.
New Year for Gujrati: According to the Lunar calendar, Gujrati also celebrate their new
year a day after the Diwali at the 1st day of Shukla paksha in the month of Kartik.
Special Day for the Sikhs: Amar Das (third Sikh Guru) had traditionalized the Diwali as
their Red-Letter Day at which all Sikhs get together to get the blessings of their Gurus. The
establishment of the Golden Temple at Amritsar was also done on Diwali in the year 1577.
Hargobind Ji (6th Sikh Guru) was released from the Gwalior fort from the custody of Mughal
Emperor, Jahengir in the year 1619.
In 1999, Pope John Paul II had performed the extraordinary Eucharist (about festival of
light) in the year 1999 in the Indian church by putting the tilak on his forehead. That is then
commemorated as Diwali.
Significance of Diwali
Diwali is the festival of cultural, religious and spiritual significance (means the awareness
and celebration of the inner light) for Hindus. According to the Hindu mythology it is believed
that there is something which is pure, never-ending, unchanging and eternal beyond our

physical body as well as mind called Atman. People celebrate Diwali to enjoy the triumph of
truth over the sin.

The Five Days of Diwali Celebrations are


Dhanatrayodashi or Dhanteras or Dhanwantari Triodasi: The meaning of Dhanteras is
(Dhana means wealth and Trayodashi means 13th day) the coming of wealth to home at the
13th day of the 2nd half of the lunar month. At this auspicious day people buy the utensils,
gold and bring that home in the form of Dhana. It is also celebrated to commemorate the
Jayanti (Birthday Anniversary) of the God Dhanvantari (the Physician of Gods) who had
arisen during the Samudra manthan (while churning the ocean by the gods and the
demons).
Naraka Chaturdashi: Naraka Chaturdashi falls at the 14th day, it is the when the demon
Narakasura was killed by the Lord Krishna (an incarnation of Lord Vishnu). It is celebrate to
indicate the triumph of good power over the evil power or darkness. At this day people wake
up early in the morning (before sunrise) and take an aromatic oil bath as well as dress up in
the new clothes. Then they lit lot of lamps all around the houses and make rangolis outside
the home. They also carry out a unique puja of their God Krishna or Vishnu. The
significance of taking bath before sunrise is just equal to taking bath in the holy water of
Ganges. After doing puja they burn up firecrackers in the significance of defeating the
demon. People have their breakfasts and lunches altogether with their family and friends.
Lakshmi Puja: It is main day of the Diwali which completes with the Lakshmi Puja (the
goddess of wealth) and Ganesh puja (the God of knowledge who removes all obstacles).
After the great puja they light clay deeyas on the streets and homes in order to welcome the
prosperity and well-being to their home.
Bali Pratipada and Govardhan Puja: It is celebrated as the Govardhan Puja (Annakoot) in
North India. The significance of celebrating this day is, Lord Krishna had defeated the proud
Indra by lifting the big Govardhana hill and saving the life of lots of people (Gokulvashi) and
cattle from the continuous rain and floods. The significance of celebrating Annakoot, people
decorate large quantities of food (the symbol of Govardhan hill lifted by Krishna) and offer

puja. This day is also celebrated at some places as Bali-Pratipada or Bali Padyami in order
to commemorate the triumph of Lord Vishnu (Vamana) over the demon king Bali. At some
places like Maharashtra this day is also celebrated as Padava or Nava Diwas (means the
new day) and all man offer a gift to their wives. In Gujrat it is considered as the first day of
the calendar named Vikram Samvat.
Yama Dwitiya or Bhaiduj: This is the festival of brothers and sisters in order to symbolize
their love and care for each other. The significance of celebrating it is the story behind Yama
(lord of Death). At this day Yama had visited his sister named Yami (the river Yamuna) and
welcomed by his sister with an Aarti as well as ate together. He had given a gift to his sister.