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Prepositional Case

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Languages
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a






**
-
-a
-
-
-
-
-
-
-

**, , ,
Assorted Vocabulary

morning
afternoon
evening
colleague
engineer
businessman
native
of course
married ()

also
very
excellent
company
doctor
city
a little
single ()
single ()

family
father
husband
children
brother
sister
later

2
2
10
10

parents
mother
wife
son
daughter
grandfather
grandmother

exactly at 2:00
approx at 2:00
in exactly 10 minutes
in approx 10 minutes

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Nationalities

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Countries

10 (LE 2)
Cardinal Numerals
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
30
40
50

1
2-4
5+

60
70
80
90
100
200
300
400
500
600
700
800
900
1000
2000
3000
4000
5000
6000
10000
100000
1M
2M
5M
1000M

hour

year

minute

Verbs

*For past tense: change - to - (), - () or -


(). For reflexive verbs, change - to -, - or
-.
*For future tense (imperfective): conjugation of
+ inf. The future tense for perfective verbs use the
regular conjugation.
inf

//

to work

to study

to live

to speak

to understand

to write

to be able

*past tense for : , ,


* conjugation + infinitive: to be able to (verb)

inf

//

to do

Imperfective

to call

Perfective

to speak (perf)

inf

//

* = say a few words, = speak, tell

Pronouns

1st sing
2nd sing
3rd sing
1st pl
2nd pl
3rd pl

nom
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acc
?
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dat
?
?

gen
?
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Possessive Nominative

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?
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Nouns

1 Nominative Case (Who? / What?)


to name an object ( .)
subject of an action ( .)
2 Genitive Case (Whose? / Of what?)
possession ( .)
absence of sth ( .)
part of whole ( )
3 Dative Case
to indicate object of an action ( .)
4 Accusative Case (Whom? / What? / When?)
to show object of an action ( .)
to show time of action ( .)
5 Prepositional Case (Where?)
to express position / place of an object (
.)

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inf

//

to read

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to be

inf

//

Case
gen
dat
acc
pre

Masculine Singular
Ends w Consonant
,
*first remove -, -
() nom-
nom-
nom-
nom-
nom-
nom-
(/) nom-
nom-

* (factory)
*: , ,
Case
nom
gen
dat
acc
pre

Masculine Plural
Ends w

nom-
nom-
nom-
nom-**
nom-
nom-
nom-
nom-
nom-
nom-

*After removing , or .
**Dative for : ; :
Case
gen
dat
acc
pre

Feminine Singular
Ends w a
**
nom-
nom-
nom-
nom-
nom-
nom-
nom-
nom-

,
nom-
nom-
nom-
nom-

*After removing , , or . Do not remove the in -.


*Dative, genitive for : ; :
**Also includes nouns ending in , but the last
consonant is
Auxiliary Words

1 Prepositions: (in), (on)


2 Primary conjunctions: (and), (but),
(and/but), (or)
3 Question words: , , (when),
(where)
4 Particles of agreement: (yes),
(certainly), (well)
5 Particles of rejection: (no), (not)
6 (there is)
7 Time words: (always), (often),
(now), (now) (today),
(yesterday), (before),
(tomorrow)