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(ENGLISH)

LEARN ENGLISH
THE FASTAND FUN WAY

, !
, ,
!

(stopwatch)
t m

( hand )

by T hom as R. Beyer, Jr., Ph;D.


B a r r o n s E d u c a tio n a l S e rie s,.In c .

(button)


Second Edition

by Thom as R. Beyer, Jr., Ph.D.


Professor of Russian
Middlebury College, Vermont

, 1,

.
.

,
.

BARRONS


. .

. 154


7
1 ............................... 7
........................................................... 18
18

2 ?

. 28

3
4
5
6
1
8
9
10

( 1 ) ? .................................28
............................ 37
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......................................... 59
............................................. 69
.......................................................... 79
.............................................................. 92
, , , ,
..........................................................100
11 ................................. 112

......................................... 120
12 ................................. 120
13 ........................................................... 126

. . . 135
14 , /, ....................... 135
15 ................................. 146

For Dorothea, Cahna, Stefanie and Alexandra.


Special ihanks to all my Russian friends and the
millions more who learn English so that they can
better understand us.

Cover and book design: MiUon Glaser. Inc.


Illustrations: Juan Suarez
C opyright 2007. 2000 by B arron's Fducational Scries, Inc.
AH rights reserved.
No part o f this book may be reproduced in any form, by photostat,
niicronirn. xerography, or any other means, or incorporated into any
intbrm alion retrieval system , electronic or m echanical, w ithout (he
written perm ission o f the copyright owner.

AU inquines should he addressed to:


B an o n 's Educational Scries, Inc.
250 W ireless Boulevard
Hauppauge. NY 11788

h{ip:/Avww.l)arn}nseduc.('om

..............................................161
16 , , . . 161
17 1',
..............................................174
18 .......................................................... 183
19 ................................. 191
20 ..........................................196
21
.......................................................... 202
22 ............................. 209
23 "", "
" "" 215
24 ................................. 222

............................. 226
25
26
27
28
29

.............................................................. 226
............................................................234
......................................................240
, , . . . 245
!..................................................256

..............................................258
- .....................269

IS B N -13: 978-0-7(>4 N3623-8 (btH>k only)


IS B N -10: 0-7641 -3623-2 (book only)
IS B N -13: 9 7 8 -0 -7 6 4 1-93(K)-2 (book and audio C D package)
ISBN-10: 0-7641-9300-7 (book and audio CD package)
Library o f C ongress C ataloging-in-Fublication N um ber 2006042956

Library o f Congress Cataloging-in-Fublication Data


Beyer. Thom as R.
(Uchite angliiskii bystro i veselo] / by Thom as R. Beyer, Jr.
2nd ed.
p. cm.
C over title: Learn English the fast and fun way
IS B N -13: 978-0-7641-3623-8 (alk. paper)
IS B N -10: 0-7641-3623-2 (alk. paper)
ISBN-13; 978-0-764l-93(K)-2 (alk. p a p e r: book and cds)
IS B N -10: 0-7641-9300-7 (alk. paper : book and cds)
1. English language Com position and exercises. 2. English
language Textbooks for foreign speakers Russian. I. Title.
II. Title: Learn English the fast and fun way.
PE1129.S4B477 2007
4 2 8 .2 4 9 1 7 1 dc22
PRIN TED IN CHINA
9 8 7 6 5 4 3

2006042956
2

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Learn
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VOWELS
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in car

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in ocean

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ch in c h e c k
d in d e n ti s t

f in farm

g in g a m e

g in g e r m

h in h o m e

h in h o u r

J in jar

in k i s s

I in

m in m u s i c

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s h in s h o w

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t in t o m o r r o w

t h in t h e

t h in t h i n k

V in v a c a t i o n

w in w e e k e n d

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(GUEfing)

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()

(-}

Getting to Know People


dels)

(kon-VERS)

1 Lets Converse
:

,
-,
.

, , , ,
. ,
. .
(ai)

(SUT-keis-e.\)

Good morning, sir. I am looking for my suitcases.


,

(O-kei) (uats)

(yor)

ineim)

O.K. W hats your name?


.

(mai)

My name is Ivan Godunov.


1'.

(uer)

((Iicl)(yii) ()

Where did you come from?

I came from Russia.


1!
(uat)

1.

(iz) (ze) (NOM-her)

(floit)

What is the number of your Alight?

(Sri)

(fram)

(HON-dreJ)

Flight three hundred and three, from Moscow.


,
() (()-!)

(pliz)

One moment, please.


,

* : , .

; .
, .

. . (Please print.)

, sir. I am looking for my

O.K. What is
Ivan Godunov.

Wliere

from
What is the

of your
303,

VIoscow.

One moment,

.
?
, ? 1________________
: " "?
?______________________________
?

, , .
"," ?

, , 1
, .

MRS. JONES

(hau) ()
Ivan! How are you?
?
(he-LO) (itet)

IVAN

iSenks)

Mrs. Jones! Hello. Well, thanks, and you?


. , ,

a ?

*0sn3|d t * * UIOJ| [ * * Uj 9Aj| ] t


tlUOJj j q o iy "

SI OUn?U

. noX o p t

tosnojins tSuiUJOUI pOOQ :i4D0dU0f{ *OSRO|d

SI ouuni

! tSSSBOJinS oUUUOlU pOOQ

(VE-ri)

(Seiik)

Very well. Thank you. Are you on vacation?

MRS. JONES

.
(uiS)
IVAN

(cm) (vei-KEI-shon)

(niai)(FAM-mi-li)

(naif)

(DO-ter)

(ail) (m-iro-DUS)

Yes, with my family: my wife, my daughter and my son. Ill introduce you,
,

(Tl-cher)

Vera, Mrs. Jones, my teacher.

(plizd)
VERA

: i

(niit)

Pleased to meet you.


.
(seim) (hir)

MRS. JONES

The same here.


1.

. ""?_____________________________________
2. , / ?
3. " ", ?

4. , ?

.
(ek-SKYUZ)(mI)
EMPLOYEE

(fu-MA-ro)

Excuse me, your suitcases are arriving tomorrow.


,

IVAN

(a-RA/V-ing)

Oh, no!

Thank you!

, !

.
( UE L -a mi )

EMPLOYEE

Youre welcome.
.

(gud-BAI)
IVAN

Goodbye!
.
(si)

EMPLOYEE

Goodbye, Ill see you tomorrow.


.

1.

1 (>1 poscoitj't?

'Z

5. - ""?
6. ?
7. - ""?
8. "", ?
9. - " "?_______________
0. . ?
,
11. good, sir, morning_______________________________________
2. name, your, whats?
3. in Russia, 1 liv e ___
14. please, moment, one
15. you, are, how?____
16. suitcases, my, I am, for, looking

Remember
te

CJa.

(EIR-port)

(em-FLO!-i)

the airport

the employee

sasG O jm s Xiu \ S u i > i o o | \ -9 x

^.noy^ 3JB /\ '5 1


'II

*3SRD|d 3U Q ' p \

*MO.uoiuo) noX

33S i i j *01

a X q p o o Q

'R i s s n ^ UI 0 \ ] \ I ^1

*5

* (.\

10

^.3LURU Jn0;{
*noj^ ^

'Z l
4 0

SUIUJOILI pOOQ

iSUT-keis-ez)

the suitcases

(-NArr-ed) (steits)

the United

States

ifiait)

the flight
( )

(HOS-harul)

(son)

(DO-ter)

the husband

the wiife

the son

the daughter

the family

(RA-sha)

Russia

II


-S -ES
:
(flait)

(flairs)

(DO-ter)

(DO-terz)

(cherch)

(CHER-chez)

flight, flights

daughter, daughters

church, churches

11 -Y ,
-Y -I -ES.
:

(Sl-ti) (Sl-tiz)

(KON-tri)

(KON-triz)

city, cities

country, countries

-Y ,
-S.
(DON-ki)

(DON-kiz)

donkey, donkeys

(ki)

(kiz)

key, keys

(boi}

bov

(MO-Zer)

mother

(FA-Zer)

father

(ho-TEL)

hotel

12

(FLAU~er)

flower

(haus)

house

(fur)

, ,

. : = foot, = feet; = man,
= men; = woman, = w'omen; = child,
= children.

and
, ,

. 1 {
", , "
. :,
. ,
.
(UO-man}

(hitk)

(AP-elj

woman book

an apple

.
1.

flower

4.

egg

7.

father

2.

husband

5.

flight

8.

employee

3.

orange

6.

book

9.

arm

'8 /, "9

13

UB> UB{;:

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.
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{1
1}
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2.

3.

5,

lU.^URSI^lC

14

SnOl| ! 17 ']

(tok)

Ui-BAT)

iREL-a-vz)

LETS TALK ABOUT RELATIVES ((


.
.
{!-}

----------------(JO-sef)

\|

Marv
-

Joseph

(GREND-ma-Zer)

( GREND-fa-Zer)

grandmother \

grandfather

iTA-mes)

(je-RI-.sa)

(pofj

(an)

Thomas

rheresa

Ann

Paul
IToF

(ON-keli

( )

the uncle

the aunt

the father

the mother

the husband

the wife

the husband

the wife

(jon)

>

(MAR-Sa)

(Pl-ter)

(SU-zen)

John

j
\jj

Martha

Peter

Susan

the cousin

the son

the daughter

(BRA-Zer)

(SfS-ter)

the brother

the sister

(COS-in)

the cousin

(-kel)

Michael

.4

?
I. Joseph is Thomass father

3. Paul is Marys

2. Theresa is Thomass

4. Susan is Peters

lajsis "t? uosj:

15

:u! ll!d

5. Ann is Marthas

7. Paul is Peters

6. Theresa is Marthas

8. Ann is Josephs

?
ia-RAlVS)(uiS) (hiz)

( YORK)

(luks)

Ivan arrives with his family in New York on a flight from Moscow, He looks for his suitcases.

(klerk) (sez)

The clerk says, Good morning, sir. Your suitcases are arriving tomorrow.
lOBOpHI

(gild)

(j;rlf)

(uiS-)

Good grief! says Ivan, In New York and without suitcases!


!

(livz)

(TU-ri.st)

Ivan lives in Russia. His name is Ivan Godunov. He is a tourist. The teacher, Mrs. Jones,

(PEI-shent)

(nil) (hI)(e-NO-Zer) (dei)

arrives and says, Ivan, how are you? Be patient. Tomorrow will be another day!

Ivan arrives with his family.


;
New York
1. Ivan arrives in Russia.
Moscow

arrives
3. Mrs. Jones looks for Be patient.
says

lives
2. Ivan looks for his suitcases,
says

teacher
4. Mrs. Jones is Ivans daughter.
mother

! s^uBAi SI s 3 u o f sjjA] * ?
s o s n n i m s siij j o j s> |o o | u b a j ' z

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16

sX es s a u o f 'SJi^[
:s3 D u a ju o s

jsqjoiu

-9

junc *5

.
1. son

4.

2. 11

5. father

3. donkey

6. flower

.
employee

4.

flight

2.

house

5.

orange

3.

apple

6.

book

, .
( re-tR-jer-ei-tor)

the refrigerator

the toilet

(stov)

(STER-uei)

the stove
'

(sink)

the stairway

the sink

(BAS-tnb)

the bathtub

{Kl-chen}

the kitchen

iBAS-ntm)

the bathroom

iK lA-zet)

iSO-fa}
8

the clo.set
|( )

(bed)

the bed

{-^} ()

{BED-}

the bedroom

(cher}

the chair

the garden
{ IN-do)

the window

the (18
11>1

(!)
the door

the hallway

iHOL-uei)

*9 un v.'f
siO M oy *9

sjqiG j

17

sX oq f?

s^<3>|uop

uTT'i :uvJt)V
so ijio

s u o s \

:s |6 jn ] < |

(e-RM-vel)

Arrival
(FAIND-hig)

(ho-TEL)

On Finding a Hotel

(, , )
, .
the .
the mother
the mothers

the flight
the flights
, ?
:
_____________

the uncle
the uncles

You

"" "". you


. How are you? -
, . you .
()

(YUS-fel)

(uerdz)

SOME USEFUL WORDS


(TA-ksi)

(pei)

(get) (am) (af)

taxi

to pay

to get out of

osT?oiins 0 }

18


. ,
11 .

.

ARRIVAL

(gest)

{EN-ter)

to enter

The guest arrives at the hotel in a taxi.


1' ^

iPiz}

He pays and gets out of the taxi. He enters the hotel,

to arrive
and speaks with the clerk at the desk

to speak, to talk

the desk

(du)

THE CLERK

(lumt)

Good morning, sir. Do you want a room?

(SIN-gel)

THE GUEST

Yes, please, a single room with bath.

the double bed

(DO-hel)

(a ) A room with a double bed.


(ME-ni) (naits)
THECLERK

For how' many nights?


cyroK

Ha

(SPEN-ding)

THE GUEST

(del)

For one. I am spending only one day in the city.


Ha

(nil}

THE CLERK

{0-}(} (uik)

THE GUEST

How long will you be in New York?


(hi-KAUZ)

THECLERK

(BIZ-nes)

Only one week. Because of business.


(Zats)

(nt)

(uef)

/
(ken) (help)

Oh, thats too bad. Well, if I can help you, please tell me.
Ax,

the room

19

. [
.
.
.

SPEAK

I speak

vve speak

you speak

you speak

he

oil

she

they speak

speaks

it

.
-s he, she, it.
,
.
(lern)

to want

1. I

to learn English.

xoieib
(uach)

to buy

2. You

a new watch.

to pay

3. He

for the hotel.

to stay

4. She

in New York.

(ER-port)

to arrive

5. We

at the airport.

to speak

6. They

English verv well

>[G9ds*9 OAUJP'S

sXrjs*|7 srcI y

20

iukm' j

,
, .
.

single room, please.

{)
room for two, please.

I want a room with a bath.

A room with a single bed, please

How is it?

0 1 ?

(pei)

Do I pay now?
11 1>?

(IN-said)

1want an inside room.


( )

(AUT-said)

outside
1 ( )

21

iSOM-Sing)

If You Want to Ask for Something


'1 ( ) .
, - . Do you w a n t. . . ?

Are there any inside rooms?


Do you want to buy a watch?
Bbl

X O T H ie

Is there a single bed in the room?


Do you want a double bed?
.

(ki)

(BEL-hop)

(JAlS-il

the bellhop

the lobbv

the key

(el-e-VEI-ter)

iKE-n)

to carry

the elevator

( )']

22

(Ml-rer)

(sink)

(U/N-do)

the mirror

the window

(TAU-el)

the sink

the towel

(SO-fa)

(TOY-let)

the bed

the sofa

the door

the toilet

B an

There is, there are =


Is there, are there? = ?
:

Are there inside rooms?


Yes, there are inside and outside rooms.

23

Is there an inside room?


Yes, there is an inside room.

There is Is there
1 .
, There are Are there.
: Is there? Are there?
1. (bed) Is there a bed in the room?
2. (dresser)
7

3. (closets)
4. (sofa)

5. (windows)
(hau)

(moch)

(ME-ni)

How Much? How Many?


?

, "".
How' much
. How'many
.
11: How' much soup do you want?

(fiaits)

For how many nights do you want the room?


./'

, ; How much?
(doz)

(koxt)

How much does the room cost?

How much is the room?

- ,
, , .
iken)

(sho}

Can you show me how to use the shower?


nojn>30BaTbCH

.

^. } UI S/WOpUIM
'S

(.lllOOi

111 n j o s ? SJ *|7

^LUOOJ 1 UI s p s o p } '

24

^.UIOOJ 1 III JSS9p SJ

-, \V h atisit? = \V h oisit? . ; I I 1 8 ...

\Vhat 18 ?

18

$!.

4.

18 gue8t.

\ \ ( ) 18 !

2.

:>| 81 11
)( 81 9

81

111 1 81 )1I

81 1?

! *! \

01 81

25

01|3 8[

} 81

JOJJI 81 II

1. What is it?

. Robert

2. How many nights are you staying?

B. My family is with me.

3. Where do you live?

C. I live in New York.

4. How' many dressers are there?

D. There is one.

5. When are the suitcases arriving?

E. It is a shower.

6. Who carries the suitcases?

F. Tomorrow.

7. What is his name?

G. The bellhop.

8. Why do you want a large room?

H. One.


.
When the taxi arrives at the
hotel, the guest pays and gets out.
iSrn)

He enters the hotel through the

door. At the check-in desk he


speaks w'ith the clerk.
He says that he wants an inside room with a single bed. The clerk gives him the

(teiks)

key and the guest takes the elevator. When he arrives at his floor, he enters his
(ARM-cher)

room. In the room there is a bed, a dresser, and an armchair. In the bathroom

(hot)(UA-ter)

there is a toilet, a bathtub, a mirror, and a shower. But there is no hot water.
! lo

8*8

VL

0*9

d S

Q 't

26

U Z

n fd n u

(tru)

(fols)

: TRUE FAI^SE.
-

1. The guest arrives home.


2. He speaks to the clerk. _
3. The guest wants an outside room.
4. The guest takes the elevator to his floor
5. There is hot water in the room.

1. () ( ) .
2. () .
3. () .
4. () .
5. () .

1()001 1s:>ll39ds (3l|S) *s *b3St?0JinS 3L]J'(oqs)


xcj JO s5sS (sqs) ' ]|
(5) *Z U
spuods (8) ' :nt:d
S

1j *

27

*I

(PLEI-ses)

PLACES
OF
INTEREST

{FAIN-ding}

iyor)

(net)

ifut}

Finding Your Way on Foot


()

" ?" " ...?"


" ?"
1 ,
.

,
.

.

(strh)

ON THE
STREET

straight



.
( of the city),
-,

,
.

(OF-is)

to the left

city block

post office

()

f }

Excuse me, M'here is

(niiu-ZI-em)

(art)

the Museum of Art?

to the right

HN-ter-sek-shon)

J'L

intersection

(streii)

Go straight ahead

28

{a~LONG}

(strh)

m<E-fek}i,lait)

along this street up to the traffic light.


0

ikon-Tl-nyu)

Then, turn right and continue to the post

office. At the corner by the post office,

(tu)

(mor)

(hlaks)

turn left and continue two more blocks.

ia -G V E N )

{for}

T\irn left again and continue four more

(FAR-ma-si)

'

pharmacy

blocks. Then turn left again and continue


(iz)

(yor)

one more block. The museum is on your left.


().


. ,
:

traffic light

(Zis)

But, Ivan, this is the hotel!

WHERE ARE THE PEOPLE AND THINGS?


,
-. ,
. .
(TEI-bel)

()

the cat

the table

inir)

on

near

far from

29

in front of

(hi-HAIND)

(nekst)

behind

next to

""
. is are , ,
. ;
The cat is on the table.
The cat is near the table.
The cat is far from the table.
.
(haus)

the bov

the house

? .

1.

2.

4.

5.

6.

, . ?

0J JX3U9

JB3U S

f?

U0

JO )UOJ) Ul

^ 1 10\ 3 t r j

30

'Z

pujqsq

. ,
1 .
:

walk = , walk = ,
drink = , drink =

" " -,

" " -,

I walk.
I take a walk.
I go for a walk.
I drink.
I have a drink.

, . .

()

(a-LONG)

(strlt)

(luk)

go for a walk along the street

no

look at the picture

1. (They)

(drink)

(FIK-sher)

2. (We)

(milk)

drink th e m ilk

walk

3. (They)

4. (She)

01

s5i|GM s q s 17

>(|riu >|uup :

ajnioid } jb >[oo[ ;

31

>(|\);'

(snwk)

(Sl-ga - rets)
()

smoke cigarettes

knock on the door

6. (H e)_________

5. (They)______

. ,
-, . :

They go for a walk,


They take a walk.
They walk.

He , (
), - .
They drink the milk.
They have a drink of milk.
have - 1'. "
() " "".
" " : We
lookAVe are looking at a/the picture. We walk //^ the street "
( )".
.
1. .

2.

3. .

p a jjs aqi ] 5(]\ j


asnoq } s>[0 0 [ 'Z
p a jjs SuojB
jo j oS [! " :.1, 1
joop U0 s5jDOu>] '9

32

>(05 'S

(SUfi-jekt)

(FHO-naims)

Subject Pronouns
->1

(ai)

1. I

(hl)

(sill)

2. John = he

3. Mary = she

(hu)

III!)

4. Who are you?

5. Joseph. Joseph and I = we.

(Zei)

6. Ann. Ann and I = we.

1. Frank and Peter = they.

8. Rose and Susan = they.

9. Rose and you = joM.

1 . you
. he, .she, it
. , , = he; ,
= she; , , = It.
(
).

This or That

this and that


.
. ( ).
, , = THIS


= IHESE

this house
this book
this window

33

these houses
these books
these windows

10 =

= THOSE

THAT

those houses
those books
those windows

that house
that book
that window

; ]
. ,
"" "".

this these.
(LEI-di)

1.

hotel

5.

house

3.

lady

7.

(Ml-rors)

2.

4.

keys

6.

drink

8.

mirrors

! A that those.
1.

sister

3.

coffec

5.

rooms

4.

grandfather 6.

uncle

7.

beds

cousins

8.

daughter


1.

is in ( house. (1 )

2.

is 1 1 house. (1 1)

3.

are in the house, (the mother and the daughter)

4.

in 1 5. (1 1 and 1 8 0 )

5.

in the house. ( and I)

6.

18 1 1 8. ()

89 *5
'8
8

1 /,
81

^'

*9
} "9

81

)
81

81

34

* :,11
-1
8

'1

)
1 X

:801
8141

(YUS-fel)

(uerdz)

Useful Words

(MU-vi) (Sl-e-ter)

church

market

bank

movie theater

'

(SAID-ucdk)

(bat)

(NUZ^stand)

sidewalk

store

to buy

newsstand

rporyap

, ,
, .
The Godunov family is walking on the sidewalk. The father wants to buy a
(NUZ-pei-per)

newspaper at this newsstand, and the mother w'ants to look at those stores.
(CHIL-dren)

The children of this family are walking next to their mother. On the street,

there are a movie theater and a bank. The daughter, Teresa, and the son, Mark,
i f rut)

buy fruit at the market. The father is smoking a cigarette, but the mother and

35

the children dont smoke. The familys house is not near. It is far away, in the
{KON-tri-said)

countryside, near a church.


-; ? ? True/False?
1. The family is walking through the countryside.______________
2. The father buys a newspaper at the newsstand.______________
3. The mother looks at a picture.______________

.
1.

4.

7.

2.

5.

8.

3.

6.

9.

1-

3siRj-i

36

'1/

(tranz'por'-TEl-shen)

(04)

Public Transportation

(teik)

(RE!-di-o)

Lets take a taxi to Radio City.


.

No. It costs lot.


. ().
(SAB-uei)

Then, lets take the subway.

(in-kon-VI-ni-ent)

No, it is inconvenient.
,

Then, lets take the bus.


,

37

19/

8
lake. It costs, the subw ay, incon v en ien t, H o w m uch. We are g etting off. T il let you know , th ese N ew Yorkers are

AVO{]

anu^A Y m x j s u o

o ip i? > | j n

i)iu i^snDxg
;o8

->i o
SI I! ON

3J|B} s,j3i u a q i
01B

ON

/(J! 3 o|pt?H oj ixBj B

sjo iT B H tf i \ 3 m B H H H if H x o d x o a n g

s .ja i

sw d o iO M

K H iis jK B d iq a

t^ a o ir o a i ' i a B x o g

IMOOLIO3uis
s^jai i\3q[iRa >|uups,}3^1 :d3WHduBH BirojRii.i aHXHHH(|)HH ooiirii (sn jaq)
oaoiro
Koi3KirgodxoiiX hmohhitjhb- ou 'cfM, h wsBdJHo axHuaBir tMot/HOu wstrsou,, sxesb^o ngoxh
|lll.M(J()H-OISH HlC

OMiUBIldll

j a j B s j a > [ j o ; ^ A\9|ij a s a q j

a\ o h

HVHM

(swu)
wotroot/ bl''Xj. iqw bITjom

Xm<e>io imbh omodox

3 J 3 q j j a S 3 M u a q M a v o u 5| n o ^ j a j h j

H lfJ X H t/O O

(OU)
WHt/oxHti

iq|^

o ip R H J B .y o S u ijjijg a jB a ^ v
flOlHOTl

lK D O lrM J.B Il

derfirou'

^wooXgo.i.ae <ixexo xhoxd om*ii:om3

jSAfJci aqx

hhh 'o

vfyy JBIIOP V
(^v-va)

HVHM

H ir-IlH l/o e

uidhXlt?>kou ai.HHHat|^

; , s n q a m a p u o j } s o o j i s a o p q a n u i A v o fj * ^ u i a s n a x g

H V en

(p mj )

a o ^g o iu m g
jHLTJXOOU

oinodox

; o s . j a j - ^ o

H vaH

(YUS-feh

(uenlz)

Useful Words

(in

(drink)

(ran)

to eat

to drink

to run

(CHOK-let)

(SO'da)

chocolate bar

soda, soft drink

to catch

(kech)

: ,
, ; , , ; , .
, .
, -8
-8.
.
leat.

1 drink.
She

I run.
They

Question Words

, .
, .
()

Who?

What?

How?

How much?


u n j S>(UUp SIB3

39

()

When?

{uai)

Why?
()

Where?

,
1.

does the train leave?

2.

cant we go to San Francisco?

3.

is that man?

4.

is in this box?

5.

does this cost?

6.

are you, Jane?

7.

is the hotel?

TALKING TO THE CONDUCTOR


bus stop

line ( )

.
, .
.
.
. . ,
(bookstore) ( of the city).

17

'S

'^ U34AVI

40

/ (Entrance/Exit) (- token
booth), (subway or metro ).
subw'ay, metro. ,
; We are tourists.

metrocard/ticket
]|/

,
Where is the bus stop?

( raid)

How much does a ride cost?

{rdd}

Do I need a metrocard?

Where do I buy a metrocard?

( long)

rhe line is very long.


.

ihev)

(ueit)

Do you have to w'ait long?


?

41

()

(neksl)

When is the next bus coming?


K'oi

(shucJ)

(get)

(nan)

Should I get out now?

Identifying Yourself and Others


,
"" (to be). "" ,
. " " I am student. " " They are
tourists.
to be. .

TO BE
I am
You are
He
She
is
It

We are
You are
They are

, .
()
. ( ).
I am tourist.
(m a n )

I am

I am

tourist.

man.

iUO-man)

woman.

guest.

(AR-tist)

(FA-ren-er)

an artist.

foreigner.

42

1 , . ,
. , , .
tob e
1. I

tourist.

2. The women

Americans,

3. We

foreigners.

4. He

an American.

5. They

tourists.

6. ,

not Russian,

togo.
1. We

to the museum.

2. 8

to the market.

3.

to the .

4. I

to 1 hotel.

5. They

, ( = to).

()

0 'J7

5 0 Z

08

10U '9

43

SI

3JB

3JB 'Z

*1

aq

GOING, GOING...
He
"
" " ".

to go
,

the bank
the church

( ).
PROGRESSIVE TENSE
I am going

I _____________

You are going

You

He Is going

He

She is going

She

It is going

It

We are going

We

You are going

You

the hotel

the house

the museum

the market
They are going

They

the movie
theater

/ = I go I am going.
/ =

/ =

(RA-sha)

Ivan and Masha are in New York. They are tourists they are from Russia. They
1'
(Ll-tel)

speak little English. They go to the bus stop and they wait on line. When the bus

(get) (an)

(of)

arrives, they get on. They get off at the bus stop in front of the museum. They go

ouioS

og 91 :\

44

? \

in and they look at the paintings. Afterwards they go to the subway entrance.
'

They look at the map of the city and they buy two metrocards and go to a supermarket

near their hotel. There they buy fruit and milk.

.
are
1. Juan and Maria is from Spain.
am
little
2. They speak good English.
no
goes
3. They go
to the bus stop,
is going

To take the bus


in the bedroom.
4. They wait on line.
in the bank.

behind
5. They get off far from the museum.
in front of

metrocards.
7. They buy two tickets.
paintings.

the back
6. They go to the entrance of the subway.
the exit

the restaurant.
8. They go to the movies.
the supermarket.

, .
1. , ?

2. - : .

X 'Z
*8

SpJBOOJpiU

aOUtJUO *9

45

|0 U 0 J J U I*

*-^

';

pJB30JJ3UI V 1

3. , :
4. ? At th e __________________ .

BE TOGO:
1. Ann and I _________________________tourists.
2. S h e_________________________an American.
3. I _________________________ to the market.
4. W e_________________________women.
5. W e_________________________to the movies.
6. 1_________________________ a foreigner.
7. You________________________ men.
,
.
1. ?
2. ?
3. ( )?
4. ?
5. ?
6. ?

^\ ( 1) JJO
J p in o q s 9 i,Ji 'S ^ . Xnq oj [ o q 'p
^ ( ) JIX3 oqj si \ ^ snq JX9U s q j saop uaq/V\ ' z ^d ojs snq oqi s^ojoq^^ { iBMl/toou
9 u io 8 o ?'|7 S u io o U ib o 3 s | . ' [ o 8 o j o q o x
dois snq p

46

XI X a

t'

i taim)

5 Time and Numbers

WHAT TIME IS IT?


?

, ; ?
ITO-ki-o)

(EN-ker-ech)

(Nu YORK)

(PA-ris)

(MOS-kau)

Tokvo

Anchorage

New York

Paris

Moscow

(nain) (o-KLOK)

(Sri)

(eit)

{l u m }

(Sri)

nine oclock

three o clock

eight o clock

one oclock

three oclock

, .
(kcnmt)

How to Count in English


-

. ,
.
1. ( )

8. eight fwo

2. tw o f /M ^ _

9. ninernflwj

3. three (Snj

1 0 . i ^ n (tert)__

4.

11. eleven

O\lY(for)_

5. five (/(>)

12. twelve fme/v;__

6. six (siks)

13. thirteen

1. seven

14. fourteen

47

(SEK lin)

15. fifteen (FIF'tin)

18. eighteen (tv-wi)

16. sixteen

19. nineteen (//)

17. seventeen iSE-ven-tin)

20. twenty (TUEN-ti)

, ? . 1 5.
6 10, 1 10. 10-15, 11-16, , 15-20, 10-20
1-20. -, 13, 14 . . + , +
. , .

More Numbers
1'

. ,
+ , + . .
twentv-one
twenty-two
twenty-three
*

twenty-seyen
twenty-eight
twenty-nine

twenty-four
twenty-fiye
twenty-six

iSlKii)

(1) "|" thirty (30): 31,


32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39.
"" forty (40): 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49.
"" fifty (50): 51, 52, 53, 54, 55,
56, 57, 58, 59, "" sixty (60).
" ".

It is ten after six

It is twenty after seyen

4S

It is twenty-one to nine

It is one fifteen

It is two thirty

It is three fortv-five

It is quarter past one

It is half past two

It is quarter to four

- " ". ", ",


. . : Its one o clock, its two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, ten, eleven,
twelve o clock. , , " ", : Its ten after two ( ). after:
" " - Its twenty after four. ,
. - " ". - Its ten to
three. to: " " - Its twenty to six.

It is twelve o clock a.m,

It is twelve o clock p.m.

(mm}

{MID-nait}

It is noon.

It is midnight.

49

, " "
" ". , - Its one o clock on the nose " ",
one o clock sharp "" () one o clock on the dot " ".
, : a . m ., , ,
P.M ., . : in the morning ; in the
afternoon; in the evening ; at night .
;

It is .seven o clock in the morning.


It is five o clock in the afternoon.
It is eleven o clock at night.

( . 10:00 .
, 5:00 . . 10:00 . , 5:00 .
.)

(UA-ches)

Watches

[ .
, : two twenty-seven, three forty-five, six fifty-one.
, 8:00
1:00 . . . p . m . ,
.
08:10

Eight ten .

9:20

10:30

11:40

12:50
2:05

P.M.

Two fiv e p .m .

1:00
3:15

4:25

5:35

6:45

7:55

8:05

9:10

10:15

11:20

12:25

Nine twenty A.M .

A.M.

50

1:30

One P.M.

, .
1. 2:24

7. 8:20 _

2. 3:58

8. 1:14 .

3. 4:12

9. 9:17 .

4. 5:30

10. 10:35

5. 6:15

. 11:01

6. 7:45

12. 12:13

MAN Excuse me, sir. W hat tim e is it?


IVAN

(PIK-po-ket)
The pickpocket

Its m idnight.

(lait)
MAN How can that b e? I t s still light out!

IVAN

(rail)
You are right. It m ust be noon.

MAN

Thats more like it. Are you feeling OK?


(just)
IVAN Yes, its ju st that I am from Russia and my English is not too good.
, , 410
( tu e lv )

MAN Well, at twelve noon it is daytim e, and at twelve m idnight it is dark.


Remember that! By the way, do you want to buy a watch? They are
( e k - S P E N - s iv )

not expensive.

1\ .lojjT? sajnuiui u aa y iq j ' z i | jsjjt; sjnuiui auo -


oj sajnuiui - 1 .\\1 ()!
sajnujui ]
sajm nm u aa y n o j -g jqSia jayi? 8)| !
-X yoj -9
U 3 3 ijy x is -c
/!1 {7 in o j sajninui | 1
jn o j ' o m j O M U 3jjBS3in u |u ian o j-/(]u o M i-i

51
I__

IVAN

No, thank you. I have one. B u t . . . it is lost!


M AN

Here it is. I am an honest pickpocket!


Remember

When you travel, you can get confused.


(III-D

iY E S - tc r - d e i)

E I)

Yesterday, W ashington, D.C. Today,

(tu-MO-ro)
Boston. Tomorrow, Chicago.

W here are we now?

- ""?

- ""?

""?

(to) (after) - 1
"" ( quarter to three, quarter after four).
(h e f)

(thirty or h alf past). , :


six-thirty, h alf past six, three-thirty, h alf past three.

4:30

4:45

4:15

3 A y o u 9 v r e n b K jn o 4 .i3 )} B J3 W T ? n b B .m o |i s t ? d 4 i B 4 J o X u m j - j n o j ^ ,3 H h .

52

m o jjo u io j

/( c p ja js o X

X t;poj

24- , , 14:05,
21:15. , . (-) p . m . (-)
.
,
. 70 - seventy, 80 - eighty, 90 -
ninety. -?

1. 45

2. 27

3. 94

4. 68

5. 22

6. 36

7. 53

8. 71

(kon-TRAK-shens)

Contractions

,
.
:
(etx)
it is = its

(aim)

1 =
(yur)

(itir)

you are = yo u re

vve are = w ere


(Zer)

(sMz)

she is = shes

they are = th eyre

(hiz)

he is = hes

is not = isnt

does not = doesn t

are not = arent

do not = d ont

xis-A yjiiJ '9

jqf?|3-Xjxis *|7

53

.moj-;{j3ii!u

-;<1 '8 - /,
u3.\3S-/(iu3, v \ i - Xu o j X

:
1. am =

6. They are = _

2. Id o not =

7. They are not ;

3. You do not = ,

8. We are = ___

4. H eis = _____

9. I am not = __
10. Itis = ______

5. She is not =

Another Verb
, ""
( I have the honor) (
I have ten dollars).
(hev)
TO HAVE
I have

we have

you [lave

you have

he

(hez)

she

has

( ).

they have

it

to have.
1. 1 do not

a watch.

2. Do you

$ 10.00 ?

4. She

a chocolate bar.

5. He

(KON-tri) (Itaus)
a country house.

(ten) (DA-lerz)

3. We

a room in the hotel.

have to , has to .
I have to go h o m e. S he has to sleep .

s rq -s

sv?q-(7

-j;

-i

s.J!*01 wuLu.i -6 .-8


).U3jeX 3n x / j 0U3j / 0i]X i

^ -9

J.usi a q s S

\ 't?

54

1.

J .u o p iY

: 11.

.
1. Do you have your suitcases?
2. Do you have a house in the country?
3. Do you have a watch?
4. Do you have a cat?

Ordinal Numbers
11

&

.
(Jlorz)

(BIL-cling)

The floors o f the building

, , ,
: lobby, ground floor.

(nainS)

(tenS)

ninth

tenth

(SE-venS)

seventh

(m

Do Ol
fo

fifth

(eiS)

eighth

(sikS)

sixth

iSinI)

(forS)

third

fourth

^
BoO&

(ferxl) (graund)

(SE-kend)

second

first / ground floor

JBD ( J ^ u o p I OU) 3ABq I 5 ' p

/(jjunoD UI asnoq ( j,u o p j ou) j

55

'Z

qOJBM ( J^ u o p I OU) I S3A '


sasBoims ( j,u o p ] ou) .. j j

(po-ZE-shen)

Possession
11

? ? ? ""
" " :
, .
(possessive), 1 s s .
(lai)

(CHfL-drenz)

Ipo)

M arys dress, Joh n s tie, the childrens room , the cats paw
:
1.
2. _
3.
4. _
s,
s .
the b oys books, the ladies room, the tourists hotel
Its my suitcase.

No, its not your suitcase.


.

Mine and Yours


, :
(nidi) (main) (yor) (yorz)
(hix) (her) (herz) (itx) (aur) (aurz.) (Zer) (Zen.)
my (m ine), your (yours), his, her (hers), its, our (ours), their (theirs).

s iia d

-j7

sasBD ijns

56

>|ooq s ^ u q o f j

, ( )
( ) ,
. .
, your ..
, m ine, yours ..
Is that my book?
Is that your book?

No, its m ine.


No, thats yours.

Is that his book?

No, it s not his.

Is that her book?

Yes, it s hers.

Are those our new spapers?


Are those their passports?

No, theyre not ours.


Yes, theirs are on the table.

I have my hat, you have yours.


1 , .

.
What time is it? the father asks his daughter.

Its three o clock, says the daughter.


When are you leaving for Chicago?


she asks her father.


At twenty after five, he answ ers.

W hat time is it?

The daughter a sk s_________ father a question.


He leaves for Chicago a t ____________________

( s a j n u u u ) ;<JU3/V\1 .I3l|

57

:
1.

= _____ son

. = _____ ticket

3. , , , _______________________________________ , ___ , _____ , _____ gr


4. [11 = ___________ house

, " ( ) - "?
at.

I get up at

I have lunch a t ,

I finish work a t .

I have dinner a t ______

I go to bed at

jn o

-p

iiaqi jnoX siq

58

jnoX

'z

;<iu "i

(trein)

(iri/))

A Train TVip
&

(REIL-rod)

(STEI-shett)

Railroad station

.
.
1 (express),
. (coaches).
(com partm ents). ,
(sleeping ).
,
(travel bureau), (ticket w indow),
(www.amtrack.com). . (d in in g ) (sn ack b ar). (luggage)
(luggage ).

59

(claim check),
(destination).
,
.

( F A l- n e - li)

NINA

Finally, here we are at G rand Central Station! Do we take an express


(chi--go)

train to Chicago?
(raiind) (trip)
BORIS

Yes, (To the clerk) How m uch does a round-trip ticket to Chicago
.

cost? We are four people.


CLERK

Do you w a n t a d ire c t t r a in ?

BORIS
CLERK

Yes, please.
Sleeper or coach?

BORIS

Coach, please.

He . ( the price o f the ticket.)

BORIS

When does the train leave?


-

CLERK

It leaves at 11:30 a . m .


- , (credit card).

60

?
.
1. , ? _______________________________________
2. ,
?___________________________________________________________
3. , ?________________
4. , -?,
5. , ?_____________________
6.

" "?_____________________________


.
1.

ticket window

A.

2.

to check luggage

B. -

3. to m ake a connection

C.

4. dining car

D.

5. boarding platform

E.

. luggage

7. round trip

G.

8.

H.

sleeping car

I.

9. to travel

-6
>| "s

uoipauuoD >( 01t?

-g

61

g-z,

-9

H-S a -f

vc

jt

-i

d u i piinoj "9
JBO u | d o 3 [ s u o u B u p s o p j : o n iiiia in .v iio d u

Taking a Trip
.

(SKE-dvui)

S C H E D U LE

Departure

Destination

New York
1135A

W asliington, DC

Arrival

Connection

Destination

Arrival

2 45P

3 55P

Chicago

30A

1. When does the train leave? At


2. When does it arrive in Washington, D C ?.
3. When does the train arrive in Chicago? _
4. Where do you have to change?_______
5. What time does the other train leave Washington, D C ?,
6.

What is your final destination?___________________

7. Will it be morning when you arrive in C hicago?,

01'9

-Wdseie'c

uojSuiqscAV >

62

wv()e:8-e

-w v e E :!!-!

.
.

1. to buy, ticket, I want, a, round-trip


2.

your, to check, you, luggage, have

3. the, leave, when, does, train?


4. a, Chicago, direct, train, there, is, to?
5. sleeping, want, compartment, 1, please, a
6.

dining, where, car, the, is?

7. change, do, trains, have, to, we?

More Verbs
1 . .
(un-dei-STAND)
to understand

(tern)
to learn

{set}
to sell

(hai)
to buy

(TKA-velj
to travel

I understand English, but he understands only Spanish.


We are learning English, and we learn how to say m any things.
They sell tickets at the station.
We buy our tickets at the station.
You travel to m any places. We are traveling to Chicago.

(,JGD Suiuip SI \ "9 'OSCajd 'JU3UIJJBdUIOO Suid931S JUKM 1


^,( uiBJi \
'! /< >| oj

63

(,SU|BJ) 01 OQ
^. 0) 1 SI ' f
io>)oij d u j-p u n o j /<!nq jubm i 4

Another Verb
. ,
, ies
TO FLY =
we fly

I fly
you fly
he
she
flies
it

you fly
they fly

! , ?
1. I dont understand the schedule.
2. They dont sell chocolate here.
3. We travel by train.
4. He learns a lot.
5. The hotel clerk understands Spanish.
6.

Anita goes to her room.

.
1. When w e __________ to Chicago, w e ___________by airplane, (travel, go)
2. If you do n o t__________ English, you will n o t__________ w'hat people say. (learn, understand)
3. T h ey __________ tickets at the theater, (sell)
4. We talk to Mr. Lopez because h e __________ Spanish, (understand)
5. Mr. Sm ith__________ to Washington, (go)
6.

Henry__________ a lot in school, (learn)

suiK3C9

sa o S 'S

spuinsjapun

ip s - g

64

pim isjapun |-j:

5?| 1

Additional Verbs

to return
to come back =

to return
to give back =

, .
, return .
peJe. ?
I. My family comes back tomorrow.
3. I return the ticket.
5. Shall we come back by train or by bus?

2. At what time do you return?


4. The porter gives back my suitcases.

ALLABOARD!
H a !

,
?
( .)

Departure

I. _____ ()

2. __ _________ N ( )

3. ________ ON ()

4. ______________ ()

5. _ _ ()

7. D ____R ______ ()

8.

. _____ _ ()
S __ T _ _ N ()

9. ___ V _ _ ()

10.

S ______ _ _()

II. __ ( )

12. _ _ ___ ()

H an iw d aa'z.

a o v o o v a '9

d i a l ll ainciHHDS'oi n o ix v is 8
H ia a a 's H io o a 't ' N O iivN JiisaaT

65

UEI-iing)

(POR-ter)

waitin} room

porter

HOCHJIbllUIK

train

schedule

passenger

luggage cart

railway platform

Continuous Tense


, , .
" " ,
^ to be -ing. - I
speak, 1 am sp eak in g. .

walks to the store.

He is walking to the store.

Is he w alking to the .store?

You visit your aunt.

You are visiting your aunt.

A re you visiting your aunt?

66

.
: S he sells. S he is selling. Is she selling?

1. He reads.

He

he

3. We travel.

We

we

4. You learn.

You

you

5. They go.

They

th ey,

2. I walk.

TO GIVE =

?
I. I give chocolate bar to my daughter.

2. The clerk gives a ticket to the traveler.


3. The girls give a flower to their mother.

4. Lets give the baggage check to the porter.

5. You should give a tip to the porter.


.'

1 -g
' iv set/
..
^ iu io S "oUjoS 3JB
^ \ ' !

/, 1 1 1 ^[[ \ J

67

' /^,''
ndshoir ' '
: ;;)
* <,3| no;( 3J ' (?

U I> |[B .V \ I ' Z

( , o U ip B 3 J S] ' Sj 3 f J [

Our fam ily arrives at the railroad


station. M y father goes to the ticket booth
and he buys tickets for our train trip.
After he pays, the clerk gives the tickets to
Dad and we go to the railway platform .

We take the train at two o clock in the


afternoon and we travel to Chicago on an
express train. W hen we arrive, we get off
the train and my father looks for our
luggage in the baggage car. He gives the
luggage check to the porter but, w hen
the porter gives back our luggage, my
father does not give him a tip. I d on t
(uai)
understand. Why?
11

Because it is not our luggage!


? .
1. We don't

Spanish, (to understand)

2. Tourists

at the ticket booth, (to pay)


. tiie luggage to the farniiy. (to give back)

3. The porter.
4. You
5. They

from the United States, (to be)


to the hotel, (to go back)

jo n q o g '

soAiS

68

/c d -j;

pucjsaapun ]

LEN-gua-jez)

L
Countries and Languages

, , -, .
-?
.
The Countries
(KA-na-da)
ios-TKEL-ya)
C anada.
A ustralia.
(fnms)
i!-)
France
C hina___
(greit BRI-tcii)
IJER-ma-ni)
G reat Britain
G erm any.
(ja-PAN)
Il-ui-li)
Japan _______
Italy____
IKO-xliaI
(MEKS-l-ko)
R u ssia ______
Mexico
(SUIT-ser-land)
Ispein)
Switzerland
Sp ain ___________
the United States

, ? :
W here i s _________________ ?
, : is_

I Speak

-, -1, .. : I
speak Russian, I speak English. .
(JER-numj
2. I speak German

I speak English

.....

A/>
Commonwealth of
Independent States
1-Russia
2-B elaras
3-M oldova
4-U krain e
5-A rm enia

/ :

70

7-Kazakhstan
8-U zbekistan
9-Turkm enistan
10-Kyrgyzstan
11-Tajikistan

6-Azefbailan 12.Georaia

J'\

>

3. I speak French

6.

(RA-shin)
5. I speak Russian

4. 1 speak Spanish

(chai-NIZ)
I speak Chinese

(ja-pci-NEEZ)

7. I speak Japanese

I am .
- ,
( ).
.

C ountry

United States

Russia

(Am erican) English

Russian

I am A m erican.
I am an Am erican.

I am Russian.
I am a Russian.

Language
.1

Nationality

, , .
. -
: I am Russian, I am Irish, I am Spanish, h es French, shes
German.
, , :
Russian, Frenchm an, etc. .

/.

I am

71

2.

/.

3.

/.

4.

/.

5.

/.

6.

/.

7.

/.

8.

/.

9.

/.

1*1

10. /.

11. /.

12. /.

13. /.

14. /.

01

'

''
sudfl 1 -1
^18 8!*^, 1'9 ^'^ *5 <^!3| ? 1|5'$:

72

15. /.

am

16. [/.

I am

17. /.

18. /.

I am

19. /.

am

I am

20. /.

am

? ,
.
(M-fel)(TAU-er)
Where is the Eiffel Tower?

2. Where is New York?


3. Where is Acapulco?
4. Where is Berlin?
5. Where is the Colosseum?
6.

Where is the Prado Museum?


( )

7. Where is the Thames River?

lu o jQ

XuBuiJOQ ui SI )j

'f

1 1^ ui SI JJ

^^!861

u j SI J i i

sajin s P ^liufi 1 ui si

URRiiRj^in-81

73

u r e d s u is iir 9

'z

ucjssny/,1

^ i c j i Wj S j i (

3 d u b j j u i si ' i : ( 1.1 0

qsiiod *91

UBiSavuoNSI

Another Verb
,
.

(du)

DO

Id o

we do

you do

you do

he
she

they do

docs

it

, .
You speak English.

Do you speak English?

You do not speak English.

He arrives today.

Does he arrive today?

He does not arrive today.

=
+ do + not +

=
do + +

.
1. They enter the hotel.
2. We have a reservation.
3. The room has hot water.

10 jo ii
u o ijB A ja s a j R j o u o p

^ u o i j b a j s s s j ? o q z

74

s a o p .1

j()4 l u o o j s q j

l3 jo q 9 q i l o u o p J 3 ju 9 /} o q i

More Numbers

, hundreds.
.
( )

(H O N -d re d )

two hundred _

six h u n d red __

IJieCTbCOT

three hundred

seven hundred

four hundred _

eight hundred _

five hundred

nine hundred

1101

iSAU-7.end}

one thousand

aJ'co.
hundred thousand and, and.
.
;

110

= one hundred and ten


one hundred ten

.
1. Ill
7.1776

2 . 222
8.

859

3. 333
9 .9 9 5

4 .4 1 5
10.2112

5 .5 1 3
11.3564

6.

647
12.4716

1 0 1- nineteen ninety-nine (19-99)


one thousand nine hundred ninety-nine. ,
, 1776, : seventeen seventy-six (17-76).


uaajxis puT? pojpunq uoass puBsnoqj jn o j ' z i Jnoj-;<jx!S pui? paipunif pucsnoq) sojqi
puc pajpunq puT?snoqi omj -qx -) put? pajpunq suiu
- put; j q g p 's
xis-Xju3A3s puB pajpunq U3.\3S puBsnoqj /, u3.\3s-Xyoj pun xis -9 uo3jjiqj pun p ajpunq
puK pajpunq .tnoj - f - ) pun paipunq 33 jq i omj-Xiuomj pun p sjp u n q o/v\j ' z
puB p s j p u n q -j

75

From Moscow to . . .
( )i .....

.
. ,
(m iles), .
. (
1.60 , = .62 .)

1. Is Moscow very far from Washington, DC? Moscow is

(muilz)
_miles from Washington, DC.

(clos)
2. Is Melbourne very close to M oscow? Melbourne i s ___

. miles from Moscow,

3. Is it very far from Moscow to Toronto? M oscow i s ___

miles from Toronto.

I Understand

, .
, , . 11
, ; "
. . .".
1 get on the subway at 34th Street and I go to Tim es Square. I take another train
ipers}
and I go to 59th Street. W hen I get out o f the train, I can t find my purse. I look
Hj ,
(po-IJS-men)
for policem an and 1 speak to him.

0^9p-

0Z .68T

76

0981? I

New Yorks Subways

Accessible Stations
iKMi] staff ru((i <>A>M7Mim
iim-10-UM :<nn
(*r X4 n (UfxanH jftljMtxii !-! -tn i>tr

110 St
6

ItlMHIIClM>7tnmtU

(*f

MwniHn n|MriMN<ntt<ti>(JIIM(/m

><Mil>d<|i

___________
__

19t
> KmfenS44>(MV
9 Mitiiintanir

O1<1>1
MMnli
OOO^*
t Crti.5t*xrtw*vni/
'-.'''
U'.Mtru<<
oo *}-
1
8i>w.nb>.iftHtt_____
I lte-

e UI am' pKMuNinI
OO

HM>ihtiv((1<<1>'\>>
OO ___
OOO^ hrbtu'00'(*nu>*>
OO
'!

__sL iE i______

The policem an docs not understand

Russian and I do not

understand English. W hat a problem!


(ml)

But a Russian New Yorker helps me.


iiOMoraer

(fersi)
The policem an asks for my first nam e,

(a-DRES)

(rail)

my last nam e and my address. I write


(in-for-MFJ-shen)

the inform ation on a form and then I go

to the Russian C onsulate to say that now


(GUD-nes)

1 do not have my passport. M y goodness!


^ M etropolitan Transportation Authority

M TA N ew York C ity Subw ay

(streinj)

What am I going to do? In a strange city,


?

luiZ-AUT)

(MA-ni)
without a passport and without money, but

Canx.iw

(KRE-dit)

(IM
(OF-is)
1have my credit card. I do not leave hom e without it. I go to the American Express office, where

they give me money. W hen I go back hom e, I find my purse on the dresser!
77

?
1. vodka_____________________________
2.

5. c h ili___________

cham pagne_________________________6 . castanets

3. Statue o f Liberty___________________

7. p izza___

4. Shakespeare_______________________

8.

geishas
;

\. R ussia_____________________________

5. M exico___________

2. France_____________________________

6 . Spain_____________

3. United States_______________________

7. Italy______________

4. Great Britain_______________________

8.

Japan_____________________________

1. What languages do you understand?


2. In Spain, what language do they speak?
3. In Germany, what language do they speak?
( l4-pei)
4. In the United States, do people speak English?

5. Do you speak English?


?
The French live in France. They speak and understand French.
The Spanish live in Spain. They speak and understand Spanish.
The Italians live in Italy. They speak and understand Italian.

ssaundRf '8
4

UBdGfg

s i u u d s '9

u c D ix sp M 'c

u iB d s 9

o d ix sja i'c

q sn u ^i

4?

ujR iuy jc a jQ -|7

7S

s a jc is ^ T

uBjimi

u n i s s n y - j : 1 1 ( 1

o o u b jj 7

nissny *1 m i i c t l j o

(rod)

On the Road

Ha

RENTING A CAR

^ -

,
.
.

.
.

I \
>

For how long?


?

AG EN T

For two weeks.

Do you want the insurance

coverage?
CUSTOMER

No, thank you. M y

credit card covers dam ages.


AGENT D o you w ant to pay for the


gas, o r re tu rn the c a r w ith a fu ll


tan k?
CUSTOMER
AG EN T

Ill take the gas.

M ileage is included. The

price is $120 per week. Your


drivers license, please, and a
.

valid credit card.


CUSTOMER

Can I return the car in


'
UMb

G ood m orning.
(rent)
I w ant to rent a car.

CUSTOMER

3 II
......

CUSTOMER

AGENT

V\

rI------I

the city I am going to?

79

Wilmette


U .r 8 ? I:!;*
\ 55 | | ;

AGENT

W hat city?

CUSTOMER

Chicago.

(kors)
AGENT O f course. I am from C hicago. Here you have the keys and the

KJH04H

papers. Have a good trip!


.
1. I w an t________________________________ a car.
2

. ________________________________coverage?

. ________________________________gas.

. _______________________________ license, please.

U s e fu l E x p r e s s io n s

.
.
How m uch per d a y ? ________________________________________ __
(in-SHUR-ens)
How much is the insurance?
Is gas in clu d ed ? ___________
(di-PAZ-it)
Do I leave a d ep o sit? __________________________________
'

. . .
How do I get t o __________________________________ ?

(HAI-way)

W here does this highway g o ? __________________________________


^'

Do you have a road m a p ? __________________________________


(Dl-tiirx)

Are there detours on the road?


1.

s,J 3 A U p .i n o A t?

^41 >|1

a o u n j n s u i o q i JUKM n o X O Q j u s j o r i

80

ROAD SIGNS

.
.

SPEED
LIMIT

55

81

N0^

82

The Service Station

CUSTOMER

Can you fill the tank?


(Re-gu-larj (SU-per)

(EKS-traj

MANAGER

Regular, super, or extra?

(oil)
(TAI-ersj
CUSTOMERRegular. I also need oil. W ill you please check the tires and the

(UA-ter)

water?
MANAGER

Everything is O.K.

CUSTOMER

I am going to W ashington, D.C. W hat is the best way?

( )
(hir)
(SKU-uei)
(1st)
MANAGER
Well, you are here. You m ust take the thruway going east.
(tern)
(IN-ter-steh)
(kim-TIN-yu)
A fter two m iles, turn left onto the Interstate Highway. Then, continue

(sains)
about four m iles and turn right. Then you should follow the signs.

CUSTOMER

Is there much traffic?

MANAGER

(taim)
(UT-lel)
At this tim e, very little.

1,1 ,

McLlO

. .
1. What do we Oil the tank with? We fill the tank with
2. What do we put in the motor? We put
3. What else can you check at the service station? I can check

PUK S3JIJ

83

IjO 'Z

SBo 'X

and

.
. aJe
.

(horn)

(UIND-shild) (UAl-pers)

horn

windshield w ipers

,'!

()

(IMSII-honl)

(STIR-ing) (nil)

dashboard

steerinj wheel

.',

(CIR-shifi) (siik)

(klach)

gearshift stick

clutch pedal

(hreikx)

(ak-SfiL-er-ei-tor)

brakes
TOpMOW

()

accelerator

m irror
iCpKiUTO

m otor

(1)
hood

(BAT-e-ri)

(HED-laits)

headlights

battery

radiator

84

trunk

{-)

bum per

isit)

seat

(LAI-.sen.s) (plea)

license plate

roof

gas pum p

window

body o f car

maccH

(FEN-der)

fender

tires
1

(HAN-del)
door handle

^as tank

door

85

86

(ri-PERZ)

More Useful Expressions for Repairs


, ,
. ,
(bike-bicycle) (m otorcycle).
you help m e ? ____________________________________________________________
.

(Jlet)
I have a flat tire.

(liont) (ran)
The car w on t r u n ._____

The car w on t s t a r t .___


(iierk)
The brakes d on t work.

(chenj)
Can you change the oil?

((led)
The battery is d e a d .___

(mek-A-nik)
need a m echanic.

Ilik)
The radiator has a leak.

(El-hel)

To Be Able To, Can


/

, , . be
able to can peJex, ", ,
, ".
"".

87

CAN
I can

we can

you can

you can

he
she

can

they can

it
:

1 CANNOT GO.

WE CANT COME.

, can+not
can n ot. .
can t.
;

you com e to my house? No, I can t.

SAYING NO
I am = I am not,
Im not

I have = I have not.


Ive not, I havent

I can = I cannot.
I can t

you are = you are not,


you re not, you aren t

you have = you have not,


you ve not, you havent

you can = you cannot,


you c a n t

she is = she is not.


sh es not, she isn t

he has = he has not.


h es not, he hasnt

it can = it cannot,
it can t

we are = we are not,


w ere not, we aren t

we have = we have not.


w eve not, we havent

we can = we cannot
we can t

they are = they are not.


theyre not, they aren t

they have = they have not.


th ey ve not, they havent

they can = they cannot,


they ca n t

?
1. I can speak Russian.
2. He can drive my car.
3. He cannot drive my car.
4. We can go to Chicago tomorrow.
5. We cant go to Chicago tomorrow.

88

(F,K-si-det\t)

AN ACCIDENT

Be careful! ( !).
.
.
DRIVER

(As he begins his way hack dow n the other side o f the m ountain.)

iaim)
iVE-ri)
1 never look at the traffic signs. Im not very careful w hen I drive, and I drive

isptd)

(l.l-mel)

very fast I go sixty-five m iles an hour, and the speed lim it on this highway is

fifty. The road is very dangerous but 1 am in a hurry----- O h, my goodness!


ciieniy

(Haste m akes waste. A truck just happens to he on the same road.)


(Thepoliceman arrives.)
POLICEMAN

How are you? OK? Your license, please. W here are you from ?

Are you a tourist? W hat is your nam e and your address?

Now I am going to call a m echanic.

(The m echanic arrives.)


MECHAN !C

You are lucky. You only

iio B C 'iJio

have a flat tire.


DRIVER

Can you change the tire?


MECHANIC

Do you want to call to

arrange an appointm ent?


:^

89

to be: to be careful, to be in a hurry,


to be lucky.
- " " be careful, "" be in a hurry,
", , , ()" be lucky.
:
1. .______________________________________________________
2. .
3. .
4. /.
5. ._________

Idti)

imeik)

()

DO, ,
, , /

to do (), to m ake (), to com e


-.

1 01 (, , ) do
-es:
does his work.

She does the job.

We do our work.

They do the job.

,<jjnq UI ]

>[| ajB '(7

Xxinij n ui sj ;([iu in j

90

\ X> | o n i u i Bi 4

TO COME = /
I com e

we com e

you com e

you com e

he
she
it

they com e

com es

to do, to , to .
(keik)

1. I
2. You

HiERZ-ilei)

. a cake for my husbands birthday,


home from work at 5:00.
(EV-ri)

3. _
4. I
5. They
6.

She_

7. We

his homew'ork every day.


my job well.
(noiz)
___ too much noise.

. to my house every day.


the work carefully.

op^. S3UIOD9

0 >|KIUS

op't? S30P'

91

{-ping)

Camping

. -,
, . -, .
, , , , .
, !
(-/-)

EQUIPMENT

, }.
(FLESH-hiii)

Itrl)

flashlight

tree

clothing

brook

basket

1.1

iSU-pmg)

(hruk)

sleeping bag

(ors)
oars

blanket

sun

canoe

CHajH>iH>m

boots

(ka-NU)

(peil) (-et)

(SER-mos)

pail, bucket

therm os

rCpMOC

(yti-TEN-.silz)
cooking utensils

cans

(rOR-ta-hcl)

(MA-tres)

toilet articles

portable radio

box

(Fishing) (pol)

(KORK-skni)

(MA-ches)

air mattress

fishing pole

corkscrew

m atches

92

(-)

THE CAMPGROUND
/

(ek-SKYUZXniil
M ARCOS

Excuse m e. Is there a cam pground around here?


'

JOHN

Fifteen m iles from here.


MARCOS

Does it have toilets and drinking water?


Tva-'ieibi

(ROi\'-ing)

JOHN

(SHAU-ers) (i-lek-TRI-si-ti)

Yes, it has running water, showers, electricity, and gas.


(ER-i-a)

There is also a grocery store in the area.


(doz)
M ARCOS

JOHN

Does it cost a lot?

(Rl-son-a-bel) (reits)
No, they have reasonable rates. Do you have children?

M ARCOS

Yes, I have two. W hy?

M ARCOS

iRLE!-ground)
Because the cam pground has a playground. How long are you

going to cam p out?


M ARCOS

O ne week in our tent with my wife and tw o children.

JOHN

(ma-SKI-toz)
And with the m osquitos too!!!
1/ lo ro

1. .
?_______________________and_______________________
2. (cook).
._______________________an d _______________________
3. , ? th e ______________________ .
4. in t h e _______________________.
5. , (peep-trailers),
. ? 1 ______________________ .

p u n O j g / C C | d 3 J 0 1 S ;^J300j S

SCS pun <1[ 7

93

JOMOlISRpUBJ3jn.V\gu;>lU!Jp*X

(GRO-se-ri)

(slor'j

AT THE GROCERY STORE


~ ("

Good m orning. I need som e

LENA

(NU-delz) (BAT-er)

noodles, butter, and a little bit


(a piece) o f ham.

And do you have m atches?


(SHOP-ki-per)
SH O PK EEPER

LENA

(BAN-fai-ers) (for-BID-den)
Are you cam ping? Bonfires are forbidden in the cam pground.
KocTpi.i

(stov)
(soil)
We have a stove. I also need a little red wine, m ilk, salt, and bread.

(The shopkeeper puts everything in a h a g .)


.

LEN A

How much is it?

SH O PK EEPER

LENA

Eight dollars.

(TREV-e-lers)
Can you cash a travelers check for twenty dollars?

. , ?
L butter

4. to c o o k .

2.

5. to drink

matches

3. travelers check

?lliiu 3UIM -c

SAOJSs.iBiiop

94

a jijiio q

'x

S6
1. Yes, you need to eat in order to live. 2. Yes, you have to eat in o rder to live. 3. Yes, he needs a ticket.
(No, he doesnt need a ticket.) 4. Yes, w e need to take a bus lo the m useum . (No, w e d o n t need to take a
bus to the museum.) 5. You need food, a tent, m atches, a flashlight, clothes, etc.

n ia o x o
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oq >

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Roodiioa

axsxaaxo

O.IOHK

10| B d93|s 01 scq 9i|S


OJO H N

qoniu d33|S 01 p33u i^usaop sh


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0 8

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(o^ seq aqs/aq :iroji3irj HHiidKirX-iadsn oj OAeq) o; 3 Aeq huh oj paau xotKirgodxouA
NOMDHHirjHB a irojBirj ooiifu oITBH oh)kXh HWBaoifD od XKHHOJKBdisa XHMOoXd a
saiaooojS paau i

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oaoiro aoMOHHirjHy Hi\Birojt?irj KOxoiBJKBdiaa axooHgadxou u bIi''3kXh 3.mrk woMDHHirxHB g

<11131:317 q C /C g H H -o ih

o h

o h >k a h

u!qj0uios OQ ox 3abh ox

ox


. - .
Mr. Ivan Bobrov drives carefully. He never drives too fast.

.
1. Do you drive very fast?______________________________________
2. Do you drive your car to work? .
'

3. Do you drive a car or a van?___


to know " ",


"" I know how to...

I know

we know

you know

you know

he knows

they know

she knows

I JRO I
>|JOM Ol JC.") y(ui I 'Z

ISBJ

>[JOM OJ JBO Alll l^ u o p I

J,U 0 P I O N 'i s n j

96

.1

I S3A I

? .

1. Do we know how to speak Russian?,


2. Do you know Mrs. Jones?_________
3. I know where the station is.
4. They know the girls nam e.,
5. 1 dont know my address._

How do you say . . . ?


?

" to b e " ( )
. .

is cold.

She is hot.

They are afraid.

Mr. Smith is sleepy.

o o d irt o iB H t I f
10 CMBUt

!!' j.chbh}. h h q -p

^, 1/ 0.1. n g

97

'I

^HMOoXd-OlJ HXHdoHOJ 14W 111\/; ' I

is thirsty.

He is hungry.

Mrs, Smith is em barrassed.


/

'

, , .
, .
to b e .
1. .

I am .

2. , ( )

l a m.

3. .

I am .

4. . .

l a m.

5. .

I am

. .

la m

y(d33|S um j "9

passBXicqmo i 'g
I "p
1 '
XjSunq lUB I ' z
10 uiB i j

/(jsjiqi j J04

98

if .
"".
Do you know if...?
Do you know if there is running w ater at the cam pground?
, " ..."
:
Do you know if they have...?
Do you know if they have a car?
Do you know if he has a tent?
Do you knoM if have a m ap?
Do you know if she has our m oney?
. .
1. I ____________________________________ not Spanish.
2 . 1 dont

____________________________________ how to drive car.

3. T h ey ____________________________________ ten dollars.


4. 1 ____________________________________ thirsty and I am going to drink some water.
5. Now h e ____________________________________at home.

6.

I dont ____________________________________ the car,

7. S h e ___________________________________________ matches in the store.


8.

We dont _____________________________________ our meals in the hotel.

9. Do y o u ____________________________________ if there is drinking water in the campground?


10. I ____________________________________ to take the blanket.

-() 1

,v\ou>C 5

'8

S;<nq*/,

99

sr-c

-^ ;

\>( '

(UE-Zer)

(Sl-zonz)

(deiz)

Weather, Seasons, Days,


(uiks)

(monSs)

Weeks, and Months

\ W
19

iiaiB
iniis 70

\ !

iQoa 23

/ 1 <1 (1
1 1 1C II
1
I
<1 f U
if]
ti IS ?

\ 71

51

,
.
.

(mei)

May

(UfN-ter)
. winter

June

<0-gusl)

(JAN-yu-e-ri)

August

January

^'

(di-SEM-berj

(ok-TO-her}

D ecem ber

O ctober

(ju-LA/)

(FEB-ru-e-ri)

July

February

(|)

(El-pril)

iscp-TEM-her)

April

Septem ber

(spring)

spring

(SAM-mer)

sum m er

(0-1urn)

D.

fall autum n

(no-VEM-ber)

{march}

N ovem ber

March

:
(MON-dei)

(TUZ-dei)

(UENZ-dei)

(SERS-dei)

(FRAI-dei)

(SAT-er-dei)

(SAN-dei)

M onday

l\ie sd a y

W ednesday

Thursday

Friday

Saturday

Sunday

111

100

? .

1. How many months arc there in a year?

2. How many seasons are there in a year?

3. How many months are there in a season?

4. What month has 28 days?

5. How many days are there in December?

6.

What months have 30 days?

. (
.)
1. The months in spring are_________________, __________________,and___________
2. The months in summer a rc_______________ , _________________ ,an d ___________
3. The months in fall a re___________________ , __________________,an d ___________
4. The months in winter are_________________, __________________,and___________

X .inn.iqaj t e n u B f

j3qiU3:5oa-j? .laqopQ^quioidos-g

isngny'^^info u n fj

' l u d y " I
s,<Kp

put! U a q u ia jd a s a u tif j u d y
sq ju o m o o jq i oav? o j o q x '

JBoX t? u i

'9

'j a q m o o g a iii sX np [ ? .

s u o s c a s .in o j

ojb o j o q x 'Z

101

s/Ccp

%z

snq X j n r u q a j

:11\

-iaqui3A0tsj
-p

^ i'! ^ ip u o u i | 1 ?

u o s c a s ui

:*idBirii3i*B){

.
1. December, January, and February are the months o f .
2. March, April, and May are the months o f __________
3. June, July, and August are the months o f __________
4. September, October, and November are the months o f.

H o w Is th e W e a th e r?
?

- It is
: It is hot, it is cold. is raining.

L -----------(RElN-ing)

(!)

It is raining.

It is cold.

; .

(SON-i)

The w eather is hne. It is sunny.


.

>.
- '

It is snowing.

that)
It is hot.

CHCI .

The weather is bad.


.

.
(UlN-di)
: It is windy in M arch. It is cool in October.

ja u i i u n s

Suuds

'z

Jaju iM

102

.1

- ,
. ?
I. In spring it i s _________________________ .
2. In August it i s ,
3. In March it is _
4. In winter it is _
5. It i s _________

in the suinmcr.

6.

in the winter.

It i s _________

, very ""; It is very


hot in Florida and very cold in Alaska.
Ho , "" lot of, lots of.
There is a lot o f rain today. There are lots o f sunny days in the m ountains o f Vermont.
; very, a lot o f
hot.

1. In summer it is

snow.

2. In winter there is

. rainy.

3. You need an umbrella when it is

4. You need an umbrella when there i s ______________ ___ rain.


5. Is i t __________________ cold today?
, .

SALLY

W hat tim e is it?

SU SA N

It is seven-thirty.
(ot-RE-di)
M y goodness! Already? Is it a nice day?

SALLY

SU SA N

I d ont know w'hv?

JO jo i

'f

JO 1

103

'Z

-\

<hlch)
SALLY

Can we go to the beach? If it is su n n y and the s k y is clear,


w e can get a nice tan. L ets look for a bathing suit.

SUSAN

Yes, I w ant to go to the beach, too. (She goes to the window and looks out.)
My goodness! W hat a day! You know, the weather is very bad. It is snowing
iUIN-di)
and very cold and very windy.
(iiid)

W ed better look for skis!


D e s c r ip tiv e W o r d s
. 1

"" (to b e ) .
;

1. The girl is beautiful.

5. The mirror is dirty.


.

<AG-li)
2. The man is ugly.

. The mirror is clean.


.

(PLE-zeiU)

3. The boy is pleasant.

7. The door is open.


.

/ .

4. The lady is unpleasant.

8.

The door is closed.


.

/ .

104

;
iPRI-ti)

1. short
,

young, old

happy, sad, unhappy

. 1' 1>1,

pretty, handsom e, ugly


, ,

big, small, little

(1)
good, bad

<smol) (Ll-tel)

(-)

I. The girl is not ugly. She is ,


2, The door is not open. It i s .
3. My son is not old. He is _
4. The baby is not big. He is
5. The bus driver is not handsome. He i s _____
6.

The Empire State Building is not short. It is

7. His shirt is not clean. It i s ________________


(loll
tall

(TAI-erdj

tired
(short)

(yoitg)

short

young

(sik)

(xed)

sick

sad

(HEND-som)

handsome

(HAP-i)

Ik

happy

!1-7

guno/C't' posop-^

105

Xnojdinjijmwq-j


. - Yes, I am ..., No, I am not...
1. Are you short?

Yes. I am short.
No, 1 am not short.

2. Are you tall?

Yes, I am tall.
No, I am not tall.

3. Are you young?

Yes. 1 am young.
No, I am not young.

4. Are you pretty?

Yes, I am pretty.
No, I am not pretty.

5. Are you handsome?

Yes, 1 am handsome.
N o .! am not handsome.

6 . Are

Yes. 1 am sad.
No. 1 am not sad.

you sad when it rains?

7. Are you small?

Yes, 1 am small.
No, I am not small.

8 . Are

Yes, 1 am happy.
No, I am not happy.

you happy when the weather is nice?

9. Are you unhappy today?

10.

Yes. I am unhappy.
No, I am not unhappy.

Are you unpleasant?

Yes, 1 am unpleasant.
No, 1 am not unpleasant.

,
, . : pretty girl, two tall boys,
a happy face.

A d je c tiv e E n d in g s

,
. .
:
The tall boy.
I he tall boys.

I he tall girl.
The tall girls.

.
. .!!

Q u e s ti o n W o r d s

-: , , , , ..
:

Who?

(uat)

W hat?

()

W hen?

(uerl
W here?

/?

)
How?

()
How much?

Ho>v m any? =

(mii)

W hy?

.
1.

does the train leave?

2.

cant we go to San Francisco?

3.

is that man?

-I

107

4.

is ill this box?


5.

does this cost?

6.

are you. Jane?

7.

is the hotel?

?
1. When does the plane for l.os Angeles leave?
2. Where is the hotel?
3. How much does a round-trip ticket cost?
4. How many people fit in the car?
!

THE WEATHER FORECAST


010

(U/W-cler-ful)
Today is going to be a w onderful day in ("hicago,

with warm tem peratures for this time o f year.


(pos-si-HIL-ili)
(ZJ-ro)
The possibihty o f rain is zero.
(skai)
The sky will be clear, and it is not going to l)e very windy.
(JSU N

THUNDERSTOflMi

Its a perfect day to go to the beach and get a nice tan.

rpoja

SHOWERS

FOG

SNOW

CHCr

'L

'9

'^ S

lO S

't-

II

I f T o d a y Is T u e s d a y , I S h o u ld ...
[11 .

, 1
, , .. .
1 ; 1
.
on , ,
- /. : I am going to the store on M onday.
? on: I was born on May 6 th, 1957, on Monday.
^ the fifth o f June, Decem ber thirty-first.
I

. .
CJo on . : I am going
.VIondaj/on Monday.
, ,
go to church on Sunday.

________________________________________________________________

My mother goes to the store on Saturday.

Igo to my grandmothers house on Wednesday.

They go to the beach on Monday. __

Whal is today's date?


Today is th e ______

GliK30i\: ]

109

2. When is your birthday?


My birthday is th e ____

of

3. When is Christmas?
of

Christmas is th e ___

4. When is Easter this year?


This year Easter i s ______

5. When is Thanksgiving this year?


This year Thanksgiving i s ______

. When is Independence Day in the United States?


It is th e ________________________o f ___________

* the sixth o f Ju n e, J u n e six th


.

y^inf JO q i- in o j
J3qiu 3 .\0 js[ 'S
ja q u io o a Q JO qiji|-X}U 3M ] :

no

[udyjo 11 'p
'z

1/ (1 1

?
beach

snow

warm

2. June

July

January

August

3. it rains

it snows

it is bad weather

it is sunny

4. Mexico

Spanish

French

German

5. Christmas

Thantcsgiving

your birthday

Easter

6.

Monday

spring

summer

1.

summer

fall

'C

Suuds

'L

[ u d y *9

-g

XnpuoiAj '9

/(uuns-fX p u j.w f
uiunjH E-j
X cp san x ! :
XiipqiJiq jn o X 's
1 1/-f/(uuns s i )! '
X jn n u K fj
m o u s 'j

III

(pleinz)

(TU-riznt)

Planes and Tourism


, .
(ER-lain)

(KOS-tomz) (Al-jent)

(STU-er-des)

airline

custom s agent

stew ardess

(geit)

ticket counter

gate

(PAI-lot)

(Irak)

escalator

pilot

truck

(TEI-king)

(soz)

Mr. Ivanov gets on the plane that goes to New York. He is taking a
OH

(BIZ-nes)

(sit)

(rids)

business trip. He looks for a seat next to a w indow and reads his

{DU-ring)

(e-NO-Zer)

new spaper during the Hight. There is another man


BO

(SI-ted)

seated next to him , and they talk a little during the flight.

112

MR. IVANOV

Are you Russian?

OTHFRMAN No, I am Ukrainian, I am on vacation. And you?


Where do you com e from?
MR IVANOV

Im from Moscow. I am taking a business trip to New York.

PILOT S VOICE

We are going to arrive in New York in five hours. The


weather is very good there. The skies are clear and the tem perature is 82 degrees.
ipajiyc

Thank you. ladies and gentlem en.


H

OTHIiR MAN When do we arrive in New York?


MR IVANOV

At three-thirty in the afternoon,

i hope.

OTHKRMAN Why do you say I hope ?


MR IVANOV

Because I am afraid o f planes and heights.

OTHf'R MAN Are you kidding? Planes are very safe.


AVOICE (io o d a fte rn o o n , lad ies a n d gentlem en. 4 'h is is y o u r au to m a tic p ilo t speakin g.

Our pilot is taking a little nap. Enjoy your flight.


.

.
tkaind)

I. What kind of trip is Mr. Ivanov taking?

5. When are the passengers arriving in


New York?

2. Wiiere is Mr. Ivanov looking for a seat?

6.

3. What does Mr. Ivanov read?

7. Is the other man afraid?

4. Where does the other man come IVom?

8.

What is Mr. Ivanov afraid ot7

Who talks at the end?

)<)|!cl 'X

o u in .i> |fi U lO iJ s o i u o o f

jsdcdsMOU 1 spcai 'i


MopujM } oi jX3u )B3s nJOJ s?joo| 'z
dui ssaujsnq r
sj 'I

p iC JJR lOU SI OiNj

sjqSioq pun sauRid (o sj .">|-{ '9


sjnoq Uj ]\

(plein)

T h e P la n e

window

flight

(a-TEN-dent)
flight attendant

(flait)

(KON-uei)

runway
1 0

(-)
cabin

seat belt

seat

tray

.
(ail)

. on the aisle.

1. 1 want

to Canada.

2. This is
3. The plane is on the
4. The seat has a ____

5. The stewardess is carrying a .

6. We look through th e ,

OTBtVIbl
,wopuiA\

Xbjts

ipq it?as-fr

114

\-{;

)^!

Some Grammar


. ,
(, )
,
(, ) ,
(
. ).

. " "
. ", "
.
,
,
, .
He buys it.
O h .
She reads it.
.

The boy is buying a ticket.


.
The girl is reading a book.
.

1 "., " ( )
0111 10 1 to .
He l)uys it for the woman.
On .
He gives her the ticket.
O h .

I'he man buys the wom an a ticket.


.
gives the wom an the ticket.
O h .

, .
(., , /).
me
vou
her
him
it

us
you (pi.)
them

:
The boy looks at the picture. He looks at it.
The man buys two tickets. He buys them.
The lady greets me.
The boy greets the girl. He greets her.
The girl greets the boy. She greets him.
1 love vou!

115

, .
: I follow ihc instructions. I lollow them.
1. vShe drinks a so d a .______________________________
2. My father takes some photographs.
3. I drive a car.____________________
4. We see Mary.
5. Mary sees Joh n ._________________________________________________ .
He :
() () ()
1 0 , : The boy looks at .
, us: The girl is looking at us. ,
you : We will see you
in the morning.
. : (him , h er,it, them).
1. Are you looking for the hotel? ___ ________________________________ .
2. Do you tell the truth?____________________________________________ .
3. Do you buy tickets?_____________________________________________ .
4. Are you writing to M ary?________________________________________ .
5. Do you visit your brother?
6. Do you buy magazines (ypaJ.l)? .

Xnq I S3^ "9

luiq

iis ia

| -g

ja q oj j - f

luoqi Xnq 1-,t'


1! 1 1
1! JOj 3 u!>|ooi ; i s3 A I
1 s33s a q s S
\
jj ] -f
iu3qi
ja q in j Xiaj 7
ji s>(uup *l

116

7. Do you want your dinner now?


8. Would you like this seat?_____

(nirj

New York City T ransit Authority. Reprinted by permission of


the T ransit Authority.

A T o u r A ro u n d
N ew Y o r k C ity

CMOUiW

no

(Raid)
GUIDE (lo o d a ftern o o n , la d ie s a n d gentlem en.

(RE-di)

Are you ready? L ets begin our tour.

( .)
MR. IVANOV

(
MANHATTAN BUS MAP

) This is the first tim e that I am in New

HOW TO USE THIS MAP:

bus s t o p s :

YMorpnl on th*cut bn**nd r*d. wtM*TKt

*Signs mamous stop NortNsouiti buw


One-way route
stop
r>o or thr* *<Two-way routes have arrows) town utua^ stop wvry

York City. I want to get to know this

, Route of boa
with 24-hour servtce

Route number of bus


with part-irme service

city w ell d u rin g m y tw o-w eek va c a tio n here.


BO

1[ >1|1 pjnOM I 5 }{

MOU II .' 1 S3A

117

FOR BUS AND SUBWAY


INFORMATION CALL:
( 212 ) 330-1234

LADY You can see here on your right the M etropolitan M useum o f Art, which has som e

of the w orlds best paintings.


M R . IV A N O V

LADY

I like van Gogh.

I am certain the M etropolitan has many o f van G oghs paintings.


(ueit)

M R . IV A N O V

LADY

I can t wait to see them.

Now we are passing by Central Park, the m ost popular park in New' York City.

M R . IV A N O V

It is not like (Jorky Park in M oscow.


I'opbKOio

(FAUN-ten)
LADY

(FEI-tnos)

The beautiful statue in the fountain is A b u n d a n ce. And in front we see the fam ous
Plaza Hotel.

M R . IV A N O V

W here are we going now?


(Sl-port)

LADY

(CHAl-na-taiin)

Downtown to the South Street Seaport and C hinatown. We are going to have a
(uaiit)

(pleis)

glass o f w ine in a nice place with a fantastic view o f the harbor.


/|
M R . IV A N O V

M adam , how do you know' so much?


LADY

Because I am the gu id es wife!

.
1. What is the Metropolitan? (an art museum, a church, a station)
2. What is the Plaza? (a park, a hotel, a theater)
3. What is the name o f a statue in Central Park? (Central, Columbus, Abundance)
4. Where is the South Street Seaport? (midtown (), downtown, uptown)
5. What are we going to have at a nice place? (water, wine, beer)

3uiM

UMoju.wop

-p

oouBpimqV

'

118

[ >4 ' Z

lunosnui y n ur

it them .
.
.
I. We look at (the pictures)

in the museum,

2. My father pays for (tickets)

at the box office.

3. 1 understand (the schedule).


4. 1 read (the newspaper)

in the morning.

5. We eat (fruit)

in the hotel room,

6. We drink (soda)

in the cafeteria.

No Smoking
He

, , ,
, , , .
.
, ;
Do you m ind if I sm oke? Is sm oking permitted?

Hoaoiroj.o a o js

/ji -9

adaiMOH a 1\1 ( )
/ [jBinSuis si ..jm jj,,] ji
K o d iX CHBJ-Hh If /JI -p
! '
IHXBirU BUE1I HOJAJ / I ,<< wwdiowo 11[ /

119

(en-ter-TElN-ment)

EN TERTA
IN
M
EN
T

(Sl-e-ter)

12 The Theater and Holidays


,
, .

-.

THE THEATER
(xhal)
VIKTOR

(hard)
Shall we go to the theater tonight? I am bored here in the hotel.

NATASHA

W hy not? At the Shubert Theater they are presenting The K ing a n d I.


?

VIKTOR

(f>reit) (ai-l)IA)
Fantastic! T hat is a great idea!
-.

NATASHA

(i-NOF)
(plei)
Do we know enough English to understand the play?

VIKTOR

(cars)
O f course!

NATASHA

(hard)
If I d on t understand it, I am going to be bored.
.

VIKTOR

(slip)
Then yo u can sleep a little.

( ', .)
NATASHA
VIKTOR

I d ont want to go. I d on t w ant to see that play.


But w hy, darling?

no

NA TA SH A

(sinz)
The scenes at the end are very sad.

V IK TO R

NA TA SH A

. 1 /

So what?
(knii)
(MU-vis)
(hir)
W ell, I d on t want to cry! L ets go to the m ovies or lets go have a beer.

M o re U se fu l W o rd s

to sleep

to see

:
(uach)
to \vatch play

to see play

'

to look at the sights

to go to a play

'

{sam)
to get som e rest

to take a nap

(IV-nirig)

to go out in the evening


B b iiiin

to spend the day

Watch out!

Did you have a good time?

/ ?

121

, .
the play?

English to

1. Do we know

2. If I don't understand it, I am going to be


3. The scenes at the end are v ery _________

(HA-U-deiz)

Holidays

VIKTOR

American holidays arc very interesting,


(l)lh'-renll

but they are very different


from Russian custom s. O f course,

Inu)

(yirs)

(h j

New Years F>e is an international


holiday and in New York many


H aim s)

(skuer)

people go to rim es Square in the


(hi-FO K i

center of New York a little before


(M ID -nail)

(ktak) (siraiks)

m idnight. V\ hen the big clock strikes


midnight, people kiss each other and they

(uish)

wish everyone a Happy New Year!


"

10 0 "

pRs

p o jo q

'z

p u iiis js p iin 'I

122

(l-ster)
Also, Easter is very interesting. Everyone goes out or they

NATASHA

have a fam ily reunion at hom e. M any people prefer to see the famous
H

Easter Parade along Fifth Avenue.

VIKTOR

They say that it is a very colorful parade because many women


wear very attractive hats.


NATASHA

A nother fam ous Am erican holiday is the Fourth o f July, w hen people

celebrate the A m erican Independence o f 1776. On this day


(BAR-be-ku)
there is no work and everyone has a picnic or a barbecue and
(uach) (FAl-er-iierks)
then they watch fireworks.

(ME-ni)
VIKTOR

M any even believe that the national holiday in the U nited States is
(hoi)
Super Bowl Sunday ( ), the last Sunday in January. The two

best football team s play a gam e. The w inner is the cham pion for the year.

NATASHA

But 1 feel like celebrating Thanksgiving.


/le iH . B jia r o ;ia p c H H ) i

VIKTOR

O f course! Because you are always hungry!

123

. .

I.

4.

3.

Subject

O bject

I
you
he
she
it
we
you
they

me
you
him
her
it
us
you
them

.
I. They look at us. ()

2. I see

3. We love

()

..( )

C M O I p e ib

(KE-ches)
4. The policem an ca tch es.

5. They look fo r.

()

'Z

:s>|UBiq a q j u i !

/{[nf JOqjjtioj
ja jsc g

'z

m3|vj * j

124

rs ^ B p n o H

()

to the party, ()

6. We take

()

7. I need

_ ()

8. They wait for


9. M y father does not understand
10. They d on t u n d ersta n d _______

. ?
1. I dont want see ____ 1_. ()
2. Shall we go to the t _ _ t _ r? ()
3. What is your favorite h _ 1_ d _ y? ()

,<?!|-

J o jr a q iT

apared ]

: s j 3M3I S u is s u v

125

sr i ' s

1|

i! 4 9

( H A l- k in g )

( R O N - in g )

iJ O G - h ig )

H IK IN G , R U N N IN G , A N D J O G G IN G
6 e ra ib

. . .
, .
REPORTER

M rs. Ivanova?

MRS. IVANOVA

Yes, th ats me.


IH I-Ie r)

REPORTER

I am Peter M oloney, for Sports Illustrated m agazine.


.

( IN - te r - v iu )

MRS. IVANOVA

Do you w a n t an in te rv ie w ?

REPORTER

Exactly.
().

MRS. IVANOVA

A bout what?

126

REPORTER

(loif)
Can you talk a little about your life as an athlete? About jogging and hiking

through the countryside?

MRS. IVANOVA

(EN-er-ji)
O f c o u rse , if yo u have enough e n erg y to ru n five m iles m ore.
'

REPORTHR

1 want to w rite an article about you.

MRS. IVANOVA

1 play m any sports. I jo g and take walks through the country


(huik)
fsuimj
and through parks. 1 also ride a bike and I know' how to swim very w'ell.

1 am the perfect athlete! M any others only jog. I d on t. Running is good


'100

(helS)

for your health and it doesnt cost m uch money. A person buys a pair of

(shuz)
running shoes and a joggin g suit and thats it!

to Joj?

sw eatshirt

running shoes

o e ra ib

REPORTER

Do you take hikes through the countryside?

MRS. IVANOVA

(MAUiW-tenz)
Yes, and also in the m ountains.

REPORTER

And what does a person need for this sport?

127

( -)
M R S . IV A N O V A

(huts)

le.s-lE-sha-li)

A backpack, com fortable boots, and especially a pair o f strong



{kcm-TIN}

(KU-king)

fyu-'IEN-sih)

legs. Also, it is good to take a sleeping bag, a canteen, and som e cooking utensils.
Hoj
REPORTHR

( / ) Mrs. Ivanova, arent you very

tired?

You are very healthy. How old are you?


?
{yirz)
M R S . IV A N O V A

I am ninety-eight years old.


9K
(hi-lJ V )

REPORTER

What?! I d o n t believe it!


.

backpack

sleeping bag

canteen

cooking utensils

Remember
1 0 1 : to ...8 ( ).
. " ?"
; "...". (I ... 8 .)

128

, . 1
.

.
How old are you now?

How old are you going to be in five years?

How old are you going to be in ten years?


Do you know how to swim?

Do you like sports?

Do you jog?

Do you hike through the countryside?

Do you ride a bike?


Are you healthy?

, - - ,
this. W hat is this? ( ?)

0
What is this?

2. What is this?

It is a

It is a ____

< sm

3. What is this?

4. What is this?

It is a

It is a ____

5. What is this?
It is a

iiasjucD's iisiiain ui>|ooD't? 5|ond5{3Bq

129

Snq Suidaafs

jjjqsjKOMS [

IBAI-si-kling)

(SUIM-ing)

B IC Y C L IN G A N D S W IM M IN G
H a

m otorbike

(
).
REPORTER

And riding bike is another one


IHOB-iz)

o f your hobbies?
(SAl-klist)
I am not a cyclist, but there are

MRS. IVANOVA

many Am erican cyclists. If a person


doesnt have a car, or if he has one but doesn t have enough m oney to buy gas, a bike is a
(mini)
good means o f transportation. In the big cities, people who ride bikes or m otorbikes

H-si-U)

travel easily through the traffic. On the hills you* have to push a bike, but not a m otorbike.

REPORTER

(oh-ser- VEI-shen)
A v e ry s h a rp o b se rv a tio n !

ipo-LU-shon)

MRS. IVANOVA

But there is too m uch pollution because o f the traffic in the big cities. No,

m o to rb ike s a re a bad m eans o f tra n s p o rta tio n a n d sw im m in g is m ore healthy.

(tranks)

Swim m ing is a sport that costs very little. You buy bathing trunks

(GAO-elz)

personally I w ear a bathing suit and goggles and thats it!

( HREST-strok}

f kraiil)

Som e sw im m ers only know the breaststroke; others use the crawl.
11 1

(HRANK-U)

(BF.K-strok)

Frankly, 1 am a m aster at the backstroke.


c h h e ic

* 3 : y o u , ;
" "?

130

W hat great athlete!


I think so! As you can see, I am w earing a gold medal on my

MRS. IVANOVA

(ON-der)
(UA-ter)
bathing suit. It m eans that I can swim for thirty m inutes under the water

without breathing.

Ml* .

to push

goggles

bathing trunks

to swim

breaststroke

crawl

REPORTER

M rs. Ivanova, you are a great athlete and a great wom an.
(SIN-ger)

MRS. IVANOVA

I am also a great singer!

.
Do you know how to ride a bike? Is bicycling one o f your hobbies? Do you know how to swim?
Where do you swim in a pool () or in the ocean ()? What do you wear to go
swimming?

R em em ber
,
: big city, big cities;
great athlete, great athletes.

J31

!
1. Does Mrs. Ivanova ride a bike?

2. Does she like to swim?

3. How long can she swim underwater?

4. Who is a great singer?

2. What are these?

He is a ________________

They are______

Who is this person?

3. What stroke is this


swimmer doing?

4. What stroke is this


swimmer doing?

She is doing th e__

She is doing th e__

3>ioais>ioi;q-g
joSuis
-J3pun uibvvs UBO a q s '

1\-|7

3>(oajs}SB3jq

SI [ ]|
' oi so^|i| oi|s

'f

132

'Z

S3iooisipXD*i

'sajnuiiu Xjjiqj jo j J3Jbm


>(!4 g j^usaop baoubaj sjiaj o n

W ill Y o u G iv e M e ?
?

, gives John ticket. She gives


the ticket to Jane. To, ,
.
.
() .
, to
.
, 1
. 1
] .

. .

. .

-
-
-/
him-/
it-/

us-
you-
them-/

. :
gives her ticket.

She gives the ticket to him.


.
1. They give (him, he, his) a check.
2. The boss sends a letter to (them, they, their).
3. I show (her, she, hers) the picture.
4. We tell (them, they, their) the truth.
T O M E , T O Y O U , T O H IM
5. They return our suitcases to (we, our, us).

sn -g

133

1 *1

|,.
, '.

newspaper, ()

I. They sell

2. The bellboy returns the suitcases

. the baggage check, ()

3. I give

4. She speaks

5. Her family writes

6. Her son doesnt tell

- ()

the truth, ( )

7. The boss pays,

the money, ()

8. The boss speaks

9. His father reads,

the article, ()

10. The passenger te lls ,

the . ()

-()1

' 08 sn-^, /-9 jaqorg

134

snort?

-i

L E
T S
ORD
E
R
SO
M
E
FO
O
D
A
)

14 Breakfast

Lunch/Dinner
/

Supper

(DAI-et)
I will start a diet tomorrow.

1 like to eat

or
1 will go on a diet tomorrow.

...
" " " ".
^

. .
. .
like love. love
(
). like love .
John likes Mary, but Mary loves John.
They both like to sit in cafes and love to eat ice cream.
1 like to watch TV in the evening.
I love to read Russian novels.

135

} 1 (lont/doesnt.
( V E J - t e - h e lz )

I like ice cream.

1 don't like vegetables.


OHOIUII

( P R I- ti)

You like carrots.

She likes pretty dresses.


( H lU S - h o l)

( T l- c lw r )

lie likes baseball.

VVe like the teacher.


riiey like the professors.

:
Yes, I like

2. He
3. You

No, I d on t like
planes.

4. They

, museums.

, parties,

5. S h e _

, to run.

swimming.

6. We

Peter.

G iv in g O r d e r s
I loBC-mTc.ibiioc

a i n v r n t t c K O M 11
. ( ) .
careful!
Speak more slow ly, please.
Bring me som e bacon and eggs, please.

() 1<:1
(>1!| l .u o p ) >1!1

j.u s o o p ) sa>jt[ -g

'9

(>(!1 i.uop) 5|!1-f (>1!,) >(!1

j.usoop) s 3 > ( n (>|!1 j.uop) .-'i

136

R em em ber

. " "
: I would lik e __________________ . please
thank you. thank you, you re welcome.

WANT)
TO WANT =

I w'ant

we want

you want

you want

he wants
they want

she w ants
it wants

to want.
1. We

a room with bath.

2. H e.

. to buy a newspaper.

3. I

. to walk along the street.


HO

4. She

. to take the bus.

5. Mark

. to go to the museum.

.
Do you want a soda?

Do you like sodas?

Do you want to study English?

Do you like to study?

SJU B M -g

SJU K M t?

lU K M 'f

137

SlUB/W -J

JU B M I

, juice (), bacon or sausages and eggs ( ), potatoes


(), cereal, bread, or rolls (-, ), pancakes
(), waffles ( ).
l e, toast and coffee (
).
mRF.K-fest)

BREA KFA ST

(in-ekx-PEN-siv) (RES-le-runl)
An inexpensive restaurant
/

PAUL

W hen do you like to have breakfast?


1 1

JE A N

At eight o clock,

PA U L

(pri-FER)
I prefer to have breakfast at a quarter to eight.

JE A N

(hlek) (KO-fij
Do you like coffee with milk or black coffee?

PA UL

I dont like coffee. I prefer tea. M y m other


I

( O L - iie iz )
//11

'
.

always serves it.


(jemj
JE A N

(lost)

Coffee with cream or milk

Do you have jam and butter with your toast?


.

l\4-Zer>
PA UL

Neither one! I d on t like toa.st. M y fam ily

an
Tcd

( s u ii)

serves sweet rolls.


JE A N

lO-reiij) (jus)
And orange juice? Do you like it?
1, 1

PA U L

No, I d on t like it. I prefer to have tom ato juice.


JE A N

Darn it! How are we going to travel together?


Mepi !

Jam

Butter

138

1
I

Toast

O range juice

Tom ato ju ice

Sweet rolls
e &
e>
"-y

.
.

to have breakfast at six o clock in the morning?

I. Do you

coffcc with

2. 1 dont

with butter.

3. We like

orange juice; he likes

4. Paul doesnt

and

1. Two hot drinks arc:


and

2. Two juices are;


(kaiiuls)

(bred)

and

3. Two kinds o f bread are:

and

4. Two things we put on bread are;

j s j i n q u r e f t?

s i j o j j0 3 M S j s c o r g

3 3 i n f o u io j 3> i!i-|7

is g o j -:

o j c u i o i a S u G J O
>(I!u

139

-j

>[!1

t o j s a j j o o - j

d o a o jc c j

. .
1. At what time do you like to have breakfast?

2. What do you prefer, coffee with milk, black coffee, or lea?

3. Do you prefer orange juice or tomato juice?

4. What do you have on your toast?

(TEI-hel)

The Table

(gic.s)

the glass

(SO-.ier)
saucer

the wine glass

the cup

(SHU-gar)

salt and pepper

sugar

(naif)

napkin

knife

(pleit)

fork

(Tl-s/nw)

plate/dish

teaspoon

. I

JSBOJ<<UIUO

ja p jd I

j3j3jd 1X

Ol >(! I I fr

>)no[o ,o

IB

140

05 >[1| I "x

, ,
, . ,
, .

I. ( !()

. saucer

2.

. glass

3. orange juice

. knife

4. sugar

D. to eat

5. fork

E. coffee with milk

6. butter

F. toast

jSBOj 9 JB3 OJ-g


>ll!iu ijijMaajjOD -p ssbi
z

141

aj[iu>[ -j

DINNER

.
/ .

(ap-c-TAI-zers)

(sup)

(SAL-ed)

appetizers

soup

salad

main course

( )

(VEJ-te-heh)
(vegetables

fish

m eat)

, .- .
1. What is the first course () for dinner?

2. What course do you lii<e the most?

jsoui

^^ '1 1 'Z

M sz ijsd d c SI J 3 u iiip a o j g s jn o o j s j y ' I

142

dessert

3. W hat do you drink out o f a glass?

4. What do you cut with a knife?

5. What do you drink out o f a cup?

6. Whal course do we have before () dessert?

7. What is the name o f the last course?

8. Do you prefer fish or meat?

W hat do they have to drink?


4 r o ?

soda/soft drinks

w a te r

milk

coffee

tea

beer

W ine

a cocktail
.

j 3 j3 j d I '8
dno

V.JO jn o

j j s s s s p SI a sa n o o jst?i

sqx ' L

l-o s s o p o jo ja q u ic u i o q j
X a ijn o j-t?

143

ssKiS JO

'9
>

LUNCH

In the United States, lunch is usually served


between 12 and 2 i.M. A m ericans often have
dinner at about 5:30 or 6 o clock, but many
tourists are not hungry at that tim e. Are you
(snek)

hungry before 7 o clock? Do you like to have dinner early? Is it possible to have a snack in
(ef-ter-NUN)

(pis)

(pai)

the afternoon? If j'ou are hungry, you can have coffee and a piece o f pie. Generally, dinner is

the m ost im portant m eal because people d on t go hom e for lunch, and they have to work after
(HE-vi)

(tiocl)

(meik)

(SlJ-p i)

lunch. A heavy m eal would make them sleepy. Dinner is usually soup, salad, fish, m eat, or
/

pasta, and dessert. If you are thirsty, you can have a soda.

, , , ..
.
( ).
breakfast ( )___________________________________________________
lunch( )
afternoon snack ( )
dinner/supper ()

144

True False .

1. In the United States they serve dinner at 9:00 p . m . ______

2. if 1 am hungry, I drink water.__________________ .

3. It is possible to have a snack between lunch and dinner.

4. If I am hungry, I eat a sandw ich.__________________ .

5. Lunch is the most important meal in the United States..

, .

6. I prefer to eat san __ ich for lu _____.

7. They have a s n ____ between lunch and dinner.

8. The last ____ s e i s t h e d e _ _ e ___ .

01

jjassap asjnoo -g

>|3cus /,

qoun| ipiM puns -9

3S|nj-s atui't- 1- asiKj-t

145

osjbj-i

(RES-to-ranls)

Restaurants

(>

ITI-piti!)

and Tipping

The waiter brings him


The custom er asks


for a delicious meal.

the food on a tray.

(bring)

(teik)

T o B rin g , T o T a k e
bring take
. b rings , - takes .

Bring and Take


Waiter, please bring m e a cup o f coffee.
, ,
, .
Miss, you m ay take my plate away.
, ()
.

146

- .

. .

(ien tlem en , what would

WAITER

roast chicken

you like to order?


(rosi) (CHI-keti)
O ur specialty is roast chicken.

fish
IVAN

W ill you please bring


US an appetizer f ir s t ...
(DE-viU!)

deviled eggs

deviled eggs, no fish.

And then, two noodle soups.


Then we will have two

BORIS

noodle soup

(LET-os)

lettuce and tom ato salads.


And will you please bring

lettuce and tom ato salad


-

a little bit o f bread?


WAITER

I w ill bring the bread and also


bread

vinegar and oil for the salads

right away.

BORIS

oil and vinegar

Can you bring two orders

(grin) (hfnz)
of green beans? Then I will have
<|)acojH>

147

(heikeel) (traut)

fish

baked trout

IVAN For me only m eat. H alf


a roast chicken with rice.

sirloin steak

I will also have a veal chop

BORIS

with french fries. And


please also bring a bottle

french fries
-

o f the house red wine.


W AITER

And for dessert? Apple pie?


Ice cream? C ake?


grapes

IVAN

We d on t like sw eets.

We would like a little bit o f


cheese. And later bring


cheese
two coffees and two brandies.

brandy

coffee

-.

148

6PI
Do you feel w ell today? D o you feel (Are you) happy now?
Do you feel (A re you) sad w hen it rains? Do you feel (Are you) tired at the end o f the day?

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aqi JO sjoop aqj

uq

su S is

aq ajaqj suioojjsaj

u ioojjsaj aqj oj

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...

i p 9 J nO o p AVOJI
(III)

, ip yn n c
.
1) appetizers
5) fish

2) soup

3) salad

4) vegetables

6) meat

7) dessert

8) drinks

1.

cheese

2.

tomato

3.

roast chicken

4.

veal steak

5.

clams

6.

green beans

7.

wine

8.

erapes

9.

baked trout

10.

noodle soup

lettuce

12.

apple pie

11.

1 4 7 -1 4 8
.
1. T h e _________________ brings the menu.
2. T h e_________________ of the house is roast_________________ .
3. First Ivan and Boris will have so m e_________________ .
4. The waiter_________________ them beans.
5. Ivan doesnt _________________ trout; he prefers to h a v e_____
6. Both will drink a _________________ o f wine.
7. For dessert, they do not order_________________; they prefer.
-?
1. _________________?
2. , _________________ .

:11

sn g u u q a s B S j d ^ . u i o o j i s a j o q i si
3S33qo

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150

d s :.^(1

9 't^

9 e

i'Z

L '\

I
I'

. , ,
.
APPETIZERS

SOUPS

shrim p cocktail
m

m eatballs
K o n ie - ib i

vegetable soup

noodle soup

SALADS

VEGETABLES

tossed salad

potato salad

asparagus

spinach

eajiai

FISH

MEAT

(klemz)

clams

shrim p

pork chops

lam b chops

DESSERT

DRINKS

(-renjl

orange

rice pudding

m ineral water

red \vine

151

. -.

What are you going to have tomorrow for lunch?

Are you happy ( ) when you drink a lot o f wine?

Do you feel sick when you eat too much ( )?

R e s t a u r a n t M e a ls
iCHI-per)
Many restaurants and cafeterias serve a daily special that is cheaper than other

selections. This is good for the tourists who d on t want to spend too
much money. In the U nited States there are very popular fast-food and
fast-service restaurants. If you m iss your borscht and kasha, you can have a ham burger
CKyqan.

ra viypiep

with french fries. It is inexpensive and very good. Really, when you travel it is better to try
out the food o f the country. You will be surprised by all the delicious dishes you will find in any
restaurant. Also, you can have an espresso in most o f them . In any case, this w ill not be a
problem in New York, C hicago, or any big city, because there are all kinds o f ethnic
restaurants, and C hinese, Italian, and Russian restaurants are am ong the m ost popular.
When you pay the bill, you should give a 15 to 20 percent tip.

152

H ow m uch?
som e

any

m ore

/ 1

less

.
;
1 would like som e beans
He does not want any potatoes.
Please bring us m ore coffee.
I like less salt in mv food.

1. coffee/I am going/a cup/to have/of

2. where/the/is/balhroom

3. does/like/Philip/not/fries/french

4. bring/you/can/of/wine/a/bottle/me

5. feel/I/well/not/today/do

S 3U J l|D U 9 JJ 3>(|I

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SI

33JJO O JO d n o

153

OJ g u i o s I 'X

PRACTICE MAKES PERFECT!


!

.
1. to the right
2. far
3. behhid

A. near
B. in front of
C. to the left

Ha 1 ?
Great Britain

Spain___

R ussia_____

Germany

Italy________

France

2,
1

1.

I am 90 years old.

A. a Ukrainian

2.

I run 15 miles every day.

B. an athlete

3.

I bring the menu.

C. a mechanic

4.

I repair cars.

D. a bellboy

5.

I work in Ukraine.

E. an old person

6.

I eat at a restaurant.

7.

1 drive the bus.

G. a waiter

8.

I live in Russia.

H. a customer

9.

I carry the suitcases

I.

d'L

a driver

a Russian

011
V S D'fr 9

'

4DU3JJ qsiuBds 1[ UBissny qsqSug


- v - -1 rnivuiioxHV

154

:*

1
1
*

1.
3.
4.
6.
8.
10.
12.
13.
15.
16.

1
2.

^
7. /
9.
11.
14. 1
17.
18.

() 1 + 1

2
6

7
8
9

10

II

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

-91

8 1-51

1 81

*]

5-^,

()!
-

slJ9

1. -6

/5 5

^,

'
'

5 -

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}JSSpI

:,
: 880

.
1. flight, suitcases, vegetables
2. son, car, grandfather
3. check-in desk, hotel, waiter
4. time, street, corner
5. next to, behind, employee
6. subway, language, taxi
7. waiter, midnight, noon
8. country, baggage car, berth
9. tank, tire, shower
10. plane, season, month

, .
1. Tomorrow Who?

When?

2. On the street What?

Why?

Where?

3. Two thousand dollars How much?


4. It is a sink Who?

What?

How?
When?

How?

How?

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156

5. He is an employee How?

What?

6. Very well, thank you How?

Who?

Where?

What?

.
and T for Travel.

for Entertainment, F for Food,

1. train

2. ice cream

3. car

4. movies

5. chicken

6. road____

7. theater.

8. highway

11. grapes _

12. plane__

10. movie

9. rice___

.
1. I gi__ him the money.
2. The employee ret______ten dollars to me.
3. I am n_ _ afraid to fly.
4. I dont t_ k_ a trip.
5. We wr____ our new address.
6. I dont fe__ well.
7. Itrai__ a lot in April.
8. It sno__ a lot in winter.
9. W es 11 the car.

[I3S*6
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157

d'Z

1*
I 'l

'

:w u ii.v d j

). The w aiter ser

us.

11. The customers pre_____that table.

, .

1. The waiter (needs, brings, comes) our meal.


2. It is very (hot, cold, w'indy) in summertime.
3. We eat meat with a (fork, spoon, cup).
4. In the United States dinner is at (six, four, ten) o clock.
5. Mark is a good (wife, daughter, son).

!! , .

1. I am twenty

hurry

old.

2. They want to eat because they arc

thirsty

3. He wants to drink because he is

years

4. We run because we are in a

careful

5. I have many accidents because I am n o t,


when I drive my car.

hungry

6. I am not

lucky

with the lotto.

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158

:iiM9.viiod|[

souuqi :1
S3.uos ()! .

?
1. How are you?.
2. Thank you.
3. What is your name?
4. How old are you? ,
5. What time is it?

.
November

. Septem ber.

July

April

February

June

BbL ?
1. YADRUTAS

5. OMNAYD

2. DAYUSN

6. SEUTYAD

3. NESAYDEDW

7. RIFDYA

4. HURTSYAD

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159

:,\|

Sj 11 [[

:1,1..1,()

:hhJ/

_. The boy wants a newspaper and

The clerk sees ()


buys( ) _________

at the newsstand. The waiter brings the

bill and I pay ( ).

________ . The girls see ( )_______

I give the suitcases to the bellboy and he takes


( h x ) ____________________ to the taxi. We pay for the tickets and the

clerk gives ( h x ) ____________________ to my father.

2 1 3 ________________________________________

767,

3 2 2 ________________________________________

878

4 3 3 ________________________________________

989,

5 4 5 ________________________________________

1215

6 5 6 ________________________________________

( , ).

1. The waiter returns the money


()
2. The clerk sells the tick ets___
()
the truth.

3. They dont tell


()

;11 }}
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:1.1.^!

160

sn ]

8

<K L O - Z i n g )

( S A I- z e .i)

Clothing, Sizes,
,

( B E l- s lk )

( K O - le r z )

and Basic Colors


, .
.

dress

(kloz)

( T R A I- in g )

T r y in g o n c lo th e s

"" "". .

PUT ON
1 put on

we put 0

you put on

he puts on

she puts on

they put

mv hat. We

our hats.

vour hat(s).
his hat.

She

her hat. Thev

161

their hats.

TO TAKE OFF
I take off

Me take o ff

you take off

You

he takes off

He

she takes off

they take off

She

mv hat.

We

our hats.

vour hat(s).
his hat.
her hat.

Thev

M E N S C L O T H I N G

162

their hats.

, .

Isak.s)
socks

(O-ver-koi)

overcoat

( .

.)

/
(HEN-ker-chif)

(slierl)

CLERK

shirt

R 1ST

I help you, sir?

handkerchief

luggage has been


lost and I need

new clothes.

(Uli)

tie

I need underw ear,

tee-shirts, a white shirt,


shorts
and a black tie.

CLERK

ipents]

TOURLST

And a new suit, too?

T>

Yes, can you please

pants
show m e a suit?

(SUE-ter)

(Tl-xherl)

I w ear a size 34.

tee-shirt

( )

sweater

(kep)

cap

163

(om-IiKE-la)

umbrella
{sul)
suit

( R E L \ '- k o l)

raincoat

At this tim e, I d on t

CLERK

have a suit in your size.


Can I show you a jacket

and pants?

jacket

TOURIST

OK. W here can I try on


the pants?

boots

(
, .)
CLERK

They fit you perfectly!


Now, all you need is a

belt

hat

new belt!

True False .
1. The tourist needs to buy new clothes______________
2. He doesnt want to buy underwear._______________
3. The tourist wears suit size 4 4 .____________________
4. The pants fit him perfectly_______________________
5. The clerk says that the tourist needs a new belt..

SnJX'S

orux'l

164

1
, ?
.

belt

socks

hat

underwear

tie

shirt

pants

.
1. _____________ my clothes in the morning.

2. _____________ my clothes at night.


* , , your,
our, their, . . the .

3. The pants_____________ well.


.
4. Where you buy clothes?

5. Do you buy clothes if they dont fit you well?

6. Do you need a new sweater?

J0jB3MS t^uop I ON JO J3jB3MS M3U 1


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P

e 9 r z .

'

165

*9

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u o j n d j - i :iiN.x{uodu

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W h e n y o u n e e d s o m e th i n g

" ", " <", . .


I need som ething, he n e e d s____________
.
+ need +
:
I need new suit.
needs pair o f shoes.
They need a ticket.

have :

+ h a v e +

:
I have to buy new suit.
She has to take a trip.
You have to turn left here.

{giuh

(BE-U'r)

(best)

G o o d , B e tte r , B e s t
,

Sometimes things are good, but not good enough. You want som ething better.

(bos)
You say to the clerk in the store, I have to buy a present for my boss. I need
/

(KUAL-i-li)

som ething better. Is this your best quality?


166

, , , ,
- " ". I wear, I
need. penjmKH.
In shirts, I wear size
I need a suit s iz e ___
, , .
Do you want to show me a _______________________________________________________?
Can I try on a ___________________________________________________________________?
(OL-ler)
Can you alter th is_______________________________________________________________ ?

T h is _________________________________________

doesnt fit me well.

.
I. If it is cold, I wear a ____________________
2. If it is (1,1 take off my coat and put on a
tassu
3. If it is snowing, I put on my

RUSjquuTS

jKODUinj-t?

sjo o q -

167

jnoD -j

S IZ E S
pa'jMcpbi

(sizes)

( ) .
.

M E N S SIZES
Shirts
American size
European size

14
36

14'/
37

15
38

15'/,
39

16
40

16 '/2
41

17
42

17'/,
43

Other clothes
American size
European size

34
44

36
46

38
48

40
50

42
52

44
54

46
56

48
58

44
52

W O M E N S SIZES
Blouses
American size
European size

32
40

34
42

36
44

38
46

40
48

42
50

Other clothes
American size
European size

8
36

10
38

12
40

14
42

16
44

18
46

168

W O M E N S C L O T H E S

.
HiFJ-sik)

(KO-lerz)

B a s ic C o lo r s

the yellow panties

(YE-lo)

yellow bra

a white slip
a red purse

(blaiis)

a green blouse

( b ill)

a blue dress

a red skirt
a green handkerchief

, " ".
: W hat color is the skirt? The skirt is red.
Whal color is tiie dress?
What color is the blouse?
, .

SI asnojq " si ss9Jp

169

(slwzi

M E N S A N D W O M E N S S H O E S

(NA-ro)
The shoes are narrow.

(uai(I)
The shoes are too wide.

(Ulit)
They are tight.

re c H b t

S h o e S iz e s

the shoes
the sandals

What size shoe do you wear? ( ?)


.
I wear s iz e ___________________________ .
the boots

170

Men s shoes
American size

European size

39

1/,
40

8 '/2

41

42

43

9 '/2
43

10

1 0 '/,

11

1 1 '/,

44

44

45

45

W om ens shoes
American size

European size

35

5 '/2
35

36

'
37

IV,

8 /2

38

38

38

39

Marina w ants to buy new clothes to go to a party at T inas house.


(peirz)
She goes to the shoe store and she tries on m any pairs o f shoes.

Some are too narrow' and so they are too tight. O thers are too wide.
Finally, she buys a pair that fits her well. At the departm ent store a
salesman waits on her. H e show s her green, yellow, and black skirts.
. B ae i

Marina buys a perm anent-press skirt and a polyester blouse. She


'

always likes to wear a red blouse. W hen she goes to the party, she
sees that Tina is >vearing the exact sam e skirt and blouse.

ly

.
Whal does Marina wear to the party?
Who is wearing the same outfit?____

K u ix a s n o iq p o j p u n jjj>|s a n |q v

171

9
40

, .
.

I want something in
(uol)
Wool _
HICpCTb

silk .

(KA-ten)

iNAI-lon}

cotton

nylon _

denim

leather

(siieici)

su ed e

.
-zhur)

Do you want to measure me?


(KUAL-l-ii)

I would like something o f a better quality._


Do you have something handmade?.


(smol)
It is too big / small / short.
/ / 1OK

I dont like the color orange.


. ?

172

. ? ?
? : to wear, to fit well, every day I put on, I ,
I prefer. He .

.
?

:
.
1. / _________________________

2. ____

3. ________________________________

4. ______

5. ________________________________

6.

7. _______________________________

8.

*9

>[OB|q'c

.\-(7

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-^

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:.1.

Grocery Stores

6)

(iieits)

iME-zharz)

Weights and Measures

Dairy

Produce Store

Bakery

M eat M arket

Fish Store

Pastry Shop

L iquor Store
. 1

Ice Cream Parlor

Candy Store

0 (|)

tKUES-clumx)

T o A s k Q u e s ti o n s
!.

" " to ask


question. .
;

O ur son asks us a question.


Haiu .
I ask the policem an a question.
.

174

.
I. .

2. ..

3. .

4. .

5. .

Too Many Questions


THE INQUISITIVE ONE


I like to ask you a question:


W here can I buy milk?

THE POLICEMAN

They sell milk in the dairy store

on the corner.
And if I need vegetables and fruit,

IN Q U ISITIV E O N E

where do I go?

POLICEM AN

the vegetable store.

IN Q U ISITIV E O N E

And if I want m eat and bread?

POLICEM AN

To the m eat m arket and the bakery.

IN Q U ISITIV E O N E

How about fish and candy?

POLICEM AN

You have to go to the fish store and the candy shop.

uoiisanb E >|sb \^ C

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>(SB/ ( J

175

U O IlS 3 n b T 7 X jR JA J> |S 'l?I* I

INQUISITIVE ONIi

And where do I go if I want cake?

POIJCEMAN

Well, you m ust go to the pastry shop to buy


cakes, pies, and cookies.

INQUISITIVE O N E

And where can I get ice cream or wine?

POLICEM AN

At the ice cream parlor and the liquor store....But


if you w ant, you can do all your shopping at the
superm arket.

, .
1. Dairy store butter, cheese, wine
2. Meat market lamb, oranges, veal
3. Vegetable store bread, asparagus, grapes
4. Fish store spinach, trout, tuna
5. Candy store chocolate bar, tomatoes, candy
6. Bakery cake, pie, rice
7. Ice cream parlor ice cream, soda, fish
8. Liquor store wine, beer, shrimp


d m u q s -jj

qsy

sa o jB u io j

q o B u id s -f

176

p c a j q

s o S u b j o 'z

3 u i a \ x

A n o th e r V erb

get , ; , ,
, .. .
<RE-di)

We have to get ready now.

She w ent to the store to get som e bread.


/

(plei)

The children get dirty when they play.


jai iE1K)

(PRE~zents)

You get presents on your birthday.


They get out o f the taxi.


01

How do we get to the bakery?


/ ?
.
? , ,
, .

1. Go

past the

2. Continue until you pass the


"

3.

, and then turn left.


4. The bakery will be on y o u r ,

5. If you pass the

, you have gone too far!


" "

ajois sp npcud -c

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i q u u i n x {;

ojois j 0 |jnd ! jqgicjjs *|

177

WEIGHTS AND MEASURES


(uei)

(ueit)

to weigh

weight

,
.

W EIG H T EQUIVALENTS
one pound
half a pound
one ounce

=
=

454 grams
227 grams
28.35 grams

LIQUID EQUIVALENTS
_

one pint
one quart
one gallon

0.473 liter
0.946 liter
3.785 liter

.
(uei)

1. How much do you w eigh?.


2. How much water do you drink each day?.
3. What is your best friends weight?______

spunod
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178

1"X

(AUN-sez)
(pawtd)
4. How many ounces are there in a pound?.

5. How many gallons o f gasoline are there in your car?


.
.
d ozen ________________
Half dozen

How much does this weigh?

pound o f .

How much per dozen?_____

H aifa pound o f.

How much does this cost?

A quarter o f a pound o f ,

That is too much.

A gallon o f ___________
I would lik e __________

AT T H E G R O C E R Y ST O R E

. .

(.)

soap

h alf dozen lem ons


-

instant coffee

canned vegetables

(|)

,1


/( UI

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ojgqj_ S

SUOIIBo

punod III s a o u n o

91

179

; a ja q j.

-p

o f ^

roll of toilet paper


cherries

dozen eggs

half pound o f cherries

box o f cookies

(kuarl)
a quart o f milk

, , ..
. 1
; .
: , ,
, .

ounce, pound, quart, gallon

180

1. I would like some.


2. I n eed __________
3. We need
4. We are looking for.

5. Do you have_____

(SU-per-MAR-ket)

T h e S u p e rm a rk e t
/ !

, ,
. ,
.
: , , ,
O bohih , . .
,
. .
Farm ers m arket.

01
55

dBOS'f

>1|1JO JJCnbt?

181

J U G I S U I J C S n S 7


,
. 0 1
.

. ?

1. We find rolls and bread at th e .


2. They sell ham at the

3. If we need fresh strawberries, we can go to the


.

4. They sell whipped cream at th e ,


5. If we want lobster, we can buy it at the

1. They cost 40 cents a pound._____________

2. They weigh a quarter o f a pound.

1 o p i p n u t MOH

o jo is q s y s

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182

:n D o d iio a

:ii.4D.\Hodij

(DRAG-stor)

18 The Drugstore

Drugstore
,
.
Pharm acist otbciht ,
prescription.

T H E D R U G ST O R E
15

()

(DRAl-er)

()

blow-dryer

comb

(him )

(neil) (PA-lish)

cold cream
) > ,

nail polish

(HER-hrash)

hairbrush

183

(Tl-shuz)

( US-brash)

box o f tissues

toothbrush

(peisi)

mirror

toothpaste

(HER sprei)

lipstick

hair spray

'

(bhtsh)

m ascara

blush

nail polish rem over

Amanda and Fran go to a drugstore and go to the cosmetics counter. Amanda looks
at herself in the mirror.

A M A ND A

1 need to buy cold cream and a box o f tissues.

FRAN

I never use cold cream: it costs too m uch. Do you


( 1 )

usually buy your m ake-up here? This store is for rich


people, not for poor people like us!


A.MANDA

True, but I can t find good products in our


(NEI-bor-hiul)

neighborhood.

184

FRAN

Let m e tell you som ething. I cant buy things in this


-

drugstore because the prices are too high.


()

SA LESW O M A N

Good afternoon, ladies. Can I help you?


|,

AM A ND A

I need a com b, a brush, and som e hair spray. I also


would like to buy a toothbrush and som e toothpaste.
How m uch is it?

SA LESW O M A N

The toothbrush is $2.75 and the toothpaste is $2.25.

FRAN

Do you see w hat I m ean? You are going to spend

a lot o f m oney!
A M A ND A

I would also like to see som e m ake-up: blush, lipstick,


and m ascara, please. Oh, and som e
nail polish remover, too.

FRAN

Do you know' som ething? You spend


too m uch money!
1---------

AM ANDA

It doesn t matter. These things are


1

not for me they are for m y husband.


FRAN

(c ) W hat?

AMANDA

Oh, d ont m isunderstand me!


(BYU-li-ful)
I mean that I spend so m uch m oney to look beautiful for him!

185

9SI
1. Yes, the color blue looks good on me. (N o, the color blue d o e s n t look good on m e.)
2. Yes, 1 look tired at the end o f the day. (No, I d o n t look tired...) 3. Yes, I look happy w hen it is a nice day.
(No, I d o n t look happy...) 4. Yes, 1 look sad when my suitca.se is lost. (No, I d o n t look s a d . . . )

..

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; , d 3 3 |S

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I op AVOH

KHBdI

1. , drugstore,
?

2. ?

3.

, .

4. ?

HENRY

Do you sell fruit here?

SALESMAN

No. To buy fruit you have to go to the superm arket


or to the vegetable store.

HENRY

Do you have cigarettes and lighters?


CHrape'iM
3a>KHiajiKn

SALESMAN

Yes, those I have.

lighter

cigarettes

o o c Iu iR i)s X c jd s 1| -j7

^ [o iis d ji - q s n iq

q s j p d |[in i q s i[ o d [

a j s d q j o o i 'q u i o o n q s a i q 4

187

deodorant

HENRY

electric razor

(REI-zer)
I also need deodorant, a razor, and som e razor
(hieids)

(i-LEK-trik)
blades. M y electric razor doesnt work in this country.
HC

The electricity is no good here.


SA LESM A N

'Fhe problem is not with the electricity, its with your


razor. You see, you have to buy a converter for your razor.
IpaHC(j>opMOTop

HENRY

Oh, no! A nother problem!

SA LESM A N

1 have an idea: D on t shave! After all, I have a beard,

(sheiv)

(bird)

razor

(KREI-zi)

and wom en are crazy about me!


no

-.
1. , "'

2. ?

3. .
( ?

j u w o p o o p

JOZCJ s a p B jq / b j

188

' z

o jo o o D c q o j s a d i d 4


AT T H E PH A R M A C Y C O U N T E R
()

I believe you are too late!


,

a sp irin
/

pills

M ary goes to the drugstore to buy a few things*


She asks for bandages, alcohol, and a therm om eter. She tells

Band-Aids
/

the pharm acist that she has a headache, and he gives her

some aspirin. She is putting on weight, she feels sick in the


I'OJlCICTb
morning, and she is nauseous. The pharm acist says, I think

therm om eter

that you need talcum powder, safety pins, and diapers!V

talcum powder

safety pins

189

diapers

, !

fin-di-JES-dum)

indigestion

an antacid

'

I need
something \
for:

a cold

an antiseptic
aHinceiriHK

iipoc I /

constipation

(Al-o-dain)

iodine

a sore throat

I would
like to buy:

bandages

cotton

(Sl-zors)

scissors

(di-a-RI-a)

diarrhea

diabetes

(kof)

a cough
-'.

(Fl-ver)

a fever
.

I have:

<

a headache

(kremps)

a laxative

cramps

()

sanitary napkins

<)

a cut

I have #
to buy: '

(SAN-hiin)

sunburn

tampons

insulin

01.'1

the flu

(Sl-rop)

a toothache

cough syrup

190

(LON-dri)

(dnii)

(KLI-nerz)

{T ^

Laundry and the Dry Cleaners


(UA-shing) (ma-SHlN)

(DRAI-er)

w ashing m achine

dryer

1 1

.
,
. , ,
Laundromat [[ .

ILON-div-mel)

LAUNDROM AT
, ;
. " ".
.
SUSANA

Excuse m e, can you please help me?

detergent

How much detergent do 1

(lan-zher-EI)

put in the m achine to wash my lingerie?


LADY

Well, only half a cup for so little.

basket
: 1

SUSANA

( ). It is not enough.
( ).

191

LADY

(ynz)
( ) Only h alf a cup! If you use
{yul}
more, youll have problem s.

.
.
SUSA N A

dryer

you tell me how m any coins I have


to put in the dryer to use it? By the way,


clothesline

where is the slot?

(n o )
STU D EN T

You have to press this button. Then the


.

to hang clothes
.

m achine starts and it dries your clothes.


SUSANA

This is the first time I am w ashing my


clothes at a laundrom at. M y m other


always does my laundry at home.
S TU D EN T

Oh, are you a new student here? I am in


(KA-lech)

clothespins

the third year at the college.

SUSA NA

Are you a student, too? How' wonderful!


(tok)
Can we get together to talk? I would like

ironing board

to ask many questions about college life.

iron

192

. .
I. Al the laundry, what two machines do you have to deal with?

2. What does the washing machine do? The washing machine

. your clothes.

3. What does the dryer do? The dryer______________________

. your clothes.

4. Besides clothes, what must you put in the washing machine?


5. What must you put in the washing machine slo t? ___________
6. Where do we put the coins? We put the coins in the

TH E H O TEL: TH E LAUNDRY AND TH E


D R Y C L E A N E R S

. ,
.
.
Do you have laundry service?____________________________________________________________
I have clothes to wash.

__________________

(xo)
Can you sew a button on this shirt for m e?____

(sl/v)
Can you mend the sleeve o f this blouse for me?.

K>is9 suioo's

juaSjajapt? saup'g ssqsB/wj . uiqsBM [

193

dont want starch in my underwear!.

Can you iron this shirt again? _


Can you take this suit to be dry-cleaned?.

Can you take out this stain?.


Can I hang wet clothes in the bathroom?.


O C Jll.e

( k o m - P L E lN T S )

C O M P L A IN T S

John ahvays sends his clothes to the hotel laundry and dry clean ers.

However, this tim e there are problem s. There is a m ix-up, and many o f

the clothes that they return to him belong to another person. He goes to the

manager to com plain. In the first place, he never wears a bra or pantyhose.

Besides, his shirts have too much starch, and one o f them is com pletely ruined; it is scorched.

194

is also missing two socks one is red and the other is green. The suit that is back from the

dry cleaners still has a stain on the sleeve. He has a right to com plain, doesnt he?

.
I have complaint..
There has been a mix-up.
These clothes belong to someone else.
This shirt has too much starch.______
My clothes are ruined._____________
A button is m issin g.________________
There is a stain on these pants..
I am missing a pair of socks. _
.
1. This shirt is missing
2. This shirt is
3. There is a

a clothesline, a stain, a button.

ruined, scorched, closed.


button, washing machine, stain

4. I am missing, I like, I call


5. This shirt has too much
6. These suits

on my suit.

my underwear.
cotton, starch, rouge.

belong to someone else, are ours, are pretty.

a s p ouoaiuos oj g u o p q *9

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gujssau j

195

-p

urejs

paqojoos -j;

uonnq t; |

iB Y U - t i)

( P A R - lc r )

(B A R -b e r-s h a p )

The Beauty Parlor and the Barbershop (Q)


The Beauty Parlor


(
.)

perm anent

BEAUTICIAN W hat Avould you like, m adam ?

()

o /w
t !

(TOCH-op)
JOSEPHINE

A wash and set, please, and a touch-up.


hair wash

( F E I - s lic I )

And can I also have a facial and


facial

a manicure?

196

(kom-PLEK-slum)
BEAUTICIAN

m anicure

You have a dark com plexion and your

hair is also dark. W hat color would


you like the rinse? T he sam e color, or

little darker?
ilO T C M H C e

(LAi-ter)
JO SEPH IN E

(kerlz)

A little lighter, please. I w ant curls on


iio c a e n ie e

sham poo

(saidz)
(tteivz)
the sides and waves on top. Can you
no

cut a little in the back? I d on t like


rollers

long hair.

(
.)

(bland)
JO SE PH IN E

to brush

O h, my goodness! I am a blonde, and

my hair is very short!

hairbrush

197

. .

would like to make an appointment for tomorrow.


(liER-kiH)
need a haircut.

Dont put hair spray on my hair.

I want bangs.

I wear my hair in a bun.

, : you please
dry my hair with the blow-dryer?
? you give me new hairdo?
! Would you please braid hair.
? : I would like ju st touch-up.
: I need color rinse.
? would love m assage and m anicure.

198

T h e B a rb e rsh o p

(
beauty salon
,

barbershop.)
.

to shave oneself

clippers

to shave

)1

Anthony goes to the barbershop because he needs a haircut. First the barber shaves Anthony
(S A ID -h e rn z )

and then he trim s his beard, his m oustache, and his sideburns with clippers. Later he washes

Anthonys hair and gives him a haircut. Anthony likes his hair very short, and the barber cuts
( a -S fJ P i

a lot off the top and the back. A nthony is very tired, and he falls asleep in the chair. The

ih 'A ! - n a - li)

barber cuts more and m ore hair. Finally he says, T h ats it, .sir. Anthony looks at him self in

( h o ld )

the m irror and sees that he is bald. How m uch do I ow e you? he asks. The barber says,
JH .IC blH

You can pay me for six haircuts I think that you w ont com e back very soon!

razor
1

scissors

bald

199

to comb

to stjie

haircut

to trim

to cut

m oustache

sideburns

beard

-/-.
" ()" " ", " ", "
". "-" m yself,
yourself, him self, herself, ourselves, them selves, .
The barber shaves the customer, but I shave (m yself) every m orning. The beautician combs
my hair, but my daughter com bs her own hair (herself).
1. Docs the barber shave you, or do you shave yourself?

2. Docs the beautician comb your hair, or do you comb your hair yourself?

3. Does the beautician wash your hair, or do you wash your hair?

Jicq ^ui qsB.w i Kui saqsGM


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jp sX u i j s3,\nqs.laqjKq a q x I

200

W h e n y o u d o n w a n t s o m e th in g .. .
to
do (do + not = don t). '
.
Please cut my hair very short.
Please don cut my hair very short.

.
1. Trim my beard.___________________________________________
2. Bring me some w in e.______________________________________
3. Close the door.__________________
4. Carry the suitcase.

.
5. D ont give me more soup.__________________
6. Dont wash the clothes.____________________
7. Dont turn left here.______________
8. Dont try on the red dress.

3 S B D jm s

ssajp p 3 J 4 uo .1 8
ajsq | u jn j, [_
aqj X j j b o i . u o q
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201

'dnos | 9 -g
] , u o q - \

{NUS-tend}

The Newsstand and the

6)

Office Supply Store


it o - - )

newsstand

office supply store

tobacco store

.'

""

ra:5eTHbiii

AT T H E N EW SSTA N D

(NUS-pei-perz)

Y O U N G MAN

Excuse m e. Do you have new spapers in Russian?

O W NRR

Yes, we have several from M oscow and St. Petersburg.

Y O UN G M A N

I would also like to buy som e postcards.

O W N ER

(vyta)
Here are som e nice views o f the city.
newspaper

Y O UNG M A N

Do you sell airm ail stam ps?


-

OW NRR

No, but you can buy them at the post office.

202

YOUNG MAN

And cig arettes? I w o u ld lik e to buy a p a c k of


MUMKa
American cigarettes.

OWNER

YOUNG MAN

OWNER

You can get them at the grocery store or at the


tobacco shop.
(h'O-los)
And do you have som e m agazines w ith photos?
People, for exam ple? It is not for me; it is for
my grandfather.

(ma-fd-ZIN)
m agazine
.1

Yes, of course.

YOUNG MAN

I will take the newspaper, the postcards, and the

H O Jb V iy

m agazine. How much do I owe you?

postcards

OWNER

ii-vvn)
riiree dollars even. I'hank you, and have a

nice day.
(ElK-meil)

airmiiii stamps
-

if

a pack o f cigarettes
c iiia p c T

jll

.
.
in Russian?

1. YOUNG MAN

Excuse me. Do you have

2. O W NER

Yes, we have several from

3. YOUNG MAN

I would also like to buy some

and

sp jn o jstx l'I'

S jn q s jo p j

Mcosoi/^ J

203

sjadndsM aii-j

, of the city.

4. OWNER

Here are some

5. Y O UN G M A N

Do you sell airmail

6 . O W N ER

No, but you can buy them at the .

7. Y O UNG M A N

And cigarettes? 1 would like to buy a .

8 . O W N ER

You can get them at the grocery store or at the

9. Y O U N G M AN

Do you have some

o f American

with photos? People,


. It is not

10. O W N ER

on the corner.

me; it is for my

Yes,
the newspaper, the postcards, and the magazine. How

Iwill

YOUNG MAN

much

AT THE OFFICE SUPPLY STORE


KaiiuejJMpcKHC

ballpoint pen

iHOL-point)

If I need a ballpoint pen and a pencil, I go to the office supply store. If

I want to write a letter, I use stationery, and I put the letter in an


(EN-ve-lop)

pencil

(\OT-huk.s)

envelope. They also sell notebooks at the office supply store. I can

write notes in a notebook or on a notepad.


op

SSjnOD }0 *01
J 31|JT3JP IIB J3 aoj 11 13 JOJ S3 U l/K oB lU (,
doi|s ooDBqoi *8 soijajvjgio
/, ao y jo jsod *9 sduiujs
s m o |a -f?

nO/( 3 :WO I

204

stationery

envelope

(rep)
(PEK-ech)
(leip)
If I want to wrap a package, I need tape, string, and w rapping paper.

In order to ask for som ething, I say, I would like to buy..., or

notepad

Excuse m e, do you have...?

string

.
1. ?
____________________ and _______________
2. ?
O n _______________________________
3. 1 ?
I u s e ______________ , _______________, and ____________

S u u js'sd E j'Ja d c d g u id d R j/tt-f

XjauouBJs

205

n ^ u ^ d uDd juiod[|t?q *

4. ?
In _________________________
5. ?
1 __________________ ___________________

, , .

WAKE UP

I wake up

we wake up

you wake up

you wake up

he/she wakes up
/

they wake up

G ET UP

I gel up

we get up

you get up

you get up

she/he gets up
/ BC'iaer

they get up

pcdaiou ^fooqajou

206

adopA ua

'

.
1. What time do you wake up?

2. Do you eat breakfast when you get up?

3. What time do you get up on Sundays?

(E-si-U)
4. Do you wake up easily?

5. Do you like to get up early or late?

. ,
, .
, 1 "". .
?

207

S t.,

() to the right along this street to the corner where the dry
no

cleaner is.
() straight

() to the left and

2. Then.

(a-11ED)

(in-ter-SEK-shrm)
ahead. M the first intersection there is a pharmacy.

3.

() one block to

___________ ( I IpoHAHTc) the pharm acy a n d ____

the next Intersection.


4. Then

() right.
__________ ( I no) the .street on the left.

5. At the next corn er,.

6 . ____________________
7. _____________

() straight ahead.

() to the left at the first intersection and

() to the end of the street. The tobacco shop is on the corner at the left.

O I

onunuo.-)

>1|KM'9

> (1 '

U J n j- f

20S

S S B jj

"f

> 1 | \ 1 -

09

22 The Jeweler and the Watchmaker


T H E JE W E L E R

JE W E L E R
C U STO M ER

How can I help you, sir?


(nREI-skn
I would like to buy som ething for my w ife. A bracelet or perhaps a gold ring.
o p a c .ie r

JE W ELER
C U STO M ER

I can show you these bracelets and these silver rings.


No, I d on t like silver; I prefer gold.

JE W ELER

(NEK-les)
Are you interested in a pin? Or, perhaps a necklace.

(Ir-ringz)
C U STO M ER

No.... Can you show me som e earrings?

(SER-ien-ti)
JEW ELER

Certainly. Perhaps you would like these pendant earrings.

CU STO M ER

(chein) (In)
Yes, and a ring and a gold chain, too.

209

JE W ELER

(mech)
Excellent the earrings, this ring, and this chain all m atch.
1100-1-

C U STO M ER
JEW ELER

Very good. 11 take them . H ow m uch do I owe you?



$500.

CU STOM ER

$500! Thank you anyway.

bracelet

(hmch)

pin, brooch

necklace

chain

ring

210

- ?
( U l- m e n )

(H N -g u e rz )

1. Can you name the jew eh y women wear on their fingers?

2. W hat do women w ear on their ears?

3. W hat two things do women wear around the neck?

( r is ti

4 . What is worn on the wrist?

THE W ATCHM AKER

alarm clock

wristwatch

lopoBjq

'p

uinqo 1>)

211

'z

s8 u u

"j

w atchm akers shop

watchm aker

.
.
(ri-PEK)

you repair this watch?

()
1 \17

watch is fast.
.

<sto)
watch is slow.
-.

(stapt)

watch stopped.
.

watch doesnt work.


!'.

212

T h e B e g in n in g a n d t h e E n d o f t h e D a y

WAKE UP =

TO G ET UP =

TO GO TO BED =

TO GO TO SLEEP =

I wake up every m orning at six o clock.


I don t get up until seven-thirty.
I usually go to bed at eleven o clock.
I usually go to sleep (fall asleep) before m idnight.

.
1. When do you usually wake up in the morning?

2. Do you go lo bed when you are sleepy?

3. Do you go to bed at the same lime every day?

. ?
.
wristwatch doesnt run well. One day it is fast, the next day it is slow.
(luiind)
Today it stopped com pletely and I can t w ind it. I am going to take it to

the w atchm akers and the w atchm aker will repair it. He will also clean it.
(ri-SIT)
have to leave it, the w atchm aker will give me a receipt.

/( BS JB ( 0J 8 1, 1 O fJ) 01 0 I 5
X d a3is I o j o S i ' z

> ja o [o ,o

213

in d n >1\ /( j -

1. ; , .
watch doesnt ____________ well; one day i t _____________ , the next day i t _____
2. , ?
w atch_______________________
3. , , .
watch h as____________________________ .
4. , .
I ______________________________________________________________________ .
5. ?
I take my watch t o _________________________ .
6. o6paniaere, ?

7. , .
gives me ___________________________ .

idlO.OOJ

>?)\ 1 '9

uo>(ojq S1 'psddojs

jsBj S|

'z

214

JI

.v\ois si jse j si u ai

The Gift Shop, Musical Tastes,


The Photography Shop


AT T H E G IF T S H O P
S A LESM A N

Can I help you?


VIOA'HO ?

TOURIST

I am looking for a gift...


som ething typically A m erican, a

(sii-ve-NIR)

souvenir from the United States.

S A LESM A N

For a man o r a wom an?

T O U R IST

F o r a wom an.

SA LESM A N

Perhaps a scarf? A leather purse? Perfume?

too expensive!

TOURLST

How much is the silk scarf?

S A L E SM A N

Fifty dollars.

TOURLST

Can you show m e another? A less expensive one?

SA L E SM A N

O f course. T his cotton scarf costs m uch less $12.

T O U R IST

T hat is still too much!


CHie

SA L E SM A N

But, m adam , in your country a scarf* this one would cost


(itiais)

twice as m uch. You can sell it and you will double your money!
paia
TOURLST

In that case, I am going to take a dozen!


TOM

gift

2 /5

ru

silverware

scarf

ring

purse

wallet

painting

charm

key ring

receipt

perfum e

Hvifl

M U S IC A L T A S T E S

Mr. Sm irnov likes classical m usic very m uch, but he


doesnt have enough m oney to go to concerts.

Every day he dow nloads m usic files o f his favorite com posers

"!

and goes to a park. He listens through his headphones and

then returns hom e very happy.

216

(N E I-h o rs j

However, when he gets there, he hears another kind o f m usic com ing from his neighbors

( )

( )

(g ru p )

( N A I T - in c r )

house. It is his neighbors so n s rock group. This is a nightm are for poor Mr. Smirnov,
ip y im a

who is a fan o f M ozart and Beethoven.


music store
/''

radio

television

'

3F3S

CD player
C D nnccp

_o c a c j

videocassette recorder

iPod
iPod

video cassette

com puter

DVD player

D V D n.ieep

217

com pact disc (CD)


-

laptop com puter

popular music

classical music

"" to listeii/to listen to .


- -, to . I listen to father. to
aoJra .
:

I to listen to my teacher,
and I alw ays listen very carefully.

O iBei'bTe TRUE FALSE.

1. Mr. Smirnov likes rock m usic.,


2. Mr. Smirnov is very rich.____
3. Every Saturday he goes to the grocery store..
4. On Saturdays he listens to classical music. _
5. Mr. Smirnov goes to many stores every week.
6. Mr. Smirnov returns home very happy.______
7. When he returns home he hears his favorite m usic.,
8. His neighbors son has a rock group.____________

onji'8

11/9 3S1BJ-C

218

a s i c j 8 [ ^ 1 aspyx

no - (rock m usic).
(fans).
- ipoMKO .
.
Do you like rock m usic?
Or do you prefer classical music?

SA LESM A N

W hat can I do for you?

OLD M AN

I would like to buy a hit song. It is for my grandson.


1

SA l.E SM A N

Does he like classical m usic? Country m usic? Or is he a rock fan?

OLD M AN

He likes only rock music.

SA LESM A N

Then you should get this CD.


It is a big hit with young people this year.

O LD M AN

OK , I am going to take it...but, personally, I cant stand that

kind o f music! They alw ays play it


H IpaiO T

(laud)
{IR-mafs)
too loud! Oh, do you also sell earm uffs?

219

TH E PH O TO G RA PH Y SH O P

.
.
< d i- V E L - o i> )

OLD TOURIS

Can you develop th is roll o f film?



( s la k lz )

SALESMAN

Do you w ant slid e s?


/

OLD TOURIST

No, only prints.

SALESMAN

You can com e by to pick them up the day

after tomorrow'. Here is your receipt.

OLD TOURIST

photographer

I would also like to buy a roll o f 35 m illim eter


35-
(e x -P O -z h e rs )

film with 24 exposures. T here are so m any pretty girls on the street today and I
.
tPIK-chers)

w ant to take their pictures! I am going hom e now to look for m y cam era.
/

film
/

eniarfjement

slides

cam era

battery

220

photo shop

Lets . . .

- L ets (let us) /.


L ets go for a walk.

lets .

1. .

2. .

3. .

s s j n p i d 95JB1 s . i a q

- d u j u i b j j v. 3>[CJ s . j a q

221

'z

( 1 1 8 \ i< n q

24

The Shoemaker and the Optometrist


(a-KUEIN-ted)
( UO-king)
To get acquainted with a foreign city you have to do a lot o f w alking. For exam ple, you
'

might w ant to visit the im portant m onum ents in different parts o f the city. These are things
(a-PKI-xhi-eit)

that you cannot appreciate fully from a bus or a taxi. Since you have to walk so m uch, you

must wear a com fortable pair o f shoes. If your feet hurt, how can you walk a lot? In this


>
(keis)

case, you have to talk to the shoemaker.

TR UE FALSE:
1. To get acquainted with a foreign city, it is necessary to run () a lot.
2. The im portant monum ents are all in the same part o f the c ity .__________

222

3. It is good to get acquainted with a city by bus.


4. In order to walk a lot, you must wear com fortable sh o es..
5. The shoem aker w orks in the bakery.__________________

A T T H E S H O E M A K E R S
'

shoem aker

shoelace

sandal

shoes

WOMAN

G ood afternoon. Can you repair this shoe? The heel is broken.
(SA-ri)

SHOEMAKER

No, I m sorry, but it is plastic and it is im possible to repair it. I


can put another heel on it, if you want. W hen do you need these shoes?

WOMAN

Tomorrow, if possible. I am only going to be here until the day


after tom orrow. I am a tourist.

SHOEMAKER

Com e back tom orrow, after 4:00 but before 8 :0 0 .1 close at 8.

By the w ay, how is it possible to break a heel like this?

-s

1 p

223

3 S |C J -e

WOMAN

1 am a folk dancer, and at tim es I stam p my feet too hard!

1. The womans _____________________ is broken.

2. The broken heel is made o f _____________________ .

3. The shoemaker cannot_____________________ the broken heel.

4. The woman will only be in the city u n til_____________________

5. She must pick up her shoes tom orrow_____________________ 4:00.

6. The shoemaker_____________________ the store al 8:00.

7. The woman is a fo lk _____________________ .

8. At limes she stamps her feet t o o _____________________ !

. ?

sooqi) sicpuBS [5

M ojjouioj 1 '

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jredoj

224

jo y u

DiiSB|d ' z

"

A T T H E O P T O M E T R I S T S
'

(freim)

optom etrist

broken glasses

lens

fram e

TO U R IST

The fram e and one o f the lenses are broken. D ont you see?

O I^ O M K T R IS T

(kam) (daun)
Very well. Calm down. You can sit down here. I can repair your

)
(pre-SKRIP-shen)
glasses in a few m inutes if you have the prescription for the lenses.

(on-FOR-chu-net-li)
TO U R IST

U nfortunately, I d on t have the prescription.


O PT O M E T R IST

Then, I am sorry, but I cannot help you. D ont you have


(Al-gies-es)
Other eyeglasses o r co n ta c t lenses?
TO U R IST

O ther glasses, no but I do have a contact lens. But only one lens!
Ho

O PT O M E T R IST

Then you can put the contact lens on one eye and close the

other eye! That way you will see well.


225

ESSEN TIA L SERV ICES


100 cents () = 1 dollar ()


/ .
} 1 .
.
: $1, $5, $10, $20, $50, $100. $2,
fie , .
PETER

W hen I buy things, I always give the clerk a bill, and he gives me change. Now
I have all these coins, and I d o n t know' how' m uch m oney I have!

FA U L

Well, lets count the coins. Then you will know.

PETER

These big silver ones are quarters. I know them , because you use them in
the telephones.

(koinz)

Ihilz)

C o in s a n d b ills

M O Iie ib l

{s e n t)

{ P E ~ n i)

cent or penny

1 cent

5 cents

10 cents

25 cents

100 cents

IN I- k e l)

nickel
(daim)
dime
( Q U A R - le r )

quarter
ID A - le r )

dollar

226

PAUL

Four quarters equal one dollar.


You have eighteen quarters, so
you have four dollars and fifty
cents there.

PETER

These silver ones in the middle


are nickels. They are worth five
cents, right?

PAUL

Right. You need twenty o f them


to equal one dollar. How many
do you have?

PETER

I have only fifteen o f these. That


is...seventy-five cents!

PAUL

And what about the sm all silver


coins?

PETER

These are dim es. There are ten


dim es in a dollar. I have twentysix of them , so I have tw o dollars
and sixty cents.

PAUL

And finally, the pennies. How


many o f them do you have?

PETER

The clerk alw ays gives me lots of


pennies in change. L ets see.... I
have forty-three pennies. That is
forty-three cents.

PAUL

Now, if we add it all together, you


have eight dollars and twentyeight cents.

PETER

L ets take it to the bank and ask


for bills instead. This change is
too heavy!

227

THE BANK, CURRENCY EXCHANGE,


TRA V ELERS CH ECK S
, ,

P e o p le a n d T h in g s

travelers
checks

bank em ployee

tellers window
/

cash

teller

money

idi-PA-zit)
deposit slip

(uiZ-DRO-ual)

w ithdrawal slip

loan

m anager

checkbook

bank

22S

H o w to . . .

(-CHENJj

(reit)

exchange

rate o f exchange

pay

cash a check

deposit

withdraw

( )

sain)

open an account

sign

" ".

1. the money
the cashiers windows

2. the checkbook
the cash

>]>] } 'Z SMopuiM s\J3iqsto 'i

229

3. the m anager
the bankbook

4. the teller
the m anager

5. the deposit slip


the withdrawal slip

6. the cash
the travelers checks

.
1. 1 would like to

( 1 b) Russian rubles.

2. I would like to

( ) a check.

3. 1 would like to

( CO C4 ei a) fifteen thousand dollars,

4. I would like to

( ) eighty dollars.

. .
Mr. and Mrs. Ivanov go into a bank because they want to exchange some travelers checks
for () dollars.
MR. IVANOV

Good m orning, sir. M y wife and I have ju st arrived in New York. We

need to exchange som e travelers checks. We are going to have a


(NAIT-khih)
good tim e at a nightclub tonight.
.

jjs o d o p
s>|D3 iiD ^sj 9 |o ,m ii o q j

M Bjpqji.w
'9

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230

'p

>iooq>|UBq

TELLER

I need to see your passport.

MR. IVANOV

Why?

T E L LE R

To identify you.
y c T a ii a n j i M u a ib

MR, IVANOV

( ) .

I would like to exchange 3000 rubles. W hat is the rate today?


TE L LE R

I d on t know, sir, but I will ask the manager.He will know.

MR. IVANOV

Can y o u cash the checks?

TE L LE R

Well, since I d o n t know the rate o f exchange, I d on t


know whether vve have enough m oney in the bank!


. . ?
Good morning, sir. My wife and 1___________________ arrived in New York.
We n e e d ___________________ s o m e _______________ checks. We are going lo
, lonighl.

al a
your passport.

1 need
W hy?
To

you.
today?

would like lo exchange 3000 rubles. W hat is the

. He will know it.

I dont know, sir, but I will ask th e ,


Can you cash the
I dont know w hether we have

money in the bank!

231

Mr. Ivanov has ju st arrived at the bank. He w ants to deposit a $500 check in
his account.

Then he w ants to exchange 20,000 rubles for dollars. The teller gives him a
deposit slip, w hich he has to sign.

, .

1. Who has just arrived at the bank?

the teller,
Mr. Ivanov

2. W hat does Mr. Ivanov want to do?

deposit money,
withdraw money
deposit 20,000 rubles,

3. W hat else does he want to do?

exchange 20,000 rubles


4. W hat does the teller give him?

a check,
a deposit slip

5. W hat does Mr. Ivanov have to do?

sign it,
leave

ATM
A utom atic Teller M achine

jiu S is - c

dijs jjsodop

S 3[qn.i ()()()

232

j r s o d a p ^ - !

H o w d o w e s a y h a v e ( h a s ) j u s t d o n e s o m e th i n g ?
, " ".

HAVE + JUST +

I have ju st arrived.
.
She has ju st eaten.
.

- : I h a v e ju st eaten.


uo>iods jsnf ^

[ jsnf - 311S

-9snoq jqgnoq jsnf \

233

jsnf i

( e m - lil- s h o n )

( la if}

( M E IL - m a n )

( p r i- T E N D Z )

Joseph has a great am bition in life. He wants to be a m ailm an. Every day Joseph pretends

he is a m ailm an, but he has no letters to deliver. One day Joseph goes to his older sisters
c e c ip a

(streinj)

bedroom and he opens a big box full o f strange things. There is a package of letters in the


(Y U -m -fo rm )

box. He takes them and he goes into the street in his m ailm ans uniform . He goes from
(1)

(dor)

door to door and he leaves one o f the letters at each neighbors house. W hen he

(rll)
returns hom e he tells his sister that he feels like a real m ailm an now.
He explains to her that today all the neighbors have an interesting letter

from her box. But, how could you do that? asks his sister.
(lov)
They are love letters that my
jiiooonni.ie
iB O Y - f r e n d )

boyfriend Ralph writes to m e!


|'/ (|)

234

.
. .
Banie ,
Express mail Federal F^xpress.
, 01 1
. ,
?

mailman

fax m achine

()

mailbox

window

package

mail

postcards

1104

.
.

VANYA

(uei)
The package does not weigh m uch, but it is very big. Are they

(charj)
going to charge me a lot o f m oney to send it?
o p a ib

JULIA

./

You are sending it by airm ail, arent you?

235

VANYA

No.
(a -R A IV )

JULIA

Then, it is not going to cost you too m uch, but it is not going to arrive very soon!

VANYA

W hen will it arrive?

JULIA

In six weeks, m ore or less.



( U E D - in g )

VANYA

But it is a w edding gift for m y sister and she is


getting m arried in two weeks!


JULIA

W hat kind o f gift is it?

VANYA

(DM-pers)
It is a joke. It is a package o f diapers ... I want

to be an uncle very soon!


( U A - r i)

JULIA (laughing)

( P L E N - ii)

D on t worry. I think that your package will get there with plenty of
; 1
(s p e r)

tim e to spare.
BO


.
The
me lot to

too much, but it is very big. Are they going to charge

doesnt ,
9

Are you going to send it b y ______


No.
Then it is not going to cost y o u ___

_, but it is not going to arrive very

____________ is it going to arrive?


In six weeks
But it is a __

or
. gift for my sister and she i s ,

W hat______

_ o f gift is it?

It is a ______

.. They are diapers ... I want to be an

236

in two

very soon.

Dont

I think that your package is going to be there with time t o .

Vanya and Julia enter the post office and they go to the window to mail packages.
VANYA

( ) I would like to send this package by ship to Russia


and 1 d ont w ant to insure it.


EMPLOYEE

First you have to fill out this form . W rite your first nam e, last nam e, and

your address.
(PO-stej)
(The em ployee weighs the package on the scale and Vanya pays the postage.)

VANYA

Can you sell me som e airm ail stam ps?

EMPLOYEE

Yes, o f course.

JULIA

Are you sending postcards to your friends in Russia?

( -ter)
VANYA

I am going to do that later. First I w ant to see if there are letters in my post

office box. I am w aiting for a very im portant letter. If I am going to stay here

longer, I need a check from m y father!


, .
1. , ?
th e _________________________________________________ .
2. -, ?
I want to mail this package b y ___________________________________ .
3. , ?
____________________________________________________ .

UIJOJ

d iq s ' Z

237

-J

, .
1. letters, postcard, package, office
2. mailman, bank, mailbox, post office
3. cash, coins, postcard, bills
4. dimes, quarters, nickcls, stamps
5. mailman, stamps, teller, mail
.
1. Where do you buy stamps? At th e ______________________
2. Where do you cash travelers checks? At th e ,
3. Where do you mail letters? In a ___________

How we say to try to do something


- ""

T o try

I try

we try

you try

you try

he

(iraiz)

she

tries

they try

it

TO TRY +
:

(TRiM-iitf)
I am trying to learn a lot* o f English.

(* ) .

We try to understand the lesson.


.

, (//) tries -ies.

xoqjumi

3 D y jo jso d i

ns.iodiio^i

238

sd s

p jR o jso d 'f

)juRqooyjo'i

? !
Try to do it!
They try to drink a lot of water.
Ralph tries to ask a question.
We always try to tell the truth.

I try to arrive early.

-.
.
I. Do you always try to tell the truth?

2. Do you try to go to bed early?

3. Does she try to learn English?

.
1. Do you study German?

2. Do you get up at six o clock?

3. Do you cat steak and potatoes for breakfast?


}scj>)n3 j q ,ioj[ sa o iB jo d p u n
>1DO[0 , 0 x is IB d n 1 j^ u o p
q s jiS u g 1 o j s a u i o i|s

'

] ON 'z

{. p o q o i o 8 o j

239

I 0 (s[ I

jn a j^iio p j o n

u B iu js Q /Ip n js j^iio p
i

^4 '

:1.
11^1

s a b m ib i s a ^ ' I

HELLO
!


. ,
Hello
Hi. , ,
. Hello, this is John or my nam e is
Tom Brown.
Good m orning Good afternoon.
.

to dial

busy

operator

Iheiigj
to hang up

public telephone

/-

call

a local call

long-distance call

(TE-le-fon)

I ca n t hear.
.'..

person-to-person

telephone

(fong)
wrong num ber

(ko-LEKT)

collect call

(foun)
cell phone

0 0 0

240

directory assistance

/
/
Borya and Anna would like to visit their relatives in
(fon)
New York. First, Borya has to call them on the phone.
' . 110

telephone booth

BORYA

( ) Can you tell me where I can find a


( P A B - lik )

public telephone?
PASSEREJY

There is a telephone b)oth on the next corner.

BORYA

(chenj)
( ) 1 am going to get change in this bar.

riiey both go to the telephone booth and Borya gets on the phone. He dials 0
(PLEI-ses)
for the operator, talks to her, and places som e coins in the slot. The operator

connects him with his uncles hou.se.


UN CLE

Hello...

BORYA

Uncle .Joseph, its m e, Borya.


TTO *

UNC LE

Hello, Borya. Are you in New York again?

BORYA

Yes, uncle. Anna and 1 are com ing to your house this afternoon.

UNCLE

Very well. Aunt .Josephine and I are going to be here all afternoon.

BORYA

Fine, uncle. See you soon!


Its I. I ts .

24!

.
-
: cell(ular) phones. ,
. .
, , , ; .
"", . .
'1', , !!
.
1. Borya wants

to dial.
to write to his uncle,
to make a phone call.

2. Borya cant

3. Before hanging up the receiver, Borya says

hear.
see.
open the door.

Good afternoon.
Hello.
See you soon.

4. Borya places the coins in the

slot.
washing machine.
door.

6. After talking to his uncle, Borya

dials the number.


hangs up the receiver,
goes to sleep.

5. Borya calls from

the hotel,
a telephone booth,
his house.

T a g q u e s t io n s
, .
,
is he, isn t she. ,
no/not. not, .
:
Is he late?
He isnt late, is he?
Hes late, isnt he?

No, hes not late.


No, he isnt.
Yes, he is.

Are they late?


They are late, arent they?
They arent late, are they?

Yes, they are.


Yes, they are.
No, they arent.

.
These are expensive, aren t they?
You arent hungry, are you?
We arent late, are we?

dn sSucq '9

qiooq auoqdojaj 'c

jBoq-j

)0[s

'f

||BD3uoqdB3>n^ori

242

^/uoos no/C

1. ,
?
T h e______________________ .
2. - " "?
________________________ call.
3. ?
In th e________________________.
4. , ?
Sorry, I dialed th e_______________________.
5. ?
T h e______________________ .
6. , ?

7. Ecjm , ,
?
it _______________________call.
8. .
The phone is as usual_______________________.
9. .
P lease______________________ .
10. . .
this c a ll_______________________.

u o s j 3 d - o j - u o s j 3 d !

'9

.la q iu n u |
a u o q d o io }

,< J0 p 0 Jjp s u o q d a p r c

X s n q )-/,

jo q u m u SuoJ.w

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aounjSTp-Suo]joiiuado'j

243

1. Do you read many news magazines?

2. Do you remember your first teachers name?


3. How many times a week do you read the newspaper?


4. Do you remember the new words about the telephone?


jo jB J a d o

ja q u m u

244

q jo o q

[Bip

(D A K -to r)

( D E N - tis t)

( H A S - p i- t a l)

28 The Doctor; Dentist, and Hospital


,

(Q )

CHECKUP

.
!

( lie d )

head

( liA - d i)

.IOHN

How many heads are there on the body?

FRANK

D ont be silly! There is only one.


He !

JOHN

W hat do yo u fin d on y o u r face?

( iw z )

(m a u S )

FRANK

( e iz )

W ell, you have you r nose, your m outh, and your eyes, and above
HOC

poT

nose
HOC

(A l-hntiis}

your eyes you have your eyebrows.

JO H N

And now, tell m e if you know, w hat do you have in your m outh?
( fe is )
(ta n g )

FRANK

( I IS )

face

You have your tongue and teeth.

JOHN

How m any teeth are there in your m outh?

FRANK

Normally, there are thirty-tw o teeth in your m outh.

W
( ir z )

ears
yiiin

245

(hi-TUIN)
W hat do you have between your head

JOHN

neck
and your body?

(n e k )

FRANK

You have your neck. Now, how many


(u rm z )

arm s

arm s do you have?

JOHN

An easy question: two.

I RANK

W hat do you use to write?

(hen dz)

hands

(h e n d )

( F IN -g e rz )

You use your hand and fingers.

JOHN

FRANK

M iU L'lbIU >I

How m any fingers do you have on


fingers
both hands?

JOHN

You have ten fingers.

FRANK

What do you use to walk?

( k 'g z )

legs

*'

JOHN

You use your legs and feet.

FRA NK

(Rl-li)
John, we really know a lot!
itb)

feet
noi *

*P y c c K o e "" : h a n d s a n d a rm s.

** "" feet a n d Ic^s.

(her)

hair

eyes

246

(SUOL-derz.)

mouth

shoulders

(MAS-lesh)

m ustache

---------------

eyebrows
c rra 3 3 >

2 |-

ichlks)

(EL-bos)

cheeks

elbows

(Al-lids)

chest

eyelids

(FOR-hed)

(toz)

forehead

toes
0 1

(he-HAIND)

(niz)

behind

knees

247

H C uT

back

teeth

(/\l-lesh-ez.)

eyelashes

chin

tongue

, ' ,
. , -
, , your, his.

1. The man has (ten, two, one) head.

2. (We see. We hear. We run) with the eyes.

3. The ears are (in front of, behind, on the sides of) the head.

4. The nose is on the (face, the hand, the feet).

5. The hands are at the ends of (the legs, the arms, the fingers).

6. We wear shoes on (the hands, the ears, the feet).

OTBETI.I
|

-9

JO s3p[s uo Y

24S

\^-;

a u o i

, :

I. chest

2. back

3. your toes

4. forehead

d.

5. tongue

6. shoulders

f.

7. eyelids

8. knees

9. elbows

1.

j.

10. chin

Where do women put blush? On their,

Where do women put mascara? On their.

S34 SB(3/<9 8>1

-01

'6

q 'z ,

249

P 9

4 'S

fT

i'Z

^ 'l

W ho se?
, . , ?

- :
, your, her, his, our, their
;

I com b my hair.
His foot hurts.
They wash their hands.

?
1. . ( .)
____________________________________ (______________________________________.)
2. () .

3. .

4. . ( ).

-.

1. Do your feel hurt when your shoes are loo small?


2. Do you wear your hair very short?
3. Do you put your hat on your head?

jjm| J33J s iH 't;

jreq saqsEM

] siq s u c a p j a p j z

250

( )E0.iqj ajos v. SABq j) ojos si iKo.iqj

O P E N W ID E

(0 -1>1)

X ra y

filling

(FIL-ingz)
one o f my fillings has fallen out

(EKS rai)

(KA-ve-ti)
to fill a cavity

(put)
to pull a tooth
'1

()
crown

to drill

CBCp-THI E.

cavity

to spit

D e n ta l E x p re s s io n s
,

(hrij)

local anesthesia

to clean the teeth

T H E D E N T IS T
/

Masha has a toothache. She makes an appointment with the dentist for

two o clock in the afternoon.


R E C E F I lO N lS T

Good afternoon, m adam . Do y o u have an


appointm ent with the dentist?

251

bridge

M A SH A

Yes, at two o clock. M y nam e is M asha Sm irnova.

R E C EPT IO N IST

(rail) (a-UFJ)
Dr. Ferguson will take care o f you right aw ay.

D EN TIST

M iss Sm irnova, please com e in. W hat seem s to be the problem ?

M ASHA

I have a bad toothache.

D EN TIST

Do you have any cavities? Do you brush your teeth every day?
Sit dow n, please. Do you floss your teeth? W here does it hurt?

M A SH A

(lord}
On the right and toward the back.

D EN TIST

Open your m outh, please. I am going to see. But, M asha, this is


( D E N - c lw r z )

incredible! You have dentures.


M ASHA

(Jbr-GET-ing)
Oh, yes. 1 keep forgetting! How m uch do I owe you?

D EN TIST

(kan-sul-TEI-shan)
Seventy dollars for the consultation.

M y h e a d h u rts
*

* - " " : something hurts.


;
throat hurts. ( .)
M arys knees hurt. ( .)
Does your head hurt? ( ?)

252

S A Y A A H ...
"A x!"

M e d ic a l E x p re s s io n s
( H l- s lo - r i)

( S P E - s lu i- lis t)

( J E N - e r - c ilX p n ik - T l- x h a n - e r )

medical history

specialist

general practitioner

(P E I-s h e n t)

iP R E - s h e r )

patient

blood pressure

/.

to stick out your tongue

weight

( Y U - r in ) ( S E M - p e l)

urine sam ple

blood count

( IL - n e s )

( M E I - je r ) ( S E R - je - r i)

sur^eon

illness

m ajor surgery

blood transfusion

anesthesia

m inor surgery

<

( h e l t ) ( in - S H U - r e n . s )

( - - E I- s lu in )

( h la d ) ( tr a n z - F Y U -z h c m )

( M A I- n e r )

health insurance

operation

recuperation

( n ie - d i- K E I- s h a n )

lin - J E K - s h a n )

m edication

injection

to recuperate

/.

( r i- K U - p e r - e it )

253

medical records

blood

(geij)
pressure gauge
.

I need general practitioner.______________________

(in-FF.K-shan)
I have an infection in my throat.

I cant breathe well.


.

(STA-fi)

I have a stuffy nose.


HOC -.

(chilz)
(Fl-ver)
Doctor, I have chills and a fever..
.. II

(kof)
I cough a lot.
1

254

(peill)
I have pain in my chest when 1 breathe.
/

1 have sore throat.

I am allergic to penicillin.

(kof)
Will you prescribe som ething for m y cough?

o r

, .

1. Do you sit down when your feet hurt?

2. Do you sit down while you cat?

(uach) (TI-VI)
3. Do you sit down to watch TV ?

4. Can you walk when you are seated?

pOlROS
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.

T H E JU D G E

(hreik)
Did you break your husbands skull

'(

with the um brella you are carrying


in your hand?
W IF E

Yes, Sir, but unintentionally.

T H E JU D G E

(AK-si-dent)
An accident, eh?

T H E W IFE

The accident is that I broke my um brella.


(kol)

(EM-bvu-leiis)

TO CA LL AN AM BULAN CE
Bbi'iF.iBaTb

ir m - P E R n j

JOHN

( i- M E R - je / i- . s i)

(a -T E K )

I m ust be prepared for any em ergency. If my wife suffers a heart attack


6i.tTb .

and she has to go to the hospital, w hat do I have to do?


G EORG E

It is not diftlcult. The param edics w ill take her to the hospital in an am bulance

ifyu) (Mi-nuts)

in a few' m inutes.
( A K S - l- je ii)

JOHN

Do they have oxygen in the am bulance?

256

( K A R - d i- e k ) ( im i- S A J )

GEORCH-:

O f c-ourse. Also, they can give her a cardiac m assage and check

ip o ls )

her pulse and blood pressure.

Very well. Then I don t have to worry.

JO H N

GEORGE

Not at all.
!

(p o -U S )

THE POLICE

: local police.
: state police.
, . . : FBI.

, 911
.

257

Before leaving o n a trip

! .
! -.

.
. , .
!

(GEJ-ing)

S i t u a t i o n 1: G e t t i n g to K n o w P e o p le
'!

1. , ?
a. Good afternoon.
b. I will see you.
c. Good evening.
2.
?
a. Say.
b . Hello.

c. What is your name?


3. " "? ?
a. I am American.
b . At

two o clock in the afternoon.

c. Very well, thank you.

q B- q-j

258

-I :i

S itu a tio n 2: A rriv a l


I . .

2. .

a. How are you, sir? J

a. I like the country.

b. I dont have a reservation.

b. I have just arrived.

c. I live in the United States.

c. 1 need a room.

3. , .
a. Where are the rest rooms?
b. How much is the room?
c. Is it a big room?

S i t u a t i o n 3 : P la c e s o f I n t e r e s t

1. , ?
a. W here is the post office?
b. W hen is the next bus com ing? U
c. W here is the street?
2. ?
a. I go to bed late.
b. Yesterday, today, tomorrow.
c. To the left, to the right, straight ahead.
3. . ?
a. How much is the fare, please?
b. W here do I get o ff for the m useum ?
c. Are you French?
4. . , .
a. Do you know w here Park Avenue is?
b. Is Park Avenue very far away? _1
c. How much does it cost to go to Park Avenue?

q'

259

^'z

-z

6. OH ?

5. .
, " ".
a. Do you have schedule?

a. It is twenty minutes past two.

b. How is the weather?

b. It is a quarter to one o clock. U

c. Whal time is it?

c. It costs a dime. J

8 .

7. Ha
. -?

a. I want to learn English. U

a. You have lo make a connection.

b. Where is Chicago?

b. It is very cold today.

c. I need to buy a ticket to New York.

c. The luggage is in the baggage car.

9. , , .
a. 1 am Swiss and I speak German. J
b. 1 am Russian and I speak a little English.
c. My wife takes Italian lessons.
11.
. !

10. ,
. :
a. Are you Russian?

a. want to rent an expensive car.

b. Are you English?

b. I want to leave the car in another


city.

c. Are you Ukrainian?

c. I want to rent a cheap car.

d. Are you tired?


e. Are you Japanese?

13. no .
?

12. . .
!
a. It costs lot.
b. Fill up the tank, please. _J

a. Do you have water?

c. Check the oil, please.

c. Do you have a map o f the city?

b. Do you have a playground?

-e i

P 'O l

q -6

260

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14. , .
?

15. ,
. ?

a. Two miles

. It is nice weather.

b. $15

b. It is raining. J

c. A liter _1

c. The sky is clear. _J

16. . ?
a. Is it snowing today?
b. Is it hot today?
c. Is it cold today?
17. ?
a. Flight #300 to New' York is leaving at ten after four.
b. Flight #300 to New York is interesting.
c. Flight #300 to New York costs a lot.
18. , ?
What time is my flight leaving?
b. Do you travel by car?
c. When will flight #300 arrive?

. . ( )
MARY

Hi, Barbara! W here are you going?

BA R BA RA

Im going to Jan es house. Do you want to com e?

MARY

No, thanks, its too far. W hy d on t you com e to my house?

BA R BA RA

Because I told Jane Im going to hers!

MARY

Well, lets call Tom and Ed and go to their house!

BA RBA RA

Good idea! Instead o f going to your house, w ell m eet at theirs!

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261

: , , .

S itu a tio n 4: E n te r ta in m e n t

1. ?
a. We go to the beauty shop. U
b. We go to the pharmacy.
c. We go to the theater. U
2. , jno6Hre .
a. 1 like bicycling.
b. I like lo travel.
c. I like to swim.

S i t u a t i o n 5 : L e t s O r d e r a M e a l

1. peciopan
? !

2.
.

a. Where is there shoe store? U

a. Could I get a soda at the bar?

b. Where do you live?

b. This restaurant is very good.

c. Where is there a good restaurant?

c. Al the next corner.

3. .
lOBOpHT?

4. -: ",
, ".

a. Whal would you like, sir (madam)?

a. Would you please bring the menu?

b. May 1 bring you Ihe bill? J

b. Whal desserts do you serve?

c. I want roast chicken.

c. Do you need the menu?

5. , ?
a. have dinner
b. have lunch J
c. To have breakfast J
d. To hear
e. To have a snack

p -

-t? - q - j

3- :s

262

q'z - | :p

S itu a tio n 6: A t th e S to re
H 1

1. , .
. .

?
l.m ilk

a. vegetable store

2. trout

b. liquor store

3. carrots

c. ice cream parlor

4. wine

d. dairy

5. bread

e. meat store

6. steak

f. fish store

7. ice crcam

g. bakery

2. , .
panties,

shirts,

neckties,

slips,

bras,

underwear,

belts,

socks

3. , ?
a. blue suit, black jacket, white shirt
b. A cotton dress, a green blouse, panty hose
c. German, French, English
4. ?
a. How much is it?
b. What size do you wear? What is your size?
c. Do you have toilet paper?

q -t?

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S B jq s d i i s sa u u B d

'z

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263

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5. . ?
. Detergent____________________
b.

Dirty clothes

c. flow er____
d. C oin s______

6. .
1. haircut

2. scissors

3. moustache

4. a wash and set

d.

5. waves

6. to shave

7. blond

g.

8. sideburns

9. beautician (hairdresser)

1.

3-6

q-8

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q I?

-s

264

g -e

r z

p 'l

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7. ?
a. you put heel on this shoe? (w atchm akers shop, gift shop, shoem akers shop)
b. Do you have cigarettes? (the tobacco store, the dry clcaners, the office supply store)
c. How much is this m agazine? (the post office, the bank, the new sstand)
d. Will you show me a gold ring? (the clothing store, the jew elry store, the subway)
e. Do you have any notepads? (the office supply store, the meat store, the bus stop)

" ". n p onyntennbie .

MARY

Hi, Barbara! W h ere____________________ you going?

BA R BA RA

Im going to Jan es house. Do you w a n t____________________ com e?

MARY

No, thanks, its too far. W h y ____________________ you com e to m y house?

BA R B A R A

Because I told Jane Im going t o ____________________ !

MARY

W ell,____________________ call Tom and Ed and go to their house!

BA R B A R A

Good idea! Instead o f g o in g ____________________ your house, w ell meet


at theirs!

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265

S i t u a t i o n 7 : E s s e n t i a l S e r v ic e s

1. , .
a. When does my flight leave? J
b. Should I lake an aspirin?
c. I would like to exchange these travelers checks.
2. .
?
a. withdrawal slip LI
b. deposit slip J
c. A checkbook
3. ?
a. Do you need skirt?
b. Will you please sign this form?
c. Do you have your passport?
4. ?
eyeglasses, stamps, packages, postage, boots, booth, postcards, letters, desserts
5. ?
a. How are you? U
b. Ill see you. U
c. Hello.


s jjs s s s p 's io o q S3SSBi3/(3t?

266

o 'g

<\'x

o 'l

6. . ?
a. 1 want to pay my bill.
b. Do 1 have to give a tip?
c. I want to make a long-distance call.

7. ?
a. Do you smoke great deal?
b. Do you have a sore throat?
c. What time does my train leave?

8. , ?
a. Call the police, please.
b. We need an ambulance.
c. I like to swim.
d. Help!

-8

-/,

267

0 -9

U se the target word on top to answer the question. Then, chcck the answer tin the back.

, , ,

V;

Who is Susan?

Who is Paul?

What rooms does this house have?

Where are these people?

What is the tourist doing?

Where did the tourists arrive?

3a, nepeA

Where is the boy?

What are the two girls doing?

living room: We watch TV in the living room.


kitchen: We eat in the kitchen.
bathroom: We wash in the bathroom.
bedroom: We sleep in the bedroom.

daughter

fath er

Susan is the daughter of Paul and Ann.

Paul is the father of Peter and Susan

hotel

elevator

suitcase

The tourists arrive at the hotel.

They are in the elevator.

The bellboy carries four suitcases.

to walk

behind: The boy is behind the house.


in front of: The boy is in front of the house.

The tourist gets out of the taxi.

The two girls walk along the street

to get out

What is your name?

What is the boy drinking?

What do we buy at the newsstand?

<

What are these people doing?

6:10

Where does your family go on Sunday?

What are the father and the daughter looking at?

1:15

Where aie you from?

soda, soft drink

newspaper, magazine

name
My name is...

The boy drinks a soda.

We buy magazines and newspapers


at the newsstand.

clock (), watch ()

church

to take

My family goes to church on Sunday.

They are taking the bus.

They look at the clock.

quarter

It is a quarter past one.

to he

I am from the United States.


I am North American.

and
It is six and ten.

How are these people?

What is this car part callcd?


r m

.S .

Where can you buy butter and ham?

How do you put gasoline in your car?

How is the weather today?

Why does the first boy want to drink water?


Why does the second boy want to eat?

How is the young man?

to be cold, to be hot

The man is cold.


The woman is hot.

tire

mechanic

This car part is the tire.

The truck and the car need a mechanic.

thirsty, hungry

The first boy wants to drink water


because he is thirsty.
The second boy wants to eat
because he is hungry.

gas pump

You use the gas pump.

grocery store

You can buy ham and butter at


the grocery store.

sick

to rain

fine weather, sunny

The young man is sick.

It is raining today.

The weather is tine; it is sunny.

, , ,

How are the mother and her daughter?

What are these people doing?

Do you know how to swim?

What do you wear when you swim?

spring: The weather is fine in spring.


summer: It is hot in summer.
fall: It rains a lot in the fall.
winter: It snows a lot in winter.

tall, short

Fourth o f July

The mother is tall.


The daughter is shon.

Today is the Fourth of July.

to run

theater

to sleep

These people are running.

Tonight we go to the theater.

The boy is sleeping now.

hrealrfast

bathing suit

to know

I eat toast for breakfast.

I wear a bathing suit.

Yes, I know how to swim.

What do you prefer to have?

What do you cut with the knife?

Who serves the passengers?

What do you put on your bread?

; ,

What are these?

What can we have with our dinner?

Who brings the meal?

For dessert, what would you like?

coffee with milk, tea

I prefer to have coffee with milk for breakfast.


I prefer to have tea for breakfast.

to eat

meat

The man likes to eat.

I cut the meat with the knife.

vegetables; asparagus, spinach

bottle o f wine

flight attendant

Asparagus and spinach are vegetables.

We can have a bottle of wine with our dinner.

The flight attendant serves the passengers.

cheese, orange

waiter

butter

1 prefer cheese or an orange for dessert.

The waiter brings the meal.

1 put butter on my bread.

Where do you go to buy pills for a sore throat?

What do men use to shave?

What should we use every day?

Where do you put the detergent in?


What do you use to dry the clothes?

When does Anthony go to the barbershop?

Where does Mary go for a permanent?

What do you need to wash your hair?

Where can he buy magazines?

Where can you find an office supply store?

deodorant

electric razor

pharm acy

Every day we should use deodorant.

Men use an electric razor to shave.

I buy the pills at the pharmacy.

haircut

washing machine, dryer

She goes to the beauty parlor.

He goes to the barbershop when he


needs a haircut.

1 put the detergent in the washing machine.


I use the dryer to dry the clothes.

ballpoint pen, stationery

newsstand

shampoo

I can find a ballpoint pen and stationery.

He can buy magazines at the newsstand.

To wash my hair I need shampoo.

beauty parlor

What do the passengers want when


they get off the airplane?

What do you send to your friends?

At what time do you go to bed?

Where do you take your watch to repair it?

What does she give to her friends


for Christmas?

midnight

postcards

suitcases

1 go to bed at midnight.

I send postcards to my friends.

They want their suitcases.

earruigs

ring

w atchm akers shop

She wears the earrings on her ears.

I wear a ring on my finger.

I take my watch to the watchmakers shop.

gift shop

sift
She gives gifts to her friends on Christmas.

The jeweler will sell me a bracelet.

They sell scarves at the gift shop.

jew eler

What do we use to listen to our compact discs?

What is silverware made of?

jH U L

What kind of music do you and your friend like?

What do we need to take pictures?

What does the optometrist repair?

How should tourists carry their money?

CD (sidi) p la yer
We use the CD player.

classical music, popu lar music

I like classical music.


My friend likes popular music.

tra velerschecks

They should carry their money


in travelers checks.

wallet

silverware

He puts his money in his wallet.

Silverware is made of silver.

expensive

camera, film

No, good perfumes are expensive.

We need a camera and film.

broken glasses

shoem aker i
Shoes are repaired at the shoemakers.

The optometrist repairs broken glasses.

What does the tourist do at the bank?

What do we need to send letters by telephone?

Where can we put our letters?

How can we make telephone calls from the


street?

With what do we see?

If she has toothache, who does she visit?

To whom do you show your longue?

mailbox

fa x machine

to cash a check

We can put them in the mailbox.

We need a fax machine.

The tourist cashes a check at the bank.


\

eyes

mouth

telephone booth

We see with our eyes.

We eat with our mouth.

We can use the telephone booth.

doctor

dentist

behind

I show my tongue to the doctor.

She visits the dentist.

I sit on my behind.

WASHINGTON D.C, AND ENVIRONS

BARTONS
... .. .!
,
-. ,
.
:


!

:
- -
!
( )
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( hand )
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