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You are on page 1of 3

: ________

Enrolment No.______________

M. E. - SEMESTER II EXAMINATION SUMMER 2013

Subject Name: Advanced Foundation Engineering

Time: 10.30 am 01.00 pm

Date: 03-06-2013

Total Marks: 70

Instructions:

1. Attempt all questions.

2. Make suitable assumptions wherever necessary.

3. Figures to the right indicate full marks.

Q.1

Q.2

(a)

cohesive soil?

Find the ultimate load carrying capacity of triple under reamed pile of shaft

diameter (d) 0.50 m embedded in the cohesive ground (Cu=50 kPa). The

shaft distance upto first bulb is 3.0 m. Take under reamed diameter equal to

three times shaft diameter and c/c spacing between two bulbs equal to two

times under reamed diameter. The water table is touching the ground level.

= 0.70

(b)

Briefly explain important location & depth criteria for the shallow

foundations.

05

(a)

In case of poor SBC, how a Raft footing will help? For a raft shown below,

compute the contact pressure under the corner columns A, B, C & D. (Note:

Loads are in kN and Fig. is not to the scale).

07

+A

900

+

1000

1m

+B

800

6m c/c

+

1000

+

2000

+

1100

6m c/c

+

1500

+D

1100

1m

+C

1200

1m

4m c/c

4m c/c

1m

(b)

(b)

Q.3

(a)

(b)

Q.3

(a)

(b)

Q.4

(a)

(b)

Df

= 2.0 m

The load is 0.15 m eccentric along the x-x axis.

Soil properties : t = 17 kN/m3 ; sat = 19 kN/m3 ;

C = 0.0 kPa , = 38

Compute the safe bearing capacity value for the Ground Water Table

(GWT) position of 3.0 m below the GL. Use IS code method.

OR

A 2.00 m x 3.00 m size footing is placed at 2.00 m depth below the ground

level (GL) within a 8.0 m thick clay stratum. Ground water table (GWT) lies

at 2.00 m depth below the GL. The clayey soil has t = 17.5 kN/m3, sat =

20.10 kN/m3, LL = 80%, G = 2.7 & water content below 2.0m depth = 25.46

%. If the net pressure intensity at the footing base = 180 kPa, divide the clay

stratum in TWO PARTS and compute the settlement due to consolidation

07

Data given:

1. LHS column: 0.40m x 0.40m touching the property line on the left side.

W1 = 1500 kN

2. RHS column: W2 = 1200 kN

3. c/c distance between column axes = 8.0 m

4. SBC = 230 kPa

Find size of the STRAP footing and draw shear force & bending moment

diagrams mentioning typical values.

OR

What is importance of proportioning of shallow footings? Briefly explain the

procedure for the same.

For the data given in Q5 (b) above, consider SBC = 120 kPa and find size of

the TRAPEZOIDAL combined footing and draw only S.F. diagram

mentioning typical values.

05

09

07

05

09

The following data was obtained in a vertical pile load test on a 400 mm 07

diameter pile:Load(kN)

5.0

10.0

20.0

30.0

40.0

50.0

60.0

Settlement(mm) 2.5

4.0

9.5

16.5

27.0

40.5

61.0

Plot the load settlement curve and determine the allowable load as per IS

code.

A 3 x 3 = 9 pile group is embedded in uniform cohesive bed

07

(Cu = 30 kPa, u = 0.0, sat = 20 kN/m3 , G = 2.70, d = 18.0 kN/m3, LL=

50 %). The piles diameter and length are 0.50 m and 12.0 m respectively.

Calculate the settlement of the pile group under the applied load of 3000 kN.

OR

Q.4

(a)

(b)

Q.5

(a)

Briefly describe various methods of finding the lateral load carrying capacity 07

of a pile.

A 20 m long steel pile is embedded in a deposit of uniform sand. The pile

07

head is subjected to a horizontal force of 10 kN. Assuming the coefficient of

subgrade modulus of 11,000 kN/m3, calculate the deflection of free pile head.

What will be the change in deflection if pile head is fixed? Assume EI of pile

as 3.8 x 104 kN/m2. The values of non dimensional coefficient at ground level

are Ay = 2.435, By = 1.623 & As = -1.623, Bs = -1.750

Describe various methods of finding dynamic soil properties.

07

(b)

A cyclic plate load test on 60cm x 60 cm plate was carried out at a depth of 07

3.0m in a deposit of silty sand. The data obtained is given below:Load(kPa)

20 0

50 0

80 0

120 0

140 0

Settlement(mm) 0.5 0.4 2.0 1.5 3.5 2.5 4.0 3.0 5.5 4.0

Load(kPa)

Settlement(mm)

Q.5

(a)

(b)

200 0

250 0

300 0

400 0

7.0 5.5 10.0 8.0 12.5 10.0 20.0 17.0

and C .

OR

What are the different types of well foundations? Under what situations these 07

foundations are preferred? Also mention their merits and demerits.

A concrete block of weight 800 kN is resting over sandy clay bed having Cu 07

= 35,000 kN/m3. The block is subjected to horizontal oscillation under a

dynamic force of 12 kN. If the base contact area is 10 m2, find its natural

frequency. If the operating frequency is 5 Hz, calculate the frequency ratio

and magnification factor. Take damping factor = 0.2 and the weight the

machine is one fifth of the weight of concrete block.

*************

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