Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 55

.

( ).

.
: Co-Pilot Usachev Pavel

.
E-mail: unnt@list.ru REV_06.01
Co-Pilot Usachev Pavel. .

.............................................................................................................................5
1.

..................................................................................................................7
1.1. /?.............................................7
1.2. RPL?......................................................................................................................7
1.3. /,FPL
?..........................................................................................................................................................7
1.4. ?................................................8
1.5. FPL.RPL.....8
1.6. ?(..
3.3./3.6.Appendix2DOC4444)......................................................................................................................................8
1.7. :...................................................................................................................8

2.

..................................................................................................................................................................9
2.1. RNAV,BRNAV,PRNAV,RNP?
BRNAVPRNAV?...................................................................9
2.2. ?
/?(Annex11,.1.2).................................................................................................10
2.3. CDR,?..................................................................10
2.4. RVSM?.............................10
2.5. RVSM...........................................................11
2.6. RVSM?...........................11
2.7. RVSM(.5.1..5DOC
9574)?..............................................................................................................................................................................13
2.8. RNAV?.................................................................13
2.9. TrackCourseHeading?...............................................................................................................13

3.

2.10.

?...................13

2.11.

/VORNDB?...........................................................................13

2.12.

QFE/?...........................14

2.13.

............................................................................................14

..........................................................................................................................................15
3.1. ??.........................................................15
3.2. ,,?.........................15
3.3. ETA,EAT?().............................................................................................15
3.4. .......................................................................................................................15
3.5. ,?.........15
3.6. ?(.2.3annex11)...................16
3.7. (.VI,.34/.3.2Annex2)?...16
3.8. ?
(Annex2.3.2.2.7)..........................................................................................................................................................16
3.9. ?(Annex21)?.....16
.
E-mail: unnt@list.ru REV_06.01
Co-Pilot Usachev Pavel. .

3.10.

(...10..12..2/Annex2.).....17

3.11. ??(.5
Annex11).........................................................................................................................................................................18
3.12.

?(Annex11.2.3.)..............................................................................................18

3.13. ,?
(.4.1/4.2annex11)......................................................................................................................................................19
3.14.

RNAVSID/STAR?(Doc.81681)..................................................................19

3.15. .8168?
...........................................................................................................................................................20
3.16.
4.

?(Doc.8168.3.2.71.)..........................21

.................................................................................................................................23
4.1. 12(Doc.81681I.3.2).....................23
4.2. ??.............................................................24
4.3. ,
?.................................................................................................................25
4.4. ?Hmin,V,,,
?(Doc.81682,IV).......................................................................................................................26
4.5. ..........................................................................................................27
4.6. RNAV................................................................................................................30
4.7. ?(doc.8168)..............................................................................................32
4.8. 2.........................................................................................................................................33
4.9. ACAS(TCASII)..............................................................................................................................34
4.10.

,.ACAS?(VIII.3doc.8168I).........39

4.11. (Doc8168
21III211/Doc9643(SOIR)................................................................................................................39

5.

4.12.

...............................................................................................43

4.13.

.................................................................................................43

4.14.

RVSM.......................................................................45

4.15.

;(DOC4444ATM/501)................................47

4.16.

SIDSTAR,(Doc8168I233)..................................................49

4.17.

(,,..)(.2.6.Annex11).................................................51

4.18.

3000\FL100.........................................................................51

JEPPESEN.....................................................................................52

.
E-mail: unnt@list.ru REV_06.01
Co-Pilot Usachev Pavel. .

.
Annex 11
Annex 2
DOC 7030
DOC 9574
DOC 4444
DOC 8168

11. .
2.

300 / 1000ft
FL290 FL410
/

Abbr
DEP
IAF

IF

FAF
RPL
EUR
P-RNAV
B-RNAV
FPL
EOBT
VOR
DME
RNP
GNSS
RNA
CDR
CRAM
QFE

QNH

Departure End of RW
. ,
, .
RNAV "".
(IF). ,
. RNAV
"-".

Estimated Off Block Time

Required Navigation Performance /


Global Navigational Satellite System
Radio Navigation Aids
Conditional Routes
Conditional Routes Availability Message
Height above airport elevation (or runway threshold elevation) based on local station
pressure ( )
. Height.
QFE
.
Altitude above sea level based on local station pressure
.
Altitude, QNH .
,
.
.

1.8

.
E-mail: unnt@list.ru REV_06.01
Co-Pilot Usachev Pavel. .

.
- , ,
.

- , .

- .

- .
CRDF - - .
D
- , .
D - .

- () 2000 .

- () 50 2000, 2000.
ILS
- (
).
J
- / (200 - 415 ) , , pa .
LBM - , , .
L - , ILS.
L - , ILS.
A
- 50.

- () 50.
ML
- 50.

- .
MRA - ( ) 50 150.
MRL - , o 50 150.

- () .

- .
RA
- () (), 150 .
RL
- 150 .
S
- , .

- .
TACAN - , .
TX
- () .
V
- , .
VAR
- - .
VOR - .
VOR DME - VOR (D).
VOR T - VOR TACAN.
W
- .
Z
- .

.
E-mail: unnt@list.ru REV_06.01
Co-Pilot Usachev Pavel. .

1.
1.1.
/ ?

(.55 )
1.2.
RPL ?
RPL Repetitive Flight Plans
RPL ( )
, , .

, .
RPL :
( ,
10) IKAO
,
, 14
.
/
(.16.4. DOC 4444-ATM)
RPL.
RPL
.

1.3.

RPL , ,
:
9
9 ;
9 ;
9 c;
9 MLS;
9 ;
9
9 ();
9 ;
9 ;
9 ;
9 ;
9 , :



-
.
(Doc 4444-ATM. .16.4. 2)

/ , FPL
?

EUR ,
(DOC 7030/4)
FPL 10 15
.
10
.
E-mail: unnt@list.ru REV_06.01
Co-Pilot Usachev Pavel. .

S , VHF, ADF, VOR, ILS,


R/A (4444-ATM).
D DME (Distance Measuring Equipment);
HF (High Frequency);
J ADS/CPDLC (Automatic Dependent Surveillance / Controller Pilot Data
Link Communications);
P P-RNAV
(Precision RNAV) +/ 1 nm;
R B-RNAV (Basic
RNAV) +/ 5 nm;
E RNAV SID / RNAV STAR / RNAV TRANSITION.
W
RVSM (Reduced Vertical Separation Minima);
X MNPS;
Y - 8,33 ;
S .
15
10 W 15 / ()
RVSM FL FL,
RVSM FL,
.
9 R Y EUR
9 W FPL FL290
1.4.
?
FPL . EUR, FPL
, .. RPL /,

1.5.

FPL
. RPL
FPL 1 ( ),
.
FPL 3 :
9
9
9 RPL ( , ,
..)
9 25-
FPL ( EUR) , RPL

1.6.

?
(.. 3.3. / 3.6. Appendix 2 DOC 4444).
FPL,
FPL 10 ,
. , ,
, : FL, , , ..

1.7.
:
a) ( 2 .9 )
b) ( )? (Doc 7030, EUR).
, (EOBT),
:
A. 20
B. EUR 15
.
E-mail: unnt@list.ru REV_06.01
Co-Pilot Usachev Pavel. .

2. .
2.1.

RNAV, B-RNAV, P-RNAV, RNP?


B-RNAV P-RNAV?

RNAV (area navigation).


, (VOR, NDB)
B-RNAV (Basic RNAV) () .
, ,
RNP 5 ( 5 NM 95%
).
P-RNAV (Precision RNAV) .
(SIDs STARs) , ,
( AIP ) RNP <1 NM.
RNP Required Navigation Performance /
. RNP
, .
RNP:
TunRNP

10

12,6

20

95-


1,85
(1,0 nm)

7,4
(4,0 nm)

18,5
(10 nm)

23,3
(12,6 nm)

37
(20,0 nm)

RNP ICAO JAA.


RNP Level

Typical Application

European Precision RNAV (P-RNAV)

Projected for oceanic/remote areas where 30 NM horizontal separation is applied

European Basic RNAV (B-RNAV)

10

Oceanic/remote areas where 50 NM lateral separation is applied


RNP .

RNP Level

Typical Application

Primary Route Width (NM)


Centerline to Boundary

0.3

Approach

0.3

Terminal

1.0

Terminal and En Route

2.0

:
9 (DME),
(DME/DME).
9 DME (VOR/DME)
9 (GNSS)
9 (INS, IRS/IRU)

.
E-mail: unnt@list.ru REV_06.01
Co-Pilot Usachev Pavel. .

2.2.

?
/ ? (Annex 11, .1 . 2)

(Airways) (RNA),
RNAV .
(Domestic)

, , G, R
,
.
, J, V, W
,
(Domestic)
L, , N,

,
.
,
.

Q, , Y, Z

2.3.
CDR, ?
CDR Conditional Routes 1,2,3

===

UN154


1.
2. CRAM (Conditional Routes Availability Message)
3.
2.4.

RVSM ?

Appendix G to Part 91Operations in Reduced Vertical Separation Minimum (RVSM) Airspace)


Section 2. Aircraft Approval
C. Altitude-keeping equipment: All aircraft. To approve an aircraft group or a nongroup aircraft, the
Administrator must find that the aircraft meets the following requirements:
1) The aircraft must be equipped with two operational independent altitude measurement systems.
2) The aircraft must be equipped with at least one automatic altitude control system that controls
the aircraft altitude
I.
Within a tolerance band of 65 feet about an acquired altitude when the aircraft is operated
in straight and level flight under nonturbulent, nongust conditions; or
II.
Within a tolerance band of 130 feet under nonturbulent, nongust conditions for aircraft for
which application for type certification occurred on or before April 9, 1997 that are equipped
with an automatic altitude control system with flight management/performance system
inputs.
3) The aircraft must be equipped with an altitude alert system that signals an alert when the
altitude displayed to the flight crew deviates from the selected altitude by more than:
I.
300 feet for aircraft for which application for type certification was made on or before April
9, 1997; or
II.
200 feet for aircraft for which application for type certification is made after April 9, 1997.
D. Altimetry system error containment: Group aircraft for which application for type certification was
made on or before April 9, 1997. To approve group aircraft for which application for type certification
was made on or before April 9, 1997, the Administrator must find that the altimetry system error
(ASE) is contained as follows:
1) At the point in the basic RVSM flight envelope where mean ASE reaches its largest absolute
value, the absolute value may not exceed 80 feet.
2) At the point in the basic RVSM flight envelope where mean ASE plus three standard deviations
reaches its largest absolute value, the absolute value may not exceed 200 feet.
.
E-mail: unnt@list.ru REV_06.01
Co-Pilot Usachev Pavel. .

3) At the point in the full RVSM flight envelope where mean ASE reaches its largest absolute value,
the absolute value may not exceed 120 feet.
4) At the point in the full RVSM flight envelope where mean ASE plus three standard deviations
reaches its largest absolute value, the absolute value may not exceed 245 feet.
5) Necessary operating restrictions. If the applicant demonstrates that its aircraft otherwise comply
with the ASE containment requirements, the Administrator may establish an operating restriction
on that applicant's aircraft to restrict the aircraft from operating in areas of the basic RVSM flight
envelope where the absolute value of mean ASE exceeds 80 feet, and/or the absolute value of
mean ASE plus three standard deviations exceeds 200 feet; or from operating in areas of the full
RVSM flight envelope where the absolute value of the mean ASE exceeds 120 feet and/or the
absolute value of the mean ASE plus three standard deviations exceeds 245 feet.
E. Altimetry system error containment: Group aircraft for which application for type certification is
madevafter April 9, 1997. To approve group aircraft for which application for type certification is
made aftervApril 9, 1997, the Administrator must find that the altimetry system error (ASE) is
contained as follows:
1) At the point in the full RVSM flight envelope where mean ASE reaches its largest absolute value,
the absolute value may not exceed 80 feet.
2) At the point in the full RVSM flight envelope where mean ASE plus three standard deviations
reaches its largest absolute value, the absolute value may not exceed 200 feet.
F. Altimetry system error containment: Nongroup aircraft. To approve a nongroup aircraft, the
Administrator must find that the altimetry system error (ASE) is contained as follows:
1) For each condition in the basic RVSM flight envelope, the largest combined absolute value for
residual static source error plus the avionics error may not exceed 160 feet.
2) For each condition in the full RVSM flight envelope, the largest combined absolute value for
residual static source error plus the avionics error may not exceed 200 feet.
2.5.
RVSM

60. / 200ft.
-
. (.5 DOC 9574)
9 ( )
60 / 200ft
9
,
45 /150ft
9
23 /75ft. 0 QFE.
300
2.6.
RVSM?
RVSM
" RVSM", "UNABLE RVSM DUE
EQUIPMENT".
" RVSM".
" RVSM",
RVSM:
A. (, )
;
B. (QFE
QNH)
75 (23) ;
C.
, 200 (60);
D. ;
.
E-mail: unnt@list.ru REV_06.01
Co-Pilot Usachev Pavel. .

E. ACAS,
, ,
, , 300 (90),
ACAS ;
F. " " ,
, 65 (20);
G. ,
TVE, 300
(90), / ASE, 245 (75).
RVSM,
" RVSM", :
;
,
RVSM, ,
RPL/FPL FPL, ,
" RVSM", .4 12.3
.
RVSM, , "
RVSM" , RVSM,
( ) :

"NEGATIVE RVSM DUE EQUIPMENT" (
(SLOT, EOBT)
);
FPL,
.4 12.3 ;

.
" RVSM"
RVSM, -
"NEGATIVE RVSM DUE EQUIPMENT"
.
" RVSM" RVSM,
-
"NEGATIVE RVSM DUE EQUIPMENT"
.
" RVSM" RVSM,
- "NEGATIVE RVSM
DUE EQUIPMENT" .
:

, RVSM ( FL280 )
.
, RVSM,
" RVSM", , ,
" RVSM" .
, , ,
, " RVSM"
"READY TO RESUME RVSM" , , .

.
E-mail: unnt@list.ru REV_06.01
Co-Pilot Usachev Pavel. .

2.7.

RVSM
(.5.1. .5 DOC 9574)?
,
(23 /75ft. 0
QFE)
RVSM :
1)
2) ()
3) ,
()
4)

2.8.
RNAV?
RNAV VOR/DME, DME/DME
GNSS
.
2.9.
Track Course Heading?
TRACK / TR
(USA AIM)
(IKAO)
(,
GRID, ). TRACK
- ( NAT)
The projection on the earth's surface of the path of an aircraft, the direction of
which path at any point is usually expressed in degrees from North (true,
magnetic or grid). (Annex 2, Annex 4, Annex 11, PANS-OPS)
COURSE

( / ).
, FRONT or
BACK course.
TRACK MLS (microwave landing system AIM USA)
HEADING/ HDG
( ) (RW heading.
AIM USA, Maintain RW heading
) ( )
The direction in which the longitudinal axis of an aircraft is pointed, usually
expressed in degrees from North (true, magnetic, compass or grid). (Annex 2,
PANS-OPS/I)
2.10.


?
GNSS
.

2.11. / VOR NDB?


,
(DOC 8168 2.2.3.1.)
/ VOR 5,2 (
2,5).
/ NDB 6,9 (
3,0).
. (RSS)

.
E-mail: unnt@list.ru REV_06.01
Co-Pilot Usachev Pavel. .

2.12. QFE /?
QFE = QNH P, P ,
(RW Elevations) (hPa)
2.13.
AMA
Area Minimum Altitude .

()
, .
MSA
Minimum Safe Altitude (= AMA area minimum altitude) (.2 DOC 8168)
.
:
300 / 1000tf - < 5000ft
610 / 2000tf - > 5000ft
46 / 25NM ,
,

PLIS - ,
, , ,
, 300 (1000 ) ,
46 (25 ),
, .

The lowest altitude which may be used which will provide a minimum clearance of 300 m (1 000
ft) above all objects located in an area contained within a sector of a circle of 46 km (25 NM)
radius centered on a radio aid to navigation.

Minimum Enroute IFR Altitude


.
:
9 300 /1000ft
9 600 /2000ft (
8 )
9 .

MOCA

Minimum obstacle clearance altitude


M .
,
.

The minimum altitude for a defined segment that provides therequired obstacle clearance.
MORA

Minimum Off Route Altitude


( 10NM ).
300 (1000')
<7000' (2134 ) 600 (2000'),
>7000'.
MORA :
9 Grid MORA - , (, ),

9 Route MORA - .
PLIS -
Jeppesen: MORA MORA .
MORA ,
10 c (18,5 ) ,
, 10 c (18,5 ) ,
.
.
E-mail: unnt@list.ru REV_06.01
Co-Pilot Usachev Pavel. .

MORA 1000 (300)



5000 (1525) 2000 (600)

5001 (1525) .
MORA
,

3. .
3.1.
? ?
(.3.7 Annex 11)
, . :
a)
, ;
b)
;
c)
;
d)
() .

, .
(. 3.6.1.1 Annex 2)

.

3.2.

, ,
?
.3.3.1.4 annex 2
, ,
10
.

3.3.
ETA, EAT? ( )
ETA Estimated Time Of Arrival , ..
,
EET Estimated Elapsed Time ,
, ( FIR-)
EAT Expected Approach Time . ,
( FIX)
3.4.

:
IKAO
3000ft /900 10NM.

500
25, 2000 (.1
).
USA
MSL ( )
5000ft / 1500.
600 . , 300 .

3.5.

,
?
, ,
, ,
,
.
.
E-mail: unnt@list.ru REV_06.01
Co-Pilot Usachev Pavel. .

3.6.

? (.2.3
annex 11)
,
.

3.7.

( .VI, . 34 /
.3.2 Annex 2)?
, ,
.

.
:
- , ,
( , ...)
- , ,
.
- , .
- .

3.8.


? (Annex 2 .3.2.2.7).
3.2.2.7

3.2.2.7.1

,
, :
A. , ,
, , ,
;
B. ,
,
C. , , ,
.

3.2.2.7.2

, ,
,
.

3.2.2.7.3

, ,
"STOP" ,
.

3.9.

? (Annex 2
1)?
, , ,
:
A. , -
SOS ( );
B. , MAYDAY;
C. ,
MAYDAY;
D. ,
;
E. .
F. ,
.
E-mail: unnt@list.ru REV_06.01
Co-Pilot Usachev Pavel. .

, , ,
, ,
-
, :
A. , -
;
B. , PANPAN;
C. ,
PANPAN.
3.10.

( . . .10. .12. .2 /
Annex 2 .)

:
1.
.
2. ;
3. , ;
4.
5. , :
- (, );
- ;
- ;
- ;
- ;
- ;
- ;
-
- - .
-
6.
, ;
7. .
8. ,
, ,
,

,

, :
A. ;
B. :
9 , 7700
9 , 7500, , ,
;
C. / "
" (ADS/CPDLC) , ;
D.
, ;
E. ,
,
,
9 300 (1000 ) FL290
9 150 (500 ) FL290.
.
E-mail: unnt@list.ru REV_06.01
Co-Pilot Usachev Pavel. .

3.11.

?
? (.5 Annex 11)

-
( - Emergency phase. ,
, ):
(Uncertainty phase). , :
9
.
9 30 .
9 30 . , ,

. (Alert phase). , :
9 .
9 30
9 5
9 ,
.
. (Distress phase). , :
9 ,

9
9
9
3.12.

? (Annex 11 .2.3.)

-

2.3.1.

. :
A.
B.
C.
:
A. ;
B. ,
, ;
C. .

2.3.2.

- . :
A.
B. ,

2.3.3.

. :
A. ,
-
.
.
E-mail: unnt@list.ru REV_06.01
Co-Pilot Usachev Pavel. .

3.13.

- ,
? (.4.1/4.2 annex 11)

:
A. SIG AIRMET;
B. , ,
, ;
C.
;
D. ;
E. ,
, ,
;
F. , ;
G. ,
,
. , , ,
. - -
,
.
3.14. RNAV SID / STAR ? (Doc. 8168 1)
RNAV SID / STAR :
9 ,
( Fly-By, Fly-Over, , )
9 P-RNAV
9 RNAV SID / STAR NDB / VOR
9 ,

9 ( FIX, )
PLIS
4.2 / 4.3 SIDs / STARs
9 SIDs / STARs ,
- ,
.
9
.
, . :
WPT; WPT, -
, fly-by fly-over.
WPT ,
P-RNAV, .

.
E-mail: unnt@list.ru REV_06.01
Co-Pilot Usachev Pavel. .

3.15.

. 8168 ?
.
( . D)
9 ( 5 NM cat.
D)
9 380 ../ 205
9 20
9 () MDA/H 210./689ft
9 (MOC) - 120./394ft.
.
9 ( 400 5000 )
9 2-
2.3.12.

.
E-mail: unnt@list.ru REV_06.01
Co-Pilot Usachev Pavel. .

3.16.

? (Doc. 8168 . 3.2. 7 1.)




.
NAPD1 NAPD2
, Doc. 8168 .
3.2. 7

NADP 1


(I-7-3--1).
- 240. / 800ft. .
- V2 + 20-40 ..
- 900. / 3000ft.

NADP 2

, (I-7-3--2).
- 240. / 800ft.
- Vzf :
1.

2.
900. / 3000ft. Vzf + 20-40 .. 900. / 3000ft.
.
.
E-mail: unnt@list.ru REV_06.01
Co-Pilot Usachev Pavel. .

,

.

.
1.


-
,

.

2.


\/2 +
2040 / (1020 ).

.
E-mail: unnt@list.ru REV_06.01
Co-Pilot Usachev Pavel. .

4. .
4.1.

1 2 (Doc. 8168 1 I. 3.
2)

120 .
150 DEP (departure end of RW),
15
120. ( , ).
3,3% 3,5 .
2,5%,
,
3,3%

.
E-mail: unnt@list.ru REV_06.01
Co-Pilot Usachev Pavel. .

1, 30, (
VOR/NDB) ,
3,3% ( )
. 2
( .

SID
9 2- 490 / (256
)
9 :
1000
- 15
3000
- 20
3000
- 25
.
4.2.
? ?
2 :
Procedure turn 45/180 (80/260) /
:
"" ""
.
Base turn

/ Base

,
,
.

.
E-mail: unnt@list.ru REV_06.01
Co-Pilot Usachev Pavel. .

, ,
,
.

(IAP).
, ,
, ,
, ,
, ,
, ,
.
:
NPA .
, .
APV
.
,
, .

.
,
.
.

,
:
)

b) .

RACE TRACK - "" c,


/
, .
IAF( , IAF, IF, FAF,
outbound,
/ (405 .. / 210
. 6 .. / 1200 ft.min.
4.3.


, ?
9 ,
, .
5 . , (
. ,
)
9 ,
ILS/VOR 3- -
, .. (
)

.
E-mail: unnt@list.ru REV_06.01
Co-Pilot Usachev Pavel. .

4.4.

? Hmin, V, , ,
? (Doc.8168 2, IV)
:
9 MIN ,
9
9 ,
( ).
9 25 3/ (
).
9 OUTBOUND 1 < 4250 (14000 )
9 OUTBOUND 1,5 > 4250 (14000 )
9 DME ,

9
(1)

/D
/

4250 .
(14000 )
42506100 .
(1400020000 )
610010350 .
(200034000 )
10350 (34000 )

425

(2)

230

445

(4)

240

490

(4)

265
0,83

(1) .
(2) , 425 / (230 ),
, ( ).
(3) 520 / (280 ) 0,8
, ,
.
(4) ( ) 520 / (280 ).

.
E-mail: unnt@list.ru REV_06.01
Co-Pilot Usachev Pavel. .

4.5.



-
(. ). 5
.
- VOR
, .
VOR/DME VOR,
DME, , ,
VOR/DME .
- DME ,
- .
1 ( )
A. ,

(Outbound Track) DME
, .
B. ,
(Inbound Track) .
C.
.
2 ( )
A. 30 ,
.
B. :
,
DME, ;

DME, ( ,
).
C. .
D.
.
3 ( )

.
DME.

1 3.

.
E-mail: unnt@list.ru REV_06.01
Co-Pilot Usachev Pavel. .

VOR/DME .
,
.
, ,
:
a. VOR
. ( )
.
( );
b. VOR ,
.
, 30,
DME
. , VOR/DME
,
DME ,

(. );
c. DME , . ,

DME.
(. );
d. DME . , ,
, ,
VOR/DME. ,
DME (. D).
, -
, DME
, :

.
E-mail: unnt@list.ru REV_06.01
Co-Pilot Usachev Pavel. .

a. ,
DME.
(. );
b. , ,
( ) VOR
( ). ,
(. F G).

:
9 1 , 4250 (14000 )
9 1 30 , 4250 (14000 ). DME
, .
,
,
.


.

.
E-mail: unnt@list.ru REV_06.01
Co-Pilot Usachev Pavel. .

4.6.

RNAV.

R+1.414( AW)

R+1.414(1/2 AW)
ATT

1.414( AW)

. 1.5. RF -
(), RNP-RNAV (. 1.6), :
1. , WGS-84;
2. Holding WPT (Fix);
3. 100 50 ;
4. ;
5.
;
6. (d1) ;
7. (d2), ;
8. RNP (d3);
9. d4, 4, d4
= 0.35d2;
10. RNP : d5 = 1.4RNP;
11. (d6),
12. RNP + 3.7 9.3 .

d6

d4

d2
d1

d5

d3 = RNP

. 1.6. RNP-RNAV
RNP-RNAV Holding Procedures 4 ,
(. 1.7).
. 1.8. Fly-by ( 1 4)
Fly-over ( 2 3).
.
E-mail: unnt@list.ru REV_06.01
Co-Pilot Usachev Pavel. .

RNP-RNAV , , ,
FMS:
1. HF - holding to a fix , Holding Fix.
course reversal;
2. HM - holding to a manual termination ,
. -
missed approach;
3. HA - holding to an altitude , , ,
, , - ,
Holding Fix.
HF HA , FMS
Fly-by Holding Fix TF next WPT.
LNAV.

70
2

. 1.7. RNP RNAV

3
. 1.8. RNP-RNAV :
- 1; - 2; - 3; - 4
, , RNP RNAV, 95%
. . 1.6 .
, , Fly-by Flyover.
:
FL245 - 23, - 15.

.
E-mail: unnt@list.ru REV_06.01
Co-Pilot Usachev Pavel. .



.
4.7.
? (doc. 8168)
NADP1
- 240 (800 ) .
- V2 + 20 / (10 ).
- 240 (800 )
/ .
- V2 + (20-40)/ (1O-20 )
- 900 (3000 ) ,

- 900 (3000 )
.

NADP 2
- 240 (800 )
.
- V2 + (20+40 )/ (10-20 ).
- 240 (800 ) ,
, ,
VZF :
a)

/
b)
/.
- , VZF
+(20-40) / (10-20 ) 900 (3000 )
.
- 900 (3000 )
.

.
E-mail: unnt@list.ru REV_06.01
Co-Pilot Usachev Pavel. .

4.8.
2-

. MAP (Missed approach point

(MAPt). That point in an instrument approach procedure at or before which the prescribed missed approach
procedure must be initiated in order to ensure that the minimum obstacle clearance is not infringed) ,
.
3 :

MAP
. , RW
50 .
. ( ) RW,
15. . D
<345./185 KT, > 2.5%


, .
. D 490 ../265

.
E-mail: unnt@list.ru REV_06.01
Co-Pilot Usachev Pavel. .

4.9.
ACAS (TCAS II).
TCAS (Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance System)
ACAS (Airborne Collision Avoidance System).
TCAS II 7.0
ACAS II.
ACAS II ("Resolution Advisories" (RA's))

, Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance System
RPP Part B 3.10
3.10.1
TCAS
. TCAS
:
- (TA) ;
- (RA).
3.10.2. : RAFFIC ADVISORIES (TA) .

: TRAFFIC, TRAFFIC.
3.10.3. : RESOLUTION ADVISORIES (RA)
.
RA ,
( RA).
3.10.4. TCAS
RA
( ). RA
(STALL WARNING)
(GPWS). RA
FCOM.
3.10.5. RA
RA
.
, RA ,
.
, RA ,
1000 (300 ) RA .

.
E-mail: unnt@list.ru REV_06.01
Co-Pilot Usachev Pavel. .

RA :
RA

RA

VY

RA

RA

VY

+ 2500 fpm

INCREASE CLIMB

INCREASE DESCENT

2500 fpm

+ 1500 fpm

CLIMB, CLIMB

DESCEND, DESCEND

1500 fpm

+ 1500 fpm

CLIMB, CROSSING CLIMB

DESCEND, CROSSING DESCEND

1500 fpm

+ 1500 fpm

CLIMB, CLIMB NOW

DESCEND, DESCEND NOW

1500 fpm

+ 1500 fpm

+ 4400 fpm

MAINTAIN VERTICAL SPEED

MAINTAIN VERTICAL SPEED

1500 fpm

4400 fpm

> 0 fpm
> 500 fpm
> 1000 fpm
> 2000 fpm

ADJUST VERTICAL SPEED

ADJUST VERTICAL SPEED

< 0 fpm
< + 500 fpm
< + 1000 fpm
< + 2000 fpm

MONITOR VERTICAL SPEED

MONITOR VERTICAL SPEED

.
E-mail: unnt@list.ru REV_06.01
Co-Pilot Usachev Pavel. .

:
TV ""
"" 15


.
TA 850 ft .
RA 700 ft .
TA RA ,
.

.
E-mail: unnt@list.ru REV_06.01
Co-Pilot Usachev Pavel. .

TCAS Resolution Advisories ( ):


4 Preventive Resolution Advisory ( ):
- MAINTAIN VERTICAL SPEED,
- MONITOR VERTICAL SPEED
()
;
4 Corrective Resolution Advisory ( ):
- DESCEND, DESCEND,
- CLIMB, CLIMB,
- ADJUST VERTICAL SPEED,
- CLIMB, CROSSING CLIMB,
- DESCEND, CROSSING DESCEND,
- INCREASE CLIMB, INCREASE CLIMB,
- INCREASE DESCENT, INCREASE DESCENT,
- CLIMB, CLIMB NOW,
- DESCEND, DESCEND NOW
()
.
Resolution Advisory Traffic advisory, ,
Resolution Advisory Traffic
advisory.
9 1450 ft. (+/- 100 ft.) (440 m.) , increase descend RAs;
9 1100 ft. (+/- 100 ft.) (335 m.) , descend RAs;
9 1000 ft. (+/- 100 ft.) (305 m.) , RAs. TA - only;
(+/- 100 ft.)
9 500 ft.
(153 m.) , No aural
communications.
9 380 ft.
intruders declared on the ground
TA 20 1000 ft 48
20000 ft.
RA 15 1000 ft 35
20000 ft.
.
:

;
(Traffic advisory);
(Resolution advisory).
, .
:
other traffic , ;
, 6 NM 1200 ft ,
proximate traffic.
traffic advisory ,
TA;
resolution advisory ,
RA.

.
.
10 NM
+/- 1 NM +/- 10 .
.
E-mail: unnt@list.ru REV_06.01
Co-Pilot Usachev Pavel. .

.
(
) ft +, , ,
.
500 ft/min,
, .
-,
,
, TA RA:

NMs, ft.

.
E-mail: unnt@list.ru REV_06.01
Co-Pilot Usachev Pavel. .

4.10.

, . ACAS? (VIII . 3
doc.8168 I)
RA,

(d) "Roger".
TCAS RA, ,
,
: "UNABLE, TCAS RA" ( , ).
, "TCAS RA" "UNABLE, TCAS RA"
. ( ,
3.10.3.)

4.11.


(Doc 8168 - 2 1 III-2-1-1 / Doc 9643 - (SOIR)
Near-parallel runways. Non-intersecting runways whose extended centre lines have an angle of
convergence/divergence of 15 degrees or less.
.
,
,
.
(NOZ). ,
ILS /
MLS.
.
.
.
.
,
,
.
. , /
15 .
(NTZ).
,


, .
.
,
, .
1.2
1 .
,
ILS / MLS.
2 .
,
ILS / MLS.
. MLS ILS I . 3 "MLS" 1
I II PANS-OPS.
3 .
.
.
, , ,
.
.
E-mail: unnt@list.ru REV_06.01
Co-Pilot Usachev Pavel. .

4 .
, .
1.2.1.4
) ,
, ;
b) ,
, .
1.2.1.4.2 , . .
.
:
)
1) , :
1 2
4
2) , :
4
3
b) :
1.2.2.1 (NOZ) - ,
ILS /
MLS. ,
.
1.2.2.1.2
.
1.2.2.2 (NTZ) - ,
,
610 (2000 ). ,
300 (1000 ),
. (NTZ)

, .
1.3

()
ILS MLS.
1.4
/ , :
) I 14
1) :
i) 1310 (4300 ), 1035
(3400 ), () :
0,06 (1),
, 2,5 ,
,
,
ii) 1525 (5000 ), 1310
(4300 ), ,
, ,
,
iii) 1525 (5000 ) .
c:
0,3 (1 )
.
E-mail: unnt@list.ru REV_06.01
Co-Pilot Usachev Pavel. .

5 ;
2) ,
915 (3000 ) ,
:
i) 0,3 (1 )
ii) 5 .
.
(SOIR) (Doc 9643);
b) ,
;
) ;
d) ILS / MLS,
(DME);
) ,
6 " "
(PANS-ATM, Doc 4444);
f) ,
;
g) ,
ILS / MLS;
h) ILS
MLS;
i)
, .

(ATIS). ,
ILS / MLS;
j) ,
(
);
k)
.
1.5 ILS
MLS
1.5.1
:
) ,
ILS MLS ,
300 (1000 ).
b)
.
NTZ.

ILS /
MLS. ILS MLS
. )
ILS MLS
, :
1) ILS
MLS , 30,
2)
ILS MLS
2 (1,0 . ). ,
ILS
.
E-mail: unnt@list.ru REV_06.01
Co-Pilot Usachev Pavel. .

MLS 3,7 (2,0 . )


ILS MLS.
d)
" " " "
,
ILS /
MLS. ,
ILS
MLS ILS MLS.
300 (1000 ) .
)
ILS MLS
:
1) ILS (
MLS);
2) , , :
i) ILS (
MLS)
ii) ILS ( MLS) MLS,
ILS MLS;
3) , .
f) ILS
MLS ,
.

, .
g) 300 (1000 ),
, , ,
ILS
MLS.
h) , ILS (
MLS),
NTZ, ,
ILS , MLS,

, .
1.5.2 ,
(PAOAS), , ,
45 ILS
, MLS.
,
120 (400 ) .
1.5.3 ,
.
1.6
. , ,
8 PANS-ATM (Doc 4444).
1.7

. ,
, .
.
E-mail: unnt@list.ru REV_06.01
Co-Pilot Usachev Pavel. .

1.8

. ,
, 8 PANS-ATM (Doc 4444).

(NOZ) (NTZ)
4.12. .
:
- ;
- ,
121,5 , ;
- ()
-
-
- ()
.
4.13. .
.
- ()
() 1285

- () .
1800
.
-
: 07/ - 07;
25/ - 25.
- ,
.

.
E-mail: unnt@list.ru REV_06.01
Co-Pilot Usachev Pavel. .


:
- 2100
( 07 , 25 ), ;
-
;
- 2100 25,
07 680 , - -
(VOR ) ( )
,
;
- , ,
()
(4200, 4500 7200, 7500)
.
.
- (200) - ()
(900)
( 45, 46)
.
-
, (900
) 45 46 :
(), ,

;
()

(4200, 4500 7200, 7500) ;
2100 ;
2100
;
1285 ( )
: 07 / 07 ( 43), 25 / 25 ( 44)
2100 642 1285 .
-
, () .
. 4.7.
- () 1800
: 07 / 07 ( 27), 25 / 25 ( 28)
.
().
- ()
() () :
(), FPL
,
, ;

()
1285 .
-
, () ,
1800
.
E-mail: unnt@list.ru REV_06.01
Co-Pilot Usachev Pavel. .

: 07 / 07; 25 / 25
.
,


- ()

() .
4.14. RVSM.
() RVSM
RVSM ,
.
CVSM RVSM
RVSM CVSM (AIP).

RVSM (FLAS),
RVSM 310, 350 390
.

RVSM.
7.1
RVSM.
RVSM
"" "" ( 1),
. ,
RVSM
, 20 .
RVSM.

20-

""

""

:
RVSM, RVSM
(CVSM) ( ,
). CVSM RVSM
.
E-mail: unnt@list.ru REV_06.01
Co-Pilot Usachev Pavel. .

20 "".
FPL (RPL) RVSM ( "")
(FIR), RVSM;
(
) ,
CVSM RVSM
. CFL RVSM FPL
( "")
(FIR), RVSM.
:
RVSM ( "")
,
, RVSM CVSM
20 "A".
CVSM FPL (RPL) ( "")
RVSM;
, ,
,
RVSM CVSM .
CFL CVSM FPL (RPL) (
"") RVSM.
RVSM
, FPL RPL (12100, 11100, 10100, 9100
).
7.2
FLAS (Flight Level Allocation Scheme)
FLAS) 310, 350 390
RVSM
(.2). " " ("buffer airspace") ,
. 310, 350 390 "
" FPL RPL, ,
.

.
E-mail: unnt@list.ru REV_06.01
Co-Pilot Usachev Pavel. .

:
RVSM RVSM
(CVSM) ( ,
). CVSM RVSM
RVSM.
FPL (RPL) RVSM ( "")
" " RVSM;
(
) ,
CVSM RVSM
. CFL RVSM FPL
( "") " " RVSM.
:
RVSM 390, 350 310 (
" ") ,
,
RVSM RVSM, " " FPL RPL (,
FL350 FL370) " "
. , FLAS ,
RVSM .
RVSM
, FPL RPL (12100 , 11100, 10100,
9100).
4.15. ; (DOC 4444 ATM/501)
,
, ,
,
,
ADS-B (
), , .
, ,
, ,
, :
2.1 (VMC):
(a) ;
(b) ;
(c)
.

2.2 (IMC) ,
,
2.1, :
()
, ,
,
, 20 ,
,
;
(b) ,
(, , ADS-B),
, , 7 , :
-
;
.
E-mail: unnt@list.ru REV_06.01
Co-Pilot Usachev Pavel. .

- 7600 ADS-B
- ,
- ,
, ,
;
(c)
RNAV
,
, ;
(d)

, (),

;
(e) (d)
,
, , ;
,
, ,
;
(f) ,
;
(g) 30
, ()
,
.

.
E-mail: unnt@list.ru REV_06.01
Co-Pilot Usachev Pavel. .

4.16.

SID STAR, (Doc 8168 - I-2-3-3)


.
E-mail: unnt@list.ru REV_06.01
Co-Pilot Usachev Pavel. .

.
E-mail: unnt@list.ru REV_06.01
Co-Pilot Usachev Pavel. .

4.17. (,, ..) (.2.6. Annex 11)


.
,
.
A-G.
2.6
2.6.1 :
. ;
.
. ;
.
. ;
, , ,
, .
, , ,
,
, .
D. ,
; , ,
, ,
, ;
, ,
.
. ; , ,

, . ,
, .
. .
F. ; ,
,
- .
.
, ,
, ,
,
. (. 9 PANS-).
G. .
4.18.

3000\FL100

D <=250kt below FL100.


, .
, .
ATC , - No speed restrictions / Speed is Yours...
AS RQRD

.
E-mail: unnt@list.ru REV_06.01
Co-Pilot Usachev Pavel. .

5. JEPPESEN

Jeppesen (HI), (LO) ,
(H/L). .
Jeppesen :
- AFL - EUR - South - ;
- AFL - EUR - Centre ( ) - ;
- AFL - EUR - North ( ) - ;
- AFL - America ( );
- AFL - ME - ;
- AFL - Asia - ;
- AFL - Russia - South AFL - Russia - East - ;
: CHART NOTAMS - ; AERONAUTICAL CHARTS ; TERMINAL - . ,
.
Jeppesen :
I.
Introdution manual INTRODUCTION; METEOROLOGY; TABLES AND CODES
II.
Flight Information Booklet : ENROUTE; RADIO AIDS; AIR
TRAFIC CONTROL; EMERGENCY; AIRPORT DIRECTORY; TERMINAL
III.
Emergency Booklet,
.
().
.
I. Introduction manual
INTRODUCTION - .
1. CHART GLOSSARY .
, Jeppesen. () ICAO

USA, I,
USA.
2.
3.
4.
5.

ABBREVIATIONS ().
ENROUTE CHART LEGEND .
AREA CHARTS .
SID, STAR AND PROFILE DESCENT LEGEND ,
.
6. APPROACH CHART LEGEND ( ):
;
;
;
( );
;
AIRPORT;
;
;
VORDME VORTAC ( );
;
, ;
.
METEOROLOGY - .
1. ICAO.
2. .
3. (AIREP).
.
E-mail: unnt@list.ru REV_06.01
Co-Pilot Usachev Pavel. .

4.
5.
6.
7.

SNOWTAM .
, METAR .
.
, .

TABLES AND CODES - .


1. ALTIMETR SETTING .
2. WIND COMPONENT TABLE .
3. , ,
, .
4. .
5. :
/ /;
/ ;
t t ;
;
;
;
.
6. .
7. NOTAMS, NOTAM CODE , .
8. .
9. SUNRISE-SUNSET TABLES - .
II. Flight Information Booklet
ENROUTE - .
1. STOCKHOLM RADIO. ( )
,
-.
2. BASIC OCEANIC LONG-RANGE NAVIGATION AND COMMUNICATION REQUIREMENTS
.
3. USE OF VERY HIGH FREQUENCY (VHF) AND HIGH FREQUENCY (HF) FOR COMMUNICATIONS
() () .
4. .
5. SECONDARY SURVEILLANCE RADAR (SSR) ().

. ,
, ,
.
6. HF-COMMUNICATIONS. ,
. .
7. IATA IN-FLIGHT BROADCAST PROCEDURES ON 126.9 MHz
126,9 ,
(IATA).
(, , )
126,9
.
8. PREFERENTIAL ROUTE SYSTEM .
RADIO AIDS - .
1. GENERAL INFORMATION :
;
;
;
.
.
E-mail: unnt@list.ru REV_06.01
Co-Pilot Usachev Pavel. .

2. AIR NAVIGATION RADIO AIDS :


(NDB);
VOR, TACAN, DME;
;
: ILS, MLS, RMS;
LORAN;
(GPS);
;
.
3. ( ):
.
ILS, RMS ( ) (KRM)
.
/ .
().
4. ,
5. COMMERCIAL BROADCAST STATIONS .
6.
.
H/L, LO COMMUNICATIONS.
121,5 , 243,0 .
AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL .
1. ICAO.
2. ICAO.
3. FLIGHT PROCEDURES . ICAO:
DOC 8168-OPS/611 ( 1).
2 ICAO.
DOC 4444-RAC/501/12 .
.
.
, ( ).
EMERGENCY - .
1. .
2. :
.
. , ,
, ,
.
:
VHF 121,5 ;
UHF 243,0 ;
HF 500 2182 ( ), 8364 .
.
().
3. .
4. .
5. .
6. .

.
AIRPORT DIRECTORY - .
:
.
E-mail: unnt@list.ru REV_06.01
Co-Pilot Usachev Pavel. .

LOCATION (AIRPORT) .
, . Apt of Entry ,
.
ELEVATION AIRPORT IDENTIFIER, IATA, COORDINATES ,
ICAO, IATA (International
Air Transport Association), .
TELEPHONE NUMBERS .
RUNWAY DATA .
HOURS and RESTRICTIONS .
CUSTOMS . ,
.
FUEL .
OXYGEN .
JASU .
BEACON (BCN)

.
E-mail: unnt@list.ru REV_06.01
Co-Pilot Usachev Pavel. .