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/: , 2001 48 .: .

ISBN 5-7509-0501-2

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,
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, .
: 5011 Explanation of Symbols and Abbreviations used
on Charts issued by the Hydrographic Department of the Admiralty, Information relating to
Admiralty Charts and Publications, .

.
.
.

ISBN 5-7509-0501-2
2

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LooM SO

SYMBOLS ABBREVIATIONS TERMS


USED ON CHARTS

CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION

.
PAGE

GENERAL

, ,

, , ,

Chart Number, Title, Marginal Notes,

Positions, Distances, Directions, Compass

TOPOGRAPHY

Natural Features
Cultural Features
Landmarks
Ports
Topographic Terms

HYDROGRAPHY


, ,

,
,

Tides, Currents
Depths
Nature of the Seabed
Rocks, Wrecks, Obstructions
Offshore Installations
Tracks, Routes
Areas, Limits
Hydrographic Terms

AIDS AND SERVICES

Lights
Buoys, Beacons
Fog Signals
Radar, Radio, Electronic Position-Fixing
Systems
Services
Small Craft Facilities

31
35
39

INTERNATIONAL ABBREVIATIONS

42

8
9
11
12
15
17
19
21
21
24
25
28
30

39
40
41

INTRODUCTION

Metric Charts

Metric units are introduced on Admiralty charts as they are modernised. Metric charts
can be distinguished from fathoms charts by their use of buff tint for land areas and the
prominent marginal legends DEPTHS IN METRES.

Chart Datum

On metric charts, the reference level for soundings is given under the chart title.

Depths

The units used are given under the title of the chart. The position of a sounding is the
centre of the area covered by the figures.
On metric charts, depths from 0 1 m to 20 9m are generally expressed in metres and
decimetres. Where source information is sufficiently precise, depths from 21m to 31m
may be given in half-metres. All other depths are shown in whole metres.

Drying heights

Underlined figures on rocks and banks which uncover indicate heights above chart
datum. They are given in metres and decimetres.

Heights

Heights, including overhead clearances, are given in metres above Mean High Water
Springs, Mean Higher High Water or Mean Sea Level; details are given in the
Explanatory Notes under the chart title. The position of a height is normally that of the
dot alongside it, thus -79. Parentheses are used when the figure expressing height is set
apart from the object (eg when showing the height of a small islet).

Bearings

Bearings are given from seaward and refer to the true compass.

Sea Miles and


Cables

A sea mile is the length of one minute of latitude locally, and is the principal means of
expressing distance on Admiralty charts. A cable is one-tenth of a sea mile.

Names

Names on Admiralty charts are spelt in accordance with the principles and systems
approved by the Permanent Committee on Geographical Names for British Official Use.

.
. .

Chart Number,
Title, Marginal Notes


Chart number in national chart series


( )
"", "-", ""
Identification of a latticed chart (if any):
for Decca
for Loran-C for Omega


Chart number in international chart series


Publication note (imprint)

( )
Copyright note (if any)


Edition note. In the example: First edition published in December 1985. Third edition published in November 1998


Small correction note. In the example: 11 November 1998


Dimensions of inner borders


Corner co-ordinates


To be used when ordering a chart

10

, , ,
Chart title. May be quoted when ordering a chart, in addition to chart number

11

. ,
Explanatory notes on chart construction, etc. To be read before using chart

12

: , ,
Seals: In the example, the national and International Hydrographic Organization seals show that this national chart
is also an international one. Purely national charts have the national seal only. Reproductions of charts of other
nations (facsimile) have the seals of the original producer (left), publisher (centre), and the IHO (right)

13


Scale of chart at stated latitude. The scale is precisely as stated only at the latitude quoted

14


Linear scale on large-scale charts

15


Linear border scale on large-scale coastal charts. On smaller scales use latitude borders for sea miles

16

. ,
Cautionary notes (if any). Information on particular features, to be read before using chart

17


Reference to a larger-scale chart

18


Reference to an adjoining chart of similar scale

19

Instruction to refer to complementary nautical publications

.
. .

Chart Number,
Title, Marginal Notes

3
19

INT 1412 44 D

9
INTERNATIONAL

15

Adjoining: Chart 103 (INT 1412), 105

12

104

CHART SERIES

ENGLAND
EAST COAST

104

10

DEPTHS IN METRES

13

EXNAVEN

17
SCALE 1:50 000 (540)

18

EXPLANATORY NOTES

11

16

Ga
(s

No
ee

te)
GAS PIPELINES

16

16

17

Adjoining: Chart 46

Plan

15

18

EXNAVEN

SCALE

14

8
Small corrections: 1999,11.XI.

(740,9x1103,9 mm)

1. Edition: 1985,XII., 3. Edition: 1998,XI.

INT 1412 44 D

Published at Taunton
DECCA 9B/MP AB AC

3 1 2

, ,
, .

Positions, Distances,
Directions, Compass
Geographical Positions

Lat

Long

Latitude

North

Longitude

10

East


International meridian
(Greenwich)

11

South

()
Degree(s)

12

West

()
Minute(s) of arc

13

NE

-
Northeast

()
Second(s) of arc

14

SE

-
Southeast

PA

Position approximate

15

NW

-
Northwest

PD


Position doubtful

16

SW

-
Southwest

Control points


Triangulation point


Fixed point


Observation spot


Benchmark

Symbolized Positions(Examples)

()

183

Wk(PA)

:


Symbols in plan: position is
centre of primary symbol

:


Symbols in profile: position is at
bottom of symbol

Mast

MAST

Mast PA

Point symbols: accurate


positions


Approximate position

Units

km

()
Kilometre(s)

()
Metre(s)

min

()
Minute(s) of time

dm

()
Decimetre(s)

sec

()
Second(s) of time

cm

()
Centimetre(s)

10

kn

mm

()
Millimetre(s)

11

()
Ton(s)

()
Nautical mile(s) (1852 m) or sea
mite(s)

12

cd

,
Candela (new candle)

Hour

Knot(s)

, ,
, .

Positions, Distances,
Directions, Compass
Magnetic Compass

Variation

Decreasing

Magnetic

Increasing

Bearing


Annual change

True

Deviation

5.1

Magnetic Variation
431'W 1990 (8'E)

5.2

Magnetic Variation at 55N 8W


431'W 1990 (8'E)

10


Note of magnetic variation, in position

Note of magnetic variation, out of position

(): 415' W 1990 (8'E) , ,


415' W 1990 8'.
Magnetic Variation (example):
415' W 1990 (8' E) on magnetic north arrow means Magnetic Variation 415' W in 1990,
annual change 8' E (i.e. magnetic variation decreasing 8' annually).

Isogonic lines, Isogonas

11

W .
W .
Magnetic Variation Curves are for 1990
The Magnetic Variation is shown in degrees, followed by the letter W or E, as appropriate, at certain positions on the curves.
The annual change is expressed in minutes with the letter W or E and is given in brackets, immediately following the variation.

Natural Features

Coastline

Coastline, surveyed


Flat coast

Coastline, unsurveyed


Sandy shore


,
Steep coast, Steep coast with
rock cliffs, Cliffs


Coastal hillocks

Stones

D u n e s

Stony shore, Shingly shore

Sandhills, Dunes

Relief



Contour lines with spot height


Spot heights


()
Approximate contour lines
with approximate height



Form lines with spot height




Approximate height of top of
trees (above height datum)

Water Features, Lava

,
,
River, Stream


Salt pans

,
Intermittent river

Glacier

, ,

Rapids. Waterfalls


Lava flow

10

me

160

Na

Lakes

Natural Features
Vegetation

W ooded

Wood, in general
(
),
Prominent trees (in groups
or isolated)

2.5


Nipa palm

2.6

Casuarina

2.1


Deciduous tree

2.7

Filao

2.2

( )
Evergreen (except conifer)

2.8

Eucalypt

2.3


Conifer

2.4

Palm


Mangrove

,
Marsh

Cultural Features
Settlements, Buildings

,
1

Urban area

Name

Name

Name

Name
HOTEL

Building



Settlement with scattered
buildings



Important building in built-up
area

( -
)
Settlement (on medium and
small-scale charts)



Inland village

Hotel

Hotel

,
Street name, Road name

N A M E

Ru

Ru

, ,

Ruin, Ruined landmark

Roads, Railways, Airfields


Motorway

Cutting

.
Road (hard surfaced)

Embankment


Track, Path
(loose- or unsurfaced)

Tunnel

Railway, with station

A i r f i e l d

Airport, Airfield

11

Cultural Features
Other Cultural Features



Vertical clearance above High
Water



Horizontal clearance



Fixed bridge with vertical
clearance

Opening bridge (in general)


with vertical clearance

4.1

Swing
Brige

4.2

Lifting
Brige

4.3

(open 12 )

Pontoon
Brige

4.5

Transporter
Bridge

Overhead transporter.


Power transmission line with
pylons and safe overhead
clearance

, ,
Overhead cable, Telephone
line, Telegraph line with
vertical clearance

Pyl




Swing bridge with vertical
clearance



Lifting bridge with vertical
clearance (closed and open)

10

Pyl

Overhead
pipe


Pontoon bridge

Landmarks

3.1

12

Overhead pipe with vertical


clearance

Pipeline on land



Transporter bridge with
vertical clearance below fixed
structure

General
Factory

FACTORY

Hotel

HOTEL

WATER TOWER

Examples of landmarks



Examples of conspicuous
landmarks
(
)
Pictorial symbols (in true
position)

3.2

, (

)
Sketches, Views (out of
position)

(30)



Height of top of a structure
above plane of reference for
heights

(30)

Height of structure above


ground level

Landmarks


6.1

Ch

6.2

Tr

6.3

Sp

6.4

Landmarks

Tr

Sp

Cup

Cup

7
8

Marabout

9
10

Tr

11

12

Chy

13
14

Mon

,
Church

18

-
Radio mast, Television mast


Church tower

19

-
Radio tower, Television
tower


Church spire

20.1

Radar Mast


Church cupola

20.2

Radar Tr

,
Mosque, Minaret

20.3

Radar Sc

Marabout

20.4

Cemetery (for all religious


denominations)

21

Tower

22


Water tower, Water tank on
a tower

23


Radar mast

Radar tower

Radar scanner

Radar dome

Radome


Dish aerial
Ta n k s

Silo

Silo

Tanks

Silo

Chimney

24.1

Fortified structure (on largescale charts)

( )
Flare slack (on land)

24.2

,
Castle, Fort, Blockhouse (on
smaller-scale charts)

Monument

24.3

,
Battery, Small fort (on
smaller-scale charts)

15


Windmill

25

Quarry (on large-scale


charts)

16


Windmotor

26

Mine

17

FS

Flagstaff, Flagpole

Ports

2.1

Hydraulic Structures in General

,
Dyke, Levee
(
)
Seawall (on large-scale
charts)

4.1

Breakwater (in general)

13

Ports
(
)
Seawall (on smaller-scale
charts)

2.2

,
Causeway

5.1

()
Groyne (always dry)

5.2

()
Groyne (intertidal)

5.3

()
Groyne (always under water)

Harbour Installations


Fishing harbour

14

Gridiron


Gridiron, Scrubbing grid

(
)
Mole (with berthing facility)

15

Dry dock


Dry dock. Graving dock

,
Quay, Wharf

16

Floating dock

Pier. Jetty

17

,
Non-tidal basin. Wet dock


Promenade pier

18

Tidal basin, Tidal harbour

Pier

Promenade
Pier

Pontoon

10

19.1


Landing for boats

19.2

Steps

Landing stairs

20


Designation of berth

Pontoon

Dn

Dns


Dolphin

Deviation dolphin

12


Minor post or pile

22

Slipway, Patent slip. Ramp


Slip

14

Oil retention (high pressure


pipe)

Oil barrier

Dock under
constrution
(1998)

Area under
reclamation
(1998)

Under construction (1999)


Works in progress (1999)

23.1

Ru

23.2

Pier
(Ru)

24
13

Floating oil barrier

ier



Works on land, with year date



Works at sea, Area under
reclamation, with year date


Works under construction,
with year date

Ruin

11

21

Oil barr


Floating dock

Hulk

,

Ruined pier, partly
submerged at high water
,

Hulk

Ports

,
1

Canals, Barrages
km 46

km 32

Lock

2.1

2.2

Canal with distance mark



Lock (on large-scale charts)



Lock (on smaller-scale charts)

,
Caisson

Flood barrage

Flood barrage

,
Dam

Dam

RoRo

Transhipment Faculties

( / )
Crane with lifting capacity,
Travelling crane (on railway)

-
Roll-on, Roll-off Ferry
(Ro Ro Terminal)

4.1

, ( )
Transit shed, Warehouse
(with designation)

4.2

(50 t)

Timber yard

4.3

SHEERLEGS

(3 t)


Container crane with lifting
capacity

()
Sheerlegs (conspicuous)

Public Buildings


Harbour-master's office

3.1

Custom office

3.2

.
Health office

Hospital

Hospital

Post office

Topographic Terms

oast

Island

Archipelago

Point

Islet

Atoll

10

Spit

, ,

Cay

Cape

11

Rock

Peninsula

Head, Headland

12

,
,
Salt marsh, Saltings

13

Lagoon

15

Topographic Terms
Natural Inland-Features

Promontory

Peak

11

Plateau

16

Grassland


Range

Volcano

12

Valley

17


Paddyfield

Ridge

,
Hill

13

,
Ravine, Cut

18

Bushes

Mountain, Mount

Boulder

14

Gorge

19


Deciduous woodland

Summit

Table-land

15

Vegetation

20


Coniferous woodland

10

Settlements

City, town

Village

Fishing village

Farm

Saint

Buildings

Structure

11

Floodlight

21

Factory

31


Gas works

House

12


Town hall

22


Brick kiln. Brick works

32


Water works

Hut

13

Office

23


Cement works

33



Sewage works

14

Observatory

24


Water mill

34


Machine house. Pump
house


Multi-storey building

Castle

15

Institute

25

Greenhouse

35

Well

Pyramid

16

Cathedral

26

Warehouse. Storehouse

36

Telegraph office

Column

17

Monastery. Convent

27

Cold store, Refrigerating


storage house

37

Hotel

Mast

18


Lookout station, Watch
tower

28


Refinery

38


Sailors' home


Lattice tower

19


Navigation school

29


Power station

39

Spa hotel


Mooring mast

20

-
Naval college

30

Electric works

10

Road, Rail and Air Traffic

, /

16

Street, Road

Viaduct


Footbridge


Lights

Avenue


Suspension bridge

Runway


Helicopter landing site


Tramway

Topographic Terms

Ports, Harbours


Tidal barrier

Port

15


Customs harbour

22


Grain harbour


Boat lift. Ship lift

Harbour

16

-
Naval port

23


Container harbour


,
Waterway between rows
of houses, Loading canal

10


Haven

17


Industrial harbour

24


Timber harbour

Sluice

11


Inner harbour

18


Commercial port, Trade
port

25


Coal harbour

Basin

12


Outer harbour

19


Building harbour

26


Ferry harbour

Reservoir

13


Deep water harbour

20

Oil harbour

27

Police


Reclamation area

14


Free port

21


Ore harbour

Harbour Installations

Terminal


Tanker cleaning facilities

13

Conveyor

Building slip

Cooling water intake/outfall

14


Storage tanker


Building yard


Floating barrier, Boom

15

Lighter Aboard Ship (LASH)


Buoy yard, Buoy dump

10


Piling

16


Liquefied Natural Gas


Bunker station

11

Row of piles

17


Liquefied Petroleum Gas


Reception facilities for oily wastes

12


Bollard

18

Very Large Crude Carrier

Tides, Currents
Terms Relating to Tidal Levels

,
1

CD

o ,

Chart Datum, Datum for sounding reduction

LAT

MLWN


Mean Low Water Neaps


Lowest Astronomical Tide

10

MHWN


Mean High Water Neaps

HAT


Highest Astronomical Tide

11

MLLW


Mean Lower Low Water

MLW


Mean Low Water

12

MHHW


Mean Higher High Water

MHW


Mean High Water

13

MHLW


Mean Higher Low Water

MSL


Mean Sea Level

14

MLHW


Mean Lower High Water

MLWS


Mean Low Water Springs

15

Sp


Spring tide

MHWS


Mean High Water Springs

16

Np


Neap tide

17

Tides, Currents
Tidal Levels and charted Data

20
17

Planes of reference are not exactly as shown below, for all


charts. They are usually defined in notes under chart titles.

Charted elevation

HAT

Charted vertical clearance

MHWS

Charted HW
(coast) line

HW datum or MSL

Spring range of tide

MHWN

Land survey
datum

Neap range of tide


MSL

Sea surface at any time

MHWN

Observed depth
(Sounding)

Height of tide

Drying height

MLWS
Charted LW (drying) line

CD (usually LAT)
Charted depths

Tide tables

18
31
Tidal Streams referred to HW at PLYMOUTH (Devonport)

After High
Water

High
Water
1
2
3
4
5
6

Rates of spring tides (knots)


Rates of neap tides (knots)

6
5
4
3
2
1

-6
-5
-4
-3
-2
-1
0

080 1 . 3 0 . 6

+1
+2
+3
+4
+5
+6

2 4 12
.
.
25 13
.
.
2 6 13
.
.
19 10
.
.
05 02
.
.
11 05
.
5029' 8N
L
.
2 12 6W
277 1 . 8 0 . 9
.
.
272 3 1 1 6
272 3 . 5 1 . 7
.
276 2 8 1 . 4
.
.
288 1 8 0 9
355 0 . 7 0 . 3

127
127
131
139
158
289

13 06
.
.
15 07
.
.
14 07
.
.
10 05
.
.
03 01
.
.
06 03
.
5033' 8N
M
.
2 12 6W
277 1 . 9 1 . 0
.
.
280 2 3 1 1
278 2 . 3 1 . 1
.
279 1 7 0 . 8
.
.
296 0 6 0 3
063 0 . 8 0 . 4

097
099
101
107
113
255

25 12
.
.
32 16
.
.
31 15
.
.
22 11
.
.
08 04
.
.
15 07
.
5033' 7N
N
.
2 00 0W
257 1 . 6 0 . 8
.
.
256 2 6 1 3
258 3 . 1 1 . 5
.
257 2 4 1 . 2
.
.
259 1 6 0 8
102 0 . 4 0 . 2

136
142
144
157
208
345

056 1 . 4 0 . 7

081 1 . 9 0 . 9

069 1 . 7 0 . 8

057 1 . 0 0 . 5 052 1 . 2 0 . 6

-6
-5
-4
-3
-2
-1
0
+1
+2
+3
+4
+5
+6

18

5029' 5N
.
2 35 1W
.
.
286 1 6 0 8
.
.
290 2 8 1 4
.
.
302 3 2 1 6
318 2 . 9 1 . 5
323 1 . 7 0 . 9
000 1 . 0 0 . 5

Geographical
Position

Directions of streams (degrees)

Before
High Water

Hours

100
111
124
126
148
283

068
071
067
062
048
279

26
.
30
.
28
.
18
.
05
.
12

13
.
15
.
14
.
09
.
02
.
06

5036' 3N
.
2 34 8W
.
.
290 0 9 0 4
.
.
299 1 5 0 7
.
.
302 1 4 0 7
325 0 . 7 0 . 3
045 0 . 5 0 . 2
104 0 . 6 0 . 3

5028' 0N
.
2 31 4W
.
.
264 2 0 1 0
.
.
282 3 2 1 6
.
.
289 3 8 1 9
283 3 . 4 1 . 7
280 2 . 3 1 . 1
280 1 . 0 0 . 5

5030' 3N
.
2 29 2W
.
.
347 2 4 1 2
.
.
333 2 2 1 1
.
.
275 1 5 0 8
226 2 . 1 1 . 0
192 2 . 6 1 . 3
162 3 . 2 1 . 6

129 1 . 0 0 . 5

083 0 . 8 0 . 4

136 4 . 0 2 . 0 143 2 . 0 1 . 0

083
077
070
055
310
280

22
.
22
.
19
.
10
.
05
.
14

11
.
11
.
09
.
05
.
03
.
07

068
075
079
079
076
251

27
.
26
.
22
.
15
.
05
.
10

13
.
13
.
11
.
07
.
03
.
05

3 8 19
.
.
3 5 17
.
.
3 1 15
.
.
1 9 09
.
.
0 8 04
.
.
1 7 0 8
.
5028' 3N
P
.
1 59 7W
261 1 . 2 0 . 6
.
.
258 2 5 1 2
252 3 . 4 1 . 7
.
252 3 0 1 . 5
.
.
250 1 8 0 9
296 0 . 5 0 . 3
074
078
074
081
074
283

2 1
.
2 9
.
2 8
.
2 0
.
0 7
.
0 6

10
.
14
.
14
.
10
.
03
.
03

5033' 3N
.
2 29 2W
.
.
305 0 6 0 3
.
.
335 0 8 0 4
.
.
012 0 7 0 3
127 1 . 3 0 . 7
133 1 . 8 0 . 8
134 2 . 2 1 . 1
E

17 08
.
.
15 08
.
.
14 07
.
.
10 05
.
.
04 02
.
.
05 02
.
5037' 0N
Q
.
1 51 0W
241 1 . 5 0 . 7
.
.
236 2 4 1 2
231 2 . 3 1 . 1
.
234 1 8 0 . 9
.
.
227 1 0 0 5
048 0 . 2 0 . 1
141
145
146
156
176
300

052
057
055
046
103
242

19
.
21
.
20
.
13
.
03
.
11

09
.
11
.
10
.
07
.
02
.
06

5029' 6N
.
2 26 6W
.
.
249 7 0 3 5
.
.
240 7 0 3 5
.
.
236 6 4 3 2
228 4 . 8 2 . 4
219 2 . 0 1 . 0
112 0 . 9 0 . 5

5026' 3N
.
2 26 4W
.
.
263 1 5 0 7
.
.
270 2 8 1 4
.
.
267 3 6 1 8
261 3 . 0 1 . 5
258 1 . 5 0 . 7
158 0 . 2 0 . 1

111 4 . 5 2 . 2

105 1 . 6

232
231
230
239
332
048

5034' 2N
.
2 21 9W
.
.
1 6 0 8
.
.
1 4 07
.
.
1 2 0 6
.
.
0 9 0 4
.
.
0 3 0 1
.
.
0 8 0 4

.
.
.
0 8 034 0 8 0 4
.

101
101
108
117
121
261

075 1 . 3 0 . 6

094 1 . 0 0 . 5 076 0 . 9 0 . 5

089
088
085
085
065
258

24
.
29
.
25
.
16
.
05
.
14

12
.
14
.
12
.
08
.
02
.
07

2 8 1 4
.
.
3 6 1 8
.
.
3 7 1 8
.
.
2 2 1 1
.
.
0 7 0 3
.
.
1 0 0 5
.
5033' 8N
S
.
1 45 9W
256 1. 4 0. 7
.
.
260 2 2 1 1
249 2 . 7 1 . 3
.
252 2 1 1 . 0
.
.
246 1 1 0 6
150 0 . 2 0 . 1

56 28
.
.
46 23
.
.
38 19
.
.
27 13
.
.
22 11
.
.
52 26
.
5027' 5N
R
.
1 47 0W
263 2 . 0 1 . 0
.
.
263 2 9 1 4
262 2 . 9 1 . 4
.
266 2 2 1 . 1
.
.
275 1 3 0 6
014 0 . 4 0 . 2
102
109
119
138
209
247

075
075
075
070
109
254

2 0
.
2 3
.
2 0
.
1 2
.
0 4
.
1 0

1 0
.
1 1
.
1 0
.
0 6
.
0 2
.
0 5

0 7 0 3
.
.
0 3 0 2
.
.
6 4 0 2
.
.
0 9 0 5
.
.
1 5 0 7
.
.
1 6 0 8
.
5035' 5N
T
.
1 38 5W
264 1 . 3 0 . 7
.
.
266 2 0 1 1
265 2 . 2 1 . 3
.
265 1 8 1 . 0
.
.
267 1 0 0 6
350 0 . 2 0 . 1
030
344
231
224
231
230

084
087
089
091
098
257

1 5
.
2 0
.
2 0
.
1 4
.
0 6
.
0 7

0 8
.
1 1
.
1 1
.
0 8
.
0 3
.
0 4

245
246
246
249
259
046

5030' 9N
.
2 20 0W
.
.
16 08
.
.
23 11
.
.
24 12
.
.
18 09
.
.
08 04
.
.
06 03

051 1 . 8 0 . 9
043
050
058
090
211
237

25
.
19
.
12
.
03
.
09
.
14

12
.
10
.
06
.
02
.
04
.
07

260
257
256
252
258
350

5027' 2N
.
2 16 8W
.
.
1 7 08
.
.
3 2 1 6
.
.
3 5 1 7
.
.
2 8 1 4
.
.
1 5 08
.
.
0 1 0 1

079 1 . 9 0 . 9
082
081
078
075
066
260

3 5
.
4 0
.
3 4
.
2 5
.
0 6
.
1 0

1 7
.
2 0
.
1 7
.
1 2
.
0 3
.
0 5

-6
-5
-4
-3
-2
-1
0
+1
+2
+3
+4
+5
+6

5042' 9N
.
1 38 5W
281 0 . 9 0 . 5
.
.
276 1 0 0 5
266 0 . 9 0 . 4
.
260 0 7 0 . 3
.
.
260 0 2 0 1
081 0 . 5 0 . 3
U

093 0 . 8 0 . 4
100
092
088
088
260
275

10
.
09
.
07
.
04
.
03
.
09

05
.
04
.
04
.
02
.
01
.
04

-6
-5
-4
-3
-2
-1
0
+1
+2
+3
+4
+5
+6

Tides, Currents

Tidal Streams and Currents

-


Flood tide stream with rate

23

, ,
Overfalls, tide rips, races

20


Ebb tide stream

24

Eddies

21

Current in restricted waters

25

Position of tabulated tidal


stream data with designation

2,5 kn

19




Ocean current with rates and
seasons

2,5 - 4,5 kn

22

Jan-Mar
(see Note)

Depths

General
ED


Existence doubtful

SD


Sounding doubtful

Rep

,

Reported, but not surveyed

1
2

3.1

3.2

Rep(1973)

184

212

,
,
Reported with year of report,
but not surveyed
,

Reported, but not confirmed
sounding or danger

1
2

Soundings
12

97

+ (12)

3375


Sounding in true position
,
Sounding out of position

(97 )


Least depth in narrow channel

200

,
No bottom found at depth shown

127

97


Soundings which are unreliable or taken from a smaller-scale source

Drying heights above chart datum



Limit of dredged area

7
8

Depths in Fairways and Areas

7,0 m

7,0 metres


Dredged channel or area with depth of dredging in metres and decimetres

19

Depths

10

Dredged to
7,2 m (1999)

7,2 m (1999)

Maintained
depth 7,2 m

108

11

(1980)
98

11


Dredged channel or area with depth and year of the latest control survey


Dredged channel or area with maintained depth

7,2 m

102
96

Depths in Fairways and Areas

I n a d e g u a t e l y
s u r v e y e d
(see Note)

12

, .

Depth at chart datum, to which an area has been swept by wire drag. The latest date of
sweeping may be shown in parentheses

Unsurveyed or inadequately surveyed area; area with inadequate depth information

I n a d e g u a t e l y
s u r v e y e d
(see Note)

13

Depth Contours
0
2
3
5
8
10
15
20
25
30
40
50
75
100


Low water line

200
300
400
500
600
700

- 10 20

One or two lighter blue tints may be used instead of the 'ribbons' of tint at 10 or 20 m

800
900
1000
2000
3000
4000
5000
6000
7000
8000
9000
10000

14

20
50


Approximate depth contours

: , ,
Note: The extent of the blue tint varies with the scale and purpose of the chart, or its sources. On some charts, contours and figures are printed in blue

20

Nature of the Seabed


Types of Seabed

Sand

Cb

Cobbles

Mud

Rock

Cy

Clay

10

Co

Coral and Coralline algae

Si

Silt

11

Sh

Shells (societal remains)

St

Stones

Gravel

Pebbles

12.2

fS.M.Sh

, .:

Admixtures are shown


behind the main constituent
of the deposits, e. g. fine
Sand with Mud and Shells

13.1

Wd

(-)
Weed (including Kelp)
()
Kelp, Weed

13.2
12.1

S/M

,
:
Two layers, e.g. Sand over
mud


Areas with stones or gravel

,

Rocky area, which covers and
uncovers

Sandwaves

15



Spring in seabed

Types of Seabed, Intertidal Areas

,
1

14

,


Coral reel, which covers and
uncovers

Qualifying Terms

Fine

Medium

Coarse

bk

Broken

(
)
only used in relation
to sand

sy

Sticky

ca

Calcareous

so

Soft

10

Hard

sf

Stiff

Volcanic

, ,

Rocks, Wrecks,
Obstructions

General


Danger line, in general


Swept by wire drag or diver

21

, ,

Rocks, Wrecks,
Obstructions
Rocks

Height
datum
Chart
datum

Height
datum
Chart
datum
5m

Height
datum
Chart
datum
5m

Height
datum
Chart
datum
5m

Height
datum
Chart
datum
5m
10m

(),
Rock (islet) which does not cover, height above height datum

,
Rock which covers and uncovers, height above Chart Datum

Rock awash at the level of Chart Datum


Dangerous underwater rock of uncertain depth

Dangerous underwater rock of known depth outside the corresponding depth area

20m

, ,
Non-dangerous rock, depth known

21

Co


Coral reef which covers

Co

10
18

22

19
58 Br

Breakers

, ,

Rocks, Wrecks,
Obstructions
Wrecks


11

Wk


Wreck, hull always dry, on large-scale charts

12

Wk

,
Wreck, covers and uncovers, on large-scale charts

52

13
14


Submerged wreck, depth known, on large-scale charts

Wk

,
Submerged wreck, depth unknown, on large-scale charts

Wk


Wreck showing any portion of hull or superstructure at level of chart datum

15
16

()
Wreck showing mast or masts above chart datum only

Mast

17

46

Wk

25

18

46

Wk

25

Wk

Wk

,
Wreck, least depth known by sounding only
, ,

Wreck, least depth known, swept by wire drag or diver

19

, ,
Dangerous wreck, depth unknown

20

, , 28 ,

Non-dangerous wreck, depth unknown

21

25

22

Wk

F o u l

, ,

Wreck, least depth unknown, but considered to have a safe clearance to the depth shown

, , . .
Remains of a wreck or other foul area. non-dangerous to navigation but to be avoided by vessels
anchoring, trawling etc.

4.1

4.2

Obstn

46 Obstn

46 Obstn

Obstn

Obstructions
Obstn

,
Obstruction, depth unknown

16 8 Obstn

,
Obstruction, least depth known

6.1

168 Obstn


,

Obstruction, least depth known, swept
by wire drag or diver

6.2


,
Stumps of posts or piles, wholly
submerged
, ,
( )
Submerged pile, stake, snag,
or stump (with exact position)

Fish traps

Tunny nets


Fish haven

(24 )

24

Shellfish Beds
(see Note)

(see Note)

Fish trap area, tunny nets area



Fish haven with minimum depth


Shellfish beds


Marine farm (on large-scale charts)

23

, ,

Rocks, Wrecks,
Obstructions

Obstructions

9.1


Fishing stakes

9.2

Fish trap, tunny nets


Marine farm (on smaller-scale charts)

10

Offshore Installations
General

Z-44


Platform with designation/name

Limit of safety zone around offshore installation

Platforms and Moorings

,
Production platform. Platform, Oil
derrick

( )
Flare slack (at sea)

Fla

SPM


Oil or Gas installation buoy, Single
Buoy Mooring (SBM)

Underwater Installations

8.1

Prod. Well

Well


Single Point Mooring, including
Single Anchor Leg Mooring (SALM)


Submerged production well

,
Suspended well, depth over
wellhead unknown

8.2

8.3

15 Well

Well
(5,7)


,
Suspended well, with depth over
wellhead

Wellhead with height above the


bottom

Submarine Cables


Submarine cable

10.1


Submarine power cable

9.1


Submarine cable area

10.2

Submarine power cable area

11

Disused submarine cable

24

Offshore Installations
Submarine Pipelines

12.1

Oil

Gas
(see Note)
Water

Chem

12.2

Gas
(see Note)

Oil

Chem

12.4
Supply pipeline: unspecified, oil,
gas, chemicals, water

Supply pipeline area:


unspecified, oil, gas. chemicals.
water

12.5

Water


Disused pipeline/pipe

12.3

Water

Sewer

Outfall

Intake

Water

Sewer

Outfall

Intake

12.6



Discharge pipe: unspecified,
water, sewer, outfall, intake

Discharge pipe area:


unspecified, water, sewer.
outfall, intake
(
)
Buried pipeline/pipe (with
nominal depth to which buried)

Buried 1,6m

Tracks, Routes

Tracks


1
2
3
4

2 Bns

2 Bns

270,5

2 Bns

27030

2 Bns

27030

2 Bns

270,5

090,5 270,5

090,5 270,5

,
Transit, clearing line
,
Recommended track based on a system of fixed marks
,
Recommended tracks not based on a system of fixed marks

One-way track

5.1
5.2

( )
Leading line (firm line is fairway)

SEE NOTE
SEE NOTE

7,3 m
7,3 m

( ,
)
Two-way track (including a regulation described in a note)

Track, recommended track with maximum authorised draught stated

Routeing Measures

Basic Symbols



Established (mandatory)
direction of traffic flow



Limit of restricted area


Recommended direction of
traffic flow

5.1



Limit of routeing measure


Separation line


Separation zone

Precautionary
Area



Precautionary area

25

Tracks, Routes

Examples of Routeing Measures


20.1

20.3
26.1
20.2

21

25.2
RW

28.1
25.1

RW

RW
23

22

20.1

26.1
20.1

20.1

28.2

24
29.1

29.2
27.1

26.2
27.2

27.3

26

25.1

Tracks, Routes

,
20.1

,
Traffic separation scheme, traffic separated by separation zone

20.2

,
Traffic separation scheme, traffic separated by natural obstructions

20.3


Traffic separation scheme, with outer separation zone

21

,
Traffic separation scheme, roundabout

22

,
Traffic separation scheme, with "crossing gates"

23


Traffic separation schemes crossing, without designated precautionary area

24


Precautionary area

25.1


Inshore traffic zone, with defined end-limits

25.2


Inshore traffic zone without defined end-limits

26.1


Recommended direction of traffic flow, between Traffic separation schemes

26.2

,
Recommended direction of traffic flow, for ships not needing a deep water route

27.1


Deep water route, as part of one-way traffic lane

27.2


Two-way deep water route, with minimum depth stated

27.3

/
Deep water route, centreline as recommended one-way or two-way track

28.1

( )
Recommended route (often marked by centreline buoys)

28.2

,
Two-way route with one-way sections

29.1

,
Area to be avoided, around navigational aid

29.2

, -
Area to be avoided, because of danger of stranding

Radar Surveillance Station

Ra

270 090

Radar Surveillance System


Radar Surveillance Station


Radar reference line coinciding with a
leading line


Radar range

Radio Reporting Points

( )
Radio reporting (calling-in or way) points showing direction(s) of vessel movement with designation
(if any) and VHF-channel

Ferries

Ferry

Cable Ferry


Cable Ferry

27

Areas, Limits
General

Maritime limit in general


usually implying: Permanent
obstructions

2.1



Limit of restricted area

2.2

Limit of prohibited area (no


unauthorized entry)

Entry prohibited

Anchorages, Anchorage Areas


(
)
Recommended anchorage
(no defined limits)


Anchor berths

Anchor berths, swinging


circle may be shown

4.5

Tanker

4.6

24 h

4.7

4.8

Quarantine anchorage area

4.9

4.2

No 1

4.3

Neufeld

4.4

28

DW


24
Anchorage for periods up to
24 hours

Explosives anchorage area


Anchorage area in general

4.1

Tanker anchorage area

Reserved

Reserved anchorage



Numbered anchorage area

Sea-plane landing area



Named anchorage area

Anchorage for sea-planes



Deep Water Anchorage area.
Anchorage area for Deep
Draught Vessels

Areas, Limits
Restricted Areas

,
1

Anchoring prohibited

2.3

1.1


Fishing prohibited

2.1

Explosives dumping ground

2.2

Explosives Dumping Ground

Explosives Dumping
Ground
(disused)

Dumping Ground for


Chemical waste

Dumping ground for chemical


waste

Degaussing range

Degaussing range

Historic Wk


()
Explosives dumping ground
(disused),
Foul (explosives)

Military Practice Areas


Firing danger area



Military restricted area, entry
prohibited

Entry Prohibited



Submarine transit lane and
exercise area

Minefield
(see Note)


DENMARK
FEDERAL REPUBLIK OF GERMANY

DENMARK


Minefield

Mine-laying practice area



Historic wreck and restricted area

FEDERAL REPUBLIK OF GERMANY

International Boundaries
and National Limits

International boundary on land


International maritime boundary


Limits of fishery zones

Straight territorial sea baseline


Seaward limit of territorial sea


Seaward limit of contiguous zone

EEZ



Limit of Exclusive Economic
Zone

Customs limit

Harbour limit


Harbour limit

29

Areas, Limits

Various Limits

1.1

Limit of fast ice. Ice front

2.3

1.2


( )
Limit of sea ice (pack ice)-seasonal

2.4

Cargo Transhipment Area


Spoil ground

2.5

Incineration Area

2.1

Spoil Ground

2.2

Spoil Ground (disused)

Ocean

22 Approach

Sea

23 Bank

Gulf

24 Shoal

Bay

25 Reef, Coral reef

Fyord

43 Slope

44 Continental slope

45 Continental rise

46

64 Levee

65 Province

66 Tideway, Tidal gully

27

48

,
Creek

28 Pinnacle

49 Hole

Lagoon

29 Ridge

50 Trench

Cove

30 Rise

52 Valley

54 Canyon

55 Seachannel

56 Moat. Sea moat

57 Fan

58 Apron

59 Fracture zone

60 Scarp, Escarpment

61 Sill

62 Cape

63 Saddle

11

32 Mountain, mount

33 Seamount

34 Peak

14 Channel, canal

35 Knoll

15

36 Abyssal hill

13 Passage

Narrows

16 Entrance

37 Tablemount

17

38 Plateau

18

39 Terrace

Estuary
Delta

40 Spur

41 Continental shelf

42 Shelf-edge

19 Mouth
20 Roads, Roadstead
21 Anchorage

Continental borderland

Ledge

31 Seamount chain


Loch, Lough

10

30

26

12 Sound


Incineration area

Hydrographic Terms


Sunken rock

Strait


Cargo transhipment area

( .)
Spoil ground (disused)

Inlet


Dredging area

Dredging Area
(see Note)

47 Basin


Other Terms


Abyssal plain

67 Projected

68 Lighted

51 Trough

69 Buoyed

70 Marked

53 Median Valley

71 Ancient

72 Distant

73 Lesser

( )

74 Closed

75 Partly

76 Approximate

77 Submerged

78 Shoaled

79 Experimental

80 Destroyed

Lights

Light Structures,
Major Floating Lights

Lt

Lt Ho

2
3
4

Bn Tr
BY

Bn

BRB

, ,
,
Major light, minor light , light,
lighthouse


Lighted offshore platform

Light-float

LANBY, super-buoy as navigational aid


Lighted beacon tower

Lighted beacon

LtV


Normally manned light-vessel

, , .
Minor lights, fixed and floating, usually conform to IALA Maritime Buoyage System characteristics.

Light Characters



International abbreviation


Class of light

Illustration


Period shown

Fixed

( , )
Occulting (total duration of light longer than total duration of darkness)
Oc

Oc(2)
Example

Oc(2+3)
Example


Single-occulting

Group-occulting

Composite group-occulting

( )
Isophase (duration of light and darkness equal)
Iso

Isophase

( )
Flashing (total duration of light shorter than total duration of darkness)
Fl

Fl(3)
Example

Fl(2+1)
Example

5
6

LFI

-
Single-flashing

Group-flashing

Composite group-flashing
- ( 2
.)
Long-flashing (flash 2 s or longer)

( 50 79 - 50-60 )
Quick (repetition rate of 50 to 79 usually either 50 or 60 flashes per minute)
Q
Q(3)
Example

IQ


Continuous quick

Group quick

Interrupted quick

31

Lights

( 80 159 - 100 - 120 )


Very quick (repetition rate of 80 to 159 - usually either 100 or 120 - flashes per minute)

Continuous very quick

VQ


Group very quick

VQ(3)
Example


Interrupted very quick

IVQ

( 160 - 240 - 300 )


Ultra quick (repetition rate of160 or more - usually 240 to 300 - flashes per min)
UQ


Continuous ultra quick

IUQ


Interrupted ultra quick

FFI


Fixed and flashing

10

AI.WR

Alternating

Colours of Lights

(
)
White (only on sector- and alternating
lights

Vi

Violet

Red

Yellow

Green

Or

Orange

Bu

Blue

Am

()
Amber

Period


Period in seconds

90s

Elevation
,
Elevation of light given in metres

12m

Range

15M


Light with single range

15/10M


Light with two different ranges

15-7M


Light with three or more ranges

(hor)

Disposition
,
Horizontally disposed

15

(vert)

,
Vertically disposed

Example of a full Light Description

Name
FI(3)WRG.15s21m15-11M

Fl(3)
WRG.

32

: , (3)
Class of light: group flashing repeating a group of three flashes
: , , ,
Colours: white, red, green, exhibiting the different colours in defined sectors

Lights

: 3 :
15 .
Period: the time taken to exhibit one full sequence of 3 flashes and eclipses: 15 seconds

15s

21
Elevation of focal plane above datum: 21 metres

21m

: 15 , 11 , 15 11
Nominal range: white 15M, green 11M, red between 15 and 11 M

15-11M

Lights Marking Fairways

Leading Lights and Lights in Line

22

5,

c.

6s

O
c.


.
Leading lights with leading line (firm line is fairway) and arcs of visibility
Bearing given in degrees and tenths of a degree

3s

1
Name
Oc.3s
8m12M
Name
Oc.6s24m15M

s1

Ldg Oc.R & F.R

Oc.R & Oc

269 18
0

O
4s c.R
10 .
M


Leading lights on small-scale charts

Fl.G



Leading lights : any two objects in line
Bearing given in degrees and minutes

2M

.4
Oc

2700

Fl.G

,
Lights in line, marking the sides of a channel

270 0

2 Fl.R

Rear Lt or Upper Lt


Rear or upper light

Front Lt or Lower Lt


Front or lower light

Direction Lights

Dir 2690

7
Fl(2)5s10m11M

Oc.12s6M
Dir
29
90

55,5
Dir 2

Fl(2)5s11M
F.G
Al.WG

Oc.W.4s

F.R

Dir WRG.
15-5M

Al .W R

Dir

10
29

50

,

Direction light with narrow sector and course to be followed, flanked by darkness or
unintensified light
,
, ,
Direction light with course to be followed, uncharted sector is flanked by darkness or
unintensified light
,

Direction light with narrow fairway sector flanked by light sectors of different character
( ).

Moire effect light (day and night), variable arrow mark. Arrows show when course
alteration needed

:
Note:

Quoted bearings are always from seaward.

33

Lights

Sector Lights
G
W


Sector light on standard charts

Fl.WRG.4s21m
8-12M
R

11

Fl

.R

Fl.G N
a
Fl. me
W.
3s

12

Oc.WRG.
10-6M

Nam
e
O c .W

Oc.R

Oc.G

Fl

.R

Fl.G Na
Fl. me
W.
3s

13

Oc.WRG.
10-6M

O c .W

Nam
e

Oc.R

,

Sector lights on standard charts, the white sector limits marking the sides of the fairway

,

Sector lights on multicoloured charts, the white sector limits marking the sides of the
fairway

Oc.G

Fl.(3)10s62m25M
F.R.55m12M


Main light visible all-round with red subsidiary light seen over danger

14
R
F.

Obscd

Fl.5s41m30M

15


All-round light with obscured sector


Light with arc of visibility deliberately restricted

R
R

Iso.WRG
G

16

Fa
int


Light with faint sector

17
Q.14m5M
R

Oc.R.8s5M

Oc.R.8s

R.5M

18

nte

R.I


Light with intensified sector

.5

R.9

ns

19

34

F.R (occas)

Lights with limited Times of Exhibition

, ( , )
Lights exhibited only when specially
needed (for fishing vessels, ferries) and
some private lights

22

(temp)

Temporary

23

(exting)

Extinguished

20

FI.10s40m27M
(F.37m11M Day)

(,
)
Daytime light (charted only where the
character shown by day differs from that
shown at night)

21

Name
Q.WRG.5m10-3M
Fl.5s(in fog)

,


Fog light (exhibited only in fog, or
character changes in fog)

Lights

Special Lights


Aero AI.FI.WG7,5s 11 M

Aero light

25.1

AeroF.R.313m11M
RADIO MAST (353)


Air obstruction light of high intensity

25.2

(89)


Air obstruction lights of low intensity

24

26

(R Lts)


Fog detector light

Fog Det Lt

27

(Illuminated)

28

, . .
Floodlit, floodlighting of a structure
, ,
Private light other than one exhibited occasionally

F.R(priv)

Buoys, Beacons

Buoys and Beacons


IALA Maritime Buoyage System, which includes Beacons

Position of buoy or beacon

Colours of Buoys and Beacon Topmarks

2
G

(
)
Green and black (symbols
filled black)

,

Single colours other than
green and black

,
,


Multiple colours in horizontal
bands, the colour sequence is
from top to bottom

4
BY

GRG

RW

BRB

RW

,
,

Multiple colours in vertical or
diagonal stripes, the darker
colour is given first

RW

Lighted Marks


Fl.R

Fl.G

6
G


Lighted marks on standard
charts

Fl.R
R

RW

10


Lighted marks on multicoloured
charts

Topmarks and Radar Reflectors

,
System buoy topmarks

8
9

Fl.G

Iso

2
Name

, , .
Beacon with topmark, colour, radar reflector and designation

Name
3

, , .
Buoy with topmark, colour, radar reflector and designation

:
Note:
Radar reflectors on floating marks are usually not charted.

35

Buoys, Beacons

Buoys
Shapes of Buoys


Conical buoy, nun buoy

,
Spar buoy, spindle buoy


Can or cylindrical buoy


Barrel buoy


Spherical buoy

-
Super-buoy


Pillar buoy

Light Floats



Light float as part of IALA System

FI.G.3s
Name

F1.10s12m26M

Mooring Buoys



Mooring buoys

FI.Y.2,5s


Lighted mooring buoy (Example)

Trot, mooring buoys with ground


tackle and berth numbers



Light float not part of IALA System



Mooring buoy with telegraphic or
telephonic communication

Numerous moorings (example)

Small Craft
M oor ings

Special Purpose Buoys

: . .
.
Note:
Shapes of buoys are variable. Lateral or Cardinal buoys may be used in some situations. The use of the cross topmark is optional.

,
Firing danger area (Danger Zone)
buoy

DZ
Y

Target

Target
Y

Degaussing Range buoy

-,

ODAS-buoy (Ocean-Data-Acquisition
System), Data-Collecting buoy of
superbuoy size

ODAS

Seasonal Buoys

()
Buoy privately maintained (example)

(priv)
Y

()
Temporary buoy (example)

(Apr -Oct)
Y

Beacons

36

Bn

BW

( )
,

Beacon in general, characteristics
unknown or chart scale too small to
show

,

Beacon with colour, no distinctive
topmark

RY

BRB

BRB

BRB


()
Beacons with colours and
topmarks (examples)

( )
Beacon on submerged rock
(topmark as appropriate)

Buoys, Beacons
Minor impermanent Marks usually in
drying Areas (Lateral Mark of Minor Channel)


( )

Stake, pole

,
Withy

STARBOARD
HAND

PORT HAND

Minor Marks, usually on Land

Cairn

1
2


Coloured or white mark

Mk

,
Perch, stake

(
)

Coloured topmark (colour known or
unknown) with function of a beacon

RW

Beacon Towers


()
Beacon towers without and with
topmarks and colours (examples)

BRB

BY


Lattice beacon

Special Purpose Beacons


Leading beacons

Beacons marking a clearing line

,
()
Cable landing beacon (example)

,

Beacons marking measured distance
with quoted bearings

4
Measured Distance
1852 m 090-270


Refuge beacon

5
Ref

Ref

IALA Maritime Buoyage System


International Association of Lighthouse
Authorities

IALA

, .
. ,
.
Lateral Marks are generally for well-defined channels. There are two international Buoyage Regions - A and B - where Lateral marks differ.

1.1



( ).


(2+1)



( ).


(2+1)

Port-hand Marks are red with


cylindrical topmarks (if any).
Lights are red and have any
rhythm except Fl(2+1)R

REGION A



(
).

(2+1)
Starboard-hand Marks are green
with conical topmarks (if any).
Lights are green and have any
rhythm except Fl(2+1)G

Port-hand Marks are green with


cylindrical topmarks (if any).
Lights are green and have any
rhythm except Fl(2+1)G

Preferred channel to
Starboard Fl(2+1)R*

G

Preferred channel to Port Fl(2+1)G*

GRG

RGR

RGR

REGION B

GRG

Preferred channel to
Starboard Fl(2+1)G*

R
Preferred channel to Port Fl(2+1)R*



(
).

(2+1)
Starboard-hand Marks are red
with conical topmarks (if any).
Lights are red and have any
rhythm except Fl(2+1)R

37

Buoys, Beacons

,
,
In the illustrations below all marks are the same in Regions A and B

,
Cardinal Marks indicating navigable water to the named side of the marks.

1.2

UNLIT MARKS

LIGHTED MARKS

: 2
Topmark: 2 black cones


White Light

(.)
Time (second)

N
N
W

Period shown

E
N


Black above yellow

BY

(3) 5c
(3) 10c
VQ(3) 5s
or Q(3) 10s

BYB

Point of interest
YBY

BY

BY

VQ
or Q

YBY

BYB

Yellow with black


band

(6) 10
(6) 15
VQ(6)+LFl.10s
or Q(6)+LFl.15s

BYB

Black with yellow


band

YB

(9) 10c
4(9) 15
VQ(9) 10s
or Q(9) 15s

W
YB

YBY

YB

SW

,
. 5, 10, 15
The same abbreviations are used for lights on spar buoys and beacons.
The periods 5s, 10s and 15s, may not always be charted

SE

Yellow above black

S
1.3

, ( )
Isolated Danger Marks stationed over dangers with navigable water around them

: ()
: 2
Body: black with red horizontal band(s)
Topmark: 2 black spheres

BRB

BRB

1.4

BRB

BRB

, ( , )
Safe Water Marks such as mid-channel and landfall marks


10c.

()
Iso, or
Oc, or
LFI.10s, or
Mo (A)

:
( ):
Body: red and white vertical stripes
Topmark (if any): red sphere

RW

1.5


white light

(2)
Fl(2)

RW

RW

RW

RW

RW

( , - )
Special Marks not primarily to assist navigation but to indicate special features

( ):
( ):
Body (shape optional): yellow
Topmark (if any): yellow

,
130.3 130.5
Rhythm optional

38


while light

YRY

FI.Y

yellow light

Fog Signals

General

,
Position of fog signal. Type of fog signal not stated

Types of Fog Signals, with Abbreviations

Explos

Explosive

Bell

Bell

Dia

Diaphone

Whis

Whistle

Siren

Siren

Gong

Gong

Horn

Horn (nautophone, reed, tyfon)

Examples of Fog Signal Descriptions

F1.3s70m29M
Siren Mo(N)60s

Bell


,
(N),
60 .
Siren at a lighthouse, giving a long
blast followed by a short one (N),
repeated every 60 sec

Q(6)+H.FI.15s
Horn(1)15s Whis

-
Wave-actuated bell buoy

Radar, Radio,
Electronic PositionFixing Systems

Radar

3.1

3.2

, 15
.

Light buoy. With hor n giving a single


blast every 15 seconds, in conjunction with a wave-actuated whistle

Ra

Coast radar station, providing range


and bearing service on request

3.3

Ramark


Ramark, radar beacon transmitting 3.4
continuously

Racon (Z)

-,
3
Radar transponder beacon, with
Morse identification, responding
within the 3-cm(X-)band

Racon (Z) (10cm)

Racon (Z) (3&10cm)

Racon

Racon

-,
10
Radar transponder beacon, with
Morse identification, responding
within the 10-cm(S-)band

3.6


Radar reflector

-,
,

Radar transponder beacon,
responding on a fixed frequency
outside the marine band

F Racon

3.5

Racon

2700

Racon

Racon

-, 3 10

Radar transponder beacon,


responding within the 3-cm(X-) and
the 10-cm(S-)band

Racon


-
Radar transponder beacons with
bearing line

-
Floating marks with radar transponder beacons

Radar-conspicuous feature

39

Radar, Radio,
Electronic PositionFixing Systems

Radio

Name
RC

RD

RD269,50

()

Circular (non-directional) marine


or aeromarine radiobeacon

RG




Radio direction-finding station



Directional radiobeacon with
bearing line



Coast radio station providing
QTG service

Aero RC


Aeronautical radiobeacon

RW



Rotating-pattern radiobeacon

Consol


Consol beacon

Electronic Position-Fixing Systems

Loran-C

LOP labelled with rate and full


difference (s) value



LOP labelled with final three
digits only

: - , .
( )
Note:
A Loran-C Chain Diagram may be given if rates from more than one Chain appear on a chart.
An explanatory note is given if LOPs include propagation delays.

Satellite Navigation Systems

WGS WGS 72 WGS 84

1972 1984
World Geodetic System, 1972 or 1984

Services
Pilotage


1.1


Boarding place, position of a PilotCruising Vessel

1.4

1.2

Name



Boarding place, position of a PilotCruising Vessel,
name (e.g. District, Port)

Pilot look-out



Pilot office with Pilot look-out,
Pilot look-out

Note

(: )
Boarding place, position of a PilotCruising Vessel,
With note (e.g. for Tanker)

Pilots


Pilot office

1.3

40


Pilots transferred by helicopter

Services

Coastguard, Rescue

,
1

CG

CG

CG

CG

CG


Coastguard station


Lifeboat lying at a mooring

CG



Coastguard station with Rescue
station

Refuge for shipwrecked mariners

Ref

,
,

Rescue station, Lifeboat station.
Rocketstation

Signal Stations

SS

SS (INT)

SS (Traffic)

SS (Port control)

SS (Lock)

SS (Bridge)

F.
Traffic-Sig

Storm signal station

( )
Signal station in general

SS (Storm)

, ,

,

Signal station, showing
International Port Traffic Signals

SS (Weather)

, ,
Traffic signal station, Port entry
and Departure signals

10

SS (Ice)


Ice signal station


Port control signal station

11

SS (Time)


Time signal station


12.1
Lock signal station
, 12.2
Bridge passage signal station


Weather signal station, Wind
signal station


Tide scale or gauge

Tide gauge


Automatically recording tide
gauge



Bridge lights including traffic
signals

Small Craft
Facilities

Small Craft Facilities


1.1


Boat harbour, Marina

1.2


Yacht berths without facilities

41

Abbreviations of principal English Terms




Metric charts

42

abt

l.
ALRS
Anch
Annly
Appr
approx
Arch
Astr
ATT
Aus
Ave

About
Aeronautical
Alternating light
Admiralty List of Radio Signals
Anchorage
Annually
Approaches
Approximate
Archipelago
Astronomical
Admiralty Tide Tables
Australia
Avenue

Bu
Batt
Bk
bk
Bidg
Bn
Bol

Bay
Black
Blue
Battery
Bank
Broken
Building
Beacon
Bollard

ca
Cas
Cath
Cg
Ch
Chan
Chy
cm
Co
Col
const
cov
Cr
Cup
Cy

Cape
Coarse
Calcareous
Castle
Cathedral
Coastguard station
Church chapel
Channel
Chimney
Centimetre (s)
Coral
Column, pillar, obelisk
Constructions
Covers
Creek
Cupola
Clay

decrg

Decreasing
dest
Destroyed
DG Range Degaussing Range
Dia
Diaphone
Dir
Direction
Dir Lt
Directional light
discont
Discontinued
dist
Distant
Dk
Dock
dm
Decimetre (s)
Dn
Dolphin
dr
Dries
DW
Deep water. Deep - draught
DZ
Danger Zone

E
ED
Ent.
Est.
exper
explos
(exting)

East
Existence doubtful
Entrance
Estuary
Experimental
Explosive
Extinguished

F
f
Fj
FFl
Fl
Fog
Det Lt
FS
Ft

Fixed light
Fine
Fjord
Fixed and Flashing light
Flashing light
Fog detector light

Flagstaff
Fort

G
G
G
Gy

Gravel
Green
Gulf
Grey

H
h
h
HAT
Hn.
Ho
(hor)

Headway
Hard
Hour
Highest Astronomical Tide
Haven
House
Horizontally disposed

43

Hosp
Hr.
Hr Mr
Ht
HW

Hospital
Harbour
Harbour master
Height
High Water

I.
IALA

incrg
in., ins
INT
(intens)
IQ

Island. Islet
International Association of
Lighthouse Authorities
International Hydrographic
Organization
Illuminated
International Maritime
Organization
Increasing
Inch, Inches
International
Intensified
Interrupted quick light

Iso
IUQ
IVQ

Isophase
Interrupted ultra quick light
Interrupted very quick light

()

km
Kn

Kilometre(s)
Knot(s)

L.
Lag.
Lanby

Lake. Loch. Lough


Lagoon
Large Automatic Navigational
Buoy
Lowest Astronomical Tide
Latitude
Leading
Ledge
Long-flashing light
Little
List of Light
Landing place
Liquified Natural Gas
Longitude
Lower
Light
Lighthouse
Light-vessel
Low Water

IHO
Illum
IMO

LAT
Lat
Ldg
Le
LFL
Lit
LL
Lndg.
LNG
Long
Lr
Lt
LtHo
LtV
LW

44

MMO ()

M
M
m
Mag
MHHW
MHLW
MHWN
MHWS
m
min
MLHW
MLLW
MLWN
MLWS
mm
Mo
Mon
MSL
Mt.
Mth.
MTL

Mud
Sea mile(s)
Metre(s)
Magnetic
Mean Higher High Water
Mean High Low Water
Mean High Water Neaps
Mean High Water Springs
Medium
Minute (of time)
Mean Lower High Water
Mean Lower Low Water
Mean Low Water Neaps
Mean Low Water Springs
Millimetre(s)
Morse
Monument. Memorial
Mean Sea Level
Mountain. Mount
Mouth
Mean Tide Level

N
NE
NM
nm
No
Np
NW

North
North-east
Notices to Mariners
Nautical mile
Number
Neap
North-west

Obs
Obscd
Obstn
Oc
(occas)
ODAS

Observation Spot
Obscured
Obstruction
Occulting light
Occasional
Ocean Data-Acquisition System

Or

Orange

P.
P
(P)
PA
Pag
Pass.
PD
Pen.

Port
Pebbles
Preliminary
Position approximate
Pagoda
Passage
Position doubtful
Peninsula

45

Pk.
PO
pos
Priv
priv
proh
proj
Prom
Prom
(prov)
Pt.

Peak
Post Office
Position
Private aid to navigation
Private
Prohibited
Projected
Promontory
Prominent
Provisional
Point

Quick light

R
R
R
R

Racon
R
Ramark
RC
RD
Rds.
Refl
Rep
Rf
RG
Rly
RoRo
Ru
RW

Red
River
Rock
Coast Radio Station providing
QTG service
Radar Transponder beacon
Coast Radar Station
Radar Beacon
Non-directional Radiobeacon
Directional Radiobeacon
Roads. Roadstead
Optical Reflector
Reported
Reef
Radio Direction Finding Station
Railway
Roll-on Roll-off (ferry terminal)
Ruins
Rotating Pattern Radiobeacon

S
S
s
SC
Sch
SD
SD
Sd.
SE
Sem
sf
Sh
Sh.

Sand
South
Second (of time)
Sailing Club
School
Sailing Directions
Sounding of Doubtful Depth
Sound
South-east
Semaphore
Stiff
Shells
Shoal

46

Sig
so
Sp
Sp
SPM
SS
SS
St
St
Sta
Str.
subm
SW
sy

Signal
Soft
Spire
Spring Tides
Single Point Mooring
Signal Station
Storm Signal Station
Stones
Street
Station
Strait
Submerged
South-west
Sticky

t
Tel
Tr
TSS
TV Tr

Ton. tonne
Telegraph, Telephone
Tower
Traffic Separation Scheme
Television Tower

unexam
UQ

Unexamined
Ultra quick light

v
var
Vel
(vert)
Vi
Vol.
VQ

Volcanic
Varying
Velocity
Vertically disposed
Violet
Volcano
Very quick light

W
w
Water Tr
Wd
WGS
Whf
Whis
Wk

West
White
Water tower. Stand-pipe
Weed
World Geodetic System
Wharf
Whistle
Wreck

Y
YC

Yellow, Amber, Orange


Yacht Club

, ,

47

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