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Bowdoin Orient





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Bowdoin College


NOVEMBER 4, 2016

Mumps virus hits Bowdoin and other NESCAC schools


There are two confirmed cases of

mumps among Bowdoin students
and a third suspected case pending
lab confirmation according to Doug
Cook, director of news and media relations at the College.
Mumps is a viral infection that primarily attacks the parotid glandsa
pair of salivary glands located behind
the jaw. The virus is transmitted via
saliva or mucus from the mouth,

nose or throat of an infected person.

Symptoms include body aches, fever,
headaches, glandular swelling (that
usually presents as neck swelling)
and loss of appetite. The incubation
period is typically 16-18 daysbut
can be as long as 12-25 dayssymptoms usually lasts about a week.
The vast majority of Bowdoin students are immunized for mumps, and
less than 10 are not vaccinated (for
religious, personal, moral, or philosophical reasons) or do not have vaccination records on file. According

to Maher, there are also a handful of

students that did not get the booster,
likely due to adverse affects to the
first shot.
The infected students are self-isolating as advised by the Health Center, according to an email Director
of Health Services Dr. Jeffrey Maher
sent to all students, employees and
faculty on Wednesday.
Per the Maine Center for Disease
Control (Maine CDC), students who
are not immunized with the measles,
mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccine

are also being isolated in their rooms

for a period of 18 days. Should any
more cases be confirmed, the 18-day
period will be reset.
Ive been contacted by the Health
Center telling me that because I was
not immunized that I was not allowed at any campus buildings including classes, extra curricular activities, the dining halls, etc., said
Axis Fuksman-Kumpa 17.
The Health Center reported the
cases of mumps to the Maine Centers
for Disease Control

B.E.A.R.S. survey shows 11 percent of sexual assaults officially reported

Assaults reported


Told no one
about assaults





Assaults not reported

Assaults reported to Title IX department or police

Victims of
sexual assault


Told others about assaults

Victims telling others about assaults

Assaults taking
place during junior
and senior years

Assaults taking place

during first year




Not victims of sexual assault

Assaults taking place

during sophomore year

Students who have experienced

sexual assault

On Wednesday, President Clayton

Rose released the results of the Bowdoin Experiences and Attitudes about
Relationships and Sex (B.E.A.R.S)
survey in a campus-wide email. The
survey asked Bowdoin students over
the age of 18 about their experiences
with relationships, sexual misconduct,
and sexual assault and their opinions
about how the College handles these
The College did not release raw data
from the survey, instead issuing a summary of the results. According to the
summary, 78 percent of students agree
that Bowdoin would support the person
making a report, but 14 percent feel the
College would not ensure a fair process
for the person accused of sexual assault. Slightly over nine percent of respondents (14.5 percent of women and
3.2 percent of men) reported sexual assault involving completed or attempted penetration of the vagina or anus
or oral sex involving physical force or
threats of physical force; or the inability
to consent because of being passed out,
asleep, or incapacitated due to alcohol
or drugs. Four percent of respondents
believe that sexual assault or misconduct doesnt occur at all at Bowdoin.
81 percent of enrolled students com-

Reported assaults by class year

Please see BEARS, page 5

Were now enrolled at the Maine

Center for Disease Control in a scouting program, said Maher. So now
we have a field manager assigned to
us and support from the state should
it get much bigger, he continued.
Mumps is concerning because the
potential rare complications associated with the infection are very seriousmiscarriage, permanent fertility issues (due to testicular or ovarian
swelling), deafness, swelling of the

Please see MUMPS, page 3

issued court
summons for

The Brunswick Police Department

(BPD) issued disorderly conduct court
summonses to three senior Bowdoin students living in a house on Garrison Street
after responding to neighbor complaints
of loud music coming from the off-campus house on October 23.
BPD last issued a disorderly conduct
summons to a Bowdoin student in 2010
and has issued 11 since 1998, according
to BPD Commander of Support Services
Mark M. Waltz.
Prior to issuing the summonses, BPD
gave two warnings to the residents of the
off-campus house on Garrison Street;
one in August and the other early October for loud noise and music complaints.
In a phone interview with the Orient,
Waltz said BPD typically gives warnings
before issuing a summons.
[The evening of October 23] wasnt
the first interaction that house has had
with the police department, he said.

Please see SUMMONS, page 3

Junot Daz speaks on race and own experiences


Junot Daz, a Dominican-American author and MIT professor, addressed immigration policies, neoliberalism and surviving as a person
of color in predominantly white
institutions in a lecture to a packed
David Saul Smith Union yesterday
The speech was the keynote address for the symposium, Rendering Dominicans of Haitian Descent
Stateless, led by Roger Howell, Jr.
Professor of History Allen Wells and
Assistant Professor of Anthropology
Greg Beckett.
Daz began by explaining that
he would be giving an artist talk,
rather than an academic or authoritative lecture. He began the talk by
The conservative commentator shared
his views on America. Page 4.

responding to a students question

that he had been unable to answer
during the book signing session before the talk.
[How] did you make it this far
in these predominantly white institutions? Daz said the student had
asked him. Like did you lose part
of yourself ? Did you find a space?
I was so busy self-victimizing because I think we all have a lot of survivors guilt, said Daz. What does
it mean to survive in a culture that
did not mean for us to survive?
Daz eventually moved on to the
lecture portion of his speech,
where he addressed racial attitudes,
immigration policies and neoliberal
policies that create the same problems regardless of the political, social or economic context, in both the
Dominican Republic and the United


A look into Brunswicks best-kept secret bakery,

the Union Street Bakery. Page 7.

Whether Im talking about [the
Dominican Republic] or the U.S.,
were talking about societies that
are so deeply embedded in neoliberal regimes that similarities begin
to emerge almost unlooked for,
Daz said.
He focused on citizenship as an
essential form of psychic capital,
meaning a good or status with no
real basis, particularly in an era of
restrictive immigration policies.
Citizenship is a technology for
granting people humanity, he said.
Daz compared how both the
United States and the Dominican
Republic sought to blame problems
on immigrants.
You dont have to look farther


PAGES 9-12.

Please see DAZ, page 5



Associate Professor of Art Michael Kolster

photographs artificial stones. Page 13.


Mens soccer seeks its third consecutive

NESCAC title. Page 15.


Jodi Kraushar 17 and Caroline Montag 17 expand

what the SWUG life should mean. Page 14.


the bowdoin orient

friday, november 4, 2016


What is a place on campus youve never been, and what do

you think happens there?
Cem Gokcam 19
You know downstairs in Gibson theres a door thats always
closed...they say do not ever open this door...I dont know,
anything could be down there, government experiments, I
actually have no idea its frightening.


SECURITY REPORT: 10/28 to 11/4

Friday, October 28
A student cooking microwave popcorn set off a smoke alarm
in Appleton Hall.
Brunswick Rescue transported an intoxicated student at
MacMillan House to Mid Coast Hospital.
A second intoxicated student at MacMillan House was
transported to Mid Coast Hospital.
Saturday, October 29
A student was cited for furnishing hard alcohol to minors
at Maine Hall.
An officer checked on the well-being of an intoxicated student at Appleton Hall.
A wellness check was conducted for an intoxicated student
at Coleman Hall.
An ill student was escorted from Osher Hall to the Mid
Coast Walk-In Clinic.
Light fixtures were vandalized along the west side wooded
walking path near the Edwards Center for Art and Dance.
A female student reported being followed by a man on
Union Street at 10:30 p.m. The man could not be located.
A student reported an encounter with an unidentified man
at Joshuas Tavern that involved the use of a racial slur.
Sunday, October 30
An officer checked on the condition of an intoxicated student at Hyde Hall.
A person wearing a white sheet costume was reported to be
yelling profanities near Ladd House.
Brunswick police requested assistance from Security for a
neighborhood disturbance complaint at an off-campus student residence on Weymouth Street.

An officer checked on the well-being of a student at Burnett House.

A student reported being assaulted by another student at a
gathering at 43 Harpswell Road.
Graffiti was reported on walls and doors on the first floor of
Baxter House.
A student reported a bike theft from the area of Ladd House.
A security officer recovered the bike and returned it to
the student.
Monday, October 31
An elderly woman was taken to Mid Coast Hospital after a
fall at Farley Field House.
A student took responsibility for accidentally damaging a
fire exit sign at Moore Hall.
An ill student at Winthrop Hall was taken to the Mid Coast
Walk-In Clinic.
Tuesday, November 1
A student who is a minor was found to be in possession of
fraudulent drivers license.
Wednesday, November 2
Dining employees at Thorne Hall requested assistance with
a stray cat. The cat was returned to its owner on Longfellow Avenue.
A fire alarm at Maine Hall was caused by burnt microwave popcorn.
Thursday, November 3
A portion of a glass display case was found smashed on the
third floor of Druckenmiller Hall.

Sabrina Hunte 20
Yeah, I dont know Ive never been to Chase Barn, I tried to find
it for whatever the comedy group is...and then somebody told
me that it was next to a place, but Ive never been there so I
dont really know...I low-key didnt know where Hannaford was
but now I do.

Henry Little 18
Ive never been to Hatch...Id imagine like a bunch of weird
science experiments. I assume because they were hatching
eggs there like an experiment. I was thinking girae eggs
maybe. Do giraes lay eggs or have babies?

Michael Butler 17
Jewett Hall. Theyve got lots of screens there so I imagine
there are no mosquitoes there. I think thats where the p-h
phish are. I think that Jewett Hall is associated with the
Phishing Derby.

Julia Bottone 17
I have never been to the Sargent dance studio. It could be
where they hide all the couches in Smith Union when theyre
gone. I should just wait out there...Id literally carry a couch up
just to make it seem natural.

Befuddled Bears: first years attempt to draw maps of campus from memory





While one might think a

college merely 207 acres wide
would be easy to navigate,
these mental maps drawn by
a collection of Bowdoins first
years suggest otherwise. The
Orient asked a handful of
them to sketch out their vision
of campus and include certain
locations in their renditions.
The results were quite varied.



friday, november 4, 2016

the bowdoin orient


NEWS IN BRIEF Sabbaticals limit government seminars



This week, Bowdoin Student Government (BSG) kicked off the fourth annual No Hate
November, an initiative aimed at removing bias and raising mindfulness on and off campus. Unlike in past years, the month does not have a focus on one particular issue.
The mission is to have a month full of events on campus that will create dialogue about
issues surrounding inclusivity, respect, bias and hate, said BSG Vice President for Student
Affairs Ben Painter 19.
There are a dozen events planned this year. Each event focuses on a specific issue, such
as microaggressions, transphobia, mental health or police brutality.
We didnt want to focus on one topic too much, Painter said. For example, if we focused on race, which was brought up to have one big focus, issues of sexuality wouldnt
be part of No Hate November. Issues surrounding disability wouldnt be part of No Hate
November. And so we didnt want to exclude any group that wants to have an event.
Aasif Mandvi, an actor and comedian known for his work on the Daily Show, will
be coming to campus next Thursday to address issues of tolerance and discrimination
through comedy.
Comedy is a way to access really uncomfortable and sometimes difficult issues, Mandvi said in a phone interview to the Orient. Comedy can also point out the truth sometimes with things. Theres a famous quote, that art lays bare the truth that are hidden by
facts. So comedy is an art form. And all art lays bare certain truth that are hidden by the
kind of conversation we have. Comedy is a different type of conversation that can expose
some kinds of that stuff.
Mandvi said that todays poisonous social and political climate make engaging in difficult conversations about intolerance more important now than ... ever.
[Mandvis] a big name, Painter said. Hopefully itll draw people out of the cracks,
people who usually wouldnt go to events. Im looking forward to that because hopefully
thatll start conversations in corners of the campus where they usually dont have these


Government and Legal Studies majors may be unable to take

3000-level seminars in the spring
semester, due to several department faculty who will be on sabbatical. Options for the seminara
course required for the majorwill
be particularly limited for students
concentrating in international relations, according Chair of Government and Legal Studies Department Michael Franz in an email
sent to all junior and senior majors
on Sunday.
We have known that this particular year would be a bit of a challenge with our courses, Franz said.
[When] faculty will go on leave, we
replace those faculty with sabbatical replacements, but we traditionally dont ask the sabbatical replace-

The three students will appear before

the West Bath District Court on December 6 where they could be formally
charged for disorderly conduct by the
district attorneys office.
According to Waltz, BPD notifies
Bowdoin about situations involving offcampus housing, even though such incidents fall outside the jurisdiction of the
Colleges Office of Safety and Security.
The enforcement role falls on us in
these situations because of the fact that
its not College property, Waltz said.
Echoing Waltzs statement, Senior
Vice President for Communications and
Public Affairs Scott Hood also said that
the College would not get involved in
police matters or the court summonses
since BPD was responding to a call outside of Bowdoin Securitys jurisdiction.
Adjudicating something like that is
between the students and law enforcement, the DA [and] the police, Hood
said. But if the College becomes aware
of behavior by a student on or off campus
thats problematic, then it falls within the
academic honor or social code.
More specifically, Hood said that if a
community member were to call Security with a complaint about off- campus
housing, the neighbor would be referred
to BPD. However, he emphasized that Security can assist in situations dealing with
off campus housing when called by BPD.
When [students] live off campus,
they are subject to the same rules that
anyone in the community is subject to
and if there are people who feel that
those standards or that the law is being
violated, they call the police, he said.
During the month of October, BPD
responded to 68 disturbance com-

plaints in Brunswick, most of which

were called into BPD by neighbors
or community members. Of the 68,
Waltz attributed about five of those
calls to Bowdoin students living in
off-campus housing. Last weekend,
BPD responded to a complaint of loud
music coming from off-campus housing on Weymouth Street. According
to Waltz, students living on Weymouth Street have not yet been cited
for anything.
Over the past several years, the College has seen an increase in students
choosing to live off campus. In the past,
the former Crack House was consistently on BPDs radar. There are now at
least three off-campus housing addresses
that have received repeated complaints,
which Waltz said is unusual.
As a result, Waltz said that BPD could
increase its use of Brunswicks disorderly house ordinance, which fines the
landlords after the third citation declaring a property disorderly. After the first
fine, the dollar amount of the fine increases with each citation. BPD gave its
second-ever ordinance to an off-campus
residence on Carlisle Avenue earlier this
semester. According to Waltz, both Garrison and Weymouth Streets are being
considered for disorderly house paperwork, though none has been completed
or submitted.
To avoid these types of situations,
Waltz said that Bowdoin students
should get to know their neighbors
and set expectations.
A lot of these things can be resolved
with open communication, he said.
People dont want to have the police involved in their lives, so [students should]
take the time to get to know their neighbors and work out these different things.

ment major planning to concentrate

in American government. He noted
that the limits were a source of stress
among his peers.
I think in general its going to
create more tension, [for] people
deciding what they want to do, he
said. I think it affects all [government] majors, not just [international
relations] students.
Government and legal studies
is the most popular department at
Bowdoin, with about 200 junior and
senior declared majors. Over half of
government majors choose to concentrate in international relations,
Franz said.
To earn a government and legal
studies major, a student must take
four classes (including a senior seminar) in one of four concentrations:
American government, comparative
government, international relations
or political theory.

New regulations spark labor review



ments to teach advanced seminars.

According to Franz, the department will give priority in seminars
to seniors. All government majors
must take a senior seminar, which
are limited to 15 students, either
during their junior or senior year.
The limited number of spots will
most likely affect juniors; however,
Franz said this is not a huge cause
of concern since those students
can take the seminars their senior
The department did not offer any
senior seminars this semester, which
is typical as many government professors instead teach first year seminars. Franz said that the department
may offer a few senior seminars next
fall so that some current juniors
dont have to take their senior seminar during their final semester at
the College.
Connor Rooney 18 is a govern-

Assistant athletic coaches are among

the employees seeing increases in their
salaries in response to changes in the Fair
Labor Standards Act (FLSA), which formally goes into effect December 1.
These changes comes after a holistic
review and revision of compensation
practices the College completed to comply with FLSA. This is the same review
that examined the stipend pay of student
employees and is transitioning it to hourly wages.
These FLSA changes revise the white
collar overtime exemption rules. This includes increasing the minimum annual
salary for overtime exempt employees
from $23,660 to $47,476. Workers who
make under $47,476 must track their
hours, because they are entitled to overtime if they work more than 40 hours
per week.
Vice President for Human Resources
Tamara Spoerri explained the law.
You need to know how many hours
people are working in order to make sure
they are being paid a minimum wage and
an appropriate overtime wage, she said.
At Bowdoin, this meant that some
employees who were previously sala-

brain and death are all possibilities.
Youre contagious before you are
symptomatic and then you can shed
virus for several days after youre better, said Maher.
Maher said that three NESCAC
colleges have ongoing mumps investigations, but Bates College is the
only one that has announced it publicly. On October 6, Bates confirmed
three cases of mumps; on October 26
Bates again reported that an unspecified number of additional students
were infected.
Williams College students on
the student organizations listserv
received an email from their assistant director for student organizations and involvement, saying that
if groups are planning to or have
recently been to Bowdoin College
please take the appropriate precautions/measures.
Maher believes that mumps was
spread around these NESCAC colleges due to visits from students at different schoolssuch as through athletic events or general co-mingling.

ried were moved to hourly positions.

Additionally, people who were near the
$47,476 limit received pay increases.
No one got a pay decrease. If anything,
people got a pay increase, said Spoerri.
The changes impacted positions such
as assistant sports coaches because of the
seasonal nature of their positions.
When [assistant coaches are] traveling with their team, we have pretty generous guidelines to make sure that, in any
time theyre working, theyre getting paid
for that time, said Spoerri.
Student employees previously compensated with stipends, such as those
who work in the Office of Residential Life,
have been tracking their hours online.
We dont really have to worry about
them going into overtime, said Spoerri.
But if, for some reason, someone really
had a greater number of hours were
tracking that now.
For the Office of Human Recourses,
reviewing compensation and complying with new regulations is an ongoing process.
Annually, we do a number of competitive salary surveys, said Spoerri.
We look ... to determine whether our
employees are being paid market-based
competitive salaries.
Spoerri went on to note that, for the

most part, Bowdoin is easily able to attract potential employees with competitive wages and benefits.
In Maine, we are seriously an employer of choice, she said.
In particular, Bowdoin is generous
with its healthcare plan.
At the College, any [employee of the
College] who works a regular 20 hour
weekeven if its for just academic year
gets benefits, Spoerri said.
The Affordable Care Acts only mandates that employees working thirty
hours or more be offered benefits.
The College does not differentiate
between part time and regular employees when it comes to benefitsa
popular practice with other employers
and colleges.
[Other colleges] have a part-time rate
and a full-time rate where the part-time
rate is actually more than the full-time
rate, she said.
Going forward, the Office of Human
Resources is closely monitoring the results of Question 4 on Maines ballot this
election which would raise the states
minimum wage. If it passes, the College
will review existing compensation practices, including separate rates for student
employees, casual employees and fulltime employees.

The State of Maine requires that

students receive the MMR vaccine,
among other vaccinations. The MMR
vaccine is administered in two parts:
once around age one, with a booster
around age five.
The first line of defense for
mumps is the routine vaccination,
which almost everybody has across
the board, said Maher. Thats how
public health works, what we call
herd immunity: that the vast majority of people are immunized so small
outbreaks tend to stay small.
Both students with lab-confirmed
cases of mumps live in the same
off-campus house. Maher said that
the other 10 people residing in that
house have all been immunized and
should be protected despite their
close proximity to the infected students. Residents of the off-campus
house declined to comment for
this story.
According to Maher, mumps on
college campuses is common.
In any case where people congregate
in tight quarters and share saliva, either
coughing or kissing or sharing utensils [it] is a unique and perfect place
for [mumps] to happen, said Maher.

In April of this year, 40 students

were infected in a mumps outbreak
at Harvard University. All of those
students had been immunized.
Mumps outbreaks occurred in
Brunswick in 2007 and 2009.
Both of those outbreaks involved
Bowdoin College at some level,
said Maher.
Maher said all students can take
precautions by frequently washing
their hands, maintaining general
hygiene and monitoring themselves
for symptoms. If students are experiencing symptoms, Maher urges
them to go to the Health Center,
not the Mid Coast Walk-In Clinic
or the emergency room at Mid
Coast Hospital.
To try to keep it contained at
Bowdoin is actually to help Brunswick and greater Brunswick. It helps
minimize exposure, said Maher.
Theres only supportive care, theres
no antibacterial medicine or anti-infective medication we can give someone.
Bowdoin parents were notified
about the mumps outbreak in an
email on Thursday afternoon from
Dean of Student Affairs Tim Foster.


the bowdoin orient

friday, november 4, 2016

Dinesh DSouza speaks on race, political correctness


Dinesh DSouza, a neoconservative political commentator, spoke to

an overflowing crowd in the Main
Lounge in Moulton Union on Tuesday night about his thoughts on the
ideological origins of the two major
American political parties, the onesidedness of the current political system and his perception of the dangers of a lack of intellectual diversity
on Bowdoins campus.
Discussing political correctness at
Bowdoin, DSouza warned students
of the dangers of using witch hunting
as a solution.
Here we are at Bowdoin College.
Weve got this diverse body of students, he said. You have to learn
to get along and you have to learn to
talk with each other but it cant be a
one sided discussion so rigged with
political correctness that everybody
is walking in a political minefield in
which you cant actually speak your
mind because you are under immediate indictment for being a racist. You
cant do that. That makes no sense.
While he didnt discuss specific
incidents that have occurred at the
College, DSouza urged students to
be more careful in what they deem to
be racist words or actions.
In todays climate lets keep in
mind proportionality, he said.
There is racism and there is stupid
stuff that you shouldnt have said.
In an interview with the Orient,
DSouza spoke of the risk of a lack
of intellectual diversity on a campus
like Bowdoin, where he said the student body is intellectually and socioeconomically homogenous.
This is a very fine and demanding intellectual environment, but it
always has the risk of insularity of
having the risk of being cut off from
the larger currents of the world,
he said.
DSouza believes political correctness has gotten worse on campuses
since he published his book Illiberal
Education in 1991. As an example,
he questioned the audience to think
about how many professors at Bowdoin are outspoken in their religious
To me, this diversity game is a
little bit rigged, he said. Theres so
much emphasis on racial diversity,

gender diversity, transgender diversity and the most important type of

diversity, intellectual diversity? A
little bit scarce.
He told the Orient that if the College could not encourage more intellectual diversity of its faculty through
hiring practices, it should fill those
voids with speakers who hold lesscommon viewpoints among the faculty and students.
DSouza also addressed American
history, tracing the history of the
two major parties back to the days
of slavery.
The main opposition to the Civil
Rights movement came from the
Democratic party, he said. If the
Democratic party was the only party
in congressno Republicansnone
of these laws would have passed.
Why dont we all know all this?
He cited the 1930s as a time of
radical change in the support base
for the Democratic party due to the
economic benefits of the New Deal,
which he said encouraged African
Americans to leave the Republican
party. Starting in the 1960s, accelerating in the 1970s but solidifying in
the the Reagan era, southern white
Democratic support, he said, transitioned to the Republican party as it
came to stand for ideals of free markets, privatization and patriotism.
There has been this political migration, he said. But this migration
has nothing to do with race.
DSouza believes the Democratic
party has failed to take responsibility for the role it has played in racism
throughout American history.
To me, this is the essential backdrop of trying to understand our
situation now, he said.
He further condemned the media
and academia for contributing to the
disruption of democracy by generating a one-sidedness to the flow of information that leaves little room for a
well-publicized right wing voice.
The problem as I see it is many
things in American public life are
said to be true but are not true, he
said. But the reason they are believed to be true is because the political left dominates the three biggest
megaphones of our culture: academia, Hollywood and the media.
Describing next weeks election
as the most surreal he has seen in
his lifetime, DSouza warned against


WHATS SO GREAT ABOUT AMERICA?: Conservative commentator Dinesh DSouza delivered a talk about American history, diversity and political correctness in the Main Lounge of Moulton Union on Tuesday night. He was invited by College Republicans.
third-party voting and praised Donald Trump for his ability to challenge
the parameters of current political
thought. He criticized Clinton for her
track record as Secretary of State and
described voting for the candidate as
voting for a known crook.
When DSouza last visited Bowdoin in 2007, he spoke about the war
in Iraq. At the time, co-president of
the College Democrats Charlie Ticotsky 07 criticized the College Republicans for their choice to bring
DSouza to campus, saying he is
known for his obscene, intolerant
and racially charged assertions on
race and foreign policy.
Tom Lucy 19, a member of the
College Republicans, commended
DSouza for voicing the need for
more intellectual diversity on campus, something he thinks the College
has failed to properly address.
The College has done a phenomenal job diversifying the campus in
terms of race and ethnicity and we
think thats a great thing, but that the
College still has some work to do in

terms of intellectual diversity, said

Francisco Navarro 19, co-leader of
the College Republicans, said that the
sheer number of students in attendance at DSouzas lecture is evidence
of both the interest in and need for
more diverse voices on campus.
It was very rewarding to see students engaged in a respectful and
challenging manner, he said. Its
opened a door of discussion that we
must continue and having a speaker
present doesnt have to be the only
moment when we have these conversations.
While many students respected
the voicing of an alternative political viewpoint, many expressed disagreement with his sentiments.
Justin Weathers 18 thought it
was valuable to have DSouza give
students the opportunity to challenge their own views and exchange
ideas. However, he took issue with
DSouzas responses to questions
about race.
My issues came when he was mak-




WONDROUS LIFE: Beatrice Cabrera 20 meets and gets her book signed by Dominican-American author and MIT professor Junot Daz. Daz delievered a talk
yesterday evening on issues of race, identity and immigration to kick o a symposium entitledRendering Dominicans of Haitian Descent Stateless .

than Trump to see that there is this

sense in this nation, being circulated
by the elites, that the real problem
is that the presence of immigrants
is devaluing the psychic capital of
what it means to be an American,
he said. The Dominican Republic
has convinced the nation that the
biggest problem in the nation is not
the most malign, corrupt political
administration that we have seen
since the dictatorship the problem is that we have immigrants.
At the end of the address, students
impatiently stood in line to get autographs and pictures with Daz.
Many students felt that, largely because of his casual and non-authoritative style, his stories and his message resonated deeply, regardless
of whether or not theyd had those
same experiences.
He didnt censor his language,
not as in not being politically correct, but not censoring his language
as in not using academic words all
the time and using very colloquial

ing blanket statements about things

hes not knowledgeable about, said
Weathers. A lot of scholars come
to talk on campus, and [DSouza] is
not a scholar on race I feel like he
made some pretty strong claims and
left out a lot of the facts and complexities that go into his reasoning.
I think that choosing to leave out
those facts is a miseducation.
Tharun Vemulapalli 19 echoed
Weathers sentiments.
I feel that his interpretation of
history is misconstrued in many
ways. His interpretation of racism
didnt take into account all aspects
of racismit was a very limited definition, he said.
Seamus Keenan 20 thought it was
refreshing to hear a talk that didnt
emphasize race.
He knew what he was doing coming in here. When questions of race
came up he didnt really go that deep
into it. I think thats good because I
think sometimes race is overamplified in every discussion, especially
on this campus, he said.
speech, said Giselle Hernandez 19.
It resonates more with people who
arent surrounded by all this academia all the time and I really like
how his words were powerful just in
his word selection.
Even though necessarily I havent
shared a lot of the experiences that
hes had, I can feel the sort of the
pain that hes went through and all
of the experiences and all of the
[things] hes gone through to become the person he is today, said
Ryan Ali-Shaw 19. More than anything, I think it gives me hope that
everythings gonna be OK because
he turned out OK.
Though Hannah Berman 18 enjoyed the talk, she wished a more
varied crowd had turned out.
It was kind of a self-selecting
crowd, though, and I wouldve liked
to see people from all sides of campus there, she said.
Wells was pleased with the address.
I think [Daz] catered to students
and I think he was able to reach students in a way that someone like me,
as a professor, couldnt, and I think
that was really powerful, he said.

friday, november 4, 2016

the bowdoin orient


Change in kWh/person in College Houses.







Sept kWh/person





Oct kWh/person

Change in kWh/person in upperclassmen housing.


52 Harpswell

Sept kWh/person


Stowe Hall
Oct kWh/person

Stowe Inn

Change in kWh/person in first-year bricks.


pleted the survey. Although it is

important to note that the survey is
specific to Bowdoin, response rates
of similar surveysspecifically the
Association of American Universities Climate Survey on Sexual Assault and Sexual Misconductadministered at other schools are
consistently lower.
The survey highlighted that the
majority of sexual assaults occur
during students first two years at
Bowdoin. 50 percent reported that
the assault took place during their
first year at Bowdoin and 87 percent
reported that it happened during
their first or second year.
The survey was created last year
in a collaborative effort between
the Office of Institutional Research,
Analytics & Consulting, and Director of Gender Violence Prevention
and Education Benje Douglas and
others, along with student consultation from Ali Ragan 16, Emma Patterson 16, Marina Affo 17, Amanda
Spiller 17 and Kendall Schutzer 18.
The survey drew upon previous
surveys offered at other schools that
have sought to gauge the campus
climate of sexual violence, but was
made to be specific for Bowdoin.
We pulled from the AAU [Association of American Universi-

really do believe that its the right

thing to say.
The report of the survey identified sexual assault education and
awareness among first years and
sophomores in particular as a focus
of programming going forward.
The Office of Gender Violence
Prevention and Education has
paired with the Athletic Department
this year to invite first year athletes
to small group breakfasts to talk
about issues of sexual assault and
consent. Douglas hopes to expand
this initiative to all first years over
the course of the year.
We want it to be a healthy four
years and I think one of the ways
we can do that is focusing really intently on the first and second year,
said Douglas.
Douglas also noted that the statistics regarding first years and sophomores will help his office gauge the
efficacy of its initiatives.
More first year and second year
focus is going to give us a better
sense of what weve actually changed
with our programming versus what
just happens with other outside
characteristics, he said.
Im continuing to hold smaller
workshops that are ninety minutes for students that want to start
to build their skills in supporting
friends who might have experienced

I think our students really get consent on

paper. Id love to see that actualized a little bit
more directly, but people are at least saying
the right things in such a large number that
that leads me to believe that people really do
believe that its the right thing to say.



Sept kWh/person

Oct kWh/person



Sustainability hopes students will

continue saving energy after October

Tuesday marked the end of the Colleges annual campus-wide Do It In

the Dark energy conservation competition. Osher Hall came in first place
with a 27.1 percent reduction in energy
compared to the month of September.
Coles Tower came in second place with
a net energy reduction of 23.8 percent
and Burnett House came in third place
with a reduction of 23.3 percent.
As a whole, the campus reduced
energy consumption by nine percent
for the month of October.
Weve surpassed other years,
quite a few other years by a few thousand kilowatt hours, which is pretty
impressive, Bowdoin Sustainability
Coordinator Keisha Payson said.
The main purpose of this event
is to start off somewhat early in the
year actually thinking about how our
actions use energy, or at least trying
to think and frame our ideas about

trying to incorporate more sustainable actions, said First Year Eco Rep
Coordinator Bridger Tomlin 17.
Eco Reps work with Bowdoins
Office of Sustainability to promote
environmentally-conscious habits
among students. During the Do It
In the Dark energy competition,
they encourage students to complete
their regular everyday activities in
less energy-intensive waysfor example, by turning off the lights.
However, results in the competition
arent entirely determined by student
actions. Tomlin cited the presence of
elevators and the enthusiasm of eco
reps as two factors that contributed to
a dorms overall success.
In addition, Payson pointed out
that inefficient heating systems can
also use disproportionate amounts of
energy, disadvantaging certain buildings, especially as most buildings begin to need heat with cooler October
weather. Chamberlin Hall came in
last place with a 24.3 percent increase

in energy consumption, potentially

due to such deficiencies.
Howell House dealt with an inefficient heating system in past years,
although the problem was fixed last
year, and the house placed fourth in
this years contest.
For years Howell House was doing poorly in the energy competition, and I was like what are they
doing over there? said Payson.
After reviewing data that allows for
real-time tracking of the buildings
energy consumption, Payson and others discovered that water pumps were
to blame and they were replaced.
Payson hopes that energy-saving
habits that students acquired during
October will persist throughout the
year. She noted that if students encounter any issues this winter, such
as thermostats that are set too high
or toilets that autoflush too often,
they should put in a work order as
soon as possible to fix those issues
and avoid wasting valuable energy.

ties] surveys ideas, we pulled from

the HEDS [Higher Education Data
Sharing Consortium] surveys ideas,
which was a lot of smaller colleges,
to come up with a very Bowdoin
specific survey, but with concrete
ideas that already had practice behind them, said Spiller.
The B.E.A.R.S survey also showed
students hesitation to seek formal or
trained help. While 97 percent of students who reported an incident told
a friend, only 21 percent told someone at the Counseling Center and 16
percent told a member of Safe Space.
Douglas and Associate Director of
Gender Violence Prevention and
Education & Director of Accommodations Lisa Peterson stressed their
desire to close this gap. They are instituting new programs and education
initiatives while emphasizing existing ones to train students if they are
sought after by a friend.
The report also highlighted a
fairly consistent disconnect between
students belief of how to handle
a sexual experience and students
actual experiences: 96 percent of
respondents agree that it is important to get consent before all sexual
activity, but 14 percent of respondents believe that it is extremely or
very likely that they will experience
sexual assault or sexual misconduct
while at Bowdoin.
In my world almost 100 percent
of the students that I see are sexually assaulted so that is my world.
So no matter what numbers we
saw, [it] wouldve been difficult to
surprise me, said Douglas. That
said, I think the things that I see
that hearten me the most. I think
our students really get consent on
paper. Id love to see that actualized a little bit more directly, but
people are at least saying the right
things in such a large number that
that leads me to believe that people

gender violence, said Peterson.

I think when were training people it is with the thought that they
are a bridge to resources, so understanding that someone who is responding to someone who has disclosed experiencing violence its
not their role to be acting in a therapeutic capacity but its their role to
know the best way to respond initially and to know the right resources to direct students to on campus.
As of this year, members of Safe
Space will meet with students on
their assigned first-year floors for at
least two hours each month to help
connections with underclassmen.
While much of the new programming has already taken effect,
B.E.A.R.S highlighted a need to focus
efforts to promote healthy relationships. Eighty-one percent of respondents said they are or had been in a
romantic or sexual relationship at
Bowdoin and of that group, 32 percent
said they had stayed in a relationship
because it was too hard to end.
I think where the survey will
continue to be useful in helping us
inform our programming, said Peterson. I think the survey called attention to relationship violence that
is occurring on campus and that we
dont currently have a lot of programming around, and so that can
help us to direct efforts and make
sure were addressing that.
Although the survey helped
shape curriculum, Douglas does not
imagine B.E.A.R.S being offered every year.
I think we need to figure out the
best practices for campuses of our
size to get the best possible data. We
dont want to go from an 81 percent
response rate to a 42 percent, said
Douglas. I think part of the reason
why that could happen is if we do this
yearly I think people will start to miss
some of the importance of it.

the bowdoin orient


friday, november 4, 2016



The issue of inadequate health

services at a college that had served
exclusively male students for 165
years became apparent when women
began matriculating in fully coeducational classes starting in 1971. The
women found that the infirmary was
not ready for them and its shortcomings were only addressed after
years of student discontent.
They had no concept of female
care, said Christa Cornell 75, a
member of the first four-year coeducational class, in a phone interview
with the Orient.
Patricia Barney Geller 75 was
also frustrated with the level of
care provided.
I ended up flying home...for [what
I found out was] a yeast infection,
said Geller in a phone interview with
the Orient. It was absurd.
Administrators of the College
had been aware that Health Services
needed to accommodate women at
the advent of coeducation but did
not anticipate the specific needs
of women.
A 1970 plan presented to the Governing Boards entitled Coeducation: A Proposal for Implementation was a follow-up to the Pierce
Report of 1969, the document that
marked a serious shift in the Colleges attitudes toward education.
The plan, written by Chairman of the
Committee on Coeducation Edward
J. Geary, suggested few structural
changes for health care for the first
two years of coeducational classes.
It is expected that there would
not be more than one or two female
in-patients at any one time and that
it would be far less expensive to put
them into one of the local hospitals
than to use the third floor of the infirmary, with a full complement of
nurses, wrote Geary.
A November 9, 1970 report to
the staff from Dean of Students
Paul Nyhus emphasized a need for
Counseling Services to address the
problems they encounter in relation
to dating, contraceptives, abortions,
etc. Nyhus continued, It would
appear that there is more traffic in
this area than can be handled by one
woman faculty member as an addition to a full-time teaching load.
However, it would be several
years until Bowdoin addressed
these problems.
Women on campus were confused
about the availability of birth control
through the infirmary, according to
a December 3, 1971 Orient story reported by Jo Dondis, an exchange
student from Wellesley College.
There isnt a College policy on
birth control, said Associate College Physician John Andersonone
of two physicians at the time, both
of whom had attended Bowdoin as
studentsto the Orient, adding that
although it was not illegal for the in-

firmary to give prescriptions, he had

some reservations about prescribing
it. He said the infirmary referred
most women seeking birth control
to local gynecologists.
[They] really werent terribly
comfortable with that female stuff,
said Celeste Johnson 75 in a phone
interview with the Orient. So the
school made the decision to send us
to the gynecologist in town.
Later that academic year, in February, female students had a meeting about coeducation organized by
Assistant Director of Admissions
Dick Mersereau and Miranda Spivack, an exchange student from Sarah
Lawrence College. Women voiced
complaints about the infirmary and
the relegation of women to the third
floor. Nyhus responded to the complaints at the meeting.
Concerning the use of the infirmary, it is run by the doctors,
said Nyhus. In this case the coeds
should talk directly to the doctors.
The Ad Hoc Committee on Coeducation in 1972 reported that the
infirmary and Counseling Services
were: inadequate and not what the
women ... expected to be provided
this year.
The infirmary problem seems
most critical. Apparently women
students are not able to obtain even
routine examinations of a gynecological sort, continued the Ad Hoc
Committees report.
For the short-term, the College
had decided to pay for womens referrals instead of making changes at
the infirmary.
On May 15, 1992, the end of the
first year with a full coeducational
class, Spivack wrote a letter on May
15, 1972 to Dean of the College LeRoy Greason lamenting the situation
of women at the College, mentioning the fact that the infirmary was
not friendly to women and that there
was only one counselor on staff.
Your concern about Counseling
and Health Services are also shared
by others, wrote Greason in a May
19 response letter. Next year the policy of the infirmary will be modified,
and a part-time woman counselor
will be added to the counseling staff.
Then, that fall, Jane Boyden, a
part-time counselor, was added to
staff, as reported in an October 9,
1972 Orient article.
The 1972-73 academic year also
saw the creation of an educational
series on sex, an apparent continuation of lectures from the previous
year that had been received poorly
by students. An editorial cartoon in
the Orient (from September 4, 1971)
mocked the previous years lecturer
on family planning, depicting him
as a sly rabbit smoking a cigarette
and surrounded by baby rabbits.
The first lecture in the series (given by the same physician mocked in


THE INFIRMARY: The Dudley Coe Health Center (photographed here in 1972) housed Bowdoins infirmary from 1917 until 2009.
the Orient the past year) was about
contraception. Other lectures included a lesson about pregnancy, an
open question and answer session
and a panel with religious leaders
and one feminist professor discussing morality and birth control.
Orient reporter Evelyn Miller 73
described the pregnancy film shown
during one lecture as a piece of propaganda concerned with convincing
womankind of the joys of pregnancy
and childbirth in an October 9,
1972 article.
Over time, the infirmary became
more clear about the services it provided.
An October 12, 1973 Orient article by Ellyn Bloomfield 76 titled
Infirmary Adjusts to Coeds; Ups
Gynecological Services said that
women could receive routine gynecological examinations at the infirmary, as well as venereal disease
examinations and birth control
prescriptions. The infirmary could
also be used to give referrals to local gynecologists.
In May 1974, a group of women wrote a proposal on gynecological services asking for a parttime gynecologist.
The infirmary is used to handling male-oriented medical problems ... There have been cases of
misdiagnosis of vaginal infection
and other related complications ...
Many students sense that the infirmary is reluctant deal particularly
with birth control and related concerns because of their own traditional or moral values, they wrote.
Most coeducational colleges recognize the need for such care not
only for birth control but also for
matters of general health. Due to
the lack of this service the Bowdoin
Women have created an unnecessary
burden on the Brunswick Family
Planning Center.
This should not be regarded as
an extra service, but rather as a
normal health facility provided by


CHECKUP TIME: Many women from the first coeducational classes found the infirmary (photographed here in 1972) unprepared to deal with the medical needs of female students.
a coeducational college, continued
the proposal.
A letter from Concerned Black
Women supported the proposal.
If Bowdoin is to continue admitting women to this institution the
necessary changes in the medical facilities must be provided to meet the
growing demands, they wrote.
As the Bowdoin Womens Association (BWA)started by Geller
and Liza Graves 76 in 1972 to build
community and draw attention to
womens issuesgained a larger
presence on campus, it created programming to fill in the gaps of what
the College provided.
BWA organized a birth control
panel, a breast cancer self-examination lesson, a talk about birth
control as a shared responsibility, a
speaker about sexual assault and a
womens career day in the 1975-76
school year.
Finally, for the 1977-78 school
year, six years after the first coed
class matriculated, Bowdoin hired a
part-time nurse practitioner, Mary

Lape, to give gynecological exams

and advice on birth control. This was
more than two years after the Bowdoin womens group initially sent a
formal request for a gynecologist.
Now, the health center is staffed
by mostly women and offers routine
gynecological exams, STI screening,
vaginitis diagnosis and treatment,
counseling and prescriptions for
birth control, emergency contraception, pregnancy counseling and
evaluation of other gynecological
problems. The counseling staff now
includes both men and women, several of whom draw from feminist
psychology in their practice.
It took some time for the College to
get those things in order, said Interim
Dean for Academic Affairs Jen Scanlon, whose 2011 gender and womens
studies class created a website to commemorate 40 years of coeducation.
We had to fight for practically
everything, said Geller.
Isabelle Hall 20 contributed to
this report.

friday, november 4, 2016

the bowdoin orient



FOR GOODNESS BAKE: (LEFT:) Sandy Holland is the owner and head baker of Union Street Bakery located in Brunswick. This bakery is seen as a hidden gem among many Bowdoin students. Holland opened
Union Street, her second bakeshop, after taking a brief hiatus from the cooking business to manage a bank.

Union Street Bakery serves up taste of Brunswick


With puffy arm chairs scattered across

the room and the inviting aroma of butter wafting through the air, Brunswicks
Union Street Bakery has quickly become
a local favorite.
The small pastry shop is a hidden gem
for those venturing off campus in search
of a hot mug of coffee and a freshly baked
brioche cinnamon bun. Owner and head
baker Sandy Holland opened the bakery
on a quiet corner of Brunswicks Union
Street in June 2015.
Union Street Bakery is not the only
restaurant Holland has owned in Bruns-

wick. After receiving an Associate Degree

from the Rhode Island School of Design
in Culinary Arts, Holland and her former
husband settled in Brunswick and opened
a bake shop similar to Union Street called
The Humble Gourmet. The couple closed
the shop after a number of years, and Holland took a break from cooking and became a manager of a bank.
However, her love for baking remained
as strong as ever, and it wasnt long before
Holland returned to the kitchen.
I have a culinary degree; I have a culinary backgroundmy whole life has
been in restaurants, said Holland. As
thankful as I was for those jobs, I really
hated almost every minute of it because

sitting at a desk
Holland sees her conwas just miserable
UNION STREET BAKERY nection to community as
for me.
a crucial component of
40 Union Street, Brunswick
I knew that all
her business.
I really wanted to
The spaces historical
do was bake and www.unionstreetbakeryme.com significance to Brunscook, she said.
wick was also important
So I turned 50
in Hollands decision to
Open for Breakfast and Lunch
and I got Obamopen Union Street BakMonday through Saturday
acare and I quit
ery. Until 2004, the buildmy job.
ing was a local store called Tetreaults MarAfter seeing a vacant storefront on ket that had operated for nearly 75 years,
Union Street, Holland decided to pur- supplying food for the neighborhoods
chase the space and open a neighbor- French-Canadian mill workers. After this
hood bakery, keeping community at the market closed, the building housed varicenter of her vision. A resident Mainer ous local businesses until it was purchased
who raised her three sons in Brunswick, by Holland.

Personally acquainted with nearly

every one of her customers, Holland explained she is not in the business for the
money. Instead, her focus is on giving
back to the community.
I hate the pricing part of it because
when you like to cook and youve been the
mother of three sons, charging people for
food is really not what you want to do. You
just want to give it to them, said Holland.
Holland says she has no plans for expansionshe is happy doing what she is
doing now.
People keep saying to me you should
open another one, you need more space,
something bigger. But no. This is it this
is what I want to do, she said.

Deepening connection to Portland through Alternative Winter Breaks





Bowdoin brought me to Brunswick,

to Little Dog, to Simpsons Point and afternoons on the Quad. The streets of this
small town became familiar and quotidianthe experiences that come with residence. But Bowdoin has also brought me
to places much farther from the images
in the college brochure. Chicago, Minneapolis, Atlanta, Myrtle Beachaway
from Maine, but related to my time at
Bowdoin nonetheless. Even my semester
in Granada, Spain, feels inherently tied to
my Bowdoin experience.
Despite having a campus you can walk
across in about seven minutes, Bowdoin is
a fluid, expanding space. College is tied to
the people you meet and the places those
people bring you. Ive taken numerous
friends on their first tours around New
York City and encouraged classmates to
go to the Maine beaches I went to as a
child. Places and communities are tangled and those intertwining relationships
stretch like tin-can telephones from childhood homes to Gelato Fiasco and the top
of Mount Katahdin to all the places we
will move after we graduate.
Some of these links mean more than
others. Some places will always belong to
someone you love. Others will carry the
sour taste of a meal made awkward by a
friends sexist grandpa. But a few of my
most important Bowdoin journeys are
unforgettable primarily because of what I
learned through living, if only briefly, in a
brand new place.
I went on Alternative Spring Break
(ASB) trips my first and second years at
Bowdoin. My first year I went to Atlanta,
Georgia. and participated in a trip that
focused on immigrant detention and the
experiences of refugees in Atlanta. My

second trip went to the Passamaquoddy

reservation at Pleasant Point, where I
have spent time every year at Bowdoin.
These trips were undoubtedly formative:
not service trips in any typical definition
of that term, but rather unique group
experiences of learning from individuals and organizations about the issues
they face and hopes they have for their
own communities.
This past Sunday, 10 women gathered
in the McKeen Center common room
for the first meeting of the Alternative
Winter Break (AWB) trip I am leading
with my friend Harriet. Our trip, focused
on Reproductive Justice, aims to engage
many of the questions that my past ASB

groups grappled with. Conversations surrounding privilege, injustice, community

engagement, intersectionality and allyship
lie at the core of most Alternative Break
(AB) trips, regardless of topic or location.
So Harriet and I gathered our trip
members together with trepidation and
excitement and led them through a name
game and discussion. We are clinging
to the hope that we will be able to foster
a thoughtful and engaged microcosmic community around our trip issue, a
community that will be able to bring that
thoughtfulness and engagement out of
the McKeen Center and into places that
are not on a typical holiday destination
list. Typical holiday trips are usually with

family or close friendsABs are not, on

the surface, about friendship (although
friendships will hopefully be formed)
but bring students from differing campus
spheres into a shared space.
Unlike many of the ASB trips, the AWB
participants live on campus and the trips
stay in the Midcoast area. Our trip will
be visiting the Portland Planned Parenthood, the Maine Trans*Net and the Maine
ACLU, among other community partners.
Harriet and I have a scripted seminar syllabus, a schedule for our trip and eight wonderful participantsnow were hoping,
through connection to people and connection to issues, to create a new connection to place among our group members.

I am excited for my experience of Portland to expand beyond Ottos and the Old
Port and to spend a week on this campus I know so well with only a few other
people, focusing on rarely had conversations about sexual health and safety and
access to reproductive care for people of
all identities.
Bowdoin has connected me to multitudinous places. This winter, I look forward
to the opportunity to reshape my connection to a few of these placesto remember to look a little deeper, and ask a few
more questions and try to understand
more thoughtfully and holistically the
diversity of experiences walking on the
streets around me in Midcoast Maine.


the bowdoin orient

friday, november 4, 2016




to use the color of my skin, a physicality so intertwined with class, to produce

unconditional perceptions of intellect,
modernity and wealth, to access spaces
and opportunities in India traditionally barred from the general population.
My involvement in Jaipur this summer
helped me better conceptualize global
power dynamicsalthough I still struggle to understand how my racial privilege
travels with me and how it has come to
position me higher on certain locations
social hierarchies, in places that I certainly do not deserve, value or understand.

Some days later, I

found myself playing soccer with a Nigerian friend
and learned how a different
narrative exists for the black
immigrant population.
throughout the
city in varied socio-economic
neighborhoods, African immigrants
from Nigeria, Congo, Ghana, Uganda
and other African nations, who come to India
mostly as international
students and as economic
immigrants, now call
Delhi home. Researching
a bit more I discovered, and
sadly so, that Delhi hasnt always made them feel at home.
I came across newspaper reports
and documentaries about discrimination against African immigrants in India. Further, my friend tells me how the
Association of African Students took to
the streets earlier this year to protest xenophobia, incidents of targeted violence,
being stereotyped as drug-dealers and
having to brave micro-aggressions in
public places.
Economic liberalization took India to
the world and now forces of globalization are bringing the world to us. And in
doing that these forces are stress-testing
the idea of India, an idea based on its
post-colonial identity and forged in a
celebration of its diversity. Being white

Ryan and Parikshit reflect on their journeys in northern India this past summer
and their encounters with racial dynamics
in an increasingly globalized society. Ryan,
a white American citizen, worked with an
NGO in Jaipur. Parikshit, an Indian citizen
native to the Himalayan region, worked at
a development bank in Delhi.
Fifty-three days into my summer position in India, I, Ryan, found myself shaking hands with the Prince of Jaipur in his
private peacock gardens. If you know
anything about me, youre probably wondering how such an unkempt, odoriferous man-child such as myself was ever
asked to dine with royalty. I admit that
I had the same questions at the time, although I was quick to assume that all
Indians are just super nice. It took longer than expected to realize the foolishness of my perceptions, recognizing the
greater powers at play when considering
the presence I brought to India as a white
man in a post-colonial society.
It didnt take long to realize how differently I was treated from other non-white
travelers. Gradually, the small gestures of
appreciation and praise morphed into
more telling dispositions as my summer
progressed. I recognized I never had to
clear my own dishes, throw away my own
trash, clean my own messes. A few times
in the classroom where I volunteered, I
had to argue with my students after accidently spelling their name wrong that
I, in fact, was the one who was incor-

Its a brave new world, I thought as
my Hindi-speaking German co-worker
haggled, well, tried to haggle, with a rickshaw driver. Throughout the ride I heard
his rant (in English), about how he gets
charged more because he is white. But,
my Hindi-speaking German co-worker
was quick to point out how the extra
amount is less than a few euros. The economist in me quickly starts thinking about
this premium of being white in India,
making a big deal about getting charged
more but enjoying informal services way
cheaper than developed nations. Before
I could flesh out this theory further, our
ride brought us to our destination, Green
Park, the heart of expat Delhi. Rising
rents ergo rising gentrification, gated
communities, sprawling parks graced
with ramparts of Delhis Mughal history
and artsy bookstores and cafes characterize these posh south Delhi enclaves that
are home for a significant proportion of
the growing white population in Delhi.

rect, not them. I was invited to party after

party, welcomed to visit friends homes to
meet family. Strangers would ask me to
tutor their children. Passersby would ask
for photos.
The most challenging situation occurred within my last week, when a
friend, established in the Indian fashion
industry, begged me to pose as a member
of his international team for the annual
statewide beauty pageant, claiming that
having an American co-worker would
grant him more respect as a professional.
It was telling how much social capital a
white body held seeing how readily my
friend was willing to compromise his
own ethics to get me on board. I agreed to
this charade, believing there wasnt much
harm in aiding a friend in need. I posed
for photos with models, met actresses and
directors, lied in interviews, gave bullshit
advice on runway walks and headshots
and was even called on stage and awarded
a trophy during the televised event. But as
I looked out at the crowd, I was filled with
guilt as I saw the number of Indians that
had worked day and night, forfeited time,
energy and money to obtain such recognition; whereas, I was able to roll out of
bed, slap on my one good pair of pants,
show up and get an award. My ease in
climbing the social hierarchy was a privilege I was afforded by my whiteness
something that has come to represent
great symbolic, cultural capital among
the Indian public.
Being in India, a country dominated
by mostly non-white bodies, I assumed
my race would hold less significance in
such a homogenous community. What I
wish I realized sooner was how easy it was


that the protestors were hired by the

Clinton campaign. Every protester
that has gotten themselves beat up
or beat up people at all Trump rallies were hired by Hillary, she said.
When I asked the other woman if
she thought it was true, she answered
in the passive, It was proven.
I think those three words best
describe Trumps campaign and the
election. Those words imply nonspecificity. They suggest someone
proved it, but they dont say whom.
Finally, and most importantly, they
demonstrate the distance Clinton
and Trump have from each other.
Rarely on Bowdoins campus do I interact with a Trump supporter. I suspect these women rarely come into
contact with a Hillary supporter.
I knew what they were saying was
false, but they were convinced that it
was the truth.
My adventure into the ironic
proved to be a learning experience.
The country is polarized; exploring
other viewpoints has become satirical. Not understanding and not conversing with people that have different opinions has left us isolated.
I disagree with perhaps everything
Trump supporters believe. But his
supporters are people. If they can respect me then I must respect them.
Jack Arnholz is a member of the
Class of 2019.


through Lisbons scenery. The town

was definitely excited for the billionaires arrival.
Standing in line for the rally, I
was struck by the vastly different
ages of people there. In front of us,
there was a group of high schoolers.
Behind us, there was an elderly couple. Wishfully, I wondered whether
or not these people were all Trump
supporters. Perhaps they, like me,
wanted to check out the event for
ironys sake.
Unfortunately the event was sold
out and people, including us, were
turned away. Even though I had
wanted to see Trump speak, this
gave us the opportunity to talk to
some of his supporters.
I quickly changed the way I spoke.
I picked up on my grandmothers
southern drawl and started using
yall. One of my friends asked
why I was using a southern accent
in Maine. I said I didnt know, but it
just seemed to fit.
We went up to two middle-aged
women from North Yarmouth. They
were friendly, but a little put off by
my southern accent. They had gotten tickets for the event, but arrived
too late. The seven of us had a nice
chat until one of my friends brought
up that two protesters had been removed from the mega-church.
One of the women speculated


bon. Being young and always on

the quest for the ironic, I said of
In all fairness to myself, I also
thought the rally was historically
significant and worth checking out.
I spent a lot of time thinking
about what to wear to the rally. Trying to hide my identity, I settled
on some jeans, a fleece-lined flannel and a backward Nationals hat
(maybe a giveaway?). I topped it
all off with a cigarette that
dangled out of my mouth.
I recruited three other
friends to come to the
rally. Each of them was
also somewhat out of
place at Trump rally.
Two were persons of
color, one was a member of BCA and the
other fit my description
as a privileged, liberal,
Jewish kid (but he was
from Los Angeles).
What first struck
me about the
rally was how
close it was to
Bowdoin. Lisbon is only
from Brunsw i c k . Tr u m p
signs sprayed


The sky sprinkled dirty rain

when we arrived in Lisbon, Maine.
The five of us sat in my car freaked
out, excited and laughing. We got
out and walked to the mega-church.
A sign read, Welcome Donald J.
Trump. I let out a protracted sigh
that translated as a what the hell
am I doing here?

Some background on me. Im a

privileged, liberal, Jewish kid from
Washington, D.C. I went to school
with congressmens children and
once took my pants off in front of
Malia Obama (long storyit was a
track meet). I do not fit the typical
demographic of a Trump rally.
Around 3 p.m. last Thursday,
a friend of mine asked if I wanted
to go to the Trump rally in Lis-



in such an India, be it a soul-searching

traveler or a wealthy expat, backed by
powerful passports, favorable exchange
rates and the inadvertent social privilege
Ryan describes, enable one to celebrate
Indias mythical unity in diversity, to
freely explore and question it and even to
write about it. The story is not the same,
though, for those who do not embody
the institutional and social privilege that
comes with being white.
Ryan Herman and Parikshit Sharma are members of
the Class of 2017.


McKeen Center helps register
over 200 students to vote

Laura Plimpton 17 votes at Brunswick Town Hall. Photos by Hannah Rafkin.

Page 10. Election-related coverage, including student
experience on both sides of the campaign.
Page 11. Questions about Maines ballot referendums?
Learn all you need to know here. Take a look at overviews of
4 key measureswho opposes and supports each and how
Bowdoin students will be aected.
Page 12. Find out where Bowdoin students stand on the
issues of the election with results from the campus-wide
Orient survey.

For the first time, the Joseph

McKeen Center for the Common
Good facilitated voter registration
efforts among Bowdoin students.
After tabling efforts, the Center
submitted about 200 voter registration cards to the Brunswick
Town Clerk, according to Associate Director of the McKeen Center
Andrew Lardie. This number does
not include cards that students
took away for themselves or any
registrations through absentee applications.
Liam Gunn 17, the McKeen
Centers first-ever election engagement fellow, was pleased with
the efforts.
Bowdoin has actually never
had a campus-wide Get-Out-theVote or registration effort, Gunn
said. So I think it was a huge success.
The Center will also be running
vans to Brunswicks local polling
station on election day, Tuesday
November 8. Gunn noted that, for
students who might find voting
on Tuesday inconvenient, it is also
possible to vote early at Brunswick
Town Hall.
Beginning in September, volunteers tabled in Smith Union to
register voters in Maine as well
as provide absentee ballot applications to students from other
states. The McKeen Center also
hosted several events, such as a

debate watching party for the first

presidential debate and a discussion about a Maine ballot measure
which would tighten gun background checks.
Lardie felt it was important that
the McKeen Center be a resource
to help students with all aspects of
voter registration.
I feel like there is an understanding on campus that if people have questions about getting
registered or how to proceed, the
McKeen Center can help them, he
said. Were not willing to tolerate
having students be unregistered
and not get to the polls.
However, he also emphasized
that the McKeen Center, as a part
of the Colleges administration,
should not have to play too large
of a role in what he believes should
be a student-led initiative.
For students living in a residential liberal arts college setting, I expect that to be conducive
to more energy being mobilized
around politics, he said. We
would love to see a very robust
student presence around this stuff.
And just be able to support them.
Gunn added that students civic
participation is relevant beyond
the scope of the current election.
No matter who gets elected,
even if it was somebody who you
were supporting or not supporting, theres still ways to get involved after the election, and its
important that you do get involved
and keep [the elected officials] accountable, he said.





Students spend fall working for Clinton campaign


Several Bowdoin students expanded the

breadth of their political activism by working for Hillary Clintons presidential campaign for reasons spanning from admiring Clinton as a candidate to Republican
nominee Donald Trumps hateful rhetoric.
Since the beginning of the semester, these
students have supported the campaign by
organizing and working at local phone
banks, training volunteers, canvassing and
identifying supporters.
Amanda Bennett 17 decided to take
the semester off to work as field organizer
for the first congressional district of Maine.
Its just very easy for people, especially
women of my generation, to be reminded
that we do have a female candidate as a

nominee for a major political party, Bennett said. I really admire her and I just decided that it was too big of an election to sit
on the sidelines and not give it my all and
so I decided I wanted to take a semester off.
As a field organizer, Bennett tries to
convince Maine voters, specifically those
outside the Democratic first congressional
district, to cast their votes for Clinton on
Election Day.
Bennett also finds herself busy interacting with volunteers on a day-to-day basis
for the Clinton campaign and encourages them to talk to neighbors in the second district about why Clinton is the best
choice for the nation.
I think that one of my favorite parts
[about working for the campaign] is interacting with the volunteers that come from
all walks of life. There are some Bowdoin

alums that I have met through this, and its

just very cool to meet everyone and share
the experience, she said.
Brooke Bullington 17 and Noah Salzman 17 joined the campaign by applying
for local volunteer positions with Hillary
for America Fellows program, which was
originally started by President Obama
during 2008 election.
I am far more impressed with Hillary than I am afraid of Donald Trump,
Salzman said. I think that we hear a ton
of rhetoric around her experience but we
dont often consider what that experience
looks like. Basically since shes started
her career shes worked for children, for
families, for people who have been marginalized groups like disabled individuals, women, and children. And I think
that is only a fraction of the experience

that I admire about her.

Bullington said that working for the
campaign has given her a greater sense of
I think especially that all of the really
hateful things that Trump has said has really reassured me that what Im doing is really important and meaningful and needs
to be done, Bullington said.
Bullington and Salzman have been
working between 15 and 20 hours per
week, primarily at Democratic party offices in Brunswick, Bath and Portland.
They also organized weekly phone banks
at Bowdoin on alternating Tuesdays and
Thursdays. The last Bowdoin session they
hosted was on October 27.
Bullington and Salzman commented
on how difficult it was to reel in engaged Bowdoin students to help with the

phone banks.
Its been really frustrating for us, because, at least for me, I feel like this is just
so important, and I think that there are a
lot of people who really support Hillary
but arent super willing to get involved,
Bullington said.
Despite these challenges, all three students consider working for the campaign
an enriching experience.
You can see your impact very directly,
Salzman said. Even though not every single thing we do has a massive scale, we see
volunteers come through the door, we get
to talk to them, we get to hear about what
issues matter to them, we get to train them.
Mobilizing people in such a concrete, tangible way I think has been so rewarding
and something that I would definitely like
to do again.

Interactive art
exhibit showcases
political thought

Behind stacks of voter registration

forms and large-format posters reading
freedom of, the Bowdoin Art Society
(BAS) tabled in the David Saul Smith
Union on October 18the last day to register to vote by mail in Maine.
In collaboration with the Joseph McKeen Center for the Common Good, the
event launched the Art Societys recent
initiative with For Freedoms, a New Yorkbased artist-run super political action
committee (PAC) that aims to better engage artists in the political process.
BAS, led by President June Lei 18,
melded both art and political activism by
imitating two works by For Freedoms artists Trevor Paglen and Albert James Ignacio. The first installation, a set of voter registration forms paper-clipped to postcards
that read vote for war, was both a means
for students to register in the upcoming
election as well as an emulation of Pa-

glens work. Lei described the installation

as art that makes its viewers think about
the process of voting and politics and its
The second installationa set of posters by Ignacio encouraging students to
write in their most valued freedomswas
an interactive exhibit meant to showcase
the diversity of student belief through the
lens of political thought.
Lei decided to begin a For Freedoms
initiative at Bowdoin after visiting the Jack
Shainman Gallery in New York City over
the summer, which showcased the work
of For Freedoms artists at the time.
Though the organization is based in
New York City, it also boasts Maine connections through academia. Its founders
include Eric Gottesman, a 2014-15 faculty
fellow at Colby College. Wendy Ewald, a
2015-16 artist-in-residence at Bowdoin, is
also an artist in the super PAC.
For Freedoms currently has student
groups at Vassar College as well as Bowdoin. Lei notes that the PAC has provided


GET OUT THE VOTE: Lily Woodward 17 helps Mariely Garcia 17 register to vote in David Saul Smith Union. The For Freedoms
installation, launched in part by the Bowdoin Art Society, included vote for war postcards clipped to voter registration forms.
an avenue for students to engage more
heavily in both arts and politics.
On a couple of levels, both the arts and
politics are not as engaged as they could
be at a school like Bowdoin, Lei said. I
think that this organization provides a
good opportunity to bolster both of those
identities within students Students at
Bowdoin can have a hand in doing that,

and I think that can be really powerful.

I hope that this stops people and makes
them think and maybe inspire something
in terms of arts and politics.
Lei, who is going abroad in the spring,
appointed Kinaya Hassane 19 to continue
the groups involvement on campus.
Hassane said she is eager to extend the
dialogue into the upcoming semester, in

whichever form that may take.

I was always interested in politics and
art, and [For Freedoms is] this amazing
way that they can come together, she said.
And at Bowdoin, we don,t really have
that vibrant of an arts community, whereas I think politics are very prominent on
this campus, so I think it would be cool to
encourage both through this group.

Bowdoin students who support Trump discuss beliefs, experiences on campus


On Bowdoins predominantly liberal campus, supporting GOP candidate

Donald Trump is not a popular stance.
An Orient poll found that just 125 Bowdoin students favor the candidate.
Westly Garcia 17 is a registered Republican and a member of the Eisenhower Forum, the conservative discussion group, and as the Bowdoin
Republicans group. In the primaries he
supported Marco Rubio, but he voted
for Trump in his home state of Texas
two weeks ago.
So, I was kind of pushing for [Rubio], because I felt what Trump did was
make politics a circus, which it is a circus, but I feel like he kind ofI dont
like what hes done, said Garcia.
He voiced concerns over the selection of candidates in this election cycle,
but ultimately chose to vote for the most
conservative option and support his
party in casting his ballot for Trump.

I feel like people are going to see this and theyre

going to be like, Oh, hes just some, you know,
dumb Trump supporter.
You have Donald Trump, whos a
great business leader, but has absolutely
zero experience in politics, and then you
have Crooked Hillary who has years
in office, but shes kinda corrupt, said
Garcia. Were kind of stuck with them
because with Gary Johnson who doesnt
know where Aleppo is and then I went
to a Jill Stein rally, but thats not going
to work.
At Bowdoin, Garcia has been cautious about his status as a Republican
and Trump-voter on campus. He has
shared his beliefs with his good friends,
but remained quiet among the greater community.
I feel like people are going to see this
and theyre going to be like, Oh, hes just
some, you know, dumb Trump supporter, he said.

Garcia cited an example of Trump

intervening to aid the restoration of a
skating rink in New York City and his
ideas in past interviews as evidence that
the candidate cares about America.
I do think he has the best intentions
of the country, Garcia said.
He expressed hopes that speaking
up about his support for Trump would
bring attention to the potential for varied political voices on campus.
I feel like this will let campus know
that, hey, theres people of color on campus that support Republican ideals,
Garcia said. There are Republicans,
there are conservatives, [who] have voted for Trump.
Jordan Moskowitz 16 is a registered
independent and member of Bowdoin
Republicans. Hes attended Trump ral-

lies in Lisbon and Bangor and plans on

voting for the GOP candidate.
I really dont lean one way or the
other. I consider myself fiscally conservative, socially liberal, said Moskowitz.
I definitely say now after getting more
involved that I do lean more to the right.
Moskowitz emphasized how Trump
supporters have been homogenized by
media outlets.
In the media its sort of, gets portrayed as all Trump supporters are
white, middle class males, but thats really not the case. Like theres tons of people all over the country who are going
to be every demographic who support
him, said Moskowitz.
Regarding Trumps polarizing
comments, Moskowitz believes the
candidates speech has been contorted at points.
You could twist and turn his words
and view it however you want against
like Latinos and Muslims portrayed as
negative, even though its really not,
said Moskowitz.

Moskowitz does see Trumps proposed immigration policy as racist.

Calling for being able to secure [the]
border and stop immigration, thats not
racist in one bit. I think every presidential candidate in the past 20 years
has called for thateven Bill Clinton,
said Moskowitz.
Moskowitz has found political tensions on campus have cooled down
since the beginning of the fall semester.
When everybody got back to
school, everybody would just basically
bash Trump, said Moskowitz. But, that
being said, they also werent really favorable towards Hillary Clinton either.
Having supported Trump all along,
Moskowitz hopes to see the candidate
deemed a political outsider in office.
A lot of people in this country feel
like people in Washington havent really
been looking out for them and need one
of the working class, even though hes a
billionaire, he still one of your workingclass guys. That really appealed to me,
Moskowitz said.







Q1: Should Maine legalize recreational marijuana?

If passed, Question 1 will allow individuals over the age of 21
to use and possess recreational marijuana. In addition, the measure
would provide for the regulation of marijuana as an agricultural
product, permitting licensed marijuana retail facilities and enacting
a 10 percent sales tax.
Medical marijuana was first legalized in Maine in 1999. However, repeated attempts to legalize recreational marijuana within
the state have been unsuccessful. This year, recreational marijuana
measures will also appear on ballots in Arizona, California, Massachusetts and Nevada.
According to a poll by the Portland Press Herald in early October,
53 percent of Maine voters support the legalization of marijuana for
recreational use.

What is the case for legalization?

Supporters of the measure, including Matt Schweich 09, Direc-

tor of State Campaigns for the Marijuana Policy Project, cite economic benefits such as increased tax revenue and creation of jobs.
Schweich called the legalization of recreational marijuana a social
justice issue, arguing that moving marijuana out of the unregulated
market and into regulated business would work against drug-policing policies that disproportionately impact people of color.

Who opposes it?

Critics of the referendum argue that the measure does not include adequate preparations to regulate marijuana after it becomes
legal. Maine Attorney General Janet Mills has argued that the phrasing of the law would also legalize the possession of marijuana
by minors.
In a letter to the Portland Press Herald, Stephanie Anderson,
district attorney of Cumberland County, argued that Question 1
would create a profit-driven [marijuana] industry in the midst of

an already overwhelming substance abuse public health crisis.

Furthermore, she wrote that the Department of Agriculture is not
experienced enough to create an adequate regulatory system, and
costs generated by the law will surpass the tax revenue it generates.

How would this impact Bowdoin students?

According to a 2013 survey conducted by the Orient, marijuana
is the most commonly used drug on Bowdoins campus. The results
showed that 58 percent of respondents had smoked marijuana at
least once to a few times at Bowdoin, while 31 percent reported
smoking every month or two or weekly or more. The survey found
a slight increase in marijuana use on campus since a previous survey, distributed five semesters earlier.
Dean of Student Aairs Tim Foster declined to comment prior
to the election on how and whether the Colleges policy toward
marijuana would change if the drug was legalized.

Q3: Should Maine require background checks for gun transfers between non-licensed dealers?
Question 3 asks Maine citizens if they want to require background checks before a sale or transfer of firearms between
people who are not licensed dealers.
The law is aimed at further regulating the secondary gun
market and stipulates that if neither party is licensed, they
both must meet with a licensed dealer, who will conduct a
background check on the transferee. Exceptions include if the
firearm is used in emergency self-defense, if both parties are
hunting or sport shooting together and if the transfer is to a
family member.

whose nonprofit organization Everytown for Gun Safety has

donated over $1.7 million to the cause.
At a debate on Question 3 held by Quinby House on October 27, Associate Professor of Government Jeffrey Selinger and
Gary M. Pendy Professor of Social Sciences Jean Yarborough
discussed the costs and benefits of the law. Selinger defended
the referendum, hailing its sensibility.
You dont always know who youre selling your gun to, he
said. The law would just ask that all citizens follow basic regulations for a second sale too.

Who opposes it?

Who supports Question 3?

The referendum is supported by political heavyweights,
most notably former New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg,

Twelve of 16 Maine police chiefs as well as the vocal National

Rifle Association oppose the referendum. The main argument

from the opponentssome of whom are supporters of gun

control themselvesis that the law is too difficult to implement and enforce. They claim that since Maine law already
prohibits criminals from purchasing firearms, the only people
affected by closing the gun show loophole are law-abiding citizens. Others believe that the law will not stop criminals from
getting their hands on guns, so this regulation is unnecessary.
Gary M. Pendy Professor of Social Sciences Jean Yarborough,
who argued in favor of a No vote, characterized the law more
as an impediment at odds with Maines culture that a safety
If I want to lend my gun to a student whos going hunting for
a weekend, both the student and I would have to go through
so many barriers if this referendum is enacted, she said.

Q4: Should Maine raise the state minimum wage to $12 by 2020?
Question 4 presents an increase of the state minimum wage from
$7.50 to $9 in 2017 and increasing by an additional dollar until 2020
when it would reach $12 per hour. The referendum will also increase
the minimum tipped laborer wage from $3.75 to $5, increasing by $1
every year until 2024 when it equals the general minimum wage. The
state statute would also insure that the minimum wage will continue
to rise with fluctuations in the consumer price index, which measures
the changes in prices of basic consumer goods and services.

Why raise the minimum wage?

Proponents of raising the minimum wage often point the concept of a living wagethe idea that people who work full time jobs
ought to earn enough to support their families. Real wages, adjusted
for inflation, have remained stagnant across the country in recent
The minimum wage has fallen in real terms, or in inflation adjust-

ed terms. If it was kept to where it was in the early 70s it would be up

above $11 an hour, said William D. Shipman Professor of Economics
John Fitzgerald.
Higher wages translates to more expendable income for consumers, which can benefit businesses, as consumers with higher incomes
buy more. Increasing the minimum wage might also decrease the
number of workers and families dependent on public assistance.

What could go wrong?

jobs would be lost nationally if minimum wage was increased to

Opponents also argue that businesses will respond to this wage
increase by proportionately increasing prices, which in turn, deters consumers due to inflated costs. Furthermore, price increases
could also negate the quality-of-life benefits that low-income
earners would receive from higher wages.

How would this impact Bowdoin?

The main complaints levied against raising the minimum wage focus on the loss of jobs, rise in prices of basic consumer goods and the
impact on small businesses.
If businesses are forced to pay their employees more, companies with thin profit margins might hire less workers. Small businesses in particular would be aected. In 2015, the nonpartisan
Congressional Budget Oce (CBO) estimated that over 500,000

The law would not immediate impact Bowdoin students who

work on-campus jobsall student employees who are paid hourly already receive at least $9 per hour after the College restructured student pay at the beginning of this academic year.
The College, like all employers in the state, would be required
to increase wages for hourly employees each year until 2020 in
accordance with the law.

Q5: Should Maine institute Ranked Choice Voting?

Question 5 asks Mainers to consider implementing something that
no state has done before: Ranked Choice Voting (RCV). By allowing
voters to mark candidates on the ballot in order of preference rather
than voting for one candidate, RCV would redistribute votes for lastplace candidates until a majority is reached.

How does RCV work?

Voters would rank candidates for Maine elections for U.S. Senate,
Congress, Governor, State Senate and State Representative in order of
preference on the ballot; if no candidate receives an immediate majority, the candidate with the fewest votes is eliminated. The votes of that
candidates supporters then count for their second choice candidate.
This process continues until a candidate earns the majority.

What are the arguments in favor?

Supporters of this billincluding the Maine Democratic Party,
Libertarian Party of Maine, Maine Green Independent Party, the
League of Women Voters of Maine and a number of individual

Maine politicianssay that this system would eliminate the voting mentality of the lesser of two evils and ultimately create less
negative and targeted campaigning. They argue a more broadlyliked candidate will be elected, rather than a candidate reaping the
benefits of the spoiler eect, where the vote splits between two
ideologically similar candidates, allowing a third candidate to win
by plurality.
Current governor of Maine Paul LePage was elected into oce
because of split voting62 percent of the population voted for
another candidatesome opponents of RCV argue that the bill is
an attempt to get LePage out of oce. Out of the 11 last races for
governor, nine winners were elected with less than 50 percent of
voters; five of those winners were elected with less than 40 percent.

What are the arguments against?

Opponents of the bill including LePage and a few other individual
politicianspoint out the cost, ineectiveness and potential unconstitutionality of implementing RCV.

Student opinion on ballot issues.


Results from Orient Elections 2016 survey.






According to the Maine Oce of Fiscal and Program Review, this bill
would roughly cost between $600,000 and $800,000 per year for new
equipment and necessary resources. Similar costs would persist over
the years.
Opponents also worry that the new, more complex system of RCV
would detract voters, particularly young voters, African-Americans
and those with low levels of education, according to a Bangor Daily
News editorial.
Maine Attorney General Janet Mills, as well as a number of other people, believes that the bill would be unconstitutional. In a March memo,
Mills cited that the Maine constitution allows candidates to win by plurality (whereas RCV focuses on candidates winning by majority) and
necessitates municipal ocials to count votes, rather than a multipleround, electronic tallying.
A number of other expertsincluding courts in four statesdisagree with Mills, determining RCV constitutional since it maintains one
person, one vote and fairly allows the candidate with the most votes
to win.











The Orient polled the student body to gauge opinions about several election-related topics. Six hundred and thirty-one
students responded to at least a portion of the survey. A similar number of students in each class year responded. The vast
majority (97.3 percent) of respondents were U.S. citizens who are at least 18 years of age, and 95.3 percent of respondents
were registered to vote. Of 624 respondents, 352 (56.4 percent) described themselves as politically active. In addition, of
576 students who indicated their political party registration, 398 (69.1 percent) of these students are registered Democrats,
115 (20 percent) are registered Independents, 40 (6.9 percent) are registered Republicans, four are registered with the
Green Party, three are registered Libertarians and 16 answered Other. Finally, 392 (65.2 percent) of students confirmed
that they were voting absentee out of 601 responses to the question.

Which candidate for president do you support?

Hillary Clinton (88.55%)

What political issue is most important to you?

337 responses


Donald Trump (6.6163%)

Gary Johnson (2.742%)
Jill Stein (1.290%)
Other (0.806%)


How would you describe your political ideology?

1 is most liberal, 5 is most conservative

How closely do you feel your political beliefs align

with the political beliefs of the Bowdoin community?
1 is weakly aligned, 5 is strongly aligned











Do you feel that your vote reflects a vote for your candidate, or a vote against an
opposing candidate? Broken down by supported candidate.

309 242















13 28
6 11
5 3

friday, november 4, 2016

the bowdoin orient



Eloy 15 tackles police violence in folded paper exhibit


Daniel Eloy 15 returned to campus on Wednesday evening to exhibit a towering display of red, white
and gold paper flowers highlighting
racial violence in America. Eloys
installation is the first event of No
Hate November.
Sponsored by the Bowdoin Student
Government (BSG) and held in the
the Lamarche Gallery of David Saul
Smith Union, Eloys installation, titled
The Garden of White Imagination,
is a collection of 374 flowers folded
from paper, each flower symbolizing
a person killed by police in 2016. The

red flowers symbolize unarmed individuals of color, while the golden

flowers represent children of any race.
Each flower is constructed and its
bloom comes forth because of someone being killed, said Eloy.
Each flower is constructed from
eight pieces of paper. Eloy folded nearly 3,000 total papers for
the exhibition.
It took a really long time, he said.
It felt like a necessary reflection on
what [is] going on.
BSG first began No Hate November programming four years ago as
a means for the community to stand
in solidarity with students who experience bias on and off campus.

Throughout the month, the programs

focus on engaging students in dialogue and conversation, using different platforms to discuss contemporary issues like police brutality.
Something that really mattered to
me is that we had some sort of creative piece of art because I think art
can be such a powerful way of moving
towards justice, and bringing people together, said current BSG President Harriet Fisher 17, who helped
coordinate the exhibit.
Eloy emphasized that the focus of
the exhibit was justice.
This isnt about hating police,
Eloy said. If youre a police officer,
I would hope that we would think

that you can handle situations that

are going to be unpleasant. Thats
the whole point of having them. If
anybody can have a gun and police
their own community this would
happen, and yet its still happening,
and we have a force thats dedicated
to learning about their communities,
or should be, [but] they arent, and
that is abusive.
Eloy created the art to engage
with the Bowdoin community about
the current issues regarding police
violence and people of color. Fisher
noted that bringing the installation to
Bowdoin was a powerful way of moving towards justice and bringing
people together.

I think Bowdoin has a lot of

white kids who are very privileged,
who havent had to feel uncomfortable about a lot of things before
[Through] a piece of art maybe theyll
feel just the right amount of uncomfortable to start doing some research
on educating themselves about why
people are being killed on the street by
police, Eloy said.
Fisher believes Bowdoin has been
heading in the right direction in taking initiative to make this community
more aware of contemporary issues, although the College still has work to do.
Its a space thats much more willing to have a conversation than it was
when I was a freshman, she said.

Professor Michael Kolster documents plastic fossils of the future


An interdisciplinary journey
through photography, anthropology
and geology led Associate Professor
of Art Michael Kolster to a remote,
garbage-ridden beach on Hawaiis
Big Island last March.
It all started after Kolster read
an article in the New York Times
that described the work of three geologists who traveled to Hawaii in
search of a new kind of stone called
plastiglomerate, formed by discarded plastic fused with rock. Kolsters interest was piqued by the articles claim that these artificial stones
would become a permanent part of
the geological recorda kind of fossil of the future.
These particular objects will
become portraits of us for whoever
uncovers them hundreds or millions
of years from now, and they will indicate a moment of geological time
where humans have begun to alter
geological history, Kolster said.
He contacted the researchers
cited in the New York Times article
in hopes of seeing the plastiglomerates for himself and discovered that
the researcher in possession of the
physical plastiglomerate samples
was a visual artist. The artist refused
Kolsters request to photograph the
objects as she planned on incorporating them into her own artistic
project. Not to be deterred, Kolster
was awarded a Faculty Research
Award to travel to the remote Kamilo beach, known also as junk
beach for the massive quantities of
refuse that wash ashore, where the
original samples had been found.
With the help of a local resident,
Kolster spent a day photographing
plastiglomerates, other trash and the
general landscape.
Kolster said that it was the beachs imperfections that he found most compelling. He hopes his work will encourage
viewers to look for beauty and opportunity in places one might consider flawed.


PLASTIC PORTRAITS: Associate Professor of Art Michael Kolster poses with his series of photographs titledIn SituPlastiglomerate and Rocks, Kamilo Beach.Kolster traveled to Hawaiis Big Island in the spring of
2016 to photographplastiglomerates,the geologic formations that evolve from plastic melting with natural stone.
Places that demonstrate our
presence have a certain value and allure, and they deserve our attention
and deserve to be taken care of, he
said. We have pretty much affected
or altered every spot on the earth;
we tend to neglect the places were
actually living in and have attachment to, in some ways because of
how weve changed them.
Kolster captured the plastiglomerates using the technique of stereography, which, when viewed properly,

allows the audience to experience the

images in three dimensions. According
to Kolster, the experience of viewing
stereographs pushes viewers to engage
more actively with the images. Additionally, the technique is often employed by scientists when documenting
data in order to create a more accurate
representation of their subjects.
Im not a scientist, but Im interested in that language and Im interested in having the pictures become
credible and believable, Kolster

said. Thats an important quality

that I want to have in my pictures
generally: that if you were there, you
could see them, and you could connect with them in a similar way.
Kolster hopes to publish the project, titled Chronicle of the Geologic
Record Foretold as part of a larger
collection of his work. He said that
one of the most rewarding parts of
this project was the way in which it
connected unexpectedly to some of
his other recent projects, including a

get your news the

millennial way.

photographic study of rivers across

the country, such as the Los Angeles
and the Androscoggin rivers. Both
projects represent nature in a singular temporal moment, yet seek to
encourage the viewer to contemplate
natures constancy.
When you look at a still picture
you realize it isnt life. So then you
ask yourself, what is life? Life is
change and flux. And a photograph
basically stands in relief to that,
Kolster said.

snapchat @bowdoinorient



friday, november 4, 2016

the bowdoin orient

From a Drop of Seawater: science students make prints with plankton


Before the semester began in August, 12 Bowdoin Marine Science

Semester (BMSS) students spent a
day collecting plankton in Boothbay
Harbor. On Wednesday evening, they
presented prints they created from
images of these plankton at the From
a Drop of Seawater exhibit at the
Visual Arts Center Fishbowl Gallery.
The images were a result of the students research into the intersection of
art and science.
Part of their course is looking under the microscope and investigating
the diversity and functional roles of
the different plankton. They are just
really cool and pretty to look at under
the scopes, said Coastal Studies Biology Scholar Bobbie Lyon, who led the
project with Visiting Assistant Professor of Art Mary Hart.
The students took pictures of the
plankton under a microscope and
then used those images to make
pronto plates. From the plates, they
were able to use printmaking techniques to create colorful prints of
the organisms.
Each student then created a handdrawn diagram that analyzed one
important aspect of the organism
and drew an image to reflect that aspect. They finished the project by
writing a short essay about the relationship between the plankton and
its environment.
This collaboration arose as a result
of both Harts and Lyons interest in
the relationship between artistic and
scientific studies. Last fall, the two
worked on a watercolor project together and wanted to continue the
dialogue by seeking to further understand how the two seemingly different
disciplines interact with one another.
I think especially as students, you
are taught scientific thinking and you
are taught a very logical stream of
thought, said Hart. And artists, we
are taught to brainstorm and think


COASTAL CONNECTION: Coastal Studies Biology Scholar Bobbie Lyon discusses plankton artwork with a student at the opening reception of From a Drop of Seawaterin the Visual Arts Center Fishbowl Gallery
on Wednesday evening. The exhibit features the printmaking projects of Bowdoin Marine Science Semester students, who used images of plankton to make prints.
of multiple solutions and be going off
in all directions at once. So that was
what I found really interesting about
the conversation and I think that the
students were starting to think about
that in terms of going on in science
and how that might inform and enrich
their scientific thinking.
Many of the BMSS students who
had not taken any art classes before
spoke to the benefit of combining both
art and science after doing the project.
I like doing art, but Im not an art

person, said Sam Walkes 18. Ive

never tried to combine science and
art, so that was something new. I felt
like what I was doing was a new way
of communicating science.
Lizzie Givens 17, another BMSS
student, sees combining the two disciplines as a valuable teaching method.
As an artist studying biology, so
much of my style is formed by my
observation and thats something that
Ive learned from science, said Givens. In turn, my science is absolutely

better communicated and better understood through my ability with art.

Some BMSS students who hadnt
worked with printmaking before found
challenges in the process, but ultimately
ended up with successful final projects.
It was difficult to try to get the layers to stick directly on top of one another, said Jackie Ricca 19. I know
that I put a lot of time into making
the hand-drawn part and I wasnt exactly sure that it was going to fit over
the microscope image. When I finally

lifted up the sheet and it worked, I was

pretty happy.
Hart and Lyon were pleased with the
results of the project and impressed
with the quality of the students work.
It was really great. It took a ton
of time and it was really worth it,
said Hart. I feel satisfied and its always interesting when you do a project and theres still some questions,
you havent quite figured it out, and
it lures you into the next session of
your ideas.

friday, november 4, 2016


the bowdoin orient


Womens soccer falls short.
Womens soccer suffered a disappointing 2-1 loss to Middlebury
(13-3, NESCAC) on Saturday,
knocking the Polar Bears out of the
NESCAC playoffs and putting an
end to their season. After an early
goal for the Panthers, Nikki Wilson 18 scored the equalizer off of
a penalty kick in the second half.
However, Middlebury took the lead
again only a minute later and was
able to hold off the Polar Bear offense until the end. The team finishes the season with a record of
9-6-1, 5-4-1 in-conference.



LETS MAKE IT THREE: Mattie McColl 19 battles an Amherst defender for the ball during Bowdoins 1-0 loss to the Purple and White earlier this season. The teams will meet again at
Amherst in the NESCAC Semifinals this Saturday, where Bowdoin will be gunning for its third consecutive NESCAC title. Last weekend, Bowdoin upset No. 2 Tufts, 2-1, in the quarterfinals.

Mens soccer to face defending national champion Amherst


Bowdoin mens soccer will face defending national champion Amherst (14-1-1,
8-1-1 NESCAC) in the NESCAC Semifinals on Saturday after defeating No. 2
Tufts (9-5-2, 6-2-2 NESCAC) last Saturday during the Polar Bears quest for their
third consecutive NESCAC title.
Amherst took the top NESCAC seed
this year, making this the fifth season it
has entered the tournament seeded first
or second. The team has dominated the
league over the past few years with its size
and physicality.
They like to put a lot of big guys on
the field, said goalkeeper Noah Safian
17. They do not play pretty soccer by
any means. They just blast the ball up the
fieldbut I guess it works for them. They

won the national championship last year

and ranked No. 1 in the country for most
of this year. They had a lot of success this
year; it is not pretty, but it is effective.
The matchup is daunting as Amherst
has only lost one game all season. That
one loss, however, was a 3-0 defeat by
Tufts, who the Polar Bears beat twice in
the same week. The team is optimistic going into the match, but doesnt underestimate Amhersts dominance on the pitch.
We really have to be almost perfect,
said Safian. Having that concentration
and discipline to see when your teammate
messes up, that you will be there to fix it
every single time. We have to have that
discipline, dedication and concentration.
The team has a lot of success to build
off of going into this weekend, particularly from Safian, who has had a stand-out
performance in the teams past few games.

Despite only having a few hours of playing time in the first 10 matches of the season, hes stepped up as starting goalkeeper
since Stevie Van Siclen 18 went out with
an injury in the teams match against Trinity in the beginning of October. The team
hasnt lost a match with Safian starting in
goal; he has racked up 30 saves over the
last six games.
In the quarterfinal match against Tufts,
Safian played a critical role for the Bowdoin defense, preserving the Bears lead
with a diving save in the final minutes.
Safian had some major saves, said
Ely Spencer 20. I think there were only
four saves, but they were key saves that
really helped us stay in the game and
keep our lead.
Although Bowdoin was on the defensive for most of the second half, in which
Tufts claimed an 18-11 edge in shots and

a 6-4 advantage in corner kicks, the Polar

Bears handled this pressure with poise
and strategy and were able to edge the
Jumbos in shot accuracy and with a tough
defensive line.
There were a lot of good last-minute
defensive [plays] from the whole back
line, Safian said, A lot of guys stepped up
and made really good plays.
They were looking pretty dangerous
at a point and had a couple of chances
they probably should have scored on,
said Spencer. We just held on like weve
done in a lot of games. In the regular
season that has kind of been our whole
attitude; we have just been able to find a
way to win games.
The team hopes to continue to find a
way to win tomorrow when they travel to
Amherst to face off in the NESCAC Semifinals at 1:30 p.m.

Field hockeys season ends in disappointing NESCAC quarterfinal game


This past weekend, field hockey fell

2-0 to fourth-seed Middlebury (7-3,
13-3 NESCAC) in the NESCAC quarterfinals, making it the first time the
Polar Bears have lost in the first round
of the NESCAC playoffs since 2004. In
the wake of last years undefeated regular season and NESCAC championship
win, the early exit is surprising.
The fifth-seeded Polar Bears end the
season at 11-5 and are no longer practicing. While an at-large bid for the
NCAA tournament is still a possibility, its unlikely considering they arent
ranked in the top five of the New England West region.
Although the team had aspirations
to go deeper into postseason play, the
growth of individual players and the
improvements we saw as a team since
August was impressive, said Head
Coach Nicky Pearson in an email to
the Orient. The captains were terrific
in the way they helped transition eight
first years into the program and lead

the team to some stunning victories

along the way.
Middlebury is a familiar foe for
Bowdoin. The teams have faced off in
the NESCAC championship for the last
five years as well as last years NCAA
Division III championship. When the
teams played each other in late September at Bowdoin, the Polar Bears
narrowly lost 3-2.
Last weekend, the Panthers opened
the game strong, scoring their first goal
a little over 10 minutes into the first
half. While Bowdoin looked to clear
the ball out of its defensive end, in the
25th minute the Panthers scored again,
giving them a 2-0 lead.
Kimmy Ganong 17 had what
seemed to be a promising scoring opportunity in the first 10 minutes of
the second half, but the Middlebury
goalkeeper blocked both of Ganongs
shots. In the 55th minute, Elizabeth
Bennewitz 19 scored off of a penalty
corner, but the goal was called back
after the officials ruled that it hit a defenders stick.
Even though their record doesnt re-


FIELD HOCKEY FALLS: Kimmy Ganong 17 prepares for a corner during Bowdoins 6-1
victory over Colby earlier this season. Bowdoins 2-0 loss to Middlebury last weekend ended its season.
flect their dominance, the team ranks
second in the league in goals against
average, and Bennewitz currently leads
the league in assists per game with .62.
Although the season ended earlier than recent years, our team dominated with regards to possession and

achieved noticeable improvements in

our team defense, captain Emily McColgan 17 said in an email to the Orient. These successes along with the
friendships and memories experienced
off of the field made for an overall rewarding season.

Sliding into sixth. Both womens

and mens cross country placed
sixth out of 11 teams at a rainy
NESCAC Championship meet this
past weekend, which featured some
particularly impressive individual
performances. Sarah Kelley 18
was the top performer for either
team with a strong sixth-place finish that earned her First Team AllNESCAC honors. Matthew Jacobson 17 and Nick Walker 16 led the
mens team, finishing 11th and 14th
respectively and earning Second
Team All-NESCAC honors. The
teams seasons will continue next
weekend when they travel to Connecticut College for the NCAA Division III Regional Championship.

All aboard. The sailing team qualified for the Atlantic Coast Championship, hosted by MIT on November 12, after a strong performance
at the Schell Trophy this past weekend. Coming back from a disqualification in their first race, the Polar
Bears won the other three races to
finish third out of 18 overall. The
team also competed in the Urn
Trophy, where a team of women
finished 14th overall, as well as the
Nickerson Trophy, where a team
of first years placed third out of 17
and tied for first in the B-division.

Balling bears. The Bowdoin womens basketball team is ranked 19th

in the nation in the D3hoops.com
Preseason Poll. Last season, the
team made it to the Sweet 16 of the
NCAA Tournament for the second
consecutive year after falling to
Amherst in the NESCAC semifinals, finishing the season 22-7. Defending NESCAC Champion and
NCAA Runner-up Tufts is ranked
No. 1 in the poll, with Amherst following at No. 2. The Polar Bears
season will open with the Graef
Memorial Womens Basketball
Classic on November 18.

Compiled by Anjulee Bhalla



the bowdoin orient

friday, november 4, 2016

The development of the American Messi

What were you doing at age 17? The
answer is likely not nearly as impressive as pulling on the Borussia Dortmund kit and taking the field in front
of the famed Yellow Wall and 80,000plus Germans at the Signal Idurna
Park, which is exactly what the latest
American wunderkind Christian Pulisic has done over the last 10 months.
A Hershey, Pa. native, Pulisic was
spotted by Germanys perpetual second superpower, Borussia Dortmund
(BVB), while playing for the U.S. Under-17 residency program, essentially
an incubator for young U.S. talent.
He then made the hop to Dortmund
at age 16, where he promptly made a
name for himself by scoring an eyepopping 10 goals and adding eight assists in just 15 matches with the BVB
youth teams.
Pulisics strong performances
earned him a call up to Thomas
Tuchels first team last January. Since
then, his career trajectory is best described as meteoric. Tuchel wasted no
time in throwing Pulisic right into the
fire, making his first two starts against
Bayer Leverkeusen and in the Revierderby against bitter rivals FC Schalke, two of Germanys strongest sides. He
later became the youngest non-German

ever to score in the top flight of German

football at just 17 years old.
This season at just 18, Pulisic has
cemented himself as a regular face
in the Dortmund squad, tallying two
goals and five assists in 10 matches
across all competitions. Among those
included a dizzying display of skill
against reigning European champions, Real Madrid, where he darted
past Danilo on the wing before charging into the Madrid penalty area to
cross for the Andr Schrrle equalizer, snatching a precious Champions League point for the Black
and Yellows.
All of this has the transfer rumor
mill spinning already. Dortmund
reportedly rejected an 11 million
(roughly $14 million) bid for Pulisicfrom Liverpool in August, and
that was before his superb start to

side actual Messi, Dortmund is undoubtedly the best place right now for
Pulisics development. Dortmund is
currently laden with talented youngsters (Emre Mor, Ousmane Dembl,
Julian Weigl) and manager Tuchel has
shown a willingness to entrust young
players like Pulisic with significant
minutes. If he continues to get firstteam action alongside the wealth
of talent at Dortmund in one of the
strongest leagues in the world, the sky
is the limit (pardon the platitude).
Naturally, U.S. Mens National
Team (USMNT) fans are absolutely
giddy. Pulisic represents the purest
attacking talent the USMNT has seen
since at least Landon Donovan, demonstrating incredible pace cutting in
from the wing mixed with tremendous dribbling ability and pure football sense.

Naturally, U.S. Mens National Team (USMNT)

fans are absolutely giddy. Pulisic represents
the purest attacking talent the USMNT has
seen since at least Landon Donovan.
this years campaign. Likewise, Barcelonaarguably the best team on
Earthis reported to be closely following Pulisic.
As enticing as it is to dream about
American Messi donning the Barca
kit and striding onto the pitch along-

While the ridiculous technical ability draws the attention, his mental attributes are what set him apart. Pulisic
plays with infectious confidence and
fearlessness, highlighted by both the
Madrid match and his performance
last week against FC Ingolstadt, where

he almost single-handedly erased

a 3-1 deficit, providing the assist to draw BVB within a goal,
then scoring the equalizer in
stoppage time.
While there have
been other ultrahyped U.S. prospects in the last
decade (Freddy Adu, anyone?), none
have risen
heights so
q u i c k l y.
debut little
more than
seven months ago
and already has nine appearances and two goals
in World Cup qualifiers,
making him the youngest
player to score for the USMNT. The
Pulisic hype-train is alive and well in
US soccer circles.
With a looming date against
archrivals Mexico in Columbus next
weekend to kick off play in the Hexagonal, the final round of CONCACAF World Cup qualifying, Christian Pulisic has the stage to not just
seize the mantle of the USs next great


hope, but to show that his time is

now. Heres to another famous Dos a
Cero next Friday night.

Volleyball faces Williams on

path to defend NESCAC title

SET ON WINNING: Quincy Leech

17 sets the ball for Sydney Salle 19 during
Bowdoins straight-set victory over Colby-Sawyer
last Saturday. Bowdoins defense of its NESCAC
title begins tonight at Tufts, where the Polar
Bears will face No. 5 seed Williams in a rematch
of last seasons NESCAC championship.


Gabby Koenig 20 prepares for the ball during
the Polar Bears win against Colby-Sawyer last
weekend. Other than an out-of-conference
tournament two weeks ago against four of the
nations top teams, Bowdoin has won eight of
its past nine games heading into playos this


In a rematch of last years championship final, the Bowdoin volleyball

team will face off against No. 5 Williams (13-10, 6-4 NESCAC) in the
NESCAC Quarterfinals at Tufts tonight at 8 p.m. The Polar Bears come
into the tournament as the No. 4 seed
after finishing the regular season 149, 6-4 within the NESCAC.
The teams postseason experience
and success last year will serve as an
advantage in its campaign for a second NESCAC title.
Last year, the team entered the
NESCAC tournament in a great position with a record of 20-4, 9-1 NESCAC, earning the No. 1 seed and
going on to win the championship in
a 3-2 victory over the Ephs. After losing the first two sets, the Polar Bears
dominated the next three to become
the first team since the playoff system was reformatted in 2001 to come
back from a 0-2 deficit in the championship match. The team expects a
similarly close match tonight.
We are fully expecting a tight
match, said Head Coach Erin Cady.
Every time that weve played Williams in the past two years, weve
gone five sets, so [were] just mentally preparing for that.
[It will definitely be] a very competitive game, which is going to be
fun, said captain Quincy Leech 17.
Williams always brings their A game,
and its a great rivalry.
In September, Bowdoin lost to
Williams in a close 3-2 game. During
that game, Bowdoin had more kills,
blocks, digs and aces than Williams,
but the Polar Bears suffered 28 attack
errors and 15 service errors. However, the players feel theyve grown
into a much different team over the

course of the season.

We have had many tough practices, and we are definitely a different
team than the one that played earlier
in the season, said Leech. We definitely are peaking now, which I think
is really great. We have worked a lot
...[and] what we lacked we built on.
However, the team does not underestimate the strength of Williams program. According to Cady,
the Ephs dynamic offense will pose
many challenges, such as long rallies.
They keep the ball up, they keep
the ball in play, said Cady. They
have really, really good outside hitters that are going to be a big weapon
for them.
Honestly I think our biggest
strength is knowing how hard it is to
win NESCACs and knowing [that]
the competition is going to be tight,
said Cady. Mentally preparing for
close games is going to be a huge
strength of oursthat were not going to get rattled when the score is
tight or maybe when were behind by
a few points.
While the returning players experience will be a key advantage
this weekend, Leech says the firstyear players have proved their value
through their maturity and great attitude all season and are looking forward to their first NESCAC playoffs.
Our [first years] have really
stepped it up, said Leech. They get
to build the program, and it is their
legacy starting now. They have come
in with a great attitude, and I would
not expect anything else from them
in the championship this weekend.
As a senior I would love to win,
but I also recognize what we built
in this program is what is going to
last, Leech added. The friends and
sisters that I have now are what I am
going to cherish.

friday, november 4, 2016


Last week the Orient published an editorial on the current state of liberal arts at Bowdoin, spurred by a campus-wide email from President Rose. The editors quoted me as
a prop in their argument, contending we need a broader definition of the liberal arts
that encompasses science and pre-professional disciplines in addition to the humanities.
The argument is so absurd that even the editors must not believe it. To call the
humanities prestigious and everything else marginalized is to imply that classics and
sociology are standard bearers of social worth, while biology and computer science
are tragically sidelined as fruitless pursuits. Fast forward to Thanksgiving in a few
weeks to reveal the preposterousness of this claim. After your distant uncle hears of
your newly declared major, hell only say one of these two things: Classics major, little
Johnny? My, what are you going to do with that? or Classics major, little Johnny?
How pragmatic! That industry is taking off ! Pass the stuffing. Even the editors argue
that Bowdoins value lies in its ability to teach economics differently because students
can exercise creativity and critical thinking, presumably because they have learned
these skills in the humanities. The distinction of traditional liberal arts and scientific,
pre-professional areas resurfaces, with the latter particularly great because the former
imbue them with a humanizing aura.
Here the editors are right. Bowdoin uses the liberal arts as a way to cultivate its marketable image. In the halls of the admissions office, a guide might report to prospective students that we put a unique spin on pre-professional subjects because we focus
so heavily on the humanitieswe can study how the market works while also reading
Dante, and so we produce better economists. (I doubt any admissions reps have said the
converse.) And we tend to uphold this image. How many Bowdoin graduates wear a
badge of pride for having doubled majored in economics and gender and womens studies? How many consultants, lawyers and bankers wistfully think back to their honors
projects or senior seminars in German or Africana studies? Or, from the other side, how
many current studies feel the pressure to balance humanities courses with more overtly
pre-professional ones?
The humanities themselves arent worth much on the rsum, but they do add a nice
sheen to the whole package. For instance, because of our liberal arts training, we can
think critically about some bond trading, or even be creative in the boardroom. The critical thinking, curiosity, and cross-discipline dialogue that Bowdoin encourages as idealized pursuits are really just ways of marketing ourselves for the initial job hunt and our
professional careers thereafter. What seems to be an environment for pursuing academic
interests is really a boot camp for entry-level jobs and professional graduate schools.
Now we are witnessing the corporatization of the university itself. What Bowdoin
provides us for the humble cost of $65,590 per year is a brand, surely a potent brand
given its elite status, but a brand nonetheless. The College needs to maintain that brand
in order to hold currency in the corporate world. It should come as no surprise that
the freedom to think critically, to learn for learnings sake and to be imaginative occurs
alongside a campaign to advance, in President Roses words, purpose, culture, opportunity, and innovation or to enhance the quantitative literacy of our students. Bowdoins
liberal arts cannot protect us from becoming professionalized zombies, crunching numbers all day, working an unfulfilling nine to five shift, or whateverthey instead help us
acclimate to the prospect.
Craig A. Comen 12


There were about six of us from our

graduating class in 1998 who decided
to stay and call Maine their home after college. This decision did not come
lightly. My classmates were being
courted by law schools, med schools,
MBA programs, Wall Street, lobbying
positions in D.C. and a host of other
opportunities post-graduation. The allure of Maine, and my connections to
Bowdoin and the surrounding community, became stronger as I neared
graduation. There was something
about Maine. It felt like home and I
chose to stay. I felt there was tremendous opportunity here to make a difference. Now, after 20 years in Maine, I
want to help others make connections
and consider staying in Maine postgraduation. This state needs more intelligent, driven young people to fuel
its future workforce, start businesses
and work in public service.
If you have an entrepreneurial spirit
and make connections within the community, you will find and create opportunities. If you make a concerted
effort, Mainers will welcome you and
help you. In a state of only 1.3 million
people, each individual can make a difference. What would be the cumulative impact if 10 percent of Bowdoin
graduates, rather than 1 to 2 percent,
decided to stay each year in Maine?
What would these 50 individuals do
over time? What if the same trend
happened at Maines other great colleges and universities? Undoubtedly, it
would be transformative.
As Jess Bidgood and Katherine
Seelye note in a New York Times article published on September 18, 2016,
Maine is bedeviled by its population
trends: Its median age of 44.5 makes it
the oldest state in the country, and it
has the nations highest concentration
of baby boomers As older residents
retire or die, they are not being re-

placed. Maine was one of seven states

that lost population last year and one
of two, West Virginia being the other,
where deaths outnumbered births.
Maines demographics are putting
the state in a precarious position
going forward, said Amanda
Rector, the state economist.
Were the leading edge of this
aging baby boomer population
thats going to lead to serious work
force shortfalls if things dont change.
How can we reverse this trend? The
short answer is you. If you give Maine
a chance right after graduation and have
an entrepreneurial spirit, you can make
a difference. The Bowdoin network is
incredibly strong here and alumni are
always willing to lend assistance. Those
of us who call Maine home want you
here and need you here to help reverse
the trend and make this state prosper.
To that end, there are many resources at the Career Planning Center,
Alumni Career Services and Bowdoin
Career Advisory Network with strong
Maine-based connections. There
are also resources like www.liveandworkinmaine.com, Maine & Company, www.realizemaine.org and www.
venturehall.org providing links to
Maine businesses and entrepreneurs.
In addition, I am working with other
alumni interested in helping would-be
entrepreneurs start their businesses
in Maine. We would like to connect
interested students and graduates to
resources and mentors and drive the
evolution of your business plans.
We are also hosting a Start-Up Experience weekend on February 4 and 5,
2017 in Portland. This event will be in
conjunction with Bates and Colby students with a passion for entrepreneurial endeavors. The weekends activities
will be moderated by a world renowned
facilitator, Henrik Scheel, who will be
visiting us from San Francisco. He and
alumni mentors will lead teams through
an intensive period of discovery where
students will identify a problem they see
in society and develop a real world solu-


This editorial represents the majority view of the Bowdoin Orients editorial board,
which is comprised of Marina Affo, Julian Andrews, Steff Chavez, Meg Robbins and
Joe Seibert.

Maine needs YOU


Cast your ballot

On Tuesday, students have the opportunity to participate in democracy and affect

the future of the country. Regardless of where youre registered--whether in Maine or in
your home stateit is critical to cast a vote in the upcoming elections. The presidential,
congressional, and local elections are all incredibly important.
We are urging all students to vote this election. The political choices and perspectives
of young people are incredibly important, and can even be decisive. For the 2012 presidential election, people aged 18-29 represented 19 percent of the vote share; 67 percent
of the youth. The makeup of the world we will be entering in as little as four years is
dependent upon the decisions we make in elections happening right now.
Perhaps the most prominent of the elections, the presidential race will have major
ramifications for both domestic and foreign policy. While we might not feel the effects
in our daily lives, the long-term future of the country as a whole will be altered by the
The future state of our political system is going to directly impact our lives, whether
we choose to stay in Maine or not. Because of the United States prominent role on the
global stage, the results of the election have implications that may affect those beyond
our borders.
There are a number of important down-ballot and measures appearing on ballots this
year. While the national election has taken center stage, there are many local issues that
affect the everyday lives of Americans. On the Maine ballot alone are questions regarding marijuana legalization and background check requirements for the purchase and
sale of guns and other firearms. These measures play roles in the environment we Bowdoin students live inas such, our voices and votes ought to be a part of the outcome.
Students who wish to vote in their home states still similarly have major issues to consider. For example, California is currently considering a measure that would repeal capital punishment. This means that regardless of ones decision to abstain from the national
election, the impact of ones vote on local elections is substantial and therefore necessary.
Federal, state and local elections provide citizens an outlet to affect change in an accessible and quick manner. If youve missed the deadline for an absentee ballot in your
home state, voting in Maine is easyMaine allows same-day registration for eligible
voters. There are shuttles to polls sponsored by the McKeen Center for the Common
Good as well as student political organizations throughout the day on Tuesday. With the
resources available to us, there is no excuse for not voting (if you are eligible).
Make your mark on this election and our political future. Vote.




the bowdoin orient

tion and
business plan.
These plans will be reviewed by a panel of alumni
and mentors and critiqued at
the end of the two-day event. Over the
years, many of Henriks participants
have gone on to create businesses from
these seminal events.
If you have interest in this event and
want to learn more, you can visit www.
startupexperience.com and email me
directly at dsigfridson@boulos.com or
contact Todd Hermann in Career Planning. We hosted an Information Session at Lancaster Lounge this past week
and a video link can be viewed through
Career Plannings website. We will be
taking applications for the event since
space is limited and there is no cost to
students. We welcome any questions on
the program or application process.
President Rose has a vision in which
the Bowdoin community emphasizes
the importance of intelligent discourse
on the most difficult topics of our time.
This topic is quite serious. Maine is
aging rapidly and needs young leaders. How can the Bowdoin community help reverse the trajectory of our
beloved state? This is a tough topic in
need of thoughtful deliberation and
real action. Lets encourage more Bowdoin graduates to consider Maine as
a land of opportunity, with a strong
alumni network, and as a great place
to start a business. If you have interest,
Maine alums are ready to help.
Drew Sigfridson is a member of the
Class of 1998.

An urgent plea for Bowdoin divestment


Dear President Rose,

In advance of your visit to Seattles
alumni gathering next month, Id like
to welcome you to our beautiful Emerald City. As always, I am grateful for
my Bowdoin experience and continue to
pay that forward, seeking the common
good in these times of great challenge for
our world.
While many these days are preoccupied with our presidential election, it is the
cumulative action of every world citizen
that is the primary force for social change.
On that note, I wish to explain why I will
be passing out orange squares symbolic
of the fossil fuel divestment movement to
my fellow alumni during your upcoming
visit. It is morally and ecologically imperative that Bowdoin join the growing fossil
fuel divestment movement, now estimated at 2.6 trillion dollars as of a year ago, a
50-fold increase in just one year.
One year ago, nations at the Paris Climate Accord agreed on the need to limit
global warming by two degrees celsius. In
less than a year we have burned through
1.5 degrees celsius, 75 percent of our budget. The Great Barrier Reef is nearly dead.
Fossil fuels need to stay in the ground. Its

clear that our nation and world need to

transition quickly to a carbon free energy
economy and that business as usual is not
an option if we are to avert the Sixth Great
Extinction which could include humans
within the next few generations.
Divestment is not simply a matter of
averting the extreme impacts of climate
change; it is a matter of life or death for
black, brown and red people as they are
the peoples most heavily impacted by
hurricanes, floods, fires, droughts and
pipeline ruptures. Eleven years ago, I went
to New Orleans after Hurricane Katrina,
joining Acupuncturists Without Borders,
a Bowdoin led effort in the acupuncture
profession, to support the healing of a city
and to bear witness. While colleges and
organizations in places and positions of
privilege contemplate the pros and cons
of divestment, people of color in places of
pre-existing economic hardship are bearing the full brunt of climate catastrophes
now in body counts and socioeconomic
disruption to their lives.
I was also in Haiti after the earthquake
in 2010, offering acupuncture and bearing witness to that countrys hardship.
Less than a month ago, Hurricane Matthew devastated that country and as of a
few days ago, over a thousand deaths have
been recorded, with 1.4 million people still
in need of humanitarian aid. Category five

hurricanes in October are the new normal

in the age of rising ocean temperatures.
In Standing Rock, N.D., Americans are
peacefully gathering even as the brutal
winter approaches, protecting the fresh
water supply of the nations heartland
from a fossil fuel industry that has employed security forces with attack dogs,
mace and brutal gestapo-like tactics. Journalists have been arrested for exposing the
ugly underbelly of tar sands oil operations
while indigenous people peacefully stand
their ground on unceded tribal lands.
I understand that you are teaching a
first year seminar on Moral Leadership
this semester at Bowdoin. This topic
could not be more timely. Please heed the
ecological and financial warnings that are
omnipresent. Urge the Trustees to divest
from fossil fuels. As you are aware, Bowdoins divestment would not impact its
ability to offer financial aid. With just over
one percent of Bowdoins endowment invested in fossil fuels, there are virtually no
financial risks to divestment, only potential gains as even credit agencies are now
questioning the viability of fossil fuel investments.
Thank you for your service to the College. I sincerely look forward to meeting you.
Jordan Van Voast is a member of the
Class of 1981.



the bowdoin orient

friday, november 4, 2016

Saying no to SWUG

Why are SWUGs typically seen

as jaded, callous women who
cant find men?
Does this term imply that boys
could never be washed-up, or
that they always have been?
The term SWUG arose after an article published by a female senior at
Cornell University. The term seeks to
normalize the idea that senior women
have aged out of the party scene and
are less attractive and less desirable,

than underclass students. By the time

they reach their last year at college, senior women are supposedly washed
up because they have no power in the
social scene. Some women, in an attempt to throw off those regulations,
employ the word SWUG to say, who
needs this whole immature college
party scene anyway?
The foundation of SWUG also rests
on the assumption that senior men have
moved on to younger women and it is
taboo for senior women to hook up with
younger men. We want to acknowledge
the heteronormative framework of the
term: while anyone of any sexuality can
identify as a SWUG, the term originates
from a framework that is inherently heteronormative, so we are analyzing it as such.
So, indeed, if we believe that the term
is coded with the patriarchal and misogynistic aspects of hookup culture, men cannot be washed-up. That is not to say that
men at Bowdoin do not experience issues
of self-confidence or that they do not
have challenges navigating the social and
hookup scene, but rather that men have a
power and privilege throughout their four
years here that women cannot access.
Is being a SWUG bad, or is it a
feminist reclamation of a formerly sexist insult?
Embodying some of the characteristics associated with SWUG isnt
bad, and some might even choose

to call it a feminist reclamation. Yet, we think it is important to break out of the

SWUG framework altogether.
Washed-up is synonymous
with irrelevant. Thus, the
term suggests that womens
place on campus is directly
tied to her relevance in the
social/hookup scene. To find
confidence in SWUG life
is to tie ones self-worth directly to their weekend-night
habits, and we believe that
were much more than that.
We have found confidence
over our time here when we
led our first club meeting,
taught our first TA session
and invited people over to
our house to cook dinner. It
is from those momentswhich have
taught us to be self-assured women
who are valued beyond our drinking
habits or party attirethat we have
learned how to be confident in our
social choices.
Each year, like clockwork, an article shows up in the Orient about
SWUGdom or SWUG life, illustrating a paradise of not-giving-a-shit.
These columns would have you believe that confidence is amorphous
and is thrust upon you senior year
a rite of passage reserved for senior
women. We urge the women on this
campus to fight against this illusion.

In The Feminist Manifestos most

recent column, authors Hayley Nicholas 17 and Emma Roberts 17 reappropriated the term SWUG to
mean women whove come to know
[themselves] a little better. While
we applaud this show of confidence
and all conversations that occur over
pumpkin pancakes, we think that the
term SWUG contains many hidden
meanings that the article never addresses. Nicholas and Roberts bring
up a host of interesting questions,
but instead of answering them, they
paint the path to SWUGdom as a linear progression from a party-going
but unhappy first year to a confident,
sweatpants-wearing senior. We hope
to not only unpack and disrupt this
singular journey but also answer
some of the questions that the initial
article brought up along the way.

We can help foster confidence in

underclassmen by creating spaces
where women can, as Nicholas and
Roberts say, speak their minds.
As Julia Mead 16 wrote last year
in an article entitled Embracing SWUGdom, Weve shuffled
through enough male-dominated
social spaces in the last three years,
and now we say no more. We agree
wholeheartedly, but we are not content with the notion that everyone
must struggle through these seemingly mandatory three years. Instead, we urge women on this cam-

pus to create these social spaces

themselves and invite other women
in with open arms and sweatpantswelcome signs. We refuse to accept
that only senior women have the
privilege to feel at ease on this campus. We urge senior women to look
upon their younger classmates and
work to create meaningful connections between all class years. The
social scene might have labeled us
as washed-up, but know that were
jumping back in.
Jodi Kraushar and Caroline Montag
are members of the Class of 2017.

Thank you for the rejection: life as a washed-up theater kid



There are those who perform, and

there are those who perform well and
there are even those who used to performwell or notbut have since
retired, tossed their character shoes
into the trash and bid the stage goodbye. I dub this final group Theater
Kids, pre-tweens with overbites and
too much confidence, who promenade in leotards whilst repeating
16 bars of Castle on a Cloud until
the notes are almost in key. You saw
them at your elementary school, and
you probably avoided them.
To my and my parents dismay, I
am no doubt a washed-up Theater
Kid. I pride myself on having encompassed virtually every quality
of a Theater Kiddental struggles
included. From a young age, I immersed myself in musical theater,
hoping one day I would make it to the
Broadway stage (I assumed there was
only one). My parents indulged my
hobby, my athletic father weeping internally as his young, round daughter
chose tap dancing over hockey. I took
voice lessons with an opera singer,
from whom I stole weekly supplies
of mint gummies. I used any excuse
to dress up as Annie and talk about
Annie and sing songs from Annie.
My brief career in community theater
was fervent and intensive, ultimately
providing me with an alarmingly
neurotic Common App essay.
If you have ever encountered a
Theater Kid, you may have noted the
courage with which he or she speaks,
the jarring aplomb present even while
wearing a petticoat. There is a certain
self-assurance that accompanies the

triple threat of voice, dance and acting lessons. You may be a washed up
Theater Kid if you have done, or have
attempted to do, the following:
Perfected a Triple Time Step while
singing Be Our Guest in a sugar
cube costume (preferably a full-body
spandex suit under a white sparkling
Memorized the soundtrack to
Chicago but never saw the show
because the murder and the hanging
scene and general excess of lingerie
were all PG-13.
Spent a third of your life in a minivan carpool, eating chicken nuggets
and trying to belt No One Mourns
the Wicked louder than the boy next
to you.
Worn copious quantities of eyeliner, blush, hairspray, eye shadow,
foundation, mascara and lipstick all
before the age of 10and cried during its application.
Quit by age 12 due to external circumstances (a.k.a torment and/or
lack of talent).
Theater Kids differ from their
successful adult counterparts in
both talent and commitment. Theater Kids may experience false hope
around the age of eight, when they
are cast simply because they will
smile on stage while their peers will
not. Yet, the fantasy does not last forever. In fifth grade, while cleaning
my desk and quietly chanting The
Hills Are Alive, I was approached
by a small classmate who suggested I
stop singing.
Youre really bad, he said. He had
a very little head and I always felt like
he should have been born a turtle.
I was joking, I said. That wasnt
my real voice.
Yes it was, he said. Youre a bad

Then he walked away. That was

that. In middle school, I joined soccer and tried not to launch into involuntary jazz squares. My acquiescence
to peer pressure was disappointing
yet total.
StatisticallyI assumethe world
is full of washed up Theater Kidsit
has to be. There are always far too
many children in the ensemble, piled
into crowd scenes with the general
instruction to improvise. I once
participated in a version of Peter
Pan that featured over thirty Lost
Boys. Directors are often polite
enough to cast these young ensemble members with actual
names, so each feels her part
is important (common examples include City Youth or
BLANKS Daughter). There
are rarely any lines accompanying these roles, rather
the intention is to add dimension to the worldlike brush
strokes shading a portraits
nose. I am lucky to have played
a range of designated inanimate
objects (primarily utensils), a
host of animals (favorites include a
football pad-wearing lion and an elephant on trial for murder), as well as
the complex role of The Color Blue.
I often wonder where my fellow washed up Theater Kids have
gone, who they have grown up
to be. I have also often wondered:
what now? What use is this stellar annunciation, these memories
of watching colonial townswomen
swear and smoke cigarettes? Why did
I take 11 years of dance lessons? The
answers are still unclear.
Maybe Im caught up with whats
left behind, the memories of formative moments. Maybe Im regretting
insecurities. Probably, its not that

corny. I think everything ties back to

rejection. Ive learned, through theater, to fail over and over. Ive learned
to laugh at myself, and at others. How
can I possibly take myself seriously
when Ive played the role of a sugar
cube? As a senior, rejection is everywhere. The bubble of Bowdoin has
stretched and grown tense, but Ive
learned how to handle it. Humor is

crucial to my sanity.
Theater Kids lurk everywhere.
Most likely, Hamilton has brought
them out of hiding. If any are reading: lets start a massage train, suck
lozenges and watch Broadways Lost
Treasuresa 2003 ode to forgotten musicalsnarrated by Angela
Lansbury. Im also always up for Zip
Zap Zop. Because we all have time
for that.


friday, november 4, 2016

the bowdoin orient



Its time to start talking about class at Bowdoin



I grew up in central Maine, a region characterized by struggling

mill towns scattered around the state
capitol. It is a staunchly lower-middle
class area and my community, high
school, childhood friends and family
all reflect that fact. That being said, I
realize that I am more fortunate than
so many others at home and at Bowdoin. Socioeconomically and otherwise, I recognize that I am privileged
with a life much easier than most.
When I arrived at Bowdoin three

years ago, I was terrified that I

wouldnt fit in. I worried that every
one of my classmates was coming
from backgrounds of lavish private
schools or wealthy suburbs of major
cities. I thought I would be outed
and ostracized academically and
sociallya product of a small public
school in central Maine. I thought
my peers would be able to sense my
background, silently and immediately agreeing upon my inferiority.
To my great pleasure, this was not
the case. Bowdoin students are welcoming and kind, thoughtful and
respectful. The people I have met at
Bowdoin have changed my life and I

love my friends more than I have ever

loved any group of people. I trust
them with anything. Despite this, I
feel like I have conditioned myself to
fit in, to say the safe and ignore the
inflammatory. I am afraid that any
action I take, any word I say, might
reveal my secret.
My secret is hard to keep because
life at Bowdoin is expensive. Fitting
in socially means going out to eat,
buying drinks and getting an outfit
for next weekends party theme. No
one wants to be the first year who
doesnt have a toga for Epicuria, the
College House resident who cant pay
their house dues or the junior who is

afraid they wont have enough spending money for food if they go abroad.
In order to keep my secret, I have to
handpick in which social events I
choose to participate. If I went out
to eat once last week with friends, I
might not go again for a few more
weeks. The $110 Polar Point allocation means that I will be spending
exactly $110 this semester at the CStore and Pub. Going out might have
less to do with my ambition and more
to do with the balance of my bank account.
The startling truth is that I have
no idea to what extent others are
keeping a secret like mine. I imagine

my secret is relatable to many and

only begins to scratch the surface for
others. On a campus where open dialogue is valued so highly, discussions
on class are bizarrely absent. The crux
of the issue, perhaps, is that class is so
invisible. You cannot see class based
on the way someone looks or the way
they act. Instead, our class is seen as
personal, improper for discussion.
The financial cost of having a social
life at Bowdoin is too important to
continue being taboo. The conversation has to start somewhere. Lets
make it start now.
Spencer Shagoury is a member of
the Class of 2017.

oritized foremost by Google when

assessing applicants. The balance of
coders and engineers with liberal arts
devotees build[s] great societies, great
organizations, Bock told columnist
Tom Friedman.
We have all heard critical talking
points of the liberal arts. Is a liberal arts
degree a one-way road to unemployment? Are the humanities worth saving, and if so, is a Bowdoin education
worth the hefty tuition charges? For
all of the Colleges academic strengths,
even Bowdoins approach to the liberal has a tendency to approach the
humanities and STEM concentrations
in a divisive manner: peers label you as
one of the two by freshman year and
Bowdoin has two separate libraries for
the humanities and sciences. Yet, the
Colleges faculty and students are also

involved in initiatives merging the two

fields and Bowdoin funding must continue to advocate for this integration
in academia.
Five hundred Bowdoin students are
months away from graduatingsome
of us will have a job or graduate school
plans in hand, and others will be figuring it out. Niches celebration of the liberal arts values and its place in education cannot be understated. Regardless
of ones major or interest in Silicon Valley, Jobs celebrated values ring loudly
for those committed to the liberal arts:
holistic thinking, elite problem solving
skills and expressing yourself effectively are critical in the workforce. Its
about Think[ing] different to seize
lifes opportunities.
Gabriel Frankel is a member of the
Class of 2017.

Employing the liberal arts



Polar Bear Nation scored a surprising and feel-good victory this fall,
and no, it wasnt on the gridiron. The
educational review company, Niche,
ranked Bowdoin as not only the best
liberal arts school, but also the nations
seventh best overall higher education
institution. Students and alumni celebrated the news on Facebooknot
only had we finally dethroned Amherst
and Williams, but were also ranked
ahead of schools such as Columbia
and UPenn, Ivy League universities.
As a senior, its reassuring to know
that my future liberal arts diploma is
appreciating nicely in the public eye.
But upon the publishing of the rankings, I couldnt help but think back to
my Admitted Students Weekend visit
in the spring of 2013. All the talk of the
Bowdoin bubble was a scathing, 360page critique of Bowdoin from the National Association of Scholars accusing
the College of embodying everything
wrong with a liberal arts education.
The findings of the report, entitled
What Does Bowdoin Teach?, were a
slap in the face for thousands of students and professors who have found
personal fulfillment, moral purpose
and career success because of their
Bowdoin journey.
Bowdoin and other elite liberal arts
schools offer an extensive list of distinguished alumni as leading figures across
a wide range of professional fields. Yet,
I cannot think of stronger testament to
the liberal arts power to shape a life than
Reed College dropout Steve Jobs, the
Apple and Pixar mastermind who passed
away five years ago this past October.
Steve Jobs contribution to the liberal arts through his loyalty to innovation and the unconventional speaks to
his genius. Jobs dropped out of Reed,
an Oregon liberal arts school, his freshman year but continued to audit a calligraphy class. The Macintosh, released

in 1984, would be the first computer

to feature superior typographyJobs
directly credits that calligraphy class
with the Macs multiple typefaces and
proportionally spaced fonts. Jobs was
never a wunderkind programmer,
engineer or designer, but a visionary
guided by advocacy for the humanities
and arts in the tech world.
From the first Mac to the most recent model, the computer continues
to be the go-to product for creative,
literary and academic professionals
and dreamers. Apples celebration of
sleek design and clean aesthetic, userprioritized programming, eye-popping
graphics as well as multidisciplinary
features reflect the humanistic approach that drives Apple to be in a different league from its competitors. Jobs
spoke of Apples approach to success in
2010: Its technology married with liberal arts, married with the humanities,
that yields the results that make our
hearts sing. Flawless execution of the
smallest details was key to Jobs grand
vision. Apple appealed to us to Think
different in a popularized 1990s advertising campaign featuring the images of historical figures from Bob Dylan
to Muhammad Ali and Alfred Hitchcock. The historic campaigns words
(deliberately grammatically incorrect)
and image were a turning point for the
company, merging the interests of creative and tech in a call-to-action that
anyone could connect with.
Jobs success at Pixar was another
critical step in his liberal arts journey.
His purchase of the Computer Graphics Division from George Lucas in 1986
would form Pixar Animation Company. Ten years later, Pixar made the first
and beloved feature-length computer
animated film Toy Story. As The New
Yorker reveals, Jobs background was
in computers, but his Apple leadership
principles enabled him to transform
Pixar into a movie-making powerhouse that the studio continues to be
today. Jobs insisted during the design

of the Pixar campus that

there be a single vast
space with an atrium
at its center, instead
of three buildings.
Thus, the animators, computer
scientists and
company executives could
one another.
The tech
worlds ability to transcend
now like never
news, Bowdoin!
The headline from
a 2015 Forbes report
states, That Useless
Liberal Arts Degree Has
Become Techs Hottest
Ticket. Premier companies
from the likes of Microsoft and Yahoo to Facebook and Uber are waging
their biggest fights over young, nontechnical talent, particularly those with
backgrounds in sales and marketing.
Critical analysis and out-of-the box
thinking are valued by Silicon Valley as
a part to the larger equation of success.
A recent study from LinkedIn reveals
two out of five liberal arts graduates
work in tech. Tech companies employ
fourteen percent of liberal arts majors
at top-20 schools nationwide for their
first jobs. These numbers would be unimaginable without the lessons learned
from Steve Jobs faith in the liberal arts.
Look no further than Laszlo Bock,
senior Vice President of people operations at Google and a Pomona College
graduate. He revealed that general
cognitive abilitythe ability to learn
things and solve problemsis pri-

Bowdoin Orient


The Bowdoin Orient is a student-run weekly publication dedicated to providing news and
information relevant to the Bowdoin community. Editorially independent of the College and
its administrators, the Orient pursues such content freely and thoroughly, following professional journalistic standards in writing and reporting. The Orient is committed to serving
as an open forum for thoughtful and diverse discussion and debate on issues of interest to the
College community.

Julian Andrews
Editor in Chief


Meg Robbins
Editor in Chief
6200 College Station

Brunswick, ME 04011


Rachael Allen
Managing Editor
Managing Editor Cameron de Wet
Sarah Drumm
Managing Editor
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Managing Editor
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Associate Editor
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Creative Director

James Little
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News Editor
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Opinion Editor
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Sr. Photo Editor
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Copy Editor
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Business Manager
Vivien Lee

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the bowdoin orient

friday, november 4, 2016


"Wearing Blue: Police & the Black Lives

Matter Movement: A Conversation with
the Police & the People"

As part of Freedom Fridays, a series of discussions where

members of the Bowdoin community are free to voice their
opinions, there will be a conversation about police and
the Black Lives Matter movement. Chief Brandon Del Pozo
from Burlington, Vermont and officer Ronnell Harris from
Country Club Hills, Illinois will be invited to speak.
Shannon Room, Hubbard Hall. 3 p.m.

Meet the Bear Tones!

There will be a performance and Q&A with Bowdoin's

newest a cappella group.
Burnett House. 6:30 p.m.


Yale, Massachusetts


CUBS AND CUDDLES: Brendan Civale '17 and his buddy unwind in Sargent Gymnasium after an afternoon trick-or-treatinng at College
Houses on Sunday. Bears and Cubs is a volunteer group associated with the McKeen Center for the Common Good that pairs Bowdoin students
with children in the area. They meet every other week for an afternoon of fun on campus.

WBOR will present Boston pop-punk band Yale, Massachusetts. Student band Duck Blind will open for them.
MacMillan House, 10 p.m.


"The Army of Shadows" [L'Armee des






Investigative journalist Katie Singer will discuss the increasing energy demands of the internet and potential solutions
for this climate change issue.
Mitchell South, Thorne Hall. Noon.

Shuttles will depart from Hyde Plaza every 15 minutes to

take students to vote in the 2016 election.
Brunswick Junior High School. 7 a.m.

Election Night Results Screening Party

As part of the Francophone Film Festival, the Department

of Romance Languages and Literatures will screen the film
which gives an account of French resistance during World
War II
Kresge Auditorium, Visual Arts Center. 7 p.m.

The McKeen Center for the Common Good will host a

screening party as the results of the election come in. Food
will be provided.
David Saul Smith Union. 6:30 p.m.





There will be a spooky tour of the Longfellow House based

upon his poem, "Haunted Houses" for those 21 and older.
The tour will evoke Longfellows family members that died
in the house.
Wadsworth-Longfellow House, Portland. 6 p.m.

Elizabeth McLellan, founder and president of Partners for

World Health, a nonprofit organization dedicated to
global health care issues, will discuss international
health disparities.
Room 106, Banister Hall. 6:30 p.m.

Longfellows Haunted House





"Global Health Disparities in Our World"


Maine Food
System Innovation



Artist Talk:
Kate Gilmore


"How the Internet Aects Climate Change"


Aasif Mandvi: "Using Humor to Break

Down Stereotypes"

Actor, producer and comedian Aasif Mandvi will give the

keynote speech for No Hate November, a month-long effort
to promote inclusivity and respect on campus. Mandvi is the
creator and star of the acclaimed web-series, "Halal in the
Family," which uses humor to address
anti-muslim bigotry. He is also known
for his role as correspondent on "The Daily
Show with Jon Stewart."
David Saul Smith Union. 7:30 p.m.

Krazy Kat

Students will perform the musical based on George Herimman's comic strip that touches upon themes of existentialism, life and love. Tickets are free at the door.
Pickard Theater, Memorial Hall. 7:30 p.m.