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HTTP (80, 81 TCP-) - (HyperText Transfer Protocol

) - (
HTML,
). - . HTTP , :
1. ;
2. , ;
3. .
.
, HTTP
, - ( ) -.

HTTPS (443 TCP-)

(HyperText Transfer Protocol Secure)


HTTP SSL ( TLS).
, ,
SSL, TLS.

FTP (21/TCP , 20/TCP , 49152-65534/TCP )


, TCP-. FTP

. FTP ,
( ) .
(TCP- 21), ,
(TCP- 20).
FTP ,
. TCP ,
, , .

DNS (53/TCP, 53/UDP ) (Domain Name System)


TelNet (23/TCP ) - .
Telnet
.
. , ,
. telnet
TCP.

SSH (22/TCP ) (Secure Shell ) -


,
TCP- (, ).
, . SSH
. SSH
.

SMTP (25/TCP, 587/TCP TLS, 465/TCP SSL) (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol)-
,
SMTP ,

SMTP
.
POP (. Post Office Protocol
), IMAP (Internet Message Access Protocol).

ICMP (Internet Control Message Protocol


) , TCP/IP. ICMP
,
, , , ,
. ICMP .

POP3 (110/TCP ) - (Post Office Protocol , 3)


- ,
TCP/IP-. POP3
3 : , , .

NNTP (119/TCP, 563/TCP SSL) (Network News Transfer Protocol)- ,


. NNTP,
, .
NNTP
.
,
,
, .

NetBios (137/TCP , 138/TCP , 139/TCP


). NetBIOS : ,
, ,
,
.

SMB (TCP/UDP 445) (Server Message Block)


, ,
. :
, ,
, ,
, , ,
.

RDP (3389/TCP) (Remote Desktop Protocol )


,
. ,
, .
-.
Windows MsTsc.exe.

SNMP (161/UDP,162/UDP ) (Simple Network Management Protocol


) -
IP- TCP/UDP. SNMP
, , , , ,
.
,
.
1.SNMP - , ( )
2.SNMP - , , .
3.SNMP MIB - MIB Management information base.
, . -
.

NTP (123/UDP) (Network Time Protocol ) -



,
. NTP
.
NTP
. Microsoft Windows W32Time, Linux
Ntpd.

SSL (secure sockets layer c) -


, ,
,
. SSL ,
:
1. .
, .
2. . ,
.
3. . .

TLS (Transport Layer Security )


SSL .
1. TLS TCP, TCP.
2. TCP, (
, ,
).
3. ,
, (
).

4. ,
RSA,
-, .
5. , MAC (Message Authentication
Code), (Finished) .
6. , MAC, ,
.

MIME (Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions ) - , ,


, ,
, .
, , ,
. MIME - ,
, Word, , , ,
. MIME
, (
) , .

L2TP ( 1701/TCP, 1701/UDP ) (Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol


) - ,
. L2TP ,
IP, , ATM, X.25 Frame Relay.
L2 , OSI.
, L2TP
PPP (Point-to-Point Protocol).

PPTP ( 1723/TCP,UDP ) (Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol) -


-,
, . PPTP
() PPP IP- IP-,
. PPTP
. TCP-
. PPTP TCP,
MPPE (Microsoft Point-to-Point Encryption),
PPP RC4.

RPC ( 111/TCP,UDP ) (Remote Procedure Call ) ,


( , )

OSI

HTTP, HTTPS, FTP, DNS, SMTP,


POP3, NNTP, SNMP, NTP, PPTP,
RPC, SMB, RDP
SSL, TSL, MIME
NetBios,
TCP, UDP
IP, TelNet, SSH, ICMP, L2TP.
L2TP