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. . .

, Autodyn Ls-Dyna

: ..
: 4-92
: ..

, 2015

1) *MAT_SOIL_CONCRETE3
2) *MAT_PSEUDO_TENSOR7
3) *MAT_WINFRITH_CONCRETE.12
4) *MAT_JOHNSON_HOLMQUIST_CONCRETE..16
5) *MAT_BRITTLE_DAMAGE....18
6) *MAT_RC_SHEAR_WALL..22
7) *MAT_CONCRETE_DAMAGE....29
8) *MAT_WINFRITH_CONCRETE_REINFORCEMENT..35
9) *MAT_CONCRETE_BEAM..37
10) *MAT_RHT...40
11) .....48

*MAT_SOIL_CONCRETE
78.
:

, ,

).
.
, ,
.
(LCYP) ,
, ,

F(p) ,
, J2
:


, :

B,

0.0 1.0,

f,

, . 1.

1. .
b = ,

= ,
,

= ,
.

, (. . 2).

-.

.
.


(. . 3)
4

2. .

3.


MID

RO

LCPV

.
. ,
,

.
LCYP

:
> 0: ,
< 0: J2 ; .
LCFP

. B>0.0.
LCRP

. B>0.0.
PC

()

OUT

= 0: ,
= 1: .
B

(. . 1)

FAIL

= 0: ,
=1: ,
,
6

= 2: ,
.

*MAT_PSEUDO_TENSOR
16.

, .
.
, ,

.
N1
.
1.

, -
, 4. ,
LS-DYNA
1 3 ,
,

- ,

.


100 ( 1.5*106 psi).

4. - .
1 , a0, a1, a2, b1, a0f
a1f .
5 6,
7 8.
, ,
,
.

, a1f 1/3,
;
3p, p
( ).
,
(1)
(cut). , 1> cut ,
,
, 20
. .
cut .

II.


, . .
, .

5. 2- .
II. A:
a0, a1, a2, b1, a0f a1f 5
8.
,
(1) (cut).
, 1> cut
, , ,
20
.
9

II.B:

a0, a1, a2, b1, a0f a1f 5 . 8,


,
. LS-DYNA
,

max failed , 7.
,
.
, .
II.C:

,
,
, .
"" .
,
"". :

a0, a1, a2, b1, a0f a1f. 5 - 8


,
:

.
10


MID

. .

RO

PR

SIGF

)
A0

A1

A2

A0F

A1F

B1

PER

ER

PRR

SIGY
ETAN /
LCP

, . *DEFINE_CURVE.
LCR

, .

YS


[5] MAT_PSEUDO_TENSOR.



.
11

LS-DYNA,
.

*MAT_WINFRITH_CONCRETE
84 85,
.

. 8-

.
.
.
Fortran
.
;

.
, .
,
, 1 -
, :

, K - , :

12

, Es - , ,
-

()

-1/K

1.00xp1

-0.002

1.50xp1

-0.004

3.00xp1

-0.010

4.80xp1

-0.020

6.00xp1

-0.030

7.50xp1

-0.041

9.45xp1

-0.051

11.55xp1

-0.062

14.25xp1

-0.094

25.05xp1

1. ,
, .
,
, .

:
q=crf,

crf (,

q=DYNCRCK).

13

LS-TAURUS
,
.
:
q=crf,

crf (,

q=DYNCRCK).
cracks w, "time" "state",
,
"view" "draw"
.

"w"

, w, ..

. w=1,

.

MID
RO

TM

( )

PR

UCS

UTS

FE

RATE:

RATE = 0:

(,

, )
RATE = 1:
,
, ,
14

ASIZE

()

YS

EH

UELONG

RATE

:
= 0.0: ( 84); ,
= 1.0: ( 85).

CONM > 0: ( ) :

= -1:
= -2:
= -3:
= -4:
= -5:

CONL

, , -*2/, , ,
, , , , ,
, , , , ,
, , , , ,
, , , , .
CONM > 0,

; CONL
CONT

CONM > 0,

; CONL
EPS1,.....

( ), .

. 8 .

. ,
(0.0, 0.0)

9 .
P1, P2,..PN

,
15

*MAT_JOHNSON_HOLMQUIST_CONCRETE
111.
,
,

,
.

,
.

- ,

D - ,

- .
,
,

16

-
, D1 D2 - ,
- .

, K1, K2 K3 - ,

lock - .

17

6. , .

MID

RO

FC

EPS0
EFMIN

SFMAX
PC

UC
PL

UL
D1

D2

K1


18

K2

K3

FS

*MAT_BRITTLE_DAMAGE
96.
,
,
.
, .

J2,

.
:
1. E ,
.
2. ,
.
3. fn ()
. -
, ,

. ,
,
. ,
19

,
.

, ,

n - , - , H - ,
- . H ;
.

gc

, , 2%

,
. ,
, 5.
4. fs - ,
.
,

. ,
,
20

, .
5.

gc - .

.
6.

- .


* fs.
7. .
.

,
,
.
8.

y - .


J2

s - . ,
.
, (1)
, (2) ,
, (3)
(.. ). ,
21

.
:

.
: E=3.15*106 /2, fn=450 /2, fs=2100 /2, =
0.2, gc= 0.8

*/, =0.03, = 0.0 / 2-, y = 4200

/2. 104
106 /(2c). ,
,
.
: ,

,

MID

. .

RO

PR .

TLIMIT

SLIMIT

FTOUGH
SRETEN
VISC

FRA_RF


22

E_RF

YS_RF

EH_RF

FS_RF

()

SIGY

=0: .

*MAT_RC_SHEAR_WALL
194.
.

, ,

.

, .

: , .

-,

.
, .

23

,
x-y (txy).
,
,

45

, txy . ,

.
, X 1 2 .
AOPT>0.
TMAX ,

(), 1997, 1921.6.5:
max shear stress (UBC) = Vu/Acv = uconv.alpha.sqrt(fc=) + ro.fy,

uconv = , 0,083 (MN)


Alpha = ,
= 2.0 , h/l < 2,0

2.0 h/l=2,0 3,0 h/l=1.5.

Fc = ;
ro = = / 100 ;
fy = .

:
tmax = () + sig0,

24

sig0 =


(, ,
), 50% .
:
tmax = a1*2.7*(1.9-M/LV)*UCONV*sqrt(fc=) + ro*fy*0.5 + sig0,
a1 = max((0.4 + Ac/Aw),1.0),
Ac/Aw = /
,
M/LV = (/)
, .
: tmax
1, .
, ,
,

50%.
, ,
, ,
ARUP:
, (yu) = 0,0048
( ) 0,3tu,
=0,3tu/G
G , E/2(1+v)
25

( ) 0,5yu, 0,8tmax
( ) yu, tmax
( ) 2yu, tmax
() 3yu, 0,6tmax.
, .
,
. ,
,
, .
(Shiga).
A,B,C,D,E ,
.

x y.

. :
1.

1.
2. x y,
ft ( ,
8% ).

( ,
).
3. (
).

26

/.
-
1.

. , fc=,
% fy.

MID

. .

RO

PR

TMAX . , LSDYNA tmax


, 2. . .
Fc= (
; )
PREF

, , 1,2%, 1.2

FYIELD
SIG0 (
)
. sig0 .
UCONV .

27

UCONV = SQRT(1 . ).
,
SQRT(fc=) fc= . .
sqrt( . /
).
:
UCONV = 0.083 - MN/m2 N/mm2
UCONV = 83.3 - N/m2
ALPHA . .
FT .
8% .
ERIENF .
.
A , .
B , .
C , .
D , .
E , .
F .
, F
.
F=1,0 (
).
F=0,5 ,
.
28

Y1,Y2...Y5 . 1.
T1,T2...T5 . 1.
AOPT :
= 0.0: ,
.
= 2.0: ,
.
= 3.0: .
,
,
v,
.
XP,YP,ZP p AOPT = 1.
A1,A2,A3 a AOPT = 2.
V1,V2,V3 v AOPT = 3.
D1,D2,D3 d AOPT = 2.

*MAT_CONCRETE_DAMAGE
72.

, .
[3] :

29

7
.

()

,
.
3 :
1) . -
;
.
2)

, (
)
3) ,
, .
4) ,

7. -
.

30


.
.
,
, ,
, 20 , 8.

, .
, kk / 3,
;
,
, .
,
, 400 ,
8 400 , ..

8.
31


: .
,
.

, ,
, , , . ,
,
.

.
,
,
. , 8,
,
,
.
, . , ,
.
, , .. 1 2 = 3,

, .. 2 = 3 1.
,
, .
:

32

f1 , a0
, ,
. fc= 45.6
f1' 3.8 . 12 1
.
:

SD ; a0, a1,
a2

.

RO
PR
SIGF
A0
A1
A2
A0Y
A1Y
A2Y
A1F
A2F
B1
B2

B3

33

PER
ER
MID

RO

PR

SIGF

A0

A1

A2

A0Y

A1Y

A2Y

A1F

A2F

B1

B2

B3

PER

ER

PRR

SIGY


34

ETAN

LCP


LCR

= 0.0

.
.

*MAT_WINFRITH_CONCRETE_REINFORCEMENT
84 .
,

.

( ).
[6]
,
.
35

,
,
LS - Prepost.

a, b, k1, k2
.
( = 60), ( = 0),
( = 0) ( = 60) .

EID1

EID2

INC

XR

X ( ,

x)
YR

Y ( ,

y)
36

ZR

Z ( ,

z)
PID

AXIS

, :

= 1: A B Y Z
= 2: A B Z X
= 3: A B X Y
COOR

:
X, AXIS=1;
Y, AXIS=2;
Z, AXIS=3.

RQA

(A)

RQB

(B)

:

.
1, 2.
,
:
1 .
2
PID (),
AXIS COOR

37

*MAT_CONCRETE_BEAM
195 .


. . . ,

.
-

ETAN. ETAN

. ,

(LCSS),

.
I.

38

II. (LCSR)

.
III.

(LCSS).

MID

. .

RO

PR

SIGY
ETAN ; , (LCSS.<0).
FAIL - :
>0.0:

,
=0.0: . ,
,
.
<0.0: .
, .
TDEL

C C, .
P

P, .
39

LCSS .

. ,
EPS1-EPS8 ES1-ES8.
,
.


. : C
P.
LCSR


NOTEN - :
=0: ,
=1: ,
=2:
TENCUT
SDR

*MAT_RHT
-, ,
.
,
40

.
.
-
.

9. -

,
.
. ,
,
1.

.
10.

41

10. .
RHT 3 .
, 3 :

- a0f = 0 .
.
,

:

42

(),

.

,


() .
.
:

(, ) = (ft, 0) (, ) = (-ft/3, ft)


. - ()

43

fc
, .
. ,
(1, 2, 3) = (0, f c, fc), 1,15.
,
- .

11. 3D .
,
, .
,


. ,

.

44

-
( ).

t. Pe1 , Pcomp
, N .

.

:

,
:

45

MID
RO
SHEAR
ONEMPA 1
EPSF
B0 EOS
B1 EOS
T1 EOS
A
N N
FC
FS*
FT*
Q0
46

B
T2 EOS
E0C
E0T
ET
BETAC (
)
BETAT
( )
PFC
GC*
GT*
XI
D1
D2
EPM
AF
NF
GAMMA
A1
A2
A3
47

PEL
PCO
NP
ALPHA


1. LS-DYNA Theory manual, march 2006.
2. LS-DYNA Keyword users manual, vol. 1, 2, march 2001, version 960.
3. Schwer, L.E., and Malvar, L.J., "Simplified Concrete Modeling
with *MAT_CONCRETE_DAMAGE_REL3," JRI LS-DYNA User Week,
Nagoya, Japan, November, 2005.
48

4. Dr. Werner Riedel Fraunhofer Institut fur Kurzzeitdynamik, Ernst-MachInstitut Freiburg, Germany, THE RHT CONCRETE MODEL IN LS-DYNA
8 th European LS-DYNA Users Conference, Strasbourg - May 2011.
5. G. Mitchell, M. Tolnai, V. Gokani, R. Picn, S. Yang, R. E. Klingner, E.B.
Williamson Design of Retrofit Vehicular Barriers Using Mechanical Anchors
Texas Department of Transportation Research and Technology Implementation
6. Concrete Constitutive Models Youcai Wu, John E. Crawford, Joseph M.
Magallanes, 12th International LS-DYNA Users Conference.
7. Survey of Four Damage Models for Concrete , Rebecca M. Brannon and
Seubpong Leelavanichkul, Department of Mechanical Engineering University of
Utah

49