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Cornell Notes

Topic/Objective: Biochemistry

Name: Deonnie Mosley


Class/Period: 6
Date: 11/5

Essential Question:: How does the structure of macromolecules affect their utilization in the
body?

Questions:
L1-What is a diet?
`

L2- compare and


contrast anabolism
and catabolism.

Notes:
Biochemistry- chemistry that deals with chemical compounds and
processes occurring in organisms.
Surface tension- produces by force of attraction between water
molecules
Cohesion- hydrogen bonds between molecules of same substance
Adhesion- attraction between molecules of different substances
Solvent- what does the dissolving
Solute- what dissolves
Polymer- large molecule consisting of many identical monomers
Monomer- subunit that serves as building block of polymer
Carbohydrates- main source of energy for living things, mainly
consisting of sugars and starches
Lipids- fats, oils and waxes, provide energy for cells, cell structure,
and insulation
Proteins- amino acids, used for growth, repair of skin, muscle, and
bone, helps make energy to speed up bodily reactions
Nucleic acids- nucleotides, used to store and transmit genetic info
Diet- sum of food consumed by an organism or group
my diet
fruits- 2 cups
grains- 8 ounces
veggies-3 cups
protein- 6.5 ounces

Dairy

Fruits

Vegetabl
es
Summary:

Grain
s

Protei
n

Questions:
L3- how are
anabolism and
catabolism related
to endo and
exothermic
reactions?
L3- what would
happen if an
allosteric inhibitor
bound to the edge
of an enzyme?
L4- what info can
you gather to
support the idea of
enzymes being
both anabolic and
catabolic?

Notes:
Metabolism- All the physical and chemical activities in your body that use or convert energy
Anabolism- 2 small molecules join to become 1 big molecule, take
in energy
Catabolism- 1 big molecule broken into 2 small molecules, release
energy
Enzyme-proteins made by ribosomes that speed up chemical
reactions in the body
Substrate- reactant in enzyme, connects through active site
Active site- where enzyme metabolizes substrate
Exothermic reaction- heat is released, often happens quickly or
spontaneously
Endothermic reaction- heat is absorbed, has to have large input of
energy
Inhibitor- something that stops enzyme from working, can be noncompetitive(allosteric) or competitive
Inhibitors that are allosteric bind to the body of the enzymes
making it slightly change shape and making the substrate
unable to go to the active site. Inhibitors that are competitive take
the substrates place in active site making it so the substrate
has nowhere to go.
Substrat
e

Competitive

Substrate

Inhibitor

Enzym
e
Normal ^
Inhibitor

Enzym

< Allosteric
Enzym
e

Substrat
e

Summary: Enzymes are used to speed up chemical reactions in the body. They do this by anabolizing or catabolizing
substrates that enter their active site. There are times when an enzyme cant make these chemical reactions happen
because the active site is occupied by an inhibitor or because an inhibitor has caused it to change shape. If this happens,
then the enzyme cant do its job and is unable to process chemical reactions. If an enzyme isnt functioning then your body
will not be able to function properly because they need this protein to work to allow their body to be healthy.