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Proprietary Use pursuant to Company instruction

Alcatel-Lucent 1830
PHOTONIC SERVICE SWITCH | Release 1.1.0
ENGINEERING AND PLANNING TOOL USER GUIDE

Alcatel-Lucent Internal
Proprietary Use pursuant to Company instruction

PN 8DG59474 GAAA
ISSUE 2
APRIL 2009

Proprietary Use pursuant to Company instruction

Legal notice

Alcatel, Lucent, Alcatel-Lucent and the Alcatel-Lucent logo are trademarks of Alcatel-Lucent. All other trademarks are the property of their
respective owners.
The information presented is subject to change without notice. Alcatel-Lucent assumes no responsibility for inaccuracies contained herein.
Copyright 2009 Alcatel-Lucent. All rights reserved.
Contains proprietary/trade secret information which is the property of Alcatel-Lucent and must not be made available to, or copied or used by
anyone outside Alcatel-Lucent without its written authorization.
Not to be used or disclosed except in accordance with applicable agreements.
Conformance statements

Interference Information: Part 15 of FCC Rules


Security statement

In rare instances, unauthorized individuals make connections to the telecommunications network through the use of remote access features. In
such an event, applicable tariffs require that the customer pay all network charges for traffic. Alcatel-Lucent cannot be responsible for such
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Limited warranty

For terms and conditions of sale, contact your Alcatel-Lucent Account Team.
Ordering Information

For more ordering information, refer to How to order in the section titled About this document.

Alcatel-Lucent Internal
Proprietary Use pursuant to Company instruction

Contents
About this document
Purpose

...........................................................................................................................................................................................

Intended Audience

......................................................................................................................................................................

How to Use this Information Product


Conventions

xv

.................................................................................................................................................................................

xv

..................................................................................................................................................................

Information product support


Technical support
How to order

.................................................................................................................................................

xvi
xvi

.....................................................................................................................................................................

xvii

.............................................................................................................................................................................

xvii

.......................................................................................................

xvii

........................................................................................................................

xvii

Packaging collection and recovery requirements


Recycling/take-back/disposal of product
How to comment

....................................................................................................................................................................

xviii

Introduction
......................................................................................................................................................................................

1-1

.........................................................................................................................................................................................

1-2

Overview
Features

Functionality

...............................................................................................................................................................................

The EPT Interface


2

xv

................................................................................................................................

Related information

xv

..................................................................................................................................................................

1-8

1-11

Installation and Startup


Overview

......................................................................................................................................................................................

Required Equipment

................................................................................................................................................................

Installing the EPT on a PC


Uninstalling the EPT

2-1
2-2

...................................................................................................................................................

2-3

...............................................................................................................................................................

2-5

Launching the EPT Application

..........................................................................................................................................

2-6

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
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Contents
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Closing the EPT Application


3

...............................................................................................................................................

2-9

......................................................................................................................................................................................

3-1

EPT User Interface


Overview

Introduction

.................................................................................................................................................................................

Menus and Tool Bar

................................................................................................................................................................

3-3

..............................................................................................................................................................

3-8

................................................................................................................................................................................

3-9

Selection Information
Map Legend

3-2

Network Design
Overview

......................................................................................................................................................................................

.................................................................................................................................................................................

4-2

................................................................................................................................................................................................

4-4

Introduction
Sites

4-1

Network Elements

..................................................................................................................................................................

Network Parameters

..............................................................................................................................................................

4-11
4-20

Nodes ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 4-29


Segments
Spans

....................................................................................................................................................................................

4-37

...........................................................................................................................................................................................

4-44

Glass-Throughs ........................................................................................................................................................................ 4-46


Site-Specific Information
5

4-47

Traffic Design
Overview
Links

......................................................................................................................................................................................

5-1

..............................................................................................................................................................................................

5-2

Commissioning File
WDM Demands

..............................................................................................................................................................

5-20

......................................................................................................................................................................

5-26

Virtual WDM Demands


6

....................................................................................................................................................

.......................................................................................................................................................

5-44

Design Automation and Verification


Overview

......................................................................................................................................................................................

6-1

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
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Contents
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Run Design

..................................................................................................................................................................................

...................................................................................................................................................

6-4

..........................................................................................................................................................................

6-6

Running Design Increment


Verify Network

..............................................................................................................................................................

6-8

......................................................................................................................................................................................

7-1

Selecting a Price File


7

6-2

Reports
Overview

Introduction

.................................................................................................................................................................................

.........................................................................................................................................................

7-3

...............................................................................................................................................................

7-6

Equipment View Report


Network Information

.................................................................................................................................................

7-7

...................................................................................................................................................................................

7-8

Network Parameters Report


Site Report

7-2

Fiber Report
Link Report

................................................................................................................................................................................

...............................................................................................................................................................................

OA and DCM Report

7-10

............................................................................................................................................................

7-11

..................................................................................................................................................................

7-13

..............................................................................................................................................................................

7-15

Installation Report
Shelf Report

7-9

WDM Demands Report

.......................................................................................................................................................

WDM Demand Routing Report


Virtual Demand Report

.......................................................................................................................................

7-18

........................................................................................................................................................

7-21

Commissioning Systems Report

......................................................................................................................................

7-22

......................................................................................................................................................

7-23

..........................................................................................................................................................

7-25

.........................................................................................................................................................................

7-26

Bill of Materials Report


Physical Layer Report
Card Inventory

7-16

Power Commissioning

.........................................................................................................................................................

7-27

Design Status Details

..........................................................................................................................................................

7-29

Glossary

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
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Contents
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Index

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
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List of tables
2-1

Minimum PC Requirements

.................................................................................................................................

2-2

3-1

File Menu Descriptions

..........................................................................................................................................

3-3

3-2

Action Menu Descriptions

....................................................................................................................................

3-4

3-3

Reports Menu Descriptions

..................................................................................................................................

3-5

3-4

Help Menu Descriptions

........................................................................................................................................

3-6

3-5

Toolbar Icon Descriptions

3-6

Site Icon Descriptions

4-1

Site Parameters

4-2

Network Element Parameters

4-3

Network Parameters

4-4

Node Parameters

4-5

Segment Parameters

5-1

DWDM Link Parameters

5-2

Link Attributes Selection Parameters

5-3

CWDM Link Parameters

5-4

Single Channel Link Parameters

5-5

.....................................................................................................................................

..........................................................................................................................................

3-7

3-10

..........................................................................................................................................................

4-6

............................................................................................................................

4-12

..............................................................................................................................................

4-21

....................................................................................................................................................

4-30

..............................................................................................................................................

4-38

......................................................................................................................................

...............................................................................................................

....................................................................................................................................

5-4
5-6

5-12

.....................................................................................................................

5-15

WDM Demand Parameters

................................................................................................................................

5-27

5-6

WDM Demand Parameters

................................................................................................................................

5-37

5-7

Virtual Demand Parameters

...............................................................................................................................

5-45

5-8

Any-to-Any Virtual Demand Parameters

6-1

Verify Network Parameters

.....................................................................................................

5-52

..................................................................................................................................

6-7

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
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List of figures
1-1

EPT User Interface

2-1

License Error Window

2-2

1830 EPT Desktop Icon

2-3

Confirmation Window (Confirm Uninstall)

2-4

Confirmation Window (Successful Uninstall)

2-5

EPT Legal Notice

2-6

EPT Startup

2-7

Warning Window (Exiting EPT)

3-1

File Menu

3-2

Action Menu

3-3

Reports Menu

3-4

Help Menu

3-5

Information Tab (closed)

3-6

Network Map

4-1

Design Options Window

4-2

Site Icon (Unequipped)

4-3

................................................................................................................................................

1-11

...........................................................................................................................................

........................................................................................................................................

...................................................................................................

2-4
2-4
2-5

..............................................................................................

2-5

.....................................................................................................................................................

2-7

.................................................................................................................................................................

2-8

.....................................................................................................................

2-10

....................................................................................................................................................................

...............................................................................................................................................................

3-3
3-4

.............................................................................................................................................................

3-5

...................................................................................................................................................................

3-6

.......................................................................................................................................

3-8

.............................................................................................................................................................

3-9

........................................................................................................................................

4-2

..........................................................................................................................................

4-4

Site Icon (Equipped)

...............................................................................................................................................

4-4

4-4

Site Details Window

................................................................................................................................................

4-5

4-5

Site Details

................................................................................................................................................................

4-9

4-6

Warning Window (Delete Site)

4-7

Create Network Element Window

4-8

Add Node Details (PSS-1)

4-9

Network Element Details Window

........................................................................................................................

4-10

..................................................................................................................

4-11

.................................................................................................................................

4-13

.................................................................................................................

4-15

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List of figures
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

4-10

Shelf Details Window

..........................................................................................................................................

4-16

4-11

Network Elements

................................................................................................................................................

4-18

4-12

Warning Window (Delete NE)

.........................................................................................................................

4-19

4-13

Network Parameters Window

..........................................................................................................................

4-20

4-14

Add Node Window (PSS-32)

............................................................................................................................

4-29

4-15

Schematic View of Node

....................................................................................................................................

4-31

4-16

WDM Line Icon on Schematic Window

4-17

Icon Selection on Schematic Window

4-18

Node Icon Shortcut

4-19

Warning Window (Unsaved Schematic)

4-20

Run Design Icon

4-21

Node List

4-22

Warning Window (Delete Node)

4-23

Create Segment Window

4-24

Segment Connection

4-25

Segments

4-26

Warning Window (Delete One Segment)

4-27

Warning Window (Delete Multiple Segments)

4-28

Spans

4-29

Span Details

4-30

Glass-Throughs

4-31

Site-Specific Information

5-1

Create DWDM Link Window

5-2

Link Attributes Selection Window

5-3

Link Attributes Selection Window (ILA and Glassthrough)

5-4

Create CWDM Link Window

5-5

Create Single Channel Link Window

......................................................................................................

4-32

...........................................................................................................

4-32

...............................................................................................................................................

4-33

.......................................................................................................

4-33

....................................................................................................................................................

4-34

...................................................................................................................................................................

4-35

.....................................................................................................................

4-36

....................................................................................................................................

4-38

.............................................................................................................................................

4-41

..................................................................................................................................................................

4-42

.....................................................................................................

4-42

..........................................................................................

4-43

...........................................................................................................................................................................

4-44

.............................................................................................................................................................

.......................................................................................................................................................

....................................................................................................................................

4-45
4-46
4-47

.............................................................................................................................

....................................................................................................................

..................................................................

...........................................................................................................................

............................................................................................................

5-3
5-6
5-9

5-11
5-14

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List of figures
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

5-6

Links

5-7

DWDM Link Details Window

.........................................................................................................................

5-17

5-8

CWDM Link Details Window

..........................................................................................................................

5-18

5-9

Warning Window (Delete Link)

5-10

Menu Selection to Create System

5-11

System Details Window

5-12

System Error Message

5-13

Create Commissioning Files Window

5-14

Systems

5-15

Warning Window (Delete System)

5-16

..........................................................................................................................................................................

.......................................................................................................................

5-16

5-19

...................................................................................................................

5-21

......................................................................................................................................

5-22

.........................................................................................................................................

5-22

...........................................................................................................

5-23

......................................................................................................................................................................

5-24

.................................................................................................................

5-25

Create WDM Demand Window

.......................................................................................................................

5-26

5-17

Create WDM Demand Window

.......................................................................................................................

5-33

5-18

Create WDM Demand Window

.......................................................................................................................

5-34

5-19

Create WDM Demand Window

.......................................................................................................................

5-35

5-20

Warning Window (Delete WDM Demand Route)

5-21

WDM Demand Routing Window

5-22

WDM Demand Routing Solutions Window (Forced Regeneration)

5-23

OT Selection Window

5-24

WDM Demands

5-25

Warning Window (Delete WDM Demand)

5-26

Create Virtual Demand Window

5-27

Virtual Demands

5-28

Warning Window (Delete Virtual Demand)

5-29

Create Any-to-Any Virtual WDM Demands Window

5-30

ALL Demands

6-1

Design Status Window

6-2

Design Completed Window (Success)

...................................................................................

5-39

....................................................................................................................

5-40

................................................

5-41

..........................................................................................................................................

5-41

....................................................................................................................................................

5-43

.................................................................................................

5-43

......................................................................................................................

5-44

...................................................................................................................................................

5-50

................................................................................................

5-51

............................................................................

5-52

.......................................................................................................................................................

5-54

...........................................................................................................................................

.............................................................................................................

6-2
6-2

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
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List of figures
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

6-3

Design Completed Window (Failure)

..............................................................................................................

6-3

6-4

Design Phase Window

............................................................................................................................................

6-4

6-5

Design Options Window

........................................................................................................................................

6-4

6-6

Verify Network Window

........................................................................................................................................

6-6

6-7

Network Verification Window

6-8

Pricing Options Window

7-1

Software License Agreement

7-2

Equipment View

7-3

Equipment View Close-Up

7-4

Network Information Window

7-5

Network Parameters Report

7-6

Site Report

7-7

Fiber Report

................................................................................................................................................................

7-8

Link Report

..............................................................................................................................................................

7-9

OA and DCM Report

7-10

OA and DCM Report (Scrolled)

7-11

Installation Report

7-12

Shelf Report

7-13

WDM Demands Report

7-14

WDM Demands Report (Scrolled)

7-15

WDM Demand Routing Report

7-16

WDM Demand Routing Report (Scrolled)

.................................................................................................

7-19

7-17

WDM Demand Routing Report (Scrolled)

.................................................................................................

7-20

7-18

Virtual Demand Report

........................................................................................................................................

7-21

7-19

Systems Report

.......................................................................................................................................................

7-22

7-20

Bill of Materials Report

7-21

Physical Layer Report

.............................................................................................................................

6-7

.......................................................................................................................................

6-8

...............................................................................................................................

7-3

........................................................................................................................................................

7-4

.................................................................................................................................

7-5

............................................................................................................................

7-6

.................................................................................................................................

7-7

...................................................................................................................................................................

7-8

...........................................................................................................................................

7-9

7-10
7-11

......................................................................................................................

7-12

.................................................................................................................................................

7-14

.............................................................................................................................................................

7-15

.......................................................................................................................................

7-16

.................................................................................................................

7-17

.......................................................................................................................

7-18

......................................................................................................................................

7-24

..........................................................................................................................................

7-25

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
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List of figures
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

7-22

Card Inventory Report

7-23

Power Commissioning Report

..........................................................................................................................

7-27

7-24

Design Status Details Window

.........................................................................................................................

7-29

.........................................................................................................................................

7-26

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About this document


About this document

Purpose

The 1830 PSS Engineering and Planning Tool User Guide provides a detailed
description of the EPT application and how to use it for network design.
Intended Audience

EPT users are Customer Capacity Planning Organizations, Customer Route Planners,
Customer and Alcatel-Lucent Network Designers. They will use this tool to design the
network equipment configurations and to design traffic services through the network.
In summary, this guide is intended for individuals responsible for:

network designs

pre-sales technical support and engineering

installation and turn-up


technical support

customer capacity planning organizations

customer route planning

How to Use this Information Product

This document is divided into seven chapters. Refer to the Contents section to locate
specific information by chapter.
Conventions

The following conventions are used in this document:


Parameter

Allowed Values

Bold typeface

Identifies menu selections and command


names.

Constant-width typeface

Identifies keyboard input and system


generated responses.

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About this document


....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Parameter

Allowed Values

Italic typeface

Denotes titles of documents, filenames,


and directories. Also used in decision
tables.

<>

Represents variable text input that the user


enters, or variable text output.

Related information

The Alcatel-Lucent 1830 PSS Engineering and Planning Tool User Guide is part of a
set of documents that support the 1830 PSS system. The following items are available:
Document Number

Document Title

8DG59474 AAAA

Alcatel-Lucent 1830 PSS-32 Product Information and


Planning Guide, Release 1.1.0

8DG59474 BAAA

Alcatel-Lucent 1830 PSS-32 User Provisioning Guide,


Release 1.1.0

8DG 59474 MAAA

Alcatel-Lucent 1830 PSS-1 GBE Edge Device User Guide,


Release 1.1.0

8DG59474 DAAA

Alcatel-Lucent 1830 PSS-32 CLI Command Guide, Release


1.1.0

8DG59474 CAAA

Alcatel-Lucent 1830 PSS-32 TL1 Command Guide, Release


1.1.0

8DG59474 KAAA

Alcatel-Lucent 1830 PSS-32 Installation and System Turn-up


Guide, Release 1.1.0

8DG59474 HAAA

Alcatel-Lucent 1830 PSS-32 Safety Guide, Release 1.1.0

8DG59474 EAAA

Alcatel-Lucent 1830 PSS-32 Maintenance and


Trouble-Clearing Guide, Release 1.1.0

8DG59474 JAAA

Alcatel-Lucent 1354 RM-PhM Release 6.0 Photonic


Manager Provisioning Guide, Release 1.1.0

8DG59475 AAAA

Alcatel-Lucent 1830 PSS Documentation CD-ROM, Release


1.1.0

Information product support

Alcatel-Lucent provides a referral telephone number for document support. Use this
number to report errors or to ask questions about the document. This is a non-technical
number. The referral number is 1 (888) 727 3615 (continental United States) or +1
(630) 713 5000 (for all countries).
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About this document


....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Technical support

For technical support, contact your local customer support team. Reach them via the
web at http://alcatel-lucent.com/support at or the telephone number listed under the
Technical Assistance Center menu at http://www.alcatel-lucent.com/contact.
How to order

To order Alcatel-Lucent documents and courses, use the following websites, or the
e-mail, phone, and fax contacts linked from Contact Uson the following sites:
Documentation:
http://www.lucentdocs.com/
Training:
http://training.lucent.com/
Packaging collection and recovery requirements

Countries, states, localities, or other jurisdictions may require that systems be


established for the return and/or collection of packaging waste from the consumer, or
other end user, or from the waste stream. Additionally, reuse, recovery, and/or recycling
targets for the return and/or collection of the packaging waste may be established. For
more information regarding collection and recovery of packaging and packaging waste
within specific jurisdictions, please contact the Alcatel-Lucent Services - Environmental
Health and Safety organization.
For installations not performed by Alcatel-Lucent, please contact the Alcatel-Lucent
Customer Support Center at: Technical Support Services, within the United States: +1
630 224 4762, prompt 2
Recycling/take-back/disposal of product

Electronic products bearing or referencing the symbol shown below, when put on the
market within the European Union (EU), shall be collected and treated at the end of
their useful life in compliance with applicable EU and local legislation. They shall not
be disposed of as part of unsorted municipal waste. Due to materials that may be
contained in the product, such as heavy metals or batteries, the environment and
human health may be negatively impacted as a result of inappropriate disposal.

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About this document


....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Note: In the EU, a solid bar under the crossed-out wheeled bin indicates that the
product was put on the market after 13 August 2005.
Moreover, in compliance with legal requirements and contractual agreements, where
applicable, Alcatel-Lucent will offer to provide for the collection and treatment of
Alcatel-Lucent products at the end of their useful life. Alcatel-Lucent will also offer to
provide for the collection and treatment of existing products displaced by
Alcatel-Lucent equipment.
For information regarding take-back of equipment by Alcatel-Lucent, or for more
information regarding the requirements for recycling/disposal of product, please contact
your Alcatel-Lucent Account Manager or Alcatel-Lucent Take-Back Support at
takeback@alcatel-lucent.com (takeback@alcatel-lucent.com).
How to comment

To comment on this document, go to the Online Comment Form (http://www.


lucent-info.com/comments/enus/) or e-mail your comments to the Comments Hotline
(comments@alcatel-lucent.com).

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Introduction
1

Overview
Purpose

This chapter describes the 1830 PSS EPT features and functionality.
Contents
Features

1-2

Functionality

1-8

The EPT Interface

1-11

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Introduction

Features

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Features
Overview

The 1830 PSS EPT is design tool for 1830 PSS WDM Networks that runs on a
windows-based platform. It supports the initial design of 1830 PSS-based networks and
routes, and incremental additions to existing networks using a highly integrated
graphical user interface (GUI).
The EPT supports the following:

Configuration and pricing of equipment for each PSS-32/PSS-1 NE in the network


as well as the total network.

Automatic/optimized network design with manual overrides including design of:

WDM Tunable OADM NEs


WDM ROADM NEs

WDM Fixed OADM NEs

WDM In-Line-Amplifier NEs


Wavelength assignment and routing of WDM demands on DWDM and CWDM
nodes.
Generation of NE configuration files for easy system commissioning.

The EPT is an 1830 PSS-only design tool and does not consider extensions of the
network or routes into other products
New Features in Release 1.1.0

Release 1.1.0 supports the following features:

OPS Protection
Fiber Channel Signal rates (FC-100, FC-200, FC-400, FC-1000, 10GFC)

40G analysis fiber type


LEAF/TW-RS fiber type

Duplex Equipment Controllers

40 km CWDM XFPs

General Features

The following list is a summary of the EPT general features.

DWDM optical infrastructure and wavelength demand modeling and routing


Allows you to design a network from a set of sites and fibers that support a set of
WDM traffic demands.
Allows you to create a network of sites and fiber segments connecting them, and
specifies WDM demands.

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1-2

Introduction

Features

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Generates commissioning file reports for the 1354 RM-PhM Release 6.0 Photonic
Manager.

Determines the lowest cost network to support the specified demands.


Generates Bill of Materials (BOM), node configurations, price list, and various
several other reports (for example, WDM demand routing).
Allows for easy comparison of different transport strategies

Supports optional tabular design entry for experienced users in addition to the GUI:
You can import data from Excel files rather than entering it from the GUI. The user
can also export data to an Excel file, edit the file, and then import the modified
data.

Supports deployable NE interfaces and features.

Runs in a Windows 2000 or XP environment on a PC.

DWDM and CWDM in the 1830 PSS EPT

The 1830 PSS EPT supports DWDM and CWDM as follows:

DWDM - Up to 44 channels, including TOADM and FOADM nodes in PSS-32


nodes
CWDM - Up to 8 channels for PSS-1 NEs and PSS-32 nodes

Single-channel interface between PSS-1 nodes and PSS-32 nodes

1830 PSS EPT WDM Features

The following list is a summary of the 1830 PSS EPT WDM features:

Creates the WDM network that transports all of the WDM demands most
economically, including:

Placement and degree of TOADM/FOADMs

Connectivity between the TOADM/FOADMs


Automatic placement of ILAs and glass-throughs at intermediate sites

Selection of Amplifiers and DCMs

Routes WDM Demands user-selectable endpoints and protection types:


Unprotected wavelengths

Client 1+1 Y-cable

ESNCP 1+1 (Electrical SubNetwork Connection Protection)


Diverse path

Dual Homed

OPS Single/Dual interface

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Introduction

Features

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Supports WDM topologies:


Point-to-Point

Linear Chains

Mesh Up to 4 degrees
Allows you to specify either a single-mode fiber [G.652] or allows customized
values for dispersion characteristics
Allows you to edit, delete, and route WDM demands manually

Allows you to edit multiple fiber segments simultaneously

Allows you to define fiber characteristics and parameters for each segment
Allows you to designate regeneration sites during the manual routing of demands

Automatically designs mixed TOADM/FOADM networks. The user can place a


TOADMs/FOADMs at a site and then connect the lines of the TOADMs/FOADMs
to other TOADMs/FOADMs in the network. The user specifies how the
user-generated WDM links are routed. The EPT will then complete the design
automatically.
Automatic wavelength assignment with Manual override

Protection

OPS protection is supported only for TOADM and DFOADM nodes on PSS-32 NEs.
Only 11STAR1, 11STMM10, 11STGE12, and Alien (SVAC) OTs can be used with
OPS protection.
OPS Dual Transponder Protection supports a single fiber handoff at source and
destination sites. Each demand endpoint uses redundant transponders to provide a
higher level of circuit availability. Both endpoints must use OPS packs and have
matching transponder types. This configuration is supported for PSS-32 NEs using
11STAR1, 11STMM10, 11STGE12, and SVAC transponders.
OPS Single Transponder Protection supports a single fiber handoff at source and
destination sites. Each demand endpoint uses a transponder to provide a higher level of
circuit availability at a lower cost. Both endpoints must use OPS packs and have
matching transponder types. This configuration is supported for PSS-32 NEs using
11STAR1, 11STMM10, 11STGE12, and SVAC transponders.
If the protected demands A-end has OPS protection, the protected demands other end
must also have OPS protection. If the protected demands A-end has OPS protection
with an Alien OT, the protected demands other end must also use OPS protection with
the Alien OT.
Client 1+1 Y Cable Protection

Client 1+1 Y-cable protection is supported on PSS-32 NEs only.

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Introduction

Features

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

The Y-cable protection groups on the NE are client port-based. The EPT currently only
supports wavelength demand routing, so a wavelength demand is called Client 1+1 Y
cable, although some client ports may not be configured with Y-cable protection.
Y-cable demand endpoints use two matching OTs at each demand endpoint. Both the
port number and configuration of the protected client port at the source site must
match the client port number and configuration at the destination site.
ESNCP 1+1

Electrical SubNetwork Connection Protection (ESNCP 1+1) provides line signal


protection by selecting between the two line signal ports on dual port OTs. It supports
a single fiber handoff at source and destination sites and protects against fiber cuts and
line side optics failure. ESNCP 1+1 protection is only supported on the PSS-1.
Diverse Path Protection

Diverse path protection eliminates all single point failures associated with a WDM
demand. Redundant transponders are equipped at each endpoint, while fiber and node
diverse routes are calculated by the EPT. The EPT attempts to use the same DWDM
channel for the diverse (two paths) through the network but may choose different
channels if the same channel is unavailable. Diverse path protection is only supported
on the PSS-32.
Dual Homed Protection

In a dual homed protection configuration, dual transponders at the source site are
diversely routed to two different destination sites, each with a single transponder. All
transponders at source and destination sites must be of the same type. The EPT
attempts to use the same DWDM channel between the pairs of source and destination
sites but may choose alternative channels if the same channel is not available. Dual
homed protection is only supported on the PSS-32.
Optical Transmission Calculation

The EPT calculates the optical transmission of each demand:

Calculates power and OSNR evolution for each connection path


Calculates dispersion evolution for each path

Calculates non-linear phase shift for each path

Calculates PMD for each path


Calculates required OSNR for each path

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Introduction

Features

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User Wavelength Assignment

The User Wavelength Assignment feature provides different methods for a user to
specify wavelengths:

You can specify a wavelength for a WDM demand before the design is run. The
system designs the network using your specified wavelengths. The system assigns
wavelengths for those demands that have a user-specified wavelength first, then
assigns wavelengths to the remaining demands. If the user-specified wavelength is
not available for the demand as routed, the demand will fail.

You can reassign a wavelength to a demand after the design is completed.


You can route the demand manually. The EPT will display the routing options, and
after you select an option, the EPT displays the channel(s) for the selected route.
You can then select any available channel before completing routing.

Virtual Demand Features

The EPT supports virtual WDM demands to validate the network design against all
possible traffic scenarios without adding additional equipment to the network.

Any-to-any and point-to-point virtual WDM demands are supported.

Virtual demands are supported by homogeneous SFD44 nodes.

Virtual demands may originate or terminate at any TOADM site (a site that has
Optical Add/Drop capabilities). Virtual demands cannot originate or terminate at
ILA or Glass-through sites.
Virtual demands support all protection types except ESNCP 1+1.

Dual-homed and OPS protected virtual demands are not allowed.

Virtual demands:
May be routed over a WDM link that has no remaining available channels

Are never regenerated

Are not assigned to channels


May result in the creation of optical line common equipment
(TOADM/FOADMs and WDM links)
May not be changed to real or real to virtual

Cannot be routed between separate nodes within a site

Manual Slot Assignment

In the 1830 PSS EPT, you can manually select the desired shelf and slot number and
move the pack to the desired location. After selecting the required details, you can
submit the changes and move the packs to the desired location. For more details, see
Reconfiguring Circuit Pack Slots (p. 4-14).
Note: For DCMs and SFD44s, the DCM shelf number or SFD44 shelf number
respectively can be changed (not the slot).
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Features

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You cannot change the slot assignment for required packs such as the Equipment
Controller and PF.
This feature is applicable only for PSS-32 NEs (on Universal Shelf only), not for
PSS-1 NEs.
Multiple Nodes Per NE

Each PSS-32 NE contains one or more nodes all controlled with a single management
interface using a single SID (System Identifier). Each node supports the passing of
WDM demands between lines without the need for OEO conversion. Demands must
use OEO regeneration to pass from one node to another.
There are four types of PSS-32 nodes:

TOADM: Tunable Optical Add Drop Multiplexer. Each line contains a CWR
(Colorless Wavelength Router). Demands may be passed from any incoming line to
any other outgoing line under software control. SFDs (Static Filter DWDM) are
optionally used to add and drop channels from lines.
DFOADM: DWDM Fixed Optical Add Drop Multiplexer. Each Line is optionally
equipped with SFDs to add and drop demands and to pass demands from one line
to another. All optical connections for adding dropping and passing though
connection are made with optical jumpers.
CFOADM: CWDM Fixed Optical Add Drop Multiplexer. Similar to the DFOADM
except SFCs (Static Filter CWDM) are used to route demands over CWDM
channels.
ILA: In Line Amplifier is used to amplify DWDM line signals without adding or
dropping any traffic.

The PSS-1 supports only one type of node, the ECFOADM (Edge CWDM Fixed
Optical Add Drop Multiplexer which provides CFOADM functionality in the PSS-1.
EPT Shelf Support

The PSS-32 NE supports a maximum of 24 universal and a maximum of 24 DCM and


SFD shelves, for a total of 48 shelves. The DCM and SFD shelf numbering starts at
25.
Note: Although the Release 1.0 universal shelf support is limited to 8 shelves, the
EPT displays the limit of 24 universal shelves.

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Introduction

Functionality

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Functionality
Network Commissioning

The EPT allows you to export network designs to the 1354RM Photonic Manager
(1354RM-PhM). The 1354RM-PhM can then commission the network, confirming
circuit pack placement and connectivity between the components, and provisioning
power and gain settings. For the procedure to commission the network, see
Commissioning File (p. 5-20).
The EPT also provides Power Commissioning and Card Inventory reports that you can
use to manually provision the network through the WebUI. For a description of these
reports, see Chapter 7, Reports.
Design Options

The EPT supports incremental design in phases, a feature that allows the user to freeze
a completed design and then add new components to the design without changing the
frozen part of the design. Sites, segments, connections, and demands may all be added
to a frozen design without modifying any part of the frozen design. The design must
be in the Complete Valid state to initiate a new design increment.
The EPT supports the initial design of 1830 PSS-based networks and routes. You can
initiate a new network design by setting the following parameters:

Network parameters

Site parameters

Segment parameters
WDM parameters

A network can be in one of the following states:

Not Designed: The network has never been processed by the EPT, has been
returned to the Not Designed state by having all of the design results removed, or
no WDM links or demands exist in the network. The network must be run as a
new design to become Completed.

Incomplete: One or more WDM links or demands is Not Designed.


Complete, Unverified: All WDM demands and links are complete, but not all have
been validated. A demand is considered complete if it has been routed. A link is
considered complete if the link has been routed, spans created, all OAs selected, all
DCMs selected, and all link parameters specified.

Complete, Invalid: All WDM demands and links are complete, but not all are valid,
or one of the system level tests has failed validation.
Complete, Valid: All WDM demands and links are complete and valid. All system,
WDM link, and demand validation tests are successful.

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Introduction

Functionality

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The Network Verification feature allows a user to modify attributes (such as fiber
characteristics), verify if the changes are valid, and decide whether to accept the
changes (if valid) or revert back to the original values. The Network Verification
feature can only be selected if the network design state is Complete. For details on this
procedure, see Verify Network (p. 6-6).
Design Procedures

The 1830 PSS EPT allows you to perform the following design procedures:

Add traffic to a network - The EPT allows you to add one or more WDM Demands
to a network. Once demands have been added to a network, the design state
changes to Incomplete until the demands are either manually or automatically
routed.
Delete WDM demands from a network - The EPT allows you to delete one or
more WDM demands from a network. All routing information for the deleted
demands is removed from the design file. Any equipment that is no longer required
is removed from the design.
Add sites and segments to a network - The EPT allows you to add one or more
sites and segments to a completed network or an incomplete network.
Delete sites from a network - The EPT allows you to delete one or more sites from
a network. The following related objects are deleted from the design file:
NEs at the deleted sites

Glass-through connections at the deleted sites

Segments that terminate at the deleted sites


WDM demands that terminate at the deleted sites

Equipment at the deleted sites

Equipment at other sites that supported WDM lines to the deleted sites
Routing of demands and links that were routed through the deleted sites

The EPT allows you to delete one or more segments from a network. The
following related objects are deleted from the design file:

WDM lines routed on the deleted segments

Equipment that supported a WDM line routed on the deleted segments


Routing of demands and links that are routed through the deleted segment

User Specification at Passthrough Locations--The user can select the types of NEs that
will be used by default if the site is a passthrough (that is, where demands are not
added or dropped at the site), in a combination of the following:

Glass Through, ILA, or TOADM

ILA or TOADM

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Functionality

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Glass Through
TOADM

Tooltips

Segment bundle: The tooltip that is displayed when the cursor is placed over a segment
bundle contains the total number of segments, the number of designed segments, the
number of reserved segments, and the number of unused segments.
Demand bundle: The tooltip that is displayed when the cursor is placed over a demand
bundle contains the total number of demands. It contains a section for each type of
demand that is contained in the bundle with the total number of each: WDM Real
Demand and WDM Virtual Demands. Within each of the sections, the number of
designed, partially routed, and not designed demands of that type is displayed.
Software Upgrade Considerations

When upgrading the EPT from Release 1.0 to Release 1.1.0, additional fields are
displayed on some configuration windows. On the WDM Demand windows, you can
edit the client-side field values if the values selected by the EPT are incorrect.
Upgrading the EPT Application

To upgrade from a previous release to Release 1.1.0, all you have to do is install the
Release 1.1.0 software (see Installing the EPT on a PC (p. 2-3)).
Note: The EPT Release 1.1.0 supports the importing or opening of any design that
was created with Release 1.0.1. However, network designs that are created with
Release 1.0, but not used in Release 1.0.1 may not be successfully imported/opened
into Release 1.1.0.

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Introduction

The EPT Interface

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The EPT Interface


You configure the EPT using the GUI. The GUI provides a user-friendly interface to
enter data and gives easy access to the full functionality of the EPT tool. Figure 1-1,
EPT User Interface (p. 1-11) shows the EPT GUI. The full compliment of EPT
associated windows for specific tasks are described later in this document.
Figure 1-1 EPT User Interface

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Installation and Startup


2

Overview
Purpose

This chapter provides information on how to install, uninstall, upgrade, launch, and
exit the 1830 PSS EPT application.
Contents
Required Equipment

2-2

Installing the EPT on a PC

2-3

Uninstalling the EPT

2-5

Launching the EPT Application

2-6

Closing the EPT Application

2-9

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Installation and Startup

Required Equipment

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Required Equipment
Hardware and Software Requirements

The EPT is distributed on CD as a self installing executable. All required software is


included in the installation. The following hardware and software are required on the
PC before you begin installing the EPT application.
Table 2-1

Minimum PC Requirements

Processor

1 GHz

RAM

1 GB

Disk space

20 GB

Paging File

270 MB

Video

1024 x 768 256 color

Operating System

Windows XP or 2000

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2-2

Installation and Startup

Installing the EPT on a PC

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Installing the EPT on a PC


Purpose

This procedure provides instructions for installing the 1830 PSS EPT on the PC.
Before you begin

Before you begin this procedure, see Table 2-1, Minimum PC Requirements (p. 2-2)
for hardware and software requirements. If there is any existing version of the 1830
PSS EPT on the PC, it must be uninstalled before installing a new version (see
Uninstalling the EPT (p. 2-5)).
Procedure

Complete the steps below to install the EPT on the PC.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Insert the CD into the CD-ROM drive.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

When the InstallShield Wizard for EPT is displayed, select Next.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

When the Welcome window is displayed, select Next.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Enter the Customer Information (User Name and Company Name) and select Next.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Confirm or change the destination folder and select Next.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Verify the Setup Information and select Next to begin the installation process.

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Installation and Startup

Installing the EPT on a PC

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Result: If you have not installed a valid license key, the License Error window is

displayed (see Figure 2-1, License Error Window (p. 2-4)).


Figure 2-1 License Error Window

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

When the installation is complete the EPT icon is displayed on the PC desktop (see
Figure 2-2, 1830 EPT Desktop Icon (p. 2-4)).
Figure 2-2 1830 EPT Desktop Icon

END OF STEPS
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2-4

Installation and Startup

Uninstalling the EPT

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Uninstalling the EPT


Purpose

This procedure provides instructions for uninstalling the 1830 PSS EPT from the PC.
Procedure

Complete the steps below to uninstall the EPT from the PC.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

From the PC Start menu, select Programs > Alcatel-Lucent > 1830 PSS EPT >
Uninstall EPT R1.1.
Result: A confirmation window is displayed (see Figure 2-3, Confirmation

Window (Confirm Uninstall) (p. 2-5)).


Figure 2-3 Confirmation Window (Confirm Uninstall)

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Click Yes in the confirmation window to uninstall the EPT.


Result: A confirmation window is displayed (see Figure 2-4, Confirmation

Window (Successful Uninstall) (p. 2-5)).


Figure 2-4 Confirmation Window (Successful Uninstall)

The EPT software is now uninstalled from the PC.


END OF STEPS
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Installation and Startup

Launching the EPT Application

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Launching the EPT Application


Purpose

This procedure provides instructions for launching the 1830 PSS EPT application on
the PC.
Before you begin

Before you begin this procedure, make sure that the EPT application is installed on the
PC, and that the icon is displayed on the desktop.
Obtaining a License Key

The first time you run the EPT software, you must obtain and install a license key
using the following procedure.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Do one of the following:

Double-click the EPT icon on the PC desktop to launch the application.

From the PC Start menu, select Programs > Alcatel-Lucent > 1830 PSS EPT >
1830 PSS EPT R1.1.
Result: The legal notice is displayed on the desktop (see Figure 2-5, EPT Legal

Notice (p. 2-7)).


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Click OK to accept the terms of the EPT legal notice.


Result: The License Error window is displayed (see Figure 2-1, License Error

Window (p. 2-4)).


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Click Copy to clipboard and paste the information into an email to your sales team
representative.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

The sales team representative will email the license key to the user.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Paste the key into the Paste key here field, and click Validate.

E
ND OF STEPS
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Installation and Startup

Launching the EPT Application

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Procedure

Complete the steps below to open the EPT on the PC:


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Do one of the following:

Double-click the EPT icon on the PC desktop to launch the application.


From the PC Start menu, select Programs > Alcatel-Lucent > 1830 PSS EPT >
1830 PSS EPT R1.1.
Result: The legal notice window is displayed on the desktop (see Figure 2-5, EPT

Legal Notice (p. 2-7)).


Figure 2-5 EPT Legal Notice

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Click OK to accept the terms of the EPT legal notice.

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Installation and Startup

Launching the EPT Application

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Result: The startup window is briefly displayed on the desktop (see Figure 2-6,

EPT Startup (p. 2-8)), then the EPT main window is displayed (see Figure 1-1,
EPT User Interface (p. 1-11)) with the Design Options window (see Figure 4-1,
Design Options Window (p. 4-2))..
Figure 2-6 EPT Startup

END OF STEPS
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2-8

Installation and Startup

Closing the EPT Application

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Closing the EPT Application


Purpose

This procedure provides instructions for closing the 1830 PSS EPT application on the
PC.
Before you begin

Before you begin this procedure, make sure that the EPT application is installed on the
PC, and that the icon is displayed on the desktop. You should also save all
configuration changes.
Procedure

Complete the steps below to close the EPT on the PC:


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Do one of the following:


IF{

THEN{

You want to save all configuration


changes to an existing file

Select File > Save. The file will be saved with an


.xml extension.

You want to save all configuration


changes to a new file

Select File > Save As.

You do not want to save any


configuration changes

A window is displayed where you can name the


file and place in the desired directory. The file
will be saved with an .xml extension.
Go to Step 2.

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Select File > Exit or click the X in the upper right corner of the main window.
A confirmation window is displayed (see Figure 2-7, Warning Window (Exiting
EPT) (p. 2-10)).

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Installation and Startup

Closing the EPT Application

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Figure 2-7 Warning Window (Exiting EPT)

Important! If you click Yes without completing Step 1, you will lose any unsaved
configuration changes.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Click Yes to exit the EPT application.


END OF STEPS
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2-10

EPT User Interface


3

Overview
Purpose

This chapter provides information about the 1830 PSS EPT user interface.
Contents
Introduction

3-2

Menus and Tool Bar

3-3

Selection Information

3-8

Map Legend

3-9

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EPT User Interface

Introduction

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Introduction
The main window displays a menu bar and a toolbar that includes the following
categories:

File

Action

Reports
Help (which displays information about the product)

Action Buttons (on toolbar)

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EPT User Interface

Menus and Tool Bar

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Menus and Tool Bar


The Menus

Network design can be accomplished via the EPT menus and associated windows or
via the mouse by using the mouse buttons to execute the required options. The
following sections describe the EPT menu functions.
File Menu
Figure 3-1 File Menu

Table 3-1

File Menu Descriptions

File

Description

New

Create a new design.

Open

Open an existing design.

Save

Save the current design to default file name.

Save As

Save the current design to another designated file name or


location.

Import Design

Two options allow you to import a design from an Excel


spreadsheet as a new design or as an incremental design:

New Design: Allows you to import a design from an


Excel spreadsheet

Increment Design

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EPT User Interface

Menus and Tool Bar

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Table 3-1

File Menu Descriptions

(continued)

File

Description

Export Design

Export allows the current network design file to be


exported into an Excel spreadsheet.

Capture Map

Allows you to save the map display as a .jpg or .png file.

Print

Print the current map display.

Exit

Close the EPT and exit the application.

Action Menu
Figure 3-2 Action Menu

Table 3-2

Action Menu Descriptions

Action

Description

Run Design

Attempts to produce a network that supports the various traffic


demands according to the physical constraints specified.
NOTE: You must have at least two sites on the map before you
can use this option.

Remove Design

Returns the network to its pre-designed state by undoing the


actions of the Run Design operation.

Create Network
Element

Allows for manual placement of a network element at a site.

Create Segment

Creates a segment (pair of OSP fibers) connecting two sites.

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3-4

EPT User Interface

Menus and Tool Bar

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Table 3-2

Action Menu Descriptions

(continued)

Action

Description

Create Any to Any


Virtual WDM
Demands

Creates a set of virtual demands between all pairs of selected


sites. This is a convenient way to test whether demands are
supported between any possible pairs of termination sites.

Select Price File

Uses built in prices or a price file to be used for optimization of


the design.

Verify Network

Adjusts power and gain settings throughout the current design


phase, and verifies all demands in the network.
NOTE: If the network is in the Not Designed or Incomplete state,
this menu item is unavailable.

Establish New
Design Phase

Freezes a completed design to modify components without


disturbing the initial design.

Create
Commissioning
Files

Creates an .xml file that is used by the 1354RM-PhM to


automatically commission the network.

Reports Menu
Figure 3-3 Reports Menu

Table 3-3

Reports Menu Descriptions

Reports

Description

Equipment View

Displays a graphical network equipment view by site.

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EPT User Interface

Menus and Tool Bar

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Table 3-3

Reports Menu Descriptions

(continued)

Reports

Description

Network
Information

Generates comprehensive network information that is presented in


the following reports: Network Parameters Report, Site Report,
Fiber Report, DWDM Link Report, OA and DCM Report, Shelf
Report, WDM Demands, WDM Demand Routing Report, Virtual
Demands Report, Installation Report, and Commissioning Systems
Report.

Bill of Materials

Generates the Bill of Materials (BOM) Report.

Physical Layer

Displays an Excel spreadsheet that presents all of the simulation


data used to verify the network design.

Card Inventory

Creates an excel spreadsheet that lists all of the cards and their
location for each NE in the network.

Design Status
Details

Displays status returned by the design for the loaded network.

Power
Commissioning

Creates an excel spreadsheet that contains all of the power


commissioning data for each NE in the network.

Help Menu
Figure 3-4 Help Menu

Table 3-4

Help Menu Descriptions

Help

Description

User Guide

Displays the Alcatel-Lucent Engineering and Planning Tool User


Guide (this document) in a separate window.

About 1830 PSS


EPT

Provides information about the EPT, for example, the current


release number.

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3-6

EPT User Interface

Menus and Tool Bar

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

The Toolbar

The EPT Main window toolbar gives quick access to the main functional areas. The
toolbar icons are described in Table 3-5, Toolbar Icon Descriptions (p. 3-7):
Table 3-5

Toolbar Icon Descriptions

Name

Icon

Description

New Design

Create a new design

Open Design

Open an existing design

Save Design

Save the current design

Run Design

Removes all automatically created design


elements and the creates a new network
design.

Verify Design

Run the analysis engine on the current


network design.

Map On/Off

Turn the map background display on or off


(toggle).

Zoom In/Out

Increase or decrease the level of zoom on the


map (one click per level).

Maximize View

Brings the current network map into a


centered and maximum zoom level
appropriate to the objects on the map.

Go back to
previous
projection

Go back to the previous display of the map


(position and zoom level).

Go forward to
next projection

Go forward to next display of the map


(position and zoom level).

Show Demands

Enables or disables the display of demands on


the map.

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EPT User Interface

Selection Information

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Selection Information
Overview

The Information Tab (see Figure 3-5, Information Tab (closed) (p. 3-8)) is located
along the bottom of the Main window. The Information Tab allows you to view a route
geographically and also provides access to detailed information for any selected object
on the network design. Selecting a particular site, traffic demand, or connection will
display the selected object information.
Figure 3-5 Information Tab (closed)

Clicking an item in the bottom menu opens the information bar into a scrollable
window to view related information (see Figure 4-11, Network Elements (p. 4-18)).

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3-8

EPT User Interface

Map Legend

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Map Legend
Overview

Figure 3-6, Network Map (p. 3-9) shows an EPT network design map. This section
describes the icons and representations used by the EPT.
Figure 3-6 Network Map

Site Icons

There are 6 different icons that are used to designate a site based on the type of
equipment placed at the site.
If a technology is equipped at a site, the piece for that technology is colored as
follows:

WDM equipped piece is blue

WDM support is enabled for this site (always enabled)


TOADM or FOADM present

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EPT User Interface

Map Legend

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

In-line Amp site (ILA present, no TOADM or FOADM)


Glass-through connection present (no TOADM or FOADM or ILA present)

Demand-related elements are represented as described in (see Table 3-6, Site Icon
Descriptions (p. 3-10)):
Table 3-6

Site Icon Descriptions

Site Type/Demand

Icon

Description

Unequipped site

blue circle with a white dot


in the middle

The site contains no PSS-1


nodes, PSS-32 nodes, or
glass through connections.

WDM or virtual
demand

white and blue striped line

One or more WDM or virtual


demand connections are
placed at the site.

Glass-Through site

blue circle

One or more glass through


connections are placed at the
site. No PSS-1 or PSS-32
nodes are placed at the site.

ILA

rotated blue square

One or more PSS-32 ILA


nodes are placed at the site.
No PSS-32 TOADM,
FOADM, or CFOADM nodes
are placed at the site. No
PSS-1 Nodes are placed at
the site.

PSS-1 NE

blue rectangle

One or more PSS-1 nodes are


placed at the site. No PSS-32
TOADM, FOADM, or
CFOADM nodes are placed
at the site.

PSS-32 NE

blue square

One or more PSS-32


TOADM, FOADM, or
CFOADM nodes are placed
at the site.

Segment Elements

Segments are represented by solid black lines.

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3-10

Network Design
4

Overview
Purpose

This chapter provides information on how to use the EPT to design a network.
Network design can be accomplished using either the EPT menus and associated
windows, or by using the mouse buttons to execute the required options. The
procedures to create objects described in this chapter are performed using point and
click operations in the network map.
Contents
Introduction

4-2

Sites

4-4

Network Elements

4-11

Network Parameters

4-20

Nodes

4-29

Segments

4-37

Spans

4-44

Glass-Throughs

4-46

Site-Specific Information

4-47

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Network Design

Introduction

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Introduction
After launching the EPT tool, (see Launching the EPT Application (p. 2-6)), the
Main window is displayed with menus and a toolbar that provide the functions to
create and manage network designs, and the Design Options window is displayed (see
Figure 4-1, Design Options Window (p. 4-2)).
Figure 4-1 Design Options Window

After creating network design elements, you can clear all elements of the network and
produce a blank design map, click New Design on the toolbar. A warning window is
displayed to indicate that any work on the existing design since the last save will be
lost. To save the work to that point, click Save Design on the toolbar to save the
network design to a file on the PC . A window is displayed that allows you to specify
a file name if none was previously given. A saved network design file can be loaded
back into the tool to continue working on it by clicking Open Design on the toolbar.
A window is displayed that allows you to select the file to load. Whenever a network
design is associated with a file saved on the PC, the file name is shown in the window
title.
From the Information Tab, the details of sites, segments, spans (composed of
segments), NEs, demands, and glass-throughs are displayed in a tabulated format that
can be sorted by clicking on the table headings. Rows of the tables can be selected to
bring up a window showing the details of the selected item. In many cases, parameters
can be modified on the details windows. Some modifications will cause the network to
revert to a Not Designed or Incomplete state. In any case, the design verification
engine should be re-run after changes are made to any parameters.
The incremental design feature allows you to freeze a completed design and then add
new components to the design without changing anything in the frozen part of the
design. Sites, segments, connections, and demands may all be added to a frozen design
without modifying any part of the frozen design.

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4-2

Network Design

Introduction

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

NE Creation

After creating a site, you have a choice to create an NE manually or allow the EPT to
create NEs automatically within your network. If you create NEs manually, you can
control and place NEs in the desired locations within your network, and choose each
NE type (TOADM, FOADM, degree-4, and so on). If you do not create NEs manually,
the EPT will automatically create NEs of appropriate type and location within your
network.
Node Creation

You can also create nodes in the network. You can select from three line and node
types: CWDM for the 1830 PSS-1 GBE Edge Device (denoted as ECFOADM),
DWDM for the 1830 PSS-32 (denoted as DFOADM or TOADM), and CWDM for the
1830 PSS-32 CFOADM).

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Network Design

Sites

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Sites
Create Sites

The first step in designing a network is to place sites on the map.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Right-click the desired map location and select Create Site(s). An icon representing
the newly created site will be positioned on the map with a default name (see Figure
4-2, Site Icon (Unequipped) (p. 4-4)).
Figure 4-2 Site Icon (Unequipped)

Place as many sites as needed in the network design. Additional sites may be added at
any time.
After configuring NEs, segments, and demand details, the site icon changes (see
Figure 4-3, Site Icon (Equipped) (p. 4-4)).
Figure 4-3 Site Icon (Equipped)

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

To simultaneously create a site and create a segment connecting the previous site to the
new site, press Ctrl while clicking on the map to add sites. You may close a ring by
placing the cursor over an existing site--in which case pressing Ctrl creates a segment
without placing a new site. Right-clicking on the map restores the normal operation of
the GUI.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

To move sites around on the canvas, click on each site and drag it to any location.

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4-4

Network Design

Sites

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Configure Site Details


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

To configure site details, right-click the site and select Site: Details or double-click the
site icon.
The Site Details window is displayed (see Figure 4-4, Site Details Window (p. 4-5)).
Figure 4-4 Site Details Window

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Network Design

Sites

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Select the values from the fields on this window as described in Table 4-1, Site
Parameters (p. 4-6).
Table 4-1

Site Parameters

Parameter

Definition

Input
Required

Default Value

Allowed
Values

Name

User-defined
name to
identify the
site.

No

none

Up to 20
characters

Description

Optional field
to list
additional
information
about the site
parameter.

No

blank

Up to 50
characters

Allow 30A
Power Filter

Allows user to
override default
50A Power
Filter upon
creation of an
NE. This
selection forces
the 30A Power
Filter to be
used unless the
current draw
exceeds 27A,
whereupon a
50A PF is
used. See also
the note at the
end of this
table.

No

Disabled
(Unchecked
checkbox)

Disabled
(Unchecked
checkbox),
Enabled
(Checked
Checkbox)

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4-6

Network Design

Sites

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Table 4-1

Site Parameters (continued)

Parameter

Definition

Input
Required

Default Value

Allowed
Values

Allow 70A
Power Filter

Allows user to
override default
50A Power
Filter upon
creation of an
NE. Selecting a
70A power
filter forces the
50A power
filter to be
used unless
current draw
exceeds 45A
whereupon the
70A power
filter is used.
See also the
note at the end
of this table.

No

Disabled
(Unchecked
checkbox)

Disabled
(Unchecked
checkbox),
Enabled
(Checked
Checkbox)

Pass Through
Node Options

Specifies the
restrictions for
the site.

No

Glass Through,
ILA, or
TOADM

Glass
Through,
ILA, or
TOADM

ILA or
TOADM

Glass
Through

TOADM

OADM Node
Type

Specifies the
OADM type.

No

TOADM

TOADM,
D-FOADM

Upgradeable to
Degree

Specifies the
degree to
which an
OADM node
can be
upgraded.

No

1, 2, 3, 4

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Network Design

Sites

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Table 4-1

Site Parameters (continued)

Parameter

Definition

Input
Required

Default Value

Allowed
Values

Equip all lines


with SFD44

Automatically
equips any
OADM lines
for 44 channel
support via use
of SFD44

No

Enabled
(Checked
Checkbox)

Disabled
(Unchecked
checkbox),
Enabled
(Checked
Checkbox)

No

none

-90 to 90
degrees

Latitude

NOTE: When
entering sites
using the map,
latitude is
automatically
populated
based on cursor
position.
Longitude

No

none
NOTE: When
entering sites
using the map,
longitude is
automatically
populated
based on cursor
position.

-180 to +180
degrees

Notes:

1.

If the current draw beyond 63A requires packs to be installed in a separate shelf. draw
exceeds 27A, then 50A is used until current draw exceeds 45A when the 70A PF is used.
Checking both 30A and 70A power filters results in the 30A power filter to be used until
current draw exceeds 27A, then the 50A power filter is used until current draw exceeds
45A when the 70A power filter is used.

2.

By default, the EPT picks the PFDC50 power filter type for each PSS-32 Universal shelf
(2 for every PSS-32 shelf). The Power.xml file in the configuration/equipment folder
holds the power consumption for each pack. Each time a pack is added, the resulting sum
of power for all the packs in the shelf is verified to be under 50A. If the power is
exceeded when adding a pack, then a new shelf is created for the pack.

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4-8

Network Design

Sites

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

View or Modify Sites


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

To view/modify site details, select Sites from the Network section of the Information
Tab.
A table of all sites configured in the network is displayed (see Figure 4-5, Site Details
(p. 4-9)).
Figure 4-5 Site Details

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

You can edit or delete multiple sites simultaneously, as follows:

Select more than one row in the Site table by pressing Shift while selecting a
contiguous group, and right-click, or
Press Ctrl, select one row at a time, and right-click.

You can then edit or delete all of the selected sites simultaneously with a multi-edit
panel.
E...................................................................................................................................................................................................
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Delete Sites
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

To delete a site, right-click the site and select Site: Delete.


The following warning window is displayed:

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Network Design

Sites

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Figure 4-6 Warning Window (Delete Site)

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Click Yes to delete the site.


END OF STEPS
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4-10

Network Design

Network Elements

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Network Elements
Create Network Elements
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

To create a new NE on the map, do one of the following:

Select Action > Create Network Element


Right-click the site and a menu will display. Select Network Element: Create.
If the NE is created using this method, the Site will be automatically populated in
the panel.

The Create Network Element window is displayed (see Figure 4-7, Create Network
Element Window (p. 4-11)), allowing you to specify settings related to the NE .
Figure 4-7 Create Network Element Window

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Network Design

Network Elements

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Select the values from the fields on this window as described in Table 4-2, Network
Element Parameters (p. 4-12) .
Table 4-2

Network Element Parameters

Parameter

Definition

Input
Required

Default Value

Allowed
Values

Name

User-defined
name to
identify the
NE.

No

none

Up to 50
characters

Description

Optional field
to list
additional
information
about the NE.

No

blank

Up to 50
characters

Site

The site where


the node is to
be created.

No

(varies)

N/A

NE Type

The type of NE
to be created.

No

PSS-32

PSS-32, PSS-1

SID (for
PSS-32 NEs
only)

The System
Identifier, a
character string
used by the
EMS to address
each NE.

No

N/A

A string of Up
to 20
characters
including all
uppercase and
lowercase
letters, all
numbers, and
the following
ASCII
characters:
_./-#

No

Group of
PSS-1 NEs
with
independent
SIDs per shelf

Group of
PSS-1 NEs
with
independent
SIDs per shelf,
Multi-shelf
PSS-1 with one
SID

PSS-1 Type
(for PSS-1 NEs
only)

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4-12

Network Design

Network Elements

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Table 4-2

Network Element Parameters (continued)

Parameter
Shelf Width
(for PSS-1 NEs
only)

Definition

Input
Required

Default Value

Allowed
Values

No

ANSI 23 Inch

EIA 19 Inch,
ANSI 23 Inch,
ETSI

Note: For a PSS-32 NE, be sure to enter an SID if you want to create a
commissioning file with this NE in the future.
Note: If you select PSS-1 in the NE Type field, you must also enter values in the
Name and Site fields.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Enter the desired values on the window, and click OK.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

If you selected PSS-1 in the NE Type field, enter values in the Name and Site fields,
and any other desired values on this window.
Result: The Add Node Details window is displayed with ECFOADM in the Type

field (see Figure 4-8, Add Node Details (PSS-1) (p. 4-13)).
Figure 4-8 Add Node Details (PSS-1)

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Network Design

Network Elements

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Reconfiguring Circuit Pack Slots

Note: You can manually reconfigure slots on the PSS-32 NE only. This procedure
is not applicable to the Equipment Controllers and PFDC50 packs, which cannot be
moved. It is not applicable to DCM and SFD44 shelves.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Select NEs from the Information Tab.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Select a row for the desired NE, and right-click.


Result: A menu is displayed.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Select Edit.

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4-14

Network Design

Network Elements

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Result: The Network Element Details window is displayed (see Figure 4-9,

Network Element Details Window (p. 4-15)).


Figure 4-9 Network Element Details Window

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Select a Universal Shelf in the Shelves panel of this window, and click Details.

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Network Design

Network Elements

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Result: The Shelf Details panel is displayed (see Figure 4-10, Shelf Details

Window (p. 4-16)).


Figure 4-10 Shelf Details Window

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Select a Slot in the Circuit Packs panel of this window, and click Details.

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4-16

Network Design

Network Elements

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Result: The Circuit Pack Details panel is displayed (see Reconfiguring Circuit

Pack Slots (p. 4-17)). You can use this panel to move the packs to the desired slot.

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Select a shelf in the New Shelf Number in the Manual Pack Reassignment panel.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Select a slot in the New Slot Number in the Manual Pack Reassignment panel.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Click OK.
If the new slot assignments are not valid, an error message is displayed. See Validity
of Manual Pack Reassignment (p. 4-18) for more information on how to correct your
configuration.
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Network Design

Network Elements

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Validity of Manual Pack Reassignment

When moving two PSS-32 OTs that are at one endpoint of a client 1+1 Y-cable
protected demand, you must adhere to the following configuration:

If the OTs are 1/2 height packs, they should be configured in slots directly one on
top of each other (in the same full height slot ).
If the OTs are full height packs, they should be configured in adjacent slots.

View or Modify Network Elements


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Note: You cannot delete NEs that are created automatically by the EPT. There is no
option on the context menu to delete this type of NE.
To view details for an NE, select NEs from the NEs section of the Information Tab.
A table of all NEs configured in the network is displayed (see Figure 4-11, Network
Elements (p. 4-18)).
Figure 4-11 Network Elements

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

To modify details for an NE, select the row for the desired NE, right-click the NE and
select Edit.

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....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Delete Network Elements

When deleting an NE, any nodes associated with the NE will be deleted along with the
NE.
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4-18

Network Design

Network Elements

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

To delete one or more NEs from the Information Tab, select the row(s) for the desired
NE, right-click the NE and select Delete.
A confirmation window is displayed (see Figure 4-12, Warning Window (Delete NE)
(p. 4-19)).
Figure 4-12 Warning Window (Delete NE)

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Click Yes to delete the NE.


END OF STEPS
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Network Design

Network Parameters

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Network Parameters
View or Edit Network Parameters

Network parameters provide default values for many settings used by the network
design tool. You can modify existing values and save the new parameters to use on any
specific network design being worked on.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

When initially launching the EPT tool, the Design Options window is displayed (see
Figure 4-1, Design Options Window (p. 4-2)), You can open the Network Parameters
window in two instances:

To create a new network design, select Create new design.

To display a previously configured network, select Open existing design. Your


network design will load in the EPT interface. Right-click anywhere on the EPT
Main window and select Network Parameters from the menu.

The Network Parameters window (see Figure 4-13, Network Parameters Window
(p. 4-20)) is displayed.
Figure 4-13 Network Parameters Window

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4-20

Network Design

Network Parameters

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Select the values from the fields on this window as described in Table 4-3, Network
Parameters (p. 4-21).
Table 4-3

Network Parameters

Parameter

Definition

Input
Required

Default Value

Allowed
Values

Name

User-defined
name to
identify the
network
parameter.

Yes

none

Up to 20
characters,
restricted to
characters valid
in file names

Description

Optional field
to list
additional
information
about the
network
parameter.

No

blank

Up to 100
characters

Optimization

This field
affects the
ability to
expand the
network at a
future time. If
you want to
design a
network for
future growth
with a
particular
target reach
then the
Growth
options should
be used. If
you want the
minimum cost
network with
no requirement
for future
reach
extension,
select No
Growth.

No

No Growth

No Growth,
Growth

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Network Design

Network Parameters

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Table 4-3

Network Parameters (continued)

Parameter

Definition

Input
Required

Default Value

Allowed
Values

If Growth is
selected, the
OA selection
is optimized to
the length
specified by
the Target
Reach
parameter in
the Network
Parameters
window. If No
Growth is
selected, OA
selection is
optimized to
the longest
demand in the
current design.
Target Reach

The distance
in km that the
optimizer will
use as its
target when
selecting OAs.

Only applicable
when Growth is
selected in the
Optimization
field.

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4-22

Network Design

Network Parameters

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Table 4-3

Network Parameters (continued)

Parameter

Definition

Input
Required

Default Value

Allowed
Values

NE Release

Specifies the
1830 PSS
software
version that
the EPT
should design
for. This value
should be set
when creating
a new design.
Once
equipment has
been placed at
a particular
NE release,
the NE release
cannot be
changed to an
earlier version.
The NE
release
selected limits
the available
components
and features to
those
supported in
the selected
NE release.

No

1.1

1.0, 1.1, 2.0

No

km

km or miles

Note that the


release may
not be
changed to an
earlier release
once a design
has been
initiated.
Distance Units

Which units
should be used
in the design.

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Network Design

Network Parameters

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Table 4-3

Network Parameters (continued)

Parameter

Definition

Input
Required

Default Value

Allowed
Values

PSS-32 EC
Protection

Provides the
option for
redundant
power feeds
and filters.

No

Yes

Yes, No

PSS-1 PF
Protection

Provides the
option for
redundant
power feeds
and filters.

No

Yes

Yes, No

DWDM Loss
Margin

Additional
loss added to
the fiber loss
when
calculating
attenuation
between sites:
LossSEGMENT=
LossFIBER +
LossCONNECTOR
+ LossMARGIN

No

1 dB

0 to 5 dB

DWDM OSNR
Margin

The additional
OSNR margin
you can
specify above
the EPT
calculation.

No

0 dB

0 to 3 dB

Equip unused
Segments with
DWDM Links

EquipsDWDM
links that
would not
normally have
been equipped
as part of the
design.

No

Enabled
(Checked
Checkbox)

Disabled
(Unchecked
checkbox),
Enabled
(Checked
Checkbox)

Use the default


values unless
you have
specific data
for an
individual
segment, span,
or node.

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4-24

Network Design

Network Parameters

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Table 4-3

Network Parameters (continued)

Parameter

Definition

Input
Required

Default Value

Allowed
Values

Fiber Type

A global
attribute for
the type of
fiber.

No

SSMF

SSMF, ELEAF
(when 2.0 is
selected in NE
Release the
field), TW-RS
(when 2.0 is
selected in NE
Release the
field)

Fiber Cost

Not currently
supported in
Release 1.1.0.

No

2000

0 to 100,000
$/km

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Network Design

Network Parameters

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Table 4-3

Network Parameters (continued)

Parameter

Definition

Input
Required

Default Value

Allowed
Values

Maximum
DWDM
Channels

Determines the
maximum
number of
channels that
are allowed on
any one
DWDM link
in the
network. This
parameter may
also be set on
each DWDM
link
individually.
The Maximum
DWDM
Channels
limits the
maximum
allowed power
per channel
(PPC) for
optical
amplifiers.
The maximum
PPC is
determined by
taking the
maximum
allowed output
power of the
amplifier and
dividing by
the number of
allowed
channels.

No

44

8 - 44
The range of
allowed values
will be
restricted based
on the
Maximum
DWDM
channels. Since
the maximum
PPC grows as
the number of
allowed
channels
decreases.
Reach
improvements
can be realized
by reducing the
channel count.

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4-26

Network Design

Network Parameters

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Table 4-3

Network Parameters (continued)

Parameter

Definition

Input
Required

Default Value

Allowed
Values

The PPC is set


using the
Manual
OA/DCM
panel accessed
from the
DWDM link
creation or
editing panels.
Connector Loss

Additional
loss added to
the Fiber loss
when
calculating
attenuation
between sites:
LossSEGMENT =
LossFIBER +
LossCONNECTOR
+ LossMARGIN

No

0.5 dB

0 to 3 dB

PMD
Coefficient

A global
attribute for
the PMD
coefficient of
the fiber.

No

0.05 ps/(square
root km)

0 to 1.5
ps/(square root
km)

Glass-Thru
Loss

Additional
loss associated
with a
Glass-through
site (LGX).
Link Loss is
Calculated as
follows:
LossLINK =
LossSEGMENT +
LossGT+
LossSEGMENT

No

0 dB

0 to 3 dB

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Network Design

Network Parameters

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Table 4-3

Network Parameters (continued)

Parameter

Definition

Input
Required

Default Value

Allowed
Values

Loss
Coefficient

Fiber only loss


per Distance
Unit LossFIBER
=
LossCOEFFICENT
* Distance

No

.25 dB/km

.18 to 1.0
dB/km

Length
Uncertainty

The accuracy
to which
distances are
specified. This
field calculates
the allowed
range of
dispersion
when verifying
demands.

No

5%

0 to 100%

Cable Length

The length of
the fibers
between
splices within
each fiber
segment. This
field calculates
the expected
range of
dispersion for
each segment.
NOTE: If the
user enters the
exact
dispersion, the
tool assumes
no variance.

No

5 km

2 to 20 km

END OF STEPS
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

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4-28

Network Design

Nodes

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Nodes
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

If...

Then...

you want to create a node from the map,

perform Step 2 to Step 3.

you want to create a node from the


Information Tab,

perform Step 4 to Step 6.

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Right-click on a site with one or more PSS-32 NEs.


Result: A menu is displayed.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Select Node: Create.


Result: The Add Node Details window is displayed (see Figure 4-14, Add Node

Window (PSS-32) (p. 4-29)).


Proceed to Step 7.
Figure 4-14 Add Node Window (PSS-32)

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Select NEs from the Information Tab.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Select a row for the desired NE, and right-click.


Result: A menu is displayed.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

For PSS-32 nodes, select Add Node.


For PSS-1 nodes, select Edit.

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Network Design

Nodes

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Result: Either the Add Node Details window is displayed (see Figure 4-14, Add

Node Window (PSS-32) (p. 4-29)) or the Network Element Details window is
displayed (see Figure 4-9, Network Element Details Window (p. 4-15)).
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Select the values from the fields on this window as described in Table 4-4, Node
Parameters (p. 4-30).
Table 4-4

Node Parameters

Parameter

Definition

Input
Required

Default Value

Allowed
Values

Site

User-defined
name to
identify the
site.

No

none

N/A

Node

User-defined
name to
identify the
node.

No

none

Up to 50
characters

Type

The type of
node to be
created

No

TOADM

TOADM,
DFOADM,
CFOADM

Max Degree

The degree to
which the node
can be
upgraded

No

1,2,3,4
(CFOADM:
1,2)

Description

Optional field
to list
additional
information
about this
node.

No

blank

Up to 50
characters

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Do one of the following:


IF{

THEN{

You want to use the schematic view


to choose your node configuration

Continue with Step 9.

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4-30

Network Design

Nodes

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

IF{

THEN{

You want to configure the node


without using the graphical
schematic view

Go to Step 15.

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Click Schematic.
Result: The schematic view is displayed (see Figure 4-15, Schematic View of

Node (p. 4-31)).


Figure 4-15 Schematic View of Node

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Network Design

Nodes

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

10

Select components along the left of the window. Start by clicking with the WDM line
icon (see Figure 4-16, WDM Line Icon on Schematic Window (p. 4-32)).
Figure 4-16 WDM Line Icon on Schematic Window

Next, select an optical amplifier (OA) and build by selecting additional components as
needed (see Figure 4-17, Icon Selection on Schematic Window (p. 4-32).
Figure 4-17 Icon Selection on Schematic Window

Click on the to node icon as a shortcut to go to the schematic for another node (see
Figure 4-18, Node Icon Shortcut (p. 4-33)).
Note: The node icon shortcut is available in a Schematic panel only when there is a
link associated with the displayed node to another node.

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4-32

Network Design

Nodes

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Figure 4-18 Node Icon Shortcut

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

11

To use the configuration displayed on the schematic view, click Apply.


Result: The configuration is saved.

Note: To save this configuration for TOADM nodes, all lines must be connect
all lines by either a mesh connection or a thru connection.
Note: If you do not click Apply, your changes are not saved. If you attempt to
close the window, a warning window is displayed (see Figure 4-19, Warning
Window (Unsaved Schematic) (p. 4-33)).
Figure 4-19 Warning Window (Unsaved Schematic)

Either click Yes to exit without saving, and go to Step 9, or click No to continue
your configuration.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

12

To print the configuration displayed on the schematic view, click Print.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

13

Click Schematic.

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Network Design

Nodes

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Result: Figure 4-14, Add Node Window (PSS-32) (p. 4-29) is displayed.

Clicking Schematic is a toggle to show or hide the schematic view of the node. It
does not prevent the configuration designed in the panel to be deleted if hidden.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

14

Go to Step 9 to finish the configuration.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

15

Click OK.
You can click run design (see Figure 4-20, Run Design Icon (p. 4-34)) to have
the EPT automatically draw the node schematic for you.
Figure 4-20 Run Design Icon

Afterward, you can edit the components by selecting Nodes > Edit from the
Information Tab.
E
ND OF STEPS
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

View or Modify Nodes


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

To view nodes, select Nodes from the Network section of the Information Tab.
A table of all nodes configured in the network is displayed (see Figure 4-21, Node
List (p. 4-35)).

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4-34

Network Design

Nodes

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Figure 4-21 Node List

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

To modify details a node, select the row for the desired node, right-click it, and select
Edit.
Result: The Edit Node Details window is displayed, similar to Figure 4-15,

Schematic View of Node (p. 4-31).


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Edit the node as desired, then click OK.


E...................................................................................................................................................................................................
ND OF STEPS

Delete Nodes
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

To delete one or more nodes, select the row(s) for the desired node(s), right-click the
node in the Selection Bar and select Delete.
A confirmation window is displayed (see Figure 4-22, Warning Window (Delete
Node) (p. 4-36)).

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Nodes

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Figure 4-22 Warning Window (Delete Node)

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Click Yes to delete the node (and corresponding NEs).


END OF STEPS
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

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4-36

Network Design

Segments

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Segments
Create Segments
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

To connect two or more sites to one another with segments, do one of the following:

Select Action > Create Segment


Right-click the site and a menu will display. Select Segment: Create and click the
site being connected with the segment. Each time you right-click on a site, a menu
is displayed. Selecting Segment: Create puts the GUI into the segment creation
mode. Then, each time you select a site, a segment is created from the previously
selected site. Right-clicking on the map restores the normal operation of the GUI.
In both of these methods, you must define the end site. If you create a segment
from the map (right-click on the source site and selected destination site), the end
sites are selected in the create segment panel as they were specified by selecting
the sites in the map.
Note: For bidirectional demands, the source and destination values are
interchangeable and dependent on your manual configuration.

The Create Segment window is displayed (see Figure 4-23, Create Segment Window
(p. 4-38)), allowing you to specify a number of settings related to the segment such as
the fiber properties of the segment. All values on this window are defaulted and may
be overridden as needed. The window also provides the choice of allowing the tool to
set fiber characteristics with algorithmic calculations based on fiber type and length or
by direct user specification.

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Network Design

Segments

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Figure 4-23 Create Segment Window

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Select the values from the fields on this window as described in Table 4-5, Segment
Parameters (p. 4-38).
Table 4-5

Segment Parameters

Parameter

Definition

Input
Required

Default Value

Allowed
Values

Name

User-defined
name to
identify the
segment
parameter.

Yes

none

Up to 50
characters

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4-38

Network Design

Segments

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Table 4-5

Segment Parameters (continued)

Parameter

Definition

Input
Required

Default Value

Allowed
Values

Description

Optional field
to list
additional
information
about the
segment
parameter.

No

blank

Up to 50
characters

A-End Site

Yes

(varies)

Varies
depending on
the number of
defined sites.

B-End Site

Yes

(varies)

Varies
depending on
the number of
defined sites.

Asymmetric
Fiber
Properties

Allows for
fiber properties
to be specified
separately for
each direction
if desired.

No

Disabled
(Unchecked
Checkbox)

Disabled
(Unchecked
checkbox),
Enabled
(Checked
Checkbox)

Type

The category
of transmission
fiber

No

Default

Default, SSMF

Length

The length of
the fiber
segment.

No

10 km

Loss (dB)

The loss of the


fiber segment.

No

(varies)

0.1 to 32.8

PMD (ps)

The PMD
contribution of
the fiber
segment.

No

(varies)

0 to 20

Dispersion
(ps/nm)

The chromatic
dispersion of
the fiber
segment.

No

(varies)

-1500 to 3000

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Network Design

Segments

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Table 4-5

Segment Parameters (continued)

Parameter

Definition

Input
Required

Default Value

Allowed
Values

Dispersion
Slope (ps/nm2)

The slope of
the chromatic
dispersion of
the fiber
segment.

No

(varies)

-10 to +20

Loss Margin
(dB)

The additional
loss that should
be added to the
fiber segment
to account for
a potential
increase in
loss.

No

0 to 5

Connector Loss
(dB)

The additional
loss that should
be added to the
segment to
account for
connectors.

No

0 to 3

Maximum
Channel Count

The maximum
number of
channels that
the fiber
segment is
expected to
support.

No

44

0 to 44

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Click OK.

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4-40

Network Design

Segments

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Result: The map redisplays with the selected sites connected by a segment

indication (see Figure 4-24, Segment Connection (p. 4-41)). The physical fiber
segments connecting sites are shown as solid lines.
Figure 4-24 Segment Connection

More than one segment can be created between a pair of sites, representing actual fiber
connecting those sites. However, all segments between the sites are represented with a
single line connecting those sites on the map.
E...................................................................................................................................................................................................
ND OF STEPS

View or Modify Segments


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

To view a segment, select Segments from the Network section of the Information Tab.
A table of all segments configured in the network is displayed (see Figure 4-25,
Segments (p. 4-42)).

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Network Design

Segments

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Figure 4-25 Segments

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

To modify details for one or more segments, select the row(s) for the desired
segment(s), right-click the segment and select Edit.

E
ND OF STEPS
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Delete Segments
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

To delete one or more segments, select the row(s) for the desired segment(s),
right-click the segment in the Selection Bar and select Delete or Delete Selected
Rows.
A confirmation window is displayed (see Figure 4-26, Warning Window (Delete One
Segment) (p. 4-42) and Figure 4-27, Warning Window (Delete Multiple Segments)
(p. 4-43)).
Figure 4-26 Warning Window (Delete One Segment)

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4-42

Network Design

Segments

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Figure 4-27 Warning Window (Delete Multiple Segments)

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Click Yes to delete the segment(s).


END OF STEPS
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

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Network Design

Spans

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Spans
View Spans
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

To view a span, select Spans from the Network section of the Information Tab.
A table of all spans configured in the network is displayed (see Figure 4-28, Spans
(p. 4-44)).
Figure 4-28 Spans

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

To view span details for one or more segments, select the row(s) for the desired
span(s), right-click the span and select Edit.

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4-44

Network Design

Spans

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Result: The Span Details window is displayed (see Figure 4-29, Span Details

(p. 4-45)).
Figure 4-29 Span Details

END OF STEPS
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

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Network Design

Glass-Throughs

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Glass-Throughs
View Spans
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

To view a glass-through, select Glass-Thru from the Network section of the


Information Tab.
A table of all glass-through configured in the network is displayed (see Figure 4-30,
Glass-Throughs (p. 4-46)).
Figure 4-30 Glass-Throughs

END OF STEPS
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

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4-46

Network Design

Site-Specific Information

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Site-Specific Information
Viewing Overall Site Details

After configuring a site, you can view all entities on the site from the Information Tab.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Select a site on the map for which you want to view all configuration details.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Select Sites from the Information Tab.


The site-specific information for the selected site is displayed (see Figure 4-31,
Site-Specific Information (p. 4-47)). You can select other sites and the information
will change to reflect the selected site.
Figure 4-31 Site-Specific Information

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Network Design

Site-Specific Information

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

END OF STEPS
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

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4-48

Traffic Design
5

Overview
Purpose

This chapter provides information on how to create links, demands, and connections on
a network. The procedures to create objects described in this chapter are performed
using point and click operations in the network map.
Contents
Links

5-2

Commissioning File

5-20

WDM Demands

5-26

Virtual WDM Demands

5-44

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Traffic Design

Links

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Links

DWDM links are supported on TOADM and DFOADM nodes.

CWDM links are supported on CFOADM and ECFOADM nodes.


Single Channel Links are supported on TOADM, DFOADM, and ECFOADM
nodes.

Create DWDM Links

Perform the steps in the following procedure to create a DWDM link and configure
OAs or DCMs.
Before you can create a DWDM link on a site, you must first configure an NE on the
site. (See Chapter 4, Network Design for details.)
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Right-click on a source site and select DWDM Link: Create. Click the destination site.
A window (see Figure 5-1, Create DWDM Link Window (p. 5-3)) is displayed,
which allows you to specify various attributes of the link.

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5-2

Traffic Design

Links

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Figure 5-1 Create DWDM Link Window

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Traffic Design

Links

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Select the values from the fields on this window as described in Table 5-1, DWDM
Link Parameters (p. 5-4) .
Table 5-1

DWDM Link Parameters

Parameter

Description

Input
Required

Default Value

Allowed
Values

Name

User-defined
name to
identify the
DWDM link.

No

none

Up to 50
characters

Description

Optional field
to list
additional
information
about the
DWDM link.

No

blank

Up to 50
characters

Maximum
DWDM
Channels

Maximum
number of
channels to be
supported on
this DWDM
link.

No

N/A

8 - 44

Use Global
Value
(currently =
44)

Use this
number of
DWDM
channels.

No

Enabled
(Checked
Checkbox)

Disabled
(Unchecked
checkbox),
Enabled
(Checked
Checkbox)

Site

(Selected Site)

Yes

(varies)

N/A

Node

(Selected node)

Line #

No

1, 2, 3, 4

Line Type

No

TOADM,
DFOADM

TOADM,
DFOADM

Max # Add
Channels

No

N/A

TOADM: 16 44; FOADM:


N/A

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5-4

Traffic Design

Links

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Table 5-1

DWDM Link Parameters (continued)

Parameter

Description

Input
Required

Default Value

Allowed
Values

OA/DCM
Selection

Click Manual
to choose the
OA and the
DCM used by
each end of
this link.

Automatic,
Manual

NOTE: This
field is not
supported for
user-created
links, but is
supported for
automaticallycreated WDM
links.

WDM Link
Route

This panel
shows the
sequence from
the sites
connected by
the DWDM
link.

No

(varies)

Site Route

Provides an
alternative view
to the sequence
of segments
that comprise
this DWDM
link.

No

N/A

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Do one of the following:


IF{

THEN{

You want to select an OA/DCM


configuration

Continue with Step 4.

You want to allow the EPT to


select an OA/DCM configuration
automatically

Go to Step 7.

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Click Manual to choose the OA and the DCM used by each end of this link.

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Links

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Result: The Link Attributes Selection window is displayed (see Figure 5-2, Link

Attributes Selection Window (p. 5-6)).


Figure 5-2 Link Attributes Selection Window

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Select the values from the fields on this window as described in Table 5-2, Link
Attributes Selection Parameters (p. 5-6) .
Table 5-2

Link Attributes Selection Parameters

Parameter

Description

Input
Required

Default Value

Allowed
Values

Receive: OA

Provides choice
of the OA to be
used on the
receive or
transmit side of
the link for one
end.

No

ALPHG

ALPHG,
AHPHG

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Links

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Table 5-2

Link Attributes Selection Parameters (continued)

Parameter

Description

Input
Required

Default Value

Allowed
Values

Receive: Target
Power

Allows user to
specify the
target power
per channel
that the
amplifier
should achieve
(dBm).

No

0.57

Varies
depending on
the maximum
DWDM
channel count.

Receive: DCM

Allows user to
specify the
DCM to be
placed in the
receive or
transmit OA.

No

none

none,
DMSF010,
DMSF020,
DMSF030,
DMSF040,
DMSF050,
DMSF060,
DMSF070,
DMSF080,
DMSF090,
DMSF0100,
DMSF0110,
DMSF0120,
DMSF0130

Transmit: OA

No

ALPHG

ALPHG,
AHPHG

Transmit:
Target Power

No

0.57

Varies
depending on
the maximum
DWDM
channel count.

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Links

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Table 5-2

Link Attributes Selection Parameters (continued)

Parameter
Transmit: DCM

Description

Input
Required

Default Value

Allowed
Values

No

none

none,
DMSF010,
DMSF020,
DMSF030,
DMSF040,
DMSF050,
DMSF060,
DMSF070,
DMSF080,
DMSF090,
DMSF0100,
DMSF0110,
DMSF0120,
DMSF0130

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Make any necessary entries on the Link Attributes window, and click OK.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

On the OA/DCM Selection panel, select Automatic, and click OK.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Make any other entries on the DWDM Link Details window as desired, and click OK.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

To edit ILA and glassthroughs at intermediate sites on a link, select and edit an
existing link and click Manual on the OA/DCM Selection panel.

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5-8

Traffic Design

Links

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Result: The Link Attributes Selection window is displayed with ILA and Glass

Through options (see Figure 5-3, Link Attributes Selection Window (ILA and
Glassthrough) (p. 5-9)).
Figure 5-3 Link Attributes Selection Window (ILA and Glassthrough)

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Links

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

10

Make any necessary entries on the Link Attributes window, and click OK.

E
ND OF STEPS
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Create CWDM Links

Perform the steps in the following procedure to create a CWDM link.


Before you can create a CWDM link on a site, you must first configure at least two
PSS-1 NEs, or a CFOADM NE and a PSS-1 NE, and then create a segment between
them. (See Chapter 4, Network Design for details.)
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

On the map, select a PSS-1 NE or PSS-32 CFOADM NE, and right-click it. A menu is
displayed.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Select CWDM Link: Create.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Right-click a PSS-1 NE.

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Links

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Result: The Create CWDM Link window is displayed (see Figure 5-4, Create

CWDM Link Window (p. 5-11)), allowing you to specify settings related to the
CWDM link.
Figure 5-4 Create CWDM Link Window

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Links

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Select the values from the fields on this window as described in Table 5-3, CWDM
Link Parameters (p. 5-12) .
Table 5-3

CWDM Link Parameters

Parameter

Description

Input
Required

Default Value

Allowed
Values

Name

User-defined
name to
identify the
CWDM link.

No

none

Up to 50
characters

Description

Optional field
to list
additional
information
about the
CWDM link.

No

blank

Up to 50
characters

Yes

(varies)

1, 2

Yes

(varies)

No

ECFOADM

Line #
Site

(Selected site)

A-End: NE

(Selected NE)

Node

(Selected node)

Line Type
CWDM Link
Route

This panel
shows the
sequence from
the sites
connected by
the CWDM
link.

No

(varies)

Site Route

Provides an
alternate view
of the sequence
of segments
that comprise
this CWDM
link.

No

N/A

ECFOADM,
CFOADM

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Links

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Make any other entries on the CWDM Link window as desired, and click OK.
E...................................................................................................................................................................................................
ND OF STEPS

Single Channel Links


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Right-click on a source site and select Single Channel: Create.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Click the destination site.

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Result: The Create Single Channel Link window is displayed (see Figure 5-5,

Create Single Channel Link Window (p. 5-14)), allowing you to specify settings
related to the single channel link.
Figure 5-5 Create Single Channel Link Window

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Links

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Select the values from the fields on this window as described in Table 5-4, Single
Channel Link Parameters (p. 5-15) .
Table 5-4

Single Channel Link Parameters

Parameter

Description

Input
Required

Default Value

Allowed
Values

Name

User-defined
name to
identify the
single channel
link.

No

none

Up to 50
characters

Description

Optional field
to list
additional
information
about the single
channel link.

No

blank

Up to 50
characters

Site

(Selected site)

Yes

(varies)

Node

(Selected node)

Line #

Yes

(varies)

ECFOADM: 1
to 16;
TOADM: 1 to
50

Line Type

No

SCHAN

SCHAN

Single Channel
Link Route

This panel
shows the
sequence from
the sites
connected by
the single
channel link.

No

(varies)

Site Route

Provides an
alternate view
of the sequence
of segments
that comprise
this single
channel link.

No

N/A

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....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Make any other entries on the Single Channel Link window as desired, and click OK.

E
ND OF STEPS
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

View or Modify Links


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

To view a link, select Links on the Information Tab.


A table of all SCHAN, CWDM, and DWDM links configured in the network is
displayed (see Figure 5-6, Links (p. 5-16)).
Figure 5-6 Links

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

To modify details for a link, select the row for the desired link, right-click it and select
Edit.

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Traffic Design

Links

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Result: The DWDM or CWDM Link Details window is displayed (see Figure 5-7,

DWDM Link Details Window (p. 5-17) or Figure 5-8, CWDM Link Details
Window (p. 5-18)), allowing you to specify settings related to the DWDM link.
Figure 5-7 DWDM Link Details Window

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Links

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Figure 5-8 CWDM Link Details Window

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

To establish link connectivity, select a row for a link in the Link table. The
terminations of the selected link are displayed with an NE icons that are labeled with
the name of the NEs terminating the link. You can highlight as many links as desired
by selecting multiple rows in the table.

E
ND OF STEPS
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

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Traffic Design

Links

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Delete Links

You can delete only the links that you create, not links created automatically by the
system.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

To delete a link from the Information Tab, select the row for the desired link,
right-click it, and select Delete.
A confirmation window is displayed (see Figure 5-9, Warning Window (Delete Link)
(p. 5-19)).
Figure 5-9 Warning Window (Delete Link)

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Click Yes to delete the link.


END OF STEPS
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

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Traffic Design

Commissioning File

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Commissioning File
Overview

This section describes how to partition links into rings or systems to be used for the
1354 RM-PhM Release 6.0 Photonic Manager (1354RM-PhM).
The EPT can generate commissioning files to communicate the information to the
1354RM-PhM the required to commission the network. The network must be divided
into systems for the purpose of commissioning. Each system must be a simple ring or
point-to-point linear configuration of NEs.
Note: More complex systems cannot be commissioned by the 1354RM-PhM. The
EPT supports network designs that cannot be automatically commissioned.
Note: When provisioning and commissioning a network consisting of multiple
systems, the network provisioning must always match the provisioning in the EPT;
otherwise the 1354RM-PhM provisioning and commissioning wizards may stop
prematurely. After provisioning and/or commissioning of a system using the
1354RM-PhM wizards, any change made to the provisioning of the system must be
reflected back in the EPT and new system commissioning file(s) generated before
running the 1354RM-PhM wizards again. For example, changing an OT line port
ITU channel in the NE after using the 1354RM-PhM wizards.
Before you begin

You should save the design before creating a commissioning file. The SID should be
entered for the NEs that are used in the system.
You cannot create a commissioning file unless the design state of your network is
Complete, Valid (see Design Options (p. 1-8)).
Creating a Commissioning File
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

On the Information Tab, click Links to display all the optical links in the traffic
design.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Press Shift and highlight each link you want to include in the system.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

The Design State must be Complete, Valid for each row you selected. If not, click the
Run Design icon or Verify Design icon (see Table 3-5, Toolbar Icon Descriptions
(p. 3-7)).

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Commissioning File

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Right-click the mouse and select Create System (see Figure 5-10, Menu Selection to
Create System (p. 5-21)).
Note: Systems cannot be created for CWDM and SCHAN links.
Figure 5-10 Menu Selection to Create System

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Commissioning File

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Result: The system will be verified for validity. If the system is valid, the System

Details window is displayed (see Figure 5-11, System Details Window (p. 5-22)
). If the system is not valid, an error message is displayed (see Figure 5-12,
System Error Message (p. 5-22)).
Figure 5-11 System Details Window

Figure 5-12 System Error Message

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Rename the system to a meaningful name and click OK.

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Commissioning File

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Result: A system is created.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Select Action > Create Commissioning Files.


Result: The Create Commissioning Files window is displayed (see Figure 5-13,

Create Commissioning Files Window (p. 5-23)).


Figure 5-13 Create Commissioning Files Window

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Click Create.
Result: If all components of the sites are valid, the commissioning file is created.

The Create Commissioning Files window is populated with the date and path of the
text file. On your PC, you can browse to this location, which is the same directory
as where your network design file (with the .xml extension) is saved (see Closing
the EPT Application (p. 2-9)).
E...................................................................................................................................................................................................
ND OF STEPS

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Commissioning File

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

View or Modify Systems


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

To view a system, select Systems on the Information Tab.


A table of all systems configured in the network is displayed (see Figure 5-14,
Systems (p. 5-24)).
Figure 5-14 Systems

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

To modify details for a system, select the row for the desired system, right-click it and
select Edit.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Select Edit.
Result: The System Details window is displayed (see Figure 5-11, System Details

Window (p. 5-22)), allowing you to specify settings related to the system.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Modify the settings as desired, then click OK.

E
ND OF STEPS
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Delete Systems
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

To delete a system from the Information Tab, select the row for the desired system,
right-click it, and select Delete.

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Commissioning File

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

A confirmation window is displayed (see Figure 5-15, Warning Window (Delete


System) (p. 5-25)).
Figure 5-15 Warning Window (Delete System)

Note: When you delete a system, any associated commissioning file will also be
deleted.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Click Yes to delete the system.


END OF STEPS
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

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Traffic Design

WDM Demands

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

WDM Demands
Create Point-to-Point WDM Demand
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

To create point-to-point WDM demand, right-click on a source site and select WDM
Demand: Create > PT-PT. Click the destination site.
Result: The Create WDM Demand window (see Figure 5-16, Create WDM

Demand Window (p. 5-26)) is displayed, which allows you to specify various
attributes of the demand you are creating.
Figure 5-16 Create WDM Demand Window

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Click OK to create the demand.

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Traffic Design

WDM Demands

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Select the values from the fields on this window as described in Table 5-5, WDM
Demand Parameters (p. 5-27).
Table 5-5

WDM Demand Parameters

Parameter

Definition

Input
Required

Default Value

Allowed
Values

WDM Demand Definition


Name

User-defined
name to
identify the
WDM demand.

No

none

Up to 50
characters

Description

Optional field
to list
additional
information
about the
WDM demand.

No

none

Up to 50
characters

Channel

Allows you to
manually set
channel
frequency or
allow the EPT
to choose
channel
assignment.

No

Compute

Compute, 9170
- 9600

Number of
Services

How many
WDM demands
to create.

No

1 to 100

Source
Protection (see
Table Note)

Specifies the
type of
protection to be
configured at
the
source/
destination site.
The destination
sides
protection type
will be
consistent with
that of the
source side.

Yes

Unprotected

Unprotected,
Diverse Path,
ESNCP1+1,
Client 1+1 Y
Cable, Dual
Homed, OPS
Dual Interface,
OPS Single
Interface

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WDM Demands

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Table 5-5
Parameter

WDM Demand Parameters (continued)


Definition

Input
Required

Default Value

Allowed
Values

Unprotected:
Two OTs
equipped. one
channel
assigned across
one path.
Diverse Path:
Four OTs
equipped. One
channel
assigned across
two paths
ESNCP1+1:
Service and
protection
paths terminate
on a dual port
OT, service
selection is
electrical.
Client 1+1
Y-Cable: Four
OTs, two
Y-cables
equipped. One
channel
assigned across
two paths.

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WDM Demands

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Table 5-5
Parameter

WDM Demand Parameters (continued)


Definition

Input
Required

Default Value

Allowed
Values

Dual Homed
(on PSS-32):
Two client
bidirectional
signals
connected to
two OTs on
two separate
PSS-32 NEs.
Dual Homed
(on PSS-1):
Two client
bidirectional
signals
connected to
two client
bidirectional
ports on two
separate PSS-1
NEs.

NOTE: When
selecting this
option, the

OPS Dual
Interface
(supported on
the PSS-32
only ): An OPS
pack is used to
bridge and
select the
signal.

Source/
Destination 2

panels are
displayed.

NOTE: When
selecting this
option, the
Source/
Destination 2

panels are
displayed.

NOTE: OPS
Dual Interface

means two
SVAC packs
are used. OPS
Dual Interface

is only
supported if the
OT Type is
Alien.

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WDM Demands

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Table 5-5
Parameter

WDM Demand Parameters (continued)


Definition

Input
Required

Default Value

Allowed
Values

OPS Single
Interface
(supported on
the PSS-32
only ): An OPS
pack is used to
bridge and
select the
signal.

NOTE: When
selecting this
option, the
Source/
Destination 2

panels are
displayed.

NOTE: OPS
Single Interface
means only one
OT or SVAC
between the
client signal
and the OPS.
OPS Single
Interface is

only supported
if the OT Type
is an OT pack.
Source/Destination 1
Source/Destination 2
This panel specifies characteristics associated with the source or destination of the
WDM demand.
Site

Defines the
source/
destination site
for this
demand.

Node

Specifies from
which node to
originate (on
source side) or
terminate (on
destination
side) the WDM
demand.

Yes

none

Yes

Compute, (list
of nodes at
Source site)

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WDM Demands

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Table 5-5

WDM Demand Parameters (continued)

Parameter

Definition

Input
Required

Default Value

Allowed
Values

Source/Destination 1 Details
Source/Destination 2 Details
MUX OT

Allows
additional
client side
provisioning
options when
OT is
11STGE12
,11DPGE12, or
11STMM10.

Client Signal

OTM-0.2

OTM-0.2,
OC-192/STM64, 10G LAN
PHY, 10G
WAN PHY,
10G FC

OT

Specifies the
OT type to be
used for the
WDM demand.

11STAR1

11STAR1,
11STGE12,
11DPGE12,
11STMM10,
Alien1

Client Interface

Allows user to
specify the
client side
interface of the
OT at the
source/
destination
side. The
destination
sides interface
will be
consistent with
that of the
source side.

Varies(Interface
default and
allowed values
depend on OT
and service
types.)

SVAC,
P1I1-2D1,
P1S1- 2D2b
(IR-2),
10GBASE-SR,
10GBASE-LR,
10GBASE-ER,
10G-LR-1471,
10G-LR-1491,
10G-LR-1511,
10G-LR-1531,
10G-LR-1551,
10G-LR-1571,
10G-LR-1591,
10G-LR-1611

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WDM Demands

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Table 5-5

WDM Demand Parameters (continued)

Parameter

Definition

FEC (Source
side only)

Specifies the
type of FEC to
be configured
on the OT.

Input
Required

Default Value

Allowed
Values

A-EFEC

A-EFEC,
S-EFEC, GFEC

Notes:

1.

The allowable values in the Destination panels Protection Type field change based on
values selected in the Source panels Protection Type field.

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WDM Demands

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

If you select Dual Homed in the Source Protection field, the Create WDM Demand
window is displayed with a different set of available parameters (see Figure 5-17,
Create WDM Demand Window (p. 5-33)) .
Figure 5-17 Create WDM Demand Window

If you select OPS Dual Interface in the Source Protection field, the Create WDM
Demand window is displayed with a different set of available parameters (see
Figure 5-18, Create WDM Demand Window (p. 5-34)) .

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Figure 5-18 Create WDM Demand Window

If you select OPS Single Interface in the Source Protection field, the Create WDM
Demand window is displayed with a different set of available parameters (see
Figure 5-19, Create WDM Demand Window (p. 5-35)) .

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WDM Demands

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Figure 5-19 Create WDM Demand Window

E...................................................................................................................................................................................................
ND OF STEPS

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WDM Demands

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Mux OT Client Ports

Perform the steps in the following procedure to configure multiplexed client ports on
an OT.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

If you click the Mux OT checkbox on the Create WDM Demand window, the Mux
Clients button is displayed.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Click Mux Clients.


Result: The Mux Clients window is displayed (see Mux OT Client Ports

(p. 5-36)).

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Traffic Design

WDM Demands

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Select the values for the fields on this window as described in Table 5-6, WDM
Demand Parameters (p. 5-37).
Note: The Mux Clients window parameters vary based on the OT type selected in
the OT field on the Create WDM Demand window.
Table 5-6
Parameter

WDM Demand Parameters


Definition

Input
Required

Default Value

Allowed
Values

OT Details
Site

Defines the
source/
destination site
for this
demand.

No

(Automatically
populated)

(Automatically
populated)

OT

OT Type
selected on the
Create WDM
Demand
window.

No

(Automatically
populated)

11STGE12,
11DPGE12,
11STMM10
(Automatically
populated)

Client Details
Signal

Signal type to
be used on this
client port.

No

Varies(NOTE:
Default and
allowed values
depend on OT
and service
types.)

none,
STM-1/OC-3,
STM-4/OC-12,
STM-16/OC48,
2G5, FC-100,
FC-200,
FC-400, GbE

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....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Table 5-6

WDM Demand Parameters (continued)

Parameter

Definition

Input
Required

Default Value

Allowed
Values

Interface

Interface type
to be used on
this client port.

No

Varies(NOTE:
Default and
allowed values
depend on OT
and service
types.)

S-16.1/IR-1,
1000BASE-SX,
1000BASE-LX,
1000BASE-ZX,
S-C8L1-1DX
1471,
S-C8L1-1DX
1491,
S-C8L1-1DX
1511,
S-C8L1-1DX
1531,
S-C8L1-1DX
1551,
S-C8L1-1DX
1571,
S-C8L1-1DX
1591,
S-C8L1-1DX
1611,

Line Port

Indicates the
line port where
the client
signal is
routed.

No

Varies
depending on
the OT type
and protection
type

Compute, L1,
L2

Protection

Indicates
whether each
client port is
protected.

No

no

no, yes

E
ND OF STEPS
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Route WDM Demand

Note: You must first assign a channel on a WDM demand (when creating or
editing a demand) before you can manually route it.

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WDM Demands

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Manually routing demands equips the transponders (reflected in the BOM). You can
manually route WDM demands one at a time. For all protected demands, the
shortest/lowest cost path from autorouting is given to the first path. Provision this path
as the working path if the protection group is provisioned for revertive.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

To create a route, start from the Information Tab, and click WDM.
IF{

THEN{

the demand is already routed

Continue with Step 2.

the demand is not already routed

Go to Step 5.

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Select the WDM demand and right-click. A menu is displayed.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Select Delete Route.


Result: A confirmation window is displayed (see Figure 5-20, Warning Window

(Delete WDM Demand Route) (p. 5-39)).


Figure 5-20 Warning Window (Delete WDM Demand Route)

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Click Yes.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Select the WDM demand and right-click. A menu is displayed.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Select Create Route.

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....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Result: The WDM Demand Routing window is displayed (see Figure 5-21, WDM

Demand Routing Window (p. 5-40)).


Figure 5-21 WDM Demand Routing Window

Note: If the route is protected, a window is displayed that allows you to change
this setting.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Select the path you want to use for the WDM demand (note the red highlight of the
selected path) , and click Next.

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WDM Demands

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Result: The WDM Demand Routing window is updated, displaying with the

logical path for the demand (see Figure 5-22, WDM Demand Routing Solutions
Window (Forced Regeneration) (p. 5-41).
Figure 5-22 WDM Demand Routing Solutions Window (Forced Regeneration)

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Click Details.
Result: The OT Selection window is displayed (see Figure 5-23, OT Selection

Window (p. 5-41).


Figure 5-23 OT Selection Window

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....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Do one of the following:


IF{

THEN{

you want to do a forced


regeneration

Select Yes in the Force Regen field, and continue


with Step 10.

you do not want to do a forced


regeneration

Select No in the Force Regen field, and continue


with Step 10.

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

10

Confirm the path.


IF{

THEN{

This path is correct

Continue with Step 11.

This path is incorrect

Click Back, then go to Step 7.

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

11

Click Finish to complete the operation.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

12

You can right-click and select Show Route to display the routed demand.

E
ND OF STEPS
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

View or Modify WDM Demand


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

To view a WDM demand, select WDM from the Demands section of the Information
Tab.
A table of all WDM demands configured in the network is displayed (see Figure 5-24,
WDM Demands (p. 5-43)).

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WDM Demands

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Figure 5-24 WDM Demands

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

To modify details for a WDM demand, select the row for the desired demand,
right-click it and select Edit.
E...................................................................................................................................................................................................
ND OF STEPS

Delete WDM Demand


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

To delete one or more WDM demands from the Information Tab, select the row(s) for
the desired demand(s), right-click it, and select Delete or Delete Selected Rows.
The corresponding confirmation window is displayed (see Figure 5-25, Warning
Window (Delete WDM Demand) (p. 5-43)).
Figure 5-25 Warning Window (Delete WDM Demand)

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Click Yes to delete the WDM demand.


END OF STEPS
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

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Virtual WDM Demands

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Virtual WDM Demands


Create Point-to-Point Virtual Demand

Each virtual connection can support only one virtual demand.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

To create a point-to-point virtual demand, right-click on a source site and select Virtual
Demand: Create > PT-PT. Select the destination site, then click the map.
Result: The Create Virtual Demand window (see Figure 5-26, Create Virtual
Demand Window (p. 5-44)) is displayed that allows you to specify various
attributes of the demand you are creating.

Figure 5-26 Create Virtual Demand Window

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Virtual WDM Demands

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Select the values from the fields on this window as described in Table 5-7, Virtual
Demand Parameters (p. 5-45).
Table 5-7

Virtual Demand Parameters

Parameter

Definition

Input
Required

Default Value

Allowed
Values

Virtual Demand Definition


Name

User-defined
name to
identify the
virtualWDM
demand.

No

none

Up to 50
characters

Description

Optional field
to list
additional
information
about the
virtualWDM
demand.

No

blank

Up to 50
characters

Source
Protection (see
Table Note)

Specifies the
type of
protection to be
configured at
the
source/
destination site.
The destination
sides
protection type
will be
consistent with
that of the
source side.

Yes

Unprotected

Unprotected,
Diverse Path,
ESNCP1+1,
Client 1+1 Y
Cable, Dual
Homed, OPS
Dual Interface,
OPS Single
Interface

Unprotected:
Two OTs
equipped. one
channel
assigned across
one path.

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Table 5-7
Parameter

Virtual Demand Parameters (continued)


Definition

Input
Required

Default Value

Allowed
Values

Diverse Path:
Four OTs
equipped. One
channel
assigned across
two paths
ESNCP1+1:
Service and
protection
paths terminate
on a dual port
OT, service
selection is
electrical.
Client 1+1
Y-Cable: Four
OTs, two
Y-cables
equipped. One
channel
assigned across
two paths.

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Virtual WDM Demands

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Table 5-7
Parameter

Virtual Demand Parameters (continued)


Definition

Input
Required

Default Value

Allowed
Values

Dual Homed
(on PSS-32):
Two client
bidirectional
signals
connected to
two OTs on
two separate
PSS-32 NEs.
Dual Homed
(on PSS-1):
Two client
bidirectional
signals
connected to
two client
bidirectional
ports on two
separate PSS-1
NEs.

NOTE: When
selecting this
option, the

OPS Dual
Interface
(supported on
the PSS-32
only ): An OPS
pack is used to
bridge and
select the
signal.

Source/
Destination 2

panels are
displayed.

NOTE: When
selecting this
option, the
Source/
Destination 2

panels are
displayed.

NOTE: OPS
Dual Interface

means two
SVAC packs
are used. OPS
Dual Interface

is only
supported if the
OT Type is
Alien.

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....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Table 5-7
Parameter

Virtual Demand Parameters (continued)


Definition

Input
Required

Default Value

Allowed
Values

OPS Single
Interface
(supported on
the PSS-32
only ): An OPS
pack is used to
bridge and
select the
signal.

NOTE: When
selecting this
option, the
Source/
Destination 2

panels are
displayed.

NOTE: OPS
Single Interface
means only one
OT or SVAC
between the
client signal
and the OPS.
OPS Single
Interface is

only supported
if the OT Type
is an OT pack.
Source/Destination 1
Source/Destination 2
This panel specifies characteristics associated with the source or destination of the
virtual WDM demand.
Site

Defines the
source/
destination site
for this
demand.

Node

Specifies from
which node to
originate (on
source side) or
terminate (on
destination
side) the WDM
demand.

Yes

none

Yes

Compute, (list
of nodes at
Source site)

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Virtual WDM Demands

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Table 5-7

Virtual Demand Parameters (continued)

Parameter

Definition

Input
Required

Default Value

Allowed
Values

Source/Destination 1 Details
Source/Destination 2 Details
MUX OT

Allows
additional
client side
provisioning
options when
OT is
11STGE12
,11DPGE12, or
11STMM10.

Client Signal

OTM-0.2

OTM-0.2,
OC-192/STM64, 10G LAN
PHY, 10G
WAN PHY,
10G FC

OT

Specifies the
OT type to be
used for the
WDM demand.

11STAR1

11STAR1,
11STGE12,
11DPGE12,
11STMM10,
Alien1

FEC (Source
side only)

Specifies the
type of FEC to
be configured
on the OT.

A-EFEC

A-EFEC,
S-EFEC, GFEC

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Click OK to create the demand.


A virtual WDM demand is created.
E...................................................................................................................................................................................................
ND OF STEPS

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Virtual WDM Demands

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

View or Modify Virtual Demand


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

To view a virtual demand, select Virtual from the Demands section of the Information
Tab. A table of all virtual demands configured in the network is displayed (see Figure
5-27, Virtual Demands (p. 5-50)).
Figure 5-27 Virtual Demands

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Right-click on the virtual demand and select Edit.


Result: The Virtual Demand Details is displayed.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Change the desired parameters and click OK.

E
ND OF STEPS
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Delete Virtual Demand


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

To delete a virtual demand, select Virtual from the Demands section of the Information
Tab. A table of all virtual demands configured in the network is displayed (see Figure
5-27, Virtual Demands (p. 5-50)).
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Right-click the line containing the desired virtual demand and select Delete.
A confirmation window is displayed (see Figure 5-28, Warning Window (Delete
Virtual Demand) (p. 5-51)).

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Virtual WDM Demands

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Figure 5-28 Warning Window (Delete Virtual Demand)

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Click Yes to delete the virtual demand.


E...................................................................................................................................................................................................
ND OF STEPS

Create Any-to-Any Virtual WDM Demands


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Follow these rules when creating an any-to-any virtual WDM demand:

All unequipped sites are included in the list of available sites.

All sites equipped with a Homogeneous SFD44 FOADM Node or TOADM Node
are included in the list of available sites.

Sites containing one or more NE with no Homogeneous SFD44 FOADM Node or


TOADM Node are excluded from the list of available sites.

To create a virtual demand, select Action > Create Any to Any Virtual WDM
Demands. Select the destination site.
A window (see Figure 5-29, Create Any-to-Any Virtual WDM Demands Window
(p. 5-52)) is displayed that allows you to specify various attributes of the demand you
are creating.

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Figure 5-29 Create Any-to-Any Virtual WDM Demands Window

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Select the values from the fields on this window as described in Table 5-8,
Any-to-Any Virtual Demand Parameters (p. 5-52).
Table 5-8

Any-to-Any Virtual Demand Parameters

Parameter

Input Required

Default Value

Allowed Values

Client Signal

No

10G LAN PHY

10G WAN PHY


10G LAN PHY,
OC-192/STM-64,
10G FC, OTM-0.2

Protection Type

No

Unprotected

Unprotected,
Diverse Path,
ESNCP1+1, Client
1+1 Y Cable, Dual
Homed, OPS Dual
Interface, OPS
Single Interface

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....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Table 5-8

Any-to-Any Virtual Demand Parameters (continued)

Parameter

Input Required

Default Value

Allowed Values

OT

Yes

11STAR1

11STAR1,
11STGE12,
11DPGE12

FEC

Yes

A-FEC

A-FEC, GFEC

Site Specification

Yes

none

Available site
names in the
network

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

To modify the Included Sites column, select the sites you wish to exclude from this
connection and click Remove.
Result: The sites move to the Excluded Sites column. All sites with virtual WDM

demands are listed in the Included Sites column, which contains all sites where a
WDM demand terminates.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Click OK to create the demand.


E...................................................................................................................................................................................................
ND OF STEPS

Viewing All Demands


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

To view all demands (WDM and virtual) in a network design, select ALL from the
Demands section of the Information Tab. A table of all WDM and virtual demands
configured in the network is displayed (see Figure 5-30, ALL Demands (p. 5-54)).

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Figure 5-30 ALL Demands

END OF STEPS
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5-54

6 esign Automation and


D
Verification

Overview
Purpose

This chapter describes how to:

Run a network design

Initiate an incremental design


Verify a network design

Select a price file

You can manually route all demands (see Route WDM Demand (p. 5-38)) and then
verify the network design.
Contents
Run Design

6-2

Running Design Increment

6-4

Verify Network

6-6

Selecting a Price File

6-8

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Run Design

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Run Design
After creating the needed sites, segments, and traffic demands, the design analysis
engine can be run to determine if the design is valid, and if so, to specify the NE
equipage needed to satisfy the network design criteria.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

To run the design, click Run Design on the toolbar.


The following window is displayed:
Figure 6-1 Design Status Window

If the design is successful, the following Design Status window is displayed (see
Figure 6-2, Design Completed Window (Success) (p. 6-2)).
Figure 6-2 Design Completed Window (Success)

If the design fails to be created, the following Design Status window is displayed (see
Figure 6-3, Design Completed Window (Failure) (p. 6-3)).

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Run Design

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Figure 6-3 Design Completed Window (Failure)

Note: The contents of the design failure message will vary depending on the reason
for the failure.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Click OK.
After the analysis engine is run, a design state will be displayed in the toolbar area.
The message indicates whether the design was complete or if it was incomplete due to
the inability to route particular demands over the network as specified. To see the
details of any design issues, select Design Status Details from the Reports menu.
E...................................................................................................................................................................................................
ND OF STEPS

Removing a Design
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

To delete the network configuration displayed on the map, select Action > Remove
Design.
A confirmation window is displayed (see Removing a Design (p. 6-3)).

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Click Yes to proceed or No to cancel.


END OF STEPS
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

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Running Design Increment

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Running Design Increment


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

To run an incremental design, select Action > Establish New Design Phase. The
Design Phase window is displayed (see Figure 6-4, Design Phase Window (p. 6-4)).
Figure 6-4 Design Phase Window

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Initiate a new design phase by clicking on Increment or Save and Increment.


Result: Anything already present in the design will remain unchanged. Only

objects to support new design element will be created.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

When all of the changes for the current phase have been entered, click Run Design on
the toolbar..
Result: The Design Options window is displayed (see Figure 6-5, Design Options

Window (p. 6-4)). You can design only the increment, or redesign the entire
network.
Figure 6-5 Design Options Window

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Running Design Increment

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

After clicking OK, the same windows are displayed as shown in the Chapter 6,
Design Automation and Verification.
END OF STEPS
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Verify Network

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Verify Network
If a network was designed using preliminary or estimated fiber characteristics, you can
test whether the design is still valid when actual fiber characterization data is available.
You can also test how much margin a design has by changing fiber characteristics and
verifying that the design is still valid. For example the user can increment the loss
margin and test whether the design is still valid.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Select Action > Verify Network.


The Verify Network window is displayed (see Figure 6-6, Verify Network Window
(p. 6-6)).
Figure 6-6 Verify Network Window

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Verify Network

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

To change values for the selected site, modify the values for the fields on this window
as described in Table 6-1, Verify Network Parameters (p. 6-7). The defaults for
various parameters are the current values in the design.
Table 6-1

Verify Network Parameters

Parameter

Default Value

DWDM Loss Margin

0 dB

DWDM OSNR Margin

0 dB

Fiber Type

SSMF

Fiber Cost

2000 $/km

Connector Loss

0 dB

Glass-Through Loss

0 dB

Loss Coefficient

0.3 dB/km

PMD Coefficient

0.05 ps/(square root) km

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

To undo changes made in Step 2, click Revert.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Select the desired row and click Verify.


Upon successful execution, the following window is displayed (see Figure 6-7,
Network Verification Window (p. 6-7)).
Figure 6-7 Network Verification Window

END OF STEPS
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

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Design Automation and Verification

Selecting a Price File

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Selecting a Price File


Price files are available from your Alcatel-Lucent representative.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

To select a price file select Action > Select Price File. The Pricing Options window is
displayed (see Figure 6-8, Pricing Options Window (p. 6-8)).
Figure 6-8 Pricing Options Window

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Select one of the following values in this window:

To use the prices from the EPT tool, leave the default value selected, Use built-in
prices.

To use the prices from a file saved on your computer, first select Use new
equipment price list and specify the location of the file. Then the Use existing
equipment prices option will become enabled and the selected file will be listed
under it.
Note: When using the built-in price values, the Bill of Materials report does not
show any cost information.

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Click OK.
END OF STEPS
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6-8

Reports
7

Overview
Purpose

This chapter shows the reports available in the EPT.


Contents
Introduction

7-2

Equipment View Report

7-3

Network Information

7-6

Network Parameters Report

7-7

Site Report

7-8

Fiber Report

7-9

Link Report

7-10

OA and DCM Report

7-11

Installation Report

7-13

Shelf Report

7-15

WDM Demands Report

7-16

WDM Demand Routing Report

7-18

Virtual Demand Report

7-21

Commissioning Systems Report

7-22

Bill of Materials Report

7-23

Physical Layer Report

7-25

Card Inventory

7-26

Power Commissioning

7-27

Design Status Details

7-29

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Reports

Introduction

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Introduction
Reports are available to display network information in a clear and readable format.
These reports are generated as HTML pages that can be viewed in a browser, saved to
disk, and printed. Several other reports combine related information from different
areas to present a unified view of the network. Reports are launched from the Reports
menu.
The reports include:

Network Parameters Report

Site Report

Fiber Report
Link Report

OA and DCM Report

Installation
Shelf Report

WDM Demands Report

WDM Demand Routing Report


Virtual Demand Report

Commissioning Systems Report

Bill of Materials Report


Card Inventory Report

Power Commissioning Report

An Equipment View report is provided which shows graphics of the shelves populated
with their circuit packs as designed by the tool. The entire network equipage can be
viewed and you can also view individual sites and NEs. Zoom options are provided to
control the display for optimal viewing.
There is also a report of the details of the design status which is intended to help
debug why a design analysis may have failed or not been able to be completed.
Important! Most of the reports will not contain meaningful data until after the
design analysis engine is executed on the current design.
The available reports are described in the following sections.

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Reports

Equipment View Report

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Equipment View Report


To access the Equipment View (see Figure 7-2, Equipment View (p. 7-4)), select
Reports > Equipment View. You can modify the view by right-clicking on the menu
and selecting Zoom. The display can include the entire network or a specific site.
Important! You may need to adjust the settings in your web browser to view
content. You may also need to accept a software license agreement (see Figure 7-1,
Software License Agreement (p. 7-3)). Follow instructions in the windows that
are displayed.
Figure 7-1 Software License Agreement

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Reports

Equipment View Report

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Figure 7-2 Equipment View

To view a close-up view of a specific equipment, click the site link, and a close-up
view is displayed (see Figure 7-3, Equipment View Close-Up (p. 7-5)).

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Reports

Equipment View Report

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Figure 7-3 Equipment View Close-Up

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Reports

Network Information

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Network Information
To access the Network Information window (see Figure 7-4, Network Information
Window (p. 7-6)), select Reports > Network Information. From this window any of
the available reports can be accessed by clicking on the respective tab. The following
figures show examples of the available reports.
Figure 7-4 Network Information Window

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Reports

Network Parameters Report

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Network Parameters Report


Lists the global network parameter values in effect.
Click the Parameters tab to view the Network Parameters report (see Figure 7-5,
Network Parameters Report (p. 7-7)).
Figure 7-5 Network Parameters Report

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Reports

Site Report

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Site Report
Lists the NEs and Glass-Through connections at the site and related information.
Click the Site tab to view the Site report (see Figure 7-6, Site Report (p. 7-8)).
Figure 7-6 Site Report

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Reports

Fiber Report

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Fiber Report
Lists the spans in the network and related information.
Click the Fiber tab to view the Fiber report (see Figure 7-7, Fiber Report (p. 7-9)).
Figure 7-7 Fiber Report

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Reports

Link Report

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Link Report
Lists the NEs by site and provides single channel, DWDM, and CWDM link
information.
Click the Link tab to view the Link report (see Figure 7-8, Link Report (p. 7-10)).
Figure 7-8 Link Report

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Reports

OA and DCM Report

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

OA and DCM Report


Lists the OA and DCM receive/transmit details.
Click the OA/DCM tab to view the OA and DCM report (see Figure 7-9, OA and
DCM Report (p. 7-11) and Figure 7-10, OA and DCM Report (Scrolled) (p. 7-12)).
Figure 7-9 OA and DCM Report

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Reports

OA and DCM Report

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Figure 7-10 OA and DCM Report (Scrolled)

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Reports

Installation Report

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Installation Report
The Installation report defines all the internal physical electrical and optical
connections, XFP/SFP pluggable connections, attenuator connections, etc required by
the design for each node (see Figure 7-11, Installation Report (p. 7-14)).
Note: Connections to external equipment (anything that is not part of the NE) is
not included in this report. The connections are sorted first by NE, and then by
node, so each NE and node are displayed only once in the report, and vertically
spanning all of the rows defining each connection. This report is intended to help
during installation
The Connection Type column lists the name of the electrical cable or optical jumper
required; XFP or SFP if the row represents which type of pluggable to plug into the
port of an OT card; or FOADMINV if the row represents a cable connection to the
FOADMINV part.
The table provides the information about the A-end and B-end of a connection,
providing the type of card or part, the line, shelf, slot, and port that the cable or part
plugs into on both the A and B ends. For the case of XFP/SFPs plugging into an OT,
the line, shelf, slot and port are the same on the A and B ends, the A-end will list the
OT type and the B-end will list the XFP/SFP type.
The Attenuator column lists any attenuator information needed in between the A-end
and B-end, including the location of the attenuator. If the attenuator value is displayed
as 2 TBD, this means that the attenuator values are determined at installation time
(TBD= To Be Determined) and there are two attenuators needed--one in each direction.
Note: Attenuators that are NOT on the faceplate of either the A or B end card will
require two fibers, one to the attenuator and one from the attenuator. The attenuator
location in this case will be listed as the attenuator drawer.

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Reports

Installation Report

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Figure 7-11 Installation Report

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Reports

Shelf Report

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Shelf Report
Lists the sites in the network that contain NEs and provides related shelf information.
Click the Shelf tab to view the Shelf report (see Figure 7-12, Shelf Report (p. 7-15)
).
Figure 7-12 Shelf Report

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Reports

WDM Demands Report

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WDM Demands Report


Lists WDM demands in the network and related information.
Click the WDM Demands tab to view the WDM Demands report (see Figure 7-13,
WDM Demands Report (p. 7-16) and Figure 7-14, WDM Demands Report
(Scrolled) (p. 7-17)).
Figure 7-13 WDM Demands Report

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Reports

WDM Demands Report

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Figure 7-14 WDM Demands Report (Scrolled)

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WDM Demand Routing Report

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

WDM Demand Routing Report


Lists all of the WDM demands in the network and related routing information.
Click the WDM Demand Routing tab to view the WDM Demand Routing report (see
Figure 7-15, WDM Demand Routing Report (p. 7-18), Figure 7-16, WDM Demand
Routing Report (Scrolled) (p. 7-19), and Figure 7-17, WDM Demand Routing Report
(Scrolled) (p. 7-20)).
Figure 7-15 WDM Demand Routing Report

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Reports

WDM Demand Routing Report

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Figure 7-16 WDM Demand Routing Report (Scrolled)

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Reports

WDM Demand Routing Report

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Figure 7-17 WDM Demand Routing Report (Scrolled)

Note: If the Required OSNR and Delivered OSNR columns are blank, you must
first route WDM demands, then run or verify the network design.

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Reports

Virtual Demand Report

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Virtual Demand Report


Lists all of the virtual demands in the network and related information.
Click the Virtual Demands tab to view the WDM Virtual Demand Routing report (see
Figure 7-18, Virtual Demand Report (p. 7-21)).
Figure 7-18 Virtual Demand Report

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Reports

Commissioning Systems Report

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Commissioning Systems Report


The Commissioning Systems report shows a list of all commissioned systems in a
design.
Note: Before you can generate a Commissioning Systems report, you must first
create a commissioning file.
Click the Commissioning Systems tab to view the Commissioning Systems (see
Figure 7-19, Systems Report (p. 7-22)).
Figure 7-19 Systems Report

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Reports

Bill of Materials Report

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Bill of Materials Report


The Bill of Materials (BOM) report lists a bill of materials including shelves, packs,
pluggables, cables, and jumpers for internal system connections. This report will
include the pricing if a price file has been imported.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

From the EPT GUI, select Reports > Bill of Materials.


Result: A window opens to save the file (default is BOM.xls).
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Rename the file if desired, then click Save.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

To view the file, find the appropriate directory on your computer, and double-click it
(seeFigure 7-20, Bill of Materials Report (p. 7-24)).

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Bill of Materials Report

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Result: The Bill of Materials Report is displayed (see Figure 7-20, Bill of

Materials Report (p. 7-24)).


Figure 7-20 Bill of Materials Report

Note: Jumpers and cables connecting to equipment external to an individual


NE, for example office LAN connections, connection to craft PC, connections
from the 1830 NE OT cards to external equipment, and connections to the
WDM Links which connect NE to NE in the network are not included in the
Bill of Materials Report.
Note: Attenuators that may be needed on the CWDM or Single Channel
(SCHAN) line side of an OT are not listed in the BOM. These should be
considered and the proper values chosen during installation.
END OF STEPS
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Reports

Physical Layer Report

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Physical Layer Report


The physical layer report is an Excel spreadsheet that presents all of the simulation
data used to verify a network design. You can run this report only after running the
design. It is not saved, and thus will not be available for a design that was opened and
not yet run (see Figure 7-21, Physical Layer Report (p. 7-25)).
Figure 7-21 Physical Layer Report

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Reports

Card Inventory

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Card Inventory
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

From the EPT GUI, select Reports > Card Inventory.


Result: A window opens to save the file (default is Card_Inventory.xls).
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Rename the file if desired, then click Save.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

To view the file, double-click it (seeFigure 7-22, Card Inventory Report (p. 7-26)).
Figure 7-22 Card Inventory Report

END OF STEPS
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Reports

Power Commissioning

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Power Commissioning
Before you begin

Before you can generate a Power Commissioning report, you must first:

Define the SID for each NE in the network.

Create a commissioning file (see Commissioning File (p. 5-20)).

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

From the EPT GUI, select Reports > Power Commissioning.


Result: A window opens to save the file (default is Commissioning_Params.xls).
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Rename the file if desired, then click Save.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

To view the file, find the appropriate directory on your computer, and double-click it.
Result: The Power Commissioning Report is displayed (see Figure 7-23, Power

Commissioning Report (p. 7-27)).


Figure 7-23 Power Commissioning Report

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Power Commissioning

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

The Power Commissioning report shows the information you can see in the WebUI
if you were to provision the network design with the correct settings. You can use
this report as a guide for provisioning. Egress values refer to the transmit side,
while ingress values refer to the receive side.
END OF STEPS
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Reports

Design Status Details

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Design Status Details


The Design Status Details window is displayed when you select Reports > Design
Status Details. This menu option is available after running the design.
Figure 7-24 Design Status Details Window

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Glossary
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

access identifier (AID)

A unique identifier used to address equipment slots and ports, as well as facility
tributaries, that are defined for the system architecture.
add/drop multiplexer/multiplexing (ADM)

A high-speed multiplexing function offered by SONET that allows lower-level signals to


be added to or dropped from an optical carrier channel. The connection to the add/drop
multiplexer is through a tributary channel at a lower SONET carrier rate or a specific
digital speed (for example, DS3 or DS1).
ADM

See add/drop multiplexer/multiplexing (p. GL-1) for definition.


AHPHG

High Power High Gain DWDM Amplifier. See ALPHG (p. GL-2) for related term.
AID

See access identifier (p. GL-1) for definition.


AIM

See alarm indication message (p. GL-1) for definition.


AINS

Automatic in-service.
AIS

See alarm indication signal (p. GL-1) for definition.


alarm

External notification or display of a failure condition. The indication of failure is


towards an external system interface or via audible or visible indicators.
alarm indication message (AIM)

A return message sent from one network element (NE) to another NE that indicates it
has received a signal that is so degraded that it is raising an alarm.
alarm indication signal (AIS)

A signal sent downstream by an NE to indicate that its incoming signal has failed.
alarm list

A status report that lists active alarms on the NE.


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Glossary
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

alarm log

A history of setting and clearing system alarms on the NE.


alarm severity

An attribute that defines the priority of the alarm message. The method in which alarms
are processed depends on their severity.
ALPHG

Low Power High Gain DWDM Amplifier. See AHPHG (p. GL-1) for related term.
American National Standards Institute (ANSI)

A United States standards body that accredits standards for programming languages,
communications, and networking. ANSI is the U.S. representative in the International
Organization for Standards (ISO).
amplified spontaneous emission (ASE)

Optical noise generated in an erbium-doped fiber amplifier (EDFA) with and without
signal input power.
ANSI

See American National Standards Institute (p. GL-2) for definition.


APD

See avalanche photodiode (p. GL-3) for definition.


APS

See automatic protection switching (p. GL-3) for definition.


APSD

See automatic power shutdown (p. GL-3) for definition.


ASE

See amplified spontaneous emission (p. GL-2) for definition.


asynchronous

Data that is transmitted without an associated clock signal.


asynchronous transfer mode (ATM)

A fast-packet, connection-oriented, cell-switching technology for broadband signals.


ATM is designed to accommodate any form of data, including voice, facsimile, computer
data, video, image, and multimedia, whether compressed or uncompressed, whether
real-time or non-real-time in nature, and with guaranteed quality of service (QoS).
ATM networks will accept or reject connections based on a users average and peak
bandwidth requirements, providing flexible and efficient service for LAN-to-LAN,
compressed video, and other applications that involve variable bit rate (VBR) traffic.
ATM

See asynchronous transfer mode (p. GL-2) for definition.


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GL-2

Glossary
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

attenuation

The decrease in signal strength along a fiber optic waveguide caused by absorption and
scattering. Attenuation is usually expressed as dB/km.
attenuator

A passive device that reduces the amplitude of a signal without distorting the waveform.
automatic power shutdown (APSD)

A technique (procedure) to automatically shutdown the output power of optical


amplifiers to avoid exposure to hazardous levels.
automatic protection switching (APS)

A network survivability method in which traffic is automatically switched to a protection


route when a failure is detected on a working route.
autonomous message

Message sent by the system to the CIT to notify it of any state change in the system.
Autonomous messages are not responses to a CIT-initiated command. Examples of these
messages include alarms, events (non-alarmed condition), notification of connections that
are added or deleted, and changes in the system database.
avalanche photodiode (APD)

A photodetector that can be regarded as the semiconductor analog to photomultipliers.


By applying a high reverse bias voltage (typically 100-200 V in silicon), an APD shows
an internal current gain effect (around 100) due to impact ionization (avalanche effect).
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

back reflection

See Fresnel reflection (p. GL-12).


background block errors (BBE)

Errors identified through OTN performance monitoring.


backward defect indication (BDI)

The OT port has detected a Backward Defect Indication at the ODUk Path layer. This
defect indicates that the peer OTUk port has detected condition that is treated as Server
Signal Failure.
band optical filter (BOF)

A band-dependent optical card.


bay

An aluminum steel enclosure for rack-mounted equipment. Also know as a rack.


BB

See broadband (p. GL-4) for definition.

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Glossary
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

BBA

See broadband amplifier (p. GL-4) for definition.


BBE

See background block errors (p. GL-3) for definition.


BDI

See backward defect indication (p. GL-3) for definition.


BER

See bit error rate (p. GL-4) for definition.


bidirectional line switched ring (BLSR)

A survivable SONET transport architecture that protects against cable cuts and node
failures by providing duplicate, geographically diverse paths for each service. Network
elements are interconnected in a closed fiber loop (four fibers for a four-fiber BLSR
architecture or two fibers for a two-fiber BLSR). A service can reach its destination by
traveling in either direction around the ring. Exactly one-half of the bandwidth available
between adjacent nodes in each direction is used for working traffic, with the remaining
bandwidth available for protection.
bit error rate (BER)

BER measures how accurately a bitstream is transmitted through a system. It measures


how many bits are received in error, compared to how many bits are sent.
BLSR

See bidirectional line switched ring (p. GL-4) for definition.


BOF

See band optical filter (p. GL-3) for definition.


broadband (BB)

A technology that refers to the always-open gateway to Internet-connected services


delivered at lightning-fast speeds.
broadband amplifier (BBA)

Optical amplifier that supports broadband technology.


....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

CAD

See channel add/drop card (p. GL-5) for definition.


central office (CO)

A CO can be a building, a switch, or collection of switches where subscriber lines are


joined to switching equipment that connects the subscribers to each other, other
subscribers, and/or long distance subscribers.

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GL-4

Glossary
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

CFR

Code of Federal Regulations.


channel

A communications path or the signal sent over that path.


channel add/drop card (CAD)

Used with automatic power management; allows setpoints for a manual transmission
line.
channel optical filter (COF)

COF cards facilitate the WaveKey encoding function, employed at service endpoints.
chromatic dispersion

The effect describing the velocity dependence of light travelling through a medium,
depending on its wavelength. For optical telecommunication signals, this effect causes
the light pulses to spread out and the resulting distortion in pulse shape degrades the
signal quality.
CIDR

See classless inter-domain routing (p. GL-5) for definition.


CIT

See craft interface terminal (p. GL-6) for definition.


cladding

Material that surrounds the core of an optical fiber that has a lower index of refraction
compared to that of the core. The lower index of refraction causes the transmitted light
to travel down the core.
classless inter-domain routing (CIDR)
CLEI

See common language element identifier (p. GL-6) for definition.


CN

See control network (p. GL-6) for definition.


CO

See central office (p. GL-4) for definition.


coarse wavelength division multiplexing (CWDM)

CWDM is the method of combining multiple signals on laser beams at various


wavelengths for transmission along fiber optic cables. The number of channels is fewer
than in dense wavelength division multiplexing (DWDM), but more than in standard
wavelength division multiplexing (WDM).

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Glossary
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

COF

See channel optical filter (p. GL-5) for definition.


common language element identifier (CLEI)

CLEI codes enable you to clearly and consistently identify and track virtually every type
of telecommunications equipment. In the United States, these codes are assigned by
Telecordia, and are 10 bytes long.
connector

A mechanical or optical device that provides a demountable connection between two


fibers or a fiber and a source or detector.
connector variation

The maximum value in dB of the difference in insertion loss between mating optical
connectors (for example, with re-mating and temperature cycling). Also called optical
connector variation.
control network (CN)

The portion of the network that carries control and management traffic (for example,
communications between the NEs and between the NEs and the EMS). The control
network does not carry user traffic. The control communications use the SNMP protocol.
core

The central portion of the fiber that transmits light. It is composed of material with a
higher index of refraction than the cladding.
coupler

An optical device that combines or splits power from optical fibers.


coupling ratio/loss (CR)

The ratio/loss of optical power from one output port to the total output power, expressed
as a percentage.
CPE

See customer premises equipment (p. GL-6) for definition.


CR

See coupling ratio/loss (p. GL-6) for definition.


craft interface terminal (CIT)

A local interface between humans and a NE. It is used to issue commands to the local
system or, by way of a remote login, to another system on the same fiber as the local
system.
customer premises equipment (CPE)

Terminal and associated equipment and inside wiring located at a subscribers premises.
The equipment is connected with the carriers communication network at the
demarcation point.
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GL-6

Glossary
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

CWDM

See coarse wavelength division multiplexing (p. GL-5) for definition.


....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

data communication network (DCN)

DCN supports communications between network elements (NEs) and the network
management system (NMS).
DCM

See dispersion compensation module (p. GL-7) for definition.


DCN

See data communication network (p. GL-7) for definition.


dense wavelength division multiplexing (DWDM)

A multiplexing technique that uses close spectral spacing of individual optical carrier
wavelengths to reduce the total number of fibers needed to provide a given amount of
information-carrying capacity. The technique takes advantage of desirable transmission
characteristics (for example, minimum dispersion or attenuation) within a given fiber.
DGEF

See dynamic gain equalization filter (p. GL-7) for definition.


DHCP

See dynamic host configuration protocol (p. GL-7) for definition.


dispersion

The temporal spreading of a light signal in an optical waveguide caused by light signals
traveling at different speeds through a fiber either due to modal or chromatic effects.
dispersion compensation module (DCM)

Spooled fiber used to control excess dispersion found in certain fiber types at pre- and
post-amplification.
distortion

The difference in value between two measurements of a signal (transmitted and


received).
DS3

Standard for digital transmission (American National Standard for telecommunications Carrier-to-Customer Installation - DS3 Metallic Interface, ANSI T1.404- 1989).
DWDM

See dense wavelength division multiplexing (p. GL-7) for definition.


dynamic gain equalization filter (DGEF)

A filter that equalizes the gain of an optical signal.

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Glossary
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

dynamic host configuration protocol (DHCP)

DHCP allows a DHCP server to automatically assign an IP address to a computers


TCP/IP stack software. The number is taken from a defined range of numbers for a
given network.
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

earth

The European term for electrical ground.


EC

See equipment controller (p. GL-9) for definition.


EDFA

See erbium-doped fiber amplifier (p. GL-9) for definition.


edge node

A node that connects to external network or customer equipment, as opposed to


providing an interconnection point between other nodes. It is located at the edge of the
network.
egress

Traffic leaving a network


EIA

See Electronic Industries Alliance (p. GL-8) for definition.


electrical variable optical attentuator (eVOA)

Works with the Tap module to provide input for Wavelength Tracker modulation and
provides optical tap for feedback signal to the Wavelength Tracker.
electromagnetic capability (EMC)

EMC is the ability of a device or system to function without error in its intended
electromagnetic environment
electromagnetic interference (EMI)

EMI refers to the emissions (high-energy, electrically induced magnetic fields) from a
device or system that interfere with the normal operation of another device or system.
Electronic Industries Alliance (EIA)

Group that specifies electrical transmission standards. The EIA and TIA have developed
numerous well-known communications standards, including EIA/TIA-232 and
EIA/TIA-449.
electrostatic discharge (ESD)

Static electrical energy potentially harmful to circuit packs and humans.


Element Management System (EMS)

The EMS provides an efficient means of managing the equipment and services within a
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GL-8

Glossary
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network, including creating new services, diagnosing faults, and planning for growth. It
includes interfaces to external systems to allow functions such as billing, service orders,
and service level agreement (SLA) management.
EMC

See electromagnetic capability (p. GL-8) for definition.


EMI

See electromagnetic interference (p. GL-8) for definition.


EMS

See Element Management System (p. GL-8) for definition.


EN

European Norm; a German acronym that stands for Europasche Norm.


Engineering rules

A set of rules that determine the system configuration possibilities based on fiber type,
OA, rate, and number of wavelengths. These rules also determine the maximum loss per
span that can be tolerated, the maximum distance between spans allowed, and the
maximum number of spans that can be supported.
equipment controller (EC)

EC is the equipment controller card,


erbium-doped fiber amplifier (EDFA)

A type of amplifier with a short length of fiber that has been doped with erbium and
spliced into the operating single-mode fiber (SMF) . A three-port wavelength division
multiplexer (WDM) is used, with one incoming port connected to the operating fiber
carrying the primary signal in the 1550-nm window, one incoming port attached to a
pump laser operating at 980 nm or 1480 nm, and the one outgoing port connected to the
operating fiber.
ESD

See electrostatic discharge (p. GL-8) for definition.


Ethernet LAN

A LAN conformant to the 802.3 IEEE standard. This standard supports communications
over shared media where only one device can transmit while all other devices listen. A
collision detection and handling mechanism is incorporated into the standard. Devices on
the LAN communicate by sending Ethernet packets containing a Media Access Control
(MAC) address for the source and destination. Setting the destination MAC address to
all ones supports packet broadcast to all devices on the LAN.
ETSI

See European Telecommunications Standards Institute (p. GL-9) for definition.


European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI)
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Glossary
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Located in Sophia-Antipolis, France, ETSI is the European counterpart to ANSI. Its task
is to pave the way for telecommunications integration in the European community as
part of the single European market program. It establishes telecommunication standards
for the European community.
eVOA

See electrical variable optical attentuator (p. GL-8) for definition.


....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

failure

Occurs when a fault cause persists for a certain period of time.


failure in time (FIT)

A unit of failure rate in reliability analysis. One FIT is equivalent to one failure per one
billion operating hours.
failure rate

The number of failures of a device per unit of time.


FC

See fiber optic connector (p. GL-11) for definition.


FCC

See Federal Communications Commission (p. GL-10) for definition.


FCS

See frame check sequence (p. GL-12) for definition.


FDA

See Food and Drug Administration (p. GL-11) for definition.


FDDI

See fiber distributed data interface (p. GL-10) for definition.


FDI

See forward defect indicator (p. GL-11) for definition.


FEC

See forward error correction (p. GL-12) for definition.


Federal Communications Commission (FCC)

The U.S. federal regulatory agency responsible for the regulation of interstate and
international communications by radio, television, wire, satellite, and cable.
Ferrule

A rigid tube that confines or holds a fiber as part of a connector assembly.


fiber distributed data interface (FDDI)
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GL-10

Glossary
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A set of ANSI protocols used for sending digital data over fiber optic cable. FDDI
networks are token-passing networks and support data rates of up to 100 Mbps.
fiber optic cable

A cable containing one or more optical fibers.


fiber optic connector (FC)

A threaded optical connector for single-mode or multimode fiber and applications


requiring low back reflection.
field-programmable gate array (FPGA)

General purpose integrated chip; chips functions can be programmed by software.


FPGAs are mostly used for rapid development and small or medium quantities
production.
file transfer protocol (FTP)

A protocol used for exchanging files over the Internet. FTP uses the Internets TCP/IP
protocols to enable data transfer. FTP is most commonly used to download/upload a file
to/from a server using the Internet.
FIT

See failure in time (p. GL-10) for definition.


FIT rate

The number of device failures in one billion device hours.


flash disk memory module (FMM)

A nonvolatile memory device used to store the installation software generic or the NE
database.
flow

Usually refers to the movement of packets within the network (that is, packet flow).
FMM

See flash disk memory module (p. GL-11) for definition.


FOADM

Fixed optical add/drop multiplexer/multiplexing.


Food and Drug Administration (FDA)

An agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services and is
responsible for the safety regulation of most types of foods, dietary supplements, drugs,
vaccines, biological medical products, blood products, medical devices, radiationemitting devices, veterinary products, and cosmetics.
forward defect indicator (FDI)

An automatic and fully distributed capability which indicates a failure in a server


networking layer (e.g., Physical Layer). When used with other mechanisms such as CV
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(Connectivity Verification), it can indicate defects such as misbranching of LSPs and


errors in swapping LSP label.
forward error correction (FEC)

A technique used for error detection and correction in which the transmitting host
computer includes some number of redundant bits in the payload (data field) of a block
or frame of data. The receiving device uses those bits to detect, isolate and correct any
errors created in transmission. FEC avoids having to retransmit information which
incurred errors in network transit.
FPGA

See field-programmable gate array (p. GL-11) for definition.


frame check sequence (FCS)

Extra characters added to a frame for error control purposes. Used in HDLC, Frame
Relay, and other data link layer protocols.
Fresnel reflection

A reflection of light that occurs at the air-glass interface at the ends of an optical fiber.
See back reflection (p. GL-3) for related term.
FTP

See file transfer protocol (p. GL-11) for definition.


....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

gain

The increase in power and magnitude of a signal.


gateway network element (GNE)

A system node that has a physical attachment to the management system to support the
access of the remote NE. The number of remote NEs a GNE can serve is specified in
terms of the number of OSI stack associations that the GNE can support without running
out of local resources.
GbE

See Gigabit Ethernet (p. GL-12) for definition.


generic framing protocol (GFP)

Provides a generic mechanism to adapt traffic from higher-layer client signals over an
octet-synchronous transport network. Client signals may be PDU oriented (e.g., PPP/IP
or Ethernet MAC), block oriented (e.g., Fiber Channel or ESCON) or a Constant Bit
Rate (CBR) stream.
GFP

See generic framing protocol (p. GL-12) for definition.


Gigabit Ethernet (GBE)

A transmission technology based on the Ethernet frame format and protocol used in local
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GL-12

Glossary
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area networks (LANs) that provides a data rate of one billion bits (one gigabit) per
second. Gigabit Ethernet is defined in the IEEE 802.3 standard and is currently used as
the backbone in many enterprise networks.
glass through-connection

A pair of optical connections between two segments that terminate on the same site.
GNE

See gateway network element (p. GL-12) for definition.


graphical user interface (GUI)

A program interface that takes advantage of the computers graphics capabilities to make
the program easier to use.
grooming

Consolidating or segregating traffic.


grooming node

A node on which incoming signals of lower rates are added (or aggregated) into a
higher-rate signal for more efficient transport.
ground

The North American term for electrical earth.


GUI

See graphical user interface (p. GL-13) for definition.


....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

ILA

See in-line amplifier (p. GL-13) for definition.


in-line amplifier (ILA)

A repeater used in WDM technology. See repeater (p. GL-24) for related term.
ingress

Traffic entering a network.


insertion loss

The loss of power that results from inserting a component, such as a connector or splice,
into a previously continuous path.
International Standards Organization (ISO)

A United Nations agency concerned with international standardization in a broad range


of industrial and technical fields.
International Telecommunications Union (ITU)

An international civil organization established to promote standardized telecommunications on a worldwide basis.


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Internet protocol (IP)

A standard protocol designed for use in interconnected systems of packet-switched


computer communication networks. The Internet Protocol provides for transmitting
blocks of data called datagrams from sources to destinations, where sources and
destinations are hosts identified by fixed-length addresses. The Internet Protocol also
provides for fragmentation and reassembly of long datagrams, if necessary, for
transmission through small-packet networks.
Internet protocol security (IPsec)

A developing standard for security at the network or packet processing layer of network
communication. Earlier security approaches have inserted security at the application
layer of the communications model. IPsec is especially useful for implementing virtual
private networks and for remote user access through dial-up connection to private
networks.
Internet service provider (ISP)

A company that provides individuals and other companies access to the Internet and
other related services, such as Web site building and virtual hosting.
IP

See Internet protocol (p. GL-13) for definition.


IPsec (Internet Protocol Security)

See Internet protocol security (p. GL-14) for definition.


ISO

See International Standards Organization (p. GL-13) for definition.


ISP

See Internet service provider (p. GL-14) for definition.


ITU

See International Telecommunications Union (p. GL-13) for definition


....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

jacket

The outer, protective covering of the cable.


jitter

Small and rapid variations in the timing of a waveform due to noise, changes in
component characteristics, supply voltages, or imperfect synchronizing circuits.
jumper

A short fiber optic cable with connectors on both ends.

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lambda ()

The eleventh letter in the Greek alphabet. In optical fiber networking, the term lambda
refers to an individual optical wavelength. See wavelength (p. GL-33) for related term.
laser bias current (LBC)

Current that runs through the laser to make it work. LBC is monitored by performance
monitoring. If the current goes beyond a certain threshold, the circuit pack must be
replaced.
LBC

See laser bias current (p. GL-15) for definition.


LBO

See line build out (p. GL-15) for definition.


LC

See Lucent connector (p. GL-16) for definition.


LD

See line driver (p. GL-15) for definition.


LGX

A SONET device that contains ports for optical fiber connections to an optical network
element (NE). An LGX is used to make and change connections to an NE without
changing the cabling on the NE itself.
line build out (LBO)

Attenuation used to simulate a load.


line driver (LD)

Functional unit (circuit pack) providing the OSI models physical level interface between
a data link and the exchange.
link state advertisement (LSA)

A broadcast message that advertises a links current status.


LOF

See loss of frame (p. GL-16) for definition.


long reach (LR)

An optic standard that constrains the output power of transmitters and the sensitivity of
receivers for long-haul applications (up to 80 km) without the need for regeneration.
LOS

See loss of service/loss of signal (p. GL-16) for definition.

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loss

The amount of a signals power, expressed in dB, that is lost in connectors, splices, or
fiber defects.
loss of frame (LOF)

Loss of frame is detected when the OOF (out-of-frame) anomaly persists for a certain
time.
loss of service/loss of signal (LOS)

A condition where the optical input power falls below a certain threshold.
LR

See long reach (p. GL-15) for definition.


LSA

See link state advertisement (p. GL-15) for definition.


Lucent connector (LC)

Designation for a small-form-factor (SFF) design based on a proven 1.25-mm ceramic


ferrule. This connector uses RJ-style latching. It facilitates high-speed applications with
lower power requirements due to lower insertion loss (0.1 dB typical) and higher return
loss (55-dB single mode).
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

MAC

See media access control (p. GL-16) for definition.


management information base (MIB)

A formal description of a set of network objects that can be managed using the Simple
Network Management Protocol (SNMP). The information is represented in a tree format.
margin

The allowance for attenuation in addition to that explicitly accounted for in system
design.
master controller (MC)

The systems master controller (MC) card.


MC

See master controller (p. GL-16) for definition.


mean time between failures (MTBF)

The expected average time between failures usually expressed in hours.


mean time to repair (MTTR)

The average time that it takes until a failure is repaired. MTTR is usually expressed in
hours.

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GL-16

Glossary
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media access control (MAC)

The MAC address is a computers unique hardware number. The MAC address is used
by the media access control sublayer of the data link layer of telecommunications
protocols.
mesh

A type of network configuration that combines ROADMs to support mesh channel


connectivity between the ROADMs without O-E-O for transmission. It is operated as a
single NE with as many as four degrees (bidirectional DWDM interfaces) that comprise
two lines for the east and two for the west.
MIB

See management information base (p. GL-16) for definition.


mid-stage access amplifier (MSA)

An MSA has two amplifier stages between which can be fibered a DCM/DCF card or an
external dispersion compensation unit.
modulation

A process that modifies the characteristic of one wave (the carrier) by another wave (the
signal). Examples include amplitude modulation (AM), frequency modulation (FM), and
pulse-coded modulation (PCM).
MSA

See mid-stage access amplifier (p. GL-17) for definition.


MTBF

See mean time between failures (p. GL-16) for definition.


MTTR

See mean time to repair (p. GL-16) for definition.


multimode fiber

An optical fiber that has a core large enough to propagate more than one mode of light.
The typical diameter is 62.5 micrometers.
multiplexer (MUX)

A device that combines two or more signals into a single output.


multiplexing

The process that transmits two or more signals over a single communications channel.
Examples include time-division multiplexing and wavelength-division multiplexing.
MUX

See multiplexer (p. GL-17) for definition.


muxponder

A networking device that multiplexes and transponds GbE signals.


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NE

See network element (p. GL-18) for definition.


NEBS

See Network Equipment Building System requirements (p. GL-18) for definition.
network element (NE)

Processor-controlled entity of a telecommunications network that primarily provides


switching and transport network functions and contains network operations functions.
For 1830 PSS, a configuration of 1830 PSS equipment at a single site, addressed as a
single entity, and under the control of a single controller (NE). The types of NEs are
ILA (in-line amplifier) and ADM (add/drop multiplexer).
Network Element Management System (NMS)

The NMS provides an efficient means of managing the equipment and services within a
network, including creating new services, diagnosing faults, and planning for growth. It
has interfaces to external systems to allow functions such as billing, service orders, and
service level agreement (SLA) management.
Network Equipment Building System requirements (NEBS)

Developed by Telcordia, standards that vendors must adhere to if they want to sell
equipment to the Regional Bell Operating Companies (RBOCs) and the Competitive
Local Exchange Carriers (CLECs).
network services

Services that the network provider creates only as infrastructure to support user services.
For example, a VPN network service is used to implement an Ethernet service.
network time protocol (NTP)

Internet protocol used to synchronize time between network equipment.


NMS

See Network Element Management System (p. GL-18) for definition.


node

A node (or network element) is a set of one or more Alcatel-Lucent 1830 PSS-32
shelves that are viewed as a single entity by the Network Management System. A node
can be any of the following:

up to two single optical shelves

a single electrical shelf

a single electrical shelf and one or more optical shelves

non-service affecting (NSA)

Refers to a condition that does not impact or interfere with network service.

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GL-18

Glossary
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NSA

See non-service affecting (p. GL-18) for definition.


NTP

See network time protocol (p. GL-18) for definition.


....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

OA

See optical amplifier (p. GL-20) for definition.


OAMP

Operations, Administration, Maintenance, and Provisioning.


OC-n

See optical carrier level-n (p. GL-20) for definition.


Occupational Safety and Health Administration) (OSHA)

OSHA is the main American federal agency charged with the enforcement of safety and
health legislation.
OCHAN or OCh

See optical channel (p. GL-20) for definition.


ODU

See optical demultiplexer (p. GL-20) for definition.


ODU-k

An optical logical connection with a specific rate. The rate can be either ODU-10G or
ODU-40G.
OEO

See optical-electrical-optical conversion (p. GL-21) for definition.


OOF

See out of frame (p. GL-22) for definition.


Open Systems Interconnection reference model (OSI)

A seven-layer model that pertains to the logical structure for communications networks
standardized by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). Adherence to
the standard enables any OSI-compliant system to communicate with any other
OSI-compliant system.
Operations Support System (OSS)

A management system supporting a specific management function, such as alarm


surveillance or provisioning, in a carrier network. Many OSSs are large centralized
systems running on mainframes or minicomputers.

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OPR

See optical path restoration (p. GL-20) for definition.


OPS

See optical protection switch (p. GL-20) for definition.


optical add/drop multiplexer (OADM)

An OADM is a network element which allows a WDM transmission link to add or drop
optical signals, without converting the photonic stream into an electrical signal. Insertion
and extraction are done using optical filters or demultiplexers. An OADM can be either
non-reconfigurable or reconfigurable; in the latter case, optical switches need to be used.
optical amplifier (OA)

A device that amplifies an input optical signal without converting it into electrical form.
optical carrier level-n (OC-n)

A carrier rate specified in the SONET standard, where n is a numeric.


optical cell

A number of nodes connected by fiber in a predefined manner to provide route diversity


to each node. The simplest form of optical cell is a ring. Statically allocated wavelengths
are assigned within the context of one cell.
optical channel (OCHAN, Och)

An optical wavelength band for WDM optical communications.


optical demultiplexer (ODU)

Value/indicator used for an optical demultiplexer.


optical path protection (OPP)

A protection path is defined when the connection is set up. When a fault is detected on
the path, there is a switch-over from the working path to the protection path to restore
the traffic.
optical path restoration (OPR)

A recovery scheme that dynamically finds a protection path when a fault is detected.
This method is usually not capable of matching SDH/SONET recovery time periods (for
example, 50 ms).
optical power meter

An instrument that measures the amount of optical power present at the end of a fiber or
cable.
optical protection switch (OPS)

An optical circuit pack that provides WDM protection.


optical signal to noise ratio (OSNR)

The ratio between the optical signal power of the data signal and the power of the
optical noise signal.
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Glossary
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optical supervisory channel (OSC)

A designated optical channel used to carry communications related to maintenance and


operational functions of the network rather than customer traffic.
The OSC supports the following communications: node-to-node, interworking, client
LAN, and orderwire communication.
optical transponder (OT)

An OT is a circuit pack that performs optical-to-electrical to optical (OEO) conversion.


OTs perform frequency adaptation between 1830 PSS equipment and external equipment
that is not optically compatible with 1830 PSS Transport. OTs also provide 3R
functionality (retiming, reshaping, reamplification) and perform fault management and
performance monitoring (non-intrusive monitoring) on the SONET/SDH and
WaveWrapper signal.
optical transport network (OTN)

A fiber-optic network designed to transport customer traffic, such as an SDH or SONET


network. See Synchronous Digital Hierarchy (p. GL-29) and Synchronous Optical
Network (p. GL-29) for examples.
optical-electrical-optical conversion (OEO)

The process of converting an optical signal to an electrical equivalent and then back to
optical data.
orderwire

A section of the supervisory signal that is used for communication between sites.
OSC

See optical supervisory channel (p. GL-20) for definition.


OSHA

See Occupational Safety and Health Administration) (p. GL-19) for definition.
OSI

See Open Systems Interconnection reference model (p. GL-19) for definition.
OSNR

See optical signal to noise ratio (p. GL-20) for definition.


OSP

See outside plant (p. GL-22) for definition.


OSS

See Operations Support System (p. GL-19) for definition.


OT

See optical transponder (p. GL-21) for definition.

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Glossary
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OTN

See optical transport network (p. GL-21) for definition.


out of frame (OOF)

A state in which the frame alignment sequence of an SDH/SONET frame has not been
found for several consecutive frames.
outside plant (OSP)

Refers to outside the central office/building premises.


....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

PCS

See physical coding sublayer (p. GL-22) for definition.


PDL

See polarization dependent loss (p. GL-22) for definition.


PDU

See protocol data unit (p. GL-23) for definition.


performance monitoring (PM)

Measures the quality of service and identifies any degrading or marginally operating
systems (before an alarm would be generated).
photonic cross-connect (PXC)

A fiber cross-connect that operates without optical-electrical-optical conversion. It can


have one or more wavelengths on each fiber or port.
photonic protection switch (PPS)

By provisioning of PPS cards (or optical splitters), automatic protection switch (APS)
are automatically created.
physical coding sublayer (PCS)

PCS layer monitoring used for Ethernet/FC ports.


PM

See performance monitoring (p. GL-22) for definition.


PMD

See polarization mode dispersion (p. GL-23) for definition.


point-to-point transmission

The transmission between two designated stations.


polarization dependent loss (PDL)

Loss of optical power that occurs during the polarization process. Polarized light waves
are light waves in which the vibrations occur in a single plane. The process of
transforming unpolarized light into polarized light is known as polarization (the
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orientation of the electric and magnetic field vectors of a propagating electro-magnetic


wave).
polarization mode dispersion (PMD)

PMD is an inherent property of all optical media. It is caused by the difference in the
propagation velocities of light in the orthogonal principal polarization states of the
transmission medium. The net effect is that if an optical pulse contains both polarization
components, then the different polarization components will travel at different speeds
and arrive at different times, smearing the received optical signal.
PPS

See photonic protection switch (p. GL-22) for definition.


protocol data unit (PDU)

A device used for the information exchange between equal protocol layers.
provisioning

Placing and configuring hardware and software required to activate a telecommunications


service for a customer. If the equipment is in place, provisioning may consist of creating
or modifying a customer record in a database to activate the services.
PXC

See photonic cross-connect (p. GL-22) for definition.


....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

QoS

See quality of service (p. GL-23) for definition.


quality of service (QoS)

A set of performance parameters that characterize the transmission quality over a given
virtual connection.
QoS can be quantitatively indicated by channel or system performance parameters, such
as signal-to-noise ratio, bit error ratio, message throughput rate, and call blocking
probability.
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

rack

A rack is the standardized physical framework on which network equipment such as


Alcatel-Lucent 1830 PSS-32 shelves are mounted. A rack can contain more than one
shelf. Also called bay frames.
random jitter (RJ)

Random jitter is caused by thermal noise and may be modeled as a Gaussian process.
The peak-to-peak value of RJ is of a probabilistic nature, and thus any specific value
requires an associated probability.

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receiver

A terminal device that includes a detector and signal processing electronics. It functions
as an optical-to-electrical converter.
receiver sensitivity

The minimum optical power required at a receiver to deliver traffic at a guaranteed bit
error rate (BER). This parameter is specified back-to-back (without the effects of
chromatic dispersion or OSNR degradation).
reconfigurable optical add/drop multiplexer (ROADM)

An optical network element with a configuration that can be changed remotely. The main
benefit of this remote reconfigurability is that it reduces Operating Expenditures (OPEX)
when operating a DWDM network. OPEX is reduced because the ROADM eases
network provisioning and line tuning at both the initial installation and any upgrades (to
increase the capacity or re-allocate resources to a new demand matrix).
regeneration

Electrical signal regeneration. Typically, OTUk Section regeneration and ODUk


transparency is implied in this context.
remote network monitoring (RMON)

Provides statistics for remote performance monitoring. Defined in standard RFC 2819.
repeater

A receiver and transmitter set designed to amplify attenuated signals. Repeaters are used
to extend operating range. See in-line amplifier (p. GL-13) for related term.
request for comment (RFC)

A document that describes the specifications of a technology. RFCs are used by the
Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) and other standards bodies.
restoration domain

A part of the network where traffic restoration is provided in isolation from the rest of
the network.
RFC

See request for comment (p. GL-24) for definition.


RIP

See routing information protocol (p. GL-25) for definition.


RJ

See random jitter (p. GL-23) for definition.


RMON

See remote network monitoring (p. GL-24) for definition.

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GL-24

Glossary
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

ROADM

See reconfigurable optical add/drop multiplexer (p. GL-24) for definition.


routing information protocol (RIP)

RIP is an interior gateway protocol defined by the IETF (RIPv1 - RFC 1058 and RIPv2 2453) that specifies how routers exchange routing table information. RIP is a routing
protocol based on the distance vector algorithm. With RIP, routers periodically exchange
entire tables.
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

SA

See service affecting (p. GL-25) for definition.


SAN

See storage area network (p. GL-28) for definition.


SC

See shelf controller (p. GL-26) for definition.


scattering

The change of direction of light rays or photons after striking small particles. It may
also be regarded as the diffusion of a light beam caused by the inhomogeneity of the
transmitting material.
SCOT

See software control of transmission (p. GL-27) for definition.


SDH

See Synchronous Digital Hierarchy (p. GL-29) for definition.


secure shell (SSH)

A secure method of transmitting data.


segment

A pair of OSP fibers connecting two sites.


SELV

Safety extra low voltage.


service affecting (SA)

Refers to a condition that impacts or interferes with network service.


Service Level Agreement (SLA)

A contract between a network service provider and a customer that specifies, usually in
measurable terms, what services the network service provider will provide.

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Glossary
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

services

Within the Alcatel-Lucent 1830 PSS-32 system, services can be offered directly to end
customers or be used internally to a network as transport infrastructure.
SFC

See static filter, CWDM (p. GL-28) for definition.


SFD

See static filter, DWDM (p. GL-28) for definition.


SFP

See small form-factor pluggable module (p. GL-27) for definition.


shared risk group (SRG)

A shared risk group is a group of items that are likely to be affected by a single fault.
The items therefore share the risk of experiencing the fault.
shelf

A shelf is a mechanical facility that is in general a housing for circuit packs. Shelves are
housed in Bays.
An Alcatel-Lucent 1830 PSS-32 node consists of one or more physical shelves equipped
with cards. The shelf provides a chassis or cage with a backplane that can contain
multiple cards. The shelf is mounted in a rack. Each shelf has a shelf controller card,
plus its redundant mate. Every node has one shelf that has its shelf controllers
designated as the master controller for the node. The node appears as a single point in
the network topology to the network management system. Connections between nodes
use network links. See node (p. GL-18) for related term.
shelf controller (SC)

The SC card in a Alcatel-Lucent 1830 PSS-32 shelf.


signaling transfer point (STP)

A node in a common channel signalling network with the function of transferring


messages from one signalling link to another and considered exclusively from the
viewpoint of the transfer
Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)

SNMP is the protocol used to communicate between the Alcatel-Lucent 1830 PSS-32
nodes and the NMS. The SNMP traffic is carried over the Alcatel-Lucent 1830 PSS-32
control network.
simplex

A single element (for example, a simplex connector is a single-fiber connector).


single-mode fiber (SMF)

A type of fiber which is very small in diameter and allows the light to be reflected in a
single way along the lightguide such that there is coherence in the arrival of the light
signal.
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GL-26

Glossary
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

site

The termination location of OSP cables. Each site can contain one or more NEs and one
or more glass-through connections.
SLA

See Figure 7-1, Software License Agreement (p. 7-3) for definition.
small form-factor pluggable module (SFP)

An optical modular, hot-pluggable transceiver (compatible with IEEE-802.3z) designed


for use with small form factor (SFF) connectors, offering high speed and physical
compactness. SFP transceivers perform at data speeds of up to 5 gigabits per second, and
possibly higher.
The SFP modules can be easily interchanged, therefore, electro-optical or fiber optic
networks can be upgraded and maintained more conveniently than has been the case with
traditional soldered-in modules. Rather than replacing an entire circuit board containing
several soldered-in modules, a single module can be removed and replaced for repair or
upgrading. This can result in a substantial cost savings, both in maintenance and in
upgrading efforts.
SMF

See single-mode fiber (p. GL-26) for definition.


SNCP

See Sub-Network Connection Protocol (p. GL-28) for definition.


SNMP

See Simple Network Management Protocol (p. GL-26) for definition.


software control of transmission (SCOT)

System software that controls the settings of EDFA pumps, VOAs, Raman pumps, DCM
pumps, DGEFs, and blockers in the ROADM NEs.
software generic (SW generic)

The whole software and (static) data associated with a particular NE release.
SONET

See Synchronous Optical Network (p. GL-29) for definition.


SONET wavelength service

The SONET wavelength service provides transport of SONET signals through the
Alcatel-Lucent 1830 PSS-32 network.
span

A fiber link between NEs that can be unidirectional or bidirectional, depending on the
network design. Multiple segments in tandem are connected by glass-through
connections.

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Glossary
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

span loss

Loss (in dB) of optical power due to the span transmission medium (includes fiber loss
and splice losses).
splice

A permanent connection of two optical fibers through fusion or mechanical means.


SRG

See shared risk group (p. GL-26) for definition.


SSH

See secure shell (p. GL-25) for definition.


SSMF

See standard single-mode fiber (p. GL-28) for definition.


ST

See straight-tip connector (p. GL-28) for definition.


standard single-mode fiber (SSMF)

This is the most common type of fiber deployed. This fiber was designed to provide zero
chromatic dispersion at 1310 nm, to support the early long-haul transmission systems
operating at this wavelength. It has a chromatic dispersion of at most 20 ps/(nm*km) in
the 1550 nm wavelength range and usually around 17 ps/(nm*km).
static filter, CWDM (SFC)

A static filter card used with a CWDM circuit pack.


static filter, DWDM (SFD)

A static filter card used with a DWDM circuit pack.


storage area network (SAN)

A high-speed special-purpose network (or subnetwork) that interconnects different kinds


of data storage devices with associated data servers on behalf of a larger network of
users.
STP

See signaling transfer point (p. GL-26) for definition.


straight-tip connector (ST)

Fiber optic connector that uses a bayonet-style coupling rather than a screw-on coupling.
STS, STS-n

See synchronous transport signal-n (p. GL-29) for definition.


Sub-Network Connection Protocol (SNCP)

An SDH version of UPSR. See SDH and UPSR.

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GL-28

Glossary
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

SW generic

See software generic (p. GL-27) for definition.


Synchronous Digital Hierarchy (SDH)

A family of digital transmission rates used outside of the U.S. and Japan from 51.84
Mb/s to 40 Gb/s that allows the interconnection of transmission products around the
world.
SDH is the standard technology for synchronous data transmission on optical media. It is
the international equivalent of Synchronous Optical Network (SONET). Both SDH and
SONET technologies provide faster and less costly network interconnection than
traditional Plesiochronous Digital Hierarchy (PDH) equipment.
Synchronous Optical Network (SONET)

A North-American standard developed by Telecordia and adapted by ANSI for the


optical long-distance networks.
SONET is the interface standard for synchronous optical-fiber transmission, applicable to
the physical layer of the OSI reference model. SONET has a basic bit rate of 51.840
mB/s, called OC-1, that is used to define higher rates (OC-3, OC-12, OC-48, and so on)
carried as a channel on an optical fiber.
synchronous signal

A data signal that is sent along with a clock signal.


synchronous transport signal-n (STS, STS-n)

The basic logical building block signal with a rate of 51.840 Mb/s for an STS-1 signal
and a rate of n times 51.840 Mb/s for an STS-n signal (where n is a numeric).
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

tap

The entry point into a system module.


target identifier (TID)

A provisionable parameter used to identify an NE within a TL1 command.


TCA

See threshold crossing alert (p. GL-30) for definition.


TCP

See Transmission Control Protocol (p. GL-30) for definition.


TCP/IP

A suite of several networking protocols developed for the Internet that provides
communication across interconnected networks, between computers with diverse
hardware architectures and various operating systems. Some examples are FTP, SMTP,
and SNMP.

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GL-29
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Glossary
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

TDM

See time-division multiplexing (p. GL-30) for definition.


Telecommunications Management Network (TMN)

A network that interfaces with a telecommunications network at several points to receive


information from, and to control the operation of, the telecommunications network.
thermal noise

Noise resulting from thermally induced random fluctuation in the receivers load
resistance current.
threshold crossing alert (TCA)

A condition set when a counter exceeds a user-selected high or low threshold. A TCA
does not generate an alarm but is available on demand through the CIT.
TID

See target identifier (p. GL-29) for definition.


time-division multiplexing (TDM)

A multiplexing technique whereby two or more channels are derived from a transmission
medium by dividing access to the medium into sequential intervals. Each channel has
access to the entire bandwidth of the medium during its interval. This implies that one
transmitter uses one channel to send several bit streams of information.
TL1 (Transaction language 1)

An OS/NE machine-to-machine language. TL1 messages are expressed as ASCII strings.


TL1 messages and syntax are defined by Telecordia.
TMN

See Telecommunications Management Network (p. GL-30) for definition.


TOADM

See tunable optical add/drop multiplexer (p. GL-31) for definition.


topology

The pattern of interconnections between nodes in a network, such as a ring or hub. A


network topology database contains information regarding each link in the network.
traffic grooming

Traffic can be consolidated, aggregated, or separated to achieve efficiencies of routing.


Transmission Control Protocol (TCP)

A protocol used with the Internet Protocol to send data in the form of message units
between computers over the Internet. While IP handles the actual delivery of the data,
TCP keeps track of the individual units of data (called packets) that a message is divided
into for efficient routing through the Internet.

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GL-30

Glossary
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

traps (SNMP)

SNMP traps are unacknowledged events sent from an agent to a manager. In a


Alcatel-Lucent 1830 PSS-32 network, the agent is the node and the manager is EMS.
tunable optical add/drop multiplexer (TOADM)

A tunable ROADM that yields the ultimate in operational flexibility, especially when
used in conjunction with transponders with tunable wavelength lasers.
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

UDP

See user datagram protocol (p. GL-31) for definition.


UL

See Underwriters Laboratories (p. GL-31) for definition.


Underwriters Laboratories (UL)

A U.S. non-profit privately owned and operated product safety testing and certification
organization. Develops standards and test procedures for products, materials,
components, assemblies, tools and equipment, chiefly dealing with product safety.
unidirectional path-switched ring (UPSR)

A survivable, closed loop transport architecture that protects against cable cuts and node
failures by providing duplicate, geographically diverse paths for each service. Adjacent
nodes on the ring are interconnected using a single pair of optical fibers. One fiber
transports traffic in one direction (for example, clockwise), while the second fiber
transports traffic in the opposite direction (for example, counterclockwise). In a UPSR,
the source node bridges its outgoing traffic along opposite directions around the ring (on
paths provided by SONET synchronous transport channels). In contrast to BLSR, a
UPSR:

is path-specific as opposed to line specific

does not allow extra traffic (because traffic is bridged)

requires less coordination from source to destination (because the destination network
element can make all its decisions without involving the source)

UPSR

See unidirectional path-switched ring (p. GL-31) for definition.


user datagram protocol (UDP)

A minimal, datagram-oriented, transport network protocol above the IP network layer


that does not guarantee data ordering or delivery. Because it is datagram-oriented, each
send operation by the application results in the transmission of a single IP datagram.
This contrasts with the Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) which is byte stream
oriented and guarantees the delivery and ordering of the bytes sent. Because it is a byte
stream oriented, a single send operation may result in a no IP datagrams (buffering), a
single IP datagram, or multiple IP datagrams.

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Glossary
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user services

Services that the network provider can sell to their customers, such as Ethernet service.
UTC

Coordinated universal time.


....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

variable optical attenuator (VOA)

A device used to set the attenuation of the power received over a fiber to a level
required by the receiving equipment.
VCAT

See virtual concatenation (p. GL-32) for definition.


very short reach (VSR)

A SONET/SDH interface that provides a low-cost interconnection solution of less than


300 meters between routers, switches, and DWDM systems.
virtual concatenation (VCAT)

Defines an inverse multiplexing procedure whereby the contiguous bandwidth is broken


into individual Virtual Containers (VC) at the source transmitter and logically
represented in a Virtual Concatenation Group (VCG). VCG members are transported as
individual VCs across the SONET/SDH network and recombined at the destination VCG
receiver. While contiguous concatenation requires concatenation functionality at each
network element, virtual concatenation do not.
virtual time-slot (VTS)

1830 PSS-1 GBE Edge Device has a fixed assignment of 10 Virtual Time Slots to each
line port.
VOA

See variable optical attenuator (p. GL-32) for definition.


VSR

See very short reach (p. GL-32) for definition.


VTS

See virtual time-slot (p. GL-32) for definition.


....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

wave division multiplexing (WDM)

WDM merges optical traffic onto one common fiber, sending several signals through one
fiber with different wavelengths of light. WDM allows flexibility in expanding
bandwidth. It reduces costly mux/demux function, and it reuses existing optical
signals.See dense wave division multiplexing (DWDM).

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GL-32

Glossary
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

wave key

A component of the Wavelength Tracker monitoring capability that is used to identify


individual wavelengths through the network.
A wave key is a number between 1 and 2048. Each WDM wavelength in a 1830 PSS-32
network is uniquely identified by a pair of wave keys.
waveguide

A material medium that confines and guides a propagating electromagnetic wave.


waveguide coupler

A coupler that transfers light between planar waveguides.


wavelength

The distance between points of corresponding phase of two consecutive cycles of a


wave, typically measured in nanometers (nm). The wavelength is related to the
propagation velocity and the frequency. (Also called lambda.)
wavelength growth

A type of growth in which all eight wavelengths are added to a single line before more
lines are added.
Wavelength Tracker monitoring capability

Wavelength Tracker monitoring capability is a patented feature of Alcatel-Lucent 1830


PSS-32 which allows for the tracking of wavelengths through the Alcatel-Lucent 1830
PSS-32 network, and for the measuring of the wavelengths optical power levels at
certain points along their paths.
WaveWrapper

WaveWrapper provides network management functions such as optical-layer performance


monitoring, error correction, and ring protection on a per-wavelength basis.
WDM

See wave division multiplexing (p. GL-32) for definition.


WDM demand

The termination points and signal type of a service that is to be carried by the WDM
network.
WDM line

A contiguous series of spans terminated by a ROADM at each end. A WDM line can be
a single span or a series of spans joined by the in-line amplifiers (ILAs).
Web user interface (WebUI)

A computer interface that provides web-based access to the network element (NE).
WebUI

See Web user interface (p. GL-33) for definition.

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Glossary
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XFP (10-gigabit small form factor pluggable module)

A pluggable optical transceiver module that combines transmitter and receiver functions
in one compact, flexible, and low cost package format. Up to sixteen XFP modules can
be arranged on a typical rack card, allowing for an unprecedented level of data density.
XFP is protocol independent, are can support OC-192/STM-64, 10 Gigabit Ethernet, 10
Gigabit Fibre Channel, and G.709 data streams in routers, switches and network cards.
Reaches ranging from Very Short Reach (VSR) to Long Reach (LR) can also be
supported.
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Y-coupler

A coupler that has three waveguide legs joined at the center in a Y shape which
connects an input port to two output ports or two input ports to a single output port.
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

ZIC (zero installation craft)

An NE-imbedded graphical user interface (GUI) application for local operation and
maintenance.

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GL-34

Index

C Client installation on PC

hardware requirements, 2-2


Client window
Action menu, description,
3-4

menu bar functionality,


1-11, 3-2
Reports menu, 3-5
Reports menu, description,
3-5
toolbar, 3-6

.............................................................
D Design options

new, 1-8
Designs supported
Network, 1-2
Document content, xv

toolbar functionality, 1-11,


3-2

.............................................................

U Uploading features, 1-2

Users
tool, xv

Menus

File, 3-3

client installation on PC,


2-2

.............................................................

main window, 3-2

F Features, 1-2

H Hardware requirements

design of, 1-2

client window, 1-11

Action, 3-4

.............................................................

Traffic services

Menu bar

.............................................................

Functionality, 1-8

Traffic Design, 1-2

Main window, 3-6


Reports, 3-5
.............................................................
N Network Design, 1-2

Network element configurations


design of, 1-2

M Main window
.............................................................

Action menu, 3-4


File menu, 3-3
File menu, description, 3-3
Help menu, 3-6
Help menu, description, 3-6

T Toolbar

client window, 1-11


icon description, 3-7
main window, 3-2
Main window, 3-6

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