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List of computing and IT abbreviations


AATAverage Access Time


AAAAuthentication Authorization, Accounting

AABBAxis Aligned Bounding Box

AACAdvanced Audio Coding

AALATM Adaptation Layer

AALCATM Adaptation Layer Connection

AARPAppleTalk Address Resolution Protocol

ABCLActor-Based Concurrent Language

ABIApplication Binary Interface

ABMAsynchronous Balanced Mode

ABRArea Border Router

ABRAuto Baud-Rate detection

ABRAvailable Bitrate

ABRAverage Bitrate

ACAcoustic Coupler

ACAlternating Current

ACDAutomatic Call Distributor

ACEAdvanced Computing Environment

ACIDAtomicity Consistency Isolation Durability


ACKAmsterdam Compiler Kit

ACLAccess Control List

ACLActive Current Loop

ACMAssociation for Computing Machinery

ALUAAsymmetric Logic Unit Access

ACMEAutomated Classification of Medical Entities

ACPAirline Control Program

ACPIAdvanced Configuration and Power Interface

ACRAllowed Cell Rate

ACRAttenuation to Crosstalk Ratio

ADActive Directory

ADAdministrative Domain

ADCAnalog-to-Digital Converter

ADCApple Display Connector

ADBApple Desktop Bus

ADCCPAdvanced Data Communications Control Procedures

ADOActiveX Data Objects

ADSLAsymmetric Digital Subscriber Line

ADTAbstract Data Type

AEAdaptive Equalizer

AESAdvanced Encryption Standard

AFAnisotropic Filtering

AFPApple Filing Protocol

AGPAccelerated Graphics Port

AHActive Hub

AIArtificial Intelligence

AIXAdvanced Interactive eXecutive

AjaxAsynchronous JavaScript and XML

ALActive Link

ALAccess List

ALACApple Lossless Audio Codec

ALGOLAlgorithmic Language

ALSAAdvanced Linux Sound Architecture

ALUArithmetic and Logical Unit

AMActive Matrix

AMAccess Method

AMActive Monitor

AMAllied Mastercomputer

AMAmplitude Modulation

AMDAdvanced Micro Devices

AMQPAdvanced Message Queuing Protocol

AMRAudio Modem Riser

ANNArtificial Neural Network

ANSIAmerican National Standards Institute

ANTAnother Neat Tool

AoEATA over Ethernet

AOPAspect-Oriented Programming

APCIApplication-Layer Protocol Control Information

APIApplication Programming Interface

APICAdvanced Programmable Interrupt Controller

APIPAAutomatic Private IP Addressing

APLA Programming Language

APRApache Portable Runtime

ARCAdaptive Replacement Cache

ARCAdvanced RISC Computing

ARINAmerican Registry for Internet Numbers

ARMAdvanced RISC Machines

AROSAROS Research Operating System

ARPAddress Resolution Protocol

ARPAAddress and Routing Parameter Area

ARPAAdvanced Research Projects Agency

ARPANETAdvanced Research Projects Agency Network

ASAccess Server

ASCIIAmerican Standard Code for Information Interchange

ASGAbstract Semantic Graph

ASICApplication-Specific Integrated Circuit

ASIMOAdvanced Step in Innovative Mobility

ASLRAddress Space Layout Randomization

ASMAlgorithmic State Machine

ASMPAsymmetric Multiprocessing

ASN.1Abstract Syntax Notation 1

ASPActive Server Pages

ASPApplication Service Provider

ASRAsynchronous Signal Routine

ASTAbstract Syntax Tree

ASSPApplication-Specific Standard Product

ATAdvanced Technology

ATAccess Time

ATActive Terminator

ATAAdvanced Technology Attachment

ATAGAuthoring Tool Accessibility Guidelines

ATAPIAdvanced Technology Attachment Packet Interface

ATMAsynchronous Transfer Mode

AVCAdvanced Video Coding

AVIAudio Video Interleaved

AWKAho Weinberger Kernighan

AWTAbstract Window Toolkit



BALBasic Assembly Language

BAMBlock Availability Map

BashBourne-again shell

BASICBeginner's All-Purpose Symbolic Instruction Code

BBPBaseband Processor

BBSBulletin Board System

BCDBinary Coded Decimal

BCNFBoyceCodd normal form

BEEPBlocks Extensible Exchange Protocol

BERBit Error Rate

BFDBidirectional Forwarding Detection

BFDBinary File Descriptor

BFSBreadth-First Search

BFTByzantine Fault Tolerant

BGPBorder Gateway Protocol



BINACBinary Automatic Computer

BINDBerkeley Internet Name Domain

BIOSBasic Input Output System

BJTBipolar Junction Transistor

bitbinary digit

BlobBinary large object

BlogWeb Log

BMPBasic Multilingual Plane

BNCBayonet Neill-Concelman

BOINCBerkeley Open Infrastructure for Network Computing

BOMByte Order Mark

BOOTPBootstrap Protocol

BPDUBridge Protocol Data Unit

BPELBusiness Process Execution Language

BPLBroadband over Power Lines

bpsbits per second

BRRBusiness Readiness Rating

BSABusiness Software Alliance

BSBBackside Bus

BSDBerkeley Software Distribution

BSoDBlue Screen of Death

BSSBlock Started by Symbol



BTAMBasic Telecommunications Access Method


BYODBring Your Own Device


CADComputer-Aided Design

CAEComputer-Aided Engineering

CAIDComputer-Aided Industrial Design

CAIComputer-Aided Instruction

CAMComputer-Aided Manufacturing

CAPTCHACompletely Automated Public Turing Test to tell Computers and

Humans Apart

CATComputer-Aided Translation

CAQComputer-Aided Quality Assurance

CASEComputer-Aided Software Engineering

ccC Compiler

CDCompact Disc

CDECommon Desktop Environment

CDMACode Division Multiple Access

CDNContent Delivery Network

CDPContinuous Data Protection


CD-ROMCD Read-Only Memory


CDSACommon Data Security Architecture

CERTComputer Emergency Response Team

CESConsumer Electronics Show

CFCompact Flash

CFDComputational Fluid Dynamics

CFGContext-Free Grammar

CFGControl Flow Graph

CGComputer Graphics

CGAColor Graphics Array

CGICommon Gateway Interface

CGIComputer-Generated Imagery

CGTComputational Graph Theory

CHAPChallenge-Handshake Authentication Protocol


CIDRClassless Inter-Domain Routing

CIFSCommon Internet Filesystem

CIMCommon Information Model

CISCComplex Instruction Set Computer

CJKChinese, Japanese, and Korean

CJKVChinese, Japanese, Korean, and Vietnamese

CLICommand Line Interface

CLRCommon Language Runtime

CMConfiguration Management

CMContent Management

CMMICapability Maturity Model Integration

CMOSComplementary Metal-Oxide Semiconductor

CMSContent Management System

CNCanonical Name

CNCommon Name

CNCComputer Numerical Control

CNRCommunications and Networking Riser

COBOLCommon Business-Oriented Language

COMComponent Object Model

CORBACommon Object Request Broker Architecture

COTSCommercial Off-The-Shelf

CPACell Processor Architecture

CPAConverged Packet Access

CPANComprehensive Perl Archive Network

CP/MControl Program/Monitor

CPRICommon Public Radio Interface

CPScharacters per second

CPUCentral Processing Unit

CRCarriage Return

CRANComprehensive R Archive Network

CRCCyclic Redundancy Check

CRLFCarriage Return Line Feeds

CRMCustomer Relationship Management


CRSComputer Reservations System

CRTCathode Ray Tube

CRUDCreate, Read, Update and Delete

CSCable Select

CSComputer Science

CSEComputer Science and Engineering

CSICommon System Interface

CSPCommunicating Sequential Processes

CSRFCross-Site Request Forgery

CSSCascading Style Sheets

CSSContent-Scrambling System

CSSClosed Source Software

CSSCross-Site Scripting

CSVComma-Separated Values

CTComputerized Tomography

CTANComprehensive TeX Archive Network

CTCPClient-To-Client Protocol

CTIComputer Telephony Integration

CTLComputational Tree Logic

CTMClose To Metal

CTSClear To Send

CTSSCompatible Time-Sharing System

CUACommon User Access

CVSConcurrent Versioning System


DACDigital-To-Analog Converter

DACDiscretionary Access Control

DAOData Access Objects


DAPDirectory Access Protocol

DARPADefense Advanced Research Projects Agency

DATDigital Audio Tape


DBADatabase Administrator

DBCSDouble Byte Character Set

DBMSDatabase Management System

DCCDirect Client-to-Client

DCCPDatagram Congestion Control Protocol

DCCADebian Common Core Alliance

DCLData Control Language

DCMIDublin Core Metadata Initiative

DCOMDistributed Component Object Model

DDDouble Density

DDEDynamic Data Exchange

DDLData Definition Language

DDoSDistributed Denial of Service

DDRDouble Data Rate

DECDigital Equipment Corporation

DESData Encryption Standard



DFADeterministic Finite Automaton

DFDData Flow Diagram

DFSDepth-First Search

DFSDistributed File System

DGDDworkin's Game Driver

DHCPDynamic Host Configuration Protocol

DHTMLDynamic Hypertext Markup Language

DIFData Integrity Field

DIMMDual Inline Memory Module

DINDeutsches Institut fr Normung

DIPDual In-line Package

DIVXDigital Video Express

DKIMDomain Keys Identified Mail


DLLDynamic Link Library

DLNADigital Living Network Alliance

DLPDigital Light Processing

DMADirect Memory Access

DMCADigital Millennium Copyright Act

DMIDirect Media Interface

DMLData Manipulation Language

DMLDefinitive Media Library

DMRDennis M. Ritchie

DNDistinguished Name



DNSDomain Name System

DOCSISData Over Cable Service Interface Specification

DOMDocument Object Model

DoSDenial of Service

DOSDisk Operating System

DPDot Pitch

DPCDeferred Procedure Call

DPIDeep Packet Inspection

DPIDots Per Inch

DPMIDOS Protected Mode Interface

DPMSDisplay Power Management Signaling

DRAMDynamic Random Access Memory

DR-DOSDigital Research - Disk Operating System

DRIDirect Rendering Infrastructure

DRMDigital Rights Management

DRMDirect Rendering Manager

DSDLDocument Schema Definition Languages

DSDMDynamic Systems Development Method

DSLDigital Subscriber Line

DSLDomain-Specific Language

DSLAMDigital Subscriber Line Access Multiplexer

DSNDatabase Source Name

DSNData Set Name

DSPDigital Signal Processor

DSSSLDocument Style Semantics and Specification Language


DTDDocument Type Definition

DTEData Terminal Equipment

DTPDesktop Publishing

DTRData Terminal Ready

DVDDigital Versatile Disc

DVDDigital Video Disc


DVD-ROMDVD-Read Only Memory


DVIDigital Visual Interface

DVRDigital Video Recorder

EAIEnterprise Application Integration

EAPExtensible Authentication Protocol

EBCDICExtended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code

EBMLExtensible Binary Meta Language

ECCElliptic Curve Cryptography

ECMAEuropean Computer Manufacturers Association

ECNExplicit Congestion Notification

ECOSEmbedded Configurable Operating System

ECRSExpense and Cost Recovery System

EDAElectronic Design Automation

EDIElectronic Data Interchange

EDOExtended Data Out

EDSACElectronic Delay Storage Automatic Calculator


EDVACElectronic Discrete Variable Automatic Computer

EEPROMElectronically Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory

EFFElectronic Frontier Foundation

EFIExtensible Firmware Interface

EFMEight-to-Fourteen Modulation

EGAEnhanced Graphics Array

EGPExterior Gateway Protocol

eIDelectronic ID card

EIDEEnhanced IDE

EIGRPEnhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol

EISAExtended Industry Standard Architecture

ELFExtremely Low Frequency

ELFExecutable and Linkable Format

ELMELectronic Mail


EMSExpanded Memory Specification

ENIACElectronic Numerical Integrator And Computer

EOFEnd of File

EOLEnd of Life

EOLEnd of Line

EOMEnd Of Message

EPICExplicitly Parallel Instruction Computing

EPROMErasable Programmable Read-Only Memory

ERPEnterprise Resource Planning

ESBEnterprise service bus


ESCONEnterprise Systems Connection

ESDElectrostatic Discharge

ETLExtract, Transform, Load

ESREric Steven Raymond

EUCExtended Unix Code

EULAEnd User License Agreement

EXTEXTended file system

FAPFORTRAN Assembly Program

FASMFlat ASseMbler

FATFile Allocation Table

FAQFrequently Asked Questions

FBDIMMFully Buffered Dual Inline Memory Module

FC-ALFibre Channel Arbitrated Loop

FCBFile Control Block

FCSFrame Check Sequence

FDCFloppy Disk Controller

FDSFedora Directory Server

FDDFloppy Disk Drive

FDDIFiber Distributed Data Interface

FDMAFrequency-Division Multiple Access

FECForward Error Correction

FEMBFront-End Motherboard

FETField Effect Transistor

FHSFilesystem Hierarchy Standard


FICONFIber CONnectivity

FIFOFirst In First Out

FIPSFederal Information Processing Standards

FLFunction Level

FLACFree Lossless Audio Codec

FLOPSFLoating-Point Operations Per Second

FLOSSFree/Libre/Open Source Software

FMC Fixed Mobile Convergence "Mobile UC or Unified Communications over


FOLDOCFree On-line Dictionary of Computing

FOSDEMFree and Open source Software Developers' European Meeting

FOSIFormatted Output Specification Instance

FOSSFree and Open Source Software

FPFunction Programming

FPGAField Programmable Gate Array

FPSFloating Point Systems

FPUFloating Point Unit

FRUField Replaceable Unit

FSFile System

FSBFront Side Bus

fsckFile System Check

FSFFree Software Foundation

FSMFinite State Machine

FTTCFiber To The Curb

FTTHFiber To The Home

FTTPFiber To The Premises


FTPFile Transfer Protocol

FQDNFully Qualified Domain Name

FUDFear Uncertainty Doubt

FWSFolding White Space

FXPFile eXchange Protocol


GasGNU Assembler



GCCGNU Compiler Collection

GCJGNU Compiler for Java

GCRGroup Code Recording

GDBGNU Debugger

GDIGraphics Device Interface

GFDLGNU Free Documentation License

GIFGraphics Interchange Format

GIGOGarbage In, Garbage Out

GIMPGNU Image Manipulation Program

GIMPSGreat Internet Mersenne Prime Search

GISGeographic Information System

GLUTOpenGL Utility Toolkit

GMLGeography Markup Language

GNOMEGNU Network Object Model Environment

GNUGNU's Not Unix


GOMSGoals, Operators, Methods, and Selection rules


GPFSGeneral Parallel File System

GPGGNU Privacy Guard

GPGPUGeneral-Purpose Computing on Graphics Processing Units

GPIBGeneral-Purpose Instrumentation Bus

GPLGeneral Public License

GPLGeneral-Purpose Language

GPRSGeneral Packet Radio Service

GPTGUID Partition Table

GPUGraphics Processing Unit

GRUBGrand Unified Boot-Loader

GSMGlobal System for Mobile Communications

GTK+GIMP Toolkit

GUIGraphical User Interface

GUIDGlobally Unique IDentifier

GWTGoogle Web Toolkit

HALHardware Abstraction Layer

HBAHost Bus Adapter

HCIHuman Computer Interaction

HDHigh Density

HDDHard Disk Drive

HCLHardware Compatibility List

HD DVDHigh Definition DVD


HDLHardware Description Language

HDMIHigh-Definition Multimedia Interface

HFHigh Frequency

HHDHybrid Hard Drive

HIDHuman Interface Device

HIGHuman Interface Guidelines

HIRDHurd of Interfaces Representing Depth

HLASMHigh Level ASseMbler

HMAHigh Memory Area


HPCHigh-Performance Computing

HPFSHigh Performance File System

HTCHigh-Throughput Computing

HSMHierarchical Storage Management

HTHyper Threading

HTMHierarchical Temporal Memory

HTMLHypertext Markup Language

HTTPHypertext Transfer Protocol

HTTPdHypertext Transport Protocol Daemon

HTXHyperTransport eXpansion

HURDHird of Unix-Replacing Daemons

HVDHolographic Versatile Disc


ICInter-Integrated Circuit



IANAInternet Assigned Numbers Authority

iBCSIntel Binary Compatibility Standard

IBMInternational Business Machines

ICIntegrated Circuit

ICANNInternet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers

ICEIn-Circuit Emulator

ICEIntrusion Countermeasure Electronics

ICMPInternet Control Message Protocol

ICPInternet Cache Protocol

ICTInformation and Communication Technology

IDEIntegrated Development Environment

IDEIntegrated Drive Electronics

IDFIntermediate Distribution Frame

IDLInterface Definition Language

IDSIntrusion Detection System

IEInternet Explorer

IECInternational Electrotechnical Commission

IEEEInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers

IETFInternet Engineering Task Force

IFLIntegrated Facility for Linux

IGMPInternet Group Management Protocol

IGRPInterior Gateway Routing Protocol

IHVIndependent Hardware Vendor

IIOPInternet Inter-Orb Protocol


IISInternet Information Services

ILIntermediate Language

IMInstant Messaging

IMAPInternet Message Access Protocol

IMEInput Method Editor

INFOSECInformation Systems Security


IPIntellectual Property

IPInternet Protocol

IPCInter-Process Communication

IPLInitial Program Load

IPOInter Procedural Optimization

IPPInternet Printing Protocol

IPSIntrusion Prevention System

IPsecInternet Protocol security

IPTVInternet Protocol Television

IPXInternetwork Packet Exchange

IRIntermediate Representation

IRCInternet Relay Chat

IrDAInfrared Data Association

IRIInternationalized Resource Identifier

IRPI/O Request Packet

IRQInterrupt Request

ISInformation Systems

ISAIndustry Standard Architecture


ISAInstruction Set Architecture

ISAMIndexed Sequential Access Method

ISCInternet Storm Center

iSCSIInternet Small Computer System Interface

ISDNIntegrated Services Digital Network

ISOInternational Organization for Standardization

iSNSInternet Storage Name Service

ISPInternet Service Provider

ISPFInteractive System Productivity Facility

ISRInterrupt Service Routine

ISVIndependent Software Vendor

ITInformation Technology

ITILInformation Technology Infrastructure Library

ITLInterval Temporal Logic

ITUInternational Telecommunication Union

IVRSInteractive Voice Response System

J2EEJava 2 Enterprise Edition

J2MEJava 2 Micro Edition

J2SEJava 2 Standard Edition

JAXBJava Architecture for XML Binding

JAX-RPCJava XML for Remote Procedure Calls

JAXPJava API for XML Processing

JBODJust a Bunch of Disks

JCE Java Cryptography Extension


JCLJob Control Language

JCPJava Community Process

JDBCJava Database Connectivity

JDKJava Development Kit

JESJob Entry Subsystem

JDSJava Desktop System

JFCJava Foundation Classes

JFETJunction Field-Effect Transistor

JFSIBM Journaling File System

JINIJini Is Not Initials


JMXJava Management Extensions

JMSJava Message Service

JNDIJava Naming and Directory Interface

JNIJava Native Interface

JNZJump non-zero

JPEGJoint Photographic Experts Group

JREJava Runtime Environment


JSONJavaScript Object Notation

JSPJackson Structured Programming

JSPJavaServer Pages

JTAGJoint Test Action Group

JUGJava Users Group

JVMJava Virtual Machine


K&RKernighan and Ritchie




KBKnowledge Base

KDEK Desktop Environment


KMKnowledge Machine

KRLKnowledge Representation Language

KVMKeyboard, Video, Mouse


L2TPLayer two Tunneling Protocol

LAMPLinux Apache MySQL Perl

LAMPLinux Apache MySQL PHP

LAMPLinux Apache MySQL Python

LANLocal Area Network

LBALogical Block Addressing

LCDLiquid Crystal Display

LCRLeast Cost Routing

LCOSLiquid Crystal On Silicon

LDAPLightweight Directory Access Protocol

LELogical Extents

LEDLight-Emitting Diode


LFLine Feed

LFLow Frequency

LFSLinux From Scratch

LGPLLesser General Public License


LIFLow Insertion Force

LIFOLast In First Out

LILOLinux Loader

LISPLISt Processing

LKMLLinux Kernel Mailing List

LMLan Manager

LOCLines of Code

LPCLars Pensj C

LPILinux Professional Institute

LPT Line Print Terminal

LSBLeast Significant Bit

LSBLinux Standard Base

LSILarge-Scale Integration

LTLLinear Temporal Logic


LUGLinux User Group

LUNLogical Unit Number

LVLogical Volume

LVDLow Voltage Differential

LVMLogical Volume Management



MACMandatory Access Control

MACMedia Access Control

MANMetropolitan Area Network

MANETMobile Ad-Hoc Network

MAPIMessaging Application Programming Interface



MBCSMulti Byte Character Set

MBRMaster Boot Record

MCAMicro Channel Architecture

MCAMicrosoft Certified Architect

MCADMicrosoft Certified Application Developer

MCASMicrosoft Certified Application Specialist

MCDBAMicrosoft Certified DataBase Administrator

MCDSTMicrosoft Certified Desktop Support Technician

MCITPMicrosoft Certified Information Technology Professional

MCMMicrosoft Certified Master

MCPMicrosoft Certified Professional

MCPDMicrosoft Certified Professional Developer

MCSAMicrosoft Certified Systems Administrator

MCSDMicrosoft Certified Solution Developer

MCSEMicrosoft Certified Systems Engineer

MCTMicrosoft Certified Trainer


MCTSMicrosoft Certified Technology Specialist

MDAMail Delivery Agent

MDAModel-Driven Architecture

MDAMonochrome Display Adapter

MDFMain Distribution Frame

MDIMultiple Document Interface

ME[Windows] Millennium Edition

MFMedium Frequency

MFCMicrosoft Foundation Classes

MFMModified Frequency Modulation

MGCPMedia Gateway Control Protocol


MIBManagement Information Base

MICRMagnetic Ink Character Recognition

MIDIMusical Instrument Digital Interface

MIMDMultiple Instruction, Multiple Data

MIMOMultiple-Input Multiple-Output


MIPSMillion Instructions Per Second

MIPSMicroprocessor without Interlocked Pipeline Stages

MISManagement Information Systems

MISDMultiple Instruction, Single Data

MITMassachusetts Institute of Technology

MIMEMultipurpose Internet Mail Extensions

MMDSMortality Medical Data System


MMIMan Machine Interface.

MMIOMemory-Mapped I/O

MMORPGMassively Multiplayer Online Role-Playing Game

MMUMemory Management Unit

MMXMulti-Media Extensions

MNGMultiple-image Network Graphics


MOMMessage-Oriented Middleware

MOOMUD Object Oriented

MOSMicrosoft Office Specialist

MOSFETMetal-Oxide Semiconductor Field Effect Transistor

MOTDMessage Of The Day

MOUSMicrosoft Office User Specialist

MPAAMotion Picture Association of America

MPEGMotion Pictures Experts Group

MPLMozilla Public License

MPLSMultiprotocol Label Switching

MPUMicroprocessor Unit

MSMemory Stick


MSBMost Significant Bit

MS-DOSMicrosoft DOS

MTMachine Translation

MTAMail Transfer Agent

MTAMicrosoft Technology Associate


MTBFMean Time Between Failures

MTUMaximum Transmission Unit

MSAMail Submission Agent

MSDNMicrosoft Developer Network

MSIMedium-Scale Integration

MSIMessage Signaled Interrupt

MSIMicrosoft Installer

MUAMail User Agent

MUDMulti-User Dungeon


MVPMost Valuable Professional

MVSMultiple Virtual Storage

MXMail exchange

MXFMaterial Exchange Format

NACKNegative ACKnowledgement

NAKNegative AcKnowledge Character

NaNNot a Number

NASNetwork-Attached Storage

NASMNetwide ASseMbler

NATNetwork Address Translation

NCPNetWare Core Protocol

NCQNative Command Queuing

NCSANational Center for Supercomputing Applications

NDPSNovell Distributed Print Services


NDSNovell Directory Services

NEPNetwork Equipment Provider

NetBIOSNetwork Basic Input/Output System

NEXTNear-End CrossTalk

NFANondeterministic Finite Automaton

NFCNear field communication

NFSNetwork File System


NGSCBNext-Generation Secure Computing Base

NINational Instruments

NICNetwork Interface Controller

NIMNo Internal Message


NISTNational Institute of Standards and Technology

NLPNatural Language Processing

NLSNative Language Support

NMINon-Maskable Interrupt

NPNondeterministic Polynomial time

NPLNetscape Public License

NPUNetwork Processing Unit


NSANational Security Agency

NSPRNetscape Portable Runtime

NNTPNetwork News Transfer Protocol

NOCNetwork Operations Center


NOPNo OPeration

NOSNetwork Operating System

NPTLNative POSIX Thread Library

NSSNovell Storage Service

NSSNetwork Security Services

NSSName Service Switch

NTNew Technology

NTFSNT Filesystem

NTLMNT Lan Manager

NTPNetwork Time Protocol

NUMANon-Uniform Memory Access

NURBSNon-Uniform Rational B-Spline

NVRNetwork Video Recorder

NVRAMNon-Volatile Random Access Memory

OASISOrganization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards

OATOperational Acceptance Testing

OBSAIOpen Base Station Architecture Initiative

ODBCOpen DataBase Connectivity

OEMOriginal Equipment Manufacturer

OESOpen Enterprise Server

OFTCOpen and Free Technology Community

OLAPOnline Analytical Processing

OLEObject Linking and Embedding

OLEDOrganic Light Emitting Diode


OLPCOne Laptop per Child

OLTPOnline Transaction Processing

OMFObject Module Format

OMGObject Management Group

OMROptical Mark Recognition



OOEOut-of-Order Execution

OOMOut Of Memory


OoOEOut-of-Order Execution

OOPObject-Oriented Programming

OOTBOut of the box

OPMLOutline Processor Markup Language

ORBObject Request Broker

ORMOject-Relational Mapping

OSOpen Source

OSOperating System

OSCONO'Reilly Open Source CONvention

OSDNOpen Source Developer Network

OSIOpen Source Initiative

OSIOpen Systems Interconnection

OSPFOpen Shortest Path First

OSSOpen Sound System

OSSOpen-Source Software


OSSOperations Support System

OSTGOpen Source Technology Group

OUIOrganizationally Unique Identifier


PACProgrammable Automation Controller

PANPersonal Area Network

PAPPassword Authentication Protocol

PARCPalo Alto Research Center

PATAParallel ATA

PCPersonal Computer

PCBPrinted Circuit Board

PCBProcess Control Block

PC DOSPersonal Computer Disk Operating System

PCIPeripheral Component Interconnect

PCIePCI Express

PCLPrinter Command Language

PCMCIAPersonal Computer Memory Card International Association

PCMPulse-Code Modulation

PCREPerl Compatible Regular Expressions

PDPublic Domain

PDAPersonal Digital Assistant

PDFPortable Document Format

PDHPlesiochronous Digital Hierarchy

PDPProgrammed Data Processor


PEPhysical Extents

PERLPractical Extraction and Reporting Language

PGAPin Grid Array

PGOProfile-Guided Optimization

PGPPretty Good Privacy

PHPPHP: Hypertext Preprocessor

PICPeripheral Interface Controller

PICProgrammable Interrupt Controller


PIDProcess ID

PIMPersonal Information Manager

PINEProgram for Internet News and Email

PIOProgrammed Input/Output

PKCSPublic Key Cryptography Standards

PKIPublic Key Infrastructure

PLCPower Line Communication

PLCProgrammable Logic Controller

PLDProgrammable Logic Device

PL/IProgramming Language One

PL/MProgramming Language for Microcomputers

PL/PProgramming Language for Prime

PLTPower Line Telecoms

PMMPOST Memory Manager

PNGPortable Network Graphics



PoEPower over Ethernet

POIDPersistent Object Identifier

POJOPlain Old Java Object

POPPoint of Presence

POP3Post Office Protocol v3

POSIXPortable Operating System Interface, formerly IEEE-IX

POSTPower-On Self Test


PPIPixels Per Inch

PPPPoint-to-Point Protocol


PPPoEPPP over Ethernet

PPTPPoint-to-Point Tunneling Protocol


PSAProfessional Services Automation

PS/2Personal System/2

PSUPower Supply Unit

PSVIPost-Schema-Validation Infoset

PTS-DOSPhysTechSoft - Disk Operating System

PVPhysical Volume

PVGPhysical Volume Group

PVRPersonal Video Recorder

PXEPreboot Execution Environment

PXIPCI eXtensions for Instrumentation


QDRQuad Data Rate

QAQuality Assurance

QFPQuad Flat Package

QoSQuality of Service

QOTDQuote of the Day

QtQuasar Toolkit

QTAMQueued Teleprocessing Access Method

RACFResource Access Control Facility

RADRapid Application Development

RADIUSRemote Authentication Dial In User Service

RAIDRedundant Array of Independent Disks

RAIDRedundant Array of Inexpensive Disks

RAIIResource Acquisition Is Initialization

RAITRedundant Array of Inexpensive Tapes

RAMRandom Access Memory

RARPReverse Address Resolution Protocol

RASReliability, Availability and Serviceability

RASRemote Access Service

RRASRouting and Remote Access Service

RCRegion Code

RCRelease Candidate

RCRun Commands

RCSRevision Control System

RDBMSRelational Database Management System


RDCRemote Desktop Connection

RDFResource Description Framework

RDMRelational Data Model

RDOSReal-time Disk Operating System

RDSRemote Data Services

REFALRecursive Functions Algorithmic Language

RESTRepresentational State Transfer

regexRegular Expression

regexpRegular Expression

RFRadio Frequency

RFCRequest For Comments

RFIRadio Frequency Interference

RFIDRadio Frequency Identification

RGBRed, Green, Blue

RGBARed, Green, Blue, Alpha

RHLRed Hat Linux

RHELRed Hat Enterprise Linux

RIARich Internet Application

RIAARecording Industry Association of America

RIPRaster Image Processor

RIPRouting Information Protocol

RIRRegional Internet registry

RISCReduced Instruction Set Computer

RISC OSReduced Instruction Set Computer Operating System

RJERemote Job Entry


RLERun-Length Encoding

RLLRun-Length Limited

RMIRemote Method Invocation

RMSRichard Matthew Stallman

ROMRead Only Memory

ROMBRead-Out Motherboard

ROM-DOSRead Only Memory - Disk Operating System

RPCRemote Procedure Call

RPGReport Program Generator

RPMRPM Package Manager

RSARivest Shamir Adleman

RSIRepetitive Strain Injury

RSSRadio Service Software

RSSRich Site Summary, RDF Site Summary, or Really Simple Syndication

RTAIReal-Time Application Interface

RTCReal-Time Clock

RTEReal-Time Enterprise

RTEMSReal-Time Executive for Multiprocessor Systems


RTOSReal-Time Operating System

RTPReal-time Transport Protocol

RTSReady To Send

RTSPReal Time Streaming Protocol

RTTIRun-time Type Information


SaaSSoftware as a Service

SANStorage Area Network

SASSerial attached SCSI


SAXSimple API for XML

SBODSpinning Beachball of Death

SBP-2Serial Bus Protocol 2

sbinsuperuser binary

SBUStandard Build Unit

SCADASupervisory Control And Data Acquisition

SCIDSource Code in Database

SCMSoftware Configuration Management

SCMSource Code Management

SCPSecure Copy

SCPIStandard Commands for Programmable Instrumentation

SCSISmall Computer System Interface

SCTPStream Control Transmission Protocol

SDSecure Digital

SDDLSecurity Descriptor Definition Language

SDHSynchronous Digital Hierarchy

SDISingle Document Interface

SDIOSecure Digital Input Output

SDKSoftware Development Kit

SDLSimple DirectMedia Layer

SDNService Delivery Network


SDPSession Description Protocol

SDRSoftware-Defined Radio

SDRAMSynchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory

SDSLSymmetric DSL

SESingle Ended

SEALSemantics-directed Environment Adaptation Language

SEISoftware Engineering Institute

SEOSearch Engine Optimization


SFTPSimple File Transfer Protocol

SFTPSSH File Transfer Protocol

SGISilicon Graphics, Incorporated

SGMLStandard Generalized Markup Language

SGRSelect Graphic Rendition

SHASecure Hash Algorithm

SHDSLSingle-pair High-speed Digital Subscriber Line

SIGCATSpecial Interest Group on CD-ROM Applications and Technology

SIGGRAPHSpecial Interest Group on Graphics

SIMDSingle Instruction, Multiple Data

SIMMSingle Inline Memory Module

SIPSession Initiation Protocol

SIPSupplementary Ideographic Plane

SISDSingle Instruction, Single Data

SISOSingle-Input and Single-Output

SLEDSUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop


SLESSUSE Linux Enterprise Server

SLIScalable Link Interface

SLIPSerial Line Internet Protocol

SLMService Level Management

SLOCSource Lines of Code

SPMSoftware project management

SPMDSingle Program, Multiple Data

SMASubMiniature version A

SMBServer Message Block

SMBIOSSystem Management BIOS

SMILSynchronized Multimedia Integration Language

S/MIMESecure/Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions

SMPSupplementary Multilingual Plane

SMPSymmetric Multi-Processing

SMSShort Message Service

SMSSystem Management Server

SMTSimultaneous Multithreading

SMTPSimple Mail Transfer Protocol

SNASystems Network Architecture

SNMPSimple Network Management Protocol

SNTPSimple Network Time Protocol

SOAService-Oriented Architecture

SOEStandard Operating Environment

SOAPSimple Object Access Protocol



SO-DIMMSmall Outline DIMM

SOHOSmall Office/Home Office

SOISilicon On Insulator

SPService Pack

SPASingle Page Application

SPFSender Policy Framework

SPISerial Peripheral Interface

SPIStateful Packet Inspection

SPLSecondary Program Loader

SPARCScalable Processor Architecture

SQLStructured Query Language

SRAMStatic Random Access Memory

SSAStatic Single Assignment

SSDSoftware Specification Document

SSDSolid-State Drive

SSEStreaming SIMD Extensions

SSHSecure Shell

SSIServer Side Includes

SSISingle-System Image

SSISmall-Scale Integration

SSIDService Set Identifier

SSLSecure Socket Layer

SSPSupplementary Special-purpose Plane

SSSESupplementary Streaming SIMD Extensions



SUSSingle UNIX Specification

SUSESoftware und System-Entwicklung

SVCScalable Video Coding

SVGScalable Vector Graphics

SVGASuper Video Graphics Array

SVDStructured VLSI Design

SWFShock Wave Flash

SWTStandard Widget Toolkit

SysopSystem operator


TASMTurbo ASseMbler


TclTool Command Language

TCPTransmission Control Protocol

TCP/IPTransmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol

TCUTelecommunication Control Unit

TDMATime Division Multiple Access

TFTThin Film Transistor

TFTPTrivial File Transfer Protocol

TITexas Instruments

TLAThree-Letter Acronym

TLDTop-Level Domain

TLSThread-Local Storage

TLSTransport Layer Security




TNCTerminal Node Controller

TNCThreaded Neill-Concelman connector

TPFTransaction Processing Facility

TROFFTrace Off

TRONTrace On

TRONThe Real-time Operating system Nucleus

TRS-DOSTandy Radio Shack - Disk Operating System

TSOTime Sharing Option

TSPTraveling Salesman Problem

TSRTerminate and Stay Resident

TTATrue Tap Audio

TTFTrueType Font

TTLTransistor-Transistor Logic

TTLTime To Live



TUCOWSThe Ultimate Collection of Winsock Software

TUGTeX Users Group

TWAINTechnology Without An Interesting Name

UAAGUser Agent Accessibility Guidelines

UACUser Account Control

UARTUniversal Asynchronous Receiver/Transmitter


UATUser Acceptance Testing

UCSUniversal Character Set

UDDIUniversal Description, Discovery, and Integration


UDPUser Datagram Protocol

UEFIUnified Extensible Firmware Interface

UHFUltra High Frequency

UIUser Interface


ULAUncommitted Logic Array

UMAUpper Memory Area

UMBUpper Memory Block

UMLUnified Modeling Language

UMLUser-Mode Linux

UMPCUltra-Mobile Personal Computer

UNCUniversal Naming Convention

UPSUninterruptible Power Supply

URIUniform Resource Identifier

URLUniform Resource Locator

URNUniform Resource Name

USBUniversal Serial Bus


USRU.S. Robotics

UTCCoordinated Universal Time

UTFUnicode Transformation Format


UTPUnshielded Twisted Pair

UUCPUnix to Unix Copy

UUIDUniversally Unique Identifier

UUNUniversal User Name

UVCUniversal Virtual Computer

UXUser Experience


VAXVirtual Address eXtension

VCPIVirtual Control Program Interface

VRVirtual Reality

VRMLVirtual Reality Modeling Language

VBVisual Basic

VBAVisual Basic for Applications

VBSVisual Basic Script

VDSLVery High Bitrate Digital Subscriber Line

VESAVideo Electronics Standards Association


VFSVirtual File System

VGVolume Group

VGAVideo Graphics Array

VGAVideo Graphics Adapter

VHFVery High Frequency

VLANVirtual Local Area Network

VLSMVariable Length Subnet Mask


VLBVesa Local Bus

VLFVery Low Frequency

VLIWVery Long Instruction Word

VLSIVery-Large-Scale Integration

VMVirtual Machine

VMVirtual Memory

VNCVirtual Network Computing

VODVideo On Demand

VoIPVoice over Internet Protocol

VPNVirtual Private Network

VPUVisual Processing Unit

VSAMVirtual Storage Access Method

VSATVery Small Aperture Terminal

VTVideo Terminal?

VTAMVirtual Telecommunications Access Method

W3CWorld Wide Web Consortium

WAFSWide Area File Services

WAIWeb Accessibility Initiative

WAISWide Area Information Server

WANWide Area Network

WAPWireless Access Point

WAPWireless Application Protocol

WASMWatcom ASseMbler

WBEMWeb-Based Enterprise Management


WCAGWeb Content Accessibility Guidelines

WCFWindows Communication Foundation

WDMWavelength-Division Multiplexing

WebDAVWWW Distributed Authoring and Versioning

WEPWired Equivalent Privacy

WFIWait For Interrupt

WiMAXWorldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access

WinFSWindows Future Storage

WINSWindows Internet Name Service

WLANWireless Local Area Network

WMAWindows Media Audio

WMVWindows Media Video




WORAWrite once, run anywhere

WOREWrite once, run everywhere

WPAWi-Fi Protected Access

WPANWireless Personal Area Network

WPFWindows Presentation Foundation

WSDLWeb Services Description Language

WSFLWeb Services Flow Language

WUSBWireless Universal Serial Bus

WWANWireless Wide Area Network

WWIDWorld Wide Identifier


WWNWorld Wide Name

WWWWorld Wide Web

WYSIWYGWhat You See Is What You Get

WZCWireless Zero Configuration

XAGXML Accessibility Guidelines

XAMLeXtensible Application Markup Language

XDMX Window Display Manager

XDMCPX Display Manager Control Protocol

XCBLXML Common Business Library

XHTMLeXtensible Hypertext Markup Language

XILPX Interactive ListProc

XMLeXtensible Markup Language

XMMSX Multimedia System

XMPPeXtensible Messaging and Presence Protocol

XMSExtended Memory Specification

XNSXerox Network Systems


XPExtreme Programming

XPCOMCross Platform Component Object Model


XPIDLCross-Platform IDL

XPS XML Paper Specification

XSDXML Schema Definition

XSLeXtensible Stylesheet Language


XSL-FOeXtensible Stylesheet Language Formatting Objects

XSLTeXtensible Stylesheet Language Transformations

XSSCross-Site Scripting

XTFeXtensible Tag Framework

XTFeXtended Triton Format

XULXML User Interface Language

XVGAExtended Video Graphics Adapter

Y2KYear Two Thousand

YAAFYet Another Application Framework

YACCYet Another Compiler Compiler

YAMLYAML Ain't Markup Language

YaSTYet another Setup Tool

ZCAVZone Constant Angular Velocity

ZCSZero Code Suppression

ZIFZero Insertion Force

ZIFSZero Insertion Force Socket

ZISCZero Instruction Set Computer

ZOIZero One Infinity

ZOPEZ Object Publishing Environment

ZMAZone Multicast Address

ZPLZ-level Programming Language

1GLFirst-Generation Programming Language

1NFFirst Normal Form













286Intel 80286 processor

2B1Q2 Binary 1 Quaternary

2GLSecond-Generation Programming Language

2NFSecond Normal Form

3GLThird-Generation Programming Language

3NFThird Normal Form

386Intel 80386 processor

486Intel 80486 processor

4B5BLF4 Byte 5 Byte Local Fiber

4GLFourth-Generation Programming Language

4NFFourth Normal Form

5GLFifth-Generation Programming Language

5NFFifth Normal Form

6NFSixth Normal Form


8B10BLF8 Byte 10 Byte Local Fiber