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Imitative speaking
Chants, rhymes and songs.

Chants and Rhymes:


Animal chant
Pussy cat
I had a little nut tree
5 little monkeys
Two little boys (adapted)
The cookie jar // Who took the candy (video)
Songs:
The wheels on the bus
The cycle of a plant (adapted)
The hokey pokey
Incy Wincy spider
If you are happy and you know it
Elephants have wrinkles
This is the way we wash our hands
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1) T introduces key vocabulary in song showing a model bus or a photo. T shows the wheels
going round all day and discusses how buses go to places by turning left and right. Using
the model bus T demonstrates how people get on and off, move around, etc.
2) T narrates the song using the model bus to demonstrate the actions (e.g. the wheels )
3) Teacher selects SS to come out and turn the wheels round while she sings the song.
4) T sings the song using hand gestures to indicate the wheels going round. She gets
pupils to make gestures and start to join in.
5) T gets pupils to recall the song by using hand gestures as cues to remind them of the
words and to sing along with her
6) T divides pupils into groups and each group sings a different verse without gestures. A
student may start a verse for the others to complete it
7) With some prompts from the T pupils sing the song together by themselves, making
the appropriate gestures.
8) Pupils think of new verses for the song e.g. the people on the bus go , the driver on the
bus goes They illustrate/write the new verses on the board
9) Pupils discuss and choose their favourite songs and say why they like it.
2

2. Intensive speaking
Different types of drills
Repetition: The student repeats the phoneme/word/utterance
aloud as soon as s/he has heard it. (imitative!!)
Inflection: One word in an utterance appears in another form
when repeated.
Replacement: One word is replaced by another.
Restatement: The student rephrases an utterance and
addresses it to someone else.
Completion: The student hears an utterance that is complete
except for one word. S/he repeats the utterance in
completed form.
Transformation: A sentence is transformed into the negative
or interrogative
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2. Intensive speaking
Drills
Restoration: The student is given a sequence of words that
have been picked from a sentence but still bear its basic
meaning. The student uses the words to restore the
sentence.
Students / waiting/ bus
Boys / built / house
Rejoinder: The student makes an appropriate response to a
given utterance

Eliciting (intensive?)
Guessing games The multipurpose spoon
Procedure: Each child uses the spoon to represent an action.
The others guess what they are doing.
Different structures can be targeted: e.g. Past tenses.
Im going to use this spoon to tell you what I did at the weekend.
I at the weekend I sang...
I skied
I played tenis
I combed my hair
I read a book
I cooked dinner
(From Sarah Phillips 1999)
5

Eliciting /guessing
Guessing games What am I saying?
Procedure: Two children mime a sentence and the other children
guess what the sentence is
Examples
In a restaurant
Waiter, can I have the menu, please?
Id like some spaguetti.
This steak is tough.

From a story:
The princess had long hair and blue eyes.
She dropped her ball into a pond.
The frog swam to the bottom of the pond and found a ball.
The frog asked for a kiss.
The princess didnt want to kiss the frog.
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3. Responsive speaking
Surveys

4.Transactional speaking

4.Transactional speaking
Main Features:
Exchange of information
Negotiation of meaning
Example: Classroom shop

(From Carol Read 2007)

5.Interpersonal speaking
Main Features:
Exchange of information
Negotiation of meaning
Context:
Social roles
Situation/setting
Communicative purpose

Example: role play (Can I take a message)

10

5. Interpersonal Speaking
Roleplay: Can I take a message?

11

8 FRIENDS:

IN 8 PLACES:

WITH 8 PLANS:

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

MINSU
Mark
Anita
Lorenzo
Tomoko
Frieda
Yoon
Dinesh

At the gym
At a store
Downtown
At the park

A theatre play
Go shopping
A film festival
A soccer game

Caller Activity Sheet


A: Parent (Receiver) B:friend calling
A: Hello.
B: Hello. Is John there please?
A: No, hes not here right now.
B: This is Mark, Johns classmate from
university.
A: Oh. Hi, Mark.
B: Do you happen to know where he went?
A: He said he was going downtown to do
some shopping.
B: Do you know when hell be back?
A: He told me he would be back by 4
oclock.
Can I take a message?
B: Yes. Please tell him theres a party
tonight.
And could you tell him to call me when he
gets in?
A: Sure. Does he know how to get a hold
of you?
B: Im at Harolds Department Store right
now.
My number is 250-684-3234.
A: Ill right. Ill tell him you called.
B: Thanks a lot. Bye.

12

You will be given a role card with a list


of friends to call up and invite
somewhere. When you call, they will
not be home, so leave a message with
their roommate.
Name

Location

Activity

John

Downtown

Shopping

Expected Return Time

4:00

RECEIVER Activity Sheet


A= Roommate
B=Caller
A: Hello.
B: Hello. Is John there please?
A: No, hes not here right now.
B: This is Mark, Johns classmate
from university.
A: Oh. Hi, Mark.
B: Do you happen to know where
he went?
A: He said he was going downtown
to do some shopping.
B: Do you know when hell be
back?
A: He told me he would be back by
4 oclock.
Can I take a message?
B: Yes. Please tell him theres a
party tonight.
And could you tell him to call
me when he
gets in?
A: Sure. Does he know how to get
a hold of you?
B: Im at Harolds Department
Store right now.
My number is 250-684-3234.
A: Ill right. Ill tell him you called.
B:
13Thanks a lot. Bye.

You will be given a role card with a


list of friends to call up and invite
somewhere. When you call, they
will not be home, so leave a
message with their roommate.
Caller

Relation to
roommate

Mark

Classmate from
College

Message

There is a party
tonight

Location &
phone
number
Harolds Dept
store
623833922

HOW MANY INTERACTIONS?


8 FRIENDS:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

14

MINSU
Mark
Anita
Lorenzo
Tomoko
Frieda
Yoon
Dinesh

8 FRIENDS:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

MINSU
Mark
Anita
Lorenzo
Tomoko
Frieda
Yoon
Dinesh