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YASKAWA Inverter Drive

HVAC System

Yaskawa Electric (Singapore) Pte Ltd


Servo, AC Inverter and Solar Inverter
2015 YASKAWA Electric (Singapore) Pte Ltd

What is HVAC
HVAC Heating Ventilating Air Conditioning
HVAC is in common use in the heating and cooling industry.
It stands for "heating, ventilation and air conditioning" three
functions often combined into one system in today's modern
homes and buildings.
Warmed or cooled or dehumidified air flows through a series of
tubes - called ducts - to be distributed to all the rooms.
A central HVAC system is the most quiet and convenient way to
cool an entire office.

2015 YASKAWA Electric (Singapore) Pte Ltd

Indonesia Inverter Market Size

HVAC
19%

Others
17%

Packaging
4%

Ceramic
5%

US$40M

Industrial Fan & Pump


15%

Food & Beverage


5%

Steel
5%

Cement
6%

Lift
9%
Crane & Hoist
7%

Automotive
8%

2015 YASKAWA Electric (Singapore) Pte Ltd

Construction of HVAC system


HVAC Heating Ventilating Air Conditioning
Construction

Function

Source of heat

Making cold water and hot water for


cooling and heating air

Heat conveyance

Sending cold or hot water to AHU through


the pipe

Air Handing Unit


(AHU)

Converting heat from cold or hot water to


air

Variable Air Volume


System(VAV)

Control air flow according to temperature


of rooms

2015 YASKAWA Electric (Singapore) Pte Ltd

Type of HVAC system

Type

Central heat
source type

Individual type

Classification

machine

All air method

Air handling unitAHU)

Air and water


method

Fan coil unit and Air handling unit

All water
method

Fan coil unit

Refrigerant
method

Heat source
*Turbo
Refrigeration
Machine
*Absorption
refrigeration
Machine
*Boiler

Room air conditioner


Packaging air conditioner

2015 YASKAWA Electric (Singapore) Pte Ltd

Air conditioning system of building


Cooling Tower
Refrigeration Machine

Fan coil unit

AHU

Boiler

Pump

2015 YASKAWA Electric (Singapore) Pte Ltd

Air conditioning system of building


Warm/Cold Air

2way valve

AHU
Controlle
r

AHU
2way valve

Pressure

Sec. pump

Flow rate

Boiler
Hot Water)

Refrigerator
Cold Water

2015 YASKAWA Electric (Singapore) Pte Ltd

Primary Pump

Power consumption by equipment

Others 5.1%
Power 8.6%
Heat Transport 12.8%
Light/Outlet 42.4%

Heat Source 31.1%

2015 YASKAWA Electric (Singapore) Pte Ltd

Energy Saving
Its good solution to use the inverter for energy saving.

2015 YASKAWA Electric (Singapore) Pte Ltd

Why Apply Variable Frequency Drives to Fans?

Significant Energy Savings: 20% to 50%


Low Maintenance: No mechanical linkages or
controls to wear out
Reduces Noise Level: Slower speed = less noise

Reduces Inrush Current: Reduces demand charge

2015 YASKAWA Electric (Singapore) Pte Ltd

Comparison of Fan Controls


Controlling Air Volume - System Overview

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Comparison of Fan Controls

Outlet Dampers
Inlet Guide Vanes
Variable Frequency Drives

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Comparison of Fan Controls


Outlet Damper

Outlet Dampers

Fan

Metal plates positioned


in the air stream on the
outlet side of fan

M
Commercial
Power supply

Air volume controlled


by opening or closing
the damper
Fan operates at a
constant speed
Volume (%)
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Comparison of Fan Controls


Inlet Guide Vanes

Inlet Damper

Fan

Adjustable vanes
positioned in the fan inlet

M
Commercial
Power supply

Air volume controlled by


altering the vane position
Fan operates at a
constant speed
Volume (%)
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Comparison of Fan Controls


Variable Frequency Drives
Fan

Variable frequency drive


operates the fan motor

Adjusts speed to meet


volume needs
Energy is not waste since
motor operates only at
required speed
2015 YASKAWA Electric (Singapore) Pte Ltd

Inverter

Volume (%)
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Comparison of Fan Controls


Input Power Comparison

Outlet
Dampers

Inlet
Guide Vanes

2015 YASKAWA Electric (Singapore) Pte Ltd

QH
(kw)
60 f

Variable
Frequency Drives
15

KWH

Comparison of Fan Controls

180,000
160,000
140,000
120,000
100,000
80,000
60,000
40,000
20,000
0
OD

IGV

ASD

100,000 sq. ft. building with 4000 hours annual operation.


(Two 30 HP supply fan motors) Based on EPRI procedures
for estimating energy savings from the application of a drive

2015 YASKAWA Electric (Singapore) Pte Ltd

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Air Handling Unit(AHU)

Cold water, the warm water, and the steam, etc. supplied from the external heat source
equipment are used, and air handling unit (Air Handling Unit) is a temperature of air and an
air harmony comparatively machine of a big all-in-one design that controls the humidity and
supplies it to the room. The air filter, the heat exchanger, the humidifier, and the blower (fan)
are put in the casing of the metal. Being set up by a special machine room, and taking air
from each room by the duct, and being ventilated to each room by the duct are general.

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Cooling Tower Fan

An HVAC cooling tower is used to dispose of ("reject")


unwanted heat from a chiller.

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Primary Pump

Flow Sensor

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Secondary Pump

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CAV(Constant Air Volume) Fan

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Exhaust Fan

Exhaust gas

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Refrigeration system

At cooling
Electric power
Refrigerant temp.
Cool Water
7

Air temp.
45
Compressor

Evaporation

Condenser

Expansion Valve

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Package Air Conditioning System


Indoor equipment

Indoor
Equipment

Outdoor
Equipment

Outdoor equipment
Compressor unit

Dehumidification

Compressor

Hot
Refrigerant

Cool Air

Refrigerant Gas

Cold
Refrigerant

Customized drive

Hot Air
Pressure valve

PM motor is used for compressor


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HVAC Market Requirement


Energy Saving
Low Harmonics
Continuous Operation
Power Loss
Start when motor is coasting
Easy Operation
Scheduling operation
Preventive Maintenance
Communication Network(BACnet, etc.)
Enclosure(IP55)

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YASKAW Drives for HVAC Market

Z1000 Dedicated drive for HVAC


E1000 Dedicated drive for Fan and Pump

A1000 High performance Vector drive


V1000 Compact Vector drive
U1000 Low harmonics drive

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Industry Structure of HVAC Business


Owner/End user

Consultant

General
Constructor
Sub Constructor
(Electrical)

Sub Constructor
(Air Conditioning)

Sub Constructor
(Sanitary Equipment)

Electric
Equipment OEM

Air Conditioning
Equipment OEM

Sanitary Equipment
OEM

Panel Builder

Panel Builder

Panel Builder

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Thank You