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PSYCHIATRY

Hooking Your World on Drugs

CONTENTS
Introduction: A Drugged
& Dangerous World ......................... 2
Chapter One: Pushing
Drugs as Medicines ....................... 5

Chapter Two: Marketing


Disorders to Sell Drugs ...................... 9
Chapter Three: The Hoax
of Learning Disorders .................. 13
Chapter Four:
A Better Way ................................. 17
Recommendations ......................... 19

Citizens Commission on
Human Rights International ........... 20


INTRODUCTION
A Drugged and
Dangerous World

W
hat is one of the most destructive Little surprise then that worldwide statistics
things in your world today? show that a rapidly increasing percentage of
If you answered drugs, every age group, from children to the elderly, rely
then you share that view with heavily and routinely on these drugs in their daily
the majority of people in your lives. Global sales of antidepressants, stimulants,
community. Illegal drugs, and their resultant antianxiety and antipsychotic drugs have reached
violence and crime, are recognized as a major threat more than $76 billion a yearmore than double
to children and society. However, very few people the annual U.S. government budget spent on the
recognize that illegal drugs represent only war against drugs.
part of the current Authors Richard
drug problem. Today, Hughes and Robert
we see a reliance on Psychiatrists have Brewin, in their book,
another type of drug, ensured that more and more The Tranquilizing of
namely prescription America, warned that
psychiatric drugs.
people are being deceived into although psychotro-
Once reserved thinking that the best answer to pic drugs may appear
for the mentally lifes many routine problems and to take the edge
disturbed, today it off anxiety, pain,
would be difficult challenges lies with the latest and and stress, they also
to find someonea greatest psychiatric drug. take the edge off life
family member, a itself these pills
friend or a neighbor Jan Eastgate not only numb the
who hasnt taken pain but numb the
some form of psychi- whole mind. In fact,
atric drug. In fact, these have become such a close study reveals that none of them can
part of life for many people that life without cure, all have horrific side effects, and due
drugs is simply unimaginable. to their addictive and psychotropic (mind-
Prescribed for everything from learn- altering) properties, all are capable of ruining
ing and behavioral problems, to bedwetting, a persons life.
aggression, juvenile delinquency, criminality, Consider also the fact that terrorists have
drug addiction and smoking, to handling the used psychotropic drugs to brainwash young
fears and problems of our elderly, from the men to become suicide bombers. At least
cradle to the grave, we are bombarded with 250,000 children worldwide, some as young
information pushing us towards this type of as seven, are being used for terrorist and
chemical fix. revolutionary activities and given amphetamines

INTRODUCTION
A Drugged and Dangerous World
2
and tranquilizers to go on murderous binges
for days. Yet these are the same drugs that psy-
chiatrists are prescribing children for learning
or behavioral problems.
Understanding societys skyrocketing psy-
chiatric drug usage is now even more critical
than ever. Internationally, fifty-four million peo-
ple are taking antidepressants known to cause
addiction, violent and homicidal behavior.
How did millions become hooked on such
destructive drugs? We need to look earlier
than the drug.
Before falling into the trap, each indi-
vidual was convinced that these drugs would
help him or her to handle life. The primary
sales tool used was an invented diagnostic
system, the American Psychiatric Associations
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental
Disorders IV (DSM) and the mental disorders
section of Europes International Classification
of Diseases (ICD). Once diagnosed and the
prescription filled, the harmful properties of the due largely to our failure to put a stop to the
drugs themselves took over. most damaging of all drug pushers in society.
Forcing widespread implementation of this This is the psychiatrist at work today, busy
diagnostic sham, psychiatrists have ensured deceiving us and hooking our world on drugs.
that more and more people with no serious
mental problem, even no problem at all, are being Sincerely,
deceived into thinking that the best answer to
lifes many routine difficulties and challenges lies
with the latest and greatest psychiatric drug.
Whether you are a legislator, a parent of
school-aged children, a teacher, an employer or Jan Eastgate
employee, a homeowner, or simply a community President,
member, this publication is vital reading. Citizens Commission
Our failure in the war against drugs is on Human Rights International

INTRODUCTION
A Drugged and Dangerous World
3
1
IMPORTANT FACTS
Psychiatric drugs have become
a panacea for the pressures and
stresses of modern living, pushed
heavily by psychiatrists into schools,
nursing homes, drug rehabilitation
centers and prisons.

2 Selective Serotonin Reuptake


Inhibitor (SSRI) antidepressants are
now known to potentially cause
neurological disorders, including
disfiguring facial and body tics.1
Sexual dysfunction has affected
60% of people taking them.

3 The latest antipsychotic drugs


can cause respiratory arrest, heart
attacks, diabetes and death.

4 More than 100 million prescriptions


for antidepressants are written each
year. Worldwide sales of psychiatric
drugs have climbed to more
than $76 billion, prescribed for
conditions that cannot be
medically confirmed.

5 Despite the devastating side


effects, in France, one in seven
prescriptions covered by insurance
includes a psychotropic drug and
over 50% of the unemployed1.8
milliontake such drugs.2
CHAPTER ONE
Pushing Drugs as
Medicines

W
hats happening in the train- Psychiatric drugs have become a panacea
ing of psychiatrists and in for the pressures and stresses of modern living,
the quality of a psychia- used extensively in schools, nursing homes,
trist is that they have drug rehabilitation centers and prisons.
become drug pushers. They They are relied on to help with everything
have forgotten how to sit down and talk to from weight control, and mathematical and
patients as to what their problems are, said writing problems, to flagging self-confi-
psychiatrist Walter Afield. dence, anxiety, sleeping disorders and minor
Decades ago, people understood a drug day-to-day upsets.
to be one of two things: a substance legally While medical drugs commonly treat,
prescribed by a prevent or cure
medical doctor to d i s e a s e or improve
help treat physical While medical drugs health, psychiatric
diseasein other drugs at best suppress
words, a medication; commonly treat, prevent or symptomssymp-
or, an illegal sub- cure disease or improve health, toms that return once
stance which char- the drug wears off.
acteristically caused psychiatric drugs only suppress Like illicit drugs, they
addiction, and could symptomssymptoms that provide no more than
lead to a marked a temporary escape
change in conscious-
return once the drug wears off. from lifes problems.
nesssuch as the Like illicit drugs, they provide But psychiatric
street drugs, heroin drugs are also habit-
and opium.
no more than a temporary forming and addic-
Most people escape from lifes problems. tive. Withdrawal
know that illegal from them can be far
drugs are one of more difficult than
societys worst enemies, bringing crime and from illegal drugs. The clearest evidence of
its associated ills to our streets, communi- the similarities between psychiatric and ille-
ties and schools. gal drugs is the fact that addiction to psychi-
In the last few decades, however, a new atric drugs now rivals illegal drug addiction
breed of drug has moved into mainstream as the No. 1 drug problem in many parts of
society. These drugs have become so much a the world.
part of life that many find it difficult to con- Yet, such dangerous and problem-ridden
sider living even a day without them. drugs have become widely accepted in society.

CHAPTER ONE
Pushing Drugs as Medicines
5
PSYCHIATRIC DRUGS
A History of Betrayal
effects, which included panic, delusions, toxic confusion,
depersonalization and birth defects.

1950s:
Ecstasy, which was originally and unsuccessfully
developed as an appetite suppressant in Germany
in 1914, was used as an adjunct to psychotherapy.
Today, it is one of the most dangerous of the illegal
or street drugs.

1950s:
Working in a lab in Nazi-occupied Paris in 1942,
researchers discovered a phenothiazine (yellowish crys-
Amphetamine
talline substance used for dyes and insecticides) that
depressed the central nervous system. In the 1950s,
the drug was marketed under various names, includ-

T he evolution of psychiatric drugs has been a


procession of claimed miraculous new devel-
opments that were all eventually found to be
harmful, even deadly.
ing chlorpromazine, Largactil and Thorazine. It wasnt
until 1972 that patients were warned of the crippling
effects of the drugs, including irreversible damage to
the nervous system and a fatal toxic reaction that killed
an estimated 100,000 Americans. Statistics of deaths in
Early 1900s: other countries are unknown.
Barbiturates, which are sedative-hypnotic drugs, were
introduced to control patient behavior. By 1978, the 1957:
U.S. Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs pro- Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors (MAOIs), originally
posed restricting barbiturates because they were more developed to treat tuberculosis, but withdrawn from
dangerous than heroin. the market because they caused hepatitis, were used as
antidepressants. Certain foods and drinks such as cheese,
1930s: wine and caffeine interacted with the drugs to cause
potentially life-threatening changes in blood pressure.
Amphetamines, used as
antidepressants, were pro-
moted as having no serious
INCREASING DRUG SALES: Used only to treat never cure
reactions. However, cases of
addiction and amphetamine mind-altering psychiatric drug sales continue to climb.
psychoss were almost imme- $15 $15
$13,500,000,000 $11,500,000,000
diately reported but the infor-
mation was withheld from $12.5 $12.5

consumers.
$10 $10
Billions of Dollars
Billions of Dollars

1943:
$7.5 $7.5
LSD, initially developed
as a circulatory and respirato-
$5 $5
ry stimulant, moved into psy-
chiatric ranks in the 1950s as
$2.5 $2.5
a cure for everything from
$1,130,000,000
schizophrenia to criminal $600,000,000
$0 $0
behavior, sexual perversions 1990 2006 1991 2006
and alcoholism. Information
Antidepressant Sales in the Antipsychotic Sales in the
was suppressed about its United States, 1990 vs. 2006 United States, 1991 vs. 2006
In 1958, as an alternative, tricyclic longer-acting antidepres- MARKETING HARM FOR PROFIT:
sants were developed but caused sedation, drowsiness, Negative psychiatric drug publicity has historically
difficulty in thinking, headaches and weight gain. been countered with articles and advertisements
in medical journals which routinely exaggerated
1960s:
Minor tranquilizers or benzodiazepines became the benefits of drugs, while blatantly ignoring their
known as Mothers Little Helper because of the number numerous risks. In the case of antipsychotic drugs,
of women prescribed them. The public was not told that that included Parkinson symptoms, permanent
they can be addictive within several weeks of taking them. nervous system damage and even death.
1960s:
Originally used to reverse a barbiturate-induced
coma, the cocaine-like stimulant, Ritalin (methylpheni-
date) was used for childhood behavioral problems and
hyperactivity. By 1971, Ritalin and other stimulants
were scheduled in the same abuse category as morphine,
cocaine and opium.

1980s -1990s:
Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor (SSRI) anti-
depressants were marketed as a designer medical
bullet and virtually side-effect free. Fourteen years later,
the public was finally warned that neurological disor-
ders, including disfiguring facial and body tics (indicating
potential brain damage) were potential effects, and that the
drugs cause suicidal and violent behavior.

1990s:
Atypical (new) neuroleptic (nerve-seizing) or
antipsychotic drugs for schizophrenia were hailed
as a breakthrough treatment, despite studies in the
1960s linking one of the drugs to respiratory arrest and
heart attacks. Cases are now emerging of the drugs causing
diabetes and inflammation of the pancreas.

Today:
At least 20 million people worldwide are prescribed
minor tranquilizers, with Western European countries
facing epidemic levels of citizens being hooked on tranquil-
izers as well as antidepressants, author Beverly Eakman
reports.3 In Spain, the use of antidepressants rose 247%
in the 1990s, with the sales of antidepressants increasing
three-fold and anti-anxiety drugs by four-fold in the four
years following 2000.4 And the trend continues to climb. In
Britain and the United States, scientists discovered that one
antidepressant is consumed in such large quantities that
traces of it are now in the countrys drinking water. The
pharmaceuticals travel through the sewage network and
end up being recycled into the water system. According
to an environmental spokesperson, Norman Baker, M.P.,
This looks like a case of hidden mass medication of the
unsuspecting public and is potentially a very worrying
health issue.5
Coincidentally, the world is suffering from massive
social problems that are international in scope, including
increased drug abuse and violence.
1
IMPORTANT FACTS
Psychiatrists redefined behavior
and educational problems as
disorders in order to claim
insurance reimbursements.
Literally by a vote, they decide
which disorder should be
included in their Diagnostic and
Statistical Manual of Mental
Disorders (DSM).

2 In a Psychiatric Times article


entitled, Dump the DSM,
psychiatrist Paul Genova said
that psychiatric practice is gov-
erned by a diagnostic system
that is a laughingstock for the
other medical specialties.

3 Bruce Levine, Ph.D., author


of Commonsense Rebellion
says: no biochemical,
neurological, or genetic
markers have been found for
attention deficit disorder,
oppositional defiant disorder,
depression, schizophrenia,
anxiety, compulsive alcohol
and drug abuse, overeating,
gambling, or any other
so-called mental illness,
disease, or disorder.6

4 Psychiatrist M. Douglas Mar


says, There is no scientific
basis for these claims [of using
brain scans for psychiatric
diagnosis].7

5 Dr. Sydney Walker III, a


neurologist, psychiatrist and
author of A Dose of Sanity,
said that the DSM has led to
the unnecessary drugging
of millions. 8
CHAPTER TWO
Marketing Disorders
to Sell Drugs

I
t may be stating the obvious, but for a doctor United States in 1952, provided an apparent
to legally prescribe a drug, there has to be diagnostic system.
some sort of agreed-upon diagnosis, some The 1952 edition of the DSM contained a list
standard by which to act, that would include of 112 mental disorders. In 1980, the third edition,
legitimate physical symptoms. This isnt the DSM-III, was released, listing an additional 112
case with psychiatry. disorders, bringing the total to 224. In the Infancy,
Harvard Medical Schools Joseph Glenmullen Childhood, and Adolescence section, 32 new
explains: In medicine, strict criteria exist for calling mental disorders were added, including: Attention
a condition a disease. In addition to a predictable Deficit Disorder, Conduct Disorder, Developmental
cluster of symptoms, the cause of the symptoms or Reading Disorder, Developmental Arithmetic
some understanding of their physiology [function] Disorder, and Developmental Language Disorder.
must be established. This DSM-IV, published in
knowledge elevates the 1994, took the total count
diagnosis to the status of The DSM is arrogant of mental disorders to
recognized disease. For 374. And since then new
example, fever is not fraud. To make some kind disorders have been con-
a disease, it is merely a tinually invented and
symptom. In the absence
of pretension that this is a added to the list.
of known cause or scientific statement is For all its technical
physiology [function], a pretense, the DSM has
cluster of symptoms that damaging to the culture. never scored a scientific
one sees repeatedly in Ron Leifer, New York psychiatrist mark with any profes-
many different patients sional group except psy-
is called a syndrome, not chiatrists themselves.
a disease.9 In psychiatry, we do not yet have proof The reason is very simple.
either of the cause of the physiology for any psychi- z DSM-II reports, Even if it had tried, the [APA]
atric diagnosis. The diagnoses are called disorders Committee could not establish agreement about
because none of them have established diseases.10 what this disorder [schizophrenia] is; it could only
The development of the sixth edition of agree on what to call it. Professor of Psychiatry
the World Health Organizations International Emeritus, Thomas Szasz, says that schizophrenia
Classification of Diseases (ICD) in 1948, which is defined so vaguely that, in actuality, it is a term
incorporated psychiatric disorders (as diseases) for often applied to almost any kind of behavior of
the first time, and the publication of the American which the speaker disapproves.
Psychiatric Associations (APA) Diagnostic and z Psychiatrists put their own finger on it in their
Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) in the introduction to DSM-III: For most of the DSM-III

CHAPTER TWO
Marketing Disorders to Sell Drugs
9
Psychiatrys Funding Tactic
INVENT MORE MENTAL ILLNESSES
1949 National Institute of Mental
Health (NIMH) is established.

400
all the issues sur-
1952 Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental
Disorders first publishedDSM-I lists 112 Mental Disorders.
rounding the sticky
problem of where
1963 Community Mental deviance ends and
Health Act is passed.
dysfunction begins.
It doesnt.11
1968 DSM-II lists While individuals
163 Mental Disorders. do suffer from mental
disturbances, there is
1980 DSM-III lists
no proof that these
300 224 Mental Disorders. conditions are caused
by any of psychiatrys
mental diseases.
1987 DSM-III-R lists
253 Mental Disorders. Nor is there proof of
any such thing as a
NIMH Funding in Millions of U.S. Dollars

1990 NIMH launches mental "disease"; they


Decade of the Brain. exist because psychia-
try says they exist.
1994 DSM-IV lists So how does
374 Mental Disorders. a disorder appear
in the DSM? It
200 becomes quali-
TODAY New disorders continue to fied by a consen-
be invented and added to the list. sus process which
involves a mere
show of expert
handsthe key
question being, Do

2007
1994
you think this is a
1990
1963
1949

1980

1987
1952

1968

disorder or not,
yes or no? This
unscientific pro-
cedure prompted
psychiatrist Al
disorders the etiology [cause] is unknown. A Paredes to call the DSM a masterpiece of polit-
variety of theories have been advanced, buttressed ical maneuvering. He also observed, What
by evidence not always that convincing to explain they [psychiatrists] have done is medicalize
how these disorders come about. many problems that dont have demonstrable,
z As psychiatrist Matthew Dumont com- biological causes.
mented, They say: while this manual provides Obviously, people can and do experience
a classification of mental disorder no definition serious mental difficulties and need help.
adequately specifies precise boundaries for the However, professors Herb Kutchins and Stuart
concept. They then provide a 125-word definition A. Kirk, authors of Making Us Crazy, warn:
of mental disorder, which is supposed to resolve The public at large may gain false comfort

CHAPTER TWO
Marketing Disorders to Sell Drugs
10
PSYCHIATRIC DRUGS
The Chemical Imbalance Lie
from a diagnostic psychiatric manual that Theres no biological imbalance. When people
encourages belief in the illusion that the
harshness, brutality, and pain in their lives
come to me and they say, I have a biochemical
and in their communities can be explained imbalance, I say, Show me your lab tests. There are
by a psychiatric label and eradicated by a pill. no lab tests. Dr. Ron Leifer, New York psychiatrist
Certainly, there are plenty of problems that we
all have and a myriad of peculiar ways that we

R
struggle to cope with them. But could life eputable physicians agree that for a disease to be
be any different? Far too often, the psychiatric accurately diagnosed and treated, there must be a
bible has been making us crazywhen we are tangible, objective, physical abnormality that can be deter-
just human.12 mined through tests such as, but not limited to, blood or
urine, X-ray, brain scan or biopsy. It is the consensus
Junk Science of many medical professionals that, contrary to psychiatric assertion,
According to an international poll of mental no scientific evidence exists that would prove that mental disorders
health experts conducted in England, the DSM- are brain-based diseases or that a chemical imbalance in the
IV was voted one of the 10 worst psychiatric brain is responsible.
papers of the millennium. DSM was criticized A study published in PLOS Magazine said neuroscientific research
for reducing psychiatry to a checklist: If you had failed to confirm any chemical abnormality in the brain.
are not in the DSM-IV, you are not ill. It has In his book Blaming the Brain, biopsychologist Elliot S.
become a monster, out of control.13 Valenstein tells us: Contrary to what is claimed, no biochemi-
A study published in the journal cal, anatomical, or functional signs have been found that reliably
Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics found that distinguish the brains of mental patients. Further, this theory is
for so-called mood disorders (depression useful in promoting drug treatment.16
and bipolar) and schizophrenia/psychotic Ty C. Colbert, Ph.D., author of Rape of the Soul: How the Chemical
disorders, 100% of the panel members Imbalance Model of Modern Psychiatry Has Failed Its Patients, said,
determining them had undisclosed financial We know that the chemical imbalance model for mental illness has
involvements with drug companies. never been scientifically proven.17
A July 2001 Washington Post article reported Australian psychologist Philip Owen warns: The claim is continually
that while in real medicine, new drugs are made that the drugs repair chemical imbalances in the brain. This
manufactured to treat existing physical claim is false. It is still not possible to measure the exact levels of
conditions, in the case of psychiatry, the drive neurotransmitters in specific synapses [a place at which a nerve impulse
is seeking new disorders for existing drugs. passes from one nerve cell to another]. How, then, is it possible to make
Dr. Irwin Savodnik, an assistant clinical claims about chemical imbalances?
professor of psychiatry at the University of
California, Los Angeles, responded: "The very BOGUS BRAIN THEORY:
vocabulary of psychiatry is now defined at all Presented in countless
levels by the pharmaceutical industry.14 illustrations in popular magazines,
Carl Elliot, a bioethicist at the University of the brain has been dissected and labeled
Minnesota, commented, The way to sell drugs and analyzed while assailing the public with
is to sell psychiatric illness. 15 With the DSM, the latest theory of what is wrong with the
psychiatry has at its disposal an expanding list brain. What is lacking, as with
of supposed mental disorders, for each of which all psychiatric theory, is
a psychiatric drug can be legally prescribed.
scientific fact. As Dr. Elliot
Valenstein (right)
explained, There
are no tests
available for
assessing the
chemical status
of a living
persons brain.
IMPORTANT FACTS

1 There are no objective


scientific criteria confirm-
ing the medical existence of
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity
Disorder (ADHD).

2 Dr. Louria Shulamit, a family


practitioner in Israel, says,
ADHD is a syndrome, not a
disease. The symptoms
are so common that we can
conclude that all children
fit this diagnosis.18

3 In 1987, ADHD was


literally voted into existence
by American Psychiatric
Association committee
members and enshrined in
the DSM. Within one year,
500,000 American children
were diagnosed as
hyperactive; today,
millions around the world
are so labeled. 19

4 Hyperactivity is not a
disease, wrote psychiatrist
Sydney Walker III. Its a hoax
perpetrated by doctors who
have no idea whats really
wrong with these children.

5 The U.S. Drug Enforcement


Administration (DEA) says
the main stimulant used to
treat ADHD can lead to
addiction and that psychotic
episodes, violent behavior and
bizarre mannerisms had been
reported with its use.20
CHAPTER THREE
The Hoax of Learning
Disorders

V
ery few families, or teachers, lives have prescription of mind-altering drugs for so-called behav-
not been interrupted in some way by ioral or learning disorders. A short list of these follows:
the widespread drugging of children z The U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration
with prescribed, mind-altering drugs. (DEA) reports methylphenidate (Ritalin) prescribed to
For the millions of children treat ADHD could lead to addiction.21
around the world now on these drugs, trusted advisors z The U.S. Food and Drug Administration,
are ready to answer their parents concerns about their Canadian, Japanese, UK and European agencies have
childrens disorder necessitating the medication. issued official warnings that Ritalin, Dexedrine and
Commonly, a psychiatrist or psychologist tells these other prescription stimulants are life threatening and
parents that their child suffers from a disorder affect- have caused psychosis, aggression, hallucinations, sui-
ing his or her ability to cide, strokes, heart attacks
learncommonly known and death. Dr. Steven
as a Learning Disorder Nissen, a leading cardi-
(LD). The disorder is also
These drugs make children more ologist at Cleveland Clinic
labeled Attention Deficit manageable, not necessarily better. warns that current stim-
Disorder (ADD), or most ADHD is a phenomenon, not a brain ulant use is a potential
commonly today, Atten- public health crisis.22
tion Deficit Hyperactivity
disease. Because the diagnosis of ADHD z Ritalin is more
Disorder (ADHD). In is fraudulent, it doesnt matter whether a potent than cocaine
Sweden it is known as drug works. Children are being forced to and may predispose a
DAMP (Disorder in child taking it to later
Attention, Motor control
take a drug that is stronger than cocaine cocaine use.
and Perception), although for a disease that is yet to be proven. z Known amongst
DAMP is now widely dis- Beverly Eakman, author, president, children and teens
credited. National Education Consortium selling drugs on the play-
Parents are told that ground as Vitamin R,
these are well-recognized, R-ball and the poor
medical problems demanding continuous, prescribed mans cocaine, this stimulant is abused by grinding up
medication. Wanting only the best for their child, and the drug and snorting or injecting it.
believing the advisors, these parents agree to the drug z Suicide is a major complication of withdraw-
treatment as the best solution available. However, al from this stimulant and similar amphetamine-
as many parents have found to their tragic loss, the like drugs.23
worst thing to do is to ignore their instincts in the z Studies have determined that children taking
matter and give in to the psychiatric propaganda. these drugs do not perform better academically.24
What are the facts? z Psychiatrists misleadingly argue that
There are numerous risks associated with the ADHD requires medication in the same way that

CHAPTER THREE
The Hoax of Learning Disorders
13
diabetes requires insulin treatment. On this, Dr.
Mary Ann Block, author of No More ADHD, is
adamant: ADHD is not like diabetes and Ritalin
is not like insulin. Diabetes is a real medical
condition that can be objectively diagnosed. ADHD
is an invented label with no objective, valid means of
identification. Insulin is a natural hormone produced
by the body and it is essential for life. Ritalin is a
chemically derived amphetamine-like drug that is
not necessary for life. Diabetes is an insulin defi-
ciency. Attention and behavioral problems are not a
Ritalin deficiency.
z Clinical psychologist Ty C. Colbert says that
when behaviors are viewed as pathology, however,
doctors will prescribe drugs under the guise of bal-
ancing a chemical imbalance. Yet because there is no
imbalance, all the drugs do is chemically restrict the
brains capabilities. Ritalin, he says, restricts blood
flow to the brain: Blood flow delivers the necessary
energy source (glucose) to the brain. The brain cannot
function without glucose. It has been observed that
many children who take Ritalin (or other stimulants)
exhibit zombie-like behavior.25
z In his book, The Wildest Colts Make the Best
Horses, John Breeding, Ph.D., states, Even the most
ardent Ritalin/ADHD enthusiasts find absolute-
ly no positive long-term outcomes on anything in
their research reviews. Short term there is only one
conformity in the classroom.
A child who sees a DSM-oriented
ADHD Is Not a Disease
doctor is almost assured of a There are no objective scientific criteria confirm-
psychiatric label and a prescription, ing the existence of ADHD, or any mental disorder.
even if the child is perfectly fine. According to the DSM, symptoms of ADHD include:
This willy-nilly labeling of virtually fails to give close attention to details or may make
careless mistakes in schoolwork or other tasks; work is
everyone as mentally ill is a serious often messy or careless; has difficulty sustaining atten-
danger to healthy children because tion in tasks or play activities; appears as if they are not
virtually all children have enough listening, fails to complete schoolwork, chores, or other
symptoms to get a DSM duties, often fidgets with hands or feet or squirms in
seat; often runs about or climbs excessively in situations
label and a drug. in which it is inappropriate; often has difficulty play-
Dr. Sydney Walker III, psychiatrist, ing or engaging in leisure activities quietly; and is
neurologist, author of A Dose of Sanity often on the go.

CHAPTER THREE
The Hoax of Learning Disorders
14
If there is no valid test for ADHD, no data proving ADHD is a
brain dysfunction, and if the drugs [prescribed for it] do not improve
academic performance or social skills and can lead to illicit drug use,
why in the world are millions of children being labeled
and prescribed these drugs?
Dr. Mary Ann Block, D.O., author of No More ADHD

z A U.S. National Institutes of Health held an Todays Drugged Culture


experts Consensus Conference on the Diagnosis Worldwide, more than 20 million children are
and Treatment of ADHD that concluded, We prescribed psychotropic drugs, 9 million of them in
dont have an independent, valid test for ADHD; the United States. The number of teens in the United
there are no data to indicate that ADHD is due to States abusing psychiatric stimulants is 30% greater
a brain malfunction and finally, after years of than those abusing a similar compound cocaine.
clinical research and experience with ADHD, our Some 54 million people of all ages are taking antide-
knowledge about the cause or causes of ADHD pressants. Yet, the European drug regulatory agen-
remains speculative.26 cies warn that these cause hostility, panic attacks,
z Faced with a court order to hand over research irritability, impulsivity, akathisia (severe restlessness),
that purportedly substantiated the existence of hypothermia (abnormal excitement), mania, sexual
DAMP, coworkers of psychiatrist Christopher dysfunction and suicide. Paxil (paroxetine), for exam-
Gillberg destroyed 100,000 pages of research so ple, is seven times more likely to induce suicide in
that his findings could never be challenged. In people taking it than those taking placebo (dummy
March 2006, Gillberg was convicted of misconduct, pill), according to a Norwegian study. Effexor has
given a suspended jail sentence and fined. 27 been cited as causing homicidal thought. The drugs
According to Dr. Walker, a child who sees a are also addictive.
DSM-oriented doctor is almost assured of a psychiatric Antipsychotic drugs place the elderly at increased
label and a prescription, even if the child is perfectly risk of strokes and death and have a boxed warning
fine. ... This willy-nilly labeling of virtually everyone to emphasize the risk. In all ages, they cause agitation,
as mentally ill is a serious danger to healthy children, aggressive reaction, and akathisia, blood clots and life-
because virtually all children have enough symptoms to threatening diabetes to people of all ages.
get a DSM label and a drug. School shootings are now linked to teens taking
Dr. Block is unequivocal: If there is no prescribed psychiatric drugs that cause violent behavior,
valid test for ADHD, no data proving ADHD is a brain mania and suicide.
dysfunction, no long-term studies of the drugs effects, In a study published in The British Medical Journal,
and if the drugs do not improve academic performance Joanna Moncrieff, senior lecturer in psychiatry at University
or social skills and the drugs can cause compulsive and College London, and Irving Kirsch, determined that anti-
mood disorders and can lead to illicit drug use, why in depressants were no more effective than a placebo and
the world are millions of children, teenagers and adults do not reduce depression. The bottom line, Moncrieff
being labeled with ADHD and prescribed these drugs? stated, is that we really dont have any good evidence
Hyperactivity is not a disease, wrote Dr. that these drugs work.28
Walker. Its a hoax perpetrated by doctors who have This is the psychiatric and pharmaceutical industry
no idea whats really wrong with these children. today hooking your world on drugs.

CHAPTER THREE
The Hoax of Learning Disorders
15
IMPORTANT FACTS

1 Psychiatric drugs can only


chemically mask problems
and symptoms; they cannot
and never will be able to

2
solve problems.

There are many causes for


the symptoms of ADHD,
including allergies, malnutrition,
lead poisoning, high levels of
mercury in the body, pesticides
and too much sugar.

3 Lack of exercise, thyroid


problems, poor adrenal
function, hormonal disorders,
hypoglycemia (abnormal
decrease in blood sugar),
food allergies, heavy metals,
sleep disturbances, infections,
heart problems, lung disease, dia-
betes, chronic pain and even
some psychiatric drugs
can cause depression.

4 Hypoglycemia, allergies,
caffeine sensitivity, thyroid
problems, vitamin B deficiencies
and excessive copper in the
body can cause manifestations
of bipolar disorder.29

5 The true resolution of many


mental difficulties begins, not
with a checklist of symptoms,
but with ensuring that a
competent, non-psychiatric
physician completes a thorough
physical examination.
CHAPTER FOUR
A Better Way

T
here is no end to the number of and possible physical sources, including: nutri-
the complexity of problems that tional deficiencies, lack of exercise, thyroid
arise from our misplaced trust in problems, poor adrenal function, hormon-
psychiatrists, their diagnostic cha- al disorders, hypoglycemia, food allergies,
rades, and their mind-altering drug heavy metals, sleep disturbances, infections,
solutions. Inestimable damage has already been heart problems, lung disease, diabetes,
done to individual lives. Wherever psychiatry chronic pain, multiple sclerosis, Parkinsons
intervenes, the environment becomes more dan- disease, stroke, liver disease and even some
gerous, more unsettled, more disturbed. psychiatric drugs themselves.
While life is full of problems, and some- Dr. Thomas Dorman, an internist, says,
times those problems can be overwhelming, emotional stress associated with a
it is important to know that psychiatry, its chronic illness or a painful condition can alter
diagnoses and its the patients tem-
drugs are the wrong perament. In my
direction to go. The Our feelings of vulnerability practice I have run
drugs can only chem- at a party have nothing to do across countless
ically mask problems people with chronic
and symptoms; they with our bodies or our chemistry. back pain who were
cannot and never Instead, they have everything to labeled neurotic. A
will be able to solve typical statement
problems. Once the
do with our soul and our from these poor
drug has worn off, view of ourselves. patients is I thought
the original problem I really was going
remains. As a solu- Ty C. Colbert, clinical psychologist, crazy. The prob-
tion or cure to lifes author of Rape of the Soul lem may be simply
problems, they do an undiagnosed
not work. ligament problem
Meanwhile, numerous safe and workable in their back.
alternatives do exist, solutions that psychia- There are many childhood problems that
trists refuse to recognize. can appear to be symptoms of so-called
When a person remains depressed ADHD, but which are in fact either allergic
despite normal efforts to remedy the problem, reactions or the result of a lack of vitamins
a physical source of the depression should be or nutrition in the body. High levels of lead
considered, states an alternative mental health from the environment can place children at
group on its website. The site lists a number of risk of both school failure and delinquent

CHAPTER FOUR
A Better Way
17
or unruly behav- While life is full of or highly intelligent
ior; high mercury and in need of
(chemical) levels in problems, and sometimes greater stimulation.
the body may cause Mental healing
agitation; pesticides
those problems can be treatments should
can create nervous- overwhelming, it is important for be gauged on how
ness, poor concen- they improve and
tration, irritability, you to know that psychiatry, strengthen individ-
memory problems uals, their responsi-
and depression. And
its diagnoses and its drugs are bility, their spiritual
too much sugar can the wrong way to go. well-being, and there-
make a child overly by society. Treatment
active or hyper. that heals should be
More often than not, children simply delivered in a calm atmosphere characterized
need educational solutions. Tutoring and by tolerance, safety, security and respect for
learning how to effectively study can save the peoples rights.
child from a life of unnecessary and harmful A workable and humane mental health
psychiatric drugs. If a child is struggling system is what the Citizens Commission
in class, he may also be very creative and on Human Rights (CCHR) is working towards.

CHAPTER FOUR
A Better Way
18
RECOMMENDATIONS
Recommendations

1 People in desperate circumstances must be provided proper and effective medical care.
Medical, not psychiatric, attention, good nutrition, a healthy, safe environment and activity
that promotes confidence will do far more than the brutality of psychiatrys drug treatments.

2 Medical facilities should replace coercive psychiatric institutions. These must have medical
diagnostic equipment, which non-psychiatric medical doctors can use to thoroughly
examine and test for all underlying physical problems that may be manifesting as
disturbed behavior. Government and private funds should be re-channeled into such
facilities and away from abusive psychiatric institutions that rely on mind-controlling
drugs rather than legitimate medical help.

3 The pernicious influence of psychiatry has wreaked havoc throughout society,


especially in the hospitals, educational and prison systems. Citizen groups and responsible
government officials should work together to expose and abolish psychiatrys hidden
manipulation of society.

4 If a person has been the victim of psychiatric assault, fraud, illicit drug selling or other
abuse, they should file a criminal complaint and send a copy to CCHR. Once criminal
complaints have been filed, they should also be filed with the state regulatory agencies,
such as state medical and psychologists boards. Such agencies can investigate and revoke
or suspend a psychiatrist or psychologists license to practice. You should also seek legal
advice to look into filing a civil suit for compensatory, and as applicable, punitive damages.

5 Protections should be put in place to ensure that psychiatrists and psychologists


are prohibited from violating the right of any person to exercise all civil, political,
economic, social and cultural rights as recognized in the U.S. Constitution, the Universal
Declaration of Human Rights, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights,
and in other relevant instruments.

DRUG CULTURE
Recommendations
19
Citizens Commission
on Human Rights International

T
he Citizens Commission on Human CCHRs work aligns with the UN Universal
Rights (CCHR) was established in Declaration of Human Rights, in particular the
1969 by the Church of Scientology following precepts, which psychiatrists violate
to investigate and expose psychi- on a daily basis:
atric violations of human rights, Article 3: Everyone has the right to life,
and to clean up the field of men- liberty and security of person.
tal healing. Today, it has more than 250 chap-
ters in over 34 countries. Its board of advisors, Article 5: No one shall be subjected to tor-
called Commissioners, includes doctors, lawyers, ture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment
educators, artists, business professionals, and civil or punishment.
and human rights representatives. Article 7: All are equal before the law and
While it doesnt provide medical or legal are entitled without any discrimination to equal
advice, it works closely with and supports medical protection of the law.
doctors and medical practice. A key CCHR Through psychiatrists false diagnoses, stig-
focus is psychiatrys fraudulent use of subjective matizing labels, easy-seizure commitment laws,
diagnoses that lack any scientific or medical brutal, depersonalizing treatments, thousands
merit, but which are used to reap financial benefits of individuals are harmed and denied their
in the billions, mostly from the taxpayers or inherent human rights.
insurance carriers. Based on these false diagnoses, CCHR has inspired and caused many hundreds
psychiatrists justify and prescribe life-damaging of reforms by testifying before legislative hearings
treatments, including mind-altering drugs, which and conducting public hearings into psychiatric
mask a persons underlying difficulties and prevent abuse, as well as working with media, law enforcement
his or her recovery. and public officials the world over.

CITIZENS COMMISSION
on Human Rights
20
MISSION STATEMENT
THE CITIZENS COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS
investigates and exposes psychiatric violations of human rights. It works
shoulder-to-shoulder with like-minded groups and individuals who share a
common purpose to clean up the field of mental health. We shall continue to
do so until psychiatrys abusive and coercive practices cease
and human rights and dignity are returned to all.

Beverly K. Eakman CEO, U.S. when it comes to the abuses of the psychiatric
National Education Consortium, community. The over-drugging, the labeling,
Author of the best-selling Cloning the faulty diagnosis, the lack of scientific pro-
of the American Mind tocols, all of the things that no one realizes is
CCHR has worked tirelessly to protect going on, CCHR focused on, has brought to
the right of all parents to direct the educa- the publics attention and has made headway
tion and upbringing of their children. I salute in stopping the kind of steam-rolling effect of
CCHR for its incredible persistence. the psychiatric profession.

Dr. Julian Whitaker M.D. Cynthia Thielen


Director of the Whitaker Wellness Legislator, Hawaii
Institute, Author of Health & Healing Without CCHR I think we would be
The efforts of CCHR and the successes really at a loss, and it would be a tragic
they have made is a cultural benefit of a great situation for children. So Im very thank-
magnitude. They have made great strides; they ful that people such as [CCHR], with their
have been a resource to parents and children knowledge and availability, [are] there ready
who have been terribly abused by psychiatrists to help us. It makes a tremendous difference,
and psychologists and the mental health advo- because it is a big battle for the lives and the
cates and professionals, and theyre the only health of our children. And we have to work
group that is standing up for human rights very hard together.

For further information:


CCHR International
6616 Sunset Blvd.
Los Angeles, CA, USA 90028
5FMFQIPOF 
 
'BY 

XXXDDISPSHFNBJMIVNBOSJHIUT!DDISPSH
CCHR INTERNATIONAL
Board of Commissioners
CCHRs Commissioners David Egner, Ph.D. Sandra Gorcia Rojas Harriet Schock
act in an official Seth Farber, Ph.D. Steven Hayes, Esq. Dennis Smith
capacity to assist CCHR Mark Filidei, D.O. Gregory Hession, J.D. Michelle Stafford
in its work to reform the Nicolas Franceshetti, M.D. Sen. Karen Johnson Cass Warner
field of mental health Marta Garbos, Psy. D. Erik Langeland, Esq. Miles Watkins
and to secure rights for
Howard Glasser, M.A. Leonid Lemberick, Esq. Kelly Yaegermann
the mentally ill.
Patti Guliano, D.C. Vladimir Leonov, M.P.
International President Edward C. Hamlyn, M.D. Lev Levinson EDUCATION
Jan Eastgate Brett Hartman, Psy.D. Doug Linde, Esq. Dr. Samuel Blumenfeld
Citizens Commission Lawrence Hooper, M.D. Jonathan W. Lubell, LL.B. Cassandra Casey
on Human Rights Dr. Joseph Isaac Jeff Lustman Gleb Dubov, Ph.D.
International, Los Angeles Georgia Janisch, R.D. Kendrick Moxon Beverly Eakman
National President Dr. Derek Johnson Rep. Curtis Oda Professor Antony Flew,
Bruce Wiseman Jonathan Kalman, N.D. Col. Stanislav Pylov Ph.D.
Citizens Commission on Dr. Peter Kervorkian, D.C. Rep. Guadalupe Rodriguez Dr. Wendy Ghiora, Ph.D.
Human Rights United Professor Oleg Khilkevich Sandro Garcia Rojas Professor Hector Herrera
States Kenichi Kozu, Ph.D. Timothy Rosen, Esq. Wendy McCants-Thomas
Citizens Commission on Eric Lambert, R. Ph. Steven Russell, Esq. Sonya Muhammad, M.S.
Human Rights Board Anna C. Law, M.D. Rep. Aaron Tilton, (UT) James Paicopolos
Member Richard Lippin, M.D. Rep. Mark Thompson Nickolai Pavlovsky
Isadore M. Chait Otani Logi Rep. Michael Thompson Anatoli Prokopenko
Lloyd McPhee Rep. Matt Throckmorton Gayle Ruzicka
Founding
Dr. Bari Maddock Joel Turtel
Commissioner
Joan Mathews-Larson, ARTS, Shelley Ucinski
Dr. Thomas Szasz,
Ph.D. ENTERTAINMENT Micheal Walker
Professor of Psychiatry
Conrad Maulfair, D.O. & MEDIA Charles Whittman, III
Emeritus at the State
University of New York Colleen Maulfair Kirstie Alley
Health Science Center Clinton Ray Miller Anne Archer BUSINESS
Dr. Robert Morgan Ph.D. Jennifer Aspen Lawrence Anthony
SCIENCE, MEDICINE & Craig Newnes Catherine Bell Michael Baybak
HEALTH Gwen Olsen David Campbell Phillip Brown
Rohit Adi, M.D. Mary Jo Pagel, M.D. Raven Kane Campbell Luis Colon
Ivan Alfonso, M.D. Vladimir Pshizov, M.D. Nancy Cartwright Bob Duggan
Professor Garland Allen Lawrence Retief, M.D. Kate Ceberano Joyce Gaines
Giorgio Antonucci, M.D. Franklin H. Ross, M.D. Chick Corea James A. Mackie
Ann Auburn, D.O. Megan Shields, M.D. Bodhi Elfman Cecilio Ramirez
Mark Barber, D.D.S. Allan Sosin, M.D. Jenna Elfman Sebastien Sainsbury
Lisa Bazler, B.A., M.A. David Tanton, Ph.D. Cerise Fukuji Roberto Santos
Ryan Bazler, B.S., MBA William Tutman, Ph.D. Isaac Hayes
Margarethe von Beck, Tony Urbanek, M.D., Donna Isham RELIGION
DLitt et Phil D.D.S. Mark Isham Rev. Doctor Jim Nicholls
Shelley Beckmann, Ph.D. Margaret von Beck, Ph.D. Jason Lee Pastor Michael Davis
Lisa Benest, M.D. Wanda von Kleist, Ph.D. Geoff Levin Bishop Samuel V.J.
Peter Bennet Julian Whitaker, M.D. Gordon Lewis Rowland
Mary Ann Block, D.O. Spice Williams-Crosby, Juliette Lewis
John Breeding, Ph.D. BSc, MFS, CFT John Mappin ACTIVISTS/HUMAN
Lisa Cain Michael Wisner Jaime Maussan RIGHTS
Anthony Castiglia, M.D. Sergej Zapuskalov, M.D. Jim Meskimen Paul Bruhne
Roberto Cestari, M.D. Norman Zucker, M.D. Tamra Meskimen Janice Hill
James Chappell, D.C. Marisol Nichols Nedra Jones. Ph. D.
N.D., Ph.D. POLITICS & LAW John Novello Elvira Manthey
Beth Clay Rep. Russell Albert David Pomeranz Sheila Matthews
Bishop David Cooper Lewis Bass, M.S., J.D. Kelly Preston Lynette Riley-Mundine
Jesus Corona Timothy Bowles, Esq. Tariz Nasim Ghulam Abbas Sajan
Ann Y. Coxon, M.B., B.S. Robert Butcher, LLB Kelly Patricia OMeara William Tower
Moira Dolan, M.D. Robert E. Byron, LLC Leah Remini Ishrat Nasim
Mary Ann Durham, B.S. Lars Engstrand Lee Rogers Patricia Weathers
Dan L. Edmunds, ED.D., Guillermo Guzmn de Carrina Ricco Allan Wohrnitz, B.Sc.
M.A., B.C.S.A. la Garza Raul Rubio Lloyd Wyles
CCHR National Offices

CCHR Australia CCHR Finland CCHR Italy CCHR Russia


Citizens Commission on Citizens Commission on Citizens Commission Citizens Commission on
Human Rights Australia Human Rights Finland on Human Rights Italy Human Rights Russia
P.O. Box 6402 Post Box 145 (Comitato dei Cittadini per i Borisa Galushkina #19A
North Sydney 00511 Helsinki, Finland Diritti Umani ONLUS CCDU) 129301, Moscow
New South Wales 2059 Phone: 358-9-8594-869 Viale Monza 1 Russia CIS
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Phone: 612-9964-9844 CCHR France &NBJMJOGP!DDEVPSH &NBJMDDIS!HUFMFDPNSV
&NBJMDDISBO[P!UQHDPNBV Citizens Commission on
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CCHR Austria (Commission des Citoyens pour Citizens Commission on Citizens Commission on
Citizens Commission on les Droits de lHommeCCDH) Human Rights Japan Human Rights South Africa
Human Rights Austria BP 10076 2-11-7-7F Kitaotsuka P.O. Box 710
(Brgerkommission fr 75561 Paris Cedex 12 , France Toshima-ku Tokyo Johannesburg 2000
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REFERENCES
References

1. Joseph Glenmullen, M.D., Prozac Backlash, (Simon & 15. Shankar Vedantam, Drug Ads Hyping Anxiety
Schuster, NY, 2000), p. 8. Make Some Uneasy, The Washington Post, 16 July
2. Frank Viviano, In the Land of Champagne and 2001.
Croissants, Pills are the KingFrench lead the world in 16. Elliot S. Valenstein, Ph.D., Blaming the Brain, (The
use of medication, San Francisco Chronicle, 14 May 1998; Free Press, New York, 1998), pp. 4, 6, 125, 224.
Alexander Dorozynski, France tackles psychotropic drug 17. Ty C. Colbert, Ph.D., Rape of the Soul: How the
problem, Internet address: http://www.bmj.com/cgi/ Chemical Imbalance Model of Modern Psychiatry Has
content/full/313/7037/997, 20 Apr. 1996; Civil Unrest Failed Its Patients, (Kevco Publishing, California, 2001),
in Socialist France, IDEA HOUSE, Jan. 1998. p. 97.
3. Beverly K. Eakman, Anything That Ails You, Women 18. Louria Shulamit, M.D., Family Practitioner, Israel,
on Tranqs in a Self-Serve Society, Chronicles, Aug. 2004. 2002quote provided to CCHR International, 22 June
4. Victor Cordoba, Psiquiatria Guerra a la melancholia 2002.
Aumenta el uso de antidepresivos en Espaa,El 19. American Psychiatric Association, Diagnostic and
Mundo, 20 Feb. 1997, Internet address: http://www.el- Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (Third Edition)
mundo.es/salud/1997/235/01762.html; Prohibido estar (Press Syndicate of the University of Cambridge,
Triste, 17 Nov. 2003, Internet address: http://www.quo. Great Britain), 1980, pp. 41, 44, 385; DSM-III-R,
wanadoo.es/quo/ carticulos/10017.html. (American Psychiatric Association, Washington,
5. Anil Dawar, Prozac found in tapwater, D.C.), 1987, p. 50; Theodore J. La Vaque, Ph.D., Kids,
Daily Mail, 9 Aug. 2004. Drugs, and ADD , Internet address: http://www.
6. Bruce D. Levine, Ph.D., Commonsense Rebellion: dct.com/~tlavaque/ritalin.html.
Debunking Psychiatry, Confronting Society (New York: 20. Methylphenidate (A Background Paper), U.S.
Continuum, 2001), p. 277. Drug Enforcement Administration, Oct. 1995, p. 16.
7. Lisa M. Krieger, Some question value of brain scan; 21. Ibid.
Untested tool belongs in lab only, experts say, The 22. Brian Vastig, Pay Attention: Ritalin Acts Much
Mercury News, 4 May 2004. Like Cocaine, Journal of the American Medical
8. Sydney Walker, A Dose of Sanity: Mind, Medicine and Association, Aug. 22/29, 2001, Vol. 286, No. 8, p. 905.
Misdiagnosis, (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., NY, 1996), p. 51. 23. DSM-III-R, (American Psychiatric Association,
9. Joseph Glenmullen, Prozac Backlash, (Simon & Washington, D.C., 1987), p. 136.
Shuster, NY, 2000)10. Ibid., p. 193. 24. Dr. Mary Ann Block, No More ADHD, (Block
10. Ibid., p. 193. Books, Texas, 2001), p. 35.
11. Matthew Dumont, "A Diagnostic Parable," (First Ed.), 25. Op. cit., Colbert, Rape of the Soul, p. 78.
Readings: A Journal of Reviews and Commentary in 26. National Institutes of Health, Consensus
Mental Health, 9-12 Dec. 1987. Conference on ADHD, 16-18 Nov. 1998.
12. Herb Kutchins and Stuart A. Kirk, Making Us Crazy, 27. Annika Hansson, Disputed Material Destroyed,
(The Free Press, NY, 1997), p. 265. Trelleborgs Allehanda, May 2004.
13. Ten Things that Drive Psychiatrists to Distraction 28.Joanna Moncrief, M.D., and Irving Kirsch, "Efficacy
The Independent (UK) 19 Mar, 2001. of Anti-Depressants in Adults," BMJ, 16 July 2005.
14. Irwin Savodnik, "Psychiatry's Sick Compulsions: 29. Alternatives for Bipolar Disorder, Safe Harbor,
Turning Weaknesses into Diseases," Los Angeles Times, Alternative On-Line.
1 Jan. 2006.