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Question

General Certificate of Education


Advanced Level Examination
June 2012

Mark

1
2
3

Mathematics

MFP4

Unit Further Pure 4


Friday 22 June 2012

1.30 pm to 3.00 pm

7
For this paper you must have:
*
the blue AQA booklet of formulae and statistical tables.
You may use a graphics calculator.

8
TOTAL

Time allowed
*
1 hour 30 minutes
Instructions
*
Use black ink or black ball-point pen. Pencil should only be used for
drawing.
*
Fill in the boxes at the top of this page.
*
Answer all questions.
*
Write the question part reference (eg (a), (b)(i) etc) in the left-hand
margin.
*
You must answer each question in the space provided for that
question. If you require extra space, use an AQA supplementary
answer book; do not use the space provided for a different question.
*
Do not write outside the box around each page.
*
Show all necessary working; otherwise marks for method may be
lost.
*
Do all rough work in this book. Cross through any work that you do
not want to be marked.
Information
*
The marks for questions are shown in brackets.
*
The maximum mark for this paper is 75.
Advice
*
Unless stated otherwise, you may quote formulae, without proof,
from the booklet.
*
You do not necessarily need to use all the space provided.

(JUN12MFP401)

P50338/Jun12/MFP4 6/6/

MFP4

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Answer all questions.


Answer each question in the space provided for that question.

Find the value of the constant p for which the vectors

u 3i 2j pk , v 7i  j 6k
are linearly dependent.
QUESTION
PART
REFERENCE

and w 2i j 3k
(3 marks)

Answer space for question 1

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31 2
3
3
4
A line has vector equation @r  4 2 5A  4 7 5 0 .
6
4

(a)

Determine the direction cosines of this line.

(b)

Explain the geometrical significance of the direction cosines in relation to the line.
(1 mark)

QUESTION
PART
REFERENCE

(3 marks)

Answer space for question 2

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 yz


Let D  x

 x2

xz
y
y 2


xy 

z .

z2 

(a)

Show that y z is a factor of D .

(2 marks)

(b)

Factorise D as completely as possible.

(4 marks)

QUESTION
PART
REFERENCE

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The lines L1 and L2 have equations

3
2
3
7
3
r 4 25 5 a 4 4 5
9
7

and

3
2
3
7
2
r 4 19 5 b 4 2 5
2
3

respectively.
(a)

Determine a vector, n, which is perpendicular to both lines.

(2 marks)

(b) (i)

!
The point A on L1 and the point B on L2 are such that AB ln for some
constant l .
Show that
3a  2b 2l

4a  2b  5l 44
7a  3b 2l 11

QUESTION
PART
REFERENCE

(3 marks)

(ii) Find the position vectors of A and B.

(3 marks)

(iii) Deduce the shortest distance between L1 and L2 .

(2 marks)

Answer space for question 4

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QUESTION
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QUESTION
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11
The matrix M
16

(a) (i)

9
13


represents the plane transformation T.

Determine the eigenvalue, and a corresponding eigenvector, of M.

(4 marks)

(ii) Hence write down the value of m for which y mx is the invariant line of T which

passes through the origin, and explain why it is actually a line of invariant points.
(2 marks)
(iii) Show that, for this value of m, all lines with equations y mx c are invariant

lines of T.

(3 marks)

(b)

Given that T is a shear, give a full geometrical description of this transformation.


(2 marks)

(c)

Give a full geometrical description of the plane transformation represented by the


(2 marks)
matrix M1 .

QUESTION
PART
REFERENCE

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QUESTION
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QUESTION
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QUESTION
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14

The planes P1 , P2 and P3 have cartesian equations

2x y  z 3
3x  2y z 5
12x  y  z 40
respectively.
(a)

Find, in the form r a ld , a vector equation for the line L which is the
(5 marks)
intersection of P1 and P2 .

(b) (i)

Determine whether L meets P3 , and use your answer to decide whether the system
given by the equations of these three planes is consistent or inconsistent.
(3 marks)

(ii) Describe geometrically the arrangement of the three planes.

(1 mark)

Find the coordinates of a common point of P2 and P3 .

(3 marks)

(c) (i)

(ii) Deduce a vector equation for the line of intersection of P2 and P3 .


QUESTION
PART
REFERENCE

(1 mark)

Answer space for question 6

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QUESTION
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QUESTION
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QUESTION
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18

2
7

6
The matrix A 4 2

7
1 5 , where k is a real constant.

1 2
(a) (i)

Show that there is a value of k for which


A AT m I
where m is a rational number to be determined and I is the 3  3 identity matrix.
(6 marks)

(ii) Deduce the inverse matrix, A1 , of A for this value of k.


(b) (i)

Find det A in terms of k.

(1 mark)
(2 marks)

(ii) In the case when A is singular, find the integer value of k and show that there are no

other possible real values of k.


(iii) Find the value of k for which l 7 is a real eigenvalue of A.
QUESTION
PART
REFERENCE

(3 marks)
(2 marks)

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QUESTION
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QUESTION
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QUESTION
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22

2 3
2 3
7
2
The point Q has position vector q 4 4 5 , the plane P has equation r . 4 1 5 36 ,
6
3
2
3
2
3
20
7
4
5
4
and the line l has equation r 8 m
55.
1
3

(a)

Show that Q lies in P .

(b)

Show also that l is parallel to P .

(c)

The diagram shows the point P, which lies on the normal to P that passes through Q.
The point R is the point on l which is closest to P, and PQ PR .

(1 mark)
(2 marks)

P
R
l
P
Q

Determine the coordinates of P.


QUESTION
PART
REFERENCE

(9 marks)

Answer space for question 8

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QUESTION
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END OF QUESTIONS
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