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# EG1108 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING

Tutorial # 3

## 1. Apply principle of superposition to find current IX in the following circuit.

Fig. Q3-1
Solution:
Keeping 50 V source and deactivating others:
10

12 2
IX

+ 5
3A
- 50 V

## Equivalent resistance across the voltage source,

35 65
Req = 5 + 10 || (12 + 2) = 5 + = .
6 6
Current out of the 50 V source,
50 60
I= A= A
65 13
6
Applying current divider rule,
60 10 25
I X ,50V = A= A
13 14 + 10 13

## Equivalent resistance across the voltage source,

70 260
Req = 10 + 5 || (12 + 2) = 10 + = .
19 19
Current out of the 40 V source,

EG1108, Tutorial 3 1
Dr. A. Al Mamun, Semester II, AY2008-09
EG1108 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING
Tutorial # 3

40 38
I= A= A
260 13
19
Applying current divider rule,
38 5 10
I X , 40V = A= A
13 14 + 5 13

## Equivalent resistance on the right of current source,

16
2 + (5 || 10) =
3
16
12
Applying current divider rule, I 2 = 3 3
= A.
12 + 16
3 13
However, we are interested in the current IX through 12 W resistor flowing from a to b.
12
I X ,3 A = I 2 = A.
13
Combining three individual solutions,
25 10 12 23
I X = I X ,50V + I X , 40V + I X ,3 A = + = A.
13 13 13 13

2. Node voltage analysis method: Write the matrix equation [G][V] = [I] by inspection for the
following circuit (Fig. Q3-2). {Do not solve the equations to find node voltages.}

EG1108, Tutorial 3 2
Dr. A. Al Mamun, Semester II, AY2008-09
EG1108 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING
Tutorial # 3

Fig. Q3-2.
Solution:
Let VA, VB and VC be the voltages at nodes A, B and C, respectively.

1 1 1 1 1
2 + 8 + 12
8

12 V A 10 + 40 60 10

VB = 20 + 50 40 = 30
1 1 1 1 1
+ +
8 8 4 10 10
1 1
1 1 1 C
V 60 30 50
20
+ +
12 10 6 10 12

24 + 6 + 4 6 4 V A 480
5 5 + 10 + 4 4 VB = 1200

5 6 10 + 6 + 5 VC 1200

17 3 2 V A 240
5 19 4 V = 1200
B
5 6 21 VC 1200

3. Mesh current analysis: Using mesh currents, write down the matrix equation [R][I] = [V]
directly from the circuit of Fig. Q3-3. {Do not solve the equations to find mesh currents.}

EG1108, Tutorial 3 3
Dr. A. Al Mamun, Semester II, AY2008-09
EG1108 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING
Tutorial # 3

30 V 30

-
+
Ia Ic
20 25

10 15
5
Ib
+ +
- 10 V - 20 V

Fig. Q3-3
Solution:
Writing the matrix equation directly from the circuit,
5 + 20 + 10 10 20 I1 10
10 10 + 25 + 15 25 I = 20 + 10
2
20 25 30 + 25 + 20 I 3 30
35 10 20 I1 10
10 50 25 I = 10
2
20 25 75 I 3 30
7 2 4 I1 2
2 10 5 I = 2
2
4 5 15 I 3 6

4. Obtain the Thevenins equivalent (between a and b) for the circuit shown in Fig. Q3-4,
which contains a dependent voltage source.
160iX
20 -
+

60 80 40
4A
iX
b
Fig. Q3-4.
Solution:
Current through the 40 resistor is iX.
40 and 80 resistors are in parallel, identical voltage appears across the two.
So, current through 80 resistor is 0.5iX.

## Current through 20 resistor and the dependent source, I = 1.5iX.

After converting the current source into a voltage source, we can redraw the circuit as,

EG1108, Tutorial 3 4
Dr. A. Al Mamun, Semester II, AY2008-09