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EG1108 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING

Tutorial # 3

1. Apply principle of superposition to find current IX in the following circuit.

Fig. Q3-1
Solution:
Keeping 50 V source and deactivating others:
10

12 2
IX

+ 5
3A
- 50 V

Equivalent resistance across the voltage source,


35 65
Req = 5 + 10 || (12 + 2) = 5 + = .
6 6
Current out of the 50 V source,
50 60
I= A= A
65 13
6
Applying current divider rule,
60 10 25
I X ,50V = A= A
13 14 + 10 13

Keeping 40 V source only:

Equivalent resistance across the voltage source,


70 260
Req = 10 + 5 || (12 + 2) = 10 + = .
19 19
Current out of the 40 V source,

EG1108, Tutorial 3 1
Dr. A. Al Mamun, Semester II, AY2008-09
EG1108 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING
Tutorial # 3

40 38
I= A= A
260 13
19
Applying current divider rule,
38 5 10
I X , 40V = A= A
13 14 + 5 13

Keeping 3 A source only:

This circuit can be redrawn as,

Equivalent resistance on the right of current source,


16
2 + (5 || 10) =
3
16
12
Applying current divider rule, I 2 = 3 3
= A.
12 + 16
3 13
However, we are interested in the current IX through 12 W resistor flowing from a to b.
12
I X ,3 A = I 2 = A.
13
Combining three individual solutions,
25 10 12 23
I X = I X ,50V + I X , 40V + I X ,3 A = + = A.
13 13 13 13

2. Node voltage analysis method: Write the matrix equation [G][V] = [I] by inspection for the
following circuit (Fig. Q3-2). {Do not solve the equations to find node voltages.}

EG1108, Tutorial 3 2
Dr. A. Al Mamun, Semester II, AY2008-09
EG1108 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING
Tutorial # 3

Fig. Q3-2.
Solution:
Let VA, VB and VC be the voltages at nodes A, B and C, respectively.

1 1 1 1 1
2 + 8 + 12
8

12 V A 10 + 40 60 10

VB = 20 + 50 40 = 30
1 1 1 1 1
+ +
8 8 4 10 10
1 1
1 1 1 C
V 60 30 50
20
+ +
12 10 6 10 12

24 + 6 + 4 6 4 V A 480
5 5 + 10 + 4 4 VB = 1200

5 6 10 + 6 + 5 VC 1200

17 3 2 V A 240
5 19 4 V = 1200
B
5 6 21 VC 1200

3. Mesh current analysis: Using mesh currents, write down the matrix equation [R][I] = [V]
directly from the circuit of Fig. Q3-3. {Do not solve the equations to find mesh currents.}

EG1108, Tutorial 3 3
Dr. A. Al Mamun, Semester II, AY2008-09
EG1108 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING
Tutorial # 3

30 V 30

-
+
Ia Ic
20 25

10 15
5
Ib
+ +
- 10 V - 20 V

Fig. Q3-3
Solution:
Writing the matrix equation directly from the circuit,
5 + 20 + 10 10 20 I1 10
10 10 + 25 + 15 25 I = 20 + 10
2
20 25 30 + 25 + 20 I 3 30
35 10 20 I1 10
10 50 25 I = 10
2
20 25 75 I 3 30
7 2 4 I1 2
2 10 5 I = 2
2
4 5 15 I 3 6

4. Obtain the Thevenins equivalent (between a and b) for the circuit shown in Fig. Q3-4,
which contains a dependent voltage source.
160iX
20 -
+

60 80 40
4A
iX
b
Fig. Q3-4.
Solution:
Current through the 40 resistor is iX.
40 and 80 resistors are in parallel, identical voltage appears across the two.
So, current through 80 resistor is 0.5iX.

Current through 20 resistor and the dependent source, I = 1.5iX.


After converting the current source into a voltage source, we can redraw the circuit as,

EG1108, Tutorial 3 4
Dr. A. Al Mamun, Semester II, AY2008-09