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PROCEEDINGS OF THE

XIV th INTERNATIONAL NUMISMATIC CONGRESS

GLASGOW 2009

Edited by Nicholas Holmes

PROCEEDINGS OF THE XIV t h INTERNATIONAL NUMISMATIC CONGRESS GLASGOW 2009 Edited by Nicholas Holmes GLASGOW

GLASGOW 2011

International Numismatic Council British Academy All rights reserved by The International Numismatic Council ISBN
International Numismatic Council British Academy All rights reserved by The International Numismatic Council ISBN

International Numismatic Council

International Numismatic Council British Academy All rights reserved by The International Numismatic Council ISBN

British Academy

International Numismatic Council British Academy All rights reserved by The International Numismatic Council ISBN

All rights reserved by The International Numismatic Council

ISBN 978-1-907427-17-6

Distributed by Spink & Son Ltd, 69 Southampton Row, London WC1B 4ET Printed and bound in Malta by Gutenberg Press Ltd.

PROCEEDINGS OF THE

XIV th INTERNATIONAL NUMISMATIC CONGRESS

GLASGOW 2009

I

CONTENTS

Preface

18

Editor’s note

19

Inaugural lecture

‘A foreigner’s view of the coinage of Scotland’, by Nicholas MAYHEW

23

Antiquity: Greek

I Delni (distribuzione, associazioni, valenza simbolica), by Pasquale APOLITO

35

Lessons from a (bronze) die study, by Donald T. ARIEL

42

Le monete incuse a leggenda Pal-Mol: una verica della documentazione disponibile, by Marta BARBATO

48

Up-to-date survey of the silver coinage of the Nabatean king Aretas IV, by Rachel BARKAY

52

Remarks on monetary circulation in the chora of Olbia Pontica – the case of Koshary, by Jarosław BODZEK

58

The ‘colts’ of Corinth revisited: a note on Corinthian drachms from Ravel’s Period V, by Lee L. BRICE

67

Not only art! The period of the ‘signing masters’ and ‘historical iconography’, by Maria CACCAMO CALTABIANO

73

Les monnaies préromaines de BB’T-BAB(B)A de Mauretanie, by Laurent CALLEGARIN & Abdelaziz EL KHAYARI

81

Mode iconograche e determinazioni delle cronologie nell’occidente ellenistico, by Benedetto CARROCCIO

89

La phase postarchaïque du monnayage de Massalia, by Jean-Albert CHEVILLON

97

A new thesis for Siglos and Dareikos, by Nicolas A. CORFÙ

105

Heroic cults in northern Sicily between numismatics and archaeology, by Antonio CRISÀ

114

La politica estera tolemaica e l’area del Mar Nero: l’iconograa numismatica come fonte storica, by Angela D’ARRIGO

123

2

CONTENTS

New light on the Larnaca hoard IGCH 1272, by Anne DESTROOPER- GEORGIADES

The coinage of the Scythian kings in the West Pontic area: iconography, by Dimitar DRAGANOV

The ‘royal archer’ and Apollo in the East: Greco-Persian iconography in the Seleukid Empire, by Kyle ERICKSON & Nicholas L. WRIGHT

. Retour sur les critères qui dénissent habituellement les ‘imitations’ Athéniennes, by Chr. FLAMENT

On the gold coinage of ancient Chersonese (46-133 AD), by N.A. FROLOVA

Propaganda on coins of Ptolemaic queens, by Agnieszka FULIŃSKA

Osservazioni sui rinvenimenti di monete dagli scavi archeologici dell’antica Caulonia, by Giorgia GARGANO

La circulation monétaire à Argos d’après les monnaies de fouille de l’ÉFA (École française d’Athènes), by Catherine GRANDJEAN

Silver denominations and standards of the Bosporan cities, by Jean HOURMOUZIADIS

Seleucid ‘eagles’ from Tyre and Sidon: preliminary results of a die-study, by Panagiotis P. IOSSIF

Archaic Greek coins east of the Tigris: evidence for circulation?, by J. KAGAN

Parion history from coins, by Vedat KELEŞ

Regional mythology: the meanings of satyrs on Greek coins, by Ann-Marie KNOBLAUCH

The chronology of the Hellenistic coins of Thessaloniki, Pella and Amphipolis, by Theodoros KOUREMPANAS

The coinage of Chios during the Hellenistic and early Roman periods, by Constantine LAGOS

Évidence numismatique de l’existence d’Antioche en Troade, by Dincer Savas LENGER

131

140

163

170

178

184

189

199

203

213

230

237

246

251

259

265

CONTENTS

3

Hallazgo de un conjunto monetal de Gadir en la necrópolis Feno-Púnica de los cuarteles de Varela, Cádiz, España, by Urbano LÓPEZ RUIZ & Ana María RUIZ TINOCO

Gold and silver weight standards in fourth-century Cyprus: a resume, by Evangeline MARKOU

Göttliche Herrscherin – herrschende Göttin? Frauenbildnisse auf hellenistischen Münzen, by Katharina MARTIN

Melkart-Herakles y sus distintas advocaciones en la Bética costera, by Elena MORENO PULIDO

Some remarks concerning the gold coins with the legend ‘ΚΟΣΩΝ’, by Lucian MUNTEANU

‘Une monnaie grecque inédite: un triobole d’Argos en Argolide’, by Eleni PAPAEFTHYMIOU

The coinage of the Paeonian kings Leon and Dropion, by Eftimija PAVLOVSKA

Le trésor des monnaies perses d’or trouvé à Argamum / Orgamé (Jurilovca, dép. de Tulcea, Roumanie), by E. PETAC, G. TALMAŢCHI & V. IONIŢĂ

The imitations of late Thasian tetradrachms: chronology, classication and dating, by Ilya S. PROKOPOV

Moneta e discorso politico: emissioni monetarie in Cirenaica tra il 321 e il 258 a.C., by Daniela Bessa PUCCINI

Tesoros sertorianos en España: problemas y nuevas perspectivas, by Isabel RODRÍGUEZ CASANOVA

‘Ninfa’ eponima grande dea? Caratteri e funzioni delle personicazioni cittadine, by Grazia SALAMONE

The coin nds from Hellenistic and Roman Berytas (fourth century BC – third century AD, by Ziad SAWAYA

Monetazione incusa magnogreca: destinazione e funzioni, by Rosa SCAVINO

Uso della moneta presso gli indigeni della Sicilia centro-meridionale, by Lavinia SOLE

La moneta di Sibari: struttura e metrologia, by Emanuela SPAGNOLI

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280

285

293

304

310

319

331

337

350

357

365

376

382

393

405

4

CONTENTS

Le stephanophoroi prima delle stephanophoroi, by Marianna SPINELLI

Weight adjustment al marco in antiquity, and the Athenian decadrachm, by Clive STANNARD

The Magnesian hoard: a preliminary report, by Oğuz TEKIN

Zur Datierung und Deutung der Beizeichen auf Stateren von Górtyn, by Burkhard TRAEGER

Aspetti della circolazione monetaria in area basso adriatica, by Adriana TRAVAGLINI & Valeria Giulia CAMILLERI

La polisemia di Apollo attraverso il documento monetale, by Maria Daniela TRIFIRÒ

Thraco-Macedonian coins: the evidence from the hoards, by Alexandros R.A. TZAMALIS

The pattern of ndspots of coins of Damastion: a clue to its location, by Dubravka UJES MORGAN

The civic bronze coins of the Eleans: some preliminary remarks, by Franck WOJAN

The hoard of Cyzicenes from the settlement of Patraeus (Taman peninsula), by E.V. ZAKHAROV

Antiquity: Roman

The coinage of Diva Faustina I, by Martin BECKMANN

Coin nds from the Dutch province of North-Holland (Noord-Holland). Chronological and geographical distribution and function of Roman coins from the Dutch part of Barbaricum, by Paul BELIËN

The key to the Varus defeat: the Roman coin nds from Kalkriese, by Frank BERGER

Monetary circulation in the Bosporan Kingdom in the Roman period c. rst - fourth century AD, by Line BJERG

The Roman coin hoards of the second century AD found on the territory of present-day Serbia: the reasons for their burial, by Bojana BORIĆ-BREŠKOVIĆ

417

427

436

441

447

461

473

487

497

500

509

514

527

533

538

CONTENTS

5

Die Münzprägung des Thessalischen Bundes von Marcus Aurelius bis Gallienus (161-268 n. Chr.), by Friedrich BURRER

The denarius in the rst century, by K. BUTCHER & M. PONTING

Coinage and coin circulation in Nicopolis of Epirus: a preliminary report, by Dario CALOMINO

La piazza porticata di Egnazia: la documentazione numismatica, by Raffaella CASSANO, Adriana TRAVAGLINI & Alessandro CRISPINO

Dallo scavo al museo: un ripostiglio monetale di età antonina del IV municipio

di Roma (Italia), by Francesca CECI

I rinvenimenti dal Tevere: la monetazione della Diva Faustina, by Alessia

CHIAPPINI

Analytical evidence for the organization of the Alexandrian mint during the Tetrarchy (III-IV centuries AD), by J.M.COMPANA, L. LEÓN-REINA, F.J. FORTES, L.M. CABALÍN, J.J. LASERNA, & M.A.G. ARANDA

L’Oriente Ligoriano: fonti, luoghi, mirabilia, by Arianna D’OTTONE

Le emissioni isiache: quale rapporto con il navigium Isidis?, by Sabrina DE

PACE

A centre of aes rude production in southern Etruria : La Castellina

(Civitavecchia, Roma), by Almudena DOMÍNGUEZ-ARRANZ & Jean GRAN-

AYMERICH

Perseus and Andromeda in Alexandria: explaining the popularity of the myth in the culture of the Roman Empire, by Melissa Barden DOWLING

Les fractions du nummus frappées à Rome et à Ostie sous le règne de Maxence (306-312 ap. J.C.), by V. DROST

Monuments on the move: architectural coin types and audience targeting in the Flavian and Trajanic periods, by Nathan T. ELKINS

‘The restoration of memory: Minucius and his monument’ by Jane DeRose

EVANS

La circulation monétaire à Lyon de la fondation de la colonie à la mort de Septime Sévère (43 av. – 211 apr. J.C.): premiers résultats, by Jonas FLUCK

545

557

569

576

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592

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605

613

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662

6

CONTENTS

Le monnayage en orichalque romain: apport des expérimentations aux études numismatiques, by Arwen GAFFIERO, Arnaud SUSPÈNE, Florian TÉREYGEOL & Bernard GRATUZE

New coins of pre- and denarial system minted outside Italy, by Paz GARCÍA- BELLIDO

Les bronzes d’Octave à la proue et à la tête de bélier (RPC 533) attribués à Toulouse-Tolosa: nouvelles découvertes, by Vincent GENEVIÈVE

Crustumerium, Cisterna Grande (Rome, Italy): textile traces from a Roman coins hoard, by Maria Rita GIULIANI, Ida Anna RAPINESI, Francesco DI GENNARO, Daniela FERRO, Heli ARIMA, Ulla RAJANA & Francesca CECI

Deux médaillons d’Antonin le Pieux du territoire de Pautalia (Thrace), by Valentina GRIGOROVA-GENCHEVA

Mars and Venus on Roman imperial coinage in the time of Marcus Aurelius:

iconological considerations with special reference to the emperor’s correspondence with Marcus Cornelius Fronto, by Jürgen HAMER

The silver coins of Aegeae in the light of Hadrian’s eastern silver coinages, by F. HAYMANN

The coin-images of the later soldier-emperors and the creation of a Roman empire of late antiquity, by Ragnar HEDLUND

Coinage and currency in ancient Pompeii, by Richard HOBBS

Imitations in gold, by Helle W. HORSNÆS

Un geste de Caracalla sur une monnaie frappée à Pergame, by Antony HOSTEIN

New data on monetary circulation in northern Illyricum in the fth century, by Vujadin IVANIŠEVIĆ & Sonja STAMENKOVIĆ

Die augusteischen Münzmeisterprägungen: IIIviri monetales im Spannungsfeld zwischen Republik und Kaiserzeit, by Alexa KÜTER

Imperial representation during the reign of Valentinian III, by Aládar KUUN

The Nome coins: some remarks on the state of research, by Katarzyna LACH

Le monnayage de Brutus et Cassius après la mort de César, by Raphaëlle LAIGNOUX

668

676

686

696

709

715

720

726

732

742

749

757

765

772

780

785

CONTENTS

7

L’ultima emissione di Cesare Ottaviano: alcune considerazioni sulle recenti proposte cronologiche, by Fabiana LANNA

Claudius’s issue of silver drachmas in Alexandria: Serapis Anastole, by Barbara LICHOCKA

La chronologie des émissions monétaires de Claude II: ateliers de Milan et Siscia, by Jérôme MAIRAT

La circulation monétaire à Strasbourg (France) et sur le Rhin supérieur au premier siècle après J.-C., by Stéphane MARTIN

The double solidus of Magnentius, by Alenka MIŠKEC

A hoard of bronze coins of the third century BC found at Pratica di Mare

(Rome), by Maria Cristina MOLINARI

Un conjunto de plomos monetiformes de procendencia hispana de la colección antigua del Museo Arqueológico Nacional (Madrid), by Bartolomé MORA SERRANO

Monete e ritualitá funeraria in epoca romana imperiale: il sepolcreto dei Fadieni (Ferrara – Italia), by Anna Lina MORELLI

Il database Monete al femminile, by Anna Lina MORELLI & Erica FILIPPINI

La trouvaille monétaire de Bex-Sous-Vent (VD, Suisse): une nouvelle analyse, by Yves MUHLEMANN

Die Sammlung von Lokalmythen griechischer Städte des Ostens: ein Projekt der Kommission für alte Geschichte und Epigraphik, by Johannes NOLLÉ

Plomos monetiformes con leyenda ibérica Baitolo, hallados en la ciudad romana de Baetulo (Hispania Tarraconensis), by Pepita PADRÓS MARTÍ, Daniel VÁZQUEZ & Francesc ANTEQUERA

I denari serrati della repubblica romana: alcune considerazioni, by Andrea PANCOTTI & Patrizia CALABRIA

Monetary circulation in late antique Rome: a fth-century context coming from the N.E. slope of the Palatine Hill. A preliminary report, by Giacomo PARDINI

Securitas e suoi attributi: lo sviluppo di una iconograa, by Rossella PERA

Could the unofcial mint called ‘Atelier II’ be identied with the ofcinae of Châteaubleau (France)?, by Fabien PILON

794

800

809

816

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846

856

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878

888

893

901

906

8

CONTENTS

Coin nds from Elaiussa Sebaste (Cilicia Tracheia), by Annalisa POLOSA

El poblamiento romano en el área del Mar Menor (Ager Carthaginensis): una aproximación a partir de los recientes hallazgos numismáticos, by Alfredo PORRÚA MARTÍNEZ & Elvira NAVARRO SANTA-CRUZ

The presence of local deities on Roman Palestinian coins: reections on cultural and religious interaction between Romans and local elites, by Vagner Carvalheiro PORTO

The male couple: iconography and semantics, by Mariangela PUGLISI

Countermarks on the Republican and Augustan brass coins in the south-eastern Alps, by Andrej RANT

A stone thesaurus with a votive coin deposit found in the sanctuary of Campo

della Fiera, Orvieto (Volsinii), by Samuele RANUCCI

L’image du pouvoir impériale de Trajan et son évolution idéologique: étude des frappes monétaires aux types d’Hercule, Jupiter et Soleil, by Laurent RICCARDI

The inow of Roman coins to the east-of-the-Vistula Mazovia (Mazowsze) and Podlachia (Podlasie), by Andrzej ROMANOWSKI

Numismatics and archaeology in Rome: the nds from the Basilica Hilariana, by Alessia ROVELLI

Communicating a consecratio: the deication coinage of Faustina I, by Clare

ROWAN

An alleged hoard of third-century Alexandrian tetradrachms, by Adriano SAVIO

& Alessandro CAVAGNA

Some notes on religious embodiments in the coinage of Roman Syria and Mesopotamia, by Philipp SCHWINGHAMMER

Roman provincial coins in the money circulation of the south-eastern Alpine area and western Pannonia, by Andrej ŠEMROV

Recenti rinvenimenti dal Tevere (1): introduzione, by Patrizia SERAFIN

Recenti rinvenimenti dal Tevere (2): la moneta di Vespasiano tra tradizione ed innovazione, by Alessandra SERRA

A hoard of denarii and early Roman Messene, by Kleanthis SIDIROPOULOS

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CONTENTS

9

La ‘corona radiata’ sui ritratti dei bronzi imperiali alessandrini, by Giovanni Maria STAFFIERI

The iconography of two groups of struck lead from Central Italy and Baetica in the second and rst centuries BC, by Clive STANNARD

Monete della zecca di Frentrum, Larinum e Pallanum, by Napoleone STELLUTI

Personalized victory on coins: the Year of the Four Emperors – Greek imperial issues, by Yannis STOYAS

Les monnaies d’or d’Auguste: l’apport des analyses élémentaires et le problème de l’atelier de Nîmes, by Arnaud SUSPÈNE, Maryse BLET-LEMARQUAND & Michel AMANDRY

The popularity of the enthroned type of Asclepius on Peloponnesian coins of imperial times, by Christina TSAGKALIA

Gold and silver rst tetrarchic issues from the mint of Alexandria, by D. Scott VANHORN

Note sulla circolazione monetaria in Etruria meridionale nel III secolo a.C., by Daniela WILLIAMS

Roman coins from the western part of West Balt territory, by Anna ZAPOLSKA

Antiquity: Celtic

La moneda ibérica del nordeste de la Hispania Citerior: consideraciones sobre su cronología y función, by Marta CAMPO

Les bronzes à la gueule de loup du Berry: essai de typochronologie, by Philippe CHARNOTET

Les imitations de l’obole de Marseille de LTD1/LTD2A (II e s. / I er s. av. J.C.) entre les massifs des Alpes et du Jura, by Anne GEISER

Le monnayage à la légende TOGIRIX: une nouvelle approche, by Anne GEISER & Julia GENECHESI

Trading with silver bullion during the third century BC: the hoard of Armuña de Tajuña, by Manuel GOZALBES, Gonzalo CORES & Pere Pau RIPOLLÈS

Données expérimentales sur la fabrication de quinaires gaulois fourrés, by Katherine GRUEL, Dominique LACOSTE, Carole FRARESSO, Michel PERNOT & François ALLIER

1037

1045

1056

1067

1073

1082

1092

1103

1115

1135

1142

1148

1155

1165

1173

10

CONTENTS

Pre-Roman coins from Sotin, by Mato ILKIĆ

Les monnaies gauloises trouvées à Paris, by Stéphane MARTIN

Die keltischen Münzen vom Oberleiserberg (Niederösterreich), by Jiři MILITKÝ

New coin nds from the two late Iron Age settlements of Altenburg (Germany) and Rheinau (Switzerland) – a military coin series on the German-Swiss border?, by Michael NICK

Le dépôt monétaire gaulois de Laniscat (Côtes-d’Armor): 547 monnaies de bas titre. Étude préliminaire, by Sylvia NIETO-PELLETIER, Bernard GRATUZE & Gérard AUBIN

Antiquity: general

La moneda en el mundo funerario-ritual de Gadir-Gades, by A. ARÉVALO GONZÁLEZ

Neues Licht auf eine alte Frage? Die Verwandschaft von Münzen und Gemmen, by Angela BERTHOLD

Tipi del cane e del lupo sulle monete del Mediterraneo antico, by Alessandra BOTTARI

Not all these things are easy to read, much less to understand: new approaches to reading images on ancient coins, by Geraldine CHIMIRRI-RUSSELL

The collection of ancient coins in the Ossoliński National Institute in Lvov (1828-1944), by Adam DEGLER

Preliminary notes on Phoenician and Punic coins kept in the Pushkin Museum, by S. KOVALENKO & L.I. MANFREDI

Greek coins from the National Historical Museum of Rio de Janeiro: SNG project, by Marici Martins MAGALHÃES

La catalogazione delle emissioni di Commodo nel Codice Ligoriano, by Rosa Maria NICOLAI

The sacred life of coins: cult fees, sacred law and numismatic evidence, by Isabelle A. PAFFORD

Anton Prokesch-Osten and the Greek coins of the coin collection at the Universalmuseum Joanneum in Graz, Austria, by Karl PEITLER

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1292

1303

1310

CONTENTS

11

Monete ed anelli: cronologia, tipologie, fruitori, by Claudia PERASSI

Il volume 21 delle Antichitá Romane di Pirro Ligorio ‘Libri delle Medaglie da Cesare a Marco Aurelio Commodo’, by Patrizia SERAFIN

Greek and Roman coins in the collection of the Çorum Museum, by D. Özlem YALCIN

Mediaeval and modern western (mediaeval)

The exchanges in the city of London, 1344-1358, by Martin ALLEN

Fribourg en Nuithonie: faciès monétaire d’une petite ville au centre de l’Europe, by Anne-Francine AUBERSON

Die Pegauer Brakteatenprägung Abt Siegfrieds von Rekkin (1185-1223):

Kriterien zu deren chronologischer Einordnung, by Jan-Erik BECKER

Die recutting in the eleventh-century Polish coinage, by Mateusz BOGUCKI

Le retour à l’or au treizième siècle: le cas de Montpellier ( Marc BOMPAIRE & Pierre-Joan BERNARD

1244-1246

), by

Le monete a leggenda ΠAN e le emissioni arabo-bizantine. I dati dello scavo di Antinoupolis / El Sheikh Abada, by Daniele CASTRIZIO

Scavi di Privernum e Fossanova (Latina, Italia): monete tardoantiche, medioevale e moderne, by Francesca CECI & Margherita CANCELLIERI

La aportación de los hallazgos monetarios a ‘la crisis del siglo XIV’ en Cataluña, by Maria CLUA I MERCADAL

Norwegian bracteates during the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, by Linn EIKJE

Donative pennies in Viking-age Scandinavia?, by Frédéric ELFVER

Carolingian capitularies as a source for the monetary history of the Frankish empire, by Hubert EMMERIG

Ulf Candidatus, by G. EMSØY

Münzen des Moskauer Grossfürstentums. Das Geld von Dmitrij Ivanowitsch Donskoj (1359-1389) (über die Veröffentlichung der ersten Ausgabe des ‘Korpus der russischen M ü nzen des 14-15. Jhs.’), by P. GAIDUKOV & I. GRISHIN

1323

1334

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1392

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1408

1411

1418

1426

1431

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1441

12

CONTENTS

Brakteatenprägungen in Mähren in der zweiten Hälfte des dreizehnten Jahrhunderts, by Dagmar GROSSMANNOVÁ

Monetisation in medieval Scandinavia, by Svein H. GULLBEKK

A mancus apparently marked on behalf of King Offa: genuine or fake?, by Wolfgang HAHN

Among farmers and city people: coin use in early medieval Denmark, c. 1000- 1250, by Gitte Tarnow INGVARDSON

Was pseudo-Byzantine coinage primarily of municipal origin?, by Charlie KARUKSTIS

Interpreting single nds in medieval England – the secondary lives of coins, by Richard KELLEHER

Byzantine coins from the area of Belarus, by Krystyna LAVYSH & Marcin WOŁOSZYN

Die früheste Darstellung des Richters auf einer mittelalterlicher Münze?, by Ivar LEIMUS

Coinage and money in the ‘years of insecurity’: the case of late Byzantine Chalkidiki (thirteenth - fourteenth century), by Vangelis MALADAKIS

Nota sulla circolazione monetaria tardoantica nel Lazio meridionale: i reperti di S. Ilario ad bivium, by Flavia MARANI

The money of the First Crusade: the evidence of a new parcel and its implications, by Michael MATZKE

Überlegungen zum ‘Habsburger Urbar’ als Quelle für Währungsgeschichte, by Samuel NUSSBAUM

Schilling Kennisbergisch slages of Grand Master Louis of Ehrlichshausen, by Borys PASZKIEWICZ

Un diner de Jaime I el conquistador en el Mar Menor: evidencias de presencia aragonesa en el Campo de Cartagena durante la Baja Edad Media, by Alfredo PORRÚA MARTÍNEZ & Alfonso ROBLES FERNÁNDEZ

L’atelier de faux-monnayeur de Rovray (VD, Suisse), by Carine RAEMY TOURNELLE

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1570

CONTENTS

13

La ubicación de las casas de moneda en le Europa medieval. El caso del reino de León, by Antonio ROMA VALDÉS

New perspectives on Norwegian Viking-age hoards c. 1000: the Bore hoard revisited, by Elina SCREEN

The discovery of a hoard of coins dated to the fth and sixth centuries in Klapavice in the hinterland of ancient Salona, by Tomislav ŠEPAROVIĆ

A model for the analysis of coins lost in Norwegian churches, by Christian J.

SIMENSEN

A clippe from Femern, by Jørgen SØMOD

The convergence of coinages in the late medieval Low Countries, by Peter

SPUFFORD

A perplexing hoard of Lusignan coins from Polis, Cyprus, by Alan M. STAHL,

Gerald POIRIER & Nan YAO

OTTO / ODDO and ADELHEIDA / ATHALHET - onomatological aspects of German coin types of the tenth and eleventh centuries, by Sebastian

STEINBACH

Bulles de plomb et les monnaies en Pologne au XII e siècle, by Stanislaw

SUCHODOLSKI

Palaeologian coin ndings of Kusadasi, Kadikalesi/Anaia and their reections. by Ceren ÜNAL

The hoard of Tetín (Czech Republic) in the light of currency conditions in thirteenth-century Bohemia, by Roman ZAORAL & Jiři MILITKÝ

The circulation of foreign coins in Poland in the fteenth century, by Michal

ZAWADZKI

Mediaeval and modern Western (modern)

Die neuzeitliche Münzstätte im Schloss Haldenstein bei Chur Gr, Schweiz, by Rahel C. ACKERMANN

The money box system for savings in Amsterdam, 1907-1935, by G.N. BORST

Four ducats coins of Franz Joseph I (1848-1916) of Austria: their use in jewellery and some hitherto unpublished imitations, by Aleksandar N. BRZIC

1580

1591

1597

1605

1614

1620

1625

1633

1640

1649

1664

1671

1679

1687

1693

14

CONTENTS

A king as Hercules in the modern Polish coinage, by Witold GARBAZCEWSKI

The monetary areas in Piedmont during the fourteenth to sixteenth centuries: a starting point for new investigations, by Luca GIANAZZA

Coin hoards in the United States, by John M. KLEEBERG

The transfer of minting techniques to Denmark in the nineteenth century, by Michael MÄRCHER

Patrimonio Numismático Iberoamericano: un proyecto del Museo Arqueológico Nacional, by Carmen MARCOS ALONSO & Paloma OTERO MORÁN

Moneda local durante la guerra civil española: billete emitido por el ayuntamiento de San Pedro del Pinatar, Murcia, by Federico MARTÍNEZ PASTOR & Alfredo PORRÚA MARTÍNEZ

Coins and monetary circulation in the Legnica-Brzeg duchy: rudimentary problems, by Robert PIEŃKOWSKI

Representaciones del café en el acervo de numismática del Museu Paulista - USP, by Angela Maria Gianeze RIBEIRO

Freiburg im Üechtland und die Münzreformen der französischen Könige (1689- 1726), by Nicole SCHACHER

La aparición de la marca de valor en la moneda valenciana, ¿1618 o 1640? Una nueva hipótesis de trabajo, by Juan Antonio SENDRA IBÁÑEZ

Devotion and coin-relics in early modern Italy, by Lucia TRAVAINI

The political context of the origin and the exportation of thaler-coins from Jáchymov (Joachimsthal) in the rst half of the sixteenth century, by Petr VOREL

The late sixteenth-century Russian forged kopecks, which were ascribed to the English Muscovy Company, by Serguei ZVEREV

Oriental and African coinages

The meaning of the character bao in the legends of Chinese cash coins, by Vladimir A. BELYAEV & Sergey V. SIDOROVICH

Three unpublished Indo-Sasanian coin hoards, Government Museum, Mathura, by Pratipal BHATIA

1704

1713

1719

1725

1734

1744

1748

1752

1758

1765

1774

1778

1783

1789

1796

CONTENTS

15

Oriental coins in the Capitoline Museums (Rome): further researches on Stanzani Collection history, by Arianna D’OTTONE

The king, the princes and the Raj, by Sanjay GARG

The rst evidence of a mint at Miknāsa: two unpublished Almoravid coins, a dirham and a dinar, of the year 494H/1100, by Taw q IBRAHIM

L’âge d’or de la numismatique en Chine: l’exemple du Catalogue des Monnaies Anciennes de Li Zuoxian, by Lyce JANKOWSKI

Numismatic research in Japan today: coins, paper monies and patterns of usage. Paper money in early modern Japan: economic and folkloristic aspects, by Keiichiro KATO

The gold reform of Ghazan Khan, by Judith KOLBAS

A study of medieval Chinese coins from Karur and Madurai in Tamil Nadu, by

KRISHNAMURTHY RAMASUBBAIYER

Latest contributions to the numismatic history of Central Asia (late eighteenth – nineteenth century), by Vladimir NASTICH

Silver fragments of unique Būyid and amdānid coins and their role in the Kelč hoard (Czech Republic), by Vlastimil NOVÁK

Numismatic evidence for the location of Saray, the capital of the Golden Horde, by A.V. PACHKALOV

Le regard des voyageurs sur les monnaies africaines du XVI e au XIX e siècles, by Josette RIVALLAIN

Les imitations des dirhems carrés almohades: apport des analyses élémentaires, by A. TEBOULBI, M. BOMPAIRE & M. BLET-LEMARQUAND

À propos du monnayage de Kiến Phúc (1883-1884), by François THIERRY

Glass jetons from Sicily: new nd evidence from the excavations at Monte Iato, by Christian WEISS

Medals

Joseph Kowarzik (1860-1911): ein Medailleur der Jahrhundertwende, by Kathleen ADLER

1807

1813

1821

1826

1832

1841

1847

1852

1862

1869

1874

1884

1890

1897

1907

16

CONTENTS

Numismatic memorials of breeding trotting horses (based on the collection of the numismatic department of the Hermitage), by L.I. DOBROVOLSKAYA

De retrato a arquetipo: anotaciones sobre la difusión de la egie de Juan VIII Paleólogo en la peninsula Ibérica, by Albert ESTRADA-RIUS

Titon du Tillet e le medaglie del Parnasse François, by Paola GIOVETTI

Bedrohung und Schutz der Erde: Positionen zur Umweltproblematik in der deutschen Medaillenkunst der Gegenwart, by Rainer GRUND

The rediscovery of the oldest private medal collection of the Netherlands, by Jan PELSDONK

Twentieth-century British campaign medals: a continuation of the nineteenth century?, by Phyllis STODDART and Keith SUGDEN

‘Shines with unblemished honour’: some thoughts on an early nineteenth- century medal, by Tuukka TALVIO

General numismatics

Dall’iconograa delle monete antiche all’ideologia della nazione future. Proiezioni della numismatica grecista di D’Annunzio sulla nuova monetazione Sabauda, by Giuseppe ALONZO

Didaktisch-methodische Aspekte der Numismatik in der Schule, by Szymon BERESKA

The Count of Caylus (1692-1765) and the study of ancient coins, by François de CALLATAŸ

Le monete di Lorenzo il Magnico in un manoscritto di Angelo Poliziano, by Fiorenzo CATALLI

Coinage and mapping, by Thomas FAUCHER

Classicism and coin collections in Brazil, by Maria Beatriz Borba FLORENZANO

A prosopography of the mint ofcials: the Eligivs database and its evolution, by Luca GIANAZZA

Elementary statistical methods in numismatic metrology, by Dagmar GROSSMANNOVÁ & Jan T. STEFAN

1920

1931

1937

1945

1959

1965

1978

1985

1993

1999

2004

2012

2017

2022

2027

CONTENTS

17

Les collections numismatiques du Musée archéologique de Dijon (France), by Jacques MEISSONNIER

Bank of Greece: the numismatic collections, by Eleni PAPAEFTHYMIOU

Foundation of the Hellenic World. A new private collection open to the public, by Eleni PAPAEFTHYMIOU

Re-discovering coins: publication of the numismatic collections in Bulgarian museums – a new project, by Evgeni PAUNOV, Ilya PROKOPOV & Svetoslava FILIPOVA

„Census of Ancient Coins Known in the Renaissance“, by Ulrike PETER

Le sel a servi de moyen d’échange, by J.A. SCHOONHEYT

The international numismatic library situation and the foundation of the International Numismatic Libraries’ Network (INLN), by Ans TER WOERDS

The Golden Fleece in Britain, by R.H. THOMPSON

Das Museum August Kestner in Hannover: Neues aus der Münzsammlung, by Simone VOGT

From the electrum to the Euro: a journey into the history of coins. A multimedia presentation by the Bank of Cyprus Cultural Foundation, by Eleni ZAPITI

Highlights from the Museum of the George and Nefeli Giabra Pierides Collection, donated by Clio and Solon Triantafyllides: coins and artefacts, by Eleni ZAPITI & Evangeline MARKOU

Index of Contributors

2036

2044

2046

2047

2058

2072

2082

2089

2100

2102

2112

2118

THE CHRONOLOGY OF THE HELLENISTIC COINS OF THESSALONIKI, PELLA AND AMPHIPOLIS

THEODOROS KOUREMPANAS

During the second century BC the cities of Thessaloniki, Pella and Amphipolis present an impor- tant number of coin issues in bronze. Those very rich coinages are one of our principal sources for the history of these cities during the end of the Hellenistic period, the second and rst centuries BC. The coins in the name of these cities have not yet been systematically studied, even though they are very common in almost every excavation in Northern Greece. They are not of a very high artistic quality and didn’t attract the interest of the museums numismatic collections. The coinage in the name of the three cities has to be associated with the bronze coinage in the name of the Mac- edonians as well as the coinage of the Roman quaestors of Macedonia, since all these coinages share the same types, and this made their study even more complicated. This period of the second century BC attracted the attention of the well-known Greek numis- matist Ioannis Touratsoglou, who published for the rst time an important number of hoards con- taining Hellenistic coins in the name of Thessalonica, Pella and Amphipolis in his work: Numis- matic circulation in Ancient Macedonia (200 B.C - 286 A.D.) - The hoard evidence. 1 The author wanted to publish all the known hoards from the territory of the former Macedonian kingdom for a period of more than four centuries. It was not possible for him to make a complete study of all these coinages, and for that reason he used the chronology already proposed by H. Gaebler, who dated the rst issues in the name of the three Macedonian cities during the reign of Philip V and Perseus. 2 Nevertheless some of his conclusions contradicted the chronology already established. Even if the exact chronology of these coins remained for a long time uncertain the sequence of the different coin types was known thanks to the overstrikes. 3 One of the rare coin types used by all of these three cities bears the head of Rome on the ob- verse. We nd exactly the same pairs of monograms and symbols used for the type with the head of Rome to the types Dionysus / goat (Thessaloniki), Athena / cow (Pella) and Poseidon / club (Amphipolis). The coins with the head of Rome are heavier. The use of the same monograms and symbols for two different types in each city that are also distinguished by their size clearly indi- cates that the two different types belong to the same numismatic series (Pl. I, 1-6). According to the overstrikes the types Dionysus / goat, Athena / cow and Poseidon / club belong to the rst issues in the name of the three cities. The metal analysis of the bronze coins of Amphipolis carried out by Prof. Olivier Picard also proves that the type with Rome is the rst issue of the second century BC in the name of the city. 4 According to the overstrikes as well as the study of the metal composition of the coins the type with the head of Rome is one of the rst coin types in the name of the three Macedonian cities, and we can by no means accept that during the reign of Philip V and Perseus the Macedonian cities struck coins with the head of Rome. Of particular interest is a bronze coin of Thessaloniki of the type Dionysus / goat bearing an inscription ΕΤ Δ ΚΑΙ Λ, which attests the 34 th year (Pl. III, 1-2). Dates are recorded in exactly the

1 Touratsoglou 1993.

2 Gaebler 1926, p.112.

3 Macdonald 2000.

4 Guerra and Picard 1999. In his systematic study of the metal composition of bronze Macedonian coins Prof. Olivier Picard analysed a

great number of coins from Amphipolis from the collection of the Paris cabinet using neutron activation non destructive analysis, which is the most accurate and safe method as the total object is analysed and we obtain very high precision in the results.

THEODOROS KOUREMPANAS

same way in the Macedonian inscriptions not only during the reign of the last Antigonids 5 but also during the period of the Roman province of Macedonia. 6 It is thus certain that the inscription on that particular issue of Thessaloniki indicates a date. H. Gaebler had proposed that it was the 34 th year of the reign of Philip V. However the use of the head of Rome among the very rst issues of the three Macedonian cities indicates that the rst coins in the name of the three cities were issued after the abolition of the Macedonian monarchy by the Romans. The inscription of that particular coin of Thessaloniki can only designate the 34 th year of the province of Macedonia created in 148 BC. We can be sure that the inscription mentioning the 34 th year attests the year 115 BC, since the period of the four Macedonian districts covering the years between the abolition of the monarchy and the creation of the province only lasted about 20 years (168-148 BC). The authenticity of the coins of Thessaloniki bearing this date can’t be questioned, as a number of such coins have been found in organized excavations. 7 We can distinguish 14 issues of the type Dionysus / goat bearing different monograms and symbols. The issue bearing the inscription attesting the 34 th year is most probably the last one, as the style of Dionysus on the obverse is very close to the head of Dionysus on the coins of the type Dionysus / Pegasus which follows (Pl. III, 1, 4). If we agree that the coin issues of Thessaloniki were annual, the rst issue of the type Dionysus / goat should be dated to 128 BC. If coins were not issued every year, the beginning of the coinage would slightly change but it is very dif cult to accept that the rst issues in the name of the city could be dated before the creation of the province in 148 BC. The rst three issues of the types Rome / wreath and Dionysus / goat bear the inscription ΘΕΣΣΑΛΟΝΙΚΕΩΝ (Pl. II, 1-6). On the last issue of the type with the head of Rome we have the inscription ΘΕΣΣΑΛΟΝΙΚΕΩΝ and the inscription ΘΕΣΣΑΛΟΝΙΚΗΣ on the type Dionysus / goat bearing the same pair of monograms (Pl. II, 7-8 ). The inscription ΘΕΣΣΑΛΟΝΙΚΗΣ will be used for all the following issues of Thessaloniki with the exception of the type Artemis / bow and quiver and some rare issues of the type Heracles / club. On the types of Pella we nd only the inscription ΠΕΛΛΗΣ and on the types of Amphipolis we nd only the inscription ΑΜΦΙΠΟΛΙΤΩΝ. As we have already mentioned above, the coins of Pella with the head of Rome bear the same pairs of monograms as the type Athena / cow, and the coins of Amphipolis with the head of Rome bear the same pairs of monograms as the type Posei- don / club. It is clear that the rst issues in the name of the three cities are characterized by the use of the same types and each issue is recognized by the different monograms. This practice belongs to the Greek monetary tradition. On the following types the monograms become rare and gradually disappear. Each different type belongs now to a single issue and this is clearly a Roman practice as Prof. Olivier Picard has pointed out. This coinage in the name of the Macedonian cities goes up to the middle of the rst century and the sequence of the different types is usually assured by overstrikes which were a common practice in Macedonia from the second half of the second century till the rst half of the rst century BC.

252

5 IG X 2 1, n.3.

6 Syll 3 700.

7 Oeconomides and Kourempanas 2007, p. 230, no. 10.

THE CHRONOLOGY OF THE HELLENISTIC COINS OF THESSALONIKI, PELLA AND AMPHIPOLIS

TABLE 1. Coins struck at the same time by the three cities

Pella

Thessaloniki

Amphipolis

253

Rome / wreath

Rome / wreath

Rome / wreath

Athena / cow

Dionysus /goat

Poseidon / club

Pan /two goats Zeus / thunderbolt

Apollo / tripod Heracles / club

Strymon / dolphin Strymon / trident

Athena / chariot

Dionysus / Pegasus

Heracles / lion Heracles / centaur

Pan / Athena Alkidemos

Zeus / bull

Apollo / tripod

Hermes / Pan

Zeus / bull

Zeus / two goats

Artemis / bow and quiver

Athena / cow

Zeus / bull

Zeus / two goats Artemis / two goats

Demeter /corn ear

Athena / cow

Dionysus / goat

Dionysus / goat

Janus / centaurs

Janus / centaurs

The use of the same types and the same symbols helps us to distinguish coins that were struck at the same time by the three Macedonian cities (Pl. III, 3-5). These coins are found together in bronze hoards from Macedonia containing almost exclusively coins in the name of the three cities Thessaloniki, Pella and Amphipolis. Also in organized excavations carried out in different parts of Macedonia 8 we nd an almost equal percentage of coins in the name of the three cities. These con- clusions show that there was a well organized monetary policy in the Roman province of Macedo- nia and explain why the circulation of bronze coins of each city was not limited to the area of the city and its territory. Coins of all the three cities circulated all over the province of Macedonia - a practice that is unusual for the bronze coins of the Greek cities. The Hellenistic coins in the name of Thessaloniki, Pella and Amphipolis were imitated by bar- barian tribes installed close to the frontiers of Macedonia. The imitations are distinguished by their style and bear ‘barbarous’ inscriptions with spelling errors in some cases. In the archaeological museums of Northern Greece we can rarely nd such imitations. On the other hand, the museums of Scopia, Kyustendil and Blagoevgrad have in their numismatic collections a considerable num- ber of imitations in the name of the Macedonian cities. This proves that the imitations circulated in the frontiers of the Roman province of Macedonia. It is still difcult to designate with precision the exact territory of the province during the period of the Roman Republic, as we are not well informed from the literary sources at our disposal. It seems that the frontiers were unstable and changed when the Roman army conquered new territories. The territory of the province could be equally reduced by barbarian invasions. It is also difcult to draw a map with the settlements of

8 Adam-Veleni 2000. Malama and Salonikios 2002, p.152.

THEODOROS KOUREMPANAS

the different Thracian tribes. Our sources of information belong to distinct periods and the territory of each tribe was certainly not stable. 9 The signicant number of imitations of Thessaloniki, Pella and Amphipolis outside Macedonia shows that these imitations were not to be used outside the territory they were struck. It seems that they were produced for local use. The signicant number of the coins in the name of the three Macedonian cities (Amphipolis, Thessaloniki and Pella) is to be related to the wars of the Romans in the Balkans during the second and rst centuries BC. At the beginning the three cities use the type with the head of Rome that was already used for the coinage in the name of the Roman quaestors of Macedonia. 10 Then the types usually reect the most important cults of each city. An inscription from Lete, a small city near Thessaloniki, conrms that the Greek cities were obliged to support the wars of the Romans providing men and supplies to the Roman army. For that reason the Greek cities had to spend con- siderable amounts of money and could cover part of these expenses by striking their own coinage. The numismatic issues in the name of the Macedonian cities become even more numerous at the end of the second century BC, during a period in which took place the most important military expeditions of the Romans known from literary sources.

254

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Adam-Veleni 2000 = Π. Αδάμ-Βελένη, «Θησαυροί από τις Πέτρες Φλώρινας», Το νόμισμα στο μακεδονικό χώρο : πρακτικά Βεπιστημονικής συνάντησης : νομισματοκοπεία, κυκλοφορία, εικο- νογραφία, ιστορία: αρχαίοι βυζαντινοί και νεότεροι χρόνοι Θεσσαλονίκη 15-17 Μαΐου 1998, (οβο- λός 4; Θεσσαλονίκη 2000), pp. 127-40.

Gaebler, H. (1926), ‘Zur Münzkunde Makedoniens. VII. Der Prägebeginn in Thessalonike.- Die ersten Colonialprägungen in Pella, Dium und Cassandrea’, ZfN 36, 111-41.

Guerra, M. / Picard, O. (1999), ‘L’alliage des monnaies de bronze (Amphipolis, Thásos, Maron- née)’, Thásos, matières premières et technologie de la préhistoire à nos jours, actes du colloque international, Liménaria 26-29 Septembre 1995 (Kavala-Athènes), pp. 195-205.

Macdonald, D. (2000), ‘Macedonian civic bronze overstrikes and circulation areas’ NomChron 19, pp. 115-19.

Mackay, P. (1968), ‘Bronze coinage in Macedonia 168 – 166 BC’, ANSMN 14 , pp. 5-11.

Malama / Salonikios (2002) = Π. Μάλαμα- Α. Σαλονικιός, «Οικιστικά κατάλοιπα από την αρχαία Αμφίπολη. Σωστική ανασκαφή στο οικόπεδο Δ. Κυπριανίδη.», Το αρχαιολογικό έργο στη Μακε- δονία και τη Θράκη 16, pp. 145-55.

Oeconomides / Kourempanas (2007) = Μ. Οικονομίδου- Θ. Κουρεμπανάς, « Ένα νομισματοκο- πείο στην αρχαία Πέλλα. Μια δεύτερη προσέγγιση», ΑΕ 146, pp. 221-42.

Picard, O. (2007), ‘Esquisse d’une histoire des rapports économiques entre Grecs et Thraces’,

9 Picard 2007.

10 Price 1987, p. 100, note 3. The issues of the Roman quaestors of Macedonia should be dated after 148BC and not after the battle of Pydna as P.MacKay has suggested. No literary source mentions that a province was created immediately after 168 BC, even for a short period of time as P. MacKay supposed. (Mackay 1968).

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Thrace in the Graeco-Roman World, Proceedings of the 10 th international congress of Thracol- ogy: Komotini-Alexandroupolis 18-23 October 2005 (Athens), pp. 464-73.

Price, M. (1987), ‘Southern Greece’, in: Burnett, A. / Crawford, M. (eds.), The Coinage of the Roman World in the Late Republic. Proceedings of a Colloquium held at the British Museum in September 1985 (BAR International Series 326), pp. 85-103.

Touratsoglou (1993) = I. Τουράτσογλου, Η νομισματική κυκλοφορία στην αρχαία Μακεδονία. Η μαρτυρία των «θησαυρών» (περ.200π.Χ .- 268-286μ.Χ.), Αθήνα.

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