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1 sixs maximum and minimum thermometer

A Six's thermometer functions by using alcohol to expand or contract the mercury


inside to display both the highest and lowest temperatures of a given time period.
There are bulbs at the top of each arm of the tube, one above each indicator. The
bulb above the minimum indicator tube typically contains alcohol while the bulb atop
the maximum indicator tube contains a vacuum. Six's thermometers are an excellent
way to record both the highest and lowest temperatures in a day without going
outside and making note of the temperature repeatedly. Before each reading, the
thermometer must be reset with iron indexes being moved back into position at each
end of mercury section with the aid of a magnet. The minimum temperature is
recorded from the left column of the tube while maximum temperature is recorded
from the right column. The key difference between regular thermometers and Six's
thermometers, besides the ability of the latter to record maximum and minimum
temperatures together, is that in regular mercury thermometers it is the expansion of
mercury which records the temperature. However, in Six's thermometers, it is the
expansion of alcohol or creosote that records the temperature variation while the
mercury simply displays it. Six's thermometer is popular among gardeners, and for use in
greenhouses. It's purpose is to record the maximum and minimum temperatures reached since the
thermometer was last read, typically around 24 hours. Generally speaking the minimum temperature
occurs during the night and the maximum temperature occurs during the day.
The thermometer consists of a fairly large cylindrical bulb A which originally contained alcohol but now oil of
creosote is more common. This is connected by a U shaped stem to a second bulb nearly full of the
same liquid.

The bend of the U contains mercury. Two scales are provided, one against each limb of the tube so that the
temperature may be read against either of the mercury levels. Resting on each of the mercury columns are
small steel indexes with light springs to hold them in position in the stem. Expansion or contraction of the
liquid in A causes a movement of the mercury thread. Consequently, one or other index is pushed by the
mercury and left in the extremest position reached.
The index on the left indicates the minimum position reached and that on the right indicates the maximum
position reached. After reading the maximum and minimum temperatures, a magnet is used to bring the
springs back into contact with the mercury.

2 mercury barometer
3 aneroid barometer
4 wind vane
5 anemometer
6 rain gauge
7 hygrometer