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https://blogs.sap.

com/2015/03/26/useful-oracle-queries-for-sap-basisadminsitrators/#jive_content_id_Create_user

Introduction

Considerations

System variables

Database
o Show Oracle Database version
o Show database details
o Show database size
o Show Oracle Instant Client Version
o Installed components in Database

Instance
o Show database instance details
o Monitor instance status of oracle
o DB Schema for SAP

Tablespaces
o Show tablespaces details
o List of datafiles for tablespace
o Find tables being used by tablespace
o Check autoextend
o Check what is the retention period for PSAPUNDO tablespace

Users

o Show database users


o To see all user who were locked by the system admin
o Unlock user account
o Create user
o Delete SAP* user (or another user)
o Password complexity

Datafiles
o Check datafiles
o List of datafiles
o Resize datafile until size

Redologs
o List of redologs groups and files belonging to each group
o Active Redolog groups
o Check the online redolog files details

SAP Queries
o system in upgrade, no import possible
o BRBACKUP error

Introduction
The main goal of this document is serving as a base for SAP Basis Administrator who work with
Oracle Databases and want to perform simple checks.

I will try to improve this document as much as I can.


Of course, do not hesitate to collaborate by adding more SQL queries.

Considerations
DBSID: SAP
SAPSID: SAP

System variables
SPOOL <filename>
SET LINESIZE 32767
SET WRAP OFF
SPOOL OFF
Check SQL*Plus Users Guide and Reference.

Database
Show Oracle Database version
SELECT *
FROM v$version;
BANNER

Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.3.0 64bit


Production
PL/SQL Release 11.2.0.3.0 Production CORE
Production

11.2.0.3.0

TNS for IBM/AIX RISC System/6000: Version 11.2.0.3.0 Production


NLSRTL Version 11.2.0.3.0 Production

Show database details


SELECT NAME, LOG_MODE, OPEN_MODE, DATABASE_ROLE, PLATFORM_NAME
FROM

v$database;

NAME LOG_MODE

OPEN_MODE

DATABASE_ROLE PLATFORM_NAME

- -
SAP NOARCHIVELOG READ WRITE
(64-bit)

PRIMARY

AIX-Based Systems

Show database size


SELECT SUM(BYTES)/1024/1024/1024 AS DBSIZE(GB)
FROM dba_data_files;
DBSIZE(GB)
5312.59766

Show Oracle Instant Client Version


SELECT DISTINCT client_version
FROM v$session_connect_info
WHERE sid = sys_context(userenv, sid);
CLIENT_VERSION

11.2.0.3.0

For a list of all possibilities to check and identify Oracle Instant Client Version check this document.

Installed components in Database


SELECT comp_name, version, status
FROM dba_registry;

Instance
Show database instance details
SELECT INSTANCE_NAME, HOST_NAME, VERSION, STARTUP_TIME, STATUS,
INSTANCE_ROLE
FROM v$instance;
INSTANCE_NAME HOST_NAME VERSION
INSTANCE_ROLE

STARTUP_TIME STATUS

- - SAP
SAPSERVER 11.2.0.3.0 26-MAR-15
PRIMARY_INSTANCE

Monitor instance status of oracle


SELECT host_name, status
FROM v$instance;

DB Schema for SAP


SELECT OWNER

OPEN

FROM DBA_TABLES WHERE TABLE_NAME = T000;


OWNER

SAPSR3

Tablespaces
Show tablespaces details
SELECT TABLESPACE_NAME, STATUS, CONTENTS,
SEGMENT_SPACE_MANAGEMENT
FROM dba_tablespaces;
TABLESPACE_NAME

STATUS

CONTENTS

SEGMEN

SYSTEM

ONLINE

PERMANENT MANUAL

PSAPUNDO

ONLINE

UNDO

SYSAUX

ONLINE

PERMANENT AUTO

PSAPTEMP

ONLINE

TEMPORARY MANUAL

PSAPSR3

ONLINE

PERMANENT AUTO

PSAPSR3USR

ONLINE

PERMANENT AUTO

TOOLS

ONLINE

PERMANENT AUTO

PSAPSR3731

ONLINE

PERMANENT AUTO

List of datafiles for tablespace


SELECT file_name
FROM dba_data_files
WHERE tablespace_name='<TABLESPACE_NAME>;

MANUAL

Find tables being used by tablespace


SELECT table_name
FROM dba_tables
WHERE tablespace_name=PSAPSR37XX;

Check autoextend
SELECT TABLESPACE_NAME,SEGMENT_SPACE_MANAGEMENT
FROM dba_tablespaces;

Check what is the retention period for PSAPUNDO


tablespace
SELECT name retention,value/60 minutes
FROM v$parameter
WHERE name like %undo_retention%;

Users
Show database users
SELECT USERNAME, ACCOUNT_STATUS, AUTHENTICATION_TYPE
FROM dba_users;
USERNAME
AUTHENTI

ACCOUNT_STATUS


SAPSR3
PASSWORD

OPEN

SYSTEM
PASSWORD

OPEN

SYS
PASSWORD

OPEN

OPS$SAPSERVICESAP
EXTERNAL

OPEN

OPS$ORASAP
EXTERNAL

OPEN

To see all user who were locked by the system admin


SELECT bname
FROM <schema-name>.USR02
WHERE uflag=64 and mandt='<client-id>;

Unlock user account


ALTER <USERNAME> ACCOUNT UNLOCK;

Create user
CREATE USER <USERNAME> IDENTIFIED BY <PASSWORD> [PROFILE
<PROFILE_NAME>]

Delete SAP* user (or another user)


First we check if user exists. Then delete it.
SELECT MANDT, BNAME
FROM <DB_SCHEMA>.USR02
WHERE MANDT = XXX AND BNAME = SAP*;

DELETE
FROM <DB_SCHEMA>.USR02
WHERE MANDT = XXX AND BNAME = SAP*;

(change <DB_SCHEMA> and MANDT)

Password complexity
Execute script sap_utlpwdmg.sql from SAP Note 1522952 in SQL Plus:
@sap_utlpwdmg.sql
Activate complexity in profiles:
ALTER PROFILE DEFAULT LIMIT PASSWORD_VERIFY_FUNCTION
verify_function_sap;
ALTER PROFILE SAPUPROF LIMIT PASSWORD_VERIFY_FUNCTION verify_function_sap;

Deativate complexity in profiles:


ALTER PROFILE DEFAULT LIMIT PASSWORD_VERIFY_FUNCTION NULL;
ALTER PROFILE SAPUPROF LIMIT PASSWORD_VERIFY_FUNCTION NULL;

Datafiles
Check datafiles
SELECT FILE#, STATUS, ENABLED
FROM

v$datafile;

FILE# STATUS

ENABLED

- - 375 ONLINE

READ WRITE

376 ONLINE

READ WRITE

377 ONLINE

READ WRITE

378 ONLINE

READ WRITE

379 ONLINE

READ WRITE

380 ONLINE

READ WRITE

List of datafiles
SELECT FILE_NAME AS Datafile, BYTES/1024/1024 AS Size(MB)
FROM DBA_DATA_FILES
WHERE TABLESPACE_NAME LIKE %<TABLESPACE_NAME>%;
Datafile

Size(MB)


[]
/oracle/SAP/sapdata9/sr3731_3/sr3731.data3

20000

/oracle/SAP/sapdata9/sr3731_4/sr3731.data4

20000

/oracle/SAP/sapdata9/sr3731_5/sr3731.data5

20000

/oracle/SAP/sapdata9/sr3731_6/sr3731.data6

20000

/oracle/SAP/sapdata9/sr3731_7/sr3731.data7

3500

/oracle/SAP/sapdata5/sr3_348/sr3.data348

31744

Resize datafile until size


ALTER DATABASE DATAFILE <PATH_TO_DATAFILE> RESIZE <SIZE>M;
Database altered.

Redologs
List of redologs groups and files belonging to each group
SELECT a.group#, a.member, b.bytes
FROM v$logfile a, v$log b

WHERE a.group# = b.group#;


GROUP# MEMBER
-
26 /oracle/SAP/origlogB/log_g26_m1.dbf
26 /oracle/SAP/mirrlogB/log_g26_m2.dbf
25 /oracle/SAP/origlogA/log_g25_m1.dbf
25 /oracle/SAP/mirrlogA/log_g25_m2.dbf
24 /oracle/SAP/origlogB/log_g24_m1.dbf
24 /oracle/SAP/mirrlogB/log_g24_m2.dbf
23 /oracle/SAP/origlogA/log_g23_m1.dbf
23 /oracle/SAP/mirrlogA/log_g23_m2.dbf
22 /oracle/SAP/origlogB/log_g22_m1.dbf
22 /oracle/SAP/mirrlogB/log_g22_m2.dbf
21 /oracle/SAP/origlogA/log_g21_m1.dbf
21 /oracle/SAP/mirrlogA/log_g21_m2.dbf

Active Redolog groups


SELECT group#, status
FROM v$log;
GROUP# STATUS
- 21 INACTIVE
22 INACTIVE
23 CURRENT

24 INACTIVE
25 INACTIVE
26 INACTIVE

Check the online redolog files details


set linesize 150
set pagesize 200
column member format a40

SELECT l.group#,f.member,l.archived,l.bytes/1078576
bytes,l.status,f.type
FROM v$log l, v$logfile f
WHERE l.group# = f.group#;

SAP Queries
system in upgrade, no import possible
UPDATE SAPSR3.uvers set PUTSTATUS=+;
COMMIT;

BRBACKUP error
When you are getting follwing error:

BR0051I BRBACKUP 6.40 (43)

BR0055I Start of database backup: bebchpaa.anf 2014-01-16 01.00.34

BR0484I BRBACKUP log file: /oracle/SAP/sapbackup/bebchpaa.anf

BR0071E BRBACKUP currently running or was killed

BR0072I Please delete file /oracle/SAP/sapbackup/.lock.brb if BRBACKUP was


killed

BR0073E Setting of BRBACKUP lock failed

BR0056I End of database backup: bebchpaa.anf 2014-01-16 07.00.04

BR0280I BRBACKUP time stamp: 2009-07-26 07.00.05

BR0054I BRBACKUP terminated with errors

BR0280I BRBACKUP time stamp: 2009-07-26 07.00.05

BR0291I BRARCHIVE will be started with options -U -jid ALLOG20090607070000 -d


util_file -c force -p initSAP.sap -cds

Connect to database:

sqlplus /nolog

SQL> connect /as sysdba

End backup:

ALTER DATABASE END BACKUP;