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2

2008


.. , ..


-
, , ..

. - ... ..

.
, ,

C.
1. The Article ( part 1 ) ..... 5
2. The Article ( part 2 ) . 6
Te 3. to be ( part 1 ) .7
Te 4. to be ( part 2 ) ... 8
Te 5. to be ( part 3 ) 9
Te 6. to do ( part 1 ) ... 10
Te 7. to do ( part 2 ) .. 11
Te 8. to have ... 12
9. The Personal Pronouns 13
10. The Possesive Pronouns .. 14
Te 11. The Plural . 15
Te 12. The Possessive Case . ... 16
Te 13. The Degrees of Comparison of Adjectives 17
14. There is / are, there was / were, there have / has been, there will be 18
Te 15. The Present Simple / The Present Continuous Tense .. 19
Te 16. The Present Simple / The Present Continuous Tense .. 20
Te 17. The Past Simple / The Present Perfect Tense . 21
Te 18. The Passive Voice ( part 1 ) .22
Te 19. The Passive Voice ( part 2 ) 23
20. The Modal Verbs . 24
21. The tags questions . 25
22. The Past Simple / The Present Perfect Tense / The Past Perfect Tense . 26
23. The Past Continuous / The Past Simple / The Past Perfect Tense . 27
24. The Gerund 28

25. The Infinitive . 29


26. The Participle .. 30
27. any, much, (a) little, (a) few ( part 1 ) 31

28. any, much, (a) little, (a) few ( part 2 ) . 32


29. The Conditionals ( part 1 ) 33
30. The Conditionals ( part 2 ) 34
31. The Common Fractions . 35
32. The Decimal Fractions 37
33. The Numerals 39
34. The Prepositions 41

1. The Article ( part 1)


:
1. .. Russian company Avgit Founded a joint venture with the Latvian Spondo
company.
a) a (an)
b) the
c)
2. In 1998 Nestle brought half of its products to . Russian market from abroad.
a) a (an)
b) the
c)
3. Twenty five specialists have already undergone training in . Germany.
a) a (an)
b) the
c)
4. Russian Iranian auto plant has started assembling pickups.
a) a (an)
b) the
c)
5. Germans intend to invest 30 million in the project.
a) a (an)
b) the
c)
6. . River Elbe flows through the Czech Republic.
a) a (an)
b) the
c)
7. The nearest big city was . Riga.
a) a (an)
b) the
c)
8. In . Russia the 1-st McDonald`s restaurant appeared in 1990.
a) a (an)
b) the
c)

9. Before the late 19th century the white conquest of .. West


was completed.
a) a (an)
b) the
c)
10. . United States has rich and productive land.
a) a (an)
b) the
c)
2. The Article ( part 2)
:
1. In . world there is no perfect economic system.
a) a (an)
b) the
c)
2. Costs are money spent to manufacture goods or provide services.
a) a (an)
b) the
c)
3. Land is .. factor of production.
a) a (an)
b) the
c)
4. In . planned economy, the government sets prices.
a) a (an)
b) the
c)
5. Competition exists in . free market because anyone can be a producer.
a) a (an)
b) the
c)
6. Many millions of .. people enjoy a quality of life.
a) a (an)
b) the
c)
7. People get loans from .. banks for all sorts of reasons.
a) a (an)
b) the
c)
8. He owns a lot of real estate in . Florida.
a) a (an)
b) the
c)
9. I need wage rise of $1500 to keep up with inflation.
a) a (an)
b) the
c)
10. She works in sales.
a) a (an)
b) the

c)

Te 3. to be ( part 1 )
to be:
1. He a financier soon.
a) am
b) was
2. They at work now.
a) am
b) is

c) will be

c) are

3. The country . in a state of economic crisis last year.


a) is
b) was
c) are
4. These goods .. cheap.
a) am
b) is

c) are

5. The prices rising now.


a) am
b) is

c) are

6. The contract .. signed last week.


a) were
b) is
7. They . to begin this work at once.
a) am
b) is

c) was

c) are

8. This letter . to confirm our recent telephone communication.


a) am
b) is
c) are
9. This hotel very expensive.
a) am
b) is

c) are

10. There . a lot of Institutes, Universities, libraries and museums in


Moscow.
a) am
b) is
c) are

Te 4. to be ( part 2 )
to be:
1. Monopoly . a market structure with only a single seller.
a) am
b) is
c) are
2. Successful marketers open and flexible.
a) am
b) is

c) are

3. Marks & Spencer . the top brand in Britain in 1988.


a) were
b) was
c) is
4. Employment agencies . aimed at assisting you in finding a job.
a) am
b) is
c) are
5. As long as foreigners .. willing to hold American dollars, things remain
stable.
a) am
b) is
c) are
6. All staff to wear uniforms.
a) am
b) is

c) are

7. The customers to wait here in this room until the sales manager return.
a) am
b) is
c) are
8. . we to offer you the job, would you accept it ?
a) Were
b) Was

c) Have been

9. If we .. to succeed in this enterprise, we shall need to plan everything very


carefully.
a) am
b) is
c) are
10.The manager in his office since 9 oclock.
a) have been
b) has been

c) was

5. to be ( part 3 )
to be:
1. There ______ a telex on the table.
a) is
b) are
c) was
d) will be
2. There ______ much work last week.
a) is
b) are
c) was
d) will be
3. ______ there much mail on the desk?
Yes, there _____.
a) is
b) are
c) was
d) will be
4. There ______ a conference next week.
a) is
b) are
c) was
d) will be
5. _______ there many accountants in your firm?
a) is
b) are
c) was
d) will be
6. There _______ a good crop in Russia this year.
a) is
b) are
c) was
d) will be
7. ______ there a meeting at the enterprise yesterday?
a) is
b) are
c) was
d) will be
8. _____ there a telephone in your office?

10

a) is

b) are

c) was

d) will be

9. There ______ few letters in the mail for you today.


a) is
b) are
c) was
d) will be
10.______ there a store close to our Bank?
a) is
b) are
c) was
d) will be
Te 6. to do ( part 1 )
to do:
1. She . most of her writing on a computer.
a) do
b) does
2. Machines .. most of work yesterday.
a) did
b) have done
3. .... you have a computer?
a) do
b) does
4. He always his job well.
a) do
b) does
5. What . she want to do?
a) do
b) does
6. . you speak English?
a) do
b) does
7. The company ought something about the poor service.
a) to do
b) do
8. She .. economics at Sheffield some years ago.
a) did
b) have done
9. She well out of the deal today.

11

a) have done

b) has done

10. What you do for a living ?


a) does
b) do

7. to do ( part 2 )
:
1. What ______ the manager do in the office in the afternoon?
) do
b) does
c)
2. How often _____ Harry meet customers?
) do
b) does
c)
3. How much ______ your computer cost?
) do
b) does
c)
4. What _____ Nokia make?
) do
b) does
5. Where _____ you work?
) do
b) does

c)

c)

6. How long ______ he want to stay in his job?


) do
b) does
c)
7. ______ they earn enough?
) do
b) does
c)
8. What time _____ the secretary finish work?

12

) do

b) does

c)

9. Who _______ borrows and lends money?


) do
b) does
c)
10._____ you often read such advertisements?
) do
b) does
c)

Te 8. to have
to have:
1. She . a day-off every week.
a) have
b) has
2. I a good job last year.
a) have
b) had
3. They . orders next week.
a) will have
b) have
4. Recently we the acknowledgement of debt.
a) have received
b) had received
5. Inflation .. got out of control.
a) has
b) have
6. Do you . to travel on business?
a) has
b) have
7. He . to get up early.
a) has
b) have

13

8. I a holiday last year.


a) havent
b) didnt have
9. The decision to be made by senior management.
a) has
b) have
10. This system software to be very reliable.
a) has proved
b) have prove

9. The Personal Pronouns


,
:
1. Adam Smith is often called the Father of Modern Economics.
a) it
b) they
c) he
2. Economists like to make theories.
a) they
b) she
c) he
3.The government puts higher taxes on petrol.
a) you
b) it
c) they
4.In some parts of Africa the traditional economy still exists.
a) it
b) he
c) you
5.People consume almost everything they produce.
a) he
b) it
c) they
6. Aristotle did not use the word economics.
a) it
b) you
c) he
7. In the traditional economy men are hunters & farmers.
a) I
b) they
c) he
8. Microeconomics looks at how the details of the economy work.
a) it
b) you
c) they
9. Some shops won`t accept credit cards.

14

a) they

b) it

c) we

10. Inflation can happen for a number of reasons.


a) they
b) it
c) you

10. The Possesive Pronouns


:
1. The north-east of England was famous for shipbuilding industry.
a) his
b) its
c) her
2. A man can leave job and look for another one that suits him.
a) his
b) your
c) her
3. Some farm workers get most of .. work in summer.
a) its
b) their
c) her
4. She explain how she had lost job.
a) my
b) your
c) her
5. A nations wealth depended on .. owning precious metals.
a) its
b) my
c) their
6. Merchants were people who made money through the buying and
selling goods.
a) his
b) your
c) their
7. When you have collected the evidence, you are ready to test .. theory.
a) ----b) your
c) its
8. Each good has own utility value for the consumer.
a) their
b) its
c) my

15

9. The price of goods is not always the same as .. real cost.


a) their
b) its
c) my
10.Consumers want satisfaction from .. resources ( time and
money).
a) her
b) its
c) their

Te 11. The Plural


:
1. The tourist office has .. about hotel accommodation.
a) information
b) informations
2. No news .. good news.
a) is
b) are
3. Money .. the world go round.
a) make
b) makes
4. Economics my favourite subject at the Institute.
a) is
b) are
5. What the government going to do about the problem of homelessness.
a) is
b) are
6.There .. $ 30 in my wallet, but now its gone.
a) was
b) were
7. How much jeans?
a) is this
b) are these
8. Have arrived yet?
a) businessmen
b) a businessman
9. Many students get at colleges and universities.

16

a) knowledge

b) knowledges

10. Cash . money in the form of banknotes and coins.


a) are

b) is

Te 12. The Possessive Case


:
1. In a planned economy, .. wages depend on the service they provide to
society.
a) workers
b) workers
2. .. salary mostly depends on the demand for his or her work.
a) Someone
b) Someones
3. Consumers can buy a .. goods or services.
a) companys
b) company
4. Utility is the .. word for the satisfaction we get from a purchase.
a) economists
b) economists
5. The cost of the good, the income can affect the utility of a good.
a) consumer
b) consumers
6. The demand is the .. need for labour.
a) employers
b) employers
7. The financial plans are embodied in its annual budget.
a) government
b) governments
8. He had a .. holiday last summer.
a) months
b) month

17

9.The .. cargo consisted of wheat and barley.


a) Nevas
b) Neva
10. My elder brother .. son is a top manager.
a) Peter
b) Peters

Te 13. The Degrees of Comparison of Adjectives


:
1. The US has a domestic market than Portugal.
a) bigger

b) more big

2. If one company has a much . share than any other, it can affect price.
a) the largest

b) larger

3. There are companies which need a lot of money to set up but much ..
money to run.
a) little

b) less

4. An increase in demand can make a company push its prices even


than necessary.
a) higher

b) the highest

5. Adam Smith is one of economists.


a) great

b) the greatest

6. A house is one of the things that people buy.


a) more expensive

b) most expensive

18

7. China and India are now making . Contributions to global growth.


a) the largest

b) larger

8. From 2004 to the present world growth has been than at any
time since the early 1970s.
a) more rapid

b) rapider

9. Unfortunately, .. volatility does not rule out occasional recessions.


a) more low

b) lower

10. Output stabilization in developing countries was . .


a) more gradual

b) gradualer

14. There is /are, there was /were, there have/has been, there will be
to be:
1. There .. five people in my family.
a) are
b) is
2. . there much mail on the desk ?
a) are
b) is
3. There no contracts on the desk.
a) are
b) is
4. There much new equipment at the plant.
a) are
b) is
5. There a big rise in the cost of living.
a) has been
b) have been
6. there a flight to Paris this evening?
a) are
b) is
7. There nobody in the office.
a) are
b) is

19

8. There .. a lot of people in the shops.


a) were
b) was
9. The manager of the company is leaving, so there .. a new manager soon.
a) will be
b) is
10. There 5, 000 employees in our company.
a) are
b) is

Te 15. The Present Simple / The Present Continuous Tense



:
1. Our manager . in the office all day.
a) stay
b) stays
c) is staying
2. As a rule I customers in the evening.
a) meet
b) meets
c) am meeting
3. We usually our work at 6.
a) finishes b) finish
c) are finishing
4. He often to London.
a) go
b) goes

c) is going

5. They .. customers in different cities.


a) have got b) has got
c) are having
6. We dont . out at weekends.
a) goes
b) go
c) are going
7. After lunch the secretary . letters to different companies.

20

a) write

b) is writing

8. I .. my chief tomorrow.
a) meet
b) am meeting

c) writes
c) meets

9. My boss . with your enquiry now but you wont get a rapid answer.
a) is dealing b) deals
c) deal
10. The office at 6 p.m. on weekdays.
a) is closing
b) closes
c) close

Te 16. The Present Simple / The Present Continuous Tense



:
1. I sometimes at home because I have a computer.
a) work
b) works
c) am working
2. He usually .. financial control over these projects.
a) take
b) takes
c) is taking
3. Now he in Libya on a fixed-term contract.
a) is working
b) works
c) work
4. I . . Can you tell Rosemary Ill see her tomorrow?
a) am leaving
b) leave
c) leaves
5. His company profit every year but it isnt very big.
a) is making
b) make
c) makes
6.Nowadays consumers in the industrialized world .. increasingly
concerned with healthy living.

21

a) are becoming

b) becomes

c) become

7. Its not an expensive hotel. It .. much to stay there.


a) doesnt cost
b) dont cost
c) isnt costing
8. Shes got a new job so she .the firm in October.
a) is leaving
b) leaves
c) leave
9. Our company . in high quality coffee.
a) is specializing
b) specializes c) specialize
10. Can I speak to John? Sorry, hes out. No, hold on, he down
the corridor.
a) come
b) comes
c) is coming

Te 17. The Past Simple / The Present Perfect Tense



:
1. I . three business lunches this week.
a) had
b) have had
2. The company's share prices . at the end of last week.
a) bounced
b) has bounced
3. The company .. for a 5% increase in sales last month.
a) budgeted
b) has budgeted
4. The shares .. a high rate of interest some days ago.
a) yielded
b) has yielded
5. It . a pleasure to do business with you today.
a) was
b) has been
6. Last year she . her own company and proved to be a very good

22

businesswoman.
a) set up

b) has set up

7. I writing the three-year business plan yet.


a) didn't finish
b) haven't finished
8. I a successful business trip last month.
a) had
b) have had
9. I . some gas shares recently.
a) bought
b) have bought
10. Many years ago she .. a slide rule to add up the sales figures.
a) used
b) has used

Te 18. The Passive Voice


:
1. Payment . yesterday.
a) is received
b) was received

c) received

2. The companys annual accounts .. by the Chief Accountant.


a) is prepared
b) are prepared
c) prepare
3. The agent . by the company last week.
a) was accredited
b) were accredited
c) accredited
4. The accumulated profit forward to next year today.
a) has been carried b) have been carried
c) was carried
5. Our budget already.
a) have been cut
b) has been cut

c) were cut

6. Efforts .. to reduce the prices by 10% now.

23

a) are being made

b) were being made

c) is being made

7. Nowadays all the clients of the bank for a financial advisory


service.
a) are provided
b) were provided
c) provided
8. The shares .. on the American Stock Exchange next week.
a) will be floated
b) were floated
c) is being floated
9. Soon the financial results . at the annual general meeting.
a) will be announced
b) will announce
c) announce
10. The shipment may . .
a) be delayed
b) was delayed

c) were delayed

Te 19. The Passive Voice ( part 2 )


:
1. Equipment, tools and computers in the manufacturing process.
a) is used
b) are used
c) used
2. Land, labour and capital .. to produce goods.
a) are required
b) is required
c) required
3. A free market by a government.
a) is not controlled
b) are not controlled c) not controlled
4. The US steel industry by imports of subsidized steel.
a) were being injured b) was being injured c) injured
5. The goods .. locally.
a) are made and sold
b) was made and sold c) is made and sold

24

6. The money in an account in Hamburg.


a) are lodged
b) were lodged
c) was lodged
7. All the prices in this shop down by 10 %.
a) have been marked
b) has been marked
c) marked
8. The price of petrol by market forces.
a) are influenced
b) is influenced
c) influenced
9. The product throughout Europe.
a) is being marketed
b) are being marketed c) marketed
10. The market place . always .. on Saturdays.
a) is crowded
b) were crowded
c) are crowded

20. The Modal Verbs


,
:
1. You ____ send your resume to several companies.
a) can
b) need
c) have
2. You ____ not start your job search without a resume.
a) can
b) must
c) have
3. He ____ to get up early.
a) has
b) must

c) can

4.Do you _____ to travel on business?


a) can
b) must

c) have

25

5.This phenomenon ____ be explained by economic laws.


a) should
b) need
c) have to
6.The company had gone bankrupt and _____ pay its creditors.
a) couldnt
b) hadnt
c) shouldnt
7. You ____ phoned me yesterday.
a) should have
b) may

c) might

8. Our sales ____ exceed our forecast by 15%.


a) should
b) may
c) must
9. They ____ deliver on time.
a) can
b) had

c) have

10. ____ I take a comment at this point?


a) Am
b) May

c) Must

21. The tags questions


:
1. is a company manager, .. he ?
a) is
b) isnt
c) are
2.You have got a nice flat in Moscow, . you?
a) have
b) has
c) havent
3. She finishes her work at 6, . she?
a) does
b) is
c) doesnt
4.The manager stays in the office till 6, . he?
a) does
b) doesnt c) is

26

5. We dont have lessons in the morning, we?


a) do
b) dont
c) does
6.The director meets customers in the morning, he?
a) do
b) does
c) doesnt
7. Brighton is a large city, it?
a) isnt
b) is
c) arent
8. A credit has been wrongly entered in the books, it?
a) hadnt b) hasnt
c) havent
9. Prices fell as a result of excess supply, . they?
a) did
b) didnt
c) dont
10. He has to work hard to provide his family, . he?
a) do
b) dont
c) doesnt

22. The Past Simple / The Present Perfect Tense / The Past Perfect Tense

.

1. He phoned to say he his bag on the plane.


a) forgot
b) had left c) has left
d) has forgotten
2. He . the farm since 1987.
a) has owned
b) own
c) have been owning d) owned
3. .. you ever been to Scotland?

27

a) has

b) had

c) have

d) did

4. ... they arrive at the airport on time yesterday?


a) have
b) did
c) has
d) do
5. He . unemployed since he left college.
a) has been

b) were

c) had been

d) is

6. Where before you moved to America?


a) you did live b) you lived
c) did you live d) lived you
7. Last year inflation was tremendous, and the prices .
a) raised
b) arise
c) rise
d) rose
8. Last week our manager .. to get a new job.
a) leave
b) left
c) leaves
d) has left
9. Ann .. to the bank, but a few minutes ago she returned.
a) goes
b) has gone
c) went
d) has gone
10. Last year the company . a good profit.
a) makes
b) made
c) have made d) did

23. The Past Continuous / The Past Simple / The Past Perfect Tense
:
1.

He on the report all day long.


a) was working b) worked
c) were working

2.

I the office when he arrived.


a) was leaving
b) left
c) leaves

3.

We about safety procedures when the fire alarm went off.


a) were talking
b) talked
c) talk

28

4.

The production line five times yesterday.


a) stopped
b) was stopping c) stops

5.

She letters when I came.


a) wrote
b) was writing

c) has written

6.

He to the director at 3 yesterday.


a) spoke
b) was speaking c) speaks

7.

Our fax number today.


a) has changed
b) changed

c) changes

8.

We just .. our prices.


a) has lowered
b) have lowered c) were lowering

9.

The government a decrease in corporation tax yesterday.


a) has announced b) was announcing c) announced

1. He vice-president for 10 years.


a) has been
b) was being

c) have been

24. The Gerund


, :
1. ... is the process of buying a security for less than its face value.
a) discounted
b) discounting
c) discounts
2. We discussed . a new business.
a) open
b) opening
3. He risks . all of his money.

c) opened

29

a) lost

b) lose

c) losing

4. I heard of the experiment . last month.


a) having been started
b) started
c) start
5. The increase in government . will have some effect on the rate of interest.
a) spend
b) spent
c) spending
6. That would entail our . a concession.
a) making
b) to make

c) made

7. This will save our time.


a) wasting
b) waste

c) to waste

8. They have suggested his to the symposium.


a) go
b) to go
c) going
9. Hes looking forward to our .
a) to come
b) coming

c) come

10. We have succeeded.in .. a new competitive market.


a) entering
b) to enter
c) enter

25. The Infinitive


, :
1. our employers to develop their skills is one of the prime concerns of
management.
a) to recruit
b) to inform
c) to encourage
2. . this market requiers a lot of hard work.
a) to enter
b) to inform
c) to lose

30

3. We have decided not to advertise this position, but internally.


a) to encourage
b) to recruit
c) to inform
4. I am glad . you that you have been successful.
a) to inform
b) to accept
c) to encourage
5. It is impossible for us these terms.
a) to have found
b) to accept
c) to work out
6. We would like .. our overdraft facilities.
a) to extend
b) to buy
c) to have found
7. The sales director claimed three new customers.
a) to recruit
b) to have found c) to find
8.

They made us .. extremely hard.


a) to work
b) work
c) to have worked

9. Central banks of different countries are expected .. away from monetary


restrictions.
a) to stay
b) stay
c) to have stayed
10. The world economy is predicted . growing.
a) to have continued
b) to continue c) continue

26. The Participle


,
:
1. All transactions are to be ____________ in the general journal.
a) recording
b) recorded
2.There is an ____________ number of private investors.

31

a) increasing

b) increased

3. Staff are ________ to work flexitime.


a) allowing
b) allowed
4. John was _________ to join the family firm.
a) inviting
b) invited
5. She works in an ____________ agency.
a) advertising
b) advertised
6. Most of the products are __________ to developing countries.
a) exporting
b) exported
7. Accrued income is a total sum of money __________ by the company during a
particular period.
a) earning
b) earned
8. The goods were ___________ in the shop window.
a) displaying
b) displayed
9. All ___________ machines are cut-price for one week only.
a) washing
b) washed
10. ___________ conditions improved last year.
a) Trading
b) Traded

27. any, much, (a) little, (a) few ( part 1 )


:
1. As the field survey shows, very .. customers find the design of our goods
attractive.
a) little
b) few
c) much
2. We managed to capture contracts last month.

32

a) little

b) much

c) many

3. We have .. time at our disposal. We must make a decision right away.


a) little
b) much
c) many
4. There is very .. data available about market trends in this region.
a) a few
b) little
c) many
5. We spent too .. time on routine meetings.
a) much
b) a few
c) many
6. Are there any seats on the next flight to Madrid? Yes, there are . .
a) little
b) many
c) much
7. I am beginning to get .. worried about the situation.
a) a little
b) few
c) many
8. We need . more time to think about your proposal.
a) a little
b) many
c) a few
9. .. insurance companies protect their customers against risk.
a) A little
b) Many
c) Much
10. It takes one money to join a credit union.
a) a few
b) many
c) much

28. Many, much, (a) little, (a) few ( part 2 )


:
1. Starting a business without financial support from the bank may cause you
.trouble.

33

a) a few

b) many

c) much

2. Banks are subjects to ..government regulations.


a) little
b) many
c) much
3. Only major customers can keep up with the rise of the service prices.
a) a few
b) many
c) much
4. Very financial institutions nowadays keep off technical innovations in the
banking industry.
a) a few
b) few
c) much
5. You cant do without . cash on hand when you go to a retailer shop.
a) a little
b) many
c) little
6. Banks are now using computer technology to perform .. financial transactions.
a) little
b) many
c) much
7. No matter how .. money you have you can open a bank account.
a) few
b) many
c) much
8. There are too ..students in our group.
a) a few
b) much
c) many
9. Do you have homework to do ?
a) few
b) many

c) much

10. I need help. Could you help me with the translation ?


a) a little
b) many
c) little

29. The Conditionals ( part 1)


,
:
1. If you read this book,
2. If you elect me,

34

3. If a firm doesnt advertise,


4. If people are flexible and keen to work hard,
5. If you have an offshore bank account,
6. If inflation is high,
7. If I had a lot of money,
8. If the management styles hadnt been so different,
9. If you had worked harder last year,
10. If I were you,

a) we can employ them.


b) youll get the best financial advice.
c) people tend not to save.
d) the merger could have succeeded.
e) you would know English well now.
f) you dont pay income tax.
g) Ill bring about changes in the social welfare system.
h) it loses market share.
i) I would give money to charity.
j) I would open my own business.

30. The Conditionals ( part 2 )


,
:
1. If different Russian Parliament fractions agreed with each other,

35

2. If customs are reduced,


3. If IMF grants the next loan to Russia,
4. If the August crisis hadnt happened,
5. Customers wish
6. Russia would live much better
7. If received credits had been used according to appointment,
8. If a firm doesnt advertise,
9. If my computer is infected with a virus,
10. If you pay people peanuts,

a) total amount of reciepts to the budget would be higher.


b) the budget would be accepted without any delay.
c) its part could be used for repayment of the IMFs debts.
d) if it developed according to laws but not wishes of some people.
e) the most Russian banks would have paid to their depositors.
f) they didnt have to get goods of low quality.
h) it would have been possible to avoid strikes.
i) Ill call a computer expert.
i) you get monkeys.
j) it loses market share.

31. The Common Fractions


:

36

1. a (one) half
a) 1/4 ( )
b) 7/8 ( )
c) ( )
2. one and a half
a) 2 1/2 ( )
b) 1 7/8 ( )
c) 1 ( )
3. a (one) quarter
a) 1 1/7 ( )
b) 1/5 ( )
c) 1/4 ( )
4. two and a half
a) 2 1/2 ( )
b) 3 1/2 ( )
c) 2 1/7 ( )
5. a (one) third
a) 3/4 ( )
b) 1/3 ( )
c) ( )
6. a (one) fifth
a) 1/6( )
b) 3/5 ( )
c) 1/5 ( )
7. five sixths
a) 1/4 ( )
b) 5/6 ( )
c) ( )
8. two thirds
a) 2/3 ( )
b) 1/6 ( )
c) 1/3 ( )
9. five and one sixth
a) 5 ( )
b) 5 1/6 ( )

37

c) 6 1/5 ( )
10. three fourths
a) 1/8 ( )
b) 3/4 ( )
c) 1/6 ( )

32. The Decimal Fractions

38

:
1.six point three
a) 3,6 ( )
b) 3,7 ( )
c) 6,3 ( )
2.seven four point zero two
a) 74,02 ( )
b) 54,02 ( )
c) 74,2 ( )
3. two point five
a) 2,05 ( )
b) 5,2 ( )
c) 2,5 ( )
4. fifty nine point three
a) 5,3 ( )
b) 59,3 ( )
c) 5,9 ( )
5. zero (nought) point two
a) 0,3 ( )
b) 0,02 ( )
c) 0,2 ( )
6. nought point four five
a) 0,05 ( )
b) 0,45 ( )
c) 0,04 ( )

39

7. four two (forty two) point three five


a) 42,35 ( )
b) 42,05 ( )
c) 45,2 ( )
8. nought point nought one
a) 0,1 ( )
b) 0,01 ( )
c) 0,001 ( )
9. one six point one nought four
a) 16,04 ( )
b) 18,1 ( )
c) 16,104 ( )
10. three point two five
a) 3,25 ( )
b) 2,35 ( )
c) 5,3 ( )

40

33. The Numerals


:
1. twenty four + fifty-three
a) eleven
b) eighty-one
c) seventy-seven
d) fifty-five
2. thirty-eight + forty-two
a) eighty
b) ninety
c) eighty-six
d) twelve
3. fifty + ten
a) twenty-two
b) eleven
c) seventy-four
d) sixty
4. thirteen + forty-one
a) fifty-four
b) sixty-five
c) fourteen
d) ninety-four
5. seventy one + fifteen
a) eighty-six
b) ninety
c) sixteen
d) ninety-two
6. seventy - three
e) seventeen
f) sixty-four
g) seventy-six
h) sixty-seven

41

7.fifty-three + six
i) forty
j) forty-seven
k) fifty-eight
l) twelve
8.eighteen - seven
m) twenty
n) thirty-six
o) eleven
p) ninety-five
9.ninety-four - forty-two
q) eighty-five
r) fifty-two
s) seventeen
t) thirty-one
10. sixty-eight - nineteen
a) forty-eight
b) twenty-five
c) fourteen
d) ninety-eight

42

34. The Prepositions


:
1.Our office hours are . nine .. six.
a) in . in b) from . till c) since for
2. .. the beginning of the 20th century, economic scientists have made important
discoveries.
a) for
b) during
c) since
3. Those promises were made the company . 2003.
a) in
b) at
c) till
4. The firm has been discussing a possible $100 investment .. more than a year.
a) at
b) since
c) for
5. Russia and Japan plan to increase cooperation in the energy sector . 2008.
a) in
b) on
c) for
6. Sky Express has sold almost 3000 tickets .. last week.
a) from
b) since
c) in
7. LUKoil will start operating four new gas stations . a few weeks.
a) at
b) in
c) during
8. .. that time the countrys population will be approximately 1,25 bl.
a) at
b) for
c) on
9. .. the 1970s and 80s the citys service sector grew in size.
a) on
b) at
c) during
10. . the mid-1980s several computer companies established major research
programs.
a) for
b) buy
c) at

43