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Name:

Biology
Test: Cellular Respiration

Year 11 Nutritional
Total ________ / 34

Multiple choice questions


Circle your choice of answer in each of the first 6 questions.
marks each)

(2

1. What is the first stage cellular respiration?


J.
Fermentation.
K.
Glycolysis.
L.
Citric Acid Cycle.
M.
The Krebs Cycle.
2. What are the products of aerobic respiration?
J.
Lactic acid, CO2 and H2O.
K.
CO2 and ethanol.
L.
Glucose and O2.
M.
CO2, H2O and energy.
3. Anaerobic respiration in humans:
J.
Produces lactic acid.
K.
Uses up ATP molecules.
L.
Requires a supply of oxygen to the cells.
M.
Involves the breaking of bonds in an ethanol molecule.

Short-answer questions
4. Describe where in a glucose molecule energy is contained and what
type of biological molecule releases this energy.
(2 marks)
Energy is contained within the bonds of a glucose molecule.
Breaking these bonds releases the energy and this is done
by enzymes.
5. ATP (adenosine triphosphate) is a very important molecule for all
living things. Explain what is meant by the statement Energy is repackaged into ATP for use in cells. Include what ATP is formed from
in your answer.
(3 marks)
The energy released when bonds are broken cannot directly
be used by cells. It needs to be captured in a useable form
and this is done so by the formation of ATP. ATP is formed
from ADP and a free phosphate molecule.

6. Write the word equation for aerobic respiration.


(5 marks)

Glucose + Oxygen = Carbon dioxide +


Water + Energy
7. Explain for the following:
b)
c)
d)
Glycolysis

a)
Where they occur in the cell.
Whether it is aerobic or anaerobic.
What the product molecule(s) are.
How many ATP are formed.

a)

_Cytoplasm________

b)

_Anaerobic________

c)

_Pyruvate_________

d)

_Net 2 ATP________

(4

marks)

Citric Acid Cycle a)


marks)

_Mitochondria_____

b)

_Aerobic

c)

_Carbon dioxide and water_

d)

_Approx 36 ATP____

(4

_________

8. When there is no oxygen available, what process follows glycolysis?


How many ATP are formed by this and what are the end products ina) Animal cells? b) Plant cells, yeast and bacteria?
marks)

(4

Anaerobic respiration. There are no extra ATP formed.


In animals lactic acid is formed. In plants, yeast and
bacteria ethanol and carbon dioxide are formed.
9. Mr Langhans goes for a run. He is very fast and his muscle cells use
all of the available oxygen too quickly for his respiratory system to
keep up. What will build up in his muscles and how many ATP will

he get from each glucose molecule consumed?


(3 marks)
Lactic acid will build up as there is not enough oxygen
available for aerobic respiration. He will get 2 ATP for every
glucose molecule.
10.
Mr Langhans Dad goes for a stroll. He is very fat and slow so
his respiratory system has no trouble supplying enough oxygen. Will
anything build up in his muscles and how many ATP molecules will
he get from each glucose molecule used?
(3 marks)
Nothing will build up as there is sufficient oxygen available
for aerobic respiration so no lactic acid will be formed. He
will get approximately 38 ATP for every glucose molecule, 2
from glycolysis and ~36 from the citric acid cycle.