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The Heros First Teacher

The first teacher of Jose was his mother, a remarkable woman of good character and fine culture

As a tutor, Doa Teodora was patient, conscientious and understanding


The 1st was Maestro Celestino, and 2nd, Maestro Lucas Padua

Later, an old man named Leon Monroy, a former classmate of Rizals father, became the boys tutor
Jose Goes to Bian

He was accompanied by his brother Paciano


At night, Jose went sightseeing with his cousin Leandro, but instead of enjoying Jose became depressed because of
homesickness

First Day in School


Jose was introduced by Paciano to his teacher, Maestro Justiniano Aquino Cruz

Rizal described him as tall, thin, long-necked, with a sharp nose and a body slightly bent forward
End of Bian Schooling

- He left Bian on December 17, 1870 after one year and a half of schooling in that town
- He boarded the steamer Talima
What were the events that greatly affected Jose when he had his education in Bian and Ateneo?
-

Martyrdom of Gomburza
The execution of Gomburza on Feb. 17, 1872, was deeply mourned by the Rizal family and many Filipinos

2nd: They were accused of supporting the failed Cavite Mutiny and executed under the government of Gov.-Gen. Rafael de
Izquierdo
3rd:The martyrdom of Gomburza truly inspired Rizal to fight the evils of Spanish tyranny and redeem his oppressed people

Injustice to Heros Mother


Before June of 1872, tragedy struck the Rizal family

Doa Teodora was arrested on a malicious charge that she and her brother, Jose Alberto, tried to poison the latters perfidious
(dishonest) wife
3rd: After 2 and a half years being incarcerated, she was acquitted by the Royal Audiencia

Ateneo Municipal was a college under the supervision of the Spanish Jesuits

It was formerly the Escuela Pia (Charity School)


The name was changed to Ateneo Municipal and later became the Ateneo de Manila

- Rizal studied here from 1872-1877


1 : 4 moths after the martyrdom of GOMBURZA and with Donya Teodora still in prison, Jose was sent to manila.
2nd: He studied in the Ateneo Municipal
4th: College during their time is equivalent to our high school of today
- 7th: It was formerly Escuela Pia, a school for porr boys of Manila which was established by the government in 1817
st

Last: He obtained a bachelor of Arts degree, with the highest honors, that entitled him to admission in any University
Scholastic Triumphs at Ateneo de Manila (1872-1877)

Accompanied by Paciano, they matriculated at the Ateneo Municipal but refused to admit him by Fr. Magin Ferrando due to 1.
He was late for registration and 2. He was sickly and undersized for his age
But with the help of Manuel Xerez Burgos, nephew of Fr. Burgos, he was reluctantly admitted

Jose was the first of his family to adopt the surname Rizal
Jesuit System of Education

The system of education in Ateneo was more advance than other colleges that time
They also offered vocational courses in agriculture, commerce, mechanics and surveying

Students were divided into two groups: the Roman Empire consisting of the internos (boarders) and the Carthaginian
Empire composed of externos (non-boarders)
Within the empire, the students fought for positions

Any student could challenge any officer in his empire to answer questions on the days lesson
Rizals First Year in Ateneo

Rizals first professor was Fr. Jose Bech


He was an externo, hence he was assigned to Carthaginians

Summer Vacation

At the end of the school year, Rizal returned to Calamba for summer vacation

He did not enjoy his vacation because his mother was in prison

- Philosophy and Letters during his freshman year (1877-1878)


Why Philosophy & Letters?
1. Don Francisco liked it.
2. Uncertainty on what course to take up.
3. Failure to solicit the advice of Father Ramon Pablo, Ateneos Rector, who was then at Mindanao.
- It was during the following term (1878-187) that Rizal, took up the medical course
-

Another reason why Jose chose medicine for a career was to be able to cure his mothers growing blindness
Surveying Course in Ateneo (1878)

He took the vocational course leading to the title of perito agrimensor (expert surveyor)
At the age of 17, he passed the final examination

The title was issued to him on Nov. 25, 1881


Rizal saw the differences between Ateneo and UST

He had so many beautiful memories with the Jesuit professors who loved him and inspired him to ascend to greater pursuit of
knowledge
Rizal was a romantic dreamer who like to sip the nectar of love

Shortly after losing Segunda Katigbak, he courted a young woman in Calamba


He simply called her Miss L, describing her as fair with seductive and attractive eyes

During his sophomore year at UST, Rizal boarded in the house of Donya Concha Leyva
He courted Leonor Valenzuela who was a tall girl with a regal bearing

He sent her love notes written in invisible ink


Rizals next romance was with another Leonor- Leonor Rivera- his cousin from Camiling, Tarlac

In 1879, during his junior year, Rizal lived in Casa Tomasina where his landlord was his uncle Antonio Rivera who had a pretty
daughter, Leonor
In 1879, the Liceo Artistico-Literario (Artistic-Literary Lyceum) of Manila held a literary contest

Rizal, who was 18 years old, submitted his poem

The Board of Judges, composed of Spaniards was impressed and gave it the first prize to Rizal

The prize was a silver pen, feather-shaped and decorated with a gold ribbon
It was the first great poem in Spanish written by a Filipino, whose merit was recognized by Spanish literary authorities

It expressed for the first time the nationalistic concept that the Filipinos were the fair hope of the Fatherland
After a long and critical appraisal of the entries, they awarded the first prize Rizals work

Despite all objections, the prize was awarded to Rizal, a gold ring on which was engraved the bust of Cervantes
In 1880, Rizal founded a secret society of Filipino students in UST

They called it Compaerismo (Comradeship) whose members were called Companions of Jehu
He could no longer endure the rampant bigotry and discrimination in UST

For the first time, Rizal did not seek his parents permission and blessings to go abroad to study abroad and to fulfil his secret
mission

S. Ubia

F.
Callueng

Marcelo
C. Ubia,
Sr.

T.
Malodrig

J. Narag

Juanita N.
Malodrig
o

Marcelo
M.
Ubia, Jr.
Avanna
G. Ubia

Gasmea

Pajarillo

Manolo P.
Gasmea

Pachingel

Evelyn C.
Pachingel

Louise P.
Gasme
a
Azalea
G. Ubia

Chalimch
im