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Listado de los aceros inoxidables ms comunes en la fabricacin de vlvulas. Tipos de aceros


inoxidables,equivalenciasentreinoxidablesporforjayfundicin,equivalenciaentrenormasASTMy
EN,ylistadodelasnormas.
AcerosinoxidablesAustenticosalCromoNquel
AcerosinoxidablesFerrticos
AcerosinoxidablesMartensticos
AcerosinoxidablesDuplex
Normasdeacerosinoxidablesenvlvulas

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AcerosinoxidablesAustenticosalCromoNquel
Composicin:
Carbono(C):de0.03%a0.25%("L"pococontenidodeCarbono<0,3%)
Cromo(Cr):de17%a26%
Niquel(Ni):de7%a22%
Propiedades:
Caractersticasmecnicasmuybuenas.
Elevadaresilienciaatemperaturasmuybajas(200C).
Aptoparausoenprocesoscriognicos.
Sufijo"L"usadosparasoldadura.
70%delaproduccindeaceroinoxidableesautentica.
Fundicin
ASTM

Fittings
forjados

Forja
EN

AISISAE

ASTM

EN

A351CF8

1021341.4308 304

A182F304

A351CF3

1021341.4309 304L

A182F304L 100881.4307

A351CF8M

1021341.4408 316

A182F316

A351CF3M

1021341.4409 316L

A182F316L 100881.4404

A351CF10MC 1021341.4581 316MB

321

ASTM

100881.4301 A403WP304
A403
WP304L

100881.4401 A403WP316
A403
WP316L

100881.4580
A182F321

100881.4541 A403WP321

AcerosinoxidablesFerrticos
Composicin:
Carbono(C):<0.1%(hasta0.35%paracontenidosdecromode30%)
Cromo(Cr):de16%a30%
Propiedades:
Mejorespropiedadesmecnicasquelosaustenticos,noasencorrosin.Generalmentesonms
baratos
Mejorresistenciaqumicaquelosacerosinoxidablesmartensticos.
Fundicin

Forja

ASTM EN AISI

EN

ASTM

430 EN100881.4016

AcerosinoxidablesMartensticos
Composicin:
Carbono(C):de0.1%a0.5%
Cromo(Cr):de12%a17%
Propiedades:
Tiene mejores propiedades mecnicas que austenticos y ferrticos, pero peor resitencia a la
corrosin.
Fcilesdemecanizar.
Poseenbuenaresistenciaalacorrosinfrenteaciertoscidosdbiles.
Laspropiedadesmecnicassonmodificablespormediodeltratamientotrmico
Magntico
Fundicin
ASTM

Forjado
EN

AISI

EN

ASTM

A743CA15 1.4008 410 100881.4006

420 100881.4021

A743CA40 1.4028 420 100881.4034

AcerosinoxidablesDuplex
Composicin:
Cromo(Cr):de19%a28%
Molibdeno(Mb):hasta5%
Propiedades:
Sonunamezcladeacerosautenstico(de40%a50%)yferrticos(60%a50%).
Buenaspropiedadesmecnicasyresistenciaalacorrosin.
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Fundicin
ASTM

Forjado
EN SAFAlloy

ASTM

EN

A995Gr.1A

A995Gr.2A

A995Gr.3A

A995Gr.4A

SAF2205 A182F51 1.4462

A995Gr.5A

SAF2507

Normasdeacerosinoxidablesenvlvulas
ASTMA217/A217M08
Standard Specification for Steel Castings, Martensitic Stainless and Alloy, for Pressure
ContainingParts,SuitableforHighTemperatureService
This specification covers steel castings, martensitic stainless steel and alloys steel castings for
valves, flanges, fittings, and other pressurecontaining parts intended primarily for high
temperatureandcorrosiveservice.Thegradesofsteelscoveredhereare:GradeWC1,GradeWC4,
GradeWC5,GradeWC6,GradeWC9,GradeWC11,GradeC5,GradeC12,GradeC12A,andGrade
CA15.HeattreatmentshallconsistofnormalizingandtemperingforGradeC12Aandtemperingfor
allothergrades.Heattreatmentsshallbeperformedaftercastingshavebeenallowedtocool.Heat
and product analyses shall be performed wherein specimens shall conform to required chemical
compositionofcarbon,molybdenum,chromium,nickel,vanadium,manganese,phosphorus,sulfur,
silicon,columbium,nitrogen,aluminum,copper,titanium,tungsten,andzirconium.Thesurfaceof
thecastingshallbeexaminedvisuallyandshallbefreeofadheringsand,scale,cracksandhottears.
Steels shall undergo tension test, and shall conform to the following mechanical requirements:
tensilestrength,yieldstrength,elongation,andreductionofarea.
ASTMA351/A351M10
StandardSpecificationforCastings,Austenitic,forPressureContainingParts
Esta especificacin cubre la fundicin de acero austentico para vlvulas, bridas, accesorios, y
otras partes a presin. El acero debe estar fabricado en un horno elctrico con o sin refinacin
separada tales como la descarburacin de argonoxigeno. Todas las fundiciones deben recibir
tratamientoscalientessiguidoporunrpidoenfriamientoenaguauotrosmtodos.El acero debe
cumplirtantolacomposicinqumicaypropiedadesmecnicasrequeridas.
ASTMA182/A182M09a
StandardSpecificationforForgedorRolledAlloyandStainlessSteelPipeFlanges,Forged
Fittings,andValvesandPartsforHighTemperatureService
This specification covers forged or rolled alloy and stainless steel pipe flanges, forged fittings, and
valves and parts for hightemperature service. After hot working, forgings shall be cooled to a
specific temperature prior to heat treatment, which shall be performed in accordance with certain
requirementssuchasheattreatmenttype,austenitizing/solutiontemperature,coolingmedia,and
quenching. The materials shall conform to the required chemical composition for carbon,
manganese, phosphorus, silicon, nickel, chromium, molybdenum, columbium, titanium. The
materialshallconformtotherequirementsastomechanicalpropertiesforthegradeorderedsuch
astensilestrength,yieldstrength,elongation,Brinellhardness.AllHgradesandgradeF63shallbe
testedforaveragegrainsize.
ASTMA995/A995M09
Standard Specification for Castings, AusteniticFerritic (Duplex) Stainless Steel, for
PressureContainingParts
Estaespecificacincubrelafundicindeaceroausteniticoferritico(duplex)paravalvulas, bridas,
accesoriosyotraspartesapresin.Losgradosdeacerocubiertosaquson:Grade1B,Grade2A,
Grade3A,Grade4A,Grade5A,yGrade6A.Lafuncindeacerodebesertratadaencalientesegn
latemperaturaespecificadaydebeserenfriadaenaguauotrosmetodosdeenfriamientorpidos.
Calentamiento y analisis del producto de forma que las muestras cumplan la composicin qumica
requerida en carbn, manganeso, silicio, fsforo, sulfuro, cromio, niquel, molibdemo, cobre,
tungsteno, y nitrogeno. Todos los aceros deben pasar el test a tensin, y cumplir los siguientes
requerimientosmecnicos:resistenciaatraccin,mduloeslsticoyelongacin.
ASTMA240/A240M10
StandardSpecificationforChromiumandChromiumNickelStainlessSteelPlate,Sheet,
andStripforPressureVesselsandforGeneralApplications
Esta especificacin cubre aceros inoxidables de cromo, cromonquel, y cromomanganeso
nquelickel, en barras, chapas, y tiras para recipientes a presin y aplicaciones generales. El acero
debe cumplir los requesitos de composin qumica especificados. El material debe cumplir las
propiedadesmecnicasespecificadas.
ASTMA872/A872M07a
Standard Specification for Centrifugally Cast Ferritic/Austenitic Stainless Steel Pipe for
CorrosiveEnvironments
Thisspecificationcoverscentrifugallycastferritic/austeniticsteelpipeintendedforgeneralcorrosive
service. These steels are susceptible to embrittlement if used for prolonged periods at elevated
temperatures.Thepipeshallbemadebycentrifugalcastingprocessandfurnishedinthespecified
heattreatmentcondition.Thepipeshallalsobemachined.Thegradesshallconformtotherequired
chemical composition for carbon, manganese, phosphorus, sulfur, silicon, nickel, chromium,
molybdenum,nitrogen,copper,andcobalt.Heatanalysisandproductanalysisshallbedone.Tensile
requirements shall conform to the specified tensile strength, yield strength, and elongation and
hardness requirements shall conform to the specified Brinell and Rockwell C values. Tension test
shallalsobemade.
ASTMA403/A403M09
StandardSpecificationforWroughtAusteniticStainlessSteelPipingFittings
This specification covers the standard for wrought austenitic stainless steel fittings for pressure
piping applications. The material for fittings shall consist of forgings, bars, plates, or seamless or
weldedtubularproducts.Forgingorshapingoperationsshallbeperformedbyhammering,pressing,
piercing, extruding, upsetting, rolling, bending, fusion welding, machining, or by a combination of
two or more of these operations. All fittings shall undergo heattreatment. Chemical and product
analyses shall be performed and shall conform to the required chemical composition in carbon,
manganese, phosphorus, sulfur, silicon, chromium, molybdenum, and titanium. Tension test shall
bedoneonthefittingmaterialtodeterminethetensilepropertiessuchasyieldstrengthandtensile
strength. Fittings supplied under this specification shall be examined visually for surface
discontinuities,surfacechecks,andmechanicalmarks.
ASTMA743/A743M06
Standard Specification for Castings, IronChromium, IronChromiumNickel, Corrosion
Resistant,forGeneralApplication
This specification covers ironchromium and ironchromiumnickel alloy castings for general
corrosionresistantapplication.Thegradesofthesecastingsrepresenttypesofalloycastingssuitable
forbroadrangesofapplicationwhichareintendedforawidevarietyofcorrosionenvironments.The
steelshallbemadebytheelectricfurnaceprocesswithorwithoutseparaterefiningsuchasargon
oxygendecarburization.Thecastingsshallbesubjectedtoheattreatment.
ASTMA744/A744M06
Standard Specification for Castings, IronChromiumNickel, Corrosion Resistant, for
SevereService
This specification covers standard requirements for ironchromiumnickel alloy, stainless steel
castingsintendedforparticularlyseverecorrosiveapplications.Alloysshallbemeltedbytheelectric
furnace process with or without refining such as argonoxygendecarburization. Castings shall be
heat treated and shall conform to the required heat treatment conditions. The materials shall
conform with the prescribed chemical requirements for carbon, manganese, silicon, phosphorus,
sulfur, chromium, nickel, molybdenum, columbium, copper, selenium, tungsten, vanadium, iron,
andnitrogen.
ASTMA890/A890M99(2007)
Standard Specification for Castings, IronChromiumNickelMolybdenum Corrosion
Resistant,Duplex(Austenitic/Ferritic)forGeneralApplication
This specification covers castings, ironchromiumnickelmolybdenum corrosionresistant,
duplex(austenitic/ferritic)forgeneralapplication.Castingsshallbeheattreatedinaccordancewith
therequiredprocedureandheattreattemperature.Properheattreatmentofthesealloysisusually
necessary to enhance corrosion resistance and in some cases to meet mechanical properties.
Minimumheattreattemperatures are specified however, it is sometimes necessary to heattreat
at higher temperatures, hold for some minimum time at temperature and then rapidly cool the
castingsinordertoenhancethecorrosionresistanceandmeettherequiredmechanicalproperties.
The steel shall conform to the required chemical composition for carbon, manganese, silicon,
phosphorus,sulfur,chromium,nickel,molybdenum,copper,tungsten,andnitrogen.Castingsshall
bemarkedformaterialidentificationwiththespecificationdesignationandgrade.
ASTMA27608a
StandardSpecificationforStainlessSteelBarsandShapes
Estaespecificacinnocubrebarrasacabadasencalienteoenfro,aexcepcindebarrasparaforja.
Incluye redondos, cuadrados, y hexagonos, y laminados o formas extrusionadas, tales como
ngulos, tees, y canales ms usados en acero inoxidable. Las barras deben ser proporciondas en
algunadelassiguientescondiciones:CondicinAenlacuallabarraesrecocida,CondicinHenla
quelasbarrassonendurecidasytempladasaunarelativatemperatura,CondicinTenlacuallas
barrassonendurecidasaunatemperaturarelativamentealta,CondicinSenlacuallasbarrasson
endurecidasapresinotrabajadasrelativamentealgoenfri,yCondicinBenlacuallasbarrasson

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relativamentetrabajadasserveramenteenfro.Elmaterialdebesersujetoauntestmecnicopara
determinarsuresistenciaatraccin,lmiteelstico,elongacin,ydurezaBrinell.
ASTMA564/A564M04(2009)
Standard Specification for HotRolled and ColdFinished AgeHardening Stainless Steel
BarsandShapes
This specification covers bars and shapes of agehardening stainless steels. Hotfinished or cold
finished rounds, squares, hexagons, bar shapes, angles, tees, and channels are included. These
shapes may be produced by hot rolling, extruding, or forging. Type 631 and 632 stainless steels
contain a large amount of ferrite in the microstructure and can have low ductility in forgings and
largediameterbars.MaterialoftypesotherthanXM16,XM25,andType630shallbefurnishedin
thesolutionannealedcondition,orintheequalizedandoventemperedcondition.Types630,XM
16, and XM25 may be furnished in the solutionannealed or agehardened condition. Type UNS
S46910 shall be furnished in solution annealed, coldworked or agedhardened condition. Shapes
may be subjected to either Class A or Class C preparation for removal of visible surface
imperfections.Thematerialshallbesubjectedtotension,impact,andhardnesstests.
EN102134:2007
Technicaldeliveryconditionsforsteelcastingsforpressurepurposes.
Part4:Austeniticandausteniticferriticsteelgrades(Q).
EN10213:2007aplicaaacerosfundidosparacomponentesapresin.Estoincluyeelmaterialusado
parafabricarcomponentesyequiposapresin.
EN 10213:2007 detalla la caractetsticas de la fundicin y su composicin qumica y propiedades
mecnicas.Aplicadondelaspiezasfundidasseunenporsoldaduraporelfundidor.
EN 10213:2007 no aplica a casos en que las partes fundidas son soldadas a productos forjados
(chapas,tubos,forjados),opornofundidores.
EN100883:1995
Stainlesssteels.Technicaldeliveryconditionsforsemifinishedproducts,bars,rodsand
sectionsforgeneralpurposes

20072013www.valvias.com,Todoslosderechosreservados.
Prohibidalareproduccintotaloparcialdelcontenidodeestesite,sinlaautorizacinexpresadelpropietariodelcopyright.

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