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Table A-1.

Prevalence of Specific Measures of Disability Among Individuals 15 Years and Older:


2010Con.
(Numbers in thousands)
Aged 15 years and older
Category

Aged 65 years and older

Number

Margin of
error ()1

Percent

Margin of
error ()1

Number

Margin of
error ()1

Percent

Margin of
error ()1

Total. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

241,682

*****

100.0

(X)

38,599

*****

100.0

(X)

DISABILITY STATUS
With a disability. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Severe. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not severe. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
No disability. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

51,454
35,683
15,770
190,228

838
631
506
838

21.3
14.8
6.5
78.7

0.3
0.3
0.2
0.3

19,234
14,138
5,096
19,365

327
276
221
327

49.8
36.6
13.2
50.2

0.8
0.7
0.6
0.8

SEEING/HEARING/SPEAKING
With a disability. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Severe. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not severe. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Difficulty seeing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Severe. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not severe. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Difficulty hearing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Severe. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not severe. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Difficulty with speech. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Severe. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not severe. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Used a hearing aid2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Had difficulty hearing. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
No difficulty hearing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

14,924
3,288
11,636
8,077
2,010
6,067
7,572
1,096
6,475
2,818
523
2,295
5,559
2,180
3,379

475
189
450
354
139
334
320
122
301
207
82
179
249
161
193

6.2
1.4
4.8
3.3
0.8
2.5
3.1
0.5
2.7
1.2
0.2
0.9
2.3
0.9
1.4

0.2
0.1
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1

0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1

6,909
1,705
5,203
3,782
1,050
2,731
4,152
666
3,485
843
158
685
4,156
1,665
2,491

245
122
230
184
85
177
202
87
182
90
35
82
195
132
155

17.9
4.4
13.5
9.8
2.7
7.1
10.8
1.7
9.0
2.2
0.4
1.8
10.8
4.3
6.5

0.6
0.3
0.6
0.5
0.2
0.5
0.5
0.2
0.5
0.2
0.1
0.2
0.5
0.3
0.4

WALKING/USING STAIRS
With a disability. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Severe. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not severe. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Difficulty walking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Severe. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not severe. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Difficulty using stairs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Severe. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not severe. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Used a wheelchair. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Used a cane/crutches/walker . . . . . . . . .
(Used) for 6 months or longer . . . . . . . . .

30,550
20,132
10,418
23,879
13,118
10,761
22,262
7,698
14,564
3,637
11,584
9,385

515
402
344
470
357
333
496
294
400
194
320
283

12.6
8.3
4.3
9.9
5.4
4.5
9.2
3.2
6.0
1.5
4.8
3.9

0.2
0.2
0.1
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.2
0.1
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.1

15,201
11,191
4,010
11,883
7,186
4,697
11,043
4,530
6,513
2,014
7,012
5,803

335
292
204
321
237
200
339
227
258
125
238
233

39.4
29.0
10.4
30.8
18.6
12.2
28.6
11.7
16.9
5.2
18.2
15.0

0.9
0.8
0.5
0.8
0.6
0.5
0.9
0.6
0.7
0.3
0.6
0.6

SELECTED PHYSICAL TASKS


With a disability. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Severe. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not severe. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Difficulty lifting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Severe. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not severe. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Difficulty grasping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Severe. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not severe. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Difficulty pushing/pulling2. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Severe. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not severe. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Difficulty standing2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Difficulty sitting2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Difficulty crouching2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Difficulty reaching2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

19,890
8,617
11,273
17,186
8,076
9,110
6,712
893
5,819
23,319
13,603
9,717
24,170
10,120
27,367
12,185

481
330
341
424
318
277
267
113
261
476
366
338
529
355
581
360

8.2
3.6
4.7
7.1
3.3
3.8
2.8
0.4
2.4
9.6
5.6
4.0
10.0
4.2
11.3
5.0

0.2
0.1
0.1
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.1

0.1
0.2
0.2
0.1
0.2
0.1
0.2
0.1

9,205
4,486
4,719
8,171
4,270
3,901
2,875
334
2,541
11,045
6,822
4,224
11,526
3,528
12,897
5,763

269
197
191
253
200
167
156
59
151
297
239
193
298
163
326
206

23.8
11.6
12.2
21.2
11.1
10.1
7.4
0.9
6.6
28.6
17.7
10.9
29.9
9.1
33.4
14.9

0.7
0.5
0.5
0.7
0.5
0.4
0.4
0.2
0.4
0.8
0.6
0.5
0.8
0.4
0.8
0.5

ACTIVITIES OF DAILY LIVING


With an ADL limitation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Needed assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Did not need assistance. . . . . . . . . . . .

9,442
4,994
4,449

303
231
196

3.9
2.1
1.8

0.1
0.1
0.1

4,639
2,668
1,971

190
149
132

12.0
6.9
5.1

0.5
0.4
0.3

See footnotes at end of table.

U.S. Census Bureau

17

Table A-1.

Prevalence of Specific Measures of Disability Among Individuals 15 Years and Older:


2010Con.
(Numbers in thousands)
Aged 15 years and older
Category

Aged 65 years and older

Number

Margin of
error ()1

Percent

Margin of
error ()1

Number

Margin of
error ()1

Percent

Margin of
error ()1

ACTIVITIES OF DAILY LIVINGCon.


Difficulty getting around. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Needed assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Did not need assistance. . . . . . . . . . . .
Difficulty getting into bed. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Needed assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Did not need assistance. . . . . . . . . . . .
Difficulty bathing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Needed assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Did not need assistance. . . . . . . . . . . .
Difficulty dressing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Needed assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Did not need assistance. . . . . . . . . . . .
Difficulty eating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Needed assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Did not need assistance. . . . . . . . . . . .
Difficulty toileting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Needed assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Did not need assistance. . . . . . . . . . . .

4,552
2,452
2,100
6,151
3,008
3,142
5,499
3,475
2,024
4,264
2,806
1,458
1,845
1,031
813
2,846
1,880
966

207
154
137
251
182
177
259
191
147
205
167
114
139
111
88
172
133
108

1.9
1.0
0.9
2.5
1.2
1.3
2.3
1.4
0.8
1.8
1.2
0.6
0.8
0.4
0.3
1.2
0.8
0.4

0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1

0.1

0.1
0.1

2,345
1,391
954
3,011
1,578
1,433
2,916
2,039
877
2,142
1,523
619
927
578
349
1,468
1,058
411

140
101
89
160
119
117
155
130
87
135
111
81
86
69
55
111
89
65

6.1
3.6
2.5
7.8
4.1
3.7
7.6
5.3
2.3
5.5
3.9
1.6
2.4
1.5
0.9
3.8
2.7
1.1

0.4
0.3
0.2
0.4
0.3
0.3
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.1
0.3
0.2
0.2

INSTRUMENTAL ACTIVITIES OF
DAILY LIVING
With an IADL limitation . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Needed assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Did not need assistance. . . . . . . . . . . .
Difficulty going out. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Needed assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Did not need assistance. . . . . . . . . . . .
Difficulty managing money . . . . . . . . . . .
Needed assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Did not need assistance. . . . . . . . . . . .
Difficulty preparing meals . . . . . . . . . . . .
Needed assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Did not need assistance. . . . . . . . . . . .
Difficulty doing housework. . . . . . . . . . . .
Needed assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Did not need assistance. . . . . . . . . . . .
Difficulty taking medication . . . . . . . . . . .
Needed assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Did not need assistance. . . . . . . . . . . .
Difficulty using the phone . . . . . . . . . . . .
Needed assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Did not need assistance. . . . . . . . . . . .

15,513
11,566
3,947
10,094
7,983
2,110
5,901
4,996
905
5,817
4,718
1,098
7,708
5,892
1,817
4,994
3,928
1,066
2,886
1,039
1,847

417
360
207
304
284
138
275
252
97
247
218
103
291
262
128
241
218
109
171
111
141

6.4
4.8
1.6
4.2
3.3
0.9
2.4
2.1
0.4
2.4
2.0
0.5
3.2
2.4
0.8
2.1
1.6
0.4
1.2
0.4
0.8

0.2
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1

0.1
0.1

0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1

0.1

0.1

7,449
5,869
1,580
5,365
4,497
867
2,881
2,550
331
3,035
2,528
506
3,804
3,101
703
2,485
2,108
377
1,771
592
1,180

249
226
138
205
189
101
161
159
56
152
141
70
188
176
81
143
135
64
120
76
98

19.3
15.2
4.1
13.9
11.7
2.2
7.5
6.6
0.9
7.9
6.6
1.3
9.9
8.0
1.8
6.4
5.5
1.0
4.6
1.5
3.1

0.6
0.6
0.4
0.5
0.5
0.3
0.4
0.4
0.1
0.4
0.4
0.2
0.5
0.5
0.2
0.4
0.4
0.2
0.3
0.2
0.3

12,049
4,333
2,139
5,577

374
219
154
235

5.0
1.8
0.9
2.3

0.2
0.1
0.1
0.1

6,051
2,049
993
3,009

235
139
99
148

15.7
5.3
2.6
7.8

0.6
0.4
0.3
0.4

4,994
1,709
844
2,441

231
137
94
158

2.1
0.7
0.3
1.0

0.1
0.1

0.1

2,668
859
429
1,380

149
98
62
105

6.9
2.2
1.1
3.6

0.4
0.3
0.2
0.3

NEED FOR ASSISTANCE


Number of ADLs or IADLs for which
assistance was needed
One or more . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
One . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Two. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Three or more . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Number of ADLs for which
assistance was needed
One or more . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
One . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Two. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Three or more . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
See footnotes at end of table.

18

U.S. Census Bureau

Table A-1.

Prevalence of Specific Measures of Disability Among Individuals 15 Years and Older:


2010Con.
(Numbers in thousands)
Aged 15 years and older
Category

Aged 65 years and older

Number

Margin of
error ()1

Percent

Margin of
error ()1

Number

Margin of
error ()1

Percent

Margin of
error ()1

Number of IADLs for which


assistance was needed
One or more . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
One . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Two. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Three or more . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

11,566
4,717
2,201
4,648

360
225
157
225

4.8
2.0
0.9
1.9

0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1

5,869
2,311
951
2,607

226
151
99
140

15.2
6.0
2.5
6.8

0.6
0.4
0.3
0.4

MENTAL
With a disability. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
With one or more selected conditions. . .
A learning disability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Alzheimers, senility, or dementia. . . . .
Intellectual disability3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other developmental disability. . . . . . .
Other mental/emotional condition . . . .
With one or more selected symptoms. . .
Depressed or anxious . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trouble getting along with others. . . . .
Trouble concentrating. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trouble coping with stress . . . . . . . . . .

15,155
10,614
3,896
2,427
1,239
944
4,707
8,916
7,012
2,684
5,140
5,936

495
405
265
149
137
140
266
381
358
194
275
300

6.3
4.4
1.6
1.0
0.5
0.4
1.9
3.7
2.9
1.1
2.1
2.5

0.2
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1

3,024
2,184
286
1,661
76
63
395
1,729
1,098
309
1,047
910

163
142
52
118
27
26
62
133
105
52
95
94

7.8
5.7
0.7
4.3
0.2
0.2
1.0
4.5
2.8
0.8
2.7
2.4

0.4
0.4
0.1
0.3
0.1
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.3
0.1
0.2
0.2

WORKING AT A JOB
Age 16 to 64 years . . . . . . . . . . .
With disability related problems2 . . . . . . .
Has difficulty remaining employed. . . . . .
Limited in kind or amount of work2. . . . . .
Prevented. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not prevented. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

199,036
25,333
14,371
23,535
14,558
8,977

88
592
468
566
440
340

100.0
12.7
7.2
11.8
7.3
4.5

(X)
0.3
0.2
0.3
0.2
0.2

(X)
(X)
(X)
(X)
(X)
(X)

(X)
(X)
(X)
(X)
(X)
(X)

(X)
(X)
(X)
(X)
(X)
(X)

(X)
(X)
(X)
(X)
(X)
(X)

237,635

88

100.0

(X)

38,599

*****

100.0

(X)

19,328
5,715
13,613

468
259
426

8.1
2.4
5.7

0.2
0.1
0.2

7,450
2,537
4,913

272
146
235

19.3
6.6
12.7

0.7
0.4
0.6

30,343
2,841
22,444
5,058
15,799
8,061
791
6,947
4,028
1,284

572
192
454
256
482
318
97
340
212
121

12.6
1.2
9.3
2.1
6.5
3.3
0.3
2.9
1.7
0.5

0.2
0.1
0.2
0.1
0.2
0.1

0.1
0.1

11,096
768
10,044
284
6,328
4,729
111
1,488
1,677
132

302
90
304
53
230
200
33
122
125
32

28.7
2.0
26.0
0.7
16.4
12.3
0.3
3.9
4.3
0.3

0.8
0.2
0.8
0.1
0.6
0.5
0.1
0.3
0.3
0.1

WORKING AROUND THE HOME


Age 16 years and older . . . . . . .
Limited in kind or amount of
housework. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Prevented. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Not prevented. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DISABILITY DOMAINS
With a disability in 1 domain . . . . . . . . . .
Communicative . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Physical. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mental . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
With a disability in 2 domains . . . . . . . . .
Communicative + physical. . . . . . . . . .
Communicative + mental. . . . . . . . . . .
Physical + mental. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
With a disability in 3 domains . . . . . . . . .
Domain(s) not identified. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Represents or rounds to zero.
(X) Not applicable.

***** Indicates (in the margin of error column) that the estimate is controlled. A statistical test for sampling variability is not appropriate.
1
A margin of error is a measure of an estimates variability. The larger the margin of error is in relation to the size of the estimate, the less reliable the estimate.
For further information on the source of the data and accuracy of the estimates, including standard errors, margins of error, and confidence intervals, go to
<http://www.census.gov/sipp/sourceac/S&A08_W1toW6(S&A-13).pdf>.
2

Not part of the disability definition.

While this report uses the term intellectual disability, the survey question asked if respondents had mental retardation. Other definitions of intellectual
disability may include types of conditions not captured in this measure.
3

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Survey of Income and Program Participation, MayAugust 2010.

U.S. Census Bureau

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