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Renewable Energy

Developments
in India

MINISTRY OF NEW AND RENEWABLE ENERGY


G
t f I di

RenewableEnergyProgrammes/
Schemes
TheProgrammesandSchemesoftheMinistryareclassifiedin
followingFiveGroups:
GridInteractiveandDistributedRenewablePower
Grid Interactive
Offgridpowersystems

RenewableEnergyforRuralapplications
RenewableEnergyforUrban,Industrial&commercialapplications
Research,Design,&DevelopmentinRE
SupportProgrammes

RenewableEnergyProgrammes/Schemes
I GRIDINTRACTIVEANDDISTRIBUTEDRENEWABLE
POWER
(A) Gridinteractive
WindPower
SmallHydroPower
Solarpower*
BiomassPower(Combustion)
BiomassPower(Gasification)
BagasseCogeneration
Urban&IndustrialWastetoEnergy

RenewableEnergyProgrammes/Schemes
II RENEWABLEENERGYFORRURALAPPLICATIONS
Familytypebiogasplants
OtherBiogasapplications
CookStove
SolarCookers
SolarCookersforschoolsLargesize
RVEProgramme

RenewableEnergyProgrammes/Schemes
III RENWEABLEENERGYFORURBAN,INDUSTRIAL&COMMERCIAL
APPLICATIONS

SolarThermalSystems
FlatPlateSystems*
CSTbasedsystems*
Greenbuildings*
SolarCities/pilot/relatedactivities*
Alternatefuelvehicles

RenewableEnergyProgrammes/Schemes
IV RESEARCH,DESIGN&DEVELOPMENTINRE
BioEnergy
Biofuel

Biogas
BiomassGasification
WastetoEnergy
Cookstoves

SolarEnergy*
WindEnergy
SmallHydroPower
NewTechnology:
HydrogenEnergy&HEFCFuelCells
TidalEnergy
GeoThermal
BatteryOperatedVehicles

RenewableEnergyProgrammes/Schemes
V SUPPORTPROGRAMMES/Activities
InformationandPublicity
InternationalRelations
HRD&Training
Monitoring&Evaluation
IREDAEquity
e governance
SupporttoSNA
SolarEnergyCorporation*
NationalRenewableEnergyCorporation

WindPower

Potential
Achievement

:
:

49,000MW
17,352MW

11th PlanTarget/Achievement:

9,000MW/10,260MW

Deploymenttarget12th Plan: 15,000MW.


Strategy:
Accelerateddepreciationtogoaway

GBIschemetobereviewedafter11th Planandcontinued

for12th Planforupto4,000MWcapacityprojects.

WindResourceactivitiestobesubstantiallyincreased.

Evacuationinfrastructuretobedeveloped.

SeparateRPOforwind.EnforceRPO.MakeRECwork.

Worktowardscompetitivebidding.
8

2 MW Wi d F

P j t

i Chit d

Di t i t K

t k

WindTurbineTechnology/Principle

Electrical
Energy

Mechanical Energy

Kinetic Energy gives


Power of wind
Pwind = Cp 1/2 AV3

TechnologyStatus
Technologytrendstowardsupscalingofwindturbinesize
Rotordiameterof120mandcapacitiesrangingfrom5to7MW
Worldslargestwindturbineofunitsize7MWdevelopedandinstalled

inGermany.

Currentaverageinstallationtrends

Global:1.5 2.5MWunitsize
India:1.02.0MWunitsize

Globalresearchareas
Offshoreapplications
largescalegridintegrationissues
windforecasting

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WindPowerTechnologyinIndia
y Wellestablishedtechnologyupto2.5MWsingleturbine
y Windturbinesoflate80s: 250kWunitsize;30mrotordiam.
y Current:
y 2502000kWunitsizebeingmanufacturedandinstalledinthe

country
y 40turbinemodels,18manufacturers

y 70 % indigenization achieved upto 500 kW. Import contents

highinhighercapacitymachines.

y Criticalcomponentssuchasgearbox,rotorblades,generators,

controllersindigenizedinlastfewyears

y ExportstoUSA,Australia,China,SouthKorea,Japan,SriLanka
y
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CWET:MajorR&DActivities

Developmentandvalidationofdesignmethodologiesanddesign
toolsforlowandmoderatewindregimes

Improvecompetencefordesignofindigenousblades.

Windenergyforecasting

IndianWindAtlasdevelopmentandpublication

Winddata indicativepotentialanywhereinIndia,atdifferent
heights50mand80m

WIND MAST AT BIDDA, REASI

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WindResourceAssessment
y 31 States and UTs covered under Wind Resource Assessment

Programme
y Windmonitoringcarriedoutatover600locations
y Monitoringstationsnormallyclosedaftercollectionofdatafor

about24months
y Atpresent92stationsareinoperation
y WindAtlaspreparedforIndia
y
y Recenteffortstocarryoutmeasurementat100mheight
y EffortsalsoonforoffshoreWindResourceAssessment

SmallHydroPower
Potential

15000 MW

Achievement

3395 MW

11th Plan Target/ Achievement:

1400 MW / 1419 MW

Deployment target 12th Plan :

2100 MW.

Strategy:

Private sector participation

Performance based incentivisation for State sector / NE

Small plants to get higher support.


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Rajwakti Uttarkhand

NARANGWAL
Punjab

SHPTechnologyStatus
y

SHPtechnologyfullymatureinthecountry

Equipmentefficiency>85%.

CapacityUtilizationFactorcanbeashighas
95%

Over20equipmentmanufacturers

Manufacturingcapacityover1000MW

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2x15KwNguriangbungPowerHouse

SHPR&DActivities
y RealtimedigitalsimulatorsetupatAHEC,IITRoorkee

y Onsiteprojecttestingfacilitycreated.
y ModelTurbinetestandR&Dbenchbeingsetupat

AHEC
y VelocityTurbinedevelopedby2manufacturers.

Demonstrationprojectof50kWbeingsetupinPunjab
and20kWinUttrakhand.

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HYDROPROJECTS

SHPDigitalSimulatoratAHEC

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BioEnergyTechnologies
y BiomassCombustion
y Biomassusedinboilerstogenerateheat/steamtodriveturbinefor

generatingelectricity.

y BiomassCogeneration
y Simultaneousproductionofheat/steamandelectricity

These technologies are fairly well established in the country.


Efficienciesofboilers/turbinescomparabletobestintheworld.
y BiomassGasification
y Conversion of woody and nonwoody biomass such as Rice husk,

arharstalks,cottonstalks,woodchipsetc.toproducergas

Technologysuccessfullydevelopedindigenously.

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BiomassPower

Potential

17000MW

Achievement

1150MW

11th PlanTarget/Achievement:

500MW/626MW

Deploymenttarget12th Plan: 500MW.


Strategy:

Promotionofsmallcapacitybiomassprojectswith
biomasslinkageandcaptiveplantations.

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BagasseCogeneration

Potential

5000MW

Achievement

1985MW

11th PlanTarget/Achievement:

1200MW/1369MW

Deploymenttarget12th Plan:1400MW.
Strategy:

PromotionofBOOT/BOLTmodelincooperativesector
sugarmills.

Promotionofoptimumcogenerationpotentialinsmallsize
sugarmills(<2500TCD). 28

16.7 MW Bagasse Co-generation Project in A.P. using


87 ata Boiler

NationalSolarMission

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Indiaisinthesolarbeltoftheworld
apotentialregionforutilizingsolarenergy

DirectandDiffuseSolarRadiation

Global Radiation = Direct Radiation + Diffuse Solar Radiation

SolarEnergyandSolarMission

Potential

:3050MW/sq.km

Achievement

979MW

Over18lakhSPVSystemsinstalled/distributed
11th PlanTarget
(incl.2013)

Targetfor12th Plan :
Targetfor13th Plan :

1100MW
4000MW.
15000MW.
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SolarMission
Targets

20000MWgridby2022(statepoliciesextra)
2000MWoffgridby2022
20millionhouseholdscoveredbysolarlighting
20msqmetresofsolarthermal

Objectives

Achievegridparityby2022
Increasedomesticmanufacturingcapacity
Developecosystemforsolarindustry
Developmanpower
SupportR&D
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SPV APPLICATIONS
SOLAR LANTERNS
HOME & COMMUNITY LIGHTING
VILLAGE STREET LIGHTING
WATER PUMPING SYSTEMS
VILLAGE POWER PLANTS
VACCINE REFRIGERATION
TV SETS
RADIO RECEIVERS

SPV APPLICATIONS (CONTD.)

TELECOMMUNICATION
RAILWAYS
VLPTS FOR DOORDARSHAN
BATTERY CHARGERS FOR
DEFENCE APPLICATIONS
UNMANNED OFF-SHORE OIL
WELLHEAD PLATFORMS
POWER PLANTS

PARKING/PUBLIC AREA LIGHTS

First Pump Installed at Mukerian, Distt Hoshiarpur

SolarWaterHeatingSystems
TypesofSystem

FlatPlate
Collectorbasedsystem

EvacuatedTubeCollector
basedsystem

MNRE

SolarWaterHeatersforColdRegions MNRE
FPC based system with Heat
Exchanger and antifreeze fluid

Mahabodhi Int. Meditation


Centre, Near Leh

SolarCooker
Solardishcooker
Cooksallkindsoffoodin30to
40minutes
Temperature:300 350C
Suitablefor10to12people.
Cost:AboutRs.7000
Cansave8to10LPGcylinders/
year
Paybackisabout3years

BoxTypeSolarCooker
Suitablefor45people
Cost:Rs.2000 3000
Can save 2 3 LPG Cylinders
peryear

MNRE

SolarSteamGeneratingSystems
Concentratingsolarcollectorsareavailabletoprovide
heatattemperaturesupto250degC
Schefflerdishconcentrators,16sq.m.
Cost:Rs.12,000/sq.m.
ARUN160solardishconcentrators,169sq.m.
Cost:Rs.18000/sq.m.

TypeofSolarcell

InternationalStatus

IndianStatus
Production(R&D)

Crystallinesilicon
solarcell
(mono/multi)

Production:1517%

Production:14.517%

R&DLab:2425%

R&DLab:19.7%

69%(13%)
16.7%
19.4%

5 8%(9 12%)
(12%)
(13%)

10.4%/5,15%

9.5%/3%

Thinfilmsolarcell
aSilicon
CdTe
CIGS
Dye/organicsolar
cells

RecentInitiativesinSPVR&D
y Developmentofpolysiliconmaterial(MaharishiSolar)
y 2022%efficiencysinglecrystalsiliconcells(IITMumbai)
y 10 12%efficiencynanocystallinethinfilmmodules

(IACSKolkata,HHVBangalore,NPLDelhi,BESUniversity,Howrah)
y 12 15%efficiencyCIGScells(MoserBaer.NPL,IITKanpur)
y 10 12%efficiencyDyesensitizedcells(AmritaNanoCentre,IITKanpur)
y 5%efficiencyorganicinorganicheterojunctioncells

(IITDelhi,DelhiUniversity)

R&DinSolarThermalSystems
y IndigenousdevelopmentofSolarWaterHeatingsystemsandSolar

Cookersandfullcommercialization.Wellestablishedmanufacturingbase.

y SecondgenerationtechnologydevelopedusingSelectivecoating

absorbers

y NumberofmodesdevelopedforSolarBoxtypeandconcentratingdish

cookers.

y Schefflercookersforindoorcookingforlargekitchens.
y Concentratortechnologiesforsteamgenerationandindustrialprocess

heatapplications

Settingupof1MWSolarThermalPower

testing,research&simulationfacilitybeingsetupatSEC
throughIITBombay&Industryconsortium
y
y

Combinationofdifferentcollectortechnologies
Directandindirectsteamgenerationtobe demonstrated

CompactLinearFresnelReflector
Trough

Parabolic

SolarDishConcentrator
anindigenousdevelopmentproject MWSandSEC
SolarthermalStirlingengines(3unitsof3kWeach)performanceevaluation
atSECjointlywithONGCEnergyResearchCentre)

CRISPTower
(CollaborativeResearchInitiativeinSolarPowerTower)
withSunBorneEnergy

Criticalcomponents
y Receiver
y Heliostatdesign
y Thermalstorage
y Solarpowertowercontrols

Electricity&ColdStorageforRemoteRural
Applications(SEC,Thermax,TERI)
Electricityfrombiomassgasifier
Coolingfromengineexhaust
Solarconcentratorsduringsolarhours

IMDandMNRENetworkofGround
MeasurementsofSolarRadiationFacilities
MNRE has
proposed to
further
expand this
network in
12th Plan
period

AUGMENTATIONOFMONITORING
NETWORK
Aimedattocoversitesofhighpotentialforsolarpowergenerationin

Phase1

InstallationandCommissioningofmonitoringstationsat51sites

completed.

CWET,Chennaiisimplementingtheproject.
DatafromeachstationisreceivedatCentralizedFacilitysetupatCWET

forprocessingandanalysis

Vertej,Gujarat

Vellore, Tamil Nadu

Shegaon, Maharashtra
6/24/2011

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Strengths
y DedicatedResearchInstitutions
y ComprehensiveResourceAssessment
y WindAtlas
y SolarRadiationMapping
y IdentificationofHydroProjectsites
y WorldClassmanufacturingfacilities
y EPCSuppliersacrosstheentirevaluechain C2C
y Estimatedemploymenttoamillionpeople
y Strongspiritofentrepreneurship,projectsdeveloped
largelyunderprivatesector

PolicySupport
y
y
y
y
y
y

Tax&Dutyconcessions
Capital&InterestSubsidy
Proactiveregulators
PreferentialTariffs/FeedinTariffs
Energybuyback,wheeling&banking
15%RPOby2020,RECertificateScheme

TechnicalInstitutions
y
y
y
y
y

SolarEnergyCentre
CentreforWindEnergyTechnology
AlternateHydroEnergyCentre
SolarEnergyCorporationofIndia
StateLevelNodalAgencies

FinancialInfrastructure
y DedicatedREFinancialInstitution IREDA
y DedicatedPowersectorfinanciers PFC,PTC,REC
y DedicatedInfrastructurefinanciers IDFC,IL&FS,
PTC,IDBI,HUDCO
y DevelopmentInstitutions NABARD,SIDBI
y GrowinginterestofBanks

WindManufacturing
y Annualproductioncapacityof5000MW,morethan
60%export
y Worldclassmanufacturingcompanies
y Sizevariantsfrom225kWto2100kW
y 90%indigenizationachieved

SolarManufacturing
y Worldclassmanufacturingcompanies
y Majorglobalcompaniessettingupbasedueto
NationalSolarMission
y Annualproductioncapacity
y 750MWofPVCells
y 1250MWofPVModules
y MegaCapacitySolarParksunderprogress

Boilers&Turbines
y About9manufacturersforHydroturbineswithsize
upto25MW
y About9leadingmanufacturersforboilerstosupport
Bagasse Cogeneration and Biomass based power
projects

HumanResourceCapacityBuilding
y SpecializedCoursesinleadingInstitutes IIT
y BusinessIncubationCenters IIMA
y AdoptionofIndustrialTrainingInstitutesby
equipmentmanufacturers
y Fellowshipprograms
y MajorThrusttoR&D

SOLARPHOTOVOLTAICINSTALLATIONS

SOLARWATERHEATERINSTALLATIONS

SOLARSTEAMCOOKERINSTALLATION

SOLARWINDHYBRIDINSTALLATION

THANK YOU