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Lab report

Angi Rocha
November 4, 2016
AP Environmental Science

Seed germination
Inorganic fertilizers are often name as synthetic fertilizers because they do not have
natural value and pass through certain manufacturing process in order to be produce. Due to this
synthetic product a poor amount of nutrients are present in this fertilizer and nutrients are lost in
the soil leaving it to have a required apply often during the growing process. Organic fertilizer is
an efficient fertilizer due to the great amount of nutrients that are present and its effectiveness.
This fertilizer has advantages like; reducing the soil crusting, improving water movement into
the soil and adding structure to the soil. This is a good fertilizer but it has to be handle with
cautious because with excess of this fertilizer the plant might overdose with nutrients. "One of
the most difficult things to determine for an organic gardener is how much organic fertilizer to
use." (Penhallegon, 2008)
Inorganic and Organic are two types of fertilizers; chemicals that are contained inside of
these two fertilizers are composed of the same compounds. Twenty essential chemical
components are required to balance a normal vegetable growth, with these two fertilizers they
can function at its best because they supply the elements that are required. However, Organic
fertilizers are the best option but they are a dependent variable, which means they depend on soil
organisms in order for them to release nutrients and mineralize. Inorganic fertilizer is an
independent variable but it does not have the same results as the other fertilizer due to the
manufacturing that goes through. Comparing this two, inorganic fertilizer does not do the same
important functions as organic fertilizers; these functions are important due to the different jobs
they produce. These functions include increasing organic matter content of the soil, improving

Lab report
Angi Rocha
November 4, 2016
AP Environmental Science

physical structure of the soil and increasing bacterial and fungal activity, particu blarly the
mycorrhizal fungi which alone make other nutrients more available to plant (V. A. Haby,
Marvin L. Baker, and Sam Feagley, 2016)
Seed germination has an important process due to the different stages that the seeds have
to go through grow. The growth of a seed needs different conditions; which are moisture,
warmth, nutrient rich soil, and sunlight. Each of these conditions has an important role in the
seed germination; due to this, the seed depends on these different conditions in order to grow.
The embryo starts to consume nourishment, which allows it to grow and it will eventually burst
open through the seed coat looking for sunlight. The plant starts to grow towards the sunlight as
this happens the roots of the plant start to grow downwards in search of more nutrients and food.
With more and more nourishments, the embryo starts growing and it is time for photosynthesis
(Smart learning for all, 2015)

V. A. Haby, Marvin L. Baker, and Sam Feagley (2016). Vegetable Resources. Retrieved
November 04, 2016, from http://aggie-horticulture.tamu.edu/vegetable/guides/texas-vegetablegrowers-handbook/ chapter-iii-soils-fertilizers/
Smart learning for all (2015, December 26). Seed Germination. Retrieved November 04, 2016,
from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TE6xptjgNR0
Savonen, C. (2008, April 30). Here's the scoop on chemical and organic fertilizers. Retrieved
November 04, 2016, from http://extension.oregonstate.edu/gardening/node/955

Lab report
Angi Rocha
November 4, 2016
AP Environmental Science

Experimental design
Problem Question: Will seed germination rates vary depending on the type of fertilizers we mix
with the soil?
Hypothesis: If we use both, inorganic and organic, for two separate seed groups, then the group
with the inorganic fertilizer will germinate faster because they will receive nutrients quicker than
the group with organic fertilizer and control group due to nutrient concentration.
Independent Variable: Type of seeds and amount of water/sunlight the groups receive
Dependent Variable: The rate of seed germination and type of fertilizer
Control Group: Seeds without any type of fertilizer.
Experimental Groups: Seeds with inorganic fertilizer and seeds with organic fertilizer.
Materials and Methods:
Two liter Empty sodas bottles, two types of fertilizers (inorganic and organic), water and seeds.
Bone meal is going to be used to the organic fertilizer, soil, pipe cleaners. Two bottles are
required for each fertilizer, one bottle is cut in half and filled with water. Then, a pipe cleaner is
added at the bottom of the other bottle, which contains the bone meal. The same procedure is
going to be used on the other bottle but not fertilizer is added.

Lab report
Angi Rocha
November 4, 2016
AP Environmental Science

As the lab occurred, we concluded that inorganic fertilizer was an effective fertilizer due
to the effective result of the growing process. Plant B had organic fertilizer contained bone meal,
which affected the growing process, and no results were shown during this time period. Plant A
had inorganic fertilizer, which the growing process was faster. Therefore, Inorganic might have
less nutrients in it but the growing process is faster.