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Workbook: Sentence Connectors: Conditional Sentences

1. Conditional sentences: type 1


Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tenses.
1 If I see him I (give) him a lift.
2 The table will collapse if you (stand) on it.
3 If he (eat) all that he will be ill.
4 If I find your passport I (telephone) you at once.
5 The police (arrest) him if they catch him.
6 If he (read) in bad light he will ruin his eyes.
7 Someone (steal) your car if you leave it unlocked.
8 What will happen if my parachute (not open)?
9 If he (wash) my car I'll give him $10.
10 If she (need) a radio she can borrow mine.
11 If you (not go) away I'll send for the police.
12 I'll be very angry if he (make) any more mistakes.
13 If he (be) late we'll go without him.
14 She will be absolutely furious if she (hear) about this.
15 If you put on the kettle I (make) the tea.
16 If you give my dog a bone he (bury) it at once.
17 If we leave the car here it (not be) in anybody's way.
18 He'll be late for the train if he (not start) at once.
19 If you come late they (not let) you in.
20 If he (go) on telling lies nobody will believe a word he says.
2. Conditional sentences: type 2
Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tenses.
1 If I had a typewriter I (type) it myself.
2 If I (know) his address I'd give it to you.
3 He (look) a lot better if he shaved more often.
4 If you (play) for lower stakes you wouldn't lose so much.
5 If he worked more slowly he (not make) so many mistakes.
6 I shouldn't drink that wine if I (be) you.
7 More tourists would come to that country if it (have) a better climate.
8 If I were sent to prison, you (visit) me?
9 If someone (give) you a helicopter what would you do with it?
10 I (buy) shares in that company if I had some money.
11 If he (clean) his windscreen he could see where he was.
12 If you drove your car into the river you (can) get out?
13 If you (not belong) to a union you couldn't get a job.
14 If I (win) a big prize in a lottery I'd give up my job.
15 What you (do) if you found a burglar in your house?
16 I could tell you what this means if I (know) Greek.
17 If everybody (give) $1 we would have enough.
18 He might get fat if he (stop) smoking.
19 If he knew that it was dangerous he (not come).
20 If you (see) someone drowning what would you do?
3. Conditional sentences: type 3
Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tenses.
1 If I had known that you were in hospital I (visit) you.
2 The ground was very soft. But for that, my horse (win).
3 If you (arrive) ten minutes ear1ier youd have got a seat.
4 You would have seen my garden at its best if you (be) here last week.
5 But for his quickness I (be) killed.

M.E. Machado Ruiz

Workbook: Sentence Connectors: Conditional Sentences

M.E. Machado Ruiz

6 I shouldn't have believed it if I (not see) it with my own eyes.


7 If he had slipped he (fall) 500 metres.
8 If he had asked you, you (accept)?
9 If I (had) a map I would have been all right.
10 If I (know) that you were coming I'd have baked a cake.
11 I (offer) to help him if I had realized that he was ill.
12 If you had left that wasp alone it (not sting) you.
13 If I (realize) what a had driver you were I wouldn't have come with you.
14 If I had realized that the traffic lights were red I (stop).
15 But for the fog we (reach) our destination ages ago.
16 If you had told me that he never paid his debts I (not lend) him the money.
17 If you (not sneeze) he wouldn't have known that we were there.
18 If you (put) some mustard in the sandwiches they would have tasted better.
19 The hens (not get) into the house if youd shut the door.
20 If he had known that the river was dangerous he (not try) to swim across it.
4. Conditional sentences: mixed types
Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tenses.
1 If you (find) a skeleton in the cellar, don't mention it to anyone.
2 If you pass your examination we (have) a celebration.
3 What (happen) if I press this hutton?
4 I should have voted for her if I (have) a vote then.
5 If you go to Paris where you (stay)?
6 If someone offered to buy you one of those rings, which you (choose)?
7 The flight may be cancelled if the fog (get) thick.
8 If the milkman (come) tell him to leave two pints.
9 Someone (sit) on your glasses if you leave them there.
10 You would play better bridge if you (not talk) so much.
11 What I (do) if I hear the burglar alarm?
12 If you (read) the instructions carefully you wouldn't have answered the wrong question.
13 I could repair the roof myself if I (have) a long ladder.
14 Unless they turn that radio off I (go) mad.
15 If you were made redundant what you (do)?
16 We'll have a long way to walk if we (run) out of petrol .
17 If you shake that bottle of port it (not be) fit to drink
18 I'll probably get lost unless he (come) with me.
19 You (not have) so many accidents if you drove more slowly.
20 If you (wear) a false beard nobody would have recognized you.
1.
Conditional sentences: type 1
Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tenses.
1 If I see him I (give) him a lift.
2 The table will collapse if you (stand) on it.
3 If he (eat) all that he will be ill.
4 If I find your passport I (telephone) you at once.
5 The police (arrest) him if they catch him.
6 If he (read) in bad light he will ruin his eyes.
7 Someone (steal) your car if you leave it unlocked.
8 What will happen if my parachute (not open)?
9 If he (wash) my car I'll give him $10.
10 If she (need) a radio she can borrow mine.

Workbook: Sentence Connectors: Conditional Sentences

M.E. Machado Ruiz

2.
Conditional sentences: type 2
Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tenses.
1 If I had a typewriter I (type) it myself.
2 If I (know) his address I'd give it to you.
3 He (look) a lot better if he shaved more often.
4 If you (play) for lower stakes you wouldn't lose so much.
5 If he worked more slowly he (not make) so many mistakes.
6 I shouldn't drink that wine if I (be) you.
7 More tourists would come to this country if it (have) a better climate.
8 If I were sent to prison you (visit) me?
9 If someone (give) you a helicopter what would you do with it?
10 I (buy) shares in that company if I had some money.
3.
Conditional sentences: type 3
Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tenses.
1 If I had known that you were in hospital I (visit) you.
2 The ground was very soft. But for that, my horse (win).
3 If you (arrive) ten minutes ear1ier you would have got a seat.
4 You would have seen my garden at its best if you (be) here last week.
5 But for his quickness I (be) killed.
6 I shouldn't have believed it if I (not see) it with my own eyes.
7 If he had slipped he (fall) 500 metres.
8 If he had asked you, you (accept)?
9 If I (had) a map I would have been all right.
10 If I (know) that you were coming I'd have baked a cake.
4.
Conditional sentences: mixed types
Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tenses.
1 If you (find) a skeleton in the cellar don't mention it to anyone.
2 If you pass your examination we (have) a celebration.
3 What (happen) if I press this hutton?
4 I should have voted for her if I (have) a vote then.
5 If you go to Paris where you (stay)?
6 If someone offered to buy you one of those rings, which you (choose)?
7 The flight may be cancelled if the fog (get) thick.
8 If the milkman (come) tell him to leave two pints.
9 Someone (sit) on your glasses if you leave them there.
10 You would play better bridge if you (not talk) so much.

1st Conditonal
If + pres. s., [be] going to + V-inf
Im going to complain if things dont improve.
If + pres. c. , M + V-inf
If its raining tomorrow, the sports can take place indoors.
If Mary is at liberty, I could see her for a moment (perhaps)
Unless you have a valid passport, I cant book your ticket.
If he doesnt want to press charges, then you should give up the trial.
If the water rises above this level, then we must warn everybody.
If + pres.s., pres.s.
Whether he is right or wrong, he always comes off worst in an argument because of his

Workbook: Sentence Connectors: Conditional Sentences

M.E. Machado Ruiz

inability to speak cogently.


It is irrelevant whether she is 16.
If they are Irish, Im the Pope.
If + pres.s., Imperative
If you ever want my advice, dont hesitate to ask for it.
If anyone ever says that, pretend not to hear.
If + pres. Perf, will + V-inf
If Ive written the paper before Monday, Ill call you.
If + M + V-inf, will + Vinf
Ill get lost unless I can find my compass.
If + will + V-inf, M + V-inf
If youll help us, we can finish early (wiiling to)
If you wont help us, all our plans will be ruined (refuse to)
If hell pay, Ill go with him.
If youll use it, you can have it
If youll be kind enough to wait, Ill have your luggage brought in.

If you will come this way, Ill take you to the managers office.
If you will get drunk every night, its not surprising you feel ill.
If + subjunctive, shall + V-inf
If a person be found guilty, he shall have the right to appeal.
Surprise
Why, if it isnt Susan! (its indeed Susan)
Well, if it isnt the manager himself!
Politeness
Id be grateful if you would give a little help.
Wait over there if you wouldnt mind.
Id like to know if you will be using the car tomorrow.
Can you tell me if it would be cheaper to travel by train of by bus?

I should be very grateful if you reply as soon as possible.


Result
If it will make you happier (as a result), Ill stop smoking.
Unlikely
If you should run into Peter Bellamy, tell him he owes me a letter. (unlikely)
If you should happen to finish early (by chance), give me a ring.
I wonder if we shouldnt ask the doctor to look at Mary (uncertainty)
I wouldnt be surprised if she didnt get married soon (she got married)
If so
Have you got a free evening next week? If so, lets have diner.
Is anybody feeling could? If so, lets put the central heating off.

2nd Conditional
Inversion: had, were, should (* could and might)
Were she here, shed support the motion.
Were she my daughter, I could suggest several steps I should consider it profitable to take.
Should you change your mind, let us know.
If + past s., would + V-inf
If she tried / were to try, shed pass the exam. If I had another 500, I could buy a car.

If you asked me nicely, I might take you out to lunch.


If + past s., would be + V-ing
If they were alive, theyd be moving around (not alive)
If + past c., would + V-inf
If she were trying harder, her parents wouldnt be so anxious.
Pres. s, as if+ past s.
He acts as if he knew you.

Workbook: Sentence Connectors: Conditional Sentences

M.E. Machado Ruiz

I wish, past s.
I wish she were not married.
Its a pity that, should + V-inf
Its a pity that they should be so obstinate.
In case + pres. s., pres.s.
In case he asks you, I dont know.
In case + pres. s., Imperative
Take the umbrella in case it rains. In case of fire, break glass
In case + pres. s./past s., should + V-inf
You should insure your house in case theres a fire.
I packed a swimsuit in case I should have time to go to the beach.
Supposing
Supposing war broke out, what would you do?
Supposing you fell in love with your boss, what would you do?
Providing / Provided
You can borrow my bike provided / providing you bring it back.
As long as / So long as + Pres. s / M, pres. s.
As long as men can breath, and this gives life to you.
So long as this lives, and this gives life to you.
Youre welcome to stay with us, as long as you share the rent.
Ill give you the day off on condition that you work on Saturday morning.
If only, past perfect (strong regret)
If only she had acted more sensibly.
If only I had more money, I could buy some new clothes.
If only we can get to the petrol station well be all right.
If only you hadnt told Jakcie what I said, everything would have been all right.
If only she wouldnt play the violin in the middle of the night, she be an ideal guest
(willingness)
If only she didnt snore! If only you would listen to reason!
Youd (had) better + V-inf (advice)
Youd better stay here tonight.
Id (would) rather, past s. (prefer)
Id rather we had dinner now.

3rd Conditional
If Peter hadnt phoned, Id have been sitting in the house watchig TV when the bomb
went off.
If that was Mary, why didnt she stop and say hello?
Had I realized what you intended I shouldnt have wasted my time trying to explain
matters to you.
Had I been less forthright, Id have acquired more support.
If + would have + V-ed2, M + have + V-ed2
I might have married her if she would have agreed.
Its time, past s.
Its time you were in bed