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(, 83001, , . , 58,
.(062) 3010856, -mail: victor.babkov@gmail.com)

RBF-


Bashkov, E.A.; Babkov, V.S. (2008) Research of RBF-algorithm and his
modifications apply possibilities for the construction of shape computer models in
medical practic. Proc Int. Conference "Simulation-2008", Pukhov Institute for
Modelling in Energy Engineering
RBF
3D- 2D 3D-.
RBF
.

RBF
3D- 2D 3D-.
RBF
.

: , , RBF, , 3D-.


. ,
,
, ,
.

,
2D 3D-:
,

, .. [1]

).


, . ,

(104-106),

. ,
,
.

, . [2].
.


[3].

.
[3]:
- (104-106),
,
2D-;
- ,
;
- ,
(,
.. [4]).

, - .
[5],
[6],
RBF.

RBF ,
( ,
, ).
RBF, () :
(1)

f ( x ) = i ( x, c i ) ,
i =1

1.. N - ;
- RBF, ;
c1.. N - ( ).

i -,

(c1 , c1 ) (c1 , c 2 )
(c , c ) (c , c )
2
1
2
2

...
...

(c N , c1 ) (c N , c 2 )

... (c1 , c N ) 1 h1
... (c 2 , c N ) 2 h2
* = ,
...
... ... ...

... (c N , c N ) 3 hN

H = {hi |iN=1 } R .
2D-, ,
[7] - H - ,
P = {ci = ( xi , y i ) |i =1 } R .
N

P = {ci = ( xi , yi , z i ) |iN=1 } R 3 . ()
,
: F (c) = const . RBF

,
[8]: . . 1 ( r = x c - RBF).

RBF

Piecewise polynomial (RP)

(r ) = r

Thin plate spline (TPS)

(r ) = r ln n

Multiquadric (MQ)

(r ) = 1 + (r ) 2

Inverse multiquadric (IMQ)

(r ) =

Inverse quadratic (IQ)

(r ) =

Gaussian (GS)

1 + (r ) 2
1
1 + (r ) 2

(r ) = e r

2 2

,
:
- RBF ;
-

- (1)
, f ( x ) = const

RBF

,
,
.
2.
, , , [9],
,
, .
[9].
, ,

, .
[9],
0.14..0.92, .
,

.
,
.
, [10]
RBF.
RBF , :
1 1 .


.

,
.

k- [11],
(. . 1 ) RBF
(. . 2 ),
, [12].

. 1
,
RBF

.

(FMM),
[13].

, ,
. .
, ,
. .

:

, ,
.
.
(1) : , ,
, .
(1),
, , ,
.
RBF, ,
[13]. ,
RBF .
,

[14], 2.
2

RBF

RBF

RBF

RBF

RBF

O (n 2 )

O( n 2 )

O(n log n)

O(n 2 )

O(n 2 )

O(n 2 )

O(n 1.2...1.5 )

O(n log n)

O(mn)

O(mn)

O(m log n)

O(m + n log n)

2, :
- RBF
RBF;
-
RBF;
-
RBF.
,
,
N
RBF.

, [15].
RBF.

: . . 2.

2 3D-

RBF

,
[16].
RBF . 3 ( ()
).

3
3
, . 3.
: Intel Core 2 Duo 3.0 , 2 RAM.
3

103

104

Brain
105

106

107

103

104

Vertebra
105

106

107

t1, c

0.12

0.34

1.05

4.24

24.6

0.16

0.45

1.24

5.48

35.7

t2, c

0.20

0,97

3.65

12.3

67.2

0.31

1.07

5.06

14.6

76.5

t3, c

0.15

0.45

1.34

4.96

26.5

0.18

0.51

2.04

6.12

30.4

ts, c

0.47

1.76

6,04

21.50

118.3

0.65

2.04

8.34

26.2

142.6

3 :
t1 ;
t2 ;
t3 .
ts .
3,
, 106..107, , ..
RBF
, , [17].
.

,
RBF , ,
( N > 10 4 )
, ,
RBF.


RBF 3D- .

3D- RBF
,

.
In work the comparative analyze of RBF-modification characteristic aplied for build 3D-model of organs
by 2D and 3D-scan data is proposed. Outline of model build based on compactly supported RBF is
described and modelling results for humain brain and vertebra are proposed.

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3. .. 3D-

// .
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4. Xu F., Mueller K. Real-time 3D computed tomographic reconstruction using commodity graphics
hardware // Phys. Med. Biol. 52. 2007. P. 34053419.
5.

..
//
. , . 70.
: , 2003 . . 30-38.

6. Duchon J. Splines minimizing rotation-invariant semi-norms in Sobolev spaces. In W.


Schempp and K. Zeller editors, Constructive Theory of Functions of Several Variables. 571.
Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 1977. P. 85100.
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ACP Press, 2004. P. 232240.
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ACM SIGGRAPH 2001, 12-17 August 2001. P. 67-76.
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1975. 18(9). P. 509517.
12. .. CR- //
"-2008", 14-16 2008 . :
. .. , . 1, 2008. - . 3-10.
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GMRES iteration // Advances in Computational Math. 1999. 11. P. 253270.
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http://lodbook.com/models/.
15. .., ..
//
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11-13 2007 . :
, , 2007. . 285-287.
16. .. 3D- //
.

-2004.

: - . 2004 . . 87-88.
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