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General Electric

lighting systems



lnclustrial Areas

The trend to low-bay facilities in industry has created some interesting

challenges in terms of providing

adequate energy-ef ficient illumination.

The characteristics of the optics for

ce:ling heights o' 12 ta 25 fi. are unique.

Assembly areas, warehouses with low ceilings and narrow aisles, assembly lines with close-in walls, modular wal systems with open-top office or lab

areas are on y a few of the challenges to

be met by low-bay lighting systems.

GE developed a serles of lightjng systems specifically designed for low-bay areas. Each is configured around energy-efficient HID lamps. Each offers advantages for a particular application.

General Electric




The General Electric answer to the low-bay lighting challenge is the Lowmount industrial system specifically

designed to be used where betier light

controi is needed. lt incorporates the performance features demanded by ef ficiency-minded management.

The scientifically designed optical assemb y of the Lowmount system reduces glare while provlding horizontal

light control and beam spread. lt directs light on both vertical and horizontal work

surfaces with fewer uminaires and less

wasted energy than with other lighting

systems. A charcoal filtered optical assembly and A zak'Jinished reflector help maintain system efficiency and minimize maintenance costs. A two

piece mounting and bushing nut, factory prew rjng, and a quick disconnect between the ba last housing and optical

assembly that assures dead socket amping for safety in Lowmount 400

models, help minimize installation costs

and labor.

The Lowmount 400 luminaire is designed for 250- or 400-watt HID lamps. lt is ideal for factories, foundries,

text le mills, assembly areas, or any

lndustrial application where good honzontal beam spread and vertical surface illumination is desired.

The Lowmount 150 system is designed for the lower wattage lamps yet offers the

sare qJa ity ard optical pe.formalce

features as Lowmount 400 lumlnai It s an excellent systen.r for wareh ouses and storage areas. Lowmount luminaires will operate Lucalox a, h gh pressure

sodium (HPS),

metal-hal de or mercury lamps.




Lowmount l5O luminaire






The Unimount luminaire is designed

for relighting existing plants at low lnitiai

General Electric




The Lineglow lighting system ofJers an

energy-ef f icient option to conventional

fluorescent lighting along assembly

lines. With energy savings come the bonuses of qreater reliability, fewer

luminaires, and longer periods between relamping and cleaning. Lineglow luminaires provide low-glare lighting through the interfacing of two reflectors.

The front parabolic reflector spreads the

" high intensity light from the lamp over

1 the para-elliptical reflector in back. The

result-hign illuminarion trom a Lucalox

I ; liqhrinq system without the qlare or

I shadows normallyfound in point-source

i lamps.

I 1 High maintained lighting ef frciency is important to assembly line productivity. So GE designed the Lineglow luminaire to withstand the rigors of industrial

atmosphere: sealed and filtered optics

that stay clean between lamp changes;

rugged steel housing, electrocoated

inside and out; and ALGLAS@ reflector

finish to help cut maintenance. And every Lineglow luminaire is completely

prewired at the factory with leads

terminating in the easy-access junction

box for easy installation.

Lineglow systems are designed to provide low-glare, multi-point illumination to help improve productivity

and reduce work errors. Recommended

for assembly line at mounting heights of

B to 12


cost. lt is ideal Jor converting inefficient incandescent and fluorescent systems

to energy-efficient Lucalox and metal-

halide lighting systems.

The Unimount system can help reduce

energy consumption through better use of generated light by employing an AlzakJinished ref lector. The precision-formed acrylic ref ractor

spreads the beams for low brightness,

providing high quality light on work surfaces.The Unimount system of fers

the easy, f lexible installation

characteristic of other GE lighting systems.





lighting systems



lnclustrid Areas

H gh bay industrial facilties present a

unique problem of getting sufficient

lurnination on work surfaces from umina re mounting heights of 20 to 100

feet. With proper beam controi and more efficient I ght sources, fewer

lum naires and ower wattage lamps are

repded be' d-be no5l o'thc ight is

directed to the work surface.

Another cha lenge is the environment found rn many industries. The air oflen

contains fumes, oil vapor. moisture, and

dust, all of which tend to impalr the opt ca performance of the lighting system. Since the system is norma iy mounted at substantial heights, t rs difficult to service and may often go unattended unt la lamp fai s.

General Electflc provides both energy eff ciency and maintained llumination

efflciency with its high-bay lighting systems. Just as factory condrtions

vary, so do iighting needs and GE offers

a complete family of energy-efficient

and long-life light ng systems for

high bay industr a applications.






The Filterglow lighting system is the "no

compromise" solution to high-bay lighting. lt incorporates advanced lighting technology, sophisticated design, and important energy conservation features. This is the high bay system that GE designed specifically for areas where grime,

lumes. and dirt mighl limit the ef ficiency

of a lighting system. The enclosed and gasketed optical assembly has an activated charcoal filter that is designed to remove airborne particles and gases


befo'e tley conta"ninate the precision-

engineered ALGLASJinished ref lector surfaces. The reflector is carefully

designed to direct light onto work surfaces. Payback in terms of reduced energy and less maintenance costs can

be expected in one to three years.

Filterglow systems are among the

easiest to install. The mechanical

connection is made in the two-piece nut

and bushing that goes up first. The

heavier ballast assembly simply rotates

into place wrthout tools. A large wiring

compartment with a teathered cover facilitates electrical hook up. And, the optical assembly simply slides into place completing the mechanical and electrical hookups in one step. Filterglow systems offer superb energy efficiency through the use of Lucalox, metal-halide, and mercury lamps.They







feature a unique socket support that allows adjustment ot the lamp position in the optical assembly to direct more

light where needed. This adjustable

socket permits its system to be used

over a wide range of luminaire

spacing-to-mounting height ratros.









Filterglow luminaire systems are

especially suited for factories and

foundries or industrial facilities in the

basic metals, chemical/petrochemical,

food processing industries or wherever

energy-efficient lighting and minimum maintenance are desirable.Two models

are available for 150 to 1000watt lamps.








The Durag ow lighting system is a

companion in quality and performance

to the Filterglow system; but in an open

and ventilated configuration. lt is especially applicable in areas such as hangars, warehouses, assemblyplants, maintenance facilities, or garages, anywhere the atmosphere is reasonably free of arrborne contar'rinants. This system may also be appiied where continuous luminaire operation assures a chimney effect (air movement caused

by hear',sing lro.n theramp) minimizes

the settling of contaminants on reflector surfaces. These luminaires will operate

Lucalox, metal-halide or mercury lamps.






The Uniglow lighting system is an economical way to capitalize on the

efficiency and reliability of HID Iighting

systems in a high bay. Sturdy construction, low maintenance, high optical efficiency, and versatility are among its other attributes. lt oflers the option oI either open and ventilated or enclosed optical conf igurations. lt provides excellent Iight control from Lucalox, metal-halide, and mercury lamps with an Alzak-coated, fluted reflector. An adjustable socket permits variable luminaire spacing-to-mounting

height ratios.










Aisleglow lighting systems kind of illumination on stored that can mean the difference efficient operation and production delays, or maybe the difference

between the correct item being and an unhappy customer.

ll is difficult to light narrow aisles

high stock shelves with the same

system. But il's a job that an system does well. lts parabolic-elli ref lector is specif ically designed

GE [eatures

that contribute

to totd



Each element of a General Electric lighting system makes a specific contribution to the total perlormance

of that system. This can only be

accomplished when all elements are considered simultaneously at the

desjgn stage. lt means, too, that the

designer/engineer team maintain total

control of the engineering and

specifying of luminaire components to assure that GE luminaires meet the highest performance criteria.

Experience has a lot to do with success in lighting. For over'100 years General

Electric has blazed a trail oJ innovations to lead the industry to higher lighting

pertormance standards.

This is the legacy of the GE Lighting

Systems Department.

Here are some of the high perlormance

leatures found in many ol our lighting systems. Reler to the Luminaire Selection Guide to determine which systems offer these features.

1. Charcoal-filtered

opticals cut maintenance,

increase elficiency

Activated charcoai filters help

keep your GE iightlng systems clean inside so you don't have

to. Thats because the air entering the optical assembly

passes through the filter whlch

traps most airborne contaminants. This is important

in industrial environments

which are often filled with oil

vapors, fumes, dust, and moisture because dirty

reflectors can cut system light

output by 16% to 26% between lamp chanqes.

2. Computer-designed

refractors squeeze more uselul light out of every


Getting the most illumination for

every dollar is a challenge well met by Lucalox lamps.But through GE refractor technology we put more of that light where you can use it more

productively. At the same time we are able to control glare and

surface brightness.

3. Special socket design

maintains lamp life

HID lamps need positive,

metal-to-metai contact between

lamp and socket. Any corrosion

between the lamp and contact can create arcing and heal build-up that can shorten lamp

life. All General Electric HID

lighting systems employ a specially designed socket having a spring-loaded center contact and split-ring shellto insure positive contact betlveen

lamp and socket.

4. ALGLAS-and Alzak-

finished rellectors stay clean, won't corrode

A glass-coated surface is more

reflective and more impervious

to corrosion than bare metal. So

we chemically bond a thin layer

of glass to both sides ot

polished aluminum to create the

patented ALGLAS refiector finish. The result s a lght, durable, rei ective surface that

has been sclentifically formed

into shapes that direct light

away from the lamp and onto work surfaces. lt is resistant to corrosive elements and easy to clean. Therefore, you get more illumination from the system.

The Alzak-coating on most GE outdoor and some indoor

lighting sytems is applied by a

controlled oxidation process. lt

is a hiqhlv reflective and durable

surface that is easy to clean.

5. GE design makes

installation and

maintenance simpler

and safer

Lightweight, two-piece

mounting nut and bushing assembly goes up lirst and the heavier ballast assembly then

twists into p ace.

Roomy wlring compartment

w th captive cover makes wiring easy. Extra lonq leads let installers do most wrring outsrde the luminarre.

Quick electncal disconnect between ballast and optical assemblies lets you attach optical assembly after heavler

ballast is lnstalled.

A screwdriver is the only tool you'll need (if any)to change a lamp or ballast. lt's fast and

easy for anyone.

6. Adiustable socket

matches light patterns to mounting height

Accommodatjons for mounting luminaires in a plant may not always be where you want them. With some lighting systems, that might create light dispersion problems. GE solves this by providing an

adjustable socket that lets you adjust luminaire spacing{o-

mounting height ratios wjth a

screwdriver even after the

system is in place.

": Lineglow


High Bay


Precision- Computer-

Formed Designed

Feflector Relractor




lnstallation LightSources

HID Socket Disconnecl Ease Feature Available

Assembly lines, assembly areas, warehouses, clean rooms, mach ne shops, open lop ofi ces, or any indoor work areas wilh ceiling under 25leet high.

enclosed &


enclosed &


enclosed Alzak prismatic









ALGLAS cleardoor glass fixed


Lucalox,* metal - halide, mercury


Lucalox, rnetal-

halde, mercury

Foundries, factories, tepait and overhau areas, hangars, storage rooms, warehouses, or any indoor work area with ceiling over 20 feet h gh


enclosed &

ALGLAS c ear door g ass adjustable yes


Luca ox, metal-


halide, mercury


open &

ALGLAS none adjuslable yes


Luca ox, meta -


halide, mercury


enclosed Alzak

cleardoor glass adjustab e



Lucalox, mela -

oropen &

oT none

ha ide, mercury



enclosed ALGLAS

clear door glass adjuslabie no


Lucalox, meial-

or open & veniilated

or none

Hazardous and


Hazardous locat ons. adverse environmenls.



enc osed &

prismat c




Luca ox, metal-


halide, mercury


enc osed





Luca ox, meta -

P-400C Powerf ood I enclosed &

ALGLAS clear door glass fixed



halide, mercury Lucalox, meta - ha ide, mercury


Outdoor work areas. siorage yards, parking lols, perimeters, secur ty light nq, construclion sites.


HLU Powe'l ood

I ercloseo &

ALCLAS clea'doo. glass 'ixpo





VLU Power'looo I

encloseo &

ALC-AS clpa. doo- glass ').eo



Lucalox, metal-


halde, mercury

HLX Powerilood I f,[,#:"d U

ALGLAS clear door glass frxed




P-400C Powerflood I enclosed &



ear door g ass fixed



Lucalox, metal-



halide, mercury


enclosed &



ear door q ass adiustable no


Luca ox, mercury


Wallighter 400

enclosed &

ALGLAS prismatic




Luca ox, mercury

f ltered

Wallighter 175

enclosed Alzak





Lucalox, meial_


halide, mercury

High Mast

enclosed &


clear door qlass




Lucalox, metal-


or none


or op-.n &


'Lucalox high pressure sodium lamp






General Electric


luminaire system

ULS44listed for Class I, Divisian 2, and all Class ll and Class lll Applications. Also recommended for adverse and wet envircnments.

The Filtr.Gard lighting system's tough performance-oriented UL844 desrgn and constructron make it a top choice in industrial environments wherever

safety, durability, and performance are the criteria.

FiltrGard luminaires offer the best of

two worlds-energy-ef f icient

illumination plus strict compliance with

UL844 standards for hazardous locations.

This lighting system is actually a family of configurations using certain common, high quality components. The span of applications ranges all the way

from the UL844 criteria for normally hazardous locations down to only wet

and corrosive environments as defined

by UL57 criteria.

The Filtr.Gard luminaire was conceived

from the beginning to be the mainstay of

the General Electric hazardous and adverse ight ng system line. lt has many advanced features not availab e

in other systems, regardless of price or

brand. The bottom line to the

eff icient, long-iasting system for those critical applications.

Its features include:

a lnstallation ease with roomy,

separate wiring compartment and quick disconnect.

a More light for less energy with

integral performance design

rncorporatrng Lucalox lamp. Maxr-Lux

guard, and computerdes gned, tempered glass refractor.

I Usable with Lucalox, metal-halide, or mercury lamps.

a High maintained efficiency lrom

charcoalJiltered, gasket-sealed optical system

1 Minimum, easy, safe maintenance via corrosion-resistant electro- epoxidized finish inside and out and NEMA lamp identification decal. A

disconnect plug makes it easy to

accomplish ballast maintenance. All components are hard-wire grounded.

! Fugged die cast aluminum ballast


a Ve$atile because one basrc housing fits numerous applications and

mounting configurations and a variety of

optical assemblies.

a lnstant relight after power

interruption with optional GE hot restart system for Lucalox lamps.

a One-hand, no-tool relamping

because you don't even need a screwdriver.




GE Filtr.Gard luminaire systems UL listed for Hazardous and Adverse locations

' Il e cd, ilicarior ol a q.ven ared rs Io Clas:. D:/is on. a.rd GroLp is,o ely lhetJdgeaerl

or lhe

owrer. ins.rra r.F compaly. or oll e, au l'orilv ha.,,ng .Lnsd cl on



F ltr.Gard


F lt.Gard




Versa.Gard "


t'Nol nornally

hazardous nreans that the qases or dusts

are nol normally presenl.


General Electric




UL844 listed far Class l, Division 1 . Groups C and D hazardous lacations The most demanding criteria for a lighting system are those set for

locations where there is a high

concentration of fiammable gases or vapors under normal operating conditions (Class l, Division 1). The

system must be constantly tested and rerested under rhe severest conditrons against rigid standards established by

Underwriters' Laboratories in order to

meet UL844 listing requirements.

GE Powr.Gard lighting systems meet

those rigid standards. For example, they are built to withstand repeated internal

explosions and hours of torturous

shaking without breaking a seal or allowing a flame to escape during the

explosion test. Powr.Gard luminaires

are tough, yet energy- efficient and easy

to maintain. I hey are popular for their

lighting ability as well as their UL844 listing.

Hign energy efticiency by interfacing

a Lucalox lamp, Maxi-Lux guard, and

computer-designed prismatic relractor.

a Usable with Lucalox, metal-halide, or mercury lamps.

a Low prafile.

I I Corrosion-resistant throughout wilh electro-epoxidized finish on inside and outside of rugged die-cast aluminum

ballast housing.

a Versatile because one mounting adaptor fits any one of six mounting confiqurations.

l) lnstallation ease features quick relamping with Acme-type threaded

screw-on optics and NEI\4A decal permits

of lamp type and wattage from the floor.

lacking lugs.

quick identification




Powr.Gard luminaire system



















Amyl alcohol



'The c assilication ol a given area as lo Class Div sion, and Group is solely lhe judgmenl ol lhe owner insurance company, or olher authorily hav ng jur sdiction.



The Testing ancl Analysis

behincl the UL844 listing

At General Electric Lighting Systems Department, UL844 listed hazardous location and adverse location lighting systems are subjected to brutal tests to assure their conformance with UL standards. Once UL standards are met, UL representatives monitor procedures at the facility for initiai compliance. ln addition, UL requjres periodic component testing to insure day-after-day conformance with the original strict criteria. lf any change in design or configuration is made, the product must undergo the same top-to-bottom

scrutiny required at the outset.

Few organizations have the capability to factory{est luminaires in compliance with Underwriters' Laboratories. General Electric has that capability. We

routinely blanket luminaires with dust, subject them to extreme high and low

temperature fluctuations, vibrate them for over 4,000,000 cycles, and spray them with water thats directed under pressure at joints and openings.

Furthermore, Class l, Division 1 luminaires are filled with highly potent gas or vapor mixtures that are exploded. The units are then subjected to high internal hydrostatic pressures. The net result is a line oI luminaires designed to match the

extraordinary requirements of hazardous and adverse locations.

1. Explosion Testing

To meet uL844 criteria for Class L Divisron 1 envlronments (normaly hazardous flammable gases and

vapors), a lumina re must be able to

contain a m nimum of 15 explosions

and still prevent the flame from

spreading to the explos ve environment around t.

2. Ambient Testing

Elevated ambient testing for UL844 listed luminaires is an unending

process for our technicrans. Each

improvement or modification must be

tested to determine its interaction with other components n the luminaires.

3. Hydrostatic Testing

Hydrostatic tests are performed on

Class l, Division 1 luminaires to insure that they will withstand four tirnes the

maximum pressure observed in

explosion trials. These tests are

continued after UL listing is obtained to maintain high quality in all component parts.

4. Photometric Analysis

The purpose of hazardous ocation lighting is, after all, to provide illumination. So we are as careful about the photometrics of these

5. Dust Chamber Testing

Each U1844 listed luminaire for Class

ll hazardous locations is exposed to two separate dust tests. This photo

shows the first, the blanket test. Heat

emitted from the operating luminaire is

restricted by a hea\,y blanket of grain dust settled on the luminaire. The

maximum surface temperature must not exceed the temperature for which

the fixture is labeled.

The second UL test swirls magnesium

dust around the f xture. No

penelralron rs perm tted dJflng o'after

six heating and cooling cycles through 30 hours of cont nual testing.

6. Temperature Testing

These tests insure that measured temperatures at critical points do not

exceed lirnits set by UL for speclfic

hazardous location applications. ln

each test, more than 40

thermocouples measure the temperatures of components,

including bal ast, capacitor, lamp,

qlobe, housing, and gaskets.

um naires as with any other luminaire

ne. The liqht output of each design and each design variation is measured by a un que photometer

designed oy Genera Electric.



lighting sysGms



lnclustrid Areas

Providing safe, elficient outdoor lighting

involves much more than just mounting

a number of lights on poles. lt demands

a balance between adequate illumination and economical operation. Optical systems must be designed and . precisely manufactured to give predictable patterns on the surfaces to

be lighted. The system should be energy efficient from a practical and public image point of view

Other factors in lighting outdoor areas are glare and light intrusion bleyond your

facilities. For example. fence lines should be illuminated sufficiently to discourage vandalism and unauthorized entry or to permit closed

circuit TV or visual surveillance yet keep

stray light away from adjacent areas.

Well lighted parking areas are important to safety as well as worker morale.

Outdoor work areas and storage

Iacilities must be kept bright enough to

support high productivity and minimize accidents.

The General Electric systems approach

to lighting could hardly be more evident

than in the outdoor lighting systems we lurnish to industry. We provide a variety of systems designed to give maximum lighting efficiency and control through a scientific blending of optical systems with Lucalox, metal-halide or mercury


General Electric

HLU ancl VLU




General Electric offers two innovative, corrosion-resistant f loodlight systems housed in attractive fiberglass- reinforced polyester (FRP). They combine this corrosion resistance with superb light beam control, extraordinary durability and lightness. They ofler an attractive alternative to metal flood

ljghts, subtly blending with wood or metal posts and surrounding


These systems can easily be installed because the lightlveight housing can go up first, with the heavier plug-in ballast

tray being slid into place later. And one multivolt ballast in eitherthe VLU or HLU

units can accommodate two different

lvattages of Lucalox lamps and four

different line voltages. An activated

charcoal filter is designed to help keep the optical components clean.

VtU Powerflootl luminairc

The VLU Powerflood system gives precise horizontal beam control from a vertically burning lamp and an ALGLAS- finished reflector lt produces NEI\.4A 7 x 6 beam type with excellent energy ef{iciency provided by 250- or 400-watt Lucalox lamps. lt also can accommodate 400-watt

metal-halide or mercury lamps.




The HLU Powerflood

system combines the excellent vertical beam

control with high energy ef ficiency. lts computer-

designed, ALGLAsjinished reflectors produce 6 x 5 or 4 x 2

NEN/A beam types from a horizontal-burning 250- or 400-watt Lucalox lamp.



General Electric

Aluminum Die-Cast



The HLX, P-400 and P-1000

Powerflood@ luminaires and the Versaflood6' luminaire have long been the standards of the industry. lnside their die-cast aluminum housings are precisionJormed ref lectors, scientifically engineered to give exact patterns of light. They can be mounted on poles, walls, or ground with either trunnions or slipfitters. Charcoal-

filtered optics and weathertight

construction cut maintenance costs and

help assure high maintained efficiency.

HIX Powerflood luminaire

The HLX Powerflood system provides horizontally oriented light patterns with

l.lEMA Type 6x2 and 6x5 beam

distributions. Usable with 250-, 400-, or

10Oo-watt Lucalox lamps. This system

is recommended for parking lots,

industrial yards, sport Jields, and

construction sites.

P-400& P-looo



The P-400 and P-1000 Powerflood luminaires provide precise horizontal beam control from vertically burning Lucalox, metal-halide or mercury

lamps. ldeal for work yards, rail

switching areas. loading docks. or anywhere a uniform, wide beam spread

is needed.



Versaflood luminaires provide an economical answer to many f loodlight needs. An adjustable socket permits accurate beam control. Versaflood

luminaires are available for 100, 150, or 250-watt Lucalox lamps, or 175 or

250-watt mercury Iamps.





General Electric




GE Wallighter lighting systems are

commonly used to light loading docks,

underpasses, signs, and walls or walkways adjacent to walls. They feature weatherproof construction and electro-deposited finish inside and out. They can be surface or conduit

mounted. An optional wire quard and Lexane shield is available. And they can

be used with mercury, metal-halide, or

energy-ef f icient Lucalox lamps.

Wdlighter 4OO luminaire

The GE Wallighter 400 luminaire is an

enclosed and filtered system for vertical

and horizontal mounting. lls precision-formed ALGLAS-f inished reflector gives high optical etficiency

and control with 150-, 250-, or 40O-watt

Lucalox lamps or 175- or 250-watt

mercury lamps. l\4ounting and installatjon is especially easy with the

prewired terminal board, integral ballast (no wire splicing) and quick disconnect plug. A dawn to dusk control is optional.

Wallighter 175


The GE Wallighter 175 luminaire is a low

cost, low wattage lighting solution for loading docks, stairways, entrances,

and walkways. The Alzak{inished

reflector is easily cleaned and provides good beam control. lt uses low

wattage (up to 175-watt) Lucalox, metal-halide or mercury lamps.

General Electric

High Mast

lighting systems

GE high mast lighting systems provide specific advantages in lighting large outdoor areas using Lucalox or

metal-halide lamps. With a high mast

system you can normally use fewer

poles and fewer luminaires than with

conventional lighting systems. You can

get more illumination with less glare. and light intrusion into adjacent areas.

GE service hoists permit easy maintenance. Hoists are custom-

assembled to meet a customer's

specific lighting and power requirements. Pole heights range from

60 to 140 feet.

Parking Iots, outdoor work yards, storage areas, perimeters, and recreation areas are typical


The GE X209 high mast luminaire is

available with either open or closed

and filtered optical assemblies with symmetrical or asymmetrical

distribution. ALGLAS-coated precision

formed reflectors maintain long lile and help produce uniform light distribution patterns.





for maximum


ancl optimum


Because high pressure sodium lighting is truly a system, each component should be carefully designed to enhance the system. This is especially

true oflhe ballast. A ballast designed for

a Lucalox lamp should provide the lamp with a steady power supply to help

assure continued high lumen output and long lamp life.

Theoretically, an HPS light source is an arc that will carry unlimited current. unlike a lilament lamp which will burn up if too much current is applied. However, overcurrent operatlon of HID sources seriously reduces lamp life. Also, the voltage across an HPS arc tube rises with age even if the line voltage remains constant.

These lacts underscore high pressure sodium lamps as dynamic light sources, which means HPS ballasts must manage lamp operation throughout the lile of the lamp.

General Electric designs and builds

three types of ballasts-reactor,

regulator and Steadilux-for HPS lighting systems. The best of these three basic types is the Steadilux electronic ballast. lt uses solid-state components and a feedback loop which continuously measures lamp volts and current. The conlrol circuit monitors the data and controls the lamp wattage within predetermined levels depending on the data. The Steadilux ballast achieves a 117. regulation ol lamp watts even if line voltage varies r107. with the resull that lamp lumens remain nearly constant

throughout lamplile. (See volvwatt


General Electric Steadilux ballasts are designed to provide the following user benefits:

! 107. fewer fi)dures required to

maintain specified

illumination levels

! Lower energy

than with conventional

Lucalox lighting systems

! Constant lumen output

lamp life.


Lower overall owning and

operating costs.

When determining the

specificaiions for a high

pressure sodium lighting

consumption system, be sure that the bailast

is specified for constant lumen

output throughout the life of an

HPS lamp. And for optimum

energy conservation and best

lighting performance, specify GE Steadilux ballasts.

Specifying the

Volt/Watt Trace

Regardless of which ballast type

is specified, it is important to

specify it according to the

lampmakers Volt/Watt trace for

the designated lamp. The lamp's Volt/Watt trace takes the form of

a trapezoid (above) with the vertical dimension defining lamp wattage or lamp lumen output and the horizontal dimension defining lamp operating voltage

which increases with age. The area inside the trapezoid is the design tolerance for the lamp.

The three dotted curves

represent the high-line voltage

variant (top), low-line voltage variant (bottom) and nominal line voltage (center). When any of

these lines stray outside the

trapezoid, the ballast is not providing proper regulation tor

the lamp.

Some ballasts such as Steadilux

(solid curve) can accommodate greater line voltage variations with little effecton the inputto the

lamp. This factor can be highly

important in lamp pertormance over life and merits consideration whenever specifying HPS

liqhting systems.