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HSC Mathematics General 2

ACE Examination 2016


HSC Mathematics General 2 Yearly Examination
Worked solutions and marking guidelines
Section 1
Solution

Criteria

A 6s 2

6 7.82

1 Mark: C

365.04 cm

2 TB 2 210 GB

2048 GB
External hard drive 2048

4.096 4
Laptop hard drive
500

2 x 3x 4 x 2 x 3 x 4 x

1 Mark: D

1 Mark: D

24 x 3
h
( Af 4 Am Al )
3
50
(5 4 5.1 5.5)
3
515 m3

A
4

1 Mark: C

1.5 Normal Rate $37.20


$37.20
Normal Rate
$24.80
1.5

1 Mark: C

4 months with fewer guests than May Jul, Jun, Aug, Sep

1 Mark: A

Charge = 0.20 (300 60) 0.87

1 Mark: C

$4.55
y mx b
y 2x 3

Gradient is 2.
y-intercept is 3

1 Mark: B

Alternatively check
the points (1,1) , (0,3)
and (1, 5) are on the line.

HSC Mathematics General 2

5Vt V 2

18 170
5 60 0.55 602

18
170
30.34313725... 30 m

d
9

10

1 Mark: C

Outlier is not the mode or the middle score or Q1 and Q3.


Mean is influenced by the outlier
(Outlier affects the sum of the scores).

1 Mark: A

The heater is 3 500 watts or 3.5 kw.


Hours used per year 100 9 900
11

Electricity 3.5 900 3150 kWh

1 Mark: D

Cost 3150 $0.28


$882
nA
n 12
3 A
12
3 12
3 A 180
A 60 mL
C

12

1 Mark: B

3 y 1
72
2
3 y 1 14
3 y 15
y5

2
13

14

1 Mark: B

Number of arrangements 5 4 3 2 1
120

1 Mark: C

Longitude difference 151o 58o 209o


15

Time difference 209 4


836 min 13h 56 min
Sydney is ahead (east) of Buenos Aires by 13 h 56 min.

1 Mark: A

16

Daily interst rate 18% 365


0.0493150... 0.05%
0.05
I Prn $530
30
100

1 Mark: A

17

AB
13

o
sin 76 sin 63o
13sin 76o
AB
sin 63o

1 Mark: C

HSC Mathematics General 2

18

The mean will increase (61 is above the mean of 60).


Standard deviation will decrease
(61 is close to the mean of 60)

1 Mark: D

19

Strong positive correlation

1 Mark: C

Measurement was given to the nearest millimetre.


Limit of reading is 1 mm.
Length 5.327 m or 5327 mm
20

Absolute error 12 1 0.5 mm

1 Mark: A

0.5
Percentage error
100
5327
0.00938614...
0.009%

21

Number of litres 55 40 38 7
140 L
7
Washing machine
100
140
5.0%

1 Mark: A

SA 2 r 2 2 rh

22

2 r 2 2 r 2r

1 Mark: A

6 r 2

23

24

2(3a 1) 2( a 5) 6a 2 2a 10
4a 8
1
1
2
$25 $10
$0

4
4
4
$11.25

Financial Exp

1 Mark: D

1 Mark: B

A P(1 r )n

25

24

0.06
$4800 1

12

$5410.37
Instalments = $5410.37 24

1 Mark: C

$225.43

HSC Mathematics General 2

Section II
Solution
26(a)

Criteria

5y 3 8

2 Marks: Correct
answer.
1 Mark: Completes
one correct step.

5 y 11
y

26(b)
(i)

11
2.2
5

132 x 2 52
x 2 132 52
144
x 12

26(b)
(ii)

1 Mark: Correct
answer.
Pythagoras theorem

To find the length of the semicircle


1
1
C d 13 20.42035225...
2
2
20.4 m
P 20.4 5 12

37.4 m

2 Marks: Correct
answer.
1 Mark: Finds the
length of the
semicircle or makes
some progress.

26(c)
(i)

sin 35o

26(c)
(ii)

Neither of them is recommended, as neither of them can


send water to a height of 86 m.

1 Mark: Correct
answer.

26(d)
(i)

Total paid $485.38 36

1 Mark: Correct
answer.

26(d)
(ii)

Total Interest $17, 473.68 $14, 000


$3, 473.68

2 Marks: Correct
answer.
1 Mark: Uses the
sine ratio with one
correct value.

AT
150
AT 150 sin 35o
86.03646545... 86 m

$17, 473.68

$3473.68 3
100
$14, 000
8.2706666... 8.27%

Interest rate

2 Marks: Correct
answer.
1 Mark: Finds the
total interest paid or
shows some
understanding.

26(e)
(i)

P (3)

26(e)
(ii)

P (4, 8 or 12)

26(f)
(i)

Number of calls

1 Mark: Correct
answer.

26(f)
(ii)

Monthly charge $35 420 ($0.40 $0.90) $500


$81

1 Mark: Correct
answer.

1
12

1 Mark: Correct
answer.
3 1

12 4

1 Mark: Correct
answer.

$750
($0.35 $0.85)
625

HSC Mathematics General 2

27(a)

600 200

p
800
200 p 48, 000

2 Marks: Correct
answer.

p 2400

1 Mark: Makes
some progress

There are 2400 birds in the forest.


27(b)

a 2b3 16
2b3 a 16
a 16
b3
2
a 16
b 3
2

1 Mark: Correct
answer.

27(c)
(i)

Distance

27(c)
(ii)

Petrol used at 110 km/h 130% of 5 L


6.5 L

1 Mark: Correct
answer.

27(d)

200 m 1 mm
1
50 m mm
4
7
350 m mm 1.75 mm
4

2 Marks: Correct
answer.
1 Mark: Shows
some
understanding.

27(e)
(i)

95% of scores have a z-score between 2 and 2.


56 is a z-score of 2 and 44 is a z-score of 2
44 56
Mean
50
2

2 Marks: Correct
answer.
1 Mark: Uses the z
score of 2 and 2.

27(e)
(ii)

There are 4 standard deviations between 44 and 56.


Standard deviation 12 4 3 h

1 Mark: Correct
answer.

27(e)
(iii)

xx
s
x 50
2.5
3
x 50 7.5
x 57.5 h
Student with a z-score of 2.5 would have 57.5 hours sleep.

2 Marks: Correct
answer.
1 Mark: Uses the zscore formula with
one correct value or
shows some
understanding.

27(e)
(iv)

53 is a z-score of 1 and 59 is a z-score of 3


Percentage 13.5% 2.35%

70
100 1400 km
5

1 Mark: Correct
answer.

15.85%
27(f)

Drip rate

1.5 1000
187.5 mL/h
8

2 Marks: Correct
answer.
1 Mark: Finds the zscore of 53 or 59.
1 Mark: Correct
answer.

HSC Mathematics General 2

28 (a)
(i)
2 Marks: Correct
answer.
1 Mark: Plotted at
least one correct
value or shows
some
understanding.

28 (a)
(ii)

Graph of v dt c is a straight line.


d is the gradient of the line and c the y-intercept.
Rise 25
d m

5
Run 5
(negative sign given in the formula)

c 25 (Initial volume of water)


28 (a)
(iii)

90 seconds is 1.5 minutes


v 5t 25

2 Marks: Correct
answer.
1 Mark: Finds d or
c.

1 Mark: Correct
answer.

5 1.5 25
17.5 litres
28(b)
(i)

k
N
k
21.25
16
k 21.25 16 340

2 Marks: Correct
answer.
1 Mark: Uses an
equation in the form
k
y
x

28(b)
(ii)

340
N
340
13.6
N
340
N
25 vibrations
13.6

1 Mark: Correct
answer.

b y mx
65 0.6 50
35

1 Mark: Correct
answer.

28(c)

28(d)
(i)

2 Marks: Correct
answer.
1 Mark: Uses the
product rule to find
the probability of
one outcome.

Two outcomes ( CC and CC )


P( E ) 0.9 0.1 0.1 0.9

0.18

HSC Mathematics General 2

28(d)
(ii)

Three outcomes ( CC , CC and CC )


P( E ) 0.9 0.1 0.1 0.9 0.9 0.9

0.99
Alternatively, not CC .
28(e)
(i)

P( E ) 1 0.1 0.1
0.99
V r 2h
12 r 2 1.8
12
1.8
r 1.456731241...

r2

V 12, 000 L 12 m 3
28(e)
(ii)

29 (a)
(i)

Capacity of container 8 1000 8, 000 mL

20 mL takes 1 minute
100 mL takes 5 minutes
1000 mL takes 50 minutes
8000 mL takes 400 minutes = 6 hours 40 minutes
AB 2 502 502 2 50 50 cos120o
7500
87 m
The length of AB is 87 metres.

1
A 50 50 sin120o
2
1082.531755...
1083 m 2
Area of triangle AOB is 1083 square metres.

29 (a)
(iii)

1 Mark: Correct
answer.

1.457 m

AB 86.60254038...

29 (a)
(ii)

2 Marks: Correct
answer.
1 Mark: Shows
some understanding

1 Mark: Correct
answer.

2 Marks: Correct
answer.
1 Mark: Substitutes
one correct value
into the cosine rule.
2 Marks: Correct
answer.
1 Mark: Substitutes
one correct value
into the area
formula.

Triangle AOB is isosceles ( AO BO )


BAO BAO 120o 180o
2BAO 60

1 Mark: Correct
answer.

BAO 30o (angle sum of a triangle)

29 (a)
(iv)
1 Mark: Correct
answer.

Bearing 270o 30o


240o
Bearing of A from B is 240.

HSC Mathematics General 2

29(b)

29(c)
(i)
29(c)
(ii)

Let x be the normal price.


90% of normal price $3600
0.90 x $3600
$3600
x
$4000
0.90
Normal price is $4000.

2 Marks: Correct
answer.

Differece in latitude 40o 32o

1 Mark: Correct
answer.

72

2 Marks: Correct
answer.
1 Mark: Uses the
formula for arc
length with one
correct value.

2 r
360
72

2 6400
360
8042.477193 8042 km

29(c)
(iii)

Local times are the same as they both have the same
longitude.
Plane landed in Perth at 6.30 pm + 11 hours or
5.30 am on Wednesday.

29(c)
(iv)

Longitude difference 116o 0o 116o

29(d)

29(e)

Time difference 116 4


464 min
7 h 44 min

30(a)
(ii)
30(a)
(iii)
30(a)
(iv)

1 Mark: Correct
answer.

1 Mark: Correct
answer.

(10 N 7.5 H )
5.5M
(10 4 7.5 2.5)

5.5 48
0.080492424...

BACFemale

1 Mark: Correct
answer.

x 3ab 2

1 Mark: Correct
answer.

3 7 3.82
303.24
30(a)
(i)

1 Mark: Shows
some understanding
of the problem.

1 Mark: Correct
answer.

$557 525.00

0.05
$557,525 1
$2800 $557, 048.02
12

1 Mark: Correct
answer.

0.05
$2321.03
12

1 Mark: Correct
answer.

$557, 048.02 $2321.03 $2800 $556,569.05

1 Mark: Correct
answer.

$557, 048.02

HSC Mathematics General 2

30(b)

5 x 2 y 16 (1)
x y 1 (2)

Multiply equation (2) by 2


2 x 2 y 2 (3)

2 Marks: Correct
answer.

Add equation (1) and equation (3)


7 x 14

1 Mark: Finds x or
y. Alternatively the
candidate shows
some understanding
of the process.

x2
Substitute x 2 into equation (2)
2 y 1
y3
Check using equation (1) 5 2 2 3 16 True
Solution is x 2 and y 3
30(c)
(i)

30 sentences

1 Mark: Correct
answer.

30(c)
(ii)

8 sentences had more than 6 sentences.

1 Mark: Correct
answer.

Median is the average of the 15th and 16th score.


56
Median
5.5
2

1 Mark: Correct
answer.

30(c)
(iii)
30(c)
(iv)

2 Marks: Correct
answer.
1 Mark: Constructs
appropriate scales
and titles for the
horizontal and
vertical axes.

30(d)
(i)

Intersection value is 2.49 (10% and 3 years)


1 Mark: Correct
answer.

PV 2.49 7500
$18, 675

30(d)
(ii)

Intersection value is 1.83 (6% and 2 years)


$27, 633 x 1.83
$27, 633
x
1.83
$15,100

1 Mark: Correct
answer.

Value of the annuity is $15 100 per year.


30(d)
(iii)

Intersection value is 3.47 (6% and 4 years)


PV 3.47 2000
$6,940

2 Marks: Correct
answer.
1 Mark: Finds the
intersection value.

HSC Mathematics General 2

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