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Project Management & Microsoft Project

H S IU HA NHN LC TRONG MICROSOFT PROJECT


MICROS OFT PROJECT 8:18:00 AM

TC - H s iu ha nhn lc trong Ms Project

Khi lp tin thi cng cng trnh bng MP,


chng ta thng chy biu ti nguyn trong
c biu nhn lc. Di y l nhng iu
chng ta cn bit v biu nhn lc:

(Hnh nh ch mang tnh minh ha)

- Biu nhn lc tt m bo c tnh lin tc


v iu ha.
- Biu nhn lc khng c c:
+/ Nhng nh cao vt ngn hn
+/ Nhng ch trng su di hn

V nu iu ny xy ra dn n s lng nhn
cng khc xa vi s lng nhn cng trung bnh
do ph ph tng ln rt nhiu. Biu nhn
lc c php c nhng ch trng su ngn hn
v d dng iu chnh lp li
- nh gi biu nhn lc dng 2 h s:
+/ H s bt iu ha: K1 = Amax / Atb

+/ H s phn b lao ng:

K2 = Sd / S

Trong :
Amax: l

s nhn cng cao nht ti mt thi im


no trn biu nhn lc
Atb: l s nhn cng trung bnh Atb = S / T
Vi: S l tng s cng lao ng
T l thi gian thi cng
Sd: l s cng vt tri nm trn ng Atb (c
tnh bng din tch trn ng trung bnh)
Mt biu nhn lc c nh gi l tt khi K1
-> 1 v K2 -> 0
-------------------------------------------------Tnh ton K1, K2 bng Ms Project nh th no?

- Xc nh Amax bng Ms Project: Click chut


phi vo khung nhnResource Graph chn Peak
Units -> xem ngy no c s nhn cng ln nht
th l Amax
- Xc nh Atb bng Ms Project: Click chut phi
vo khung nhn Resource Graphchn Commulative
work (ly k s cng)-> xc nh c tng s
cng chnh l gi tr cng dn cui cng hoc c
th xem bng cch chn Project/ Project
Information/Statistic. Nn nh Ms Project ang tnh
l "h cng".

- Xc nh T bng Ms Project: Chn Project/ Project


Information/Statistic xem tng s ngy thi cng,
em nhn vi 8h l ra tng thi gian "tnh bng
h"
- Xc nh Sd bng Ms Project: Sau khi c Atb, bn
ly gi tr gn cho ct gi tr Max trong khai
bo ngun nhn lc ti a trong Resource sheet.
Ri quay li khung nhn Resouce Graph. Click chut
phi vo biu nhn lc chnOverrallocation ->
cng tng s cng trong biu ta c s
cng di nm trn ng Atb.
T cc thng s trn cc bn hon ton c th
tnh c K1, K2.
CC LOI RNG BUC CNG VIC TRONG MS PROJECT
MICROS OFT PROJECT 6:58:00 PM

TC - Cc loi rng buc cng vic trong Ms Project


(Constraint Type)

Mi cng vic trong d n u c 1 rng buc i


km v mt thi gian, c th l ngy bt u,
hoc ngy kt thc. xem hoc khai bo cc
loi rng bu ny cho cng vic, chng ta thc
hin nh sau: click p vo cng vic bt hp thoi Task
Information, chn th Advanced ti la chn cc loi rng
buc cho cng vic (Constraint type)

Cc loi rng buc cng vic trong ms project (Constraint type)

MS Project chia cc rng buc ra


lm 3 nhm:
+/ Rng buc linh ng (Flexible): L rng buc
khng r rng v mt thi gian, v d nh: sm
nht c th, mun nht c th..
+/ Rng buc khng linh ng ( Inflexible): L rng
buc c nh ngy bt u hoc kt thc ca 1
cng vic. V d, cng vic X phi c bt u
vo ngy 11/5/2010.
+/ Rng buc bn linh ng (Semi-Flexible): L
rng buc khng cht trn ngy bt u hoc
ngy kt thc ca cng vic. V d, cng vic X
phi hon thnh trc ngy 12/2/2010.
Th loi

Tn Constranit

Flexible

As Soon As
Possible

ngha

Project s ln lch cng vic(task) bt u sm


nht c th. y l rng buc ca tt c cc task khi

As Late As
Possible
Start No Earlier
Than
Start No Later
Than
Finish No Earlier
Than
Semiflexible

Finish No Later
Than

Must Start On
Inflexib
le

Must Finish On

va c to ra t ngy bt u d n. Khng c rng


buc thi gian c th cho loi ny.
Project s ln lch cng vic(task) bt u
mun nht c th. y l rng buc ca tt c cc
task khi va c to ra t ngy kt thc d n.
Khng c rng buc thi gian c th cho loi ny.
Project s ln lch bt u cng vic sau (hoc
bng) 1 ngy no c ch nh trc. S dng loi
rng buc ny m bo cng vic khng bt u
trc 1 mc thi gian no .
Project s ln lch bt u cng vic trc (hoc
bng) 1 ngy no c ch nh trc. S dng loi
rng buc ny m bo cng vic khng bt u
sau 1 mc thi gian no .
Project s ln lch kt thc cng vic sau (hoc
bng) 1 ngy no c ch nh trc. S dng loi
rng buc ny m bo cng vic khng kt thc
trc 1 mc thi gian no .
Project s ln lch kt thc cng vic trc (hoc
bng) 1 ngy no c ch nh trc. S dng loi
rng buc ny m bo cng vic khng kt thc
trc 1 mc thi gian no .
Project s ln lch cho 1 cng vic bt u vo 1 ngy
no . S dng loi rng buc ny m bo 1
cng vic no bt u chnh xc vo 1 ngy xc
nh.
Project s ln lch cho 1 cng vic kt thc vo 1
ngy chnh xc no .