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UNIVERSITI TENAGA NASIONAL

COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING
DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

AUTHOR

: HARAVIN A/L MARIMUTHU

SID

: ME095492

TITLE OF EXPERIMENT

: BUCKLING TEST

DAY

: MONDAY

DATE

: 13/6/2016

DUE DATE

: 16/6/2016 (Friday)

COURSE

: MECHANICS AND MATERIALS LAB

COURSE CODE

: MEMB221

SEMESTER

: SEM 1 2016/17

SECTION
GROUP

: 03
: 03

INSTRUCTOR

: YEO WEE SING,DR.

OBJECTIVES :
1.To determine critical buckling loads for columns
2.To examination the Euler theory of buckling
3.To investigate the influence of different material parameters
DATA AND OBSERVATIONS:
Steel:
Deflection (mm)
0
1
2
3
4
5
6

Force(N)
0
380
500
550
600
640
650

Deflection(mm)
0
1
2
3
4
5
6

Force(N)
0
300
320
350
350
350
350

Deflection(mm)
0
1
2
3
4
5
6

Force(N)
0
800
950
1070
1150
1200
1240

Fibreline:

Copper:

Brass:
Deflection(mm)
0
1
2
3
4
5
6

Force(N)
0
850
1000
1020
1050
1100
1100

ANALYSIS AND RESULTS:

Force Vs. Deflection For Steel


700

600

500

400

Force (N) 50
300

200

100

0
0

Deflection (mm)

Maximum Experimental Critical Force = 650N

Force Vs. Deflection For Fibreline


400

350

300

250

Force (N) 50

200

150

100

50

0
0

Deflection (mm)

Maximum Experimental Critical Force = 350N

Force Vs. Deflection For Brass


1200

1000

800

Force (N) 50

600

400

200

0
0

Deflection (mm)

Maximum Experimental Critical Force = 1100N

Force Vs. Deflection For Copper


1400

1200

1000

800

Force (N) 50
600

400

200

0
0

Deflection (mm)

Maximum Experimental Critical Force = 1240N

3. Compare the values obtain in (1) and (2).


The experimental value for fiberline,copper and brass has higher critical force compare to
theoretical force, except for steel.
4. What are the different between one material and another?
Copper is used in a wide range of products due to its excellent electrical and thermal
conductivity, good strength, good formability and resistance to corrosion. Whereby Brass is
commonly used for decorative purposes primarily because of its resemblance to gold. It is also a
commonly used to make musical instruments due to its high workability and durability.
5. Identify one engineering example where buckling is highly concerned.Explain your answer in
details
Buckling is highly concerned in structural engineering design and where the field having
problems on stability of an structure. This has led to a wide range of stability problems in
different materials and different structural. Other than that, buckling is one of the most important
fact in modern engineering structures. Such as Aeronautics field

CONCLUSION:
The results of an experimental and theoretical study of the buckling using different type of
material have been discussed. Upon starting this experiment the instructor had mentioned that the
maximum testing force is 2000N.and unfortunately we never obtain any result such as to the
maximum testing force . From the calculations, we identified the theoretical value and also the
percentage errors between the theoretical and experimental values. However different material
have different critical force and also different aspect.
REFERENCES:
1. https://books.google.com.my/books?
id=2KjtCAAAQBAJ&pg=PA331&lpg=PA331&dq=engineering+field+of+buckling&sou
rce=bl&ots=iiPi54TvJU&sig=SlKPWn5ib81acQTw_lbxOH5BH4&hl=en&sa=X&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=engineering%20field%20of
%20buckling&f=false
2. http://www.slideshare.net/virginiaford/mechanics-of-materials-7th-edition-pdf
3. Lab Module