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Technical Realization of SMS

SMS (short message service) - means of sending limited size messages to

and from GSM mobiles.
Network Architecture

a. Service center (SC) store and forward center for SM (short message).
May be connected to multiple MSCs.

b. SMS-GSMC (Gateway MSC) routes messages being sent to an ME.

c. SMS-IWMSC(Interworking MSC) used for SMs originated with a mobile
in network
d. MSC/SGSN - provides interface to PSTN; handles the registration,
authentication, handovers of the MS.
e. MS (mobile station) - ME + SIM
Two types of point to point (PP) service:
a. Mobile-originated MS to service center (SMS-SUBMIT)

1. Message Transfer
a. TPDU transfer
b. Failure report/ Delivery Report
2. SendRoutingInfoForShortMsg query to the HLR about w/c MSC
to send message.
3. SM-DeliveryReportStatus set the proper data in HLR (MNRF,
4. ForwartShortMessage forwards the SM to the MSC where the
MS is located, along with the appropriate outcome report.
5. SendInfoForMT-SMS retrieve the subscriber information from
the VLR.
6. Message Transfer transfers the short message from the MSC to
the MS.
b. Mobile-terminated service center to MS(SMS-DELIVER)

7. Message Transfer transfer the message from MS to MSC/SGSN

8. sendInfoForMO-SMS provide means for the MSC to verify that
MS can send MO SM.
9. ForwardShortMessage transfer the message to the SMSIWMSC
10. Message Transfer
a. TPDU transfer
b. Delivery Report
Reports are returned to the originating entity, confirming that the receiving
entity gas received the SM, or informing the originating entry that message
SMS elements:
1. Validity-Period indicates the time period for which the SC guarantees
the SM existence in memory
2. Service-Centre-Time-Stamp time of arrival of the SM at the SC.
3. Protocol-Identifier indicates the higher-layer procol being used.
4. More-Messages-To-Send a boolean parameter in SMS-DELIVER that
informs the MS that there is one/more messages waiting to be
5. Delivery of Priority and Non-Priority Messages indicates priority of the
a. Priority - delivery will be attempted even if MS identifies as
temporarily absent/having no free memory capacity

b. Non-priority - delivery will not be attempted if MS identifies as

temporarily absent; will be attempted if not temporarily absent, but
indicates no free memory capacity
6. Messages-waiting provides the HLR, SGSN and VLR information that
the MS associated with them has messages to be delivered.
7. Alert-SC inform the SC that an MS
a. to which a delivery attempt has failed because MS is not
reachable/memory capacity exceeded.
b. resumed operation/ has new memory available.

8. Status-Report inform the MS whether delivery is successful/not

successful (SMS-STATUS-REPORT)
Delivery error can be classified as:
a. Temporary worth trying again
b. Permanent no worth trying again
SMS can interwork with E-mail. Format/ fields are specified in GSM 3.40,
pages 21-23.
Compression only compresses the data, excluding the header. Compression
algorithm according to 3.42.