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177


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200


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XII .

219


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XX . 140- ..
(1863-1934)

243

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.

246


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. 13-14 . Q 415



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, 2004
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, 2004

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253

Ih THIS ISS
PUBLICATIONS
A.G. Sazykin. An Early Mongol Translation
of the Collection of Stories about the Good
of the Diamond Sutra
Ma Jong. The Book of Loyalty (Chung-ching).
Preface, Translation and Comments by I.F. Popova

7
60

RESEARCH WORKS
A, I, Kolesnikov. Materials for Estimation of the Political
and Confessional Affairs in the Eastern Iran and Khurasan
(based on information of the Muslim geographers
of the 9th-12th centuries A.D.)

69

J.S. Musaelyan. Mela Mahmud Bayazidi


and His First Translation of Sharaf-name
by Sharaf-khan Bidlisi into
the Kurdish Language

98

I. S. Gurevich. The Texts of the Ping-hua Genre


(Song-Yuan Period):
Some Features of Their Language

108

BOOK CULTURE
O.F. Akimushkin. Central Asian Manuscript Bindings
(1730-1930)

143

Ye. I. Kychanov. Some Preliminary Remarks


about the Tangut Text The Collection
of Words Transmitted through Three Generations
from One Person to Another

147

Val. V. Polosin. Manuscripts


of Ibn Muqlas Calligraphical School
(a problem of their identification)

160

O P. Shcheglova. Book-seller Catalogues


of the Indian Publishers

177

COLLECTION AND ARCHIVES


M.I. Vorobyova-Desyatovskaya. Regarding the History
of Buddhist Canon: The Problem of the Language
Variety and the Authorship

200

RESTORATION AND STORAGE


L.I. Kryakina, I.N. Kuleshova. Physical-Chemical
Research and the Restoration of the Tangut Manuscripts
and Xylographs of the 12th Century, at the Institute
of Oriental Studies (St. Petersburg Branch)
of the Russian Academy of Sciences

219

ACADEMIC LIFE
T. V. Yermakova. Scholary Expeditions to China and
Central Asia in the First Third of the 20th Century
The Conference Dedicated to the 140th Anniversary
of S.F. Oldenburg

243

M.L Vorobyova-Desyatovskaya. The Oriental


Manuscripts Collection of the Institute of Oriental Studies
(St. Petersburg Branch) of the Russian Academy
of Sciences. A Few Words regarding the History
of the Asiatic Museum
246
REVIEWS
Ye. I. Kychanov. Agvan Dorjiev. Amusing Notes.
An Account of a Travel round the World.
An Autobiography

252

A. Gordin. The Jewish Medieval Book: Codicological,


Palaeographical and Other Technical Aspects

253


-

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Mlanges Asiatiques.


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From Editorial Board

On the initiative of the Saint-Petersburg


Branch of the Institute of Oriental Studies,
Russian Academy of Sciences, with the sup
port of the Historical-Philological Depart
ment and Scientific and Publishing Council of
the RAS resumes the publication of the
Written Monuments of the Orient. From
now on, this annual periodical (10 issues have
been published since 1968) on theoretical and
practical problems concerning the studies on
the written heritage of the East will be a bi
annual Journal.
The St. Petersburg Branch of the Institute of
Oriental Studies keeps one of the worlds richest
collections of Oriental manuscripts and old
printed books, and its main task is to describe
and publish written monuments of the East sup
plying them with proper academic apparatus. Its
history goes back to 1818when the Asiatic
Museum was organized in St. Petersburg. So far
the scholars of the Institute have published over
40 volumes of scientific descriptions of Arabic,
Persian, Chinese, Korean, Kurdish, Japanese,
Mongolian, Manchu, Afghan and other manu
script collections. These include both title lists
and detailed scientific descriptions which con
tain rich material for further textological work.
The researchers of the Institute are the authors
of the first issue of the Written Monuments of
the Orient The first Russian scholarly periodi
cal on Oriental studies appeared 155 years ago.
It was the Mlanges Asiatiques published by
the Asiatic Museum in French. Later the Asiatic
Museum Institute of Oriental Studies issued
Notes of Orientalists ColleagueNotes of
the Institute of Oriental StudiesScientific
NotesShort Notesetc. The new Journal is
a continuation
of Russian,
particularly
St. Petersburg/Leningrad, tradition of classical
Oriental studies.
The main topics of the Journal are Publica
tions, Research Works, Book Culture, Collec

tions and Archives, Restoration and Storage,


Academic Life, Reviews. The Journal plans to
publish monuments of Oriental written culture
from various manuscript collections, libraries,
archives, museums at Moscow, St. Petersburg
and other Russian cities, source researches on
history, literature, religion, culture, ethnography
of the Orient from ancient times till our days.
The Editorial Board is ready to accept articles
on Oriental textology, information about various
written materials, manuscript collections and
depositories, problems of conservation and res
toration. We consider important the information
on current academic life and work of the insti
tutions that deal with the study of written
monuments of the East, on scientific confer
ences, symposia, dissertations, research plans
and field expeditions. Much attention will be
paid to reviews of new Russian and foreign
publications.
Nowadays the Eastern countries Japan,
China, Korea, Iran, Turkey, India, Israel, the
Arab nations pay great attention to modern
methods of preservation and description of cul
tural heritage. We appreciate the formation of
large manuscript depositories in the Asian
countries and are ready to publish any informa
tion concerning these collections. We consider
exchange of the database experience and the use
of modern technologies for the studies of Ori
ental written heritage to be very useful.
The Editorial Board hopes that Russian col
leagues will actively participate in the publica
tion of the Journal, as well as in renewing and
strengthening links between the CIS countries.
It also invites our foreign colleagues to this sci
entific cooperation. Articles should be submit
ted in English, French, German.
Thousands of unique manuscripts and writ
ten monuments wait for their researchers. We
hope that, with joint forces, we shall turn our
Journal into a reliable guide in the great and vast
Ocean of Scripturesof the peoples of Asia.

. .

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..., ... .
1Ligeti L. Catalogue du Kanjur Mongol imprim. T. 1. Budapest, 1942. 771;
. ., ., . . .. . ., 1993 (
. ; Bibliotheca Buddhica. XXXIX), 669.
2 Vajracchedik Sutra: Mongolian, Tibetan, Sanskrit, Chinese Versions and a Japanese Translation. Ed. by
K. Hashimoto, R. Shimizu. Tokyo, 1941; Poppe N. The Diamond Sutra. Three Mongolian Versions of the
Vajracchedika Prajflaparamita Texts, Translations, Notes and Glossaries // Asiatische Forschungen. Bd. 35.
Wiesbaden, 1971; Srkzi A. Toyin Guisis Mongol Vajracchedika // Acta Orientalia Academiae Scientiarum
Hungaricae. T. XXVII, fasc. 1. Budapest, 1972. C. 43-102;
, [ ] . ,
(. A.B. , .. ). ,
1993; .. () // Acta Orientalia Acade
miae Scientiarum Hungaricae. T. 52, fasc. 2. Budapest, 1999. C. 129-222; Sazykin A. G. A Fifth, Anonymous,
Mongolian Translation of the Diamond Sutra (Tr. by Gyrgy Kara) II Mongolian Studies. Journal of the
Mongolian Society. Vol. XXII. Bloomington, 1999. P. 69-99.
3Gjertson D.E. Miraculous Retribution. A Study and Translation of Tang Lins Ming-pao chi 11Berkeley
Buddhist Studies Series. 8. Berkeley, 1989. P. 28-34.

, . 4,
,
5.
.
, ,
, ,
6.
1871 .7 8.
-9, -10 -11
,
.
XIX .
, XVIII .
, 12
() 13.
, XVIII .14.
4Heissig W. Zur Bestandsaufnahme und Katalogisierung mongolischer Handschriften und Blockdrucke in
Japan // Ural-Altaische Jahrbcher. Fortsetzung der Ungarischen Jahrbcher. Vol. 38. Aquis Mattiacis in
Aedibus Otto Harrassowitz. 1966. C. 69.
5 .: Lokesh Chandra. Early Buddhist Texts in Mongolian.Vol. 2 (Satapitaka Series, vol. 300). New Delhi, 1982. P. 490-509, 27.
6 . . . 1 . , 1998
107.
7. 41: Keb-iln temdeglel egni temr qonin Jil-n qubilyan sar-a-yin arban tabun-u
sayin ediir-e gebsi neremjit biksi Kirti-duvaja ber biibei []
- -
[. -], .
8Rinchen. Catalogue of Printing Blocks of Buddhist Monasteries in Transbaikalia, Prepared in December,
1911 by the Chancery of Pandita Khampo Lama, Head of the Buddhist Church, Eastern Siberia Four Mon
golian Historical Records//Indo-Asian Literatures. Vol. 11. New Delhi, 1959. P. 119, 720 (59).
MIII-326, MIII-489
, (:
). - (: ), .:
..
. T. I. ., 1988 365. .: .,
.. Il Mongolica IV. 90-
. . ., 1998. . 36-47.
, 104, 112.
10. . T. I, 370371373374; Catalogue of the Mongolian Manuscripts and Xylographs
in the St. Petersburg State University Library. Compiled by V.L. Uspensky with assistance from O. Inoue. Ed.
and Foreword by T. Nakami. Tokyo, 1999
396.
11 : Rdrji godba-yin ai tusa jeglxsen sudur orSaba (MIII-91);
OytaluyCi bilig-n Cinadu kijayar-a krgsen rdrji gdba-yin ai tusayin tayilburi oro = sibai (MIII-1119);
Doraji jidba-yin a^i tusa-yin tayilburi kemek oroSiba (MIII-1981); Doroji odaba-yin ungSiysan-u tusa erdem-i
tayilburi oroSibai (-1081). ,
, .. .
12 .. //
. . 9. ., 1997. . 139-160.
13, 113; . . T. I, 377-380; Heissig W., Sagaster K. Mongolische Hand
schriften, Blockdrucke, Landkarten. Bd. 1. Wiesbaden, 1961, 151-155; Uspensky, 397, 398;

, .: X.. , .
, 1975. . 215, 0063.
14Heissig W., Sagaster K., 151, 152, Abbildung 6; Heissig W. Zur Bestandsaufnahme. C. 69.


, ,
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-17, -18 -19
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XIX .21. .
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23.
15Uspensky, 395 (1).
16, 105, 106, 109 110.
17 .. . T. I, 366.
18 : MIII-209; MIII-228; MIII-229; MIII-2222; -621.
19^, 102, 103.
20Abural burqan-u sayin Jarliy-un dotor-aa:
Adistid iilemji boluysan Rdjri godba-yin:
Ai tusa-yin nomlal kemegdek sudur egni:
Amitan-a tusa-tai kemegsen jarliy-tur Sitj::
Sanday kemek nkr-lge egn-il keb-i:
Sayitur btgegsen buyan-u k-ber:
Sayin amuyulang-i aqui yes-i edleged:
Sayibar ajiraysan-u qutuy-i udal gegy-e olqu boltuyai:::
Egn- keb Ayuyin keyid-tii bui::

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21 Coyijilsrng. Buriyad modun bar-un nom-un tabun yarCiy// Studia Mongoiica. T. 1 fasc. 16.
Ulayanbayatur, 1959. C. 11-14; ..
JIO //
. . ., 1992. . 59-70.
22Rinchen. Catalogue of Printing Blocks. P. 84.
23 H 215 {. . T. I 365): Qamuy burqan kiged bodisaduva-nar-a mrgm :
eyin kemen minu sonosuysan nigen ay-tur : erte nigen keyid-n dergede : eige eke qoyar-tur : nigen asuru


, ,
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, ,
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) ,
24.
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XIX ., , ,

, , ,
-25.
, : uDorjijodba-yin pangyon-[= . phan-yon]-yin tayilburi
orosibai

, ,
- .

- 294. 0-955.
26.

27.
,
- . 28. ,
mergen toyin ajuyu : arban nasun-a arqad-un sanvar-tu boluysan-dur tegn- siltayan anu : nigen belgeCi birman
baysi blge :: tendee tere toyin-u nkd bgdeger inu : belgei-dr sayin mayu belges-i jegly kemeldjii :
belgei qamiy-a aysan bges tende oduyad : ...
^
Q 2195 (. . T. I, 370): m sovasti : erte Cay-tu : eege eke qoyar-tu arban nasun
deger-e toyin boluysan nige sayin mergen kbegn bui : tere mergen- dergede nige belgesi birman bui : tere
Cay-tu toyin nkd bgdeger belgesi tere birman-du sayin mayu belgesi jegly-e gej belgesi qamiy-a bui :
tende oduyad ...
13 (Uspensky, 395): Qamuy burqan bodistv-nar-a mrgmi :: eyin kemen minu sonosuysan
nigen Cay-tur : erte urida Juu neret ulus-taki : nigen sm-e-dr : arban (nayiman) nasun-dur-iyan ayay-a tegimlig-n sanvar abugsan nom-dur : masi mergen teyim nigen toyin blge : tere ulus-tur : iru=i kmn ber bui
ajuyu : tere mergen nomi toyin anu : busu toyin-luy-a qamtu tere irui-yin dergede oduyad :...
H 386 (. . T. I 366): Qamuy burqan kiged bodisadu-a-nar mrgm : eyin
kemen minu sonosuysan nigen ay-tur : Yaba kemekil nigen keyid-tr : nom-dur masi mergen dgel-n sanvar-tu nigen toyin nkd-lge qamtuyar-a : nigen mergen belgesi bui tegn-e odu :...
24 .. II
. T. XX, . 1. ., 1986. . 72-73.
23 Jadamba. Collection of Mongolian Manuscripts from the Private Library of His Holiness Jebtsundamba
Khutuktu in the State Public Library // Studia Mongolica. T. Ifasc. 6. , 1959. . 33.
26Vair-iyar oytaluyi-yin ai tusa-yi jglgsen sudur [294. 0-603]; Vair-iyar oytoluyi tusa erdem-n
tayilburi orosibai [294. 0-951].
27 Qutuytu bilig-n inadu kijayar krgsen vir-iyar oytoluyi yeke klgen- sudur-un tusa erdem-n tayilburi
astir orosibai [M 39 (113) V-l]; Vair-iyar oytoluyi-yin tusa erdem-n tayilburi kemegdek yeke klgen
sudur-i orosibai [M 39 (116) V-4]; Vair-iyar oytoluyi-yin tusa erdem-n tayilburi kemegdek sudur orosibai
[M 39 (117) V-5]; Bilig-n inadu kijayar krgsen vir-iyar oytoluyi-yin tayilburi orosibai [M 39 (118) V-6];
Qutuytu bilig-n Cinadu kijayar krgsen vair-iyar oytoluyi-yin tayiburi-yin sudur-yi orosiyulun biibei
[M 39 (119) V-7]; Vir-iyar oytoluyi neret yeke klgen sudur-yi ungsi[ysan-u] tusa erdem-n tayilburi orosiba
[M 39 (120) V-8]; [M 39 (121) V-9]; Qutuy-tu bilig-n Cinadu kijayar krgsen
vair-iyar oytaluy6i-yin tusa glek kemek sudur [M 39 (200) V-10]; Vir-iyar oyta[luyi] bilig-n inadu
kijayar krgsen vair-iyar oytaluyi-yin tus[a] erdem-yin tayilburi bolai [M 39 (201) V-l 1]; [M 39
(470) Vt-12]; Qutuytu bilig-n inadu kijayar krgsen vCir-iyar oytoluyi neret yeke klgen sudur-un tus[a]
erdem-n tayilburi-yin sudur orosibai [M 39 (653) Vt-13].
28, 99-101111.

-29, -30, 31 32
.
1908 .
33. XX .34
35,
36.
-37 -38.
,
, 39.
29 : Bilig-n Cinadu kijayar-a kriigsen vair-iyar oytoluyi-yin ai tusa
jeglgsen sudur orSibai (MIII-1925).
30. . T. I
367, 375376.
31 ..
. 60 () II
. . ., 1992. . 50; Sazykin A.G. The
Collection of Mongolian Manuscripts and Xylographs in the Ethnological Museum of the Republic of Tuva in
Kyzyl // Manuscripta Orientalia. Vol. 2. No. 2. St. Petersburg-Helsinki, June 1996. P. 45; Sazykin A.G. Catalogue
of the Mongol Manuscripts and Xylographs Preserved in the Library of the Tuvan Ethnological Museum Sixty
Heroes (Kyzyl) // Acta Orientalia Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae. T. XLVII, fasc. 3. Budapest, 1994
147275488758.
32The Mongol and Manchu Manuscripts and Blockprints in the Library of the Hungarian Academy of
Sciences. Described by G. Kara Budapest, 2000, Mong. 261.
33 Poppe N., Hurvitz L, Okada H. Catalogue of the Manchu-Mongol Section of the Toyo Bunko. Tokyo,
196487; Ulus-un nom-un sang-un Azi-yin anggi-dur bki Mongyol anggi-yin biimel ba darumal nom
biig-d-n bridkel. Ulayanbayatur, 1937. C. 171
173/1363.
34 ,
.
, (.:
Coyijilsrng, . 8-10; . . , 1998, . 109-120).
(. 93-94).
35 , , ,
:
(. . . I 375): Erte urida ene Jambutib-un Enedkeg-tln oron-a
Eige Eke kemegdek ner-e-t kiyd-yin tsr oyir-a ngigsen ba : irege edili-yi endegrel gei medegi nigen
biligCi birman baysi blge tende-ee kiyd-yin quvaray-ud : tere birman qamiy-a bki tende odu yiru-a bilig
jeglgsen- qariyu-yi tus tus sayin mayu-yi jegiilged : arban nasun-a arqad-un sanvar-i abu ariyun sakiysan
nigen nomi toyin bui ajiyu : tegn-dr glern : ai kgerkei oyun bilig ini qura sayin bged : nasu Cini
ken bolbau : aliba ile-yin r-e-yi endegrel gei edlek tula : arban naiman nasun-tayan maad kk :
teyim-yin tula : qoyitu mr-n ali tus bolqu ile iledk kereg-tei kemegsen-dilr tere toyin birman baysi-yin
ge-yi itegejii : eyin sedkirn :...
{. . . I 364): Erte urida ene Jambudvib-un Enedkeg-n oron-dur
Eige Eke kemegde=k keyid-n tsr oyir-a ngigsen kiged irege edi-yi endegrel gei medegCi nigen mergen
tlgeCi biraman bayi bui blge :: tendee tere keyid-n quvaray-ud anu tere biraman bayi-aa qamuy bki-ben
iru-a belge-ngd-i asayuday blge : mn tende arban nasun-dayan ariyun sanvar abu sayitur sakiysan nigen
mergen buyan-u sadun jalayu toyin bui aysan bged : tegiin- nasun-i asayuqui-dur : ene toyin-u oyun bilig qurCa
asan bolbau : aliba ile-yin r-e-yi endegrel gei edlek-yin tula arban naiman nasun-dayan mayad kmi :
teyim-yin tula qoyitu-yin mr-tr alin tusatai bolqu sayin ile-yi iledk yekede kereg-tei bayina kemegsen-dr :
tere toyin ber biraman baySi-yin Jarliy-i maSida itegej eyin sedkirn :...
36 134a: Bilig-n Cinadu kijayar-a krgsen vir-iyar oytaluyCi-yin tusa erdem-i jeglg
sen sudur egni Onong-Cgel-n ljei qutuy-un nom-i arbidqayi keyid-tr keblen seyilgebei. ,
-
, []
.
, -1169.
38. . . I
364.
39 -
: Bilig-n Cinadu kijayar-a krgsen: vair-iyar OYtol[u]yi-yin tusa erdem-n
tayilburi neretii sudur orosibai [294. 0-605].
. 67 .

,

.
- - (1861-1917)40.

, , ,
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.
, , , -.
-
- . 41.
.
. .
- .
, 43. , -
- 44.
4 .
Q 415 .
1975 . . ,
-46,
- 47.
, -
XVII . ,
, ,
1623 . -
, , 48.
40 . T. II. , 1976. . 624.
41 . // . . 11. , 1975. . 245.
,
29,5x8,5 . 23-24 , , .
.
42 Belig-n Cinadu kijiyar-a krgsen dorji gdba-yin ai tusa gleki sudur orsiba (M III-l 123).
43Jid-boyin pnyan neret sudur orai = bai (KM-1038).
44 Qutuy-tu vir-iyar oytoluyi-yin ai tusa glg (!) sudur (M III-l 118).
45 . . . I
368, 372.
46, . 245-250.
47 . // (1960-1975). , 1976. . 172. -, . ,
, -
, XVI XVII . ---, .: Bareya-Starzynska A. Additional Notes on the Manuscripts of the
Ciqula kereglegi

Acta Orientalia Belgica. T. VI. Bruxelles Louvain-la-Neuve Leuven, 1991. P. 387-391.


--
-, XVII .
-, .: ..
. T. III. ., 2002. 4389. XVII . - ,
, ,
---, .: Kara G. Une version mongole du Mani bka'-:
le colophon de la traduction Abaga // Acta Orientalia Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae. T. XXVIIfasc. 1.
Budapest, 1973. C. 19-41.
48 Gili yaqai Jil-n qabur-un aday sarayin sayin edr-e Cui neret yajar tegs[be]
().


-, , -

50.
Q 415
16-136 Dara eke-yin ndsn uy todoryuluyi altan
erike kemegdek sudur orosiba
,
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, , XIX .
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.
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53.
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51 .. //
. ---, 2001. . 150-156; .-.
. - ( 80- ) // VIII (-,
5-12 2002 .). . ., 2002. . 272, 275 (. 12).
52 ..
( Q) //
. T. XV, . 1. ., 1981. . 56-60.
53 . . -. . .
.. .. . , ., ., .

13

1638 .54. - ,
, ,
, .

[13b] Nam budhay-a :: nam dharmay-a :: nam sangghay-a :: Enedkeg-n keleber :
Ariy-a bajar edeka baramja barimida nam-a maq-a yana^a sudur-a :55 Tbed-n
keleber : Gbagsba : sis rabjiparoldu byinba rdo frji codba : sis ba-a bri banjodgsungs ::56
Mongyol-un keleber : Qutuy-tu bilig-iin inadu kijayar-a krgsen vair-iyar oytoluyi
kemeki- : ai gleki sudur : qamuy burqan kiged bodastv-nar-a51 mrgmi :
Eyin kemen minu sono(su)gsan nigen ay-tur :: erte urida Yau-a neret sm-e [14a]
keyid-n yajar-a-tur nigen masi mergen toyin blge : tere toyin arban nasun-tur arqad(-un)
sakil abuysan ajuyu : tere jiig-tr nigen kmn singsilek biraman baysi blge : tendeee
mergen nomi toyin ayuiybad-un [= ayabad-un] nkd bgdeger : tere mergen singsiy6i-tur sayin mayu-yi singsilegly-e5S kemeged : tere mergen singsiyi-yin jg-tr odbai :
tere mergen olan toyid-i tede bgde-yin sayin mayu-yi singsilen 9 glebe : tere mergen
toyin-tur : e i masi qura oyu-tu blge : nasun inu oqor arban naiman nasun-aa ileg60
nasulaqu gei kemebe : tere toyin ede61 gesf1 biirin-e tendeece63 tegs sonos=yaba64 :
tendeee qoyar yurban jil boltala ede gesf'5 martaju tere toyin-tur amin nasun oqor66
bolqui belges-i yambarilan glefgjsen gene[d]te-te sanayad masi cociju6%ayubai tere
mergen toyin deged baysi-tur-iyan69 eyin kemen cibei10 tende (nigen) ayulan-u
qadayin11 aylay-du sayin jarliy-un nom-ud12 bui kemen sonosdanam : bi tende odsuyai
kemegsen-tr : baysi Jobsiyegsen-tr73 odbai tende odu tere74 qadayin aylay-tu-ki15 : olan
nom-ud- abuy=san76nigen debter nom-i abu jebes Dorji godba neret nom blge ::
tegn-ece11 inaysida ni boltala erifn : ene nom-un dotor-a minu amin nasun79 urtu
.. // . - . T. VII. ., 1999.
.56-57.
54 .. - //
. . XII. 1. ., 1977. . 134-140.
55 . : Ariy-a pair edeka bar-a day-a baramida gduu-a vaduva-a sudar-a ::
56. : Gpags ba sisrabji parl tu phyinba rdor rjiy godba sis byiu-a pan yon brjod [...] mdo ::
57 . : bodi-saduva-nar-a
58 . : ingigly-e
59. : Singien
60 : ileg
61 . .
62 . : ges-i
63 . .
64. : sonos=bai :
65 . : ene ges-i
66. : ami nasu aqor (!)
67 . : glegsen-i
68 . : soiju
69 . : baysi-tur
70. : bei
71 . : qada-yin
72. : nom
73 . : JbSiyegsen- tula
74 . .
75 . : qada-yin aylay-daki
76. : abuyad
77. : tegne
78. : erejtl
79. : ami nasu

bolquyin%
nom-i qamiy-a bui aysan-i^1: kejiy-e-ber bges bi82 sonosun jek boltuyai
kemen irgegecf3 : ediir sni Dorji g6odba-yi idamu bariju ungsibai : tende nigen lidesi
ungsiqui tere aylay-tur : masi gerel-iyer dgriiged : arban toqai-luy-a teglder%b
bey-e-t qoyar ariyun-a^6 ayay-a tegimlig-d-n%1yosun-luy-a tegsgsen yar-tur-iyan nigen
debter nom-i bariju tende irej : ene nom cinu ungsin iledgci8 Dorji g6odba buyu : 6inu
nasun9 buyan kisig-i90 erketen-luy-a (!) teglilder bolju : nom-un jil-iyer yabuyaa] : basa
cinu1 yurban mayu jayayan-u qayaly-a-yi oytaluyacP sidi blitki qubi-luy-a teglilder boluyu : kemen jarliy bolbai : tere qur6a belig-t toyin bayasu besiren mrgged saa tere
arqad rgene[d]te iigei bolba :) tere qura belig-d94 toyin lan nom-tu qadayin 1-
qariju ireged : tere singsiyi-yin dergede odbai : tere singsi[y]i je=ged masida ayuju
oibai : 6i yambar liile iledxsen- tula : urtu nasulayaa6 erketen-i olbai ci91 kemen
asay[u]bai9S : tere qura -t" toyin qariyu glebe : bi Dorji g6odba-yi idamm
bariju ungsiysan-aa : ober12 busu ile iledgsen gei kemebe : tegn-ece10 inaysida
ene Dorji gcodba-yinm nom-un adistid-un kn- erdem105 inu106 kmn bgde-tr
aldarasiju
: tere yajar-iyanm kmn bgde ene Dorji godba-yin : nom-un19 auy-a
kiimn' 0 ai tusa-yi sonosuyad : bg=[14b]=deger idamnx bariju ungsisuyai kemen aman
abubai : tendeee qura bilig-t toyin yeren tabun nasun112 nasuluyad : tere aminxn nasun
yegdkej114yuin yurban tengri-ner-n115Tsid-n oron-tur trbei :
Ene bilig-n inadu kijayar-a krgsen Dorji godba-i ungsiysan-u a6i tusa-yi
gleki sudur-i qadayin aylay-aa olugsan nom-un eng terign jil bolai
80. : bolqu
81 . .
82 . .
83 . : iriigged
84. : yidam
85 . : tegldr
86. : ariyun
87. : tegimlig-d
88. : ungsin iledxi nom Cinu
89. : nasu
90. : kisig
91 : yabuju
92. : Ci
93 . : oytoluyad
94. : bili^t
95 . :
96. : nasuluyad
97 . .
98 . : asayubasu
99 . : beliytii
00 . .
01 . : yidam
02 . : ber-e
03 . : tegne
04 . : odba
05 . : +olan
06 . .
07. : aldarSibai
08. : yajar
09 . .
10. : au-a kn-
11. : yidam
12. : nasu
13 . .
14. : nasun-aa yegd
115. : +dotor-a

Basa busu116 nigen yajar-tur nigen sm-e keyid blge : tegn- dotor-a ber-iyen toboyiju yaruysan nigen doysin tengri11 tere118 tngri119gur-a120kiged mndr ba : ulayan salki'21
terigten-inl kmn bg=deger-i123 duran-i'24 buliyaqui-yi iledki125 kiged : ksegsen
ilesi126l btgelgegci121cidkrm blge : tere sm-e-yin orin olan ber-e krtele amitan
oyoyata oyir-a yabuju l ida=mui tegn- orin-daki ebesn modun 6e6eg ris [= res]
terigten-i ken-ber abun l idayu : tere sm-e deger-e129 oyaryui-dakiuo sibayun krtele
kser-tr unaju kleki yeke kt blge :: tendeee Enedkeg-n yajar-aca1 1yeke luu
kemek nigen132. tamii yeke mrn133 yekede yer-lej urusuy=san(-i) tasu tamidaju
urusunUA l cidaquinb yeke kt nigen mergen tamii irej : tami gleged136 saa
erketen luus-un131 qad bgde kligdeki boluyu] 8 : idkr adas bgdeyin deger-e139 qan
erket qar[cuA0 [= qarau] dayan erke ileddgi met 1 :: tere yeke kct142
tamii doysin tengri-yi doroyitalqu-yin143tulada : tere sm-e keyid-n dotor-a oro=ju : masi
doysin tamisi144 glenH5 : sayuysan-tur 6ing sni dliXAe: tere tamii-yin yes gisign-
bgde-yi oytaluyadXA1 terign-i anu keseg keseg bolyan qayalabai : manayar cayiysan-u149 qoyina150 tere sm-e keyid-n dotor-a mergen tamii-yi alagsan yasun-i jebei :
tendeee tere mergen tamii-yin masi yekede doysin qatayu kt nigen baysi blge : tere
baysi si_bi-yinxsx alagsan-i jej : ene manu152 [= mayu] doysin erlig tengri : tamidi-yin
kereg=legdeki153 bgde-yi abuyad : eldeb mayu nr-ten-iyer utuju : tere sm-e keyid-n
.
.
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.

+nigen Cay-tur
+blge
+doysin
tengri
qura
salkin
terigten-ber
bgedeger-n
duran
iledyi
iles-i
btglyi
idker
degere
oytoryui-daki
yajar
+yeke
mred-i
urusan
Cidaqu
glged
lus-un
boluju
tede bgde-yin dergede
qaruda
bolju
kC-t
doroi=tayulqu-yin
tami-yi
eglen (!)
dlen
oytoluyad
r
Cayisan-u
qoyin-a
sabi-iyan
mayu
kereyledeki

dotor-a oroju : masi kilinglekyin yosuyar yeke doysin ay[a]lyus-iyar : tamis-i glej
sayuysan-tur-il5A : tere doysin tengri tami=6i-yin jirken-tli oroju : amabar cisun55
bgljiged156 sa6a iikbei : tendeee tere siim-e keyid-lin nigen jg-tr nigen Dorji godba-yi ungsin 6idag6i nigen ken bandi blge : tere doysin tengri qoyar mergen tami6i-yi
alaysan-i iijejii : tere liken [15a] bandi yar-tayan kiijisi151 abuyad tere slim-e keyid-n Jiig-tr odbai : tere odugsan-iX5%olan quvaray-ud jej glebei159: 6i tende buu160 [= b] od :
odabasu amidu qariju iren161 iilii Cidamui kemen glebe162teden- gen-tr ese bolju : tere
sm-e keyid-tr oroju : nigen j=gr-t sedkil-iyer Dorji g6odba-yi ungsin sayubai : nigen
sni drben jlig- eglen kdelgej163 yal cakilyad164 yajar delekei-yi yekede kdelgej
mndr quraxe kiged yeke ulayan salkin kdelgeged olan ebes modun166 unayayad16 :
qamuy delkei-yim [= dalai-yi] dolgisqaju tegn(-i)169 deger-e : aman-a6a yal sitayayad110
qabar-aca171 unin butarayulju : tayalal geix eldeb mayu dayun-im yaryaju : olan nkd-iyen74 eldeb meses-iyer imegsen bey-e cinegen115 inu Smber ayula met : masi yeke
ayuqu met nigen idkr tere sm-e-yin dotor-a oroju irebei : tere iiken bandi sedkil-iyen
Jlidel gei : Dorji godba-yi ungsin sayubai :: tere idkr ene nom-i ungsiquim sonosuyad :
masi sedkel-iyen amurlingyui17 boluyad : ni urtu ese boljum : oytaryui-barm kegerebeim : qara quram kiged ulayan salkin (ba) ariluyad : tede olan nkd bgde qarin dutayaju odbaim : tere doysin tengri bey-e-ber qooru besirel-iyer alayaban183 qamtudqaju bara=yun ebd
g-iyerl 4 sgd : Dorji godba-yi ungsiquix%5 sonosun bavibai :
tere doysin tengri tere ken bandi-tur ge glernm bi 6inu amin-ix%1tasu=luy-a' 8gej
54 . : sayuysan-tur
55 . : isun-iyar
56 . : bgeljiged
57. : kjis-i
58. : odun-a kemegsen-dr : tere
59 . .
60. : btl
61 . : irin
62. : gleged idqabai
63 . : kdeljil
64 . : akiluyad
65 . : qur-a
66. : ebesn modun-i
67. : unayad
68 . : dalai-yi
69. : tegtln-
70. : sitayad
71 . : qambar-aa
72 . .
73. : dayun
74. : nked-iyen
75 . .
76. : ungsiqu-yi
77 . : sedkil anu amurliqu
78. : l udan
79. : oytoryui-bar
80. : geyij
81 . : qur-a
82. : dutayabai
83 . : alay-a-ban
84. : ebdeg-iyer
85 . : ungsiqui-yi
86. gler-n :
87. : ami
88. : tasulay-a

irele bi : ene Dorji godba-yin sudur-i ungsiqui dayun-i sonosuyad saCa : (minu) auy-a
kn bligde masi sintaraju : minu qoor-tu 89 sedkil bgiide amurlibai : minu nivur190 inu
masida (yeke) ayuysan dri-t bolbai : tere qoyar tamii-yi minu auy-am kn-i' 2 qariyul-un ese 6idagsan-iyar kbei : yer tami6i-yin qamuy nom-ud kilina-tu buyu : qamuy
inadus bgde-yi qoor-tu sedkel egskej l kleki jayayan gei buim : ene bilig-n
inadu kijayar-a kriigsen erdeni-yin auy-am k6n inu masi yeke ajuyu195 : ene doysin tengri196nomoyadqaysan-i iijej197bisiregsen kmiin amitan ene nom-un-i (!) beiged jarim-ud
uduriyulsun sonosumui'9 : Jarim-ud ama-bar199 idam200 barin ungsisuyai : jarim-ud eldeb
takel [= takil] iled takiyad ungsiysan ile-yin ai tusa inu : buyan kisig arbiduyad : urtu
nasulaju ebe6in gei bolu=yad : auy-a20X kn yeke bolqu-yin erke-lge202 teglder203
boluyu :
Dorji gCodba-yin a6i tusa gleki sudur- ^=ken bandi yirten6-yin doysin
tengrinomoyadqaysan-i20A [15b] nkge Jil bolai :::
Basa tere nigen205 -tur : nigen sm-e keyid blge : tere sm-e keyid-n derged[e]
nigen Darm-a garba206 neret ayay-a201 tegimlig ajiyu : tere ayay-a tegimlig208 nigen sm-e
keyid-i egsked209 : tegn-i dergede quvaray-ud iyulaui keyid ba : aylay oron-u keyid ba :
ed tavar quriyaqui sang-un keyid ba : orcilang-un2 0 quriyan iledki ile2U terigten
qocorliy212 gei iledki213 keyid ba : tede[n]- dergede mrgn taki=qui nigen (keyid)
egskej : tegn- dotor-a yirten-tr kedn sayin jarliy-un sudur-i kedn toyad114
bui bges bgde-yi quriyan beij ungsiqui ba : masi ariluysan215 sedkel-iyer sedkiki
ba : buraan nom-i brin-iyer216 egsken dayusuysan-u qoyina1'1 : qabur-un dumdadu
sara-yin2 8 sinede tere ayay-a219 tegimlig nigen knd ebecin-e220 krtej : tere ebein-iyer
189. : qor-a-tu
190 . .
191. : -
192. : kn-
193 . : buyu
194. : -
195. : ajiyu
196. : tngri-yi
197. : +dtr
198. : sonosmui
199. : amabar
200. : yidam
201 . : -
202 . : erke-luy-a
203 . : tegldr
204 . : tengri-yi nomoyadqaysan
205 . .
206 . : garbi
207 . : ayay-q-a
208 . .
209. : egskeged
210 . : orilan-un
211 . : iles
212 . : qoorli
213 . : iledkii-yin
214. : toyatan
215 . : aruluysan
2,6 . : burin (!)
217. : qoyin-a
218 . : dumda-du sarayin
219. : ayay-q-a
220 . : ebein

masida221 mayujiran kebtekiii-tr : ber-n altan mnggn-iyer egdgsen222 sm-e keyid-n


dergede klirgsen-i jegde
=bei : tere burqan bgdeger eldeb erdfejnis-yer223 imeysen-i
lijebei : tere sm-e keyed-yin224 dergede nigen (ndr) dengc225 dotor-a nigen ayay-a226
tegimlig nom-tu degel-t 27 nom-un yosun-luy-a22% teglder bolugsan masi jeskleng-t
dobtoy-a119 aju : yar-tayan nigen debter nom-i barin savuu : tere Darm-a garbi ayay-a230
tegimlig(-tr) eyin kemen jarliy bolbai : 6i ene nigen 3 trl-tr buyan-i232 iles olan
btgen atala : 6i yurban erdeni-yin ed tavar-i lemji qomuyulja23^ idegsen ajiyu : 6i buyan
kilina qoyar-i qolimujan234 iled atala yekenggi inu kilina iledgsen buyu : 6i Jabsar
gei ayusi235 tamu-tur unaqu bui-y-a : ede kilincas-iyan236 qocorliy237 gei aril
yay-a
sanaqula23i Dorji g6odba-yin sudur-i beij namanilaydaqui buyu : inu qamuy kilina
qoorli gei arilqu boluyu : kemen jarliy bolba239 : tendeee tere ayay-a2A0 tegemlig klindu
ebein-t mayujiraysan-aa sergg14 qarin sanaycm-i242 oljfu tede ges 43 bgde-yi
dotorban244 oroyul-un245 sanayad : qamuy adal mal ed tavar-i2 6 qo6orli gei bgde-[y]i
glige barimad bolyan g jayun naiman Dorji godba beciglebe 47 : tere nom-un k6n-tr buyan(-i) kisig yeke boluyad : amin2A%nasun urtu bolju ebein emgeg job[a]lang gei
bolbai :: qoyina24 endee nasun yegdkecf50 qutuy-tu Mayidari-yin oron-tur Tsid-n
yajar-a trbei :
Bilig-n inadu kijayar151 krgsen Dorji g6odba-yin a6i tusa-yin252 sudur-aa
Darm-a garbi neret ayay-a253 tegimlig knd ebein-ee tonilju : qarin154 sanayan-i
oluyad : Jayun naiman Dorji godba-yi be6igsen- kn-iyer Tsid-n oron-tur trl
oluysan-i yutayar155 Jil buyu2 6 :::::
. : masi-da
. : egdegsen
. : irdes-iyer (!)
. : keyid-iyen
. : dengi
: ayay-q-a
. : debel-t
. : oyun-Iuy-a
. .
. : ayay-q-a
. : erkin
. : buyan-u
. : qomuyaljan
. : qolimuy
. : ayus
. : ene kilinas-i
. : qoorli
. : arilyaqu-yi sanabasu
. : boluysan-du
. : ayay-q-a
. : sereged
. : sanay-a
. : ges-i
. : dotor-a-ban
. : oroyulun
. : tavar
. : biCiglbei
. : ami
. : qoyin-a
. : nasu yegddged
. : kijayar-a
. : tusun
. : ayay-q-a
. .
. : oluysan yutuyar
. : bolai

Basa tende251 gern25S ejen knd ebecin-e259 kr=tej : Erlig qayan(-i)260 yaryain irej
tere ebecit261 kmn-i262 [16a] snesn-i ab6u Erlig qayan-u 6 yirten6-tr krebei26 :
tere kmn nigen quvaray-ud-luy-a basa olan amitan iyulju qamtu s[a]yuqui265 jej : Erlig
qayan asuyur-un26 quvaray-ud ci261 dotora-ban oroyul=]u bayinam buyan-i26S iles-i kedi
inegen iledbe kemen asay[u]bai : tendeee269 quvaray qariyu glern210 : bi Dorji
goba21' nom-i idam212 bariju ungsin213 blge : tere ges-i sonosuyad (sa6a) Erlig
qa=an siregen-e6e bosuyad alayaban214 qamtudqaju mrgn glebei : e-e ayay-a1
tegimlig yeke coytu276 burqan-u kbegn blge : ende bey-e-ben Jobaju yakin irebei 6i
kemen glebe : kemen gleged saa oytaryui-aca211 eldeb ngge-luy-a() tegsgsen
nigen keseg egle21%bayuju irebei : tere eglen219 dotor-a eldeb erd[e]nis-iyer1%0 imegsen
nigen281 tabci_ang2n blge : tere quvaray tere tabciang2S3 degere2S4 sayuju : oytaryui-ba
nis odbai : basa tere quvaray-luy-a nigen-e2%e irex=sen2S1 kmn bgde-yin derged[e]
sayuju uridu2%%kmn i yayiqamsiy kmn-9 trl olju bgetele yambar buyan iledbeci90 tere kmn qariyu glfejrn291 : qayan bi Dorji godba-yi idam292 bariju ungsiyad
yirten6-yin naiman nom-un iles-t uqa[y]an-a292 surun besilaju : toyaqu kiged amabar
busucf94 doromjilan qocilaqui ilesi295 iledbe bi296 kemen glebe : tendee^e tere kmn-i
257. : tendee
258 . : ger-n
259. : ebein
260. : qayan-u
261 . .
262 . : kmn-ii
263 . : qayan-i
264 . : krbei
265 . : sayuqui-yi
266 . : asayur-un
267 . .
268 . : buyan-u
269. : +tere
270. : gler-n
271 . : odba-yin
272 . : yidam
273 . : ungsiysan
274 . : alay-a-ban
275 . : ayay-q-a
276 . : Coy-tu
277 . : oytoryui-aa
278 . : eglen
279 . .
280 . : erdis-iyer (!)
281 . .
282 . : taban
283 . : taban
284 . : deger-e
285 . : oytoryui-bar
286. : nigen qamtu
287 . : irigsen
288. : urida
289 . : kmn-ii
290 . : iledbe 6i
291 . : gler-n
292 . : yidam
293 . : nen-e
294 . : busun-i (!)
295 . : qoCilaqu iles-i
296 . .

i yirten-yin naiman nom-iyar busud-i291 qoilan doromjila[y]san29%tulada299 : beig surugsan-u buyan300 inar qoyosun bolbai : tendeee Erlig qayan glern302 : kmn
i ene edr ende yeke erigt jobalang-tu tamu jek buyu30 : tegn-304 dotor-a tasural
gei yeke job[a]lang bui : 6i qoyina305 je kemebe : qoyina306 jebes nigen yeke tovayan201
jayil-un0% bucaluysan-u309 jes310 dotar-a : qubiluyad tabun jayun toqai-yin tursi 11 yeke
bey-e-d nigen kmn irej tere kmn-i3'1 terign-i inu grgecfu ba sibayun terign-^
eldeb amitan-i terign-luy-a (!) jayun toloai-tu blge tegn- deged jgr-teki
kmn- toloyai tere ge gl[e]be315 : ene olan toloyai-yin siltayan inu : kmn- yirten-tr olan amitan-u316 jej iniyeki ba :317 doromjilaqu ba : qoilaqui ba : teden-ece2X%
bolbai : tendeee nidn- 6e6egei kser-tr319 unatala dayun arbai : Erlig qayan tere
kmn- geTl glern21 : kmn 6i uridu322 kmn-i323 trl oluysan ay-tur yirten-yin naiman nom-du mergen boluyad : sayuly[a]n-a cinglegr terign-tr324 ary-a jali iledgsen ba : kmn amitan-i sonigsan ba : qocilaysan32 ba doromjilagsan ba : iiglgsen
ba : tede kilincas-un226 siltayabar eyim job[a]lang-tu iles-iyer - klik kereg
buyu : 6i Dorji godba-yi idam321 bariju un[g]sigsan buyan-u tula edge bi cimain
kmn- yirten6-tr il[e]gey-e : kejiy-e-ber bges kmn amitan-i sonjiqui ba : elegleki
b a 19 : do^omjilaqui ba3 0 icigleki31 ba : yirten6-yin [16b] tede332 nom-ud-i tebiged :
buyan-u ilesi33 kiiyegtn kemeged il[e]gebei : tendeee tere kmn- yirtenc3j4 Jambu. : busun-i (!)
. : doromjilagsan-u
. : tula
. : buyan-u
. : inu
. : gler-n
. .
. : tegiln-i
. : qoyin-a
. : qoyin-a
. : tuylay-a
. : qayilun
. : bualyaysan
. : +toy-a-u
. : tedi
. : kmn-
. : gregesn
. : terigten
. : giilebei
. : amitan-i
. : +sonjiqui ba :
. : tegn-ee
. : kosr-tr
. .
. : gler-n
. : urida
. : kmn-
. : ingliki terigten-lr
. : qoiluyad
. : tere kilinasun
. : yidam
. : kilC-ber : edge Cimai-yi
. : eligleki kiged :
. .
. : iCigleki
. : tere
. : iles-i
. : yirtin-yin

tib-tur kr busud-i doromjilan qoilaqui naiman nom-ucP35 iles bgde-yi usadqaju :


nigen iijgr-t sedkel-iyer : ene 36 Dorji godba-yi nasuda idam331 barin ungsiju33^ :
yabuysan-u qoyina339 nasun yegd=kegea saa : yuin yurban tengri-nern341 oron-tur
trbei :
Bilig-n inadu kijayar-a krgsen Dorji g6odba-yin ai tusa-yi gleg-sen342
sudur- nigen bu6al-un qayilugsan Jes toyoyan-u343 tamu- toniluysan dtger Jil
buyu344 :::
Basa tere -tur nigen sm-e keyid-n dergede : nigen mergen nomi ay>ay-a345 tegimlig
arban qoyar nasun-aCa inaysida : Cayan lingqu-a-yin nom-un3 6 sudur-i idam347 barin ungsigci34i blge : adqay sejig-tr masi qura sedkel-t buyu249 : busu cinadus350 ayay-a
tegimlig-d-i adqay sejig-iyer doroyituyulju : kngegi buyu252 : tendeece^52, qoyina busu354
nigen ay-tur naran singegecf55 sni-yin ay-tur nigen kmn irej namayi356 Erlig qayan351
jarliy bolJu35Z cimai~yi3 9 ab6u ire genem kemebe : tegn-i qoyina360 tere ayay-a" 1tegimlig
masi busu klind ebein bolju362 : nasun yegdkej 63 Jirken-i364 tus-tu365 bliyen-i ese
tarqaju366 : doloyan qonoy krtele kegr-i ese3 7 yadaysi ese varyaju bayin atala tere
- tegemlig nigen keyid(-n) dotor-a nigen ndr dengc36 dotor-a nom-un yosun-luy-a teglder370 nigen ayay-a3 1tegimlig qoyar sanaya
-tu adqa sejig-t yabudal yabuyi
5. : nom-un
6 . .
7. : yidam
8. : bariju ungsin :
9. : yabuysan qoyin-a
0. : yegdged
1. : tengri-yin
2. : egliiysen (!)
3. : toy-a-u
4 . : bolai
5 . : ayay-q-a
6 . .
7. : yidam
8. : ungsiysan
9. : blge
0. : inadus-un
1. : ayay-q-a
2. : blge
3. : tegn-ee
4. : qoyin-a basa
5. : Singgeged
6 . .
7. : qayan-u
8 . .
9. : Cimai
0 . : tegn- qoyin-a
1. : ayay-q-a
2. : krtej
3. : yegdbei
. : jirken-il
5. : tusdu
66 . : tarqaysan-du
7 . .
8. : ayay-q-a
9. : dengCi
0 . : tegldr
1. : ayay-q-a

nigen312 dergede : kimusutu ariy-a-u masi qurca313 qumusutu314 ayuqu met imayta olan
bolju nigen nigen-iyen bey-e-teki miq-a-yi3 qaya6ayul-un idej : basa yasun bgde-yi
ber-e ber-e butaryuluyad : qarin kmn-i316 bey-e-tii bolyaju 77 :: basa miq-a-yi mljij
yasun-i butaryuluysan-i78 tere jam-tur rglji olan job[a]lang-iyar tesiil gei 9jobayaa%0
je=j : ad5qay sejig iledgi masida todan38' ayuju : tendeee tere mergen nomci
ayay-aS2 tegimlig (Erlig aayan :) Erlig qayan-ti?u mrgged : bi uridu
jayayan-tur mayu ilesi3 iledgsen-iyer Erlig qayan bolun trbei : edge mergen
nomi386 nadur doloyan-ta Dorji godba nom ungsi kemebe : tendeee tere mergen nom-i
ayay-a3S1 tegimlig Erlig-tr doloyan qonoy-tu krtele Dorji godba-yi idam388 bariju ungsibai : tere doloyan3^9 qonoy ungsiysan-u buyan inu Erlig qayan tere mergen nom6i ayay-q-a
tegimlig-tr yurban Jayun kiyb-i90 buyan-tur gbei391 : tere mergen nom6i ayay-q-a tegimlig
kmn-i392 yirtenti-tr ireged : qarin sanayan-i oluyad : tede393 yurban jayun kiyb-cf94
abdaran-a6a toy-a-bar395 biirin-e olbai : tendeee mergen nomCi ayay-q-a tegimlig : tere ni
gen trl-tr [17a] adqa sejig-n ilesi396 tebiged : nigen jgr-t sedkel-iyer Dorji
godba-yi ungsiju : nom-un tr- bolugsan-u yosuyar dotorban oroyul-un39 iled
sam[a]di deyan-tur [=diyan-dur] orobai : tegn-ece qoyina39%yeren tabun nasuluyad jun-u
aday sarayin sinede va6ir-du Jabilal-iyar jabil[a]ju ene yasalang-a6a ng6i=j bgetele
drben on boltala : miq-a-[y]i99 ngge inu urbal gei: yes gisign bgde uaral gei
amui :
Ene belig-n inadu kijayar-a krgsen- a6i tusa~ada400 ad5qay sejig-t ayay-q-a
tegimlig ad5qay sejig-iyen tebij tamu-yin iles- toni=luysan tabtayar Jil
buyum : ::::

372. : nigen-i
373 . .
374. : kimusu-tu
375 . : miqan-i
376. : kmn
377. : bolyuju
378. : yasu-i butarayuluyad
379. : +olan
380. : jobaysad
381 . : Jden
382. : nom-Ci ayay-q-a
383 . : qayan-u emn-e
384. : qayan
385 : iles-i
386. : + ayay-q-a tegimlig-i
387. : ayay-q-a
388 . : yidam
389 . .
390. : Juyun (!) kkib-i
391 . : ergbei
392 . : ktlmn-
393 . : tere
394 . : kkib-d-i
395 . : toyo-bar
396. : iles-i
397. : oroyulan
398 . : tegne qoyin-a
399. : miq-a-u
400. : tusa-yin sudur-aa
401 . : bolai

Tendeee angqan-u uridu402 nigen -tur qan kmn-i403 nigen tsimel jasay-tur tor6u
tere (tsimel jasay-aa) ayuyad Dorji godba-yin - kn yeke-yin tulada 05 : bi ene
erign-ee [=ereg-ee] tonilbasu Dorji godba-yi mingvan toy-a-tu 06 ungsisuyai kemen
ama abuba407 : tere tiisimel-luy-a (!) mingyan toy-a-tu 08 kiimn jasay-tu torbai : tere
tsimed-iyen kjgn-deki ginji bayum uyaysan-i guyuraju410 ber-e ber-e yajar-tur
unabai : teyimii yeke kn-i jej : yar ^aci-nar411 qa,=yan-tur cibei412 : qayan masi
yayiqamsij sedkil-t bolju : tere tsimed-i4 3 erign-ee [= ereg-ee] tonilbai : tendeee
kmn-i41 yirten6-yin kmn ene Dorji godba-yi yekede itegej besireged : nigen
jgr-t sedkil-iyer beiki ba : ungsiqui ba : beiglj ungsiyulqui4'5 ba : besiref16
sedkil-iyer egskebes411 : ene ba qoyitu trldix^ l medek qamuy iles medeki419
boluyu : qamuy erign-e6e [=ereg-e6e] tere tsimed tonilqui met tede420 olan amitan
tonilqu bolbai :
Ene bilig-n 6inadu kijayar-a krgsen421 a6i tusa-yi gle[g]sen sudur- tsimel
qan kmn-t22jasay-a6a toniluysan jiryuduyar jil buyu4 : ::::
Tendeee basa busu nigen yajar-tur nigen emegen kmn miq-a araki kiged : sarimsayA2A
s[o]ngiyanA25terig=ten-i l iden : burqan-i jasay-yi kiiyen sakigi nigen emegen blge :
tere emegen Dorji godba-yi idam426 bariju nasun rgljide ungsiju : tere ungsiqui -tur
aman-ban bulquyad yar-iyan masida ariyun-a ugiyan eit11 beyeberi1% eldeb kjis-iyer
srij : ariyun yajar-tur sayuju : Dorji godba ungsiysan-u k6n-iyer eneg-de429 quriyan
iledki yirten-ee nasun-tur kr yegd(ke)bei : tere emegen-i kegr yasun-i a
nu
orin jayun ber-e-tr krtele kji kiged : candan kigeef30 : tngri-yinm sayin amtatu nr
eldeb sayin nd-i432 butaran bgde-d nsdebei433 : tere emegen Abida burqan-i434
. : urida
. : kmn
. : au-a
. : tula
. : toyo-tu
. : aman abubai
. : toyo-tu
. : bayun
. : quyaraju
. : jirayui-nar
. : bei
. : tsimed
. : kiimn-
. : ungsiqu
. : bisirelt
. : egilskebei
. : trl-tr
. : iles-i medek
. : tere
. : krilysen-
. : kmn-
. : bolai
. : sarimsuy
. : songginu
. : yidam
. : ugiyaju
. : bey-e-ben
. : ende
. :
. : tengri-yin
. : eldeb sayin amtatu nd
. : nsdbei
. : burqan-u

yajar-a Sukavadi-ur lingqu-a 6e6eg-dr qubilun trju35 : burqan-u yajar436 ilete bgect31
jebei :
Ene bilig-n inadu kijayar-a krgsen- [17b] a6i tusa-iyan sudur- emegen
beyeben439 kjis-iyer sr=6iged ariyun-a iled : nigen jgr-d sedkel-iyer Dorji
2odba-yi ungsigsan-u kn-iyer Su^kavadi-yin yajar-a trl oluysan doloduyar Jil

440 .............
buyu
: : :
Tende441 basa busu442 yajar-tur alaqu nidulqu iles-tr : bayasuyi nigen kmn ajiyu :
tere kmn yambar ba kilin6as-iyan arilyaqui-tur443 : Dorji g6odba-yin nom-un -
lcn inu yeke ajiyu kemen sonosuyad te
de445 kilinas-iyan arilyaqu-yin tulada : nigen
Dorji godba beibei : tere kmn ene-ece446 nasun ye^kegea4 : Erlig qayan-u
emne kriigsen -tur : olan amitan-i amin tasuluysan-i44 ai r-e buyan-i45 iyulyan-tur qoor qomsaA5X (ese) bolju Erlig qayan tere kmn- asay[u]bai : i kmn- yirtenli-tr icmn-i451 trl-i453 olju buyan 54 Ciyulyan kedi inegen bui kemen asay[u]bai : tere
kmn ayujuA55 jdejii amisqun456 yadaju qariyu glen ese idabai : Erlig qayan basa
gle-rn 57 : i amin nasun yegdkej45^ ende iregsen-i459 : ligerlebes nigen kmn
yeke dalai-tur olan erdeni-d qoi-tur460 kr : qarin yar qoyosun ger-degen ireisen-tr461
adali buyu : edge inu yabuqu yajar inu sibar nke qada kiged modun ebesn462
terigten qubilju : qoyar irt /Ww463 yaya ir
t ilds : usun 5 [=sn] kituy-a ba :
eldeb qura meses-iyen466 dotor-a yabumui 6i : tegn-i467 dotor-a cim46S amabar olan
amitan-i miq-a ide^sen-i469 (ri) tlgen-f10 abuyi basa bui : kemen jarliy (qayan)411
435 . : trbei
436. : yajar-i
437. : bgd
438 . : tusayin
439. : bey-e-ben
440. : bolai
441 . : tendee
442 . : +nigen
443 . : arilyaqu-yin tulada
444 . : -
445 : tere
446 . /
447. : yegildeged
448 . : emn-e
449. : amitan-u ami tasuluysan-u
450. : buyan-u
451 . : qomsu
452. : kmn-
453 . : trl
454 . : buyan-u
455 . : ayun
456. : amisqa
457. : gler-n
458 . : ami nasun-iyan yegiidkeged
459. : +inu
460. : qoyiy-tur
461 . : irigsen-dr
462. : modu ebsn
463 . : ildn ba :
464 . .
465 . : sn
466. : meses-n
. : tegn-
. : inu
. : idegsen-
. : tlgesn-i
. : Erlig qayan Jarliy

bolba : tendeee olan yar'ain tere kmn-i ktelj irekemebe : tendeee ktlj ireysen-tr Jiryuyan temr qayalyan buyu12 : ktrj eng terigiin qayalyan-tur orobasu : gegen
gerel-d buyu : qoyaduyar qayalyan-tur temr cuyuryan-tur ciyuryalamui413 : yutayar414
qayalyan uridaki-aca415 masi qar[a]ngyui tamu-yin yirten6-deki nigen kmn irej : beyen- tilrigenej yeke dayun-i dayuris=qayad : deledbes tere kmn- bey-e ken
bolyanAie butarayu=luysan(-u) qoyina417 qarin tere kmn e/ige478 uruyu kebtej alay-a-ban
qamtudqaju enerijA19 masida yasiyudan uyilayad namai rsiyen jen ibegedknm namai
kliyesn-ee suladqaytun kemen jalbaribai : tamu-yin yirten-deki yar'yain bgde
ger (!) glernm : kmnm yirten-yin amitan buyan kilina ba : ary-a qayur^may ba :
yayun iledgsen- ene tamu-yin yirten-tr : sir-am sn- tedi inegen qoor qomsctu
l boluyu : i ber-e-iyen 85 iledgsen nigl bui y-a : Ci uyilaba yayun-i4%6 tusa
kemen glebe : kemen gle[g]sen- qoyina 7 Ariy-a-balu488 bodistv eldeb lagsin-iyar
[18a] imej : eglen dotor-a oytaryui-acam bayun irej : tamu-daki yaryacin-tu/90 eyin
kemen Jarliy bolbai491 : arban naiman tamuyin492 oron(-taki) amitan bgiide-dif9^ kmn-
yirten-dr deged Dorji godba-yi ken bei^sen bges : inaysi qaraytun kemen
g=legect94 saa : naiman tmen amitan-i tamu-yin job[a]lang-aa toni=lyaju yaryabai ::
tendeee uridu tere kmn barayun ebdg-iyer495 sgd : bi kmn- yirtenC-tr
aqui-tur496 : bilig-n497 kijayar-a kilrxsen-i nigen Dorji godba beibei kemen ce,z=beA^ :
tendeee tamu-yin yarya in-na/99 ene ge sonosu : tere kmn-i ktelj : Erlig qayan-u
emne500 odbai : ene kmn- yirten6-tiir nigen Dorji godba-yi beibe bi kemen ibei :
tendeee Erlig qayan altan qayiray-un amsar501 negej ]e,=bei : Iije^sen-tr tere kmn
Dorji godba-yi ber-n nere-luy-a (!) qamtu biigsen-i altan qayiray-aa yarbai : Erlig
qayan asay[u]bai : Ci nadur yayun-tur ese glebe : bi ber 6inu buyan-u iyulyan bui
bgetele : tamu-u ilfe]gegsen-i klicen502 soyurq-a : nadur kilina buu 03 [=bj boltuyai :
4 . : qayaly-a bui ajiyu
473 . : iyuryan-tur iyuryulamui
474 . : yutuyar
475 . : uriduki-aa
476 . : bolan
477. : qoyin-a
478 . : elege
479 . : enren
480. : ibegeytn
481 . : gler-n
482. : kmn-
483 . : Sira
484 . : qor qomsu
485 . : ber-iyen
486 . : uyilabaCu yayun-u
487 . : qoyin-a
488 . : +neret
489 . : oytoryui-aa
490 . : yiryan-dur (!)
491 . : bolai
492 . : tamu-yin
493 . : bgded
494 . : glged
495 . : ebdeg-iyer
496 : aqui-dayan
497 . : +Cinadu
498 . : ysen-dr (!)
499. : yiryain-nar
500. : emn-e
501 . : amasar
502 . : tamu ilegiysen-i kleen
503 . : b

kemen namanilaju : nigen dengji dotor-a-ki504 altan tabmg degere505 tere kmn-i uriju
sa yu lyayad : alaya-ban 5 qamtudqaju tere kmn-tr501 Dorji g6odba-yi nomlan soyur
q-a :
fernen iged inglej : tegn-i buyan~i50Z kc-ber509 naiman tmen amitan bgde tamu,yin job[a]lang-aa toniluyad : rne5]0 jg-n Sukavadi-yin oron-tur trk boluyu :
tendeee Erlig qayan oroi(-tur)-iyan alayaban511 qamtudqaju tere kmn-ber kmn-
yirten-tr ireki ay-tur : aonin ba : yaqai ba5n : jivasun ba513 : buyu ba : yuryuyul5U
b a 15 : taulai ba516 : jiruman5 7 b a x%: balcuugai519 ba5 0 : igetei ba52] : quluyun-a ba522 :
terigten Erlig qa,=yan-du523 eyin kemen ibei : ene kmn bida[n]_i51 olan amita[n]-i
amin-i tasulju miq-a-i ideysen cisuni ayuuysan-u525 ri tlge bui kemen 6ibei : Erlig qayan
tere amitan bgdeger-tr eyin kemen jarliy bolurun : ene kmn yeke kesig-luy-a (!)
teglder526 boluysan-u tulada521 : belig-n inadu kijavar-a krgsen nigen Dorji godba-yi
beigsen bui : ta bgdeger ene kmn-i kngen5 8 buu [= b] ereglil^tn : ker-be
kngebes529 ta bgdeger520 yurban mayu jayayan-tur unaju tonilqu gei buyu : tede
amitan bg=de l itegen : bida ene kmn-i il[e]gek bisi kemen ciged : tere kmn-i531
dayaju yabuq*ui-dur : Erlig qayan nigen cinglegr~d532 nigen jgr-t Dorji gcodba532
aCiju : nigen jgr-d tede 3 olan amitan-i aiju : knd knggen-i teng 35 bolyay-a
kemebe536 : a6igsan-tur knd kngpen ese tengcej537 : Dorji godba knd boluyad :
tede2% olan amitan knggen bolbai39 : knggen boluy=san-i tede540 amitan yayiqamsiy
504. : dotorki
505 . : deger-e
506. : alay-a-ban
507. : kmn-
508. : tegn- buyan-u
509. : kber
510. : rn-e
5,1 . : alay-a-ban
512 . .
513 . .
514. : yuruyul
515 . .
516 . .
517. : Jiruma
518 . .
519. : biluqai
520 . .
521 . .
522 . .
523 . : qayan-a
524. : kmn-i bida
525 . : miqan-i idej : isu[n]-i ayuysan-i
526. : tegldr
527. : tula
528. : knegn
529. : kerbe knegebes
530. : bgedeger-i
531 . .
532. : ingligr-n
533 . : odba-yi
534. : tere
535 . .
536. : boluyuy-a kemen
537. : tenej
538 . : tere
. .
. : tere

bisirel-tii541 boluyad : tere deged [18b] nom-i itegegsen-ee tere kmn-i emne542 "ege543
oroqu5AA kebte=} : mandur 45 olan amitan-i klien tonilyan soyurq-a : kemegsen-tiir :
tede546 amitan bgde nasun yegdke-gec/547 saa yuCin yurban tengri-yin yajar 48 trl-i
olbai :: tende-ee Erlig qayan tere kmn-i yirten-tr il[e]gebei : tamu-yin yirtenc549
qayaly-a-aca550 inadus-tu yarqui ay-tur : kmn- yirten-tr : nigen551 kmn-i551 kjgn-tegen (!) temr ginji-ber ginjilej553 yadan-a ktelj yabuqui-yi jebei : tere qayan
gler-n : namai tanibuu kemen asay[u]bai : tere kmn bi taniba kemebe : i man[a]i
kmn- yirten-tr kmn-i554 qayan blge : ende yayun-du irebe kemen cibe555 : qayan
tere kmn-d glebei : bi kmn556 yirten-tr sedkel-iyen endegrej nom-i557 qoyar
sedkel(-i) bariyad : nom linen busu buyu : (kemen) doromjilaysan-i namanilaju
bge=tele55Skilina minu ese ariluysan-u tulada buyu Ci kmn- yirten-tr krbes minu
kbegn aan oron559 sayu=ysan tegn-tlir kele : Dorji gcodba560 nom-i biiglj ungsigtun :
namai-yi5 1 ene ereg562 job[a]lang-aa qayacayul-un563 tonilyaytun : kemen ge kelej
il[e]gebei : tere kmn-ber kmn- yirten-tr kr : qarin edegeregsen-tr5M qan
kmn-i5e5 duradugsan-i sanayad : uruy [ligen566 bg=de-yin dayun-i sonosu : tere kmn
kdlbei : tere kmn-i kdlg-sen-tr : uruy eligen567 bgde ayuyad dutayaju yadan-a
yarbai : tegiin-i qoyina5e%tere kmn degegsi bosu : uruy eligen569 bgdeger-tr ta nada- buu [= b] dutayaytun : namayi Erlig qayan kmn- yirtenC-tr el6i il[e]gexsen
bui570 : kemejii dergede571 dayudabai : tede 2 olan amitan l itegegecf13 : kxsen kmn
bosbasu jig bosuysan-tur adali bui-y-a : qayan-u oron-tur514 sayuysan qayan-u kbegn-tr
tere kmn glern515 : eege qayan Cinu nadur ge kelej il[e]gebe : bi kmn516
. bisirelt
. emn-e
. elege
. trg
. man-dur
. tere
. yegdged
. yajar-a
. yirtinC-yin
. qayalyan-aa
. +qan
. kmn-
. ginjilen
. kmn-
. ibes
. kmn-
. nom-dur
. bgtele
. oron-a
. Codba-yin
. namai
. eregil
. qayaayulun
. edegegsen-dr
. kmn-
. elegen
. elegen
. tegn- qoyin-a
. elegen
. blge
. dergede-ben
. tere
. iteged
. qan oron-a
. : gler-n
. : kmn-

yirten-tlir sedkel-iyen endeglirej nom-i qoyar sanayad nom nen busu buyu : kemen
doromjilagsan-i medeged namanilaju b2etele51z ese arilba : tende519 namanilaqui-yin tula
Dorji g6odba(-yin) nom-i beij iinen-e5 0 ungsiyac^' namai ene Job[a]lang-aa qayaayulugtun : kemebe tere qayan522 kbegn eege qayan-u ge5S3 sonosuyad : Dorji godba-yin
nom-i jayun naiman 84 beiged : doloyan^5 doloyan qonutala ungsibai : tere nom-un
kber eege qayan inu tamu-yin Job[a]lang-aa tonilju burqan-u qutuy-[19a]-tur krbe5^6
uridaki-a6a tere basa olan nasu nasulju5^1 masida jiry[a]lang-iyar jiryay5ad : ene
yirten-tr nigen jiigr-d sedkel-iyer Dorji godba-yin nom-i rlege5^9 desi idam590
bariju ungsiysan-u kCliber endeee nasun yegdkegecf9' : Su^avadi-tur Abida burqan-u
dergede lingqu-a 6e6eg<-lin>-e6e qubilju trbei :
Bilig-n inadu kijayar-a krgsen Dorji g6odba-yin ai tusa-yi gle[g]-sen sudur-aa alaqu nidulqu-yin tamu-aa tonilju Sukavadi-yin yajar-dur trgsen naimaduyar
jiiil buyu 92 :::::
Basa busu nigen ay-tur : nigen ger-n ejen ebecin-e593 krtej : kedn-te namancilaju594
bgetele595 ebein inu ese idegebei96 : tere ger-n ejen-li em-e inu masi ariyun nigen yajfar-tur kji tlej arban jg-n qamuy burqan bodi-saduva-591-- besiren mrgged
Jalbari : minu ger-n ejen- ene ebein-i anavulqui599 nigen ary-a bui bges : nadur
jgln600 soyurq-a kemebe : tedi oytaryui-aca60 Dorji godba nom-i ungsi kemen dayun
yarbai : tendeee tere602 Dorji godba-yi qamuy jg-tr erij603 ese olbai : ger-n yadn-a
bgde-yi ariyula[n] acaraju604 : yajar-tur usun sauju : ariyula[nl ende

tende
l sikr ba
krg ba605 : eldeb cimeg606 ba601 : unaysan (!)608 eeg terigten60 tngri-yin6W eldeb titim
. : nom-i
. : bgtele
579
. : tende-ee
580
. : olan-ta
581
. : unggiytun
582
. : qayan-u
583
. : ge-yi
584
. : naiman-ta
585
. : doloy-a
586
. : krbei
. : nasulaju
. .
: rlge
. : yidam
591
. : yegdtlged
592
. : bolai
593
. : ebein
594
. : emlej
595
. : bgtele
. : edegebei
. : bodi-sadu
. : Jalbiraju
. : anayaqu-yin
. : jglen
601
. : oytoryui-aa
602
. : +-
603
. : erej
604
. : ariju
605
. : kiged
606
. : imeg-d
607
. .
608
. : uryuysan
609
. : +
610
. : tengri-yin
577
578

kiged kjis sitayaqui saba ba : agaru terigliten eldeb sayin amiatu611 nd-iyer sitayaju :
tende-ece612 tedeger oytaryui-aca 13 dayun yarugsan met kki-yin6XA siltayan krgsen
-tur ene sonosuy=san idam615 Dorji godba-yin sono(su)gsan 16 minu yar-tur idam617
nom dter6n bged irek boltuyai : kemeged ir=ger irgebe19 : darui deger-e nom-un
yosun-luy-a teglder620 nigen quvaray yar-tayan nigen debter nom-i bariju : bi ene ger-n
ejen-f2X ebein-e6e tonilyaqui-yin tulada622 : ene idam623 nom-i jalaju irebei bi kemebe :
tere ger-n ejen tere idam6 4 nom-i yar-tayan abuyad : tere quvaray-tur mrgj
namanilaqui-yin Jayura625tere quvaray qubal=ju gei bolbai : basa tere ger-n ejen doloyan
qonu=tala Dorji godba nom-i idam626 bariju ungsiyad sa6a tere ger-n ejen-i kndli ebein- tonilba1 : urida=ki-a6a auy-a kn ba ngge irai : mayu ese bolju : qarin masi
sayin629 bolbai : tendeeCe tere ger-n ejen ene idam630 nom-i qarin yekede besirel sedkel631
egskebei : olan kmn bgiideger qamuy Job[a]lang-aa tonilbai : qan632 qarucus632
bgde(ge)r yekede itegen besirebei :
Ene belig-n inadu kijayar-a krgsen Dorji g6odba-yin a6i tusa-yin [19b] sudur- ger-n ejen634 knd yeke635 ebein-e krteged : k=ki oyir-a krgsen-^
Jobalang- tonilyaju : qan637 ba qarudus63^ bgdeger besiren nom-tur oroysan
ysdger Jil buyu639 :::::
Basa busu nigen ay-tur ober jayur-a-bar640 ebder[e]lcejeAX olan kmn nigen nigen-iyen alal^aqu ay-tur Dorji godba nom-i ungsin idayi nigen kmn alaqui-a6a ayuju :
qotan degere-e6e deglin dutayay-a gegsen-tr642 : yadn-a643 nigen kmn yar-tayan qoyar
irt ild bariju alan JabduJu644 bayigsan-i jej : tere kmn basa busu nigen yajar-aa
. .
612 . .
6,3 . : oytoryui-aa
614 . : kktli
6,5 . : yidam
616 . .
6,7 . : yidam
618 . : dtr
619 . : kemen irgel talbibai : talbiysan-u
620 . : tegldr
621 . : ejen-il
622 . : tula
623 . : yidam
624 . : yidam
625 . : Jayur-a
626 . : yidam
627 . : tonilyabai
628 . : anu
629 . : sayiqan
630 . : yidam
631 . : sedkil-i
632 . : qayan ba
633 . : qaraus
634 . : ejen-
635 . .
636. : krysen-
637 . : qayan
638 . : qaruas
639 . : bolai
640. : Jayura-ban
641 . : ebdereldj
642 . : kemegsen-dr
643 . : yadan-a
644 . : JabdaJu

degli^sen-tr kser-e unal ligei buyan-i sakiyi nigen tengri mred-ece6A5 bariju kser-e
unayal gei amidu-bar talbiju6 6 dayurisbai : tere kmn-f41 - kejiy-e-ber bges
tngri649 sayin amtatu nr qayaal gei yabubai :
Ene belig-n inadu kijayar-a kr^sen Dorji godba-yin ai tusa-yin sudur-aa
inadus-un 0 6ereg-n 6iyulyan-a6a nigen kmn-f51 amin-i nidulqui-yi buyan-i
sakiy6i tengri-yin ibe=gegsen arbaduyar Jil buyu652
Basa busu nigen yajar-tur653 : ger-n ejen-fi54 kbegn mergen-e655 qarbuyi nigen ajiyu :
tere kbegn grgsn656 ba : sibayun terigten-i olan amitan-i alaju bgtele651 : tere
kbegn Dorji godba : nom-i nasun rgljide ungsiysan ajiyu : tere kbegn Dorji godba
nom-i jalayu nasutai bgetele amiban mayujiran kdkej nigen kl-n ///1658 ese tarqay 'san-tur659 : doloyan qonoy kr=tele yasun-i yadaysi ese yaryan bayibai : tendeee qarin
edegej : uruy eligen660 bgde-t Erlig qayan-u virten6-teki ge glebei :: namai Erlig
qayan-u yar^ain abCu : Erlig qayan-u emne66 krgsen-d : nadur eyin kemen jarliy
bolbai : kbegn i masi yayiqamsiy-tu kmn-662 trl-i olugsan -tur buyan-f6 ile
kedi inegen iledbe kemen jarliy bolba : kbegn bi Dorji godba kemek nom-i nasuda
ungsiju yabubai kemen cibei64 : tendeee Erlig qayan jarliy bolurun : ene buyan-u iyulyan
Cinu qamiy-a bges : egn-tr665 adali gei : Erlig qayan-u yirten6-tiir Dorji g6odba-yin
- iieg auy-a66 kn gei : buyu kemen jarliy bolurun661 : kbegn nasun 6inu
baraydaju blge : teyin ber bges
olan amitan-i Job!a]lang-a6a tonilyayuluzcf^ :
burqan-u nom Dorji godba-yi btgexsen- tula tegnf" 9 erdem-iyer cimayi67 qarin
kmn- yirten6-tr il[e]gey-e keme,=be :: 6i jej besireki-yin tulada6
- tamu-taki
qamuy amitan-i job[allang-yi yambarilan bui bges : jej yabuytun kemen jarliy bolbai :
ene yirten6-ber Jaliy 73 qubilyan-tur adalf>1Ajej kesej6 5 irebe bi : tendeee Erlig qayan
645 . : mren-ee
646. : +kemen
647 . : kmn-
648 . : bey-e-dr
649. : tengri-yin
650. : Cinadusun
651 . : kmn-
652 . : bolai
653 . : ay-tur
654 . : ejen-
655 . : mergen
656. : grgesn
657 . : bgetele
658 . : elCi
659. : dayaraysan-dur
660 . : ilegen
661 . : emn-e
. : kmn-i
663 . : buyan-u
664 . : iibes (!)
665 . : egndr
666 . : - (!)
667 . : bolba
6611. : tonilyuyCi
669. : tegn-
670. : Cimai-yi
671 . : kmn-
672 . : tula
673 . : Jali
. : adali-yi
. : kesj

nadur eyin kemen jarliy bolba : qamuy kilinca-[20si]-tu-yin616 dotor-a Erlig qayan611 namayi
odcu611 yabuju jekemebe bi jebes temr delkei degere619 badarangyui6Z0 yal sitaju
tegnf%
x degere amitan nijiged nijiged-lin beyen-tr6i2 Jayuyad Jayuyacf3 temr
qadayasubU tere temr delkei degeree%s qadaju : aman-tur aayiluysan siremn6 6 idquysan-i
jebei : Erlig qa,=yan Jarliy bolurun621 : kbegn cimayi^ teyim tamu-tur il[e]gekli bele :
i yurban Cay-un qamuy burqad-une%9eke belig(-n) inadu kijayar-a kr^sen- g rasiyan
met : ene burqan-i690 nom Dorji godba-[y]i ungsigsan-u kcn-tr691 ed
ge b i92 imai-vi
kmn- yirten-tr il[e]gebei : tendeeCe grgesn terigten olan Jil adayusun ba olan 93
sibayun bgdeger tere : kbegn-tr qoor-tu sedkil egskeki gei qamuy nom-un dotor-a
Erlig qayan-u aman-aa : ene Dorji godba-yin nom-un ai tusa gleki sonosu tede
bgde amitan masi bisirel sedkil-f" egskej : qarin tere kbegn-i695 qoyina-aca696
alayaban691 qamtudqaju : bisirek kn-lge barilduyulju kli=yesn(-ece) 99 tonilyaju
il[e]gebei : tendeee tere kbegn kmn-i100 yirtin-tr krged : Dorji gCodba nom-i
beciki101 ungsiqui-tur : masida bayasun ksej bgetele : tere kbegn gei=rej yayum-a
ofan yadaju : busu70kmn-ee yayum-a ed tavar abu : jayun naiman Dorji godba
beij : Jayun [naiman] kmn-t tgij104 gcii105 ene Dorji godba nom-i beij ungsiytun
kemej : masi nom-un glige bolan gbei : qoyina106 tere kbegn- amin nasun urtu
boluyad : engke amuyulang-iyar bayasqul[a]ng-yi olbai : qoyina101 ende-ee nasun
yegiidkeged101 rne709jg-n Su^avadi-yin yajar-tur trbei :
Ene belig-n inadu kijayar-a krgsen Dorji godba110 a6i tusa-yin sudur-aa
kbegn kilin6a-tu tamu-yin Job[allang-a6a tonilju Sukavadi-yin yajar-tur trl-i
oluysan arban niged^er jil buyu1 1:::::
676 . : kilin6a-tan-i
677 . .
678 . : namai nden (!)
679 . : delekiy deger-e
680. : badara[n]gyui-yin
681 . : tegn-
682 . : biy-e-dr
683 . : Jayu Jayun
684. : qadayasun
685 . : delekiy deger-e
686. : Sireme
687. : bolur-un
688 . : imai
689 . : burqad
690. : buyan-i
691 . : kn-iyer
692. : bi edge
693 . .
694 . : sedkil
695 . : kbegn-
696. : qoyin-a-aa
697 . : alay-a-ban
698 . : biSirekyin
699. : kleien
700. : kmn-
701 . : biij
702. : bui
703 . :
704. : tgegej
705 . : gilged
706 . : qoyin-a
707. : qoyin-a
708 . : yegd
709. : rn-e
710. : odba-yin
711 . : bolai

Tere112 basa busu nigen Cay-tur : nigen ger-n ejen-trin nigen kin kmn blge : tere
kin-i qadam~tur1H bayulyaju ggisen-ii115 qoyina716 nigen sara111 boluyad kj :
oytaryui-acalx%gene[d]te119bayuju eege eke-tegen irebei : tere110 iregsen-tr uruy eligen121
e^ege eke anu : kin Ci yayun-u tulada irebei ci 722 kemen asay[u]bai 723 : kin eege eke-tegen eyin kemen glebei : nadur busu kilina ba [= ber] gei : nisvanis-un kilina ber
gei : namayi124 bayulya^u-du qurimlagsan-du alaysan ker qonin-aa busu : nadur725
kilina gei : Erlig qayan-u yirtin6-tr nisvanis-un Job [a]lang yeke buyu : Erlig qayan-u
yirten-tiir Dorji godba nom-i ali kmn beij : ungsi=gsan kmn-i Erlig qayan
altan mnggn ba eldeb erdenis-iyer Cimegsen tabcang26 deger-e sayulyaju : kilina
namaniia]qui : [20b buyan-u iyulyan-i masi yekede jglj : tede bgde basa
masida burqan-u } Jokiyabai : tere kin eege eke qoyar-tur : nadur Dorji godba
nom-i ungsiytun kemen gleged129 : gei bolbai : tendeee eege eke qoyar kin-i130
tulada : doloyan qonutala1 Dorji godba-yi ungsibai : tere doloyan qonuysan-u sni eege
eke-yin Jegdn-tr132 irej glebei bi : ene Dorji godba nom-i13, kCn-iyer tamu-yin
Job[a]lang-a6a tonilju : qarin kmn erdeni-yin bey-e olbai kemen glebei:
Ene belig-n inadu kijayar-a krgsen Dorji g6odba-yin a6i tusa-yin sudur-
kin kmn tamu-yin ayul-a6a tonilju : er-e kmnlu trl-i oluysan arban qoyaduyar Jil buyu125 :: :::
Basa busu Yau-a ner-e-t yajar-a nigen ger-n ejen- masi qura oyutu136 nigen kbegn
blge : eege eke inu tere (kbegn-i) beig surqui-tur131 il[e]gebei : tere kbegn-i
qoyinam nigen dayuli kbegn139 il[e]gebei : uridu dayuluysan 0 kbegn-ee qoyitu
dayaysan kbegn urida741 biiki ba : ungsiqui141 surbai : tere kbegn-i1 deged baysi
. .
. .
. : qadum-dur
. : eggsen- (!)
. : qoyin-a
. : sar-a
. : oytoryui-aa
. .
. : tegn-i
. : elegen
. .
. : asayubasu
. : namai
. : nadur busu
. : taban
. : mrgged
. : yajar-a
. : glged
. : kin-tl
: qonoy-tur
. : Jigden-dr
. : nom-un
. : kmn-
. : bolai
. : oyu-tu
. : suryaqui-dur
. : kbegn-tl qoyin-a-aa
. : kbegn-i
. : urida dayayuluysan
. : urid
. : ungsiqui-yin
. .

inu tere dayuii744 kbegn-i ar-a kijli : yaryan1A5 il[e]gebei : yaryay^an-u qoyina146Jasay-un ile-tlir kndeg74 ile iled jasay-tur torbai : Jasay-tu toruysan-u qoyina (tere
kbegn-i mali aduyulan149) tere qota-yin yadan-a qorin alda
-yin cinegen750 ayui yeke
anu1 yajar blge : tegn-d752 mal aduyuluyci753 buyu : tegn-i qoyina-aca154 mal
aduyulju15 yabuqui ay-tur : urida tere noyan16 kbegn-lge-ben beig surqui ay-tur
Dorji godba nom-un a6i tusa-yi sonosuysan-i sanaju mal aduyulan151 yabuqui -tur nigen
Dorji godba-yi beimi kemen klisej : kmn-i15% mal aduyulaqui159 -tur : idek160
idegen-e6e jarim-i inu legen : mal aduyuluy=san-aca161 klsni16 abu : cayasun162 beke
qoyar-i qudul=duy-a164 kemen san^fu : beke s
g bridbe : 6ayasun-i qudulduy-a165 ese
krbei-ni166 : tendeee tere idam16 Dorji godba-yin eke-yin sudur-i kmn-ee abu :
qubugi toyoysan-tu?^ beke JiyuraTu yar-tayan sii ^(-i)169 bariju : mal qudaldun odqui
tere jg-tr kr
: nigen yajar11 nigen qulusun oytolju tegn-luy-a (!) kemjijli yajar-tur
jiruqavilan Jirubai : kemjiy-e inu qosiyad qosiyad [21a] tuqai bolyan jiruyad : kjgn-teki
erike12 ab6u : qamuy sg-yi toyuluysan-tu 3 c-ken114 bolbai : basa tende s
g singgeki115 kem-iyer nigen yajar jiruqayilan jiruju : ene idam116 Dorji godba nom-i be6iy-e
kemen sanaba tegn-i qoyina111 tere mal aduyuluyci11^ : kbegn gene[d]te dotorban
sanaju : ene deged nom-i kndlen119 takiju iledbes olan amitan arban naiman tamu-yin
yajar-un qamuy jobalang1%0 tonilqu bgetele : bi kser-e beibes olan mal aduyuluycim
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
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.
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.

dayayuli
yaryaju
qoyin-a
knd
qoyin-a
mal-i adayulan
inege
ayu
+olan
adayuluyi
tegn- qoyin-a-aa
adayulju
noyan-u
adayulan
kmn-
adayulqui
ideki
adayuluysan-aa
klesn-i
iyasu
qudalduju abuba [= abuy-a]
qudalduy-a
krbei
yidam
toytaysan-dur
jg-yi
quduldan
yajar-tur
erike-ben
toyulaysan-du
gken
inggeki-yin
yidam
tegn- qoyin-a
adayuluyi
kilndelen
Jobalang-aa
adayuluyi

kmn gisgebes : tede bgdeger tamu-tur odqu bolumui : bi ene deged nom-i
kndlejus yajar-a beibes kilina nigl tidgi [=tidker] yeke boluyad : dorodus
ijayur-aa l tonilu-mui : kemen sanaju : tendeee qariri1^ bisirel sedkil egskej : drben
jiig-tr takil egskeged : minu sanayan-tur : nigen Dorji godba be6iy-e kemen kiisebes
yayum-au ligei-yin tulada : cayasun%5 ese olju eke sudur-un yosu-yar (!) oytaryui-turn6
beibes bolumui kemeged mal aduyuluyci1^1 tere kbegn bisilyavad : yar-tayan
lg bariju uridun9 kser-e beiy-e gegsen-i190tere yajar-tur kr : sayuju 1: tere idam191
Dorji godba-yin eke sudur- jej : oytaryui-tur793 beibei : tere nom-i beij
dayusuysan-u qoyina194 tendeee bosuyad kliji sitayaju : ene idam195 Dorji g6odba-yin
nom-un kcn-i96 tr-ece1^ glegsen met linen bges : nadur lagsan19% beiges
jg=l
ged199 : ene Dorji godba nomla^i burqan-tur adali yeke buyan-i olqu boltuyai ::
kemen irger%0 irgebei : tere gem-cijm Dorji godba be6iy-e gegsen02 tere yajar-tur ene
Dorji gCodba beCigsen-li adistid-un kn-iyer siregnZ0j qatayu yajar jgelen debsker4r
adali bolbai : tere }- tengri-ner-n sayin nr-d cecegi06 tegs-iyer
uryubai : tere kemjigsen yajar-tur mndr ba : ulayan salkin : doysin qur-a asun ba :
qalayun yang terigliten gei bolbai ::
Ene bilig-n inadu kiayar-a krgsen Dorji g^odba-yin (a6i tusa-yi glegsen
sudur- mal aduyulugi08 Dorji godba-yi) oytaryui-tur^ 9 beigsen- a6i tusa masi
yeke boluysan-u arban jil buyu%
x
Basa ger-n ejen : Dorji godba-yin ai tusa-yin (nigen) sudur-i beigsen-tr tere beigi
kmn-i ger-de-e6e : ber-n ger-degen jalaju ireki-tr : tere ger-n ejen-?n ber-n
doloyan nasutu%XAnigen kin-i dayulju^5 : ber-n ger-ege/7816 qariju ireki -tur : jam
782. : kndelej
783 . : qaril
784. : yayuma
785 . : ayasu
786. : oytoryui-tur
787. : adayulugi
788. : beke-ben
789. : urida
790. : kemegsen
791 . : sayuyad
792. : yidam
793 . : oytoryui-dur
794. : qoyin-a
795 . : yidam
796. : kn-iyer
797. : dur-a-aa (!)
798. : lagsin
799. : jegliiged
800. : irger-i
801 . : gemSiJ
802 . : kemegsen
803. : sirign
804. : debisker-tr
805
V
. : yajar-tur
. : seeg
. : kiged
. : adayulugi kbegn
. : oytoryui-dur
811 . : yutuyar
812. : bolai
^ . : kmn-
814 . .
815 . : nasu-tu
816. : dayayulju
. : ger-t

deger-e eige inu mr jeke odqui ay-tur sana 'yan-tur-iyan^1 sanayad : ene deged nom-i
kndlen ariyun-a takibasu : burqan-u yajar-a trki ai tr-yli [=r-e-yi] [21b] olumui :
bi ene idam119 Dorji godba nom-i bujarlajuno yajar-tur abCu odbasu : kerbe nadur buyan
l bolumui : dorodus-un%2X i]ayur-tu trmi kemen san-a-yact22 : (tere) Dorji godba-yi
kin-i*23 yar-tur bariyulju : tere kin nom-i bariju : doloyan alqu krtele yabuyad : qarin
eige-yin yar-tur talbibai : tere kin telgecf24 nasun-aa yegdkegsen-tr%2S : tere Dorji
godba-yi doloyan alqu abu yabuy=san-u buyan-iyar yuin yurban tengri-nern oron-tur
trj badm-a lingqu-a-yin%2e eeg-tr qubilju yabuqui-luy-a teglder boluyad : doloyan
y-e boltala : tengri-ner-n%21 trl-i oluyad : masi yeke bayasqulang jiryalang-du boluyad
tende-ee nasun yegdkejn% : rne%9 jg-n Sukavadi-yin oron-tur : itegel Abida
burqan-u kl-tr badm-a lingqu-a degere qubilju tr=ged : bodisadu-narun oron-i olbai :
Ene bilig-n inadu kija=7 ar-a krgsen Dorji g6odba-yin ai tusa-yi gle^sen
sudur- gernS3 ejen- kin-f3X tengri-nern oron-tur tr^=sen-i arban dtger
Jil buyuS32 :: :::
Basa nigen nom-un tr yosun-aa dabaju : mayu yabudal-iyar yabuyi : nigen ayay-q-a833 tegimlig qayarqai nks 7w834 qubasun ems : tere jg-n ulus irgen-ee miq-a
kiged : jiyasun-i miq-a abtu idej%2S mayu yabudal(-iyar) yabuyad : ber-n ngge bey-e-yi836 taciyaju^1 nigen blge : teyin bgetele Dorji godba nom-i nasun rgljide ungsiyCi
: aan 839 qaracus 84 bgdeger (tere) Jiluba neret cway-q-a 841 tegimlig-i kmn-lge l 42 toyomui : tere Jiluba tendeee nasun yegdkej 43 : tegni kegr-n avi tere
yaJarUA jg-tr : yadaysida tabun ber-e krtele tengri-yin eldeb amtatu 45 kjis 46 tere
oron-i^41 bgdeger-n dgr=nM%nr nstebei : basa nigen sni tere849 yajar-tur eldeb
8,7 . : sanay-a
818. : r-e-yi
819. : yidam
820. : bujarlaqu
821 . : dorodusun
822 . : sanayad
823 : kin-
824 . : tlged
825 . : yegdysen-dr
826. : lingqu-a
827. : tngri-yin
828 . : yegd
829. : rn-e
830. : ger-n
831 . : kin
832. : bolai
833 : -
834. : nkgese-t
835 . : ideged
836. : bey-e-dr-iyen
837 . : taCiyaqui
838 . : blge
839 : +
840. : qaruas
841 . : -
842 . .
843 : yegd
844 . : yajar-un
845 . : amta-tu
846. : kjis-iyer
847 . : oron-tur
848 . : dgren
849 . : +Jg

lcg dayun biba biskegr-iyer dayurisqabai : Jun-u ekin sarayin nigen sined jabilan sayuju :
nasun yegdkegecf50 : drben on bol=tala amidu kmn-tr adali : ily-e gisign bgdeger
6u6aral gei boluyad : miq-a%5Xngge-ber mayu ese bolju amui : tende-ee quvaray-ud-un%52
ayimay Ciyulju : tabun nggei53 buday-iyarl5Atere bey-ei5S srigsen-i edge krtele : Kitad-un yajar-tur teyim yosuyar sayuju amui : buyan1 6 sakiyi tngr51 olan irej tegn(-tr)
takil egskem5%: tere jg-n yajar-taki amitan bgde nasun rgljide yeke amuyulang-tu
bol=bai :
Ene belig-n inadu kijayar-a krgsen Dorji godba-yin aCi tusa-yi gle[g]sen
sudur- Jiluba neretil159 ayay~q-aS60 tegimlig ngiki -tur masi yeke yayiqamSiy
belges sidf6X jg=[22a]=lxsen arban tabuduyar 62Jil buyui63 :: :::
Ene belig-n inadu ki[jayar-afeA krgsen- Jg-teki Dorji godba-yin ai tusa
gleki sudur tegsbe^65 : ::::
Nasun%eequtuy orosiqu boltuyai :::
Ar[slan-ul dayubar idayid-un erket itegel nomlarun%el :
Aay-q-a tegimlig Sub[udi] ayul gei 6ej :
Amuyulang oduysad-un Vir-ideka-yin [mr]-iver :
Amitan bgde-yi egber amuyulang-tu oi~turze krgek minubl boltuyai :::
akilig-ud~un%lx erket912 ene mr-i nomlaysan%12 [:]
Sayibar oduysad-un%1Aeke belig-n ongyoa-bar [:]
Sayaral gegy-e%15ungsin iledged saa :
Sangsar yeke dalai-a6a getlk boltuyai :::::
Erte aldar ner-eyeke-di7 Sayin-Vacira?11qayan-\ [:]
Erdeni-t altan(-u) oron-tur (!)879 anu [:]
Erke bisirel yeke-t Magada bingtu qatun-i [:]
850. : yegdeged
851 . : miqan-u
852. : quvaray-ud
853. : ngge-yin
854. : buduy-iyar
855. : biy-e-dr
856. : buyan-u
857. : tengri
858. : egskebei
859. : nere-t
860. : -
861 . : sidi belgis
862. : tabtayar
863. : bolai
864 . .
865 . : tegsbe
866. : nasun-u
867. : nomlar (!)
. : -
. : qoyiy-tur
. .
. : Sayiliy-ud-un
. : erkettl-yin
. : nomlaysan-i
875. : oduysan
876. : gigey-e
g77. : sansar-un
g7g . : nere yeked
. : Vir
. : uruy-tur

Ene Vacir -6ideka-vin tonilqu-yin mr-n [:]


Ai tusa-yin nara-yi 82ksej br-n883 :
Amitan bgde-yin jirken- /ingqu-a-yi884 :
Ayuda yeke geyigl-n delgereged sacaS85 :
Amuyulang-tu886 oron-tur trglki kemen ksen duraduysan-iyar :
Ayay-q-a tegimlig Jing 6orji blam-a :
Ariyun ss 'g887 sedkel-i trglj [:]
Ayudayar Enedkeg Tbed Mongyol-un :
AyuVyus-turu% ayul geiSS9 ori=yulbai :::::
Ene Dori godba-yin a6i tusa-yi egn-f90 [:]
Becig-i anu cayasun-dur bayulvaju^91 :
Erte[n]- irger-n kcn-ber>2uiraju [:]
Bayinjuur sangjiy%92sudur bolyan beibei :
Ene iledgsen-u9Asayin buyan-i^ k6n-\ycr [:]
Ejed qad teriglen eege eke bolurun96 :
Enelk qamuy amitan eregif91jobalang-a6a tonilju [:]
Erket burqan-u qutuy-y? 8dter899 olqu boltuyai :::::
Qorin Jil-n Jun-u dumdadu900 sarayin sayin edr901 Jungyor902 neret yajar-a tegsbe
yer-de bayasqulang s ,g tegsken becibei: 903

880 . : Vir
881 . : tonilqu
882 . : tusayin naran-i
883 . : brn
884 . : lingqu-a
885 . .
886. : amitan-i amuyulang-tu
887 . .
888 . : ayalyus-iyar
889 . .
890 . .
891 . : glegsen sudur-i Cayasun-du bayulyayi
892 . : kn-iyer
893 . : Erdeni ubasi
894 . : iledysen
895 . : buyan-u
896 . : kiged
897 . : ereg-t
89. : qutuy-i
899 . : dtr
900 . : Gi yaqai jil-n qabur-un aday
901 . : ediir-e
902 . : Cui
903 . .

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Summary
A.G. Sazykin
An Early Mongol Translation of the Collection of Stories
about the Good of the Diamond Sutra
The collection of stories about the good of the Vadjrachkhedika (the Diamond Sutra), which was
translated from the Tibetan language into Mongol many times and spread among various Mongol
peoples, has acclaimed a great popularity. As a rule, there are no translators colophons in the extant
manuscripts or xylographie editions of this collection of stories. For the first time, the name of a
Mongol translator Djin-tsordji appears in the Ulan Bator manuscript. Also its colophon contains
the year of translation 1623. Recently another manuscript with a colophon of the same translator
has been found in the Mongol collection of the St. Petersburg Institute of Oriental Studies (RAS).
The present full edition is based on the St. Petersburg manuscript (code Q 415). This is the earliest
precisely attributed Mongol translation of the collection of stories about the good of the Diamond
Sutra.

926 (Sakilig-ud-un erket) .


927 (Corji blam-a) .
, .
92 (sudur, . sutra)
, .

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59

Ma

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166 ., () (
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2.

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1 ( ). . // . , 1936.
. 90.50. . 12.
2 ( ). . Ma // . , 1936. . 1-11.

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4 ( ) // . , 1936. . 2.3. . 4-4; Legge J. The Chinese


Classics. Vol. 3. Pt. 12. The Shoo King, or the Book of Historical Documents. L.1865. C. 61-62.
5, ; , .
6 ( [] []
) // . , 1936. . 16.23. . 36; . . A.A. . ., 1957. . 332.
7 . . 2.5. C. 13; Legge J. The Chinese Classics. C. 89.

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* . . 13.20. . 86; Legge J. . . 284.
| . . 10.17. . 2; . . 216.
. . 2.5. . 13; The Chinese Classics. C. 89.

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Summary
Ma Jong
The Book of Loyalty (Chung-ching).
Preface, Translation and Comments by I.F. Popova
The paper offers a Russian translation of the treatise Book o f Loyalty written by Chinese
philologist, commentator and poet of the Han dynasty Ma Jong (79-166) in the period of 147-166,
when the author had a position of a governor (tai-shou) of Nanchun in modem Ho-pei province.
In his work Ma Jong offered a model for a faithful subordinates behaviour and gave an interpre
tation of loyalty (chung), one of the fundamental categories, which provided viability and continu
ity for the traditional Chinese state ideology. In his analysis the author used a parallel of loyalty
with filial piety (hsiao) and of state with family. The core of many of his arguments went back
to the classical works: the Book of Historical Documents (Shu-ching), and the Book of Poetry
(Shih-ching).

The translation is based on the edition of Chung-ching in Ts ung-shu-chi-ch


eng series.

21 . . 18.25. C. 46; . C. 381.

2004
-


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60-70- XIX .
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1870 . 25 Bibliotheca
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.

BGA Bibliotheca Geographorum Arabicorum ed. J. de Goeje. Lugduni Batavorum
UEAI Union Europenne des Arabisants et Islamisants
ZDMG Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenlndischen Gesellschaft. Lpz.

4-. C. 330.
5 . 4. C. 209.
6. C. 39 (. 20a).
7-'. C. 353.
8. III. C. 72.
9 -. C. 214.

Summary
I. Kolesnikov

Materials for Estimation of the Political and Confessional Affairs


in the Eastern Iran and Khurasan

(based on information of the Muslim geographers


of the 9th-12th centuries A.D.)
The information on the political and other historical events that occured in the islamized countries
0j-e early m idd le ages cannot be regarded as adequate i f we are to rely o nly on the facts derived

from the traditional sources (such as the world-wide chronicles or the books of conquests).
Therefore the author o f the paper tries to collect and reveal the numerous historical data dispersed

in the so-called untraditional sources, namely in the works of the Muslim geographers of the 9th
12th centuries.
The information of the geographical treatises makes it possible to throw more light on such prob
lems as:
a) the regions and borders of Khurasan in the 9th-12th centuries;
b) military and political events that occured at the same period in Khurasan and adjacent areas;
c) the ethnic structure of the Khurasanians and their neighbours under the early Islamic dominion.
Confessional situation in the region.
The preliminary results received from the study of the geographical sources can be summarized as
follows:

A. The diversity of information about the extent of the territory and borders of Khurasan reflects
four different points of view, expressed by the geographers on the problem.
B. The geographical sources, while mentioning political events, show a preference for three
chronological periods: 1) pre-Islamic history, 2) the time of the great Arab conquests (7th century),
3) home policy affairs concerning Khurasan and outer conquests in the 8th12th centuries.
C. In none of the regions of Khurasan proper and neighbouring areas the ethnical structure
of population was homogeneous. The situation steadily changed with the settling on conquered
territories of the peoples who had adopted the new ideology Islam. The geographers practically never
describe the Iranians, although the latter constituted the majority of population in the Western
Khurasan. Only indirect evidence concerning the diffusion of the Khurasanian languages help us
conceive the actual area of migration of the ethnic Iranians to the eastern extremities of the Caliphate
before the Mogul invasion.
D. All the material concerned with confessional characteristics presents two classes of informa
tion:
a) on religions, religious sects and trends, conflicts caused by ideological motives etc.;
b) on religious buildings (mosques, churches, Zoroastrian and pagan, i. e. Buddhist temples).
Analysis of both groups of information gives rise to an idea about the coexistence of different
confessions in several regions.
The information presented by the geographical sources may give valuable additions and elabora
tions to the data derived from historical chronicles.

..
J

2004
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1Jaba A. Recueil de notices et rcits kourdes. SPb.1860. C. IX.

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10 . C. X.
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12JJepx .. . . II. ., 1857.
C. IV-V.
13 . . ., . . .. . ., 1963.

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7-10.
Jaba A. Dictionnaire kurde-franais. SPb.1879.
19 . . . 108.
20 . . 114.


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. , // . ., 1991. XXIV/III.
. 33-59.
26 , . 776. 4
10: 2.

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29 1868 . ., 1869. . 159-167.
30 .. . ( ) //
. .. -. . 2. JI., 1957. . 165-184; . .
31 . - - .

103

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"I

32 Scheref-nameh, ou Histoire des Kourdes par Scheref prince de Bidlis, publie pour premire fois, traduite et
annote par V. Vliaminof-Zemof. Texte persan. T. I. SPb., 1860.
33 - . -. C. 20.
34 .

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(. 92) (. 47)

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35 Seref-Han. Serefname. Kurt Tarihi. Arapadan eviren Mehmet Emin Bozarslan. stanbul, 1975. C. 462-

105

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XIX .

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-

Summary
J.S. Musaelyan
Mela Mahmud Bayazidi and His First Translation
of Sharaf-name by Sharaf-khan Bidlisi into the Kurdish Language

Sharaf-name, which was compiled in Persian by a famous Kurdish historiograph Sharaf-khan


Bidlisi in the 16th century, still remains a unique source shedding light upon the history o f the Kurds
and Kurdistan, in conjunction with the adjacent countries, in the late middle ages.
The first translation into the Northern Kurdish dialect (Kurmandji), under the title Tavarih-i
kadim-i Kurdistan, was made by a remarkable man o f science and public figure M ela Mahmud
Bayazidi in the Hijra year 1275/1858-59.
It was the Russian Consul in Erzurum A .D . Zhaba who initiated this translation. In return, Mela
M ahm ud Bayazidi gave a valuable assistance to A .D . Zhaba. He helped him in learning Kurdish and

collecting Kurdish manuscripts. Their cooperation brought fruitful resultsA.D. Zhaba acquired a
good deal o f manuscripts concerning Kurdish history, ethnology, literature, folklore and language and
sent them to St. Petersburg to the Academy o f Sciences, while M ahm ud Bayazidi became a copyist,

translator and the author of a few works including The Customs of the
Phrase-Book, Kurdish-French Dictionary, etc.
106

36 , . 2on. I (1865) 20. C. 52.

Kurds,

the Kurdish-French


The Kurdish translation o f the work by Sharaf-khan Bidlisi is o f great scholary importance. Taking
this into consideration, the kurdologists from St. Petersburg published the autograph o f M ahm ud
Bayazidi (257 pages) which is kept in the National Library o f Russia (former State Public Library).
Before publication, the translation o f M ela M ahm ud Bayazidi was compared to the well-known edi
tion o f the Sharaf-name by V .V . V e l
yaminov-Zemov. This work made it possible to find a lot o f
variant readings o f personal names, place names and ethnonyms, many discrepancies in dates as well
as some lacunae and addenda.
M ela M ahm ud Bayazidi considerably simplified the original text the language o f his translation
lacks the floweriness o f Sharaf-khan B id lisis style, sometimes it looks too laconic which obviously
deprives the translation o f the richness o f colours which can be found in the original work. Most
probably M ahm ud Bayazidi had at his disposal another version, perhaps an abridged one, o f the

Sharaf-name.
By and large, the work o f M ahm ud Bayazidi can be regarded as a sufficiently precise translation o f
the Persian original. His language reflects the most peculiar features o f the Classic Kurdish literature
written in the Northern Kurdish dialect.

..

2004
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on C h in e s e N o v e ls . W ie s b a d e n , 1962).

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S o m e P ro b le m s in the L a n g u a g e o f the S h in b ie n W u d a y S h y y P ijn g - h u a h (v o l. 1-2).

D oct. D iss. N e w H a v e n , Y a le U n iv e rs ity , 1950 (u n p u b l.).



.

111

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17 (420-589 .).
18 , liao, : ,
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(8-9)
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112

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(, 18)
Qingdang bei-ti heshil ?
(, 18)
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-19,
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... (7)
. .jin jiao huiliaoyu nu-zhi shen, huoshaoliao miaoyu
.. . , .

9
-. . ). ,
1985. . 244.

20 ( . ). ,
1954. . 674-675.

21 ( . ). , 1988.
. 380-381.
22 .:
( .

). , 1992.

113


/, zhe
:
(, 12)
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(, 70)
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, 20)
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(, 18)
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(, 35)
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(,81)
...ren kepo Zhou ye ... .
23 ren nin:
(, 69)
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-, . 746; .. ,

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nin . .: .. ( ). ., 1979. . 61.

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2026) (),
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(84)
24
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, zhao , a liao . .:,


( . ). , 1958. . 311.

Taigongyi-shou qingzhao... zhang, yi-shou qingzhao... jing


... , ... .
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(80)
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...
(74)
25 , gei:

19)
Gei huanghou wan-shang daizhao qiong-yao bao chuan, xianjie mailiao ,

116

, [] .
Gei -. .: . .
. . 263, 309. gei .

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.
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. . 247, 249).
31 Crump J.. Some Problems in the Language. . 21-51.

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119

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34 . . 2-.
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123

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42
48)
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:
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,
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(, 69)

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17)
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5 ^^
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48)
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40)
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64)
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.
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42)
125

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, 71)
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45)
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II.
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.

29)
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126

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, 40)
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39)
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40
.: .. //
. . ., 1974. . 196.

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51)
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75)
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57)
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(34)
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; ,
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:
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(, 18)
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(, 3)
41 .: .. . . 264-265.

129

Na Yan-wang laomao bu neng zhi-guo, yu mu Tang Yao Yu Shun shou chan-di daoli, yu
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.
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130

42
,
(1321-1323), .. ,
XIII . .: ..
. . 148.

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,
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.)
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7)
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(, . 15, 495051).
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(, , . 27).
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, :

4 .
, , 4.
,
mei, ;
43 .: Nienhauser W.H.Jr. The Indiana Companion to Traditional Chinese Literature. Indiana University Press,
1986. C. 661.
44
.

nin (. . 23),
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(, 28)
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...
[ ].
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45 .. III-V . (
). ., 1974. . 150-151.
46 . . . . 239: , gong-
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58)
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, []
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,
tonggong47:
. . .
10)
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24)
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21)
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.
(, )
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(11)
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[] ... [] , []
, .
(
20)
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] .
;
19)
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gong-.
.. .
35)
Yanhui cai ban, na Li Hanzhi gong Ge Congzhou jige, shou na jinzhan, xiang Zhu
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[ ]
...
. . .

60)
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(
28)
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134

Zhi-ye, Bi Gan gong Taizi yilun ci shi


.
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43)
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, 42)
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, .

65)
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[] .
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:
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(
44)
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.
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...
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20)
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[ ], [] ...
...(20)
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, gong tong
gongzhao tongzhao,
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7)
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.
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135

20 qu
. .
1. Qu .
(182)
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[] .
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.
..(33)
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.
2. Qu . qu
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207)
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, ...

24)
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3. -qu .
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, 10)
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.. .
160)
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[] ; ,
...
qu 50:
(, 109)
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shui ruo , , , []
; , , , .
( kanqu .)
qu
de.

136

50
-qu . .: . . . 120.

que
que.
51.
Que ,
f ju-jue , . que
.

93)
Chu xia-qiu-zhi shui, que zhuhou-zhi gong ,
.
que tui ,
, . (
que , .)

125)
Kuo tamei fu-zi neng que qidan, bian yao chandai wo wei, za yi gan-xin. ,
, []
, [ ] .
que ,
que .
1. Que ,
, liao52.
...
(54-55)
Zhu Quanzhong qian jun wei Zezhou, da-hu Li Hanzhi, weiyue: Zhang xianggong
weique Taiyuan, Ge Pushe juliao Luzhou."
; [] :

...
51 . . 122-125;
. [. .], 1983.
,

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, , . .
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, ). ,
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liao que. que
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, .

137

34)
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. . .
78)
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(, 78)
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(16)
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(
76)
Fu Xi you e zhi, bu ke xin, yuan da wang geng yong tajiang daique Fu Xi
, [] ,
.
(, 66)
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3, que
; liao.
,
1321-1323 ., (. . 53), liao
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4.
2. Que : , que
, ,
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que queshi . que,
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,

182)
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que bu ceng dande qiaoer, budang budui, ba na linjia Gurui-di haier Gu Luer taiyang xueshang daliao yidan , , [ ]
, , [] ,
, [] , .
( 184)
Nin suishi shaliao na ren, queshi zhou-xian ge-yuan, nali you tao nin chu
, ; [] .

(146)
Qidan zhu de biao, juzuo nu- Feng Zijin, wei Jin chao fu meng; quede Shulu taihou
wei qidan zhu yue: shi hanren wei hu zhu, ke hu?
, , , []
;
: , ?

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54 , , , 1127 1368 ., .. -. .: Crump J.K. Some Problems in the Language. C. V.
. .

3. - que
zai ; que .

(, 170)
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que lai xiang tan [-] :
, [] ,
,
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, 23)
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.

, 11)
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que zhan ,
, ; [] , []
, [] .

, 38)
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, .
( , que
zhan .)
4. que zai ( ), que
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. ,
que .


85)
Liang-wang wei Huangfu Lin yue: Qing ke duan wu shou . Lin qi yue: Chen bu gan
feng ci zhao
. Liang wangyue: Yu qing ju si ke ye,. Lin bu-de yi, sha Liang wang, que
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, , : . -
: [] . ,
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(, 11)
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- , , .
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, , []
, [] .
......
(, 194)
you taihou-di didi Li Ye, yin qiu-zuo xuanweishi bu-de que yu bi-xing." ri-xi zai
Han-zhu-genqian zen-hui dachen ... E, ,
, ...
.

139

..... .
125)
... Tang zhu bu yun suo-qing, que tong bing qu Xiyang........
...
(127)
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, ,
, [] [].
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6. ( )
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.

50)
Yao zhan que zhan, zhuohuo taizi, xiu yan ci hua ,
; .
7. Que bu qi-bu , .
Que-bu -,
.

27)
Que-bu portaizhe Huang Chao qifu zamei teshen! ,
!
si
si
: 1) 56 (
si ,
-57; 2) ,
, -
58; 3) , si ,
59.
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...
11)
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[] , , , ,
, .
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...woyu nin si sai yijiao........ [ ], ...
(163)

140

55 . . 90.
56 .. , . .: . . .
. 307-308. ,
si , , , . .:
.. . . 2241.
57 -, . 958; . . . 194.
58 -. . 194.
59 si - (.: . 2. . 739).

Wo bu du qian, qie du ge si da [] , - [ ,
] .
. . .
196)
Jin qiaoer si jinliao, fu-gui lai po [ ] ,
[ ]...
... (, 60)
...huyi-ye de gemeng, dao Quanzhongyu Li Keyong liangge si bo.........
[] : (?) [], ,

28)
Za zi qu juliao Tongzhou, tari xiang fengbu-fang si sha (?)
, [] - , .
II. si , :
.

24)
...za yuan sui," san ren, si gan-qu tou Huang Chao ... ... []
.

67)
Liu Xin jun-ma yuan-lu, liangshi yi jin, you tingde Jin jun you bei, you you zhui bing si
gan-zai-hou , ;
, [] ,
.
III. si , :
... (, 3)
Zhe Huang-di zuo-zhao ge si sha-di tounao - [],

... (, 169)
Zhi you na shushu Li Jingye si rende Zhiyuan," ,
[ ] ...
(, 184)
...nayouyige ren si rende ta? ... - [ ]?

(, 183-184)
Zou-qu ta shou-zhong duojiang jian lai, baigan-di ba na si shaliao... [ ] ,
[] ...

109)
Qi Temo kou-zhong bu shuo, xin-xia aomen, daiyao bie xun geshi, jiang zhe si dasi
, , , ,
[] [].

si : ,
si .

, 32)
Ci ri jue liang, ren si chi... ,
...

,32)
Hunzhan yiye, zhe bing yiban, gezi sanliao bing, zi-fu bu si jiu
, , , []
, .
si ,
, sha .

141

,
si ,
.
.

Summary
I.S. Gurevich
The Texts of the Ping-hua Genre
(Song-Yuan Period):
Some Features of Their Language

Ping-hua is a name for a group of vernacular narrative texts dealing mainly with an extended
period of history. The interpretation of the termas well as the outline of texts in question differs from
one author to another. In the present paper the following ping-hua texts included in the collective set
Five Completely Illustrated Ping-hua (Quan xiang ping-hua wu-zhong) have been so far examined:
1. Ping-hua on How King Wu Attacked Chou (Wu-wang fa-Chou ping-hua); 2. Ping-hua on the
Events o f the Seven States (Qi-guo chun-qiu ping-hua); 3. Ping-hua on the Annexation o f the Six
States by Qin (Qin bing liu-guo ping-hua); 4. Ping-hua on the History o f the Former Han Dynasty
{Qian Han-shu ping-hua)\ 5. Ping-hua on the History o f the Three Kingdoms (Sanguo zhipinghua).
These five ping-hua were all printed during the period o f 1321-1323 in Jian-an (modern Fujian)
thus the date of the composition of the texts is known accurately enough. The Ping-hua o f the History
o f the Five Dynasties ( Wu-dai shi ping-hua) was also examined to a certain extent.
The purpose of the paper is to throw light on certain characteristics of the language of ping-hua

concerning the grammatical structure of the texts. The following points have been considered in this
respect: 1. Examination of the grammatical features of the language of ping-hua have been under
taken to enlarge and revise current views of the grammar of the Medieval Chinese as a whole, since
grammatical peculiarities of the texts of ping-hua have not been taken into consideration in standard
works on Medieval Chinese so far. 2. The study of the texts might be helpful in establishing a more
precise date for the creation of the Wu-dai shi ping-hua, the most popular text of the genre.
3. Dialect features of the texts are being investigated. 4. The problem of a possible correlation
between the content of a given text and the degree of colloquialness has been briefly examined.
5. A number of function words occurring in the texts ofping-hua have been examined.

..
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(30- XVIII 30- XX .)

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. : . .:
Yves P. Painters, Paintings and Books. New Delhi, 1994. C. 45-49; Manuel de codicologie des manuscripts en
criture arabe. P., 2000. C. 269.
4
, -
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.. -: 18x15 , 21x16 , 30x23 , :
32x24 , 36x29 .. ( .. . . 141).

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, ,
,
(30- XVIII 30- XX .).

Summary
.F. Akimushkin
Central Asian Manuscript Bindings (1730-1930)

The article is devoted to cardboard bindings (muqawy) which were extremely typical of the
Central Asian book production during the given period. The study focuses on particular and specific
features of this type of binding. It is based on the analysis of 603 bindings executed by 189 masters
mainly originating from Bukhara, Khuqand, Samarqand and Khiva.

I4

: 1221/1806-07 ., 1226/1811 . 1269/1852-53 -


( 1835) 1257/1841-42 . ,
. .: . . 2. .,
1988. 708790802; . . 2. 451;
. . 3. 903; . . 5.
., 1974. 1508, 1511, 1665, 1673; . . 6. ., 1988.
19972053; . . 1-11. ., 1952-1987. 5812;
. . 45, 6341736.
10 . . 1-11;
. . 1-6. ., 1960196819701974, 1988; . .
. . 1. [.], 1962;
. T. I-II. ., 1988-1989; .
; .. . .,
1988.
11 .: ..
// . ., 1932. II; ..
(. . .. ) II . . 1970. . 407^36.
12 :
, -, ,
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.: . . 4246 (
, - ; 210).
13 , -
, 1818. .: . . 5, 1974. 1732.

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1Dragunov A.A. A Catalogue of Hsi-Hsia (angut) Works in the Asiatic Museum. Academy of Science.
Leningrad, 1937. 3 1 . . . 4. . 3. . , 1930
(1932). . 376.
2 . . .. .. . ., 1963. 27. . 54-55.
3 , . (
). , 2000. . 56.
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8 Ter Haar Brend. White Lotus Teaching in Chinese Religious History. Leiden, Brill, 1992.
9 Buddism in the Sung. Ed. by P.N. Gregory and D.A. Getz // A Kuroda Institute Studies in East-Asian
Buddhism. 13. Honolulu, 1999. P. 506.
10 Buddhism in Sung. C. 38.
11 .. . . ., 2000. . 196.
12 - . , ., . ., . .. .
. XV. ., 2001; . . . 1. ., 1992, .
.. .. . . 35-128; . . 2. ., 1993. . 88-99; .
. ., . . .. . ., 1998.
13 .. . ., 1968. . 277-278.

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H.A. . .
. . 1. ., 1960. . 81.
Shintaro Arakawa. About the Rhymes in Tangut Verses. Reanalysis of Tangut Rhyming Poetry in San shi
shu ming yan ji wen // Kyoto University Linguistic Research. Vol. 20. Kyoto, 2001. P. 211-221.

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5. . 78.
20Pelliot P. Le dbut de limprimerie en Chine. uvres posthumes de Paul Pelliot. IV. P., 1953. C. 40-41.
21 Carter T.F. The Invention of Printing in China and its Spread Westward. N.Y., 1955. C. 60.
22.: .. .
1953.
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31Grinstead . The Tangut Tripitaka. New Delhi, 1973. P. 4-6.
32Goodrich L.C. Movable Type Printing: Two Notes // Journal of the American Oriental Society. 1974.

Vol. 94, 4. P. 466-477.

157

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Summary
Ye.I. Kychanov
Some Preliminary Remarks about the Tangut Text
The Collection of Words Transmitted
through Three Generationsfrom One Person to Another
The collection of Tangut (Hsi Hsia) texts, which were written according to the tradition of the
Chinese Buddhist school (Chan), was compiled by two monksHui Ming and Dao Hui
approximately in the middle of the 12th century. The publication of these texts is an evidence of the
existence of the White Cloud doctrinea very popular school of the Chan in China in the 11th and
12th centuryin the Tangut Hsi Hsia State (982-1227). The scholars believe that the adepts of the
White Cloud school were recruited mainly from the educated Buddhists and state bureaucrats. Some
texts of this collection have been already translated into Russian, Japanese and Chinese. In the present
article, the author also includes a few translations of his own.
The unique feature of this collection is the way of its manufacture. This is the only one known
Tangut book printed with a movable script. The name of a Chinaman called Chen Ji-jin, who made
the type for printing, can be found in the colophon. Taking this into consideration, the author deals
with the history of printing in China, which dates back to the 40s of the 11th century when Bi Shen
invented the way of printing with movable script. The author argues why such printing had not been
the predominant one in China until the 20th century, while it spread over the territories of the Tangut
Hsi Hsia State and the neighbouring Uighur Kocho State. When compared to the Chinese
hieroglyphic script, the Tangut one has much less signs. Obviously this facilitated printing. The parts
of the Uighur movable script, which were found at Mogaoku (Dunhuan) in 1908show that such
printing had been used in China as well as by the Tanguts and Uighurs 350 years earlier than it was
brought into operation in Europe. Printing with movable script did not spread over to the Middle East
because there was a strong tradition of manuscript production there. The confessional differences
should also been considered. It is still unclear if there is any connection between the invention by
Gutenberg and the introduction of printing with movable script in China and the Central Asia.
38 JI. . // . . 471.
|5 9

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1Droche F. Les manuscrits arabes dats du IHe/IXe sicle // Revue des Etudes Islamiques. P., 1987-1989.
Vol. 55/57. P. 365.
2: James D. Qurans and Bindings from the Chester Beatty Library. A Facsimile Exhibition. L.,
1980; Droche F. Les manuscrits du Coran. Aux origines de la calligraphie coranique // Bibliothque Nationale.
Catalogue des manuscrits arabes. Deuxime partie: Manuscrits musulmans. T. I1. P., 1983; Masahif Sana.
19 March 19 May 1985. Dar al-Athar al-Islamiyyah, Kuwait; Splendeur et Majest. Corans de la Bibliothque
Nationale. P., 1987; - (). 4 ^ - -. '
- -. , 1987; Droche F. The Abbasid Tradition. Qurans of the
8th to the 10th centuries AD. [L.], 1992 (The Nasser D. Kiialili Collection of Islamic Art. Vol. 1); Duda D.
Islamische Handschriften. II. T. 1. Die Handschriften in Arabischer Sprache. Tafelband. Wien, 1992; Droche F.
Note sur les fragments coraniques anciens de Katta Langar (Ouzbkistan) // Cahiers dAsie Centrale, 7.

IOU

Tachkent Aix-en-Provence, 1999. P. 65-73 et Planches couleur VII; .


3.. - (, , , , , ),
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4 .. : //
. ., 1994. . 5. . 211 . 11.

. 1. Cod. mixt. 814f. Xlb.


(Duda D. Islamische Handschriften. Abb. 15)

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5 .. - // (Acta Institutionis Orientalis). ., 1999. T. 5. 1(9). 5.


6 .

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7 , : De
Bagdad Ispahan. Manuscrits islamiques de la Filiale de Saint-Ptersbourg de linstitut dEtudes orientales,
Acadmie des Sciences de Russie [Muse du Petit Palais, Paris, 14 octobre 1994 8 janvier 1995). P., 1994.
P. 39. Fig. D-164;p. 264. 57.
8. . 27.
9 , ( )
, : Droche F. Manuel de codicologie des manuscrits en criture
arabe. P., 2000. P. 169-195.
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,
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19 : 3 + Vio + Vio + '/ + Vio = 5/ .
20 : Vio + Vio +V20 +' +3 = 5 .
21 : V20 +'ho + V20 +7 + Vio +2/s = 5 .

22 :

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V20 + Vio + V20 + V20 + 3ho + Vio + Vio + V20 +

20 = 5A .

23 : '/ +Vio + Vio +


/10 +
+
/+2/io + l/w + l/io = 5 .
24 : , 2: 211 ( . . ) 2: 214 2: 215 .
5:9.


1-
/3 + 2/ (3/3 .)2-

/3? +
/3? + /? (3/3 .)3 - :
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4-:
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/3(3/3 .)5-: V3+ V3+ V3 (3/3 .).

I/

/ + ]/3


6
66 666
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(. 6)

.
.
.
.
.

, ,
(272-328/886-940),
. ,
,
(- -).
, ,
, , .
( ,
), 26.
(),
,
(
,
27).
- -2, ,
, , ,
. ,
, (IV/X .) ,
, , :
25: , 51: 18-22 ( . . ) 51: 17-21 .
5:9.
26 .: Abbott N. The Rise of the North Arabic Script and its Kuranic Development, with
a full Description of the Kuran Manuscripts in the Oriental Institute. Chicago, 1939 (The University of Chicago.
Oriental Institute Publications.Vol. 50). P. 33-35; Grohmann A. Arabische Palographie. I. Teil. Wien, 1967
(sterreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften. Philosophisch-historische Klasse, Denkschriften, 94. Band,
I. Abh.). S. 15-18; .. . ., 1985. . 170-172;
.. . .
. . 1. VL
987. . 137-340.
2/ , .:
// . 1993. . 3. . 153-167;
// . 1993. . 3. . 168-178;
- // . 1994. . 6. . 386-392;
Polosin Val. V. All is numbers
An unknown numerical component in the design of medieval Arabic manu
scripts // Manuscripta Orientalia. Vol. 5. 1. March 1999. P. 7-11;
// : . .. 70-
/ The East: History and Culture. To Professor Yu.A. Petrosyan on the occasion of his 70th birthday. .,
2000. . 234-246.
28 . : .
- - -. -. 1968. . 15. 4.
. 16-21.

1 /2

. 7. 139 (X V III .), . 2.


,

, ,
, , , .
,
, -

29, , -, ,
. . 30. ,
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,
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,
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.
33

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ji

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15(34. 5)

[Ij S

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j > \

J jy j
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j * (, . 6a) / /

29, -
, ,
.
30. . 26.
31 , , , ,
. ,
, ,
.
, , ,
, (.: Grohmann A. Arabische Palographie. S. 16. Abb. 2).
32 328 .. 54 , . -,
340 .. (12 ) (.:
.. - - X . ., 1989. . 95, 10).
, - ,
(.: . . 93, 13).
33Kitab al-Fihrist. Mit Anmerkungen hrsg. von G. Flgel, nach dessen Tode besorgt von J. Roediger und
A. Mller. Bd. 1. Den Text enthaltend, von J. Roediger. Lpz.1871; Bd. 2. Die Anmerkungen und Indices
enthaltend, von A. Mller. Lpz., 1872. Bd. 1. S. 9: 15-26 ( FF).
, .
34 -, . 3315 (Chester Beatty Library, Dublin).

173

io
CH

y^j j *^-1 Cr! j l


^

j iS J La^J I l i \j
Jib

I ju

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ilL# Jjn Jaj^
.

Ij

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: La^XjI
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aFF j j . b -, . Arabe 4457 (Bibliothque Nationale de France, Paris)


( P) ^ > . c P; FF F (-.
.
-. - -. , 1406/1985) U ^ l.
d , , FF, FS, FT ( - --. . ,

1971). , , , '
. , FS, FT, FD (The Fihrist of al-Nadim: A Tenth-Century Survey of Muslim
Culture. Ed. and transi, by B. Dodge. Vol. 1-2. N.Y., 1970); P ,
FF (jJuj ). . . 40 42.

:
, 35, -
. -, -- . . .

, 10
. , 36, , ' -
. ;
, II .
, .
, 37 ( . - . '
, ). ,
3 . 39
^0 41 42 ( . ..).

1 /4

35 , ( ..
. . 166). . : Droche F. Manuel de codicologie des manuscrits. P. 120-145 (
) .
, , ,
- - ( .. . . 166).
37 , , -
, , -
. -- 309/ 922 . 67 (.: Yaqufs Dictionary of learned men
Mogam al-udab. In 20 vol. Ed. A.F. Rifai. [Cairo], [s.a.], IX. P. 29: 10-12).
38 , ' (.
d) , , : ()
( ). , , ,
: '
... (Yaqufs Dictionary of learned men, IX. P. 30: 2-3).
39- -: (.: Arabisches Wrterbuch fr die
Schriftsprache der Gegenwart. Unter Mitarbeit mehrerer Fachgenossen bearb. und hrsg. von H. Wehr. Zweite,
unvernderte Auflage. Lpz.1956. S. 937). . (. . 42).
40 , , .: Dictionnaire arabe-franais
contenant toutes les racines de la langue arabe. Par A. de Biberstein-Kazimirski. Vol. 2. P., 1860. P. 1226;
Maddu-l-Kmoos. An Arabic-English lexicon, derived from the best and most copious eastern sources;
comprising a very large collection of words and significations omitted in the Kmoos, with supplements to its
abridged and defective explanations, ample grammatical and critical comments, and examples in prose and verse;
composed by... E.W. Lane. . I, pt 8. London, Edinburgh, 1893. P. 2780. . . 42.
4
, , ( , -/alif otiosum,
.), , ,
, . .

.
: -- . ,
. -- -- . 4. ,
43.
, , ,
44
.
,
. ( )
-45, ,
( - -),
, 46. ,

.
.
,
, , . ,
,
. ,
- . ,
;
. IV/X V/XI . ,
42 , , -:
; ,
, . . : One of these [kinsmen]
might excel in connection with one letter following another or one word after another (The Fihrist of al-Nadim.
Vol. 1. P. 18). ,
, , -:
-- -- 1 - (Yaquts Dictionary of learned men. IX.
P. 30. N. 2). ,
- , (
): b-z-r ist hier vom Hinstreuen auf das Papier gebraucht d. h. einzeln, wie Saatkrner (wie in
hebrischen), nicht mit einander verbunden (wie in der syrischen und arabischen Schrift) einen Buchstaben nach
dem ndern, ein Wort nach dem ndern auf das Papier oder jedweden ndern Schreibestoff hinzeichnen (Kitab
al-Fihrist. Bd. 2. S. 5, Anm. 8 zu ZI. 9) = S-- '

.. , ( ), (
), (.: )
, ( 3
, ).
43 Kitab al-Fihrist. Bd. 2. S. 9:15-26.

44
( ) . , ,
, -: Les critures coraniques des IIC/VIIICet surtout IHe/IX sicles
sont mieux connues: elles sont clairement composes, la ligne de base tendant se rduire un trait rectiligne
continu. Les styles se dfinissent la fois par leur module et par la forme de leurs lettres; ces dernires sont trs
constantes et les variantes pour un mme graphme sont vites. Traditionnellement, le nom de lcoufique est
appliqu ces critures: malgr la commodit quoffre cette dnomination, il parat dangereux de rappliquer un
ensemble dune grande varit et trs large diffusion et nous avons suggr de lui rserver la dnomination
dcriture abbasside ancienne (ill. 10, 10 bis et 41) {Droche F. Manuel de codicologie des manuscrits.
P. 234).
4-The Irshad al-arib ila ma'ri fat al-adib, or Dictionary of learned men of Yaqut. Ed. by D.S. Margoliouth.
Vol. 1-7. Leyden-London, 1907-1927 (Gibb Memorial Series. VI1-7). Vol. 3. P. 150; Yuts Dictionary of
learned men. IX. P. 29: 14.
46 . P. 29: 13-14.

175

. ,
. , ,
,
47 -48 ,
( XIII-XIV .)
, , , .
,
, , ,
IV/X .

Summary
Val.V. Polosin
Manuscripts of Ibn M uqlas Calligraphical School
(a problem of their identification)

One more variant of the proportioned writing attributed to Ibn Muqla (886-940) is put forward
in the present article.
Manuscripts of this writing, widely known under the term al-khatt al-mansub, have got at once the
status of treasure in the Muslim world and consequently many stories regarding such manuscripts can
be found in sources. Unfortunately, there are no data in such stories about concrete features of this
writing. For this reason none of the Arabic manuscripts in existence could so far be associated with
Ibn Muqlas style of writing.

Only in 1939 an answer to the enigma of Ibn Muqlas calligraphical innovation was suggested by
N. Abbott on the basis of a late treatise on Arabic calligraphy. Here is her conclusion, in short: The
khatt al-mansub was at last seen to mean just what it said, the proportioned writing
that is, writing
in which the letters were brought into proportional relationships with one another. In 1967

A. Grohmann has joined this conclusion, and henceforth the problem of Ibn Muqlas reform is
considered basically solved, although no genuine samples of his handwriting are known to have
survived.
Our hypothesis is based on a new source material concerning the problem in question. This is, first
of all, the graphic analysis of the writing in those manuscripts, which are nowadays covered, after
F. Droche, under the term manuscripts dcriture abbasside anciennenamely in the Qurans of
oblong format, copied in 9th-10th c. A.D. in Kufic script. This analysis shows a sort of rhythmical
filling lines with Arabic letters, words or parts of words and brings to light direct dependence of this
rhythm upon the proportional characteristic of the area intended for the writing. This is, thus, another
type of the proportioned writing than that of N. Abbott and A. Grohmann. The second factor is Ibn
Muqlas manner to write. It is described in Ibn al-Nadims Fihrist, but this important evidence has
surprisingly passed by attention of all researchers. This manner coincides with results of the men
tioned graphic analysis and can be observed, in fact, only in Kufic Qurans of oblong format.

47Wafayat al-ayan. Ibn Challikani Vitae illustrium virorum. E pluribus codicibus manuscriptis inter se
collatis nunc primum arabice edidit, variis lectionibus, indicibusque locupletissimis instruxit F. Wstenfeld.

176

Fasc. 5. Gottingae, 1838. No. 468; fasc. 7. Gottingae, 1839. No. 708; Ibn Khallikans Biographical Dictionary.
Transi, from the Arabic by Mac Guckin de Slane. Vol. 2. P., 1843. P. 282; vol. 3. P., 1868. P. 270.
48Das biographische Lexikon des Salahaddin Halil ibn Aibak as-Safadi. T. 4. Hrsg. von S. Dedering.
Wiesbaden, 1959 (Bibliotheca Islamica, 6d). S. 110: 12.

..
1

^ @2^ 04

, .. ,
, ,
(XIX .) ( XX .), ,
, ..,
.
:

. - - 1. 1874 . 44-
- 1910 1911 .
116 24 .
1876 .
:
,
.. , ,
.
.... .. .

1
: Arberry A. Y. Catalogue of the Library of the India Office. Vol II, pt. VI (Persian books). L., 1937;
Edwards E.M.A. A Catalogue of the Persian Printed Books in the British Museum. L., 1922; Storey C.A. Persian
Literature. A bio-bibliographical survey. Vol. III. L., 1927-1971; .. . . . IIII. ., 1972; ..
. . 1-2. ., 1975;
..
. .. . ., 1989;
..
// . XXII, 1. ., 1989; .
- - - . - 1-2. , 1337-1342; . -
- - ( - - ). - 1-2. , 1350-1351;
- - - - 1345. - - -
- . - 1-3. , 1352. . .
.: Marzolph U. Narrative Illustration in Persian Lithographed Books // Handbook of Oriental Studies.
Section 1. The Near and Middle East. Vol. 60. Brill-Leiden-Boston-Kln, 2001.
. .: Edwards E.M.A. A Catalogue of the Persian
Printed Books in the British Museum. L., 1922. P. 589. -
-, - (
).
. . 1-2. ., 1975, 1782
- ( ). .: ..
.
.. . ., 1989
800 ( ).

177

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2 ,
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(Shaw G.W.).
.: ..
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(XIX .). ., 2001. . 35-44.
3Storey .A. Persian Literature. A bio-bibliographical survey. 662; .. XIX . ( - ). .
. . . . . ., 1995. . 123-136.

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Summary
O.P. Shcheglova
Book-seller Catalogues of the Indian Publishers
The paper deals with two rare catalogues of Indian publishers. The first catalogue, which was
printed in 1874belonged to Munshi Naval Kishor, while the second one was issued by Munshi
Malik al-Kuttab in 1911. Both catalogues bring us a golden opportunity to establish the scope of
reading in the milieu of the Indian Muslim community in the last third of the 19th century and the
first decade of the 20th century.

13

.. XIX XX -

// . VI. ., 1962. . 239-254.

\\

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2^ 04

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200

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2 0.0. // .
., 1991. . 88.

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3.

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. , ,
XIV . , ,
.
,
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XIX .
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..
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, .. . (1999-2002)
,
, 5.
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.

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: anujnmi bhikkhave sakya niruttiy buddhavacanam pariypunitum7 ,


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,
; .
.
, .
2.
, , . ,
9, ,
:
.

10. ,

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12.
3.
?
middle Indo-Aryan Hochsprache?13
II . .., ,
, 14.
.

( ).
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.

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).
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18

, , IX ., ,
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. 19
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.
,
.
(Prakrit-cum-Sanskrit).
, IIII . .., ..
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.
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, 2 .

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. ,
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, .
, , , I . ..,

-, .
, , , .
1912 ., .
.
, XI .25.
. 30- XX .,

VII .26. . ,
, .. .
VIII-IX . -
27.
( -) ,
, VVI .
, . ,
.. , . - .
: ...we may assume that the Lotus Stra had
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28.

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,
.
, . ,
, ,
, , , ,
.
, ,
, ,
. ,
, .
. .
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,
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, .

.
, ,

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.

. , dharmabhnaka,
. ,
, ,
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, .
, , ,
, .
Sarvadharmpravfttinirdea Stra,
. . 29
.
VI-VII .
(dhutaguna) dharmabhnaka.
(vykarana), . ,
-, dhutagua
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207

For someone, who, reflecting in a lodging in the wilderness, praises himself, despises
others, and (thus) sticks to the false view concerning the wilderness, there is no (hope to
attain) heaven, not to say of enlightenment
( . . C. 164).
,
. : panjsuklika (,
, ) dhammakathika (, ). ,
, ,
30. , ,
: araflfiavs ( ) gmavsl ( ),
,
31.
, ,
, -
- . ,
.


. 13
Utshaparivarta. . 5-8, :
(1) Wilderness monks blame us.
(2) Wilderness monks are ignorant (durmati)
(3) Weare blamed for preaching to householders.
(4) We
are blamed for composing scriptures.
(5) We are blamed for being attached to tastes.

(6) We are Buddhist monks32.

: ,
(4).
, .
, 8-9:
These monks are greedy for profit and support
And therefore they preach non-Buddhist doctrines
and fabricate their own scriptures

to delude the people of the world.


Because they hope to gain fame and renown thereby
they make distinctions when preaching this sutra33.

,
, ,
.
? ,
, .. , ,
? . , 30.: Rahula Walpola. History of Buddhism in Ceylon. The Anuradhapura Period, 3d Centuty BC
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32 . P. 164.

33The Lotus Sutra. Tr. by B. Watson. N. Y., 1993. P. 194.

, ..
. ,
, . :
, .
,
, , ,
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,
. , ,
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. ,
.
XIII-XIV .
(. -) (12901364).
30- XX .
. ,
34.
Bhiksuvarsgraprcch,
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, ( ) ,
, (. mla. .)
, Mlasarvstivdins.
, . ...35.
: , .
... (. ,
skad tha-mal-pa , .
.). , .
... (. skad zur-chag-pa a-bha-bhram-si4 skad,
. .). ... (
. .) , . ,
(?) (. skad 'bring-du don-pa, , ,
. .). . the intermediate dialect
36.
,
. . 'bring
it denotes the language of moderate character with
moderate hybridity

37. , ,
XIV .,

,
, . ,
, .
, ,
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, ,
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, , , ,
61Lankvatra. Ed. byNanjio Bunyiun. Kyoto, 1923.

62 Lankvatra. Ed. by P.L. Vaidya Darbhanga, 1963.


63Suzuki D.T. The Lankvatra Sutra. Tr. from original Sanskrit. L., 1932.
64. . C. 87.

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Vairattlputra, Ajita Kesakambala .65.
pariprcch, . Upali
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65The Gilgit Manuscript of the Sarighabhedavastu Being the 17th and Last Section of the Vinaya
Mlasarvstivdin. Pt II. Ed. by R. Gnoli. Roma, 1978. P. 221-226.
66 . P. 271-277.

217


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Summary
M.I. Vorobyva-Desyatovskay
Regarding the History of Buddhist Canon:
The Problem of the Language Variety and the Authorship
The problem of the language of the first Buddhas preaching and, later, of the language of Bud
dhist Canon in which it was written down is unsettled yet. Taking into consideration the date of Bud
dha^ life (BC 400-360), which is accepted by almost all scientists now, and the region where his
preaching activity took placethe territory of MagadhBuddha had been preaching to his pupils in
the Magadhi Prakrit, in which the Great Asoka ordered to carve his rock edicts.
In the Buddhist texts which were first written down in the late BC centuries, only Gndhri Prakrit
came to us. In some Sanskrit sutras, for example, in Dharmapda, scholars found traces of the
Ardhamagdhi Prakrit.
The early translations of the Buddhist stras into Chinese have shown that they were based not on
the Sanskrit texts, but on some Prakrit ones. To define this language the modern scholars accepted the
term Sanskrit-cum-Prakrit.
The philosophy of early Buddhist texts took the terminology of Brahmanism, though the Buddhist
doctrine appeared as a teaching directed against it.
The first authors of the Buddhist sutras have probably been the so-called dharma-bhnaka, the
monks who settled in monasteries, studied there, and then wandered abroad to preach the Buddhist
doctrine.
The philosophical stra appeared as texts necessary to explain and disseminate the philosophical
dogmas of some Mahynist schools, for example, Madhymikas and Yogcarins. It is possible that
some scholars working in these schoolssuch as Ngrjuna and Asanga, and their followers later,
could be the authors of a number of stras.

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1998-1999 . ,
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Summary
L.I. Kryakina, I.N. Kuleshova
Physical-chemical Research and the Restoration
of the Tangut Manuscripts and Xylographs of the 12th Century
at the Institute of Oriental Studies (St. Petersburg Branch)
of the Russian Academy of Sciences
The first results of the analysis of ten samples of the Tangut paper were obtained at the Laboratory
of the All-Union Scientific Research Institute of Pulp and Paper Industry as early as in 1963. It was
established that, regardless of colour, structure and texture, the base of the paper consisted of cotton
rag pulp mixed with hemp and apparently flax fibres. There were also impregnations of other fibres
of vegetable origin, wood grains and husks.
Within the framework of the Research and Restoration Project founded by the Russian Funda
mental Studies Foundation in 1999-2001, the Department of Manuscripts was engaged in physico
chemical study of both the samples of rag paper of the Tangut manuscript and xylographie documents
and the remnants of paper and silk bindings including the threads which were used for binding sepa
rate parts of the documents.
The programme of restoration of the Tangut Collection includes the following:
1. Classification of the Tangut manuscript and xylographie documents.
2. Physico-chemical study of the Tangut paper.
3. Incapsulation of seriously damaged fragments into a high-quality polyester transparent film
Melinex.
4. Restoration of documents.
5. Photographing restoration process.
6. Manufacturing special preservative boxes.

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Ari
. Hebrew Codicology: Tentative Typology of

Technical Practices Employed in Hebrew Dated
Medieval Manuscripts. Jerusalem, 1981; idem. Hebrew
. ,
Manuscripts of East and West: Towards a Compara
,
tive Codicology. L., 1993 (The Panizzi Lectures 1992);

Sirat C. Hebrew Manuscripts of the Middle Ages.

Cambridge, 2002.

253

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. . 2. ., 2003. . 27-32.
3 Sirat ., Beit-Ari . Manuscrits mdivaux en
caractres hbraques portant des indications de date
jusqu 1540. T. I. Notices. Paris-Jrusalem, 1972.
1117. Note 1. (
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